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Research​​on​​Legality​​of​​Same​​Sex​​Marriage

​​Madison​​Bowling

​​LL​​131-01

​​Goodheart

​​11/4/16

The​​legality​​of​​same​​sex​​marriage​​has​​caused​​unnecessary​​violence​​to​​the​​LGBT

community.​​This​​is​​partly​​because​​the​​legality​​of​​same​​sex​​marriage​​was​​being​​questioned,​​and

innocent​​people​​were​​targeted​​by​​hate.​​On​​June​​12th,​​2016,​​49​​people​​in​​a​​gay​​club​​in​​Orlando

were​​killed​​(Hurt),​​or​​even​​worse​​killed,​​because​​of​​their​​sexuality.​​Marriage​​is​​being​​stereotyped

into​​being​​for​​heterosexual​​relationships​​alone.​​Technically​​everyone​​has​​the​​right​​to​​marry,​​but

you​​have​​to​​marry​​a​​person​​of​​the​​opposite​​sex.

Religion​​has​​a​​huge​​influence​​on​​the​​acceptance​​of​​homosexuality,​​and​​therefore,​​same

sex​​marriage.​​It​​is​​common​​knowledge​​that​​when​​a​​country​​is​​highly​​religious,​​is​​known​​for​​their

faith,​​their​​support​​for​​homosexuality​​is​​less​​likely.​​The​​bible​​is​​largely​​named​​as​​a​​source​​that

opposes​​same​​sex​​marriages.​​The​​only​​passage​​in​​the​​bible​​that​​refers​​to​​homosexuality​​is​​this

one​​and​​it​​states​​thus:​​“If​​a​​man​​lies​​with​​a​​male​​as​​with​​a​​woman,​​both​​of​​them​​have​​committed

an​ ​abomination;​ ​they​ ​shall​ ​surely​ ​be​ ​put​ ​to​ ​death;​ ​their​ ​blood​ ​is​ ​upon​ ​them.”(Leviticus)​ ​​ ​This

states​​that​​homosexuality​​is​​a​​sin,​​but​​it​​never​​states​​anything​​about​​homosexual​​marriage,​​and

it​​does​​not​​mention​​anything​​about​​marriage​​only​​being​​for​​a​​man​​and​​a​​woman.​​These​​claims

have​​all​​been​​‘inferred’​​by​​others​​and​​drawn​​indirectly​​from​​this​​passage.

The​​earliest​​(western)​​mention​​we​​see​​of​​homosexuality​​comes​​from​​Ancient​​Greece.

There​ ​are​ ​drawings​ ​documenting​ ​relations​ ​between​ ​2​ ​men​ ​and/or​ ​2​ ​women,​ ​​ ​the​ ​middle​ ​of​ ​the

1st​​Century​​AD.​​Same​​sex​​marriage​​first​​became​​a​​debated​​topic​​in​​the​​early​​70’s.​​It​​was​​rarely

ever​​talked​​about​​before​​the​​movement​​for​​an​​“Equal​​Rights​​Amendment”​​in​​1972.​​When

women​​started​​receiving​​more​​rights,​​and​​it​​was​​a​​very​​big​​part​​of​​the​​political​​scene,​​other

minorities​ ​started​ ​wondering​ ​why​ ​they​ ​weren’t​ ​getting​ ​these​ ​rights.The​​

​ ​debate​ ​was​ ​not​ ​very

strong​ ​until​ ​recent​ ​years,​ ​but​ ​this​ ​is​ ​what​ ​sparked​ ​the​ ​interest.

This​​issue​​directly​​affects​​anyone​​who​​wants​​to​​marry​​anyone​​of​​the​​same​​sex,​​including

gay​​men,​​lesbian​​women,​​and​​bisexuals​​of​​every​​gender.​​Anyone​​who​​is​​being​​restricted​​to

marrying​​someone​​of​​the​​same​​gender​​is​​affected​​by​​the​​legality​​of​​same​​sex​​marriage.

According​​to​​the​​2010​​census,​​in​​the​​United​​States​​the​​approximate​​total​​of​​LGBT​​citizens​​is

9,083,558(Census​ ​data​ ​2010).​ ​That​ ​is​ ​the​ ​number​ ​of​ ​how​ ​many​ ​people​ ​ared​​ irectly​ ​affected​ ​by

Same​​Sex​​Marriage​​legality​​only​​in​​the​​United​​States.​​This​​is​​only​​one​​country​​in​​the​​entire

world,​​and​​it​​is​​one​​of​​the​​most​​accepting​​countries​​there​​is.

Same​​sex​​marriage​​legality​​doesn’t​​only​​affect​​the​​homoseuxal​​population.​​Same​​sex

marriage​​affects​​the​​people​​involved​​with​​a​​same​​sex​​couple,​​either​​by​​blood​​or​​by​​friendship.​​In

the​​United​​States,​​80%​​of​​people​​think​​homosexuality​​should​​be​​accepted,​​so​​same​​sex

marriage​​is​​indirectly​​affecting​​all​​of​​those​​people.​​80%​​of​​the​​United​​States’​​population​​is

roughly​​255,120,000​​people.​​Just​​because​​someone​​is​​not​​homosexual​​doesn’t​​mean​​that​​the

legality​​of​​same​​sex​​marriage​​does​​not​​affect​​them.​​This​​affects​​almost​​everyone​​that​​we​​know.

There​​is​​no​​cost​​of​​same​​sex​​marriage​​to​​society.​​A​​wedding​​costs​​however​​much​​you

want​​it​​to,​​because​​it​​is​​completely​​in​​your​​control.​​In​​fact,​​a​​New​​York​​mayor​​thinks​​it​​actually

financially​​benefits​​society.​​“Gay​​marriage​​has​​contributed​​$259​​million​​to​​the​​city's​​economy

since​​the​​practice​​became​​legal​​there​​in​​July​​2011”​​(Bloomberg).​​On​​June​​26th,​​2015​​same​​sex

marriage​​was​​legalized​​in​​all​​50​​states​​of​​America.

Psychological​​cost​​to​​society​​of​​Same​​Sex​​Marriage​​is​​only​​to​​the​​people​​not​​being​​able

to​​marry.​​This​​is​​a​​negative​​cost​​for​​those​​who​​have​​been​​restricted.​​Being​​oppressed​​from

marrying​​the​​person​​you​​love​​causes​​so​​much​​pain​​and​​suffering.​​This​​makes​​the​​oppressed

party​​feel​​like​​they​​are​​less​​important​​and​​less​​human​​because​​they​​aren’t​​getting​​the​​same

rights​​as​​everyone​​else.​​This​​creates​​distress​​among​​homosexuals​​and​​their​​families​​and

friends.

Same​​sex​​marriage​​is​​legal​​in​​all​​of​​in​​the​​United​​States,​​but​​there​​are​​still​​rallies​​and

protests​​that​​are​​ongoing​​for​​same​​sex​​marriage​​to​​be​​illegal,​​which​​are​​usually​​supported​​with

unjustified​​anger.​​Some​​churches​​will​​not​​allow​​gay​​marriage.​​Furthermore,​​there​​are​​terrible

events​​like​​the​​“Orlando​​Mass​​Shooting”​​at​​a​​gay​​bar.​​The​​verdict​​of​​law​​will​​stay,​​there​​will​​still

be​​the​​occasional​​protest​​of​​angry​​conservatives​​who​​feel​​like​​they​​personally​​have​​been

attacked.

The​​LGBT​​community​​has​​had​​to​​wake​​up​​everyday​​feeling​​that​​they​​are​​less​​than​​a

person​​because​​they​​had​​been​​denied​​a​​civil​​right.​​If​​same​​sex​​marriage​​is​​illegal,​​it​​causes​​an

entire​​population​​to​​be​​denied​​this.​​The​​constitution​​states​​that​​marriage​​is​​a​​civil​​right.​​“The

Fourteenth​​Amendment​​requires​​that​​the​​freedom​​of​​choice​​to​​marry​​not​​be​​restricted​​by

invidious​​racial​​discriminations.​​Under​​our​​Constitution,​​the​​freedom​​to​​marry,​​or​​not​​marry,​​a

person​​of​​another​​race​​resides​​with​​the​​individual​​and​​cannot​​be​​infringed​​by​​the​​State.”​​(Morris)

This​​directly​​applies​​to​​same-sex​​marriage.​​You​​cannot​​deny​​a​​citizen​​a​​civil​​right.

In​​the​​Declaration​​of​​independence,​​it​​says​​that​​all​​men​​are​​created​​equal.​​All​​men​​are

created​​equal,​​and​​therefore​​have​​rights.​​Marriage​​is​​one​​of​​these​​rights.​​In​​the​​Declaration​​of

Independence,​​we​​have​​a​​statement​​to​​which​​we​​swear​​we​​must​​stand​​by.​​Within​​this

statement,​​there​​is​​evident​​truth​​of​​marriage​​being​​an​​undeniable​​right.​​“We​​hold​​these​​truths​​to

be​​self-evident,​​that​​all​​men​​are​​created​​equal,​​that​​they​​are​​endowed​​by​​their​​Creator​​with

certain​​unalienable​​Rights,​​that​​among​​these​​are​​Life,​​Liberty​​and​​the​​pursuit​​of​​Happiness.”

(Jefferson)

These​​rights​​should​​not​​be​​taken​​away​​from​​us,​​no​​matter​​what.​​This​​is​​why​​we​​have​​a

statement​​in​​which​​we​​explain​​that​​it​​is​​the​​right​​of​​the​​people​​to​​be​​able​​to​​abolish​​the

government​​who​​restricts​​us​​of​​our​​rights.​​“That​​whenever​​any​​Form​​of​​Government​​becomes

destructive​ ​of​ ​these​ ​ends,​ ​it​ ​is​ ​the​ ​Right​ ​of​ ​the​ ​People​ ​to​ ​alter​ ​or​ ​to​ ​abolish​ ​it.”​ ​(Jefferson)​​Same

sex​​marriage​​is​​a​​civil​​right,​​and​​therefore​​should​​be​​legal​​everywhere​​in​​the​​United​​States​​of

America.​​In​​the​​foundation​​of​​our​​country,​​we​​wrote​​a​​document​​outlining​​the​​freedom​​that​​every

man​​would​​be​​entitled​​to.​​Within​​these​​rights,​​marriage​​is​​included.​​If​​all​​men​​are​​created​​equal,

then​​you​​cannot​​deny​​homosexual​​men,​​or​​lesbian​​women,​​the​​right​​to​​marry​​someone​​of​​their

same​​gender.

The​​United​​States​​claims​​that​​we​​are​​“The​​Land​​of​​the​​Free.”​​This​​is​​not​​an​​accurate

statement​​if​​a​​certain​​part​​of​​our​​population​​is​​not​​given​​all​​of​​their​​rights.​​3.8%​​of​​our​​population

identify​ ​as​ ​LGBT.​ ​3.8%​ ​of​ ​the​ ​United​ ​States​ ​population​ ​is9,083,558.​​

​ ​​(United)​ ​This​ ​means​ ​that

9,083,558​ ​people​ ​have​ ​been​ ​denied​ ​a​ ​civil​ ​right​ ​in​ ​the​ ​United​ ​States.​ ​If​ ​the​ ​United​ ​States​ ​of​ ​America

claims​ ​to​ ​be​ ​a​ ​free​ ​country,​ ​then​ ​every​ ​citizen​ ​should​ ​have​ ​their​ ​civil​ ​rights.​ ​Marriage​ ​is​ ​a​ ​civil​ ​right,​ ​it

is​ ​said​ ​in​ ​the​ ​constitution​ ​and​ ​in​ ​the​ ​declaration​ ​of​ ​independence.​ ​This​ ​makes​ ​it​ ​so​ ​that​ ​it​ ​needs​ ​to​ ​be

available​ ​to​ ​everyone.​ ​Therefore,​ ​if​ ​9,083,558​ ​people​ ​in​ ​our​ ​country​ ​identify​ ​as​ ​LGBT,​ ​then​ ​they

deserve​ ​the​ ​same​ ​rights​ ​as​ ​anyone​ ​else.​ ​America​ ​will​ ​only​ ​be​ ​a​ ​free​ ​country​ ​if​ ​it’s​ ​people​ ​have​ ​the

rights​ ​they​ ​deserve.​ ​This​ ​is​ ​why​ ​same​ ​sex​ ​marriage​ ​needs​ ​to​ ​remain​ ​legal​ ​in​ ​the​ ​United​ ​States​ ​of

America.

Same​ ​sex​ ​marriage​ ​became​ ​legal​ ​in​ ​the​ ​United​ ​States​ ​of​ ​America​ ​on​ ​June​ ​26,​ ​2015.​ ​There​ ​is

still​ ​unrest​ ​within​ ​the​ ​population​ ​of​ ​the​ ​USA​ ​about​ ​same​ ​sex​ ​marriage​ ​being​ ​legal.​ ​This​ ​is​ ​part​ ​of​ ​the

reason​ ​for​ ​the​ ​recent​ ​Orlando​ ​“Pulse”​ ​nightclub​ ​shooting,​ ​which​ ​was​ ​perpetrated​ ​by​ ​a​ ​homosexual

man​ ​as​ ​a​ ​hate​ ​crime.​ ​This​ ​is​ ​in​ ​result​ ​of​ ​the​ ​social​ ​injustice​ ​of​ ​the​ ​LGBT​ ​community.​ ​The​ ​LGBT

population​ ​numbers​ ​in​ ​America​ ​are​ ​only​ ​a​ ​mere​ ​guess,​ ​because​ ​the​ ​support​ ​for​ ​people​ ​who​ ​want​ ​to

come​ ​out​ ​into​ ​the​ ​community​ ​is​ ​not​ ​widely​ ​spread.​ ​This​ ​makes​ ​it​ ​impossible​ ​to​ ​even​ ​determine

numbers​ ​for​ ​the​ ​LGBT​ ​community,​ ​because​ ​the​ ​amount​ ​of​ ​the​ ​population​ ​who​ ​categorize

themselves​ ​as​ ​lesbian,​ ​gay,​ ​bisexual,​ ​etc​ ​is​ ​much​ ​greater​ ​than​ ​the​ ​actual​ ​calculated​ ​number.​ ​If​ ​we

had​ ​a​ ​more​ ​accurate​ ​number,​ ​the​ ​result​ ​would​ ​show​ ​just​ ​how​ ​much​ ​of​ ​our​ ​population​ ​is​ ​directly

affected​ ​by​ ​this​ ​issue.

There​​are​​many​​groups​​of​​people​​who​​do​​not​​support​​same​​sex​​marriage.​​Some​​people

say​​that​​their​​religious​​beliefs​​conflict​​with​​the​​support​​of​​the​​legality​​of​​this​​issue.​​To​​this,​​I​​ask

simply,​​why?​​In​​the​​bible,​​it​​does​​not​​say​​that​​two​​men​​or​​two​​women​​unifying​​in​​marriage​​is

wrong.​​Some​​fundamentalists​​believe​​that​​it​​is​​unconstitutional​​to​​allow​​same​​sex​​couples​​to​​be

married.​​This​​is​​also​​incorrect,​​because​​marriage​​is​​a​​civil​​right​​declared​​in​​the​​constitution​​and

in​​the​​Declaration​​of​​Independence,​​which​​makes​​it​​constitutional​​to​​every​​man​​and​​woman.​​No

restrictions​​were​​placed​​with​​gender.​​This​​makes​​their​​point​​invalid.​​Marriage​​is​​a​​right​​that

everyone​​deserves​​to​​have.

Marriage​​is​​being​​put​​into​​a​​category​​that​​it​​does​​not​​belong​​in.​​Classifying​​marriage​​as

something​​for​​heterosexual​​couples​​is​​discrimination.​​Support​​for​​this​​issue​​is​​widely​​spread,

creating​​acts​​of​​violence​​against​​these​​victims.​​Marriage​​is​​a​​civil​​right.​​In​​the​​constitution,

marriage​​is​​defined​​as​​a​​civil​​right,​​and​​everyone​​deserves​​to​​have​​civil​​rights.​​This​​is​​why

marriage​​needs​​to​​remain​​legal​​in​​the​​United​​States​​of​​America.​​To​​ensure​​the​​very​​foundation

our​​county​​was​​laid​​on​​stays​​intact.​​The​​emotional​​repercussions​​will​​be​​incredible​​for​​all

affected,​​directly​​or​​indirectly.​​Giving​​happiness​​to​​the​​millions​​of​​the​​recognized​​LGBT

community,​​and​​giving​​happiness​​to​​all​​of​​the​​unknown​​LGBT​​in​​the​​country,​​which​​could​​be​​any

number​​of​​people.​​Same​​sex​​marriage​​is​​legal​​for​​a​​reason,​​and​​it​​needs​​to​​stay​​that​​way.

Works​ ​Cited:

Bloomberg,​ ​Michael.​ ​Speech​ ​on​ ​Gay​ ​Marriage​ ​Rights:​ ​May​ ​26,​ ​2011.

Gaines,​ ​N.​ ​Susan,​ ​and​ ​James​ ​C.​ ​Garand.​ ​“Morality,​ ​Equality,​ ​or​ ​Locality:​ ​Analyzing​ ​the Determinants​ ​of​ ​Support​ ​for​ ​Same-Sex​ ​Marriage.”​ ​​Political​ ​Research​ ​Quarterly,​ ​vol.​ ​63, no.​ ​3,​ ​2010,​ ​pp.​ ​553–567.​ ​​www.jstor.org/stable/25747958.

Jefferson,​ ​Thomas.​ ​"The​ ​Declaration​ ​of​ ​Independence."​ ​​Historic​ ​American​ ​Documents. Lit2Go​ ​Edition.​ ​1776.​ ​Web.

<http://etc.usf.edu/lit2go/133/historic-american-documents/4957/the-declaration-of-inde

pendence/>.​ ​November​ ​02,​ ​2016.

Kreitzer,​ ​Rebecca​ ​J.​ ​et​ ​al.​ ​“Does​ ​Policy​ ​Adoption​ ​Change​ ​Opinions​ ​on​ ​Minority​ ​Rights? The​ ​Effects​ ​of​ ​Legalizing​ ​Same-Sex​ ​Marriage.”​ ​​Political​ ​Research​ ​Quarterly,​ ​vol.​ ​67,​ ​no. 4,​ ​2014,​ ​pp.​ ​795–808.​ ​​www.jstor.org/stable/24371952

Lupia,​ ​Arthur​ ​et​ ​al.​ ​“Why​ ​State​ ​Constitutions​ ​Differ​ ​in​ ​Their​ ​Treatment​ ​of​ ​Same-Sex Marriage.”​ ​​The​ ​Journal​ ​of​ ​Politics,​ ​vol.​ ​72,​ ​no.​ ​4,​ ​2010,​ ​pp.​ ​1222–1235.

www.jstor.org/stable/10.1017/s0022381610000642.

Morris,​ ​Goveurnour.​ ​“The​ ​United​ ​States​ ​Constitution”​ ​Amendment​ ​14.​ ​September​ ​17,

1787.

United​ ​States.​ ​Census​ ​Bureau.​ ​Population​ ​Division.​ ​"Table​ ​2-32:​ ​New​ ​York:​ ​Total Voting-Age​ ​Population​ ​and​ ​Citizen​ ​Voting-Age​ ​Population​ ​by​ ​Sex,​ ​for​ ​Counties:​ ​2000." United​ ​States​ ​Census​ ​2000.​ ​Washington:​ ​US​ ​Census​ ​Bureau,​ ​4​ ​Mar.​ ​2004.​ ​Web.​ ​12 Aug.​ ​2009.

Veigh,​ ​Rory​ ​Mc,​ ​and​ ​Maria-Elena​ ​D.​ ​Diaz.​ ​“Voting​ ​to​ ​Ban​ ​Same-Sex​ ​Marriage:

Interests,​ ​Values,​ ​and​ ​Communities.”​ ​​American​ ​Sociological​ ​Review,​ ​vol.​ ​74,​ ​no.​ ​6, 2009,​ ​pp.​ ​891–915.​ ​​www.jstor.org/stable/27801500.

Williams,​ ​Reginald.​ ​“Same-Sex​ ​Marriage​ ​and​ ​Equality.”​ ​​Ethical​ ​Theory​ ​and​ ​Moral Practice,​ ​vol.​ ​14,​ ​no.​ ​5,​ ​2011,​ ​pp.​ ​589–595.​ ​www.jstor.org/stable/41472625.