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AVEVA Plant

(12 Series)

TRAINING GUIDE
Pipework Modelling

TM-1100

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
Pipework Modelling TM-1100

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
Pipework Modelling TM-1100

Revision Log

Date Revision Description of Revision Author Reviewed Approved


03/08/2007 0.1 Issued for Review BT
01/05/2008 0.2 Reviewed BT KM
07/05/2008 1.0 Approved for Training 12.0.0.3 BT KM RP
27/08/2008 1.1 Issued for Review BT
27/08/2008 1.2 Reviewed BT SW
12/12/2008 2.0 Approved for Training 12.0.SP3 BT SW RP
11/06/2009 2.1 Issued for Review 12.0.SP4 BT
21/08/2009 2.2 Reviewed BT KM
26/08/2008 3.0 Approved for Training 12.0.SP4 BT KM RP
26/08/2008 3.1 Issued for Review PDMS 12.0.SP5 BT
02/11/2009 3.2 Reviewed BT KM
02/11/2009 4.0 Approved for Training PDMS 12.0.SP5 BT KM RP
01/11/2010 4.1 Issued for Review PDMS 12.0.SP6 BT
05/11/2010 4.2 Reviewed BT BG
05/11/2010 5.0 Approved for Training PDMS 12.0.SP6 BT BG RP

Updates
All headings containing updated or new material will be highlighted.

Suggestion / Problems
If you have a suggestion about this manual or the system to which it refers please report it to the AVEVA
Group Solutions Centre at gsc@aveva.com

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not be licensed to you. For further information on which products are licensed to you please refer to your
licence conditions.

Visit our website at http://www.aveva.com

Disclaimer
Information of a technical nature, and particulars of the product and its use, is given by AVEVA Solutions Ltd
and its subsidiaries without warranty. AVEVA Solutions Ltd. and its subsidiaries disclaim any and all
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belongs to its respective owner.
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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
Pipework Modelling TM-1100

Copyright
Copyright and all other intellectual property rights in this manual and the associated software, and every part
of it (including source code, object code, any data contained in it, the manual and any other documentation
supplied with it) belongs to AVEVA Solutions Ltd. or its subsidiaries.
All other rights are reserved to AVEVA Solutions Ltd and its subsidiaries. The information contained in this
document is commercially sensitive, and shall not be copied, reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted without the prior written permission of AVEVA Solutions Limited. Where such permission is
granted, it expressly requires that this Disclaimer and Copyright notice is prominently displayed at the
beginning of every copy that is made.

The manual and associated documentation may not be adapted, reproduced, or copied in any material or
electronic form without the prior written permission of AVEVA Solutions Ltd. The user may also not reverse
engineer, decompile, copy or adapt the associated software. Neither the whole nor part of the product
described in this publication may be incorporated into any third-party software, product, machine or system
without the prior written permission of AVEVA Solutions Limited or save as permitted by law. Any such
unauthorised action is strictly prohibited and may give rise to civil liabilities and criminal prosecution.

The AVEVA products described in this guide are to be installed and operated strictly in accordance with the
terms and conditions of the respective licence agreements, and in accordance with the relevant User
Documentation. Unauthorised or unlicensed use of the product is strictly prohibited.

Printed by AVEVA Solutions on 10 November 2010

AVEVA Solutions and its subsidiaries 2001 2007

AVEVA Solutions Ltd, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HB, United Kingdom.

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Contents

1 Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 9
1.1 Aim..................................................................................................................................................... 9
1.2 Objectives ......................................................................................................................................... 9
1.3 Prerequisites .................................................................................................................................... 9
1.4 Course Structure .............................................................................................................................. 9
1.5 Using this guide ............................................................................................................................... 9
1.6 Setting up the Training Course .................................................................................................... 10
2 Pipework Modelling ............................................................................................................................... 11
2.1 Entering a Design Session ............................................................................................................ 12
2.2 Piping Specifications ..................................................................................................................... 13
2.3 Setting the Appropriate Specification.......................................................................................... 13
2.4 Pipework Toolbar ........................................................................................................................... 14
2.5 Pipe Creation Form ........................................................................................................................ 15
2.6 Pipe Branches ................................................................................................................................ 15
2.7 Pipe Branch Heads and Tails ........................................................................................................ 15
2.7.1 Branch Head Attributes ............................................................................................................ 16
2.7.2 Branch Tail Attributes ............................................................................................................... 16
2.8 Pipe Branch Head / Tail Positioned Explicitly ............................................................................. 17
2.9 Pipe Branch Head / Tail Connected ............................................................................................. 17
2.10 Pipe Branch Components (Pipe Fittings) .................................................................................... 18
2.11 Creating Branch Components (Pipe Fittings) ............................................................................. 18
2.12 Component Creation Form ........................................................................................................... 19
2.13 Component Selection Form .......................................................................................................... 20
2.13.1 The components Tab ............................................................................................................... 20
2.13.2 The Specs. Tab ........................................................................................................................ 20
2.13.3 The Errors Tab ......................................................................................................................... 21
2.13.4 The Options tab ........................................................................................................................ 21
2.14 Branch Components List Order ................................................................................................... 23
2.15 Typical Design Explorer showing Tube ....................................................................................... 24
2.16 Arrive and Leave Points ................................................................................................................ 25
2.17 Quick Pipe Routing ........................................................................................................................ 26
2.18 Extended Handle Pop-ups ............................................................................................................ 26
2.19 Rotational Handle Pop-ups ........................................................................................................... 28
2.20 Quick Pipe Routing (Example) ...................................................................................................... 29
3 Pipe Routing a worked example ........................................................................................................... 31
3.1 Entering AVEVA Plant ................................................................................................................... 32
3.2 Entering the Piping Application ................................................................................................... 32
3.3 Piping Hierarchy............................................................................................................................. 32
3.4 Pipe Creation form ......................................................................................................................... 33
3.5 Creating Piping Components ....................................................................................................... 35
Exercise 1 Pipe Branch Worked Example ................................................................................................ 44
Exercise 2 - Creating a Second Branch ....................................................................................................... 44
Exercise 3 - Building the Pipework .............................................................................................................. 45
Exercise 3a - Pipe 80-B-7 .............................................................................................................................. 46
Exercise 3b - Pipe 150-B-6 ............................................................................................................................ 47
Exercise 3c - Pipe 250-B-5 ............................................................................................................................ 48
Exercise 3d - Pipe 200-B-4 ............................................................................................................................ 49
Exercise 3e - Pipe 100-C-13 .......................................................................................................................... 50
3.6 Copying Branches ......................................................................................................................... 56
Worked Example - Pipe 150-A-57 ................................................................................................................. 56
3.7 Selecting components from an Alternative Specification ......................................................... 57
Exercise 4 - Completing the Pipework ........................................................................................................ 60
Exercise 4a - Pipe 80-B-14 ............................................................................................................................ 60
Exercise 4b - Pipe 80-A-11 ............................................................................................................................ 62
Exercise 4c - Pipe 100-C-12 .......................................................................................................................... 63
Exercise 4d - Pipe 100-B-2 ............................................................................................................................ 64
Exercise 4e - Pipe 150-A-3 ............................................................................................................................
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Exercise 4f - Pipe 100-B-1 ............................................................................................................................. 66
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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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Exercise 4g - Pipe 50-B-9 .............................................................................................................................. 67


Exercise 4h - Pipe 40-B-10 ........................................................................................................................... 68
4 Replacing Components ......................................................................................................................... 69
4.1 Replacing Components using the same Piping Spec. ............................................................... 69
4.2 Replacing Components using an Alternative Piping Spec........................................................ 70
4.2.1 Fixed Cut Mitred Bends ............................................................................................................ 70
4.2.2 Variable Cut Mitred Bends ....................................................................................................... 73
Exercise 5 - Replacing Components ........................................................................................................... 73
5 Data Consistency Checker ................................................................................................................... 75
5.1 Possible Types of Data Error ........................................................................................................ 75
5.1.1 Angular Alignment .................................................................................................................... 75
5.1.2 Axial Alignment......................................................................................................................... 75
5.1.3 Consistent Bores ...................................................................................................................... 75
5.1.4 Connection Types .................................................................................................................... 75
5.1.5 Minimum Tube Length ............................................................................................................. 75
5.2 Starting the Data Consistency Checks ........................................................................................ 76
5.2.1 Specifying Parameters and Tolerances ................................................................................... 76
5.2.2 Minimum Tube length ............................................................................................................... 77
5.3 Data Consistency Check Report Format ..................................................................................... 77
5.3.1 Data Consistency Diagnostic Messages .................................................................................. 77
5.4 Some Examples of Data Consistency Diagnostic Messages .................................................... 78
5.4.1 Branch Head Errors.................................................................................................................. 78
5.4.2 Branch Tail Errors .................................................................................................................... 79
5.4.3 Plain Branch Errors .................................................................................................................. 79
5.4.4 ComponentSpecific Diagnostics ............................................................................................ 80
5.4.5 EndComponent Diagnostics................................................................................................... 81
Exercise 6 - Data consistency check ........................................................................................................... 82
6 Interference or Clash Detection ........................................................................................................... 83
6.1 Displaying Obstructions ............................................................................................................... 84
6.2 Executing a Clash Run .................................................................................................................. 85
Exercise 7 Clash Detection ........................................................................................................................ 86
7 Hole Management .................................................................................................................................. 87
7.1 Introduction to Hole Management ................................................................................................ 87
7.1.1 Hole Element Storage .............................................................................................................. 88
7.1.2 Request and Approval Workflow .............................................................................................. 88
7.1.3 Non-penetration Managed Holes ............................................................................................. 90
7.1.4 Use of the Hole Management Application ................................................................................ 91
7.2 Creating the Fixing Area ............................................................................................................... 91
7.3 Creating single Pipe Penetration .................................................................................................. 91
7.4 Pipe Penetration Example Couplings .......................................................................................... 96
7.5 Creating Multiple Pipe Penetrations ............................................................................................ 97
7.6 Pipe Penetration Examples ........................................................................................................... 99
7.7 Managing Holes Requesting a Hole ........................................................................................ 100
7.7.1 Using the Hole Association Filters ......................................................................................... 100
7.8 Approving Holes .......................................................................................................................... 103
7.9 Rejecting a Hole ........................................................................................................................... 104
7.9.1 Rejecting on Initial Review ..................................................................................................... 104
7.9.2 Rejecting after Approval ......................................................................................................... 105
7.10 Making a Hole Redundant ........................................................................................................... 105
7.11 Non-Penetration Managed Holes ................................................................................................ 107
7.11.1 Free Holes .............................................................................................................................. 107
7.12 Creating a Non-penetration Managed Holes ............................................................................. 109
Exercise 8 Hole Management .................................................................................................................. 111
8 Isometric Production ........................................................................................................................... 113
Exercise 9 Isometric Production ............................................................................................................. 113
9 Sloping / Falling Pipelines .................................................................................................................. 115
9.1 Orientation and Positioning Components in Falling Pipelines ............................................... 115
9.2 Creating Sloping Pipes ................................................................................................................ 116
Exercise 10 - Creating Sloping Pipes ........................................................................................................ 117
9.3 Controlling the Pipe Component Slope ..................................................................................... 117
Exercise 11 - Controlling Pipe Component Slope .................................................................................... 119
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Alternative Positioning Forms ........................................................................................................ 121

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
Pipework Modelling TM-1100

10.1 Position>Component>Plane Through ....................................................................................... 121


10.2 Positioning Piping Items Relative to Other Design Items........................................................ 121
10.2.1 Position>Component>BoP/ToP (Infront) ............................................................................... 121
10.2.2 Position>Component>BoP/Top (Behind) ............................................................................... 122
10.3 Position>Component>BoP/Top - Nonorthogonal Pipelines .................................................. 122
10.3.1 Positioning Onto another Item ................................................................................................ 122
10.4 Positioning Under another Item ................................................................................................. 122
10.4.1 Positioning Infront another Item ............................................................................................. 123
10.4.2 Positioning Behind another Item ............................................................................................ 123
10.5 Position>Component>Clearance ............................................................................................... 123
10.5.1 Position>Component>Clearance (Infront) ............................................................................. 123
10.5.2 Position>Component>Clearance (Behind) ............................................................................ 124
10.6 Position>Component>Clearance - Nonorthogonal Pipelines ............................................... 124
10.6.1 Positioning with Clearance Onto another Item ....................................................................... 124
10.6.2 Positioning with Clearance Under another Item ..................................................................... 124
10.6.3 Positioning with Clearance In-front another Item ................................................................... 125
10.6.4 Positioning with Clearance Behind another Item ................................................................... 125
10.7 Forwards and Backwards ........................................................................................................... 125
10.8 Alternative Positioning Example ................................................................................................ 126
Exercise 12 Alternative Positioning ........................................................................................................ 128
11 Pipe Assemblies .............................................................................................................................. 129
11.1 Using Pipe Assemblies during Piping Design .......................................................................... 129
Exercise 13 - Using Pipe Assemblies during Piping Design .............................................................. 131
12 Pipe Splitting .................................................................................................................................... 133
12.1 Pipe Splitting at a component .................................................................................................... 133
12.2 Pipe Splitting on a Plane ............................................................................................................. 134
12.2.1 Elements to Split .................................................................................................................... 135
12.2.2 Split Pipe Options, (Split Pipe on Plane) ................................................................................ 135
12.2.3 Moving Down Stream Components ....................................................................................... 135
12.2.4 Plane definition ....................................................................................................................... 135
12.2.5 Assembly Selection ................................................................................................................ 137
12.2.6 Split Pipe ................................................................................................................................ 137
12.3 Split Pipe into Segments ............................................................................................................. 138
Exercise 14 - Pipe Splitting ......................................................................................................................... 138
13 Pipe Editing (Component Bore/Specification) .............................................................................. 139
13.1 Changing Component Spec ........................................................................................................ 139
Exercise 15 - Pipe Editing (Component Bore/Specification)................................................................... 142
13.2 Changing Component Nominal Bore ......................................................................................... 143
Exercise 16 Changing Component Nominal Bore ................................................................................. 145
14 Pipe Fabrication Machine................................................................................................................ 147
14.1 Creating an Example Fabrication Machine ............................................................................... 147
14.2 Example Fabrication Machine ................................................................................................... 147
14.3 Setting the Pipe Fabrication Machine at Zone Level ................................................................ 148
Exercise 17 Creating a Fabrication Machine ......................................................................................... 148
15 Pipe Routing using Bends selected via a Pipe Fabrication Machine. ........................................ 149
Exercise 18 Creating a Pipe using Bends selected via a Pipe Fabrication Machine. ........................ 150
16 Production Checks .......................................................................................................................... 151
16.1 Setup Production Checks ........................................................................................................... 151
16.2 Spool Generation ......................................................................................................................... 153
16.3 Creating extra Spools .................................................................................................................. 154
16.4 Re-spooling the Pipe ................................................................................................................... 154
16.5 Feed Excess ................................................................................................................................. 155
16.6 Spooling Log File ......................................................................................................................... 156
16.7 Pipe Spools ................................................................................................................................... 157
Exercise 19 Production Checks .............................................................................................................. 157
17 Flange Enhancements ..................................................................................................................... 159
17.1 Flange Offset ................................................................................................................................ 159
17.2 Loose Flange and Flange Allowance ......................................................................................... 160
Exercise 20 Flange Enhancements ......................................................................................................... 161

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
Pipework Modelling TM-1100

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CHAPTER 1

1 Introduction
Pipe routing is probably the activity that consumes most time on any large project and it is also one, which
causes the most problems. Pipe routing in PDMS has always been one of the major strengths of the system,
as you will discover in this module.

1.1 Aim

The aim of the course is to provide the skills required to use the PDMS Piping Design application in the most
productive way, to introduce some of the techniques that are used in the other Design applications and have
an understanding of Piping components, routing, checking isometrics and simple Clash detection.

1.2 Objectives

At the end of this Piping Design training course, the participants will able to:

Understand the basic concepts of Pipes and Branches.


Understand the use of piping specifications in AVEVA Plant.
Understand the concept of branch heads and tails and the importance of component list order
and flow direction within a branch.
Create position and orientate piping components.
Orient and position components in falling pipelines.
Apply Insulation and Tracing to the pipelines
Use more complex positioning with relation to other design items.
Run Data Consistency Checks to screen or file including Parameters and Tolerances and to
understand most of the diagnostic messages.
Perform simple Clash Checks
Understand Basic Hole Management
Produce Check Isometrics.
Create and use Piping Design Assemblies.
Understand pipe splitting on components or by using Assemblies.

1.3 Prerequisites

The participants must have completed TM-1011 - AVEVA PDMS Foundations course.

1.4 Course Structure

Training will consist of oral and visual presentations, demonstrations and set exercises. Each workstation
will have a training project, populated with model objects. This will be used by the trainees to practice their
methods, and complete the set exercises.

1.5 Using this guide

Certain text styles are used to indicate special situations throughout this document, here is a summary;
Menu pull downs and button press actions are indicated by bold dark turquoise text.
Information the user has to Key-in will be red and Bold
Annotation for trainees benefit:

Additional information
Refer to other documentation

System prompts should be bold and italic in inverted commas i.e. 'Choose function'
Example files or inputs will be in the courier new font, colours and styles used as before. www.aveva.com
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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
Pipework Modelling TM-1100

1.6 Setting up the Training Course

Login to PDMS as a TRAINER using the details provided by the Trainer, for example:

Project: Training (TRA)

Username: TRAINER

Password: T

MDB: A-PIPING

Module: Design

In Design select Utilities>Training Setup from the main menu to display the Training Setup form.

Select the Foundations tab.

Click the DELETE Stabilizer radio button and click the Apply button. This deletes any existing Stabilizer
model elements.

Select the Piping Tab Click the Add Stabilizer Equipment button and click the Apply button.

Select the General Tab Click the Add Sample Systems button and click the Apply button

These options create the Stabilizer Equipment and default Piping Systems ready for the training course

Click the Cancel button on the Training Setup form.

Select Design>Exit from the main menu and click the Yes on the Save Changes message form.

Access to PDMS is controlled using the AVEVA Training Setup Forms and Menus: Utilities > Training
Setup in ADMIN. For the Piping Training Course a PDMS project with empty sites in the appropriate
databases is required.

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CHAPTER 2

2 Pipework Modelling

The following Chapter describes how PDMS is used for modelling Pipework. There is a separate design
hierarchy for pipe routing, as shown below. In principle, each pipe element may own a number of branches.
In turn, branches may own a number of piping components, e.g.: valves, reducers, tees, flanges, etc.

The difference between pipes and branches is that a branch is only considered to have two ends, while a
pipe may have any number of ends, depending on the number of branches it owns.

Below shows a pipe with three ends and two branches. The second branch is
connected to the first at the tee.

This brings in another rule that says that although a branch only has two ends,
it may own components (in this case a tee), which connects to other branches.

These simple concepts enable any number of piping configurations to be


developed, and forms the basis of all existing designed PDMS Pipework.

Alternatively the branch could leave the tee through the offline leg as
shown.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
Pipework Modelling TM-1100

2.1 Entering a Design Session

To start the PDMS application, Select All Programs > AVEVA > PDMS 12.0 > Run PDMS

The trainer will provide PDMS User Names and Passwords. Typically, these will be as follows:

On the AVEVA PDMS Login box, enter

Project Training TRA


Username A.PIPER
Password A
MDB A-PIPING
Module Design

and then click OK

A default screen layout will be displayed comprising the general menu bar for the application and a Design
Explorer window showing all the objects from the current project database. Design windows can be
repositioned and, in some cases, resized.

Once the Design application has been started, if necessary, switch from the General application to the
Pipework application. Select Design > Pipework from the main menu to change application.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
Pipework Modelling TM-1100

2.2 Piping Specifications


In the same way that design offices have standard piping specifications, PDMS has a set of specifications
from which the designer can select. All the components within PDMS must be defined in the Catalogue and
be placed in a Specification before they can be sleeted. In the Training Project there are three such
specifications:

A1A = ANSI CLASS 150 CARBON STEEL


A3B = ANSI CLASS 300 CARBON STEEL
F1C = ANSI CLASS 150 STAINLESS STEEL

These specifications contain all the fittings required for the course exercises.

2.3 Setting the Appropriate Specification

The first task when building a pipe is to decide which specification to use. For the Training Project, the first
letter in the pipe name represents the specification to be used. For example, the pipe /150-B-5 has the letter
B to represent the specification.

The specification letters are as follows: -

A = /A1A
B = /A3B
C = /F1C

Having decided on the appropriate specification, this is then set


as an attribute of the pipe. Any subsequent branches will
automatically be assigned with the same specification (although
this can be re-specified if required).

The default Insulation and Tracing Specifications can also be


set using this form but are only active when ticked.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
Pipework Modelling TM-1100

2.4 Pipework Toolbar

The Pipework Toolbar is used to Manipulate Pipes, Branches and Branch Components.

The default Piping


Specification can be
reset using this Icon.

Default Pipe
Specification

Used for the Creation


of Pipes

Modifying Pipes

Display Piping
Components Creation
Form

Used for reselecting


Piping Components.

A range of Piping
Components can be
deleted using this
icon.

Used to Align
components.

Used to Orientate
Components.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
Pipework Modelling TM-1100

2.5 Pipe Creation Form

To Display the Pipe Creation form, select the Show pipe creation form icon from the Pipework Toolbar

The Create Pipe form is now displayed.

Pipes hold reference data i.e. Primary System, Pipe,


Insulation and Tracing Specs, and also the Temperature and
Pressure of the pipe.

Before creating the pipe, it is necessary to navigate to the


correct zone using the Design Explorer,

The Bore field indicated on the form is the nominal bore for
this pipe and does not affect the pipe route.

2.6 Pipe Branches

Branches serve two purposes:

They define the start and finish points of a pipe route (known as the Head and Tail in PDMS).
They own the piping components, which define the route.

The position and order of the piping components below branch level determine the physical route. In PDMS
it is only necessary to consider the fittings, because the pipe that appears between fittings is automatically
set (or implied) by PDMS according to the specifications of the fittings.
2.7 Pipe Branch Heads and Tails

All branches need to have a start and end point. These can be a position in space (3D co-ordinates), the
flange face of a nozzle, a tee or various other points in your design. Heads and tails are set up via a series
of attributes that belong to the branch element.

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The Branch head is at the face of Nozzle 1 and the Branch Tail is at the face of Nozzle 2.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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2.7.1 Branch Head Attributes

HPOS The position in the zone where the branch starts.


HCON The connection type of the branch end (Up to a 4 character code for flanged, butt weld, screwed,
etc.).
HDIR The direction in which the start of the branch is pointing (as if you were looking down the bore).
HBOR The bore of the pipe (this can be metric or imperial).
HREF The name of the item to which the branch head is connected (e.g. /C1101-N1). If this is not set, then
the branch is open to the atmosphere for a vent or drain.
HSTU This is a reference to the catalogue, which determines the material of the first piece of pipe, between
the start of the branch and the first fitting (this still needs to be set, even if there is a fitting connected
directly to the head).

2.7.2 Branch Tail Attributes

TPOS The position in the zone where the branch ends.


TCON The connection type of the branch end (Up to a 4 character code for flanged, butt weld, screwed,
etc.).
TDIR The direction in which the end of the branch is pointing (as if you were looking back down the bore).
TBOR The bore of the pipe (this can be metric or imperial).
TREF The name of the item to which the branch tail is connected (e.g. /150-A-3). If this is not set, then the
branch is open to the atmosphere for a vent or drain.

It is not necessary to specify each of these attributes every time a branch is created. On most
occasions when a branch head or tail is defined, it will be connected to another pipe or to a nozzle. The
act of connecting to another item sets the branch head/tail attributes automatically.

A Pipe is just an administration element. The Branch element holds the geometric data .On selection of
Apply on the Pipe Form the Modify Pipe form is automatically displayed so that the branch head and tails
can be specified.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
Pipework Modelling TM-1100

2.8 Pipe Branch Head / Tail Positioned Explicitly

After clicking the Change button on the Head/Tail Detail pane above, the following form appears:

When setting the Branch Head or Tail explicitly, each


of the previously described Branch attributes needs
to be specified.

Bore: Nominal Bore size of the pipe. The pull-down


list contains all sizes available in the specification.

Connection: Short code eg: FBB, FBD defining the


Head connection type

The Pick Position link label can be used to


graphically set the World Position.

Position: Position in world co-ordinates

The Copy To Tail button can be used to set the


position of the Branch Tail to the same position as
the Branch Head.

The Head Direction is the direction of the flow and


the Tail Direction is opposite to the flow.

Refer to the AVEVA coding standards for a full


definition of connection types.

2.9 Pipe Branch Head / Tail Connected

Use the Change button on the Head/Tail Connection pane to connect the head to another database item,
e.g.: Nozzle, Branch Head/Tail, etc

Using the graphical Pick button, select an item to


connect the pipe head to.

A list of available connections form is displayed,


Select the appropriate connection and then press
Connect.

This sets the pipe head attributes HPOS and HDIR

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
Pipework Modelling TM-1100

2.10 Pipe Branch Components (Pipe Fittings)

When a branch head and tail is initially defined, the branch will consist of a single piece of pipe running in a
straight line between the head and tail positions. This will appear as a dotted line between the two points
unless the head and tail are aligned along a common axis and have the same bore. (The dotted line
indicates that the branch route is geometrically incorrect.)

The next step in designing a pipe is to create and position a series of fittings, which define the pipe route
required. Just as on a drawing board, it is necessary to decide which piping components are needed in order
to satisfy the requirements of the process. The components must be arranged so that the pipe meets the
design requirements. However, unlike on the drawing board, it is not necessary to know any fitting
dimensions; PDMS derives these automatically from the catalogue.

To create components, first select an item from the list of fittings available from the associated piping
specification. Typical fitting types are Elbows, Tees, Reducers, Flanges, Gaskets and Valves etc. There is
some intelligence built into the PDMS forms so that by placing for example a valve the associated Gaskets
and Flanges will also be created.

For all piping components, the following procedure must be followed: -

Select the component from the piping specification, position the component and set the orientation.

Tube does not have to be created explicitly; it is created automatically and implied between adjacent fittings.

2.11 Creating Branch Components (Pipe Fittings)

The Component Types list shows the piping components


that are available in the current piping specification. The
piping specification attribute is set at both Pipe and Branch
level.

The Select button is used to select components from an


alternative specification.

Components are created by selecting the required fitting


type from the list displayed.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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2.12 Component Creation Form

The Component Creation form shows details of all


the Sub-Types available in the piping specification.
.
For example a Flange may be Slip-on, Weld Neck,
Screwed or Blind.

Select the Sub-Type required for the Design


process.

Items are created in order with or against the flow of


the pipe.

A tick box is available to automatically create


adjacent components. This is very useful for creating
the flanges of in-line flanged components. For
example, if a Valve is added the gaskets and flanges
will also be added.

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2.13 Component Selection Form

From the Pipework Toolbar, select the Show pipe component selection
form icon, the component Selection form will be displayed.

2.13.1 The components Tab

The Component Selection form can be used to change an existing


component Sub Type or Spec. after it has been added, preserving
its connections to adjoining components wherever possible. The
selected component type will be displayed in the Type window, i.e.
Flange etc.

From the available Sub-Types list select the SLIP ON FLANGE. The Component is changed and this can be
seen in the graphical view.

If the component has a different fitting-to-fitting length this can be reconnected using the Reconnection

Button.

2.13.2 The Specs. Tab

The Specs. tab allows the user to select an alternative specification and set Insulation or Tracing.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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2.13.3 The Errors Tab

The Errors tab displays any errors which may result if an unsuccessful Reconnection operation is
attempted.

2.13.4 The Options tab

Descriptions This option allows the user to select the nature of the information shown for
selected Components in the lists in the Components panel

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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The Descriptions of the component can


be shown in Full, R Text, S Text, T Text
or just as a Cat-Ref.

Tag component can be used to turn the Component marker on and off (on by default).

Tag constraints can be used to turn on and off the highlighting of Components which could
give bad connectivity if an adjacent Component is changed.

Auto reconnect if selected, automates the function of the Reconnection button on the
Components tab. Errors which may result if an unsuccessful Reconnection
operation is attempted will automatically appear on the Errors panel

Reconn. free ends if selected, re-establishes connectivity if the Pipe Head (or Tail) becomes
disconnected as a result of Component reselection

Ignore positioned if selected, ignores elements which have their RLOCK attribute set to 0.
(RLOCK is the attribute for the branch members creation status code used
by Router.) Selecting this option does not stop the model editor moving the
Component, but by default the Component with RLOCK= 0 will not be
moved when it is reconnected to the Component being changed

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2.14 Branch Components List Order

With equipment and structures, the order in which you create items is of no importance to the final outcome.
With piping components, the order in which they are laid out, as well as their individual positions and
orientations, determines the final pipe route.

To help with this a Component Position Pointer is displayed.

Below is an example Design Explorer list showing the components of a branch /100-B-8/B1

By default TUBE is not shown in the Design Explorer window.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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2.15 Typical Design Explorer showing Tube

Tube is shown by changing the Explorer setting

Settings > Explorer

Select Show TUBI/ROD

The example below shows the Explorer Window with the Tube Shown.

When using PDMS the list order becomes second nature after the creation of a number of branches. In the
interim, pay attention to the list order. Consider carefully where the next item is going to be inserted by
watching the Component pointer and the Design Explorer.

When creating a component at the pipe branch head or pipe branch tail, it is necessary to be positioned
at Branch level.
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2.16 Arrive and Leave Points

Piping components have Ppoints (similar to those for equipment primitives).The significance of Ppoints is
twofold. Firstly, they define the connection points, and secondly, they determine the branch flow through
the component by means of Arrive and Leave attributes.

For the reducer shown below, the large end is at P1 and the small end is at P2. If this component is used to
increase the bore of the branch, the flow in the direction of the branch will be from P2 to P1. In order to tell
PDMS the necessary flow direction , there are two numeric attributes, Arrive and Leave, which must be set
to the ppoint numbers required. In this case, Arrive would be set to 2 and Leave would be set to 1. (The
default is Arrive 1 Leave 2). This is included for information, as the forms and menus will handle all
connections. Z
Y
Z P2 Y
P2

P3
P0 P0 X
P1 X
P1
Reducer Couplings / Nipples

Z
Z Y
X Y
P2

P0
P0

P1 X
P1 P2

Bends / Elbows
Nozzles
Z
Z P2
Y
Y
P0 P2

P0
P1 X P1 X
P3
Caps / Plugs / Blinds / Flanges Tees / Branch fittings / Olet fittings

Z Y P2
P2 Z Y
P0

P0

P1
X
X P1
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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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2.17 Quick Pipe Routing

The Quick Pipe Routing Handle has three parts,

Extend Route Handle This is used to extend the route in the direction indicated by
the handle.
Cardinal Direction Handles - These are used to change the direction of the routing to
one of the cardinal directions from the current frame of
reference.
Rotational Handles These allow the extended route handle to be interactively
directed by the user.
Cardinal
Direction
Handles

Rotational
Handles

Extend Route
Handle

The quick pipe routing handle is used to define a routing vector within the constraints of the currently
selected badly defined route. A badly defined route is defined in general terms as where either, there is a
bad alignment between two components, the head or tail of a branch is incomplete, i.e. where the head/tail
attributes are left in their default state, the head/tail is positioned but not connected and the head/tail
connection type is unset.
This usually equates to the dotted line representation of implied tube, where implied tube cannot be drawn.
An exception to the above could be where a Pipe Branch does not have specification reference set.

The handle can be dragged by using either primary or secondary mouse buttons. By default the handle will
move in multiples of the currently defined linear increments.

If the secondary mouse button is clicked as the cursor is over the pipe routing handle, the user will be
presented with a context sensitive menu. The menu will display the available options which relate to the
drag.

2.18 Extended Handle Pop-ups

The following options are available on the Extend Handle before a drag.

Enter Offset This gives the Constrained Move form which allows you to enter an offset from the
current handles position in the current routing direction.
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Enter Leg Length This gives the Leg Length form which lets you enter an absolute distance of
the handle from the last previous change in the directions position.
Distance From Origin This displays the Explicit Distance form which allows you to enter an
absolute distance of the handle from the previous components origin
position.
Extend Through Feature This allows you to identify features with which to align, along the current
route direction.
Orient to Point This directs the handle either directly to a point feature or rotates about the
vertical axis, maintaining horizontal offset, when a linear feature is
identified.
Align with Direction This allows you to identify features with which the handle is to be aligned.
Explicit Direction This gives the Enter Direction for <direction> Axis form which lets you enter
an explicit direction for the handle.
Component Choice This allows you to select the type of Component that is created by the
Routing Handle when a change in direction occurs. The Component can be
set to either Elbows or Bends.
Distance Feedback This allows you to select how the Routing Handle displays distance
feedback. This can be set to either Offset (offset from the previous handles
position), Leg Length (distance of the handle from the last previous change
in directions position), or From Origin (distance of the handle from the
previous Components origin position). Use the D 'hotkey' to cycle through
the options.
Show Rotation Handles This toggles the display of the Rotation Handles (selected by default).
Cancel This returns the handle and selection to its original state before the drag

The following option is only available when the end being routed to is ill-defined, i.e. there is no End Route
Handle displayed:

Connect To This enables you to select an element which the route end can be
connected to, eg unconnected Nozzles, Tees etc.

The following options are available on the Extend Handle on completion of a drag, i.e. when the secondary
mouse button has been used to drag the handle and no special actions are active:

Extend This leaves the handle at the shown position.


Cancel This returns the handle and selection to its original state before the drag.

The following options are available when in snap to feature mode and the end being routed to is ill-defined
or unconnected and the identified feature is a connectable p-point of an item to which an end can be
connected, e.g. a Nozzle with no connection reference set:

Extend This leaves the handle at the shown position


Connect This leaves the handle at the shown position and connects the ill-defined
end to the identified target.
Connect and Complete This establishes a connection to the identified item and completes the route
and exits the route mode when applicable.
Cancel This returns the handle back to its original state before the drag.

The following options are available when in snap to feature mode and the end being routed to is well
defined and the identified feature is the End Route Handle.

Extend leaves the handle at the shown position


Complete completes the route and exits the route mode when applicable.
Cancel returns the handle back to its original state before the drag.

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2.19 Rotational Handle Pop-ups

The following options are available on the Rotation Handle before a drag

Enter Value This gives the Rotate Selection About form, enabling you to enter a value to rotate
the graphical selection about the selected rotational axis

Orient to Point This allows you to pick a p-line through a point with which to orient the Rotation
Handle.

Align with Direction This allows you to identify features with which the handle is to be aligned. Planes
will be displayed to indicate a p-point direction (pointer symbol) or a p-line direction
(symbol). Clicking and releasing the SHIFT key will reverse the direction of the
handle.

Align With This displays the Enter Direction For <direction> Axis form which allows you to align
the handle with a specified direction, or as close as possible to the given direction,
about the axis of the Branch.

Rotate Handle Allows you to rotate the Locator Handle, using the same movement options as the
main Rotation Handle menu. These options move the Locator Handle only, they do
not move the Graphical Selection. Alternatively a 'freehand' movement of the Rotate
Handle can be accomplished by clicking the H key with the handle selected and
the left mouse button held down.
The Locator Handle may be rotated independently of the Graphical Selection in
order to change the frame of reference for the next operation on the Graphical
Selection.

Rotate Handle>To World This option aligns the Locator Handle with the World co-ordinate system,
without rotating the Graphical Selection.
The Locator Handle Y axis points North, and the Z axis points Up.

Cancel This removes the shortcut menu and deselects the selected Locator Handle

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2.20 Quick Pipe Routing (Example)

The tasks of setting up pipes, branches and components are simplified by the use of forms and menus. The
main thing to remember when using the application is which specification you are currently using as a
default.

The course exercises and examples will illustrate different means of pipe routing by giving examples of
many of the situations you will encounter.

The quick pipe routing functionality will allow the user to correct the path of a pipe wherever there is an ill
defined route within a branch, i.e. where the dotted line is displayed instead of implied tube.

Highlight the dotted line, and select the Model Editor icon from the Model Editor Toolbar. The Pipe
Component Modification handle will now appear at the component leave end.

Enter the feature highlighting mode by clicking the F key on the keyboard or by selecting Selection >
Feature Highlighting from the pull down menu

Select the pipe component modification handle and press the right mouse button. From the pop-up select
Component Choice > Use Bends. Holding down the left mouse button, drag the pipe modification handle
across to the other end and still holding down the left mouse button, click the right mouse button. A second
pop-up appears, select complete

The bend and the implied tube are added to complete the route

The bend that has been added by the system can later be
changed to a smaller radius bend or an elbow.

If the component choice had been Use Elbows, then this


would not have completed the route due the default elbow
component is the first elbow component in the specification
i.e. a 45 degree elbow

Selecting the Pipe component modification handle with the


right hand mouse button will result in the implied tube been
shown translucently
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CHAPTER 3

3 Pipe Routing a worked example

The following worked example demonstrates how to build Pipe /100-B-8 and Branch /100-B-8/B1 and the
piping component build sequence.

The Trainer will provide the Stabiliser Equipment using the Piping Tab on the Training Setup Form.
Utilities > Training Setup

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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3.1 Entering AVEVA Plant

Enter the PDMS project,

Start > All Programs > AVEVA > PDMS 12 > Run PDMS or use the Icon provided by your Trainer, your
Trainer will advice you of your user names and password a typical example is shown below.

On the AVEVA PDMS Login box, enter

Project Training TRA


Username A.PIPER
Password A
MDB A-PIPING
Module Design

and then click OK

3.2 Entering the Piping Application


Pipework is created in the Piping Application

Design > Pipework

Select Set Default Pipe Specification

from the Pipework Toolbar

On the displayed Default Specification


Form

Select Piping Spec - A3B

Select OK

3.3 Piping Hierarchy

Create the hierarchy in which branch is to be routed, the piping zone /ZONE-PIPING-AREA01 may have
been created on an earlier course.

Create a New Zone or Navigate to the existing Pipe Zone (/ZONE-PIPING-AREA01)

Create>Zone

Name ZONE-PIPING-AREA01

Set Zone Purpose to PIPE Piping

Typically the zone would be created in site /SITE-PIPING-AREA01


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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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3.4 Pipe Creation form

Select the Show pipe creation form Icon on the Pipework Toolbar

Enter the Pipe Name 100-B-8

Primary System Process System B

Select the Bore 100

Click the Apply Button

The Pipe Spec. will automatically be set to the


default spec selected earlier. In this case /A3B

The Branch Head and Branch Tail will be connected to Equipment Nozzles.

Select the Change Button from the Head


Connection pane

Head Detail is used to set the position of the


Branch Head explicitly and we will use this
option later, whilst Head Connection is used to
connect the Branch Head to, for example, a
nozzle or tee

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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The new pipe will be connected to equipment /D1201 and /P1501A. Add these equipments to the graphical
display they are located in zone /ZONE-EQUIPMENT-AREA01 which is is site /SITE-EQUIPMENT-AREA01.

Use the Pick Button and identify nozzle D1201/N3 to


set the Name to Nozzle D1201/N3 select Connect

Once the Branch Head head has been connected,


the Modify Pipe form will again be displayed.

Connect the Pipe Tail to nozzle P1501A/N1

This leaves a dotted line joining the head and tail.


The form can be dismissed or docked for use later

Navigate to the Pipe Branch 100-B-8/B1 that was


just created.

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3.5 Creating Piping Components

In PDMS pipe (or tube) is not routed explicitly. Components are positioned and the tube is implied between
them.

Display the Pipe Component Creation Form from the Show pipe component creation form Icon on the
Pipework Toolbar

Where possible the main pipe route is created; valves and other in-line fittings are added later.

Connect a Flange and associated Gasket to the Branch Head,


which turn, is connected to a Nozzle.

If the Auto. Create Adjacent tick box is checked, PDMS will


choose an appropriate Gasket when a Flange is selected from the
Component Types

Select Flange

The Flange creation must be done at Branch Level

Select the Weld Neck Flange (WN), ensure the component


creation is With Flow and the Auto. Create Adjacent button is
Ticked.

Select Connect

Using the same form select a Weld Neck Flange for the Pipe Tail.

In the Design Explorer navigate back up to Branch Level.

Change the creation form to Against Flow

Select Connect

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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There will now be a Gasket and Flange at the Branch Head and the Branch Tail.
Using the model editor, create the first Elbow after the Flange that is connected to the Branch Head.

Select the Dotted Pipe using the LH Mouse button.

Select Model Editor Icon from the Main Menu Form

Using the LH Mouse Button drag the Pipe Route Handle Down 500mm and release the mouse button.

Drag the West Handle 500 mm in the west direction

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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The Blob (or Sphere) on the branch will be deleted automatically later in the tutorial. It will appear in the
Design Explorer as an Elbow.

An elbow is created at each Change in direction. This could be changed to a Bend (if there are bends
available in the spec)

Bends and Elbows can be selected using the Component Choice option shown on the right click menu
below.

The pull down is displayed by clicking the RH Mouse Button whilst hovering over the Model Editor Axis

Other options are also available from this pull down and some will be used later.

Exit Model Editor Mode by deselecting the Model Editor Icon

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Create an Elbow at the flange connected to the Branch Tail

Navigate to the flange on the Branch Tail using the LH Mouse Button.

The Component Pointer moves to the Flange to indicate where the next component will be created.

The Display shows the component creation is against flow from the last time the Component Creation form
was used. The component Creation Form will still be displaying Flanges.

Select the Choose Button and reselect Elbow

Select a 90Deg. Elbow with Sub Type (EL90)

Make sure Against Flow is selected.

Select Connect

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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Position the elbow through a North Position of N 302600 by dragging the Elbow along the North/South axis
using Model Editor Mode. Rotate the elbow through 180 Deg

The World Co-ordinates are displayed at the bottom of the main graphics window. Fine adjustment can
be obtained using the up and down arrows on the keyboard

Model Editor Increments are adjusted using: Selection > Set Increments

The default setting is 50mm and 5mm for fine adjustment.

Set the Fine Increment to 1.00 and select OK

Alternatively the elbow could be positioned explicitly using Position > Explicitly (AT) from the Main Menu

Enter the North Position of N 302600 and Apply

This method cannot be used on falling pipes

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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On falling pipes components could be positioned using Position > Component > Plane Through

Select Through Coordinate

Enter the coordinate of N 302600

Select OK and Apply

Standard Orientation commands can also be used to direct components.

Create a Tee and position it through W 313575

Select a 100NB Equal Tee.

SType TEE

The Tee will be created Against Flow.

Select the following Configuration icon to leave by


the offline leg (P3):

Select Connect

Note there are 3 ways the Tee can be selected :

Flow Through Tee The Designer can select the appropriate selection
method depending on the pipe route.

Leave by Connection

Arrive by Connection

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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Using Model Editor Drag the Tee through W 313575

The pipe can be completed using Quick Pipe Route Mode

First Select the Dotted Part of the Pipe and enter Model Editor.

Select Selection > Feature Highlighting or by Pressing F Whilst in the Model Editor

Note Feature Highlighting status represented by tick in selection menu. Tick indicates feature is active.

Drag one Arrow over the other Arrow using the Right Hand Mouse Button. Release the Mouse Button

and select Complete.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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The Blob that was created earlier will automatically be deleted.

Place 2 Gate valves in the branch. The valves will be placed in the correct position later in the exercise.

Select a Valve Sub Type GATE Valve on the Components Creation Form

Use Place and identify Branch Leg for Valve

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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As there is a choice of Flanges the Component Creation form is displayed

Select Weld Neck Flange (WN) and then Click Done

Choose another GATE valve and position it in a similar way.

Pipe showing typical valve placement

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Position the valve and its connected components Fitting to Fitting with the second Elbow using the Model
Editor. Turn off Feature Highlighting Mode, highlight the flange with the left hand mouse button and drag the
assembly towards the second elbow as shown below. Connect the flange to the elbow.

It is possible to move the valve assembly to other legs in the branch, these are indicated in blue.

The Valve can also be rotated around its axes using the Model Editor.

Exercise 1 Pipe Branch Worked Example


Create pipe 100-B-8 and Pipe Branch 100-B-8/B1 as shown in the worked example above.

Exercise 2 - Creating a Second Branch

To complete the pipe create a second Branch that connects the tee to pump /P1501B. Build up the Branch
components as before.

A new branch is created using the Show pipe modification form

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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Select the <New Branch> Button


Connect the Branch Head to the Tee and the Pipe Tail to the Suction Nozzle of pump /P1501B. Following
the previous example, connect the Flanges at the Branch Tail, quick route the elbow using the Model
Editor and then place the Valve.

When creating components, ensure that the correct branch has been set by using the <Set Branch>
button on the Create Components form.

Exercise 3 - Building the Pipework


Start to build up the Pipework on the plant. Refer to the drawings for positions and components required
along each pipe. Select the correct specification for each pipe. In general, the naming convention of the
pipes is built up from pipe size, the third character of the specification (A3B) and a line number.

Create the pipes 80-B-7, 150-B-6, 250-B-5 AND 200-B-4 as detailed on the following pages::

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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Exercise 3a - Pipe 80-B-7

The Nozzles N2 on Equipment /E1302A and N1 on Equipment /D1201 are both the same size and are
aligned vertically, therefore the implied tube will be displayed as shown below. It is only necessary to create
a gasket and a flange at the Head and at the Tail of the Branch. Ensure the gaskets/flanges are created at
branch level.

The direction of flow is indicated by the black arrow. Hence the HEAD of the Branch is connected to Nozzle
E1302A/N2 and the TAIL of the Branch is connected to Nozzle D1201/N1.

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Exercise 3b - Pipe 150-B-6

The Flanges and elbows at both the Head and Tail of this pipe should be created fitting to fitting. The elbows
are rotated as required using Model Editor. This is quite a simple pipe so it could be routed using quick route
mode.

The HEAD of the Branch is connected to Nozzle C1101/N5 and the TAIL of the Branch is connected to
Nozzle E1302B/N1.

Use the Model Editor to rotate the first


elbow to the East.

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Exercise 3c - Pipe 250-B-5

In this example, it is necessary to create two Branches. Flow directions are indicated by the black arrows.
The HEAD of the first Branch is connected to Nozzle E1301/N3 and the TAIL of the first Branch is connected
to Nozzle C1101/N2. The HEAD of the second Branch is connected to Nozzle E1301/N2 and the Tail is
connected to the TEE.

Use the Align selection/component Icon on the Pipework Toolbar to position the first elbow at the correct
elevation. This button is used to align components with the next item in list order. In this example, the Elbow
is aligned with the Flange connected to the Branch Tail.

After creating the first two elbows, create a Concentric Reducer to increase the bore size from 200mm to
250mm. Use the Config icon on the RHS to indicate an increase in bore size is required. Define the leave
bore required by using the pull down menu.

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Exercise 3d - Pipe 200-B-4

The direction of flow is indicated by the black arrow. Hence the HEAD of the Branch is connected to Nozzle
C1101/N3 and the TAIL of the Branch is connected to Nozzle E1301/N1.

The bottom section of this pipe has a small offset of approx 15 Deg. To build this pipe, firstly create the
Head flange/gasket and the first Elbow with Flow (forwards mode). Next, create the Tail flange/gasket and
the connected Elbow against Flow (backwards mode) Create Elbow 2 with flow and align it to Elbow 3 using
Align selection/component button as described earlier.

Elbow 2 can be then be directed to face towards the next elbow using the Direct selection/component Icon
on the Pipework Toolbar. This button orientates the PL of the Current Element towards the next component.

Navigate to the Elbow 3, select against flow and use Direct selection/component to align the two elbows..

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Exercise 3e - Pipe 100-C-13

This pipe should be routed onto the Pipe Bridge, as the Pipe Bridge would normally be created by a Steelwork
Designer it is necessary to exit PDMS and re-enter PDMS as the Steelwork Designer Create the Pipe Bridge
Steelwork and then re-enter as a Piping Designer. The Pipe Bridge Steelwork is created by using the Training
Set-up Form.

Exit PDMS, using the Design > Exit menu option and re-enter as a Steelwork Designer.

Project Training TRA


Username A.STEELMAN
Password A
MDB A-STRUCTURAL
Module Design

OK

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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The steelwork for this pipe bridge is created


using the Training Setup Form.

Select Utilities > Training Setup

On the Piping tab

Select Add Stabiliser Pipe Rack

Set the units to be Metric

Press Apply

Add the Pipe Rack to the 3D view as


shown.

Select Design > Savework to save the changes.

Exit PDMS Design > Exit and re-enter as a Piping Designer.

On the AVEVA PDMS Login box, enter

Project Training TRA


Username A.PIPER
Password A
MDB A-PIPING
Module Design
and then click OK

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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This pipe must be routed to piping spec F1C as it is stainless steel. For the purposes of the training the pipe
branch head will be connected using Event Driven Graphics (EDG) by using the Pick Position option on the
Modify Pipe Form. The pipe tail however should be created explicitly as described.

Add the /PIPERACK, and Equipment /E1301 elements to the 3D view.

Navigate to the Piping Zone and create Pipe 100-C-13 as described in the previous examples.

On the Modify Pipe Form Pick Change from the Head Detail

Select Pick Position

Change the Positioning Control to Ppoint and Snap

Identify PPoint 1 of Nozzle E1301/NS1 using the Cursor

If a nozzle is selected, PDMS will allow connection using


the following prompt

Select Yes

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
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To set the Branch Tail, select the Tail Detail Change button on the Create Pipe Branch form.

Set the details as shown on the form.


Bore 100

Connection OPEN (The pipe will have an open end.)

Direction W (as this is the opposite direction to the pipe route


direction)

West 303000

North 308280

Up 104937

Select Apply

The Branch head is connected to Nozzle /E1301/NS1. Create the Head Gasket, Flange and the first elbow
as described before. Set the direction of the elbow to be W 45 N. Create the second elbow and position it
through W319760. Set the PL direction to be UP.

The third elbow is created and positioned with the Bottom of Pipe (BOP) onto the top of the steelwork (TOS)
using the Quick Pipe Router

Enter Model Editor with feature highlighting enabled (F). Select the dotted part of the pipe in Model Editor
mode.

Slide the mouse over the steelwork, when the cursor is positioned over Top of Steel (TOS) pline, the
extended route handle will be displayed.

Select 1/2 OD behind Pline Feature, this will place the BLOB with BOP on TOS.

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Create the third Elbow as shown

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Continue routing the pipe in Quick Router Mode, the pipe can be finished using Auto Complete.

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3.6 Copying Branches

If there are branches that contain similar components, it is useful to copy a complete branch then move the
new branch into position. To create a copy, select the branch to be copied then choose Create > Copy >
Offset

This will display the Copy form. The branch head and tail will have to be reconnected and the new branch
renamed.

Worked Example - Pipe 150-A-57


This pipe should be routed using /A1A which is a 150# Carbon Steel specification. The second Branch will
be copied as described above. Route Branch /150-A-57/B1 from the open Pipe Bridge to /P1502B/N1.

The Branch Tails of this pipe will be connected to the suction of pumps P1502A and P1502B, which has
300# Flanges. As there are no 300# flanges in our piping spec, they will need to be selected from spec /A3B
this is done by setting the Alternative Spec.

The Pipe Starts with an Open End on the Pipe Bridge.

Create the new pipe as described previously. Define the Branch Head using Modify branch head and specify
the position explicitly.

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The Branch Head Position should be set as shown

Bore 150
Connection Open
Direction W

West 303000
North 308530
Up 104965

The Direction is opposite to the flow and the


positions are westings and not eastings.

Connect the Branch Tail to /P1502B/N1

3.7 Selecting components from an Alternative Specification

On the Component Creation Form

Use the Select button to display a list of


available specifications.

Select A3B

Once the alternative spec has been selected


the Use Alternative Spec. Tick Box will be
activated.

Select Done

Once an alternative spec is selected the user can toggle between the Branch Spec and Alternative Spec
using the tick box on the Component Creation form displayed below..

Create the Gasket and Flange at the Pipe Tail from the alternative spec A3B.

Tick the Use Alternative Spec box on the component creation form.

Uncheck the Use Alternative Spec tick box once the selection is complete.
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Branch /150-A-57/B1 is created as shown below: -

Copy the branch to create the other branch /150-A-57/B2.

Navigate to the Branch

Select Create > Copy > Offset

As the distance between the nozzles on Pumps /1520A and /1520B is unknown, it is necessary to copy
Element to Element. Select Offset from Element to Element

Identify the two nozzles in the 3D view using the cursor. The Offset in the X direction is -2390

Set the number of copies to be 1 and Apply. Retain the created copies
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Delete the Tee and Elbow shown using Delete


range of piping components

Identify the Tee and Elbow as shown.

Connect the Head and Tail of the Branch using


the Pipe Modification form.

The Branch Head should connect to the Tee and


the Branch tail should connect to Nozzle
/P1502A/N1

Orientate the Elbow through 180 deg, The pipe is as shown below:

The Branch should be named 150-A-57/B2

Select Modify > Name from the main menu.

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Exercise 4 - Completing the Pipework


Complete the design of the pipes: 80-B-14, 80-A-11, 100-C-12, 100-B-2, 150-A-3, 100-B-1, 50-B-9, and 40-
B-10 as detailed on the following pages. Ask the Trainer for assistance as required.

Exercise 4a - Pipe 80-B-14

The Head of Branch 80-B-14/B1 is connected to the nozzle D1201/N2. The Tail Bore should be set to
80NB. Other branch tail details can be left as default. The pipe spec is /A3B.

The pipe is routed from the branch head and completed by connecting the branch tail to the last member
using the pipe modification form once the last gate valve is positioned.

Valve /FCV-113 is an Instrument Control Valve and is selected as an Instrument from the specification.
Name the Instrument Valve using Modify > Name

There is a second Branch 80-B-14/B2 which consists of a Globe Valve assembly only. The Tee required for
this bypass is an 80 x 50 unequal Tee.

The Globe Valve, Flange and Gasket on the By-pass should be selected from the A300 Spec. On a
project there may be a HOLD or Valve / Instrument spec for selecting in-line equipment that is not
available in the current specification during initial pipe routing. On the Training Course spec A300 is
being used for this purpose.

There are several Tee Types in the specification available for selection, e.g.:, Set-on, Sockolet and Butt
Weld.

In this case, select 50 bore and STYPE TEE which is an 80 x 50 Butt Weld Tee.

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Selection Types can be filtered using the Filter By pull down menu as shown below:

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Exercise 4b - Pipe 80-A-11

This pipe is spec /A1A ANSI CLASS 150 CARBON STEEL. The head of the first Branch 80-A-11/B1
connects to the tail of Branch 80-B-14/B1 which was created in the previous exercise. The tail is set
explicitly and is positioned at W303000, N309280, U104925.
The head of the second branch 80-A-11/B2 connects to the tail of Branch 80-B-14/B2.

The Gaskets and Flanges at the Branch Heads should be selected from spec /A3B as they are
connecting onto 300# valves.

Note: the Reducing Tee is a 80X50 SOCKOLET.

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Exercise 4c - Pipe 100-C-12

This pipe should be routed using specification /F1C ANSI CLASS 150 STAINLESS STEEL The main
Branch Tail is connected to Nozzle E1301/NS2, The Branch Head is created explicitly at W303000,
N308830, U104937.

The Detail of the control set is as follows:

Detail of Control set

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Exercise 4d - Pipe 100-B-2

This pipe uses specification /A3B. The head of the main branch is connected to Nozzle C1101/N1. Connect
each of the two branch tails to the last member.

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Exercise 4e - Pipe 150-A-3

This pipe uses specification /A1A. The head of Branch 150-A-3/B1 is connected to the tail of Branch
100-B-2/B1. The tail is set at explicit coordinates W303000, N308080, U104964.
The second Branch 150-A-3/B2 is connected at the head to the tail of Branch 100-B-2/B2.
The gasket and flange at the two branch heads will need to be selected from spec /A3B as they are
connecting onto 300# valves.

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Exercise 4f - Pipe 100-B-1

This pipe uses specification /A3B. The head of the main Branch 100-B-1/B1 is connected to Nozzle
/P1520B/N2. The head connection should utilise a 50NB slip-on (SO) flange connected to a 100x50 reducer
(SType: NSN, Nipple Swaged Bevel X Plain).
The tail is connected to Nozzle C1101/N6 on the column.

Detail at Pipe Head Control Set Detail

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Exercise 4g - Pipe 50-B-9

This pipe uses specification /A3B. The head of the main Branch 50-B-9 /B1 is connected to Nozzle
P1501A/N2 on the pump. The tail is connected to Nozzle /C1101/N4 on the column.
The flanged Valves should be selected from spec /A300
During initial pipe routing, a HOLD or Valve / Instrument spec can be used to select in-line equipment
not available within the current spec. Spec A300 is used within the Training course to demonstrate this
functionality.

Control Set Detail

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Exercise 4h - Pipe 40-B-10


This pipe uses specification /A3B. The head of the main Branch 40-B-10 /B1is connected to the OLET of
Branch 50-B-9/B1. The tail is positioned explicitly. The fittings used on this pipe are screwed NPT.

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CHAPTER 4

4 Replacing Components
It may become necessary to replace existing components. This is done using the Component Selection
Form.

4.1 Replacing Components using the same Piping Spec.


In the following example the gate valve will be changed to a Globe Valve and the components reconnected.

Display Pipe /100-B-1

Navigate to the GATE valve indicated. Set the mode to be


against flow using the component creation form.

Select the Show pipe component selection form Icon

Select the Globe valve (GLOB) the valve will be reselected.

The Globe valve is displayed.

As the Globe Valve is a different size the Reconnection


button is activated.

To reconnect all the associated components select the


Reconnection Button.

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4.2 Replacing Components using an Alternative Piping Spec


In the following example an elbow is replaced by a Mitred Bend. Mitred bends have been improved with the
introduction of a default geometry set, the number of cuts (ncuts) attribute and a number of dynamic p-points
added for dimensioning etc.

Ncuts 0 Ncuts 1 Ncuts 3

4.2.1 Fixed Cut Mitred Bends


Pipe Spec /A150 in the Sample Project has been supplied with Mitred Bends. The following example uses a
Bend in spec /A150 in order to demonstrate how Mitred Bends are used.

Navigate to Elbow 4 of Pipe /100-C-13

Change this Elbow to a bend using the Pipe Component Selection Form from the Pipework Toolbar.

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On the Specs Tab change the spec to A150

Return to the Components Tab and change the


Type from Elbow to Bend

Set the Bend Radius to 300

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Select a 1 Cut Mitre

Select a 3 Cut Mitre

Select a 6 Cut Mitre

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4.2.2 Variable Cut Mitred Bends


On selection of a Variable Cut Mitred Bend, the number of cuts (Ncuts) can be altered using the modify
attributes form.

Select VAR ANGLE VAR RADIUS, VAR CUT Mitred Bend from the Component Selection form

Select Ncuts to 10 on the Modify > Attributes Form. Select Apply

The Ncuts Attribute is only used if the bend catalogue parameter number 4 is set to -1, this is
described later.

Exercise 5 - Replacing Components

Using the example above replace a Gate Valve with a Globe Valve and modify a pipe to include a Mitred
Bend. Change the numbers of cuts on the Mitred Bend.

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CHAPTER 5

5 Data Consistency Checker


This chapter demonstrates how to check the logical consistency of the design data. Data consistency
checks highlight design errors which will then have to be corrected and rechecked.

Data consistency checks are normally carried out before running clash detection facilities. It is more
convenient to do a data check on individual pipes than to do the whole Plant in one go due to the number of
errors that may be present.

5.1 Possible Types of Data Error


The data consistency checking utility, available within Designs Piping and Structural applications, checks
the following aspects of your design (piping examples shown):

5.1.1 Angular Alignment


Checks that components which are to be connected together are aligned in the same direction:

PA is W30N
N
PL is E

5.1.2 Axial Alignment


Checks that components which are to be connected together are aligned on a common axis:

offset axes N

5.1.3 Consistent Bores


Checks that components which are to be connected together have consistent bores:

Leave Bore Arrive Bore


50 100

5.1.4 Connection Types


Checks that components which are to be connected together have compatible connection types:

Flange Screwed
connection connection

5.1.5 Minimum Tube Length


Checks that no length of tube is less than a prescribed minimum (which may depend on its bore).

Com ponent A Com ponent B

Tube too short to


allow
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5.2 Starting the Data Consistency Checks


To carry out data consistency checking from within the Piping application, select Utilities>Data
Consistency. The following form is displayed:

By using this form, the user can generate a diagnostic report on the data consistency of any part of the
design.

The report may be listed on screen (in the area in the lower half of the form), or may be sent to file from
which a hard copy version can be generated. Select Screen or File and, in the latter case, specify the
directory and filename. Choose the hierarchic level at which you want to check the design using the Check
list near top left of the form. The default is the current element.

Navigate to Pipe 100-B-8

Select Check Pipe and Apply

5.2.1 Specifying Parameters and Tolerances


The data checking utility allows a margin of acceptable error before it reports a problem. These builtin
tolerances have default values, but these values may be set using the Piping Consistency Check Options
form

Select the Piping Button

The above example shows the default settings for Angle, Offset, Ratio and Max. Angle.
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5.2.2 Minimum Tube length


As an example, by default the report will output warnings for all tube lengths in the design which are shorter
than 100mm. This allows the user to decide whether each such length is adequate for welding procedures,
bolt withdrawal, access, and so on. The acceptable minimum length can be changed from 100mm, it is
possible to set different minima for up to ten different pipe bore ranges if required.

For example:
A minimum length of 150mm for bores between 25 and 50.
A minimum length of 300mm for bores between 50 and 100.

To change any of the consistency check tolerances, use the appropriate Parameters button on the form
(Piping for our current examples). And then select Tube Range.

You will see a subsidiary form on which the current tolerances can be changed before carrying out the data
checks.

5.3 Data Consistency Check Report Format


The report comprises a header, giving the date and time, followed by an itemised list of the elements being
checked, together with numbered diagnostic messages describing any potential problems.
For example:

DATE 11 FEBRUARY 99 TIME 14.12


PIPE /PIPE2
BRAN /PIPE2/B1
B 10 TAIL REFERENCE NOT SET
END

If no problems are found, the following message is output:

*** NO DATA INCONSISTENCIES ***

5.3.1 Data Consistency Diagnostic Messages


A full list of the data consistency diagnostic messages, each identified by a reference number, is listed in the
DESIGN Reference Manual. With experience, you will be able to identify which messages indicate errors
which must be corrected, and which are merely warnings of potential problems.

As an example, consider the design feature shown below, namely a Pipe to Pipe connection, look at some
of the possible diagnostic messages.

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A230

GASK HEAD TAIL FLAN

FLOW
PArrive PLeave

GBD HCONN TCONN FBD


FBD GBD

D430 E730
(On GASK) B230 (On FLAN)

PIPE A PIPE B

The connection as shown is a valid one. If any of the connection types were changed, the following
messages may appear:

A230 CONNECTION TYPE HCONN NOT SAME AS TERMINAL CONNECTION TYPE


The connection types FBD-FBD in this example must be the same.

B230 CONNECTION TYPE TCONN NOT SAME AS TERMINAL CONNECTION TYPE


The connection types GBD-GBD in this example must be the same.

D430 BAD ARRIVE CONNECTION TYPE


The connection types GBD-FBD in this example must be listed as compatible in the COCO tables.

E730 LEAVE CONNECTION TYPE (of the Flange) NOT COMPATIBLE WITH TCONN
The connection types FBD-GBD in this example must be listed as compatible in the COCO tables.

5.4 Some Examples of Data Consistency Diagnostic Messages


The following examples explain the significance of some of the messages you might see during this training
course:

5.4.1 Branch Head Errors


The following diagnostics apply only to the Head of a Branch:

A 10 HEAD REFERENCE NOT SET


The Head reference should only be unset (i.e. zero) if the Head Connection Type HCONN is set to
OPEN, VENT, CLOS or DRAN.

A 20 HEAD REFERENCE POINTS TO NONEXISTENT ELEMENT


This error would result from the deletion of a component, such as a Nozzle, to which the Head of the
Branch was originally connected.

A 30 BAD HEAD RETURN REFERENCE


The Head is connected to an element that does not refer back to the Branch. This can occur when
the Head of a Branch is connected to another Branch, implying that a Tee should be placed
somewhere along the second Branch. The error can also occur when two or more branches are
inadvertently connected to the same terminal.

A200 DIRECTION HDIR NOT SAME AS TERMINAL DIRECTION


If the Head is connected to a terminal, such as a Nozzle or Tee, then the direction HDIR should
always be identical to that of the appropriate ppoint of the terminal.

A210 POSITION HPOS NOT SAME AS TERMINAL POSITION


If the Head is connected to a terminal, such as a Nozzle or Tee, then the position HPOS should
always be identical to that of the appropriate ppoint of the terminal.
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A230 CONNECTION TYPE HCONN NOT SAME AS TERMINAL CONNECTION TYPE


If the Head is connected to a terminal, such as a Nozzle or Tee, then the connection type HCONN
should always be identical to that of the appropriate ppoint of the terminal.

A300 REFERENCE HSTUBE UNSET


There is more than 1mm of tube between the Head and the parrive of the first Component (or the
Tail), but HSTUBE is unset.

A310 REFERENCE HSTUBE REFERS TO A NONEXISTENT SPCOM


This may occur if part of the Specification has been deleted.

A320 HSTUBE PROBLEM, CATREF IN SPCOM IS UNSET


This indicates an error in the Specification.

A330 HSTUBE PROBLEM, CATREF IN THE SPCOM REFERS TO NONEXISTENT Catalogue


COMPONENT
This may occur if part of the Catalogue has been deleted or if the CATREF is unset.

A400 HBORE NOT SAME AS BORE OF HSTUBE


The bore of any tube leading from the Head, determined from the Catalogue, should always be
identical to HBORE.

A410 HCON NOT COMPATIBLE WITH CONNECTION TYPE OF HSTUBE


The connection type of any tube leading from the Head, determined from the Catalogue, should be
compatible with HCONN.

A420 ISPEC REFERENCE POINTS TO NONEXISTENT ELEMENT


This error would occur if, for example, the Insulation Specification pointed to by ISPEC had been
deleted.

5.4.2 Branch Tail Errors


The same type of errors may occur to the Tail of a Branch. The message numbers are the same as for the
Head errors but are preceded by a B.

B 10 TAIL REFERENCE NOT SET


The Tail reference should only be unset (i.e. zero) if the Tail connection type TCONN is set to
OPEN, VENT, CLOS or DRAN.

5.4.3 Plain Branch Errors


The following diagnostics can occur only for Branches with no piping components:

C500 TUBE TOO SHORT BETWEEN HEAD AND TAIL


The distance between the Head position, HPOS, and the Tail position, TPOS, is greater than zero
and less than the specified minimum tube length (default: 100mm).

C510 BAD HEAD TO TAIL GEOMETRY


Either the Head position, HPOS, does not lie at a positive distance along the line through TPOS in
the direction TDIR or the Tail position, TPOS, does not lie at a positive distance along the line
through HPOS in the direction HDIR.

The following illustration shows some typical examples:

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C520 HBORE NOT SAME AS TBORE


When there are no components on the branch, the Head bore, HBORE, should be identical to the
Tail bore, TBORE.

C530 HCONN IS NOT COMPATIBLE WITH TCONN


This implies that the Head is connected directly to the Tail with no Tube or piping components in
between; hence the Head connection type, HCONN, must be compatible with the Tail
connection type, TCONN.

C540 THIS BRANCH HAS NO COMPONENTS


This does not necessarily indicate an error. It is output as a warning.

5.4.4 ComponentSpecific Diagnostics


The following errors apply to individual piping components and, in some cases, to their adjacent
connections. Some of the errors also apply to Nozzles.

5.4.4.1 AllComponent Diagnostics


These are applicable to any component, regardless of its position in the network:

D100 REFERENCE SPREF UNSET


This probably means that you have forgotten to choose the piping component correctly.

D300 CONN REFERENCE NOT SET


Multiway Components may be left unconnected only if the connection type of the relevant ppoint
is OPEN, CLOS, VENT, DRAN or NULL.

D310 CONN REFERENCE POINTS TO NONEXISTENT BRANCH


This may occur if the Branch which is pointed to by the CONN reference has been deleted.

D320 BAD CONN RETURN REFERENCE


This may occur if the Branch which is pointed to by the CONN reference has been reconnected to
another terminal.

D400 ARRIVE TUBE LESS THAN TUBE MINIMUM. ACTUAL TUBE LENGTH IS ...
The distance between the arrive ppoint of this component and the leave ppoint of the previous
component (or Head) is greater than zero and less than the specified minimum tube length (default:
100mm).

D410 BAD ARRIVE GEOMETRY


The position and direction of the arrive ppoint of this component are not correct with respect to the
leave ppoint of the previous component (or Head). The error could be caused by incorrect
positioning of this component, the previous component (or Head) or both.

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The following illustration shows some typical examples:

D420 BAD ARRIVE BORE


The bore of the arrive ppoint of this component is not equal to the bore of the preceding tube or, if
this component is not preceded by tube, to the bore of the leave ppoint of the previous component
(or HBORE).

D430 BAD ARRIVE CONNECTION TYPE


The connection type of the arrive ppoint of this component is not compatible with the preceding
tube or, if this component is not preceded by tube, to the connection type of the leave ppoint of
the previous component (or HCONN).

D500 REFERENCE LSTUBE UNSET


You have probably forgotten to select the piping Component.

D600 LEAVE BORE NOT SAME AS BORE OF LSTUBE


The bore of the leave ppoint of this Component is not the same as the bore of the tube following
theComponent.

D610 LEAVE CONNECTION TYPE NOT COMPATIBLE WITH CONNECTION TYPE OF LSTUBE
The connection type of the leave ppoint of this Component is not compatible with the tube following
the component.

5.4.5 EndComponent Diagnostics


These are applicable only to the last component in a Branch:

E700 LEAVE TUBE LESS THAN TUBE MINIMUM. ACTUAL TUBE LENGTH IS ...
The distance between the leave ppoint of the current component and the tail position, TPOS, is greater
than zero and less than the specified minimum tube length (default: 100mm).

E710 BAD LEAVE GEOMETRY


The position and direction of the leave ppoint of this component are not correct with respect to the position,
TPOS, and direction, TDIR, of the tail. The error could be caused by incorrect positioning of this
component, the Tail, or both.

E720 LEAVE BORE NOT SAME AS TBORE


The bore of the leave ppoint of this component is not the same as the tail bore, TBORE.

E730 LEAVE CONNECTION TYPE NOT COMPATIBLE WITH TCONN


The connection type of the leave ppoint of this component is not compatible with the tail connection type
TCONN.

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Exercise 6 - Data consistency check


Data Consistency Check all the pipes you have created so far. Try to correct any inconsistencies. Your
Trainer will help you to interpret your checks.

Continue building the rest of the Pipework, checking each one as you build it.

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CHAPTER 6

6 Interference or Clash Detection

This chapter provides an overview of the clash detection facilities available within PDMSDESIGN.
For a full description of PDMS Clash Detection please refer to TM-1003 Design Utilities.

The Clash utility is run using Utilities > Clashes

The clash form is displayed as it was the last time it was used; in this case a clash run has not been
done and so the Clash List shows None.

Before attempting any Clash Checking the Design Model should be updated to include extra steelwork and
foundation information, the Training Setup Form is used to add this extra information.

As Steelwork and Civil items are created my different discipline the Designer should switch user to the
Trainer User so that the new elements will be created in the correct database.

Exit PDMS Design > Exit and re-enter as the Trainer.

Project Training TRA


Username TRAINER
Password A
MDB A-PIPING
Module Design

OK

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On the Piping tab

Select Add Stabiliser Equipment Structure


Add Stabiliser Foundations
Metric

Apply

Exit PDMS Design > Exit and re-enter as the Piping Designer.

Project Training TRA


Username A.PIPER
Password A
MDB A-PIPING
Module Design

OK

6.1 Displaying Obstructions


Obstructions levels need to be activated in order for them to be seen in AVEVA Plant.

Select Settings > Graphics Select the Representation Tab and set the Obstruction to 25%

The obstruction area around equipments, Piping Components and Walkways will now be displayed.

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6.2 Executing a Clash Run

The Clash utility is run using Utilities > Clashes

Navigate to Pipe 100-B-8

Select Control > Check CE on the Clash Display.

Pipe 100-B-8

The above shows a typical reroute of pipe 100-B-8 to avoid clashes, a hole is still required in the floor plate
and this is discussed in the next chapter.

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Exercise 7 Clash Detection

Clash Check each of your pipes you have created so far and correct any Clashes you detect.

Continue building the rest of the Pipework. Perform a Data Consistency Check and Clash Check on each
Pipe.

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CHAPTER 7

7 Hole Management

On a typical AVEVA Plant project it is necessary for designers to create holes in panel elements, i.e. deck
plates, grating, walls, floors, etc. Due to the implications on design integrity and cost, the hole creation
process needs to be controlled and managed.

The Piping Designer would not be able to create holes in floor plates or wall panels as these items would
have been created by another design discipline for example the Structural Department. These design items
would be held in another database for which the Piping Designer would only have read access.

A method of requesting, approving or rejecting a hole between disciplines is required; this is known as Hole
Management.

The Piping Designer locates and sizes the hole and then makes a request for the hole to be created by the
other discipline.

For the purposes of the training we will assume that we are both the Piping Designer and the Structural
Approver so that the full workflow can be discussed.

7.1 Introduction to Hole Management

PDMS controls and manages holes using the Hole Management application which facilitates:

Communication of hole data between disciplines including Request and Approval processes.
Ensuring holes are only created by users with appropriate write access permissions.
Performing validation checks on managed holes and providing feedback to users on the hole status.
Generation of reports for managed holes.
Generally in AVEVA Plant projects discipline Designers do not have write access to items created by other
disciplines, i.e. a Piping Designer does not have write access to Structural elements and Structural
Designers do not have write access to Piping elements, etc.

With Hole Management penetration holes are specified and requested by the penetrating discipline,
normally piping, HVAC or equipment designers and approved by the penetrated discipline, normally
structural Designers. For cases where a penetration is required, say, for a steel section through a deck/floor
plate, the hole would be specified, requested and approved by the structural discipline.

The specification of a penetration hole by the relevant discipline in the appropriate Design application
creates a virtual hole in the panel element, consisting of a FRMW and two FIXING elements. Each fixing
element has a Specification Reference (Spref) attribute that points to the hole definition in the catalogue. An
Association (ASSOC) element that references all of the hole elements is also created.

Once the virtual hole has been created the penetrating discipline enters the Hole Management application
and requests the hole. The owner of the panel, normally the Structural discipline, then reviews and approves
(or rejects) the hole request using the mechanism provided by the Hole Management application.

The act of approving the request creates the actual hole as a PFIT owned by the PANE element. The Hole
Management application checks and validates the hole using the association restrictions and stores data on
the hole history and status. Only valid holes may be approved. For a structural penetration the Structural
Designer may be both the requester and approver, although specific company procedures, controlled by
DAC, may be required if the Originator and Reviewer need to be different.

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7.1.1 Hole Element Storage

The virtual hole FIXING elements are stored in a FRMW owned


by a STRU whose Purpose attribute is set to HOLE, for
example:

The STRU element is normally pre-defined by the System


Administrator in the specific Design database.

If a suitable STRU does not exist, the following error message is


displayed:

The Hole Management associations are stored in an Association


Group (ASSOGP) element owned by an Association World
(ASSOWL) element. The ASSOGP must also have its Purpose
attribute set to HOLE.

The ASSOWL and ASSOGP elements are normally pre-defined by the


System Administrator. An association is created for each hole and
named on a simple sequential numbering system.

Each association has several members of different element types that


are not within the scope of this training guide. The Design Explorer may
look like this:

If no ASSOGP element with the Purpose set to HOLE can be found,


the Hole Management application will create an ASSOGP in the first
writeable ASSOWL element and set the Purpose attribute.

If no writeable ASSOWL element can be found the following error


message is displayed.

7.1.2 Request and Approval Workflow

Once the penetration hole has been specified and the virtual hole created, the Hole Management
application provides a series of tasks for the Originator (Penetrating discipline) and Reviewer (Structural
discipline). These tasks are:

Originator Tasks Reviewer Tasks


Request Approve
Redundant Reject
Cancel Request Agree Redundant
Delete Entry

There are three main workflow scenarios for the request/approval cycle that are detailed in the following
sections.

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7.1.2.1 Hole Creation/Modification Workflow

In this workflow the Originator creates the virtual hole and then either requests it or deletes the entry.

Once requested, the Originator may cancel the request and delete the entry prior to it being reviewed.
If rejected by the Originator

If requested and not cancelled or deleted, the Reviewer checks the hole details and, if OK, approves the
hole, thereby creating the actual hole.

If the Reviewer rejects the hole then the Originator can either modify the virtual hole and re-request the
hole or cancel the request and delete the entry.

7.1.2.2 Redundant Hole Workflow

In this workflow the actual hole has been created. The Originator decides that the hole is now redundant
and sets its status to Redundant.

Before the Originator can delete the entry the Reviewer must agree that the hole is redundant.

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7.1.2.3 Rejected Hole Workflow

In this workflow the actual hole has been created. The Reviewer, possibly due to changed conditions,
decides to reject the hole. The Originator has the option to:

Modify the hole and re-request it, whereby it will go through the normal review and approval cycle.
Cancel the request, in which case the virtual hole details remain
Delete the entry, in which case the entire hole is deleted and the virtual hole and association deleted.
The actual hole is deleted and the panel restored to its original state.

7.1.3 Non-penetration Managed Holes

In addition to penetration holes, the Hole Management application enables creation of non-penetration holes
in structural panels. These holes fall into two general categories:

Holes that are required, say, for access to a piece of equipment, a valve or other design item.
Holes that are created by a panel fitting, e.g. a hatch, door, window, etc.

For non-penetration managed holes that are not created by a fitting, with the exception of a User Defined
hole type, the virtual hole is created as a single FIXING in a new FRMW, as described for penetration
holes. This fixing has a Specification Reference (Spref) attribute that points to the hole definition in the
catalogue. An Association (ASSOC) element that references all of the hole elements is also created.
Approving the hole creates a PFIT owned by the PANE.

User Defined hole shapes are created using a template and negative extrusion in a similar way as described
below for Fitting holes.

For non-penetration holes that are created by a panel fitting, the virtual hole is created as a single FIXING
in a new FRMW. The fixing owns a Template (TMPL) element that owns a negative extrusion (NXTR) whose
vertices describe the required hole shape. The fitting is created as a FIXING element owned by the PANE
whose Spref attribute points into the catalogue to the selected fitting. An Association (ASSOC) element that
references all of the hole elements is also created. Approving the hole creates an NXTR owned by the
PANE that is a copy of the virtual hole NXTR.

Non-penetration managed holes, of either type, may be associated with any other element in Design. The
holes have the same request/approval process as penetration holes, however, as they are created solely by
the structural discipline the Structural Designer may be both the requester and approver.
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7.1.4 Use of the Hole Management Application

The Hole Management application, as with other applications that use associations, is passive, i.e. the user
is not alerted if a hole association is broken or invalidated. The user must enter the Hole Management
application and actively verify if the association is still valid.

The use of the application will vary from company to company. In some it may be down to the individual
Designers to request and approve holes, whilst in others it may be the discipline lead Designer or a
designated user who performs the tasks.

7.2 Creating the Fixing Area

The information about the hole size and position is held in a FIXIng which is held in a STRU with the purp of
the STRU set to HOLE, on a project this design area would be created by the project administrator.

For the purposes of the training the fixing area will need to be created.

Select Utilities>Training Setup from the main menu to display the Training Setup form.

Select the Upgrade tab, check the Create Association Worlds checkbox and click the Apply button.

This adds the Association Worlds (ASSOWL) and Association Group (ASSOGP) elements required for
Equipment Associations and Hole Management.

In addition the Site SITE-ASSOC/ASSOC is renamed to VM-Virtual-Holes and the required Zone and Stru
elements for Hole Management are added.

7.3 Creating single Pipe Penetration

There are three ways that the Pipe penetration can be selected, shown on the pipe branch and subsequent
isometric.

Pipe Attachment (ATTA) selected from the current piping specification.

This first method is very useful as the current piping spec does not need a special penetration
attachment.

Pipe Attachment (ATTA) selected from. a special Penetration Spec.

This method would allow the use of a different attachment representation on the Isometric.

Pipe Coupling (COUP) selected from the current piping specification.

This method is very useful if penetration material is needed on the piping isometrics. Typical uses of
this are penetration sleeves or water tight seals.

In this first example a single penetration where pipe 100-B-8 goes through the floor plate will be created with
the piping attachment (ATTA) selected from the current piping spec.

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Add Pipe /100-B-8 and Sub Frame

/EL(+)104880_TOS_PLATE to the screen.

Select
Utilities > Pipe Penetrations > Create Penetration

From the main window pull down

Select Pick Penetrated Items

Identify the Panel

Select Pick Penetrating Items

Identify the Pipe /100/B-8

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From the Specification pull down select

From Pipe Spec

The bottom part of the form will change and a


marker type pull down is displayed.

Select ATTA

Select OK

A Specification Choose Form is displayed if there is


more that one ATTA available.

Select FLOR TRUE Penetration ATTA Unset

Select OK

Set the form as shown

As only one pipe has been selected Single or


Merged hole penetrations is greyed out.

Class: Standard Types

Type: Circular Hole Type D

Initially the Diameter will be 115mm the OD of the


Pipe. Setting the Clearance to 50 will automatically
set the Hole shape parameters (Diameter in this
case).

Clearance 50

Diameter 215

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The Hole Shape selection area of the form contains Class options lists that enables the user to select the
class of hole, i.e. Standard Types, Piping penetration piece tables and Pipe Duct. The Type options list
changes depending on the Class selected. For this example Standard Types will be used.

The Type options list has the following entries.

The default is Circular Hole Type D.

A description of the different types of hole shapes is outside the scope of this training guide.

The Hole shape parameters area of the form displays different parameter textboxes for the different hole
types. For a circular hole the only parameter is Diameter.

The Diameter value is defaulted to the Outside Diameter of the selected pipe, i.e. 115mm.

If multiple pipes of differing outside diameters are selected, the diameter value defaults to 100. The
user must then enter a suitable diameter for all pipes or re-select the pipes individually.

The Penetrating item clearance area of the form contains the Clearance
textbox that enables a clearance around the penetrating item to be
specified. Note that the Diameter value has increased from 115 to 215 i.e.
the pipe OD + 2 x the clearance.

The virtual hole clearance fixing is displayed at the specified clearance


diameter.

Modify the required hole diameter by entering a number in the Diameter


textbox and pressing the Return key. This increases the diameter of the
virtual hole such that it is greater than the specified clearance. This would
be required for an eccentric hole.

The virtual hole fixing is displayed at the specified diameter (the outer of
the two fixing extrusions shown).

The Set to Minimum button resets the hole shape parameters to the minimum value(s) required to create a
valid hole. In this example clicking the button would set the Diameter back to 115.

The number and description of parameters in the Hole shape parameters area of the form varies
depending on the Hole type selected.
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The Positioning area of the form enables an offset in the X and Y directions for the penetration hole to be
specified by entering appropriate values in the X Offset and Y Offset textboxes. This enables the
penetrating item to be eccentric to the penetration hole, which may be required in some circumstances.

The Rotation gadget enables the hole shape be rotated to align the hole in a different direction. This is only
relevant on non-circular hole shapes. The rotation value may be set by using the up or down arrow or by
entering a value in the textbox.

The Single or Merged hole penetrations area at the top of the form enables individual single holes or a
merged hole to be specified for multiple penetrating items by selecting the appropriate radio button. As there
is only one penetrating item in this example the options are disabled.

Clicking the OK button on the Hole Management Definition form creates the FRMW and two virtual hole
FIXING elements, one for the clearance diameter and one for the penetration hole, in the STRU whose
Purpose attribute is set to HOLE; STRU VH-Stru in the SITE HM-Virtual-Holes for this example.

The top level fixing is auto-numbered using the format HM-VH-nnnn, where nnnn is a four digit sequential
number starting at 0001. The secondary level fixing is auto-numbered using the format HM-VH-nnnn-SUB-
nn, where HM-VH-nnnn is the name of the top level fixing and nn is a two digit sequential number starting
at 01.

The association is created in the ASSOGP whose Purpose attribute is set to HOLE and is automatically
named using the format HM-ASSOC-nnnn, where nnnn is a four digit sequential number starting at 0001.

A penetration Atta will be created in the pipe branch. This will be displayed as a grating on the piping
isometric.

A fixing will have been created in the database ready


for creating the hole using the Hole Management
Application later.

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7.4 Pipe Penetration Example Couplings

As discussed earlier it is possible to select Pipe Couplings instead of an attachment, pipe spec /SP/DR07C
has examples of typical penetration sleeves.

The following example shows a penetration coupling placed in a branch modelled using /SP/DR07C

Specification From Pipe Spec

Marker Type COUP

A choose form is displayed showing the


available couplings.

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7.5 Creating Multiple Pipe Penetrations

To demonstrate the Multiple Pipe Penetrations it will be necessary to copy an existing pipe and then create
one hole that both pipes use.

Add equipment /E1302A, Sub Frame /EL(+)107820_TOS_PLATE and Pipe /80-B-7 to the Graphics display
as shown.

Copy Pipe

Navigate to Pipe /80-B-7

Create > Copy Offset

Y = -550

Apply

Yes

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Select Utilities > Pipe Penetrations > Create Penetration


From the main window pull down

Set up the Penetration form as shown

Select Pick Penetrated Items

Identify PANEL 1 of SBFRAMEWORK


/EL(+)107820_TOS_PLATE

Select Pick Penetrating Items

Identify 80-B-7 and /Copy-of-80-B-7/B1

Specification Penetrations

Select OK

Set up the form as shown

Merged penetrations ticked

Class Standard Types

Type Symmetrical (Oval) Hole Type HO

Clearance 10

Width 750

Height 200

Rotation 90

OK

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7.6 Pipe Penetration Examples

Class: Standard Hole

Type: Circular Hole with Kick Plate.

Class: Standard Hole

Type: Rectangular Hole with Kick Plate.

Class: Pipe Penetration Piece Table

Type: NB80 Water Tight Flange

Class: Pipe Duct

Type: Compound Filled Pipe Ducts

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7.7 Managing Holes Requesting a Hole

Now the holes have been defined a request must be made for the holes to be created in the appropriate
panel.

Navigate to the owner of both panels

STRU /EQUIP_SUPPORT

Select Utilities > Hole Management from the main menu to display the Hole Association Management
Form

This form is used to display the Hole Associations in the model and is controlled by the Hole Association
Filters.

7.7.1 Using the Hole Association Filters

The Hole Association Filter area of the form enables the user to limit the display of the hole associations in
the Hole Associations grid below by using the various radio buttons and options lists.

The three radio buttons have the following function:

Current Element(s) applies the filters to the current element only.

List of elements applies the filters to the elements in the Elements to manage list at the bottom right
of the form.

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If this option is selected the Elements to manage list and


its associated link labels are enabled.

The Add Current Element link label adds the current


element to the list.

The Reset link label clears the list and adds the current element to it.

The Refresh link label starts the filtered search for all managed holes that reference any item in the list.

Right clicking an item in the list displays a pop-up menu


that enables the selected item to be removed from the list.

All Managed Holes applies the filters to all the managed holes in the project.

The four filter option lists have the following function:

Discipline enables the user to select only holes belonging to a specific discipline.

Status enables the user to select only holes with a specific approval status.

Claimed enables the user to select holes with a specific Claim status.

Valid enables the user to select only holes that have passed/failed the validation test.

Setting any option other than Not Checked may significantly slow down the list generation. This is
because all validation tests will be run for every hole that passed the previous three filter options.
The Invalid checkbox, if checked, will include all hole associations that have any bad references or invalid
data. The checkbox is enabled if the List of elements or All Managed Holes radio buttons are selected.

The Apply filter link label refreshes the Hole Associations list according to the element and filtering
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Select Current Element

Discipline Piping

Status All

Claimed All

Valid Not Checked

Apply Filter

Select both holes and

Select Manage Selected Holes.

Under the Originator Tasks heading Select Request

Yes

Expand the Hole validation results panel and


check that all results are passed.

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Expand the Hole History panel and note that the


status has changed to REQUESTED

7.8 Approving Holes

The Piping Designer would not normally be able to approve the holes; Hole Approval is the
responsibility of the discipline that owns the Panel or Floor.

Exit PDMS and re-enter as user A.STEELMAN Password A MDB A-PIPING

Navigate to the owner of both panels /EQUIP_SUPPORT

Select Utilities > Hole Management from the main menu to display the Hole Association Management
Form

Select Current Element

Discipline Piping

Status All

Claimed All

Valid Passed

Apply Filter

Add to 3D view using the R.H. Mouse Button

Select the First Hole and Select Navigate To


Association using the R.H. Mouse Button and
Focus on Hole

Select Manage Selected Holes.

Under the Reviewers Tasks

Select Approve www.aveva.com


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The Hole will now be created.

Open the Hole History fold-up panel and note the new Status column entry.

Click the Return to Hole Associations link label at the bottom of the Hole Management form to return to
the Hole Association Manager form.

7.9 Rejecting a Hole

The Reviewer may make reject a hole on initial review or after it has been approved. In either case the
Originator has the option to modify the hole and re-request, cancel the request or delete the entry.

7.9.1 Rejecting on Initial Review

Highlight the new hole in the grid (HM-ASSOC-0002) and select Manage Selected Hole

Enter Hole must be Square in the Hole comment textbox, press the Return key and click the Save button.

Click the Reject link label under the Reviewer Tasks and click the Yes button on the confirmation message.

The hole has been rejected by the Reviewer; however, the comment indicates that if the hole is square then
it will be approved. Therefore, the Originator must decide if the circular hole is definitely required or a
square hole will be OK.

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7.9.2 Rejecting after Approval

Select the first penetration hole created (HM-ASSOC-0001) in the grid to make it the current association and
click the Manage Selected Holes link label to display the Hole Management form. This hole has previously
been approved so the only Reviewer task available is Reject.

Click the Reject link label under the Reviewer Tasks and then click the Yes button on the confirmation
message. The hole status has now changed to Rejected.

Note none of the Originator or Approval Tasks will be active at this point. The Designer must Logout of
PDMS and Login again as the Originator.

The Steelwork Designer would not normally be able to Request Piping hole. Hole Requests are the
responsibility of the discipline that owns the Pipe.

Exit PDMS and re-enter as user A.PIPER Password A MDB A-PIPING

The Originator now has the option to modify the hole definition, as described above, Cancel Request or
Delete Entry, which have the following affects:

Cancelling the request removes the actual hole and resets the Hole History Status to blank, i.e. it has
been reset to its original status after the virtual hole was created but before it was requested. The
virtual hole fixings and hole management associations are retained so that the hole may be modified
and re-requested later.

Deleting the entry deletes the actual hole, the virtual hole fixings and the hole management
associations, restoring the panel to its original state before the penetration was created. All references to
the virtual hole are deleted.

For this example the request will be cancelled and then the entry deleted.

Click the Cancel Request link label under the Originator Tasks to
display the cancel confirmation message.

Click the Yes button to cancel the request.

Open the Hole History fold-up panel and note that the hole status is blank, i.e. Note also that the virtual
hole fixings are still present.

Click the Delete Entry link label under the Originator Tasks to
display the remove confirmation message.

Click the Yes button to remove the selected hole.

All references to the hole have been deleted from the Hole Management form and the virtual hole
fixings have also been deleted, restoring the panel to its original state before the penetration was
created.

7.10 Making a Hole Redundant

Click the Return to Hole Associations to display the Hole Association Manager form.

Select the second penetration hole created (HM-ASSOC-0002) in the grid to make it the current association
and click the Manage Selected Holes link label to display the Hole Management form. This hole has
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Click the Redundant link label under the Originator Tasks to


display the redundant confirmation message.

Click the Yes button to make the selected hole redundant.

Before the Originator can delete the entry the Reviewer has to agree it is redundant.

Click the Agree Redundant link label under the Originator Tasks
to display the redundant confirmation message.

Click the Yes button to make the selected hole redundant.

Open the Hole History fold-up panel and note that the hole status has been set to Withdrawn.

The only Originator task now available is Delete Entry. Click this link label to delete the hole entry and
restore the panel at the penetration.

Save Work.

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7.11 Non-Penetration Managed Holes

Sometimes access is required through structural panels, i.e. walls, cladding, decks, floors, etc., in order to
maintain and operate items of plant. As these access holes have no non-structural discipline penetrating
item, the holes are normally created by a Structural Designer. To facilitate this process the Hole
Management application allows the creation and management of Non- Penetration Managed Holes.

Non-penetration managed holes can only be created from the Panels & Plates application and fall into two
categories:

Free Holes these are standard hole shapes, some of which include sleeves or kicker plates. A User
defined shape is also available.

Fitting Holes these are managed holes created by a catalogue fitting, e.g. a window, door, hatch,
access cover, etc.

Note Fitting Holes are covered in TM-1201 AVEVA Plant (12 Series) Structural Modelling (Advanced)

7.11.1 Free Holes

In the Panels & Plates application, selecting Utilities>Steel


Penetration>Create Hole from the main menu displays the
Create Penetration form.

Clicking the Pick Penetrated Item button prompts the user to


Pick a face on the penetrated object.

Unlike penetration holes, only one penetrated item may be


selected.

The Hole Type list shows the available holes. The first six entries
are the same hole types available for penetration holes. The
remaining hole types are circular or rectangular with additional
components, i.e. kicker plates or sleeves.

The last entry is a User Defined which enables a user defined


shape for the hole to be specified, see 3.3.2.

After selecting a hole type from the list, clicking the OK button on
the form displays the Hole Management Free Hole Definition
form.
The selected hole shape is displayed graphically, using default
sizes, on the penetrated item with aid graphics that indicate the
Hole X and Hole Y directions and the default X and Y offsets
from the panel origin.

The default hole location is the pick position from the penetration
item selection. This default position may be subsequently
changed on the Hole Management Free Hole Definition form.

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The Hole Management Free Hole Definition form has two tabs:

Hole Definition to define the shape, size, position and rotation of the hole.

Associated elements to define the element(s) the hole is to be associated with, e.g. piece(s) of
equipment.

7.11.1.1 Free Hole Definition - Hole Definition Tab

On the Hole Definition tab the hole type may be changed


from that specified on the Create Penetration form by simply
selecting and different type from the list. The graphical
representation of the hole type will change to the new type.

The Hole shape parameters area of the form changes


depending on the hole type selected with the required
parameters shown for the different types.

The Hole Position and Orientation area of the form enables


the X Offset and Y Offset, i.e. X and Y distances from the
panel origin, to be set. The values default to the picked
position and reflect the displayed values on the graphical aids.

The X Offset and Y Offset values may be changed manually


by entering the required value in the appropriate textbox.

Alternatively, clicking the Align in X or Align in Y buttons


prompts the user to Align Hole to picked position and
activates the Positioning Control toolbar. The user may pick
any position, using any of the positioning control options to
align the hole with in the specified direction. The X Offset or Y
Offset values are changed automatically to reflect the picked
position.
Clicking the Explicit Position button prompts the user to
Pick a face on the penetrated object. A hole position may
be picked on the panel using the cursor, as with the initial
panel selection. The X Offset and Y Offset values are
updated accordingly.
The Rotation gadget enables the rotation around the Z axis of the panel to be specified either by entering a
value in the textbox or using the up or down arrows to change the angle in 5 increments.

Selecting the User Defined hole type displays the Loop Vertex Editor
form, i.e. the same form used for modifying panels and negative
extrusions.

A default hole, an NXTR with four vertices, is displayed graphically. The


Loop Vertex Editor form is displayed with vertex 1 current and a text
aid is displayed at the vertex.

The hole shape may be defined by adding, deleting or modifying vertices


to the NXTR loop in the same way as editing a panel or normal negative
extrusion.

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7.11.1.2 Free Hole Definition - Associated Elements Tab

On the Associated elements tab the elements associated with the


hole are shown in the Current association items grid. Initially these
include the panel and hole references.

Clicking the Pick Items button prompts the user to Pick associated
item. Any item(s) may be picked to associate the hole with, however,
this would normally be a piece of equipment, a valve, an actuator, etc.
The selection process is terminated by pressing the Esc key. The
selected item(s) appear in the Current associated items grid.

Selecting an associated item from the grid and clicking the Remove
selected item button removes it from the grid and all references to it
from the association.

The Primary Panel and Hole


Reference items are required to
create the hole and attempting to
remove them displays an error
message.

Having specified all of the requirements for the hole, clicking the OK button on the Hole Management
Free Hole Definition form will create the virtual hole.

The hole must be requested and approved using the procedure previously described. The Project
Administrator should give consideration to the unique situation that may occur where the team responsible
for originating the hole is also responsible for approving the hole. Company or Project specific procedures
may be required to ensure the hole creation process is correctly managed.

7.12 Creating a Non-penetration Managed Holes

For the purposes of the training a rectangular hole is created in /EL(+)107820_TOS_PLATE

Ensure the you are in PDMS as user A.PIPER Password A MDB A-PIPING

Add Sub Frame /EL(+)107820_TOS_PLATE to the display

Select Utilities > Pipe Penitration > Create Hole

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Select Pick Item for Hole

Identify PANEL 1 of SBFRAMEWORK /EL(+)107820_TOS_PLATE close to where the hole is required

Select Rectangular Hole Type HR

Select OK

Set the hole as follows

Width 500

Height 300

Radius 25

X Offset 2000

Y Offset 7000

Rotation -180

Note the Hole can be Aligned in the X or Y using the Relevant


buttons which will display the Positioning control,

or repositioned ising the Icon

Select OK
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Exercise 8 Hole Management

Using the above examples create holes to accommodate the pipes that pass through the floor plates.

Using the above as a guide Create, Request and Approve a Non-penetration Managed Hole.

On completion exit PDMS and re-enter as the Piping Designer user A.PIPER Password A MDB A-PIPING.

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CHAPTER 8

8 Isometric Production

Isometric Production is explained in full in PDMS Isometric Production System. Please refer to this manual.

Check Isometric Plots can be obtained directly in Design

Navigate to Pipe 100-B-8

Select Utilities > Pipe Isometric

Isometrics can be printed directly from this form.

Exercise 9 Isometric Production


Once the pipes are have clear Data Consistency and Clash Check, a Check Isometric can be produced.

Investigate the End Connections, Geometry and Material List.

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CHAPTER 9

9 Sloping / Falling Pipelines


All the previous Pipework examples involved only orthogonal pipelines, that is, all lengths of tube were either
horizontal or vertical. In practice, it is a requirement to include lengths of tube, which slope at angles
between components. This chapter describes how to position and manipulate sloping Pipework.

9.1 Orientation and Positioning Components in Falling Pipelines


PDMS 90Deg Elbows are capable of having a variable angle they are not fixed at 90deg. Variable angle
elbows can be directed to the angle of the slope.

In the example below a tee has been added to the falling line to demonstrate how an offset error would be
introduced. This error is corrected in PDMS using variable angle zero radius bends.

Bends are normally made from tube so adding a bend would only affect tube length and as the bend used
has no radius the effect is negligible; bends made from tube do not appear on the isometric material list.

The following example shows how bends are used to correct falling lines.

The diagram shows the tee still falling with the main branch; a bend is used at the start of the new branch to
reduce the offset error.

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In this next example the tee is horizontal and two bends are used one at each side to correct the fall.

The user should always check contract procedure to establish how to design sloping pipes.

The Auto Slope form allows the user to set the leave direction. This can be set to either up or down for each
elbow in a branch. The slope can be specified either as a rate of fall or as an angle.

9.2 Creating Sloping Pipes

Navigate to branch 1 of pipe /100-C-13. In the piping application select Modify > Slope

Ensure the fall is set to 1/100

Select OK

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PDMS will now step through each elbow in the branch. The slope must be set for each elbow.

In each case select YES indicating the slope is up.

As the pipe is open ended finishing at the battery limit the following form is displayed.

As the pipe tail is to remain in the same place, select NO. The pipe tail
will remain in the same position but the orientation will adjust to suit the
sloping pipe. Should Yes be selected the Pipe Tail will be repositioned
at the leave of the last component.

The pipe will now be sloping and can be checked using Query > General as done earlier. The elbow
direction will be of the form N 0.5729 U.

Exercise 10 - Creating Sloping Pipes


Navigate to branch 1 of pipe /100-C-13 and modify the pipe slope as described above.

9.3 Controlling the Pipe Component Slope


Add a tee, a new branch and a bend to correct the slope of pipe /100-C-13.

Add a Tee to 500mm from the 3rd


elbow.

Use the RH Mouse Pull Down to


position the tee 500 from the
change in direction

The P3 leave direction of the tee will be set to S 89,427 U.

Create a new branch and connect the pipe head to the tee, as in
previous exercises the bore of the Pipe Branch Tail should be set
100mm but it can be left at the world origin for connection later.

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The first item in this new branch must be a bend,


Create a bend and select the Variable Angle (EV)
and Radius bend in the choose form

Set the Radius to Define and 0.00

The branch will appear as shown. It is necessary to direct


the bend up to remove the
offset.

To direct the Bend up, select:


Orientate > Component > Leave
from the main top pull down.

Set the Direction to be U and tick Select Apply and


the Angle Change Box. Dismiss

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Add an elbow and position it 1000mm


from the Bend.

Use Orientate Component Slope to


set the slope of the Elbow.

Orientate>Component>Slope

Set the Slope to Up and apply the


Form

Set the Slope to Up

The PL of the elbow will now be sloping. The PL Direction of the Elbow is N 0.5729 U.

Exercise 11 - Controlling Pipe Component Slope


Create a tee, new branch and a bend to correct the slope as described above.

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CHAPTER 10

10 Alternative Positioning Forms

The following are some examples of positioning piping components in space and relative to other
components.

10.1 Position>Component>Plane Through

The Plane Through form positions the current element using a specific co-ordinate, as in this example, or by
using the cursor, or with respect to any other previously positioned item.

10.2 Positioning Piping Items Relative to Other Design Items

You often need to position a piping component so that it, or its attached tube, is either just touching, or is a
fixed distance from, another element in the design (another piping item, a structural beam or column, etc.).

Until now we have always identified the position of a piping item by reference to its centreline (more strictly,
its origin or P0). For relative positioning, it is often more convenient to use one of the extremities of the item
as the reference, such as the topofpipe (ToP) or bottomofpipe (BoP), as we shall see in the following
examples.

10.2.1 Position>Component>BoP/ToP (Infront)

BoP/ToP in this context refer to the same point, namely the furthest side of the component. Thus, the
form settings Top of Pipe Clearance 50 Infront ID Cursor would achieve the same result. This applies in
both forwards and backwards modes which are explained later.
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10.2.2 Position>Component>BoP/Top (Behind)

As in the preceding example, BoP/ToP here refer to the same point. Thus, the form settings Top of Pipe
Clearance 50 Behind - D Cursor would achieve the same result.

10.3 Position>Component>BoP/Top - Nonorthogonal Pipelines

For nonorthogonal pipelines, the following options are applicable:

10.3.1 Positioning Onto another Item

Position Bottom of Pipe Clearance 50 Onto ID Cursor

10.4 Positioning Under another Item

For nonorthogonal pipelines, the following options are applicable:

Position Bottom of Pipe Clearance 50 Under ID Cursor


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10.4.1 Positioning Infront another Item

10.4.2 Positioning Behind another Item

10.5 Position>Component>Clearance

10.5.1 Position>Component>Clearance (Infront)

The form settings Clearance 50 Onto ID Cursor would achieve the same result in this example.

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10.5.2 Position>Component>Clearance (Behind)

The form settings Clearance 50 Under ID would achieve the same result in this example.

10.6 Position>Component>Clearance - Nonorthogonal Pipelines

For nonorthogonal pipelines, the following options are applicable:

10.6.1 Positioning with Clearance Onto another Item

10.6.2 Positioning with Clearance Under another Item

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10.6.3 Positioning with Clearance In-front another Item

10.6.4 Positioning with Clearance Behind another Item

10.7 Forwards and Backwards

When using the above examples the designer is required to work with the flow in Forwards Mode or
against the Flow in Backwards Mode. This can be changed on the command line using the command
FOR or BAC.

It can however be selected using the Piping Components Form.

Select Create > Components

The Piping Components form should be used in


conjunction with the Members form

Select Display > Members

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When you use the Forwards and Backwards Radio Buttons the Members window is inverted

Select Forwards

In Forwards Mode the first component in this


example is a flange.

Select Backwards

In Backwards mode the first component in this


example is a Valve.

Make sure you always close the form in


Forwards Mode

10.8 Alternative Positioning Example

Continuing from the elbow created in the previous exercise we are going to create two more elbows but this
time we are going to position the elbows relative to the steelwork.

Set-up the design display to include pipe /100-C-13 and the pipe bridge steelwork /PIPERACK

Create a New Elbow and position it 300mm after the column


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Use Position > Component > Plane Clearance

Set the form as shown with a 300mm Clearance.

Select Apply and Identify Column /B1

Your elbow should be positioned as shown.

Direct the Elbow leave to point up using Orientate Component > Leave.

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Another elbow is created and positioned so that the bottom of pipe is resting on the steelwork.

Position > Component >BOP/TOP

Select Bottom of Pipe, Clearance 0, Behind, ID Cursor, Apply and Identify beam on the top of the Pipe
Bridge.(Note this Beam may not be named)

The Branch can be completed by specifying the tail


as follows:

Bore 100
Direction E

Position W322000
N305354
U106457

Exercise 12 Alternative Positioning

Create and Position the Elbows relative to the steelwork as described above.

Investigate using the Members window - Forwards and Backwards Mode.

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CHAPTER 11

11 Pipe Assemblies
Designers can use Pipe Assemblies that can be inserted into pipes both in the normal design process and
during Pipe Splitting Operations.

The creation of Pipe Assemblies is covered in TM-1303 - Project Design Administration.

Pipe Assemblies are stored in Application Worlds and Areas.

11.1 Using Pipe Assemblies during Piping Design

Navigate to and display /250-B-5

From The Pipework Toolbar Select Show pipe component


form

On the component Creation Form

Select - Assemblies

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The Assemblies are selected using the Sub-Type Pull down and
selecting the required assembly

Select Samples Assembly Area

Select gate valve set

Place the assembly on the pipe /250-B-5

Select OK

Select WN and OK

Select OK

Select WN and OK

If a piping component cannot automatically be selected via the selection type (STYPE) a warning
message followed by a choose form is displayed to allow the Designer to pick the correct component.
The Flanges in spec /A3B do not have the same selection types (STYPE) as the spec that the
assembly was built from so a message and a choose form would normally be displayed.

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Exercise 13 - Using Pipe Assemblies during Piping Design


Using the above example place the Gate Valve Assembly into the pipe /250-B-5 the Flange assembly can
be created in a similar way.

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CHAPTER 12

12 Pipe Splitting
It is often necessary to split Pipes into more than one Branch or Pipe. Splitting Pipes is used to make the
Isometric clearer or perhaps as a process requirement. Pipes can be split on components, on planes or into
segments (or spools). Pipe assemblies are used to aid in the splitting of pipes.

12.1 Pipe Splitting at a component

Display Pipe /100-C-12 as shown

The Pipe will be split at Elbow 3 of Branch /100-C-


12/B1

The Pipe Splitting form is displayed using Utilities >


Pipe Splitting

Select Split pipe by moving Component

Select New Pipe

Select Split

Identify Elbow 3

The Pipe will be split into two pipes, the upstream


branch will keep the same name whilst the
downstream branch will be given a new name
/100-C-12-Split(1)

The bypass should be included in this pipe

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Navigate to Pipe /100-C-12-Split(1)

Select Modify > Hierarchy > Include

The form will be opened on Pipe /100-C-12-Split(1)

Locate the Bypass Bran /100-C-12/B2

Select Include CE

The Bypass branch will now be included in the pipe


/100-C-12-Split(1)

The Pipe and Branches should be renamed as


required.

A Data Consistency Check should always run if a pipe has been edited.

12.2 Pipe Splitting on a Plane

To aid with the following example Pipes /100-C-13, /100-C-12 ( /100-C-12-Split(1) ) and the pipe Bridge
Steel /PIPEWAY have been added to the screen.

In the following example we will split both pipes using a pair of flanges 1500mm from the southern most pipe
bridge column.

The Pipe Splitting form is displayed using Utilities > Pipe Splitting

The Split Pipe has been divided into sections for ease on explanation.
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12.2.1 Elements to Split

There are 3 options for adding pipes to the Elements


to Split which are self explanatory Add Pipe
Branches

/100-C12-B2 and /100-C-13-B1.

12.2.2 Split Pipe Options, (Split Pipe on Plane)

There are various ways that the pipe split can be identified, in the example we will split the pipe on a plane.

Other split options are described later.

The pipe will be split on a plane that we will define


later.

Select Split pipes on a plane

12.2.3 Moving Down Stream Components

There are three options following the pipe split: -

Existing - Will just insert Pipe Assembly into the existing Branch
New Pipe - The pipe will be split into new pipes
New Branch - The pipe Branch will be split into extra branches.

Select Existing

12.2.4 Plane definition

The plane is used to describe the position of the split, set the
following:

Plane Size 3000


Tick Fill
Select Split Infront of the pick at a distance

and a distance of 1500

Select Create plane

Pick any Pipe leg to place the cutting plane orthogonally Identify any of the pipes.

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To position the cutting plane Pick the NA of the South West Pipe Bridge Column

The Cutting Plane should be drawn as shown

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12.2.5 Assembly Selection

The Pipe will be split the pipe using a pair of flanges

Select Sample assembly area

Description FLAN GASK FLAN

Assembly build origin Build to primary origin

12.2.6 Split Pipe

To Split the pipes select the Split Button

Select Yes

The pipes should be split as shown below.

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12.3 Split Pipe into Segments


This option can be used if you wish to split the pipe in for example 2000 lengths.

Select Split pipes into segments

Split By Component picks

Select a Segment Length of 2000

As before Select a Weld Neck Pipe Assembly

Select the Split Button

You will now be prompted to select the start and end of the leg to be split.

Select Elbow 3 and Flange 2 of pipe branch /100-C13-B1

Exercise 14 - Pipe Splitting


Using the above examples:

Split Pipes /100-C-13, /100-C-12 on a plane

Split Pipe /100-C-12 into segments

Try splitting a Pipe into two pipes

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CHAPTER 13

13 Pipe Editing (Component Bore/Specification)


The modify Pipe / Branch components form can be used to change the Pipe, Insulation and Tracing Specs
and also resize the piping components. It can be accessed from either Modify > Pipe > Component bore /
Specification or Modify > Branch > Component bore / Specification.

In the example we will change the Branch and Insulation Spec and resize some components.

Navigate to and display pipe /250-B-5

13.1 Changing Component Spec

Select Modify > Pipe > Component bore / Specification

Using the Right Hand Mouse Button on the display window displays the
Modification Pull Down

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Use the Right Hand Mouse and Select All

In this case we do not wish to change the pipe spec on the Flanges and Gaskets as they are connected to
300# Nozzles

Identify all Gaskets and Flanges using the L.H. Mouse Button with the <Ctrl> Key held down this will de-
select the Flanges and Gaskets leaving the rest selected.

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The Selection is also shown in the Graphics Window

Use the Right Hand Mouse and Select Modify Specification

The current Piping Spec will be displayed, Select Spec A1A using the pull down Select Pipe and Branches
as changing the Pipe spec on the Pipe and all Branches is also required.

Ticking Change out of spec components? Will change all out of spec components to the new spec in
this case it should be left unchecked.

Select Apply

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The right hand end of the form displays details of the component specification reference and description
changes. These should be reviewed prior to using the Apply button.

In theis case there is one error, any errors should be reviewed using the Error Message Tab as you can see
in the above example the Tee shows a comment No selection available

Select the Error Messages Tab

The spec that the Branch has been changed to does not contain a 250NB Butt Weld Tee, this will need to be
resolved manually and could involve selecting a different component type.

Select Apply to make the changes

Exercise 15 - Pipe Editing (Component Bore/Specification)


Using the above example change the piping specification from /A3B to /A1A on the piping components,
make sure that the Flanges and Gaskets are not changed. Run a Data Consistency check on the modified
Pipe.

In a similar way change the insulation spec to W

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The Branch Temperature will also need to be set to 150 Deg using Modify > Attributes at Branch and Pipe
Level. In order to see the insulation you will need to show the insulation using Settings > Graphics
Representation and setting the Insulation to 25%

13.2 Changing Component Nominal Bore


The modify Pipe / Branch components form can be used to resize the piping components. It can be
accessed from either Modify > Pipe > Component bore / Specification or Modify > Branch >
Component bore / Specification.

In the example we will resize some components.

Navigate to and display pipe /250-B-5

Select the two elbows and the reducer using the Cursor

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Use the Select from graphics button to select the components for change.

Using the Right Hand Mouse button Select Modify Bore

Change the bore to 150mm and OK

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You can see that there is no available reducer so it will not be changed

Select Apply

As you can see from the above example the Elbows have changed size the connecting pipework should be
changed manually.

Exercise 16 Changing Component Nominal Bore

Using the above example investigate changing component Nominal Bore

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CHAPTER 14

14 Pipe Fabrication Machine

Each Pipe Fabrication Machine has a series of Pipe Fabrication Machine dimension elements with attributes
of OD and Bend radius. When an attempt is made to get a bend radius from the Pipe Fabrication Machine,
all bending dimensions are searched to find an appropriate tube OD

The actual bend radius is calculated by multiplying the OD by the BRAD If no matching dimensions are
found the radius cannot be calculated and the radius must be set by the user.

New pseudo attribute DFBRAD at bend returns a machine derived radius if available.

14.1 Creating an Example Fabrication Machine

Navigate to the world /*

Select Utilities > Training Setup

Select the Production Tab

Select Add Example Fabrication Machine

Select Apply

14.2 Example Fabrication Machine

Select Utilities > Fabrication Machine Manager

In the example shown the OD of a 150NB Tube is


set to 168.3 and the Bradius is set to 3.00 this would
give a Bend Radius of 504.9.

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The OD of the Tube being used must exist in the Pipe Fabrication Machine

14.3 Setting the Pipe Fabrication Machine at Zone Level

Navigate to the Zone /ZONE-PIPING-AREA01

Display the command line

Display > Command Line and enter BendMacReference /MACHINES

Bends with their CompType set to VAR created in this zone with get their radius set from the Pipe
Fabrication Machine.

Exercise 17 Creating a Fabrication Machine

Using the example described above create a new Fabrication Machine and reference the Piping Zone to the
Fabrication Machine World.

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CHAPTER 15

15 Pipe Routing using Bends selected via a Pipe Fabrication Machine.

Pipe /150-B-6 is currently routed using elbows. The pipe will be rerouted using Bends and the Radius will be
selected automatically from an appropriate Pipe Fabrication Machine.

A working knowledge of PDMS Piping assumed.

Navigate to branch /150-B-6/B1 and delete all the members leaving the head and tail connected.

Select Delete > Members > All

The head should remain connected to /C1101/N5 and the tail connected to /E1302B/N1

Create Slip-on Flanges together with their gaskets at the Pipe Head and the Pipe Tail

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After the first Flange create a pair of bends using the Component Creation Form

Note that the Bend Information is set automatically to


Machine and the bend Radius is set to 504.9

Similarly create a pair of bends at the pipe tail

The Pipe can be completed using Quick Pipe


Router or by using the choose form from the old
piping applications. In either case the bend radius
will be set Automatically

When using Quick Pipe Router, set the


Component Choice to Bend.

Exercise 18 Creating a Pipe using Bends selected via a Pipe Fabrication Machine.

Using the above as a guide modify pipe /150-B-6 and re-routed the pipe using Bends.

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CHAPTER 16

16 Production Checks

The Pipe 150-B-6 modified in the previous chapter can now be submitted for production checks. This
involved validating the pipe against the Pipe Fabrication Machines for both the ability of the machines to
bend and weld the pipe and to check that the pipe does not exceed the stock length.

The Pipe will need welds added so that pipe lengths are within the allowable stock lengths.

Feed excess should be avoided so the pipe will need rerouting to remove and feed excess created by the
bends being too close together and by the minimum requirements of the Pipe Fabrication Machine.

16.1 Setup Production Checks

Navigate to Pipe /150-B-6

Select Utilities > Production Checks

Select Select Default Fabrication Machines

Select the Fabrication World MACHINES

Select Apply

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Select Define Auto-Resolve Preferences

Select Include End Excess and Include Feed Excess

Select Apply

Note the Auto Naming is on by default.

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16.2 Spool Generation

Select Generate Spools

As the pipe has no breaks only one spool will be


generated which is likely to exceed the spool length
and the limits of the Fabrication Machine.

Select Validate Pipe

As predicted the pipe failed as the initial feed is greater than the Pipe Fabrication machine can handle welds
or break flanges must be added to reduce the maximum spool length to 6000mm.

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16.3 Creating extra Spools

Split the pipe into 4 spools by using welds selected from the Pipe
Components Creation Form, typically Stype WB.

16.4 Re-spooling the Pipe

Navigate to Pipe /150-B-6

Select Utilities > Production Checks

Select Remove Fabrication Information

Select Yes

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Select Generate Spools

Select Validate Pipe

A warning Message is displayed as the pipe has


feed excess which should be removed if
possible before fabrication.

16.5 Feed Excess

Spool PS01 is badly designed for a Pipe Fabrication machine because it needs extra material between the
bends and on the ends so that the Pipe Fabrication Machine can Grip the tube.

There are two types of excess material:

End Excess extra material on the ends which needs to be cut off
Feed Excess extra material between bends which needs to be cut out and welded back together.

All excess is undesirable - Feed Excess is used only as a last resort.

Spool PS01 has feed excess on the


arrive and leave of bend 1, both bends
should be lifted 300mm and bend 2
moved East 300mm.

This can be done using the Model


Editor.

The Pipe must now be revalidated

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Spool PS01 is now OK and PS02 is OK because


it is a Straight Spool.

Spool PS04 has Feed Excess which should be


removed in a similar way to as was described
earlier.

Once all the feed excess has been removed the


pipe is validated successfully.

16.6 Spooling Log File

When a spool failed validation it was often difficult to find out exactly why. A log file is available to help track
down errors. There is a link label under Pipe Tasks called View Log.

The view log has tabs for looking at validation and spool generation and output can be printed or sent to file.

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16.7 Pipe Spools

Pipe Spool Information can be obtained by right clicking on the Pipe Spool on the Production Checks Form.

Auto Naming is now on by default when spools are


created. On previous version of PDMS the user had
to remember to switch auto naming on.

Pipe spools can now be renamed from the results


panel on the production checks form, previously they
could only be renamed from the main view

Exercise 19 Production Checks

Using the above as an example check that the Pipe /150-B-6 will validate successfully by adding welds and
repositioning the bends to remove feed excess.

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CHAPTER 17

17 Flange Enhancements

17.1 Flange Offset

Flange Offset is the distance between P1 and P2, the following shows the Flange Offset on a Slip-on
Flange.

In the example Shown P1 would have a PDIST of 0


and P2 a PDIST of the Pipe Wall Thickness + 2 mm

(PWALLTH(1) + 2mm)

Taking into account Wall Thickness will give a more accurate MTO.

Navigate to and Display pipe /100-C-13.

Place a pair of Slip-On Flanges

Use SType FSOF as these Flanges


take into consideration Wall Thickness

Navigate to one of the flanges

In the Command Window Check the Pipe Wall Thickness and the distance between P1 and P2 on the Slip-
On Flange.

Q PWALLTH(1) and Q P1 P2

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In the example shown the Wall Thickness is 3mm


and the distance in the North direction between P1
and P2 is 5mm

The Calculation used was Wall Thickness + 2mm

17.2 Loose Flange and Flange Allowance

The following example illustrates the placement of a Loose Flange with extra tube being supplied for the
creation of a flared end. The example is based on using Pipe Wall thickness to calculate the extra tube.

Flange allowance is used to set ALLOW and LOOS attributes on the


Flange

Components which need an ALLO have a COMPTYPE set to ALLO

The PDATAB contains a loose Flange allowance expression for each


bore size.

PDTAB Expression
Pflallowance ( 10 * ATTRIB PWALLT(1) )

Navigate to and Display pipe /100-C-13.

Place a pair of Loose Flanges

Use SType FSAL as these Flanges are


Loose Flanges.

If a Flange has a CompType of ALLO when selected PDMS will automatically set the Flange Attributes
Loose and Allowance which can be manually overwritten.

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AVEVA Plant (12 Series)
Pipework Modelling TM-1100

At the Loose Flange

Q LOOSE

Loose false

Q ALLOWANCE

Allowance 31mm

Exercise 20 Flange Enhancements

Using the above as an example, place a pair of Slip-On and a Pair of Loose Flanges.

As illustrated check the Pipe Wall Thickness and Flange Allowance.

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