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35

Maintenance Section
Lubricant Specifications

Lubricant Viscosities for Ambient


Temperatures
Table 11
Lubricant Viscosities for Ambient Temperatures
C F
Compartment or System Oil Type and Classification Oil Viscosities
Min Max Min Max
SAE 0W20 (1) 40 0 40 32
Final Drive SAE 0W30 (1) 40 10 40 50
(Differential Gearboxes)
Including Track-Type SAE 5W30 (1) 30 10 22 50
Tractors
Caterpillar TDTO SAE 10W 0 32
Except for the following 30 22
Caterpillar TO-4
machines: SAE 30 25 77
Caterpillar TO-4M 25 13
Off-Highway trucks,
Large Wheel Loaders, SAE 50 15 50 5 122
Large Wheel Tractors,
Articulated Trucks SAE 60 10 50 14 122
TMS (2) 30 25 22 77
Hoist, Torque Converter, SAE 0W20 (1) 40 40 40 104
and Brake System
for
Off-Highway Trucks
Caterpillar TDTO
Hoist, Steering and
Caterpillar TO-4 SAE 10W 50 122
Brake System 20 4
for
E Series II Articulated
Trucks
Differential, Front Wheels SAE 50 (3) (3) 32 (3) 90
and Final Drives Caterpillar TDTO
for Caterpillar TO-4 SAE 60 (3) (3) 50 (3) 122
Off-Highway Trucks
Differentials and Final SAE 50 (4) 15 40 5 104
Drives
Caterpillar TDTO
for
Caterpillar TO-4 SAE 60 (4) 50 14 122
E Series II Articulated 10
Trucks
SAE 0W20 (1) 40 10 40 14
SAE 0W30 (1) 40 0 40 32
SAE 5W30 (1) 30 0 22 14
Final Drive Gear Boxes
Caterpillar TDTO SAE 10W 14
(988, 990, 992, and 994 30 10 22
Caterpillar TO-4
Wheel Loaders, SAE 30 15 59
Caterpillar TO-4M 25 13
834 and 836 Wheel Tractors)
SAE 50 15 50 5 122
SAE 60 10 50 14 122
TMS (2) 30 15 22 59
(continued)
36
Maintenance Section
Lubricant Specifications

(Table 11, contd)


Lubricant Viscosities for Ambient Temperatures
C F
Compartment or System Oil Type and Classification Oil Viscosities
Min Max Min Max
Direct Drive SAE 75W90 30 40 22 104
Transmissions
for SAE 80W90 20 40 4 104
Pavement Profilers, SAE 85W140 10 50 14 122
Differentials and Final
Drives
Caterpillar GO
for
API GL-5
Wheel Tractor- Scrapers, (5)
Articulated Trucks (except
for E Series II Articulated SAE 90 0 40 32 104
Trucks),
Wheel Type Excavators,
certain Backhoe Loaders,
Pavement Profilers
(1) First Choice: Oils of full synthetic base stock without viscosity index improvers that meet the performance requirements of the TO-4
specification for the SAE 30 viscosity grade. Typical lubricant viscosity grades are SAE 0W20, SAE 0W30, and SAE 5W30. Second Choice:
Oils that contain a TO-4 additive package and a lubricant viscosity grade of SAE 0W20, SAE 0W30, or SAE 5W30.
(2) TMS Transmission Multi-Season (exceeds the TO-4M specification requirements).
(3) TDTO or TO-4 SAE 60 is preferred in most applications, particularly continuous operation. If the ambient temperature is below 10C
(14F), warm up the oil prior to operation. The oil must be maintained to a temperature above 10 C (14F) during operation. If the ambient
temperature is below 10C (14F), perform the procedures in the Operation and Maintenance Manual, Differential Warm-up and Break-in
prior to operation. If the ambient temperature is below 25C (13F), consult your Caterpillar dealer for instructions. Failure to warm
up the oil prior to operation will cause damage to the machine.
(4) TDTO or TO-4 SAE 50 is preferred in most applications, particularly continuous operation. If the ambient temperature is below 15C
(5F), warm up the oil prior to operation. The oil must be maintained to a temperature above 15C (5F) during operation. If the ambient
temperature is below 15C (5F), perform the procedures in the Operation and Maintenance Manual, Differential Warm-up and Break-in
prior to operation. If the ambient temperature is below 25C (13F), consult your Caterpillar dealer for instructions. Failure to warm
up the oil prior to operation will cause damage to the machine.
(5) Certain Wheel Type Excavators require the addition of Caterpillar Limited Slip (LS) additive. Refer to the machine's Operation and
Maintenance Manual.

Table 12
Lubricant Viscosities for Ambient Temperatures
C F
Compartment or System Oil Type and Classification Oil Viscosities
Min Max Min Max
SAE 0W20 40 10 40 50
SAE 0W30 40 30 40 86
Caterpillar Multigrade DEO
EMA LRG-1 SAE 5W30 30 30 22 86
Engine Crankcase API Multigrade CH-4
API Multigrade CG-4 SAE 5W40 30 40 22 104
API Multigrade CF-4
SAE 10W30 20 40 4 104
SAE 15W40 15 50 5 122
SAE 0W20 (1) 40 10 40 50
SAE 0W30 (1) 40 20 40 68
SAE 5W30 (1) 30 20 22 68
Power Shift, Manual Caterpillar TDTO SAE 10W 20 10 4 50
Transmissions, and Winch Caterpillar TO-4
Gear Case Caterpillar TO-4M SAE 30
(2) (3)
0 35 32 95

SAE 50
(2) (3)
10 50 50 122

TMS (2) (3) (4) 10 35 14 95


(continued)
37
Maintenance Section
Lubricant Specifications

(Table 12, contd)


Lubricant Viscosities for Ambient Temperatures
C F
Compartment or System Oil Type and Classification Oil Viscosities
Min Max Min Max
SAE 0W20 (1) 40 22 40 72
SAE 0W30 (1) 40 30 40 86
Power Shift Transmission
Caterpillar TDTO SAE 5W30 (1) 30 86
in 30 22
Caterpillar TO-4
768C, 769C, 771C, 768D, SAE 10W 22 72
Caterpillar TO-4M 20 4
769D, and 771D
SAE 30 10 50 50 122
TMS (4) 10 50 50 122
SAE 0W20 40 40 40 104
Caterpillar HYDO SAE 0W30 40 40 40 104
Caterpillar DEO
Caterpillar TDTO SAE 5W30 30 40 22 104
Caterpillar MTO SAE 5W40 30 40 22 104
EMA LRG-1
Hydrostatic Transmission API CH-4 SAE 10W 20 40 4 104
API CG-4
API CF-4 SAE 10W30 20 40 4 104
API CF SAE 15W40 15 50 5 122
Caterpillar TO-4
Caterpillar TO-4M Caterpillar MTO 25 40 13 104
TMS (4) 15 50 5 122
SAE 0W20 40 40 40 104
SAE 0W30 40 40 40 104
Caterpillar HYDO SAE 5W30 30 40 22 104
Caterpillar DEO
Hydraulic Systems SAE 5W40 40 104
Caterpillar TDTO 30 22
Hydraulic Excavator
Caterpillar MTO SAE 10W 40 104
Swing Motor and Travel 20 4
EMALRG-1
Motor Systems
API CH-4 SAE 30 10 50 50 122
Except for the following
API CG-4
machines: SAE 10W30 40 104
API CF-4 20 4
E Series II Articulated
API CF SAE 15W40 50 5 122
Trucks, 15
Caterpillar TO-4
Off-Highway Trucks,
Caterpillar TO-4M Caterpillar MTO 25 40 13 104
Challenger Tractors
Caterpillar Biodegradable
Hydraulic Oil (HEES) Biodegradable
Hydraulic Oil 25 43 13 110
(HEES) (5)
TMS (4) 15 50 5 122
SAE 75W90 30 40 22 104
Equalizer Bar End, Pin SAE 80W90 40 104
Caterpillar GO 20 4
Joint, Bogie Cartridge
API GL-5 SAE 85W140 50 14 122
Pins, and Track Pins 10
SAE 90 0 40 32 104
(continued)
38
Maintenance Section
Lubricant Specifications

(Table 12, contd)


Lubricant Viscosities for Ambient Temperatures
C F
Compartment or System Oil Type and Classification Oil Viscosities
Min Max Min Max
SAE 0W20 (1) 40 0 40 32
SAE 0W30 (1) 40 10 40 50
SAE 5W20 (1) 35 0 31 32
Track Roller Frame Recoil Caterpillar TDTO SAE 10W 30 0 22 32
Spring and Pivot Shaft Caterpillar TO-4
Bearings Caterpillar TO-4M SAE 30 20 25 4 77
SAE 40 10 40 14 104
SAE 50 0 50 32 122
TMS (4) 25 25 13 77
Caterpillar DEO SAE 30 20 25 4 77
EMA LRG-1
Track Idlers and Track API CH-4 SAE 40 10 40 14 104
Rollers API CG-4
API CF-4 SAE 5W40 35 40 31 104
API CF
(1) First Choice: Oils of full synthetic base stock without viscosity index improvers that meet the performance requirements of the TO-4
specification for the SAE 30 viscosity grade. Typical viscosity grades are SAE 0W20, SAE 0W30, and SAE 5W30. Second Choice: Oils with
a TO-4 type additive package and a lubricant viscosity grade of SAE 0W20, SAE 0W30, or of SAE 5W30.
(2) Except Off-Highway Trucks. For models 772 through 797 use SAE 30 viscosity grade or TMS for 0 to 50C (32 to 122F)
(3) Except for the hydraulic drive winch gear case. Do not use SAE 50 viscosity grade for the hydraulic drive winch gear case. Instead, use SAE
30 viscosity grade for 0 C (32 F) to 43C (110F) or TMS for 10C (14F) to 50C (122F).
(4) TMS Transmission Multi-Season (exceeds the TO-4M specification requirements).
(5) Commercial Biodegradable Hydraulic Oil (HEES) must meet the Caterpillar BF-1 specification.
39
Maintenance Section
Lubricant Specifications

Special Applications
Table 13
Lubricant Viscosities for Ambient Temperatures
C F
Compartment or System Oil Type and Classification Oil Viscosities
Min Max Min Max
Rear Axle of the Backhoe
Caterpillar MTO 25 40 13 104
Loader (1)
Implement Steering,
Hydraulic Systems,
and Steering Control
Caterpillar MTO 25 40 13 104
Mechanisms
for
Challenger Tractors
SAE 75W140 30 45 22 113
SAE 80W140 25 40 13 104
Vibratory Compactor Caterpillar GO
SAE 85W140 5 50 23 122
Drum Bearings (2) API GL-5
SAE 80W90 20 20 4 68
4C-6767 Synthetic Oil (2) 20 50 4 122
SAE 0W20 40 40 40 104
SAE0W30 40 40 40 104
Starting Engine SH, SJ
SAE5W20 30 10 22 50
SAE10W 20 50 4 122
Caterpillar HYDO SAE 0W20 40 10 40 50
Caterpillar DEO
Caterpillar TDTO SAE 0W30 40 10 40 50
Caterpillar MTO SAE 5W20 30 10 22 50
Starting Engine API CH-4
Transmission API CG-4 SAE 10W 30 20 22 68
API CF-4
API CF
Caterpillar TO-4 SAE 30 10 10 14 50
Caterpillar TO-4M
Caterpillar Full Synthetic SAE 0W40 (3) 40 50 40 122
Multigrade DEO
Commercial Full Synthetic
Multigrade Diesel Engine SAE 5W40 (3) 40 50 40 122
Variable Pitch Fan Oil meeting either API CH-4,
API CG-4, API CF-4

Caterpillar TDTO SAE 30 (4) 15 25 5 77


Caterpillar TO-4 SAE 50 (4) 10 50 14 122
(1) Except All Wheel Steer (AWS). See the OMM for AWS requirements.
(2) 4C-6767 Synthetic Oil is a premium synthetic gear and a bearing lubricant with no viscosity improvers. This lubricant has an ISO Viscosity
Grade of 220, and a minimum viscosity index of 150. All Asphalt Compactors require synthetic gear and bearing lubricant. All 500 Series
Soil Compactors with the new pod style drum, and any earlier 500 Series without oil pockets in the old style drum, also require synthetic oil.
(3) First Choice Oil: Full synthetic oils are recommended. Synthetic oils may provide longer service life for the fan. Synthetic oils allow for
increased service intervals over non-synthetic oils.
(4) Second Choice Oil: Caterpillar TDTO or commercial oils that meet the Caterpillar TO-4 specification. Caterpillar TDTO is non-synthetic.
Commercial TO-4 oils are typically non-synthetic.