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https://askubuntu.com/questions/83771/recovering-grub-after-installing-windows-

7/83796#83796

You can re-install grub in the Master Boot Record using the LiveCD for you distribution version, It goes like this:

Boot from LiveCD ⋯ please try to use a LiveCD that has the same version of Grub2 as the installed version Mount the root of the installed Ubuntu at /mnt Change root Update grub Install grub Reboot

After booting from the liveCD ( select "Try Ubuntu" on the opening screen) Then start up a terminal (dash, type-in terminal, … )… It may be easier to open this web page while running LiveCD. Firefox should allow you to do this.

Type in the terminal

the installed Ubuntu partitions, (from mine with other disks snipped ― here):

sudo fdisk -l

- and enter your password if asked. That's a lower case L. Find

me@mycomputer:~$sudo fdisk -l

Disk /dev/sde: 300.1 GB, 300089646592 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 36483 cylinders, total 586112591 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disk identifier: 0xc3f5ebeb

Device Boot Start

/dev/sde2 138464296 586110975 223823340 5 Extended /dev/sde3 * 2048 138463231 69230592 83 Linux /dev/sde5 138464298 313460279 87497991 7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT /dev/sde6 313460736 317650943 2095104 82 Linux swap / Solaris

/dev/sde7 317652992 581922815 132134912 83 Linux /dev/sde8 581924864 586110975 2093056 82 Linux swap / Solaris

End

Blocks

Id System

Partition table entries are not in disk order

Find your Linux installation (Id=83, System=Linux0 then type in

sudo mount /dev/sde3 /mnt

but use your partition instead of

/dev/sde3

(my root partition is sde3, sde7 is my home

partition). This is assuming that you do not have a separate mount it by typing

/boot
/boot

partition. If you do, you will need to also

sudo mount /dev/sd·· /mnt/boot

where

sd··

is the partition where you installed the separate boot directory.

ls /mnt
ls /mnt

- just checking to see if I got it right:

me@mycomputer:~$ sudo mount /dev/sde3 /mnt me@mycomputer:~$ ls /mnt bin cdrom etc initrd.img lib media opt root sbin srv tmp var vmlinuz.old

boot dev

home initrd.img.old lost+found mnt

proc run

selinux sys usr vmlinuz

 

You should test to see if the boot directory is properly installed. Type in

ls /mnt/boot

and if it is

empty, the boot directory is not installed. It should look something like this:

me@mycomputer:~$ ls /boot abi-2.6.35-30-generic initrd.img-2.6.35-30-generic System.map-2.6.35-31-generic abi-2.6.35-31-generic initrd.img-2.6.35-31-generic vmcoreinfo-2.6.35-30-generic config-2.6.35-30-generic memtest86+.bin vmcoreinfo-2.6.35-31-generic config-2.6.35-31-generic memtest86+_multiboot.bin vmlinuz-2.6.35-30-generic grub System.map-2.6.35-30-generic vmlinuz-2.6.35-31-generic

Then:

for i in /dev /dev/pts /proc /sys; do sudo mount -B $i /mnt$i; done sudo chroot /mnt #change the root sudo update-grub # now update grub

Example:

me@mycomputer:~$ sudo for i in /dev /dev/pts /proc /sys; do sudo mount -B $i /mnt$i; done me@mycomputer:~$ sudo chroot /mnt me@mycomputer:~$ sudo update-grub Generating grub.cfg Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-3.0.0-13-generic Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-3.0.0-13-generic Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-3.0.0-12-generic Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-3.0.0-12-generic Found memtest86+ image: /boot/memtest86+.bin Found Microsoft Windows XP Professional on /dev/sdc1 done

Now to re-install grub in the MBR. You will need to know which disk your system boots from,

and find it in the

fdisk -l sd·
fdisk -l
sd·

listing you have already done. Then type in

sudo grub-install

/dev/sd
/dev/sd

replacing

with the disk you will boot from.

me@mycomputer:~$ sudo grub-install /dev/sd·

Then type in Then type in

Crtl-D

to exit chroot.

sudo for i in /sys /proc /dev/pts /dev; do sudo umount /mnt$i; done

- as one line

me@mycomputer:~$ sudo for i in /sys /proc /dev/pts /dev; do sudo umount /mnt$i; done

If you mounted a separate /boot partition, type in

sudo umount /mnt/boot

 

me@mycomputer:~$ sudo umount /mnt/boot

Then type in

sudo umount /mnt

 

me@mycomputer:~$ sudo umount /mnt

Then type in

sudo reboot

to restart he system (remember to remove the LiveCD).

me@mycomputer:~$ sudo reboot

Hopefully, grub will be installed.