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INVESTING IN NEW AND RENEWABLE ENERGY IN INDONESIA Energy for All Investor Forum Manila, 16

INVESTING IN NEW AND RENEWABLE ENERGY IN INDONESIA

Energy for All Investor Forum Manila, 16 June 2015

INVESTING IN NEW AND RENEWABLE ENERGY IN INDONESIA Energy for All Investor Forum Manila, 16 June

1

1 THE PARADOX OF INDONESIAN ENERGY - NO LONGER AN OIL EXPORTER

THE PARADOX OF INDONESIAN ENERGY - NO LONGER AN OIL EXPORTER

1 THE PARADOX OF INDONESIAN ENERGY - NO LONGER AN OIL EXPORTER

Historical changes of Indonesian energy, from Member of OPEC to Oil importer

Thsd bpd 1,800 Oil Production 1,600 1,400 Import 1,200 Golden age of Indonesian era 1,000
Thsd
bpd
1,800
Oil Production
1,600
1,400
Import
1,200
Golden age of Indonesian
era
1,000
Oil
800
Oil Consumption
600
400
200
Source: IEA dan EIA/AS
0
Thn
Consumption 600 400 200 Source: IEA dan EIA/AS 0 Thn “Proven reserves of petroleum are feared
Consumption 600 400 200 Source: IEA dan EIA/AS 0 Thn “Proven reserves of petroleum are feared

“Proven reserves of petroleum are feared to be exhausted within 10-13 years” -RPJMN 2015-2019, 7 January 2015

2

2 THE ENERGY SITUATION IN INDONESIA - TARGETING 23% FROM NRE SOURCE

THE ENERGY SITUATION IN INDONESIA - TARGETING 23% FROM NRE SOURCE

2 THE ENERGY SITUATION IN INDONESIA - TARGETING 23% FROM NRE SOURCE

17% increase of new & renewable energy (NRE) in 11 years

National Energy Mix

National Energy Mix Target 2025

years National Energy Mix National Energy Mix Target 2025 Gas NRE 22% 23% Coal Oil 30%

Gas

NRE

22%

23%

Coal

Oil

30%

25%

2014 2014 NRE 6% Gas Gas 23% 23% N Oil
2014 2014
NRE
6%
Gas
Gas
23% 23%
N
Oil

41%

Coal

30%

NO NRE RESOURCES INSTALLED CAPACITY (IC) RATIO OF IC/RESOURCES (%) 1 2 3 4 5
NO
NRE
RESOURCES
INSTALLED CAPACITY (IC)
RATIO OF IC/RESOURCES
(%)
1
2
3
4
5 = 4/3
1
Hydro
75,000 MW
7,572 MW
10.1 %
2
Geothermal
28,910 MW
1,403.5 MW
4.9
%
3
Biomass
32,654 MW
1,717.9 MW
5.4
%
4
Solar
4.80 kWh/m 2 /day
48.05 MW
-
5
Wind
3 – 6 m/s
1.87 MW
-
6
Ocean
49 GW ***)
0.01 MW ****)
-
7
Uranium
3,000 MW *)
30 MW **)
-
*) Identfied in the Kalan Basin in West Kalimantan
**) As a center of research, non-energy
***) Source: National Energy Council
****) BPPT’s Prototype

Indonesia NRE potential could reach more than 200.000 MW. Today,

Indonesia has just used 6.8% of the total NRE Potential.

NRE potential could reach more than 200.000 MW. Today, Indonesia has just used 6.8% of the

3

3 INVESTING ON NRE 2015 – 2025

INVESTING ON NRE 2015 – 2025

3 INVESTING ON NRE 2015 – 2025

23% NRE

3 INVESTING ON NRE 2015 – 2025 23% NRE A TOTAL OF 135 BILLION USD INVESTMENT

A TOTAL OF

135 BILLION USD INVESTMENT IN

2025

39 Billion USD 27 Billion USD 13 Billion USD 54 Billion USD
39 Billion USD
27 Billion USD
13 Billion USD
54 Billion USD

4

4 CHALLENGES FOR INVESTMENTS ON NRE

CHALLENGES FOR INVESTMENTS ON NRE

4 CHALLENGES FOR INVESTMENTS ON NRE
Challenges Access to site condition Availability of logistic facility (ports, road availability) On-site main
Challenges
Access to site condition
Availability of logistic
facility (ports, road
availability)
On-site main resources
Availability of local
construction company and
material
Risks Factors
Risks
Factors
Land/site contractual risk Capital cost over-run:
Land/site contractual risk
Capital cost over-run:

licenses, logistics (transport facilities), construction delay, grid interconnection, etc Technology: life-time and efficiency of module and equipment, grid reliability Financial viability of PLN (long-term PPA) Disasters: flood, fire, earthquake

Tariff Existing FiT shall be attractive enough for the investor to cover risk and gain
Tariff
Existing FiT shall be
attractive enough for the
investor to cover risk and
gain expected financial
return (ROR > 15%)
Technology supply relies
on mainly from offshore

Barrier to

entry

Capacity and technology transfer: lack of experience of local investor to build and operate utility scale plants needs experience partner Low learning curve, slow market penetration Limited access to most efficient technologies

5

5 ROADMAP FOR ACCELERATED DEVELOPMENT OF NRE

ROADMAP FOR ACCELERATED DEVELOPMENT OF NRE

5 ROADMAP FOR ACCELERATED DEVELOPMENT OF NRE
5 ROADMAP FOR ACCELERATED DEVELOPMENT OF NRE FOUR PILLARS OF BREAKTHROUGH 1 POLICY Issuing policy package,

FOUR PILLARS OF BREAKTHROUGH

1 POLICY Issuing policy package, facilitating good energy industries development for all NRE program and
1
POLICY
Issuing policy package, facilitating good
energy industries development for all NRE
program and investment.
I
i
li
k
2 FINANCIAL I
2 FINANCIAL
I

Innovative funding mechanism that allows the

channeling of various sources of funding to

renewable energy initiatives.

3
3
TECHNOLOGY
TECHNOLOGY

Breakthrough of technological advancement in the development of renewable energy.

4 CAPACITY I
4 CAPACITY
I

Increase in public and industrial capabilities in

the supply and use of renewable energy.

6

6 SETTING UP INVESTMENT CLIMATE FOR NRE DEVELOPMENT

SETTING UP INVESTMENT CLIMATE FOR NRE DEVELOPMENT

6 SETTING UP INVESTMENT CLIMATE FOR NRE DEVELOPMENT
•One Step Service (OSS) for license application. •Interlink with sectoral Ministries. INVESTMENT COORDINATING
•One Step Service (OSS) for
license application.
•Interlink with sectoral
Ministries.
INVESTMENT
COORDINATING
BOARD
• Fiscal Incentives • Import Duty Facilities • Tax Holiday • Tax Allowance • PPP
• Fiscal Incentives
• Import Duty Facilities
• Tax Holiday
• Tax Allowance
• PPP facilities for NRE
projects: i) PDF; ii) VGF; iii)
Guarantee; iv) Infrastructure
Fund
MINISTRY OF
FINANCE
• Data and Information Update • Capacity building to stakeholders • Subsidies and infrastructure support
• Data and Information
Update
• Capacity building to
stakeholders
• Subsidies and infrastructure
support to poor and remote
communities
• Policy on Tariff
• Facilitation-based planning
and budgeting
MINISTRY OF ENERGY
AND MINERAL
RESOURCES
Tariff • Facilitation-based planning and budgeting MINISTRY OF ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCES RENEWABLE ENERGY FUND
RENEWABLE ENERGY FUND
RENEWABLE ENERGY FUND

7

7 RENEWABLE ENERGY FUND TO ACCELERATE NRE DEVELOPMENT

RENEWABLE ENERGY FUND TO ACCELERATE NRE DEVELOPMENT

7 RENEWABLE ENERGY FUND TO ACCELERATE NRE DEVELOPMENT

Sources of funds (grants, loans, investment)

funds funds funds funds funds funds funds funds funds RENEWABLE ENERGY FUND
funds
funds
funds
funds
funds
funds
funds
funds
funds
RENEWABLE ENERGY FUND

Intermediary

institution

RE Projects

Fund Management Project Assesment & Monitoring Project Development
Fund
Management
Project
Assesment &
Monitoring
Project
Development

Hydro power plantProject Assesment & Monitoring Project Development Biomass/ Biogas Sol Solar power plant Wind power plant

& Monitoring Project Development Hydro power plant Biomass/ Biogas Sol Solar power plant Wind power plant
& Monitoring Project Development Hydro power plant Biomass/ Biogas Sol Solar power plant Wind power plant
& Monitoring Project Development Hydro power plant Biomass/ Biogas Sol Solar power plant Wind power plant
& Monitoring Project Development Hydro power plant Biomass/ Biogas Sol Solar power plant Wind power plant
& Monitoring Project Development Hydro power plant Biomass/ Biogas Sol Solar power plant Wind power plant
& Monitoring Project Development Hydro power plant Biomass/ Biogas Sol Solar power plant Wind power plant

Biomass/ Biogas

Sol Solar power plant

Wind power plant

OthersBiomass/ Biogas Sol Solar power plant Wind power plant Supported by: PT SMI, as SOE in

Supported by: PT SMI, as SOE in financing PPP infrastructure development Indonesian Infrastructure Guarantee Fund
Supported by: PT SMI, as SOE in financing PPP infrastructure development
Indonesian Infrastructure Guarantee Fund (IIGF), as SOE providing guarantee facility for
infrastructure development
SOME CASES OF INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES: 1. BIOENERGY INDUSTRY 2. SOLAR PV INDUSTRY 3. BALI AS
SOME CASES OF INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES: 1. BIOENERGY INDUSTRY 2. SOLAR PV INDUSTRY 3. BALI AS
SOME CASES OF INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES: 1. BIOENERGY INDUSTRY 2. SOLAR PV INDUSTRY 3. BALI AS
SOME CASES OF INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES: 1. BIOENERGY INDUSTRY 2. SOLAR PV INDUSTRY 3. BALI AS

SOME CASES OF INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES:

1. BIOENERGY INDUSTRY

2. SOLAR PV INDUSTRY

3. BALI AS CLEAN ENERGY ISLAND

8

8 BIOFUEL SUPPLY SCENARIO 2015-2025

BIOFUEL SUPPLY SCENARIO 2015-2025

8 BIOFUEL SUPPLY SCENARIO 2015-2025
Eksport target: 30% TOTAL KEWAJIBAN BIOSOLAR TOTAL MANDATORY OF BIODIESEL 18.1 KAPASITAS PRODUKSI BIOSOLAR CURRENT
Eksport target: 30%
TOTAL KEWAJIBAN BIOSOLAR
TOTAL MANDATORY OF BIODIESEL
18.1
KAPASITAS PRODUKSI BIOSOLAR
CURRENT PRODUCTION CAPACITY OF BIODIESEL
TOTAL KEWAJIBAN BIOETANOL
13.9
TOTAL MANDATORY OF BIOETHANOL
KAPASITAS PRODUKSI BIOETANOL
CURRENT PRODUCTION CAPACITY OF BIOETHANOL
11.0
8.5
7.6
7.6
5.6
4.7
2.9
2.9
0.9
0.6

2015

2019

2025

20.0

18.0

16.0

14.0

12.0

10.0

8.0

6.0

4.0

2.0

-

juta kiloliter

Million kilo litre

Total land needed till 2025: 8.1 mio Ha
Total land
needed till 2025:
8.1 mio Ha
 

till 2019

 

till 2025

Target of biodiesel production capacity increase

2.0 millions kiloliter (covered from existing production of CPO)

10.5 millions kiloliter (covered from the ratio between CPO and sustainable plants = 50:50)

Total land needed

     
 

NYAMPLUNG

JARAK
JARAK
JARAK KEMIRI SUNAN

KEMIRI SUNAN

-

3.3

millions Ha

   

Target of bioethanol production capacity increase

2.3 millions kiloliter

8.7 millions kiloliter

Total land needed

Total land needed SUGARCANE SWITCHGRASS CASSAVA
Total land needed SUGARCANE SWITCHGRASS CASSAVA

SUGARCANE SWITCHGRASS CASSAVA

Total land needed SUGARCANE SWITCHGRASS CASSAVA

1.0 millions Ha

3.8

millions Ha

8.7 millions kiloliter Total land needed SUGARCANE SWITCHGRASS CASSAVA 1.0 millions Ha 3.8 millions Ha

9

9 STRENGTHENING BIOENERGY VALUE CHAIN AND INDUSTRY

STRENGTHENING BIOENERGY VALUE CHAIN AND INDUSTRY

9 STRENGTHENING BIOENERGY VALUE CHAIN AND INDUSTRY
APPROACH ON STRENGTHENING BIOENERGY SUPPLY CHAIN AND INDUSTRY
APPROACH ON STRENGTHENING BIOENERGY SUPPLY CHAIN AND INDUSTRY

Assertiveness of Government policies presents on every stage of bioenergy supply chain

DEGRADED LAND AND LOCAL COMMUNITY CONNECTIVITY AND FEEDSTOCK PRICE PRODUCTION DISTRIBUTION CAPACITY AND SUPPLY
DEGRADED LAND AND
LOCAL COMMUNITY
CONNECTIVITY AND
FEEDSTOCK PRICE
PRODUCTION
DISTRIBUTION
CAPACITY AND SUPPLY
INDUSTRY
INCREASE
AND MARKET
• Planting on
degraded lands.
• Encourage proper
transport modes with
• Encourage new
establishment of
• Encourage proper
bioenergy
distribution modes
with policy and
incentives.
• Monitoring of biofuel blend
policy application.
• Diversification of
policy and
bioenergy factories or
• End user target: mining
feedstock type
based on soil
characteristics and
localities.
incentives.
production capacity
• Maintain feedstock
price with
incentive/subsidy.
increase with
incentives.
industry, power plant &
transportation.
• Increase network
• Support blending
capacity.
• Ensure OEM (Original
Equipment Manufacturer)
• Collaboration with
local people & local
plant technology.
• Maintain supply with
government.
• Maintain feedstock
supply with
Domestic Market
Obligation policy.
• Develop intermodal
network &
connectivity.
Domestic Market
Obligation policy.
to support biofuel
utilization.
• Encourage automotive
industries to support
biofuel utilization.
FEEDSTOCK
FEEDSTOCK
BIOENERGY
BIOENERGY
BIOENERGY
PRODUCTION
LOGISTICS
PRODUCTION
DISTRIBUTION
CONSUMPTION

10

10 UTILIZATION OF DEGRADED LAND FOR BIOENERGY DEVELOPMENT

UTILIZATION OF DEGRADED LAND FOR BIOENERGY DEVELOPMENT

10 UTILIZATION OF DEGRADED LAND FOR BIOENERGY DEVELOPMENT
Definition of Degraded Land: land that is critically assessed based on several parameter conditions including
Definition of Degraded Land: land
that is critically assessed based on
several parameter conditions
including vegetation cover, slope,
erosion, and land management
conditions. (Dirjen Decrees No. 041
Category
%
Area (ha)
Slightly Critical
65,4
45.878.466
8.6
Critical
27,9
19.564.909
7.8
Very Critical
6,8
4.738.384
/ Kpts / V / 1998)
Total
70.181.759
5.1
3.2
3.6
4.2
2.3
1.6
1.8 1.8
1.4
2.4 2.4
2.6 2.6
1.9
1 1.6 6
2.1
2.0
0.9
2.2 1.4
0.6
1.2
0.7
2.7
1.2
2.1
0.7
0.9
1.4
0.7
0.3 0.0
0.6
0.1 0.2

Source: Directorate PEPDAS, DG BPDASPS Ministry of Forestry, 2013

Millions of ha

11

11 TARGET OF BIOENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN KATINGAN & PULANG PISAU DISTRICT, CENTRAL KALIMANTAN PROVINCE

TARGET OF BIOENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN KATINGAN & PULANG PISAU DISTRICT, CENTRAL KALIMANTAN PROVINCE

TARGET OF BIOENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN KATINGAN & PULANG PISAU DISTRICT, CENTRAL KALIMANTAN PROVINCE
KATINGAN PULANG PISAU Target: 50.000 Ha Target: 50.000 Ha
KATINGAN
PULANG PISAU
Target: 50.000 Ha
Target: 50.000 Ha
A glance of degraded land in Central Kalimantan
A glance of degraded land in Central Kalimantan

12

12 INVITING INVESTMENT ON SOLAR PV INDUSTRY

INVITING INVESTMENT ON SOLAR PV INDUSTRY

12 INVITING INVESTMENT ON SOLAR PV INDUSTRY
12 INVITING INVESTMENT ON SOLAR PV INDUSTRY Feed in tariff: USD 25 cent/kwh Quota: 1 GW

Feed in tariff: USD 25 cent/kwh

Quota: 1 GW per year

Transfer technology policies

Rooftop PV policy program

Regional-based feed in tariff

USD 25 cent/kwh Quota: 1 GW per year Transfer technology policies Rooftop PV policy program Regional-based
USD 25 cent/kwh Quota: 1 GW per year Transfer technology policies Rooftop PV policy program Regional-based

13

13 BALI AS CLEAN ENERGY ISLAND

BALI AS CLEAN ENERGY ISLAND

13 BALI AS CLEAN ENERGY ISLAND
Bali Hosts Centre of Excellence
Bali Hosts Centre of Excellence
BALI AS CLEAN ENERGY ISLAND Bali Hosts Centre of Excellence Building Technologies CoE Geothermal Hydro Power

Building

Technologies

ISLAND Bali Hosts Centre of Excellence Building Technologies CoE Geothermal Hydro Power Bioenergy Solar PV Biofuel
CoE Geothermal
CoE
Geothermal
Bali Hosts Centre of Excellence Building Technologies CoE Geothermal Hydro Power Bioenergy Solar PV Biofuel Utilization
Bali Hosts Centre of Excellence Building Technologies CoE Geothermal Hydro Power Bioenergy Solar PV Biofuel Utilization

Hydro Power

Bioenergy

Solar PV

Biofuel Utilization

Bali Hosts Centre of Excellence Building Technologies CoE Geothermal Hydro Power Bioenergy Solar PV Biofuel Utilization

14

14 DEVELOPMENT OF CENTER OF EXCELLENCE

DEVELOPMENT OF CENTER OF EXCELLENCE

14 DEVELOPMENT OF CENTER OF EXCELLENCE

sun pipes

solar panels

Coordination center for the development of NRE technology;

Facilitation of technology implementation at local and industrial level;

Enhancing energy efficiency and conservation; and

Boost knowledge on NRE research and development

photovoltaic highly panels insulated air tight envelope
photovoltaic
highly
panels
insulated
air tight
envelope

roof (U=0.50)

Eco-logic roof tiles

triple-glazed windows and doors

(U=0.80)

highly insulated timber framed walls (U=0.15)

secure cycle

store highly insulated floor slab (U=0.15) Knowledge Support • Technical Information porous paviors rainwater
store
highly insulated
floor slab
(U=0.15)
Knowledge Support
• Technical Information
porous paviors
rainwater
waste recycling composting
harvesting
• Landscape Analysis
• Project Facilitation
TECHNICAL
PARTNERSHIP
TECHNICAL
INFORMATION
PROGRAMS
• Basic Knowledge
SOLAR
FUELS
UTILISATION
Support Team
Technical
BIOFUEL
LANDSCAPE
MONITORING
TRAINING
Training
ANALYSIS
AND EVALUATION
INDUSTRIAL
TECHNOLOGIES
Business
Knowledge
GEOTHERMAL
PROJECT
MANUFACTURING
Implementation Support
BUSINESS
BUILDING
FACILITATION
AND PROCESSING
TECHNOLOGIES
• Partnership Program
WIND
• Monitoring and Evaluation
• Manufacture and Processing
CONSERVATION
BASIC
TECHNOLOGY
SCIENTIFIC
PROGRAMS
SCIENCE
INNOVATION
• Technology Innovation
HYDRO
THANK YOU BUKU STATISTIK

THANK YOU

BUKU STATISTIK

THANK YOU BUKU STATISTIK