Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 66

The players of each team line up in pairs, one behind the

other. When the whistle is blown, one soldier in each pair


carries his partner to the distance line, thirty meters, using
the fireman's carry. At the distance line, the soldiers
exchange places and return to the starting line. As a
variation, the soldier to be carried lies on the ground and
his partner picks him up to the proper position. This relay
may be performed with the other carries described in guerrilla
exercises.

1. The exercise is done by :

A) Policemen
B) Soldiers
C) Firemen
D) Boys B.

2. Each pair of soldiers runs a total of:

A) three hundred meters


B) thirteen rounds
C) sixty meters
D) sixty rounds C.

3. They start running when...

A) One soldier picks up another soldier


B) They are ready to run
C) They hear a starting signal
D) Somebody whistles a blown C.

4. Before returning they must...

A) Exchange places
B) Hear the starting signal
C) Do a variation
D) Carry the closest fireman A.

5. This exercise must be performed by:

A) Thirty members
B) Couples of soldiers
C) An even number of teams
D) night B.

1
PARAGRAPH A

In the early-1950s the standard United States Army


Armored Personnel Carrier was the M75, followed in 1954 by the
M59. Neither of these was satisfactory and in 1954 foundations
were laid for a new series of vehicles. In 1958 prototypes of
the T113 (aluminum hull) and T117 (steel hull) armored
personnel carriers were built. A modified version of the T113,
the T113E1, was cleared for production in mid-1959 and
production commenced at the FMC plant at San Jose, California,
in 1960. The vehicle is still in production today and some
70,000 have been built in the USA.

1. What is the T113E1 ?

A) The main basement for the design of the M75


B) An outdated version of the T113
C) A newer version of the T113
D) None of the above

2. In what year did the production of the T113E1 begin ?

A) 1954
B) 1958
C) 1959
D) 1960

3. What was the hull of the T117 made of ?

A) aluminum
B) steel
C) mixed aluminum
D) mixed steel

4. What happened in 1959 ?

A) Production was banned


B) Americans didn't trust this vehicle
C) The T113 was cleared for production
D) None of the above

5. Which of the following is not true ?

A) M75 and M59 were not satisfactory


B) The T113E1 is still in production
C) The T113E1 was the precursor of the T113
D) Around 70,000 T113E1s have been produced in the
USA
PARAGRAPH B

Desert tundra, or cold desert, occurs on the Arctic edges


of North America, Europe, and Asia. In these areas the near
eternal freezing temperatures cause an environment in which
plant life is virtually impossible. The existence of ice
rather than water for the majority of the year means that
vegetation lacks sufficient moisture for growth. During the
short period of time when the temperature increases enough for
the ice to melt, there is generally a large volume of water.
This excess of water, coupled with a lack of drainage through
the frozen subsoil, does not allow vegetation to flourish.

1. What would be the most appropriate title for the


passage?

A) Where Desert Tundra Is Found


B) The Weather in the Arctic
C) Why Cold Deserts Occur
D) The Variety of Plant Life in Desert Tundra

2. Desert tundra is found:

A) throughout North America, Europe and Asia


B) In Antarctica
C) on the Arctic borders of the northern continents
D) at the North Pole

3. What makes plant life almost impossible in areas of


desert tundra during most of the year ?

A) Excessive water on the plants


B) the frozen state of the water
C) The increase in temperature
D) The lack of ice

4. Which of the following happens when the weather heats


up?

A) Plants can flourish


B) Vegetation lacks sufficient moisture
C) The days become shorter
D) There is too much water

5. Why can't the water drain after it melts ?

A) The land beneath the surface is still frozen


B) The temperature is too high
C) The period of time is too short
D) The vegetation is flourishing
PARAGRAPH C

The troposphere is the layer of air that begins at the


surface of the earth and extends upward to an average altitude
of seven miles. Its height varies from the equator to the
poles, and from season to season. It is higher over the
equator than over the poles, and it also has a greater height
in the summer. The troposphere contains about three quarters
of the earth's atmosphere by weight and almost all of the
weather. The border between the troposphere and the
stratosphere is called the tropopause. It is important because
high-speed winds are often found near the tropopause.

1. We live:

A) near the tropopause


B) above the stratosphere
C) in the troposphere
D) below the atmosphere

2. The tropopause

A) Has a longitude of seven miles


B) Has an altitude of more or less seven miles
C) Random varies from summer to winter
D) Has an altitude of seven miles

3. Mark the correct answer

A) The atmosphere is in the troposphere


B) The troposphere is in the stratosphere
C) The troposphere is in the atmosphere
D) The tropopause is in the stratosphere

4. The main topic of the reading is:

A) What the troposphere is


B) The importance of the atmosphere height
C) The weather in the troposphere
D) The variation of the atmosphere layers

5. Weather phenomena:

A) occur mostly in the troposphere


B) occur only in the troposphere
C) never occur in the tropopause
D) occur mostly in the atmosphere
PARAGRAPH D

The deer is a distinctive animal easily recognized by the


antlers that adorn most species of male deer. These antlers
are used by the males primarily to fight, either for mates or
for leadership of the herd. Deer generally lose their antlers
each winter and begin growing new ones in late spring. The new
antlers are soft knobs covered with velvety hairs. Later in
the year as the seasons progress, the antlers grow and harden
into solid branches. In the middle of winter, the full-grown
antlers fall off and decay on the ground. The following spring
the process begin again.

1. The deer is called a distinctive animal because it:

A) uses its antlers to recognize others.


B) has many species.
C) has antlers.
D) has to fight for its mates.

2. The deer does not use its antlers

A) to fight other deer.


B) to get a mate.
C) to become a leader.
D) to climb branches.

3. When do the new antlers begin to grow ?.

A) In August
B) In late spring
C) At the end of Autumn
D) In early summer

4. What happens to the antlers when they fall off ?.

A) They disintegrate
B) They wither
C) They mummify
D) They flourish

5. What is the main use of antlers ?.

A) To be eaten by humans.
B) In order to fight.
C) To break branches of trees.
D) None of the above.
ANSWER SHEET:

1.-C 11.-C 21.- 31.-


41.-

2.-D 12.-B 22.- 32.-


42.-

3.-B 13.-C 23.- 33.-


43.-

4.-D 14.-A 24.- 34.-


44.-

5.-C 15.-A 25.- 35.-


45.-

6.-C 16.-C 26.- 36.-


46.-

7.-C 17.-D 27.- 37.-


47.-

8.-B 18.-B 28.- 38.-


48.-

9.-D 19.-A 29.- 39.-


49.-

10.-A 20.-B 30.- 40.-


50.-
The M1A1 Abrams tank is the U.S. Army's primary combat
weapon for closing with and destroying the enemy. Its 120 mm
smooth-bore cannon and Thermal Imaging System give it immense
hitting power at ranges up to 3,991 yards, in all weathers and
at night. Chobham and depleted uranium armor ensure
unparalleled survivability, even from direct hits.
Development of the Abrams began in 1973 after the
collapse of the MBT-70 project. Chrysler won a competition for
the Abrams contract against the General Motors Corporation and
production of the first version, the M1, began in 1979 at the
Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant.

1. When did the production of the M1 begin ?

A) In 1973
B) In 1975
C) In 1977
D) In 1979 D

2. Which sentence is true ?

A) The MBT-70 improved the Thermal Imaging System


B) Chobhan and depleted uranium was not a success
C) MBT had already collapsed when the Abrams was
introduced.
D) General Motors increased the number of MBT-70s
manufactured C

3. What happened at the Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant ?.

A) The production of the M1 began


B) The quality of chobham armor was improved
C) There was a race between Chrysler and Abrams
D) Thermal Imaging System collapsed A

4. What is the maximun range of Abrams' weaponry ?

A) More than 3,991 yards


B) Less than 3,991 yards
C) Equal to 3,991 yards
D) None of the above C

5. Under what weather conditions was the Abrams mostly


adequate ?

A) Only on sunny days


B) On rainy days with heavy thunderstorms
C) On foggy days
D) None of the above D

1
Although most Universities in the United States are on a
semester system, which offers classes in the fall and spring,
some schools observe a quarter system comprised of fall,
winter, spring, and summer quarters. The academic year,
September to June, is divided into three quarters of eleven
weeks each beginning in September, January, and March; the
summer quarter, June to August, is composed of shorter
sessions of varying length. Students may take advantage of the
opportunity to study year round by enrolling in all four
quarters. Most students begin their programs in the fall
quarter, but they may enter at the beginning of any of the
other quarters.

1. The main topic is:

A) Universities in the United States


B) The Academic Year
C) The Quarter System
D) The Semester System C

2. How many terms are there in a quarter system ?.

A) Four regular terms and one summer term


B) Three regular terms and one summer term
C) Two regular terms and two summer terms
D) One regular term and four summer terms B

3. When is the academic year ?

A) Spring to summer
B) Spring to autumn
C) Summer to autumn
D) Autumn to summer D

4. A semester system

A) has eleven-week sessions


B) is not very popular in the United States
C) gives students the opportnity to study year
around
D) has two major sessions a year D

5. When may students begin studying in a school that uses


a quarter system ?.

A) September
B) Summer semester only
C) At the beginning of any quarter
D) At the beginning of the academic year C

2
Geographically, California's diversity is breathtaking,
and the state's coastline from north to south is no exception.
Measuring 840 miles in length, the coast consists of the
rugged cliffs of the Coast Ranges in the north and wide sandy
beaches in the south. Along the coastline there are two major
harbours, one in the north at San Francisco, the other in the
south at San Diego. Near Humboldt and Monterey are smaller
natural harbours.

1. The topic of the passage is

A) how the State of California is divided into north


and south.
B) tourist attractions in California.
C) the breathtaking beauty of California.
D) the variation in Californias coastal geography.
D

2. What measures 840 miles in length ?

A) The California coastline


B) The Coast Ranges
C) The rugged cliffs
D) The exceptional part of northern California A

3. The Coast Ranges are

A) near the cliffs on the coast of California


B) found in southern California
C) a series of mountains paths
D) hundreds of miles north of the cliffs A

4. It is implied in the passage that northern California

A) has more beaches than southern California


B) is roughly the same as southern California
C) has fewer major harbours than southern California
D) has a substantially different coastline from
southern California. D

5. Where are the major harbours located in California ?

A) In San Diego
B) Only in northern California
C) Near Humboldt and Monterey
D) In the north and in the south D

3
Circulorespiratory endurance depends on the efficiency of
the lungs and heart. The maximum effort a soldier can exert
over a period of time is limited by the amount of oxygen his
lungs can absorb with each breath inhaled and the amount of
carbon dioxide his lungs can expel with each breath exhaled.
The process of absorbing oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide
(circulorespiratory process) is performed by the blood that
circulates through the lungs. The average soldier's capacity
for keeping fresh blood circulating through his lungs can be
greatly increased by exercise. Running is one of the best
exercises for this purpose.

1. The main topic is...

A) The soldier's breathing


B) The respiratory process
C) The purpose of running
D) Physical training for soldiers B.

2. Mark the correct answer

A) A soldier will make more of an effort if he


exhales more oxygen than carbon dioxide
B) A soldier will make more of an effort if he
inhales and exhales at the same time
C) The maximum effort will be limited by the respi-
ratory process of each soldier over a period of
time
D) A soldier will make more of an effort if he
inhales and exhales more air C.

3. Something to improve respiratory endurance could be:

A) Keeping fresh blood


B) Jumping
C) Jogging
D) Breathing properly C.

4. From the reading we can say that it is important...

A) To keep the lungs fresh


B) To keep fresh blood in circulation
C) To keep ourselves fresh while running
D) To keep up the effort a soldier can make B.

5. The circulorespiratory process take place in:

A) The lungs
B) The blood
4
C) The mouth and nose
D) The heart A.

5
6
There is only one problem: the American people could
hardly care less. More than that: they are actively hostile to
the notion of American leadership if it requires risking
American lives. In the case of Bosnia, that is exactly what
American leadership has led to. Clinton has said he will send
20,000 troops to enforce a peace agreement, and Americans are
deeply concerned about this prospect. They are not convinced
that their sons and daughters should die for the sake of
Sarajevo.

1.- According to the first sentence, Americans:

A) Are quite interested


B) Do fully agree
C) Are not interested at all
D) Dont share points of view C

2.- The meaning of "deeply concerned about" is...

A) anxious
B) related
C) confused
D) resolved A

3.- What has American leadership led to ?

A) Withdrawing troops from Bosnia


B) Risking American lives
C) Peoples active hostility
D) Convincing American people B

4.- According to the text;

A) American people are eager to send troops to


Bosnia
B) American people strongly oppose the idea of
deploying troops to Bosnia
C) American troops will be sent for sure
D) They are not sure of the necessity of sending
troops D

5.- People are not convinced that their children should


die:

A) for the freedom of Sarajevo


B) for the liberation of Sarajevo
C) on behalf of Sarajevo
D) to avoid the sack of Sarajevo C

1
Disneyland Paris has opened a new roller coaster. Called
"Space Mountain" and inspired by Jules Verne's novel "From the
Earth to the Moon", this roller coaster is the park's eleventh
addition since its debut in 1992. The ride, which consists of
a series of rocket ships, hurls passengers for two and a half
minutes into the darkness, past meteorites and the moon. Along
the way, riders must endure three inverted loops. With speeds
of up to 75 kilometres per hour, space mountain is 20 per cent
faster than any other Disney ride. For information on the
park's attractions, call 0733/160306030.

1. Space Mountain:

A) was designed by Jules Verne


B) is on the French coast
C) is a new Disneyland resort
D) is a fun-park machine D

2. Since 1992 Disneyland Paris has:

A) invested in space exploration


B) made a lot of money
C) added eleven new attractions
D) doubled in size C?

3. The ride:

A) has no lights in one part


B) makes passengers nauseous
C) carries people through water
D) is not suitable for serious people A

4. Riders:

A) have to pay a lot of money


B) travel at over 75 km. per hour
C) must wear special space suits
D) go around in circles D?

5. Space Mountain is Disney's:

A) best investment to date


B) most famous attraction
C) fastest ride now
D) most popular asset C?

2
A few years ago, the American Medical association awarded
its first annual Community Service Medal to Dr.Archer Sudan.
Dr.Sudan was born on a farm in the western part of the United
States in 1894. Before he was ten years old, he knew that he
wanted to be a doctor. He began his career by giving medicine
to his father's cows and horses. When he was 16, he went to
the city where a married sister lived and entered the city
high school. He learned to be a barber and worked as a barber
while he continued his studies through college and medical
school.
One day, Dr.Sudan decided to take a vacation. He was 32
years old, and he had recently married a red-haired nurse whom
he had known in medical school.

1. Dr.Archer Sudan:

A) was the first person to win the medal


B) was the last person to win the medal
C) won the medal every year
D) awarded the medal to the association A

2. Dr.Archer Sudan:

A) wanted to be a doctor when he was a child


B) wanted to be a vet when he was a child
C) wanted to be a farmer or a barber
D) didn't know what he wanted to be A

3. He was:

A) an unsuccessful barber
B) an unsuccessful doctor
C) a farmer's son
D) an only child C

4. He:

A) went to college with his married sister


B) did same hairdressing work
C) didn't study enough
D) gave up work in order to study B

5. His wife was:

A) always away on vacation


B) already married when they met
C) a doctor who gave lectures
D) a nurse he had met years before D

3
In his perceptive book A Leg to Stand On, Oliver Sacks describes
how formal hospital wards rounds make patient-doctor communication virtually impossible.
"I have experienced this from both sides. As a junior surgeon you are constantly at the mercy
of your beeper - forever shuttling between clinics, the operating theatre, the wards and the
administration. The essential work on the wards is the ordering of tests and the scheduling of
operations, and you resent anything that distracts you from the task".

1. Patient-doctor relationships are...

A) too formal and serious in hospitals.


B) circular, with equal input from both parties.
C) not satisfactory in the rounds system.
D) better in private rooms than in wards. C

2. Oliver Sacks...

A) wrote his book while he was in hospital.


B) has been both a doctor and a patient.
C) gave up his job as a surgeon to become an administrator.
D) failed his exams because he was distracted. B

3. Junior surgeons are under pressure because:

A) they have to respond to calls and rush around


everywhere.
B) their patients don't listen to them properly.
C) they haven't got enough experience when they start work.
D) They don't get on well together due to their mutual resentment.
A

4. The most important ward work involves...

A) arranging operations and asking for tests to be done.


B) operating and post-operation care.
C) being patient, merciful and not easily distracted.
D) trying to improve the level of patient-doctor communication. A

5. Oliver Sacks'book...

A) is essential reading material for junior surgeons.


B) is formal but easy to read.
C) has become very famous in recent years.
D) includes observations on life in hospital wards. D

4
5
PARAGRAPH A

Once again, the Serbian troops which are attacking the


Bosnian City of Bihac have achieved a military victory in a
full challenge to all reasons of justice and vain resolutions
of the United Nations, which to make matters worse, have just
ordered yesterday the fulfillment of a cease-fire officially
declared last Friday in New York, to which the Serbs have
responded with redoubled attacks with Infantry and Heavy
Artillery units, after setting fire to the southern districts
of the city to prevent the return of their neighbors and
especially, to finish off the physical destruction of the
Fifth Army Corps, the most hardened among the Bosnian troops,
technically disappeared in military terms because of the
Serbian offensive.

1.- According to the text...

a. Serbian troops went against U.N. resolutions in


Bihac
b. Serbian troops fulfilled U.N. resolutions in Bihac
c. Serbian troops reasoned with the U.N. for justice
in Bihac
d. Serbian troops challenged justice in vain

2.- The United Nations...

a. Solved the situation by ordering a cease-fire


b. Made the Serbs fulfil an order given last Friday
c. Declared a ceasefire yesterday
d. Caused a setback in the peace process

3.- What was the Serbian response to the U.N.s last


resolution ?

a. They withdrew artillery and infantry units


b. They gave up fighting in southern districts
c. They attacked at double speed
d. They made stronger attacks

4.- What is not true, according to the text ?

a. The U.N. made adequate decisions about Bihac


b. Serbian forces won a victory in spite of justice
c. The Serbian offensive weakened the Fifth Army
Corps
d. The U.N. resolutions accomplished nothing

5.- The Serbian offensive...

a. Was not conducted technically


b. Was designed to destroy the city especially
c. Was the cause of the elimination of the Fifth Army
Corps
d. Strengthened the Fifth Army Corps position
1
2
PARAGRAPH B

Not so long ago, Magic Johnson was the poster boy for how
to avoid AIDS. Now he is the man to show people how to deal
with it. "Enjoy life," he says. "Live. Im not just talking
about people with HIV or AIDS, but about people with problems
or handicaps. For people who have HIV, come out and share your
life with somebody and make them feel better. Try to hold it
among parents or brothers or sisters. You carry a lot of
weight when you keep it to yourself."

1.- What did Johnson do not a long time ago ?

a. He made posters
b. He appeared in posters with boys
c. He was used for advertisements
d. He put up posters in the street

2.- What is he doing now ?

a. Hes making a deal with some people


b. He has a show for people with AIDS
c. He is doing deals for shows
d. He gives tips on coping with AIDS

3.- Johnson says :

a. Have a good time


b. Make your life funny
c. Easy does it
d. Be a party pooper

4.- Why should HIV-sufferers come out ?

a. To carry a lot of weight


b. For the sake of their parents
c. To make society reject them
d. To prevent themselves from getting down

5.- From the text, we can presume...

a. Magic Johnson is retiring from the scene


b. HIV-sufferers are living better nowadays
c. Johnson is all for encouraging HIV-sufferers
d. HIV-sufferers families arent willing to help them

3
PARAGRAPH C

For anyone who wants to rent a general, the place to go


is Military Professional Resources Inc., headquartered in a
squat, red brick office building in Alexandria, Virginia.
Eight years old and with annual revenues of about $12 million,
MPRI is, according to its brochure, "the greatest corporate
assemblage of military expertise in the world." With 160 full-
time employees and some 2,000 retired generals, admirals and
other officers on call, it is making a fair claim. This is the
outfit that the U.S. will probably turn to for help in Bosnia.

1.- Which of the following statements about MPRI


is true ?.

a. It has 2160 full-time employees


b. It has 2000 retired employees
c. It has 2000 officers standing by
d. It has 160 employees working from time to time

2.- What will the U.S. probably do in Bosnia ?

a. Give officers special outfits


b. Do the civilians a turn
c. Make fair claims
d. Call on MPRI for assistance

3.- Which statement is true about the building in


Alexandria, Virginia ?

a. It has squatters
b. The MPRI bosses are based there
c. All MPRI employees work there
d. It is a tall, red building

4.- Who o what says MPRI is "The greatest corporate


assemblage..." ?

a. An MPRI information leaflet


b. An MPRI commercial
c. An MPRI advertisement
d. MPRIs buildings sign

5.- Why is MPRI said to be making a fair claim ?

a. Because of its revenues


b. Because of the U.S.intervention in Bosnia
c. Because it has so many military officers on call
d. Because of its brochure
4
PARAGRAPH D

In the decade before 1914 moves had been made by most


European armies towards less conspicuous uniforms, the British
setting the pattern with their khaki and the Germans adopting
field-grey. Last to see the wisdom of these changes were the
French, who thought of their uniforms of red kepis (caps), red
trousers, blue jackets and blue greatcoats as quintessentially
Gallic. During the Balkan wars of 1912-13, the French Minister
for War, Adolphe Mssimy, saw the advantage of dull colours
for uniforms which blend in with the background. He decided
that the French armies should have these uniforms in the
future. But reaction inside France was immensely hostile and
he was accused of wanting to dress French soldiers in `muddy,
inglorious' colours.

1.- Which statement is not true :


a. The French used "Gallic" uniforms
b. The Germans were the second to adopt field-grey
uniforms
c. Changes to uniforms were introduced at the dawning
of the century
d. The British were the first to change

2.- How did the French react to Mssimys decision ?


a. They knocked it
b. They fought over it
c. They backed it
d. They put him on trial

3.- What was Mssimy accused of ?


a. Wanting to change red colours
b. Copying Germanys and Britains uniforms
c. Dressing soldiers for glory
d. Dressing soldiers in dirty-looking clothes

4.- What did the French Minister see during the period
1912- 1913 ?
a. The Balkan Wars
b. The necessity for a better blending of men and
earth
c. No need for darker uniforms
d. A need for tainted fabrics in uniforms

5.- How did Mssimy react to dull colours for uniforms ?


a. He put them off
b. He was into them
c. He took them aback
d. He didnt go for them

5
ANSWER SHEET:

Parrafo A comienza: " Once again, the Serbian troops..."

1.- A 11.- C 21.- 31.- 41.-

2.- D 12.- D 22.- 32.- 42.-

3.- D 13.- B 23.- 33.- 43.-

4.- A 14.- A 24.- 34.- 44.-

5.- C 15.- C 25.- 35.- 45.-

6.- C 16.- B 26.- 36.- 46.-

7.- D 17.- A 27.- 37.- 47.-

8.- A 18.- D 28.- 38.- 48.-

9.- D 19.- B 29.- 39.- 49.-

10.- C 20.- B 30.- 40.- 50.-

6
PARAGRAPH A

As a result of the past oil crisis, 9.9 million of


Californias fifteen million motorists were subjected to an
odd-even plan of gas rationing. The governor signed a bill
forcing motorists with license plates ending in odd numbers to
buy gas only on odd-numbered days, and those ending in even
numbers on even-numbered days. Those whose plates were all
letters or specially printed had to follow the odd-numbered
plan.
Exceptions were made only for emergencies and out-of-state
drivers. Those who could not get gas were forced to walk,
bike, or skate to work.
This plan was expected to eliminate the long queues at many
service stations. Those who tried to purchase more than twenty
gallons of gas or tried to fill a more than half filled tank
would be fined and possibly imprisoned.

1.- All of the following are true except...

a. Officials hoped that this plan would alleviate


long gas lines
b. A gas limit was imposed
c. California has almost 10 million drivers
d. The governor signed the bill concerning gas
rationing

2.- Those who violated the rationing program...

a. Were forced to walk, bike, or skate to work


b. Were fined and possibly imprisoned
c. Had to wait in long lines
d. Were forced to use odd-numbered days

3.- The gas rationing plan was not binding on

a. Even-numbered license plates


b. Odd-numbered license plates
c. All-lettered plates
d. Out-of-state plates

4.- California was forced to adopt this plan because...

a. A past oil shortage necessitated it


b. Too many drivers were filling their tanks with
more than twenty gallons and spilling it
c. People were not getting enough exercise and need
to walk, bike, or skate
d.- Too many motorists had odd-numbered plates

5.- Even-numbered license plates...

a. Have an even number of digits


b. Have an even number first
1
c. Could end in 2
d. Must end in 2

2
PARAGRAPH B

Not so long ago, Magic Johnson was the poster boy for how
to avoid AIDS. Now he is the man to show people how to deal
with it. "Enjoy life," he says. "Live. Im not just talking
about people with HIV or AIDS, but about people with problems
or handicaps. For people who have HIV, come out and share your
life with somebody and make them feel better. Try to hold it
among parents or brothers or sisters. You carry a lot of
weight when you keep it to yourself."

1.- What did Johnson do not a long time ago ?

a. He made posters
b. He appeared in posters with boys
c. He was used for advertisements
d. He put up posters in the street

2.- What is he doing now ?

a. Hes making a deal with some people


b. He has a show for people with AIDS
c. He is doing deals for shows
d. He gives tips on coping with AIDS

3.- Johnson says :

a. Have a good time


b. Make your life funny
c. Easy does it
d. Be a party pooper

4.- Why should HIV-sufferers come out ?

a. To carry a lot of weight


b. For the sake of their parents
c. To make society reject them
d. To prevent themselves from getting down

5.- From the text, we can presume...

a. Magic Johnson is retiring from the scene


b. HIV-sufferers are living better nowadays
c. Johnson is all for encouraging HIV-sufferers
d. HIV-sufferers families arent willing to help them

3
PARAGRAPH C

Wellington's Peninsula generals included so many


incompetents that the Iron Duke must have wondered sometimes
who was the greater enemy, Napoleon or a British War Office
that saddled him with men like "Black Jack" Slade. Not only
was Major-General Slade known to be inept but he was also a
coward. Wellington in fact only kept him in Spain as the
lesser of two evils, the alternative presented to him being a
yet more egregious blunderer in the person of Sir Granby
Calcraft. It was during the Corunna Campaign of 1809 that
Slade had shown his true colours. Lord Paget reported that
when Slade was ordered to charge with the 10th Hussars he kept
stopping to adjust his stirrup leathers
until the need for the charge had passed.

1.- What did General Slade demonstrate in 1809 ?

a. His leadership
b. His real character
c. The hussars' colours
d. His stirrups

2.- Which statement is not true ?

a.Sir Granby Calcraft was a less efficient commander


than Slade
b.Slade was courageous but incompetent
c.He avoided charging with the Hussars
d.Napoleon was Wellingtons enemy

3.- With what did Slade supposedly have problems during


the charge ?

a. His feet
b. His clothes
c. His hands
d. His timing

4.- Why did Wellington keep Slade in The Peninsula ?

a. Because he was a coy person


b. Because he was a coward
c. Because he disliked his replacement
d. Because he was not evil

5.- What impression do we get of Wellington ?

a. He was spiteful
b. He was inept
c. He was dopey
d. He was tough

4
PARAGRAPH D

In the decade before 1914 moves had been made by most


European armies towards less conspicuous uniforms, the British
setting the pattern with their khaki and the Germans adopting
field-grey. Last to see the wisdom of these changes were the
French, who thought of their uniforms of red kepis (caps), red
trousers, blue jackets and blue greatcoats as quintessentially
Gallic. During the Balkan wars of 1912-13, the French Minister
for War, Adolphe Mssimy, saw the advantage of dull colours
for uniforms which blend in with the background. He decided
that the French armies should have these uniforms in the
future. But reaction inside France was immensely hostile and
he was accused of wanting to dress French soldiers in `muddy,
inglorious' colours.

1.- Which statement is not true :


a. The French used "Gallic" uniforms
b. The Germans were the second to adopt field-grey
uniforms
c. Changes to uniforms were introduced at the dawning
of the century
d. The British were the first to change

2.- How did the French react to Mssimys decision ?


a. They knocked it
b. They fought over it
c. They backed it
d. They put him on trial

3.- What was Mssimy accused of ?


a. Wanting to change red colours
b. Copying Germanys and Britains uniforms
c. Dressing soldiers for glory
d. Dressing soldiers in dirty-looking clothes

4.- What did the French Minister see during the period
1912- 1913 ?
a. The Balkan Wars
b. The necessity for a better blending of men and
earth
c. No need for darker uniforms
d. A need for tainted fabrics in uniforms

5.- How did Mssimy react to dull colours for uniforms ?


a. He put them off
b. He was into them
c. He took them aback
d. He didnt go for them

5
ANSWER SHEET:
Parrafo A comienza " As a result of the ..."

Parrafo B comienza " Not so long ago, Magic..."

1.- C 11.- B 21.- 31.- 41.-

2.- B 12.- B 22.- 32.- 42.-

3.- D 13.- A 23.- 33.- 43.-

4.- A 14.- C 24.- 34.- 44.-

5.- C 15.- D 25.- 35.- 45.-

6.- C 16.- B 26.- 36.- 46.-

7.- D 17.- A 27.- 37.- 47.-

8.- A 18.- D 28.- 38.- 48.-

9.- D 19.- B 29.- 39.- 49.-

10.- C 20.- B 30.- 40.- 50.-

6
PARAGRAPH A

Once again, the Serbian troops which are attacking the


Bosnian City of Bihac have achieved a military victory in a
full challenge to all reasons of justice and vain resolutions
of the United Nations, which to make matters worse, have just
ordered yesterday the fulfillment of a cease-fire officially
declared last Friday in New York, to which the Serbs have
responded with redoubled attacks with Infantry and Heavy
Artillery units, after setting fire to the southern districts
of the city to prevent the return of their neighbors and
especially, to finish off the physical destruction of the
Fifth Army Corps, the most hardened among the Bosnian troops,
technically disappeared in military terms because of the
Serbian offensive.

1.- According to the text...

a. Serbian troops went against U.N. resolutions in


Bihac
b. Serbian troops fulfilled U.N. resolutions in Bihac
c. Serbian troops reasoned with the U.N. for justice
in Bihac
d. Serbian troops challenged justice in vain

2.- The United Nations...

a. Solved the situation by ordering a cease-fire


b. Made the Serbs fulfil an order given last Friday
c. Declared a ceasefire yesterday
d. Caused a setback in the peace process

3.- What was the Serbian response to the U.N.s last


resolution ?

a. They withdrew artillery and infantry units


b. They gave up fighting in southern districts
c. They attacked at double speed
d. They made stronger attacks

4.- What is not true, according to the text ?

a. The U.N. made adequate decisions about Bihac


b. Serbian forces won a victory in spite of justice
c. The Serbian offensive weakened the Fifth Army
Corps
d. The U.N. resolutions accomplished nothing

5.- The Serbian offensive...

a. Was not conducted technically


b. Was designed to destroy the city especially
c. Was the cause of the elimination of the Fifth Army
Corps
d. Strengthened the Fifth Army Corps position
1
2
PARAGRAPH B

But Yeltsin is in a bind. Public opinion is strongly


opposed to any extension, and to have to return to the two-
year rule in force until 1991 would look like a defeat for
army reform. But he has the military brass to keep sweet and a
duty to preserve the ragged remnants of the Soviet military
machine.
The armed forces have numbers on their side. They are short
of 600.000 men, they say. Draft-dodging is epidemic;
only 20 per cent of the last call-up were called up.
Desertion, a devastating loss of prestige and
pitiful salaries have taken a terrible toll.

1.- Whats happening to Yeltsin ?

a. He is inside a barrel
b. He is constrained
c. He cant see the present reality
d. He is isolated

2.- The armed forces...

a. Have figures in their favour


b. Have plenty of short recruits
c. Used to paint numbers on tank sides
d. Need sidearms in great numbers

3.- Yeltsin...

a. Wants military bands to keep playing sweet


b. Prefers sweet talking
c. Has to keep commanders happy
d. Has to preserve the military budget

4.- What does the year 1991 mark ?

a. The end of a two-year rule


b. The extension of force during the year
c. The defeat of army reform
d. The rule of two years of forced employment

5.- The Soviet military machine...

a. Has a permanent duty to perform


b. Preserves its loyalty to Yeltsin
c. Has too many duties at present
d. Is tattered and scrappy

3
PARAGRAPH C

For anyone who wants to rent a general, the place to go


is Military Professional Resources Inc., headquartered in a
squat, red brick office building in Alexandria, Virginia.
Eight years old and with annual revenues of about $12 million,
MPRI is, according to its brochure, "the greatest corporate
assemblage of military expertise in the world." With 160 full-
time employees and some 2,000 retired generals, admirals and
other officers on call, it is making a fair claim. This is the
outfit that the U.S. will probably turn to for help in Bosnia.

1.- Which of the following statements about MPRI


is true ?.

a. It has 2160 full-time employees


b. It has 2000 retired employees
c. It has 2000 officers standing by
d. It has 160 employees working from time to time

2.- What will the U.S. probably do in Bosnia ?

a. Give officers special outfits


b. Do the civilians a turn
c. Make fair claims
d. Call on MPRI for assistance

3.- Which statement is true about the building in


Alexandria, Virginia ?

a. It has squatters
b. The MPRI bosses are based there
c. All MPRI employees work there
d. It is a tall, red building

4.- Who o what says MPRI is "The greatest corporate


assemblage..." ?

a. An MPRI information leaflet


b. An MPRI commercial
c. An MPRI advertisement
d. MPRIs buildings sign

5.- Why is MPRI said to be making a fair claim ?

a. Because of its revenues


b. Because of the U.S.intervention in Bosnia
c. Because it has so many military officers on call
d. Because of its brochure
4
PARAGRAPH D

The whole Resistance myth, Porch claims, was to do with


De Gaulles vision of post-war France. Porch says that De
Gaulle had to convince the French that they had resisted,
otherwise France would be demoralized and incapable of
assuming the great role he envisaged for it. The Resistance
was, therefore, elevated into a necessary myth, an essential
ingredient in forging the national character. " The
Resistance," said De Gaulle, " was just a bluff that came
off."
Resistance has a great influence in French secret services,
and it was a price to pay. Pure intelligence gathering was not
enough. The legacy of the resistance demanded action.

1.- What was De Gaulles opinion about the Resistance ?

a. It was a just cause


b. It was a successful invention
c. It was an inane bluff
d..It was a necessary evil

2.- De Gaulle________a great world role for France


(fill in the blank)

a. Foresaw
b. Feared
c. Prepared
d. Raised

3.- According to the text, what was not enough ?

a. The quality of intelligence


b. The quantity of the intelligence
c. Collecting intelligence only
d. Undeveloped intelligence

4.- According to the text, the whole Resistance Myth...

a. Was created by Porch


b. Was related to De Gaulles views
c. was active in the post-war period
d. None of the above

5.- What is not true, according to the text...

a. Action was required in the secret services


b. The national character was influenced by the
Resistance
c. At the end of the war, the Resistance was
immediately appreciated
d. De Gaulle had to convince the French they had
5
participated

ANSWER SHEET:
Parrafo A comienza " Once again, the Serbian troops..."

Parrafo B comienza " But Yeltsin is ..."

1.- A 11.- C 21.- 31.- 41.-

2.- D 12.- D 22.- 32.- 42.-

3.- D 13.- B 23.- 33.- 43.-

4.- A 14.- A 24.- 34.- 44.-

5.- C 15.- C 25.- 35.- 45.-

6.- B 16.- B 26.- 36.- 46.-

7.- A 17.- A 27.- 37.- 47.-

8.- C 18.- C 28.- 38.- 48.-

9.- A 19.- B 29.- 39.- 49.-

10.- D 20.- C 30.- 40.- 50.-

6
PARAGRAPH A

On winter nights, accidents often take place because a driver doesn't know there is ice
or snow on the road. Now there's a new item that tells a driver the temperature of the road
ahead. This tells him there might be ice or snow on the road. The new item is made of a
material that changes color with the temperature. It's put on a wood or metal pole next to the
road, and a driver can see the color because of the car's headlights. Green shows temperatures
above 45 degrees F, yellow shows temperatures around 37 degrees F, and orange and red
show lower temperatures.

1.- What is the subject of the paragraph ?.

(A)- Don't drive on ice.


(B)- Temperatures to drive better.
(C)- Another way to prevent car accidents.
(D)- Temperature changes the color of the roads.

2.- What problem could be found by a driver while driving on winter nights ?.

(A)- He can't use the headlights of his car.


(B)- It is difficult to know if there is ice or snow.
(C)- He never wants to know if there is ice or snow.
(D)- It is difficult to know if there is wood on the ground.

3.- What is the mentioned item made of?.

(A)- Green, yellow, orange and red colors.


(B)- Ice and snow.
(C)- A material which changes color.
(D)- Wood or metal.

4.- According to the text:

(A)- It is dangerous to drive if the temperature is


44 F.
(B)- It is dangerous to drive if the color is red or orange.
(C)- It is dangerous to drive if the item shows a color.
(D)- It is dangerous to drive if the road is nice or snowed.

5.- As a conclusion:

(A)- This system will decrease the ice on the roads.


(B)- This system is going to improve safety on winter nights.
(C)- This system will increase accidents related to cars.

1
(D)- Drivers will not like this system.

PARAGRAPH B

The effectiveness and efficiency of ATGMs result from their design, manoeuvrability,
rate of fire, guidance system and penetrating power. The first generation was slow, wire
guided and required the operator to track the target continuously. The second generation
requires only that the operator keep his target on the aiming mark. The more recent laser
seeking missiles, such as the US Hellfire or the Soviet Spiral, need a ground or airborne laser
designator to mark the target. Each of the current guidance systems has some disadvantages.
Lasers have difficulty in penetrating smoke or fog and they can be detected and attacked.
Systems using infra-red seekers can be decoyed by flares or burning vehicles.

1.- What could ATGMs stand for ?.

(A)- Antitank Gun Machines.


(B)- Antitank Gained Measures.
(C)- Antitank Guided Missiles.
(D)- Antitank Great Missiles.

2.- What does the second generation need ?.

(A)- The gunner has to overcome the target.


(B)- The gunner has to line up the sights on target.
(C)- The operator has to paint the target.
(D)- The operator has to hold the launcher firmly.

3.- What could be said comparing the 1st. and the 2nd. generations ?

(A)- The first one needs more people to operate the system.
(B)- The 2nd. generation's systems require the operator to align the target with
aiming mark.
(C)- The first generation require a slow operator.
(D)- The second needs lasers to solve fog problems.

4.- What is the best guidance system currently ?

(A)- Laser ones because they pass through fog easily.


(B)- The first one because the second needs more time to hit the target.
(C)- The first one because the second is wire guided.
(D)- Each one has its disadvantages and advantages.

5.- Which is a problem of the infra-red system ?

(A)- They can be diverted by heat sources.

2
(B)- The second generation has a laser system.
(C)- The magazine allows a high rate of fire.
(D)- They lack a guidance system.

PARAGRAPH C

Land mines are the lethal detritus of 20th-century warfare. Indiscriminate, all but
permanent, ever cheaper and increasingly hard to detect, they impede efforts to put a country
back together after the shooting stops. And not just Bosnia, where millions of high-tech mines
lie hidden - and where 35 NATO soldiers have been injured and seven killed by mines this
year. In Cambodia, Angola, Mozambique and Afghanistan, peasants often must risk their
lives to earn a living; huge fertile areas are left as wastelands.
The problem is staggering. Up to 110 million active mines are scattered in 64 countries.
The toll: 2,000 victims a month.

1.- What is the topic of the passage ?.

(A)- Hazards faced by rustics.


(B)- The amount of debris in developing countries.
(C)- Scattering mines costs a huge amount of money.
(D)- Land mines and their perils.

2.- What can be said about land mines ?.

(A)- They are virtually permanent.


(B)- They are almost twisted.
(C)- They do not beleaguer efforts to rebuild a country.
(D)- They are difficult to catch up with.

3.- What has happened in the countries mentioned ?

(A)- Mines have been found in wastelands.


(B)- Mines have caused 64 casualties this year.
(C)- It is impossible to plough the land.
(D)- 2,000 victims per year are reported.

4.- Ater the shooting stops...

(A)- The Country goes back in time.


(B)- Fertile areas provide a huge amount of fruits.
(C)- It is hard to rebuild the country.
(D)- Peasants are able to live a normal life.

5.- What kind of mines were hidden in bosnia?

3
(A)- Very cheap ones.
(B)- A lot of the most advanced ones.
(C)- Approximately 2,000.
(D)- The ones made by NATO.

PARAGRAPH D

Honeymoons rarely last and the joy of faxing has long since disappeared. People take
it for granted. They complain as they fight with a new roll and are positively irate when they
find that vital faxes stored in the filing cabinet have been turned into blank pieces of paper.
Progress waits for no machine. Companies dont want bulky copiers taking over a
corner of the office. You have to buy to keep up, flitting from one technological romance to
another. But do you really need the latest Pentium?.
One of the financial banes of office life is deciding what to buy.

1.- Which of the following topics is discussed in the text?

(A).- Recycling.
(B).- Technical changes in the workplace.
(C).- Extra-marital affairs.
(D).- Shopping in department stores.

2.- According to the text, faxing:

(A).- no longer exists.


(B).- is quite enjoyable.
(C).- is less popular now.
(D).- is always vital.

3.- What happens to the machine in the paragraph ?

(A).- They last forever.


(B).- They are waiting to be fixed.
(C).- They get old too fast.
(D).- They get out of order very often.

4.- Which of the following statements is true?

(A).- Companies prefer big copying machines.


(B).- You wont be up-to-date unless you buy new equipment.
(C).- Extra-marital relationships are common in offices.
(D).- Office corners are prepared for new machines.

5.- According to the text, it seems that...

4
(A).- It is important to have romances.
(B).- It is easy to decide what to buy.
(C).- Mr. Pentium is in charge of computers.
(D).- Changing the equipment could always be not necessary.

ANSWER SHEET:

31-CHARLIE

1.- C 11.- D 21.- 31.- 41.-

2.- B 12.- A 22.- 32.- 42.-

3.- C 13.- C 23.- 33.- 43.-

4.- B 14.- C 24.- 34.- 44.-

5.- B 15.- B 25.- 35.- 45.-

6.- C 16.- B 26.- 36.- 46.-

7.- B 17.- C 27.- 37.- 47.-

8.- B 18.- C 28.- 38.- 48.-

9.- D 19.- B 29.- 39.- 49.-

10.- A 20.- D 30.- 40.- 50.-

5
PARAGRAPH A

In Afghanistan conscripts were never sent directly to the front; they had to undergo
two months of preparation at special training camps located in regions of the Soviet Union
where climate and terrain closely resembled the conditions they would encounter once they
went into action. In Chechnya I met young boys sent off to war almost immediately after they
were drafted. One brigade, which arrived directly from Siberia, was dispatched into Grozny at
night, knowing nothing of the city, in a fog so thick you could barely see 10 steps ahead. After
10 hours of fighting, only three of its 20 tanks managed to get out of the city intact.

1.- According to the text, it is possible to state that...

(A)- Conscripts did not have to fight in Afghanistan.


(B)- There were no differences between Afghanistan and
Chechnya in conscription policies.
(C)- Conscripts in Afghanistan had to pass through nice situations.
(D)- In Chechnya, conscripts were sent too early to war.

2.- What happened in Grozny ?.

(A)- The brigade was acquainted with the city.


(B)- The brigade set off at dawn.
(C)- Visibility was poor on the night in question.
(D)- The fighting did not cause any damage to the unit.

3.- In Chechnya boys were ...

(A)- Allowed to pilot helicopters.


(B)- Withdrawn from the front early on.
(C)- Summoned for military service.
(D)- Forced to do two-year training courses.

4.- What was the weather like in Grozny ?.

(A)- It was difficult to see without glasses.


(B)- It was cloudy, but only in the early morning.
(C)- The ground was parched.
(D)- It was very humid at night.

5.- Which of the following statements is true ?.

(A)- Troops in afghanistan had better training.


(B)- Outlaws in Afghanistan were executed.
(C)- After fighting in Grozny one brigade was sent to Siberia.

1
(D)- Young boys were drafted after they were dispatched into combat zones.

PARAGRAPH B

Good news for budget travelers interested in connections among three of Europe's
most popular capital cities. Cityzap, a speedy, low-cost motor coach service just launched by
European Bus, offers twice daily nonstop trips that link Paris, London and Amsterdam. Travel
time on the Paris-London and Paris-Amsterdam routes averages six hours; allow an hour
longer for the London-Amsterdam run. The one-way fare between any two of the three cities
is $49; round-trip is $86. A three-city circuit ticket is also available at $135. By contrast, a one-
way London-Paris second-class rail trip on the Eurostar ( a three-hour ride) costs as much as
$129.

1.- What is the name of the bus company ?

(A)- Eurostar.
(B)- Cityzap.
(C)- European Bus.
(D)- Inter-city Bus.

2.- London-Amsterdam takes....:

(A)- An average of one hour.


(B)- A little more than an hour.
(C)- About seven hours.
(D)- About five hours.

3.- Going by train from London to Paris......:

(A)- Takes less time but it is more expensive.


(B)- Takes less time and it is cheaper.
(C)- Takes more time but it is cheaper.
(D)- Takes more time and it is more expensive.

4.- What is the name of the service which has been brought in by the company ?

(A)- Eurostar.
(B)- Cityzap.
(C)- European Bus.
(D)- Inter-city Bus.

5.- What would be the price of the following trip: Paris-Amsterdam-Paris aboard
Cityzap ?

(A)- $98.

2
(B)- $129.
(C)- $135.
(D)- $86.

PARAGRAPH C

Combat Radio networks are based on the use of light manpack radio sets, either using
VHF ( the military band goes from 30 MHz up to 90 MHz, the Warsaw Pact radio sets start
from 20 MHz ) or HF ( from 3 MHZ to 30 MHz ). Frequency hopping and burst transmission
are commonly used. When using burst transmission, the radio messages are automatically
compressed and emitted in bursts. At the receiver's end an electronic device unscrambles the
message back to its previous format. This procedure provides encoded and short time
broadcasting but requires wide band transceivers and some means of synchronization and
error correction. Operational trials have shown that these are the key in systems using digital
techniques.

1.- Which one of the following is true ?

(A)- American Combat Radios use only the VHF band.


(B)- Russian Radios start from 2 MHz.
(C)- Nobody uses HF in Combat Radios, except in the Warsaw Pact.
(D)- The HF band ( from 3 MHz to 30 MHz ) is used in Combat Radios.

2.- According to the text...

(A)- Radio sets need flashlights to work properly.


(B)- Operators pack radios in plastic bags.
(C)- combat radios can be carried by a single man.
(D)- Radios failed operational tests.

3.- What does the term burst transmission stand for ?

(A)- The operator don't need to write the message.


(B)- The radio sets should be put under pressure.
(C)- The radio sends the messages by groups of words.
(D)- The operator sends the messages from time to time.

4.- What is an advantage of the system ?.

(A)- It needs a heavy vehicle for transportation.


(B)- It uses big transceivers.
(C)- The operator has to synchronize the errors.
(D)- It needs a short time for transmission.

5.- What is a disadvantage of the procedure ?.

3
(A)- Mistakes must be corrected.
(B)- It doesn't need any synchronization.
(C)- It uses digital techniques.
(D)- It provides short time broadcasting.

PARAGRAPH D

Honeymoons rarely last and the joy of faxing has long since disappeared. People take
it for granted. They complain as they fight with a new roll and are positively irate when they
find that vital faxes stored in the filing cabinet have been turned into blank pieces of paper.
Progress waits for no machine. Companies dont want bulky copiers taking over a
corner of the office. You have to buy to keep up, flitting from one technological romance to
another. But do you really need the latest Pentium?.
One of the financial banes of office life is deciding what to buy.

1.- Which of the following topics is discussed in the text?

(A).- Recycling.
(B).- Technical changes in the workplace.
(C).- Extra-marital affairs.
(D).- Shopping in department stores.

2.- According to the text, faxing:

(A).- no longer exists.


(B).- is quite enjoyable.
(C).- is less popular now.
(D).- is always vital.

3.- What happens to the machine in the paragraph ?

(A).- They last forever.


(B).- They are waiting to be fixed.
(C).- They get old too fast.
(D).- They get out of order very often.

4.- Which of the following statements is true?

(A).- Companies prefer big copying machines.


(B).- You wont be up-to-date unless you buy new equipment.
(C).- Extra-marital relationships are common in offices.
(D).- Office corners are prepared for new machines.

5.- According to the text, it seems that...

4
(A).- It is important to have romances.
(B).- It is easy to decide what to buy.
(C).- Mr. Pentium is in charge of computers.
(D).- Changing the equipment could always be not necessary.

ANSWER SHEET:

31-DELTA "In Afghanistan..."

1.- D 11.- D 21.- 31.- 41.-

2.- C 12.- C 22.- 32.- 42.-

3.- C 13.- C 23.- 33.- 43.-

4.- D 14.- D 24.- 34.- 44.-

5.- A 15.- A 25.- 35.- 45.-

6.- C 16.- B 26.- 36.- 46.-

7.- C 17.- C 27.- 37.- 47.-

8.- A 18.- C 28.- 38.- 48.-

9.- B 19.- B 29.- 39.- 49.-


5
10.- D 20.- D 30.- 40.- 50.-

6
PARAGRAPH A

People have been eating cheese for hundreds of years. In


some parts of the world, people eat cheese more frequently
than meat. Cheese comes from milk, and it has all the things
for good health that milk has. A long time ago, Greek sports
players ate cheese to become strong. There are about 500 kinds
of cheese. Most cheeses come from the milk of cows, but some
come from the milk of other animals like sheep. Years ago,
workers made cheese on the farm where the cows were. Now,
workers make cheese in big shops.

1.- What is true about the paragraph ?

(A)- People who eat cheese live hundreds of years.


(B)- People have been eating cheese for a short
number of years.
(C)- People have been eating cheese for a long time.
(D)- Making cheese takes hundreds of years.

2.- In some parts of the world ...

(A)- People eat more quantities of cheese than meat.


(B)- People eat cheese and meat together.
(C)- People eat more cheese than milk.
(D)- People eat cheese more often than meat.

3.- Cheese is healthy ...

(A)- Because it has the good things that milk has.


(B)- Because it has the good things that meat has.
(C)- Only when it comes from Greek milk.
(D)- Only if you eat it with milk.

4.- According to the text ...

(A)- Greek people at present eat cheese to become


strong.
(B)- There was, a long time ago, a famous brand
called "500 kinds".
(C)- We currently have around 500 types of cheese.
(D)- Sports players must eat different kinds of
cheese.

5.- Cheeses come ...

(A)- Mainly from cow's milk but also from sheep's


milk.
(B)- From all type of animals.
1
(C)- Only from milk of cows.
(D)- From about 500 kinds of cows.

PARAGRAPH B

Going suddenly from a lighted area into darkness is a


common experience. This occurs on entering a movie theater
during the day or on leaving a lighted room at night. In each
example, the sensations are the same. At first, almost nothing
can be seen. After several minutes, details of the
surroundings can be seen and identified. This gradual
adjusting of the eyes to the dark is called dark adaptation.
Dark adaptation is different from visual illusion which
occurs when your eyes may see things that are not true.
An example of visual illusion is to confuse ground lights
with stars at night.

1.- What sensation can be felt when entering suddenly in


a movie theater ?

(A)- You can see stars instead of lights.


(B)- The same as being in a lighted room.
(C)- It is very common to have little visibility.
(D)- Nobody has any sensation when doing that.

2.- Adaptation to the darkness ...

(A)- Takes a little time.


(B)- Is almost impossible.
(C)- Needs a lot of hours.
(D)- Only occurs in a movie theatre.

3.- What is dark adaptation ?

(A)- It is what you see while in a lighted room.


(B)- It is the name of a movie theatre.
(C)- It is what occurs when you see absolutely
nothing.
(D)- It is the adaptation of the eyes to the
darkness.

4.- Dark adaptation and visual illusion ...

(A)- Always occur both together.


(B)- Only occur when you enter in a cinema.
(C)- Are not the same.
(D)- Are related to virtual reality.

5.- Seeing a lake just in the middle of the desert may


be ...

(A)- An example of desert adaptation.


2
(B)- An example of visual illusion.
(C)- An example of dark adaptation.
(D)- Something that always occurs.

PARAGRAPH C

Statistics resulting from earthquakes show that the


majority of the deaths are caused by collapsing buildings,
bridges, walls, or other structures. In the San Francisco
earthquake of 1906, most of the damage was caused by the fires
that followed, a fact which proved the need to protect firemen
and their equipment. The necessity of having well-trained
rescue workers (including large groups of volunteers, not just
professionals like firemen, policemen, and medical personnel)
emerged.
It made private citizens able to rescue or help many
victims before the professional emergency personnel arrived in
subsequent disasters.

1.- What is the main topic of this paragraph ?

(A)- Not only firemen but others can help in rescue


activities.
(B)- How to create a fire-department.
(C)- Studies of the deaths resulting from all
natural disasters.
(D)- What to do in case an earthquake surprises us.

2.- What was a danger after the 1906 San Francisco


earthquake?

(A)- The collapsed buildings and other structures.


(B)- Professionals like firemen, medical personnel
etc...
(C)- The fires that follow it.
(D)- The big amount of deaths.

3.- What seemed to be necessary too ?

(A)- To reinforce the bridges.


(B)- To throw firemen equipment away.
(C)- Not having earthquakes any more.
(D)- To prepare additional rescue teams.

4.- What was noticed after the earthquake in 1906 ?

(A)- It wasn't neccesary to put out fires


(B)- Firemen were strongly needed
(C)- Exclusively professional workers were required
(D)- Most part of the deaths occurred in fires

3
5.- What happened in subsequent disasters ?

(A)- The structures of buildings weren't damaged.


(B)- Private citizens were able to rescue or assist
victims.
(C)- The professional emergency personnel arrived
before those trained private citizens.
(D)- The professional emergency personnel never
arrived soon.

PARAGRAPH D

Last week this bleak land (Jordan) was the focus for ll
a
the tensions of the Middle East. Its 150,000 Arab refugees
were the area's most corrosive concentration of hatred for
Israel. Its Arab Legion was the Middle East's finest force,
whose allegiance could sharply tilt the whole area's
precarious balance. Egypt noticed it and played venomously on
the bitterness of its refugees. The British strove to maintain
their slipping hold on this onetime docile ward. At the center
of these clutching pressures was the slim, short, 20-year-old
who is King of Jordan. The British used to call Hussein "a
nice little King". Now since he fired Britain's Lieut. General
John Bagot Glubb as head of the Arab Legion, they are not so
sure. Neither, apparently is Hussein.

1.- According to the paragraph...

(A)- The refugees were corrupted.


(B)- There were 150,000 Arab refugees in Jordan.
(C)- Jordan had an exuberant landscape.
(D)- There were 150,000 Arab refugees in Israel.

2.- What can be said about the Arab Legion ?

(A)- They were defeated by Egypt.


(B)- They behaved like cowards.
(C)- It was the best army in the Middle East.
(D)- They were poisoned by the Egyptians.

3.- What can be said about the British ?

(A)- They maintained their pressure on the Israelis.


(B)- They provided sheep to the Arabs.
(C)- The Egyptians betrayed them.
(D)- They tried to control Jordan.

4.- What happened with King Hussein ?

(A)- He dismissed a top level officer.


(B)- He ordered Gen. Bagot to crush the Israelis.
(C)- He cut Gen. Bagot's head off.
4
(D)- The British changed their mind about Israel.

5.- What could the arab Legion do ?

(A)- Change Egypt's role in the Middle East.


(B)- Produce the dismissal of a British General.
(C)- Put pressure on the british.
(D)- Unbalance the military situation in the area.

ANSWER SHEET:

31-delta.bis.maqull.

"People have been eaten..."

1.- C 11.- A 21.- 31.- 41.-

2.- D 12.- C 22.- 32.- 42.-

3.- A 13.- D 23.- 33.- 43.-

4.- C 14.- B 24.- 34.- 44.-

5.- A 15.- B 25.- 35.- 45.-

6.- C 16.- B 26.- 36.- 46.-

7.- A 17.- C 27.- 37.- 47.-

8.- D 18.- D 28.- 38.- 48.-

9.- C 19.- A 29.- 39.- 49.-

10.- B 20.- D 30.- 40.- 50.-

5
1.- It's sad that he has made ........ friends since he joined
the club.

A) as few
B) a few more
C) only a few
D) only a little

2.- The U.S. team sent to the first modern Olympics in 1896
reached the venue just in time for the games but
performed much ..... than expected.

A) well
B) better
C) good
D) least

3.- My sister ........... last year.

A) divorced
B) got divorced
C) got divorce
D) get divorce

4.- ............. is Oxford from Cambridge ?

A) How long
B) How long away
C) What distant
D) How far

5.- If the corporal wants to see me, ..... him I'll be back in
ten minutes.

A) say
B) says
C) tell
D) tell to

6.- Choose the correct answer:

A) I wished I can dance.


B) I wish I could dance.
C) I wished I knew to dance.
D) I wish I might dance.

1
7.- Choose the correct answer:

A) He might have came tomorrow.


B) He would came tomorrow.
C) He might come tomorrow.
D) He might came tomorrow.

8.- Jane wanted to quit school, and get a job. ....... she
couldn't find one ...... she didn't have a degree.

A) However, ; because
B) However ; due to
C) Unless ; but
D) Even though ; nevertheless

9.- John and Mary ............ the radio.

A) are listening on
B) are listening to
C) is listening on
D) is listening to

10.- The ....... thing for actors is knowing when to say no.

A) harder
B) more harder
C) hardest
D) most hardest

11.- Don't leave your bicycle out in the rain. It'll get .....

A) rusty.
B) crude.
C) rough.
D) tough.

12.- Nancy should hurry up. It's raining. She ........ mail
the package before the post office closes.

A) must to
B) has to
C) have to
D) has

2
13.- When we were young, we went ..... every Sunday.

A) into church
B) to church
C) onto church
D) in church

14.- ............... beautiful flowers !

A) What a
B) What
C) How
D) So

15.- James and I ..... chat often, but we don't anymore.

A) used to
B) are used to
C) used to do
D) use to

16.- There's nothing to prevent him ............ the money.

A) to take
B) from taking
C) have taken
D) to taking

17.- Marisa is ................. Wanda.

A) much prettier than


B) a lot prettier that
C) a lot pretty than
D) much more pretty that

18.- It turned out that we ....... rushed to the airport as


the plane was delayed by several hours.

A) hadnt
B) should have
C) neednt have
D) mustnt

3
19.- After six hours climbing, we ........... the top of the
mountain.

A) succeeded in reaching
B) could reaching
C) were able to reaching
D) managed to reaching

20.- Travel by car is very fast now, because there are


many............

A) motorway
B) motorsway
C) motorways
D) motorsways

21.- She is not in agreement, and ...........

A) neither do I
B) neither am I
C) so do I
D) I'm either

22.- According to communications theory, after the message


leaves the sender, he ............ controls it.

A) not longer
B) none longer
C) longer doesn't
D) no longer

23.- The definitions for "gram calories" or "calories" are


.......... for most engineering work.

A) accurate as enough
B) enough accurate
C) accurate enough
D) as accurate enough

24.- Water is ......... that it generally contains dissolved


materials in greater or lesser amounts.

A) such an excellent solvent


B) such excellent a solvent
C) such excellent solvent
D) a such excellent solvent

25.- The more hemoglobin one has, the more oxygen is carried
to ......... cells.
4
A) one
B) your
C) mine
D) one's

26.- The tour included both ............ and ..............

A) climbing; hiking
B) climb; hike
C) to climb; to hike
D) climbing; to hike

27.- Would you please ........ me your pen ?

A) lend
B) borrow
C) lending
D) borrowing

28.- In recent years, educators have become more


.............. bilingualism.

A) concerned of
B) concerned with
C) knowledged on
D) knowledged with

29.- I'm going to the passport office .........

A) to stamp my passport.
B) to have stamped my passport.
C) to have my passport stamped.
D) for stamping my passport.

30.- Don't come tomorrow. ....... you ..... next weekend.

A) I had better ; came


B) l'd rather ; had come
C) I had rather ; come
D) I'd rather ; came

31.- I think ........... this evening.

A) it's raining
B) it's going raining
C) it'll raining
D) it'll rain

5
32.- Sally didn't put in ...... water.

A) no
B) so much
C) enough of
D) few

33.- Choose the correct answer:

A) Despite he broke his leg, he came.


B) Although he broke his leg, he came.
C) In spite of he broke his leg, he came.
D) Even if he breaks his leg, he came.

34.- Choose the correct answer:

A) I would stay at home if it rains.


B) If it rained, I'll stay home.
C) I had been stayed at home if it had rained.
D) If it rains, I'll stay home.

35.- As soon as she ..... to type I'll get her a job.

A) will learn
B) learn
C) learns
D) would learn

36.- It's not very nice of her ... that.

A) had been saying


B) got to say
C) had said
D) to say

37.- If the weather is good, Arthur ... to the seaside with


Margaret.

A) goes
B) went
C) will go
D) would go

6
38.- "Have you finished my book ... ?" "No, I've just started
reading it."

A) still
B) yet
C) already
D) again

39.- When he ..... I'll give him the key.

A) will return
B) returns
C) return
D) would return

40.- Hoffman's going to be nominated to receive the Academy


Award for best director,....... ?

A) won't he
B) didn't he
C) doesn't he
D) isn't he

7
ANSWER SHEET:
41-DELTA.BIS "It is sad that he ..."

1.- c 11.- a 21.- b 31.- d 41.-

2.- b 12.- b 22.- d 32.- b 42.-

3.- b 13.- b 23.- c 33.- b 43.-

4.- d 14.- B 24.- a 34.- d 44.-

5.- c 15.- a 25.- d 35.- c 45.-

6.- b 16.- b 26.- a 36.- d 46.-

7.- c 17.- a 27.- a 37.- c 47.-

8.- a 18.- c 28.- b 38.- b 48.-

9.- b 19.- a 29.- c 39.- b 49.-

10.- c 20.- c 30.- d 40.- d 50.-

8
1 .-If we........... salt, the soup would have been tastier.
41-INDIA
A) add
B) could add
C) don't add
D) had added

2.- Ann`s ........ impulsive for her own good.

A) much too
B) too much
C) some
D) a lot of

3.- We were heavily outnumbered and ... before the build-up


for the offensive was completed.

A) outblown
B) outgunned
C) outstanding
D) outdone

4.- Each submarine will carry several ........... missiles.

A) only one head war


B) single head-war
C) single-head-war
D) single-warhead

5.- Choose the correct answer:

A) As soon as I open my mouth, she shout to me.


B) As soon as I open my mouth, she shouts at me.
C) As soon as I'll open my mouth, she shouts at me.
D) As soon as I'll open my mouth, she shout at me.

6.- Some masculine and feminine characteristics ........, not


inborn.

A) learns
B) should learn
C) learned
D) are learnt

7.- You are ..... a group of visitors ..... your company.

A) touring ; around
B) showing ; around
C) showing ; along
1
D) guiding ; along
8.- If the art dealer ..... the money, he would have bought
the painting.

A) had had
B) has
C) had
D) would have

9.- The visitor spoke ....... the subject of wild life in


northern Britain.

A) in
B) on
C) from
D) with

10.- Here ..... notebook and the report that I promised you
last week.

A) is one
B) are the
C) was the
D) has been a

11.- He was dropped from the team because he didn't pull


his.....

A) weigh.
B) height.
C) effort.
D) weight.

12.- The wealthy widow was wary of swindlers out to fool her.
In this sentence, "wary" means ... .

A) watchful for
B) timid about
C) interested in
D) nervous about

13.- .......... is an obstacle to advancing forces.

A) Pinned wire
B) Barbed wire
C) Jumbled sting
D) Meshed cord

2
14.- Choose the correct answer:

A) I took on playing tennis, but now I've given it up.


B) I took up playing tennis, but now I've given it up.
C) I begin practising tennis, but now I've left it.
D) I took in playing tennis, but now I've left it.

15.- You can tell ..... she's rich by the neighbourhood which
she lives in.

A) what
B) ......
C) where
D) whom

16.- There are many factors to ....... account.

A) have in
B) take into
C) take in
D) have into

17.- I wish I lived on a desert island, like Robinson Crusoe.


If I ..... on a desert island I .... to the beach every
day.

A) lived ; would go
B) am living ; could go
C) lived ; went
D) lives ; go

18.- The old man said that he was opposed ..... the marriage
of his niece.

A) by
B) to
C) from
D) against

19.- The skiers would rather ..... through the mountains than
go by bus.

A) to travel on train
B) travelled by train
C) travel by train
D) travelling by the train

3
20.- This is the first sunny day we ... in the last two weeks.

A) have
B) are having
C) had
D) have had

21.- When I told you that I was very rich, it was just a
"jest". A "jest" is a .... .

A) test
B) calculation
C) joke
D) discovery

22.- The .... did not hit his target.

A) gunshot
B) sniper
C) gunpointer
D) aimer

23.- I'll give all .....

A) those details in a moment.


B) these details in one moment.
C) those details right in a moment.
D) those details just in a moment.

24.- My hair needs ...... because it's getting too long.

A) cut
B) having cut
C) to cut
D) cutting

25.- The meeting ....... at 7 o'clock.

A) went up
B) broke up
C) made up
D) came up

26.- Could you please ..... these forms?

4
A) extend out
B) write
C) fill in
D) bring to mind

27.- After the explosion, only two people ..........

A) were lied live.


B) were laid live.
C) remained left alive.
D) were left alive.

28.- The lawyer told his client that.............

A) they had little chance of winning the case.


B) the case was of a small chance to win.
C) it was nearly impossible to win him the case.
D) the case had a minimum chance to be won by him.

29.- The town stands on the south side of the ..........road


to London.

A) top
B) main
C) quick
D) leading

30.- Choose the correct sentence:

A) He had freckles for all his face.


B) He had freckles in all his face.
C) He had freckles all on his face.
D) He had freckles all over his face.

31.- Bertie Brewster was really hard ...; he was nearly


bankrupt.

A) on
B) off
C) at
D) up

32.- He's head over ..... in love with Mary.

A) hills
B) heels
C) heals
D) feet

5
33.- The doctor advised the patient ..... two aspirins and
..... him in the morning.

A) takes ; calls
B) took ; called
C) to had taken ; had called
D) to take ; call
34.- The Government hopes to ..... its plans for introducing
T.V.
A) carry out
B) turn out
C) carry on
D) keep on

35.- In a crisis, NATO would receive ......... from the


allies.
A) reinforces
B) reinforcements
C) reforcements
D) reforces

36.- He was standing at the door of the theatre handing


.....leaflets.

A) ......
B) on
C) in
D) out

37.- I ..... last night, then I went to sleep.

A) study
B) have studied
C) have been studying
D) studied

38.- The soldiers wore ........ on their heads.

A) blinkers
B) headlines
C) bassoons
D) helmets

39.- Susan ... stay than leave.

A) would rather
B) has got to
C) had better
D) prefers to

6
40.- I'm not sure which restaurant .......

A) to eat on.
B) eating at.
C) to eat at.
D) for eating.

ANSWER SHEET:

41-INDIA " If we ...... salt..."

1.- D 11.- D 21.- C 31.- D 41.-

2.- A 12.- A 22.- B 32.- B 42.-

3.- B 13.- B 23.- A 33.- D 43.-

4.- D 14.- B 24.- D 34.- A 44.-

5.- B 15.- B 25.- B 35.- B 45.-

6.- D 16.- B 26.- C 36.- D 46.-

7.- B 17.- A 27.- D 37.- D 47.-

8.- A 18.- B 28.- A 38.- D 48.-

9.- B 19.- C 29.- B 39.- A 49.-

10.- B 20.- D 30.- D 40.- C 50.-

Оценить