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KATA PENGANTAR

Modul Komponen Utama Motor Diesel adalah sebuah bahan ajar atau materi
pelajaran tentang pemahaman komponen-komponen utama yang terdapa pada motor diesel,
Materi diuraikan dengan pendekatan praktis disertai ilustrasi yang cukup agar siswa mudah
memahami materi yang disampaikan.
Pada akhir materi disampaikan rangkuman yang memuat intisari materai,
dilanjutkan test formatif. Setiap siswa harus mengerjakan test tersebut sebagai indikator
penguasaan materi, jawaban test kemudian diklarifikasi dengan kunci jawaban. Guna
melatih keterampilan dan sikap kerja yang benar setiap siswa dapat berlatih dengan
pedoman lembar kerja yang ada.
Di akhir modul terdapat evaluasi sebagai uji kompetensi siswa. Uji kompetensi
dilakukan secara teroritis dan praktik. Uji teoritis dengan siswa menjawab pertanyaan
yang ada pada soal evaluasi, sedangkan uji praktik dengan meminta siswa
mendemontrasikan kompetensi yang harus dimiliki dan guru/instruktur menilai
berdasarkan lembar observasi yang ada. Siswa dapat melanjutkan ke modul berikutnya
bila memenuhi Kriteria kelulusan.

Medan, Nopember 2017


Penyusun,

Program Profesi Guru


Universitas Negeri Medan

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Daftar Isi

Kata Pengantar .................................................................................................................. i

Daftar Isi ........................................................................................................................... ii

I. Pendahuluan
A. Deskripsi ............................................................................................................... 1
B. Prasarat .................................................................................................................. 1
C. Petunjuk Penggunaan Modul ................................................................................ 1
1. Petunjuk Bagi Siswa ....................................................................................... 1
2. Petunjuk Bagi Guru......................................................................................... 2
D. Tujuan Akhir ......................................................................................................... 2
E. Kompetensi ........................................................................................................... 2
II. Pembelajaran
1. Rencana Belajar Siswa .......................................................................................... 4
2. Kegiatan Belajar.................................................................................................... 4
A. Motor Diesel ......................................................................................................... 4
B. Prinsip Kerja Motor Diesel Empat Langsung ....................................................... 6
C. Macam-macam Motor Diesel ............................................................................... 8
D. Konstruksi Motor Diesel ....................................................................................... 10
E. Komponen Motor Diesel....................................................................................... 11
a. Kepala Silinder ...................................................................................................... 11
1. Blok Silinder ................................................................................................... 11
2. Water Jacket .................................................................................................... 12
3. Piston............................................................................................................... 13
4. Ring Piston ...................................................................................................... 14
5. Batang Piston .................................................................................................. 14
6. Poros engkol.................................................................................................... 15
7. Bantalan .......................................................................................................... 16
8. Fly Wheel ........................................................................................................ 16
b. Kepala Silinder ...................................................................................................... 17
1. Ruang Bakar .................................................................................................... 18
2. Gasket Kepala Silinder .................................................................................... 18
3. Mekanisme Katup ........................................................................................... 18
4. Tuas Katup ...................................................................................................... 19
5. Pegas Katup ..................................................................................................... 19
6. Batang Penumbuk ........................................................................................... 20
7. Poros Bubungan .............................................................................................. 20
8. Timing Chain .................................................................................................. 21
9. Nozzle ............................................................................................................. 22

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Kegiatan Belajar II

A. Pemeriksaan Komponen Utama Motor Diesel ..................................................... 23


1. Pemeriksaan Kepala Silinder ................................................................................ 23
2. Pemeriksaan Katup ............................................................................................... 23
3. Memeriksa celah katup ......................................................................................... 24
4. Memeriksa blok silinder ....................................................................................... 24
5. Memeriksa celah piston dan ring piston ............................................................... 25
6. Memeriksa batang piston ...................................................................................... 25
7. Memeriksa poros engkol ....................................................................................... 26
8. Memeiksa camshaft .............................................................................................. 26
9. Memeriksa rantai timing ....................................................................................... 27
B. Evaluasi ................................................................................................................. 27
C. Penutup ................................................................................................................. 30
Daftar pustaka ....................................................................................................... 31

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