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Good morning friends, judges and every one present here.

Today we all are here to discuss a crucial topic: the use of science for sustainable development.

Let us all think about for a moment, what is the reality of day to day life in our urban societies?

Contaminated water, Polluted air, Pesticides inflicted tasteless food, frequent outbreaks of life
threatening diseases, sounds all very familiar, doesnt it?

Is this the life our ancestors dreamt of for us? Is this the life our future generations will inherit from

The greatest threat to our planet is the belief that someone else will save it. Humans, in their mad
race for better life, have been relentlessly robbing the mother earth that has been their sole shelter.
And as the worlds human population soars, we are on the brink of a catastrophe

Should we do something about it or we should let the situation go out of control? I believe we have
no other option but to develop a sustainable future. And this can be achieved only by the creative
use of scientific advancements.

A) Wild life

Global wildlife populations have declined by 52% in just 40 years.

At the present rates of extinction, as many as 20% of the world's 7-15 million species could be gone
in the next 30 years.

Our advancing technology is helping to come up with solutions for saving the species on Earth from
becoming endangered, or even extinct.

Use of "smart collars" that use GPS technology to track wild animals will revolutionize the way we
interact with and manage wildlife.

Researchers have created a new computer technology that can listen to multiple wild life sounds at
one time. This system will provide an automated approach to monitoring various species.

B) Energy conservation

About 40% of worlds energy generation is done using coal which is a key contributor to the
worsening global warming along with the vehicular emissions. Multiple strategies are being
deployed around the globe to combat it.

Our advancing technology is playing a big role in the generation of renewable energy, reducing
energy consumption across the board and improving efficiency of industrial equipments and home

Adoption of these strategies along with technology enabled Initiatives such as SMART APPLIANCES,
SMART HOMES, SMART CITIES and Electric Cars are expected to reduce the global energy use by 40
60% by year 2050.

C) Waste management
The quantity of waste generated is on the rise due to population growth and improved standard of
living. Global greenhouse gas emissions from waste have increased by 24% since 1990.

The waste industry is leveraging our advancing technology through a wide range of strategies for
direct reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Efforts are now focused on the prevention of waste

All countries are required to develop prevention, recycling, and reuse programs up to the year 2020.
This includes expanding the coverage of sanitation and wastewater treatment around the globe,
improved recovery and utilization of biogas as an alternative source of energy and by promoting
Recycling, Re-use and minimization of Waste.

D) Population outbursts

At the end of 2016, world population was estimated at 7.4 billion. The United Nations estimates it
will further increase to 11.2 billion in the year 2100.

Over-population and continuing population growth are making substantial contributions to the
destruction of Earth's life support systems.

The only socially and psychologically acceptable solution available to policy makers when discussing
reducing the worlds population is education. Some other methods include various methods of
taxation and other forms of financial disincentives.

Teachers, students, parents and other stakeholders can look for trends in the population explosion
using the World Wide Web our information super highway. Such exploration will raise the level of
awareness, so that we can learn to handle problems based on data and about the effective
measures to control it.

E) Forests

From lawmakers to ecologists, the sense of urgency to safeguard the protected forest and
environmental areas is widespread

The loss of forests is responsible for up to 17% of all human-made greenhouse gas emissions. More
than 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihoods.

Harnessing advanced technologies such as satellite imagery, aerial monitoring with drones, smart
sensors, the Spatial Monitoring and Reporting software, now it is possible to quickly identify and
address forest and biodiversity threats and prevent them from happening. As such, the forest
conservation efforts are reaching new heights.

Friends, the danger is real. And we need to act now. The change begins with me and with you. We
just cant rely on technology and depend on others to save our blue marble. In the end, our society
will be defined not only by what we create, but by what we refuse to destroy.

Thank you.
The present era is the era of science. Science has undoubtedly done a great service to mankind.

We are indebted to science for the facilities it has placed at our hands.

Our daily life has become comfortable and easy due to scientific inventions which have saved labour,
time and dependence on others.

Science has provided us with extra limbs in the shape of automobiles, aero planes, lifts and elevators
that we, daily, use.

It has provided us with extra incredible eyes in the form of telescopes and microscopes to enable us
to see the wonders of creation to which we are blind with our naked eyes.

It has provided us with extra brains in the form of calculators, and computers to calculate, to
memorize and to solve problems. These devices we use daily.

It has provided us with extra ears in the shape of phones to hear distant calls.

From the time we awake in the morning to the time we go to bed we use scientific inventions.

Electricity has been tamed to provide us service. We use electric fans, electric lights, air conditioner,
refrigerators, radios, televisions, electric shavers, electric heaters. electric ovens, and thousands of
other electric devices placed by science at our disposal.

New methods and devices for investigation and diagnosis have helped to detect the diseases and
recognize them. Advancements in medicine and surgery have eliminated premature deaths and have
helped to prolong life.

New analgesics and anaesthetics drugs have overcome pains, anxiolytics drugs bring relief from
anxieties, antibiotics, have controlled bacterial activities and beta blockers have, controlled
hypertension. These have made our daily life happier and easier.

New methods and knowledge in agricultural field have spurred more food production to help feed
the growing population.

New varieties of rice, wheat, sugar canes etc., have been developed that resist diseases and Produce
better crops.

New methods to fight against plant diseases have been found to save loss of food. Fertilizers are
chemically made to boost the agricultural production. Thus, our daily life is more Comfortable than
that of our, forefathers.

Advancement in technology has made it possible to make varieties of articles of daily use which are
cheap and well-finished.

Mass production has been made possible by machines. Machines help to produce articles cheaper
and in abundance so as to raise our standard of living.

Science has invented devices and appliances to make our leisure pleasant. We have now radios,
televisions, videos and other appliances to entertain ourselves during our leisure time.
Cinematography has made mass entertainment possible. Thus, we may enjoy when we are doing no
work. Printing devices now help us to print newspaper, magazines, journals and books. Books on any
subject are available to even poor at low prices.

Science makes everyday life easier than it ever has been. Science is the reason for the
ever-increasing understanding that people have about the world around them.
The sustainable development ensures the balance between the economic progress and natural
resources consumed without endangering the natural balance of the planet. The challenge is to
meet the present needs of the humanity without compromising its future development, its future
generations, the means and the necessary resources to meet the actual and future needs

Global warming is making hot days hotter, rainfall and flooding heavier, hurricanes stronger
and droughts more severe. This intensification of weather and climate extremes will be the most
visible impact of global warming in our everyday lives. It is also causing dangerous changes to
the landscape of our world, adding stress to wildlife species and their habitat. Since many types
of plants and animals have specific habitat requirements, climate change could cause disastrous
loss of wildlife species. A slight drop or rise in average rainfall will translate into large seasonal
changes. Hibernating mammals, reptiles, amphibians and insects are harmed and disturbed.
Plants and wildlife are sensitive to moisture change so, they will be harmed by any change in
moisture level. Natural phenomena like floods, earthquakes, volcanoes, lightning, forest fires.

What does that exactly mean?

Sustainable development is about economic progress without endangering the natural balance of
the planet earth.
all countries agreed to work to limit global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees

From 1880 to 2012, average global temperature increased by 0.85C. To put

this into perspective, for each 1 degree of temperature increase, grain yields
decline by about 5 per cent. Maize, wheat and other major crops have
experienced significant yield reductions at the global level of 40 megatonnes per
year between 1981 and 2002 due to a warmer climate.

Oceans have warmed, the amounts of snow and ice have diminished and
sea level has risen. From 1901 to 2010, the global average sea level rose by 19
cm as oceans expanded due to warming and ice melted. The Arctics sea ice
extent has shrunk in every successive decade since 1979, with 1.07 million km
of ice loss every decade

Given current concentrations and on-going emissions of greenhouse

gases, it is likely that by the end of this century, the increase in global
temperature will exceed 1.5C compared to 1850 to 1900 for all but one
scenario. The worlds oceans will warm and ice melt will continue. Average sea
level rise is predicted as 24 30cm by 2065 and 40-63cm by 2100. Most aspects
of climate change will persist for many centuries even if emissions are stopped

Global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) have increased by almost 50 per cent
since 1990

Emissions grew more quickly between 2000 and 2010 than in each of the three
previous decades

Reducing the amount of energy the world wastes is the first and best step toward fighting global warming.

Save electricity by plugging appliances into a power strip and turning them off
completely when not in use, including your computer.
Turn off the lights. Your TV or computer screen provides a cosy glow, so turn off
other lights if you dont need them.

International Energy Agency estimates that almost one-half of the necessary climate mitigation will need to come
from improved energy efficiency

Making use of Building automation systems that have microprocessor-based computers to

monitor and control a range of building functions, including heating, ventilating, air-
conditioning, refrigeration, lighting, fire and smoke alarms, utilities, elevators, access control,
and intrusion detection.

By replacing incandescent and halogen lighting with more efficient LED lighting.

Using equipment that operates at leading-edge efficiency levels, and

Replacing existing equipment and appliances with high-efficiency alternatives as they reach the
end of their useful life.
22% of global electricity production in 2013 was from renewables

Stop paper bank statements and pay your bills online or via mobile. No paper, no
need for forest destruction.
Dont print. See something online you need to remember? Jot it down in a
notebook or better yet a digital post-it note and spare the paper.
Air dry. Let your hair and clothes dry naturally instead of running a machine. If
you do wash your clothes, make sure the load is full.
Take short showers. Bathtubs require gallons more water than a 5-10 minute
Eat less meat, poultry, and fish. More resources are used to provide meat than
Freeze fresh produce and leftovers if you dont have the chance to eat them
before they go bad. You can also do this with take-away or delivered food, if you
know you will not feel like eating it the next day. You will save food and money.
Compostcomposting food scraps can reduce climate impact while also
recycling nutrients.
Recycling paper, plastic, glass & aluminium keeps landfills from growing.
Buy minimally packaged goods.
Avoid pre-heating the oven. Unless you need a precise baking temperature, start
heating your food right when you turn on the oven.
Plug air leaks in windows and doors to increase energy efficiency
Adjust your thermostat, lower in winter, higher in summer
Replace old appliances with energy efficient models and light bulbs
If you have the option, install solar panels in your house. This will also reduce
your electricity bill!
Get a rug. Carpets and rugs keep your house warm and your thermostat low.
Dont rinse. If you use a dishwasher, stop rinsing your plates before you run the
Choose a better diaper option. Swaddle your baby in cloth diapers or a new,
environmentally responsible disposable brand.
Shovel snow manually. Avoid the noisy, exhaust-churning snow blower and get
some exercise.
Use cardboard matches. They dont require any petroleum, unlike plastic gas-
filled lighters.
Offset your carbon emissions! You can calculate your carbon footprint and
purchase climate credit from Climate Neutral Now.
Bike, walk or take public transport. Save the car trips for when youve got a big
Use a refillable water bottle and coffee cup. Cut down on waste and maybe even
save money at the coffee shop.
Bring your own bag when you shop. Pass on the plastic bag and start carrying
your own reusable totes.
Take fewer napkins. You dont need a handful of napkins to eat your takeout.
Take just what you need.
Shop vintage. Brand-new isnt necessarily best. See what you can repurpose
from second-hand shops.
Maintain your car. A well-tuned car will emit fewer toxic fumes.
Donate what you dont use. Local charities will give your gently used clothes,
books and furniture a new life.
Vaccinate yourself and your kids. Protecting your family from disease also aids
public health.