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and

Grading

class

1. Review set theory and basic set notation.

discussion.

2. Review methods of proof.

3. Discuss document Advice for MATH 317E Students

1 TOPIC 2: Axiom of Extension & Specification Lecture and

class

1. Definitions of sets, elements and subsets.

discussion.

2. The Axiom of Extension - Two sets are equal if and only

if they have the same elements

3. Theorem 2.1 - If A B and B A, then A B

4. The Axiom of Specification - To every set A and to every

condition S x there corresponds a set B whose

S x holds.

5. Class discussion involving the Axiom of Extension and

the Axiom of Specification and their implications.

2 TOPIC 3: Unions & Intersections Lecture and Assignment

class #1 is given

1. Definition of the empty set

discussion. out in week

2. The Axiom of Pairing - For any two sets a set that

#2 and is

they both belong to

due in week

3. The Axiom of Unions - For every collection of sets, a

#4

set that contains all the elements that belong to at

least one set of the given collection

4. Theorem 3.1 -

(i ) A A

(ii ) A B B A

(iii ) A ( B C ) ( A B) C ( AssociativeLaw)

(iv ) A A A

(v ) A B if and only if A B B

5. The Axiom of Intersections - For every collection of

sets, a set that contains all the elements that belong

to each set in the given collection

(i ) A

(ii ) A B B A

6. Theorem 3.2 - (iii ) A ( B C ) ( A B) C

(iv ) A A A

(v ) A B if and only if A B A

7. Definitions of disjoint and non-empty

8. Theorem 3.3 -

(i ) A ( B C ) ( A B) ( A C )

(ii ) A ( B C ) ( A B) ( A C )

2 TOPIC 4: Complements Lecture and

class

1. Definitions of difference between 2 sets and relative

discussion.

complement

(i ) ( A ' ) ' A

(ii ) ' E and E '

2. Theorem 4.1 -

(iii ) A A ' and A A ' E

(iv ) A B if and only if B ' A '

3. Theorem 4.2 - De Morgans Laws:

(ii ) ( A B) ' A ' B '

4. Theorem 4.3 -

(i ) A B A B '

(ii ) A B if and only if A B

(iii ) A ( A B ) A B

(iv ) A ( B C ) ( A B ) ( A C )

(v ) A B ( A C ) ( B C ' )

(vi) ( A C ) ( B C ' ) A B

5. Definition of symmetric difference.

3 TOPIC 5: Relations Lecture and

class

1. Definitions of the ordered pair and cartesian product

discussion.

2. Theorem 5.1 -

(i ) ( A B) C ( A C ) ( B C )

(ii ) ( A B) (C D) ( A C ) ( B D)

3. Definitions of a relation, domain, range, co domain,

reflexive, symmetric, transitive, irreflexive, atransitive,

antisymmetric, composition, inverse, order(partial

order), strict order, total, equivalence relation,

equivalence class and partition

4. Theorem 5.2 - Two equivalence classes are either equal

or are disjoint

3 TOPIC 6: Functions & Inverses Lecture and

class

1. Definitions of function, surjective, injective, image,

discussion.

bijective, one-to-one correspondence, projection, canonical

map, characteristic function, families, index and identity

function.

(i) f (i Ai ) i f ( Ai )

2. Theorem 6.1 -

(ii ) f (i Ai ) i f ( Ai )

f be one-to-one is that the inverse image under f of each

singleton in the range of f be a singleton in X

5. Theorem 6.3 -

1

(i ) If B Y , then f ( f ( B)) B.

If f maps X ontoY , then f ( f 1 ( B)) B.

(ii ) If A X , then A f 1 ( f ( A)).

If f is one to onethen A f 1 ( f ( A))

(iii ) If {Bi } is a family of subsets of Y , then

(a) f 1 ( i Bi ) i f 1 ( Bi )

(b) f 1 ( i Bi ) i f 1 ( Bi )

class

1. Definition of natural numbers

discussion.

2. The Axiom of Infinity - There exists a set containing 0

and containing the successor of each of its elements.

3. Definitions of infinite and finite sets, successor sets,

equivalent sets and partial order sets.

4. Theorem 7.1 - Two natural numbers are always

comparable.

4,5 TOPIC 8: Groups and Subgroups Lecture and Assignment

class #2 is given

1. Definitions of groupoid, semigroup, monoid, group,

discussion. out in week

abelian(commutative), order, finite and infinite groups

#5 and is

2. Theorem 8.1 - Let (G, ) be a group, then

due in week

(i) the identity element is unique and

#11.

( a 1 ) 1 a and (ab) 1 b 1 a 1

4. Theorem 8.3 - Let G be a group and a, b, c G. If

either ab ac or ba ca , then b c .

5. Definition of a subgroup

6. Theorem 8.4 - Let G be a group. Let H G ( H )

subgroup of G.

7. Theorem 8.5 -Let G be a group and H a non-empty

subset of G. Then H is a subgroup of G if and only if

a, b H , ab1 H .

8. Theorem 8.6 - Let G be a group and H a finite non-

empty subset of G. Then H is a subgroup of G if and

only if H H H .

6,9 TOPIC 9: Symmetric, Permutation and Cyclic Groups, Cosets

and Lagranges Theorem

1. Theorem 9.1 - For any set X, let S(X) denote the subset

of X consisting of all bijections of X to itself. Then

(S ( X ), ) is a group where denotes composition of

functions.

2. Definitions of symmetric and permutation groups

Theorem 9.2 - S n n!

3. Definitions of product, r-cycle, transposition, even

(odd) permutations, alternating group and symmetry.

4. Definitions of cyclic groups, generator element and

order of an element.

5. Theorem 9.3 - If (G, ) is a finite group of order n and

6. Definition of a is congruentto b modulo H .

equivalence relation on G.

8. Definition of right (left) cosets.

9. Lagranges Theorem - Let G be a finite group and H, a

10 TOPIC 10: Normal subgroups & Quotients groups Lecture and In Course

class Exam is

1. Definition of normal subgroups

discussion. given in

2. Theorem 10.1 - H is normal in G if and only if

week #8.

g 1hg H , g g and h H

(based on

3. Theorem 10.2 - If NG , then the set of cosets

week 1-7).

G / N {gN : g G} is a group under the operation

defined by Ng1 Ng 2 Ng1 g 2

4. Definition of the quotient group of factor group of G by

N.

class

1. Definition of group homomorphism, isomorphism,

discussion.

isomorphic and automorphism.

2. Theorem 11.1: Let f : G H be a homomorphism

identities in G and H respectively. Then

(i) f ( eG ) e H

(ii) f ( g 1 ) ( f ( g )) 1 , g G

class

1. Definition of a ring, a subring and a proper subring.

discussion.

2. Definition of homomorphism in rings.

3. Definition of fields.

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