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SURPASS hiT 7035

4.2

Technical Manual

A42022-L5975-A351-1-7618

Nokia Siemens Networks 1 (140)


Technical Manual

The information in this document is subject to change without notice and describes only the product
defined in the introduction of this documentation. This documentation is intended for the use of Nokia
Siemens Networks customers only for the purposes of the agreement under which the document is
submitted, and no part of it may be used, reproduced, modified or transmitted in any form or means
without the prior written permission of Nokia Siemens Networks. The documentation has been
prepared to be used by professional and properly trained personnel, and the customer assumes full
responsibility when using it. Nokia Siemens Networks welcomes customer comments as part of the
process of continuous development and improvement of the documentation.
The information or statements given in this documentation concerning the suitability, capacity, or
performance of the mentioned hardware or software products are given as is and all liability arising
in connection with such hardware or software products shall be defined conclusively and finally in a
separate agreement between Nokia Siemens Networks and the customer. However, Nokia Siemens
Networks has made all reasonable efforts to ensure that the instructions contained in the document
are adequate and free of material errors and omissions. Nokia Siemens Networks will, if deemed
necessary by Nokia Siemens Networks, explain issues which may not be covered by the document.
Nokia Siemens Networks will correct errors in this documentation as soon as possible. IN NO EVENT
WILL NOKIA SIEMENS NETWORKS BE LIABLE FOR ERRORS IN THIS DOCUMENTATION OR
FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT,
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL OR ANY LOSSES, SUCH AS BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS
OF PROFIT, REVENUE, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY OR DATA,THAT
MAY ARISE FROM THE USE OF THIS DOCUMENT OR THE INFORMATION IN IT.
This documentation and the product it describes are considered protected by copyrights and other
intellectual property rights according to the applicable laws.
The wave logo is a trademark of Nokia Siemens Networks Oy. Nokia is a registered trademark of
Nokia Corporation. Siemens is a registered trademark of Siemens AG.
Other product names mentioned in this document may be trademarks of their respective owners, and
they are mentioned for identification purposes only.
Copyright Nokia Siemens Networks 2007. All rights reserved.

f Important Notice on Product Safety


Elevated voltages are inevitably present at specific points in this electrical equipment.Some
of the parts may also have elevated operating temperatures.
Non-observance of these conditions and the safety instructions can result in personal injury
or in property damage.
Therefore, only trained and qualified personnel may install and maintain the system.
The system complies with the standard EN 60950-1 / IEC 60950-1. All equipment
connected has to comply with the applicable safety standards.

The same text in German:


Wichtiger Hinweis zur Produktsicherheit
In elektrischen Anlagen stehen zwangslufig bestimmte Teile der Gerte unter Spannung.
Einige Teile knnen auch eine hohe Betriebstemperatur aufweisen.
Eine Nichtbeachtung dieser Situation und der Warnungshinweise kann zu
Krperverletzungen und Sachschden fhren.
Deshalb wird vorausgesetzt, dass nur geschultes und qualifiziertes Personal die Anlagen
installiert und wartet.
Das System entspricht den Anforderungen der EN 60950-1 / IEC 60950-1. Angeschlossene
Gerte mssen die zutreffenden Sicherheitsbestimmungen erfllen

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Technical Manual

Statements of compliance

CE statement

The CE conformity declaration for the product is fulfilled when the system is built and cabled in line with the
information given in the manual and the documentation specified within it, such as installation instructions, cable
lists or the like. Where necessary project-specific documentation should be taken into consideration. Deviations
from the specifications or independent modifications to the layout, such as use of cable types with lower
screening values for example, can lead to violation of the CE protection requirements. In such cases the
conformity declaration is invalidated. The responsibility for any problems which subsequently arise rests with the
party responsible for deviating from the installation specifications.

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Technical Manual

Contents

1 Notes on this Documentation............................................................... 9


1.1 Customer Documentation........................................................................ 9
1.2 Complementary Documents .................................................................. 10
1.3 Symbols Used in the Customer Documentation.................................... 10
1.3.1 Symbol for Warnings ............................................................................. 10
1.3.2 Symbols for Notes ................................................................................. 10
1.3.3 Symbols for Menu Displays and Text Inputs ......................................... 11
1.4 Notes on Licensed Software.................................................................. 11
1.5 Standard Compliance ............................................................................ 11

2 Introduction.......................................................................................... 13
2.1 Application Types .................................................................................. 13
2.1.1 Terminal Multiplexer Type ..................................................................... 14
2.1.2 Add/Drop Multiplexer Type .................................................................... 14

3 Overview of the Main Features........................................................... 16

4 Network Applications.......................................................................... 19
4.1 Terminal-to-Terminal Topologies........................................................... 19
4.2 Linear Topologies with Add/Drop Function............................................ 20
4.3 Ring Network Functionality.................................................................... 21
4.3.1 Single Ring ............................................................................................ 21
4.3.2 Dual Ring Interworking .......................................................................... 22
4.3.3 Multiple Ring Closure ............................................................................ 23
4.4 Data Service Applications...................................................................... 24
4.4.1 Ethernet Private Line ............................................................................. 25
4.4.2 Ethernet Virtual Private Line.................................................................. 25
4.4.3 Ethernet Private LAN............................................................................. 26
4.5 IMA Applications.................................................................................... 27

5 System Description ............................................................................. 29


5.1 Subrack ................................................................................................. 29
5.2 Basic Functions ..................................................................................... 31
5.2.1 User Data Interfaces.............................................................................. 32
5.2.2 Switch Fabric Functions ........................................................................ 33
5.2.3 Multiplex and Mapping Functions .......................................................... 34
5.3 Ethernet Functionality............................................................................ 36
5.4 Inverse Multiplexing for ATM (IMA) ....................................................... 37
5.5 Clock Pulse Supply, Synchronization .................................................... 38
5.5.1 Available Timing Sources ...................................................................... 39
5.5.2 T0 System Clock ................................................................................... 39
5.5.3 Timing Output Interface ......................................................................... 40
5.5.4 Real Time Clock .................................................................................... 40
5.6 Retiming ................................................................................................ 40
5.7 Laser Safety Shut-down ........................................................................ 41

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5.8 External Alarm Interfaces .......................................................................41


5.9 Engineering Order Wire..........................................................................41
5.10 Software/Firmware .................................................................................42
5.11 Protection Architecture ...........................................................................43
5.11.1 Traffic Protection ....................................................................................43
5.11.2 Equipment Protection .............................................................................44
5.12 Operating Terminal TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT ........................45
5.13 Connection to Network Management Systems ......................................46
5.13.1 SURPASS NE connect to TNMS ...........................................................46
5.13.2 SMA NE connect to TNMS.....................................................................47
5.13.3 Third-party DCC transparency ...............................................................48
5.13.4 Embedded Control Channel Applications...............................................49

6 Components of SURPASS hiT 7035 ...................................................50


6.1 Subrack and Slot Arrangement ..............................................................51
6.2 List of Cards Supported..........................................................................53
6.3 Power Supply Card: PWR ......................................................................54
6.4 Fan Tray .................................................................................................55
6.5 System Controller Card: SC ...................................................................55
6.6 System Interface Card: ST-CLK.............................................................57
6.7 Cross-connection and Timing Card: CC.................................................58
6.7.1 Cross-connection Architecture and Capacity .........................................59
6.7.2 Timing Function......................................................................................60
6.7.3 STM-N Interface .....................................................................................61
6.7.4 CC Card Faceplate and LEDs................................................................62
6.8 Optical STM-4 Interface Card: 1 x STM-4 ..............................................63
6.9 Optical/Electrical STM-1 Interface Card: 2 x STM-1 ..............................65
6.10 Electrical 155 Mbps Interface Card: 2 x STM-1E (W/P), 2 x
STM-1E IO .............................................................................................67
6.11 Electrical 34/45 Mbps Interface Card: 3 x E3/DS3 (W/P), 3 x
E3/DS3 IO ..............................................................................................70
6.12 Electrical 2 Mbps Interface Card: 63 x E1 (W/P), 63 x E1 IO.................73
6.13 ATM Interface Card: IMA (W/P), 2 x STM-1 ATM IO .............................77
6.14 Gigabit Ethernet Interface Card: 1 x GE/T .............................................81
6.15 Fast Ethernet Interface Card: 8 x FE/T ..................................................84
6.16 Fast Ethernet Interface Card: 8 x FE/L2.................................................87
6.17 Optical Amplifier Card: OA .....................................................................91

7 System Control and Monitoring..........................................................94


7.1 Indicating and Operating Elements of the NE ........................................96
7.1.1 Operating Devices of SURPASS hiT 7035.............................................96
7.1.2 Operating and Display Elements of the Cards .......................................96
7.2 Control and Monitoring by TNMS-M Network Management
System ...................................................................................................96
7.2.1 TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT ........................................................97
7.2.2 TNMS-M .................................................................................................98
7.3 Management System Protection ............................................................99
7.4 NE Software .........................................................................................100

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7.4.1 Application Management Module ........................................................ 101


7.4.2 Hardware Driver Modules.................................................................... 102
7.4.3 Real-Time Multi-Task Operation System............................................. 102
7.4.4 SNMP Agent........................................................................................ 103
7.4.5 MIB Management Module ................................................................... 103
7.5 Management Protocols and DCC........................................................ 103

8 Commissioning and Maintenance ................................................... 105


8.1 Commissioning .................................................................................... 105
8.2 Maintenance ........................................................................................ 105

9 Technical Data ................................................................................... 106


9.1 Traffic Interfaces.................................................................................. 106
9.1.1 Optical STM-16 Interface..................................................................... 106
9.1.2 Optical STM-4 Interface....................................................................... 114
9.1.3 Optical STM-1 Interface....................................................................... 116
9.1.4 Electrical 155 Mbps Interface .............................................................. 118
9.1.5 Electrical 45 Mbps Interface (E 32 acc. ITU-T G.703)......................... 118
9.1.6 Electrical 34 Mbps Interface (E 31 acc. ITU-T G.703)......................... 119
9.1.7 Electrical 2 Mbps Interface .................................................................. 119
9.1.8 Gigabit Ethernet Interface, Optical ...................................................... 120
9.1.9 Gigabit Ethernet Interface 1000 Base-T, Electrical ............................. 121
9.1.10 Fast Ethernet Interface 100 Base-T .................................................... 122
9.1.11 Ethernet Interface 10 Base-T .............................................................. 123
9.1.12 OA Interface ........................................................................................ 123
9.2 Control Interface .................................................................................. 127
9.3 Signalling Interface .............................................................................. 127
9.3.1 Fault Indication and Services Status LEDs ......................................... 127
9.3.2 Alarm Contacts .................................................................................... 127
9.3.3 MDI/MDO Interface.............................................................................. 128
9.3.4 EOW Interface ..................................................................................... 128
9.4 Interface for Network Clock Synchronization....................................... 128
9.4.1 2048 Kbps Interface ............................................................................ 129
9.4.2 2048 KHz Interface.............................................................................. 129
9.5 Switching and Delay Times ................................................................. 130
9.5.1 MS-SPRing Protection Switching ........................................................ 130
9.5.2 MSP Line Protection Switching ........................................................... 130
9.5.3 SNC/I and SNC/N Path Protection Switching...................................... 130
9.6 Power Supply ...................................................................................... 131
9.7 Environmental Conditions.................................................................... 132
9.7.1 Climatic Conditions.............................................................................. 132
9.7.2 ElectroMagnetic Compatibility ............................................................. 132
9.8 Dimensions in mm ............................................................................... 133
9.9 Weights in kg ....................................................................................... 134

Abbreviations..................................................................................................... 135

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Summary of changes

Summary of changes

Issue Issue date Remarks


1 July 2007 Initial version

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Notes on this Documentation

1 Notes on this Documentation

1.1 Customer Documentation


The customer documentation of SURPASS hiT 7035 comprises the following
descriptions and manuals:
Technical Manual (TED)
The Technical Manual gives an overview of the application, performance
features, interfaces and functions of SURPASS hiT 7035. It also contains the
most important technical data.
Note
i
The Technical Manual does not contain any instructions to be carried out.

Installation and Test Manual (ITMN)


The Installation and Test Manual contains instructions on mounting,
connecting, and commissioning SURPASS hiT 7035, and connecting and
commissioning the Local Craft Terminal (LCT) operating terminals.
Troubleshooting Manual (TSMN)
The Troubleshooting Manual provides information about the alarm list
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports and troubleshooting procedures.
LCT User Manual
The LCT User Manual provides information about the LCT (features,
configuration, installation, etc.) and how to operate, monitor and maintain
SURPASS hiT 7035 using the element manager software (application
software) running on the LCT.

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Notes on this Documentation

Note
i
Besides the LCT User Manual, the Online Help of the SURPASS hiT 7035
software is of high importance for the operator.

1.2 Complementary Documents


In addition to the SURPASS hiT 7035 customer documentation listed in
Chapter 1.1, there is further documentation:
SURPASS hiT 7035 Release Note
This document identifies the specific version of SURPASS hiT 7035 and
provides information on hardware, software, LCT components and the
limitations of the release as well as important notes concerning the customer
documentation.

1.3 Symbols Used in the Customer Documentation

1.3.1 Symbol for Warnings

WARNING
! This symbol identifies notes which, if ignored, can result in personal
injury or in permanent damage to the equipment.

1.3.2 Symbols for Notes

Note
i
Information which extends beyond the immediate context.

Cross reference to other chapters in this manual or reference to other


manuals.

Help Reference to the online help system of the element manager software.

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Notes on this Documentation

1.3.3 Symbols for Menu Displays and Text Inputs

Menu options from pop-up menus or inputs to be made by the user (texts,
commands) are displayed consecutively in their hierarchical sequence in
pointed brackets:
<Menu> <Menu item> <Command text> <Parameter> etc.

1.4 Notes on Licensed Software


This documentation refers to software products which were taken over from
other companies as licenses.
Should problems arise, you should contact Nokia Siemens Networks as the
licensee and not the relevant licenser.

1.5 Standard Compliance


SURPASS hiT 7035 is in compliance with the following standards (as
applicable):
Electronic Industry Association (EIA)
European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI)
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
IEEE 802.1Q Virtual Local Area Networks (VLAN)
IEEE 802.1p Traffic Class Expediting and Dynamic Multicast Filtering
IEEE 802.3 CSMA/CD Access Method
International Telecommunication Union-Telecommunication Standardization
Sector (ITU-T) Recommendations
G.703 Physical/Electrical Characteristics of Hierarchical Digital
Interfaces
G.7041/Y1303 Generic Framing Procedure (GFP)
G.7042/Y1305 Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme (LCAS) for Virtual
Concatenated Signals
G.707/Y1322 Network Node Interface (NNI) for the Synchronous
Digital Hierarchy (SDH)
G.774 SDH Management Information Model for Network Element (NE)
View

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Notes on this Documentation

G.781 Synchronization Layer Functions


G.783 Characteristics of SDH Equipment Functional Blocks
G.784 SDH Management
G.803 SDH Transport Network Architecture
G.813 Timing Characteristics of SDH Equipment Slave Clocks (SEC)
G.823 Control Of Jitter and Wander within Digital Networks which are
Based On The 2048 Kbps Hierarchy
G.825 The Control of Jitter and Wander Within Digital Networks
which are based on SDH
G.826 Error Performance Parameters and Objectives For International,
Constant Bit-Rate Digital Paths At Or Above The Primary Rate
G.828 Error Performance Parameters and Objectives For International,
Constant Bit Rate Synchronous Digital Paths
G.829 Error Performance Events for SDH Multiplex and Regenerator
Sections
G.831 Management Capabilities Of Transport Networks Based on
SDH
G.841 Types and Characteristics of SDH Network Protection
Architectures
G.842 Interworking of SDH Network Protection Architecture
G.957 Optical Interfaces for Equipment and System Relating to SDH
G.958 Digital Line Systems Based on SDH for Use on Optical Fibre
Cables
G.664 Optical Safety Procedures and Requirements for Optical
Transport System
M.3010 Principles for a Telecommunications Management Network
(TMN).
M.3300 TMN F Interface Requirements

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Introduction

2 Introduction
SURPASS hiT 7035 is a multi-service provisioning platform with add/drop and
terminal functionality for universal installation at all network levels.
All applications can be implemented using a single subrack. Reconfiguration
during operation is possible.
SURPASS hiT 7035 transports data signals and standard voice based traffic
over one single platform. For transporting data in the most economic way, the
SURPASS hiT 70xx product line combines technologies such as GFP and
LCAS with the reliability and robustness of SDH networks and a Quality Of
Service (QoS).
SURPASS hiT 7035 provides full cross-connectivity between all interfaces.
The capacity of the switching fabric is up to 98 x 98 VC-4 equivalents. This
applies to the VC-4 layer and to all Cross-Connection (CC) types
(unidirectional, bidirectional and broadcast).
SURPASS hiT 7035 can be used as:
TMX (terminal multiplexer)
ADM (add/drop multiplexer)
in multi-service transport and aggregation network applications.
State-of-the-art protection switching is supported to enable an optimum
network with the very highest reliability possible depending on the relevant
network topology and the requirements of the network operator (see Chapter
5.11).
For detailed information about the features of SURPASS hiT 7035, see
Chapter 3

2.1 Application Types


In Chapters 2.1.1 to Chapters 2.1.2, an overview on usage of SURPASS hiT
7035 is provided.

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Introduction

2.1.1 Terminal Multiplexer Type

The SURPASS hiT 7035 TMX type can be used in such configurations as
point-to-point connections or as feeder terminal for traffic aggregation to core
networks.

155 Mbit/s (STM-1)/


622 Mbit/s (STM-4)/
2.5 Gbit/s (STM-16)

hiT 7035

155 Mbit/s (STM-1)/


622 Mbit/s (STM-4)/
2.5 Gbit/s (STM-16)

2 Mbit/s (PDH)
34/45 Mbit/s (PDH)
155 Mbit/s (STM-1, o/e)
622 Mbit/s (STM-4)
Fast Ethernet
Gigabit Ethernet

Fig. 2.1 Terminal Multiplexer (TMX)

The TMX (see Fig. 2.1) is equipped with a switching network thus provides
cross-connectivity between all available line and tributary interfaces on VC-4,
VC-3, VC-12 levels, Fast Ethernet (FE) as well as Gigabit Ethernet (GE).
The capacity of the High Order (HO) switching network is 98 x 98 VC-4s and
the capacity of the Low Order (LO) switching network is 2016 x 2016 VC-12s.
Therefore, SURPASS hiT 7035 has adequate ability to support multiple
interfaces for star topology.
In addition to the TMX functionality, tributary to tributary connectivity is also
possible.

2.1.2 Add/Drop Multiplexer Type

The SURPASS hiT 7035 ADM type provides add and drop functionality for the
tributary traffic to aggregate to 155 Mbps, 622 Mbps and 2.5 Gbps (see Fig.
2.2).

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Introduction

West East

hiT 7035

155 Mbit/s (STM-1)/ 155 Mbit/s (STM-1)/


622 Mbit/s (STM-4)/ 622 Mbit/s (STM-4)/
2.5 Gbit/s (STM-16) 2.5 Gbit/s (STM-16)

2 Mbit/s (PDH)
34/45 Mbit/s (PDH)
155 Mbit/s (STM-1, o/e)
622 Mbit/s (STM-4)
Fast Ethernet
Gigabit Ethernet

Fig. 2.2 Add/Drop Multiplexer (ADM)

The ADM type is equipped with a switching network and provides cross-
connectivity between all line and tributary interfaces on VC-4, VC-3, and VC-
12 levels, FE as well as GE interfaces.
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports multiple ring termination on a signal NE.

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Overview of the Main Features

3 Overview of the Main Features


Subrack Type
11 RU height, 1 System Controller (SC) card, 2 CC cards, 1 ST-
CLK card, 2 power cards, 1 fan tray, 7 I/O slots and 11 traffic slots
Switch Fabric
15 Gbps switching capacity with VC-4 granularity and 5 Gbps
switching capacity with VC-12 granularity
7 Gbps switching capacity with VC-4 granularity and 2.5 Gbps
switching capacity with VC-12 granularity
Interface Types
STM-16 optical interfaces
STM-4 optical interfaces
STM-1 optical interfaces
STM-1 electrical interfaces
34/45 Mbps electrical interfaces
2 Mbps electrical interfaces
STM-1 Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) interfaces
1000 Base-X optical or electrical interfaces
10/100 Base-Tx electrical interfaces
Optical Amplifier (OA) interfaces
NE features
GFP
Virtual Concatenation (VCAT) (VC-12, VC-3, VC-4, VC-4-4c and
VC-4-16c)
LCAS
G.813 option 1 internal oscillator

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Overview of the Main Features

STM-N line timing


Retiming
Transparent Data Communications Channel (DCC)
(MS/RS/MS+RS)
Near end performance monitoring
Far end performance monitoring
Automatic software downloads
Auto link detection
OA
Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP) Engineering Order Wire
(EOW) over DCC
Traditional EOW over E1/E2/F1
Hardware protection
1 + 1 power unit protection
1 + 1 switch fabric and clock unit protection
1 + 1 hardware protection for STM-1E interfaces
1 + 1 hardware protection for STM-1 ATM interfaces
1 : N (N<=4) hardware protection for E1 electrical interfaces
1 : N (N<=3) hardware protection for E3/DS3 electrical interfaces
Traffic protection
SNCP/I or SNCP/N for VC-12/VC-3/VC-4/VC-4-4c
Multiplex Section Protection (MSP) (1 + 1) for STM-16/4/1/1E/1
ATM
2-fiber shared ring protection for STM-16/4
Two node Dual Node Interworking (DNI) between two Multiplex
Section-Shared Protection Rings (MS-SPRing) (STM-16/4 ring)
Ethernet functionality
Transparent Local Area Networks (LAN) transport
Link aggregation in accordance to IEEE 802.3
Jumbo packet supported (9600 bytes)
VLAN 802.1q, double tagging
Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP) and Multiple Spanning Tree
Protocol (MSTP)
Rate limiting function

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Overview of the Main Features

Generic VLAN Registration Protocol (GVRP)


Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) snooping
Media Access Control (MAC) self learning
MAC address aging time configurable
Auto-negotiation
Inverse Multiplexing for ATM (IMA) functionality
Merging multiple physical links into aggregate bandwidth
TNMS-M Embedding
Single element management by TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035
LCT
Service/network/element management by TNMS-M and TNMS
Core

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Network Applications

4 Network Applications
For SDH general logic applications, the NEs can be used in a straightforward
way of creating point-to-point connections, linear chain configurations and ring
configurations.
Terminal-to-terminal topologies (see Chapter 4.1)
Linear topologies with add/drop function (chains) (see Chapter 4.2)
Ring network functionality (see Chapter 4.3)
For Multi-Service Provisioning Platform (MSPP) applications, the NEs can be
used in a way of transporting data service and merging multiple physical links
into aggregate bandwidth of IMA group.
Data service applications (see Chapter 4.4)
IMA applications (see Chapter 4.5)

4.1 Terminal-to-Terminal Topologies


Terminal-to-terminal links are supported by SURPASS hiT 7035 NEs in the
TMX application with the option of 1 + 1 MSP for STM-16/4/1 interfaces.
Fig. 4.1 shows a straightforward point to point network with one TMX at the
transmitting end and another at the receiving end. It is using MSP protection
switching.

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Network Applications

STM-1/
STM-4/
STM-16
Working

hiT 7035 Line hiT 7035

STM-1/ Protection
STM-4/
STM-16

Tributary Tributary
interfaces interfaces

Fig. 4.1 Terminal-to-Terminal Link

At the TMX, the client equipment is connected to the TMX through the
tributary interfaces (TDM or data traffic).
The use of MSP between the NEs is preferred for redundancy reasons but not
mandatory.

4.2 Linear Topologies with Add/Drop Function


Linear chains are supported by SURPASS hiT 7035 NEs in the ADM
application, with the option of 1 + 1 MSP for STM-16/4/1 interfaces.
Fig. 4.2 shows an example for an application with MSP protection switching.

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Network Applications

STM-1/ STM-1/
STM-4/ STM-4/
STM-16 STM-16 Working
Working

Line Line TM
TM ADM
STM-1/ Protection STM-1/ Protection
STM-4/ STM-4/
STM-16 STM-16

Tributary Tributary Tributary


interfaces interfaces interfaces

Fig. 4.2 Add/Drop Function within a Linear Chain

An ADM is normally used at an intermediate site to add/drop client traffic. In


Fig. 4.2, an ADM is located between two TMXs. At the ADM, the selected
traffic is added/dropped at VC-4, VC-3 or VC-12 levels, while the through
traffic is transparently passed through the node.
The use of MSP between the adjacent NEs is preferred for redundancy
reasons but not mandatory.

4.3 Ring Network Functionality


SURPASS hiT 7035 supports various ring topologies including single ring,
multiple ring closure and dual ring interworking.

4.3.1 Single Ring

The line speeds of the SURPASS hiT 7035 single ring can be STM-16, STM-4
or STM-1.

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Network Applications

hiT 7035

hiT 7035 2 fiber ring hiT 7035


STM-16/4/1

Tributary
interfaces
hiT 7035

Fig. 4.3 Single Ring

4.3.2 Dual Ring Interworking

Two MS-SPRings working at STM-16 or STM-4 line speed can be


interconnected and protected by the DNI protection mechanism applied by the
SURPASS hiT 7035 system as depicted in Fig. 4.4.
A SURPASS hiT 7035 ring can also be dual interconnected with other
SURPASS hiT rings such as SURPASS hiT 70xx rings to provide increased
network reliability for inter-ring traffic.

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Network Applications

hiT 7035 hiT 7035

hiT 7035

2 fiber ring 2 fiber ring


hiT 7035 hiT 7035
STM-16/4 STM-4

hiT 7035
Tributary
interfaces
hiT 7035 hiT 7035

Fig. 4.4 Dual Ring Interworking

4.3.3 Multiple Ring Closure

A single SURPASS hiT 7035 NE can interconnect two or more SURPASS hiT
7035 rings working at STM-16, STM-4 or STM-1 line speeds.
Fig. 4.5 shows two rings converged at one single SURPASS hiT 7035 NE
scenario.

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Network Applications

hiT 7035 hiT 7035

2 fiber ring 2 fiber ring


hiT 7035 hiT 7035 hiT 7035
STM-16/4/1 STM-4/1

Tributary
interfaces
hiT 7035 hiT 7035

Fig. 4.5 Multiple Ring Closure

4.4 Data Service Applications


SURPASS hiT 7035 provides data transport over SDH and offers various data
applications in addition to the traditional Time Division Multiplex (TDM)
applications.
The SURPASS hiT 7035 system supports the following data transmission
services:
Ethernet Private Line (EPL)
Ethernet Virtual Private Line (EVPL)
Ethernet Private LAN (EPLan)

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4.4.1 Ethernet Private Line

SURPASS hiT 7035 EPL service offers dedicated, point-to-point Ethernet


connectivity at GE rates (1000 Mbps) or FE connection (10 Mbps or 100
Mbps).
EPL can be used to support applications such as LAN-to-LAN connectivity,
storage area networking, Internet access or disaster recovery solutions.

FE
8 WAN Ports

hiT 7035 8 FE/T


VC-12-xV
or
VC-3-xV 8 LAN Ports (FE)

FE

hiT 7035 hiT 7035 GE

1 WAN Ports

hiT 7035 VC-4-xV


or
VC-3-xV
1 GE/T

GE 1 LAN Ports (GE)

Fig. 4.6 Ethernet Private Line

4.4.2 Ethernet Virtual Private Line

For EVPL, the customer still gets point-to-point connectivity, but over shared
instead of dedicated bandwidth. Each node has the Layer 2 (L2) switching
capabilities to provide statistics multiplexing, per VLAN control and Spanning
Tree Protocol (STP) function and Ethernet based rate limiting per VLAN or
port.
EVPL is useful when creating hub-and-spoke architectures in which multiple
remote offices all require access to a headquarter or multiple customers all

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require access to an Internet Service Providers (ISP) Point Of Presence


(POP).

GE FE 2 WAN ports

8 FE/L2
VC-4-Xv
hiT 7035
VC-4-Xv
8 FE (Client)

Headquarter

FE
FE
Remote Remote
hiT 7035 Office 1 Office 2
hiT 7035

hiT 7035

Fig. 4.7 Ethernet Virtual Private Line

4.4.3 Ethernet Private LAN

The EPLan service provides multipoint connectivity over dedicated bandwidth,


i.e., it may connect two or more subscribers (customers). Subscriber data sent
from one customer can be received at one or more of the other customers.
Each site (customer) is connected to a multipoint-to-multipoint Ethernet Virtual
Concatenation (EVC) and uses dedicated resources so different customers
Ethernet frames are not multiplexed together. As new sites (customers) are
added, they are connected to the same multipoint EVC, thus simplifying
provisioning and service activation. From a subscriber standpoint, an EPLan
makes the MSTP network look like a LAN.
EPLan architecture differs from EPL in that rather than use a predefined
mapping between VLAN tags and link connections, the operators network
equipment, uses Ethernet switching (i.e. Bridge learning) to pass Ethernet

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frames to the appropriate link. However, this makes it difficult to guarantee


performance as network Ethernet switching introduces additional latency and
probability of increased packet loss.
SURPASS hiT 7035 brings multiple Wide Area Networks (WAN) interfaces
into L2 switching. Customer service can be delivered through dedicated Virtual
Concatenation Groups (VCG) with little latency and little packet loss. The
WAN interface can be provisioned individually on TNMS-M.

FE

2 WAN ports

hiT 7035 8 FE/L2

8 FE (Client)

hiT 7035 hiT 7035 FE


FE Multipoint to Multipoint
EVC

hiT 7035

FE

Fig. 4.8 Ethernet Private LAN

4.5 IMA Applications


IMA is applicable to many different types of ATM WAN access equipments
including ATM switches and routers with WAN ports, ATM access
concentrators and multiplexers, and communications servers with WAN
Network Interface Cards (NIC). Typically, IMA is used as the WAN interface
for general purpose access multiplexers, traffic aggregators, and access

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switches. Another common application is in Digital Subscriber Line Access


Multiplexers (DSLAM) where IMA can be used either to interconnect the
DSLAM with a Remote Access Multiplexer (RAM) or as the high speed
network side interface. Emerging applications are extending the IMA protocol
beyond T1 or E1 to include other facilities including Digital Subscriber Line
(DSL) circuits.
A typical IMA application of SURPASS hiT 7035 is described as follows:

63 x E1 card IMA card

n x VC-12
Node B RNC
E1, STM-1
n x E1 hiT 7035 MSPP ATM UNI
IMA hiT 7035
Network

Node B
hiT 7035

Fig. 4.9 IMA Applications of SURPASS hiT 7035

In the Third Generation (3G) networks, SURPASS hiT 7035 is deployed at the
access layer to form the access rings. Usually Node B has up to 8 E1 (IMA)
links to access rings, while Radio Network Controller (RNC) has multiple
E1/STM-1 links. Typically one RNC can support up to 500 Node Bs. To reduce
the number of E1 used at the RNC side, SURPASS hiT 7035 provides STM-1
ATM User Network Interface (UNI). SURPASS hiT 7035 consolidates E1 or N
x E1 IMA groups from Node B side into STM-1 ATM UNI towards RNC side.
Individual E1 links and IMA groups are terminated at the IMA (W/P) function
card and then aggregated into STM-1 ATM UNI.

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5 System Description
The chapter gives a functional and technical overview of the main features of
SURPASS hiT 7035 separated from the physical interfaces.
For information about hardware relevant features please refer to Chapter 6.

5.1 Subrack
A picture of SURPASS hiT 7035 is shown in Fig. 5.1.
The subrack is 11 RU high and the physical dimensions are 400 mm (W) x
486 mm (H) x 300 mm (D). It is designed to meet ETSI, EIA 300 and Network
Equipment Building System (NEBS) requirements.
Up to two or three (depend on the cabling, see Fig. 5.2) SURPASS hiT 7035
subracks can be installed into a 2200 mm or 2600 mm high ETSI rack or an
EIA 310 19 rack. The space between the adjacent subracks should be at
least 5-rack-unit apart.

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Fig. 5.1 SURPASS hiT 7035 Subrack

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Fig. 5.2 SURPASS hiT 7035 Subrack in 19 Rack

5.2 Basic Functions


Fig. 5.3 shows the basic functional structure of SURPASS hiT 7035.

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TNMS-M/ External Timing


TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT Output Input

System Controller Timing controller

Tributary
interfaces

Line interfaces
East
PDH
Interface
STM-N
Interface

VC Mapping

MS Overhead Process

RS Overhead Process
HOCC/LOCC
Ethernet
Interface
GFP

L2
Line interfaces
Switching
West

STM-N
STM-16/4/1 RS OH MS OH Interface
Interface Process Process

IMA
Process

Fig. 5.3 Functional Block Diagram

On the line side, the send/receive modules (SDH) carry out the conversion to
optical/electrical signals. The SDH cards can be equipped with various
transceiver modules (SFP modules) in several distance variants up to 2.5
Gbps.
On the tributary side, SURPASS hiT 7035 supports various Plesiochronous
Digital Hierarchy (PDH), Ethernet and STM-N interfaces.
The central element of SURPASS hiT 7035 includes the system controller,
cross-connection fabric and timing controller.

5.2.1 User Data Interfaces

SURPASS hiT 7035 can be equipped with the following interfaces (line and
tributary signals):

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Interface Type Bit Rate Connection Ports per Card


SDH 2.5 Gbps (STM-16) optical 1 (bidirectional)
SDH 622 Mbps (STM-4) optical 1 (bidirectional)
SDH 155 Mbps (STM-1) optical/electrical 2 (bidirectional)
PDH 34 Mbps or 45 Mbps electrical 3 (bidirectional)
PDH 2 Mbps electrical 63 (bidirectional)
ATM 155 Mbps optical 2 (bidirectional or
unidirectional)
Ethernet 1000 Base-X optical/electrical 1 (full duplex)
Ethernet 10/100 Base-Tx electrical 8 (full duplex or half
duplex)

Tab. 5.1 User Interfaces

5.2.2 Switch Fabric Functions

The switching device provides HO and LO switching at the same time.


Capacity of the Cross-connection Fabric
SURPASS hiT 7035 has the following cross-connection capacity:
For CC + STM-16/4 card:
High Order Cross-Connection (HOCC): 15 Gbps (98 x 98 VC-4s)
Low Order Cross-Connection (LOCC): 5 Gbps (2016 x 2016 VC-
12s)
For CC + STM-4/1 card:
HOCC: 7.2Gbps (46 x 46 VC-4s)
LOCC: 2.5Gbps (1008 x 1008 VC-12s)
Cross-connection
All types of cross-connections are possible. The switching fabric is a non-
blocking square structured fabric for point-to-point and point-to-multipoint
connections.
Granularity
The configurable and simultaneously usable switching hierarchies of the fabric
are VC-4, VC-3 and VC-12.

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HO and LO VC-n Connectivity


The switching fabric allows the following connections:
Unidirectional connections
Unidirectional point-to-multipoint (including 1 + 1 SNCP head end)
Bidirectional connections
Broadcasting (1 to m, with m=4 for VC-4, m=12 for VC-3 and m=63 for
VC-12)
Drop and continue (broadcast 1 to 2 + SNCP tail end)
Selector 2 to 1 (protected tail end for 1 + 1 SNCP)
Concatenation
Virtual concatenated VC-12, VC-3 and VC-4 signals are supported. Protection
switching for virtual concatenated VC-12, VC-3 and VC-4 signals is also
supported. The group of constituent paths that belong to a concatenated
signal is determined by the Telecommunication Network Management (TNM)
and written to an internal configuration table. Using this information, the
SURPASS hiT 7035 software is able to set signal fail or signal degrade alarms
for all paths of a concatenated signal channel. In order to keep the (differential)
delay of the signals low, all constituent paths of a concatenated signal must be
on the same optical trail. It results in a bundling rule for TNM.

5.2.3 Multiplex and Mapping Functions

SURPASS hiT 7035 transmits SDH and PDH signals.


Fig. 5.4 shows the organization and relationship of SDH and PDH multiplex
structures.
Chapter 9.1 summarizes the possible user data interfaces for SURPASS hiT
7035 NEs.

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SDH PDH

Nx
STM-N AUG AU-4 VC-4
C-4

N = 1, 4 or 16
3x
D34 34 Mbit/s

1x
TUG-3 TU-3 VC-3 C-3

D45 45 Mbit/s
7x

TUG-2

3x

TU-12 VC-12 C-12 D2 2 Mbit/s

Fig. 5.4 SDH/PDH Multiplex Structures

5.2.3.1 SDH HO/LO Multiplexer and Mapping Functions


SURPASS hiT 7035 implements the following HO/LO multiplexing and
mapping methods:
VC-4 containers are aligned (with frame offset information) with an AU-4,
according to ITU-T G.707. The AU-4 may further be mapped via AUG-1
into STM-1 or via AUG-1 and AUG-4 into STM-4.
VC-3 containers are aligned (with frame offset information) with a TU-3,
according to ITU-T G.707. The TU-3 is further mapped via TUG-3 into
VC-4.
VC-12 containers are aligned (with frame offset information) with a TU-
12, according to ITU-T G.707. The TU-12 is further mapped via TUG-2
and TUG-3 into VC-4.

5.2.3.2 PDH Mapping into SDH Containers


SURPASS hiT 7035 implements the following mapping of PDH signals on
SDH containers:
2 Mbps signals are mapped into a VC-12 asynchronously, according to
ITU-T G.707. The VC-12 is further mapped on a VC-4, via TU-12, TUG-
2 and TUG-3.
34 Mbps and 45 Mbps signals are mapped into a VC-3 asynchronously,
according to ITU-T G.707. The VC-3 is further mapped on a VC-4, via
TU-3 and TUG-3.

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5.2.3.3 Ethernet Packet Multiplexer and Mapping Functions


SURPASS hiT 7035 supports Ethernet frame mapping into SDH containers. In
the process of mapping, the Ethernet frames are encapsulated into a certain
format which is compatible with the Virtual Containers (VC). For SURPASS
hiT 7035, the GFP protocol is used for the encapsulation.
GFP encapsulation
GFP is a robust encapsulation method which can adapt the data traffic to an
octet synchronous transport network. GFP provides two kinds of mapping
modes GFP-F (framed) and GFP-T (transparent) for different data traffic. In
SURPASS hiT 7035, GFP-F is implemented when the Ethernet cards are
configured in the standard Ethernet mode.

5.3 Ethernet Functionality


SURPASS hiT 7035 supports transparent transmission as well as L2 switching
function for Ethernet data.
Transparent LAN
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports Ethernet transparent service which means the
Ethernet frame is encapsulated to the SDH containers and transmitted directly
without L2 switching.
MAC address forwarding
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports up to 32 K MAC addresses on each Ethernet
card, in which 2 K MAC addresses can be configured manually. Both multicast
address and broadcast address are supported.
Access Control List (ACL)
The system can generate an ACL table based on the MAC address. The MAC
entries listed in the ACL table are forwarded or discarded in different modes.
VLAN
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports VLAN functions including VLAN
tagging/detagging, filtering and forwarding, GVRP and up to 4096 VLAN IDs.
Flow control and rate limit
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports Ethernet flow control and input rate limit function
to avoid traffic congestion. The LAN port rate limit ranges are from 128 Kbps
to 100 Mbps for FE interfaces and from 128 Kbps to 1000 Mbps for GE
interfaces in the step of 128 Kbps.
Link aggregation
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports link aggregation function on FE ports for LAN or
WAN side.

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GVRP
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports GVRP which allows network devices to
dynamically exchange VLAN configuration information with other devices
according to IEEE 802.1q.
Jumbo frame
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports up to 9.6 K bytes long MAC frame which
substantially facilitates the transmission of bandwidth-demanding service such
as video and broadband access.

5.4 Inverse Multiplexing for ATM (IMA)


The fundamental concept of IMA is the merging of multiple physical links (i.e.,
T1/E1 circuits) in order to use the aggregate bandwidth as a single logical
ATM circuit. In IMA terminology, the individual physical circuits are called links
and the resulting aggregated cluster of circuits is called an IMA group. An IMA
group can contain up to 32 links, however practical implementations tend to be
limited to eight or fewer links. The IMA group acts as a single ATM UNI
interface (the version of UNI depends upon each individual vendors IMA
implementation).
Fig. 5.5 illustrates the basic IMA mechanism for sending a single ATM cell
stream over a number of lower speed transmission facilities or links.

Fig. 5.5 Simplified IMA Process

All IMA links are clear channel point-to-point telecommunication circuits.


Normally, these are considered to be parallel circuits, although the availability
of carrier resources may dictate that some of the links be routed independently.
Individually, these are not ATM circuits, however when grouped together, they
will be used as an ATM logical circuit. ATM cells are transmitted in a strict
round-robin manner over all of the active links within the IMA group. This

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implies that all of the links will need to be equivalent circuits in terms of
bandwidth and latency. In IMA terminology, all links are required to operate at
the same Link Cell Rate (LCR). Otherwise, the cells may arrive at their
destination out of order due to the variable latencies associated with the
different link speeds. The vast majority of IMA links are based upon T1 or E1
circuits, but nothing precludes the use of other speeds. IMA groups represent
active ATM circuits. Accordingly, they are capable of supporting all of the
facilities typically associated with an ATM UNI connection.
IMA cells are grouped together to form fixed-length IMA frames. A frame is
simply a collection of 32, 64, 128, or 256 cells (typically, 128-cell frames are
used). The IMA frame has no direct correlation with the upper layer frames
(i.e., IP) that may be transported across the IMA connection. These frames
are used to help the IMA devices at either end of a connection stay
synchronized (ICP cell locations are used for this purpose). IMA frames also
carry an incremental sequence number for reliability purposes.

5.5 Clock Pulse Supply, Synchronization


Every NE clock may be synchronized by a very accurate timing source,
normally by a Primary Reference Clock (PRC) according to the master-slave
principle. The Synchronous Equipment Timing Source (SETS) is responsible
for generation of system and output clock signals.
According to the ETSI recommendation, T3 to T1 are the synchronization
timing sources, T0 is the internal NE system clock and T4 is the timing output
interface.

T3 T4
T2
Selection SETS
T1
T0

Fig. 5.6 Timing Source Selection

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5.5.1 Available Timing Sources

The SETS synchronization for SURPASS hiT 7035 is derived from any of the
following external ports:
From any STM-16/4/1 ports (T1).
From an E1 tributary input (T2).
From one of two external synchronization inputs (T3).
From internal Stratum 3 clock (ITU-T G.813 Option 1)
A SURPASS hiT 7035 NE can run in free running, holdover, or locked mode.
The normal synchronous mode is locked mode. If all of the reference sources
fail, the system switches to holdover mode. The accuracy of the local oscillator
is 4.6 ppm over 20 years.
A Synchronization Status Message (SSM) signal can be used to transfer the
signal quality level throughout a network. This will guarantee that all NEs will
always be synchronized to the highest quality clock available.
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports SDH SSM algorithm on all STM-N interfaces
and on the framed 2 Mbps synchronization output signal (connected to the
station output clock):
SSM function support can be user provisioned as enabled or disabled.
When the SSM function is disabled in the NE, all STM-N interfaces and
the framed 2 Mbps synchronization output signal interface will send out
a DNU (do not use for sync) signal.
There are 4 possible quality levels specified in the SSM for timing
reference sources: PRC, SSU-A, SSU-B, and SEC. In addition, DNU is
specified in SSM. The quality of each timing reference source can either
be retrieved from the incoming the SSM or provisioned from the network
management system.
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports the synchronization source switching
algorithm based on SSM defined in ITU-T G.781.
The Wait-To-Restore (WTR) time for timing reference source is between
0-12 minutes and can be set from the network management system in
minute increments. The default value is 5 minutes.

5.5.2 T0 System Clock

The T0 system clocks are used in the NE for traffic processing, OH/DCC
busses, internal system communication between the SC card and each card,
and for the distribution of the absolute time.
T0 clocks to SC slot include the following three signals:
Clock signal 19.44 MHz; point to point distribution.

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Frame clock signal 8 KHz; point to point distribution.


Absolute time signal 1 Hz; point to point distribution.
T0 clocks to each Line Card (LC) slot include the following three signals:
Clock signal 19.44 MHz; point to point distribution.
Frame clock signal 8 KHz; point to point distribution.
Absolute time signal 1 Hz; point to point distribution.
All cards receive the T0 clocks.

5.5.3 Timing Output Interface

The System Management Interface Panel provides the following interfaces to


offer synchronization to external devices:
2 Mbps (framed or unframed)
2 MHz

5.5.4 Real Time Clock

For time stamps (time and date) in the SURPASS hiT 7035 error and
operational messages, a real time clock is available (within the SETS).
The date and time for the real-time clock within the NE can be set and
requested from LCT/TNMS-M.

5.6 Retiming
In the retiming mode, the transmitter eliminates wander and jitter in the
incoming clock.
While the rate of the outgoing 2 Mbps or 2 MHz signal is normally equal to the
rate of the 2 Mbps or 2 MHz signal going into the SDH network, occasionally
this relationship disappears.
A retiming function is necessary for suppression of jitter and wander that the
2Mbps signal suffers during transmission in SDH and which makes the signal
useless for carrying the synchronous frequency to the PDH domain.
To retime an outgoing 2 Mbps or 2 MHz signal, means simply to retime this
signal with the internal clock of the multiplexer equipment in which the
desynchronization takes place. This can be done by reading the recovered 2

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Mbps or 2 MHz signal into an elastic store and timing the output of the elastic
store with the system clock.
When the device is set in the retiming mode all jitter and wander due to the
multiplexing or demultiplexing process in the transmission is eliminated.

5.7 Laser Safety Shut-down


To prevent personal injury form emerging laser light in the case of the fiber
break, SURPASS hiT 7035 supports Automatic Laser Shutdown (ALS)
function according to ITU-T G.958 and ITU-T G.644. In the case of the signal
failure at the optical receiver of SURPASS hiT 7035, the laser transmitter will
be switched off automatically. After the receiver receives a valid signal again,
the laser transmitter is then switched on automatically.
Note
i
No ALS function is supported for Ethernet interfaces. These interfaces fulfil the
requirements of laser hazard level 1 without ALS.

5.8 External Alarm Interfaces


Failures signalled by any cards are processed by the main controller of the
device, which forwards the detected alarm information to the alarm interfaces.
The alarm interfaces are accessible via an alarm connector.
The SURPASS hiT 7035 alarm interfaces provide two outputs:
Major urgent alarm (triggered by any Critical or Major alarms)
Minor non-urgent alarm (triggered by any Minor alarms)

5.9 Engineering Order Wire


The SURPASS hiT 7035 system provides one RJ-45 connector for two EOW
output channels (E1, E2) and/or F1 user channel. The EOW interface (ITU-T
recommendation G.703 compliant) is located on the SC module front panel.
Users may totally select all the channels of E1/E2 from the system, and will be
terminated by the system. When E1, E2 and F1 bytes are not used, there will
be only code 1 transmitted in these channels and the received will be
ignored.

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SURPASS hiT 70 XOW is an external box which connects the EOW interfaces
via RJ-45 cable. The XOW provides telephone links to connect one or more
NEs by using the Regenerator Section OverHead (RSOH) byte E1 and/or the
Multiplex Section OverHead (MSOH) byte E2 for EOW communication. In
addition, on the external XOW panel there is one V.11 interface for F1 channel,
the physical interface DB15, accessing besides one RJ-11 interface for phone
set connection.
With an external box SURPASS hiT 70 XOW connected with the EOW
interface through a RJ-45 connector, the one to one call or multiple parts
conference call can be performed among the nodes in the network.
Note
i
Traditional EOW over E1/E2/F1 is available for SURPASS hiT 7035. This
solution is based on management mode. In this mode SURPASS hiT 70 XOW
can be managed via LCT or TNMS-M. Operators can assign or manage the
telephone numbers in the box through the LCT or Telecommunication Network
Management System (TNMS). At the same time the TNMS can obtain the
state and events from the box.

5.10 Software/Firmware
The SC card is equipped with micro controllers for monitoring, controlling, and
maintaining status information. They are programmed with embedded
firmware held in Flash-EEPROMs.
A Compact Flash (CF) card is provided which can be installed in the SC card.
All the software load of the NE is embedded in the CF card at the beginning.
System gets the software from CF card while booting the NE for the first time.
A new CF card with upgraded software will be provided during the system
upgrade.
A software download facility is available. The download can be done remotely
or locally via the element manager or LCT.
The internal configuration database of the system can be uploaded and
downloaded. It is stored redundantly and robust to any card failure.
Besides the configuration database, there are two embedded software images
in the SC card. One is used by the active software and the other is for backup.
During the system upgrade, new software will be downloaded and stored into
the backup image memory bank.
It will then be activated and the active image will be set as the new backup.
Two software image designs can efficiently protect the system from system
errors caused by wrong operation.

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5.11 Protection Architecture


SURPASS hiT 7035 provides powerful network and equipment protection
functions.

5.11.1 Traffic Protection

SURPASS hiT 7035 supports the following traffic protection functions in


compliance with ITU-T G.841:
SNCP
MSP
2-fiber MS-SPRing
DNI
Each of the protection function is described as follows:
SNCP
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports both unidirectional and bidirectional SNCP
protection on STM cards at VC-12, VC-3 and VC-4-Xv (X = 1, 4) levels. SNCP
protection includes both inherently monitored SNCP/I and non-intrusively
monitored SNCP/N. The protection switching time for SNCP is less than 50 ms.
MSP
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports 1 + 1 MSP function on STM-1, STM-1E, STM-1
ATM, STM-4 and STM-16 interfaces.
In 1 + 1 MSP, one dedicated channel is reserved to protect only one working
channel. The client traffic is always transmitted over the working and
protection path simultaneously. In the case of the fiber break, the incoming
traffic from the protection path will be selected automatically. All STM optical
ports support both unidirectional and bidirectional 1 + 1 MSP functions in
revertive and non-revertive modes.
2-fiber MS-SPRing
2-fiber MS-SPRing is a bidirectional ring in which both directions of traffic
transmission use the same set of nodes under normal conditions. In the case
of the failure on the working path, the traffic will be switched to the protection
path. SURPASS hiT 7035 supports MS-SPRing at STM-16/4 level. The
protection (detection and switching) is guaranteed to be finished within 50 ms.
The WTR time is user configurable with a default value of 5 minutes.
DNI
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports DNI protection between two MS-SPRings.

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5.11.2 Equipment Protection

SURPASS hiT 7035 provides the equipment protections as follows:


1 : N protection for electrical 2 Mbps interfaces
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports an optional 1 : N (N=1 to 4) protection for the 2
Mbps PDH interface cards.
The automatic protection switching related information coming from the 63 x
E1 working card (or protection card) is sent to the SC unit. When an E1 1 : N
protection related defect is reported on the 63 x E1 working card (or protection
card) and correlated by software as a valid Protection Switch Request (PSR),
the SC module initiates a switch to the protection card (or the working card).
As a result, the customer traffic will be forwarded through the protection bus to
the protection card. The switch fabric will then select the traffic from the
protection card.
1 : N protection for electrical 34/45 Mbps interfaces
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports an optional 1 : N (N=1 to 3) protection for the
34/45 Mbps PDH interface cards.
The automatic protection switching related information coming from the 3 x
E3/DS3 working card (or protection card) is sent to the SC unit. When an
E3/DS3 1 : N protection related defect is reported on the E3/DS3 working card
(or protection card) and correlated by software as a valid PSR, the SC module
initiates a switch to the protection card (or the working card). As a result, the
customer traffic will be forwarded through the protection bus to the protection
card. The switch fabric will then select the traffic from the protection card.
1 + 1 protection for electrical 155 Mbps interfaces
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports an optional 1 + 1 protection for the STM-1
electrical interfaces.
The automatic protection switching related information coming from the 2 x
STM-1E working card (or protection card) is sent to the SC unit. When an
STM-1E 1 + 1 protection related defect is reported on working card (or
protection card) and correlated by software as a valid PSR, the SC module
initiates a switch to the protection card (or the working card). As a result, the
customer traffic will be forwarded through the protection bus to the protection
card. The switch fabric will then select the traffic from the protection card.
1 + 1 protection for optical 155 Mbps ATM interfaces
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports an optional 1 + 1 protection for the STM-1 ATM
interfaces.
The automatic protection switching related information coming from the IMA
working card (or protection card) is sent to the SC unit. When an STM-1 ATM
1 + 1 protection related defect is reported on working card (or protection card)
and correlated by software as a valid PSR, the SC module initiates a switch to
the protection card (or the working card). As a result, the customer traffic will

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be forwarded through the protection bus to the protection card. The switch
fabric will then select the traffic from the protection card.
1 + 1 switch fabric, clock unit and power unit protection
In SURPASS hiT 7035 the SETS is integrated as a module inside the switch
fabric card. Every NE can always be equipped with working and protection
fabric/clock cards.
All the transmission functions and information within the working switching
fabric will be duplicated and stored within the protection switching fabric, so
that in case of failure, the protection switching fabric will take over the task of
the defect switching fabric without any major delay.
From the SETS point of view, the working card will be configured as a master
and synchronized to a reference source, while the protection card will be
operating as a slave and synchronized to the working card.
In the event of failure of the working card, the protected card will take over the
synchronization function from the defect card.
SURPASS hiT 7035 provides 1 + 1 power unit protection. In the event of
failure of working power card, the protection power card will take over the
power function from the defect card.

5.12 Operating Terminal TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035


LCT
NEs can be operated and monitored via the software TNMS-M SURPASS hiT
7035 LCT software.
The TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT is used primarily for local management
and commissioning of NEs. For this purpose it is connected via the
management interface and allows access to NE locally or remotely.
For further information about operation, control and monitoring via operating
terminals TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT, see TNMS-M SURPASS hiT
7035 LCT User Manual.

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5.13 Connection to Network Management Systems

5.13.1 SURPASS NE connect to TNMS

Fig. 5.7 shows the integration of the SURPASS hiT 7035 NEs in the TMN
system. Access from the TMN to SURPASS hiT 7035 NEs is fulfilled via
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) over TCP/IP/PPP (direct
access) or TCP/IP/HDLC or TCP/IP/OSILight (via dedicated SOH channels
within traffic links - DCCM or DCCR) interfaces.
OSILight is an Internet Protocol (IP) over ConnectionLess Network Service
(CLNS) tunnel protocol stack. OSILight lets IP traffic be transported over
CLNS, for instance, on the DCC of Open System Interconnection (OSI) based
SDH equipment. OSILight enhances interactions with CLNS network, allowing
IP packets to be tunneled through the ConnectionLess Network Protocol
(CLNP) to preserve TCP/IP services. The selection of Point to Point Protocol
(PPP), High-Level Data Link Control (HDLC), or OSILight is user configurable.

TMN
(Telecommunications Management Network)

EM
(Element Manager)

SNMP over TCP/IP

IP over PPP IP over IP over


or HDLC OsiLight OSI based OsiLight
hiT 7035 hiT 7035 hiT 7035
DCC

Fig. 5.7 Embedding of SURPASS hiT 7035 NEs in a TMN System

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5.13.2 SMA NE connect to TNMS

Shown in Fig. 5.8, the remote SMA devices (other Nokia Siemens Networks
products such as SURPASS hiT 7070, SURPASS hiT 7300, etc) are
connected transparently to the management system using Link Access
Protocol on D Channel (LAPD) tunnel over Generic Routing Encapsulation
(GRE).
GRE is a mechanism for encapsulating any network layer protocol over any
other network layer protocol. In the general case, a network layer packet,
called the payload packet, is encapsulated in a GRE packet, which may also
include source route information. The resulting GRE packet is then
encapsulated in some other network layer protocol, called the delivery protocol,
and then forwarded. The CLNP/GRE uses the CLNP Protocol Data Unit (PDU)
and End System to Intermediate System Routing Exchange protocol (ES-IS)
packet as payload and IPv4 as delivery protocol.
The GRE module is triggered with callback functions form the OSILight stack
or the VxWorks networking system. The OSILight stack provided interface
functions to register and unregister GRE tunnel endpoints.

TMN
(Telecommunications Management Network)

EM
(Element Manager)

SNMP over OSI

LADP IP based LADP


/ GRE DCC / GRE
SMA 1/4 hiT 7035 hiT 7035 SMA 1/4

Fig. 5.8 Using LADP Tunnel over GRE to Connect SMA to TMN System

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While the systems DCC works in GRE bypass mode, the system will
transparently forward the DCC packet to another port regardless of any L2 or
above protocol (either LAPD/OSI or HDLC/PPP).

5.13.3 Third-party DCC transparency

SURPASS hiT 7035 also supports DCC transparency function in physical


layer while the NE from other suppliers (third party) are connected to the
TNMS system.
Using D1-D3 or D4-D12 channels, SURPASS hiT 7035 can let the
management information transparently pass through the third party NEs (see
Fig. 5.9).

TMN
(Telecommunications Management Network)

EM
(Element Manager)

SNMP over TCP/IP

DCC transparency DCC transparency DCC transparency


Third party Third party
hiT 7035 hiT 7035
NE NE

Fig. 5.9 Third Party DCC Transparency

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5.13.4 Embedded Control Channel Applications

SURPASS hiT 7035 also supports Embedded Control Channel (ECC) function
while the SURPASS hiT 7035 NEs are connected with third party SDH
products in between.
By making E1 as the embedded communication channel, SURPASS hiT 7035
can let the management information pass through all the third party NEs (see
Fig. 5.10).

TMN
(Telecommunications Management Network)

EM
(Element Manager)

SNMP over TCP/IP

E1 Transmission VC-12 E1 Transmission


hiT 7035 Third party NE Third party NE hiT 7035

Fig. 5.10 ECC Applications

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6 Components of SURPASS hiT 7035


This chapter explains the SURPASS hiT 7035 main system components.

SURPASS hiT 7035

Hardware Software Package TNMS-M LCT

ETS System Rack TNMS-M LCT Software

SURPASS hiT 7035 Subrack TNMS-M LCT Hardware

FAN

PWR

SC

ST-CLK

CC + 1 x STM-4/1 (1)

CC + 1 x STM-16/4 (1)

1 x STM-4 (1)

2 x STM-1 (1) (2)

2 x STM-1E (W/P)

2 x STM-1E IO

3 x E3/DS3 (W/P)

3 x E3/DS3 IO

63 x E1 (W/P)

63 x E1 IO

IMA (W/P) (1) Can be equipped


with various pluggable
2 x STM-1 ATM IO optical transceiver
modules (SFP)
1 x GE/T (1) (2)
(2) Can be equipped
8 x FE/L2 with various pluggable
electrical transceiver
8 x FE/T modules (SFP)

OA

Fig. 6.1 Overview of the System Components

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6.1 Subrack and Slot Arrangement


The SURPASS hiT 7035 NE includes one subrack and all cards are front
pluggable. The SURPASS hiT 7035 subrack consists of 1 SC slot, 2 power
slots, 2 CC slots, 1 ST-CLK slot, 11 traffic slots and 7 I/O slots which can be
flexibly configured for interface cards usage.
The subrack layout (front view) is shown in Fig. 6.2.

ST
- IO5 IO6 IO7 LC6 LC7 LC8 LC9 LC10 LC11 PWR PWR
CLK

LC1 LC2 LC3 LC4 LC5 CC1 CC2 SC

IO1 IO2 IO3 IO4

FAN

Fig. 6.2 Subrack Slots

The allowable cards in each slot are described in Tab. 6.1.

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SLOT SC CC LC LC LC LC IO IO IO IO ST- PWR F Max. number


CLK A
1 1 5 6 10 1 2 5 6 1 of modules
N
to to to to and and and to
Interface 2 4 9 11 3 4 7 2
SC 1
PWR 2
FAN 1
CC + 1 STM-16/4 2
CC + 1 STM-4/1 2
ST-CLK 1
1 STM-4 4
2 STM-1 4
1 GE/T 4
8 FE/T 4
1
8 FE/L2 4
IMA (W/P) 1 2
4 (1+1 protection)
3
2 STM-1 ATM IO 2
63 E1 (W/P) 5 (1:N protection, N<=4)
63 E1 IO 4
3 E3/DS3(W/P) 4 (1:N protection, N<=3)
3 E3/DS3 IO 3
2 STM-1E(W/P) 4 (1+1 protection)
2 STM-1E IO 2
OA 6

Tab. 6.1 Subrack Slot Arrangement and Allowable Cards

1
Considering the NE performance, the total number of 8 x FE/L2 and IMA cards in a
single NE should not be more than six.
2
The IMA cards are only available when NE is equipped with CC + 1 x STM-16/4
cards.
3
The 2 x STM-1 ATM IO cards are only available when NE is equipped with CC + 1
x STM-16/4 cards.

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6.2 List of Cards Supported


SURPASS hiT 7035 supports following cards:

Card Name Explanation


Power Supply 1 -48 V (range -40 V ~ -72 V) power supply
Fan Unit Fan unit
Air Filter Air filter
SC System Controller
CC + 1 STM-16/4 Cross-Connection and timing function card with one STM-4 or STM-
16 line interface
CC + 1 STM-4/1 Cross-Connection and timing function card with one STM-1 or STM-4
line interface
ST-CLK Station clock input and output function
1 STM-4 1 STM-4 optical interface card
2 STM-1 2 STM-1 optical interface card
2 STM-1E (W/P) 2 STM-1 electrical interface card with 1 + 1 protection function
2 STM-1E IO 2 STM-1 electrical interface card
1 GE/T 1 GE/T transparent optical and electrical interface card
8 FE/T 8 FE/T transparent electrical interface card
8 FE/L2 8 FE/L2 L2 switching electrical interface card
IMA (W/P) 126 E1 electrical interface IMA card with 1 + 1 protection function
2 STM-1 ATM IO 2 STM-1 ATM interface card
63 E1 (W/P) 63 E1 electrical interface card with up to 1 : 4 protection function
63 E1 IO 63 E1 electrical interface card
3 E3/DS3 (W/P) 3 E3/DS3 electrical interface card with up to 1 : 3 protection function
3 E3/DS3 IO 3 E3/DS3 electrical interface card
OA 1 channel uni-directional optical amplifier, can be used as pre-, post-,
or inline amplification applications

Tab. 6.2 Overview of SURPASS hiT 7035 Cards

For more detailed information about the modules/cards see the following
chapters.

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6.3 Power Supply Card: PWR


The power supply card supports -48 V (range -40 V ~ -72 V) Direct Current
(DC) power. It converts the input supply voltage into regulated operating
secondary voltages. The outputs are isolated from the input. All output circuits
have a common reference point, which is connected to the grounding layers
on the backplane.
There is one green Light Emitting Diode (LED) labeled PWR on the module.
LED ON indicates that the corresponding power supply is on; otherwise the
power supply is off.
The power supply card is a pluggable module and is hot swappable.
SURPASS hiT 7035 supports dual -48 V DC power supply. There are two
power supply slots located on the slot PWR1 and slot PWR2.
One power supply card can be equipped in any one of the power supply slots
to support the whole system, but the redundant power supply card offers 1 + 1
protection for system safety.
Faceplate

Fig. 6.3 Power Card Faceplate

LEDs

LED Name Color Status Functional Description


ON Power is on.
Power Green
OFF Power is off.
ON There are fault conditions presented in this card
Fault Red
OFF This card is in normal condition

Tab. 6.3 Power Card LEDs

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6.4 Fan Tray


SURPASS hiT 7035 has one fan tray to support subrack cooling. The fan tray
is equipped with 4 fans and is located at the right bottom of the subrack. The
fan tray is replaceable when the system is in service.
Faceplate

Fig. 6.4 Fan Tray Faceplate

6.5 System Controller Card: SC


Function
The SC card performs system control function. The SURPASS hiT 7035
system supports single system controller. The system controller is equipped in
the SC slot to manage the whole system.
Faceplate

Fig. 6.5 System Controller (SC) Card Faceplate

Interfaces
The following table lists the interface and control buttons on this faceplate:

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Interface Description
CONSOLE RS232 interface, DB9 connector, local configuration interface
MDI 2 RJ-45 connectors to provide 8 MDI ports.
MDIs are used to read the status of external alarm-points. Both
the MDI description and severities are provisionable on the
management system.
MDO 1 RJ-45 connector to provide 4 MDO ports.
MDOs are used to drive external devices. MDO actions are
activated or deactivated manually by the management system.
ALM RJ-45 alarm output interface, providing 4 ALM ports, including
one audio and one video alarm control
EOW 1 RJ-45 connector for E1, E2 and/or F1 user channel.
The one to one call or multiple parts conference call can be
performed among the nodes with an external box connected
through this interface.
MGMT RJ-45 connector,
1 10/100 M Base-T management interface
RST SC card reset
LED TEST LED test button
ACO Alarm cut off button. The alarm outputs connected to the rack-
top alarming module will be cut off by pushing the button once
a time. System indicators (critical/major/minor LEDs) on the NE
will not be suppressed.
Suppress Alarm suppress button. The existing alarms (both audio and
visible critical/major/minor LED indicators) on SI card will not be
shown on the system and the rack-top alarm module when the
button is pushed until the next alarm occurs.

Tab. 6.4 System Controller (SC) Card Interface

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LEDs

Name Color Status Functional Description


ON This module is in the active mode
ACTIVE Green
OFF This module is in the standby mode
ON Power is available to the system
PWR Green
OFF Power is off
ON There are fault condition on this module
FAULT Red
OFF There is no alarm on this module
ON One or more critical alarms are present
One or more critical communication alarms
are present, or any card is mismatch or
Flashing
CR Red faulty (Major alarm LED will flash at the
same time)
No critical communication alarms are
OFF
present, and card/system is in service
ON There are one or more major alarms present
When any optional service card is mismatch
MJ Orange Flashing or faulty, Major alarm LED and Critical alarm
LED will flash at the same time
OFF No major alarms
ON There are one or more minor alarms present
No minor alarms
MN Yellow
OFF (Note: warning and indeterminate alarms
wont turn the LED on.)

Tab. 6.5 SC Card LEDs

6.6 System Interface Card: ST-CLK


The SURPASS hiT 7035 equipment has a system interface card on the top of
the chassis to provide two pairs of station clock input/output.

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Fig. 6.6 System Management Interface Panel

Interfaces
The following table lists the interface and control buttons on this panel:

Interface Functional description


IN (CLK) CC4 connector, 75 Ohm coaxial
2048 kbps (ITU-T G.703-6) or 2048 kHz (ITU-T G.703-10)
OUT (CLK) CC4 connector, 75 Ohm coaxial
2048 kbps (ITU-T .703) or 2048 kHz (ITU-T G.703-10)

Tab. 6.6 Rear System Management Interface Panel Interfaces

LEDs

Name Color Status Description


ON The power supply is on and working in normal condition.
PWR Green
OFF There is no power.
ON There are fault conditions presented in this card.
FAULT Red
OFF The card is normal condition.

Tab. 6.7 System Management Interface Panel LEDs

6.7 Cross-connection and Timing Card: CC


SURPASS hiT 7035 provides two types of the CC cards: CC + 1 x STM-4/1
and CC + 1 x STM-16/4.

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The CC cards provide cross-connection functions, timing functions and STM-


4/1 or STM-16/4 optical interfaces. All their functions are described in the
following sections.

6.7.1 Cross-connection Architecture and Capacity

The cross connection is an HO + LO switch fabric. The following types of


cross-connections are possible on both cross-connection units:
Unidirectional
Bidirectional
Loop backs
Multicast (1 to 4 for VC-4, 1 to 12 for VC-3, 1 to 63 for VC-12)
CC + 1 x STM-4/1 card
The CC + 1 x STM-4/1 provides 7 Gbps HOCC (46 x 46 VC-4s) at VC-4
granularity and 2.5 Gbps LOCC (1008 x 1008 VC-12s) at VC-12 or VC-3
granularity. The switching fabric provides a non-blocking switching of traffics at
VC-4, VC-3 and VC-12 levels.
The cross-connection structure is shown in Fig. 6.7.

STM-4/1
LC1 STM-4/1 LC7

LC2 LC8

LC3 HOCC: 7 Gbit/s LC9


LOCC: 2.5 Gbit/s
LC4 (1+1)
LC10
LC5

LC6 LC11

622M Bandwidth
155M Bandwidth

Fig. 6.7 CC + 1 x STM-4/1 Card Cross-Connection Architecture

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CC + 1 x STM-16/4 card
The CC + 1 STM-16/4 card provides 15 Gbps HOCC (98 98 VC-4s) at VC-
4 granularity and 5 Gbps LOCC (2016 2016 VC-12s) at VC-12 or VC-3
granularity. The switching fabric provides a non-blocking switching of traffics at
VC-4, VC-3 and VC-12 levels.
The cross-connection structure is shown in Fig. 6.8.

STM-16/4
LC1 STM-16/4 LC7

LC2 LC8

LC3 HOCC: 15 Gbit/s LC9


LOCC: 5 Gbit/s
LC4 (1+1)
LC10
LC5

LC6 LC11

622M Bandwidth
155M Bandwidth

Fig. 6.8 CC + 1 x STM-16/4 Card Cross-Connection Architecture

6.7.2 Timing Function

The timing function selects a recovered clock from one of the line inputs, a
station clock from the central office (two independent connections are
provided), an E1 tributary input, or an internal Stratum 3 (supports ITU-T
G.813 Option 1 Stratum 3) reference (on the cross-connection and timing
module) as the system-timing reference. Up to 8 candidate references may be
selected among all STM-N, 2 Mbps traffic ports and two 2 MHz or 2 Mbps
external inputs in the system. Operator can identify up to four timing reference
quality levels, which can be prioritized to provide protection. A slow-reference
tracking loop allows the Timing function to synchronize to the recovered clock,
which provides holdover if the reference is lost.

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For detailed information about timing function, please refer to Chapter 5.5.

6.7.3 STM-N Interface

The CC card provides 1 x STM-4/1 or 1 x STM-16/4 optical interface. The


interface is fully compliant with ITU-T G.707 and G.957 standards.
The current optical line interface on CC card uses an SFP (Small Form-factor
Pluggable) with multiple SFP types for different transmission distance
applications. The optical line interfaces also support ALS functionality and
optical performance monitoring (including bias current, input and output optical
power).
External Interfaces

Interface Description
STM-16 Optical interface LC connector
STM-16 SFP options:
STM-16 (L16.3, 80 Km)
STM-16 (L16.2, 80 Km)
STM-16 (L16.1, 40 Km)
STM-16 (S16.1, 15 Km)
DWDM options:
DWDM 2.5 G SFP, 120 Km
CWDM 2.5 G SFP
STM-16 SFP with OA options:
STM-16 (L-16.2, 120 Km, with 13
dBm booster amplifier)
STM-16 (L-16.2, 160 Km, with 18
dBm booster amplifier)
DWDM SFP, 180 Km, with 18dBm
booster amplifier at TX, DCM and
Pre-optical amplifier at RX
STM-4 Optical interface LC connector
STM-4 SFP options:
STM-4 (V4.2 120 Km)
STM-4 (L4.2 80 Km)
STM-4 (L4.1 40 Km)
STM-4 (S4.1 15 Km)

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Interface Description
Bidirectional STM-4 SFP

STM-1 Optical Interface LC connector


STM-1 SFP options:
STM-1 (V1.2 120 Km)
STM-1 (L1.2 80 Km)
STM-1 (L1.1 40 Km)
STM-1 (S1.1 15 Km)
Bidirectional STM-1 SFP

Tab. 6.8 CC Card Interfaces

6.7.4 CC Card Faceplate and LEDs

Fig. 6.9 CC + 1 x STM-4/1 Card Faceplate

Fig. 6.10 CC + 1 x STM-16/4 Card Faceplate

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LEDs

LED Name Color Status Description


ON Power is available to the card
PWR Green
OFF Power is off
ON The card is in working state
ACT Green
OFF The card in standby state
There are fault conditions presented in this
ON
FAULT Red module
OFF This module is in normal condition
ON Optical link is normal
LINK Green
OFF Optical link is off

Tab. 6.9 CC Card LEDs

6.8 Optical STM-4 Interface Card: 1 x STM-4


Function
This card provides 1 x STM-4 optical interfaces. The STM-4 interfaces are fully
compliant with ITU-T G.707 and G.957 standards. The client side STM-4
optical interface uses SFP optical interfaces.
Any STM-4 interface on this module can be paired with any other STM-4
interface on the same module or on different module to support MSP, SNCP
and MS-SPRing.
For the traffic slots available for this card, please see Tab. 6.1.

Faceplate

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Fig. 6.11 1 x STM-4 Card Faceplate

External Interfaces

Interface Description
STM-4 Optical Interface LC connector
STM-4 SFP options:
STM-4 (V4.2 120 Km)
STM-4 (L4.2 80 Km)
STM-4 (L4.1 40 Km)
STM-4 (S4.1 15 Km)
Bidirectional STM-4 SFP

Tab. 6.10 1 x STM-4 Card External Interfaces

LEDs

LED Name Color Status Description


ON Power is available to the card
PWR Green
OFF Power is off
There are fault conditions presented in
ON
FAULT Red this module
OFF This module is in normal condition
ON Optical link is normal
LINK Green
OFF Optical link is off

Tab. 6.11 1 x STM-4 Card LEDs

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6.9 Optical/Electrical STM-1 Interface Card: 2 x STM-1


Function
This card provides 2 x STM-1 optical interfaces. The STM-1 interfaces are fully
compliant with ITU-T G.707 and G.957 standards. The client side STM-1
optical interfaces use optical or electrical interfaces.
Any STM-1 interface on this module can be paired with any other STM-1
interface on the same module or on a different module to support MSP and
SNCP.
For the traffic slots available for this card, please see Tab. 6.1.

Faceplate

Fig. 6.12 2 x STM-1 Card Faceplate

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External Interfaces

Interface Description
STM-1 Optical Interface LC connector
STM-1 SFP options:
STM-1 (V4.2 120 Km)
STM-1 (L1.2 80 Km)
STM-1 (L1.1 40 Km)
STM-1 (S1.1 15 Km)
Bidirectional STM-1 SFP
STM-1 Electrical Interface DIN 1.0/2.3 75 Ohm, SFP Electrical
Interface module:
Typical cable length: 100 meter
(attenuation at 78 MHz must be less
than 13.7 dB)

Tab. 6.12 2 STM-1 Card External Interfaces

LEDs

LED Name Color Status Description


ON Power is available to the card
PWR Green
OFF Power is off
There are fault conditions presented in
ON
FAULT Red this module
OFF This module is in normal condition
LINK 1 ON Optical link is normal
Green
LINK 2 OFF Optical link is off

Tab. 6.13 2 STM-1 Card LEDs

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6.10 Electrical 155 Mbps Interface Card: 2 x STM-1E


(W/P), 2 x STM-1E IO
Function
SURPASS hiT 7035 offers 2 x STM-1E electrical interface cards, and supports
the redundant (1 + 1) 2 x STM-1E module protection function.
A set of (1 + 1) 2 x STM-1E protection modules includes two 2 x STM-1E (W/P)
functional cards and one 2 x STM-1E IO card. A set of 2 x STM-1E (no
protection) modules include one 2 x STM-1E function card and one 2 x STM-
1E IO card.
The 2 x STM-1E (W/P) functional card performs 2 x STM-1E signal mapping
and framing function.
The 2 x STM-1E IO card provide 2 x STM-1E interfaces. This card is
connected to both 2 x STM-1E (working) and 2 x STM-1E (protection) module
simultaneously.
In normal condition, the STM-1E client interface is connected to the 2 x STM-
1E (working) card. When the 2 x STM-1E (working) card fails, the 2 x STM-1E
IO card will switched to the 2 x STM-1E (protection) card.
Fig. 6.13 depicts the functional block diagram of 2 x STM-1E (W/P) protection
modules.

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2 STM-1E (W)

2 STM-1E transceiver
2 STM-1E IO & Framing function

Selector
Relay
To CC board
via Backplane

2 STM-1E (P)

2 STM-1E transceiver
& Framing function

SC

Fig. 6.13 Functional Block Diagram of 2 x STM-1E (W/P)

The SURPASS hiT 7035 chassis supports two groups of 2 x STM-1E


protection modules.
The allowable slots for the 2 x STM-1E (W/P) interface modules are
summarized in Tab. 6.14.

Protection Pair 1 Protection Pair 2


Card Name (3 slots) (3 slots)
Allowable Slots Allowable Slots
2 STM-1E IO IO6 IO7
2 STM-1E (W/P) LC7(W) LC6(P) LC8(W) LC9(P)

Tab. 6.14 2 x STM-1E (W/P) Allowable Slots

Faceplate

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Fig. 6.14 2 x STM-1E (W/P) Faceplate

Fig. 6.15 2 x STM-1E IO Faceplate

External Interface

Interface Description
CC4 connector
STM-1E Electrical
Interface Transmission distance: 0 to 53 m (-15 dB receiving
sensitivity)

Tab. 6.15 External Interfaces of 2 x STM-1E Line Interface Module

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LEDs

Name Color Status Functional Description


ON Power is available to the card
Power Green
OFF Power is off
ON The card is in working state
ACT Green
OFF The card in standby state
There are fault conditions presented in this
ON
Fault Red module
OFF This module is in normal condition

Tab. 6.16 2 x STM-1E Interface Module LEDs

6.11 Electrical 34/45 Mbps Interface Card: 3 x E3/DS3


(W/P), 3 x E3/DS3 IO
Function
This module has 3 x E3/DS3 software configurable interfaces. Each E3/DS3
signal is mapped into a LO VC-3 and forwarded to line interface for
transmission. The E3/DS3 interface uses CC4 connectors. The maximum
distance for the service interface is up to 667 meters.
Fig. 6.16 depicts the functional block diagram of 3 x E3/DS3 (W/P) module 1 :
3 protection connections. In normal conditions, the IO cards connect to
working cards. If one of the working cards fails, the corresponding IO card will
immediately switch to the protection card.

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Back Plane

LC9 LC6 LC7 LC8 IO5 IO6 IO7


3 E3/DS3 3 E3/DS3 3 E3/DS3 3 E3/DS3 3 E3/DS3 3 E3/DS3 3 E3/DS3
Protection Working Working Working IO IO IO

3 E3/DS3 3 E3/DS3 3 E3/DS3

Fig. 6.16 Functional Block Diagram of 3 x E3/DS3 (W/P) 1 : 3 Protection Module

The SURPASS hiT 7035 chassis supports 1 : 1, 1 : 2 or 1 : 3 3 x E3/DS3


module protection pairs. The 3 x E3/DS3 protection card is always located in
the slot LC9, and the 3 x E3/DS3 working cards can be installed in any slots
from LC6 to LC8. The 3 x E3/DS3 IO cards are installed in slot from IO5 to IO7.
The locations must obey the configuration rules described below:

3 x E3/DS3 IO 3 x E3/DS3 Working 3 x E3/DS3 Protection


IO5 LC6
IO6 LC7 LC9
IO7 LC8

Tab. 6.17 3 x E3/DS3 Protection Pair Configuration Rule

Faceplate

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Fig. 6.17 3 x E3/DS3 (W/P) Module Faceplate

Fig. 6.18 3 x E3/DS3 IO Module Faceplate

External Interfaces

Interface Description
CC4 connector
E3/D3 Interface
Transmission distances: 0 to 667 m (-20 dB receiving sensitivity)

Tab. 6.18 3 x E3/DS3 Module External Module

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LEDs

Name Color Status Functional Description


ON Power is available to the card.
PWR Green
OFF Power is off
ON The card is in working state
ACT Green
OFF The card in standby state
ON There are fault conditions presented in this module
FAULT Red
OFF This module is in normal condition

Tab. 6.19 3 x E3/DS3 Module LEDs

6.12 Electrical 2 Mbps Interface Card: 63 x E1 (W/P), 63


x E1 IO
Function
The 63 x E1 interface module contains the following two long cards:
63 x E1 (W/P) Function card
This card provides ITU-T G.707 asynchronies mapping of E1 signal into
a VC-12 container.
63 x E1 IO Interface card
This card is connected with 63 x E1 (W/P) card to provide 63 E1
interfaces by using 2 mm connectors.
Note
i
SURPASS hiT 7035 4.2 provides two different types of 63 x E1 IO interfaces
which are connected with the following two 2 mm connectors: single 2 mm
connector or multiple 2 mm connector.

For 63 x E1 IO cable layout with two different types of connectors, please refer
to chapter 4.2.3.2 in SURPASS hiT 7035 4.2 Installation and Test Manual.

Each E1 interface is a 2.048 Mbps electrical interface and is in


compliance with the ITU-T G.703 standard. The balanced 120 Ohm and
unbalanced 75 Ohm signal lines are available for this module.

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The 63 x E1 (W/P) and 63 x E1 IO cards work together to provide 63 x E1


interfaces with up to 1 : 4 protection. The 1: 4 protection group supports up to
252 E1 ports (see Fig. 6.19).

Back Plane

LC5 LC1 LC2 LC3 LC4 IO1 IO2 IO3 IO4


63 E1 63 E1 63 E1 63 E1 63 E1 63 E1 63 E1 63 E1 63 E1
Protection Working Working Working Working IO IO IO IO

63 E1 63 E1 63 E1 63 E1

Fig. 6.19 63 x E1 Card (1 : 4 Protection)

In normal conditions, the IO cards connect to working cards. If one of the


working cards fails, the corresponding IO card will immediately switch to the
protection card.
The SURPASS hiT 7035 chassis supports 1 : 1, 1 : 2, 1 : 3 or 1 : 4 63 x E1
module protection groups. The 63 x E1 protection card is always located in
slot LC5, and the 63 x E1 working cards can be installed in any slots from LC1
to LC4. The 63 x E1 IO cards are installed in slot from IO1 to IO4. The
locations must obey the configuration rules described below:

63 x E1 IO 63 x E1 Working 63 x E1 Protection
IO1 LC1
IO2 LC2
LC5
IO3 LC3
IO4 LC4

Tab. 6.20 63 x E1 Protection Group Configuration Rule

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Each port supports retiming functionality. The retiming function can be


enabled or disabled on a per port basis.
Faceplate

Fig. 6.20 63 x E1 (W/P) Card Faceplate

Fig. 6.21 63 x E1 IO (75 Ohm) Card Faceplate (Type 1)

Fig. 6.22 63 x E1 IO (120 Ohm) Card Faceplate (Type 1)

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Fig. 6.23 63 x E1 IO (75 Ohm) Card Faceplate (Type 2)

Fig. 6.24 63 x E1 IO (120 Ohm) Card Faceplate (Type 2)

E1 Interfaces (Type 1)

Interface Description
Using nine single 2 mm Connectors:
E1 Interface,
Electrical, 1-7, 8-14, 15-21; 22-28, 29-35, 36-42; 43-49, 50-56, 57-63

120 Ohm, balanced Transmission distance: 0 to 730 m (-15 dB receiving


sensitivity)
Using nine single 2 mm Connectors:
E1 Interface,
Electrical, 1-7, 8-14, 15-21; 22-28, 29-35, 36-42; 43-49, 50-56, 57-63

75 Ohm, unbalanced Transmission distance: 0 to 535 m (-15 dB receiving


sensitivity)

Tab. 6.21 63 x E1 IO Card Interfaces (Type 1)

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E1 Interfaces (Type 2)

Interface Description
Using three multiple 2 mm Connectors:
E1 Interface,
Electrical, 1-21; 22-42; 43-63

120 Ohm, balanced Transmission distance: 0 to 730 m (-15 dB receiving


sensitivity)
Using three multiple 2 mm Connectors:
E1 Interface,
Electrical, 1-21; 22-42; 43-63

75 Ohm, unbalanced Transmission distance: 0 to 535 m (-15 dB receiving


sensitivity)

Tab. 6.22 63 x E1 IO Card Interfaces (Type 2)

LEDs

Name Color Status Functional Description


ON Power is available to the card
PWR Green
OFF Power is off
ON The card is in working state
ACT Green
OFF The card in standby state
There are fault conditions presented in this
ON
FAULT Red module
OFF This module is in normal condition

Tab. 6.23 63 x E1 (W/P) Card LEDs

6.13 ATM Interface Card: IMA (W/P), 2 x STM-1 ATM IO


Function
SURPASS hiT 7035 offers 2 x STM-1 ATM interface cards, and supports the
redundant (1 + 1) 2 x STM-1 ATM module protection function.
A set of (1 + 1) 2 x STM-1 ATM protection modules include two IMA (W/P)
functional cards and one 2 x STM-1 ATM IO card. A set of 2 x STM-1 ATM (no

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protection) modules include one IMA function card and one 2 x STM-1 ATM IO
card.
The IMA (W/P) functional card performs STM-1 ATM UNI, ATM cross-
connection, IMA group and 126 x E1 signal mapping and framing function.
The 2 x STM-1 ATM IO card provides 2 x STM-1 ATM interfaces. This card is
connected to both IMA working and protection modules simultaneously.
In normal condition, the 2 x STM-1 ATM client interface is connected to the
IMA (working) card. When the IMA (working) card fails, the 2 x STM-1 ATM IO
card will switch to the IMA (protection) card.
Fig. 6.25 depicts the functional block diagram of IMA (W/P) protection
modules.

IMA (W)

2 STM-1 ATM IO IMA function

Selector
Relay
To CC board
via Backplane

IMA (P)

IMA function

SC

Fig. 6.25 Functional Block Diagram of IMA (W/P)

The SURPASS hiT 7035 chassis supports two groups of IMA protection
modules.
The allowable slots for the IMA (W/P) interface modules are summarized in
Tab. 6.24.

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Protection Pair 1 Protection Pair 2


Card Name (3 slots) (3 slots)
Allowable Slots Allowable Slots
2 STM-1 ATM IO IO1 IO3
IMA (W/P) LC1(W) LC2(P) LC3(W) LC4(P)

Tab. 6.24 IMA (W/P) Allowable Slots

Faceplate

Fig. 6.26 IMA (W/P) Card Faceplate

Fig. 6.27 2 STM-1 ATM IO Card Faceplate

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External Interface

Interface Description
STM-1 Optical Interface LC connector
STM-1 SFP options:
STM-1 (V4.2 120 Km)
STM-1 (L1.2 80 Km)
STM-1 (L1.1 40 Km)
STM-1 (S1.1 15 Km)
Bidirectional STM-1 SFP
STM-1 Electrical Interface DIN 1.0/2.3 75 Ohm, SFP Electrical Interface
module:
Typical cable length: 100 meter (attenuation at 78
MHz must be less than 13.7 dB)

Tab. 6.25 External Interface of STM-1 ATM Interface Module

LEDs

LED Name Color Status Description


ON Power is available to the card
PWR Green
OFF Power is off
ON The card is in working state
FAULT Red
OFF The card in standby state
There are fault conditions presented in this
ON
ACT Green module
OFF This module is in normal condition
LINK 1 ON Optical link is normal
Green
LINK 2 OFF Optical link is off

Tab. 6.26 IMA (W/P) Card LEDs

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6.14 Gigabit Ethernet Interface Card: 1 x GE/T


Function
The 1 x GE/T module provides one 1000 Base-X interface with transparent
function. GE signal is encapsulated into GFP packets and then mapped into
VC-4-Xv (X=1 4) or VC-3-Xv (X=1 12) payload for transmission.
The functional block diagram of this module is depicted in Fig. 6.28.

Network side:
Total 4 VC-4
bandwidth
EOS (GFP, (to CC module through
Client side 1000 Base-X
GE SFP PHY LAPS, the backplane)
VC-4-Xv)

Fig. 6.28 1 x GE/T Service Interface Module Functional Block Diagram

For the traffic slots available for this card, please see Tab. 6.1.

Summary of key functions


The GE ports support auto negotiation, flow control, IEEE 802.3 and Ethernet
ll frame structure
GFP encapsulation (ITU-T G.7041/Y.1303)
VCAT
Jumbo packet supported
VC-4-Xv mapping
VC-3-Xv mapping
LCAS supported
SDH and Ethernet performance monitoring and alarms

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Faceplate

Fig. 6.29 1 x GE/T Module Faceplate

External Interfaces
Each port can be equipped with the following SFP modules in accordance to
IEEE 802.3:

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Interface Description
LC Connector
GE Optical SFP Options:
GE-ZX (80 Km)
GE E (35 Km)
GE-LX (10 Km)
GE-SX (500 m)
Bidirectional SFP
GE Electrical SFP Option
GE RJ-45 Connector, each RJ-45 supports one GE
optical/electrical traffic, 1000 Base-T (100 m Electrical SFP)
Interfaces (Note: The auto-negotiation function is supported by
this GE SFP)
Standard compliance:
1000 BASE-FXIEEE 802.3u
Data rate supported:
1000 Mbps half-duplex, duplex, flow control
Cables:
1000 BASE-T: supports 1000 Mbps data-rate up to
100 meters reach over unshielded twisted-pair
Category 6 cable

Tab. 6.27 1 x GE/T Service Interface Module External Interfaces

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LEDs

Name Color Status Functional Description


ON Power is available to the card
Power Green
OFF Power is off
ON There are fault conditions presented in this module
Fault Red
OFF This module is in normal condition
ON The link with remote interface is normal
Link Green
OFF The link with remote interface is down

Tab. 6.28 1 x GE/T Service Interface Module LEDs

6.15 Fast Ethernet Interface Card: 8 x FE/T


SURPASS hiT 7035 supports 8 x FE/T card (T means the card supports
transparent transmission of FE traffic).
The FE interface cards provide the means to map 10/100 Base-T FE client
signals into VC-12-Xv for transport. The GFP-F ITU-T G.7041 encapsulation
protocol is supported for mapping FE traffic into SDH VC-12-Xv (X=146) or
VC-3-Xv(X=13) payload.
Function
The 8 x FE/T card has 8 x 10/100 M Base-T IEEE 802.3 compatible Ethernet
interface ports, and can provide transparent transmission for up to 8 x 10/100
Mbps connections.
The 8 x FE/T card provide the means to map up to 8 FE client signals of type
10/100 M Base-T into VC-12-Xv (X=146) or VC-3-Xv (X=13) channels.
The interface and the protocol adaptation from Ethernet to SDH are achieved
by GFP-F encapsulation. The LCAS feature is supported.
The overall payload capacity of the backplane interface (4 x VC-4) allows the
provisioning of transparent long-distance LAN services. The VCAT feature
enables the supply of secure, dedicated and right-sized bandwidth for
Ethernet transport. Up to 8 channels can be created with VC-12 granularity.
The combination of VC and LCAS creates fine-tuned and variable capacity
SDH pipes to match the needs of packet data QoS and customer Service-
Level Agreements (SLA) - and to boost carriers traffic-handling scalability and
efficiency. It can also provide soft protection schemes.

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When certain VC-12s in the same VC group fail, LCAS can delete the failed
VCs from the group. The traffic can then be dynamically adapted to the rest of
the VC-12s bandwidth for transmission. Otherwise, partial bandwidth failure
will lead to the failure of all the traffic. LCAS allows hitless adjustment of the
size of a virtually concatenated group of channels.
For the traffic slots available for this card, please see Tab. 6.1.

LAN Port WAN Port

1 1

2 2
3 3
4 Octal EOS (GFP, 4 VC-4 for
4
8 RJ-45 100 Base-T LCAS, ports 1 ~ 4,
5 PHY VC-12-Xv) 5 1 VC-4 for
ports 5 ~ 8
6 6 to CC via
backplane
7 7
8 8

Fig. 6.30 8 x FE/T Card Functional Block Diagram

Faceplate

Fig. 6.31 8 x FE/T Card Faceplate

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There are 4 RJ-45 interfaces supporting up to 8 FE traffic. Each RJ-45


provides 1 or 2 FE interfaces via an external splitter. Tab. 6.30 shows the pin
assignment of Ethernet interfaces.
Each RJ-45 interface has two LEDs to indicate the data receive/transmit
status for the 2 x FE interfaces. For example, the left LED on the 1(5) RJ-45
interface is used for FE interface 1, while the right LED is used for FE interface
5.
Ethernet Interfaces

Interface Description
RJ-45 connector
Standard compliance:
10 Base-T (IEEE 802.3)
100 Base-T (IEEE 802.3u)
Data rate supported:
FE 10 Mbps (half-duplex, duplex, and flow control)
Interface, 100 Mbps (half-duplex, duplex, and flow control)
Electrical
Cables:
10 Base-T: 100 Ohm-two pairs shielded twisted pair cable
(STP) and two pairs of unshielded twisted pair cable
(Category 6 UTP). The reaching distance is up to 100 m
100 Base-T: 100 Ohm-two pairs shielded twisted pair
cable (STP) and two pairs of unshielded twisted pair cable
(Category 6 UTP). The reaching distance is up to 100 m

Tab. 6.29 8 x FE/T Card Ethernet Interfaces

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Pin Number Signal Description FE Port


1 RX+ Receive Data+ A
2 TX+ Transmit Data+ A
3 RX- Receive Data- A
4 RX+ Receive Data+ B
5 RX- Receive Data- B
6 TX- Transmit Data- A
7 TX+ Transmit Data+ B
8 TX- Transmit Data- B

Tab. 6.30 RJ-45 Pin Assignment for 8 x FE/T Card Port

LEDs

LED Name Color Status Description


ON Power is available to the card
PWR Green
OFF Power is off
There are fault conditions presented in
ON
FAULT Red this module
OFF This module is in normal condition
ON Optical link is normal
LINK Green
OFF Optical link is off

Tab. 6.31 8 x FE/T Card LEDs

6.16 Fast Ethernet Interface Card: 8 x FE/L2


Function
The FE interface cards provide the means to map FE client signals of type
10/100 Base-Tx into VC-12-Xv for transport. This card has 8 x 10/100 M Base-
T IEEE 802.3 compatible Ethernet interface ports, and can provide traffic
aggregation and transmission for up to 8 uplink connections.

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There are eight WAN ports on the network side. Up to 8 10/100 Mbps traffic
can be aggregated to any of WAN ports and forwarded to an SDH line
interface for transmission. Given bursty nature of data traffic, aggregation of
multiple port traffic into a single group of virtually concatenated containers
allows a more efficient use of the available bandwidth.
This module supports following features:
GFP encapsulation (ITU-T G.7041/Y.1303)
LO VC-12-Xv (X=146), the total available bandwidth on the network
side is 1 x VC-4, VC-3-Xv(X=13)
LCAS
Auto negotiation, flow control, IEEE 802.3 and Ethernet II frame
structure
Ethernet performance monitoring and alarms
VLAN and double VLAN tagging, providing increased number of VLANs
GVRP
MSTP
Link aggregation
ACL based on MAC addresses
RSTP (802.1w), dramatically reducing restoration time
L2 multicast functions
Providing per port rate limiting function: the rate range of each port is
from 200 kbps to 100 Mbps (FE), and the rate provisioning granularity is
1 kbps
Providing per VLAN rate limiting function if the VLAN is assigned to a
dedicated port: The rate range of each VLAN is from 200 kbps to 100
Mbps (FE), and the rate provisioning granularity is 1 Kbps
Providing 802.1p QoS/CoS based on Ethernet port and/or VLAN
Each card has a shareable memory space which can accommodate up to
16384 K bytes, which includes the input buffers and output buffers of every FE
interface. The buffer is packet based, every packet will occupy 1536 bytes
buffer, regardless of the packet size length, e.g. one 64 bytes packet will also
occupy 1536 bytes buffer. Each interface has also 4 output queues, each of
which can accommodate up to 96 packets to be sent out. The maximum
receive buffer is 256 packets.
For the traffic slots available for this card, please see Tab. 6.1.

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LAN Port WAN Port

1 1

2 2
3 3
Octal EOS (GFP,
4 Layer 2 4 Up to 4 VC-4
8 RJ-45 100 Base-T LCAS, to CC via
Function
5 PHY VC-12-Xv) 5 backplane
6 6
7 7
8 8

Fig. 6.32 8 x FE/L2 Card Functional Block Diagram

Faceplate

Fig. 6.33 8 x FE/L2 Card Faceplate

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External Interfaces

Interface Description
RJ-45 connector
Standard compliance:
10 BASE-T (IEEE 802.3)
100 BASE-T (IEEE 802.3u)
Data rate supported:
10 Mbps (half-duplex, duplex, and flow control)
100 Mbps (half-duplex, duplex, and flow
FE Interface, Electrical control)
Cables:
10 BASE-T: 100 Ohmtwo pairs shielded
twisted pair cable (STP) and two pairs of
unshielded twisted pair cable (Category 6
UTP). The reaching distance is up to 100 m
100 BASE-T: 100 Ohmtwo pairs shielded
twisted pair cable (STP) and two pairs of
unshielded twisted pair cable (Category 6
UTP). The reaching distance is up to 100 m.

Tab. 6.32 8 x FE/L2 Card External Interfaces

LEDs

Name Color Status Functional Description


On The link is up.
Green
FE port OFF The link is down.
LED ON Current transmitting or receiving data.
Yellow
OFF No data.

Tab. 6.33 8 x FE/L2 Card LEDs

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6.17 Optical Amplifier Card: OA


Function
This OA card provides uni-directional single optical amplifier functionality with
optical performance monitoring capabilities. This card is designed to
compensate losses in the entire C band as Booster Optical Amplifier (BOA) or
Pre-Optical Amplifier (POA) in the transmission networks.
The OA card can be ordered (with different part numbers) to provide the
following applications:
Post-amplifier, 13 dBm output power
Post-amplifier, 15 dBm output power
Post-amplifier, 18 dBm output power
Pre-amplifier, 20 dB gain
For the traffic slots available for this card, please see Tab. 6.1.

OA Card Safety Procedures


The OA card safety procedures are described in the table below.

Feature Description

ALS After 500 ms or more of continuous presence of the LOS defect, the
laser will automatically shutdown. The reduction of the optical output
power at OA input port occurs within 800 ms from the moment loss of
optical signal occurs at OA output port.
OA ALS Whenever the OAs input signal vanishes, the OAs optical output signal
will be shut down. When the input signal returns, the output power will
be restored.
Automatic Link The minimum optical signal restore delay is 100 s.
restore
The activation for Transmitter/Receiver is less than 0.85 s.
The maximum deactivation time of booster is 100 ms.
The maximum activation time of an booster is 100 ms.
The maximum activation time of preamplifier is 300 ms.
Manual Restore "Manual restart" or "Manual restart for test" can only be activated when
the laser is shut down.

Tab. 6.34 OA Card Safety Procedures

Faceplate

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Fig. 6.34 OA Card Faceplate (13 dBm)

Fig. 6.35 OA Card Faceplate (15 dBm)

Fig. 6.36 OA Card Faceplate (18 dBm)

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Fig. 6.37 OA Card Faceplate (20 dB)

External Interface

Interface Description
Connector Type LC connector
Optical Interface Pre-amp -35 to -10 dBm
Input power range
Booster amp -10 to +3 dBm

Tab. 6.35 OA Card External Interface

LEDs

Name Color Status Functional Description


ON Power is available to the card
PWR Green
OFF Power is off
ON The OA optical link is normal
LINK Green
OFF The optical link is down
There are fault conditions presented in this
ON
FAULT Red module
OFF This module is in normal condition

Tab. 6.36 OA Card LEDs

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System Control and Monitoring

7 System Control and Monitoring


In addition to the payload signals, control, monitoring and customer-specific
data signals can be transferred in the section overhead of the Synchronous
Transport Module (STM) signals.
To ensure high operational safety, operation is continuously monitored by a
network management system or by an operating terminal.
NEs not connected to an operating terminal still give information about the
operational state (for support in the case of maintenance work) via built-in
indication elements (LEDs see Chapter 7.1).
System control and monitoring are performed by the SC unit. The SC unit
communicates with the traffic cards via different internal interfaces.
The equipment provides an SNMP/TCP/IP over Ethernet interface to the LCT.
The equipment also provides a management interface to an LCT.
For feature enhancements or debugging, software download is possible for all
units of the system. During download, the traffic is not affected.
SURPASS hiT 7035 is integrated in the following management functions in
conformity with the corresponding ITU-T recommendations and European
Telecommunications Standard (ETS) standards:
Fault Management
Configuration Management
Performance Management
Security Management
The following are of particular importance:
Alarm processing (e.g. AIS, FTP) for localizing faulty equipment in the
transmission network.
Fault diagnosis at the card level (e.g. localizing a faulty card).
Specifying and storing configuration data. This data can be entered and
requested by the network management system or the LCT.

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Determining the quality parameters according to the ITU-T


recommendation G.826.
Administration of the access authorization in the LCT for various user
classes with passwords
General Fault Management Functions
Fault management is concerned with the detection, localization, isolation, and
reporting of failures of the transmission signals processed by SURPASS hiT
7035 and of its equipment. The failures and the failure processing are
differentiated in two failure classes:
Transmission Failures and Equipment Failures
In addition to these two failure categories, SURPASS hiT 7035 supports
external alarm contacts, which can be used for signalling any kind of failure.
Failures are reported via the management interface and may also lead to
alarm indications at the LCT (card indications, NE indications, and transport
functions indications).
Fault management functions are listed below:
Detect anomalies
Derive defects by eliminating spurious anomalies and reporting some of
them to the fault management function
Trigger automatic maintenance actions (AIS insertion, Laser shutdown,
etc.)
Perform alarm reduction through correlation of defects
Perform further alarm reduction through adjustable persistence checks
Time stamp alarm events using the real time system clock
Issue spontaneous alarm event notifications to the LCT/OS
Use configurable alarm forwarding to prevent the report of unwanted
alarm event notifications
Report alarms to the local alarm system
Indicate the fault status of replaceable units
Store alarm events and the alarm states in the current problem list for
later retrieval
Support fault location for diagnosis and maintenance assistance

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7.1 Indicating and Operating Elements of the NE


Indication elements (LEDs) on the cards (see Chapter 7.1.2) are a useful aid,
particularly if neither an LCT nor a network management system has been
connected to the SURPASS hiT 7035 equipment when an alarm occurs.
The LEDs signal alarms at subrack and card level.

7.1.1 Operating Devices of SURPASS hiT 7035

In the SURPASS hiT 7035 Subrack Front Panel there is a key ACO for
manual acknowledgment of the alarm messages.

7.1.2 Operating and Display Elements of the Cards

LED Displays of the Cards


To assist in maintenance work, there are two LEDs on the front of each card
which are visible.
A red FAULT LED to indicate card-internal alarms.
A green PWR status LED to indicate card power supply status.
In addition to the red and the green LEDs which have the same behavior
as on other cards, the Ethernet cards contain yellow and green LEDs for
each port giving information about link status and link activity to the
operator and service technicians.
Operating Elements of the Cards
No hardware settings have to be made on the printed circuit cards of the cards.
The cards are configured by software commands from the operating terminal
or from a network management system when commissioning or in the case of
later changes.

Help Configuration of the cards using software is explained in the TNMS-M


SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT Use Manual and in online help.

7.2 Control and Monitoring by TNMS-M Network


Management System
Like all the components of the SURPASS product range, SURPASS hiT 7035
is integrated to other units through a central network management system, the
TNMS-M.

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The TNMS-M network management platform consists of the following


components:
TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT
TNMS-M (Sub-Network Management System)

- TNMS-M
TNMS-M SURPASS
- TNMS-M SURPASS
hiT 7035 LCT
hiT 7035 LCT

SNMP over SNMP over


TCP/IP TCP/IP
Sub-network

TCP/IP/
PPP/DCC
Single
hiT 7035 hiT 7035
hiT 7035

Fig. 7.1 Embedding of SURPASS hiT 7035 NEs in a TMN System

7.2.1 TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT

The access to the NEs via operating terminals is enabled by TNMS-M


SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT software installed on the craft terminal.
The TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT is an Element Management System
(EMS) with a graphical interface. The LCT can manage any single NE via the
DCC or Data Communications Networks (DCN). The LCT supports SNMP and
can be connected to SURPASS hiT 7035 NEs via a network interface
(Ethernet) located at the system management interface panel.
The complete SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT software consists of the following
components:
Windows Server 2003 or Windows XP operation system

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SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT software package


For details on SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT software components, see the
SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT User Manual.

7.2.2 TNMS-M

The TNMS-M provides both element management and sub-network


management functions. It is compliant with the ITU-T Fault Configuration
Accounting Performance Security (FCAPS) function and extends these
functions to the sub-network level. The TNMS-M not only provides SDH layer
management functions, but also supports the management of Ethernet,
Resilient Packet Ring (RPR), and ATM services, as well as other data
interfacesThe TNMS-M offers a TMF814 northbound Common Object
Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) interface to interact with the TNMS
Core.
More detailed TNMS-M information is provided below:
TNMS-M Architecture
TNMS-M is based on a distributed client, server and database architecture.
The implementation technology is independent of operating systems, which
enhances system compatibility. The modular software design allows the
TNMS-M to provide integrated management of SDH, ATM, RPR, and
Ethernet/IP networks in one platform and enables scalability for introducing
additional new technologies. The TNMS-M allows multiple TNMS-M clients to
manage the same network at the same time. Management at the Network
Management Level by The TNMS-M or other higher-level network
management system can be reached via the TNMS-M's TMF 814 northbound
CORBA interface.
Element Management Function
TNMS-M offers an advanced graphical interface to facilitate the configuration
of each NE. Operations on NEs are shown directly on a graphical chassis view.
A graphical interface of the NE shows modules and ports, which directly
correspond to the real ones being managed. This gives the operator real-time
status information, facilitating the management process.
TNMS-M provides standard-based TMN capabilities, including
Fault Management
Configuration Management
Performance Management
Security Management
System Administration
Network Management Function

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TNMS-M provides layered management capabilities. Networks and services of


different technologies (TDM, ATM, RPR, Ethernet, etc.) carried over the same
MSTP platform can be managed and optimized independently through
graphical management interfaces, appearing as if they were independent
networks. One network of MSTP equipment will appear to the user as three
different networks: an SDH network, an IP/Ethernet network, and an ATM
network. The TNMS-M offers a total view of the managed MSTP NEs. It
provides many sophisticated network level functions in a user-friendly fashion.
Graphical End-to-End Provisioning and Maintenance
TNMS-M supports multi-service (TDM, ATM, RPR, Ethernet, etc.), graphical,
end-to-end, and fast service provisioning. This makes the creation,
maintenance and management of services significantly simpler for operators.
Utilization Statistics of Network Resources and Bandwidth
This helps service providers optimize their networks by discovering potential
bottlenecks.
Topology Management
TNMS-M provides a variety of network topology information. For instance, the
SDH synchronization topology enables direct view and real-time monitoring of
the timing status and timing relationship between NEs. The TNMS-M shows
the topology map with different icons to indicate different types of NEs and by
using different lines to indicate different bandwidth and various other user-
friendly features.
Correlation Analysis among Circuits, Performance Management Data
and Alarms
TNMS-M provides intelligent alarm correlation analysis to enhance trouble-
shooting.
NEs Auto-Discovery and Network Auto-Construction
For details on TNMS-M software components, see the TNMS-M User Manual.

7.3 Management System Protection


TNMS-M provides the following mechanisms to ensure system and data
security:
Database backup and recovery
The TNMS-M is designed to allow operators to select the database
backup as either a backup per request, or to perform backups
periodically (using pre-defined tasks). All backups will be maintained in
the backup table. Operators can retrieve any backup copies as needed.

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The database backup tool can work independently of the network


management system. This feature ensures that even if the network
management system does not run, the database can still be backed up
in time.
Management Information Base (MIB) backup and recovery
A copy of the MIB in an NE can be transmitted to and saved at the
Synchronization Network Manager (SNM) or kept in the NE. When the
MIB fails, the backup copy of the MIB can be downloaded to the NE for
use. The TNMS-M provides the switch over from the current MIB to the
backup MIB. The system provides a separate MIB backup tool
(integrated with database backup tool), which can do periodic backup
and management.
NE software recovery
The TNMS-M supports remote NE software download and switch over
between NE software loads.

7.4 NE Software
The SURPASS hiT 7035 NE software architecture is highlighted below.

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TNMS-M, or
TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT

SURPASS hiT 7035 NE

SNMP Agent

Application Management Module


MIB

Hardware Drivers

Real-time, Multi-Task Operating System


(VxWorks)

Fig. 7.2 SURPASS hiT 7035 Software Architecture

7.4.1 Application Management Module

The application management module is the application layer software in the


embedded software system. Its main function is to fulfill configuration
management and monitoring for the NE. Via standard SNMP protocol, the
application management module can inter-communicate with the network
management system, fulfill cross-connection management, service protection
configuration, performance monitoring, and alarm surveillance. The application
management module can be divided into the following sub-management
system functions:
CC module
FM (Fault Management) module
PM (Performance Management) module
TM (Timing Management) module

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IFM (Interface Management) module


Data management module
MSP, MS-SPRING, and SNCP service protection module
ATM management module
Each software sub-system can be divided into two layers: Manager and Agent.
The main function of the Manager is to receive requests from the network
management system, and then convert them into operating commands, which
will be sent to the Agent. The Agent then receives operating commands from
the Manager, and fulfills the configuration function via the interface provided
by the hardware driven module. In addition, the Agent is in charge of collecting
hardware information (for example, hardware failure and and performance
statistics), and sending them to the Manger. After related processing, the
Manager converts this data into information the network management
software can read and sends it to network management software.

7.4.2 Hardware Driver Modules

The SURPASS hiT 7035 NE hardware includes many integrated circuit


chipsets. Hardware driven modules control these chipsets. The hardware
driven modules provide the access interface between the hardware and the
higher layer software (the application management module). The main
functions of hardware driven modules include:
Hardware initialization
System auto testing
Hardware configuration
Interruption service
Hardware information inquiring
Alarm/Performance monitoring data collection and reporting

7.4.3 Real-Time Multi-Task Operation System

The embedded software in the SURPASS hiT 7035 NE was developed using
the high performance VxWorks real time operating system. VxWorks is a
reliable embedded software platform. It includes a high performance real time
kernel, which supports pre-empting multi-task scheduling based on priority. It
also includes task management, timing management, storage management,
resource management, event management, resource management, message
management, queue management and semaphore management. These basic
functions offer powerful support for rapid, reliable application development.

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7.4.4 SNMP Agent

The SURPASS hiT 7035 embedded software includes a standard SNMP


agent module. The SNMP agent is responsible for responding to all EMS/SNM
requests including information requests and action requests. It will also
automatically generate event reports to the EMS/SNM.
The SNMP communication protocol includes 3 operations: Get, Set, and Trap.
Through these 3 combined operations, the SNMP Agent can fulfill all
configuration management and alarm monitoring functions by communicating
with the MIB in the NE.
The intercommunication process among the SNMP Agent, the MIB
management module, and the application management module is as follows:
the SNMP Agent receives requests from network management software, and
then sends these requests to the MIB management module. When the MIB
management module receives requests it will cause the application
management module to do the related operations. At the same time, hardware
driven modules and some application management modules may generate
related events and data, which will be needed to report to network
management software. This information will be sent to the network
management software via the application management module invoking
interfaces provided by the SNMP Agent and transmitting them by Trap.

7.4.5 MIB Management Module

The MIB management module is the interface of the management information


database in the embedded software system of the SURPASS hiT 7035 NE.
The MIB includes all configuration information and real time monitoring
information in the NE. This information is managed by the MIB management
module uniformly to accomplish information storage, recovery, retrieval,
modification, and notification functions.

7.5 Management Protocols and DCC


The TNMS-M or TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT uses SNMPv2 protocols
to communicate with SURPASS hiT 7035 NEs.
The SURPASS hiT 7035 system uses TCP/IP over the SDH DCC or Ethernet
LAN (RJ-45 connector) to provide a local or remote craft interface for
management and monitoring. SURPASS hiT 7035 supports the following two
DCC channels:
Regeneration section DCC (D1-D3 bytes)
Multiplex section DCC (D4-D12 bytes)

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In SURPASS hiT 7035, DCC is supported on all STM-N interfaces. TNMS-M


or TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT enables the user to select which DCC is
used on each STM-N interface.
TNMS-M supports TMF 814 CORBA northbound interface.

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8 Commissioning and Maintenance

8.1 Commissioning
If SURPASS hiT 7035 has to be configured on initial commissioning, an LCT
has to be connected to the Ethernet interface of SURPASS hiT 7035. The
hardware and software requirements at the craft terminal are described in the
SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT User Manual. The craft terminal offers a graphical,
menu-driven user interface.
Detailed information for commissioning the SURPASS hiT 7035 equipment
and the operating terminals is given in the SURPASS hiT 7035 Installation and
Test Manual.

8.2 Maintenance
The system provides sufficient alarm information to localize and clear the fault
at card level. No maintenance at regular intervals is required. Maintenance
measures (e.g. fault localizing) can be carried out locally via the local
management interface (LCT/TNMS-M) or under remote control via the TCP/IP
over DCC (LCT or a network management system).
Maintenance of the SURPASS hiT 7035 equipment is described in the
SURPASS hiT 7035 Troubleshooting Manual and in the online help system.

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9 Technical Data
SURPASS hiT 7035 performance specifications for all interfaces, protection
switching, power consumption, environment conditions and so on comply with
the ITU-T recommendations and IEEE standards.

9.1 Traffic Interfaces


The following sub-chapters provide information about the SURPASS hiT 7035
TDM and packet interfaces.

9.1.1 Optical STM-16 Interface

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Parameters Classification of STM-16/2.5 Gbps

Application Code S-16.1 L-16.1 L-16.2

Supported Distance[km] ~15 ~40 ~80

Laser Types SLM SLM SLM

Central Wavelength [nm] 1261~1360 1280~1335 1480 ~ 1580

Max. Spectral Width [nm] -20dB=1 -20dB=1 -20dB< 1

Min. SMSR [dB] 30 30 30

Average Launch Power [dBm] -5 ~ 0 -2 ~ 3 -2 ~ 3

Extinction Ratio [dB] 8.2 8.2 8.2

G.957 STM-16 Mask Margin 15% 15% 15%

Receiver Types PIN APD APD

Mini. Overload [dBm] 0 -9 -9

Receiver Sensitivity @BOL [dBm] -21 -30 -30

Receiver Sensitivity @ HT. [dBm] -19 -28 -29

Receiver Sensitivity @EOL [dBm] -18 -27 -28

Optical Path Penalty [dB] 1 1 2

Max. Reflect. of receiver [dB] N/A -27 -27

Digital Diagnostics Function Yes Yes Yes

Note:
The impact factors for path penalty value include the dispersion, non-linear and other effects. But
dispersion is the main effect we should consider. Generally, we use G.652 fiber to test the path penalty
of the SFP transceivers in all cases.

Tab. 9.1 Optical Performance of Optical Transceiver SFP at Rate of 2.5 Gbps

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Parameters Classification of STM-16/2.5 Gbps


DWDM U-
Application Code V-16.2 U-16.2
16.2
Supported Distance[km] ~120 ~160 ~180
Un-cooled
Laser Types Un-cooled SLM Cooled SLM
SLM
Central Wavelength [nm] 1530 ~ 1560 1530 ~ 1560 1555.75
Max. Spectral Width [nm] -20dB=1 -20dB=1 -20dB=1
Min. SMSR [dB] 30 30 30
Average Launch Power [dBm] -2 ~ 3 -2 ~ 3 -2 ~ 3
Extinction Ratio [dB] 8.2 8.2 8.2
G.957 STM-16 Mask Margin 15% 15% 15%
Receiver Types APD APD APD
Mini. Overload [dBm] -9 -9 -9
Receiver Sensitivity @BOL [dBm] -30 -30 -30
Receiver Sensitivity @ HT. [dBm] -29 -29 -29
Receiver Sensitivity @EOL [dBm] -28 -28 -28
Optical Path Penalty [dB] 3 3 3
Max. Reflect. of receiver [dB] -27 -27 -27
Dispersion [ps/nm] 2400 3200 2400
Digital Diagnostics Function Yes Yes Yes
Note:
1. V-16.2 SFP has the same optical parameter as L-16.2 SFP except its dispersion can be up to
2400 ps/nm.
2. U-16.2 SFP has the same optical parameter as L-16.2 SFP except its dispersion can be up to
3200 ps/nm.
3. DWDM U-16.2 SFP is one of 44 channels DWDM SFP. Its wavelength is a special one (1555.75
nm).
4. The wavelength stability of DWDM U-16.2 SFP is 100 pm.
5. 120 km transmission solution needs V-16.2 SFP plus 13 dBm booster amplifier.
6. 160 km transmission solution needs U-16.2 SFP plus 18 dBm booster amplifier.
7. 180 km transmission solution needs DWDM U-16.2 SFP plus 18 dBm booster amplifier and

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Parameters Classification of STM-16/2.5 Gbps


preamp with filter and 680 ps/nm DCM (suppose the fiber dispersion @1555.75 nm is 17 ps/nm).
8. DWDM SFP should be compatible with DWDM SFP MSA.
9. The wavelength of V-16.2 and U-16.2 SFP should be within the range of 1530 nm ~ 1560 nm over
life and temperature.

Tab. 9.2 Optical Performance of Ultra Long Haul SFP at Rate of 2.5 Gbps

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Parameters Classification

Application Code C8L1-1D2/ C8L1-0D2

Data Bit Rate 622 Mbps ~ 2.67 Gbps

Laser Types SLM

Central Wavelength [nm] 1471 + 20 m (m = 0 to 7)

Channel Spacing [nm] 20

Maximum central wavelength deviation [nm] 6.5

Max. Spectral Width [nm] -20dB=1

Min. SMSR [dB] 30

Average Launch Power [dBm] 0~5

Extinction Ratio [dB] 8.2

ITU-T G.957 STM-16 Mask Margin 15%

Receiver Types APD

Mini. Overload [dBm] -9

Receiver Sensitivity @BOL [dBm] -30

Receiver Sensitivity @ HT. [dBm] -29

Receiver Sensitivity @EOL [dBm] -28

Optical Path Penalty [dB] 2

Max. Reflect. of receiver [dB] -27

Dispersion [ps/nm] 1600

Digital Diagnostics Function Yes

Note:
1. 8 channels CWDM SFP are supported. Its optical performance is compliant with G.695. C8L1-
1D2 is for STM-16 application and C8L1-0D2 is for GE application. It can support multi-rate
application: STM-4/16, STM-16 FEC and GE. Their wavelengths are 1471 nm, 1491 nm, 1511
nm, 1531 nm, 1551 nm, 1571 nm, 1591 nm, 1611 nm.
2. Other items are the same as the above. The RX sensitivity is based on 2.48832 bbps bit rate.

Tab. 9.3 Optical Performance of Multi-rate CWDM SFP

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Parameters Classification

Application Code

Data bit rate 2.48832 to 2.666057 Gbps

Laser Type Cooled SLM


100 GHz channel grid in the C-band: 191.70-
Wavelength range
196.0 THz, wavelength selected
Wavelength stability (over life and temperature) 12.5 GHz ( 100 pm)

Spectral width (-20 dB) modulated 0.5 nm

Side mode suppression ratio > 30 dB

Average launch power 0 dBm to + 4 dBm

Extinction ratio > 9 dB (BOL), 8.2 dB (EOL)

ITU-T G.957 STM-16 Mask Margin 15%

Receiver Types APD

Minimum overload -9 dBm

Rx sensitivity @BOL -30 dBm

Rx sensitivity @HT -29 dBm

Rx sensitivity @EOL -28 dBm

Path Penalty 3 dB

Receiver reflectance < -27 dB

Dispersion tolerance -2400 ps/nm + 2400 ps/nm

Digital diagnostic function Yes


Note:
1. 44 channels DWDM SFP are supported. It can support STM-16 and STM-16 FEC application. Its
channel spacing is 100 GHz. Its wavelength table is as follows. DWDM SFP should be
compatible with DWDM SFP MSA.
2. Please notice that 192.7 THz (1555.75 nm) DWDM SFP will be used for 180 km ultra-long haul
transmission application.

Tab. 9.4 Optical Performance of Multi-rate DWDM SFP

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ITU Channel Number Wavelength (nm)


9 1471
10 1491
11 1511
12 1531
13 1551
14 1571
15 1591
16 1611

Tab. 9.5 Multi-rate CWDM SFP Wavelength

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ITU ITU
Frequency Wavelength Frequency Wavelength
Channel Channel
(THz) (nm) (THz) (nm)
Number Number
60 196.00 1529.55 38 193.8 1546.92
59 195.9 1530.33 37 193.7 1547.72
58 195.8 1531.12 36 193.6 1548.51
57 195.7 1531.90 35 193.5 1549.32
56 195.6 1532.68 34 193.4 1550.12
55 195.5 1533.47 33 193.3 1550.92
54 195.4 1534.25 32 193.2 1551.72
53 195.3 1535.04 31 193.1 1552.52
52 195.2 1535.82 30 193.0 1553.33
51 195.1 1536.61 29 192.9 1554.13
50 195.0 1537.40 28 192.8 1554.94
49 194.9 1538.19 27 192.7 1555.75
48 194.8 1538.98 26 192.6 1556.55
47 194.7 1539.77 25 192.5 1557.36
46 194.6 1540.56 24 192.4 1558.17
45 194.5 1541.35 23 192.3 1558.98
44 194.4 1542.14 22 192.2 1559.79
43 194.3 1542.94 21 192.1 1560.61
42 194.2 1543.73 20 192.0 1561.42
41 194.1 1544.53 19 191.9 1562.23
40 194.0 1545.32 18 191.8 1563.05
39 193.9 1546.12 17 191.7 1563.86

Tab. 9.6 Multi-rate DWDM SFP Wavelength

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9.1.2 Optical STM-4 Interface

Parameters Classification of STM-4/622Mbps

Application Code S-4.1 L-4.1 L-4.2 V-4.2

Supported Distance[km] ~15 ~40 ~80 ~120

Laser Types MLM MLM/SLM SLM SLM

Central Wavelength [nm] 1261~1360 1261~1360 1480 ~ 1580 1480 ~ 1580

RMS=1.7/
Max. Spectral Width [nm] RMS=2.5 -20dB<1 -20dB=1
-20dB=1

Min. SMSR [dB] NA NA/30 30 30

Average Launch Power [dBm] -15 ~ -8 -3 ~ 2 -3 ~ 2 1~5

Extinction Ratio [dB] 8.2 10 10 10

G.957 STM-4 Mask Margin 15% 15% 15% 15%

Receiver Types PIN PIN PIN APD

Mini. Overload [dBm] -8 -8 -8 -18

Receiver Sensitivity @BOL [dBm] -31 -31 -31 -36

Receiver Sensitivity @ HT. [dBm] -29 -29 -29 -35

Receiver Sensitivity @EOL [dBm] -28 -28 -28 -34

Optical Path Penalty [dB] 1 1 1 1

Max. Reflect. of receiver [dB] NA -14 -27 -27

Digital Diagnostics Function Yes Yes Yes Yes

Tab. 9.7 Optical Performance of Optical Transceiver SFP at rate of 622 Mbps

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Parameters Classification of Ge/1250 Mbps


Supported Distance[km] ~ 10
Laser Types MLM MLM
Central Wavelength [nm] 1260~1360 1480~1500
Max. Spectral Width [nm] RMS<3.5 -20dB<0.88
Min. SMSR [dB] N/A > 30
Average Launch Power [dBm] -9 ~ -3 -9 ~ -3
Extinction Ratio [dB] >6 >6
ITU-T G.957 Mask Margin 15% 15%
Optical Isolation <12 < 12
Receiver Types PIN PIN
Receiver Overload [dBm] > -3 > -3
Receiver Sensitivity @BOL < -22 < -22
Receiver Sensitivity @ HT < -21 < -21
Receiver Sensitivity @EOL < -20 < -20
Optical Path Penalty [dB] <1 <1
Max. Reflect. of receiver [dB] N/A N/A
Digital Diagnostics Function Yes Yes

Tab. 9.8 STM-4 Optical Interface (GE BiDi SFP)

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9.1.3 Optical STM-1 Interface

Parameters Classification of STM-1/155Mbps

Application Code S-1.1 L-1.1 L-1.2 V-1.2

Supported Distance Range [km] ~15 ~40 ~80 ~120

Laser Types MLM MLM/SLM SLM SLM

Central Wavelength [nm] 1261~1360 1261~1360 1480 ~ 1580 1480 ~ 1580

RMS=3/
Max. Spectral Width [nm] RMS=7.7 -20dB=1 -20dB=1
-20dB=1

Min. SMSR [dB] NA NA/30 30 30

Average Launch Power [dBm] -15 ~ -8 -5 ~ 0 -5 ~ 0 1~5

Extinction Ratio [dB] 8.2 10 10 10

G.957 STM-1 Mask Margin 15% 15% 15% 15%

Receiver Types PIN PIN PIN PIN

Mini. Overload [dBm] -8 -10 -10 -10

Receiver Sensitivity @BOL [dBm] -31 -37 -37 -37

Receiver Sensitivity @ HT. [dBm] -29 -35 -35 -35

Receiver Sensitivity @EOL [dBm] -28 -34 -34 -34

Optical Path Penalty [dB] 1 1 1 1

Max. Reflect. of receiver [dB] NA NA -25 -25

Digital Diagnostics Function Yes Yes Yes Yes

Tab. 9.9 Optical Performance of Optical Transceiver SFP at rate of 155 Mbps

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Parameters Classification of STM-1/155 Mbps


Supported Distance Range [km] ~ 20
Laser Types MLM SLM
Central Wavelength [nm] 1260~13601480~1580
Max. Spectral Width [nm] RMS <7 -20dB <1
Min. SMSR [dB] N/A N/A
Average Launch Power [dBm] -14 ~ -8 -14 ~ -8
Extinction Ratio [dB] >10 >10
ITU-T G.957 Mask Margin 15% 15%
Optical Isolation [dBm] >30 >30
Receiver Types PIN PIN
Receiver Overload [dBm] > -8 > -8
Receiver Sensitivity @BOL -32 -32
Receiver Sensitivity @ HT -30 -30
Receiver Sensitivity @EOL -28 -28
Optical Path Penalty [dB] 1 1
Reflect of receiver [dB] >14 >14
Digital Diagnostics Function Yes Yes

Tab. 9.10 STM-1 Optical Interface (STM-1 BiDi SFP)

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9.1.4 Electrical 155 Mbps Interface

Pulse Shape All marks of a valid signal must conform to the mask
irrespective of the sign. The value V corresponds to the
(Nominally Rectangular) nominal peak value.
Pair(s) in each direction One coaxial pair
Test load impedance 75 Ohms resistive
Peak voltage of a space (no pulse) 10.1 V
Rise time between 10% and 90% 2 ns
amplitudes of the measured steady
state amplitude
Transition timing tolerance referred Negative transitions: 0.1 ns
to the mean value of the 50%
Positive transitions at unit interval boundaries: 0.5 ns
amplitude points of negative
transitions Negative transitions: Positive transitions at mid-unit intervals: 0.35 ns
Return loss 15 dB over frequency range 8 MHz to 240 MHz

Rate t (kHz) 0 (kHz) A1 (UIp-p) A2 (UIp-p)


Maximum peak-to-peak
jitter at an output port
155 520
65 6.5 0.15 1.5
kbps

Tab. 9.11 155 Mbps Electrical Interface

9.1.5 Electrical 45 Mbps Interface (E 32 acc. ITU-T G.703)

Bit rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 44 736 Kbps


Bit rate accuracy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 20 ppm (input)
Code. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . B3ZS
Pulse shape. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . according to ITU-T G.703
Pulse amplitude (isolated pulse). . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 0.36 V to 0.85 V
Jitter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . according to ITU-T G.824
Pairs in each direction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. One coaxial pair
Test load impedance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Ohm resistive

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9.1.6 Electrical 34 Mbps Interface (E 31 acc. ITU-T G.703)

Bit rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 368 Kbps


Bit rate accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 ppm (input)
Code. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HDB3
Pulse shape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . according to ITU-T G.703
Nominal peak voltage of a mark (pulse). . . . . . . . . . 1V
Peak voltage of a space (no mark). . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 V 0.1 V
Nominal pulse width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.55 ns
Jitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . According to ITU-T G.823
Return loss
860 kHz to 1 720 kHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . > 12 dB (in), > 6 dB (out)
1720 kHz to 34 368 kHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >18 dB (in), > 8 dB (out)
34 368 kHz to 51 550 kHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . >14 dB (in), > 8 dB (out)
Pairs in each direction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . One coaxial pair
Test load impedance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Ohm resistive
Permissible cable attenuation at 17 184 kHz . . . . . . 0 dB to 12 dB, follows f (0.5) law

9.1.7 Electrical 2 Mbps Interface

Bit rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 048 Kbps


Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HDB3
Frequency tolerance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 ppm (input)
Permissible cable attenuation at 1024 kHz . . . . . . . 0 dB to 6 dB
Nominal impedance (input and output)
according to ITU-T G.703. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Ohm (unbalanced) or 120
Ohm (balanced), Depending on
hardware type)
Return loss
51 kHz to 102 kHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . > 12 dB (in), > 6 dB (out)
102 kHz to 2 048 kHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . > 18 dB (in), > 8 dB (out)
2048 kHz to 3 072 kHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . > 14 dB (in), > 8 dB (out)

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9.1.8 Gigabit Ethernet Interface, Optical

Parameters Classification of GbE/1.25 Gbps


Application Code 1000Base-SX 1000Base-LX 1000Base 1000Base-ZX
Supported Distance[km] ~0.5 ~10 ~35 ~80
Laser Types MLM MLM MLM/SLM SLM
Central Wavelength [nm] 770 ~ 860 1270~1355 1270~1355 1480 ~ 1580
Max. Spectral Width [nm] RMS=0.85 RMS=4 RMS=2/ -20dB=1
-20dB=1
Min. SMSR [dB] N/A N/A 30 30
Average Launch Power [dBm] -9.5 ~ -3 -9.5 ~ -3 -4 ~ 0 0~4
Extinction Ratio [dB] 9 9 9 9
IEEE802.3 Mask Margin 10% 15% 15% 15%
Receiver Types PIN PIN PIN PIN
Mini. Overload [dBm] 0 -3 -3 -3
Receiver Sensitivity @BOL -20 -22 -24 -24
Receiver Sensitivity @ HT -19 -21 -23 -23
Receiver Sensitivity @EOL -17 -19 -22 -22
Optical Path Penalty [dB] 1 1 1 2
Max. Reflect of receiver [dB] -12 -12 -12 -25
Digital Diagnostics Function Yes Yes Yes Yes
Note
1. The1000 Base with extension distance about 35 km and 80 km is a customized product that we
will provide to our customs. But according to IEEE802.3, only two standard types (1000 Base-SX
and 1000 Base-LX) are defined clearly.
2. Measured at bit error rate (BER) of 10e-12, using 27-1 PRBS test data pattern.
3. To consider of aging factor, we define the receiver sensitivity at the beginning of life (BOL) should
be 2~3 dB better than the standard values listed in the ITU-T G.957, according to the application
code.

Tab. 9.12 Gigabit Ethernet Interface (Optical)

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9.1.9 Gigabit Ethernet Interface 1000 Base-T, Electrical

1000 BaseT Gigabit Ethernet poet acc. to IEEE 802.3-2002, IEEE 802.3ab
Distance variants 1000 Base-T
User class as per IEEE 802.3-2002, IEEE 802.3ab
Nominal bit rate 125.000 KBaud
Frequency tolerance 100 ppm
Code 8B/10B. scrambled, MLT5
Connector receptacle Shielded RJ-45
Transmitter behavior
Output impedance 100 W differential
Peak differential output voltage 0.67 V to 0.82 V (0.75 V0.83 dB)
level accuracy < 1%.( points A and B)
Maximum output droop Vg >Vf 73.1%
Vj >Vh 73.1%
Differential output templates lie within the time domain template
Transmitter distortion <10 mV
Master PHY Transmitter timing Jitter Unfiltered: < 1.4 ns
Filtered:< 0.3 ns
Transmit Clock Frequency 125 MHz 0.01
Return loss 2 MHz f 40 MHz: > 16 dB
40 MHz f 100 MHz: [10 20 * log(f /80 MHz)] dB
Impedance balance 20lg(Ecm/Ediff> 34-19.2 lgf/50dB
common-mode output voltage <50 mV
Receiver behavior
Slave PHY Transmitter timing Jitter Unfiltered:<1.4ns; Filtered:< 0.4ns
Alien Crosstalk noise rejection frame error rate<10E-7
Receiver frequency tolerance 125.00 MHz 0.01%
Common-mode noise rejection 1M250 MHz noise
Cable behavior
Connector plug Shielded RJ-45
Cable type S/UTP Category 6
Operating distance 100 m

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1000 BaseT Gigabit Ethernet poet acc. to IEEE 802.3-2002, IEEE 802.3ab
BER 10E-10 (100 m)

Tab. 9.13 Gigabit Ethernet Interface (1000 Base-T Electrical)

9.1.10 Fast Ethernet Interface 100 Base-T

100 Base-T Fast Ethernet poet acc. to IEEE 803.3u


Distance variants 100Base-T
User class as per IEEE 802.3u
Nominal bitrate 125.000 kBaud
Frequency tolerance 100ppm
Code 4B/5B. scrambled, MLT3
Connector receptacle Shielded RJ45
Transmitter behavior
Output impedance 100 differential
Return loss 2 MHz f 30 MHz: > 16 dB
30 MHz f 60 MHz: [16 20 * log(f /30 MHz)] dB
60 MHz f 80 MHz: > 10 dB
Level (9501050)mV
Single amplitude
symmetry 0.98 to 1.02
Rise/fall time 3 ns c t r,f 5 ns, (10 to 90%)
Duty cycle DCD < 0.5 ns (referred to 50 % of Vout)
Output jitter < 1.4 ns peak-peak
Overshoot 0.05 * Vout
Receiver behavior
Output impedance 100 differential
Return loss 2 MHz f 30 MHz: > 16 dB
30 MHz f 60 MHz: [16 20 * log(f /30 MHz)] dB
60 MHz f 80 MHz: > 10 dB
Signal detect Assert-Time < 1000 ms

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100 Base-T Fast Ethernet poet acc. to IEEE 803.3u


De-assert-Time < 350 ms
BER < 1E-2
Cable behavior
Connector plug Shielded RJ45
Cable type S/UTP
Category 5
Operating distance < 100 m
Insertion loss 19 dB (12.5 MHz, 100 m)

Tab. 9.14 Fast Ethernet Traffic Interface (100 Base-T)

9.1.11 Ethernet Interface 10 Base-T

Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IEEE 802.3


Bit rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Mbps
Frequency tolerance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 MHz
PMD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NRZI serial
Connector type at subrack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RJ-45

All details regarding the 10 Base-T physical layer can be found in clauses 7
and 14 of IEEE 802.3.

9.1.12 OA Interface

Parameters Min. Max. Units


Operating Case Temperature 0 65 C
Storage temperature -40 85 C
Environment (ESD/EMC) 700/85% V/-

Tab. 9.15 OA Card EDFA Module Absolute Ratings

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Parameters Description Note


Wavelength Range 1528nm~1562nm 1
Pump Laser Uncooled pump
Configuration Single or Dual pump, single stage 2
Gain Flattening without GFF 3
Control Modes APC, AGC, and ACC
Transient Suppress Control Transient Suppress Circuit
Application Types Booster or Preamplifier
Notes:
1. This wavelength range is specified as the max. wavelength range for the erbium-doped fiber
amplifier using in single channel SDH application;
2. This configuration is designed for single channel SDH system up to now; dual pump or dual
stages may be required for obtaining high gain or large output power;
3. For single channel SDH application, the GFF (gain flatten filter) is not required for obtaining the
fine gain flatness.

Tab. 9.16 Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier General Specifications

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BOA Interface

Parameters Min. Type Max. Unit Notes


General Specifications (for all types Booster)
Wavelength Range 1528 1562 nm
Noise Figure 5.0 5.5 dB 3
Optical Power Detection Accuracy 0.5 dB
Polarization Mode dispersion 0.3 0.5 ps
Polarization Dependent Gain 0.2 0.5 dB
Return loss 45 dB
Transient Overshoot (5 dB Add/Drop) 0.5 1.0 dB
Transient Suppress Speed (5 dB 0.5 ms
Add/Drop)
Post-amp: 13 dBm output power
Input Power Range -10 3 dBm
Small Signal Gain @Pin=-10 dBm 18 dB 1
Saturation Power @ Pin>-5 dBm 13 dBm 2
Post-amp: 15dBm output power
Input Power Range -10 3 dBm
Small Signal Gain @Pin=-10 dBm 20 dB 1
Saturation Power @ Pin>-5 dBm 15 dBm 2
Post-amp: 18 dBm output power
Input Power Range -10 3 dBm
Small Signal Gain @Pin=-10 dBm 23 dB 1
Saturation Power @ Pin>-5 dBm 18 dBm 2
Notes:
1. The Maximum small signal gain
13 dBm Booster: when input power<= -5 dBm, maximum small signal gain can be up to 18 dB.
15 dBm Booster: when input power<= -5 dBm, maximum small signal gain can be up to 20 dB.
18 dBm Booster: when input power<= -5 dBm, maximum small signal gain can be up to 23 dB.
1. The Saturation Power is specified at the Maximum Gain Value when the Input Power is larger
than -5 dBm;
2. The typical value of Noise Figure is specified at the Maximum Gain and input power of 0 dBm.

Tab. 9.17 Post-amplifier Specifications

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POA Interface

Parameters Min. Typ Max. Unit Notes


Center Wavelength 1555.75 nm
Wavelength range -0.25 +0.25 nm 3
(Filter Pass-band window @3 dB)
Input Power Range -35 -15 dBm 4
Small Signal Gain (include filter attenuation ) 20 dB
Output Power Range @ PIN= -15 dBm -15 -10 dBm
Gain flatness N/A dB 1
Noise Figure 5.0 6.0 dB
Optical Power Detection Accuracy
Input Power: -35 to -20 dBm 0.5 dB
Output Power: -20 to 0 dBm 0.5 dB
Polarization Mode dispersion 0.3 0.5 ps
Polarization Dependent Gain 0.2 0.5 dB
Return loss 40 dB
Transient Overshoot 0.5 1.0 dB
(5 dB input variance @Constant Power)
Transient Suppress Speed 0.5 ms
(5 dB input variance @Constant Power)
Auto-shutdown Hysteresis 0.5 2 dB 2
Notes:
1. For single channel SDH application, gain flatness is not required.
2. The same as Booster amplifier.
3. A fixed filter (1555.75 nm 0.25 nm @3 dB) which is put after the output of OA to improve OSNR
and sensitivity of PA is integrated in PA. DWDM SFP with fixed wavelength 1555.75 nm (both 100
G and 200 GHz grid) will be used when PA is added before optical receiver.
4. Error-free long term transmission should be guaranteed under worst case when input power of PA
is -35 dBm ~ -20 dBm and bit rate is 2.5 Gbps.

Tab. 9.18 Pre-amplifier Specifications

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9.2 Control Interface


Control interfaces include two network management interfaces for SNM and
LCT connections on SI and one system debug interface for Command Line
Interface (CLI) connection on SC.
SNMP/TCP/IP/Ethernet for Network Management System

Bit rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10/100 Mbps


Plug connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RJ-45

9.3 Signalling Interface


Signalling interfaces include one external alarm interface for station alarm
output, two Miscellaneous Discrete Input (MDI) and two Miscellaneous
Discrete Output (MDO) interfaces, five overhead interfaces on the ST-CLK unit.

9.3.1 Fault Indication and Services Status LEDs

SC Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 LED (green) Power


1 LED (red) FAULT
1 LED (green) ACT
1 LED (red) Critical
1 LED (orange) Major
1 LED (yellow) Minor
Optical Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 LED (green) Power
1 LED (red) FAULT
IO Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 LED (green) Power

9.3.2 Alarm Contacts

Alarm outputs
Critical/Major . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . urgent alarm
Minor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . non-urgent alarm
Electrical characteristics
Switch Voltage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . max. 30 VDC/30 VAC
Load Current. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . max. 500 mA

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Active . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . short cut


Inactive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . open

9.3.3 MDI/MDO Interface

MDI Input Interface electrical characteristics


Voltage Range. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -60 V ~ 0 V
Active . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -60 V ~ -18 V
Inactive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -10 V ~ 0 V
Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 mA ~ 3 mA
MDO Output Interface electrical characteristics
Max. DC Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 V DC @ 0.3 A
Max. AC Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 V AC @ 0.3 A
Max. Current. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 A @ 30 V DC
Active . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . short cut
Inactive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . open

9.3.4 EOW Interface

VOIP in DCC or E1, E2 channel, please refer to Chapter 9.1.10 for interface
specifications.

9.4 Interface for Network Clock Synchronization


SURPASS hiT 7035 provides two input connection points for synchronization
purposes, as framed or unframed 2 Mbps, or 2 MHz. The impedance of the
interfaces can be configured as 75 Ohm or 120 Ohm. The system also
provides two external synchronization outputs for synchronization purposes,
optionally as framed or unframed 2 Mbps or 2 MHz. The source of these two
external outputs is only timing reference or system clock and independent of
the system clock reference selection.

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9.4.1 2048 Kbps Interface

Reference. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ITU-T G.703 (frequency range


limited to 4.6 ppm)
T3 Data Interface
Input frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2048 Kbps
Return loss at 2048 kHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 dB
Frequency range (kHz)
51 to 102 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 dB
102 to 2048 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 dB
2048 to 3072 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 dB
T4 Data Interface
Output frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2048 Kbps
Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . HDB 3
Frame structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CRC-4 multiframe

9.4.2 2048 KHz Interface

Reference. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ITU-T G.703 (frequency range


limited to 4.6 ppm)
Input Interface T3
Input frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2048 kHz
Balanced mode
Input impedance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 Ohm
Input voltage U0P . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.5 V to 1.9 V
Unbalanced mode
Input impedance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Ohm
Input voltage U0P . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.375 V to 1.5 V
Output Interface T4
Output frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2048 kHz
Output voltage U0P
With balanced load (120 Ohm) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.0 V to 1.9 V
With unbalanced load (75 Ohm) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.75 V to 1.5 V

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9.5 Switching and Delay Times

9.5.1 MS-SPRing Protection Switching

Switching time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . according to ITU-T G.841


External switch requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . manual switch, lockout, forced, clear
Internal switch requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SF (from LOS, RS-LOF, RS-TIM, MS-
AIS, MS-EXC)
SD (from MS-DEG)
Switching type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N/A
Wait-to-restore time (for revertive operation). . . . . 1 min to 12 min (1 second steps)
Operation type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . revertive

9.5.2 MSP Line Protection Switching

Switching time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . according to ITU-T G.841


External switch requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . manual switch, lockout, forced, clear
Internal switch requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SF (from LOS, RS-LOF, RS-TIM, MS-
AIS, MS-EXC)
SD (from MS-DEG)
Switching type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . unidirectional (single-ended) or
bidirectional (dual-ended)
Wait-to-restore time (for revertive operation). . . . . 1 min to 12 min (1 second steps)
Operation type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . revertive, non-revertive

9.5.3 SNC/I and SNC/N Path Protection Switching

External switch requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . manual switch, lockout, forced, clear


Internal switch requests. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SF (from SSF)
Switching type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unidirectional or Bidirectional
Configurable persistency (hold-off time) . . . . . . . . 1 min to 12 min (1 second steps)
Operation type. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . revertive or non-revertive

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9.6 Power Supply

Input DC voltage (according to ETS 300 132-2) . . . . . . . . . -48 V / -60 V


(Range -40V ~ -72 V)
Input DC current (according to ETS 300 132-2) . . . . . . . . . . 6.3 A / 5 A
Power consumption (worst case equipped) . . . .. . . . . . . . . 300 W
Maximum power consumption of cards:
PWR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 W
FAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 W
SC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 W
ST-CLK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3W
CC + 1 STM- 16/4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 W
CC + 1 STM- 4/1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 W
1 STM-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7W
2 STM-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6W
2 STM-1E (W/P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 6W
2 STM-1E IO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3W
IMA (W/P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 W
2 STM-1 ATM IO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 5W
63 E1(W/P). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 W
63 E1 IO (120 Ohm) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3W
63 E1 IO (75 Ohm) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3W
3 E3/DS3 (W/P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8W
3 E3/DS3 IO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2W
1 GE/T. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 W
8 FE/T. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 W
8 FE/L2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 W
13 dBm OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5W
15 dBm OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6W
18 dBm OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8W
20 dB OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6W

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Issue 1 Issue Date July 2007
Technical Data

9.7 Environmental Conditions

9.7.1 Climatic Conditions

Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ETS 300 019-1-3 Class 3.1e


Long term Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -5oC ~ 45 oC
Long term Relative Humidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10% ~ 90% (40 oC )
Short term Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -10 oC ~ 50 oC
Short term Relative Humidity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5% ~ 95% (40 oC )
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ETS 300 019 Class 1.2
Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -20 oC ~ 60 oC
Relative Humidity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2% ~ 98%
Transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ETS 300 019 Class 2.3
Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -20 oC ~ 60 oC
Relative Humidity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 2% ~ 98%

9.7.2 ElectroMagnetic Compatibility

Electromagnetic compatibility in compliance with. ETSI EN 300 386 (2005/04)


V1.3.3, Class A
Emission
Radiation Emissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EN 55022 (1998)
Conducted Emissions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EN 55022 (1998)
Immunity
Electrostatic Discharge Immunity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EN 61000-4-2
Radiated Immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EN 61000-4-3
Electrical Fast Transient/Burst Immunity. . . . . . . . . . . . EN 61000-4-4
Surges Immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EN 61000-4-5
Conducted Disturbances Immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EN 61000-4-6

Note
i
This is a class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause
radio interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate
measures.

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Issue 1 Issue Date July 2007
Technical Data

9.8 Dimensions in mm

Rack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 600 2200 300


(W H D)
Subrack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403 488 242
(W H D)
Cards: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (W H)
PWR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129.5 29.6
Fan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245.1 51.8
SC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263.5 29.6
ST-CLK. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129.5 32.6
CC + 1 STM-4/1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263.5 29.6
CC + 1 STM-16/4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263.5 29.6
1 STM-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129.5 29.6
2 STM-1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129.5 29.6
2 STM-1E (W/P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129.5 29.6
2 STM-1E IO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129.5 32.6
IMA (W/P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263.5 29.6
2 STM-1 ATM IO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329.1 32.6
3 E3/DS3 (W/P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129.5 29.6
3 E3/DS3 IO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129.5 32.6
63 E1 (W/P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263.5 29.6
63 E1 IO (75 Ohm). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329.1 32.6
63 E1 IO (120 Ohm). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329.1 32.6
1 GE/T. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129.5 29.6
8 FE/T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129.5 29.6
8 FE/L2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129.5 29.6
OA (all types) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129.5 29.6

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Issue 1 Issue Date July 2007
Technical Data

9.9 Weights in kg

Subrack (unequipped): . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.2


Cards:
PWR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.339
Fan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.425
SC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.505
ST-CLK. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.181
CC + 1 STM-4/1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.511
CC + 1 STM-16/4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.598
1 STM-4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.194
2 STM-1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.192
2 STM-1E (W/P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.187
2 STM-1E IO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 0.188
IMA (W/P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.504
2 STM-1 ATM IO. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.426
3 E3/DS3 (W/P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.198
3 E3/DS3 IO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.195
63 E1 (W/P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.547
63 E1 IO (75 Ohm). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.700
63 E1 IO (120 Ohm). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.777
1 GE/T. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.207
8 FE/T. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.213
8 FE/L2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.296
OA (all types).. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.293

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Issue 1 Issue Date July 2007
Abbreviations

Abbreviations
3G Third Generation
ADM Add/Drop Multiplexer
ACL Access Control List
ALS Automatic Laser Shutdown
ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
BOA Booster Optical Amplifier
CC Cross-Connection
CF Compact Flash
CLI Command Line Interface
CLNP ConnectionLess Network Protocol
CLNS ConnectionLess Network Service
CORBA Common Object Request Broker Architecture
DC Direct Current
DCC Data Communications Channel
DCCM DCC Multiplex Section (bytes D4 to D12)
DCCR DCC Regenerator Section (bytes D1 to D3)
DCN Data Communications Networks
DNI Dual Node Interworking
DSL Digital Subscriber Line
DSLAM Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer
ECC Embedded Control Channel
EIA Electronic Industry Association
EMC ElectroMagnetic Compatibility
EMS Element Management System
EOW Engineering Order Wire
EPL Ethernet Private Line
EPLan Ethernet Private LAN
ES-IS End System to Intermediate System Routing Exchange protocol
ETS European Telecommunications Standard
ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute
EVC Ethernet Virtual Concatenation
EVPL Ethernet Virtual Private Line

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Issue 1 Issue Date July 2007
Abbreviations

F Standardized Interface for the Connection to a Local Craft Terminal


FCAPS Fault Configuration Accounting Performance Security
FE Fast Ethernet
FTP File Transfer Protocol
GE Gigabit Ethernet
GFP Generic Framing Procedure
GRE Generic Routing Encapsulation
GVRP Generic VLAN Registration Protocol
HDLC High-Level Data Link Control
HO High Order (SDH Traffic)
HOCC High Order Cross-Connection
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol
IMA Inverse Multiplexing for ATM
IP Internet Protocol (G.784)
ISP Internet Service Provider
ITMN Installation and Test Manual
ITU-T International Telecommunication Union-Telecommunication
L2 Layer 2
LAN Local Area Networks
LAPD Link Access Protocol on D Channel
LC Line Card
LCR Link Cell Rate
LCT Local Craft Terminal
LCAS Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme
LED Light Emitting Diode
LO Low Order (SDH Traffic)
LOCC Low Order Cross-Connection
MAC Media Access Control (ISO/IEC)
MIB Management Information Base
MDI Miscellaneous Discrete Input
MDO Miscellaneous Discrete Output
MSOH Multiplex Section OverHead

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Issue 1 Issue Date July 2007
Abbreviations

MSP Multiplex Section Protection


MS-SPRing Multiplex Section-Shared Protection Ring
MSTP Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol
NE Network Element
NEBS Network Equipment Building System
NIC Network Interface Card
NNI Network Node Interface
OA Optical Amplifier
OH Overhead
OS Operating System
OSI Open System Interconnection
PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
PDU Protocol Data Unit
POA Pre-Optical Amplifier
POP Point Of Presence
PPP Point to Point Protoco
PRC Primary Reference Clock
PSR Protection Switch Request
QoS Quality of Service
RAM Remote Access Multiplexer
RNC Radio Network Controller
RPR Resilient Packet Ring
RSOH Regenerator Section OverHead
RSTP Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol
SC System Controller
SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
SETS Synchronous Equipment Timing Source SF Signal Fail (G.783)
SFP Small Form-factor Pluggable (Optical Modules)
SLA Service-Level Agreement
SNCP Sub-Network Connection Protection
SNM Synchronization Network Manager
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
SOH Section Over Head (G.782)

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Issue 1 Issue Date July 2007
Abbreviations

SSM Synchronization Status Message


STM Synchronous Transport Module (G.782/G.783/G.784)
STM-N Synchronous Transport Module, Level N
STP Spanning Tree Protocol
TCP Transmission Control Protocol
TDM Time Division Multiplex
TED Technical Manual
TMN Telecommunications Management Networks (G.782, G.783, G.784)
TMX Terminal Multiplexer
TNM Telecommunication Network Management
TNMS Telecommunication Network Management System
TSMN Troubleshooting Maunal
UNI User Network Interface
VC Virtual Container
VCAT Virtual Concatenation
VCG Virtual Concatenation Group
VLAN Virtual Local Area Networks
VOIP Voice Over Internet Protocol
WAN Wide Area Networks
WTR Wait-To-Restore

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Issue 1 Issue Date July 2007
Index

Index
Ethernet Virtual Private Line, 25
External Alarm Interface, 41

ACL, 36
Add/Drop Multiplexer, 14
Application Type, 13 Fan Tray, 55
ATM Interface Card, 77 Fast Ethernet Interface, 122
Available Timing Sources, 39 Fast Ethernet Layer 2 Interface Card, 87
Fast Ethernet Transparent Interface Card, 84
Flow control, 36

BOA Interface, 125
Gigabit Ethernet Interface Card, 81
GVRP, 37
Cards Supported, 53
CC + 1 x STM-16/4 card, 60
CC + 1 x STM-4/1 card, 59
Climatic Condition, 132 Hardware protection, 17
Commissioning, 105
Commissioning and Maintenance, 105
Components, 50
Control and Monitoring, 96 IMA, 37
Control Interface, 127 IMA Applications, 27
Cross-connection, 59 IMA functionality, 18
Cross-connection and Timing Card, 58 Indicating and Operating, 96
Interface, 16

Data Service, 24
DCC transparency, 48 Jumbo frame, 37
Dimension, 133
DNI, 43
Dual Ring, 22
Laser Safety Shut-down, 41
Linear with Add/Drop, 20
Link aggregation, 36
ECC Application, 49
Electrical 155 Mbps Interface, 118
Electrical 155 Mbps Interface Card, 67
Electrical 2 Mbps Interface, 119
Electrical 2 Mbps Interface Card, 73 MAC address forwarding, 36
Electrical 34 Mbps Interface, 119 Main Feature, 16
Electrical 34/45 Mbps Interface Card, 70 Maintenance, 105
Electrical 45 Mbps Interface, 118 MSP, 43, 130
Electrical Gigabit Ethernet Interface, 121 MS-SPRing, 43, 130
ElectroMagnetic Compatibility, 132 Multiple Ring, 23
Engineering Order Wire, 41 Multiplex and Mapping, 34
Environmental Conditions, 132
Equipment Protection, 44
Ethernet, 36

Ethernet functionality, 17 NE feature, 16
Ethernet Interface, 123 NE Software, 100
Ethernet Private LAN, 26 Network Application, 19
Ethernet Private Line, 25

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Issue 1 Issue Date July 2007
Index

SURPASS NE connect to TNMS, 46


Switch Fabric, 16, 33
OA Interface, 123 Synchronization, 38
Operating Terminal, 45 Synchronization Interface, 128
Optical Amplifier Card, 91 System Control and Monitoring, 94
Optical Gigabit Ethernet Interface, 120 System Controller Card, 55
Optical STM-16 Interface, 106 System Description, 29
Optical STM-4 Interface Card, 63 System Interface Card, 57
Optical/Electrical STM-1 Interface Card, 65 System Protection, 99


POA Interface, 126 T0 System Clock, 39
Power Supply, 131 Technical Data, 106
Power Supply Card, 54 Terminal Multiplexer, 14
Protection Architecture, 43 Terminal-to-Terminal, 19
Timing Function, 60
Timing Output Interface, 40
TNMS-M, 98
TNMS-M Embedding, 18
Rate limit, 36 TNMS-M SURPASS hiT 7035 LCT, 97
Real Time Clock, 40 Traffic Interface, 106
Retiming, 40 Traffic protection, 17, 43
Ring Network, 21 Transparent LAN, 36


Signalling Interface, 127 User Data Interfaces, 32
Single Ring, 21
Slot Arrangement, 51
SMA NE connect to TNMS, 47
SNCP, 43
SNCP, 130 VLAN, 36
Software/Firmware, 42
Standard Compliance, 11
STM-N Interface, 61

Subrack, 16, 29 Weight, 134

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Issue 1 Issue Date July 2007