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Style as Conformity

Style as conformity can be seen as the first available option for a writer to
express himself. This is so because virtually all possible fields that a written
material can belong to have been established. Any style that is distinct is so as a
result of deviation. In fact, it is on the notion of style as conformity that the idea
of style as choice operates and then results in or brings out the possibility of
style as deviation. That is, a writer needs, first of all, to decide whether to
conform with the established style or to deviate. It is not in all situations that a
writer enjoys flexibility to deviate. Style as conformity is often strictly enforced
in certain fields or circumstances. This is often in academic/educational field as
regard students research projects. It is also found so in some professional
writings, where a considerable conformity to the established format or diction is
expected for a text to earn acceptability.

One major weakness of conformity to the established style is that it clips


creativity. But the moment a text accommodates or injects some creativity in the
style, it becomes marked as deviation from the norm.
Norm an assemblage of stable means objectively existing in the language and
systematically used.

Norm is an invariant, which should embrace all variable phonemic, morphological, lexical,
and syntactic patterns with their typical properties circulating in the language at a definite
period of time.

Norm is a regulator that controls the set of variants (Makayev). The most characteristic and
essential property of norm is flexibility.

As soon as the feeling of the norm is instilled in the mind one begins to appreciate its
talented fluctuations. The norm may be perceived and established only when there are
deviations from it, it happens so to say against their background.

Labovs (1966) New York City study: Speech


community as the unit as the norm

The norm in Formal Linguistics


is the Ideal Speaker
The notion of Ideal Speaker
(Hearer) is less than ideal

The norm in Formal Linguistics


is the Ideal Speaker
The notion of Ideal Speaker
(Hearer) is less than ideal
Deviation_from_the_Norm_as_Method_and_St

STYLE a selection of non-distinctive features of language


NORM an assemblage of stable means objectively existing in the language
and systematically used

INDIVIDUAL STYLE a unique combination of language units peculiar to


a given writer which makes his works easily recognizable

The Main Terms, Categories and Notions of Stylistics.

To define the limits of stylistics it is necessary to state what we mean under its main term style.
This word is of Latin origin derived from the word stilus which meant a short sharp stick used by the
Romans for writing on wax tablets.

Now the word style is used in many senses that is why it has become a permanent source of
ambiguity. It may denote:
The correspondence between

An individual manner of making use of language


The set of rules how to write a composition sometimes style is associated with very simple
notions like style is the man himself (Buffon 18thc.)

Style is depth, said Darbyshire in 1971 A Grammar of Style; style is deviation- considered
Enkvist in his book Linguistic Stylistics published in the Hague in 1973.