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ONOFREI IULIA, RE, anul al II-lea

* Keep in mind that the infinitive can have the following syntactic functions:

1. subject: Todrink too much is, at least, unwise. It is necessary to read the whole
2. subject complement: To decide is to act. He is believed to be the best so far.
3. object: Why should you refuse to go with her? I dont know what to do first.
4. object complement: He asked them to attend to the guests properly. We could
but watch him go. (the acc. with the inf.)
5. adverbial modifier: We remained to finish the work.
6. noun post-modifier: Here is something for you to take care of. She is not the
person to give in so easily.
7. adjective modifier: Youre very kind to help me. Im sorry for you to leave so

1. Find the subject complement in the following sentences and state what it is
expressed by:
She seems to have been crying. He appeared to have been satisfied with the
results. They were requested to be ready by the next day. You prove to be working
ceaselessly when you really want something done. She is supposed to observe the
rules if she wants to play the game.

2. Change the construction of the sentences and use infinitives:

He claims that he (to) know(s) everything. He claimed that he knew/to have known
everything. He claimed that he had settled the matter/ to have settled the matter.. We
didnt claim that we had been working/to have been working on the project. We forgot
that we had to do it. I hope I didnt hurt you/not to have hurt you; I didnt mean that.

3. State tense, aspect and voice of the infinitive forms in the following
I am glad to be flying ( present, active voice, progressive aspect) on such a good
plane. We were very honored to be invited (present, passive voice, indefinite aspect)
to the party. She seems to have done (perfect, active voice, indefinite
aspect)everything on her own. He is said to have been taught (perfect, passive voice,
indef. aspect) only by reputed professors. The appointments in the newspaper were
to be answered (present, passive voice, indef aspect) by letter only. They were
supposed to have been working (perfect, active voice, progressive aspect) very hard
on the project which proved, indeed to be (present, active voice, indef aspect) a

4. Identify the form and function of the infinitives:

The station began to transmit (object) signals. He repeated all the words so as to
make (adverbial modifier) no mistakes in spelling. I should take a taxi in order to

get (adveribial modifier)my friend to the station. It was too late to find (adjective
modifier) where they were. We stopped to have (adverbial modifier) a smoke. The
machinery to be installed (noun post-modifier) in the workshop was built by a Dutch
machine-building plant. He seems to have been waiting for a long time. He is said to
be living ( subject complement) in Nicaragua. The 20th century is known to be
(subject complement) the age of the nuclear power and of the image. This, in my
opinion, is a chance not to be missed.(noun post-modifier) It must be seen to be
believed. (subject complement) He was happy to have won (adjective modifier)the
competition and to have been given (idem) the prize money in cash. I am sorry to be
giving (adjective modifier)you so much trouble. Didnt it annoy you to be left
(object) behind? It seemed useless to go(subject complement) on. It would be
foolish of you not to grasp (adjective modifier) this attractive opportunity. I cant afford
to pay (object) so much/bear to see her cry. Be careful not to let (subject?) slip such
an opportunity. To my mind, he was quite right to decline (object complement) the

5.a.Give passive infinitives corresponding to the following active ones:

To borrow, to have built, to bury, to have followed, to forget, to have driven.

5.b. Give perfect infinitives (both passive and active, wherever possible)
corresponding to the following ones:
To give, to answer, to lose, to offer.

TO GIVE - to have given, to have been taking, to have been given, to have been
being given
TO ANSWER to have answered, to have been answering, to have been answered,
to have been being answered
TO LOSE to have lost, to have been losing, to have been lost, to have been being
TO OFFER to have offered, to have been offering, to have been offered, to have
been being offered.

6. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate form of the infinitive (with/ without to,
active/ passive, progressive/ non-progressive, perfect/ non-perfect):

The mild climate will surely allow the tender plant to be placed (place) in the open
air. The woman was observed to have been following (follow) him closely. He hated
(have) to have her been treated (treat) like that the day before. The patient was
known to have been suffering(suffer) from the same disease for years. The house
wants to be painted(paint). You neednt have bothered (bother) so much about it. It
might (be) be pleasant for them (remember) to remember on Christmas who made
lame beggars to walk (walk) and blind man see (see). It cant be true! I just know he
couldnt have reacted (react) so rudely on such an occasion. The best thing to do
(do) is shelve (shelve) something you can do nothing about. He was pretty sure his
wife was not the woman to say (say) something like that.