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With upsurge of emerging
services like 3G, IPTV,
broadband access and
integrated multimedia services
and sustained growth of data
services, services carried over
WDM transport bearer
network are in the shift from
traditional TDM-centric
services to IP-centric services.
For DWDM backbone
transport network, offering
direct lightpaths between
major nodes for large-granule
services, flexible service
scheduling capability, efficient
bandwidth management and
driving down transmission
cost per kilometer bit have
become the key evolution
trend of backbone DWDM

With considerations on both backbone DWDM network development trend and customer
requirements, ZTE Corporation launches ZXWM M900, the large-capacity and ultra-
long-haul DWDM system. The product integrates cutting-edge transmission technologies
and efficient bandwidth management technology, applicable to building international,
national, inter-provincial, provincial backbone networks, local switching network and
various dedicated networks.


ZXWM M900 is DWDM system applied to long-haul backbone network. It features large
capacity (1.6T) and ultra-long-haul transmission, enables smooth capacity upgrade and
provides flexible and mature protection schemes. ZXWM M900 also supports OTN
functions and interworking of multi-vendor equipments, and is the new generation
backbone network transmission equipment. It has following features:

• Super-large-capacity transmission and modular upgrade

When configured as 10G system, 96/192-wavelength system framework is
recommended. The subsystem can perform modular capacity expansion, with
transmission capacities of 400Gbit/s, 480Gbit/s, 800Gbit/s, 960Gbit/s and even to
1920Gbit/s available;

When configured as 40G system, C band 96-wavelength system framework is

recommended. The subsystem can perform modular capacity expansion, with
transmission capacities of 1.6T、1.92T, 3.2T, and 3.84T available, addressing
tomorrow’s escalating bandwidth requirements.

• Single-wavelength 40Gbit/s technology

The 40Gbit/s system utilizes ODB, DPSK and RZ-DPQSK modulation formats, which
provide better signal-to-noise ratio and enhanced non-linearity. With automatic
dispersion compensation (TDC), it is applicable to ultra-long-haul transmission.
Furthermore, 40Gbit/s service board employing ODB, DPSK technologies has high slot
utilization and lower power consumption.

• Ultra-long-haul transmission capability

10G system configuration supports repeaterless transmission over 5000km; 40G system
configuration supports repeaterless transmission over 2000km.

• Full support of OTN functionality

All line interfaces of ZXWM M900 equipment support OTN standard, OTN overhead
detection and utilization, and cross-connect scheduling of ODUk granule, in full
compliance with G.709 and G.798 Recommendations; ZXWM M900 supports TCM
domain management overhead, enables multi-vendor and multi-domain precise fault
localization and message transfer, thus implementing interworking of multi-domain and
multi-vendor equipments.

• IWF (integrated wavelength feedback) patented technique

Combination of self-patented wavelength centralized monitoring technique and precise

temperature control further guarantees the wavelength stability of 50/25GHz wavelength
spacing system.

• Highly integrated MUX/DMUX with low power consumption

The unique 80-λ MUX/DEMUX architecture allows for multiplexing/demultiplexing of

80 wavelengths without use of OCI, causing slot occupation and power consumption to
decrease by 20% and 50% respectively.

• Wavelength add/drop function

Designed with flexible MUX/DMUX architecture, ZXWM M900 enables agile add/drop
of 1-96/192 wavelengths. It supports fixed optical add/drop multiplexing (FOADM) and
reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexing (ROADM) functions.

• Flexible and mature protection schemes

Multiple protection modes are available: 1+1 path protection, 2-fiber bidirectional path
shared protection, 2-fber bidirectional multiplex section shared protection, subnet
connection protection, 1+1 multiplex section protection and equipment-side 1:N OTU
protection. ZTE’s innovative path shared protection technique vastly decreases protection
wavelengths used, saving network construction cost.

• Strong service access and aggregation capability

Aggregate STM-1(OC3), STM-4(OC12), STM-16(OC48), STM-64(OC192), STM-256,

FE, GE/10GE, FICON, ESCON, FC, ATM, PDH services into 2/8×GE, 4×155M,
4×622M, 4×2.5G, 4×10G, 8×Any, 2/4/8×FC, etc.

Benefits for customers

• Ultra-long-haul design to reduce regeneration sites

The system adopts multiple key techniques to reduce regeneration sites, implements
ultra-long-haul repeaterless transmission and drives down network investment and
maintenance cost.

• Super-large capacity to fit tomorrow’s service growth

480G, 960G, 1920G and up to 3.84T transmission capacities are available to handle
network service growth in the future.

• IWF patented technique to cut investment cost

Combination of patented wavelength centralized monitoring technique and precise

temperature control further guarantees the wavelength stability, ensures smooth upgrade
of the system with no needs to replace all OTU boards, resulting in lowered upgrade cost.

• Innovative optical path shared ring protection to save wavelengths

Patented path shared technique has been drafted into ITU-T G.808.2 Recommendation.
Optical path shared ring protection saves system wavelengths and reserves more
available wavelengths for future service extension.

• ROADM design approach

Agile service scheduling ensures rapid service turn-up; full OOO mode removes
undesirable OEO back-to-back connections and lowers expensive Transponder cost;
support remote software configuration, eliminating the needs for manual adjustment,
driving down manual maintenance cost and avoiding error operations.

• Mature, cost-effective backbone WDM solution

ZXWM M900 equipments have been widely deployed in large-scale backbone networks
in many countries and regions around the world, delivering the commercialized, mature
and cost-effective backbone WDM solution.

The Unitrans ZXWM M900 is a 1.6T optical transmission system providing the ideal
performance / price ratio with its 160 wavelength, each having 10 Gbit/s bandwidth.


• Open rack structure, multi-rate interfaces and diversified networking types

• 10Gbit/s transmission rate for a single channel, and wavebands C and L, 160
wavelengths in total.
• Various optical fibers, and out-band FEC and enhanced out-band FEC supported
• MUX/DEMUX+Interleaver techniques
• EDFA+Raman amplifier included, OSNR improved at the distance as far as to
• Dispersion compensation module included
• 32/40/80/160 wavelength-compatible, upgrade possible, investment protected
• Sub-wavelength aggregation
System Working Wavelength:
According to TU-T G.692, use the specific central wavelength value for the multi-
channel system.

Number of Optical Channels: Min.1 and max. 160

Transmission Rate of the Optical Channel: 155 Mbit/s, 622 Mbit/s, 2.5 Gbit/s,10 Gbit/s,
1.25 Gbit/s(GE) and 10 GbE(LAN/WAN)

Total Transmission Power of the System: Min. +5.0 dBm and max. +20 dBm

Monitoring Channel: 1510 nm wavelength at 2Mbit/s

Standard Configuration of the System:

3X33 dB: Three regeneration segments with the max .transmission distance 360 km
5X30 dB: Five regeneration segments with the max. transmission distance 500 km
8X22 dB: Eight regeneration segments with the max. transmission distance 640 km
30X22 dB: Thirty regeration segments with the max. transmission distance 2,400km

Typical Networking: Networking with OTM or OADM equipment. Multiple services can
be accessed, such as FE,GE,STM-1/4/16/64 and ATM, with powerful low-rate
convergent functions. Offers optical path 1+1 protection, 2-fiber path shared protection,
and 2-fiber bi-directional MS protection as required.
ZTE Optical Transmission Products

I. Technical features of ZTE DWDM

ZXWM M900 (backbone transmission platform toll backbone wave division equipment)
is applicable for large-capacity optical transmission, fully satisfying the networking and
management requirements of various users and facilitating the constructions of toll
backbone networks. The system supports up to 40 working wavelengths and up to
400Gb/s transmission capacity, with the wavelength selection and interval being in strict
compliance with ITU-T Recommendations. It supports multiple networking modes like
the link mode, the ring mode and the ring tangent mode.

ZXWM M900 is of two types, the integrated type and the open type. The integrated
system can directly access the ZXSM-2500 SDH or ZXSM-10G, addressing the
requirements for optical interfaces specified in the G.692 Recommendation. The open
system, adopting the wavelength conversion technology, can be configured with the
wavelength transfer unit that enables multi-service access, expands the trunk distance and
capacity of SDH transmission equipment from different vendors, and accesses service
signals like IP data signals.

1. It is applicable for long-span networking and supports mixed networking of various


In consideration of the features of the toll backbone network, the system supports both
long-span networking as well as mixed networking of various spans to meet different
networking requirements.

2. It enables the open multi-service access mode and provides the multi-service access

ZXWM M900 adopts the open design mode. It employs the O/E/O wavelength
conversion technology to convert the accessed optical signals into optical signals
compliant with G.692 Specifications and G.691 Recommendations. Besides transparently
accessing the STM-N signals from any SDH equipment, it can bear optical signals of
other formats (like POS, GE and ATM), thereby fully protecting users´ investments. This
is an ideal mode for network expansion.

3. It incorporates strong service convergence abilities, for example the convergence of

4*STM-1/4 services, 2*GbE services and 4*STM-16 services.

Via service convergence, wavelength resources can be effectively used. The system also
enables performance monitoring and overhead transparent transmission of services.
4. Featuring flexible filter design, it adopts the parallel structure and supports the
add/drop of 1-40 waves.

Due to the uneven distribution of MAN services and uncertainty of future service
expansion, the MAN equipment should enable flexible scalability. Based on the modular
filter design, the ZXWM M900 equipment enables the scalability from 1 to 40 waves,
with various node upgrading requirements being satisfied.

5. It enables flexible networking modes, including link networking, ring networking and
tangent ring networking.

In ZXWM M900, the OSC board, NCP board and OHP board support cross networking.
Hence in ZXWM M900 system, complicated network topologies (for example link
network, star network, cross network, tangent ring network, and intersection network)
can be easily realized.

6. It adopts complete power management technologies.

To ensure network performance, the ZXWM M900 system adopts complete power
management technologies to adjust and control the power of system nodes.

System power management technologies include power pre-balance technology and

intelligent optical amplifier control technology. The power pre-balance technology is
used to adjust the output power of the optical transfer unit via the NM to ensure the
balance of optical power in each channel of the optical receiving end. The intelligent
optical amplifier, in addition to providing the gain evenness and gain locking functions,
also provides gain adjustment and output power transient compression functions.

7. It adopts optical performance monitoring technology.

In the system, three equipments are configured with the optical performance monitoring
unit, which is used to measure the parameters of each optical channel, for example optical
power, central wavelength and optical SNR (Signal Noise Ratio). It also sends the data to
NMS for users´ check.

8. It enables accurate fault location and precise performance monitoring.

The optical forwarding board of the ZXWM M900 system provides the B1 and J0 byte
parity check function; the service convergence board enables performance check at the
tributary end and the group end; ZXWM M900 can correctly identify fault areas and fault

In the ZXWM M900 system, boards in the main optical channel adopt big-range and
high-precision power collection & monitoring technologies; the measurement error is less
than 1dB; the system performance can be reflected accurately.
9. It can be configured with the out-of-band Forward Error Correction (FEC) function.

The out-of-band FEC technology can be used to improve system transmission

performance. It improves the optical SNR by about 6dB and enables extra-long-span
transmission, addressing MAN´s requirements for 10G services. In different
configurations, boards with the out-of-band FEC function can enable out-of-band FEC
coding, out-of-band FEC decoding, out-of-band FEC coding after decoding, and non-
out-of-band FEC codec. Flexible system configurations can be enabled.

10. Dispersion management technology

In 10Gb/s transmission or 2.5Gb/s and 10Gb/s mixed transmission, dispersion limitation

must be taken into consideration to enable long-distance transmission or long-distance
transmission in the protection state. In system design, the dispersion management
technology is adopted to enable broadband dispersion compensation. This technology
enables high-speed long-haul transmission and satisfies the requirements for transmitting
10Gb/s signals.

11. It provides the NMS with strong power and unique features.

The ZXWM-NMS provides friendly and operable user interfaces. It supports multi-layer
management on the NE layer, NE management layer and NM layer. In addition to such
functions as standard alarm management, performance management, configuration
management, maintenance management and system management specified in the ITU-T
Recommendations, it also boasts the following features:

• It adopts the object-oriented technology in design and development; it enables the

three-layer C/S structure to separate interfaces, services and data. The system
features fine scalability and adaptation.
• It adopts the standard ECC dynamic route protocol to facilitate the construction of
complicated networks.
• It adopts the main/standby station management technology to enable the real-time
synchronization and automatic switching of data between the active and the
standby stations. The reliability and usability of the NMS can be greatly
• It enables the remote software downloading. Via the latest technologies, it can
enable online upgrading of all software (including foreground/background NM
software and embedded software of boards) without interrupting services.
• It provides remote control optical interface to adjust optical interface parameters

12. The system has flexible structure and smooth upgrading ability.

The ZXWM M900 system adopts the modular structure. The backplane interfaces of all
optical channel boards are the same, which enables board intermixing; the system can
hence be flexibly configured. System upgrading and expansion can be implemented by
adding optical forwarding subracks and boards in the same rack; the system provides fine
compatibility and scalability and fully protects users´ investments.

The system adopts the multi-rack management technologies. Each NCP board in the
ZXWM M900 system provides multi-rack management function, which is conducive to
the smooth scalability of the system.

II. Applications

On August 12, 2004, ZTE won the tender for supplying optical network products to the
national backbone network transmission project for TELKOM, the biggest fixed network
operator in Indonesia. This project represented a breakthrough of ZTE´s DWDM
products in Indonesia market. ZTE´s ZXWM-M900 backbone network OTM equipment,
ZXSM-10G backbone network SDH transmission equipment and ZXSM-2500C will be
provided to construct the national backbone transmission network of TELKOM.
Currently, TELKOM requires only two traditional SDH services, i.e. E1 and STM-1.
ZTE´s network solution, however, will not only satisfy the current service requirements
and future requirements for new data services, but also make allowance for the future

Fig. 1 Network Topology of the National Backbone Network Transmission Project of


The above networking topology shows dual-node tangent rings. Each node on the rings
adopts the ZXWM M900, which is configured in the back-to-back OTM mode, fully
ensuring the add/drop of 32 waves (to be upgraded to 40 waves). On the public crossing
nodes of the two rings, the wave channel protection is provided to further increase
network security.
To cooperate with the DWDM-layer solution, ZTE adopts ZXSM-10G and ZXSM-
2500C to add/drop and schedule large-capacity services. ZTE´s optical transmission
network solution provides complete protection on services in addition to ensuring service
capacity. The network layer enables the MS-SPRing (Multiplex Section Shared
Protection Ring); the NE layer provides 1+1 or 1:1 protection for public boards, and 1:N
protection for electric service boards.

Fig. 2 Distribution of DWDM Back-to-Back OTM Nodes and OA Nodes in Ring 1

Fig. 3 Distribution of DWDM Back-to-Back OTM Nodes and OA Nodes in Ring 2

1. System structure

In this phase of the project, according to the initial traffic requirements, 2*10G services
will be provided. With the developments of network services, online upgrading of
wavelength can be implemented without affecting existing services so as to fully satisfy
the requirements for future service developments.

2. Services

The ZXWM M900 backbone network DWDM system supports multiple services: SDH
services, including STM-1/-4/-16/-64; SONET services, including OC-3/-12/-48/-192;
ATM services or POS, including STM-1c/4c/16c; Ethernet services, including
10M/FE/GE service; enterprise storage connection service (ESCON); and fiber channel
service (FC). In addition, it provides flexible multi-rate interfaces to bear any services at
the rate of 45Mbit/s-2.5Gbit/s.

To solve the problem of low bandwidth usage rate caused by small-granule services, the
ZXWM M900 system adopts the T-MUX (Transparent-Multiplexing) mode to implement
binding transmission of subrate bandwidth. This can greatly reduce investments and
operation costs, and overcome the complexity and diversity of MAN services.

3. Protection system

In this phase of the project, the SDH layer enables 10G 2F MSSPRing protection. As the
project design has fully considered the OSNR of the biggest distance and dispersion, the
system can be upgraded online to cater to service developments. Optical layer protection
can be finally executed.

4. Upgrading design

• Addition of the wavelength number

The wavelength number can be added and configured freely within 40 waves. In the
future, with the developments of network services, online wavelength upgrading can be
implemented without affecting existing services to cater to future requirements.

• Configurable upgrading in fixed direction

New services can be configured to enable the add/drop function; existing services can be
added/dropped without being interrupted. If existing services are upgraded to enable the
add/drop function, the services might be interrupted temporarily. (Yu Huihui)