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DEUTSCHE NORMEN June 1979

UDC 624.953-034 : 621 .642 .39

Above-ground Cylindrical Flat-bottomed DIN


M G Tank Installations of Metallic Materials 4119

Fundamentals, Design, Tests Part 1
O O

O Oberirdische zylindrische Flachboden-Tankbauwerke aus metallischen Werkstoffen ;


M e5 Grundiagen, Ausfhrung, Priifungen
Ce
c eY

s 8 Ths Standard has been drawn up in the Fachbereich 'Stahlbau" (Technical Division 'Steel Construction') of the
j-e NABau (Standards Committee Bullding Construction) . The lnstitut fiir 8autechnik (Institute forBuilding Technology),
wu L_e 9 Berlin, has recommended to the oberste Bauaufsichtsbehrden (Highest Building Inspection Authorities) that it be
p
oe adopted for the purposes of building supervision .
C *N The design, calculation and construction of the steel components of tank installations cali for a thorough knowledge
w-
of steel and tank construction and of the accepted rules thereof. For this reason, only those contractors who employ
ac staff possessing this knowledge and are able to ensure satisfactory execution may perform such work .

DIN 4119 is divided into


Part 1 Fundamentals, design, tests
Part 2 Calculation (subsequent edition ai present stili in draft form)

Contents
Page

1 Scope 1
2 Other relevant Standards and documents 1
3 Foundation 2
4 Protection against corrosion 3
5 Materials 3
6 Construction 6
7 Testing of welded joints in the tank 7
8 Leak tests and measurements of settiements . . . . 9
9 Equipment and marking of the tank 10
10 Functionai tests of equipment componente 10
11 Additional directives for floating roofs
and floating covers 11
12 Metal collecting shelis and collecting basins 14

1 Scope 2 .1 .1 Reguiation on the Erection and Operation of


This Standard applies io above-ground vertical cylindri- Installations for the Storage, Filling and Transport of
Inflammable Liquids (VbF), with Annexes and Techni-
cal containers with a bottom in full contact with the
ground and a fixed roof (with or without a floating cal Rules (TRbF) .
cover) or a floating roof for the storage of liquids or of 2.1 .2 Provincial reguiations on the storage of water-
refrigerated gases in liquid form ai atmospheric pressure hazardous liquids 2) (VLwF) or of water-hazardous sub-
or ai slight over .pressures or under-pressures . stances (VLwS), together with Administrative Regula-
Special arrangements differing from this Standard may tions (e .g ., VVLwF) and Technical Provisions (e .g .,
be agreed for unusual types of tank installations . In each TVLwF) .
individuai case, they require the approvai of the com-
2 .1 .3 Provincia) guidelines on the construction and
petent building inspection authority .
operation of tank installations for the storage of fuel oil,
such as the Guidelines on Oil Tanks or the Guidelines on
Fuel Oil Containers (HBR) .
2 Other relevant Standards and documents
2 .1 Other relevant documents 1) These regulati .ons allo govern the engagement of
For flammable and water-hazardous stored products and experts qualified io conduci certain tests .
for special operating systems, the foliowing statutory 2) For details, see Lagerverordnung (Storage Order),
reguiations and requirements 1 ) are allo applicable . obtainable from Richard Boorberg Verlag, Mtnchen .

Continued on pages 2 io 14

Sole sale right* of Germen Standards (DIN-Normen) aro with Beuth Vereg GmbH . Be,in 30 and Kin 1 DIN 4119 Teil 1 engl. Preisgr. 8
09 .80
Vertr : Nr. 0108


Page 2 DIN 4119 Part 1

2 .1 .4 Berufsgenossenschaftliche Unfallverhtungsvor- DIN 4114 Part 1 Steei construction ; stability (buck-


schriften 3) (Accident Prevention Reguiations issued by ling, overturning, bulging) ; prin-
the Employers' Liability Insurance Associations), cipies of calculation, reguiations
such as DIN 4114 Part 2 Steel construction ; stability (buck-
a) UVV "Druckbehalter" (VBG 17) (Pressure Vessels) ling, overturning, bulging) ; prin-
b) UVV "Gale" (VBG 61) (Gases) cipies of calculation, directives
c) UVV "Sauerstoff" (VBG 62) (Oxygen) DIN 8560 Examination of steel welders
d) UVV "Leitern und Tritte" (VBG 74) (Ladders and DIN 8561 Examination of welders f or non-
Steps) ferrous metals
and the relevant AD-Merkbiatter (AD )nstruction Sheets) DIN 17100 Steels for generai structurai pur-
of the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Druckbehiter (Working poses ; quality specifications
Group Pressure Vessels) . DIN 17 155 Part 1 Boiler piates ; technical conditions
of delivery
2 .1 .5 Stahl-Eisen Werkstoffblatt 087 Wetterfeste Bau- DIN 17 440 Stainiess steels ; quality specifica-
sthle *) (Steel-Iron Materials Sheet 087 Weather-resist- tions
ant Structural Steels) DIN 50049 Certificates on materia) testings
Stahl-Eisen-Werkstoffblatt 089 Feinkorn-Bausthle DIN 50115 Testing of metallic materials ;
(Steei-iron Materials Sheet 089 Finegrained Structural notched bar impact bending test
Steels) Testing of steel ; notched bar impact
DIN 50122
test on fusion-welded butt joints,
2 .2 Other relevant Stan~ specimen position, test report
DIN 267 Part 3 Bolts, screws, nuts and similar
threaded and formed parts ; tech- 3 Foundation 4 )
nical conditions of delivery, proper-
3 .1 Genera)
ty classes and test methods f or bolts
and screws of unalloyed and low- 3 .1 .1 Effects of settlements on the tank
alloy steels 3 .1 .1 .1 Uniform settiement
DIN 267 Pari 4 Bolts, screws, nuts and similar As a rute, uniform settlements do not affect the stability
threaded and formed parts ; tech- of the tank .
nical conditions of delivery, proper- Inclination 0 of the tank axis .
ty ciasses and test methods for nuts Inclination of the tank axis increases the bending stresses
of unalloyed or Iow-alloy steels in the bottom corner . For this reason, the value for
DIN 1000 Steel structures ; construction max . 0 stated in the structural analysis may not be
DIN 1050 Steel in building construction ; calcu- exceeded .
lation and constructional design Differential settlements Oh in the bottom corner
DIN 1054 Subsoil ; permissibie loading of sub- relative to an initia( horizontal or inclined piane .
soil These differentiai settiements can give rise io major
DIN 1543 Mild steei, rolled ; steel plates over deformation of the tank shell, with the following conse-
4 .75 mm (heavy plates), dimension quences :
and weight deviations a) in the case of tanks with fixed roofs, where the circo-
DIN 1626 Part 3 Welded steel pipes in unalloyed and lar shape of the upper edge of the shell is preserved,
lowalloy steels for supply purposes, outward and inward bulging of the sheil occurs .
process plant and tanks ; pipes with Inward bulging reduces the resistance of the shell to
quality specifications, technical con- bulging ;
ditions of delivery b) in the case of tanks with floating roofs, loss of round-
DIN 1629 Part 3 Seamless tubes in unalloyed steels ness of the upper edge of the shell can result in the
for supply purposes, process plant roof jamming and in destruction of the annular seal .
and tanks ; tubes with quality speci-
fications, technical conditions of
delivery ') Obtainabie from Stahl-Eisen-Verlag mbH, Postfach
DIN 1745 Part 1 Plate, sheet and strip of aluminium 8229,4000 Diisseldorf .
and wrought aluminium alloys of 3) These regulations dea) inter alla with vessels having
thicknesses exceeding 0 .35 mm, internai over-pressure and with the storage of gases in
strength properties liquid form . Published by the Hauptverband der ge-
DIN 4100 Welded structural steelwork with werblichen Berufsgenossenschaften e . V . (Principai
predominantly static loading ; Association of Industriai Employers' Liability Insur-
design and structurai details ance Associations Inc .), Cari Heymanns Verlag KG,
DIN 4113 Aluminium in building construc- Kln .
tion ; directions for calculation and 4) In this connection, the requirements for collecting
design of aluminium building com- areas contained in the regulations Iisted in Section 2 .1
ponents are to be observed as necessary .
DIN 4119 Part 1 Page 3

3.1 .1 .2 Sag of the centre of the bottom tion in the area on which the tank shell is io resi are io
relative io the bottom corner be ascertained ai intervals of noi more than 5 m .
Because excessive sag of the bottom increases the cir- In so doing, the vertical differences between tvo adjacent
cumferential stresses ai the bottom corner, particular measuring points may noi exceed 10100 of the distance
importane attaches io the relevant measurements . between the measuring points . However, the vertical
There is no problem if the permissible maximum va(ue difference between any two measuring points may be
max . f (relative io the bottom corner) is reached within as much as 12 mm .
a concentric circie, the diameter of which is half that of
the shell . Should the maximum value be outside that 4 Protection against corrosion
circie, modifications io the foundation may become
necessary ai a value as low as about 0 .8 max . f . 4 .1 External corrosion
Above-ground tank installations, the materials and welds
3 .1 .1 .3 Steps required in the event
of major differential settle- of which are noi weather-resistant, must be protected
ments from the outside against corrosion .
Should major differential settlements, inclinations and For the underside of tank bottoms, this protection can
be achieved by means of a suitable covering layer io the
inward bulging be found, continuous observation is
foundation (e .g ., a mixture of bitumen and sand) .
desirable and advice should be sought from soli mecha-
nics experts and tank manufacturers .
In criticai cases, filling is io be discontinued . 4.2 Internai corrosion
The measures required where there is a risk of corrosion
3.1 .2 The tank foundation is intended io prevent : inside the tank should be adapted io the operating con-
a) inadmissibie inclination of the tank, ditions5) and be stated in the construction documents .
b) inadmissibie deviations from the piane of the founda-
tion beneath the sheli and 4.3 Consideration of leak tests
c) inadmissible sag of the bottom of the tank relative io Ai the time of testing for Ieaks, the areas surrounding
the bottom edge . welds must be free of paint or other coating materials .

3.1 .3 The type of foundation should take into account :


a) the nature of the ground (where inclination is io be 5 Materials
expected, see DIN 4119 Pari 2, Section 4 .1 .2 .1 .3, 5 .1 Genera
subsequent edition ai present stili in draft form) Materials for tank components must meet the require-
b) the bottom loads occurring in the least favourabie ments of construction processes (e .g ., suitability for
loading case welding and, where appropriate, for folding) and of the
c) where appropriate, the anchorage of the bottom mechanical, chemical and thermal stresses likely io arise
corner in operation .
d) where appropriate, the layout of a collecting basin . In the case of materials listed in the Table, the suitability
for welding is stated with due regard io the pre-requisites
3 .1 .4 The initial sag fo ai the centre of the bottom laid down in the material Standards and material sheets
(positive or negative) relative io the bottom edge io be io which reference is made .
taken into account for the surface of the foundation
is io be notified io the manufacturers of the foundation 5 .2 Materiale for bottoms, tank shells and roofs
and of the tank . When designing the foundation and 5.2.1 Steels for temperatures dependent on weather
establishing fo, it is io be borne in mind that the maxi- for wall thicknesses up to 30 mm
mum permissible bottom sag fnuu may noi be exceeded
when the tank is in use and full . 5 .2.1 .1 Generai structural steels
according io DIN 17100
3.1 .5 When constructing the foundation, steps may be Structural steels in accordance with DIN 17 100, as
necessary io ensure that any Ieaks occurring wili come Iisted in the Table, lines 1 io 3, may be used up io the
io notice . limit wall thicknesses stated therein, subject io the
foilowing provisions :
3.2 Protection of the surfaoe of the foundation
If the stored produci (e.g ., of an oxidizing nature)
5) This correlation should also be effected in collabora-
escaping through leaks in the tank bottom, or tempera-
tures of the stored produci other than those due io the tion with the manufacturers of the material, stating
weather, couid endanger the condition of the foundation, precise details of the composition of the stored
provision is io be made for suitable protection of its produci, because, for example, the resistance io
surface . In this case, special mention of the requirement corrosion of stainless steels can be impaired by smail
is io be made in the construction documents . quantities of chioride and that of aluminium and its
alloys by alkaline additives such as are added, for
example, io fuel oils for the prevention of corrosion
3 .3 Permissible dimensional deviations in the surface in the case of ordinary structurai steels . An anti-corro-
of the foundation sion increase in the thickness of the sheet does noi
Before the tank bottom is placed in position, the deva- constitute any rea) protection against corrosion,
tions in the leve) from the pianned surface of the founda- though it may result in a longer service lite .
Page 4 DIN 4119 Part 1

a) Steels of Quality Group 2, in accordance with lines 1 5.2 .5 Aluminium and wrought aluminium alloys
and 2, are tested by melts . Evidence of quality is to The Iisted types of material in accordance with DIN 1745
be provided at least in the form of a report based on Part 1 may be used .
quality contro) in accordance with DIN 50049 . Where work-hardened sheet is used, the effect of the
b) Delivery tests in accordante with DIN 17100, includ- welding process on its strength characteristic values is to
ing evidence of non-susceptibility to brittie fracture, be borne in mind .
are conducted by melts on steeis of Quality Group 3
in accordance with line 3, and supported at least by 5.2 .6 Other metallic materials
acceptance test certificate B in accordance with Other metallic materials and materials for applications
DIN 50049 . not Iisted in Sections 5 .2 .1 to 5.2 .5 are regarded as new
5 .2.1 .2 Weather-resistant structural materials within the meaning of the Bauordnung (Build-
ing Construction Order) . In consequence, their use
steeIs 6)
requires a generai certificate of approvai from the build-
Where weather-resistant steels in accordance with the ing inspection authorities or, alternatively, approvai of
Table, lines 4 and 5, are used, evidence of quality and the individuai case . VdTOV Materia) Sheets 13), for
delivery test are to be dealt with as in Section 5 .2 .1 .1 b) .
example, are also acceptabie in support of the proofs of
5 .2.1 .3 Shipbuilding steel Grade B in suitability required for this purpose .
accordance with the ruies of
the Classification Societies 7) 5.3 Materials for components of fittine
This steel is deemed to be suitabie il a range of tests as Ali materials for components of fittings must possess
for shipbuilding steel Grade B, with evidence of the adequate toughness t4) at the lowest operating tempera-
notch-impact strength, has been conducted and proof ture and, il they are welded, adeguate suitability for
thereof provided by an acceptance test certificate B in welding . Their qualities must be tested and confirmed
accordance with D I N 50 049 . in accordance with the relevant rules for pressure
5 .2 .1 .4 Fine-gr a i n e d structural steels vessels 15) .
of a minimum yield strength8) 5 .3 .1 Housings for fittings may be made from cast
o f 255 N/mm2 t o 355 N/mm2 material of adeguate toughness, forged or welded from
The steel grades Iisted in the Table, lines 9 to 14, may be rolled materia) 16) .
used for wall thicknesses up to 30 mm provided that
delivery tests 8) comprising tensile, folding and notch-
impact bending tests across the main direction of rolling 6) Before weather-resistant structural steels are used for
are conducted on each rolled sheet and are supported at tanks, the necessary measures (e .g., empirica) tests)
least by an acceptance test certificate in accordance with are to be agreed (where appropriate, with the com-
the Tabie . petent experts) . In the case of tanks in accordance
with Section 2 .1, the relevant VdTOV Materia) Sheets
5.2.2 Steels for wall thicknesses above 30 mm (see Footnote 13) are to be conducted il necessary .
Where fine-grained structurai steels8) of a yield point 7) Regulations for the ciassification and construction of
=355 N/mm2 are used, the upper limit of the wali thick- steel seagoing vessels, Germanischer Uoyd, Hamburg .
ness of 30 mm specified in Section 5 .2 .1 .4 may be in- 8 ) See Tabie .
creased to 40 mm without heat treatment of the welds
provided that, in the course of the delivery test of each 9 ) Where tanks are subject to the reguiations accord-
rolled sheet across the main direction of rolling, a notch- ing to Section 2 .1, an acceptance test certificate A
impact strength of at least 34 J/cm2 for the mean vacue from the competent expert is required .
and of at least 24J/cm2 for the individuai value is 10) The terni "temperature of stored product" corre-
obtained at - 20 C on each of three ISO V-notch speci- sponds to the term "temperature of operating
mens in accordance with DIN 50 115, and that evidence medium" in the AD Instruction Sheets (Arbeits-
of qual ity is provided by acceptance test certificate B in gemeinschaft Druckbehalter [AD]) (Working Group
accordance with DIN 500499) . Pressure Vessels); obtainable from Beuth Verlag
GmbH, Berlin 30 or 5000 Ki ;ln 1 .
5.2 .3 Steeis for temperatures of the stored product 10) 11) See AD-MerkbIatt W 10, Beanspruchungsfall 3 .1
below -10 C for wall thicknesses up to 30 mm (AD Instruction Sheet W 10, Stress Case 3 .1) .
5.2 .3 .1 Steels which can be shown to be suitabie for a 12) For solid web piates, see AD Instruction Sheet
given minimum temperature of the stored product may W 2 ; for cladded piates, see AD Instruction Sheet
be selected and used in accordance with the .accepted W 8.
rules for materials for pressure vessels 11 ) ; Section 5 .2.6 13) These documents are published by the Vereinigung
is to be observed .
der Technischen Oberwachungs-Vereine e . V .
5.2 .4 Stainless steels (Association of Engineering Inspection Societies
Inc .), Essen, and are obtainable from Maximilian-
Steels in accordance with DIN 17 440 may be used il
they are suitable in accordance with the accepted rules Verlag, Herford .
14) See AD Instruction Sheet W 10 for steels, AD Instruc-
for materials for pressure vesseis 12) . The requirements
of these rules in respect of delivery tests, evidence of tion Sheet W 6 for non-ferrous metals .
quality, marking and processing conditions are to be See AD instruction Sheets, Series HP .
observed . See AD lnstruction Sheet A4 .

DIN 4119 Part l Page 5

Table

Maximum per-
Serial Evidente of quality
Materials missible nomina) Test unit Marking
No. acc
wall thickness of the products
mm

Generai struttura) steels according io DIN 17 100

Grade of atee)
USt 37-2 12,5 Melt Works certificate
Supplier
RSt 37-2 20 Melt Works certificate
Melt No .

3 Si 37-3, Si 52-3 30 Melt Acceptance test certificate e


Weather-resistant structural steels in accordante with
Grade of atee)
Stahl-Eisen Materials Sheet 087
4 WTSt 37-2 20 Melt Acce ptance test certificate e
Mel No
Melt No .
5 WTSt 37-3, WTSt 52-3 30 Melt Acceptance test certificate B Specimen No.
Tester's mark
Shipbuilding atee)
6 I Shipbuilding steel Grade B 30 Melt Acceptance test certificate B 1)

Boiler platea in accordane with DIN 17155

7
8
I H I . H Il
H III, 17 Mn 4
30
30
Rolled sheet
Rolled sheet
Acceptance tesi certificate B
Acceptance test certificate B 1)

Fine-grained struttura) steels in accordante with


Stahl-Eisen Materials Sheet 089
9 StE 26, StE 29
10 WStE 26, WStE 29 30 Rolled sheet Acceptance tesi certificate B Smelting process
11 TTStE 26, TTStE 29 Grade of steel
Supplier
12 StE 32, StE 36 Melt No .
13 WStE 32, WStE 36 30 RoIIed sheet Acceptance tesi certificate B 1) Specimen No .
14 TTStE 32 . TTStE 36 Tester's mark

15 StE 26 io StE 36 Acceptance tesi certificate B 1)


16 WStE 26 io WStE 36 > 30 :5 40 Rolled sheet with additional test accord-
17 TTStE 26 io TTStE 36 ing io Section 5.2.3

18 StE 39 io StE 51 According io


19 WStE 39 io WStE 51 Rolled sheet Acceptance test certificate B 1)
Section 5 .2 .6
20 TTStE 39 io TTStE 51

Stainless'austenitic steels according io DIN 17 440 Grade of steel


Supplier
According io Melt No .
Alt except
21 20 DIN 17440 Acceptance test certificate B Specimen No .
Materia) No. 1 .4305 No. 8 .2 Tester's mark

Aluminium and aluminium alloys2) Type of materia)


Supplier
Condition
Accordi ng io
According io According io DIN 1745 Melt No .
22 Acceptance test certificate B 1)
DIN 1745 Part 1 DIN 4113 Specimen No.
Part 1
Tester's mark

Other metallic materials

23 According lo Section 5 .2 .6
1

1) For tank installations covered by the TRbF, the appropriate acceptance test certificates are io be noted .
2) For tank installations covered by the TRbF, AD Instruction Sheet W 6/1 is io be noted .
Page(3 DIN 4119 Part 1

5 .3 .2 Fianges may be pressed, forged, seamiess rolled b) Deviations of the generatrices from the vertical
or welded from rolled material 17) . relative io the height of the individuai shell courses
and io the nominai cylindrical height : 50/00, but
5 .3 .3 Pipes for connections or flanges should at least the diameter of the tank may not deviate by more
conform io DIN 1626 Pari 3 or DIN 1629 Pari 3 . than 80 mm from the nominai diameter .
5 .3.4 Bolts should ai least conform io strength ciass 4 .6 c) Localized deviations from the cylindrical shape,
in accordance with DIN 267 Part 3 and nuts ai Ieast io measured horizontally with a circolar template
strength caaes 4 in accordance with DIN 267 Pari 4 . 500 mm long : 10 mm ; measured vertically with a
straight edge 500 mm long : 10 mm .
d) Deviations of tbc tank axis from the verticai : 20/00 .
6 Construction 6.2.3 Fixed roofs with rafters
6 .1 Generai a) Deviation from the stipulated roof camber height h D
6 .1 .1 The individuai parts of the tank must be carefully (rise) : -3% of the roof height 1, D . Upward deviations
prepared and must fit together satisfactorily . are noi statistically significant .
b) Difference in height between two opposite ribs (in
6 .1 .2 For ordering or preparing the shell plates, it is
0.5 r) : 4 0/00 of the sheli radius r . (This is io be
recommended that the following permissibie deviations
checked on severa$ ribs .)
be stipulated :
c) Ciosed traverse bars and circolar shape-retaining bars
a) Width 1 .5 mm
noi connected io the ribs more than 1 .50 m long
b) Straightness of surfaces of the sides 1 mm (curved io conform io a spherical or conical shape),
c) Difference between the two diagonals 3 mm deviation of tbc roof camber from .the desired curva-
Prior bending, including that of tbc ends of tbc shell ture : 3 0/00 of the bar length .
plates, should be effected systematically. The curvature
6.2 .4 The preparation and scope of a record of measure-
shouid be preserved by suitabie storage during transport
ment may be agreed .
and on the construction site.
6 .2.5 The permissible dimensional deviations stated in
6 .1 .3 In tbc case of components of roofs of fixed-roof
Sections 6.2 .1 and 6 .2.2 are based on tbc need io ensure
tanks, special attention is io be paid lo tbc preservation
tbc safety of the strutture ; in the event of settlement of
of tbc shape of tbc roof as prescribed by tbc structurai
the foundation, individuai dimensions which have been
analysis and drawing, and of tbc minimum dimensions .
affected thereby may be exceeded . In such cases, tbc
In so doing, sagging due io the dead weight is io be com-
stability and functioning of the structure may noi be
pensated where necessary by means of appropriate
cambers. impaired .

In the case of roofs with braced rafters, provision (e .g ., 6 .3 Principles of welding operations
additional ribs) is io be made io preserve tbc exact
6 .3 .1 Materia$ pre-requisites
shape of tbc roof covering .
6 .3.1 .1 For the fabrication of tanks, procedures are io
6.1 .4 During assembiy of a tank, the individuai com- be adopted with which the manufacturer can be shown
ponente may noi be stressed io such an extent that the io be fuily conversant and which ensure consistency of
safety of the tank is jeopardized . Straightening opera- execution . Verification thereof must be provided by the
tions, especially in the vicinity of the edges of joints or tank manufacturer before the start of welding by means
of welds, are io be conducted without causing excessive of procedurai tests 1 8) in practical conditions .
damage io the materials.
6 .3.1 .2 Welding filler materials and auxiliary media
6.1 .5 During machining and fitting of non-ferrous must be capable of producing a welded joint suitably
metals and austenitic steeis, contaci corrosion by other matched io the basis materia$ and io the conditions of
materials musi be ruied out . manufacture and operation .
The suitability of theweldingfiller materials and auxiliary
6.2 Permissible dimensiona) deviations after assembly media for tbc particular application in question is io be
Depending on the method of assembly, dimensiona) shown by means of appropriate suitability tests 1 9) con-
deviations may be ascertained before, during or after the ducted in the works supplying the welding filier materia)
tank is filied with water . or - especially where granulated welding materia) is
added - by procedura) tests on the tank manufacturer's
6.2.1 Tank bottoms
premises .
Localized upiift of the bottom plates from the surface
of tbc foundation may noi exceed tbc following values
before the tank is filied with water : 17) Where non-standardized flanges are used, they should
conform io the requirements of AD Instruction
2 .50/00 of the diameter of tbc tank, maximum 100 mm .
Sheets W 13 (or W 10) and allo io B 7 or B 8 .
The uplift is io be measured ai ambient temperature,
1 8) In fine with AD Instruction Sheet HP 2/1 and
excluding solar effects .
HP 2/1 Annex 1 for temperatures of stored pro-
6.2 .2 Tank shells ducts below -10 C AD Instruction Sheet W10,
a) Deviations from the nominai diameter, measured No . 5.1 .3 .
ciose io the bottom : 1 0/00, bui with a maximum 19) E .g ., by Technische Oberwachungs-Organisation
of 40 mm . (Engineering Inspection Organization) .
DIN 4119 Part 1 Page 7

6 .3 .1 .3 Normally, for the procedura) tests, the require- tact with the tank shell . They must be ai least 40 mm
ments placed in accordance with Section 5 on the basis long .
materia) apply io the strength properties of the welded 6 .3 .4 .6 Bottom welds may be butt welded on one side
joints . In this case, the temperature adopted for the on base strips or lap weided on one side with ai least
notch-impact strength test should correspond io the 2 Iayers .
lowest temperature of the stored produci . For each test
In the case of bottom butt welds, root cracks ai the
of 3 specimens, no individuai value may fall below 70 % joints of base strips are io be avoided by welding these
of the required mean value .
joints or by other suitable means . Ali these joints are
For temperatures of the stored produci influenced by io be indelibly marked on the upper surface of the
climatic conditions and for higher temperatures thereof, bottom plates in order io permit ultrasonic testing of
a test temperature of + 20 C applies io piate thicknesses the bottom welds for the presence of transverse root
= 30 mm for DVM specimens. cracks (see Section 7 .2 .2 .2) .
In the case of plate thicknesses > 30 mm (see Section
6.3 .4 .7 Corner joints of tanks are io be executed as
5 .2 .2), evidence must be furnished of the following test butt welds or as fillet welds executed on both sides.
values ai 0 C for each of 3 notched impact specimens
of the ISO V-test specimen with the notch positioned in 6.3 .4 .8 On fixed roofs, the lapped joints of the roof
the centre of the wekl (in accordance with DIN 50122) piates and their connecting welds may be welded on
or with a notch position near the fusion boundary one sfide from above io the roof corner ring . They
(fracture within the heat-affected zone) : should be made as thin as possibie io facilitate
Mean value ai least 34J/cm 2 stripping of the roof in the event of
excessive stressing .
Individuai value ai least 24J/cm2
With unbraced shell roofs, only through-
6 .3.2 Personnel requirements welded butt welds are permissible, unless
Welding work on the tank musi be performed under the the admissibility of lapped joints has
direction of expert supervisory staff by welders in pos- been demonstrated by appropriate Ioad-
session of valid test certificates in accordance with i n g t r i a l s (see DIN 4119 Part 2 (subsequent edition
DIN 8560 or DIN 8561, of ai least Test Group 8 II or ai present stili in draft form)) .
R II . For this purpose, the weld position q (horizontal
seam on a vertical wali) is io be borne in mind . 6 .3 .5 Heat treatment
6 .3.5.1 Pre-heating
6.3 .3 Welding programme The contents of materials Standards, materials sheets 21)
The following information must be provided in a weld- or materials reports are io be observed in respect of pre-
ing programme io be drawn up by the tank manufac- heating and operating temperatures for f lame-cutting
turer : and welding . This also applies io ali tack, subsidiary and
a) Materials, welding materials, filler materials and repair welding . In the case of materials and dimensions
auxiliary media, welding process, welding positions which do noi normally require pre-heating, suitable
and shapes of joints, welding sequence ; measures 22) are io be taken in unfavourable climatic
b) pre-heating, heat treatment, protection of welds conditions (e .g ., component temperatures be(ow +5 C)
against climatic conditions ; io ensure technologically satisfactory welding .
c) utilization of the permissible design stresses in the 6 .3 .5 .2 Heat treatment after welding
weid, destructive and non-destructive tests (see Sec- Shell components with welded-in ciean-out openings ai
tions 7 .2 and 7 .3) . bottom leve) and with welded-in connections ai bottom
6.3 .4 Finish of welds level are, in generai, io be annealed ai minimum stress,
unless the plate thickness of these com-
6.3 .4 .1 Butt welds musi be weided over the entire
ponente is more than 16mm .
cross-section . They may noi present any defects which
could endanger the safety of the structure (see Sec- 7 Testing of welded joints in the tank
tion 7 .2) .
7.1 Generai
6 .3 .4.2 Welds in tank shelis must normally be executed
7.1 .1 The quality of welded joints is to be established
as butt welds welded on both sides . For the permissibie
by non-destructive and, where required, by destructive
offset of the edges, see DIN 8563 Part 3 20) .
weld tests.
6.3 .4.3 One-sided or single-layer butt welds in the sheli
are permissibie provided that their suitability can be veri- 1e) See Page 6
fied by a procedura) test 18) . 20) See also AD Instruction Sheet HP 5/1 .
6 .3.4 .4 If, in exceptional cases, crossing seams (e .g ., in 21) See, far example, Stahl-Eisen-Werkstoffblatt 088-77
the case of repiacement of shell sections) are envisaged, "Schweissbare Feinkornbausthle, Richtlinien fur
they are io be subjected io a non-destructive test (see die Verarbeitung" (Stahl-Eisen Materials Sheet
Section 7 .2) . 088-77 "Weldablefine-grained structural steels,
6 .3.4 .5 Connecting fillet welds of components, insulat- directives on processing") .
ing mountings and weldedon parts of a tank sheli made 22) See AD-Merkblatt HP9 (AD Instruction Sheet HP9)
of ferritic steels must, uniess it consists of materia) (in course of preparation), DIN 8562 and Stahi-
Si 37-2, Si 37-3 or H I, be welded in ai least 2 Iayers in Eisen-Werkstoffbiatt 088-77 (Stahl-Eisen Materials
such a way that the fina) layer does noi come into con- Sheet 088-77) .
Page 8 DIN 4119 Part l

7 .1 .2 A test program, io be drawn up by the tank manu- The remaining lengths of vertical welds are io be one
facturer, musi list the nature and scope of the tests io be hundred per cent tested by radiography (or, in accord-
undertaken on the tank . In so doing, the following are io ane with Section 7 .2 .2 .1, ultrasonically) . Circular welds
be taken into account : below these courses are io be tested over ai least 5 % of
a) The minimum requirements according io Sections 7 .2 their length, including ali junction points with vertical
and 7 .3 . These are, inter alia, dependent on the utili- welds .
zation, as specified for each shell course, of the per- For piate thicknesses above 30 mm, ultrasonic testing is
missible design stress in the weld . normally io be preferred 24) .
b) Special requirements arising from materials reports or 7 .2 .2 Ultrasonic testing
procedura) tests (e .g ., for materiais susceptible io
7 .2 .2.1 On courses according io Section 7 .2 .1 .2 :
welding cracks or for mechanized welding methods)
or from the regulations according io Section 2 . 123) . ff only a random radiographic test in accordance with
Section 7 .2.1 .2 is conducted, ali vertical welds are io be
7 .1 .3 Test shouid be initiated at a sufficiently early one hundred per cent tested ultrasonically . This ultra-
stage of manufacture io enable the causes of defects io sonic test may be carried out on tbc inside or the out-
be recognized and dealt with in good time . side of the tank shell .
This provision also calls for agreement on meaningful Weid zones giving indecisive indications are to be re-tested
supplementary tests in the event of spot tests revealing alter smoothing of the surface lager, supplemented if
inadmissible defects . necessary by radiography .
Repaired butt welds are lo be re-tested . 7.222 For bottom butt welds :
Test reports are io be prepared on the tests conducted . After grinding of the surface Iayers, the weld zones above
7 .1 .4 Test reports shouid provide information on the junction points of base strips (see Section 6 .3 .4 .6)
a) the persons responsibie for testing and evaluation, are io be checked for transverse root cracks .
b) the Standards and directives on which tests and Depending on the use io which the tank is io be put and
evaluations are based, the type of foundation, additional tests may be agreed
when the contract is awarded .
c) the test data indicating proper testing,
d) the findings of tbc tests, with details of the location 7 .2.3 Tests for surface cracks in fillet welds inside the
of defective points, given in such a way that ali find- tank (e .g ., on tbc tank bottom and in tbc weid areas of
ings and repairs io the structure can be checked, welded-on parts which bave been subsequently removed),
e) the welders engaged on the weld areas tested . pipe connection welds and any fuse points which may be
present are io be agreed when the contract is awarded on
7.2 Non-destructive tests 24) a scale commensurate with the peculiarities of the mate-
7 .21 Radiographic test ria), welding method and tank operation .
7 .2.1 .1 On courses utilizing the permissible design
7 .3 Service test on courses according io Section 7 .2.1 .2
stress in the weld of 85 %and made o f s t e e l w i t h
a nomina$ yield point5355N/mm2forpIate 7 .3 .1 For individuai tanks :
thicknesses up io 30 mm and temperatures of tbc stored a) For each method and direction of welding of vertical
produci down io -10 C : welds, a test length, in the form of an extension of a
For each wekier engaged on a construction project, a vertical seam, is io be welded and tested on tbc tank
radiographic test is io be conducted, w h e r e p o s s i b 1 e course having the largest wall thickness 25 ) . A further
ai the start of employment, onaverticalweld test piace on tbc course with the smallest wall thick-
for each type of welding and each welding direction ness is required if this thickness is less than haif of
(e .g., manuai electrical wetding upwards or downwards) . tbc largest wali thickness .
1 n addition, a further radiographic test is to be conducted b) If the construction of courses, in accordane with
on each tank on ai least 30 m of vertical weld and on Section 7 .2 .1 .2, of an individuai tank takes longer
each 60 m of circular weld . The tests are io be carried than 3 months, the ruling of Section 7 .3 .2 b) applies
out in such a manner that tbc welders are tested in pro- as appropriate .
portion io their share of tbc work . Ai least 25 % of the 7 .3 .2 For major projects :
tests are io be conducted on joints between three piates .
a) If, within a period of 3 months, severa) tanks are
The assessable length of the radiographic exposure should
erected by the lame manufacturer on the same site
be ai least 200 mm. The above-mentioned tests may allo
having courses in accordance with Section 7 .2 .1 .2
be carried out ultrasonically, provided that the require-
ments for proper testing and evaluation are met .
7 .2.1 .2 On courses utilizing tbc permissibie design stress 23 ) Within tbc scope of these regulations, the necessary
in the weld of 100%, or made of steel with a nominai details are io be agreed with the competent experts
yield point > 355 N/mm 2 , or with piate thicknesses over before construction starts .
30 mm, or with temperatures of the stored produci 24) Directives for tbc conduci and evaluation of radio-
below -10 C : graphic and ultrasonic tests are io be found in
As a rule, a radiographic test is io be conducted from the AD Instruction Sheet HP 5/3 and in Annex 1 io
start of each vertical weld . In the case of mechanically AD Instruction Sheet HP 5/3 .
welded vertical welds, this also applies io ali starting 25 ) For tbc scope of tbc test see AD Instruction Sheet
points of welds. HP 5/2 .
DIN 4119 Part l Page 9

which are welded within the framework of the scope a specific gravity of the stored produci of Iess than
of the procedural test, il will normally suffice io con- 0.75 t/m3, the welds in the shell, when noi filled with
duci the test on the test Iengths mentioned in Sec- water, are io be tested for tightness ai an under-pressure
tion 7 .3 .1 of those courses of the tank which have the of ai Ieast 0 .5 bar .
greatest and smallest wali thicknesses .
8.3 .4 Tanks intended for the storage of products of a
b) On the expiry of each period of 3 months, the test is
specific gravity < 0 .75 t/m 3 , for which no complete test
io be repeated on the corresponding courses io be
filling was effected, and of a specific gravity > 1 t/m3,
constructed during the following 3 months . are, in addition, io be observed for leaks over a period
of 24 hours during the first s e r v i c e f i I I i n g up io
the maximum permissible level .
8 Leak tests and measurements of settlements
8.1 Pre-requisites 8 .3 .5 Settlements ai the bottom edge and ai the centro
of the bottom and the inclination of the shell axis are
8.1 .1 Prior to filling the tank with water for testing pur-
io be determined and evaluated during the test water
poses in accordance with Section 8 .3, verification of the
filling and the initial filling with the produci io be
fulfilment of the requirements stipulated in Sections 5
io 7 must be available and, in the case of filling by stages, stored (see Section 3 .1) .
f or the corresponding courses . The first measurement of settlement should be made ai
the latest when the tank has been half-filled . Depending
8.1 .2 The chronological program for the filling proce- on the settlement which has occurred, further measure-
dure must take account of the settiements io be ex- ments are io be made .
pected (see Section 3 .1) . In addition, preparations are The rate of filling is io be adapted io the ground con-
io be made for the measurement of settiements . Provi- ditions. If necessary, the filling procedure is io be inter-
sion is io be made prior io the test water filling for the rupted io enabie temporary stabilization of the settle-
following measurement points for the measurement of ment io take piace . If the initial filiing with the stored
settiements : produci is noi continued up io the permissible filling
a) Measuring marks are io be welded on io the circum- height, measuring is io be resumed when filling recom-
ference of the lower shell edge al intervals of atout mences .
20 m, with ai Ieast 8 marks . Depending upon the setiements observed, measure-
b) A connecting piace is normally io be fitted in the ments are, if required, io be repeated ai suitable inter-
centra of the roof io check the sag of the bottom of vals during the subsequent service filling until the settie-
the fiIled tank . ments die away . The intention hereof is io enabie the
The location and description of the measuring points are effects of differential settlement or of inadmissible
io be entered in a measurement log . Before filling com- bottom sag, which could endanger the safety of the
mences, the initial elevation of the measuring points is tank, io be recognized in good time.
io be established by means of a zero measurement In each case, the resutts are io be entered in the record
(see Section 3 .1 and Section 8 .3.5) . and evaluated .
Pipeline connections on the tank shell are io be kept
8.2 Connecting welds of sockets with reinforcing platea under observation during the filling process .
8.2 .1 Prior io the test filling in accordane with Sec- This also applies io the initial filling of tanks up io the
tion 8 .3, an atmospheric over-pressure of ai Ieast 0 .5 bar intended level with stored products of specific gravities
(- 500 mm water column) is io be set up in the air gap > 1 t/m3 .
of the tank shell by means of test drillings in the cut-out
reinforcing piates . The tightness of the connecting welds 8 .3 .6 Section 8 .4 .3 is io be taken into account as
is io be checked by means of a foam material . appropriate .

8.2 .2 The tightness of these connecting weids is io be


re-tested during the test filling of the tank a1 the test 8.4 Fixed roof welds
drillings, which musi have been left open . 8 .4.1 In the case of fixed roofs for operation ai inter-
na) over-pressure, an atmospheric over-pressure as speci-
8.3 Tank ahell fied in the Structural Analysis is io be set up in the roof
8 .3 .1 The tightness of the tank is io be tested with space of the tank when il is filled as for testing in
water over a period of 24 hours . ac cordance with Section 8 .3, alter ali openings Nave
Section 4 .3 is io be observed in regard io protective been closed and a U-measuring tube has been fitted . If
painting or coating of the tank walls . the over-pressure is achieved by raising the water leve),
Welds in the roof corner ring may be tested by means of steps must be taken io prevent the water leve) permis-
the test water fillng if the static design provides for this sible under Section 8 .3 .2 from being exceeded.
particular loading case . 8.4.2 The tightness of roof welds is io be tested with
8 .3.2 The maximum water filling levei is to be obtained a foam materia) .
from the static calculation (see also DIN 4119 Part 2 8 .4 .3 With the tank in a fully closed condition, steps
(ai present stili in draft form)) . must be taken io ensure that no inadmissible over- or
8 .3 .3 If the water filling for testing purposes of a tank under-pressure arises, e .g ., due io climatic influences .
up io the maximum permissible level for the stored The ventilating systems are io be opened immediately
produci is noi allowed because the design was based on after the test .

Page 10 DIN 4119 Part 1

8 .5 Bottom welds 9 .2 Shut-off devices


When tbc water used for tbc test filling in accordance Ali pipeline connections on tbc tank shell and tank bot-
with Section 8 .3 has been discharged and tbc tank bottom tom are io be fitted with shut-off devices located as near
cleaned, the tightness of the bottom welds is io be as possible io the tank and which are simple io operate .
checked by means of a vacuum test apparatus and a
foam materia) ai an under-pressure of ai least 0 .5 bar . 9 .3 Manholes and inspection openings
If, in the process, leaks appear, they are io be repaired Each tank musi be provided with a manhole and an
and re-tested . It is noi necessary io repeat the test water inspection opening having an inside diameter of ai least
filling of tbc tank . The lame applies if, for any reason 600 mm .
(e .g., settlements), seams are opened-up and re-welded .
9.4 Liquid levai indicator
8.6 Shell of the collecting area (basin shell) Each tank musi be fitted with a device for ascertaining
8.6 .1 A test of the tightness of tbc welds of the col- the liquid leve) . The permissible filling height for stored
lecting basin is noi necessary . products of the greatest and smallest specific gravity
musi be conspicuously marked. Suitable steps, such as
8.6.2 Test filling of the collecting area with water is noi observation, musi be taken io ensure that this heght is
normally necessary . noi exceeded .
8 .6.3 If, in order, for example, io achieve pre-stabiliza-
tion in the case of ground which is especially liable io 9 .5 Earthing and lightning protection
settlement, it is also necessary to impose a load on the The relevant regulations on this subject are io be observed .
collecting area, then tbc leve) io which tbc collecting
area is filled may in no circumstances exceed that of the 9 .6 Pipeline connections
tank . Pipeline connections on the tank sheli are io be so de-
signed that they can take up the expected settlements
9 Equipment and marking of the tank 26)
without undue stressng of the shell .

9 .1 Ventilating equipment 9 .7 Marking of tbc tank


In every tank, adequately dimensioned ventilating equip- For purposes of marking, a durable plate, providing tbc
ment, which cannot'be shut off, musi prevent the per- following information, is io be fixed io each tank ai an
missible over- and under-pressures, as based on tbc struc- easily accessible point by means of rivets designed io
turai analysis, from being exceeded . When deciding on receive a contro) stamp :
tbc dimensions of these systems, the maximum permis- Manufacturer : Serial No . : Year of construction :
sible volume flows of tbc pumps during filling and emp-
tying and the maximum possibie volume flows due io Permissible storage volume (m3) : Inside diameter (m) :
temperature fluctuations in the tank are io be taken into Permissible over-pressure (bar) :
accou nt. Permissible under-pressure (bar) :
This equipment must be protected against tbc penetration Permissible volume flow :
of rainwater or foreign bodies. In addition, depending when emptying (m3/h) : when filling (m3/h) :
upon the operating conditions prevailing, it must be ade- Permissible temperatures of stored produci (C) 27)
quately resistant io corro~ and, if required, proof lower : upper :
against f lashback . Permissible specifle gravity of stored produci (t/m 3 )
greatest : smallasi 28) :
9.1 .1 Ventilating hoods
Permissible filling height of stored produci (m) :
For each ventilating hood, the flow resistance is to be
Permissible height of test water filling (m) :
certified by tbc manufacturer with an acceptance test
certificate DIN 50049-3 .1 B .
10 Functional test of equipment components
9.1 .2 Over- and under-pressare v~
For each over- and under-pressure valve, tbc following 10 .1 Over- and undur-pressure vahres
are io be certified by tbc manufacturer with an accept- In tbc case of fixed-roof tanks operating at interna) over-
ance test certificate DIN 50049-3 .18 : or under-pressure, the tightness test on tbc tank roof
a) The flow resistance as a function of the volume flow . welds (see Section 8 .4) is io be followed in tbc lame way,
after fitting of the over- and under-pressure valves, by a
b) The response pressure for over- and under-pressure .
test of their response pressures (see Section 9.1) .
The design is io be such that the increase in pressure
between tbc response pressure of the valve and the pres-
sure ai which the required maximum volume flow is
reached does noi exceed 40 % . 26) Where appropriate, the regulations according io Sec-
ton 2 .1, and especa(ly accordng io Section 2 .1 .1, F
9.1 .3 Ventilation pipelines on tbc tank are io be observed .
The following are io be taken into consideration for tbc 27) In the case of stored products at temperatures
design : dependent on the weather, the permissible temper-
i
a) Flow resistances in the pipes . bends and installed atures of tbc stored produci are
fittings . lower : -10 C, upper : + 50 C .
b) The possible back-pressure in tbc system . 28) Necessary only for tanks wth floating roofs .
DIN 4119 Part l Page i l

The under-pressure can be set up by, for example, lower- 11 .2.1 .2 Floatability during operation is to be ensured
ing the water level . by
a) protecting floating roofs and floating covers against
10.2 Liquid level indicator overflow due to a rise in the leve) of the stored pro-
The accuracy of the indication is to be checked . duct (see Section 11 .2 .3.3) ;
b) the use of suitable devices, conforming to the rele-
vant operating instructions, to relieve floating roofs
11 Additional directives for
of Ioads imposed by inadmissabiy large precipitation .
floating roofs and floating covers26)
11 .2.2 Ensuring of satisfactory vertical movement
11 .1 Terms
Floating roofs and floating covers must move in tracks
11 .1 .1 Floating roofs are for the purpose of covering
in such a way that satisfactory vertical movement, with-
the stored product instead of fixed roofs . They normally
out rotation or tilting, is assured . A dip tube can serve
consist of metal membranes with peripheral and, some-
as a track .
times, additional centrai pontoons to enable thern to
float, and they invariably have a flexible seal to the Floating roofs must be so designed that they cannot
annular gap of the tank shell . slide out of the tank shell, even at the highest possible
level of the Iiquid . This can be assumed if, in the float-
11 .1 .2 Floating covers are for the purpose of providing ing condition, the erige of the roof is permanently
an additional covering for the stored product in fixed immersed to a depth of at least 40 mm .
roof tanks . They are frequentiy executed in the form of
metal pans, with or without an edge seal, and sometimes 11 .2 .3 Ensuring of Iimitation of vertical movement
with plastic membranes which must be adequately resist- 11 .2.3 .1 In the lowest operating position, it must be
ant to the stored product . .possible to lower floating roofs and floating covers with
maximum smoothness without affecting the filling and
11 .1 .3 The outer and inner edges of the pontoons, in
emptying of the tank . In so doing, an adequate distance
conjunction with the adiacent zones of the pontoon bot-
tom and the roof plates carrying part of the Ioad, are from fixed tank fittings (such as heating systems, mixers,
drainage systems) must be maintained .
designated as edge supports .
11 .2.3.2 Free passage must be possible at a lower level
11 .2 Basic requirements underneath floating roofs and, if required, underneath
11 .2.1 Ensuring of floatability floating covers .
11 .2.1 .1 Whilst possessing adequate strength and stabil- 11 .2.3 .3 Floating roofs are usually lowered on columns
ity, floating roofs and floating covers must be designed passing through guide tubes welded to the floating roof .
to be able to float in the case of the stored product in For protection against flooding due to an increase in the
question . The customer is therefore required to state the level of the stored product, the upper edges of the guide
highest and lowest specific gravity of the stored product tubes or, alternatively, the lower edges of holes drilled in
(see allo Section 11 .5 .3) . In the case of floating roofs, the guide tubes in the centro of floating roofs without
the depth of immersion of the pontoons and the height a centrai pontoon musi be located at a distance ho above
of the membrane joints are to be designed with the
lowest specific gravity of the stored product in mind .
No gas pockets may form beneath the membrane joint . 26) See Page 10

0 1
(Circie)
(Parabola)

Membrane

d
Fig . 1 . Section through a floating roof
Page 12 DIN 4119 Part l

the membrane . The height ho should be 1 .5 % of the toon stiffenings and buikheads and the lower edge of
diameter of the tank, with a minimum of 600 mm (Fig . 1) . foam iniets (see Fig . 3) .
For the same reason, runners for rolling Iadders and c) Welding on the underside is to be executed as a con-
other additional loads on the membrane are to be sup- tinuous weld up to a weld length of 400 mm . In the
ported over a large area by means of Ioad-spreading sup- case of weld Iengths > 400 mm, welding may be done
ports . In these zones, the guide tubes for the columns at intervals but the length of the weld section must be
are to be Iengthened in conformity with the additional ;= 75 mm and the centre-to-centre distance of the
localized sag of the membrane . weld sections 5. 300 mm ; at least 3 lengths of weld
11 .2.3 .4 In the case of the highest permissible position section are to be provided .
of floating roofs, measures in accordane with Section 11 .3 .2 .3 In the case of pontoons, filiet welds on the
11 .4 .4 must be taken to ensure that top sfide only are sufficient for connecting the edge
a) floating roofs and floating covers cannot slide out of piates to the bottoni and cover p.lates .
their tracks,
b) in the case of floating covers, an adeguate distance
Annular zone
(at least 100 mm) remains between their highest
superstructure (where relevant, extended support
columns) and the Iowest components of the fixed
roof . In this context, the permissible tilting of the
tank axis is to be borne in mind,
c) any existing seal of the annular space remains
effective,
d) where appropriate, adeguate fire-fighting facilities
(foam leve)) are possible .

11 .3 Erection
11 .3 .1 Permissible dimensional deviations alter assembly
in the case of floating roofs and floating covers
a) generai
As far as possible, the membranes should rest over
their whole area on the stored liquid .
Unevennesses in the membranes in the floating con-
dition : up to 55 m diameter 80 mm, over 55 mm
1 .5 0/00 of its diameter
b) with ring pontoon lntersecting lap joint
con tinuous bottom edge
Permissible deviation from the desired height of con-
~lding
nection of the membranes to the ring pontoon
20 mm Fig . 2 . Welding of the bottom edges of Iapped joints in
c) with annular space seal the area of fiat attached components and also in
the annular zone (see Section 11 .3 .2 .2 a)) .
The desired width, dependent on the type of seal, of
the annular gap between the outer edge of the float- 11 .3 .2.4 Other highly stressed web-type connections of
ing roofs or floating covers and the tank shelis is to components such as those between membranes and the
be maintained sufficiently uniformly throughout the pontoons or of local stiffenings ere to be executed as
entire vertical movement to ensure that the annular two-sided fillet welds (if necessary, with the ends welded
space seal remains sufficiently effective in ali vertical round) or as level groove welds carefully welded through .
positions and that the verticai movement is not
adversely affected . 11 .4 Equipment
11 .3 .2 Execution of tbc welds 11 .4 .1 Ventilation systems
11 .3 .2.1 Lapped joints in floating roofs and floating Floating roofs and floating covers must be provided with
covers may normally be welded on one side from the ventilating devices conforming, as appropriate, to the
top . provisions of Section 9.1 .
Ventilation can be effected by means of pipes which are
11 .3.2 .2 Welding of the Iower edges of lapped joints
kept closed by loose flaps and are automatically opened
is also necessary in the following zones :
only when the sinking roof raises the flaps .
a) In the area of components such as fiat weldedon
Depending on the type of flexible seal fitted to the
cut-out reinforcing plates for recesses, and also in cir-
cular zones of a minimum width of 200 mm surround- annular space and on the depth to which the roof is
ing such components and welded-in sockets and immersed, ventilation of the annular space may also be
necessary .
column tubes (see Fig. 2).
b) In areas at Ieast 200 mm wide adjoining edge plates of 11 .4 .2 Manholes
pontoons and also on both sides of connections of Each Iiquid-tight compartment and each membrane musi
rigid, stiffening or Ioadbearing components which are bave a manhole of a minimum internai diameter of
built in or attached, such as concentric or radiai pon- 500 mm .
DI N 4119 Part 1 Page 13

In the case of pontoons, the coilar heights of manholes 11 .4 .4.2 Suitable procedures and equipment must be
are to be such that, in the event of leakage of two availabie to ensure with complete reliability that the
adjoining compartments and of the membrane, additio- permissibie filling height is not exceeded . In this connec-
nal compartments wili not be flooded . In membranes, it tion, the highest possible filling rate is to be taken into
must be possibie to close the openings to render them account.
liquid-tight.
11 .5 Functional and tightness test

11 .4 .3 Sealing of annular space 11 .5.1 The tests in accordance with Sections 11 .5 .2 to


If a seal for the annular space is provided, its design, 11 .5 .6 are to be conducted bef ore and during the test-
water-filling of the tank shell in accordance with Sec-
while conforming to suitable manufacturing tolerances
tion 8 .3 .1 :
for the circular gap (see Section 11 .3 .1 c)), must permit
adequate sealing throughout the entire vertical move- 11 .5 .2 Before floating roofs and floating covers are
ment . floated off, the butt welds on those surfaces which wili
lts (partly non-metallic) components must be adequately subsequently be immersed are to be cleaned, and a
resistant to ciimatic effects, to the stored product and, suitable medium (e .g ., petroleum) applied to reveal any
where necessary, to the friction of the tank shell . leaks .
11 .5.3 During floating off, observation is to be kept of
11 .4 .4 Devices to prevent exceeding of the maximum the tightness of welds .
permissible position of floating roofs and floating
covers . 11 .5.4 In the case of floating roofs, a test of floatability
is to be conducted in the floating condition over a
11 .4.4 .1 The position of the roof at any given moment period of 24 hours against the possibility of leakage
must be shown by the liquid leve) indicator of the tank (see DIN 4119 Part 2, October 1972 edition ; Section
(see Section 9 .4) . The permissibie filling height of the 10.2.1 [at present stili in draft formi) .
stored product with the maximum permissibie specific
gravity, in relation to the highest permissibie position 11 .5.5 A functional test of the ventilation system is
of the roof (see Section 11 .2 .3 .3), must be conspicuously to be conducted appropriately in accordante with Sec-
marked . tion 10.1 .

Zone

Section A - B
(Optional)
membrane or pontoon
bottoni offset fapped
Membrane or pontoon bottoni
Section C-D
1aPPed

Fig . 3 . Welding of the lower edges of lapped joints in part loadbearing zones of pontoon bottoms, etc . (see Section
11 .3.2 .2 b)) .
Page 14 DIN 4119 Part 1

11 .5 .6 The functiona1 test of the Iiquid leve I indicator ground water (see Section 2 .1) and on the preparation of
in accordance with Section 10 .2 is to be combined with the foundation to bring it into fine with those regulations
a test of the correctness of the response of existing (see Section 3) .
equipment designed to prevent the highest permissible The distance of the collecting shell or collecting basin
roof position from being exceeded (see Section 11 .4.4.2) . from the wall of the tank should be at least 1 m .

12 .2 The collecting receptacles must be provided with


12 Metal collecting shelis and coliecting basins equipment for disposing of water . The equipment must
12.1 Design be so designed that the tank is not also damaged by
The design of metal col lecting shells and collecting basins water used for cooling and firefighting .
depends on the relevant regulations applicabie, inter alia,
to the stored product on the subject of collecting recept- 12 .3 Corrosion protection, materiats and construction
acles in terms of protection against fire, explosion and Sections 4 to 7 are applicable hereto .

Further Standards and documents


DIN 1605 Part 1 Testing of materials ; mechanicai testing of metals, generai and acceptance
DIN 8562 Welding for container construction ; containers of metallic materials, principles of welding tech-
niques
DIN 8563 Part 3 Assurance of quality of welding operations ; fusion welded joints in steel, evaluation groups
D I N 55 928 Protective coating of steel structures; directives
Stahl-Eisen-Werkstoffblatt 088 Verarbeitung der Feinkorn-Baustehle *)
(Stahl-Eisen Materials Sheet 088 Handling of fine-grained structural steels)

*) Obtainable from Stahl-Eisen-Verlag mbH, Postfach 8229, 4000 Diisseldorf