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motivation - wings with feathers containing words which have something to do with the story its

during reading - chart with characters (foldable), presentation, sequential reading, 4 paragraph p
er person, explain every after turn

post - group activity - pictures and explanation. the first group to get the correct sequence (whic
h is scripted) will explain it.

evaluation - task 1 & 2


something to put - pictures of characters

five words

1. inventor

2. labyrynth

3. apprentice

4. hybrid

count the main parts of the story, rubrics for group activities.


other references


things to change:



-add new objectives - story plot

-include story plot in the activity

-explanation for the

picture with climax

5 minutes motivation

10 - minutes review and assignment

25 - discussion

10 activity -

10 - quiz

3 assignment (option: tell them to answer the question in the book so from 3 minutes to 0)

another option

- video

- plot diagram

- crossword

summarized that fucking story!

Daedalus -- his name means "skilled worker" -- was a famous architect, inventor, and master cra
ftsman known for having created many objects that figure prominently in various myths. He had
a beloved son named Icarus.

Among his creations were the wooden cow he constructed for the queen Pasiphae, the Labyrint
h of the Minotaur, artificial wings for himself and his son Icarus, and he was even said to have inv
ented images.
For a short time, he had an apprentice. It's his sister's son, Perdix. However, Daedalus was so pro
ud of his achievements that he could not bear the idea of a rival. Perdix's inventions were the sa
w and a pair of compasses. Daedalus was so envious that he tossed Perdix from the hill of the Ac
ropolis. As he was plunging to his death, however, the goddess Athena turned Perdix into a bird t
o save him.

Daedalus then left Athens and fled to the island of Crete, where he began to work at the court of
King Minos and Queen Pasiphae. This is where the real story starts.

Daedelus first constructed a wooden cow for the queen to satisfy her amorous longings for a whi
te bull sent by Poseidon, and by which she became pregnant with the Minotaur.

When the dreadful Minotaur was born, Daedalus built the Labyrinth to contain the monstrous hy
brid. For years, Minos demanded a tribute of youths from Athens to feed the creature as punish
ment for the accidental killing of his son while he was visiting Athens.

Eventually, the Athenian hero Theseus came to Crete to attempt to kill the Minotaur. Princess Ari
adne, daughter of king Minos and queen Pasiphae, fell in love with Theseus and asked Daedalus
to help him.

Daedalus gave her a flaxen thread for Theseus to tie to the entrance of the Labyrinth as he enter
ed so he could find his way out just by following the thread. Theseus succeeded of killing the min
otaur and escaped Crete with Ariadne.

After that, Minos shut Daedalus and his son Icarus inside the Labyrinth after Ariadne's escape an
d the Minotaur's death. The king knew exactly that Daedalus helped Theseus.

However, Daedalus managed to still get out of the Labyrinth because he knew the way around a
fterall. Daedalus decided that he and his son Icarus had to leave Crete and get away from Minos
before he brought them harm.

But, Minos controlled the sea transportation around Crete. Daedalus realized that the only way o
ut was by air. But only the gods could fly! Daedalus built two pair of wings fashioned with feathe
rs held together with wax. Daedalus tried the wings on himself first and it worked. He gave the o
ther one to Icarus.

Before taking off from the island, Daedalus warned his son to follow closely behind him. He serio
usly cautioned Icarus not to fly too close to the sun, as it would melt his wings, and not too close
to the sea, as it would dampen them and make it hard to fly.

They successfully flew from Crete, but Icarus became very excited by the thrill of flying and bega
n getting careless. Forgetting his father's stern advice, Icarus flew too close to the sun god Helios,
pulling the sun behind his chariot high in the sky.

The wax holding together his wings softened and melted from the heat. He fell to his death, dro
wning in the sea, as his helpless father with anguish watched his son perish.

His father cried, bitterly lamenting his own arts, and called the land near the place where Icarus f
ell into the ocean Icaria in memory of his child. The Icarian Sea, where he fell, was forever name
d after him and it is said that the great hero Heracles (Hercules), who was passing by, gave him pr
oper burial.

Daedalus grieved for his dead son and then continued to Sicily, where he came to stay at the cou
rt of Cocalus in a place called Camicus. On the island's south coast, Daedalus built a temple to Ap
ollo, and hung up his wings, as an offering to the Olympian god.

But King Minos still pursued Daedalus. At each city he visited, Minos offered a reward to whome
ver could thread a spiral seashell, a seemingly impossible task. Eventually, Minos came to Camicu
s in Sicily and presented the contest at Cocalus' court.

Cocalus knew of Daedalus' talents, and gave the shell to him. Daedalus tied the string to an ant,
place the ant at one end of the shell, and allowed the ant to walk through the spiral chambers un
til it came out the other end.

When Minos saw that someone had solved the puzzle, he demanded that Cocalus surrender Dae
dalus. King Cocalus promised to do so, but he persuaded Minos to first take a bath and stay for s
ome entertainment.
Minos agreed and was consequently murdered by Cocalus' daughters, who had been totally impr
essed by the toys and gifts which Daedalus had bestowed upon them and did not want any harm
to come to him.

they have to paste this on there books

This tragic theme of failed ambition, complacency and hubris contains similarities to that of Pha
thon, the son of sun god Helios, who wildly and recklessly flew his father's sun chariot and was ki
lled for his foolishness.

(Myth Man's note: in some versions of the myth it is suggested that Icarus drowned as he and hi
s father attempted to swim to freedom, or that they built a boat and sailed away, only to have it
capsize, leading to the death of Icarus. I prefer the "escape by air" version. Don't you wish that Ic
arus had listened to his father?)

~ Main characters Daedalus and Icarus are introduced, what they want--freedom--is introduced,
what's standing in their way--the king locking them up--is introduced, and the setting and time p
eriod are introduced.

Rising action (a build-up of events leading to the climax)

~ Making the wings, learning how to fly.

Climax (turning point that changes the characters' fate)

~ Escaping.

Falling action (events that occur as a result of the climax)

~ Flying away, Daedalus warning his son not to fly too high.
Resolution (the end scene, a catastrophe in this case)

~ Icarus' death.

The moral of the Daedalus and Icarus story is that you should always listen to what your
elders tell you to do. Icarus clearly disobeyed his father and paid dearly for it.

Thats right! Teenagers these days are like Icarus. Too much freedom brings
destruction. Not surprisingly, Icarus has become a symbol for excessive aspiration
and the danger of ignoring your parents' advice. The lesson don't try to reach your
loftiest goals too quickly, because you might burn out the same way of expressing of
ang tumakbo ng matulin, kung matinik ay malalim; and always listen to your
parents advice.

Now, Ill let you watch a short film about the story that we just had.


make a fool

malinaw pa sa king isip

gunita ng ating

nandito na tayo sa oras na magpapaalam

di ba maibabalik ang ating simula

tawanan at kulitang di malimot limot

papunta na tayo sa oras ng hiwalayan

paano ba mapipigilan ang takbo ng mundo

sa oras