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. . , . . , . .

1961


................................................................................................. 11

.................................................................................................... 11
................................................................................................. 14
............................................................................................................. 14
. .................................... 14
. ............................................................... 14

. ................................................................................... 14
................................................................................................... 15
. ..................................................... 16
I .................................................................................................................. 17
[i:, , m, ; b, f, v, t, d, n, l] .................................... 17
b, d, f, l, m, n, p, t, v. ................................ 20
. (I II
) ................................................................................................. 20
II................................................................................................................. 25
[, a] [s, z, w] ......................................................... 25
. s, z, i, ......................................................... 26
28
................................................................................... 28
III ............................................................................................................... 30
[, , , , ] .......................................................... 30
[pl]. ...................................................................................... 31
. ai, ay, ................. 31
. ........................................................................................... 32
. .......................................... 32
. ............ 32
. ...................................................................... 33
IV ............................................................................................................... 36
[k, , , , , ] kl .................... 36
. , k, g, j, h, ck, ch, tch, th . 37
. ................................................................................. 39

1
V ................................................................................................................ 42
[:, h, j, r, ]............................................................ 42
. h, , r, x; +r,
r+, ng, nk......................................................................................... 44
VI ............................................................................................................... 48
[u:, :, , u, u] [s] [z]
[] []............................................................................................. 48
. ..................................................................... 50
. ............................ 51
. ............................................................................... 52
. . ........................................................... 53
VII.............................................................................................................. 56
[], [au], [u] .......................................................... 56
[t], [d], [n], [l] [], []. ................................. 56
[r] . ............................ 57
. u, w, oi, , ow, ou .................. 57
I II ....................... 58
[r]. ...................................................................................... 59
.................................................................... 60
. -er, -or ........................................................ 60
VIII ............................................................................................................ 64
[:]............................................................................. 64
. , i, , u III ; wa, wh, ar 64
III ( + r) ....... 65
IX ............................................................................................................... 69
[], [], [u], [a], [au]
[w:]................................................................................................................. 69
. .......................................................... 69
. IV , , i, , , u .............................. 70
IV ( + r + )
......................................................................................................................... 70
X ................................................................................................................ 76
[t] [k] [w]. ................................................... 76
[] . ............................................................................ 76
. q, w al, ew, igh, ng ....... 76
................................................................. 82
............................................ 84

.............................................................................................. 84
....................... 84
, ..................................................... 85
............................................... 85
.................................... 85

2
............................................................................................... 86
LESSON ONE (THE FIRST LESSON) ............................................................. 86
Text: WE STUDY FOREIGN LANGUAGES ............................................... 86
. C: -ion, -ly ...................................................... 88
LESSON TWO (THE SECOND LESSON) ....................................................... 94
Text: WE STUDY FOREIGN LANGUAGES (continued) ........................... 94
. -ent ............................................................... 96
. kn u l r
......................................................................................................................... 97
LESSON THREE (THE THIRD LESSON) ..................................................... 103
Text: THE WORKING DAY OF AN ENGINEER ..................................... 103
100 C : -teen, -ty, -
th .................................................................................................................... 107
, ......................................................... 109
,
ear ..................................................................................... 109
LESSON FOUR (THE FOURTH LESSON) ................................................... 116
Text: THE WORKING DAY OF AN ENGINEER ..................................... 116
. st, sk ........................................... 117
LESSON FIVE (THE FIFTH LESSON) .......................................................... 122
Text: MY FRIENDS LAST WEEK-END................................................... 122
. -al ................................................................ 128
. d, t, th ................................... 128
LESSON SIX (THE SIXTH LESSON) ............................................................ 137
Text: MY FRIENDS FAMILY .................................................................... 137
. -ist ............................................................... 139
. ld, nd th, , , v
....................................................................................................................... 140
LESSON SEVEN (THE SEVENTH LESSON) ............................................... 151
Text: MY SISTERS FLAT .......................................................................... 151
. -ure, -able ................................................. 154
. cei, ower, ph ........................................ 154
LESSON EIGHT (THE EIGHTH LESSON) ................................................... 163
Text: AT THE LIBRARY ............................................................................ 163
. -hood, - ................................................... 167
. .................. 167
................................. 167
LESSON NINE (THE NINTH LESSON) ........................................................ 174
Text: A TELEPHONE TALK ...................................................................... 174
.
r ..................................................................................................................... 178
LESSON TEN (THE TENTH LESSON) ......................................................... 186
Text: A LETTER TO A FRIEND ................................................................. 186
. -ing .............................................................. 193

3
LESSON ELEVEN (THE ELEVENTH LESSON) ......................................... 199
Text: MY GRANDFATHER IN MOSCOW ................................................ 199
. -ive, -ful, -age ........................................... 203
LESSON TWELVE (THE TWELFTH LESSON) ........................................... 211
Text: AT DINNER-TIME (Meals)................................................................ 211
................................................................................. 217
LESSON THIRTEEN (THE THIRTEENTH LESSON) ................................. 225
Text: THEY ARE LEAVING MOSCOW .................................................... 225
. oa ......................................................... 231
. -ent, -less .................................................. 231
LESSON FOURTEEN (THE FOURTEENTH LESSON) ............................... 241
Text: A SEA STORY .................................................................................... 241
LESSON FIFTEEN (THE FIFTEENTH LESSON)......................................... 254
Text: DREAMS AND REALITY ................................................................. 254
LESSON SIXTEEN (THE SIXTEENTH LESSON) ....................................... 267
Text: FROM VERKHOYANSK TO SOCHI ............................................... 267
. -ment, un-, in-, im-, il-, ir- ........ 272
LESSON SEVENTEEN (THE SEVENTEENTH LESSON) .......................... 282
Text: SUI MEI TRAVELS ABOUT THE SOVIET UNION ....................... 282
......................................................... 287
. -ese, -ic, -ous, -ship .................................. 288
LESSON EIGHTEEN (THE EIGHTEENTH LESSON) ................................. 296
Text: THE CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH OF DICKENS ............................ 296
. -ance ............................................................ 301
LESSON NINETEEN (THE NINETEENTH LESSON) ................................. 310
Text: TANYA, THE REVOLUTIONARY .................................................. 310
LESSON TWENTY (THE TWENTIETH LESSON) ...................................... 323
Text: ALEXEY LAVROVS STORY .......................................................... 323
LESSON TWENTY-ONE (THE TWENTY-FIRST LESSON) ...................... 336
Text: ALEXEY LAVROVS STORY (continued) ....................................... 336
100........................................................................................... 342
. -ness ............................................................ 343
. g u ................................................. 343
LESSON TWENTY-TWO (THE TWENTY-SECOND LESSON) ................ 353
Text: RED HAND LINE (A legend)............................................................. 353
. aw......................................................... 355
LESSON TWENTY-THREE (THE TWENTY-THIRD LESSON) ................ 364
Text: THE WEDDING PRESENT ............................................................... 364
. -dom, -nce............................................... 368
.................................................... 368
LESSON TWENTY-FOUR (THE TWENTY-FOURTH LESSON) ............... 377
Text: THE WEDDING PRESENT (Continued) ........................................... 377
LESSON TWENTY-FIVE (THE TWENTY-FIFTH LESSON) ..................... 394
Text:AN EPISODE FROM THE LIFE OF A RUSSIAN REVOLUTIONARY
....................................................................................................................... 394

4
LESSON TWENTY-SIX (THE TWENTY-SIXTH LESSON) ....................... 415
Text: A SOVIET PILOT ............................................................................... 415
. alm .......................................... 420
. mis- .............................................................. 420
LESSON TWENTY-SEVEN (THE TWENTY-SEVENTH LESSON) .......... 433
Text: A YELLOW STORK (A Chinese Tale) .............................................. 433
. over- ............................................................ 439
LESSON TWENTY-EIGHT (THE TWENTY-EIGHTH LESSON) .............. 452
Text: A NEW TALENT ON THE STAGE .................................................. 452
LESSON TWENTY-NINE (THE TWENTY-NINTH LESSON) ................... 468
Text: POST HASTE1 (after Colin Howard) .................................................. 468
. ,
.............................................................................................................. 476
LESSON THIRTY (THE THIRTIETH LESSON) .......................................... 485
Text: Mr. WINKLE ON THE ICE (after Charles Dickens The Pickwick
Papers) .......................................................................................................... 485
. -ant, -ent, -en ............................................ 492
... 506
I .............................................................................................................. 506
1. . ............................................................ 506
2.
. ....................................................................................... 506
II ............................................................................................................. 507
3. . ................................................. 507
4. . (
) . ................................................. 508
5. . .................................................................... 508
III ........................................................................................................... 509
6. ( ) . .......... 509
7. to be = 3- . .................... 509
8. . . ......................................................... 509
9. it. .................................................................................... 511
10. . . ............................. 512
IV ........................................................................................................... 514
11. . ..................................................................... 514
12. this, that. .............................................. 515
P V ............................................................................................................ 515
13. . ........................................................ 516
14. . ................................................. 516
15. ,
. ................ 517
VI ........................................................................................................... 517
16. to be.
....................................................................................................................... 517
17. . ................................................................. 517
18. . .................................................................. 518

5
VII .......................................................................................................... 518
19. ............................... 518
20. to be .............................. 519
21. . ........................................................ 521
VIII ........................................................................................................ 523
22. . ...................... 523
23. . ...................................................................... 523
X ............................................................................................................ 524
24.
of. .................................................................................................. 524
25. . ........................................................ 525
526
1 ............................................................................................................. 526
26. . 526
27. Indefinite (The Present Indefinite
Tense Form). ................................................................................................. 526
28. .................................................. 528
2 ............................................................................................................. 528
29. 3- .
Indefinite.......................................................................................... 528
30. . ...................................................... 529
31. . .................................................................... 529
3 ............................................................................................................. 529
32. . ...................................................... 529
33. , . .... 530
34. Much , little ....................................................................... 531
35. . .................................................................................. 531
36. ,
. ............................................... 532
4 ............................................................................................................. 533
37. . ................................................................. 533
38. (Regular and Irregular Verbs).
....................................................................................................................... 533
39. Indefinite (The Past Indefinite
Tense Form). ................................................................................................. 533
5 ............................................................................................................. 535
40. Indefinite to be. ........................ 535
41. . . ........... 535
42. , . ............. 537
6 ............................................................................................................. 537
43. Indefinite (The Future Indefinite
Tense Form). ................................................................................................. 538
44. to have () ,
Indefinite........................................................................... 539
45. ......................................... 541

6
7 ............................................................................................................. 542
46. there is, there are..................................................................... 542
8 ............................................................................................................. 544
47. some [sm] any [en] .................. 544
48. of one of some of. .................... 546
49. ,
. ........................................................ 546
9 ............................................................................................................. 547
50. can [kn], may [me], must [mst]. .................. 547
51. . ............................... 549
52. - .................................. 551
53. . ........ 551
10 ........................................................................................................... 552
54. . ................................................. 552
11 ........................................................................................................... 553
55. ,
. ...................................................................... 553
12 ........................................................................................................... 554
56. , 1- 3-
, let. ................................................................... 554
57.
. ............................. 554
58. a little, a few. ..................................................................... 554
59.
. .......................................................................................... 555
60. to speak, to talk, to say, to tell. ............................................. 556
13 ........................................................................................................... 558
61. I (Participle I).................................................. 558
62. Continuous (, ). ......... 558
63. ()
. ............................................................................................... 560
14 ........................................................................................................... 561
64. Continuous [kntnjus] (The Past
Continuous Tense Form). .............................................................................. 561
65. Continuous (The Future Continuous Tense
Form). ............................................................................................................ 562
66. such , . ......................... 563
67. . ............................................ 563
15 ........................................................................................................... 564
68. . ............................................... 564
69. . ................................................................... 567
70. . ................................... 567
16 ........................................................................................................... 568
71. . ............................................................. 568
72. as ... as, not so ... as........................... 568
73. It is difficult (for me) to understand. 569
74. . .............................................. 569

7
75. -. ............................................................................ 570
17 ........................................................................................................... 571
76. . ......................... 571
77. ........................................................ 572
78. one. .................................................. 573
18 ........................................................................................................... 574
79. , some, any, , every.
....................................................................................................................... 574
19 ........................................................................................................... 576
80. be able [ebl] to ..., to have to ...
must. .................................................................................... 576
20 ........................................................................................................... 577
81. II (Participle II). ............................................. 577
82. Perfect (The Present Perfect Tense Form).
....................................................................................................................... 579
21 ........................................................................................................... 582
83. . ............................................................ 582
23 ........................................................................................................... 584
84. Perfect (the Past Perfect Tense Form). ... 584
85. Perfect (the Future Perfect Tense Form). .... 585
24 ........................................................................................................... 586
86. .

. ..................................................................... 586
87.
. ............................................................................................. 588
88. (The Future in the Past Tense Form) .......... 590
25 ........................................................................................................... 591
89. , if
whether. .................................................................................................. 591
90. .................................................................. 592
91. to stop, to finish, to continue,
to begin, to go on, to mind............................................................................. 594
92. : to want ,
to expect , should (would) like
. ................................................................................................ 596
26 ........................................................................................................... 597
93. Indefinite . ......................... 597
94. . .. 601
27 ........................................................................................................... 602
95. I
. ............................................................................ 602
96. . ................................................................. 603
97. to be
. ................................. 605
98. to . ........... 607

8
28 ........................................................................................................... 607
99. (Disjunctive Questions). .............................. 607
100. neither ... nor [na ... n]. .................................................... 608
101. either ... or [a ... :]. ............................................................ 609
102. both ... and [bou ... nd]. ....................................................... 609
103.
so shall I, neither did he. ...................................................................... 610
29 ........................................................................................................... 610
104. neednt [ni:dnt]. ................................................. 610
30 ........................................................................................................... 611
105. Perfect . ........................... 611
......................................................................................................... 612

........................................................................................................ 612
................................................................................ 612
.................................................................................. 612

, .................................... 613
................................................................................ 616
, .................................... 616
, .................................... 616
.................................................................... 618
. (Studies. Library) ............... 618
(Working day) ....................................................................... 620
. (Family. Biography) ...................................................... 621
. . . (Day off. Holiday. Excursion)
....................................................................................................................... 622
(Flat) .............................................................................................. 623
(Canteen) ...................................................................................... 624
(Our capital) ......................................................................... 625
(Time and seasons) ................................................. 626
(Business trip) ..................................................................... 627
(The map of the world) ............................................................. 628
(Shopping) ................................................................................. 629
. (Guests. Holidays) .................................................... 630
(Theatre) ............................................................................................. 631
(Post Office)....................................................................................... 632
(Sport) ................................................................................................ 633
(The great patriotic war) ............................ 634
- ........................................... 635
A ........................................................................................................................ 635
........................................................................................................................ 637
........................................................................................................................ 639
D ........................................................................................................................ 641
......................................................................................................................... 642

9
F ......................................................................................................................... 643
G ........................................................................................................................ 645
H ........................................................................................................................ 646
I .......................................................................................................................... 648
J.......................................................................................................................... 648
K ........................................................................................................................ 649
L......................................................................................................................... 649
M ....................................................................................................................... 650
N ........................................................................................................................ 652
........................................................................................................................ 653
P ......................................................................................................................... 654
Q ........................................................................................................................ 656
R ........................................................................................................................ 656
S ......................................................................................................................... 657
T......................................................................................................................... 661
U ........................................................................................................................ 663
V ........................................................................................................................ 664
W ....................................................................................................................... 664
Y ........................................................................................................................ 665

10


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16
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18
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t, d, n, l, i: m, b, p, f, v e l t d, f v p, t
ni: mi: ten li:p pi:l net ned pi:
di: bi: ted let tel bet bed ti:
li: pi: pen fi:l vi:1 pen
ti: fi: bed li:f li:v ten
vi:

19

b, d, f, l, m, n, p, t, v.
1. B, b [bi:]2 [b]
D, d [di:] [d]
F, f [ef] [f]
L, l [el] [l]
M, m [em] [m]
N, n [en] [n]
P, p [pi:] [p]
T, t [ti:] [t]
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2. , , :
tell [tel] , .

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me [mi:] , be [bi:]
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Pete [pi:t]3 ()
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[], :
ten [ten] pen [pen]
)
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meddle [medl]

2
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3
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( e [i:])

20
3. , .
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[i:] []
Pete ten
, me pen
be bed

4. [i: i:].
[i:], .. , I ,
:
meet [mi:t] .

[i:] [e] [1]
1. dee deed deep 2. ten pen 3. let tell
be been beef den men led bell
me meed meet Ted bed leep peel
fee feed feet net vent


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2. Meet me. .
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22
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Meet Ted Tell Pete Meet me
Meet Pete Tell Ben Tell me


meet [mi:t] pen [pen]
tell [tel] , bed [bed]
be[bi:] me [mi:, mi, mi]4 ,
ten [ten]


Pete [pi:t]
Ben [ben]
Ted [ted]


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bee, dene, bet, dent, beet
end, men, bede, peep, dell
bent, den, mete.
II. .
[mi:t, tel, ben, mi:, ten, bed, bi:, pi:t].
III. I [i:].
IV. .

4
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[i] [i].

23
meet, tell, bed, Ned, feet, pen, Pete.
V. , .
Pete, Ben, meet, tell, be, ten, feet, tent, bed, bede.

24
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a sz w
dp mat ma set zed wi:
tp tam ta pens penz wi:l
bt fav fa si:s si:z wt
t si:ts si:dz wa

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1. S, s [es].
1) s [s]:
) , :

26
sit [st]
send [send]
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test [test] ,
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lists [lists]
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Bess [bes] ( )
2) s , [z]:
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pens [penz]
bees [bi:z]
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visit [vzt] ,
2. Z, z [zed] [z], :
size [saz]

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life in ()
tie6 it , , (
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type . ., )


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4. tin in 5. Pete pit
pit it bede bid
in it teen tin
feet fit

[a] [a] [s] [z]


6. time tie 7. my mine type 8. nets pens
pine pie by five life sets sends
life lie Bess is
test it is

6
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27


1.
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a) Send me my pen. .
[send mi ma pen]
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[mi:t mi]
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2
my tie five ties tell Ted tellm
my pen ten pens meet Bess meet
my life nine beds send Ben spell it

Find my pen. Send me my pen. Meet me.


Send Ted five ties. Send Bess nine pens.
Let me see! !
Spell it! () !


tie
life

28
find [fand]
send ,
spell
five
nine
seven [sevn]
my , , ,
it , , . ,
, ; ,
, . , ,


Bess [bes]


I. ,
.
pens, sets, beds, tips, bees, pits, lips, lies, bibs, nets, seeds, tests, lids.
.
, .
type, tin, fine, pin, lip, pile, line, sit, fit; set, best, sin, fist, miss,
pens, less, lends, Bess, seems, size, zest, Zend.
III. .
[bed, pen, lt, test, nan, fav, ten, lan, ta].
IV. [].
V. :
, , , ,
, .
1. . 2. . 3.
. 4. . 5. .
6. .
VI. [i:, , , a].
mine, type, bid, did, fine, pit, five, vine, me, meet, lend, mete,
eve, seem, pep, beef, ebb, see, send.
VII. .
size, Bess, type, sees, vine, fine, tie, test, spell, life.
VIII. , :
life, spell, tie, seven, nine, seen.

29
III
: [], [e], [], [], []
: [pl]
: , [e]
: ai, ,
.
.
: 1. (. 6).
2. to be 3- . (. 7).
3. . (. 8).
4. it (. 9).
5. .
(. 10).

[, , , , ]
[]. []
, , ,
.
(. 15 16).

. 15. . 16.
[] []
[e] , [],
[]. [e],
, ,
[], [].
[]. []
, .. .

. []
, , ..
, [], [].
, ,
.

30
[]. , , .
[] . [] ,
,

.
. , 2
3 ( []).
, ,
( []) (. 17).

. 17. [], []
[]. []
, []. [] []
(. 17).
[pl].
[pl] . []
, [l] .


e , pl w
m det de seldm a pli: z wet
n lern le let a pln wen
lmp mem me pen i: plen west
mn pem pe bed i: ples
ta

. ai, ay,
1. a [e] :
A, a
/ \
I II
[e] []
plane plan
name man ,

31
2. ai [e a], ay [e wa].
ai, [e], :
main [men] , May [me]
Spain [spen] day [de]
3. [i: e].
[i:], :
please [pli:z] .


[] [ e] [e] [e e]
9. am Ann 10. man men 11. main may 12. men mane
man flat tan ten pain pay pen pane
map bad pan pen name nay let late
lamp plan bad bed date day met mate

.
,
. , ,
:
a map, | a pen | and a plan ,
, ,
, ,
, [].

. , , ,
,
, .

.

. ,
, .
, :
It is a lamp [t z lmp] .

.
(, ,
), ,
, .
, .
,

32
, ,
, , [].

, ,
, :
me [mi, mi] ,
, (
) ,
: and , [nd]
[nd] [n]. [d] , :
a map andten pens [ mp n ten penz]
:
a map anda pen [ mp nd pen]

.
, ,
,
, .
.
( )
, , :
Send Bess my map and my plan.
.
.
Bess. Bess
. and.

, :
Send Bess | my map | and my plan

3
my name a name a bad day It is a map.
my map a map a fine day It is a lamp.
my plan a flat a bad plan It is a flat.
my flat a man a bad pen It is a fine day.
my lamp a plan a bad lamp It is a bad plan.
SendPete andmy plan
SendBess lampplease
Tell Pete my name. My name is Ann.
Send Pete my map. Send Bess my map | and my plan.

33

My name is Ann. () . ( .)
is 3- . be .


a name
map ()
a plan
a flat
a lamp
a man (. . men) ,
a day
fine
bad
please
and [nd, nd, n] , ()


Ann [n]


I. [e]
[] .
II. ,

.
1. . 2. . 3.
4. . 5.
. 6.
. 7. . 8. ,
. 9. . 10. ?
III. ,
.
1. It is ___ pen. 2. My ___ pen is bad. 3. It is ___ fine day. 4. Send ____ Ben
seven pens. 5. It is ___ bad tie. 6. It is ___ bed. 7. Send Pete ____ tie. 8. Meet ___
Bess. 9. It is ____ flat. 10. It is ___ lamp. It is ___ bad lamp.

34
IV. .
1. , , , . 2.
. , . 3. ,
. 4. . 5. . 6. .
7. .
V. , ,
.
a) pale, date, ban, tape, fate, mad, say, same, fat, day, Sam, lane, land, tame,
Spain, faint, aim;
leave, bede, beat, deed, lean, mean, seat.
b) line, pin, pine, dene, fine, man, dent, Ann, nine, same, Sam, bet, bed, dine,
did, May, fit, style, vet, bay, sat, tilt, file, sale, faint, ease, pet, tin, veal,
slip.
VI. .
[nem, pln, flt, lmp, de, fain, bd, test, pen, pi:t, mi:]
VII. .
sad, made, stale, fit, deep, film, fail.
VIII. ,
name, day, please, fine, deep, beat, Spain.

35
IV
: k, , , , t, d
: kl
: , [si:]; G,g [di:]; H,h [eit]; J,j [de]; K,k [ke]
: ch, sh, tch, th, ck
.
: 1. (. 11).
2. this, that, these (. 12).
3. ,
s, ss, sh,
ch (. 3, . 3).

[k, , , , , ] kl
[k]. [k] .
, []. [k]

,
.
[]. []
.
, [],

(. 18).

. 18.
[k], []
[]. [] [],
,
. [] ,
, [] (. 19 20).
[] [] .
[] [] (. l 9 20).

. 19. . 20.
[], [] [], []

36
[t]. [t] [],
, . (. 21).
[d].
, [t],
, . [d]

, [] (.
21).
[kl].
[kl],
[pl],
,
[k] ,
[l] .
. 21.
[t], [d]


k t d
kn ev i: i: tes di:
kn v em ple et ed
nk ve mn me tt ped
nk b fn vn mt tend

pl, kl
i:z ples
s kli:n
t klk
s z
t z

.
, k, g, j, h, ck, ch, tch, th
1. , [si:]. :
) , i, [s], :
cent [sent] civil [svl]
face [fes] icy [as]
) ,
[k], :
cap [kp] clean [kli:n]
2. K, k [ke] [k], :
Kate [ket] () take [tek] ,

37
3. k [si:ke] [k], :
black [blk]
4. G, g [di:]. g :
) , i, [d], :
page [ped] gin [dn]
gyp [dp] ( )
.
:
give [v] ,
) ,
g [], :
game [em]
glad [ld] ,
bag [b] ,
5. J, j [de] [d], :
Jane [den] () jam [dm]
6. , h [et]
.
) sh [eset] [], :
she [i:] ship [p]
) ch [si: et] tch [ti: si: et] [t],
:
chess [tes]
teach [ti: t] ,
match [mt]
7. th [ti: et] [] [].
[] :
) , :
this [s] , , ( . )
that [t] , , ( . )
these [i: z] ( . )
the [i:, i, ]
) , :
bathe [be]
[] th
, :
thick [k] ; thin [n] ; faith [fe]

38

[k] [] [k-]
13.can cake 14.gap bag 15.back bag
came make gave beg lack lag
keep peak give big sick big

[] [t] [d] [ ]
16.she fish 17.chess 18.Jane 19.theme thee
shy dash chain gin thin then
sheep dish fetch age faith bathe
page

.
. .
,
:
Jane, give me a match, please. , , .
Please, give me a match, Jane. , , , .

, .
[den, | gv mi mt, pli:z]
, ,
, .
[pli: z, gv mi mt, den]

4
a fine film the film ten films
a bad bag the bag five bags
a black cap the cap nine caps
a clean page the page seven pages
a thick match the match ten matches
thatcap a bigbag
thatmatch a blackcap
Jane, | give me a match, please. This match is bad. Give me that
match, please.
This is a bag. The bag is big. It is a big bag.
That is a cap. The cap is black. It is a black cap.
This is a thin pencil. Give me the pencil, please.

39

a film thin
a bag , thick
a cap clean
a page big
a match black
a pencil [ pensl] that
give [v] this [s]
take , these


Kate [ket]
Jane [den]


I.
.
a match, a page, a patch, a dish, a cage, a mass, a bench.
II. .
III. ,
.
1. . . 2. .
. 3. . .
4. . , , . ,
. 5.
? . 6. ,
. 7. . 8.
10 8
IV. .
1. This is ___ cap. ___ cap is black. 2. This is match. It is thin match. That is
___ thick match. 3. ___ film is fine. 4. This is ___ pen. ___ pen is black. 5. Pete,
give me ___ pen, please (2 ). 6. Bess, take that pencil. Give me ___ pencil,
please. It is ___ bad pencil.

40
V. ,
.
1. . 2. . .
, . 3. . . 4.
, . 5. . 6.
. 7. .
, . 8. . . .
9. . . . 10. ,
. 11. . 12. . 13.
. 14. , ,
, .
VI. ,
.
cap, can, ice, came, nice, cat, neck, mice, fact,
space, peck, pace, kin, keen, pact, face;
gate, gem, gas, age, gym, page, egg, gin, game, beg, gag,
jam, Jim, Jack, Jane;
shy, shame, dish, she, ship, shape, shave, shine, fish,
chest, chin, match, catch, fetch, chick, chill;
this, that, these, than, them, theme, faith, thick, thin.
VII. .
a) film, bag, match, cap, page, black, big, this, that, Jane, give, take.
b) sill, cape, cent, fill, gap, gem, chain, latch, lack, theme, need, best, pack.
VIII. .
cent, jam, game, keep, chain, patch, thick.
IX. , .
thick, page, match, these, clean, black, thin.

41
V
: :, h, j, r,
: k
: R, r [: ] X, [eks]
: ar, ng, nk
.
: 1. (. 13).
2. (. 14, . 1).
3. ,
(.
3, . 4).
4. ,

(. 15).

[:, h, j, r, ]
[:]. [:]
[],
.
. . , ..
.
[:] , (. 22 23)

. 22. . 23.
[:] [:]
[h]. .

, . [X],
[h] ,
,
.
[j]. [].
[j]
, [].

42
[j] ,
[]. [j] (. 24).
[r]. [r]
, . ,
,
.
, [] (. 25).

. 24. . 25.
[j] [r]
[]. []
,
. ,
. []
. ,
, (. 26 27).

. 26. . 27.
[] [n], []


r a: h j w
rrr : :m a ha es jes wn
rat k: k:m e he el jel h wg
ren f: f:m i: hi: jes | t iz k w
red b: b:k z hz b
ri:d :m h:m

43
.
h, , r, x; +r, r+, ng, nk
1. H, h [et] [h],
:
he [hi:, hi, hi] ()
hat [ht]
2. Y, [wa] .
) [a] I
(. 2).
) II
[], :
myth [m]
baby [beb] ,
) [j], :
yes [jes]
3. R, r [:] , ,
[r], :
read [ri:d]
red [red]
4. III (
r r+). r ,
, ,
,
. r
r+ . ,
r ( r+) [:],
:
car [k:] mark [m:k] ,
5. ng [endi:] [],
:
thing []
6. nk [enke] [k],
:
ink [k]
7. X, [eks] :
) [ks], :
text [tekst] six [sks]
) [z], :

44
exam [zm]


[h] [r] [:]
20. he hay 21. red read 22. start tart
his hat rain risk arm cart
him hand rest red large lark
farm park

[] [ n] [ nk] [j]
23. bang ring 24. bang ban 25. bang bank 26. yes
sang sing fang fan sang sank yell
fang thing sing sin sing sink yelp
thing thin thing think yarn
.
.

, :
baby [beb] , (I )

TEXT FIVE
his name a big city andclean Is it black?
his baby a red tie andread Is it a text?
his exams a thick pen taketext_ten Is it a city?
readpage_six
My name is Nick. This is my flat. It is large and clean.
My flat is in Kiev. Kiev is a city. It is a big city.
Is Kiev a city? Yes, | it is. Is it a big city? Yes, | it is.
Jk, | take text six | and read page seven.
Give me an ink-stand | and a pen, please. My pen is bad.
Give me that red pen, please.

Read it a gain! !


a text red
an exam large
a baby , six
a city [st] read
his ( ) in ()

45
an ink-stand


Nick [nk]
Jack [dk]
Kiev [ki:ev]


I. ,
.
a text an exam the text the exam
a city an ink-stand the city the ink-stand
II. .
1. My tie is red. 2. His flat is large and clean. 3. His ink-stand is black. 4. My
pen is bad. 5. His hat is black. 6. Jane is in Kiev. 7. Kate is in Minsk.
III. .
1. Is this a pen? 7. Is this an ink-stand?
2. Is this pen red? 8. Is this his bag?
3. Is that a pencil? 9. Is that match thin?
4. Is his name Nick? 10. Is this flat clean?
5. Is that lamp bad? 11. Is this bag big?
6. Is this map large? 12. Is Minsk a city?
IV.
.
a baby, a lady, a bag, a tie, a test, a bed, a city, a day, a man,
a page, a match, an army, a cage, a party.
V. , .
1. This is __ black ink-stand. 2. __ pen is red and __ ink-stand is black. 3. Give
Bess __ pen and __ pencil. 4. Read __ page ten. 5. Minsk is __ fine city. 6. Send
Jane __ text. 7. This is his __ flat. 8. Give me __ black pencil, please. 9. This is __
text. Read __ text, please. 10. Ben, take __ text six and read __ page five.
VI. [:].
VII. , .
1. . 2. ? . 3.
6. 4. . 5. . 6.
. 7. . 8.
. 9. ? . 10. . 11.
. 12. . 13. ? .
14. , .

46
VIII. .
a) risk, red, ripe, read, rest, rhythm [], rally;
farm, lark, star, cart, far, darn, mark, arm, army;
hand, hay, hill, hip, hate, heap, help, hide;
yes, yell, easy, daddy, yet, yelp, my, by, myth [];
next, text, exam, sex, six, sixty;
ring, thing [], fang, bring, sing, gang, sling;
drink, link, clink, pink, prank.
b) shelf, shy, sheet, dash, fish, chain, chick, change, catch, patch;
mine, cage, fill, mile, Spain, miss, ice, page, back, space, click, game, gem,
let, lest, gay, set, lay, say, lack, icy,
IX. ,
.
[ht, , zm, st, l:d, ri:d].
X. , .
large, text, read, Nick, please.

47
VI

: u:, :, , u
ou
: z, z
: , [ou]
: oo, oor, or
.
.
: 1.
to be (. 15).
2. (. 14, . 2).
3. (. 17).
4. (. 18). :
.


[u:, :, , u, u] [s] [z] [] []
[u:]. [u:] ,
,
[].
[u:] ,
[]. [u:] [j].
[ju:] (. 28 29).

. 28. . 29.
[u:] [u:]

[:]. [:] .
[:],
, [:],
, [:],
[], [] (. 30 31).

48
. 30. . 31.
[:] [:]
[]. [],
[:],
[] (. 32 33).

. 32. . 33.
[] []
[u]. [u] .
[] [u]
, .
, ,
, ,
[] (. 34 35).
[u]. [u] .
, []
[].
. [u].

49
. 34. . 35.
[u] [u]
[s], [z] [] [].
[s] [z] [] [] ,

. [s] [z] []
[], , ,
, : [zs]. [s] [z]
[] [], ,
: [b:z].
.

, [m], [n], [l]. ,
table [tebl] . [bl]
[1] [b].
,
, ,
, :
This is a table [s z teb1]

, :
table [tebl].


u: u : ou
ku: kuk f: n nt ou kout
u: uk f:m d t nou nout
tu: tuk sp:t ks tp sou soup
su:n buk k:n
mu:n
fu:d

50
ju: z, z ()
[1]
nju: zzz s tebl
fju: izzz t ltl
kju: zn tatl
stju:dnt zk sakl

.
1. , [u]:
,
/ \
I II
[u] []
no on ()
, note not
(
)
2. [ouou] :
) [u:] , k r,
, :
spoon [spu:n] too [tu:] ,
) [u] k, :
book [buk] to look [luk]
:
good [gud]
3. [:], :
or [:] () fork [f:k]


[u:] [u] [ou] []
27. tool 28. book 29. go tone 30. odd
pool look no note not
moon took so smoke on
food hook

[] [ou] [] [:] [] [ou]


31. or 32. go got 33. sport spot spoke
form note not torn top tone
sport hope hop lord lot lone
North coke cock cord cot cope
North not note

51
.
,
:
Good morning! [ud m:n]

TEXT SIX
Isthis good | or bad shorttoo
Isthat short | or long andgo
Isthe pen red | or black a blackboard
Closethe book thick | or thin

This is a room. That is a blackboard. Look at it! It is black. These are


maps . Those are pencils . Those pencils are not short. They are long. Tom,
1 2

| take the book, | open it | and read note five. Close the book | and go to the
blackboard. Jane, | go to the door. Close it, please.
Is this pencil short? Yes | it is.
Are those pencils short too? Yes, | they are.
Is that pen bad? No, | it is not.
Is it good? Yes, | it is.
Is it good | or bad? It is good.
Are those pencils long | or short? They are long.


1. These are maps. () . Are .
to be . [:] ,
[:r] ; [] [r].
2. Those are pencils To . Those me .
that .
Good morning! [gud m:n] !
Good evening! [gud i:vni] !


room[rum, ru:m] short
a blackboard [ blkb:d] long
a note good [ud]
a book too ,
a door [d:] they [e]
to look (at) () or [:] ()
to go , , no
to open not
to close those
to [tu:, tu, t] , , ( )

52

Tom [tm]

. .
:
. ,
, ..
;
, .. .
.
, .
.
, , :
an ink-stand ,
(ink , a stand ).
a blackboard (black , a board ).
a text-book , .. .
, ,
.


I. [u].
II. to be.
1. This ___ a note. 2. These texts ___ long and those texts ___ short. 3. ___
this book good? Yes, it ___. 4. Those doors ___ black. 5. That pencil ___ not black.
It ___ red.
III.
.
.
1. This tie is good. 2. That text is long. 3. Those bags are big. 4. These rooms
are clean. 5. That pencil is short. 6. His ties are red and black.
IV. .
1. Is this a text? 9. Are these pencils long or short?
2. Is that a note? 10. Is this a map or a plan?
3. Is that note long? 11. Is this a note or a text?
4. Are these pens? 12. Is it a tie or a cap?
5. Are those pencils? 13. Is it his or my tie?
6. Are those pencils good? 14. Is his name Nick or Pete?
7. Is this a cap? 15. Are those books thick or thin?
8. Is that a tie? 16. Is this page ten or page nine?

53
V. .
: This pencil is bad.
Is this or that pencil bad? Is this pencil good or bad?
1. My pen is thin (3)*. 2. That note is short (2). 3. Those matches are bad (2).
4. This film is good (2). 5. His pencil is red (3).
VI. ,
.
1. , .
. .
2. ) .
.
3. ,
,
.
()
4.
;

.

.
5.
,
C
!
:
, ,
6.
.
,
,
- ()
7. -
, ,
, ,

()

*
.

54
VII. , .
1. , . 5. 2.
. . 3. . 4. ,
. 6. . 5.
. . 6. ,
. . 7. , ,
. 8. . , ,
. 9. . . 10.
. . 11. , ,
. 12. ? . 13.
? . 14. ? 15.
? .
VIII. .
a) note, lot, lone, nod, code, cot, tone, cope, dot, sock, pope, doll, hot, hop,
bone; tool, moon, look, doom, took, fool, cool, shook, loop, cook, choose hook;
door; sport, torn, corn, gorge, cork, or, fort.
b) lead, steel, meat, bet, lest, Pete, tip, tiny, type, myth, mice, stay, plain, star,
farm, cart, cell, cod, sing, cling, bank, rank, spin.
IX. no .
,
.
pencil, blackboard, short, long, room.

55
VII
: , au,
: t, d, n, l
r, dr, br
fr, pr, str, r
: U, u [ju:]
W, w[ dblju:]
: oi, oy
ow, ou
: 1. (. 19).
2. to be (. 20).
3. (. 21).
. -er (-or)

[], [au], [u]


[]. []
,
, ,
. [] []
: , , (. 36 37).

. 36. . 37.
[] []
[au] , [],
[a], [u],
, .
[] , [],
[].
[t], [d], [n], [l] [], [].
[t], [d], [n], [l]
[] [] , ..
, .
, [t] []
.

56
[r] .
[r]
, :
brown [braun]
,
[r] , .. , :
a friend [ frend]
[t] [d] [tr, dr]
, (. 38).

. 38. [t]


au t, d, n, l fr, dr, tr, br, r, r
p aut b ns dra
s nau t n t bred
bt hau vs t s ri:n
bs haus pnt t t tra
sm ri:d s frend
km :l t ri:

.
u, w, oi, , ow, ou
1. U, u [ju:] :
U, u
/ \
I II
[ju:] []
, tune cup,
but ()
2. W, w [dblju:] [w], :
we [wi:] ()

57
3. i [oua] [ouwa] [],
:
point [pnt] ,
boy [b]
4. ow [oudblju:] :
)
[u], :
now [nau]
)
[ou], :
yellow [jelou]
Moscow [mskou]
5. u [ouju:] [u], :
out [aut] ,
6. er [i: :] or [ou :]
[], :
teacher [ti:tj] ,
doctor [dkt] ,

I II
a [e] o [ou] e [i:] i [a] [wa] u [ju:]


[e] [ou] [i:] [a] [a] [ju:]
I name note be fine my tune
,
,
[] [] [e] [] [] []
II flat not pen sit myth cup


[] [] [:] [] [] [w]
34. up cup 35. cut cart 36. hum ham 37. we
us bus duck dark fun - fan week
un bun much March bun ban wine
ugly hurry buck bark cup cap wane

58
[w] [v] [] [r .] []
38. wet vet 39. boy voice 40. green price 41. teacher
wine vine coy coin dream three doctor
west vest toy point brave tree seller
very well Fred street reader

[r].
r re ,
. , ,
r re, ,
, r re
[r], , :
a book ora copy-book? ?
a teacherora student ? ?
r , (..
), :
His sister is a teacher | and he is a student.
, .

TEXT SEVEN
a note | or text atthe table
a student | ora teacher onthe table
a Student | ora pupil fromthe table
Fred is my friend. He is a doctor. I am not a doctor. I am a teacher.
Bess is not a teacher. She is a student. We are in my room now. We are at the
table. Bess, | give me three cups, please. Thank you . Fred, | put a spoon
1

into your cup.


Are you a teacher? Yes, | I am.
Is your friend a teacher too? No, | he is not.
Is that boy a student | or a pupil? He is a pupil.


1. Thank you. (). You
you , . ,
, you
. thank you
.
Come in! (me!)
Go out! (me )!
Come into the room! !
Go out of the room! !

59

a friend [ frend] to thank
a doctor yellow
a teacher , three
a student [ stju:dnt] I
a pupil [ pju:pl] you [ju:, ju] ,
a boy he [hi:, hi]
a cup she [i:, i]
a spoon we [wi:, wi]
a table your [j:, j]
to put [t put] , now ,


Fred [fred]

. -er, -or
-r ,
,
, [], :
to read a reader
to teach , a teacher ,

-r [] ( -r), :
a doctor , .


I. ,
.
II. .
1. I am a teacher. 2. I am a student. 3. I am a doctor.

60
III. to be.
1. Ben ___ my friend. He ___ a teacher. 2. I ___ in my room now. 3. ___
Tommy [tm] and Billy [bl] babies? Yes, they ___. 4. We ___ students. 5. She
___ a teacher. 6. ___ you a student? Yes, I ___. 7. ___ they doctors? No, they ___
not. They students. 8. This ___ a cup. It ___ yellow. 9. The spoons ___ on the table.
10. The table ___ in the room. 11. ___ those men friends?
IV.
. .
1. Those men are doctors. 2. Kate is a teacher. 3. The students are in that room.
4.My friend is a student. 5. These books are good.
V. ,
, .
1. Kate is a doctor (a student). 2. Ann is my friend (Kate). 3. Tom is a pupil
(a student). 4. They are teachers (students). 5. Those cups are brown (yellow).
6. These pencils are short (long).
VI. :
) .
1. Are you a teacher?
2. Are you a student?
3. Are you a student or a teacher?
4. Is this boy a pupil?
5. Is this boy a pupil or a student?
6. Is he your friend?
7. Is Pete or Fred your friend?
8. Am I a doctor?
9. Am I a student?
10. Am I a teacher?
11. Am I a teacher or a doctor?
12. Is your friend in the room?
13. Is your friend or my friend in the room?
14. Are they friends?
15. Are we in the room?
16. Is your baby in the room?
17. Is Nick or Jane a doctor?
18. Is Nick (Jane) a good or a bad doctor?
19. Is Nick a doctor or a teacher?
) .
1. Is your book on the table or under it?
2. Is your pen in the bag or on the table?
3. Is the teacher at the table or at the blackboard?
4. Is Pete at the door or at the table?
5. Are we at the table or at the door?

61
6. Is his map on his book or under his book?
7. Is his pencil in the book or under the book?
VII.
.
1. Fred, take that long pencil ___ ___ your bag and put it ___ the table. 2. The
black pen is ___ the table. The brown pen is ___ my bag. The red pencil is ___ that
book. 3. Take these books ___ the table, please. 4. Go ___ the blackboard, please.
5. Close your book and put it ___ your bag. It is ___ the bag now. 6. Pete, go ___
the door and close it. 7. Ben, put a spoon ___ your cup. 8. Go ___ ___ the room,
please! 9. Take a pen ___ that student, please. 10. Fred is ___ his room now. 11. Jane,
take your pen ___ the table and put it ___ your bag. Now take it ___ ___ your bag
and put it ___ the book. 12. Go ___ your table and take your book ___ ___ your bag.
13. Look ___ the blackboard! Now go ___ the blackboard. 14. Take the cup ___
Jane and put it ___ the table. 15. Take your pen ___ ___ the ink-stand and put it ___
your bag.
VIII. , .
1. friend Ann is ___ good student. 2. Is Kate ___ teacher? No, she is
not. She is ___. doctor. 3. This is ___ room. It is ___ good room. 4. That is ___ cup.
It ___ red cup. ___ red cup is on ___ table. 5. ___ black pencil is on ___ book. ___
red pencil is under ___ book. 6. Give me ___pen and ___ pencil, please. 7. Am I ___
teacher? 8. This cup is not ___ red. It is ___ yellow. 9. This is ___ red cup and that
is ___ yellow cup. 10. Bess is my ___ friend. 11. Ben is ___ good pupil.
IX. ,
.
) 1. ? . . .
2. , , . 3.
? . 4. .
, , . . 5.
. 6. , , . 7.
. . . 8. .
. 9. ? .
? . 10. ? .
) . . .
. . .
. .
, , , .
, .
, .
, , ,
.
?
.
, ?

62
. .
X. .
a) cup, cube, but, nut, mute, butter, rung, huge; wake, weak, wig, waver, wine,
wink, way, weed, wit; coin, boy, point, join, toy, noisy;
now, how, yellow, bow, Moscow, town, vow, window; gown, down, out,
ounce, foul, noun, scout, count.
b) cod, bun, milk, deck, pad, tune, rice, will, just, trade, pinch, shake, shook,
tip, flock, than;
same, chest, patch, jump, dock, joy.
XI. ,
.
student, friend, cup, under, teacher, yellow, spoon, reader.
XII. , I II
: , , i, , , u.

63
VIII
: :
: w, w:
: er, ir, yr, ur, wa, wh
: 1. (.
22).
2. (. 23, . 1).

[:]
[:]. [:] ,
,
, , .
, [:] , .
, [:] [] []
(. 40 41)

. 40. . 41.
[:] [:]


: w w:
k: :k t:m wt w:l
f: : b:d wz w:k
s: :l :l wnt w:m

.
, i, , u III ; wa, wh, ar
1. e, i, , u III [:], :
her [h:] ( , )
firm [f:m]
turn [t:n]
2. wa [dblju:e] [w],
, r, , :
to want [t wnt]

64
3. wh [dblju:et] h ,
, :
what [wt] ?
white [wat]
4. wh , w,
:
who [hu:] ?
whose [hu:z] ? ? ? ?
5. ar [e:] w wh
[dblju:et] [w:], :
war [w:]
wharf [w:f] ,


[:] [:] [:]
42. fur firm first 43. burn born
sir burn burst turn torn
her turn - thirst fur four [f:]

[:] [e] [:] [ou] [w] [w:]


44. burn Ben 45. burn bone 46. was[z] war
turn ten turn tone want warm
bird bed fur foe [fou] what ward

III ( + r)
i y u


[:] [:] [:]
III large fork term firm Byrd fur

(
)

TEXT EIGHT
Dontgive What isthis?
Readtextone What isthat?
a whitecopy-book What are you?
sitdown What is Kate?
Whatcolour_is it?

65
This girl is a pupil. She is my sister. Her name is Kate. Kate, | take
your book and your copy-book | out of your bag. Dont give me your book.
Open it at page two | and read text one. Thank you. Sit down, please1. Your
mark is good. Dont copy this text now. Do it at home2.
What is this? It is a copy-book.
What colour is it? It is white.
What is Kate? She is a pupil.
What are you?3 I am a teacher.


1. Sit down, please! , .
to sit , down .
, . to sit down
.
2. Do it at home. .
at home , home
.

Repeat it, please! [rpi:t t pli:z] , .


a girl [ :l] , -b [kp-buk]
a sister ( )
to a colour [ kl]
to sit down what , , , ,
a mark , ( )
to do [t du:] , at home
her [h:, h] ( two [tu:]
) one [wn]
white eight [et]


I. .
II. .
a) 1. Are you a pupil?
2. Is your sister a doctor?
3. Are those girls teachers or students?
4. Is Jane at home?
5. Is that page one or page two?
6. Is this a book or a copy-book?
7. Are those doors yellow?
8. Is that cup yellow?

66
9. Is this pupil your sister or her sister?
10 Are those girls your friends?
b) 1. What is this?
2. What is that?
3. What are these?
4. What are those ?
5. What colour is this copy-book?
6. What colour is that pencil?
7. What are you ?
8. What is your sister?
9. What are your friends?
10. What is Pete?
11. What is Bess?
12. What are Bess and Pete?
III. .
1. Open your book! 2. Look at the blackboard! 3. Close the door! 4. Put
this cup on that table! 5. Read note one at home! 6. Copy this text!
IV. .
1. Jane is a doctor. 2. I am a teacher. 3. This is a copy-book. 4. Those are
notes. 5. We are pupils. 6. She is a student. 7. This cup is yellow. 8. Jane is a
teacher. 9. That pencil is red. 10. Kate is a pupil.
V.
.
1. Kate, take that thick book ___ the table. 2. Ann, put your copy-books ___
your bag. 3. The black pen is ___ the copy-book and the brown pen is ___ that book.
4. Fred is ___ home now. 5. Jack, go ___ that table. Sit ___, please. 6. Dont give
me your copy-book. Put it ___ the table. 7. Nick and Pete, open your books ___ page
eight. 8. Take that red cup ___ that boy. 9. Jane, put this book ___ the table and open
it ___ page five. 10. Dont copy text seven ___ home, do it now.
VI. , .
1. Tom is ___ good student. 2. This is ___ copy-book. It is ___ clean copy-
book. ___ copy-book is on ___ table. 3. I am ___ doctor. I am at ___ home now.
This is my ___ room. ___ room is large and clean. 4. Open that book at ___ page
two. Read ___ text five, please. 5. Give me ___ ink-stand, please. 6. That is ___ text.
___ text is long. 7. Minsk is ___ fine city. 8. Billy is ___ good baby. 9. This is ___
black tie and that is ___ white tie. Dont give me ___ white tie, give me ___ black
tie, please.
VII. ,
.
) 1. , .
. 2. .

67
. 3. . ,
, . 4. , .
() . 5. ?
. 6. ? . 7.
? . ? .
) , . .
, .
. . .
. (a
place). .
?
( ).
?
( ).
?
.
VIII. ,
.
a) term, first, bird, third, stern, turn, Byrd, furs, curl, curt, serf, curb,
herb; want, wash, was, watch, watt;
whale, wharf, wheat, ward, when, whether, which, whiff, whip,
whirl, warn, whole, warp, whose, why;
b) cat, bunch, pinch, rice, will, chest, sister, frost, lick, sly, pace, lunch,
rib, from, luck, cry, chat, shy, chill, sky, hale, rose, spine, till, spider,
vine, till, sniff, maze, pan, reader.
IX. .
a girl, a sister, a pupil, to copy, to sit down, her, what, a copy-book.
X. ,
.
girl, pupil, sister, her, white, home, two, one.

68
IX
: , , u
: a, au
: w:
: wor; eer; air; ire, our
: ,
who, whose, where (. 23, . 2).


[], [], [u], [a], [au] [w:]
[] . [],
,
[].
[] . ,
[] .
[].
[u] .
[u], ,
[].
[a] [au].
[a] [au] [].
.
, [a]
[j], [au] [w].
[w:].
, [w] [:]
[] [].
.
, , :
.
.

, , :
engineer [endn]


u a au w:
d b u ba au w:
n w mu fa pau w:k
h prpd pu fla flau w:d
endn kjud fad au w:ld

69
.
IV , , i, , , u
1. IV . + r +
IV .
:
) [], :
Mary [mr] ()
parents [prnts]
) e [], :
here [h] ,

:
there [] ,
where [w] ,
) i [a], :
fire [fa]
tyre [ta]
) [:], :
more [m:]
) u [ju], :
during [djur] ,

IV
( + r + )

a o i y u

[] [:] []
[a] [ju]
/ \
IV Mary more here fire tyre during


2. eer [dbli::] [], :
engineer [endn]
3. air [ea:] [], :
chair [t]
4. our [ouju::] [au],
:

70
our [au]
5. w r [ou:]
[:], :
work [w:k]
word [w:d]


[] [] [ju] [a]
47. deer 48. air care 49. cure 50. fire
here pair Mary pure mire
,engineer fair parents during tired

[au] [w:] [w:] [w:] [wou]


51. our 52. work 53. were [w:] war woe
sour word word ward wove
flour world work warn woke
worker worm warm wont [wount]

TEXT NINE
Whereis he?
His wife isthere too.
Who isthis girl?
It istheir flat.
My name is Belov. I am an engineer. My wife is not an engineer. She
is a worker. Our son is a pupil. He is a pioneer.
Mary and Kate are friends. Their sons are friends too.
Who is your friend? My friend is Jack. What is he? He is an
engineer. Is he here now? No, | he is not.
Where is he? He is in Kiev. His wife is there too.
Whose flat is this? Its their flat.
Who is this girl? She is their sister.
What is her name?1 Her name is Mary. What is she?
She is a pupil. What kind of pupil2 is she?
She is a good pupil.


1. What is her name? ()? ?
2. What kind of pupil is she? She is a good pupil.
? .
, What kind of ,
, , ,
. , what +

71
,
.
What city is this? Its Minsk.
? .
What kind of city is Minsk? Its a big city.
? .
Thats right! !
Whats your name? ?
Mary Smith. .


an engineer [n endn] who [hu:] (. .)
a wife (. wives) whose [hu:z]
a worker where [w]
a son [ sn] here ,
a pioneer [ pan] there [] ,
our (. .) kind [kand] ,
their [] (. .)
What kind of [wt kand v] , ()?

:
Ed. . . .
wife [waf] wives [wavz]
life [laf] lives [lavz]


r [mr]
Jack [dk]
Belov [belv]


I. [].
II. .
1. I am worker. ___ name is Ivanov. 2. Bob is a pupil. He is a pioneer. ___
marks are good. 3. Jane is a good student. ___ copy-books are clean. 4. Ann and
Jane are engineers.sons are pioneers. 5. Pete, give me ___ copy-book, please. 6. We
are engineers. ___ friends are engineers too. 7. What are ___ names, boys? ___ name
is Nick, ___ name is Jack.
III. .
1. Is your name Belov?
2. Are you an engineer?

72
3. Is your wife an engineer too?
4. Is your son a pupil?
5. Is he a pioneer?
6. Are we students?
7. Am I a doctor?
8. Are you a student or an engineer?
9. Is your wife a teacher or a doctor?
10. Are these men workers or engineers?
11. Is your son a student or a pupil?
12. What are you?
13. What is your wife?
14. What is her name?
15. What is your name?
16. What kind of pupil is your son?
17. Who is your friend?
18. Who is your wife?
19. Who is this man?
20. Who is this girl?
21. Whose wife is Mary?
22. Where are our books?
23. Whose books are these?
24. Whose copy-books are those?
25. What kind of book is this?
26. What kind of pupil is Jane?
27. What kind of room is this?
28. What kind of pencil is this?
29. What kind of pen is that?
30. What kind of copy-books are those?
IV. , .
1. Go ___ the blackboard! 2. Dont go ___ there! 3. Put that cup ___ the table.
4. Put that cup ___ here. 5. Whose copy-books are ___ the table? 6. Put the spoons
___ those white cups. 7. Go ___ the room, please. 8. Where is the red pencil? Is it
___ the copy-book? No, it is not. Its not ___ the copybook. Its ___ it. 9. Bob,
go ___ the table and sit ___ , please. 10. Ben, open your book ___ page six.
11. Where is Jack? He is ___ the table.
V. , .
1. Where is ___ yellow tie? Its on ___ bed. 2. What are you? I am ___
engineer. 3. Where is ___ white copy-book? Its in ___ bag. 4. Where is ___
table? Its in ___ room. 5. Jane is ___ worker and Ben is ___ engineer. Jack is
___ engineer too. Ben and Jack are ___ engineers. They are ___ good engineers. 6.
Pete is ___ pioneer. He is ___ good pupil. 7. Mary is ___ doctor. Her friend Kate Is
___ doctor too. 8. ___ Moscow is ___ city. 9. Bobby is ___ baby. Whose ___ son

73
is he? He is ___ their son. 10. Open ___ your books at ___ page ten and read ___
text nine.
VI. .
1. friend is teacher (3*). 2. This is a map (1). 3. It is a good map (1).
4. That is a bad cap (2). 5. It is his cap (1). 6. The match is on the table (1). 7. The
matches are on the table (1). 8. Her name is Mary (2). 9. Bess is a good pupil (3).
10. Their plan is good (2).
VII. ,
.
1. . . . 2.
? . . 3. ?
. 4. ? 5. ? .
? ( ). . 6.
? . 7. .
. 8. ? , . ?
, . 9. ? . 10.
? . 11. ? . ?
. 12. ? . 13.
? . 14. ? ? 15.
? ? 16. ? ? 17.
? ? 18.
. . 19. ? . 20.
? . 21. ?
. 22. ? . 23. ?
. 24. ? .
VIII. ,
, .
a) leer, beer, peer, veer, teem, fee, wee, bee, feel;
air, fair, hair, stairs, pair, plain, Spain, faint;
care, fare, mare, stare, bare, rare;
pure, cure, during; fire, mire, tire, shire;
here, sere, mere; our, flour, sour;
world, worm, worship, word, worthy.
b) fate, fat, far, fare;
Pete, pet, pert, here;
style, gyps, Byrd, tyre;
file, fill, first, fired, tube, tub, turn, cure;
bone, lot, form, store.
IX. ,
.

*
.

74
engineer, pioneer, wife, worker, son, our, their, who, whose, where, here,
there.

75
X
: tw, kw

: Q, q [kju:]
: all; alk, wr, ew; igh
: 1.
of (. 24).
2. (. 25).

[t] [k] [w].


, [tw] [kw]
, [t] [],
[w]. [w] , ..
.
[] .
[] ,
, [] [].


tw kw g
twas kwat mi:t_z il
twelv kwk s:l_z lwd
twent kwestn si r
kli hr

.
q, w al, ew, igh, ng
1. Q, q [kju:] qu [kju:ju:],
[kw], :
quick [kwk]
2. al [eel] k [:],
:
chalk [t:k]

[:l], :
small [sm:l]
also [:lsou] ,
3. ew [i:dblju:]
[ju:], :
new [nju:]

76
4. w r , :
write [rat]
5. igh [adi:et] [a], :
light [lat]
6. ng [ endi:] l, r, w
[], :
English* [l]
angry [r]
language [lwd]

TEXT TEN
We are_at our_office. The walls of our class-room.
We are_at_the lesson. What kind of newspaper
We are_at_the table. a piece of chalk
The ceiling_is white.
An English newspaper
We are at our office1. We are at the lesson now. This is our classroom. Its
small, | but its light and clean. The walls of our class-room | are blue. Its
floor is brown. Its ceiling is white. The door and the windows | are white too.
We are at the table. Its brown. The chairs are brown too. Jack, | come to the
blackboard , please. Dont take your book! Take a piece of chalk | and write
2

the new English words | on the blackboard. Thank you. Write four ques-
tions at home.

What is this?
Its a newspaper.
What kind of newspaper is it?
Its an English newspaper.

Where are you?


We are at the lesson.


1. We are at our office. () .
at ,
? -
, :
We are at the lesson. ( ).

*
, ,
() .

77
2. Come to the blackboard .
to come .
: , , .
to go ,
.
:

! Come to the blackboard!
( ).
! Go to the blackboard!
(
, ).

:
one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten


an office a newspaper [ nju: spep]
a lesson [ lesn] to come [t km]
a class-room [ kl:srum] , to write
light
a wall blue [blu:] ,
a floor green
a ceiling [ si:li] new
a window small
a chair English
a piece [ pi:s] four [f:]
chalk but [bt, bt] ()
a word its , (
a question [ kwestn] )


I. ,
.
II. .
1. Where are you?
2. Are you at the lesson or at home?
3. Is this a class-room?
4. What is this?
5. Is your class-room at the office?
6. What kind of class-room is it?
7. Is it large or small?
8. What colour are the walls (windows) of this class-room?
9. What colour is its floor? (ceiling, door).

78
10. Where is the blackboard?
11. What colour is it?
12. Where is the piece of chalk?
13. Is the word blackboard long or short?
14. Is Ann at the blackboard or at her table?
15. Is your bag new?
16. Is this a table or a chair?
III. .
1. This is our class-room (2). 2. That is a light room (1). 3. The walls of my
room are green (3). 4. This cup is white (1). 5. These are new ties (1). 6.The table
is at the window (1). 7. The chairs are at the table (1). 8. Klimov is our teacher
(3). 9. Pete is a good pupil (2). 10. This girl is my sister (2). 11. We are at the office
now (1).
IV. , ,
.
(a chair, to write, a word, small, a piece, to come, a ceiling, a window,
colour, white, a class-room).
1. What ___ is the chalk ?.It is ___ . 2. The blackboard is in ___. 3. The floor
is brown and ___ is white. 4. Jane, close ___, please. 5. ___ here, Jack. 6. Give me
___ of chalk, please. 7. Dont ___ the new words now. ___ the new words at home.
8. New is a short ___. 9. Take ___ and sit down, please. 10. This room is large and
that room is ___ .
V. , .
1. The walls ___ the rooms ___ my flat are yellow and blue. 2. Go ___ the
blackboard, Pete. Pete is ___ the blackboard now. 3. Take a piece ___ chalk ___ the
table. 4. Write these words ___ the blackboard. 5. Come ___ the room, please. 6. Go
___ the class-room. 7. Come ___ here! 8. Dont go ___ there! 9. The blackboard is
___ the wall ___ our class-room. 10. Put these matches ___ your bag. 11. Open that
book ___ page eight. 12. Look ___ the blackboard!
VI. , .
1. What colour is ___ floor of your room? 2. Write ___ question on ___ black-
board. 3. Open ___ window, please. 4. Close ___ door, please. 5. Write ___ new
words at home. 6. Give Tom ___ piece of ___ chalk, please. 7. Where is ___ chalk?
8. Where is ___ room six? 9. ___ text-book is on ___ table. 10. They are at ___ home
now.
VII. .
1. We are students. This is ___ class-room. The door of ___ class-room is
white. 2. I am at home now. ___ room is small, but its light and clean. 3. This is a
room. ___ walls are green. 4. These are my sisters. ___ names are Mary and Ann.
5. Ben and Nick, open ___ hooks at page ten. 6. Sit down, Peter. ___ mark is good.

79
7. My sister is a teacher. These boys and girls are ___ pupils. 8. This man is an
engineer. ___ name is Petrov. 9. Jane and Kate are at ___ English lesson now.
VIII. ,
of.
1. . 2. . 3.
. 4. . 5. . 6. .
7. (a group). 8. . 9.
. 10. .
IX. .
) .
1. . ? .
? , . 2.
? - . - ? - . 3.
? - . 4. , () .
, . . 5. , .
6. ( ) . 7.
? - . 8. ,
. 9. . 10.
? . 11. .
)
(. 1 22).
1. . .
2. . 3. .
, , . 4. He .
. 5. , .
6. . 7.
() . 8. .
. 9. .
. 10. . . 11. ,
! 12. ! 13. ! 14.
. . 15. !
X. .
a) quite, quick, quest, quiz, quaver, quits; small, fall, tall, call, all;
chalk, walk, talk, stalk, calk;
new, few, stew, pew, hew, pewter, hewn, news;
write, wrest, wrong, wrist, wring, wreck, wrap;
wry, wrong, English, angry, angle;
high, nigh, right, night, bright, might, light, fight.
b) she, meek, reel, grim, happy, pony, sack, lad, darn, got, lard, pond, mule,
bloom, butter, ugly, rudder, sink, mill, fuss, hobby, fly, cube;

80
seep, pep, send, Steve, made, Sam, pane, sand, plate, mean, heat, pine, sty,
teach, close, clock, shelf, cock, tope, tone, bud, fun, fume, laid, bay, tube,
far, hard, term, bird, skirt, thirsty, icy, free, party; peg, gent, peck, skin,
single.
XI. ,
,
.
ceiling, window, chair, piece, chalk, word, question,
colour, light, blue, come, eight.

81
*


[i:]
( ).
[] ,
( ).
[]
.
[]
.
[:]
.
[]
( ).
[:]
( ).
[u:]
( ).
[u]
( ).
[]
.
[:]
.
[]
, .


[]:
[e, a, ]
[u]:
[u, u]
[]:
[, , u]

*
.

82

I.
)
[p] -
[b] -
[t] ()
[d] ()
[k]
[]
)
[t] - (-)
[d] - (-)
)
[m] -
[n]
[]

II.
)
[f] -
[v] -
[]
[]

[s]
[z]
[] - (-)
[] - (-)
[h]
)
[w] -
[j]
[r]
[1]

83



[e] Nn [n]
b [bi:] [ou]
[si:] Pp [pi:]
Dd [di:] Qq [kju:]
[i:] Rr [:]
Ff [ef] Ss [es]
Gg [di:] Tt [ti:]
h [et] Uu [ju:]
Ii [a] Vv [vi:]
Jj [de] Ww [dblju:]
Kk [ke] Xx [eks]
Ll [el] Y [wa]
m [em] Zz [zed]



a [e] o [ou] [i:] i [a] [wa] u [ju:]


I [e] [ou] [i:] [a] [ju:]
name note be fine my tune
II [] [] [e] [] []
flat not pen sit myth cup
[:] [:] [:]
III
large fork term firm Byrd fur
[] [:] [] [a] [ju]
IV
Mary more here fire tyre during





ai [e] Spain oo [u:] too
ay [e] day ou [au] out
ea [i:] sea ow [au] brown
[i:] meet ai + r [] chair
ew [ju:] new + r [] engineer
oi [] point ou + r [au] our
oy l [] boy + r [:] door
oo + k [u] book

84
,

c [si:] 1) e, i, [s] cent, pencil, icy
2) , , u, [k] cap, come, cup, black

g [di:] 1) e, i, [d] page
2) , , u, [] good, green, big

s [es] 1) [s] sit, student, lists


2) [z] please, ties, pens


x [eks] 1) [ks] text, six
2) [z] exam



sh [] she
ch [t] chess
tell [t] match
ck [k] black
th 1) [] thick, myth

2) , [] this, bathe

wh 1) , [w] what
,
2) [h] who
qu [kw] question
ng [] long
nk [k] thank
wr [r] write



al 1) k [:] chalk
2) [:l] wall, also

wo [w:] work
wa 1) , [w] want
r
2) r [w:] warm
igh [a] light

85

LESSON ONE (THE FIRST LESSON)
Text: WE STUDY FOREIGN LANGUAGES
Grammar: 1. Indefinite. (. 26, 27).
2.
(. 28).
Whats the English for ? - ?
Whats the Russian for trade? trade?
My name is Petrov. I live in the centre of Moscow. I work at the Ministry of
Foreign Trade. I am an engineer and I am also a student. Many engineers of our
Ministry study foreign languages. I study English. In the morning I take my English
text-book and my exercise-books and go to the Ministry. The teacher and the stu-
dents come into the class-room and sit down at the tables. The students open their
text-books and their exercise-books. I also open my text-book and my exercise-book.
During the lesson we read our texts, write sentences on the blackboard and do ex-
ercises. We do not write many exercises at the lesson. We sometimes write dicta-
tions. We usually write exercises at home. We usually speak English to our teacher.
We sometimes speak Russian at the lesson. After the lesson we go to the office.
***
What is your name? My name is Smirnov.
Do you live in Moscow? Yes, I do.
Where do you work? I work at an office.
Do you study French? No, I do not (No, I dont).
What language do you study? I study English.
When do you usually study English? I usually study English in the
evening.
What do you do during your lessons? We read, write and speak English
during our lessons.
Do you write many or few exercises at the lessons? We write few exer-
cises at the lessons.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


, *
W. comb word combination
e.g. [frz:mpl] . . exempli
gratia
Phr phrase
Prp preposition ( )
Art article ( )
Gr grammar

*
Phr, W. comb. Gr.
Phr ,

86
Ant antonym (,
)
Syn synonym ( )
W.O. word order (
)
pl plural
etc. et cetera [et setr] .. ( )

first ( )
W. comb the first lesson (word) ()
grammar
to study [t std] , ,
e. g. We study English. .
We study in this room. () .
foreign [frn]
a language [lwd]
the English language
to live [t lv]
the centre [ sent]
e. g. I live in the centre of the city. .
to work
Prp to work at ...
e.g. We work at this office. .
the Ministry of Foreign Trade [ .
mnstr v frn tred]

, (
also [:lsou]
Syn too )
:
They are also here ( - .
to be)
They also study here ( .
)
many [men] , ( -
)
Ant few
morning
evening [i: vn]

. W. comb , ..
, .
.
Gr ,
.

87
Prp in the morning
in the evening
W. comb every morning (evening) ()
usually [ju :ul]
sometimes [smtamz]
often [fn]
seldom [seldm]
always [: lwz]
a text-book
an exercise [n ekssaz]
an exercise-book
during [djur] ,
e.g. We read and write during the .
lesson.
a sentence [ sentns] ()
a dictation [ dkten]
to speak ,
Prp to speak to (with) [w] -
:
-. We speak English.
. We speak this language.
- We speak to (with) our teacher.
.
Russian [rn]
French
:
to speak Russian -
to speak French -
after [:ft] ()
Ant before [bf:] ,
e.g. After the lesson we work. .
Before the lesson I speak to my
friends. .
when ( )
e.g. When do you study English?
?

. C: -ion, -ly
-ion ,
. ( -t-, -s-, -
ss-) [n]:
to dictate ; dictation [dkten]

88
,
e .
-ly [l] ; :
usual ; usuall [ju:ul]



I.
(. 26).
1. I often meet this engineer here. 2. You seldom go to the blackboard. 3. They
read their text-books every day. 4. His sisters always give me books to read. 5. They
go there every day. 6. You usually read these notes at home. 7. They often come
here. 8. We often write questions at home.
II. .
1. Do you often meet your friends at the office?
2. Do they sometimes take your books?
3. Where do you usually read books and newspapers?
4. What do you usually do at the lesson?
5. What do you often copy?
6. What do you read every day?
7. Where do you go every day?
8. Do you read your English books at home or at the lesson?
III. .
1. Ann is in her room now (l). 2. This is a room (l). 3. The walls of this room
are blue (1). 4. We read good books (2). 5. You often go there (1). 6. I sometimes
give Pete my copy-books (2). 7. They read books and newspapers in this room
(2). 8. My sons read these text-books every day (2).
IV. ,
-.
1. , .
2. ? 3. ?
4. , ,
. 5. ? . 6.
, . 7.
. 8. . 9.
? . 10.
? . 11. ?
12. ? . 13.
. 14. ? 15.
?

89
-
V. .
writesentences onthe blackboard
writedictations atthe lesson
whatlanguage studyEnglish
During the lessons | we read our texts, | write sentences on the black-
board | and do exercises. We sometimes write dictations. We usually speak
English with our teacher.

Do you live in Moscow? Yes, | I do.


Do you study French? No, | I dont.
What language do you study? I study English.
Do you write many | or few exercises at the lessons?
VI. I II
.
a e i o u
/ \ / \ / \ / \ / \
[el] [] [i:] [e] [a] [] [ou] [] [ju:] []
VII. ,
,
.
exercise-book blackboard doer dictation
teacher writer speaker ink-stand
usually reader worker badly
VIII. , .
1. What is your name?
2. Do you live in Moscow or in Leningrad?
3. Do you live in the centre of Moscow?
4. Where do you work?
5. Are you a teacher?
6. What are you?
7. Do you study?
8. Where do you study?
9. Where do you go in the evening?
10. What do you do during the lessons?
11. Where do you write exercises?
12. Do you usually do many exercises at the lesson?
13. Do you often write dictations?
14. Do you do many or few exercises at home?
15. Do you often or seldom speak English to your teacher?
16. What language do you sometimes speak at the lessons?

90
17. Where do you go after the lessons?
18. What kind of books do you usually read?
IX. .
1. I work at an office (1). 2. In the evening we usually study foreign lan-
guages (3). 3. They often speak English at their lessons (2). 4. We write many
sentences on the blackboard (2). 5. After my English lesson I go to the office (2).
6. You read English books at home (2). 7. We read, write and speak English
during our lessons (1). 8. We always come to the office in the morning (2).
X. ,
.
1. My son is a pioneer. 2. Is his sister an engineer? 3. We write exercises at
our lesson and at home. 4. Do you work at an office? 5. These engineers do not study
foreign languages.
XI. ,
.
(a blackboard, to speak, to study, to write, to live, to go, to work, a lesson,
an engineer, an office, to do)
I am ___. I ___ in Moscow and ___ at a ministry. I also ___ English there. At
the lesson we ___ many exercises and ___ many sentences on ___. We usually ___
English to our teacher at ___. After the lessons I ___ to the ___.
XII. , .
I. We live ___ Moscow. 2. They work ___ the Ministry ___ Foreign Trade.
3. I usually go ___ the office ___ the morning. 4. My friends seldom speak English
___ me. 5. Do you speak English or Russian ___ your wife? 6. Where is your pencil?
Is it ___ the table? No, it isnt. It is ___ the floor ___ the table. 7. Take your pen
___ ___ your bag and write this sentence. 8. I usually go ___ the office ___ the
lessons. 9. ___ our lessons we usually write many exercises ___ the blackboard. ___
home we usually write ___ our copy-books. 10. ___ the morning the teacher and the
students come ___ the class-room and sit down ___ their tables. 11. What do you
usually do ___ your English lessons? We read, write and speak English ___ our
lessons. 12. Do you go ___ the office ___ or ___ your lessons? 13. Dont go ___ that
room. 14. Look ___ the blackboard.
XIII. , .
My sister is ___ student. Her friends are also ___ students. They live in ___
Moscow. They study ___ English. They usually study in ___ morning. Their class-
room is large. ___ walls of ___ class-room are yellow. ___ students come into ___
class-room and sit down at ___ tables. They usually do ___ many exercises, write
___ dictations and study English grammar at ___ lessons. They also often write on
___ blackboard. They do ___ exercises at ___ home too.
XIV. ,
.

91
1) the class-room, we, sit down, come, into, and, the, at, tables.
2) write, do, many, we, not, sentences, our, at, lessons.
3) to, speak, usually, you, teacher, English, your, do?
4) he lessons, sometimes, Russian, they, at, speak.
5) study, foreign, in the evening, you, languages, do?
XV. ,
: , , ,
, , .
1. ! ( ). 2. !
( ). 3. . 4.
. . 5.
? . 6. !
! 7. ! 8. *. 9.
? 10. . 11.
. 12. .
XVI. , .
1. ?
. 2. . 3. Bo
,
-. 4. * . . 5.
?
-. -.
. 6. - .
- . 7.
. . 8. ?
, . 9. ?
, . . .
10. ? . 11.
? . ?
. 12. ? 13.
?
. . 14.
. . .
. . .
. -
. -
. 15. ?
? , .
? . ? .
? .
? , ,
*
Leningrad.
*
very [ver]

92
. ?
. ?
. - -
? -, -.
XVII. ,
. c .
XVIII. .

93
LESSON TWO (THE SECOND LESSON)
Text: WE STUDY FOREIGN LANGUAGES (continued)*
Grammar: 1. Indefinite (3-e
. 29).

2. (. 30, 31)**.
Whats the home
task for to-day? ?
My wife is an economist. She works together with me. She goes to the office
every day. My wife does not study English. She already knows English very well.
She reads many English books, magazines and newspapers. She also knows French.
At her office she sometimes writes letters to foreign firms. She often translates
telegrams from Russian into English and from English into Russian.
My wife is also a student. She studies German. She is a very good student.
She usually gets good marks. She always comes to her lessons in time1 ***.
My wife and I usually go home together.
In the evening we prepare our home task. We learn new words, read texts
and write exercises. We also repeat grammar rules2. We sometimes speak English
at home. We speak about our work and our lessons.
***
Does your wife study or does she work? She works.
Where does she work? She works together with me.
Is your wife an economist? Yes, she is.
Does she know English well? Yes, she does.
Does she study French? No, she does not. (No, she doesnt).
What language does she study? She studies German.
How does she know German? She knows German well.
What does she usually speak about3 at the lessons?
She speaks about her work.


1. in time , .
, time
.
2. grammar rule .
,

,

*
.
**
,
.
***
. .

94
3. What does she usually speak about at the lessons?
?

, ..
-, :
( ),
:
What do you sometimes speak about at your lessons?
About what do you sometimes speak at your lessons?
?

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


second [seknd]
W. comb the second lesson (text) ()
an economist
together [t e]
e.g. I usually go to the office
together with my friends. .
already [: lred]
W.O. My son already works at
an office. .
( )
His son is already a student. .
( to be)
to know
e.g. I know this engineer. .
knows English well. .
very [ver]
well ()
Ant badly
e.g. This student studies very well. .
a magazine [ mzi:n] (, -
)
a letter 1.
e.g. Write me a letter. .
2.
e.g. This little boy already knows
many letters. .
a firm
to translate [t tr:nslet]
Prp to translate from ... into c ... ...
e.g. We translate many sentences
from Russian into English. .
a telegram [ telrm]

95
German [d: mn]
to get [t et] 1.
e.g. This student usually gets good
marks. .
2.
e.g. Where do you usually get
English books? ?
time
Gr in time ,
e.g. Peter always comes to
his lessons in time. .
home
e.g. Do you go home after the lesson? ?
When do you usually come home? ?
a task ,
a home task
Syn home-work
to prepare [t prp] ,
e.g. When do you usually prepare -
your home task? ?
Prp to prepare for ...
e.g. I usually prepare for
my English lesson in the evening. .
to learn [t l:n] ,
e.g. We learn many new words at
our lessons. .
:
() . I study English.
() . I learn new words.
to repeat [t rpi:t]
e.g. Repeat it, please. , .
a rule [ru:l]
W. comb a grammar rule
about , (-, -)
e.g. Tell me about your studies. .
how ()
e.g. How does she study? She ?
studies very well. .

.
-ent
-ent [nt] :
a student

96
.
kn u l r
1. k n , ,
to know [t nou]
2. u l r I [u:], :
a rule [ ru:l] blue [blu:]



I. ,
(. 29).
I look I dont look Do I look?
You look You dont look Do you look?
He looks He doesnt look Does he look?
She looks She doesnt look Does she look?
It looks It doesnt look Does it look?
We look We dont look Do we look?
You look You dont look Do you look?
They look They dont look Do they look?
to close, to go, to open, to read, to sit down, to live, to work, to study, to come,
to write, to do, to speak, to send, to meet, to give, to take, to copy, to put.
II. .
1. ___ lives in Moscow. 2. ___ come into their class-room and sit down at the
tables. 3. Does ___ sometimes meet his friends at the office? Yes, ___ does. 4. ___
study English at the office in the morning. 5. ___ does not speak English to her
teacher. 6. Do ___ sometimes speak Russian at their lessons? Yes, ___ do. 7. Where
do ___ study? ___ study at the office. 8. ___ do not study English. ___ study French.
9. ___ am also a student. 10. Does ___ work or study? ___ works at an office. 11. Do
___ go to the office in the morning? Yes, ___ do. 12. ___ does not often write sen-
tences on the blackboard. 13. ___ do not read English books every day. 14. What do
___ usually read at the lessons? ___ usually read our text-books. 15. Where does
___ go every day? ___ goes to the office every day.
III.
.
l. His name is Pavlov. 2. Her sister lives in Moscow. 3. My friend studies
English. 4. Our teacher speaks French. 5. This engineer works at our office. 6. His
wife goes to the office in the morning. 7. Her friend writes English sentences at
home. 8. They do many exercises at home.

97
IV. ,
-.
a) 1. Does your wife work?
2. Where does she work?
3. Does she study a foreign language?
4. What language does she study?
5. Does your son go to his English lessons every day?
6. Does he study French too?
7. What does he do during his English lessons?
8. Does your sister work or study?
9. When does she go to the office?
b)10. Are you a worker?
11. Do you study German?
12. Does your sister study German too?
13. Is she a good student?
14. Where do you work?
15. Where does your sister work?
16. What kind of books do you read?
17. What kind of books does your son read?
18. When do you study English?
19. When does your son study English?
V. ,
-.
1. ? 2. . 3.
. 4. ?
. 5.
(Kiev)? . 6. , . 7.
? 8. .
9. .
, . 10.
? . 11. -. 12.
? 13. ? .
? . 14.
? 15.
? 16. . .

-
VI. .
writes lives letters
works knows firms
translates studies telegrams

98
My wife is an economist. At her office | she sometimes writes letters | to
foreign firms. She often translates telegrams | from Russian into English | and
from English into Russian.
***
Does your wife study | or does she work? She works. How does
she know German? She knows German well.
VII. .
a) knife, know, knock, knave, knee, knit, knew, knot; rule, blue, flute,
rude, ruby, allude.
b) speech, crack, drone, puff, traffic, gate, gust, bigger, log, egg, germ,
high, jig, just, kite, bring, quest, quick, race, cane, cinders, cut, care, mere, tire, cure,
stir, burn, arm, lore, port.
VIII. , ,
, .
reader question student
doctor foreigner writer
badly translator translation
IX. , .
1. Does your wife study or does she work?
2. Where does your wife work?
3. Is your wife an engineer or an economist?
4. Does she study German or does she already know the language?
5. How does she know German?
6. What foreign language does she know well?
7. What does she read?
8. Does your wife also know French?
9. What does she do at the office?
10. What does she translate?
11. Does your wife study French or English?
12. How does she study?
13. When does she prepare her home task?
14. What marks does she usually get?
15. What marks do you usually get?
16. Does your wife always come to her lessons in time?
17. Do you always come to your lessons in time?
18. Does your wife speak English (French) at home?
19. What does she always tell you after her lessons?
20. Do you prepare your lessons in the morning or in the evening?
21. Do you often repeat grammar rules at the lesson?
22. Do you prepare your lessons together with your wife?
23. When do you prepare your lessons?
24. What do you learn?

99
25. How do you speak English?
26. What do you often speak about with your friends?
X. .
1. My wife is an economist (l). 2. His sister lives in Moscow (1). 3. My sister
often sends me letters. (1). 4. They speak German well (1). 5. This student goes to
his lessons in the morning (1). 6. He usually gets good marks (1). 7. My friend
prepares her home task in the evening (3). 8. My son learns many new words at
his lessons (2).
XI. .
1. What is his wife? She is an economist.
2. This student knows English very well.
3. We do not prepare our home task in the evening.
4. What grammar rules do they repeat at home?
5. My son usually gets good marks.
6. Dont tell me about it now.
7. Speak to your friend about it to-day ().
XII. ,
.
) 1. ? ,
. 2. . 3.
. 4. -
o . 5.
. 6. .
7. . 8.
.
) 1. ? 2.
. 3. ? 4.
.
XIII. , .
l. Dont translate these letters ___ English. Translate these letters ___ French.
2. Peter always comes ___ the office ___ time. 3. We sometimes read Russian and
English books ___ the evening. 4. ___ our English lessons we often go ___ the
blackboard. We write many sentences ___ the blackboard. 5. Where does he usually
go ___ his work? He usually goes ___ his English lesson. 6. Does your wife speak
___ German? No, she doesnt. She speaks ___ English and French. 7. ___ the
morning our teacher comes ___ the class-room, puts his bag ___ the table and sits
down ___ his table. 8. I sometimes speak ___ English ___ my son. 9. Tell her ___
your friends. 10. Comrade Petrov, translate this text ___ Russian ___ English,
please. 11. Do you usually speak ___ books ___ your friends? Yes, I do. 12. My
friends usually go ___ ___ their class-room ___ their lesson and then go ___ home.
13. What do you usually speak ___ ___ your friends ___ the lesson ___ the morning?

100
XIV. , .
My son is ___ engineer. He works at ___ factory*. He knows ___ French and
___ German. He studies ___ English. He is ___ good student. He often reads ___
English books at ___ home. He usually goes to his lessons in ___ morning. He al-
ways comes there in ___ time. At factory he gets ___ English magazines and news-
papers. In ___ evening he prepares his home task. He often translates ___ sentences
from ___ Russian into ___ English. He often gets ___ good marks.
XV. to come to go
.
1. I work at an office. I ___ to the office every day. 2. In the morning our
teacher ___ into the class-room and sits down at his table. 3. We do not ___ home
after our lessons, we ___ to our offices and work there. 4. When do you usually ___
home? I usually ___ home at seven oclock in the evening. 5. We always ___ to
our lessons in time. 6. We often ___ to the blackboard at our lessons.
XVI. ,
, , , , .
1. . 2.
. 3. . 4. ?
. 5. . 6.
. 7.
. . 8.
. 9.
.
XVII. , .
1. He often (to meet) Peter at his office. 2. You (to speak) English? Yes, I
(to do). 3. usually (to come) home in the evening. 4. Ann (to be) an economist.
She (to live) far from* her office? No, she (not to do). She (not to live) far from
her office. 5. He sometimes (to translate) letters and telegrams from Russian into
English. 6. His sister (not to study) French. She (to study) German. 7. We often (to
send) telegrams to Kiev. 8. Your son (to be) a pioneer? 9. He always (to prepare) his
lessons well? What marks he usually (to get)? He always (to get) good marks. 10.
They (to take) English lessons every day? 11. You often (to repeat) the words of
these texts? 12. The words of the second lesson (not to be) new. We already (to
know) these words very well.
XVIII. , .
) 1. ? . (
)? . 2. ?
. 3. ?
. 4. ?

*
A factory [fktr] .
*
Far from

101
. 5. ? 6.
. 7.
? .
. 8. . . 9. He
. . 10.
.
. 11. -
. 12. .
. 13. ? ,
. 14. ? ? .
15. ? .
o ? . 16.
* . 17.
? . 18.
? .
. 19. ?
20. , . 21.
. 22. -.
. 23. .
.
) . , ! (
). .
. .
(). .
. Bo ,
.
. ,
.
. . . .
. ,

.
XIX. 3-
. :
My friend Petrov lives in Moscow
XX. o , .
to live, a name, to work, an engineer, to know, to go, to come, in time, to
translate, foreign, many, a magazine, in the evening, in the morning, an office, to
speak, very well, together, about, with, in the centre of.

*
an article [n :tkl].

102
LESSON THREE (THE THIRD LESSON)
Text: THE WORKING DAY OF AN ENGINEER
Grammar: 1. (. 32).
2. (. 33).

3. Much, little (. 34).
4. (. 35).
5. ,
(. 36).
Thank you very much! !
Dont mention it! He ! (!)
Comrade Petrov works at an office. He lives near his office. He usually
walks there. He works on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and
Saturday. He does not work on Sunday.
His working day lasts eight hours1, but on Saturday he works only six hours.
In the morning he receives very many letters and telegrams. He always answers
them.
He sometimes translates articles from foreign newspapers and magazines. He
often receives engineers from factories. They discuss many questions with him. He
usually finishes work at six oclock2 in the evening. On Saturday he finishes work
at four oclock in the afternoon.
Comrade Petrov studies English. He works hard at his English. He sometimes
stays at his office after work to take English lessons. After the lessons he returns
home.
***
Who works at this office? Comrade Petrov does.
Whom does he often receive at the office? He often receives engineers
from factories.
Does Comrade Petrov live far from his office? No, he doesnt. He lives
near it.
How long does his working day last? It lasts eight hours.
When does he usually finish work? He finishes work at six oclock in
the evening.
Which of his friends studies English? Comrade Pavlov does.
Does he study English in the morning or in the evening?
He studies English in the evening.


1. His working day lasts
eight hours. .
2. He usually finishes
work at six oclock. .

103
hour (= 60 ).
oclock (
? ?), :
at five oclock , at three oclock .
,
.
:

3 . 12 . morning from midnight (12 oclock)
till noon (12 oclock)
12 . 5 . afternoon from 12 oclock (noon) till
6 oclock.
5 . 12 . evening from 6 oclock till 12 oclock
12 . 3 . (midnight)
5 . He usually comes home at 5 oclock in the
afternoon.
2 . . She finishes work at 2 oclock in the
morning.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


third [:d]
a working day
to mention [t menn]
a comrade [ kmrd]
e.g. Do you know Comrade Smirnov? ?
near , ,
()
Ant far from
:
lives near his office.
.
lives far from his office.
.
to walk ,
e.g. I usually walk to the office. .
I often walk here with my son. .
a walk
W. comb to go for a walk
a week-day [ wi:k de] ,
( pl. week-days)
e.g. We usually work on week-days. .

104
a week-end ,

e.g. I usually spend week-ends with
my friends. (: -
) .
Monday [mnd]
Tuesday [tju: zd]
Wednesday [wenzd]
Thursday [:zd]
Friday [frad]
Saturday [std]
Sunday [snd]
a day off [ de f]
e.g. Sunday is my day off. .
Prp on my day off
on Monday
on that day
on week-days
at the week-end -
(over the week-end) .
much ( -
, euc-
-
)
Ant little
how much ( -
)
how many ( -
)
:
much work
much time
little work
little time
()? how much work (time)?
many exercises
few words
()? how many exercises (words)?
much ()
Ant little
e.g. Ann reads much, and Peter ,
reads little. .
Syn hard ,

105
W. comb to work hard ()
to study hard ()
e.g. Nick works hard at his English.
.
to last [t l:st]
an hour [n au] ( )
e.g. Our lesson usually lasts
two hours. .
only [ounl]
e.g. I know only one foreign
language. .
to receive [t rsi:v] 1.
e.g. My sister often receives letters
from her friends. .
2.
e.g. Every day Comrade Ivanov re- -
ceives engineers from our. .
factories
to answer [t :ns] (-, -)
:
. Answer these questions.
an article [n :tkl] 1.
e.g. Dont read this article. It is He .
not very interesting. .
2.
a plant [ pl:nt]
a factory [ fktr] ,
to discuss [t dsks]
e.g. Dont discuss this question He .
now.
to finish ,
e.g. We usually finish our work
in the evening. .
at 1. ( )
e.g. I come home at seven oclock. .
e.g. I finish my work at six oclock -
in the afternoon. .
:
finishes his work at six
( oclock.
).
works six hours on Saturday.
( ).

106
2.
e.g. works hard at his German.
.
afternoon [:ftnu:n] (noon ,
12 )
Prp in the afternoon
e.g. My son usually comes home at
four oclock in the afternoon. .
to stay
e.g. We do not usually stay
at home on Sunday. .
to return 1. ,
e.g. Return my book, please. , , .
2.
e.g. returns home at eight
oclock in the evening. .
how long ,
e.g. How long does your lesson
usually last? ?
which , , (
...)
e.g. Which book do you take? ()
( )?
Which of you knows French? ?

100
C : -teen, -ty, -th
I. -teen [ti:n] ( ten );
13 19
.
-teen ,
, :
nineteen [nanti:n]
.
, ,
:
lesson nineteen
[lesn nanti:n]
,
, :
the nineteenth lesson
[ nanti:n lesn]

107
thirteen seventeen
fourteen eighteen
fifteen nineteen
sixteen

:
eleven [levn]
twelve [twelv]
II. -ty [t] .
, .
-ty .
twenty sixty
thirty seventy
forty eighty
fifty ninety
one hundred

III. . ,
, :
twenty-three


(), :
twenty-one
ninety-nine

IV. -th [] (
, four
); fourth
-, ie
th:
twenties [twent]
ninetieth [nant]

fourth tenth
sixth eleventh
seventh thirteenth
eighth

108

twelve twelfth
five fifth
nine ninth

,
, ,
, ,
, ,
. year , ,
.
:
1900 [nanti:n hndrd] 1900 . ( ).
1905 [nanti:n ou fav] 1905 . ( ).
1917 [nanti:n sevnti:n] 1917 . ( ).
1957 [nanti:n fft sevn] 1957 . ( ).


, ear
1. ay, ey [],
:
Monday [mnd] money [mn]
2. ear [], :
near [n] ,



I. , .
1. These exercises are very good. Prepare (they) at home. 2. This engineer
lives in our house*. I know (he) well. 3. Write these words in your copy-books and
learn (they). 4. Read this letter and translate (it) from Russian into English. 5. Ann
usually prepares her home task together with (I). 6. I know this girl. She studies
English with (we). 7. With (who) do you usually speak about your work?
II.
(. 32).
l. Take this book and read ___ at home. 2. Does he often speak with ___ about
the new films? 3. These books are very good. Where do you get ___? 4. My sister
knows English well. I often prepare my home task with ___. 5. Read these words
and learn ___ well. 6. I do not know ___. What is his name?

*
A house [ haus] .

109
III. (. 33).
1. Which of you knows French?
2. Which of these engineers works hard at his English?
3. Who knows English well?
4. Which of your economists often takes English books to read?
5. Who translates German letters and telegrams at your office?
6. Who often sends you telegrams?
7. Who gives you books to read?
8. Which of your friends lives in Leningrad?
9. Who speaks Russian at our lessons?
10. Which of these engineers does not know English?
11. Which of you does not repeat these grammar rules every day?
12. Who reads these foreign magazines at your office?
13. Which of them does not study now?
14. Which of you knows Comrade Semenov?
IV. .
l. These hoys usually get good marks (2). 2. Our teacher always speaks Eng-
lish at our lessons (3). 3. The students often translate sentences from Russian
into English (2). 4. At the office my wife usually writes letters and telegrams (4).
5. We sometimes study English in the evening (3). 6. In the morning these engi-
neers go to their factories (3). 7. Those girls are economists (2). 8. These workers
read foreign magazines in the evening (4). 9. I am an engineer (2). 10. His sisters
already know French (3).
V. :
) ,
.
1. ()?
. 2. ? . 3.
? . 4.
, ? .
5. ?
. 6. ? . 7.
? . 8. ? .
9. ? 10.
? . 11.
? .
) , .
1. . 2.
. 3. ? . .
4. (asks) . 5.
(group)? . 6.
. 7. ?
() . 8.

110
. 9. ? .
.
VI. .
9, 11, 8, 13, 12, 20, 32, 30, 34, 43, 41, 14, 45, 54, 50, 53, 56, 65, 67, 57, 78,
89, 91, 99, 100.
VII. a ,
.
, , , ,
, , , , ,
, , .
VIII. .
, , ,
, , ,
, , , 45,
23.
IX. -.
1956 ., 1945 ., 1917 ., 1905 ., 1900 ., 1812 ., 1799 ., 1242 ., 1066 .,
1848 ., 1871 ., 1725 ., 1147 ., 1612 ., 1499 .

-
X. .
walksthere letters andtelegrams
worksthere Friday andSaturday
answerthem

Comrade Petrov lives near his office. He usually walks there. He works
on Monday, | Tuesday, | Wednesday, | Thursday, | Friday | and Saturday. In
the morning | he receives very many letters and telegrams. He always answers
them.
Who works at this office? I do. Which of your friends works there
too? Comrade Petrov does.

XI. .
.
lasts, does, receives, answers, translates, discusses, finishes, studies, returns,
stays, letters, telegrams, questions, tells, texts, cities, books, articles.
XII. ,
ay, ey, ee, ea, eer, ear.
Tuesday, Monday, holiday, Sunday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Wednesday,
stay, play, gay, day; hockey, money, storey; steel, leap, feel, fear, deer, dear,
clear, deep, steer.

111
XIII. a ,
.
speaker fifteen preparation
discussion translation writer
eleventh walker ninth
sixty badly ninety
XIV. , .
1. Who works at an office (a factory)?
2. Does your friend live far from his office (factory)?
3. Does he walk to his office (factory)?
4. On what days does he work?
5. Does he work hard on week-days?
6. What does he do on his day off?
7. Where does he usually spend () week-ends?
8. How long does his working day last?
9. How many hours a day does he work?
10. When does your friend receive foreign telegrams at the office?
11. How many foreign telegrams does he receive every morning?
12. Does he always answer them?
13. Who answers letters and telegrams at your office?
14. What does he sometimes translate?
15. Whom does he often receive?
16. What do they discuss?
17. When does he usually finish work?
18. When does he finish work on Saturday?
19. Where does he sometimes stay after work?
20. When does he return home?
21. When do you usually return home?
22. Do you live far from the office?
23. Which of your friends lives near your house?
XV. .
1. He lives near Moscow (l). 2. My wife works at a factory (2). 3. My friend
often receives many letters and telegrams (l). 4. Our English lesson lasts two hours
(1). 5. Comrade Petrov answers many letters and telegrams every day (l). 6. This
engineer always finishes work at six oclock in the evening (1). 7. My friend reads
many articles in foreign newspapers every day (l).
XVI. .
1. Comrade Petrov is an engineer (2). 2. He discusses many questions at
the office (2). 3. Our English lessons usually last two hours (3). 4. These students
usually return home at five oclock in the afternoon (3). 5. Our wives do not work
on Sunday (2). 6. His sisters work at a new factory (4). 7. We usually receive

112
letters and telegrams in the morning (3). 8. I sometimes stay at the factory after
work (3). 9. You live far from your office (2).
XVII. .
1. I receive 4. He goes
2. My sister comes 5. Our lesson lasts
3. We usually finish 6. My friend lives
XVIII. ,
a .
1. We often stay at the office to take our English lessons. 2. Does his son speak
English very well? 3. We do not finish work at six oclock in the evening on Satur-
day. 4. That student reads very much. 5. We sometimes stay here to discuss our
work. 6. To know English well we read English books and magazines. 7. Nick stud-
ies hard to know French well.
XIX. , .
on Saturday, to discuss (with), to stay, questions, to go home, after work, be-
fore the lessons, together with, to live, working day, to answer, to translate ( from
into), in time, to prepare (for), to walk, at home, very much, in the centre of, to
work (at), during the lesson, to speak (about), near my house, far from the factory.
XX. , .
Ann is ___ worker. She works at ___ large factory. ___ factory is not far from
___ Moscow. Ann usually goes there in ___ morning. She finishes work at five
oclock in ___ afternoon. Her sister is ___ student, she lives in ___ Kiev. She studies
___ German. Ann often receives ___ letters from her sister. She sometimes goes to
___ Kiev to stay with her sister.
XXI. , .
1. They (to finish) their lesson at ten oclock? 2. He usually (to walk) home
after work. 3. At what office (to work) Comrade Petrov? 4. He (not to work) hard at
his German. 5. Whose working day (to last) six hours? 6. Your working day (to last)
eight hours? 7. How long your working day (to last)? 8. This engineer usually (to
return) home at seven oclock in the evening. 9. You (to answer) many questions at
your lessons? 10. Your sister often (to stay) at the factory after work? 11. I often (not
to receive) letters from my friends. I (to receive) many telegrams from them.
12. Comrade Petrov often (to answer) many letters and telegrams. l3. Who often (to
discuss) many questions with these engineers? 14. How they (to know) English?
They (to know) English very well. l5. The students (to repeat) the new words at
home or at the lesson? They (to repeat) them at home.
XXII. , .
) l. ?
. 2. ( ) .
. 3. ?

113
, .
, . 4. ?
. . 5.
? .
. 6. ? .
. .
? . 7.
( ) ? . 8.
. . 9.
?
. 10. ? .
? . .
? 7 .
11. ? .
() 6 .
. 12. , . 13.
? .
() . 14. . 15.
? .
16. . (park).
. .
. . 17.
, . 18. .
) ? .
? .
,
. ?
6 . ? .
.
? .
? ,
, .
? . ,
, .
.
? . .
? .
? .
XXIII. . ( 1, 2, 3).
.
(an institute [n nsttjut]).
,
.
.

114
. .
, , .
.
. , ,
.
, -
.
XXIV. .
XXV. ypoe,
.
Comrade, near, to walk, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday,
Saturday, to last, an hour, to answer, a question, to translate, to discuss, to finish, at
ten oclock, to work (at), hard, to stay, only.

115
LESSON FOUR (THE FOURTH LESSON)
Text: THE WORKING DAY OF AN ENGINEER
Grammar: 1. Indefinite (
. 37, 38, 39).
Whos absent? Comrade Pegov is. ? To. .
Whos on duty to-day? I am. ? .
Did you stay with your family over the
week-end? ?
My friend Petrov lives in Leningrad now. Two years ago he lived in Moscow
and worked at an office. He lived near his office. He usually walked there. He
worked on week-days. He worked hard. He did not work on Sunday. Sometimes he
stayed with his friends over the week-end. His working day lasted eight hours, but
on Saturdays he worked only six hours. In the morning he received very many letters
and telegrams. He always answered them. He sometimes translated articles from
foreign newspapers and magazines. He often received engineers from factories.
They discussed many questions with him. He usually finished work at six oclock in
the evening. On Saturday he finished work at four oclock in the afternoon.
Comrade Petrov studied English. He worked hard at his English. He some-
times stayed at the office after work to take English lessons. After the lessons he
returned home.
***
Who worked at an office two years ago?
Comrade Petrov did.
Whom did Comrade Petrov receive at the office? He often received
engineers from factories.
Did he live far from his office?No, he didnt. He lived near it. When
did he usually finish work?He finished work at six oclock in the evening.
(At) what time did he usually return home on Saturday? He usually
returned home at five oclock on Saturday.
What language did he study? He studied English.
Did he study English in the morning or in the evening?
He studied English in the evening.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


fourth [f:]
yesterday [jestd]
the day before yesterday

last night [l:st nat]
last week [l:st wi:k]
last month [l:st mn]
last year [l:st j]
last time [l:st tam]

116
ago [ou]
W. comb two (three, four ... ten ...) (, ... ) (-
days (weeks, months, years) ago. , , ) .

Moscow [mskou]; Leningrad [lennrd]

. st, sk
a st, sk [:], :
last [l:st] ,
to ask [tu :sk]

-
I. ;
Past Indefinite,
.
, , , , , , ,
, , (), ( ), ,
, , , (), ,
, , .
II. .
walked_there I didnt
answered_them he didnt
translated_them they didnt
He lived near his office. He usually walked there. He received many
letters. He answered them. He translated them. Did he live far from the office?
No, | he didnt.

III.
.
a) last, past, ast, fast, task, mask, ask.
b) fate, mule, pump, fat, car, forth, went, lick, bite, spent, bit, tune, tiny,
fume, birth, same, Sam, stern, clock, bone, rob, cute, robe, fur, list, turn, Byrd,
terms, stir, curly, Charley, volley, Friday, rule, knock, flute, clear, fear.
IV.
(. 37).
1. He opened the window in our class-room before the lesson yesterday.
2. Ann translated many foreign letters at the office last week. 3. I finished work at
six oclock the day before yesterday. 4. You studied German five years ago. 5. They
returned home in the evening. 6. They discussed many articles from these French
magazines last week-end.

117
V. ,
no .
1. My working day lasts eight hours. 2. Do you often receive letters from your
friends ? 3. He returns home at eight oclock in the evening. 4. We discuss many
questions with engineers from factories. 5. Do they often stay at the factory after six
oclock?
VI. , a
-.
1. Who is your friend?
2. What is your friend? (What does he do?)
3. Where does your friend live now?
4. Does he live in Moscow or in Leningrad?
5. What kind of city is Leningrad?
6. Where did you live two years ago?
7. Where did your friend live two years ago?
8. Where did your friend work then ()?
9. Did he live far from his office?
10. Did he walk to his office?
11. On what days did he work?
12. Which days are week-days?
13. Did your friend work much or little?
14. On what day did he not work?
15. What did he usually do on Sunday?
16. How long did his working day last?
17. Did he answer many letters and telegrams?
18. Did he translate letters and telegrams at the office or at home?
19. Did he translate letters into French or into German?
20. What did he usually discuss with engineers from factories?
21. What did they usually speak about?
22. When did he usually finish work?
23. When did he usually finish work on Saturdays?
24. When did he return home?
25. Did he return home at five oclock in the afternoon on Wednesday or
on Saturday?
VII. .
1. Comrade Petrov receives many engineers from factories (1). 2. I received
a good mark yesterday (2). 3. They worked at a large factory in 1935 (4). 4. My
sister stayed at the office after work yesterday (3). 5. You lived in that house ten
years ago (3). 6. Ann often speaks about her son (2). 7. Comrade Petrov translated
seven English texts last week (3). 8. He knows English very well (2).

118
VIII. ,
.
l. Who usually (to prepare) his lessons in this room? This student (to do).
2. Last year I (to live) near my office. I always (to walk) there. 3. How your friend
(to speak) English?He (to speak) English badly. 4. When you (to return) home the
day before yesterday? I (to return) home at seven oclock the day before yester-
day. 5. What language you (to study) five years ago? I (to study) French. 6. What
language he (to study) now? He (to study) German. 7. What engineers you often
(to receive)? 8. What engineer they (to receive) last night? 9. You (to stay) at the
Ministry after work the day before yesterday? Yes, I (to do). What you (to do)
there? I (to study) English there. 10. How long your lesson usually (to last)?
It usually (to last) two hours. 11. How long your lesson (to last) two days ago? It
(to last) one hour. 12. Who (to finish) his work at seven oclock the day before yes-
terday? I (to do). 13. With what engineers you (to discuss) this question last week?
I (to discuss) it with the engineers from your office. 14. With whom you usually
(to return) home? I (to return) home with my wife. 15. With whom you (to dis-
cuss) this question last week-end? We (to discuss) it with my friend. 16. How he
usually (to answer) your questions at the lesson? He (to answer) them well. 17. I
(not to work) at this office five years ago. 18. What your friend usually (to do) during
the English lesson? During the lesson he usually (to read, to write and to speak)
English. 19. How long you (to stay) in Kiev last year? I (to stay) there a month.
IX. ,
.
X. .
1, 11, 2, 12, 20, 3, 13, 30, 4, 14, 40, 5, 15, 50, 6, 16, 60, 7, 17, 70, 8, 18, 80,
9, 19, 90.
XI.
.
1, 5, 8, 11, 12, 30, 34, 42, 50, 53, 3, 9, 90, 98, 100.
XII. a
.
, , ,
, , ,
, , , .
XIII. -.
1870 ., 1868 ., 1825 ., 1773 ., 1837 ., 1919 ., 1708 ., 1800 .

119
XIV. , ,
, .
1. to walk, to return, to receive, to stay, to answer, to live.
Last year I ___ in Odessa a month. I ___ near the sea (). Every day I ___
there in the morning and usually ___ there two, or three hours. I often ___ letters
from my friends. I usually ___ them in the evening. In October* I ___ to Moscow.
2. to answer, to receive, to finish, to return, to work, to discuss.
Comrade Serov is a worker. He ___ at a large factory. He usually ___ eight
hours. Yesterday he ___ work at seven oclock. After work the workers ___ their
plans. At eight oclock Comrade Serov ___ home. In the evening he ___ a telegram
and two letters. He ___ these letters.
XV. , a
-.
1. ?
. 2. ? .
?
. . 3.
? . 4.
? . 5.
? . 6.
? .
. 7.
? .
. 8.
? . ?
.
. 9. ? .
? . ,
. 10. -
, . 11.
? . ?
. 12. . .
. . 13.
? o
. 14. ?
.

*
October [ktoub] .

120
XVI. .
1. ? . .
? .
? .
. ,
.
? . ,
-. .
? .
. .
2. ?
.
? , ,
, , .
? , .
.
? .
?
.
?
, ,
.
, .
-?
? .
.
? ,
.
? .

.
XVII. ,
.
to live, to work (at), factory, on week days, to study hard, to work hard (at),
to stay, last night, to repeat, to learn, at the lesson, to answer, many questions, to
translate (from into), to receive good marks, to last, to return home.
XVIII. :
a) My Last Year Studies, b) My Working Day Yesterday, c) In the Evening.

121
LESSON FIVE (THE FIFTH LESSON)
Text: MY FRIENDS LAST WEEK-END
Grammar: 1. Indefinite (
. 39, . 4).
2. Indefinite to he (. 40).
3. (. 41).

4. (.
42).
I am sorry! !
Thats all right. , !
Ask him for a sheet of paper .
A week ago my friend Boris Klimov came to Moscow from Leningrad. On
Saturday he came to see me and my family. We decided to spend1 the week-end
together and Klimov stayed with us till Monday.
On Sunday we woke up late. We got up at nine oclock, washed and dressed.
Then we had breakfast.
What do you usually do on your days off? Boris asked 2 us at table3. We
often go to the country, my wife answered. Sometimes we go to the theatre or
to the cinema.
Do you often go to the Central Park? Boris asked.
We were there last month. It is a very good park. We like it very much4. Do
you want to go there, Boris?
Oh5, yes, I do. The weather is so fine to-day!
We went to the park with our children.
In the park we skated and skid and the children played with their little
friends.
We came home at two oclock. After dinner Boris and I played chess, and in
the evening we went to the cinema. The film was interesting and not very long. It
began at seven oclock and at eight it was over. We did not want to go home so
early and went to see Klimovs friends. They were very glad to see us and we had
supper together.
We returned home late, but we did not go to bed at once. Boris wrote two
letters to his friends in Leningrad and read them to us.
At twelve oclock we went to bed.


1. We decided to spend the week-end together.
( ) .
,
to. to decide,
to like, to want :

122
I decided to go to the country on
my day off. .
He likes to read English books. .
They want to stay with us till
Sunday. .
to begin
, :
She began to study English two
years ago. .
2. ,
.
) Do you work at your English very hard? he asked.
) Do you work at your English very hard? asked Boris.
) Do you work at your English very hard? Boris asked.
) Do you work at your English very hard? Boris asked me.
, ,
, , ,
(. ).
, ,
, ,
(. ), , , ,
, (.
).
, ,
,
.
We often go to the country, my wife answered.

Do you often go to the central Park? Boris asked.

3. Boris asked us at table. (


).
table ,
at table , :
to he at table , ,
.
:
( ).Dont read the newspaper at table.
. Sit down at the table and write a dictation.

123
4. We like it (the park) very much. () .
very ,
:
a very good book
he studies very well
,
very much, , ,
:
We want to go there very much. .
5. Do you want to go there, Boris? Oh, yes, I do.
, ? , .
oh , , ,
.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


to see (saw, seen) [t si:, s:, si:n]
W. comb to see a film
:
! Look at the blackboard!
? What do you see there?
! See this film!
Phr to come to see , -
to go to see , -
e.g. I often go to see my friends, and ,
they also come to see me. .
a family [ fml]
e.g. My family is large. .
to decide
e.g. We decided to discuss that book. .
to spend (spent, spent) 1. ( ,
..)
e.g. We spent our last day-off in -
Moscow. .
Prp to spend time (money [mn]) 2. (, ) ...
on ...
e.g. He spends much time on his (
English. )
.
Till ( )
e.g. Till what time did you work
yesterday? I worked till two ? .
oclock.

124
to wake up (woke, woken) 1.
e.g. I woke up early yesterday. .
2.
e.g. Wake him up! !
Wake up your son! !
to get up (got up, got up) , ( ,
..)
e.g. I get up at seven oclock in the .
morning.
got up from his chair and -
went out of the room. .
late ()
Ant early
e.g. I sometimes go to my office
early in the morning and return
home late in the evening. .
to wash 1.
e.g. He got up, washed and dressed. , .
2. ,
e.g. Wash these cups, please. , , .
to dress
then 1. ,
e.g. We wrote a dictation, then we , -
read a new text. .
2. ,
e.g. Five years ago I lived in Kiev. .
I was a student then. .
breakfast [brekfst]
dinner [dn]
supper [sp]

to have breakfast*
to have dinner
to have supper
the country
W. comb to be in the country
Ant to be in town
W. comb to go to the country
Ant to go to town
a country
e.g. Our country is large. .

*
. . 572.

125
a theatre [ t]
W. comb to go to the theatre
a cinema [ snm] ,
W. comb to go to the cinema
Syn to go to the pictures [pktz]
the Central Park [ sentrlp:k]
to ask [tu :sk] 1.
W. comb to ask questions
e.g. At the lesson the teacher asks us
many questions. .
2.
e.g. asked me to give him a book
to read = asked me for a book =
to read. .
to like ,
:
. I like to read.
. I like this book.
to want [t wnt]
e.g. I dont want to go to the cinema
this evening. .
weather [we]
:
. I dont like bad weather.
. The weather was fine yesterday.
so 1. (-, -oe, -)
2. ( )
e.g. This park is so fine! !
knows English so well! !
to-day
to-night
Syn this evening
a child [ tald] (pl children [tldrn]) ,
for [f:, f] 1. ()
e.g. Get this book for me, please. , ,
.
2.
e.g. Ann got a good mark for her
last dictation. .
to skate
skates
to ski (skid, skid) [t ski:, ski: d]
skis

126
to play
W. comb to play chess (football, (, ,
volley-ball, tennis, hockey, domi- , , ..)
noes etc.)
e.g. Do you play chess well? ?
W. comb to play a game of chess
e.g. Yesterday Nick and I played -
game of chess after supper. .
interesting [ntrst]
to begin (began, begun) [t bn, 1.
bn, bn]
e.g. I began to study English three
months ago. .
2.
e.g. Our lesson begins at nine .
oclock.
over , -

Gr to be over ,
e.g. The lesson is over. .
glad
Gr to beglad
e.g. Glad to see you! (= I am glad to !
see you).
a bed ,
Phr to go to bed ()
Syn. to go to sleep
e.g. Did you go to bed late yesterday? ?
once [wns]
e.g. Once we decided to go to the
country ... ...
at once , ,
e.g. Do it at once! !
whose (. )


to see, saw, seen
to have, had, had
to spend, spent, spent
to wake up, woke up, woken up
to get up, got up, got up
to begin, began, begun
to ski, skid, skid

127
. -al
-al [l] ;
:
centre central

. d, t, th
d, t, th [],
:
weather [we] bread [bred]



I. .
to be, was/were, been to give, gave, given
to meet, met, met to take, took, taken
to tell, told, told to write, wrote, written
to send, sent, sent to speak, spoke, spoken
to come, came, come to know, knew, known
to read, read [red], read [red] to get, got, got
to go, went, gone [n] to sit, sat, sat
to do, did, done [dn] to put, put, put
to find, found, found to teach, taught, taught
II.
, I (. 39 . 4).
Did he (I, you, we, they) go ?
He (I, you, we, they) did not go
He didnt go
III. .
1. He was in Kiev last week (3). 2. My friend wrote many letters to me last
year (5). 3. They were at their office yesterday (3). 4. Last year our students read
many English hooks (5). 5. He took his son to the park after work (5). 6. These
students knew this teacher very well (3). 7. Comrade Petrov spoke to the engi-
neers of this factory about our plan yesterday (5). 8. After their lessons the stu-
dents usually return home (3). 9. We were not at the office on Sunday (3).
IV. . (. 40).
) to be
.
1. ? . ? -
12 . ? .
. ?

128
. ? .
? .
) -.
1. . 2.
? . 3.
, ? . 4.
. 5.
! 6. ,
, . 7.
? . 8.
. . 9.
? . 10.
- ? 11.
? . . 12.
? , -
,
. 13. ? . 14.
? . 15.
? 16.
?
V. , (. 42).
1. Send this hook to Tom. 2. Write a letter to Mary in the evening. 3. Take
that letter and give it to me. 4. Do not read us this telegram. We know it. 5. Comrade
Petrov, take your exercises and read them to us. 6. Give these telegrams to our en-
gineer. 7. We wrote a letter to Ann two days ago.
VI. (. 41).
) 1. . 2. . 3.
. 4. . 5. . 6.
. 7. (a daughter [d:t]) . 8.
. 9. . 10. ypoca. 11.
(children) . 12. . 13. .
) 14. . 15. . 16.
. 17. . 18.
. 19. . 20.
.
VII. ,
.
1. Is this your sons exercise-book?
2. Whose exercise-book is this?
3. Is that this boys or that girls exercise-book?
4. Whose friends came to Moscow last Sunday?
5. Does Comrade Petrovs wife work at a factory or at an office?

129
6. Does your friends son study French or English?
7. Whose wife works at this office?
8. Does your friends wife or your wife know English very well?
9. Does your sisters son live in Moscow?
VIII. , , ,
.
1. Whose exercise-book is this? (my sister)
2. Whose son lives in Kiev? (my friend)
3. Whose pen is on the table? (our teacher)
4. Whose mark is good? (my son)
5. Whose name is Nick? (my sisters son)
6. Whose name is Peter? (Comrade Perov)
IX. ,
.
) 1. ? , . 2.
. 3.
. 4.
? . 5.
-? ,
-. 6. ?
. 7. ? . ?
. 8.
? . 9.
? . 10. , a
.
) 1. ) . )
.
2. ) . ) .
3. ) -. )
-.
4. ) . )
.
5. ) . )
.
X. ,
.

-
XI. a) ,
.
My sisters name These engineers letters
His friends son Our students marks

130
This students exercise-book Those mens work
James book
Alex room
Bess teacher
) ,
.
Whatdo you do? Oh, yes, I said.
attable What are you?, he asked me.
we were there I am a worker, I answered.
I answered We often go there, she said.
Are you a doctor? she said.
Do you skate? he asked me.
Did you read it last night? he asked me yesterday.
Do you often go there? he asked us at table.
What do you usually do on your days off? Boris asked us at table.
We often go to the country, my wife answered. Sometimes, we go to the
theatre | or to the cinema.
Do you often go to the Central park, Boris asked.
We were there last month, I answered.
II. ,
.
a) bread, weather, breakfast, dread, thread, breath, threat, spread, steady.
b) ail, day, seat, new, soon, task, cow, stout, voice, took, soil, space, cast,
sail, rain, ounce, meak, last, steep, pen, stool, moist, stoop, want, wash,
wasp, past.
III. ,
,
.
central newspaper text-book
afternoon week-end speaker
beginner twentieth usually
ninth player blackboard
forty eighteen skier
exercise-book skater week-day
reader preparation
XIV. , .
1. Do you often see your friend from Leningrad?
2. What is his (her) name?
3. What is your friend? (What does he do?)
4. Where does he (she) work?

131
5. Did he come to see you last month (year)?
6. Do you like to stay over the week-end with your family or with your
friends?
7. Do you like to stay at home on your days off?
8. Do you like to spend your week-ends in the country or in town?
9. When do you usually get up on Sunday?
10. When did you get up last Sunday?
11. Did you wake up late or early?
12. What did you do then?
13. Where do you usually stay over the week-ends?
14. Where do you go on your days off?
15. Where were you last Sunday?
16. What did you do after breakfast?
17. Do you often go to the park or to the country on your days off?
18. Is the park near your house large or small?
19. Did you go to the park or to the country on your last day off?
20. Do you like to skate (to ski)?
21. Do you skate (ski) well or badly?
22. Do you play chess?
23. Who(m) do you usually play chess with?
24. Does your friend play chess well?
25. When did you play chess with him last time?
26. Do you like to go to the cinema?
27. When did you go to the cinema last time?
28. When did the film begin?
29. Was it interesting?
30. When was the film over?
31. (At) what time did you come home?
32. When did your friends come to see you last time?
33. What did you do after supper?
34. What did you do then?
35. Did you go to the country together with your friends or did you stay in
town?
36. When were you in the country last time?
37. Did you meet your friends there?
38. Was the weather fine then?
39. Did you go to bed late on that day?
XV. .
1. Last Sunday I went to the cinema with my friends (5). 2. My son was at
the theatre the day before yesterday (4). 3. Little children always like to ask
questions (3). 4. I came home very late two days ago (4). 5. My friends little son
usually goes to bed early (2).

132
XVI. :
) , .
1. . 2. . 3.
. 4. : ,, ? 5.
? . 6.
. 7.
, . 8.
? . . 9.
. 10.
.
) to like.
1. . 2. .
3. ? 4. . 5.
. 6. ? 7. ?
, . 8. . 9.
? 10. ()
? 13. . 14.
? . 15. .
16. ? .
.
) , ,
.
1. ? . 2.
. ? 3. ?
. 4.
? , . 5. : ,,
?
XVII. to give to take
.
1. ___ that red pencil off the table and ___ it to me. 2. Dont ___ your children
to the country. The weather is bad. 3. Your sister ___ me a very interesting book last
week. I want to return it to her. ___ it, ___ it to her and thank her for it. 4. Where do
you ___ English newspapers and magazines to read?
XVIII. ,
whom , .
1. I know this comrades son very well. My sister knows ___ too. 2. Last year
my friend went to Kiev. He writes ___ many letters. 3. Comrade Klimovs wife
works at our office, but I dont know ___. 6. Yesterday I was in our park. My son
didnt go with ___. He stayed at home. 7. Did you prepare your lessons fast night?
No, I didnt. I prepared ___ in the morning. 8. To ___ did you write letters last
year? 9. Yesterday I returned the book to Peter and thanked ___ for ___. 10. Speak
to ___ about his work. 11. Tell ___ about his work. 12. Jack and Fred are my friends.

133
I often meet ___. 13. Do you know his sister? Yes, I do. I know ___ very well.
14. Take these books and read ___ at home. 15. What did your friend write in his
last letter to ___? 16. When did he return this book to ___? He returned this book to
___ the day before yesterday. 17. What did you give ___ to read? 18. To ___ did
you give my book to read?
XIX.
, .
1. Give me that magazine. 2. Take that exercise-book off the table and give it to me.
3. Write a letter to our friends. 4. Dont open your exercise-book, read exercise 10
to us from your text-book. 5. Yesterday he received many magazines and gave them
to us. 6. Dont give me this book. I read it last month. 7. The day before yesterday
we wrote a letter to that firm. 8. Give us this article. We want to read it to our teacher.
9. Give me your pen, please. 10. My parents live in Kiev. I often write letters to
them.
XX. .
a) Wake up my son at six oclock, , ,
please. 6 .
) Why did you not wake me up
yesterday? ?
) What time do (did) you have
breakfast? ()?
) They dont (didnt) usually have (
supper at nine oclock. ) .
XXI. , ,
.
1. Yesterday (to be) my day off. I usually (to wake up) early on my days off.
But sometimes I (not to get up) at once. Yesterday I (to get up) at eight oclock.
2. When you (to have) breakfast yesterday? I (to have) breakfast at nine oclock
in the morning. 3. We usually (to stay) over the week-end in the country, but we (not
to go) to the country yesterday as* the weather (to be) very bad. 4. My son (to be) a
pioneer. He (to study) very well. He always (to prepare) his lessons. Yesterday he
(to get) three good marks. 5. When you (to be) at the theatre last time? I (to be)
at the theatre two weeks ago last time. 6. I usually (to go to bed) at eleven oclock in
the evening. Yesterday my friends (to come to see) me and I (to go to bed) at one
oclock in the morning. 7. Where you (to be) yesterday? I (to be) at the cinema.
You (to like) the new film? Yes, I (to do). 8. Who (to give) you this magazine
yesterday? Comrade Glebov (to do). You (to read) it last night? Yes, I (to
do). The articles in this magazine (to be) interesting? Yes, they (to be).

*
As .

134
XXII. , .
Do you want to go to ___ country? my wife asked me on our last day off.
Yes, I do, I answered. I want to go to ___ Pushkino! We came to ___ Pushkino
at eleven oclock in ___ morning. ___ weather was fine. We walked in ___ park for
three hours. At two oclock in ___ afternoon we returned to Leningrad. We had ___
dinner and rested* ___ hour. In ___ evening we went to ___ theatre. (We often go to
___ cinema or to ___ theatre on ___ Sunday and ___ Saturday). We saw ___ very
interesting play (). We liked ___ play very much. Then we went ___ home. At
____ home we had ___ supper, played ___ game of ___ chess and went to ___ bed
at 12 oclock.
XXIII. , .
1. ? .
. () . 2.
? .
. 3. ?
. ? , .
? . 4.
.
, .
. 5. ? . 6.
? .
(this year). . 7.
.
, , . 8.
.
. . .
. 9. ,
. 10.
, . 11.
? . .
. 12. ?
. 13. ? , .
. . 14. **
. o ,
. , , , .
. . .
, o .
, ,
. . .
, , . 15.
? ,

*
rest , .. , ..
**
to sleep (slept, slept).

135
. 16. . .
. (Institute) .
. .
.
XXIV. ( ).
,
.
. .
.
.
. ,
. . 9
. ,, .
?" . ,, ,
, .
, . .
. , y
. .
. .
. .
,
.


XXV. 10 .
XXVI. .
XXVII. ,
.
1. day off, weather, fine, to wake up, to get up, to decide, to stay over the
week-end, to go to the country, to ski, to skate, to return, late, after supper,
not to want, to play chess, at once, to go to bed.
2. to like, to go to the theatre, after, a working day, often, to see, interesting, a
play (), very much, once, to return late, before supper, to be over, then,
to go to bed, at once.
3. In the afternoon, to decide, to the park, to walk, two hours, to return, to have
dinner, after dinner, to play chess, to go to the cinema.
4. to like, to play chess, often, in the evening, to come to see, to be glad, last
night, to have supper, together, to speak about, to go to bed late.
5. to want, to ask for, to give, interesting, a book, to begin, at once, to like, to
read, very much, to return, to thank.
XXVIII. : ) Last Day
Off. ) How I Usually Spend Week-Ends. ) Last Sunday Evening. ) In
the Country.

136
LESSON SIX (THE SIXTH LESSON)
Text: MY FRIENDS FAMILY
Grammar: 1. Indefinite (. 43).
2. to have ,
Indefinite (. 44).
3. no (. 45).
Shall I read? ?
Shall I begin? Do, please. ? , .
Where does he come from? ?
My friends name is Petrov. He lives in Moscow. His family is not very large.
He has a wife and two children. His wifes name is Mary. His childrens names are
Ann and Nick.
Comrade Petrovs wife is a young woman. She is twenty-nine years old. She
works at the Institute of Foreign Languages. She is a teacher. She has many stu-
dents. The students marks are good. She has no bad students. My friends daughter
is a girl of ten. She goes to school. At school she studies many subjects. She also
studies English. She works hard and knows the language well. She usually makes
few mistakes in English. As a rule she has no bad marks. She is a good pupil. She
is a pioneer. She likes to read very much. She also helps her mother at home.
His son is a little boy. He was horn six years ago. Every morning his father
takes him to the kindergarten. Soon the boy will be seven years old. He will not go
to the kindergarten. He will go to school.
My friend has a sister too. Next year she will graduate from the Institute. She
will be a doctor. She is a young Communist. She lives with their parents in the
country. His sisters husband is an engineer.
My friend has no brother.
In summer my friends wife usually takes her children to the country to their
grandmother and grandfather. They like their grandchildren very much. Soon
she will take them to the country again.
Their grandfather is a very old man. Many years ago he was a worker. He
always had very much work to do. But now he does not work. He is an old Com-
munist and likes to tell his grandchildren about his life and work.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


young [j] (-, -, -)
Ant old [ould]
e.g. father is not old. How old .
is he? is fifty years old. ? .
an institute [n nsttju:t]
a woman [wumn] (pl women [wmn])
W. comb a woman of forty
a daughter [ d: t]
e.g. His daughter is a girl of ten.

137
a school [ sku:l] ,
e.g. house is near a school. .
The school is new and fine. .
Art to work at school ()
e.g. sister is a teacher. She works . -
at school. .
Art to go to school ,
e.g. son goes to school. (
).
a subject [ sbdkt] 1. ( )
W. comb to do (to take) subjects at
school
e.g. My daughter takes many
subjects at school. .
2.
e.g. What is the subject of your report? ?
a mistake
to make (made, made) , (, )
W. comb to make a mistake
to make a report
:
Yesterday he made a report at
. our plant.
() did that work yesterday.
.
a rule [ ru:l]*
as a rule ( )
e.g. As a rule, I finish my work at six ,
oclock. .
to help
e.g. Help us with this work. .
a mother [ m]
a father [ f:]
born [b:n]
Gr to be born
e.g. When were you born? I ?
was born in 1921. 1921.
soon ,
a kindergarten
next week (month, year) ( .
)

*
, .

138
to graduate [t grdjuet]
Prp to graduate from an institute
:
I finished school ten years ago.
.
- graduated from the Institute
. last year.
a Communist [ kmjumst]
The Communist Party
parents [prnts]
a husband [ hzbnd]
a brother [ br]
summer [sm]
winter [wnt]
spring [spr]
autumn [:tm]
Prp! in (the) summer (winter, (, , )
spring, autumn)
a grandmother [ rndm]
a grandfather [ rndf:]
a grandson [ rndsn]
a granddaughter [ rndd:t]
grandchildren [rndtldrn]
again [en] ,
enough [nf]
tomorrow
the day after tomorrow


How old are [:] you? ?
I am thirty years old. .
I was born in 1920. 1920 .
I had much work to do
yesterday. ( ).

. -ist
-ist [st] ,
:
Communist

139
.
ld, nd th, , , v
1. -ld, -nd
, .. , , :
old [ould]
child [tald]
find [fand]
2. th, a m, n, v
[], :
mother [m]
brother [br]
come [km]
nothing [n]
love [lv]



I. ,
(. 43).
1. I shall study German in three years.
2. I shall be at home after seven.
II.
.
1. I shall go to the cinema tomorrow. 2 You will work on Sunday. 3. My
friends will come to see me the day after tomorrow. 4. He will soon meet Comrade
Klimov. 5. These students will write a dictation in three days. 6. We shall do this
work at once. 7. My friend will be a teacher in two years. 8. I shall be at home.
III. ,
.
1. My daughter studies German. 2. We receive many letters from our friends.
3. The lesson is not over. 4. I am usually at home after six oclock. 5. Does your
friend live in Minsk? 6. She is not an economist. 7. Do they often discuss interesting
questions at the office? 8. I dont get up at five oclock in the morning. 9. This boy
is a good pupil.
IV. .
l. I shall get up at seven oclock tomorrow (3). 2. Our lesson will be over
soon (l). 3. We shall be glad to see you here on Sunday (1). 4. My son will not spend
the week-end here (3). 5. We shall read interesting books in the evening (2).

140
V. ,
.
1. Will you work tomorrow?
2. On what day wont you work?
3. Where will you spend the week-end?
4. Will you stay at home or go to the country over the week-end ?
5. Will your wife go to the park with the children on Sunday?
6. When shall we go to see our friends?
7. With whom will you play chess in the evening?
8. Who will translate this text?
9. How long will you work at this text?
10. How long will your lesson last tomorrow?
11. When will you discuss the new film?
12. Whose children will go to school next year?
13. When will your son begin to study foreign languages?
14. What languages will your sister know in two years?
VI. , -
.
1. I usually (to go) to the office at eight oclock. 2. Where you (to work) next
year? 3. Where you (to be) yesterday at five oclock? I (to be) at home. 4. You
(to be) at home on your day off? Yes, I shall. 5. What kind of books you (to like)
to read? 6. You (to read) this book last year? Yes, I (to do). 7. My friend (not to
like) to write letters. 8. From whom you (to receive) a letter yesterday? 9. What
marks your son (to get) last week? He (to get) three good marks. 10. Where you
(to be) this evening? 11. When he (to speak) to your brother about this? 12. When
we (to speak) English well? You (to speak) English well in three years. 13. Your
friend (to tell) you about his mother then? No, he did not. 14. When we (to tell)
our mother about it? We (to tell) her about it to-night. 15. They usually (not to
speak) English at home.
VII. ,
.
1. . 2.
. 3. . 4.
. 55 . 5.
. . 6.
? . 7.
-. 8.
? ,
. 9. . .
10. ? . 11.
? . 12.
? c
. 13. . 14.

141
.
. 15.
. . 16. ?
. 17.
, . 18.
. 19.
? .
VIII. ,
to have (. 44).
a) 1. Have you a sister? No, I havent. 2. Has your friend many or few
children? He hasnt many children. He has two sons. 3. I have a wife and a son.
4. I havent enough paper to write four letters. 5. Have you a wife? No, I havent.
6. Peter has no sister. 7. Comrade Glebov has no children. 7. Have you a red pencil?
No, I havent. I have no red pencil. I have a blue pencil.
b) l. Jack hasnt got that German magazine. 2. Ive got an interesting article
about Moscow. 3. I havent got much time to discuss this question with you. 4. Ive
got an interesting book to read.
c) How many English lessons did you have last week? We had three Eng-
lish lessons last week. 2. Did you have much work to do at the office yesterday?
Yes, I did. 3. We didnt have dinner at home to-day. We had it at our factory. 5. (At)
what time do you usually have breakfast?I usually have breakfast at nine oclock
in the morning. 6. Will you have supper together with me? 7. Shall we have a lesson
tomorrow? No, we shall not. We shall have no lesson tomorrow.
IX.
.
a) 1. Mary has a family. 2. Jane has many children. 3. I have a wife. 4. Peter
has many sons. 5. Jack has a sister. 6. We have many English books.
b) 1. Ive got an interesting magazine to read. 2. Weve got an hour to discuss
this question. 3. She has got these French books here.
c) 1. We had a lesson in the morning to-day. 2. I had dinner at three oclock.
3. Jane had much time to do this work yesterday. 4. They had breakfast early to-day.
5. We had much work to do yesterday.
X. .
1. We had an English lesson yesterday (2). 2. My friends sister has two little
children (2). 3. I have got an interesting book to read (2). 4. We shall have supper
at home (2). 5. I had much work to do at the office yesterday (2).
XI. , to
have.
a) 1. Have you a son?
2. How many children has your sister?
3. Which of you has three children?
4. Have you a large or a small family?

142
5. Have you many English books?
6. What books has your son?
7. Will you have new French magazines tomorrow?
b) 1. Have you got an interesting book to read?
2. Has she got much or little work to do to-day?
3. How many English magazines have you got now?
c) 1. Did you have an English lesson in the morning yesterday?
2. When did you have your English lesson the day before yesterday?
3. When will you have your English lesson?
4. When do you usually have dinner?
5. Does your friend have dinner at twelve or at two oclock in the after-
noon?
6. When did you have supper yesterday?
7. Does your friend have dinner at home?
8. When will you have dinner?
9. Will you have much or little work to do tomorrow?
d) 1. Has your friend children?
2. Has your friend a son or a daughter?
3. Which of you has no children?
4. Whose daughter had many good marks last week?
5. What marks will she have this month?
6. Whose son has many interesting books?
7. What marks did your friends daughter have last year?
8. How many English books have you got at home?
9. How much work did your friends wife have to do yesterday?
10. Will she have little or much time to do this work tomorrow?
11. Did you have an English lesson in the morning or in the evening
yesterday?
12. Do your children have breakfast at seven or at eight oclock?
13. Did you have supper at eight oclock?
14. Does your friend have dinner at home?
15. What marks has your sisters son?
16. Did he have many lessons yesterday?
17. How many lessons did he have at school the day before yesterday?
18. When did you have your last English lesson?
19. When shall we have a dictation?
20. Have you got a question?
21. What question have you got?
22. Have you got a piece of chalk?
23. What kind of books have you got?
XII. .
a) He has a son. .
b) How many sisters has he? ?

143
c) Has she a family? Yes, she has. ? ().
(No, she hasnt.)
d) I have no family. .
e) I havent (got) many German ()
books at home. .
f) Ive got many interesting Russian
books. .
g) Did you have a lesson yesterday? ?
h) I didnt have much work to do
yesterday. .
i) Shall we have a lesson tomorrow? ?
XIII. ,
to have Indefinite.
1. . 2. ?
. 3.
? . 4.
. ,
. 5. ? . 6.
* . . 7.
. ,
. 8. ?
. 9. ?
. 10.
? . 11.
?
. 12.
. . 13.
. . 14.
? . 15.
.

-
XIV. .
andtwo children next year
a youngCommunist next month
his wifes name withtheir parents
his sisters husband inthe country
My friends name is Petrov. He has a wife | and two children. His wifes
name | is Mary. My friends daughter | is a girl of ten. My friend has a sister

*
to bring (brought, brought).

144
too. Next year | she will graduate from the Institute. She is a young Com-
munist. She lives with their parents in the country. His sisters husband | is an
engineer.
XV.
, .
a) child, find, wild, mild, kind, old, cold, bold, told, other, mother, brother,
another, come, love.
b) knit, rude, storey, clear, blast, cask, bleak, fit, bite, hurt, bark, right,
knight, night, sink, skill, step, stern, tusk, tune.
XVI. ,
.
XVII. ; ,
, .
usually newspaper writer
blackboard reader marxist
class-room new-comer translation
teacher speaker discussion
theatre-goer preparation beginner
XVIII. ,
.
1. What is your name?
2. What are you?
3. Where do you live?
4. Have you a family?
5. Is your family large or small?
6. How many children have you?
7. What are their names?
8. How old are they?
9. How old will your son (daughter) be in three years?
10. How old are you?
11. How old is your wife (husband)?
12. When was your son born?
13. When will your son go to school?
14. When was your daughter born?
15. Do your children go to school?
16. When will they go to school?
17. Do children take (study) many or few subjects at school?
18. How do your children study?
19. Do they often make mistakes in their home-work?
20. What marks do they usually get?
21. What is your wife (husband)?
22. Where does she (he) work?

145
23. Have you sisters or brothers?
24. When will your sister (brother) graduate from the Institute?
25. Is your sister (brother) a Communist?
26. Are you (also) a Communist?
27. When did you graduate from the Institute?
28. Where do your parents live?
29. Do you go to the country in summer or in winter?
30. Do you like to go to the country in spring?
31. Does your wife study English or do you?
32. What language will you study next year?
33. How much time do you usually spend on your English?
34. With whom will you prepare your home task to-night?
35. Where do you usually take your family in summer?
36. Where will you go next Sunday?
XIX. .
1. We have many English books (3). 2. I shall have very much work to do
next week (l). 3. My sisters son has five lessons at school every Friday (3). 4. We
had three dictations last month (2). 6. My friends wife has a French lesson in the
evening (5). 7. Her sister has two children (3). 8. We shall have an interesting
lesson tomorrow (2). 9. My friend has four sons (l).
XX.
.
1. His daughter is a girl of ten (my friend). 2. Their sons go to school every
day (his sisters). 3. Their parents are doctors (these children). 4. Their marks are
always good (these students). 5. His friend graduated from the Institute last year (my
brother). 6. His family will live in Kiev (this man). 7. Her husband is a doctor (their
teacher). 8. I shall soon see his parents (Comrade Glebov). 9. I like his work (Peter).
10. I know her brothers name (this woman).
XXI. ,
.
My brother Peter lives in ___ Kursk. He is ___ doctor. He has ___ family. He
has ___ wife and two children. His wife Helen has no ___ mother, but she has ___
father. ___ Helens father is ___ old engineer. He lives in ___ country. ___ Peters
office is near his house. He goes ___ there in ___ morning. ___ Peters son goes to
___ school. He is ___ pioneer. ___ Peters daughter is two years old. In ___ year her
mother will take her to ___ kindergarten. On their days off they often go to ___
country to see ___ Helens father.
XXII. , .
Mary Petrova is woman ___ 32. Eight years ago she graduated ___ the In-
stitute ___ Foreign Languages. She is a teacher. She teaches English ___ the Insti-
tute. She usually goes ___ the Institute ___ eight oclock ___ the morning and comes
___ home ___ three oclock ___ the afternoon. Her daughter Ann is a girl ___ nine.

146
She goes ___ school. Every day she spends four hours ___ school. ___ home she
prepares her hometask and helps ___ her mother. Marys son is a boy ___ four.
Every morning Marys husband takes him ___ the kindergarten. Marys parents do
not live ___ her. They live ___ the country ___ ___ Moscow. ___ summer Mary
takes her children ___ the country and they live ___ their grandparents there. Their
grandfather often tells ___ them ___ his life and work.
XXIII. 5 6
.
XXIV. .
(to help, a subject, old, the country, to be born, a mark, to graduate from, an
institute, a pupil, a school, again, summer, a girl, to tell)
1. My daughter in ___ ___ 1940. Now she is 18 years ___. She studies at
___. She takes many ___ there. She sometimes ___ her brother and sisters to prepare
their lessons. 2. I live in Moscow. But I like to spend the week-end in ___ 3. My
brother is a teacher now. He ___ ___ the Institute last year. He works at ___ and he
___ us about his work very often. 4. Nina is ___ of twelve. She is a ___. She studies
well. She always gets good ___. 5. Last year I spent two months in ___. In the ___ I
shall go there ___.
XXV. ,
.
) to make, to do.
1. . .
2.
. 3. ?
. 4. ? 5.
(on this subject)? .
) to tell, to speak.
l. -. 2.
. 3. .
4. . 5. . 6.
, .
) to finish, to graduate.
1. ? 1940 . 2.
. 3. 1948 ?
. 4. . 5.
.
.
) many, much, few, little.
l. ? 2.
? 3.
. 4. ? 5.
? 6.

147
. 7. ? 8.
( ) ? .
9. ?
) to be born, to be . . . old.
1. ? 1923 . ?
35 . 2. ? 1951 .
? Moey 7 . 3.
? 1931 . ? 27 .
4. ? 1929 .
? 29 . 5. ?
1799 . 6. ? 1848 . 7.
? 1711 . 8.
(Swift)? 1667 . 9. *?
1340. 10. **? 1564
. 11. ***? 1898 .
XXVI. 5 .
a) My sister is 62 years old. 62 .
b) How old is your brothers son? ?
c) She is a woman of 29. 29- .
d) My son was horn in 1948. 1948 .
XXVII. , .
to be born, young, to go to school, in the summer, subject, to help, to graduate
(from), in the autumn, again, soon, to make mistakes, parents, to finish school, to
make a report on, as a rule, to have much work to do.
XXVIII. , .
1. . .
. . 2. ,
. 3. .
. . . 4.
. . .
.
. 5. .
. . 6. ?
. .
. .
7. ? : . 8.
. , .
. 9.
. .
*
Chaucer [t:s].
**
Shakespeare [eksp].
***
Paul Robeson [p:l roubsn].

148
. , , - .
, c -.
. 10.
, . .
.
. 11. .
. 12.
. . ,
. .
. 13. . 14.
. .
. 15.
, . 16. ?
. ? . 17.
? I921 . 18.
. 19. , ,
? 20. , ,
? . 21.
? .
22. , ,
. 23.
.
XXIX. .
. . 50 ,
45. . .
. .
. . .
.
. . .
. (a garden).
.
XXX. ( ).
.
. .
. .
9 . :
. .
. . 1951
. .
. . .
. . .
. : .
. . .

149
. . .
.
. .
.
. .
, , , .



XXXI. 15 .
II. : a)
Wife, ) Daughters Studies, ) Son a First Year Pupil, ) My
Sister a Future Doctor, ) My Family in the Country (next summer, last
winter), e) My Grandfathers Life and Work.
III. 10 , 10 10
.
.
who, whom, what, whose, which of, where, when, how, how many, how
much, how long.
XXXIV. ,
.
1. Sons Friend.
to have a good friend, to be born in , to go to school , to want , to help
, parents, to begin to work, factory, to begin to study, again, to graduate from the
Institute, to be an engineer.
2. My Father.
to be years old, a Communist, to work, in the country, in the summer, to
like, in the winter, to come to see, to ski, again, to tell.
3. My Friends Studies.
at the Institute, subjects, interesting, to help, to want, much, to make a report,
to make mistakes, well.
XXXV. : ) Life, )
Family, ) My Parents, ) My Sisters Family, ) Friends Parents.

150
LESSON SEVEN (THE SEVENTH LESSON)
Text: MY SISTERS FLAT
Grammar: there is | are ,
Indefinite (. 46).
Write the date, please. , .
Correct your mistake! !
Shall I continue? ?
No, | thatll do, | thank you. , , !
Two years ago my sister graduated from the Institute and went to Komso-
molsk to work there. She is an engineer and works at a factory. Last month she re-
ceived a very comfortable flat in a new house. Her flat is on the third floor. On the
fifth of March I received a letter from my sister with many pictures of the city and
of her flat.
This is a picture of my sisters flat (. .). Look at it! There are three rooms
in it: a study, a bed-room and a dining-room. There is also a kitchen and a bath-
room in her flat, but you do not see them in this picture. There is no sitting-room in
my sisters flat.
This is her dining-room. The walls of this room are yellow. The ceiling is
white. The floor is brown. In the middle of the room you see a round table. On it
there is a white table-cloth and a vase with flowers. There is an armchair and four
chairs at the table. There is a piano in the corner of the dining-room. My sister
plays the piano very well. She likes music very much. To the right of the piano you
see a door. It is open.
Do you see a writing-table there? Yes, I do.
Is there a lamp on the writing-table? Yes, there is.
What else is there on the writing-table? There is a telephone and two
books on it. There is also a radio-set in the room.
Is there a television-set on the table? No, there is not.
Is there a sofa in this room? No, there is not. There is no sofa there, but
there is a book-case in the corner.
What room is this? It is a study.
To the left of the piano you also see a door. It is also open.
Are there many things in that room? No, there arent.
What things are there in that room?
What room is that?
Is my sisters flat comfortable?
How many rooms are there in her flat?
Were there many comfortable houses in Komsomolsk ten years ago?
Will there be many new fine houses in Komsomolsk soon?

151
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
comfortable [kmftbl]
W. comb a comfortable room (flat, (,
armchair, etc.) ..)
a house [ haus]
January [dnjur]
February [februr]
March [m:t]
April [eprl]
May [me]
June [du:n]
July [du:la]
August [:st]
September [sptemb]
October [ktoub]
November [novemb]
December [dsemb]
Prp on the seventh of October
a floor [ fl:] 1.
2.
e.g. My flat is on the third floor. .
a picture [ pkt] ,
Prp in the picture
e.g. What do you see in this picture? ?
W. comb to go to the pictures
a study [ std] ()
a bed-room [ bedrum]
a dining-room [ dan rum]
a kitchen [ ktn]

152
a bath-room [ b:rum] ()
a sitting-room [ strum]
the middle [ mdl]
Prp in the middle of...
e.g. There is a table in the middle .
of my room.
round [raund]
a table-cloth [ teblkl:]
a vase [ v:z]
a flower [ flau]
an arm-chair [n :mt]
a piano ,
W. comb to play the piano
a corner [ k:n]
Prp in the corner
e.g. There is an arm-chair in the .
corner of that room.
music [mju:zk]
Art I like music. .
right [rat] (
)
Ant left
Phr to the right (left) of ... ()
e.g. There is a piano to the left of .
he table.
Go to the right. .
open [oupn]
Ant closed
e.g. The window is open. .
W. comb an open window (book) ( )
a writing-table [ rat tebl]
else [els] (

)
e.g. What else do you want to discuss? ?
Whereelse did you see him? ?
a telephone [ telfoun]
Prp, Art to speak over the telephone
a radio-set [ redou set]
to listen in
e.g. We often listen in after supper. .
a television-set [ telvn set]
W. comb to see ... on television
Syn to look in

153
e.g. Last night we saw a new film -
on television. .
a sofa [ souf]
a book-case
a thing ,
:
- They saw many interesting
. things there.


January [dnjur] July [dula]
February [februr] August [:st]
March [m:t] September [sptemb]
April [eprl] October [ktoub]
May [me] November [nouvemb]
June [du:n] December [dsemb]

. -ure, -able
-ure ;
t [t]:
a picture [ pkt]
-able [bl] ; ;
,
:
to read readable [ri:dbl] , ..

. cei, ower, ph
1. cei [si:], :
a ceiling [si:l]
to receive [rsi:v]
2. ower [au], :
a flower [ flau]
3. ph [f], :
a telephone [ telfoun]

154


I. ,
there is | are (. 46).
1. . 2.
. 3. 20- . 4. 20-
. 5. . 6.
. 7.
epee. 8. Bo
. 9. . 10.
?
. 11. ?
. 12.
. 13.
. 14.
.
II.
.
1. There is a blackboard in our room. 2. There are English books in my bag.
3. There was a telegram on the table. 4. There will be a new cinema near our house
next year. 5. There were many mistakes in your dictation yesterday. 6. There are
many new grammar rules in Lesson four. 7. There is much paper on the table.
8. There was enough ink in my pen to write two letters.
III. .
1. There (is, are) a large table in my room. 2. There (is, are) three windows
in my room. 3. There (is, are) a table and four chairs in my sisters room. 4. There
(is, are) a blackboard, a table and many chairs in our class-room. 5. There (is, are)
many pencils and a pen in my bag. 6. There (is, are) a text-book and two exercise-
books on my table. 7. There (was, were) no school here in 1920. 8. There (was, were)
many children in the park yesterday.
IV. ,
there is | are.
1. Is there a blackboard in your class-room?
2. Are there many tables in your class-room?
3. What books are there in your bag?
4. Are there bad students in your group ()?
5. How many mistakes were there in your dictation?
6. Are there many chairs in this room?
7. In what room is there a large table?
8. In whose room are there two windows?
9. What is there in your room?
10. What will there be in your room soon?

155
11. Were there many children in the park yesterday?
12. Will there be many people in the park on Sunday?
13. Was there an institute in your town five years ago?
14. When will there be a new cinema near your house?
15. How many pages will there be in your friends new book?
V. .
1. There are five good students in our group (1). 2. There will be a good park
in our city (1). 3. There is a large blackboard in our class- room (2). 4. There are
English books on my table (1). 5. There are no mistakes in my exercise-book (1).
6. There will be a theatre near my sisters house in three years (2). 7. There were
three mistakes in your dictation yesterday (2).
VI. ,
there is | are.
) 1. . 2. (a
group) , . 3.
? , . 4.
. . 5. .
6. ? .
7. ? .
? . 8.
?
. . 9.
? . 10. . 11.
. 12.
? 20 18 . 14.
.
.
)

1. .


2. .


3. .


4. .


5. .

156
) 1. . 2. . 3.
. 4. . 5.
. 6. . 7. . 8.
. 9. .
10. . 11.
. 12. .
VII. .
) There is a book and many exercise-
books in my bag. .
b) There are no mistakes in your dictation. .
) There arent many mistakes in your
dictation. .
d) Will there be a new theatre near your
house next year? ?
) There was no school near my house
five years ago. .

-
VIII. .
onthe table arethere
inthat room isthere
onthe writing-table therearent
inthe corner of the dining-room thereisnt
There is a piano in the corner of the dining-room. Is there a lamp on
the writing-table? Yes, | there is. What else is there on the writing-table?
There is a telephone | and many books on it. Is there a television-set on
the table? No, | there is not. Are there many things in that room? No, |
there arent.
IX. ,
.
a) picture, lecture, rapture, nature, culture, feature;
receive, ceiling, deceive, perceive, ceil;
flower, power, shower, powerful;
photo, phase, phrase, phosphor, phonic.
b) out, loud, bow, howl, fellow, willow, true, toil, spoil, frail, shere, steer,
tear, sear, sour, ware, dare, lull, maid, square.
X. ,
.

157
XI.
.
badly usually comfortable
readable exercise-book decision
listener afternoon discussion
reporter walker helper
XII. , .
1. Did you study at the Institute?
2. When did you graduate from the Institute?
3. Did you stay to work in Moscow?
4. Do you live in a new house?
5. Where is your house?
6. Have you a flat or a room?
7. Is your flat large or small?
8. On which floor is your flat?
9. How many rooms are there in your flat?
10. What colour are the walls in your dining-room?
11. Is there a kitchen and a bathroom in your flat?
12. What is there in your bed-room?
13. What is there in your dining-room?
14. Is there a book-case in your study?
15. What else is there in your study?
16. Will there be a telephone in your flat next year?
17. Have you a radio-set or a television-set?
18. Do you like to listen in?
19. When do you usually listen in?
20. Do you often see films on television?
21. What interesting things did you see on the T.V. programme last
month?
22. Does your son (daughter) like to look in?
III. .
1. There is a picture of Moscow on that wall (l). 2. The picture of Moscow is
on that wall (1). 3. There is a bathroom in her flat (l). 4. There was a round table
in the middle of your dining-room last year (3). 5. The round table is in the dining-
room (l). 6. There are five chairs to the right of the piano (l). 7. There is a large
writing-table to the left of the door (l). 8. There will be sixty-four flats in that house
(l). 9. We shall have a comfortable flat in Moscow (3). 10. These children play the
piano very well (2). 11. These students parents like music (2).
XIV. .
1. Anns brother usually spends much time on his English (2). 2. Comrade
Petrovs sister will graduate from the Institute next year (2). 3. Her husband will
be an engineer (2). 4. Her daughter is three years old (l). 5. His father was born in

158
1898 (2). 6. My friends daughter studies very well (1). 7. We shall live in the coun-
try next summer (2).
XV. ,
.
This is ___ picture of my study. Look at it! There is ___ large window in my
study. ___ ceiling of my study is white, ___ floor is brown, ___ walls are yellow.
There is ___ writing-table near ___ window. There is __ armchair at ___ writing-
table. There is ___ telephone and ___ lamp on it. I often speak over ___ telephone.
To ___ right of ___ writing-table there is ___ book-case. There arent many English
books in ___ book-case. There are many Russian books there. There is no ___ piano
in my study. ___ piano is in ___ dining-room. My sister likes ___ music. She often
plays ___ piano in ___ evening. In ___ corner of my study there is ___ sofa. I usually
spend ___ much time in my study. I usually work there in ___ evening. On my days
off I often work there in ___ morning and in ___ afternoon.
XVI. ,
.
I have a friend. Her name is Mary. Marys daughter is a girl ___ ten. She goes
___ school. She usually comes ___ home school ___ three oclock ___ the afternoon.
She often helps ___ her mother ___ home. Marys son does not live ___ his parents.
Last year he graduated___ the Institute and went ___ Kazan to work ___ there. He
often writes letters ___ his parents. He sometimes speaks ___ them ___ the tele-
phone. ___ summer he always comes ___ Moscow to see his parents. He tells ___
them ___ his life and work ___ Kazan. Last month he received a flat. His flat is ___
the second floor ___ a fine large house.
XVII. , .
a house, on the first of May, on the fourth () floor, in the middle of, to play
the piano, to the right (left) of, else, to listen in, to look in, to see on television, to
speak over the telephone, in the picture.
XVIII. many, much, few, little (
, ) (. 34).
1. Our teacher gave us ___ home-work the day before yesterday. 2. Our
teacher will give us ___ home-work tomorrow too. 3. We usually see ___ men and
women in the parks on Sundays. 4. Our office received ___ telegrams in the morn-
ing. 5. Did your friend do ___ work yesterday? 6. Will you spend ___ time on this
translation? 7. Did you read ___ English books last year? 8. How ___ questions did
your teacher ask you at the last lesson? 9. How ___ work did this engineer give those
workers? 10. When shall we have ___ new interesting films?
XIX. ,
many, much, little, few.
1. How many English lessons did you have last month?
2. Did you have much or little work to do last month?

159
3. Did your friend have few or many English lessons last week?
4. Did you spend much time on your English last year?
5. Did your friend spend much or little time on his French last year?
6. Who spends little time on his German?
7. Do you usually ask many questions at your lessons?
8. Does your teacher always give you little home-work?
9. Will your teacher give you much home-work on Saturday?
10. Did you receive many or few letters last month?
11. Do you spend much or little time with your family?
12. When will you have little work to do at the office?
XX. .
27/I-30 ., 4/II-36 ., 11/III-1908 ., 1/IV-51 ., 29/V-40 ., 13/VI-46 .,
14/VI1-50 ., 12/VIII-57 ., 4/IX-56 ., 28/-55 ., 5/XI-56 ., 3/II-27 .
XXI. , .
1. ? . 2.
? . 3.
. 4. . 5.
? .
6. ?
. - ?
. ? . 7.
. .
. . . 8.
. , , .
? .
? . 9.
, . .
. 10. ?
. 11. .
? 12. . . 13.
? .
? . 14.
, . 15. .
. 16.
. ? , .
. 17. ?
. . 18. Ha
. .
. . , . 19.
100- .
? , . 20.
. . ,
. 21.

160
. . 22. ?
. . ? ,
. 23. He .
. .
XXII. .
.
. . .
. .
.
. . ,
, , . .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. () .
. .
. . .
. ,
. . 11
.



XXIII. 10 (, , )
.
XXIV. , ,
a .
XXV. ().
XXVI. ,
.
1. How I Once Went to See My Friends New Flat.
to receive a dining-room to the right (of)
a week ago a bed-room to the left (of)
new a study flowers
a flat a kitchen a picture
a house light a radio-set
to ask clean a television-set
to come to see the colour (of) near

161
to like in the middle (of) often
comfortable in the corner
2. Chaikovskys House in Klin.
a study a floor a piano
a bed-room a book-ease in the middle
a writing table an armchair a drawing-room
a lamp pictures a round table
a clock a garden chairs
a sofa a park
3. Leo Tolstoys Moscow House.
many rooms a room for work a sofa
a dining-room small an armchair
a bed-room four windows a round table
his childrens room a book-case a small lamp
the writers study a writing table at the window
XXVII. : a) Our Classroom. )
My Friends Study, ) My Grandfathers Country House, ) What Will
There Be in My New Flat?

162
LESSON EIGHT (THE EIGHTH LESSON)
Text: AT THE LIBRARY
Grammar: 1. some, any (. 47).
2. of one of, some of (. 48).
3.
(. 49).
Im sorry!
! (!)
Sorry!
Thats right! !
Thats wrong! !
Here it is! , !
Many people study foreign languages in our country. They attend lessons
before or after work. At home they prepare their home tasks. They read their text-
books and write many exercises. They want to know foreign languages very well.
So they read many books in1 foreign languages.
There is a library of Foreign Literature at our office. Our students often go
there to get books in foreign languages.
Comrade Smirnova is one of our students. She also goes to the library when
she has no English books at home. Now she is at the library.
Smirnova. Good morning!
Librarian. Good morning!
Smirnova. Have you got any interesting English books?
Librarian. Yes, | we have some2. What English writers do you like?
Smirnova. I like Dickens. I read many books by Dickens | in my child-
hood.
Librarian. Did you read them in English | or in Russian?
Smirnova. I read them in Russian. I did not know English then.
Librarian. When did you begin to study English?
Smirnova. I began to study English | two years ago.
Librarian. Dont take books by Dickens now. They are too difficult for
you. Take a book by Oscar Wilde | or Jack London. Their
books are easy. You will read them with interest.
Smirnova. All right3. Show me some books by Oscar Wilde, please,
but dont bring The Picture of Dorian Gray. I read it last
month.
(The librarian goes away and soon returns.)
Librarian. I am very sorry, but we have no books by Oscar Wilde on the
shelves now. I advise you to take some book by Jack London.
Shall I bring you Martin Eden or The White Fang?4
Smirnova. Give me The White Fang, please.
Librarian. Here it is!
Smirnova. Thank you very much.
(The student takes the book and leaves the library.)

163

1. They read many hooks in foreign languages.
.
in to read to write
, .
:
- . They read English well.
-. They read this hook in English.
2. Have you got any interesting English hooks? -
?
Yes, we have some. , e ().
some
,
(
books).
3. All right. , . all right
. :
All right.
4. Shall I bring you Martin Eden or The White Fang?
: Mapm
?;
Shall
o ,
, .
:
? Shall I read?
? Shall I go to the blackboard?
,
.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


a library [ labrr]
a librarian [ labrrn]
people [pi:pl] 1. (); 2. (-
)
:
There were many people in the
(). room.
There are many peoples in our
( - country.
).

164
Our people like to work and
. to study.
(- - (- -
). )
to attend [tu tend] (, ,
..)
Syn to go (to) ...
e.g. Did you attend our last lesson? ?
so ()
e.g. I decided to go to the country -
on Sunday. So I got up very early. . .
literature [ltrt]
History [hstr]
Geography [drf]
by ,
W. comb a book by Gogol ( )
childhood [taldhud]
e.g. In my childhood I lived in the .
country.
too ( )
e.g. This text is too long. .
difficult [dfklt]
Ant easy [i:z]
interest
Prp with interest
e.g. You will see this film with
interest. .
right , ,
Ant wrong [r] , , -

W. comb Thats right! ! (!)
Ant Thats wrong! ! (!)
Gr to be right (wrong) ()
e.g. You are right (wrong). ().
All right [:l rat] ! ()
all ,
:
. All was right.
. All were glad to see him.
:
() - All children like to ask questions.
.
( ) All the children stood up when
, - the teacher came into the

165
. class-room.
to show (showed, shown) [t ou,
oud, oun]
a show , -
W. comb a television show (a T.V.
show)
Ho: a radio broadcast [br:dk:st]
to bring (brought, brought) [t br, , ,
br:t, br:t]
Ant to take (took, taken) , ,
e.g. Bring me some interesting , , -
book to read, please. .
Come to see us and bring your
daughter with you. .
Do you often take your children
to the theatre? ?
away [we]
W. comb to go away , ,
e.g. Soon our friends went away. .
sorry [sr] ,
e.g. I am very sorry, but I had no ( ),
time to discuss this question yester- -
day. .
Prp to be sorry for... , ...
a shelf (pl shelves)
to advise [tu dvaz]
e.g. I advise you to read this book. .
to leave (left, left) [t li:v, left, left] 1. ( -, -
).
e.g. Yesterday I left my exercise- ()
book at home. .
2. - -,

Syn to go away ,
:
- left Moscow for Leningrad
. a week ago.
left for Leningrad a week
. ago.
any [en] -, - (

)
some [sm] ,

166

Oscar Wilde [sk wald]
Jack London [dk lndn]
The Picture of Dorian Gray [ pktr v d:rn re]
Martin Eden [m:tin i:dn]
The White Fang [ wat f]

. -hood, -
-hood [hud] ;
:
child [tald] childhood [taldhud]
-y [] ;
:
ease [i:z] easy [i:z]

.
.
, , , . . (.
.).


a 1. + [] comrade [kmrd]
2. [] library [labrr]
e 1. [] begin [bgn]
, telephone [telfoun]
l, n, r
2. r, [] paper7 [pep]
n+c sentence [sentns]
i [] mistake [mstek]
y r Ministry [mnstr]
o 1. n, l lesson [lesn]
2. [ou] also [:lsou]
u 1. + [ju:] Institute [nsttju:t]
2. [] difficult [dfklt]

7
r [], : gram-
mar [rm], teacher [ti:t], doctor [dkt].

167


I. (. 47).
1. There are (some, any) pictures in our text-book. 2. Are there (some, any)
flowers in your room? 3. Do you study (some, any) foreign languages? 4. Does your
friend have (some, any) English magazines? 5. Were there (some, any) boys in your
class at school? 6. I did not receive (some, any) letters yesterday. 7. There will be
(some, any) pictures on the walls in my room. 8. Did you write (some, any) exercises
on the blackboard yesterday?
II. .
1. I read some English magazines yesterday. 2. There were some new words
in that text. 3. I wrote some letters last night. 4. My friend will know some foreign
languages soon. 5. There are some German books in my book-case.
III. ,
some any.
1. Do you study any foreign languages?
2. Did you know any foreign languages last year?
3. Do you read any English books?
4. Have you got any interesting English books at home?
5. Will there be any interesting English magazines at the office tomorrow?
6. Have you got any friends in Leningrad?
7. Did you receive any letters from your friends yesterday?
8. Have you any children?
9. Have you got any pictures of your daughter?
10. Does your daughter (son) ask you any questions about your work?
11. Did you go to any park on Sunday?
12. Were there any children there?
13. Will there be any children in this park next Sunday?
14. Have you got any questions?
15. Did you have any lessons yesterday?
16. Is there any garden near your house?
17. Were there any flowers in your garden last year?
18. Are there any flowers in your room to-day?
IV. a :
)
some, any.
1.
. 2. - ? . 3.
. 4. -
? . . 5.
. 6.
. 7. ? ,

168
. 8.
. 9.
- ? . 10.
() . 11. ?
, . 12.
. 13.
.
) one of,
some of (. 48).
1. .
. 2.
. 3. . 4.
o . .
. 5. . 6.
(). 7. .
. 8. .
. 9.
. 10. .
11. . , ( ) .
12. .
.
)
(. 49).
1. . .
2. ( lecture on) ? . 3.
, , . 4.
. 5. ?
. 6.
? . 7.
.

-
V. .
before their work atthe library
one of our students onthe shelves
in my childhood readthem

leavesthe library
takesthe book
here isthe book
VI. , : Have you got any interesting
English hooks?" last month.

169
VII. ,
.
again, aside, sofa, comrade, village, moderate, receive, begin, repeat,
rebuke, ticket, teacher, interval, picnic, army, pilot, pardon, institute, multi-
tude, difficult, doctor, motor, grammar, martyr.
VIII. , ,
.
literature central advisable
student childhood text-book
easy economist fifth
badly doctor picture
ninety fourteen graduation
translation engineer question
adviser Communist usually
IX. , .
1. Is there a library at your office?
2. Do many or few people usually go to the library?
3. Do you like Russian Literature?
4. Are there any books on Russian Literature at your library?
5. Did you read any books by Jack London in your childhood?
6. Do we read books by Jack London with interest?
7. Which of your friends advised you to study English last year?
8. Is English difficult or easy for you?
9. Do you study it with interest?
10. When do you usually attend your English lessons?
11. Do you know English History and Geography?
12. Were there any wrong sentences in your last translation?
13. Do the students show their exercise-books to their teacher before or af-
ter the lesson?
14. What time do all the students usually leave the class-room?
15. Have you got a television-set at home?
16. Were there any interesting television shows last week?
17. Did all your family like the last TV show?
X. , .
1. Yesterday I was ___ the Central Library ___ Foreign Literature. There were
very many people ___ there. 2. Where did you get this book ___ Dickens? I took
it ___ the library. 3. Have you got any English books ___ home? Yes, Ive got
some, but they are too difficult ___ you. You will read them ___ interest ___ a year
or two. 4. ___ her childhood she read many books ___ Russian and ___ English
writers. 5. There is an English magazine ___ that table. Show it ___ me, please.
6. Repeat this sentence ___ English, please. 7. What books ___ Jack London have
you got ___ the shelves now? 8. When do you usually leave ___ home? I usually

170
leave __ home ___ eight oclock ___ the morning. 9. My brother left ___ Moscow
___ Kiev yesterday. ___ two weeks he will return ___ Moscow, stay ___ here some
days and then leave___ Kiev again. 10. My sister reads many books ___ English and
French.
XI. , .
There is ___ Library of ___ Foreign Literature at our Ministry. Yesterday I
went to ___ library to take ___ book for my report. Have you got any books by Jack
London on ___ shelves? I asked ___ librarian. Yes, weve got some, she an-
swered. Take Martin Eden. It is ___ very good book. You will read it with ___
interest. I took ___ book, thanked ___ librarian and left ___ library.
XII. ,
.
III. .
to begin good after
to leave well to go
to give difficult old
to bring long here
wrong to answer large
XIV.
.
(a library, a writer, to attend, a television show, childhood, so, to bring, away,
difficult, to advise, easy, interest)
1. I ___ English lessons on Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday and Saturday. 2. My
daughter often ___ many interesting books home. 3. Sometimes I take books from
our ___ and sometimes from my ___ friends. 4. Last year I read many books by
English ___ 5. I was born ___ in Kiev and I spent my___ in that city. 6. I ___ you
to begin to study English next year. 7. Please, help me to translate this sentence. It
is very ___. 8. This book is not difficult, it is___. I ___ you to read it. You will read
it with ___. 9. Yesterday I went to see Boris. We saw a ___ together and then I went
___.
XV. , .
at the library, to attend, a book by , in his childhood, too (), with
interest, all right, to be sorry, on the shelves, to leave, to go away.
XVI. .
23/I-46 ., 7/III-52 ., 5/II-49 ., 9/IV-39 ., 4/V-47 ., 8/VII-50 . 14/VI-52
., 20/VIII-5I ., 24/IX-55 ., 12/-53 ., 19/XI-51 ., 28/XII-54 .
XVII. ,
.
1. () .
2. ? 3.

171
,
. 4. ,
. 5. .

. . 6.
? 7. .
. 8.
? . 9.
- ? .
. . 10.
? .
? . 11. , y .
() .
. 12. -
? , .
. 13. .
. 14. - ? . 15.
() .
. 16. .
. 17. - ? . 18.
. 19.
- ? , ,
- . , . 20.
- ? . . 21.
.
XVIII. a .
. ,
. . ,
, , ( ) ,
, , .
.
.
. ,
. ,
. .
.



XIX. : ) ; ) .
XX. 15 .

172
XXI. At the Library,
.
literature, people, in my childhood, a book by, difficult, librarian, to show, on
the shelves, to be sorry, to advise, to bring, to leave.
XXII. At the Library ( ).
XXIII. : a) At the Library of Foreign Lit-
erature, b) The Library at Our Factory. c) My Son Goes to the Library for
the First Time (). d) In the Reading Room.

173
LESSON NINE (THE NINTH LESSON)
Text: A TELEPHONE TALK
Grammar: 1. can, may, must (. 50)

2. (
that,
if,
as, because (. 51).
3. - (. 52).
4. (.
53).
How are you? ? (
?)
So-so. ().
Fine, | thank you. , .
Whats the matter? ?
Whats the matter with you? ?
Hurry up! ! (!)
Dont hurry! ! ( !)
Ann. Hallo, | is that you, Mary? Flow are you? Why didnt you go to the
lectures yesterday?
Mary. Hallo, Ann. | Im all right to-day, | but I felt very bad yesterday.
I couldnt even get up.
A. What was the matter with you?
M. I dont know, | but I had a very high temperature.
A. Can you go to the Institute to-day?
M. No, | I cant. I feel | that I must stay at home to-day. I am very sorry
| that I cannot go to the Institute | and attend the lecture on Literature.
A. Its all right! You may have my notes. If you are ill, you must certainly
stay at home. May I come to see you?
M. Certainly, you may. Can you come after the lectures?
A. I am sorry, I cannot, as after the lectures I must go to the library. I want to
take some books for my report.
M. Dont go to the library. Come to my place after the lectures. Ive got many
interesting books at home. You can take any of them1.
A. All right! Can I get to your place by tram 41?
M. Dont go by tram. There is a new underground station near my house
now. You can come here by the underground. I always go to the Institute
by the underground now. It takes me fifteen minutes to get there2.
A. All right and now I must hurry to the Institute. So long.
M. So long. Dont forget to bring me your notes. Ring me up, if you cant
come.

174

1. Yon can take any of them. ().
any
.
2. It takes me fifteen minutes to get there. 15
( 15 , , 15
). ,
, .
:
y How long did it take you to
? translate this article? It took
. me two hours to do it.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


a talk [ t:k]
hello! !
why ()
e.g. Why didnt you attend your ?
lesson yesterday ?
because [bk:z] ,
Syn as
e.g. Why do you always get up ?
early? I get up early because ,
my working day begins at eight .
oclock. ( because !)
a lecture [ lekt]
Prp a lecture on Literature
to feel (felt, felt) [t fi:l, felt, felt] 1.
e.g. I feel, that I must stay at home. ,
.
2. (-)
:
(- I feel well.
) ( )
(- feels bad.
). ( )
(). is well. ()
even [i:vn] ( )
e.g. doesnt even see his mistakes. .
high [ha] ( , )
Ant low
Syn tall , (
, )

175
Ant short ,
:
a high house
( ) a tall man
a tall tree
a low bed
( ) a short man
a temperature [ temprt]
a note , , ,
W. comb to take notes , ,
..,
e.g. Jane always takes notes at the (-
lectures. )
that ()
e.g. I know that you are right. , .
if ()
e.g. Come to see me if you have time. ,
.
ill (
)
Syn sick ( -
)
Ant well
:
. was ill yesterday (

).
. is a sick man ().
can [kn, kn, kn] (could [kud]) ( ..)
must [mst, mst] ( ..)
may [me] , (
, )
e.g. May I smoke here? ?
certainly [s:tnl] , ( )
:
, , . is certainly ill ( to be).
, , They certainly read this book
. last year ( ).
a place , . ,
e.g. Come to my place = Come .
to see me.
W. comb at my (his, her, etc.) place (, ..)
e.g. We shall meet at my place. ().

176
any ( -
)
e.g. There are many magazines on .
that shelf. You can take any of them. .
to get (got, got) 1. ,
2. , ,
e.g. How can I get to your place? ?
a tram
W. comb to go by tram
e.g. I usually go to the Institute .
by tram.
the Underground
e.g. We like our Underground very .
much.
Art to go by the Underground
e.g. I often go home by the Under- .
ground.
a station ,
W. comb a tram station ()
an Underground station
a tram stop
a bus stop
Prp at the station
at the tram stop
at the next stop
to hurry ,
Prp to hurry to... -
e.g. In the morning he always .
hurries to the Institute.
good-bye! , , -
!
Syn so long! , !
to forget (forgot, forgotten) [t fet,
ft, ftn]
Ant to remember ,
e.g. I forgot about it. .
forgot to tell me about it. .
:
. I forgot to ask you about it.
() I left your book at home yester-
. day.
to ring up (rang up, rung up)

177
:
Why didnt you ring me up
yesterday? ( ?
)
Ring up Comrade Perov, please. ,
( - .
)

. r
r , ,
, :
hurry [hr] berry [ber]
sorry [sr] mirror [mr]
carry [kr]


I. a
(. 50).
a) 1. I can show you an interesting picture of this city. 2. He can give you his
report on the life of Jack London. 3. His brother could play the piano very well.
4. She could translate these English texts.
b) 1. We must attend a lecture on German History on Tuesday. 2. You must
return my magazines on Wednesday. 3. You must take your children to the country
for the week-end. 4. I must go to see my grandmother on my day off.
c) 1. You may discuss these questions after work. 2. They may take four mag-
azines from that shelf. 3. She may sit on the sofa in my study. 4. He may leave
Moscow on Saturday.
II. a , a
.
a) 1. Can you speak English?
2. Can you write English?
3. How can you speak and write English?
4. Can you read English well or badly?
5. Can your daughter play the piano?
6. How can she play the piano?
7. Where can we get some English magazines?
8. What can you see on the walls of this room?
b) l. Must your son attend any lectures at the University?
2. What must you do to know English well?
3. When must you come to the office?
4. With whom must you work at this report?
5. When must children go to bed?

178
c) 1. May I take your pen?
2. When may your son go to the country?
3. Till what time may we stay at our library?
4. May we sometimes finish work at three oclock on Saturday?
5. When may children go to the cinema?
d) l. Can you speak French well or badly?
2. What foreign language can you speak well?
3. When must you come to your lessons?
4. May I ask you a question?
5. Can you go to the park now?
6. What time may you leave the office on Saturday?
7. Who can speak German well at your office?
8. May you study at the library?
9. Where can you prepare your lessons?
10. What lesson must you read now?
11. When must you leave the office?
12. How long may your little son walk in the garden to-day?
III. must, can may.
1. When ___ you come to your lessons? I ___ come to my lessons at eight
oclock. 2. You ___ not go away now, you ___ stay here till six oclock. 3. ___ I
take your pen? Yes, you ___. Here it is. 4. Comrade N. knows English well. He
___ translate these texts. 5. I ___ not translate this letter. It is too difficult. 6. ___ I
come into the room? No, you ___ not. 7. You ___ come to your lessons in time.
8 ___ you read this text? Yes, I ___ It is easy. 9. Who ___ bring me The White
Fang? I ___ prepare a report on this book. 10. I ___ not go to the library to-day. I
have no time. 11. You ___ read this book. It is very easy.
IV. ,
.
a) 1. -.
1954 . 2. .
. 3. ? ,
. 4. , .
5. . . 6.
( ) ? 7. ?
. 8. ?
9. , . . 10.
? . 11.
( ) -.
.
. 12. ? .
.

179
) 1. ? ( .) 2.
? 3. * ( )? 4.
, ( ) . 5.
() ? ( ). 6.
. , . 7. ?
8. .

V. may
.

VI. :
) -
(. 52).
1. ? ,
. . 2.
? . 3. (
) ? , . 4.
? , . 5.
? . 6.
? , .
7. ? . . 8.
? 9. ?
)
(. 51, . 2).
1. , . 2.
, . 3.
, . 4.
, ,
. 5. , .
6. *, ,
. 7. ,
. . 8. ,
.
)
(. 51, . 2).
1. , .
2. ,
? 3. , . 4. ,
. 5. (to think),
. 6. ,
? 7. ,

*
to smoke
*
to think (thought, thought)

180
. 8. , . 9.
, ? 10. ,
.

-
VIII. ,
.
I can write. We must stay. He may stay.
He can read. You must study. You may go.
She can come. They must go. They may come.
IX. , Hallo, is that you
attend the lecture on Literature.
.
I must stay. Is_that so?
I cannot go What wasthe matter?
feelthat attendthe lecture

X. ,
.
) carry, flurry, merry, hurry, marry, berries, ferry, lorry, scurry, barrel,
squirrel;
b) cigarette, afar, interval, mischief, tobacco, remark, remember, deli-
cate, aside, arrive.
XI. , ,
.
underground temperature readable
dictation lecture pianist
lecture worker discussion
certainly childhood speaker
economist easy beginner
picture easily highly
XII. , .
a) 1. Do you attend lectures at the University?
2. What must you do if you have a high temperature?
3. Is Comrade P. ill to-day?
4. Do your friends often come to your place?
5. How often do you go to see your friends?
6. Can you get to the Ministry by the Underground?
7. Is there an Underground station near your house?
8. How long does it take you to get to the office?
9. Who reads many books by English writers in your group?
10. How are you?

181
11. How is your son?
12. What is the matter with your son?
13. Does your son often feel had?
14. Do you like to go to the station to meet your friends?
15. What do you do if you have little time to get to the office in time?
16. Why do we usually stay in bed if we have a high temperature?
17. Why does Comrade N. often attend lectures on History?
18. Why do people like the Moscow underground?
19. Why dont you like to go to the office by tram?
20. Why can Comrade N. often walk to the office?
XIII. .
1. I cannot go to the lecture to-day because I feel bad (2). 2. It takes me one
hour to get to the Institute (1). 3. My friend made a very interesting report yester-
day (3). 4. My friend will come to see me on Sunday (2). I usually get to the library
by the underground (3). 6. My sisters house is high (1). 7. I always forget these
words. (2).
XIV. ,
.
(to forget, a lecture, to fed, a place, to ring up, a note, to remember, high, to
make notes, a talk, ill, to stay)
1. Do you attend ___ at the Institute every day? 2. As I ___ bad, I must ___ at
home. 3. Why is Comrade Petrov not at the lecture? Is he ___? Go to his ___ after
the ___, please. 4. Tell me Anns telephone number (), please. I always ___
it. She is ill and I want to ___ her ___. 5. Why cant you ___ this grammar rule? It
is not difficult! 6. I know that Peter always ___ of the lectures which he attends. So
you may ask him for his ___ if you didnt attend the last lecture. 7. Please, help me
to get that thick book from the shelf. Its too ___ for me. 8. Yesterday Peter and
Mary came to my ___ and we had an interesting ___ about our studies.
XV. .
to have a talk, to ring up, to remember, to be ill, to go to see, a lecture on,
even, to make notes, high, to stay, temperature, to feel well, to get to, to hurry, by
the Underground, by tram, because (as).
XVI. (10)
.
XVII. ,
.
1. usually, it, me, to get, takes, my, one hour, to, office.
2. it, him, this, took, days, book, to read, ten.
3. her, takes, it, breakfast, 20 minutes, to have, always.
4. take, did, how long, it, to prepare, you, your, home task?
5. to translate, how long, it, take, will, them, letters, these?

182
XVIII. .
1. It usually takes me thirty minutes to get up, wash and dress (2). 2. It will
take them two hours to get to Petrovs house (2). 3. It took us fifteen minutes to
discuss this question yesterday (2). 4. It will take you two days to read these notes
(2). 5. It took them an hour to get to the library (2).
XIX. ,
it takes.
1. . ,
. 2. ,
? . 3.
, ?
. 4. ,
? . 5. ,
? .
XX. .
) It takes me five minutes to get ,
there. .
b) It took him half an hour to do
that work. .
) It will take them an hour and ,
a half to get to the Institute. .
d) Does it take you much time to ,
get there? ?
) How long did it take him to y
read this story? ?
f) Will it take them an hour to ,
do this exercise? ?
g) It doesnt take me long to get ,
to my office. .
h) It didnt take her long to pre- ,
pare her report. .
i) It wont take you long to copy
this text. .
XXI. , ,
.
1. Our students study (well, good). 2. My son is an engineer (well, good).
3. Yesterday you read this lesson (bad, badly). 4. You must study (good, well).
5. Who can translate this text (good, well)? 6. I play the piano (bad, badly). 7. Com-
rade Pestov made a report (good, well). 8. Are there any books in your library (good,

183
well)? 9. I know these words (bad, badly). 10. My son feels to-day (bad, badly). 11.
Do you feel to-day (well, good)?
XXII. ,
.
) good, well, had, badly. 1.
? 2. . 3.
. ,
. 4.
, . 5. .
6. . 7. . 8.
, . 9.
, .
) very, very much. 1. . 2.
. . 3.
. 4. . 5.
. .
) to leave, to forget. 1. .
2. . . 3.
. 4. He . 5. He
. 6. . 7.
. 8. ? 9.
? 10. ?
14. ? .
) can, may. 1. no ? 2.
. . 3.
?
, . 4.
? 5. ?
, . 6.
? 7. ? 8. . 9.
? . 10. -,
.
XXIII. , .
1. ! ? . , .
? (), .
. 2. ?
? . .
3. ? ,
. ?
20 . 4.
? . . , . 5. He
. 6.

184
. 7. .
. 8. . . 9.
? . . . 10.
. .
11. ,
? ,
. 12. . ?
c .
XXIV. .
(group) . -
()
, .
.
, . .
20 . y ,
, -,
. .
,, ! . ,,
. .
. .
. ( )
. ,
.



XXV. 15 (, , ) .
XXVI. .
1. What did Ann do that day?
2. What did Mary do at home?
XXVII. : a) Meeting () a Friend
at the Theatre. ) A Telephone Talk.
XXVIII. ,
,
1. A Visit to a Sick Friend.
to ring up, to go to see, how are you, what is the matter, temperature, to feel
bad, to be very ill, to be sorry, to attend.
2. How I Get to the Office.
near (far), to get to, an Underground station, by the Underground, to hurry, to
forget, it takes me.
XXIX. ,
8 9.

185
LESSON TEN (THE TENTH LESSON)
Text: A LETTER TO A FRIEND
Grammar: 1. (
c when,
(. 54).
Will you stay at your friends | or at
a hotel? ?
Petrov put up at the hotel | for a
fortnight. .
Many thanks! Not at all. ! .
My best regards to your family! () !
Dear Victor,
At last I can write you a letter. I could not answer your letter last week because
I was very busy. Yesterday I passed my examination in Literature and in two days
I shall be quite free. In three days my wife will take her last examination1 and in a
week we shall leave Moscow for Sochi. We shall go to a rest-home for our holiday.2
When we were in Sochi last year, we had a very good time there.
You know that I like the sea. I shall swim and lie in the sun3 two or three
hours a day.4 I am sorry you wont be with us. You write that you cannot forget the
holiday which we spent in Alupka two years ago. I cant forget it either.5 I am sorry
you will not go to any resort this year. When will you have your holiday? Is your
wifes health still poor? I hope that soon | she will be all right. How long
do you intend to live in the country? Is there a river and a forest there? I shall
return to Moscow | at6 the beginning of August | as I must prepare for the new
school-year. I think I shall visit you then. May I come to your place | on the
tenth or eleventh of August?7
We shall be very glad to hear from you before our departure.
My best regards to your family. Yours, Boris.


1. In three days my wife will take her last examination.
. last :
) ( ), : the last lesson
) ( ). last
, ,
, , ,
,
:
last year
last week
last month .

186
2. We shall go to a rest-home for our holiday.
. . , for
:
) :
He worked at his translation for (
two hours but could not finish it. ),
.
) :
I brought this book for you. .
) :
What mark did you get for your ?
dictation?
, for :
Our teacher gives us many exer-
cises for home-work. .
Last year I visited Minsk for the
first time. ( ).
3. I shall swim and lie in the sun. (
). in :
) :
1) :
in the morning
in the evening
in the afternoon
2) :
in (the) summer
in (the) autumn
in (the) winter
in (the)spring
3) , ,
:
in a week
in three days
) ,
, , . . - :
in the room
in that place
in Kiev
in the street

187
in the picture
) , in :
to listen in (to)
to look in
to lie in the sun ()
to be in the country
to take (to pass) an examination () -
in Literature paype.
4. I shall lie in the sun two or three hours a day.
. ,
,
.
:
three times a week
four lessons a month
six books a year
How many hours a day do
you work? ?
5. I cant forget it either. ().
, ,
too, also, either.
Too also
, either -
:
I remember it very well too. xo-
I also remember it very well. poo.
I cannot remember it either. .
Cant you remember it either? ?
6. I shall return to Moscow at the beginning of August.
. at .
) at :
1) , :
at the blackboard
at the window
2) -
,
:
I work at the Ministry of
Foreign Trade. .

188
) at ,
:
at three oclock
at that time ( )
at the beginning of May
at the end of the book
) at :
to work:
He works hard at his English.
.
a to look:
Look at the blackboard! !
) at :
at last
at all ( )
at once , .
7. May I come to your place on the tenth or eleventh of August?
? on
.
) on
:
on the table
on the wall
) on ,
:
on sunny day
on Wednesday
on my day off
on the third of November 3-o
) , on ,
: a lecture on , to spend time on :
Yesterday I attended a lec- o
ture on English Literature. .
He spent much time on the
preparation of his report. .
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
dear [d]
last [l:st] 1. (no )
e.g. Read the last sentence, please. , ,
.

189
2. (no )
e.g. I did not study English last year.
.
Phr at last
e.g. At last he remembered that word! , !
busy [bz]
Ant free
Gr to be busy
to be free
an examination [n zmnen]
W. comb to take an examination ()
to pass an examination ()
:
() I must take my examination
. on Monday
() passed his examination well
. yesterday.
Prp an examination in Literature, ,
English etc. ..
to examine [tu izmn] 1.
e.g. This teacher usually examines -
the students in Room Three. 3.
2.
e.g. Did the doctor examine the sick
child yesterday? ?
:
to go sightseeing
quite [kwat] , ( , -

)
at all ( -
)
:
. was quite a child then.
. I dont know him at all.
a rest-home [ rest houm]
rest
W. comb to have a rest
Syn to rest , ( -
, )
e.g. children usually rest (for)
an hour after dinner.

190
:
pa- rested (for) an hour after
... work.
We had a good time in the
. country.
. We had a good holiday in Sochi.
. We shall go to Sochi for holiday.
a holiday [ hld] .
holidays
Syn vacation , (.)
Prp on (for) holiday , .
e.g. Where will you go on (for) ?
holiday?
e.g. is (away) on holiday now. .
a holiday-maker
time
Phr to have a good time ,
e.g. On Sunday we went to the
country and had a good time ( -
there. ).
a sea
a seaside (side )
Prp at the seaside ( )
W. comb to go to the seaside
to swim (swam, swum)
the sun
to lie (lay, lain) [t la, le, len]
Phr to lie in the sun ( )
a resort [rz:t] ,
W. comb a health resort ( )
a seaside resort
a summer resort
either [a] ( -
)
:
. I also like that book = I like
hat book too.
. I dont like that book either.
health [hel]
still ,
poor [pu] 1.
Ant rich
2. , ( , )
W. comb poor work

191
poor health ()
e.g. His health is poor. .
:
() ? Are they still here?
? Where else do you want to go?
to hope
e.g. I hope that they will return very , -
soon. .
to intend ,
e.g. Where do you intend to spend
your summer holiday? ?
a river [ rv]
W. comb a long river
e.g. There are many long rivers in .
our country.
a forest [ frst]
the beginning
Ant the end
Prp at the beginning (end) of ... () -
e.g. came to Moscow at the .
beginning of March.
a school year [ sku:l j]
to think (thought, thought) [t k, 1. ()
:t, :t]
e.g. What do you think about it? ?
2. ()
e.g. I think he is right. (), .
a visit [ vzt] ,
to visit (,
..)
Syn to attend (, ,
..)
:
Why didnt you attend that
? lecture?
, Didnt you visit the Kremlin
? when you were in Moscow?
to hear (heard, heard) [t h, h:d, (
h:d] )
Phr to hear from... -
e.g. I hope we shall soon hear from ,
you. .
a departure [ dp:t] (to depart , )

192
. -ing
-ing [] , .. ,
:
to begin beginning

-
I. :
inthree days notgo atthe beginning
inthat place intendto live forgetthe holiday
inthe sun gladto hear forestthere

II. , : When will you have


your holiday? May I come to your place on the tenth or
eleventh of August?
III. ,
.
culture, rapture, lecture, nature, feature, furniture;
can, letter, day, wife, will, three, week, Moscow, rest-home, spent, that, place,
too, good, time, like, swim, lie, sun, vacation, beginning, departure.
IV. -r -tion.
V.
, : reading room, rest-
home, blackboard.
VI. , ,
.
gladly departure swimmer
beginning healthy freely
sunny examination feeling
poorly meeting visitor
holiday-maker preparation easy
VII. , .
1. When do you usually have your examinations?
2. When will you take your examination in English?
3. How did you pass your last examination in English?
4. Will you be free tomorrow afternoon?
5. Why will you be busy?
6. Were you at the theatre last Sunday? Did you have a good time there?
7. Where did you have a good time last Sunday?
8. Did you go to a rest-home for your holiday last year?
9. Do you like the sea? Why do you like the sea?
10. How much time a day can you lie in the sun?

193
11. Can your children swim?
12. Do they swim well or badly?
13. Do your children like to swim in the river?
14. How many hours a day do you rest?
15. Will you go to the country or stay in Moscow next Sunday?
16. Why will you stay in Moscow? (What will you do in the country?)
17. Will you have your holiday at the beginning of July or at the end of it?
18. What places will you visit in the summer?
19. Why do people like Sochi?
20. Are you glad to hear from your friends, when you are away from Mos-
cow?
21. Do you visit your friends before departure or do your friends come to
your place?
VIII. .
1. It will take you two hours to get there (2). 2. I shant go to the cinema either
because I am busy to-night (l). 3. At the end of the school-year we usually have
five English lessons a week (l). 4. We shall have our examination at the end of
June (2). 5. His wifes health is still poor (l). 6. He cant write you a letter as he has
no time (l). 7. Our students passed their examination in English very well last year
(3). 8. I intend to spend three hours a day on my English before the examination
(4).
IX. , .
Yesterday I received ___ letter from my friend. He is ___ student. He lives in
___ Leningrad and studies at ___ Leningrad University (). He studies
___ English Literature. Last year we spent our holiday together. We were in ___
Sochi and had ___ very good time there. We swam in ___ sea and lay in ___ sun
two hours ___ day. This summer my friend lives in ___ country. There is ___ river
and ___ forest here, he writes. I often go there. I shall stay in this place till ___
September. I shall return to ___ Leningrad at ___ end of August. I shall be very glad
to hear from you soon. To-day I shall write ___ letter to him. I shall write about
___ work of our Institute and about my life.
X. , .
___ next week I shall take my examination ___ English. I shall begin to repeat
the texts ___ two days. I shall work ___ my English two or three hours ___ a day.
___ the examination we can usually attend lessons five times ___ a week. ___ the
examination I shall leave ___ Moscow ___ Sochi. I usually live near ___ the sea
there. I shall swim ___ the sea and lie ___ the sun. I shall return___ Moscow ___
the end ___ August. I hope I shall have a good holiday ___ this year.

194
XI. ,
, .
) To take an examination, to pass an examination.
1. ?
. ? .
. 2. ?
, .
. 3. ?
. .
. . 4.
? .
. .
. 5. ? 40- . 6.
, o
.
) Else, still
1. ? 2.
? 3. ? 4. ?
. 5. ? 6.
? 7. ? 8.
? . 9. ? 10.
. 11. ?
12. ? 13. ?
14. ? , .
15. ? .
) To visit, to attend.
1. ?
. 2. ,
. 3. .
. 4. o ,
, *, . 5.
. 6.
. .
) Quite, at all.
1. . 2.
. 3. . 4.
, . 5. (
). 6. . 7.
. 8. . , ?
9. . . 10. ,
.

*
a museum [ mju:zm].

195
) Too, also, either.
1. . 2.
? 3. ? 4.
? 5. ? 6.
. 7. .
8. , . 9.
. 10. .
) In, for, on, at, to.
1.
. 2. . 3.
. , . 4. B
. () . ,
. 5. . 6.
? 7.
. 8. , ee
. 9. 1959 . 10.
?
. 11. !
? 12.
. ,
. 13. - ?
14. . 15. ? 16.
. 17.
? 18.
?
XII. , .
else, still; at last; to be busy, to be free; quite, at all; to have a good time; to
lie in the sun; two or three times a day (a week, a month); too, also, either; at the
beginning, at the end; to hear from; before his (her, our) departure; to have a good
holiday.
XIII.
.
, , , , , ,
, , , , , , ,
, , , , , .
XIV. (17)
.
XV. , .
) ?
, . 2.
. , .
. 3. ?

196
, (yet) *. . 4.
?
. 5. ?
. 6. .
. 7. ?
pycc . ,
. . 8.
. 9. ? .
. . . 10.
? 11.
? , .
, . .
12. .
. 13.
?
. 14. y
?
) ** .
( ) . ,
, ,
. () .
. , ,
( ) : , ,
.
) .
, ,
. , ,
.
. , .
(country-house), .
, .
. . .
() .
() co . ,
. .
? ,
.
.
,
.

*
this week.
**
Soviet [souvet].

197


XVI. ,
( ).
XVII. .
1. How Boris and his Wife Spent their Last Week in Moscow before their
Departure for Sochi.
2. How Boris and his Wife Spent their Time in Sochi Last Year.
3. How the Two Friends Had a Holiday in Alupka Two Years Ago.
4. Why Victor Wont Go to the Sea This Year.
XVIII. ,
.
XIX. .
1. o ,
.
2. o , .
3. () .
4. .
5. o .
XX. ,
.
at last, to be on holiday, in the summer, to take (pass) an examination in,
free, a rest-home, a departure, to have a good time, the sea, to swim, to lie in the sun,
a poor health, to intend, a river, a forest, at the beginning (end) of, to visit, to be
glad, to hear from, to have a good holiday.
XXI. , ,
.
to like, in the winter, fine weather, to go for holiday, at a rest-home, in the
country, near Moscow, to wake up early, to wash, to dress, to have breakfast (dinner,
supper), to walk, a forest, a river, to skate, to ski, in the evening, to have a good time,
to play chess, to play the piano, to see interesting films, to see a television show, to
go to bed.

198
LESSON ELEVEN (THE ELEVENTH LESSON)
Text: MY GRANDFATHER IN MOSCOW
Grammar: ,
(. 55).
Do you want to go sight-
seeing today? ?
I must be off. .
Ill be back in a minute. .
My grandfather is a very old man, but he does not want to retire on a pension.
How can I retire now?, he says, Now, when there is so much work to do1. Look
at our village! Three years ago we built a new school for our children. We have a
cinema. Next year there will be a new hospital in our village and my grandson will
work there as a doctor. No, I cannot retire now!
My grandfather works very well.
Last month our collective farm sent him as our delegate to the Exhibition in
Moscow.
Two days ago he returned home. In the evening many people came to his
house. They wanted to listen to his story about the capital of the Soviet Union.
Tell us about Moscow, they asked him, What kind of city is Moscow? Did
you like it? What did you see there?
Well, well, I shall try to answer all your questions, my grandfather said.
It wasnt my first visit to Moscow, he began. I visited Moscow for the first
time when I was seventeen years old. It was before the Revolution, but I remember
it very well.
The streets of old Moscow were narrow and dirty. There were high beauti-
ful houses only in the centre where the rich people lived. The workers and their
families lived in small houses in the suburbs of Moscow. Very few of the workers
children could go to school. They worked at factories together with their parents and
helped their families. Their childhood was very hard.

199
When I came to Moscow this time | I did not recognize it. I could see
straight and wide streets, | beautiful squares, | green parks and gardens. I
saw very many new schools, | hospitals, | institutes | and hotels. I saw the
beautiful Moscow Underground | and the new building of Moscow Univer-
sity. Now | there are many fine buildings | in the suburbs of the city | too.
Moscow | is an important industrial centre. There are many big facto-
ries in it. I visited some of them and met many interesting people there.
Thank you for your story, one of us said. I think, Comrades, that next year
our grandfather will visit Moscow for the third time. I think that next year he will
again be one of our delegates to the Exhibition in Moscow.


1. Now, when there is so much work to do. ,
. to do
work .
to do :
We had much work to do yesterday. .

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


to retire [t rta] ,
W. comb to retire on a pension
[penn]
e.g. My father retired on a pension 65 .
at 65.
a pensioner [ penn]
W. comb an old-age pensioner
to say (said, said) [t se, sed, sed] , ,
(
, -
)
Syn to tell (told, told) , , -,
( -
, -
).
to speak (spoke, spoken) , (
, -
- -,
, -
- ).
:
, . says [sez] that he will come.
. often tells us about it.

200
. often speaks about it.
( )
. often speaks with us.
- speaks three foreign langua-
. ges.
so , (-, -, - -
)
a village [ vld]
to build (built, built) [t bld, blt, blt]
a building [ bld]
a hospital [ hsptl]
as [z; z] ,
e.g. He works there as a teacher. .
a collective farm [ klektv f:m]
Prp to work on a collective farm
industry [ndstr]
industrial [ndstrl] ,
agriculture [rklt]
agricultural [rkltrl]
the Exhibition [ eksbn] . .
()
a delegate [ delt]
to listen [t lsn]
Prp to listen to... -, -
:
! Listen tome!
! I cannot hear you well.
a story [ st:r]
The Soviet Union [ souvet ju:njn]
The USSR [ ju:eses:]
a capital [ kptl]
e.g. Moscow is the capital of -
the Soviet Union. .
to try ,
e.g. Try to answer all the questions
well. .
I tried to open the door but , .
couldnt do it.
time 1.*
2.
W. comb. for the first (second, third) (, )
time
last time
how many times? ?

201
a revolution [ revlu:n]
the Revolution . -

revolutionary [revlu:nr]
a revolutionary
a street
Prp in the street
e.g. I live in Gorki street. .
narrow [nrou]
Ant. wide
dirty (dirt )
Ant clean
beautiful [bju:tful] (beauty )
a suburb [ sb:b]
Prp in the suburbs
e.g. He lives in the suburbs of .
Moscow.
hard 1. ()
2.* , ()
:
- Before the Revolution the life
of the working people was
. very hard.
() He works hard at his English.
.
to recognize [t reknaz] ()
e.g. I did not recognize him yesterday. .
straight [stret]
W. comb a straight street
a square [ skw]
:
on Mayakovsky (Sovetskaya
etc.) Square ( ..)
in (on) the Red Square
a garden [ :dn]
a hotel [ houtel]
a University [ ju:nv:st]
W. comb Moscow University
Kazan University
Oxford University
important [mp:tnt]

202
. -ive, -ful, -age
-ive [v] ; :
to collect collective
-ful [ful] ;
:
beauty beautiful
to forget forgetful
-age [d] (
):
village

-
I. , When I came to Mos-
cow this time : There are many big factories in it.
.
inthe suburbs metmany straight andwide
peoplethere parks andgardens
II.
.
fate, fact, comrade, cabbage, alike, agam, farm, grammar, fare, pet, Pete,
pert, reader, release, remain, ticket, cricket, here, pin, pine, flirt, fire, mistook,
valid, bun, fume, burn, cure, difficult, multitude, box, procure, phone, potato,
born, more.
III. -er -or.
IV. a ,
.
) building sunny builder b) beautiful
exhibition cultural recognition hopeful
beginning collective listener thankful
farmer villager agricultural forgetful
meeting delegation departure helpful
industrial capitalist healthy
dirty certainly
V. a :
) .
1. What is the capital of the Soviet Union?
2. Are there many towns and villages in our country?
3. Are there many or few high buildings in Moscow?
4. When did the Soviet people build their first Underground?

203
5. Are there many hospitals in our villages now?
6. Where do our collective farms send their best* people as delegates every
year?
7. When did you Visit the Exhibition in Moscow?
8. Did you visit it as a delegate?
9. What did you see there?
10. Was Russia** an industrial or an agricultural country before the Rev-
olution?
11. Were there many beautiful houses in the suburbs of Moscow before
the Revolution?
12. Were the streets of Moscow wide or narrow then?
13. Was the life of your grandfather before the Revolution hard?
14. When did you visit Leningrad for the first time?
15. Are the streets of Leningrad narrow?
16. Do you live in the suburbs or in the centre of Moscow?
17. When did you see the new building of Moscow University?
18. Are there many important industrial centres in our country?
19. What industrial centres of our country do you know?
20. What Russian revolutionaries do you know?
)
(. 55).
1. Where did you live when you studied at the Institute?
2. What books did you read when you were a child?
3. With whom did you prepare your home-work when you studied German?
4. Do you remember well the time when you studied at school?
5. Will you always remember the day when you came to Moscow for the
first time?
6. What is the name of the city where you were born?
7. Where did your family live at the time when you were born?
8. Does your son know the city where you were born?
9. Where were you (on) the day when your friend came to see you?
VI. .
1. The man whom you want to speak to will come again tomorrow. 2. They
will come here tomorrow because they want to discuss some questions. 3. The city
where I was born is a big industrial centre now. 4. I came to Moscow on the day
when Comrade Petrov left for Leningrad. 5. When my grandmother visited
Moscow for the second time, she couldnt recognize the city. 6. My friend also
wants to read the book which I gave you yesterday.

*
Best .
**
Russia [r] .

204
VII. ,
.
Maria Popova works ___ a collective farm. ___ last year her comrades sent
her ___ Moscow ___ a delegate ___ Exhibition. They sent her ___ Moscow ___ her
good work. Maria was ___ Moscow ___ the first time. She liked the capital ___ the
Soviet Union very much. ___ the morning and ___ the afternoon she spent much
time ___ the Exhibition, but ___ the evening she went ___ the theatres and cinemas
___ Moscow. She saw the factories ___ Moscow and met ___ many people there.
Maria was ___ the centre and ___ the suburbs ___ Moscow. Now there are many
fine houses ___ the suburbs ___ the capital. Maria saw the Moscow Underground
and the new building ___ the University. She stayed ___ Moscow ___ the first ___
September. ___ the first ___ September she left ___ Moscow ___ her village. When
she came ___ home she told ___ her friends many interesting things ___ Moscow.
VIII. , ,

Before ___ Revolution ___ centre of ___ Moscow was beautiful, but in ___
suburbs ___ streets were narrow and dirty and ___ houses were small and poor. I
was born in ___ Moscow and lived there till 1930 when I graduated from ___ Insti-
tute and left ___ Moscow for Sverdlovsk.
When I visited ___ capital in 1955, I did not recognize ___ city. Now ___
streets of ___ capital are straight and wide. There are many fine buildings in ___
centre and in ___ suburbs of ___ city.
I visited ___ new building of ___ University and ___ Moscow Underground.
I liked ____ new stations of ___ Underground very much. I also went to ___ Exhi-
bition and spent five hours there. When I returned to Sverdlovsk, I told my wife and
my children about ___ capital of our country. We want to visit Moscow too, my
children said.
We decided to spend our holiday near Moscow. We shall live in ___ country,
but we shall sometimes go to Moscow and I shall show my family ___ streets and
___ squares, ___ theatres and ___ museums of ___ capital of ___ Soviet Union.
IX. to say, to speak, to tell
.
1. Yesterday I came to see my friend. He ___, Peter and I shall go to the
country on our day off together with our wives and children. Do you want to go with
us? 2. What did your teacher ___ you? 3. Our teacher always ___, Comrade
Klimov ___ English well. 4. What did you ___ about after work yesterday?
5. Whom did you ___ to about our plan to go to Leningrad? I saw Comrade Petrov
yesterday and ___ to him about it. He ___ to me, I like your plan very much. 6. Did
I ___ that? 7. We got up early on Sunday, my sister ___ 8. He ___ very well. (He
is a good speaker). 9. We shall ___ English after our lesson too, Comrade Smirnov
___. 10. My grandfather likes to ___ us about his life. 11. Ann knows three foreign
languages. She often ___ French at the office and at home. 12. Dont ___ him about

205
it. 13. My friend ___ to me, They want to ___ about this matter* at the meeting
tomorrow. 14. Our father always ___ that we must work hard to study well. 15. I
shall ___ them about this matter to-day.
X. ,
to go to come.
1. . , , .
. 2. ,
(corridor). ,
. 3. **
. 4. . .
. 5. . . 6. .
, (corridor). 7.
. . 8.
. .
. 9. 49
. 10. . .
XI. 10 either, also, at all, quite.
XII. .
narrow, old, rich, low,
clean, tall, short, to remember,
large, after, wrong, busy.
XIII. .
to go away, to come to see, high, fine, much.
XIV. .
to say, to build, to send, to spend, to listen, to hear, to tell, to see, to try, to
hurry, to meet, to think, to bring, to lie, to show, to know, to speak, to forget, to
leave.
XV. ,
.
1. ,
(a club). 2.
? 3. .
( ). 4.
? . 5.
.
. .
.
. 6. . 7.

*
matter .: , .
**
. to fetch.

206
o
. 8. .
. . 9.
. . 10.
. 11. , .
. 12. ?
. 13. ,
. . 14.
? . 15.
. 16.
. 17. .
. 18. . 19.
() . 20.
? . 21.
. . 22. (London)
(England).
XVI. .

. . , ,
, , , .
. 1955 . ( )
. .
.
,
(different) ,
, , .
, .
. , .



XVII. 15 .
XVIII. .
1. Why didnt the grandfather want to retire on a pension?
2. What does the village where the old man lives look like ()?
3. Why did he go to Moscow?
4. What did Moscow look like before the Revolution?
5. Why couldnt the old man recognize Moscow when he visited it for the
second time?
XIX. : a) , ) , )
.

207
XX. .
1. o ,
.
2.
.
XXI. : a) The Town in Which I Was
Born. ) Moscow Old and New. ) The Moscow Underground. ) The New
Building of Moscow University. ) On a Collective Farm Where I Was Last
Year.
XXII. MY GRANDFATHER IN MOSCOW


I. .
.
. .
, . 20 .
1948 . 1949 .,
, ,
. .
, .
. ,
, . .
, .
II. -,
.
, . ,
.
(America). (a lady).
. : ,,
. . .
, . Ha .
, .
. , . .
, (to become) .
. .
.
.
,, .
(Negro) . (to have
on). :

208
.
(a camp). .
.
c ! .
. Ho
() . ,, ? ?
? . ,, . ,
. .
, ,
, : ,, ,
. . . :
!
To, . . .
, .
. ,
.
. Ha (with on)
. :
?
? ? ,
. o . c
. ,
, () . ,
.

.
III. ,
.
1. We Study Foreign Languages.
to attend, a lesson, a lecture, to come in time, to say, to speak, a grammar rule,
to write, to make notes, to make mistakes, to prepare, to work hard at, to repeat,
together, to translate, to read, a library, from the library, it takes me, to take an
examination in, to pass an examination, well, badly, to get a good (bad) mark, to
know.
2. My Working Day.
to wake up, early, to get up, to wash, to dress, to go by tram (the Underground),
a building, high, it takes me, to hurry, to work hard, to be busy, to translate, to
receive, to discuss, important, to last, to return.
3. My Day Off.
to be free, to go to the country (a park), to have a good time, to have a rest, to
walk, the sun, a river, a forest, to go to the cinema (to the theatre), a new play (film),
with interest, to play the piano, to listen to, to see a television show, music, to play
chess (volley-ball, football etc.), to be glad.

209
4. My Family (My Friends Family).
to be born, at my (my friends) place, to live near (far from), to have a large
family, parents, grandfather (grandmother), children, a woman (man) of, a girl
(boy) of, to go to school, to take to the kinder-garten, to spend much time on,
an institute, a university, an engineer, an economist, a student, a teacher, a doctor, a
worker, a collective farmer, to come (go) to see, to graduate from
5. Our Holiday.
to leave Moscow for, to go for a holiday, poor health, to intend, to have a
good time, the weather, fine, a river, a sea, to go to the sea, to swim, to lie in the sun,
to play chess (volley-ball, tennis etc.), a forest, a library, to go to the cinema, with
interest, at the beginning of, at the end of, to have a good holiday.
6. The Capital of England.
a street, a square, a club, a museum, the centre, the City [ st]
( , ), Whitehall [wath:l]
( ), an office, the Houses of Parliament
[p:lmnt], the Westminster Abbey [ westmnstr b]
( ), the suburbs,
poor people, crooked [krukd] (), narrow, dirty.
7. My Flat.
on the floor, a dining-room, a bedroom, a bath-room, a kitchen, a study, in
the middle of , to the right, to the left, in the corner, a piano, an armchair, a book-
case, a television set, a sofa, a cupboard [kbd] (), a vase, a flower, comfort-
able, cosy ().

210
LESSON TWELVE (THE TWELFTH LESSON)
Text: AT DINNER-TIME (Meals)
Grammar: 1. , I- 3-
, let (. 56).
2.
(.
57).

3. a little, a few (. 58).
4. c
(. 59).
5. to speak, to talk, to say, to tell (c. 60).
I shall let you know about it. .
Lets have a smoke. ? ( ).
May we smoke here? ?
Do, please. .
I think not. , .
Will you join me for lunch*? ?
I usually have dinner at half past one, but yesterday I went to the office with-
out breakfast (I had only a cup of tea) and at twelve oclock I was already hungry.
I dont like to have dinner alone. So I said to Nick: Let us have dinner together.
All right, he answered. I shall join you as soon as I translate this letter.
When we came into the restaurant there were few people there. We got cash-
checks for dinner and sat down at a table near the window. Soon the waitress came
up to our table. She brought spoons, forks, knives and plates and took our cash-
checks.
Will you have soup today? I asked Nick.
No, | I shant. I am not very hungry, he said. But I shall have some
salad, | meat and potatoes , | and ice-cream. Why, | do you like ice-
1

cream so much?2 I never take ice-cream in winter.3 I like tea with lemon | or
coffee for sweet.
Oh! | Here is the waitress! (The waitress brings some salad). The salad
is very good, | but there is not enough salt in it. Pass me the salt, please.
Here is the salt!
Thank you.
Shall I pass you some brown bread?
No, | thank you. I usually take it with the soup, | and with the meat
course | I like white bread.
Are there any sweets at the buffet? I want to buy some for my tea. I shall be
back soon. Shall I get some sweets or a cake for you too
Dont go there now, we shall go to the buffet together when dinner is over.

*
A lunch ( 12 ).

211
So, when dinner was over, we went to the buffet, bought some sweets, talked
a little and at five minutes to two we left the restaurant.
As it took us only 25 minutes to have our dinner, we had some time before
work to read a newspaper and have a smoke4.
Half an hour later5 we began to work again.


1. Meat and potatoes. .
potato [ptetou] (, )
, . o, .
-es, e :
a potato potatoes
a tomato tomatoes
, , . o,
. , , ..
-s:
a piano pianos
a photo photos
2. Why, do you like ice-cream so much?
?
Why . , ;
? ? ? .. ,
, .
3. I never take ice-cream in winter. .
.

never , :
She never works on Sundays.
.
4. We bad some time before work to read a newspaper and have a smoke.

. to have c c
.
c no:
to have a smoke
to have a talk
to have a swim
, :
to have a rest
to have a look

212
5. Half an hour later ( ).
.
:
. I shall be back in an hour and a half
( ).
9 , I returned home at 9 oclock, had
, supper, read a book, and an hour
. and a half later I went to bed
( ).

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


dinner-time ,
Prp at dinner time
a meal
.
e.g. I usually have three meals a day.
past ( )
e.g. I usually get up at half past
seven. .
without [waut]
e.g. We shall not discuss this
question without you. .
tea
W. comb a cup of tea
hungry [hr]
Gr to be hungry ,
e.g. Will you have supper with us? ? .
I am not hungry, thank you. ( ).
thirsty [:st]
Gr to be thirsty
alone [loun] ,
e.g. can do it alone. (,
).
was alone in the house. .
to join
:
Will you join me for dinner? ? (
?)
Ill join you for lunch. .
a restaurant [ restr] ,
a canteen [ knti:n]
.

213
:
- Is there a canteen or a restaurant
? at your Ministry?
- There is a good canteen at our
. factory.
- The walls in my dining-room
-. are light green.
a cash-check [ ktek] ()
a waitress [ wetrs]
a waiter [ wet]
to come up (came up, come up)
Syn to go up
e.g. The girl came up to me and -
asked me for a magazine. .
I went up to him and gave him
his book back. .
a fork
a knife (pl knives)
a plate
soup [su:p] ,
e.g. Will you have soup to-day? () ?
salad [sld] ,
meat [mi:t]
a potato [ptetou]
potatoes [ptetouz]
ice-cream [askri:m] (ice , cream )
never [nev]
a lemon [ lemn]
coffee [kf]
sweet
Prp for (the) sweet ()
e.g. What will you have for (the) ()?
sweet?
enough [nf] ,
e.g. Thats enough! ! !
enough :
This book is difficult
. enough for you.
Your son reads well
enough for a child of
. six.

214
You had enough time ,

to finish this work = ,
,
You had time enough
.
to finish this work. .


,
I have enough free

time to-day. |
.
.
salt [s:lt]
sugar [u]
to pass
e.g. Pass me the salad, please. , , .
bread [bred]
W. comb white bread
brown bread
course [k:s] 1. , , ,
W. comb a dinner of four courses =
= a four-course dinner
the meat (fish) course , ()
Prp for the meat (fish) course
with the meat (fish) course
2.
Prp in the first (second, third...) (, ...)
course
sweets
a buffet [ bufe] ( )
a cupboard [ kbd] ( )
to buy (bought, bought) [t ba, b:t, ,
b:t]
Ant to sell (sold, sold) [t sel, ,
sould, sould]
back , ()
Gr to be back
Syn to come back, to return ,
e.g. Ill be back in an hour. .
a cake ,
to talk ( - -)
Syn to speak
e.g. Lets talk about it tomorrow. .
a little ( -
)
Syn some ,

215
e.g. Pass me a little white bread, , ,
please. .
a few , (
)
Syn. some ,
e.g. Let me tell you a few words
about it. .
to smoke
to have a smoke
a second [ seknd]
a minute [ mnt]
a half [ h:f]
W. comb half an hour
an hour and a half
a quarter [ kw:t]
W. comb a quarter of an hour
when 1. ()
e.g. I shall tell my friends many
interesting things when I see them. , .
2. ()
e.g. When will you come to see us? ?
as soon as ()
till 1. , ()
Syn until ,
,
:
, Wait here till (until)
. I come back.
2. ( )
e.g. To-day I shall work till five
oclock. .
before 1. , ()
e.g. I shall have a smoke before I go ,
to the dining-room. .
2. , ()
:
I shall stay here till six oclock.
(
).
I shall leave this place before
( , six oclock.
, ).

216
after ()
e.g. Lets have a smoke after we ,
finish work, and then go home. ( ),
.
while ,
e.g. Speak to him while he is here. , .

:
, ( I shall be at home till (until)
) . you ring me up.
, ( I shall not go to bed before
) . I finish my work.
, Lets go to see him while he is
( ) . still in Moscow.
later
W. comb two days later 2 ( ,
)


Here is the book! ( - ) !
r it is! ( - ) !


second [ seknd]
a minute [ mnt]
an hour [n au]
half an hour [h:f n au]
a quarter of an hour [ kw: tr v n au]
an hour and a half
at a quarter to nine
at a quarter past [p:st] nine
at half past nine
at 10 minutes to seven
at 10 minutes past seven
at 10 a.m.* 10 .
at 10.30 .m.** 10.30
at 12 oclock at night 12 .
at 12 oclock at noon 12 .

*
a.m. ante meridiem ( ),
12 12 .
**
.m. post meridiem ( ),
12 12 .

217

half an hour
an hour and a half



I. a (. 56).
1. Let (we) discuss these questions. 2. Let (he) translate these letters from
German into Russian. 3. Let (I) go to see him. He is ill. 4. Let (they) return those
books to the library to-day. 5. Let (she) learn the new words from Lesson two. 6. Let
(we) read that book about our city.
II. ,
, 1- 3- .
1. . 2.
o . 3.
. 4. . 5.
. 6. . 7.
. .
-. 8.
. , . 9.
. 10. , .
III. ,
(. 57).
1. If I am not busy on Sunday, I shall go to see my friend. 2. My son will go
to Leningrad on holiday if he passes his examinations well. 3. The children will
swim in the river and lie in the sun when they come here to stay over the week-end.
4. As soon as my brother returns to our village, he will begin to work on our collec-
tive farm. 5. I shall listen in after the lesson is over. 6. We shall work with this
delegation till they leave for their home country. 7. Dont go to the cinema before
you finish this work. 8. You may stay here until I return from the country.
IV. .
I
1. I shall go to the country when my friend
my son
we
2. We shall visit Comrade N. if he
you
I
3. Stay here till Comrade N.
these engineers

218
our teacher
4. We shall finish this work before we
this man

he
5. My son will go to Kiev as soon as we
his friend
I
6. I shall give you this book after my friend
one of our students
V. ,
.
1. , ? 2.
, . 3.
, . 4. ,
. 5. (a reading-room) ,
. 6. , ( ).
7. , .
VI. , , oe
.
1. (At) What time do you usually get up? (7 . 10 . ). 2. What time
does your son have breakfast? (8 . 30 . ). 3. What time do you usually go
to the office? (8 . 15 . ). 4. What time does your teacher come into the
class-room if the lesson begins at 10 oclock? (9 . 50 . 9 . 55 . ).
5. What time did you return home yesterday? (6 . 45 . ). 6. What time
were you at the library two days ago? (1 . 40 . ). 7. What time did you
prepare your home task yesterday? (c 7 . 15 . 9 . 10 . ). 8. What
time did you go to see your friends the day before yesterday? (5 . 20 .) 9. What
time does your son go to bed? (9 . 30 .). 10. What time did you go to bed
yesterday? (11 . 50 .).
VII. ,
, .
1. (tram-stop)
, , . 2.
. . 3.
, . 4.
? . . 5.
.
VIII. (. 58).
1. There are too (much, many) people at the library now. I shall come here
tomorrow. 2. Did you read (little, few) in your childhood? 3. My friend brought me

219
(much, many) interesting books to read yesterday. 4. The doctor advised my father
not to walk (much, many). 5. There is (much, many) fresh air ( ) in
this room. 6. Did you have (much, many) work to do last night? 7. Does your son
read (little, few)? No, he does not. He reads (much, many). 8. Let him think (a
little, a few). 9. I attended (a little, a few) lectures here last year. 10. Please, give me
(a little, a few) money (). 11. We spent (a little, a few) days in the country
and then came back to Moscow. 12. There are (a little, a few) mistakes in your dic-
tation. 13. You know German (a little, a few), try to translate this sentence. Its not
difficult at all. 14. My little son knows (a little, a few) English words.
IX. , ,
, ().
1. . 2.
, , . 3.
, . 4.
. 5.
? . 6.
. 7. ,
-. 8. ,
. -, . 9.
. 10. ,
. .

-
X. , : Will you have soup
to-day? and with the meat course I like white bread.
.
I liketea here isthe waitress
white bread here isthe salt
XI. ,
.
pass, class, glass, grass, last, past, fast, ask, task, far, smart, dark, cart;
bread, ready, breath, potato, Negro, firm, bird, berth, birth, stern, furs, clear, here,
care, cure, tired.
II. ,
,
.
eatable ice-cream hungrily villager
salty buyer seller building
revolutionary builder listener collective
industrial beautifully visitor sunny

220
XIII. , .
1. How many meals a day do you have?
2. Do you like to have dinner alone or with your friends?
3. With which course do you like brown bread?
4. In what season do people eat much ice-cream?
5. What do you say if there is not enough salt in the soup?
6. Do you usually buy bread in the morning or in the evening?
7. Does your little daughter (son) talk much or little at table?
8. Do you smoke before or after dinner?
9. Do you take sugar with your tea or do you like tea without it?
10. What do you usually do if you are thirsty?
11. Did you have enough time to read a newspaper after breakfast yesterday?
12. Why did you go to the office without breakfast?
13. Which of you never has dinner at the Ministry?
14. Why do you never go to the restaurant alone?
XIV. .
1. I am hungry because I had breakfast at half past seven (1). 2. My sons
do not like to stay at home alone (l). 3. We gave our cash-checks to the waitress
(2). 4. I shall have meat and potatoes for the meat course (2). 5. My daughter
cannot eat much ice-cream (1). 6. The salt is near your plate (1). 7. There are some
forks, spoons and knives on the table (1). 8. I like white bread with the meat course
(1). 9. I shant take any soup to-day because I am not hungry at all (1).
XV.
.
, , , ,
( ), , , ,
, , , .
XVI. ,
.
1.
( ). .
( ). 2. 1939

. 3. .
, .
(in his hand). 4.
? , . 5.
(in the original). 6.
1950 . -
.

221
XVII. ,
.
! !

! !
! !

! !
! !

! !
! !

! !
XVIII. , .
(enough, a fork, a waitress, to eat, to buy, to have a smoke, hungry, alone,
to pass, for sweet).
1. If you are ___, go to the restaurant and have dinner. 2. Please, help me to
translate this letter, I cannot do it ___ 3. Take my cash-checks and give them to the
___. Ill be back in a minute. 4. I cannot eat the salad. I have no ___ Bring one,
please. 5. Will you have ice-cream or a cup of coffee ___? 6. We have a little free
time before the lesson. Let us ___. 7. Why dont you ___ brown bread? I never
___ it with the meat course. 8. When did you ___ this nice () pen? I
___ it last month. 9. There is not ___ salt in the soup. Shall I ___ you some?
XIX. , .
1. , .
, . 2.
? , . . ,
. 3. ? . .
, , , . 4.
. . , ,
. 5. , , .
, . 6. ? 7.
? , ,
. . 8. .
. . 9. * .
. 10. , ,
. ,
. 11. ,
, . 12. .
13. , . 14. , , ,
( ). 15.
, . 16. ,
. 17. ? .
18. , ,
*
yet ( ).

222
. 19. . . 20.
? , ,
. 21. -?
, .
XX. to speak, to talk, to say, to tell
(. 60).
1. Listen to me, comrades, do not ___! 2. My friend can ___ three foreign
languages. 3. Yesterday we discussed our plans. Some of our workers ___ about the
work of our factory. They ___ many interesting things about it. 4. Did you ___ to
Comrade Petrov about it? What did he ___ you? 5. On my day off I visited my friend
Rogov. I ___ with his children. I asked them to ___ me about their studies. We
study well, they ___. Our marks are always good. 6. We had some time ___ after
dinner. My friend ___ me about his new work. 7. Did you show your report to the
teacher? What did he ___ about it? 8. Let us ___ about the new film. Comrade Ni-
kitin, did you like the film? ___ us about it, please. 9. You ___ well, but there was a
mistake in your last sentence ___ it again. 10. When my grandfather returned from
Moscow, he often ___ us about his visit to the capital of the Soviet Union. He ___
us about the beautiful streets, green parks, fine theatres and buildings of Moscow.
Next year I shall go there again, he ___.
XXI. , .
at school, to stay at home, over the week-end, on Sunday, in two days, with
the meat course, for sweet, with brown bread, to be over, by tram, to be back, from
Russian into English, at page six, an hour and a half, to come up, a few, a little, half
an hour later (. 5 ), never (. 3), to have a smoke
(. 4).
XXII. , later ,
, in never
.



XXIII. .
1. What time do you usually have dinner?
2. What time did you have dinner yesterday?
3. With whom did you go to the restaurant yesterday?
4. Were there many people in the restaurant at dinner time?
5. What did you do first?
6. Where did you sit down?
7. Who came up to your table?
8. What did the waitress bring?
9. What did she take?
10. Why did Nick not take any soup?

223
11. What did he take for the meat course?
12. What did he take for (the) sweet?
13. What do you like for (the) sweet in winter?
14. Why did Nick ask you to pass him the salt?
15. What bread do you usually take with the meat course?
16. What did you want to buy at the buffet?
17. What did you do when dinner was over?
18. How long (how much time) did it take you to have dinner?
19. Did you have a smoke after dinner or did you go to the office at once?
20. Why did you have enough time to have a smoke after dinner?
21. When did you begin to work again?
XXIV. , .
1. hungry, to spend, to swim, to lie in the sun, sea, to eat.
2. restaurant, hungry, waitress, it took me, cake, coffee, without.
3. alone, never, to be busy, buffet, coffee, a cup, for sweet, to buy, sweets, to
be back.
XXV. , (, ),
.
XXVI. : a) At the
Buffet. ) At the Restaurant. ) At Table at Home.

224
LESSON THIRTEEN (THE THIRTEENTH LESSON)
Text: THEY ARE LEAVING MOSCOW
Grammar: 1. I (. 61).
2. Continuous (. 62).

3. (. 63).

How much is it? ?


( ?)
What does it come to? ?
()?
I should like to buy a pair .
of shoes.
Would you like to try ( )
these shoes on? ?
My size is thirty-seven. ().

If you look at this picture (see page), you will see a man, a woman and a child
in it. The man is a friend of mine. His name is Smirnov. A week ago he graduated
from the Institute and tomorrow he is leaving for his native town, where he will
work as a doctor. Now he and his wife are preparing for departure. Their little son is
also busy. He is packing his things. He is putting his toys into a box now. Look at
his smiling face. He is happy because he likes to travel. Comrade Smirnovs wife,
a young woman of twenty-four, is also very busy. There are very many different
things which she must pack. You can see shirts, trousers, dresses, hats, suits,
coats, shoes and other1 things on the sofa and on the chairs.

225
What is she doing now? She is closing a suit-case. Besides, she must go
to the shop to buy some food. But she will not go shopping until she packs all the
things.
What else can you see in the picture? I can see some boxes near the
door.
Is Comrade Smirnov closing them? No, he is not. He is writing his new
address on them.
He is in a hurry2. He must finish this work because his brother is already
waiting for him in a car. As soon as he finishes writing, his brother and he will take
the boxes to the railway station.
You cannot see Comrade Smirnovs mother in the picture. She is not helping
them here now. She is in the kitchen. She is preparing supper while they are packing
their things.
In an hour and a half many friends will come to say good-bye to Comrade
Smirnov and his family and wish them a happy life 3 and fruitful work in a new
place.
DIALOGUES
(to be learned by heart)*
At the shop
Buyer. I want a coat for a boy of fourteen.
Saleswoman. Here are some fine brown coats.
Buyer. I dont like this colour. Will you show me another coat? Id like
to have a look at that gray coat over there4. How much is it?
Saleswoman. Its two hundred and fifty roubles.
(The Buyers son tries on the coat).
Buyer. Well, | I think Ill have it.
At home
A. Where were you | at two oclock in the afternoon? I came to see
you, | but you were out.
B. I went shopping.
A. What did you buy?
B. A coat for my son.
A. Id like to have a look at it.
B. Here it is!
A. Its very fine. How much does it cost?
B. I paid two hundred and fifty roubles for it.
A. I think its not dear at all.


1. You can see shirts, dresses, hats, suits, coats, shoes and other things on the
sofa and on the chairs. , , , ,
.
*
be learned by heart .

226
other , , ,

:
There are two books on the table: one book :
is Russian, the other book is English. , () .
, other +
, (
). (),
,
other, another:
I dont like this coat. Show me another .
coat, please. (There are many coats in , , ().
the shop).
another (, ):
Have another cup of tea. () .
other
,
.
others ,
:
, Comrades Ivanov, Petrov and many other
- students speak English well
. (other ).
, Comrades Ivanov, Petrov and others
-. speak English well
(others ).
Last night I was at the theatre and saw Ste-
, . panov, Bobrov and others there
(others ).
Five of our engineers will soon take a hol-
. iday. Two of them will go to the country,
, () the others will be away on holiday in the
. South (the others ).
others , ,
.
:
, Titov, Glebov and others left for Lenin-
. grad yesterday.
, Yesterday I already packed my coat, suit,
, . shoes and other things.

227
2. He is in a hurry. He must finish this work because his brother is waiting for
him. . ,
. to be in a hurry
, ( ).
to hurry
, , ,
to be in a hurry, ,
, , to hurry
, , ,
?.
He said good-bye to us and hurried
home. .
to be in a hurry,
, .
Hurry up! ,
Dont hurry! !
3. In an hour and a half many friends will come to say good-bye to Comrade
Smirnov and his family and wish them a happy life and fruitful work in a new place.


. life
, , ,
. , ,
, ,
,
, :
a happy life
a quiet [kwat] life
.
, work
.
fruitful work
new work
interesting work
4. Id like to have a look at that gray coat over there.
. over over there
, , ,
.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


a friend of mine ( )
native [netv]

228
W. comb His (her, their) native town (, ...) (,
(village, country, language) , )
e.g. What is your native language? ?
(mother tongue [t])
to pack ,
a toy
a box
to smile
smiling
a face
happy
Gr to be happy
to travel (travelled, travelled) [t trvl]
different ,
e.g. My grandfather knows different
interesting stories. .
a shirt
trousers
a dress
a hat
a suit [ sju:t] (, )
a coat
an overcoat, a greatcoat
clothes [klouz] (
-
).
a shoe [ u:]
a boot [ bu:t]
a high boot
other [] (-, -oe, -) ()
another [n] , ()
a suit-case [ sju:t kes]
besides [bsadz] 1. (, )
e.g. I cannot go to the cinema to- .
night: I have much work to do. . ,
Besides, my sister asked me to .
come to see her.
2. , , ()
e.g. There are two engineers in our -
family besides me. , () .
a shop
Phr to go shopping
to do some (my, his...) shopping
e.g. Will you go shopping after -
breakfast? ?

229
food
an address [n dres]
a hurry
Gr to be in a hurry , (
)
to wait
Prp to wait for... - (-)
e.g. Whom are you waiting for? ?
I am waiting for a friend of mine .
a car ()
a railway
a railway station ,
to say good-bye ( )
e.g. said good-bye to us and .
went away.
to wish
fruitful [fru:tful]
Ant fruitless [fru:tls]
a dialogue [ dal]
a buyer [ ba]
a salesman [ selzmn] ( )
a saleswoman [ selzwumn]
a rouble [ ru:bl]
out , ()
Ant in ()
Gr to be out
to be in ,
e.g. I was out at six oclock
yesterday. .
Is he in? ?
to cost (cost, cost)
e.g. How much does that suit cost? ?
= How much is that suit?
to try on
e.g. I want to try on this overcoat. .
to pay (paid, paid)
e.g. I paid five roubles for my .
dinner.
dear [d]
Syn expensive [kspensv]
Ant cheap

230
. oa
oa [ou], :
coat [kout]

. -ent, -less
-ent [nt] :
different
-less [ls] ;
. -
:
fruit () fruitless ,
child childless


I. I
(. 61).
to go, to smoke, to sit, to study, to lie, to eat, to come, to buy, to sell, to talk,
to give, to put, to stop, to pay.
II. .
) , , , ,
, , , (),
, , , , ,
, , .
) , , .
III. ,
(. 62).
1. . .
2. ! , .
? 3. ,

, . 4.
. 5.
. 6. . .
. .
IV.
.
1. The waitress is taking our cash-checks. 2. Nikulin and Petrov are talking.
3. I am reading a very interesting book now. 4. My friend is smoking now. 5. The
little boy is eating his cake. 6. The woman is selling ice-cream.

231
V. ,
-.
a) 1. Are you having an English lesson now?
2. What is your friend doing?
3. What is Comrade N. writing in his exercise book?
4. Where is Comrade N. writing a sentence?
5. What language are you speaking now?
6. What am I showing* to you?
7. Is Comrade P. looking at that picture?
8. What is he reading?
9. Are we sitting or standing?
10.Are you writing or speaking?
b) 1. What time do you usually have dinner?
2. Are you having dinner now? What are you doing now?
3. What kind of books do you like to read?
4. What book is Comrade N. reading now?
5. What do we usually write on the blackboard?
6. What am I writing on the blackboard now?
7. Where do you usually prepare your home-work?
8. Are you preparing your home-work or writing an exercise now?
9. Who is answering my question now?
10. Who usually answers the teachers questions without mistakes?
c) 1. What are you looking at?
2. What are we speaking about?
3. Who(m) are you listening to now?
4. Who(m) is Comrade N. looking at?
5. Who(m) can you speak English with at home?
6. Who(m) do you usually play chess with?
7. What is he waiting for?
VI. .
1. Nick is passing me the salt (2). 2. I am buying some sweets here (1).
3. These children are eating their soup without bread (1). 4. They are playing chess
with their friends in that room (3). 5. They are looking at this new building (2).
6. I am talking to my old friend (2). 7. They are building a new school (1).
VII. ,
-.
) 1. ? .
. 2. , , .
.
. 3. ? .

*
To show .

232
. 75 . 4. , ?
. . . 5.
? .
.
) ( ) ,
.
. , (warm)
. ( ).
, (a hall) .
. .
, . .
. .
.
VIII.
Continuous.
to make a report, to look at, to speak about, to listen in, to smoke, to listen to.
IX.
(. 63).
1. Yesterday I met a friend of mine. 2. I shall go to the country with a friend
of mine. 3. That book is mine. 4. Mine is an interesting book, yours is not.
X. ,
.
1. . (warm). 2.
,
? , . 3.
, . 4.
, . 5. ,
. 6. , .
. 7. . . . 8. 300
. ? 9.
. 10. ,
.
XI. .

a) He is playing chess with a friend


of his in the sitting- room. .
b) That pen is not mine, its yours. , .
c) My child goes to school, his goes ,
to the kindergarten. .

233
-
XII. .
readingand writing closingthem
askingand answering writinghis address
closinga suit-case waiting for him

III. ,
.
hereare some fine browncoats I dont likethis colour
Hereit is thatgray coat
you wereout Whatdid you buy?
Where were you?
XIV. ,
.
a) boat, coat, moan, loan, groan, soap, roam, foam, throat;
b) window, now, Moscow, town, fellow, mellow, swallow, bowl, borrow;
c) happy, you, busy, young, type, myth, yet, hurry, funny.
XV. ,
;
.
different swimmer beginning
endless happily easily
fruitful packer runner
fruitless suit-case sunny
fruitlessly fruitfully usually
traveller motherless healthy
parentless hungrily meeting
XVI. , .
1. Do people smile or cry* when they are happy?
2. When do people usually smile?
3. What is your native town?
4. Will you go to your native town when you have your holiday?
5. When do people usually pack their things?
6. Do you take a large suit-case or a small suit-case when you go to a rest-
home?
7. Do you like to travel?
8. Why do you like to travel?
9. Do you change (, ) your dress when you come home
from the office?

*
To cry .

234
10. What colour is your new suit (coat)?
11. When do you usually go shopping?
12. Why cant you go shopping in the afternoon?
13. Would you like to do some shopping to-day?
14. Where does your little son stay until you return from the office?
15. Do you know Comrade Ns address?
16. When are you usually in a hurry?
17. Can you work well if you are in a hurry?
18. Do any of your friends always wait for you to leave the office together?
19. Is your friend waiting for you now?
20. Is your new pen dear?
21. How much does your new pen cost?
22. Would you like to buy a new pen?
23. How much do you think you will pay for it?
XVII. .
1. Comrade Smirnovs wife is packing her things now (1). 2. I shall come to
see you before my departure (3). 3. My parents were very busy yesterday (2). 4.
They are waiting for their teacher in the club (4). 5. My sister bought fine shoes
yesterday (1). 6. We were already hungry at eleven oclock in the morning (1).
XVIII. .
,
( 54, 55).
1. ,
. 2. , ( )
. 3. ,
. 4. , . 5.
, ? 6. , ,
. . 7.
, . 8. ,
? 9. , , . 10. ) ,
, . ) ,
, . 11. ,
. 12. ,
. 13. , ,
. 14. , (
) , . 15. ,
,
. , , ()
.
XIX.
, , .
Yesterday after ___ work I went together with ___ son Peter to one of ___
shops in ___ Arbat Street to buy ___ new coat for him. At ___ shop ___ saleswoman

235
showed us many different coats. We liked ___ two coats. One of them was too small
for ___ son and we bought ___ other coat. It was ___ fine brown coat for ___ boy
of fifteen. Then half ___ hour later we went to ___ another shop and I bought ___
toy for ___ second son and ___ toy for ___ little daughter. Besides, I bought some
good things for ___ wife. We spent ___ hour and ___ half at ___ shop. At ___ quarter
past eight we came home. ___ children took ___ boxes from us and opened them.
They liked ___ new toys very much. ___ daughter who likes to go shopping said,
On ___ Sunday we shall go shopping with ___ Ma* too. We shall buy ___ new hat
for ___ Pa** and ___ new shirt for Peter. Shall we buy ___ new dress for me, Ma?
XX. ,
.
Do you like to prepare ___ departure? I like it very much. The day ___ tomor-
row I am leaving ___ Sochi. I am not going ___ a holiday there. A month ago I
graduated ___ the Institute and I shall work as a doctor ___ a sanatorium
() in Sochi. Tomorrow I shall pack ___ my things. I shall put my suits,
shirts, shoes, books and other things ___ my suit-case. ___ the evening some friends
___ mine will come ___ my place to say good-bye ___ me. At half ___ nine we shall
go ___ the railway station together. My friend Nick Petrov will not come ___ my
place because he will be busy. He will go ___ the station and wait ___ us there. ___
three days I shall be ___ Sochi. As soon as I know my address, I shall send it ___
my friends.
XXI. .
to smile, to travel, to pack, to go shopping, to wait, to cost, to pay, to pass, to
put, to stay, to hurry, to begin, to play.
XXII. .
(a railway station, happy, different, to travel, an address, a toy, to do some
shopping, in a hurry, to hurry, a suit-case, to hurry up)
1. Why are you smiling? I am smiling, because I am ___ to see you. 2. I
cannot go to the cinema with you, I must be ___ My son is leaving to-day, and Id
like to buy some things and some food for him. 3. Children like to play with new
___. 4. If you want to know your country well, you must ___ much. 5. My friends
daughter likes literature very much, she reads many ___ books. 6. We cannot write
a letter to Comrade Klimov either, because we do not know his ___. 7. Dont ___,
we shall have enough time to get to the station before the train starts. 8. If you are
not ___, wait for me for a few minutes, we shall go to the library together. 9. Why
are you not packing? Where is your ___? We must go to the ___ in half an hour.
10. ___, or we shall be late for the lecture.
XXIII. .

*
[m:] .
**
[p:] .

236
a) 1. I am sorry; I cannot speak to you now because 2. I dont want to come
up to the child because 3. I am leaving for Sochi tomorrow, so I must 4. We
have much time, we shall not be late, so 5. The child is smiling because 6. In
the evening some friends will come to see us, so
b) 7. We shall go to the restaurant as soon as 8. Will you go shopping when
9. Will they wait for us until 10. My son will go to his native town after 11.
Will you pack your things before
XXIV. ,
.
1. .
, . 2.
. ,
, .
3. , ,
. 4. , ,
. . 5.
. ,
. 6. , , . ,
, . 7. -
, . . 8.
. . 9.
. , .
XXV. ,
, , , .
1. . 40
, () 50 . 2.
. ( ) (pair). 3. ,
, , ,
. 4. , ,
,
. 5. ?
, (The State Department Store). 6.
? (director)
, . 7.
, (size). (). 8.
, . 9.
, , ,
. 10. , ,
. 11. ,
() . 12. .
, .
XXVI.
.

237
) I shall wait for you here until you ,
return. .
b)Ann is packing her things while her ,
mother is preparing supper in the
kitchen. .
) My husband wont go to the country
on Saturday and I shant go there ei- , .
ther. We shall be very busy. .
XXVII. ,
, 1, 2, 3, 4 .
XXVIII. , .
1. , .
. . 2.
! . .
? 3. .
, . .
. ( )
, . 4. ,
. 5. .
? 6. ! , .
, ,
, . 7.
, .
? , .
, - . ,
. 8. .
. 9. , ,
, . 10.
. ,
. , , !
(director) . 11. ,
. . 12. , , .
? . 56 .
, . 13.
. . , ,
. 14. ?
. .
. 15. .
. , .
XXIX. ,
:
Continuous; let ;

238

.
to come (go) up, to hurry, an hour and a half, happy, to travel, besides, either,
to be in a hurry, dear, fruitless, to cost, cheap, another, other, to go shopping, to do
some shopping, to wait for, to pay, to say good-bye, to try on.
XXX. , .
HOW WE PACKED
So we decided to travel On Friday evening we met to pack the necessary
things. We got a big suit-case for the clothes and two large boxes for the food. We
put all the things which we wanted to take with us in the middle of the floor, sat
round them and began to think how to pack it all.
I shall pack the things, I said, I like to pack, and I can do it very well.
Harris and George [d:d] were very glad. They smiled and began to smoke. There
were many things to pack and it took me a long time to put them all into the suit-
case. But when I finished the work and sat down on the suit-case, Harris said smiling,
Will you take your shoes with you? I looked around () and saw my shoes
under the bed. So I opened the suit-case and put them into it. When I wanted to close
the suit-case, I thought, Where is my tooth-brush ( )? Once I forgot to
pack it and carried () it to the station in my pocket (), I remembered. So
I decided to unpack the suit-case. What are you doing? smiled George. But I did
not answer him. I took all the things out of the suit-case and at last found my tooth-
brush in one of the shoes
(After Three Men in a Boat by Jerome K. Jerome)



XXXI. .
1. Whom can you see in this picture?
2. What is the mans name?
3. What is he?
4. When did he graduate from the Institute?
5. Why is he smiling now?
6. What town is he leaving for tomorrow?
7. What will he do in his native town?
8. Who is this woman?
9. What are Comrade Smirnov and his wife doing?
10. What are they preparing for?
11. What is their son doing?
12. What is the boy packing?
13. Why is the boy happy?
14. What can you see on the chairs and on the sofa?
15. What else must Comrade Smirnovs wife do?

239
16. What is Comrade Smirnov writing on the boxes which are near the
door?
17. Why is he in a hurry?
18. Why is his brother waiting for him?
19. Why cant you see Comrade Smirnovs mother in the picture?
20. What is she doing in the kitchen?
21. Who will come to their place in the evening?
22. Why will their friends come in the evening?
XXXII. .
XXXIII. .
XXXIV. ,
, .
XXXV. , .
to travel, different, to pack, to buy, a suit-case, happy, wait, until, while,
which, to hurry, to forget, an address, a railway-station, to leave.
XXXVI. , ,
.
1. First Journey*.
2. Preparation for Departure.
3. A New Shop in Our Street.
XXXVII. , ,
, .
1. ,
.
2. , .

*
A journey [ d:n] .

240
LESSON FOURTEEN (THE FOURTEENTH LESSON)
Text: A SEA STORY
Grammar: 1. Continuous (. 64, 65).

2. such (. 66).
3. (. 67).
May I be present at the lesson? ()
?
May I use this dictionary?
*
?
You are welcome. .
Are you through with your work? ?
Not yet. , ( ).
One evening we asked our friend Captain Brown1 to tell us some interesting
story about his voyages. And he told us the following:
It was fifteen years ago. I was a young man then. Our ship was going to New
York. We were having a very fine voyage. One morning the captain2 came up to me
and said: Mr. Brown, last night I heard such a strange thing that I dont know what
to do about it. I could not sleep at night and I heard a voice in my ear: Sail north3-
north-west! Sail north- north-west! I think we must sail in that direction.
Excuse me, but I think that you ate too much last night, sir, and that is why
you could not sleep I answered.
The captain got angry.
T did not eat much yesterday, he said, and I heard the strange voice three
times, sir.
The captain ordered his men | to sail north-'north-west. The next day4
| one of our men | saw a black thing in the sea. The captain looked through
his glasses | and said to me: There is a small boat there | with a man in it.
Wasnt I right last night? We must save the man.
Soon we reached the small boat | and saw a man in it. He was fast
asleep. We took him into our boat | and sailed in the direction of the ship. The
captain was waiting for us.
When we reached the ship, | the man suddenly opened his eyes | and
cried out loudly, Where am I? Where is my boat?
Happy to see you, said the captain, | I am very glad | that we could save
you.
Did you order your men to take me out of my boat while I was asleep? asked
the man.
Certainly, answered the captain. Did you want to perish in your little boat?
Look here5, said the man, My name is Captain Wilson and I am making a
record voyage from New York to Liverpool in a small boat
(After W. W. Jacobs)

*
To use [ju:z] , .

241

1. Captain Brown, Mr. Brown , .
, ,
(, ), ..,
:
Professor Nikolayev
Comrade Serov
, ,
, :
the engineer Petrov
the student Svetlov
the worker Nikulin
:
madam [mdm] sir [s:] ; Mr. [mst] ,
, Mrs. [msz] , (
) Miss [ms] (
), :
Mr. Wilson
Mrs. Brown
Miss Smith
.
2. One morning the captain came up to me and said

captain, ,
, ,

():
The captain is ill (). .
Did you see the captain yesterday? ?
().
My friend will be captain in a year
(). .
direc-
tor , president , .
3. Sail north-north-west. --.
north, south, west, east .
, .
, , , .
4. The next day we saw
the next year

242
,
- ,
next year , ,
.
On the twenty-fifth of June my 25-
friend passed his last examination. .
The next day he left for the South. .
In 1963 my son will graduate from 1963 .
the Institute and go to one of our -
towns or villages to work there. .
The next year I shall visit him (
there. ) .
5. Look here! ! -!
,
.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


a captain
a voyage
W. comb to make a voyage ()
following (-, -, -)
the following
e.g. told us the following story.
.
told us the following. .
a ship ,
Syn a steam-ship (a steamer) (steam )
to hear (heard, heard) [t h, h:d, h:d]
:
! Come here! I cannot hear you! !
. I am listening to you.
such (-, -oe, -
)
strange 1.
e.g. told me a very strange story.
.
2.
e.g. Yesterday a young girl came up
to us in the street and asked us
a question in a strange language. .
a stranger , , -

243
Syn a foreigner
a newcomer ,
to sleep (slept, slept)
Syn to be asleep [sli:p] ( )
W. comb to be fast asleep
Gr to fall asleep
e.g. I slept very badly last night. .
I fell asleep only at four oclock .
in the morning.
to fall (fell, fallen)
-
.
:
to be asleep
to fall asleep
to be ill
to fall ill
night
Prp at night
Ant in the daytime
e.g. Dr. Nefedov worked at night, , -
so he will be free in the daytime. .
a voice [ vs]
Prp in a loud (low) voice ()
e.g. He said the last words in a very ()
low voice. .
an ear [n ]
an eye [n a]
to sail
the North
the South
the West
the East
Prp in the North (South, West, East) (, , )
e.g. There are many new cities in the
North of our country. .
Prp to the South (North, West, East) (, , ) ...
of...
e.g. Kiev is to the South of Moscow. ()
.
W. comb to go (sail) north, south, , () , ,
west, east ,
:

244
The travellers went north-east
- (cy- ().
).
direction [drekn] (to direct )
Prp! in this (that) direction, ()
in the direction of... ...
e.g. We went in the direction of the -
station. .
a director
to excuse [tu kskju:z]
Prp! Excuse me for this. .
why*
W. comb that is why (thats why) ,
e.g. I was very busy yesterday. Thats ,
why I couldnt answer my sisters ( )
letter. .
sir
W. comb Dear sir
angry
Gr to be angry
to get angry
Syn to be cross ,
Prp to be (to get) angry with... , -
to be (to get) angry at... , -
:
. Dont be angry with them.
He Dont be angry at his words.
( ).
() ()
to order
:
ordered them to come here.
( , ( ,
, - , -
) )
through [ru:]
e.g. We saw them through the window. .
W. comb to look through
e.g. When I came into the room, ,
the director was looking through .
the telegrams.
a boat 1. ; 2. ,
Syn a ship, a steamship, a steamer ,

245
to save
to reach , ...,
...

to reach:
- We reached the town late at
. night.
suddenly ,
to cry out , (to cry -
, )
to perish
record [rek:d]
so that ()

PROPER NAMES ( )
New York [nju: j:k] Liverpool [lvpu:l]
Mr. Brown [braun] Mr. Wilson [wlsn]



I. ,
. (. 64, 65)
1. , .
, ,
. (. ). 2. .
, , .
, - . (.
). 3. ;
,
(. ). 4.
, , ,
.
.
,,. : !
,
!!! , . .
, . .
, , ,
: - ?
: , ,
,
-. ,
. (. ).

246
II.
Continuous,
.
l. What is Comrade Smirnovs wife doing?She is preparing for departure.
2. Comrade Smirnov is not packing his things. 3. Are you waiting for your friend?
No, I am not, I am waiting for my father. 4. Where are you hurrying to? I
am hurrying to the railway station. 5. He is talking to a friend of his. 6. My daughter
is washing her dress. 7. They are not smoking now.
III.
.
a) 1. The engineer Petrov was having dinner at half past three yesterday. 2.
My sister was paying for her new coat when I came into the shop. 3. Our mother was
preparing dinner in the kitchen at five oclock. 4. I was hurrying to the buffet when
I met you. 5. Your friends were smoking in the corridor when we saw them.
b) 1. I shall be waiting for you at seven oclock in the evening. 2. They
will be having dinner when you come to see them. 3. We shall be discussing this
question at this time the day after tomorrow. 4. We shall be preparing for departure
at three oclock tomorrow. 5. They will be receiving their friends at this time tomor-
row.
IV. ,
Continuous.
1. Were you preparing your home-work at six oclock yesterday?
2. What will you be doing at three oclock tomorrow?
3. What was your son doing when you came home the day before yesterday?
4. Where were you hurrying to when a friend of yours met you yesterday?
5. What time were your friends playing chess on their last day off?
6. Will you be waiting for us at this time tomorrow?
7. Who(m) were you speaking to when I came into the room?
8. Were you writing your exercises or translating a letter when they came to
see you?
9. What were you talking about when they came in?
V. .
a) 1. We were waiting for Dr. Nikitin at five oclock yesterday (2). 2. We
were looking at the pictures of my sisters flat when you came to our place (2). 3.
The boy was eating ice-cream when we came in (2). 4. Captain Perov was smok-
ing when we opened the door (2).
b) 1. They will be discussing our plan at three oclock tomorrow (4). 2. We
shall still be packing our things when you come to our place (2). 3. My son will
be having breakfast at this time tomorrow (2).
VI. ,
-.

247
) 1. , (to put)
, . 2. ,
? 3. , ? 4.
? . 5. .
?
) 1. .
. . 2.
?
. 3. , .
.4. .
.

-
VII. .
[, ] [ou] [r]
the North dont friend
the South know (Brown, Gray)
the East boat strange
the West told through
three
VIII. , : The captain or-
dered his men I am very glad that we could save you.
.
heardthe voice reachedthe boat
inthe sea whatto do
lookthrough the nextday
boatthere a blackthing
IX. ,
.
boat, coat, loan, roam, foam, goat,
barrel, fracture, mild, carry, receiver, Larry, knack,
ruler, lull, fast, donkey, feather, clearer, mask,
central, cutting, cycle, carriage.
X. ,
, , ,
.
angrily sleepless strangely
childless sleepy toothless
direction voiceless a seller
a buyer
XI. , .

248
1. Are there any women-captains in our country?
2. Why do children often want to be sea captains?
3. Did you like to read books about voyages in your childhood?
4. When did you make your first voyage?
5. Can we go from Moscow to Gorki by ship?
6. Which of the students of your group usually speaks in a very loud voice?
7. What colour are your daughters eyes?
8. Till what time do your children usually sleep in the daytime?
9. Why must you sometimes work at night?
10. Why do many people like to go to the South on holiday?
11. What big cities in the North of our country do you know?
12. Are you angry with any of your friends now?
13. Why do you sometimes get angry with your friends?
14. How much time does it take you to reach Sochi if you go there by plane?
XII. .
a) 1. son wants to he a sailor (2). 2. In my childhood I liked to read
books about voyages (1). 3. Our students went to the South in the summer (3).
4. In 15 minutes we shall reach the station (1). 5. The children are fast asleep in
the garden (l). 6. I heard my sons voice in the garden five minutes ago (2). 7.
The boats were sailing in our direction (1).
b) 1. He did not attend the lecture yesterday because he was ill (1). 2. I am
already hungry because I did not have breakfast in the morning (1). 3. Our vil-
lage will change* next year because we shall build many new houses there (1). 4.
I dont like the salad either because there is not enough salt in it (1). 5. I asked
him to come up to me because I could not see him well (1).
XIII. , .
1. ___ Comrade Petrov! Go to ___ blackboard and write ___ following sen-
tence: ___ capital of ___ Soviet Union is ___ Moscow. 2. Yesterday there was
___ meeting at our plant ___ worker Smirnov spoke at ___ meeting and said many
interesting things about ___ work of their shop (). 3. ___ student Stepanov usu-
ally speaks in such ___ low voice that sometimes I cannot hear him at all. 4. ___ last
year ___ Dr. Nikitin was spending his holiday in ___ South of ___ Soviet Union.
Once he and his friends decided to make ___ voyage from Gagri to Sochi in ___
small boat. They left Gagri early in ___ morning. ___ weather was fine. When they
were near Sochi, they saw ___ black thing in ___ sea and heard ____ voice: Help,
help! They sailed in ___ direction of ___ black thing and soon saw that it was ___
man. They sailed up to ___ man and took him into ___ boat. ___ Dr. Nikitin tried to
help him. When they reached Sochi, ___ doctor took him to ___ hospital. ___ next
day when ___ doctor and his friends were walking along ___ street, they met ___
man again. He recognized ___ doctor and thanked him for his help.

*
To change [t tend] .

249
XIV. ,
.
1. Kiev is ___ the South ___ Moscow. 2. The captain looked ___ his glasses
and saw a man ___ the sea, not very far ___ the ship. He ordered ___ his men to sail
___ that direction. 3. I am angry ___ you because you are not listening ___ me. 4.
Shall we reach ___ the village early ___ the morning? asked one ___ the travellers.
No, we shall reach ___ it ___ night, answered the other. 5. Dont be angry
___ his words. 6. Yesterday when I was speaking ___ our teacher, Comrade Ivanov
came ___ me and asked me ___ an English magazine. I took the magazine ___ my
bag and gave it ___ him. He thanked me ___ the magazine, put it ___ his bag and
went away. 7. Tell ___ him that I must return the magazine ___ the library tomorrow.
I shall be waiting ___ him ___ the library ___ ten oclock.
XV.
.

,




XVI. to hear to listen (to)
.
1. wife often plays the piano in the evening and we ___ her. 2. Repeat the
last words of the sentence, please. I did not ___ them well. 3. Comrade N., you are
sitting very far from me. Can you ___ me? 4. Why are you not ___ us? We are
discussing a very important question. 5. My grandfather often tells me about his life
and I like ___ him. 6. The lecturer spoke in a low voice and I couldnt ___ him. 7. I
___ this story from him last week.
XVII. :
) (.
66).
1. ! 2.
! 3. ,
. 4. ,
. 5. ! 6. !
7. (salty), . 8.
! 9. ,
. 10. ! , . 11.
?
) ().
1. ? ,
. 2. , . 3.

250
, . 4. ,
, . 5. ,
. 6.
? . . 7.
, .
XVIII. .
a) Yesterday I saw such an inter-
esting film that I cant forget it. , .
b) The book is so interesting that I ,
advise you all to read it. .
c) Comrade Nilov works hard at
his English, thats why he ,
knows it well. .
XIX. : )
, 1, 2, 3, 4 ; )
.
to make a voyage, the following story, in such a loud (low, strange) voice, to
be fast asleep, to fall asleep, to fall ill, at night, in the direction of, to be (get) angry
(at, with), to look through, to order.
XX. .
1. I shall not be angry with you if 2. My friends son will be captain after
3. I shall not take soup either if 4. My son will not fall asleep until 5. The
waitress will come up to our table as soon as 6. Your examination will be over
before 7. The boy will be asleep until 8. I shall be looking through these
magazines while
XXI. .
to speak loudly, in the daytime, to wake up, the South, always, to buy, to begin
with, happy, to pack, fruitful, low, wide.
XXII. ,
.
1. ,
, . 2. ,
:
. 3. ? ,
. 4. ,
, (almost) . 5.
? 6. ? . 7.
. 8.
. , -
. 9. ? 10.

251
. . 11. ,
, . ? 12.
? . ,
. ,
, . 13.
, . 14. ,
. 15. . 1944 .
. 16.
() . 17.
, , , ,
. 18. ,
, . 19. ,
? .
. 20.
() . * , . 21.
,
. 22. .
. 23. ,
. .
XXIII. .
. .
: ,
. ,
.
, .
.
. : ! !
, . ()
(the bank) .
. ,
. :
, , .
. , .
,
. (to be-
come, became) . .
-
.

*
several [sevrl].

252


XXIV. :
1. Who wrote this story?
2. Where was the ship going to?
3. What did the captain of the ship hear one night?
4. What did he order his men to do?
5. What did the captain and his men see the next day?
6. What was that thing?
7. What did they see in the boat?
8. What did the men do?
9. Where did they take the man?
10. Why did they do that?
11. What was the captain doing at that time?
12. When did the man open his eyes?
13. What did the man cry out when he opened his eyes?
14. Who was the man?
15. Why was he in a small boat?
16. Did the captain of the ship help Captain Wilson?
17. Why was Captain Wilson angry with the captain of the ship?
XXV. : ) , ) . )
.
XXVI. .
XXVII. , .
1. A Voyage.
to make a voyage, the sea, to sail north (south etc.), in the direction of, to hear,
strange, the weather, to perish, to reach, it took us to , to save, to think.
2. A War Episode*.
the following, Captain N., to hear, strange, to listen to, in that direction, to
order, wounded**, boy, eyes, to cry out, to save, to take to hospital.
XXVIII. )
( : ), )
, (
: , , ). )
.
XXIX. : ) , )
.

253
LESSON FIFTEEN (THE FIFTEENTH LESSON)
Text: DREAMS AND REALITY
Grammar: l. (. 68).
2. (. 69).

3. (. 70).
Come along! , .
How are you getting on? ?
Its getting late. I must be . ()
going. .
Why were you late for the ?
lesson yesterday?
Is that really so? ? ( ?
?)
It was already ten oclock in the evening, but James Smith was not at home.
His wife, a woman of thirty, was sitting at the window and looking into the dark
street. Her husband was a Communist. That day he had an important meeting
Suddenly she heard a knock at the door. It was he! He always knocked three
times The woman hurried to the door.
James, a tall man, a little older than his wife, came into the room. He was
smiling. It seemed to her that he looked1 younger and stronger.
I am sorry, dear, I am later than usual to-night. We had an important meet-
ing. Some workers of our plant are going on an excursion to the Soviet Union. I am
one of them.
That night James could not sleep: the night seemed longer, the bed seemed
less comfortable He fell asleep only at four oclock in the morning. He dreamed
about the greatest and the most beautiful city in the world Moscow. He, a simple
American worker, is walking along the Moscow streets, hundreds of Russian
friends are heartily greeting him
A month later James was hurrying to the port with a small suit-case in his
hand. Soon he joined a group of workers who were waiting for the departure of the
ship.
At last a man in uniform appeared with a list in his hand.
John White!
Here! said one of the men and hurried to the ship.
Mark West! Alan Parker!
James Smith
James looked at his wife, who was standing near him, and smiled: Well 2,
dear, good-bye!
But the man in uniform continued:
James Smith, you will stay here. I am sorry, you cannot go. We have some
reason for

254
Some reason I am proud you have this reason, James Smith said slowly
and looked at his friends who were standing in silence. Though he was very sorry,
he smiled and said A happy voyage, comrades, some day my dream will also come
true

DIALOGUE
(to be learned by heart)
A. Hallo, Peter! Howare you? Where were you a few days ago? I rang
you up | but there was no answer.
B. Why, | I was in Leningrad on an excursion. Didnt you know about
it? I came back only last night.
A. I see How did you like the city?
B. Its wonderful! I think its one of the most beautiful cities in the
world.
A. Did you have enough time to go sightseeing?
B. I am sorry to say not. There are so many places of interest in Len-
ingrad, you know, | so many palaces, | museums and monuments. I
couldnt see all of them.


1. It seemed to her that he looked younger and stronger. ,
.
to look -
.
- :
to seem :
The book seemed interesting to us. .
to become :
Soon he will become a doctor. .

-. -,

, .. . ,
, to fall ,
:
fell ill last week. .
to grow ,
:
It grows dark late in summer. ( ) .

255
to get
, :
When we went out, it was getting ,
dark. ( ).
2. Well, dear, good-bye! , , !
well
.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


a dream 1. ; 2.
to dream
Prp to dream about -, -
to dream of -
reality [rlt]
dark
Ant light
important
a knock
to knock
Prp to knock at... ...
e.g. Who is knocking at the door so ?
loudly?
to seem
to look .
to become (became, become)
to grow (grew, grown) .
strong
Ant weak
late
Gr to be late
Prp to be late for... -, -
e.g. Why were you late for the lecture
yesterday? ?
than [n, n] ()
e.g. Minsk is smaller than Leningrad. ( -
).
usual
W. comb as usual
e.g. Peter passed his examination in ,
History well, as usual. , .
W. comb than usual
e.g. Yesterday I got up earlier than , .
usual.

256
an excursion [n ksk:n]
W. comb to go on an excursion (, ) -

e.g. Lets go on an excursion to Klin -
on our day off. .
great [ret]
the world (, )
e.g. The Moscow Underground is the
best Underground in the world. .
simple
America [merk]
American [merkn]
along [l] ()
W. comb to go along the street ()
heartily
a heart [ h:t]
Phr to learn by heart
to know by heart
e.g. Learn this text by heart. .
to greet 1. ; 2.

to greet:
Why didnt you greet him
? yesterday?
a port
a hand ()
an arm ( )
:
. She had a baby in her arms.
. She had a bag in her hand.
a leg ( )
a foot (pl feet) ()
Phr to go on foot
Syn to walk ,
to join* 1. ...; 2. (
, , ..)

to join:
Will you join our excursion?
?
brother joined the Party
1942 . in 1942.
a group [ ru:p]

257
a uniform [ ju:nf:m] ,
W. comb a man in uniform
to appear [tu p]
Ant to disappear
to continue [t kntnju:]
a reason [ ri:zn]
proud [praud]
Gr to be proud
Prp to be proud of... -, -
e.g. This old woman can be proud
of her children. .
slow
Gr to be slow ( )
Ant to be fast ( )
e.g. My watch is five minutes slow ()
(fast). .
slowly
Ant fast, quickly
silence [salns]
Prp in silence
though [ou] (= although) ()
a day*
Phr some day - ( -
)
e.g. I hope that some day I shall , -
visit your town again. .
true [tru:] ,
Phr to come true , ( ,
)
e.g. In 1948 my dream came true. 1948 . .
I became an engineer. .
wonderful ,
to go sightseeing
a place
W. comb places of interest
a palace [ pls]
a museum [ mjuzm]
a monument [ mnjumnt] ,
Prp a monument to... -
e.g. There is a monument to Pushkin
on Pushkinskaya Square in Moscow. .
PROPER NAMES
James Smith John White
Mark West Alan Parker

258

a watch
a clock
an alarm clock (alarm )
What time is it? ?
by my (your) watch () , ()
What time is it by your watch? ?
It is a quarter to ten. .
watch is slow. .
His watch is fast. .
watch keeps good (bad) time. ().
His watch doesnt keep good time. ().

:
How many minutes is your
watch slow (fast)? () ?
Your watch is five minutes
slow. .
Her watch is three minutes
fast. .



I. (. 68):
a) long, short, large, big, fine, straight, new, old, few, young, easy, busy, light,
clean, early, small, thin, thick, high, dear, poor;
b) good, much, bad, little, many;
c) interesting, difficult, comfortable, important.
II.
.
, , , , , , ,
, , , , , , ,
, , , , , .
III. .
a) Moscow is larger than our
city. ( ).
1. Moscow, Kiev (large). 2. English grammar, German grammar (easy).
3. Comrade N., Comrade P. (young). 4. My suit-case, your suit-case (small).
5. These sweets, those sweets (good). 6. Sugar in my tea, in your tea (much, little).

259
b) Our flat is more (less) com- ()
fortable than yours. , .
1. The English language, the Russian language (difficult). 2. Your country-
house, your flat in Moscow (comfortable). 3. The Central Park, the Sokolniki Park
(beautiful). 4. This work, that work (important). 5. Lesson 11, lesson 14 (interesting).
IV. ,
.
1. Is Moscow larger or smaller than Leningrad?
2. What is the largest city in the Soviet Union?
3. What is the most beautiful place that you know in our country?
4. Is the Volga* longer or shorter than the Don?
5. What is the longest river in the Soviet Union?
6. What building is the highest in Moscow?
7. What was the most difficult subject that you studied at the Institute?
8. Is English grammar more or less difficult than Russian grammar?
9. Who is the best student in your group?
10. Is the weather worse to-day than it was yesterday?
V.
(. 69).
1. It is summer now. 2. It was five oclock when I came home. 3. It is dark
() in this room.
VI. ,
.
dark cold warm
hot late
a) It is light here now. .
b) It was early morning. .
c) Is it already ten oclock? ?
VII. Indefinite
, .
1. It is cold to-day. 2. It is dark here. 3. It is eight oclock. 4. It is warm here.
VIII. ,
.
1. Is it light or dark in your class-room?
2. Is it usually cold or warm in April?
3. Was it already late when you returned home yesterday?
4. Was it a quarter to three or three sharp when I saw you in the restaurant
yesterday?

*
.

260
5. Is it usually dark or light in the streets at five oclock in the morning in
summer? (in winter?)
6. Was it warm or cold yesterday?
7. Will it be warm or cold tomorrow?
8. Is it usually hot in spring or in summer?
9. Isnt it light in this room?
10. Wont it be late if I ring you up at eleven oclock to-night?
11. Is it colder or warmer to-day than it was yesterday?
12. Is it always hotter in summer than in spring in Moscow?
13. Which month of the year is the shortest?
14. Is it usually warmer or colder in May than in April?
15. Is it the shortest (longest) day of the year to-day?
16. Is it darker in our room than in theirs?
17. Why is it darker in their room?
IX. ,

.
1. . 3.
. 2. (seat) . 3. , ?
4. ? 5. .
, . 6.
(train). 7. . ,
. 8. , .
. 9. , ,
. 10.
, . 11.
. 12. ,
. . .
13. , . 14.
? . . 15.
? .
20 . 16. , ,
. 17. () ?
- () , .

-
X. .
[] [:] []
longer heard near
younger firm dear
stronger worker hear
hungry excursion clear
XI. .

261
XII. ,
.
near, dear, ready, dead, reason, mean, bread, deal, fear, weather, hear, moon,
cook, cow, mellow, pail, air, foam, lean, steel, toil, roast, tune, rude, stew, find,
bold, thigh.
XIII. ,
.
greeting wonderful simply skier
heartless hearty heartily skater
bookshelf bookshop darkness forgetful
XIV. , .
) 1. In what month is it already dark at five oclock in the afternoon?
2. What must people do to be strong and healthy?
3. What time must you leave your house not to be late for the lesson?
4. On what days do you get up later than usual?
5. Does Lesson 15 seem to you less difficult than Lesson 14?
6. Do you like to learn poems () by heart?
7. When did you join the Communist Party?
8. Why are we proud of our country?
9. What big ports in the North do you know?
10. Where do you intend to go on an excursion as soon as you pass your
examination?
11. Are there many places of interest in your native town?
12. What great American writers do you know?
13. What country is the smallest in the world?
14. How many museums are there in your native town?
15. What monument is there in front of the building of the Moscow Soviet?
16. Will you go on an excursion to Leningrad some day?
b) 1. Have you a watch?
2. Is it dear or cheap?
3. Where did you buy it?
4. How much did you pay for it?
5. Does it keep good or bad time?
6. What is the time by your watch now?
7. Is it fast or slow?
8. How many minutes is it fast (slow)?
9. Have you got an alarm clock?
10. Where do you usually put it before you go to bed?
11. What time is it by the clock in our class-room?
12. What time did our lesson begin?
13. How long does our lesson usually last?
14. Did we begin our lesson earlier or later than usual to-day?
15. What time will our lesson be over?

262
XV. .
1. It was very dark in the street at half past eight (1). 2. This woman is proud
of her son (1). 3. I shall join your group next year (2). 4. We were lying in the sun
at three oclock yesterday (2). 5. My watch keeps good time (1). 6. It is twenty
minutes to six by this alarm clock (1). 7. My friends watch is seven minutes slow.
(1). 8. My son is three years older than my daughter (1). 9. I am two years younger
than my husband (1).
XVI. ,
.
, .
.
,
,

. , ,
.
; -
. ,
, , , .
(. . )
VII. ,
.
___ Saturday I came ___ home earlier than usual. I was sitting ___ the window
and looking ___ the street when I heard a knock ___ the door ___ my room. It was
my friend Nick. He greeted ___ me and said: Let us go ___ an excursion to Zagorsk
tomorrow. All right, I said. The next day ___ eight oclock ___ the morning I
was hurrying ___ the station where Nick was already waiting ___ me. We went ___
Zagorsk ___ train. There are two interesting museums ___ Zagorsk. We decided to
visit the Museum of Toys. We spent four hours there. ___ that we decided to go __
the forest. When we were going ___ one ___ the streets ___ Zagorsk we met ___
our friend Pegov. He joined ___ us and we went ___ the forest together. We returned
___ home late ___ night.
VIII. , -

1. . ,
. 2. .
. 3. ,
. 4. 11 . 5. ,
, () . 6.
( ). 7. . . ? 8.
. . 9.
? ? 10.

263
? 11. , . 12. (
) ? ,
, .
XIX. .
(dark, eyes, strong, excursion, simple, than usual, by heart, to join, to greet)

1. I want to see Leningrad very much, I intend to go on an ___ there some day.
2. The night was so ___ that I couldnt see the road (). 3. Close your ___
and try to fall asleep, said the mother to her son. 4. If you want to become ___, you
must do your morning exercises () every day. 5. It was Sunday yesterday. I
got up later ___ ___, had breakfast and went to the park. 6. Why dont you under-
stand this sentence? It is very ___. 7. Why did you not ___ me yesterday? Were you
angry with me? 8. When did you ___ the Communist Party? I ___ the Party ten years
ago. 9. Shall I learn this text ___?
XX.
.
to be proud (of), in the world, to go on an excursion, to join, places of interest,
to appear, to learn by heart, to continue, to seem ( - .
1 ), to be late for, some day, than (as) usual, to come true,
though, simple, along, weak, strong.
XXI. .
light, weak, unusual, easy, to stop, to wake up, in the daytime, to forget, slow,
hot, to give, clean.
XXII.

, , , , ,
(), , , , , , (2
), , .
XXIII. , .
1. , ,
. 2. .
, ,
. 3. . 4.
, . 5. ,
. 6. , ,
. . 7.
, , ,
. 8. ? 9.
. , , .
, , . 10.
. 11. , 19 . 12.

264
?
? .
13. , -
. 14. , .
15. -, . l6.
, . 17.
. ,
. 18. ,
. (a result) ,
. 19. . ,
. 20.
! 21.
, . 22.
. ,
.



XXIV. .
1. In what country did James Smith live?
2. What was he?
3. Why did he come home later than usual one night?
4. Why was the workers meeting important?
5. Why did it seem to his wife that he looked younger and stronger?
6. Why was James happy that night?
7. Why couldnt he sleep that night?
8. What did he dream about?
9. Where was he hurrying a month later?
10.Whom did he join in the port?
11. Did he go to the Soviet Union?
12. Why didnt he go there?
13. What was the reason the man in uniform and James were speaking about?
14. Why was James proud of that reason?
15. Why did he say, One day my dream will also come true?
XXV. : ) , ) , )
, ) , .
XXVI. .
1.
( : , , ).
2. ( : , , ,
).

265
3. ( : ,
, , ., a guide,
).
4. ( : ,
, , ).
XXVII. .
XXVIII. ,
.
XXIX. ,

XXX. ,
.
1. Friends from the North Come to Moscow.
to receive, a telegram, to intend, to go for holiday to , to join, to meet, at the
station, by the underground, to seem, wonderful, the next day, to go sightseeing,
places of interest, museums, monuments, palaces, along the streets, wide, straight,
fine, to be proud of, great, in the world, to have a good time.
2. Our Excursion to a Collective Farm.
to go on an excursion, to join, it took us to reach, best, a group of collective
farmers, to greet, heartily, to visit, tractors, combines, other, machines [mi:nz],
along the streets, straight, gardens, in front of (), to show, a school, a hos-
pital, a kindergarten, a river, a forest, in the evening, to have a talk, to smoke, to have
a good time, some day.
3. My Friends First Report in English.
to work, to go to the library, to make a report on , to learn by heart, though,
slowly, to make mistakes, simple, better than usual, to listen (to), in silence, a
teacher, to be proud (of).

266
LESSON SIXTEEN (THE SIXTEENTH LESSON)
Text: FROM VERKHOYANSK TO SOCHI
Grammar: 1. (. 71).
2. as as, not so as (. 72).

3. (. 73, 74).
4. - (. 75).

Did you have a good journey? ?


I wish you a happy journey! !
A pleasant* journey to you!
How do you like it here? ?
Are you taking a trip** to Klin
tomorrow? ?

Yesterday I got up earlier than usual as I wanted to go to the airport to meet


my old friend Boris Petrov. In 1946 we studied at school together, then, in 1948, we
studied at the same institute in Moscow, but now we live in different parts of the
Soviet Union. Boris lives and works in the North of our country, in Verkhoyansk,
and I live on the sea shore, in Sochi.
Some months ago I wrote a letter to him and invited him to come to my place
for holiday.
Soon I received his answer. He heartily thanked me for the invitation and
asked me to meet him at the airport on the 20th of April. I hope you will not be
angry if I take my wife and my son with me, he wrote
When I left my house for the airport, it was very warm, though it was early
morning1. The air was fresh, the sky was blue, and the sun was shining. In April
the weather is usually fine in Sochi. It seldom rains and it is not very hot. I like
Sochi at this time of the year best of all.
I took a taxi and started for the airport. I am afraid Ill be late, I thought
and asked the driver to go faster. We reached the airport in time. The plane was
just landing. It was only half past seven in the morning, but it was as warm as in
the afternoon.
The passengers were getting out of the plane When I went up to the plane,
I saw a group of people who looked very funny in such warm weather: all of them
had warm coats, warm boots and fur caps on. I came up to them and recognized
Boris and his family. Hallo, glad to see you, I said and continued, well, its not
so cold here as in Verkhoyansk. Dont you think so, Boris?
It seems its just a little warmer here, agreed Boris and laughed, but when
we left our place, it was snowing hard2 and we were not at all hot3. The weather was
as cold as in January, you know.

*
Pleasant [pleznt]
**
Trip , ,

267
Now, take off your gloves and other warm things and lets hurry home, I
said, the taxi is waiting for us. It wont take us long to get to my place. Im sure
you will like it here.4

DIALOGUE
(to be learned by heart)
A. What season do you like best of all?
B. I like summer. I am a good swimmer | and like to go boating!5
A. I think winter is as good as summer. Why, | dont you like to go
skiing or skating | on a fine winter day?
B. Well, | yes | But I dont have enough time to go skiing | and I
cant skate at all.
A. Will you go for holiday in the summer this year?
B. I am sorry to say not. This year | I shall have a holiday in the autumn.
Im afraid itll rain all the time.
A. I advise you to go to the South. They say | autumn is the best season
there. Besides, | there is much fruit at this time of the year. Im sure you
will have as good a holiday in autumn | as in summer.


1. It was early morning. .
:
a) It is afternoon. .
It was early morning. .
It was late evening. .
( )
b) On a fine September morning we
started for the country. .
It was a starry night. .
( )
c) The plane landed in the morning
(in the evening, in the afternoon). (, ).
( )
2. It was snowing hard
hard (
). to rain hard:
Is it still raining hard? ?
3. we were not at all hot.
warm, hot, cold,
,
:

268
I am cold. .
They were warm. .
Take off your coat. You will be hot. . .
4. You will like it here. .
5. I am a good swimmer and like to go boating.
.
:
to go skiing ()
to go skating

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


air
W. comb in the open air ( )
e.g. You look pale. You must spend .
more time in the open air. .
an airport
same ,
Art! the same book, story, city, etc. , , ..
e.g. Fred and I left Moscow on the
same day. .
Phr all the same
e.g. Do you want to go to the theatre ?
or to the cinema? Its all the .
same to me.
a part 1.
e.g. Did you like the second part of
this book? ?
2.
W. comb to take part in... ...,
e.g. Will you take part in our ex- -
cursion? ?
a shore
Prp on the seashore, to the seashore ,
Syn at the seaside, to the seaside ,
a bank
Prp on the bank of the river
to invite ,
e.g. I invited many friends to dinner
on Sunday. .
an invitation
warm
hot
Ant cold

269
early 1. ()
e.g. I like early spring. .
2. ()
e.g. Please, wake me up early to- , ,
morrow! .
fresh
W. comb fresh air
a fresh newspaper
fresh bread
to shine (shone, shone) [n] ,
the sky
Prp in the sky ,
e.g. The sun was shining in the blue sky. .
rain
to rain ( )
a taxi
to start
Prp to start for... -
e.g. We shall start for the river in .
an hour.
Prp to start off
e.g. The travellers said good-bye to
us and started off. .
to be afraid [t b fred]
Prp to be afraid of -, -
e.g. Dont be afraid of me! said , -
the stranger. .
Why are you afraid of bad ?
weather?
Nick is never afraid to take his
examinations. .
I am afraid (that) they will not , .
come to-night.
a driver
to drive (drove, driven) [t drav, (),
drouv, drvn] ()
W. comb to drive a car (a taxi) ()
a plane
Prp by plane
e.g. I shall go to Leningrad by plane. .
just
e.g. We were just speaking about you ,
when you came in. .
to land ( ), -
( )

270
land ,
a passenger [ psnd]
to get off , ( , -
)
Syn to get out of a plane
Ant to get on (into) , ( , , -
)
e.g. At what station are you getting ?
off?
I couldnt get on the tram be- () ,
cause there were too many o
people in it. .
fun ,
funny ,
W. comb to look funny ,

a funny story (film, play, etc.) () , (,
..)
to have... on ...
e.g. She had a beautiful dress on. .
to put... on
Ant to take off
e.g. It is cold outside. Put on your .
warm overcoat. .
Take off your coat. It is warm . .
here.
fur 1. ; 2.
W.comb a fur coat ()
a fur cap
to agree [tu ri:] ,
Prp to agree with smb. -
to agree to smth. -, -
:
( I dont agree with you ().
).
an agreement
to laugh [t l:f]
Prp to laugh at -, -
e.g. What are you laughing at? ?
snow
to snow ( )
a glove [ lv]

271
sure [u]
Gr to be sure
to be sure that... ...
to be sure that of... -
e.g. Are you sure that Petrov is in , ?
Moscow?
Are you sure of it? ?
a season
e.g. There are four seasons in the year. .
boating
Gr to go boating
e.g. Will you go boating tomorrow? ?
necessary [ness()r]
possible [psbl]
impossible [mpsbl]

:
I like this city very much. .
I like this city best of all. .

. -ment, un-, in-, im-, il-, ir-


-ment [mnt] ,
, :
to agree agreement
un- [n], in- [n] ,

, .

. :
usual unusual
attentive inattentive
definite indefinite
im- [m], il- [l], ir- [r] in:
possible impossible
legal () illegal ()
regular (- irregular (-
) )

272


I.
(. 71).
) , , , , , (), ,
, , , , , ;
) , , , , ;
) , , , .
II. ,
.
1. Do you speak English better or worse now than you spoke it three months
ago?
2. Where do you usually speak slower: at the lesson or at the examination?
3. Do you work at your English harder now than last month?
4. Did the students come to the lesson yesterday earlier or later than the
teacher did?
5. Which of you makes spelling mistakes more often?
6. Which of you can play chess best of all?
7. Which of the new films did you like best of all?
8. Which of you can skate fastest of all?
9. Does it usually rain more often in September or in October?
10. Did it snow harder in Moscow this winter than it did last winter?
11. Why does Comrade N. attend lectures at our club this year more seldom
than he did before?
12. Do you read more or less now than you did in your childhood?
13. When do we usually ask people to speak louder?
14. Do you come home earlier on Saturday or on other week days?
III. .
a) I speak English worse than - ,
my sister does. .
b) Comrade Nikitin knows -
English best of all in our
group. .
IV. ,
.
1. , 10 ,
(or) . . 2.
, , . 3.
? 4. ,
. 5.
,

273
-. 6.
. . 7.
? 8. , ,
. 9.
?
V. as as, not so as
(. 72).
1. husband is ___ old ___ yours. 2. His daughter is ___ young ___ mine.
3. Are there ___ many places of interest in Moscow ___ in Leningrad? 4. This build-
ing is (not) ___ high ___ the building of our Institute. 5. Is Lesson Sixteen ___ simple
__ Lesson Fifteen? No, it is not. Lesson Sixteen is (not) ___ simple ___ Lesson
Fifteen. 6. Have you got ___ many friends in Leningrad ___ in Moscow? Yes, I
have. 7. This year you do not work at your English ___ much ___ you did last year.
8. Literature is ___ interesting to me___ History. 9. Does your son study ___ well
now ___ he did last year?
VI. ,
.
1. Is Leningrad as big as Moscow?
2. Do you know English as well as French?
3. Was the weather not so fine yesterday as it is to-day?
4. Does it usually snow in January as often as in December?
5. How many days are there in April?
6. What other months are as long as April?
7. What months are longer than April?
8. Was last winter as cold as this winter?
9. Does it usually get warmer or colder when it begins to snow?
10. When is the weather as fine as in May?
11. Why is it not so difficult to get up early in summer as it is in winter ?
12. Why do you not get up as early on Sunday as on week-days?
13. Why are you not so busy on Saturday as on the other weekdays?
14. Is it easier for you to learn a text by heart or to retell it in your own words?
15. Why dont you work at your English in summer as hard as you did in
winter?
16. Can you learn new foreign words now as easily as you did in your child-
hood?
VII. ,
.
1. , . 2. ,
. 3. , ?
. 4. , ? .
, . . 5.
, . 6.
, ? 7.

274
, , . 8.
, . 9. ,
, .
VIII. .
a) This street is as wide as ,
Gorky Street. .
b) Our house is not so high , .
as theirs.
IX.
(. 73, 74).
a) 1. It is usually dark at 6 oclock in winter. 2. It is always cold in January.
3. It was simple to translate that letter. 4. It was warm yesterday. 5. It will be inter-
esting for you to read this English book. 6. It was easy to find the railway-station. 7.
It is difficult for him to learn this text by heart.
b) 1. It often rains in autumn. 2. It is raining now. 3. It was raining at five
oclock yesterday. 4. It seldom snows in October. 5. It will rain soon.
X. ,
.
1. It is easy to understand this simple text. 2. It is interesting to listen to your
stories. 3. It is difficult for me to learn some grammar rules. 4. It is dark in this room.
5. It snows in winter. 6. It rains in autumn. 7. It is important for me to invite * them
now. 8. It is strange for us to hear such words. 9. It is strange for him to see you here.
XI. ,
.
1. (the results)
. 2.
. 3. . . . 4. ,
. 5. . ,
. 6. , .
. 7. ?
. 8. , .
. . 9. .
? 10. ? . ,
. 11. , . 12. ?
. 13. .
. -
, (. 75).
1. This English book is too simple for me. Give me a more difficult book,
please. 2. My sister knows German much better than I know it. 3. I do not like these

*
To invite , .

275
pictures. They are too dark. I saw better pictures in a shop in our street. Let us go
there and have a good look at them. 4. I think this excursion will be more interesting
than the last excursion. 5. His work is more important than your work. 6. The ex-
aminer spoke faster than our teacher usually speaks. 7. We reached the bank of the
river earlier than our friends reached it. 8. I dont like this suit. Please, show me
another suit. 9. My friend brought two books for me to read. I like this book by Jack
London better than the other book. 10. If you dont want to read this story, I shall
bring you another story. 11. Our excursion was not so interesting as their excursion.
12. This book is less interesting than the book you gave me yesterday.

-
XIII. .
earlier than usual as warm as in summer
later than usual not so cold as in winter
best of all
worst of all
XIV. ,
.
you likebest; skiingor skating; atthis time; allthe time;
isthe best; to the South.
XV. ,
.
gale, gem, log, bigger, better, hotter, traffic, stopped, stagger, album, mummy,
penny, gym, month, velvet, mixture, yard, exact, knave, whoop, wright, veal, flask,
plaster, goal, drew, whip, pond, whim, daddy.
XVI. ,
, .
airport landing funny agreement
driver earless endless unnecessary
gloveless invitation snowy indefinite
rainy warmly examiner impossible
XVII. , .
1. When do you spend more time in the open air: on week-days or on Sun-
days?
2. What language do you study? Do all the engineers of your office study the
same language ?
3. In which part of the Soviet Union are there longer rivers: in the East or in
the West?
4. Do you like to take part in excursions?
5. Why are there usually many resorts at the sea-side?
6. Whom do you usually invite to your birthday parties ( )?

276
7. In which month does it rain here as often as in November?
8. Does it rain more often here in autumn or in summer?
9. Is there as much snow in towns as in the country in winter?
10. Was it raining (snowing) when you left home for the office in the morn-
ing?
11. Which is the warmest month of the year?
12. Is it usually hotter in town or in the country in summer?
13. In which month is it very cold here?
14. Is the sun shining now?
15. Do you usually take a taxi when you go to the office? When do you usually
take a taxi?
16. When do we usually put on warm coats?
17. When do men usually take off their hats?
18. When do people put on (fur) gloves?
XVIII. .
1. We reached the airport early in the morning (1). 2. The second part of this
book is more interesting (1). 3. My friend invited me to dinner on Sunday (3). 4. It
often rains here in autumn (1). 5. I like to stay in the open air (1). 6. When we went
out of the house it was snowing hard (2). 7. You can see some planes high in the
sky (1). 8. It is very beautiful on this bank of the river (1).
XIX.
.
1. ) . )
. 2. ) . )
. 3. ) . )
. 4. ) ? )
, . 5. ) . )
. 6. ) . )
. 7. ) ,
. ) . 8. )
, . ) . 9. )
. ) .
XX. , .
1. Will our meeting begin ___ a quarter ___ twelve? Yes, it will. We always
begin our meetings ___ time. 2. Its very difficult ___ me to read this book. There
are very many new words ___ it. 3. I dont like to go ___ a walk ___ hot weather. 4.
Will you go ___ Odessa ___ plane? No, I shant, because the airport is very far
___ the city there. Ill go there ___ train (). ___what day are you leaving Mos-
cow? I am leaving Moscow ___ Friday. 5. If you like flowers, come ___ my
place. There are very many beautiful flowers ___ my garden. 6. Will you translate
this letter together ___ Comrade Bokov? 7. Last year I spent much time ___ the sea-
side ___ Alupka. 8. What were you laughing ___ when I came ___ the room ? 9.
Comrade Bobrov can read books ___ several foreign languages, but he can speak

277
only ___ English. 10. Do you intend to invite any ___ your friends ___ your place
___ Saturday? 11. Why dont you agree ___ me? 12. When do you intend to start
___? I think, well start ___ half an hour. 13. Excuse me, will you get ___ the
next stop? 14. Our friends will start ___ the station ___ a quarter ___ an hour. l5.
Take ___ your coat! It is very hot here. 16. What dress will you put ___ to-night?
XXI.
I .





XXII. .
to take dinner to speak quickly
to return box expensive
XXIII. .
to buy fruitful cold
to get off strong quickly
late better buyer
XXIV.
.
(early, funny, plane, coat, airport, afraid, warm, taxi, to invite, sky)
1. Tomorrow well go to the ___ to meet our friends who will come from
Leningrad by ___ Thats why tomorrow well get up ___ than usual.
2. You wont be ___ of your examination if you repeat the material well.
3. Its very cold to-day, put on your warm ___.
4. Why are you smiling? The story is not ___ at all.
5. The weather is ___ to-day. The sun is shining in the blue ___.
6. It is a quarter to nine. Well be late for the lecture if we go to the Institute
by tram. Let us take a ___.
7. My friends ___ me to dinner last Sunday.
XXV. , : )
, 1, 3, 5 ; )
.
same, to agree (with), to start (for), to start off, a bank, to be sure (of), to rain
hard, to snow hard, to invite, to take part (in), to laugh (at), to be afraid (of), to get
on, to get into, to get off, by plane, by train, to have on, to put on, to take off.
XXVI. , .
1. ? , .
, .

278
? . 1951 . . 2.
, . 3.
? . ,
. .
4. ?
. 5. ,
. ,
. , . 6. .
. , .
. 7.
? . , .
. 8.
, . . 9. ,
, . 10. ,
, , .
. 11. , .
. . . 12.
, . . 13.
.
. 14. (concert).
? ! 15.
- .
. 16. ?
, . ? , . 15
. 17. ? .
. 18. , ,
. . 19.
, ? .
. 20.
? , ,
. 21. ? . ,
, . 22. , , ,
. . 23. , .
24. , ? . ,
.



XXVII. .
1. Where did the two friends study?
2. Where do they live now?
3. What kind of town is Sochi?
4. What do you know about Verkhoyansk? (In which part of the Soviet Un-
ion is it? Is it very cold there in winter?)

279
5. How long does it take one to get from Verkhoyansk to Sochi by plane?
6. Why did Boris and his family look funny in Sochi?
7. Why did Boris laugh when he said: It seems its just a little warmer
here?
8. Are you sure Boris and his family will like it in Sochi? Why do you think
so?
9. What do you think they all did after they came to their friends place?
10. What do you think they did the next day?
11. Describe their departure from Sochi.
XXVIII. : )
; ) ; )
( ).
XXIX. .
XXX.
.
XXXI. , : ,
, , ( ),
.
XXXII. ,
.
1. An Incident () in the Country.
in the open air, to go by train (), it took us, the weather, fine, the
sun, to shine, the sky, beautiful, to decide, to go boating, to take a boat, suddenly, to
get dark, to rain, to be afraid, impossible, difficult, to reach the bank, to get wet
(), to start for, to take off, to put on, to be cold, to get warmer.
2. Why I Was Late Once.
to intend, to go on an excursion, at eight sharp, to go out, warm, weather, cold,
to have on, suddenly, to get warmer, hot, to be afraid, to look funny, to go back,
to change (), it took me to, to be ready, to be sure, on the way to,
to begin to rain, it was necessary, to wait for, to have a good time.
XXXIII. The Season Which I Like Best of All
( ).
XXXIV. .

280
281
LESSON SEVENTEEN (THE SEVENTEENTH LESSON)
Text: SUI MEI TRAVELS ABOUT THE SOVIET UNION
Grammar: 1. (
, , , (. 76).
2. (. 77).
3. one (. 78).
Is it clear to you? ?
Quite. .
Not quite. .
It seems to me that he is right. .
Look this word up in the dictionary. .
The sun was rising | from behind the Urals. The mountains were
unusually beautiful that fine summer morning.
All the passengers of an express train | were fast asleep. Only Sui Mei,
| a young Chinese tourist, | was still1 sitting at the window | and looking at
the rising sun. In front of her, | on the table | there was a thick note-book | with
golden letters: Moscow, | the USSR. The girl looked at the letters, then
slowly opened the note-book and read:
June 15, 1957.
Yalta. What a beautiful town! Its one of the most famous places in the Cri-
mea. Hundreds of Soviet people come to the Black Sea for holiday. One can meet
here a peasant from the Ukraine and a worker from Siberia, a sailor from the Far
East and a student from the Don
She turned over some pages:
July 17.
Our tourist ship is sailing down the Volga, the famous Russian river2. Here
and there one can see towns, villages, peasants in the fields Here and there one
can hear fine Russian songs, the songs which you will never forget
July 21.
The heroic city of Stalingrad
The people of Stalingrad are proud of their city.
They showed us many interesting things: their new comfortable houses, thea-
tres and their large tractor plant
Then Sui Mei took her pen, turned over some more pages and wrote down:
August 20, 1957.
In a few days we shall leave the Soviet land. I hope next year I shall come
back here not as a tourist, but as a student of Moscow University.
She stopped and closed her eyes. She was thinking of her free country, of its
happy future. She was thinking of the friendship between the Chinese and the Rus-
sian peoples
The train was running further and further to the East, past high mountains,
rivers, lakes and beautiful forests of the Soviet land

282

1. Only Sui Mei was still sitting at the window

still , ,
:
is still here. () .
is still asleep. () .
is still reading this book. () .
,
;
,
, .
more.
Give me three more copy-books. .
Oliver Twist wanted some more soup.
.

.
:
. Give me two more books.
. Give me some more soup.

.
another, :
Give me another cup of tea. .
what ?
(, -) other,
:
What other books by Jack Lon-
don did you read last year? ?
what ?,
else
(. 7).
:
What else do you want to say? ?
Who else knows this story? ?
Where else did you see him? ?
-
yet, to be
:

283
is not yet here. .
Dinner is not ready yet. .
Arent you free yet? ?
son doesnt yet study, he is too , -
young. .
2. Our tourist ship is sailing down the Volga, the famous Russian river.
, .
down
: (.. ).
up, down.
up down ,
, , , ,
..
up down : down , up .
, , , to go,
to come, to walk, to sail ..:
I was going down the stairs when () ,
I saw my friend Nikitin. .
down the street down .
:
Go down the street, then turn left ,
and you will see the shop.
.
( )
along (, ):
I was going along the street when ,
I saw my friend Nikitin. .

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


to travel*
Prp to travel about a country
to travel in the mountains
to rise (rose, risen) 1. ,
Syn to get up, to stand up
e.g. When the professor entered the , -
hall, the students rose from their ,
seats to greet him. .
2. , , (
)
Ant to set (set, set) , ( )
e.g. The sun rises in the East and ()
sets in the West. () .

284
behind [bhand] ,
Ant in front of [n frnt v] ,
e.g. There is no garden in front of ,
my house, but there is one behind it. .
from behind -
e.g. Suddenly a man appeared from - -
behind the tree. .
a note-book
a mountain [ mauntn]
a train
W. comb a ten oclock train , 10
Prp by train
e.g. He will leave by the nine oclock .
train.
a passenger train
an express train ,
a slow train .
Chinese [tani:z]
e.g. There was a Chinese vase on .
the table.
My friend knows Chinese very
well. .
a tour [tu] ,
a tourist [ turst] ,
golden [ouldn] , (
, !)
W. comb golden hair
golden letters
gold [ould] ( )
W. comb a gold watch
a town
W. comb to go to town ,
famous [fems] (fame )
e.g. Tolstoy is a famous Russian - -
writer. .
Prp to be famous for... ( ) -
e.g. What is the Crimea famous for? () ?
a peasant [ peznt]
a sailor
to sail
to turn oyer
e.g. Turn over the page! !
up
down
along ,

285
a field
Prp in the fields ,
e.g. We saw many tractors in the
fields of that collective farm. .
a song
to sing (sang, sung)
a hero [ hrou] (pl heroes)
W. comb Hero of the Soviet Union
Hero of Socialist Labour
[soulst leb]
heroic [hrouk]
a tractor
W. comb a tractor plant
to stop ,
ones future -
friendship [frendp]
between [bitwi:n] ( , )
e.g. There is a high mountain
between those two rivers. .
There is a great friendship be-
tween the Russian and the . (
Chinese peoples.
).
to run (ran, run, running) ,
further [f:] (
far )
past ()
W. comb to go past , ,
e.g. I usually go past the Revolution
Museum on my way home. .
a lake
yet ( )
e.g. is not yet here. .

(PROPER NAMES)
Sui Mei [su me]
the Urals [ jurlz]
the Crimea [ kram]
the Caucasus [ k:kss]
the Pamirs [ p:mz]
the Ukraine [ ju:kren]
the Far East
Siberia [sabr]
the Black Sea

286
the Caspian Sea [ kspn si:]
the Baltic Sea [ b:ltk si:]
the Volga [ vl]
the Lena [ len]
the Neva [ nev]
the Dnieper [ dni:p]
the Thames [ temz]
the Mississippi [ mssp]
the Atlantic (Ocean) [ tlntk oun]
the Pacific (Ocean) [ psfk oun]





Europe [jurp] Europian [jurpi:n]

Asia [e] Asian [en]
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakian Prague [pr:]
[tekouslouvk] [tekouslouvkn]

Hungary [hr] Hungarian [hrn] Budapest [bju:dpest]

Germany [d:mn] German [d:mn] Berlin [b:ln]

Poland [poulnd] Polish [poul] Warsaw [w:s:]

Albania [lben] Albanian [lbenn] Tirana [ti:r:n:]

Bulgaria [blr] Bulgarian [blrn] Sofia [soufl

Rumania [ru:men] Rumanian [ru:menn] Bucharest [bju: krest]

Viet-Nam [vjtn:m] Vietnamese [vjetn:mi:z] Hanoi [h:no]

Korea [kor] Korean [korn] Pyongyang [pjij]

China [tanl Chinese [tani:z] Peking [pi: k]

Japan [dpn] Japanese [dpni: z] Tokyo [toukjoul

India [nd] Indian [ndn] Delhi [del]

Italy [tl] Italian [tljn] Rome [roum]

287
France [fr:ns] French [frent] Paris [prs]

England [lnd] English [l] London [lndn]

The United States of American [merkn] Washington [wtn]
America (the USA)
[ junatd stets v
merk; ju:ese]

()

. -ese, -ic, -ous, -ship


-ese [i:z] , ;
:
Japan Japanese
,
.
. , ,
.
-ic [k] ;
:
a hero heroic
-ous [s] ; ,
, :
fame famous ,
-ship [p] ;
:
a friend friendship
hard hardship ,
,



I. :
)
(. 76).
1. In what part of the Soviet Union do you live?
2. Were you on holiday in the North or in the South of our country last year?
3. Did you spend your last holiday in the Caucasus or in the Crimea?
4. Do you often go for holiday to the Caucasus?
5. What is the Caucasus famous for?

288
6. What is the Crimea famous for?
7. Why do many people like to go for holiday to the Black Sea shore?
8. Are there any resorts on the Baltic Sea shore?
9. On what other seas are there good resorts?
10. Is the Baltic Sea in the West or in the East of our country?
11. Do you like to go for holiday to the sea shore or to the river bank?
12. What is the Volga famous for?
13. What cities on the Volga do you know?
14. Which of them is the biggest?
15. Are there any resorts on the Volga?
16. Were you on holiday on the Volga or on the Dnieper last year?
17. Which river is more beautiful: the Volga or the Dnieper?
18. Which river of the Soviet Union is the longest?
19. Is the Lena as long as the Volga?
20. Are the Urals between the Volga and the Lena?
21. Where are the Urals?
22. Are the Urals very high?
23. Are the Pamirs higher than the Urals?
24. What important industrial centres in the Urals do you know?
)
one (. . 598).
1. Where can one get if one crosses* the Atlantic (Ocean)?
2. What cities will one pass if one sails down the Volga?
3. What rivers will one cross if one travels from the Far East to the Ukraine?
4. What rivers will one cross if one goes from Leningrad to the Urals?
5. What countries will one pass if one travels from the Soviet Union to Eng-
land?
II. .
)
.
1. : , , , ,
. 2. , .
. 3. ( )
, ,
. 4. .
. . 5.
, . 6.
. ,
. .
7. ? : ,
, . 8. :
? 9. : ?

*
* cross .

289
. 10. :
, .
)
one.
1. . 2.
. 3. . 4. ,
. 5. .
6. . 7.
, . 8.
: .

-
III. , : The sun was rising
Moscow, the USSR.
.
sittingatthe window from behind the Urals
lookingatthe rising sun in front of her
looked atthe letters
openedthe note-book
IV. ,
.
gold, golden, knave, brutal, bluebird, storey, fear, fast, cast, task, feather, bold,
mind, monthly, perceive, folding, cherry, lorry, married, ferry, horror, terror, merry,
conceive, leather, famous, nervous, continuous, glorious, jealous, callous, peri-
lous, economic, historic, romantic, comic, electric, hardship, leadership, mem-
bership.
V. , ,
.
tourist hardship democratic
indifferent weakly proudly
heroic uncomfortable famous
landless agreement rainy
Chinese unhappy irregular
sailor healthy unimportant
VI. , .
1. What time does the sun usually rise in summer?
2. Does the sun set in summer as early as in winter?
3. What is there in front of your house and behind it?
4. Are there more mountains in the North or in the South of our country?
5. Which Russian song do you like best of all?
6. What women-heroes of the Soviet Union do you know?

290
7. How many people at your office know the Chinese language well?
8. Was your grandfather a peasant or a worker?
9. Did you travel much about our country when you were a student? Why?
10. Where is it easier to swim: in the sea, in the lake or in the river?
11. Where is the Black Sea?
12. Will you go to the Crimea or to the Caucasus for holiday in the summer?
13. Are the mountains in the Crimea as beautiful as in the Caucasus?
14. What is the Crimea (the Caucasus) famous for?
VII. ,
.
a) Last summer my sisters son, who lives ___ a village ___ the North, came
___ Moscow. He was a boy ___ ten. I went ___ the station to meet him. I waited ___
the train only ___ some minutes. I met Vova, and we started ___ the nearest Under-
ground station. When we were going ___ the street, he looked ___ all the houses and
buildings. Suddenly a car appeared ___ the corner. Vova did not know what to do
and ran ___ me, but another car appeared. The driver saw the boy. He almost turned
___ his car, but stopped it. I ran ___ the boy, took him and thanked the driver. ___
the evening I told the boy that he must be very careful () ___ the street.
b) 1. Turn ___ page ten! ___ page eleven you will see a new rule. Read it and
write it ___ your exercise-books. 2. I was going ___ Neglinnya street when I saw
my friend Nikitin, who was standing ___ the corner. 3. We are proud ___ Moscow.
Many tourists ___ all parts ___ the world come to Moscow to have a look ___ our
beautiful Underground and other places of interest. 4. There is a beautiful river ___
our village and the nearest town. 5. Last summer we travelled ___ Poland for two
weeks. 6. We saw many interesting things when we were travelling ___ the moun-
tains last year. 7. The Soviet people are proud___ their heroic cities.
VIII. ,
.
Praskovya Kovrova was born in ___ family of ___ poor peasant long before
___ Revolution. She remembers her childhood very well: ___ small village on ___
bank of ___ Oka, ___ narrow dirty streets and ___ poor small houses where ___
peasants lived. Their family also lived in such ___ house. There were eleven younger
children in ___ family besides little Pasha, and as soon as she was eight, she went to
___ house of ___ rich peasant in another village to work there. She did all ___ hard
work in ___ house for ___ piece of ___ bread Now ___ name of Praskovya Kov-
rova is famous in Ryazan. She is ___ chairman () of ___ collective
farm in ___ village of Youshta. ___ place where Kovrova lives and works is now
___ large village with ___ beautiful houses and gardens, with ___ club, ___ hospital
and ___ school in ___ centre of it. ___ collective farm is one of ___ richest in ___
district (). Comrade Kovrova is ___ deputy to ___ Supreme Soviet
( ) of ___ USSR. Though she is sixty seven years old, she still
looks strong and feels very well. Last year ___ correspondent of ___ Moscow news-
paper came to ___ village of Youshta and spoke to Praskovya Kovrova. I dont

291
want to retire on a pension, she said to him, I want to work still better for ___
happiness of our country.
IX.
.




X. , : ) 1, 2 ;
) .
a passenger, to sing, a tourist, to be famous for, to turn over, between, a lake,
a mountain, to travel about a country, in the fields.
XI. .
to get up, large, fine, a town, to go away, high, to come back.
XII. .
behind young most uncomfortable
often thick to set further
winter slowly never lowest
XIII. .
a) How beautiful the sunset is! !
b) What a dark night! !
c) What a nice song they are
singing! !
XIV. ,
, , .
1. . 2. ? 3.
? 4. . 5.
. 6. () ? 7.
? 8.
? 9. . 10. ,
. 11. ,
. 12.
? 13. . 14.
, . 15. ? 16.
. . 17. .
.

292
XV. ,
.
(famous, between, further, a tourist, past, heroic, a lake, friendship, Chinese)
1. Long live ( ) the ___ ___ the peoples of China and the
USSR. 2. Leningrad is ___ for its beautiful palaces and museums. 3. Though it was
raining hard, the travellers went ___ and ___ to the North. 4. Read this book. Its a
book about the ___ people of Korea. 5. The ___ language is more difficult than the
English language. 6. The ___ of Baikal is the largest in Siberia. 7. Shall we go ___
any villages on our way to the mountains? one of the ___ asked.
XVI. ,
.
XVII. ,
.
1. ( )
. .
, . 2.
. , . 3.
, , . 4.
, , ,
. , (right)
() . , .
5. , ,
, .
( ), , . 6.
, ? .
. 7. ,
* (Socialist
State). 8. * . 9.
. .
.
. 10.
? , .
. 11.
! 12. .
, . 13.
. , .
. 14. .
. 16 ,
. . 15.
. ,

*
A citizen .
*
With every passing day .

293
. 16. -
? . 17.
, .
18. **, , . , . 19.
, .
. 20.
(Russia) . 21.
, ,
.
XVIII. .
! !
, . (to
wash) : , , ,
. , , ,
. , , , .
.
(), .
. (Russia)
.
. .
().
.
.
, , , ,
, , .
.
.


XIX. .
1. From what country did Sui Mei come to the Soviet Union?
2. Did she come to the USSR as a student?
3. Why did she come to the Soviet Union?
4. Which places of the Soviet Union did Sui Mei visit?
5. When did she visit the Crimea?
6. Whom did she meet in the Crimea?
7. Why do our people like to spend their holiday in the Crimea?
8. When did Sui Mei visit the heroic city of Stalingrad?
9. What did she see in Stalingrad?
10. Why are the people of Stalingrad proud of their city?
11. In what month was Sui Mei returning to China?
12. Was she returning to China by plane or by train?

**
to turn on.

294
13. How long does it take one to get to Peking from Moscow by train?
XX. ;
, . 265, 266.
1. What countries do you know in Europe?
2. What is the capital of France?
3. What do we call the people who live in Viet-Nam?
4. What language do the people who live in the United States of America
speak?
XXI. ,
.
1. A Friendship Visit of Soviet Ships to Some Country.
to make a voyage, to land, to greet, women and children, Soviet sailors, to
sing Russian songs, friendship, between.
2. My Stay in the Crimea.
on the sea shore, in front of, behind, mountains, have a holiday, to swim, to
lie in the sun, to go on an excursion, what a beautiful, the heroic city of Sebastopol,
to be famous for, many tourists.
XXII. , .
:
1. Once when we were travelling in the mountains a friend of mine suddenly
felt bad
2. The following incident took place ( ) in Moscow during the
Sixth World Festival. Once when I was going along the street, I saw a group
of Chinese young men. I know Chinese a little, so
3. Last year I was on holiday in the summer. I decided to travel about our
country. It was early morning when my friend and I
XXIII. : ) , ) , ) , ) ,
) , ) , ) .
XXIV. - .

295
LESSON EIGHTEEN (THE EIGHTEENTH LESSON)
Text: THE CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH OF DICKENS
Grammar: some, any, no, every (. 19).

What is on | at our club to-


night? ?
There is a new performance
on there. Shall we go? . ?
Willingly. ().
Is there anything else I can -
do for you? ?

Charles Dickens, | one of the greatest and most popular English nov-
elists, | was born on the 7th of February, | 1812 | in one of the small towns of
England. He was a weak child | and did not like to take part | in noisy and
active games1.
The little boy | was very capable. He learned to | read at an early age
| and read many books in his childhood.
When he was about six, | someone took him to the theatre | for the first
time. He saw a play by Shakespeare | and liked it so much | that he decided
to write a play of his own. When it was ready, he performed it together with some
of his friends. Everybody enjoyed the performance, and the little writer felt very
happy.
When Dickens was nine years old, the family moved to London. They lived
in the suburbs of the capital of England2. Their life was very hard. There were sev-
eral younger children in the family, besides Charles. The future writer could not
even go to school because at that time his father was in the Debtors Prison of the
Marshalsea. There was nobody in London whom Mr. Dickens could turn to for
money, and his wife with all the children except Charles went to the prison too to
join him. The family lived in the prison until Mr. Dickens could pay his debts.
Those were the most unhappy days of all Charles life. The boy worked from
early morning till late at night to help his family.
Only at the age of twelve, when his father was out of prison, could Charles go
to school3. He wanted to study very much, but he did not finish school. Two years
later he began to work again.
He worked hard to earn his living, and tried many trades, but he did not like
any of them. His dream was to study.
At the age of fifteen he often visited the famous library of the British Mu-
seum. He spent many hours in the reading-room of that library. He read and studied
there and in this way he received his education.
Later Dickens described his childhood and youth in some of his famous nov-
els, such as Little Dorrit, Nicholas Nickleby, Oliver Twist, David Copperfield.

296
The great writer died more than a hundred years ago, but everybody still reads
his books with great interest.


1. He did not like to take part in noisy and active games.
.
part to take part , ..
.
. ,
,
:
took part in this work too.
.
took an active part in this -
work too. .
2. They lived in the suburbs of the capital of England.
.
, in the suburbs
suburb
. .
3. Only at the age of twelve, when his father was out of prison, could Charles
go to school. ,
, .
,
only ,
, ..
.
:
Only last week did I see him in ()
Moscow. .
Dont stay in town in summer. He .
Only in the country can one rest
well after work. .

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


youth [ju:] ,
e.g. My friend spent his youth in the
South. .
Prp in ones youth ,
e.g. In his youth Jack London tra- -
velled in the North of America. -
.

297
popular [ppjul]
Gr to be popular with smb*. (-
) -
e.g. Professor N. is popular with the H.
students. .
a novel [ nvl]
a novelist [ nvlst] -
noisy ,
noise
W. comb to make a noise
e.g. The children are making so ,
much noise that I cannot work .
here.
a game
active [ktv] 1.
e.g. Many students took an active
part in the discussion of -
Comrade Petrovs report. .
2. ,
e.g. School-children usually like -
active games. .
capable [kepbl]
e.g. Ann is a capable girl. She .
studies very well. .
an age
Prp at the age of... ...
e.g. Many children begin to read -
at the age of five or six. - .
W. comb at an early age
e.g. Mozart began to play the piano -
at an early age. .
about , , (
)
e.g. There are about one hundred .
pages in this book.
own [oun]
e.g. Its your own mistake. .
W. comb a play of his own (
)
ready [red]
Gr to be ready
Prp to be ready for -

*
smb. = somebody

298
e.g. Are you ready for your exa- ?
mination?
Gr to get ready , , -

e.g. As soon as you get ready for -
the departure, we shall start off. , .
to enjoy [tu nd] ,
...

to enjoy:
- Did you enjoy the film yester-
? day?
W. comb to enjoy smth*. greatly
-
e.g. I enjoyed this book greatly =
I greatly enjoyed this book. (
).
a performance [pf:mns] ,
to perform , ()
to move [t mu:v] 1. ; 2.
e.g. In 1932 our family moved to 1938 .
Leningrad. .
several [sevrl]
W. comb several times
several hours
besides [bsadz] ,
e.g. To know English well one must , -
read many books besides the text- ,
book. , .
except [ksept] ,
e.g. I enjoyed all the stories in this
book except the last one. .
to turn (to)... ()
Prp to turn to smb. for smth. - -
e.g. I often turn to Comrade Zotov
for help when I cannot translate ,
this or that English sentence.
.
money [mn]
:
? Where is the money? It is
() on the writing-table (e.

*
smth = something

299
(. ) ).
- Last week I spent much money
. on books.
a debt [ det] ()
to earn [tu :n]
Phr to earn ones living
e.g. In his youth Gorky did all kinds -
of hard work to earn his living. ,
.
trade
a trade ,
British ,
The British Museum
a way ,
W. comb on ones way ,
e.g. Yesterday I met a friend of mine -
on my way home. .
Phr in this way (, )
e.g. brother often takes part in
different excursions. In this way . -
he learns many interesting things. .
Phr by the way ,
e.g. By the way, wont your brother , -
join us? ?
an education [n edjuken] (to educate ,
)
W. comb to receive (to get) an education
a higher education
to describe [t dskrab] ,
,
to describe
to:
Describe this man to me.
Describe to me this man.
such as ,
e.g. There are many long rivers in
the Soviet Union, such as the Lena, , , , .
the Ob, the Volga.
to die (died, died, dying) ,
e.g. A. S. Pushkin died in 1837. . . 1837 .

300
:
A play of ones own (
)
A house of ones own

PROPER NAMES
Charles Dickens [t:lz dknz]
Shakespeare [eksp]
the Debtors Prison of the Marshalsea [ detz przn v m:lsi:]
( )
Little Dorrit [ltl drt]
Nicholas Nickleby [nkls nklb]
Oliver Twist [lv twst]
David Copperfield [devd kpfi:ld]

. -ance
-ance [ns] ;
, :
to perform , performance
()



I. ,
(. 79).
somebody
nobody
1. There is in front of them.
something
nothing

nowhere.
2. I could find this book
everywhere.

nothing else
somebody else
3. I see there.
nobody else
something else

anything
4. Did he buy nothing for you yesterday?
everything

301
5. Did you speak any the students there?
none
each
II.
.
1. Someone is waiting for you in that room. 2. He invited everybody to his
country-house for the week-end. 3. There is something interesting on in our club to-
day. 4. Everybody is proud of this work. 5. They are laughing at something funny.
6. Somebody is knocking at the door. 7. He sees someone on the other bank of the
river. 8. You will find this book somewhere.
III. ,
.
1. Is there anything on the table?
2. Can you see anything on the walls of our class-room?
3. Did you read anything interesting last week?
4. Did you read any interesting books last month?
5. Did you invite anybody to dinner on your last day off?
6. Will you invite any of your friends to dinner on your next day off?
7. Why did you invite none of our students to your place for your last birth-
day party? (Why didnt you invite any of our students to your place ?)
8. Why doesnt anybody come to the office on Sunday?
9. I think that some books by Oscar Wilde are not difficult for you. Does
everybody agree with me?
10. Did any of you read English books last year?
11. Why did none of you read English books last year?
12. Does everybody like it in the South?
13. Why doesnt everybody like the South in summer?
14. Will you go anywhere for holiday or will you stay in town?
15. Why will you go nowhere for holiday?
16. Will any of our students leave for Leningrad for their winter holiday?
Why?
17. Shall all of us go somewhere to-night?
18. Why shant we go anywhere to-night?
19. Did each student in our group take part in the last English language party?
20. Can any of you speak three languages?
21. Can any of these students sing?
22. Could none of you play the piano in his childhood?
23. Are you always in a hurry if anyone is waiting for you? Why?
IV. ,
.
(something, anything, nothing, everything, somebody (someone), anybody
(anyone), nobody (no one), everybody (everyone), somewhere, anywhere, no-
where, everywhere)

302
1. I saw this man ___ in Leningrad last year. 2. Can ___ help me with this
work? 3. I shall be very glad if we invite ___ else to join our excursion. 4. ___ can
answer this difficult question. 5. I dont like this book, give me ___ else. 6. If you
dont find ___ at home when you return, wait a little until I come back. 7. I dont
like this dress, Mary. Put ___ else on. 8. If it rains, we shant go ___. 9. We returned
home late and soon ___ went to bed and fell asleep. 10. Can you buy such a book
for me ___? 11. I dont like to go shopping on Sunday, because there are usually
very many people ___. 12. Is there ___ in the room? No, there is ___ there. 13. Is
___ clear to you or shall I repeat the rule? 14. ___ wants to go on an excursion, but
as it is raining hard, we shall go ___ to-day. 15. Ask ___ else about it. I know ___
about this matter () and cant tell you ___. 16. As ___ is clear to ___, I shall tell
you ___ else.
V. ,
.
1. , . 2. -
, . . 3. ,
. . 4. ,
. 5. -
. 6. . - . 7.
- . 8. .
. 9. ? -
? 10. ,
. 11. - ? 12.
- . 13.
- ? 14. .
15. - ? 16.
? ? 17.
, . 18.
- ? 19.
(deed) .

-
VI. .
[tr, r, br, dr] [] [] [wv]
try flat noisy was weak
great happy boy was very weak
British family enjoy twelve
describe capital toy someone
dream everywhere
February everyone
library

303
VII. , : Charles Dickens, one
of the greatest and most popular English novelists a
play of his own.
.
popular noisy early
novelist boy earn
a weak_child on_the seventh
to take_part at_the age of three
learned_to read
for the first time
VIII. ,
.
famous, nervous, industrious, economic, romantic, comic, capable, reada-
ble, Burmese, Chinese, Japanese, performance, appearance, utterance.
IX. ,
, ,
.
noisy childhood appearance
movement moneyless incapable
description education unhappily
performance novelist hardship
enjoyment lifeless noiselessly
X. , .
1. What kind of books did you like to read in your youth best of all?
2. What famous English novelists do you know?
3. What new performances at the Moscow theatres are popular with the
people? ( with the children?)
4. Which of our students takes an active part in all our parties?
5. What kind of people do we call capable?
6. At what age did you begin to travel about our country?
7. What must one do to get ready for ones examinations?
8. What kind of novels do you enjoy best of all?
9. In what year did you move to this city?
10. What do people usually have with them when they move to another place?
11. Does anyone else know English at your office besides you?
12. Does everyone know English at your office except your friend Ivanov?
13. Why couldnt the working people receive a good education before the
Revolution?
14. Which of the famous Russian novelists described the life of Russian
peasants very well?
15. Which of the famous Russian writers began to earn his living, at a very
early age?
16. When was Gorky born and when did he die?

304
17. In what year did Dickens die?
18. Who(m) do you usually turn to for help?
XI. .
1. son took part in the performance at his Institute yesterday (3).
2. Some children do not like noisy games (1). 3. We moved to Moscow in 1936 (2).
4. My sisters daugther began to play the piano at an early age (2). 5. Many famous
writers worked hard in their youth to earn their living (1). 6. My grandfather could
not receive a good education because his parents were very poor (1). 7. We en-
joyed the new film yesterday (2). 8. Their friends are waiting for them in the
garden (4). 9. Dickens decided to write a play of his own when he was about six
(3).
XII.
, .
Jack London, ___ great American novelist, was born in ___ San Francisco in
___ family of ___ farmer. ___ life of ___ family was very hard. John London, ___
father of ___ family, left ___ farm and moved to one of ___ towns of ___ United
States. He tried many trades, but could not get enough money to send ___ children
to ___ school. Jack London began to earn ___ living at ___ early age. He sold ___
morning and evening newspapers in ___ streets of ___ town. At ___ age of fourteen
he began to work at ___ factory as ___ worker. He worked eighteen to twenty hours
___ day. In 1893 he became ___ sailor and went to ___ shores of ___ Japan. Soon
he became ___ good sailor. Jack London travelled very much. He did ___ very hard
work, but he also read much and tried to receive ___ education. He studied at ___
school and at ___ University. He also read many books on ___ History and ___
Philosophy (). ___ Jack Londons dream was to become ___ writer.
In 1897 London went to ___ Far North of ___ America. He did not bring ___
gold () from there, but he brought something better than ___ yellow metal. It
was ___ book of ___ stories about ___ life in ___ North. ___ dream came true. He
became ___ writer.
XIII. , .
1. When Dickens was a boy ___ four, his father showed him a beautiful house
not far ___ the place where they lived ___ that time. Why cannot we live ___ such
a fine house? the boy asked his father. We are very poor and cannot pay ___
it, his father answered.
Little Charles often visited that place. He liked to look ___ the house and to
play near ___ it. Many years later he really moved ___ that house and lived there
___ a long time. 2. Theodore Dreiser, the great American writer, was born ___ the
27th ___ August, 1871 ___ one ___ the small towns ___ America. 3. ___ 1894 Jack
London took part ___ a strike () ___ San Francisco. 4. When Jack Lon-
don was a boy ___ about ten, he sold newspapers ___ the streets ___ the town and
___ this way helped ___ his parents. 5. What novels ___ Jack London are popular
___ the Soviet reader? 6. V. I. Lenin learned to read ___ the age ___ four. He often
read interesting stories together ___ his sister Olga.

305
XIV. .
to be, to do, to take, to lie, to think, to bring, to see, to enjoy, to leave, to begin,
to try, to spend, to buy, to rise, to set, to travel, to die.
XV. .
(else, more, still, other, another, yet)
1. What ___ books by Dickens, besides David Copperfields did you read in
your youth? 2. Who ___ wants to take part in this performance? 3. How many ___
days shall we travel about this country? 4. Will anybody ___ take part in our perfor-
mance? 5. Arent you ready ___? 6. I dont think he is ___ at the office. He usually
leaves the office at six. 7. What ___ do you want to say besides this? 8. I shall take
___ cup of tea, I am ___ thirsty. 9. I cannot go to the museum to-day. Ask someone
___ to join you. 10. What ___ foreign languages does Comrade Petrov speak? 11. I
think that well ___ be working at this subject at twelve oclock tomorrow. 12. Ask
Comrade Lipov to sing at our party. No one ___ can do it better than he. 13. My son
cannot ___ read. 14. We hope that some ___ people will take part in the discussion.
15. It seems to me that somebody ___ wanted to join our excursion to Klin. 16. I am
not ___ sure that you are right.
XVI. , to speak, to talk, to
tell, to say.
1. , ,
. 2. ,
. 3. ,
. 4. .
. 5. ?
. 6. ,
. 7. ? , .
. 8. , ,
. 9. - . 10.
, , . 11.
. 12. -
-? 13. - ? 14.
. 15. .
, -. 16. , ,
, . 17. ? 18.
- - ? 19. ,
.
20. , ? 21.
(match)?
22. ,
, (to
keep) .

306
XVII. .
(ready, to move, a novelist, capable, great, besides, except, to enjoy, ah edu-
cation, to take part in, a novel, to describe)
1. Yesterday some students of our group went to the Art ()
Theatre. They saw the play Three Sisters by the ___ Russian writer Chekhov. Eve-
rybody ___ it very much. 2. L. Tolstoy is a great Russian ___. 3. I received ___ in
Leningrad, where I studied at school, and then at the University. 4. Peter is a very
___ boy. He studies well and knows some foreign languages. 5. In what novel did
Gorky ___ his childhood? 6. All the students ___ me study the second foreign lan-
guage. 7. My parents have five children ___ me. 8. You may take any book you like
___ this one. It isnt mine. 9. At the age of seventeen I ___ to Moscow to study at
the University. 10. I am sorry, dinner is not yet ___. Wait a little. 11. How many ___
did L. Tolstoy write? He wrote many fine ___. 12. Will Comrade Vasilkov ___
our concert? He sings very well. I think he will. 13. In my childhood and youth I
read all the ___ by Dickens ___ his American Notes. 14. Do you know any other
foreign languages ___ English?
XVIII.
.
a) I shall take all the books , , (
except this one. ) .
b) Besides this book I should () ,
like to take two more. .
XIX. , : )
, 1, 2 ; )
.
to be popular with smb., in ones youth, to be capable, at an early age, at the
age of, to get ready for smth., to turn to smb. for smth., to make noise, on ones way
home, to die, in this way, by the way, to enjoy smth. greatly, own, such as, money.
XX. , .
1. -
? .
, , .
. 2. ,
. - . 3.
, .
, . 4. ,
. ,
.
5. .
, . 6.
,
. 7. - ? .

307
25 30 . 8. ,
? 9. , . . 10.
? . 11.
, .
, . 12.
? .
. 13. ,
. .
. 14. . ,
, -. 15.
, . . ,
. 16. .
. 17.
? ? 18. ,
. ,
. 19. , ,
? . ,
, . 20. , ,
. , . 21
, .
XXI. , .
I began to earn my living at an early age. When I was about ten, my stepfather
() sent me to London where I began to work with one of the firms. I did not
enjoy my work, certainly, as it was hard and uninteresting and I had to work from
early morning till late at night. Nobody taught me anything there, nobody ever
thought about me, nobody even spoke to me except a few boys who worked together
with me. My life was hard, but I tried to think of it as little as possible. Once, how-
ever, when I was lying awake at night, an idea [ad] came to me to run away
somewhere. But where could I go? I could not return to my stepfather And then I
remembered that I could go to my mothers sister Miss Trotwood. I did not know
her address, I only knew that she lived somewhere in Dover.
The next Saturday I packed my box and when everything was ready, I asked
a fellow () to help me take the box to the station. On the way to the station,
however, the fellow suddenly disappeared with my box and I was quite alone in the
street
(After David Copperfield by Dickens)



XXII. .
1. What was Charles Dickens?
2. When was Charles Dickens born?
3. Where was he born?

308
4. What kind of child was Charles Dickens?
5. Did he like to take part in noisy and active games?
6. When did he learn to read?
7. How old was he when he went to the theatre for the first time?
8. What play did he see?
9. What did he write after that?
10. When did his family move to London?
11. In what place did he live?
12. Why couldnt Charles go to school at that time?
13. Why was Mr. Dickens in prison?
14. Could Charles father send him to school?
15. What was Charles dream?
16. What did he often visit at the age of fifteen?
17. In what way did he receive his education?
18. In what novels did Dickens describe his childhood?
19. What novels by Dickens do you like?
20. Can you read novels by Dickens in English?
III. .
XXIV. , .
to be born, at the age of, at an early age, to die, to earn ones living, to do hard
work, in this way, to turn to smb. for smth., to receive an education, to travel about
the country, in his youth, to take part in, to become famous, to describe, such as,
Childhood, My Universities, to be popular with.
XXV. , :
) Biography; b) Childhood and Youth.
XXVI. ,
.
XXVII. - ,
.
XXVIII. Friends Biography.

309
LESSON NINETEEN (THE NINETEENTH LESSON)
Text: TANYA, THE REVOLUTIONARY
Grammar: 1. to be able to have to
can must (. 80).

Pay attention to this pre- posi-

tion!
!
I dont quite understand you. .
Where is my book? Ive no ?
idea about it. .
A brilliant idea came to my mind.
.
It happened in December, 1905. I was ten years old then, but so thin and small
that I looked like a girl of eight. My father was a worker. We lived in the suburbs
of a big city near the factory where Father1 worked. Once I fell ill with the flu2 and
Mother sent me to bed earlier than usual. I felt very bad and couldnt fall asleep at
once. I heard voices in the kitchen, but couldnt make out what it was all about3.
Then the kitchen door opened and I recognized Fathers voice. Here is the print,
he was saying to Mother. We shall have to hide it somewhere in our flat. Its very
important I did not hear the end of the conversation, for4 my eyes closed and I
fell asleep. When I woke up, it was rather dark in the room and I could hardly5 see
Mothers face over me. She was putting something under my pillow. At that mo-
ment the sound of heavy steps reached my ears and I heard strange angry voices.
Whos there, Mother? I asked in a whisper. Its the police, she explained. Be
quiet. Close your eyes and try to sleep. With these words Mother left the room.
When I was alone, I suddenly remembered Fathers words: Here is the print.
We shall have to hide itThe print! Its under my pillow, I am sure. They will look
for it everywhere and may find it
I looked around, | saw a jug of milk on the table | and a brilliant idea
came to my mind. I took the print from under the pillow, | ran up to the table |
and tried to put4 some of the print | into the jug. But there was too much milk
in the jug.
Ill have to drink some milk! I must hurry | or I shant be able to do
it. My hands were trembling. I was trying to make as little noise as possible
| and to drink the milk | as quickly as I could. Several times | I stopped to take
breath. Shall I have enough time to hide all the print before they come? At
last the print was in the jug, | and I was back in my bed. Suddenly the door
opened and two policemen came in.
My child is very ill, Mother began. She turned pale and could hardly con-
tinue: The doctor doesnt allow her to get up.
Take her out of here, one of the policemen ordered angrily. Father had to
obey him and took me in his arms. The policemen turned over everything on my
bed, but could not find anything and had to leave our place.

310
The first few minutes we were silent. Mothers face was still as white as snow.
Then Father asked: But where is the print? I dont know, Mother answered, I
put it under Tanyas pillow with my own hands as soon as I saw the police.
Daddy, I said then. Look into the jug! Dont you find that theres more milk in it
now than there was before?
It didnt take Father long to understand everything.
Well, Tanya, he said gaily, I am proud of you. You will make a real revo-
lutionary!6
(After Tanya, the Revolutionary by Vereyskaya)


1. We lived in the suburbs of a big city near the factory where Father worked.
,
.
, father,
mother, sister, brother, son, daughter .. .
.
2. Once I fell ill with the flu. .
to be ill, to fall ill with,
.
3. I heard voices in the kitchen, but couldnt make out what it was all about.
, , .
4. I did not hear the end of the conversation, for my eyes closed and I fell
asleep. ,
.
for
.
5. When I woke up, it was rather dark in the room and I could hardly see
Mothers face over me. ,
, .
hardly ,
, can
to be able. -l
hard , , . hard ,
, hard,
. hard
, .

:
. could hardly walk.
works hard at his
. English.

311
6. You will make a real revolutionary!
!

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


to happen [t hpn] ,
e.g. It happened ten years ago. ()
.
:
- Did anything happen to him
? yesterday? Why didnt he
? come?
? What is the matter with you? You
are very pale.
- Whats wrong with your watch?
?
Prp to happen to smb. -
e.g. What happened to him yesterday? ?
Syn to take place
e.g. It took place many years ago. .
to look like ..., ...
:
Whom does he look like? ?
He looks like his father. .
What does he look like? ? (
?)
is a tall young man with -
brown eyes. .
the flu
to make out ,
e.g. I could not make out anything ,
because it was too dark in the room. .
print ()
to hide (hid, hidden) 1. ; 2.
e.g. Dont give the toy to the He .
children now. Hide it somewhere. -.
Lets hide behind that tree, the ,
little boy said. .
a conversation [ knvsen] ,
Syn a talk
W. comb a telephone conversation (talk)
rather [r:] ( )

312
rather
:
- This book is rather interesting.
.
- Its rather an interesting book.
a.
:
. It's rather a difficult lesson.
. Its quite an easy translation.
! Its such an interesting film!
hardly ,
over
e.g. There is a beautiful lamp over
the table in my dining-room. .
a pillow
a moment
Prp at that moment
a sound [ saund]
heavy [hev] (no )
Ant light (no )
e.g. The suit-case was so heavy that ,
I could hardly carry it. .
a step
W. comb to make a step
e.g. The sick man could hardly
make a few steps alone. .
a whisper [ wsp]
W. comb to speak (to say smth.) in ( - )
whisper
e.g. We tried to speak in a whisper ,
because all other people were
already asleep. .
the police [ pli:s]
-:
, The police are in the kitchen,
. the mother said to Tanya.
a policeman
to explain [tu ksplen]

to:
Explain to me this rule.
Explain this rule to me.

313
quiet [kwat] ,
W. comb a quiet life(man, voice) (, )
Gr to be quiet , ,

e.g. Be quiet! ! !
to look for
e.g. What are you looking for? ?
Ant to find (found, found)
to look around ,
a jug [ d]
milk
mind , ,
Phr to my mind , -
e.g. To my mind you must stay at -, .
home.
an idea [n ad] ,
e.g. Its a good idea. .
brilliant [brljnt]
W. comb a brilliant answer (student, (, )
idea)
e.g. A brilliant idea came to my mind.
.
to drink (drank, drunk)
to tremble [t trembl] ( , )
W. comb to speak in a trembling voice
breath [bre] ,
Phr to take breath ,
to turn , (. ,
-)
Gr to turn pale ( )
to turn red
to allow [tu lau] ,
e.g. Dont allow your children He
to go out so late. .
to order 1.
Gr to order smb, to do smth. - -
,
:
The captain ordered everybody
. (all the passengers) to leave the ship.
2.
W. comb To order smth. for dinner - (,
(breakfast, supper) )
an order 1. ; 2.

314
to obey [tu be] , ,
silent
Gr to be silent
Syn to keep silent
e.g. Dont talk! Be silent! I cant He ! !
hear the answer. .
to understand (understood, understood) ,
[tu ndstnd, ndstud]
e.g. Dont you understand it? ?
gay
Ant sad ,
gaily
real [rl] ,
e.g. Peter has a very beautiful voice. .
will make a real singer. .
really ,
e.g. Is that really so? ?
Peter has come to Moscow. .
Really! !
to have to (
must)
to be able (
can)



I. ,
(. 80).
) 1. daughter can sing very well. 2. Everybody can do this work. 3. One
of our students can write plays of his own. 4. Can you play this game? 5. This girl
cannot take part in active games.
b) 1. You must move to another town. 2. They must wait for us here. 3. The
airplane must land at once. 4. The boys must run to get to the station in time.
II.
, .
1. Our sportsmen could run as fast as Comrade M. 2. We shall be able to
see this performance to-night. 3. Charles Goodman had to earn his living at an early
age. 4. I shall have to get off at the next stop to do some shopping. 5. Pete had to
agree with his friend because his friend was right. 6. They had to come again because
the director of the office was out at that time. 7. I shall have to buy new gloves. Mine
are quite old. 8. They will have to hurry not to be late for the concert. 9. My friend
had to return home to take his watch.

315
III. .
1. Your son will have to stay in bed because he is still weak (4). 2. We shall
be able to go on an excursion the day after tomorrow (3). They had to put on
their coats because it was very cold (3). 4. We shall have to stay at home as it
will soon begin to rain (4). 5. They had to knock another time because no one
opened the door (3). 6. This old man could tell very funny stories (3).
IV. ,
.
1. Did you have to earn your living when you were young? Why?
2. What kind of English novels will you be able to read in a year?
3. What did you have to do when it began to rain yesterday?
4. Will you be able to go to the South in the summer?
5. When will you be able to go somewhere for holiday?
6. In what year did you move to Moscow? Why did you have to leave your
native town?
7. Did you have to go shopping last Sunday?
8. Which of your students will be able to take part in the May Day concert?
9. When will you be able to speak English well?
10. Why did Gorky have to earn his living at an early age?
11. Why did Dickens mother have to live in the Marshalsea Prison with her
children?
12. Why did little Dickens have to help his family?
V. .
a) Did you have to work at -
the office till six oclock
last Saturday? ?
b) We did not have to take .
taxi. We got to the station
in time by bus. .
) wont be able to buy .
this book, he hasnt got
enough money about him. .
VI. ,
.
1. ? ,
. . 2. ,
,
. 3. ,
, . 4.
, . 5.
, . 6. ,
. ,

316
. 7. , ,
. 8. ,
. 9. ,
, . 10.
,
, . 11.
, ,
(brightly) . 12.
? , ,
. 13. .
(). 14.
. . 15.
. .

-
VII. , : I looked around,
saw a jug of milk on the table At last the print was in
the jug, and I was back in my bed.
, .
a jug of milk from under the pillow
some of the print ran up to the table
Ill have to drink some milk
I must hurry
I shant be able to do it.
VIII. .
race, coat, cure, mumps, thus, future, fracture, willow, bow, vast, flask, parry,
village, stretch, method, penny, slang, swoon, lain, fade, wheel, peer, code, moor.
IX. ,
, .
everywhere homeless unnecessary
fatherless hopeful someone
direction nameless snowy
funny indifferent sailor
X. , .
1. Can you tell us something interesting that happened to you when you
were a child?
2. Have you any children? Do they look like you or like your husband (your
wife)?
3. Who(m) do you look like?
4. Do you look more like your father?
5. What does your mother look like?
6. What does your son look like?

317
7. Does your son like quiet or noisy games?
8. What do you do if your children do not obey you?
9. Is it easy to understand a person when he is speaking in a whisper?
10. Can you understand your teacher easily when she speaks English?
11. Do you like gay or sad songs?
12. When do you usually ask the teacher to explain to you this or that rule
again?
13. When does one have to look around?
XI. .
1. We had to come back home because Mary felt bad and could hardly walk
(1). 2. The child will not be able to drink such hot milk (1). 3. You will have to
look through all these articles before you begin to work at your report (2). 4. We
had to speak in a whisper because Father was asleep (1). 5. Peter looks like his
brother (1). 6. The teacher had to explain the difficult rule to his pupils once more
(2).
XII. ,
.
It happened on ___ cold autumn day. ___ Bishop () of ___ city was
sitting at ___ table. He was ready to have ___ supper when somebody knocked at
___ door. ___ moment later ___ door opened and ___ stranger came in. ___ Bishop
looked at ___ man, but before he could say ___ word, ___ man began in ___ low
voice, Look here, my name is ___ Jean Valjean*. I am back from ___ prison. I was
there nineteen years. They let me out four days ago. I walked thirty miles ()
___ last night. I want to go back ___ home. When I came to this town, I began to
look for ___ place where I could stay for the night. I went to ___ hotel, but they did
not allow me to stay there. They said to me, Be off, or we shall call ___ police, and
I had to obey. I decided to sleep in ___ park, but ___ good woman showed me your
house and said: Knock at that door. Is this your hotel? I can pay for ___ room. See!
Here is my money. I worked hard in ___ prison for nineteen long years and I earned
very much money. I am hungry. May I have something to eat? Ill pay anything that
you ask.
___ Bishop turned to ___ servant () and said, Put another chair at ___
table, please.
Stop, said Jean. Did you understand everything? I am just ( )
back from ___ prison. Here is my passport, yellow, as you see. Nobody wanted to
help me. Will you give me something to eat and ___ bed?
Put some white sheets () on ___ bed, please, said ___ Bishop as
he looked at ___ servant. He then turned ton ___ man and asked him to sit down.
We shall have ___ supper in ___ few minutes, he explained
( . )

*
[:n vl:n].

318
XIII. ,
.
1. What happened ___ you yesterday? Why did you not come to the lecture?
2. It isnt yet clear whom this baby looks ___. 3. When I went out, it was very dark
___ the street. I looked ___, but could not make ___ anything. 4. He said something
___ me ___ a whisper, but I couldnt make ___ his words. 5. Will you describe ___
me your brother? I shall willingly meet ___ him ___ the station if you are busy, but
I dont know what he looks ___. 6. Everybody was ready ___ departure ___ Peter.
7. This teacher is very popular ___ his pupils because he usually explains ___ them
all the rules very well. 8. I am very glad I could do something ___ you. You may
turn ___ me ___ help ___ any time you like. 9. I enjoyed ___ all the stories ___ that
magazine ___ the last one. 10. Can you speak ___ any other foreign languages ___
English? 11. I am very busy now and cant answer your questions. Ill explain ___
you everything ___ our way home. 12. You must obey ___ your sister, the mother
said ___ her little son before she left home.
XIV. ,
.
(to obey, in a whisper, to make out, a step, to look around, to hide, trembling, to look
for, to explain, sad, to turn to, an idea, to turn pale, pale, to tremble, to take breath).
1. Will you make a few ___ in my direction and give me your hand? The
night is so dark that I cannot ___ ___ anything, said one of the travellers to his
friend. 2. One of the partisans () saw an old woman, came up to her and
said___ ___ ___, Will you be able ___ one of our men in your house ? He is ill and
cannot go further. The woman ___ ___, but her voice was quiet when she said, Be
sure, the Germans will not be able to find him even if they ___ ___ him everywhere
in the village. 3. Lets ___ ___ Comrade Smirnov for help. He knows this subject
best of all. Oh! What a brilliant ___! 4. Why do you look so ___ and ___? What
is the matter with you? I asked a friend of mine. I am sorry, it is difficult for
me to speak about it now, she answered in a___ voice. I shall ___ to you every-
thing later. 5. I cannot run as fast as you do. Lets stop and ___ ___. 6. Never read
such ___ stories to your children. Dont you see they are all ___? 7. Children must
___ their parents.
XV. .
to tremble, to stop, to run, to allow, to obey, to understand, to make out, to
hide, to enjoy, to die, to sing, to rise, to set, to laugh, to continue, to write, to read,
to see, to buy, to bring, to drink, to hear, to study, to lie.
XVI. .
to take place* a thought to make smth. clear
some minutes a talk when he was 12 years old
to let vacation to approach

*
To take place , .

319
XVII. .
to be unable to look for to be quiet
sad in a loud voice incapable
to turn red light to rise
XVIII. ,
, 2, 5, 6 .
XIX.
it is interesting, it is difficult, it is necessary.
to hide, to make out, in a whisper, to make a step, to be quiet, to look for,
to be silent, to take breath, to explain, to understand, several, hardly.
XX.
.
a) Who(m) does this girl look ?
like? She looks like her .
mother.
b) What does that girl look ?
like? That girl is tall, , .
with blue eyes.
c) This is rather a difficult book. .
This book is rather difficult. .
XXI. ,
.
1. What you (to look for)? I (to look for) my magazine. It (to be) here half
an hour ago. Oh! Here it is! You (to hide) it from me? 2. When I (to come) into the
room, the children (to play) some game. Ann (to stand) in the corner and Peter (to
explain) something to Jane in a whisper. 3. If you (to be quiet), I (to show) you
something interesting, the old man said to the children who (to stand) around him.
4. Some people (to tremble) if they are afraid of something. 5. Why you (to tremble)?
Are you afraid? 6. Who (to play) the piano in that room? Its my daughter. She
(to have) her lesson now. She (to take) lessons three times a week. 7. Why you (to
lie) here? You (to be) ill?No, I (not to be), I (to have a rest). 8. When you (to
move) from your native town to Moscow? We (to do) it ten years ago. 9. I (to go)
to see you as soon as the doctor (to allow) me to go out. Now I still (to feel) rather
bad. 10. It is very important for me to read an article in that magazine. So I (to intend)
to look for it in all the book-shops and libraries of Moscow until I (to find) it.
XXII. , .
1. - (was wrong with) .
, . 2.
, .
. . 3.

320
? . 4. :
? . , .
. 5. . .
? 6. , ,
. ? , ,
. 7. .
, . 8.
23? , . ? !
. 9. , (
). , ,
. 10. ,
. 11. ?
. . . 12.
, .
, . 13.
, .
. , ().
1905 .
XXIII. -,
.
24- 1870 .
. ,
. ,
, .
. .
.
, ,
() .
,

,, , .
. ,
- , .
, () , ,
(): .
, ,
, .
.
.
.
( . . )

321


XXIV. .
XXV. : ) ; ) ; ) .
XXVI. :
1. Why did Tanyas mother decide to hide the print under the pillow on
Tanyas bed?
2. Why did the mother ask Tanya to try to fall asleep again?
3. Why was it very important to save the print?
4. Do you think that Tanya really () made a revolutionary?
Why do you think so?
XXVII. .
1. When are people silent?
2. When does one feel sad?
3. Why did you once turn pale?
4. When do ones hands begin to tremble?
5. When can one hardly walk?
6. When can one hardly continue ones work?
7. When do people usually speak in a whisper?
XXVIII. , , ,
.
XXIX. , : What Happened to Me
in My Childhood when I Was at Home Alone.
to obey, to allow, a performance, alone, dark, to close, a brilliant idea came to
my mind, to look for, to find, suddenly, heavy, steps, to hide, to look like, quiet,
moment, to understand.
XXX. .

322
LESSON TWENTY (THE TWENTIETH LESSON)
Text: ALEXEY LAVROVS STORY
Grammar: 1. II (. 81).
2. Perfect (The Present Perfect Tense
Form (. 82). )

3. (. 76, . 4).

Where have you been all this ()


time? I havent seen you for ?
ages. .
Where is Ivanov now? ?
I dont know. Havent heard .
from him for a long time. .
What do you call this? ?

Have I ever told you the story of the Lavrovs? They are my neighbours. We
live in the same flat. Why do I want to tell you their story? You will understand it
when you hear it. Let me begin:
Alexey Lavrov, the father of the family, is thirty-two. His wife Anna Pe-
trovna is thirty. They have two children. One of them is three and the other one is
twenty. Yes, twenty, you have heard me correctly. He is their son and calls them
Father and Mother.
I believe you understand now why I want to tell you this story.
It happened during the Great Patriotic War, when the Soviet people were
bravely fighting against the German fascists.
In 1943 | Alexey went to the front | to defend our Motherland. Once
after a fierce battle | their unit defeated the enemy | and liberated a small
village. When Alexey came into one of the houses, | he did not see anybody
there. Suddenly he heard a weak voice. He turned round | and saw a boy of
about eight. The boy looked thin and pale. What are you doing here? Is there
anyone else in the house? Where are your parents? Alexey asked him. There is
nobody else here. The fascists have killed my parents, the boy said. Please,
dont leave me here. I am afraid to stay in this house. Alexey thought a little and
then decided to take the boy with him.
All the soldiers and officers liked the boy. But Alexey could not keep him at
the front. He did not know what to do.1
Once a delegation of workers came to the front from Moscow. Among the
members of the delegation there was a girl of about eighteen. Alexey asked her to
take the boy to Moscow. She agreed to do so. Soon the delegation left for Mos-
cow
Excuse me! Somebody is knocking at the door. If it is Lavrov, we shall ask
him to continue the story. Itll be more interesting. Oh, here he is! Alexey Pe-
trovich! Ive just told these young people how you found a little boy in some small

323
village when you were at the front. They want to hear your story from you. I am sure
youll do it for them!
(To be continued)


1. He did not know what to do. , . what to
do
.
how to do it, where to go :
Do you know how to do it? , ?
I dont know where to go. .

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


a neighbour [ neb]
correct [krekt]
Syn right ,
Ant wrong ,
e.g. Petrovs translation is correct, ,
and yours is wrong. .
to correct [t krekt]
a correction [ krekn] ,
to call 1.
Prp to call one by ones first name , -
e.g. When I was going along the ,
street last night rather late, , -
somebody called me by my first .
name.
2.
e.g. What do we call the people ,
who live in England? We ? (
call them the English. ) .
to believe [t bli:v] 1.
e.g. I dont believe this story. .
2. ,
e.g. I believe he is right. (), .
war [w:] ,
Ant peace
Prp at war
at peace
e.g. We want to live at peace with
other peoples. .
W. comb a civil [svl] war
the Great Patriotic War
[ ret ptrtk w:]

324
the Second World War (World War II)
brave
to fight (fought, fought) [t fat, f:t] ,
Prp to fight against smb. (smth.) - (-)
for smth. -
e.g. The peoples of the world fight
for peace against war. .
a fascist [ fst]
a front [ frnt]
Prp at the front
to the front
to defend ,
Prp to defend smth. (smb.) from - (-)
smth. (smb.) - (-)
ones Motherland
Syn ones Fatherland
e.g. In 1812 the Russian people 1812 .
defended their Motherland .
from the French army.
fierce [fs] , ( -
)
a battle , ,
W. comb a fierce battle
a unit [ ju:nt] ()
to defeat [t dfi:t] , ...
e.g. In 1945 the Soviet people 1945 .
defeated the German fascists. .
an enemy [n enm]
Ant a friend
to liberate [t lbret]
liberation [lbren]
to turn round
e.g. When somebody called me by - ,
my first name, I turned round and
saw an old friend of mine. .
to turn back ,
to turn on (the light, the water, the (, , , ,
gas, the television set, the radio etc.) ..)
Ant to turn off
to kill ,
a soldier [ sould]
an officer

325
to keep (kept, kept) , , ,
()
e.g. How long may I keep your
book? ?
W. comb to keep ones word
to keep ones bed ()
e.g. The doctor told me to keep my bed. .
W. comb to keep silent ,
to keep ones family ()
to keep time ( )
e.g. Does your new watch keep ?
good time?
a delegation [ delen]
among [m] ( )
between ( )
e.g. How many big stations are there
between Moscow and Leningrad? ?
e.g. The old Communists were
sitting among the pioneers and
telling them about their .
revolutionary work.
a member
W. comb a party member
a non-party man
ever [ev] -, -
just [dst]
lately ,



I.
II (. 81).
a) to study, to prepare, to repeat, to translate, to answer, to discuss, to receive,
to ask, to wash, to play, to pass, to pack, to recognize, to save, to reach, to invite, to
stop, to describe, to perform, to allow.
b) to read, to take, to do, to begin, to give, to see, to spend, to make, to tell, to
show, to bring, to leave, to forget, to meet, to understand, to build, to send, to pay,
to sell, to buy, to hear, to sing, to find, to know, to put, to drink, to hide.
II. ,
II.
to go, to sit, to come, to become, to get, to be, to feel, to think, to swim, to lie,
to die, to fall, to grow, to drive, to rise, to set, to ring up, to run.

326
III. .
) .
a closed door, a saved man, written work, one of the discussed questions, a
well-known writer, a well-dressed woman, a well-prepared report.
) .
, (tune), ,
, , , ,
.
IV. ,
Indefinite
Perfect (. 82).
1. ,
: , , . 2. ?
. 3. ?
. 4. .
. , ,
. 5. , ?
, , . (), 6.
. (). 7.
;
. (). 8. ,
. ().
V.
, .
1. They have looked for the book everywhere. 2. Her father has travelled
much. 3. The boy has hidden your book. 4. His wife has just returned from the Cri-
mea. 5. They have invited many people to take part in the performance. 6. Something
has happened to Comrade Belov.
VI. .
1. We have heard this gay song somewhere lately (1). 2. They have never
been to any foreign country (2). 3. We have already seen this new film (3). 4. His
friend has translated two English novels into Russian (3). 5. It happened to Com-
rade Kovrov several years ago (2). 6. Something strange has happened to Com-
rade Rebrov (1).
VII. ,
-.
a) 1. Have you travelled much?
2. Where have you travelled?
3. Have you ever travelled in the Urals?
4. Have you ever discussed any books by English novelists with your
friends?

327
5. What books have you discussed?
6. How many English books have you read this year?
7. Have you not had breakfast yet?
8. Where have you had breakfast?
9. Where is Comrade N? Has he left Moscow?
10. Why has Comrade N. left Moscow?
11. Have you prepared everything I asked you last time?
12. What have you (done) prepared for to-day?
b) 1. Have you ever been to the Crimea?
2. When were you in the Crimea?
3. How many English films have you seen this year?
4. When did you go to the cinema last (time)?
5. What new films have you seen this month?
6. Has your sister graduated from the Institute?
7. When did she graduate from the Institute?
8. Has your son (your daughter) finished school?
9. How many examinations has he already passed?
10. Have you read to-days newspaper already?
11. What article have you already read?
12. What kind of articles do you like best of all?
VIII. , -
.
1. We (to come across ) a very interesting article in this magazine.
Let us discuss it together. 2. Is everybody here? No, Comrade Petrov (not to
come) yet. I think he (not to return) from Leningrad yet. 3. You already (to ring up)
your friend? No, I (not to ring him up) yet. I am very busy and cannot do it now.
4. It is already late. The sun (to set). Let us go home. 5. Why you (not to turn over)
page ten yet? Everybody is already reading page eleven. 6. When your sister (to
return) from the Urals? She (to return) from the Urals yesterday. Why you (not
to go) to the railway station to meet her? I couldnt do it, I (to be) busy. 7. I (not
to hear) anything from him for many years. 8. What time you (to have breakfast) to-
day? I (not to have) anything this morning. Lets go to the restaurant together now.
I am hungry. 9. What you (to do) now? Sedov (to ask) me over the telephone. I
just (to have) dinner and (to read) a newspaper, I (to answer).

IX.
.
) I have never been to the Caucasus. .
b) I havent yet looked through this book.
.
I havent looked through this book yet.
) Have you ever travelled? - ?

328
X. .

1. Our friend has

2. I have

3. Have you

4. We have

5. They havent

6. I have

XI. ,
-.
) 1. , .
. 2.
? . 3.
. ,
. 4. ?
? 5. . ,
( ). 6.
? ? 7. ,
. . 8.
, . 9. ?
. - ?
) 1. .
, . 2. ,
:
. ? 3.

329
. 4. ? 5.
, () , ,
. 6. , . 7. .
. 8. -
! . . 9.
, ,
. 10. .
. 11. ?
. , .
. 12. .
?

-
XII. , : Alexey Lavrov, the
father of the family, is thirty two : I believe you under-
stand now why I want to tell you this story.
.
is_thirty two Father_and Mother
is_thirty Calls_them Father_and Mother
is_three
is_their son
the father_of the family
the other_one is twenty
You have heard me correctly
XIII. ,
.
little, battle, cattle, meddle, saddle, table, stable, fable, cycle, peddle, please,
leave, leaf, boat, seat, steep, deep, neat, clear, fear, member, letter, better, reader,
fighter, blotter, behind, find, kind, old, fold, told, fast, cast, task, mask.
XIV. ,
, ,
:
neighbourhood agreement correctly
understandable correction delegation
liberation (an) understanding continuation
XV. , .
1. Is your neighbour an engineer or a doctor? (What is he?)
2. Who usually corrects your mistakes?
3. In what way do you correct you* mistakes?
4. What must you do to write new English words correctly?
5. When do people call one another by their first names?
6. What do we call people who serve () in the army?

330
7. Why do we call the war against the German fascists the Great Patriotic
War?
8. When did the Soviet people defend their Motherland from the German
fascists?
9. In what year did the Soviet army defeat the enemy at Stalingrad?
10. When did the Soviet army liberate Kiev from the German fascists ?
11. Against whom did the Russian people fight in 1812?
12. When did the Civil War in Russia begin? When did it end?
13. Did any member of your family take part in the Civil War?
14. Why do all the peoples of the world want peace?
15. What kind of people do we call brave?
16. Have you ever been to the front?
17. Were you at the front in 1944?
18. When were you at the front?
19. Were you a soldier or an officer?
20. What other members of your family were at the front?
21. In what fierce battles did you or other members of your family take part?
22. What towns and villages did your unit liberate?
23. How many members of the Communist Party were there among the sol-
diers and officers of your unit?
24. Did any delegations from our factories come to the front during the war?
25. Do many delegations from foreign countries come to the Soviet Union
26. Have you ever worked with foreign delegations?
XVI. .
1. Comrade Orlov has not answered my questions correctly either (2) . 2. I
began to work on a collective farm when my father went to the front (2). 3. I
turned on the light because it was dark in the room (1). 4. In 1945 the Soviet
soldiers and officers saved many countries from fascism (2). 5. To-day I am paler
than usual because I feel rather bad (2). 6. Now many foreign delegations are
travelling about the Soviet Union (3). 7. We call the people who live in England the
English (1).
XVII. ,
.
___ following incident took place in ___ South of ___ Soviet Union. Peter
Smirnov, ___ fireman () from ___ Moscow, was spending his holiday at
___ rest-home on ___ shore of ___ Black Sea. That warm June night he was fast
asleep in one of ___ most comfortable rooms of ___ rest-home. Suddenly he heard
___ loud cries: Help, help! He thought hat it was ___ dream. He opened his eyes
and heard ___ cries again. It was clear now that somebody was crying for ___ help.
When ___ young fireman ran out into ___ street, he saw that one of ___ houses was
on fire ( ). ___ cries were coming from ___ fifth floor. ___ Zotovs are
still in ___ house! ___ womans voice cried

331
___ way to ___ window on ___ fifth floor seemed very long to Smirnov. At
last he reached ___ window. He did not see anybody in ___ first room, but in ___
second one there was ___ old woman and ___ boy who were sitting in ___ corner
and crying. Smirnov did not wait ___ second. He took ___ boy by the hand and they
got out of ___ room together.
When ___ boy was on the ground, Smirnov returned to ___ house to save ___
old woman. Soon ___ woman was out of ___ house too. ___ grandmother and ___
grandson wanted to thank ___ brave fireman, but they could not see him anywhere.
___ next day Peter Smirnov left for Moscow ___ month later he got ___ letter
from ___ South. It was from ___ Zotovs. All ___ family thanked Smirnov. ___ boy
wrote: I am very glad that we have found your address. We shall always remember
you. Dear Petr Ivanovich, come to see us ___ next summer. Now I am only ten.
When I am ___ grown-up () man, I want to become ___ fireman. I want
to save ___ people too.
XVIII. , .
1. Have you ever been ___ India? 2. My friend Nikitin has never been ___ the
Bolshoy Theatre. 3. When I was ___ Kiev last time, I met ___ a friend of mine there
whom I didnt recognize until he came ___ me and called me ___ my first name. 4.
There are some very capable young singers ___ my friends. Lets invite them ___
our party. I am sure they will sing ___ us ___ great pleasure. 5. There is rather a high
mountain ___ these two rivers. 6. Will you turn ___ the radio? Ill try to fall asleep.
7. Turn ___ the light. I cannot make ___ anything here, its too dark. 8. ___ my last
holiday I travelled ___ the South ___ our country. 9. When the old woman heard the
sad news () she did not cry but kept silent ___ several hours. 10. The Soviet
people want to live ___ peace ___ all other peoples, but if anyone starts war ___ us,
we shall bravely fight ___ the enemy ___ our Motherland. 11. Why were you late
___ the theatre? I was waiting ___ you there ___ seven ___ eight oclock. 12. Turn
___ and look ___ this picture. I think it is one ___ the most beautiful pictures here.
13. Now I am leaving ___ the station. I want to see my friend off (to see off
). He will be angry ___ me if I dont keep my word. 14. Can you ring me
___ three oclock? I cannot speak ___ you now. I am very busy. 15. Our way lay
___ a forest. It was rather dark and cold, but none ___ us wanted to turn ___. 16.
Have you passed your examination ___ English? 17. What are you looking ___ here?
I am looking ___ my hat. 18. My father joined ___ the Communist Party ___
1918. 19. I want to take ice-cream ___ the sweet. 20. You havent turned ___ the
page, thats why you dont see Exercise Six. 21. When I came ___ the room, my
children were playing ___ the piano. 22. Yesterday we went ___ an excursion to the
Lenin Museum. We examined all the exhibits * ___ great interest.

*
An exhibit [zbt] .

332
XIX. 15 ,
.
correct, gay, weak, happy, loud, dark, strong, cold, funny, simple, pale, light,
heavy, noisy, capable, popular, famous.
a) Comrade Petrov has read
louder to-day than usual. .
b) This story is as long as ,
that one. .
c) Your magazine is not so ,
interesting as mine. .
d) Whose dictation is the best
in your group? ?
e) This time you have given
me an easier book to read. .
XX. ,
.
1. Dont (to hurry, to be in a hurry) we (still, else) have some time before the
train starts. 2. (Between, among) our engineers there are many who took part in the
Great Patriotic War. 3. It was rather dark and we couldnt make out anything on the
opposite** (bank, shore) of the river. 4. I believe next year we shall go to the (bank,
shore) of the Baltic Sea for our holiday. (None, nobody) of us has ever been there.
5. (To say, to tell) us something about the famous battle of Kursk. We believe you
took part in it too. 6. When did the Great Patriotic War (to finish, to end)? 7. I shall
answer all your questions as soon as I (to end, to finish) this work. 8. I shall never
(to forget, to leave) my friends with whom I fought against the German fascists. 9.
Can you give me the magazine I asked you for? I am sorry I (to forget, to leave)
it at home. I shall (to take, to bring) it tomorrow. 10. We all know very well the
things you are speaking about. Cant you (to tell, to speak) us anything (else, more)?
11. He was so tired () that he could (hard, hardly) (to speak, to say). 12. If
you work at your English (hardly, hard), you will be able to speak this language well
in a year or two. 13. You have made (little, few) mistakes in your home-work. Al-
most all the sentences are (right, correct). 14. I believe Comrade Nikitin is quite
(right, correct). 15. I havent watched T.V. since Sunday because Ive felt very (bad,
badly) all this time. 16. There are (many, much) members of the Communist Party
(among, between) our workers. 17. There is a beautiful lake (among, between) these
two villages. 18. When the lecture (to finish, to be over) the students asked the pro-
fessor many questions. 19. I have never been to Siberia. My wife hasnt been there
(also, either). 20. Did you take part in the battle of Stalingrad (too, either)?

**
.

333
XXI.
Perfect.
to correct, a neighbour, pale, a soldier, an officer, to keep, a delegation, at the
front, among, ever, never, lately, to believe.
XXII. , ,
1 .
XXIII. .
a healthy man, strong, thick, wrong, war, to be born, always, behind, light
(), a strange town, to be free, to be well.
XXIV.
.
to turn over, to turn off, to turn on, to turn round, to turn back, to turn to smb.
for smth.
XXV. .
to tell, to fight, to correct, to spend, to begin, to feel, to lie, to do, to leave, to
think, to bring, to know, to keep, to build, to sing, to die, to fall ill.
XXVI. , .
1. ?
. 2. ? . 3.
? . .
. 4. ,
, , . 5. ,
. 6.

. 7.
? 8. ? . ? 9.
, ,
. 10. ( )
. , .
11. .
, . - ? 12.
? .
. 13. ?
? . , .
. 14. , .
. . 15.
: - ,
. 16. ,
, . 17. ? ?
! 18. - ?
? 19. ?

334
. . 20. , , ,
. . 21. ,
( ).
( , ),
. 22.
. .



XXVII. .
XXVIII. , , .
XXIX. , ,
.
XXX. : )
; ) ; ) .
XXXI. : ) ; )
.
XXXII. ,
.
1. A War Episode.
the Great Patriotic War, the fascists, to kill, to join, the army, to go to the front,
to defend, to meet, once, to go through a forest, among, it was difficult, hardly, dark,
either, to make out, at all, to call, to look around, to turn to smb. for help, to find, to
show the way, the next day, a village, a fierce battle, to liberate, to thank.
2. A Student at the Front.
to graduate, a doctor, to join, to take part, a battle, for the first time, to kill, to
be afraid, to turn pale, a soldier, to turn for help, to save, hardly, to liberate, to make
a good soldier.
3. How a Soldier Returned to His Native Village after the War.
at the front, to defend, to kill, to save, to liberate, to return, to recognize, to
look around, among, to call one by ones first name, a friend of his, to be glad, happy.
4. My First Excursion about Our Country.
a friend of mine, to travel, never, either, the Urals, the Caucasus, among the
members, a delegation, sea, different, to turn round, to be afraid, part, to meet, to tell
smb. not to do smth., to enjoy, mountains, beautiful, to swim, to stay.

335
LESSON TWENTY-ONE (THE TWENTY-FIRST LESSON)
Text: ALEXEY LAVROVS STORY (continued)
Grammar: 1. Perfect
since
since (. 82, . 5).

2. (. 83).
100 *.

Help yourself to some more cake. (


No, thank you, | Ive had enough ). ,
(of it). . .
Have some more (salad) ( )
Please, | Id like to have some ,
more. .
What about another cup of tea? ?

Lavrov looked at us, smiled and said, All right, Ill tell you my story. He sat
down in an armchair and began: I like all our holidays, but I always feel especially
happy on the 1st of May, when the spring sun is shining brightly in the sky, the
trees are in blossom, the birds are singing, and the streets are full of laughing and
singing people. All of us usually enjoy May Day. Now Id like1 to tell you about one
of them, the May Day of 1952, which I shall remember all my life. Early in the
morning on that day I went out to take part in the demonstration. After the demon-
stration I was going home when suddenly somebody called me by my first name. I
turned round and saw an old friend of mine, Pavlov by name2.
Hello, he said. Glad to see you. I think we havent met since 1945. I was
also glad to see Pavlov. We spoke about our life and work and about our friends.
By the way, said Pavlov. Do you intend to spend this evening with your
family?
I am sorry to say I have no family yet, I answered. And I havent yet made
up my mind where to go.
Then come to my place to-night, said Pavlov. I agreed with great pleasure
and at eight oclock sharp I was knocking at his door. When I entered the room, it
was already full of people. Pavlov introduced me to his family and the guests.
Everybody was enjoying the party. Some of the guests were dancing, others
were discussing something, joking and laughing.
Suddenly there came the sounds of the piano, and we all heard a beautiful
Ukrainian song.
Everybody grew silent at once. At that moment two more guests appeared.
They were a young woman and a boy of about sixteen. As soon as they entered the
room, they stopped near the piano too to listen to the young singer. When I looked

* . - 100

336
at the woman, I thought, Ive already seen her somewhere, but I cannot remember
where it was I was no longer listening to the song. I was looking at the young
woman and thinking: Ive seen her somewhere. Where was it? Who is she? The boy
calls her Mother, but she does not look more than twenty-five. I came up to Pavlov
and asked him, Dont you find that this mother is too young for such a son?
You see3, he is not really her son, he answered. In 1944 some officer asked
her to take a little boy from the front to Moscow and He wanted to continue, but
I cried out, T recognize them! And here comes the happy end of my story. The
womans name is Anna Petrovna Lavrova. She is my wife. The boy has now become
a young man. He is a student at the Bauman Institute and will soon become an engi-
neer. He is my elder son and I am proud of him.
I shall never forget the celebration of May Day in 19524 because on that day
I found my family and my happiness.

337
DIALOGUES
(to be learnt by heart)
A Happy New Year! !
The same to you! !
Many happy returns of (
the day! ).
Id like to see some
new film to-night. - .

On New Years Eve


Mary. Hallo, Ann! | Glad to meet you. I havent seen you for ages.
Where have you been all this time?
Ann. Ive just come back from Leningrad.
Mary. Oh, | I see. Where are you going to see the New Year in?
Ann. I havent thought of it yet. And what about you?
Mary. Ive invited a few friends to my place. You will join us, | wont
you?*
Ann. With great pleasure, | thank you.

At Table
Mary. Help yourself to some more cake.
Ann. No, thank you, | Ive had quite enough. Id like another cup of
tea.
Mary. Shall I bring you a cup of tea too, Peter?
Peter. No, thank you. I dont want any more tea. Lets have a dance!


1. Now Id like to tell you about one of them

Id like, theyd like** ..
, ..
to:
Id like to read this book. .
Hed like to join us. .
2. I turned round and saw an old friend of mine, Pavlov by name.
.
by name , ,
,
.

*
. 99.
**
Id like = I should like; theyd like = they would like.

338
3. You see, he is not really her son ,
.
you see ,
.
4. I shall never forget the celebration of May Day in 1952
1952 .
, ,
:
May Day
Victory Day (V. Day)
International Womens Day
Soviet Army Day
:
The Anniversary of the Great
October Socialist Revolution
,
of ,
:
The May Day which we celebrated ,
at the front
The International Womens Day of
1955 1955
:
International Womens Day in 1955.
1955 . ( 1955 .).
5. Where are you going to see the New Year in?
?
to go Continuous
to , ,
;
. :
I am going to write a letter. .
It is going to rain. .
( .)
to be going to come to go.
to intend
:
I intend to go to the country. .

339
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
a holiday [ hld]* , , -
,
W. comb a months holiday*
especially [spel] ,
bright ,
brightly
e.g. The day was fine. The sun was .
shining brightly. .
a tree
blossom ,
Prp in blossom
a bird
full ,
Gr to be full of.., -
e.g. The park was full of children. .
demonstration
W. comb to take part in the demon-
stration
mind ,
W. comb to make up ones mind ,
Syn to decide
e.g. My brother hasnt yet made up ,
his mind what language to study. .
pleasure [ple] (to please
)
Prp with pleasure
e.g. Ill meet them with great
pleasure. .
pleasant [pleznt]
sharp 1.
e.g. This knife is not sharp enough. .
2. , ( )
e.g. We shall come at three oclock .
sharp.
to enter 1. ,
Syn to come in
2. ( )
,
to enter :
. entered the room.
entered the Institute last year.
.

340
to introduce [tu ntrdju:s] 1.
e.g. I shall introduce some new ()
words to-day. .
2.

to:
Let me introduce to you my
best friend Sokolov.
Let me introduce my best friend .
Sokolov to you.
an introduction [n ntrdkn] ,
a party (an evening party) , ,
W. comb a dinner party
a birthday party
to give a party
a guest
to dance [t d:ns]
a dance
e.g. Let us have a dance. .
to joke ,
Prp to joke at smb. -
no longer ( )
Syn no more ( -
)
:
- We shall no longer discuss this
. question = We shall not dis
cuss this question any longer.
- I want no more ice-cream = I do
. not want any more ice-cream.
elder
W. comb ones elder sister
ones elder brother
a celebration [ selbren]
W. comb a celebration meeting
to celebrate [t selbret]
an anniversary [n nv:sr]
W. comb The Anniversary of the
Great October Socialist Revolution Co
a hundred
a thousand [ auznd]
a million [ mljn]
since [sns] , ,

341
an age ,
Phr for ages
Syn for years
the New Year
W. comb New Years Eve
to see the New Year in
to have a New Year Party
latter ( )
former ( )

100

, , and:
265 two hundred and sixty-five
406 four hundred and six
2,123 two thousand one hundred and twenty-three
1,367,235 one million three hundred and sixty-seven thousand two
hundred and thirty-five.
: ,
(
) .
hundred , thousand million
, .
,
one, two, three .., - s,
of:
There are one thousand two hundred 1231 .
and thirty-one students at this Institute.
,
. -s, of:
Hundreds of people want to know -
foreign languages. .
Thousands of people came out into
the streets on May Day. .
. :
a hundred
a thousand
a million
, tens of thousands of letters
, hundreds of thousands of people .

342
. -ness
-ness [ns] ;
:
happy happiness
!

. g u
g , i, u ,
, g [], [d],
:
guest [est]



I.
(. 82, . 5).
a) I havent seen you since 1948 .
1948.
b) I havent seen you since ,
you left Moscow. .
c) friend left Moscow in
1950. We havent met since. 1950 .
.
d) We havent heard from
Petrov for many years. .
II. ,
.

1. My friend has not vis-


ited me

2. Our neighbour has


learned three foreign
languages

3. I have not been to the


Crimea

343
4. I have known Com-
rade Semenov

5. Have you been to the


Caucasus

III. ,
-.
1. Have you ever met your old friends since you graduated from the Institute?
2. How many times have you visited your native town since you left it?
3. How many new films have you seen since the first of September?
4. How many new English words have you learned since you began to study
the language?
5. How many months have passed since your holiday?
6. Which of our students has been to Leningrad since the war was over?
7. Has Stalingrad greatly changed () since our Army liberated it
from the fascists?
IV. ,
-.
1. , .
2. . 3.
, ( ) . 4.
,
? 5. (actor)
. 6. ,
. 7.
15- . 8. ,
. 9.
1950 . 10. . ! 11.
. . 12.
, ! 13.
. 14. 1954 .
15 ,
?
V. ,
. (. 83).
1. (older, elder) brother took part in many fierce battles when he was at
the front. 2. My sisters husband is five years (elder, older) than mine. 3. We have
not read the (last, latest) novel by this writer yet. 4. Have you already heard the (last,
latest) news ()? 5. I didnt hear the (last, latest) word. Repeat it, please. 6. I

344
have two brothers: Paul and Peter. The (first, former) is an officer and the (last, latter)
is an engineer. 7. I like the (first, former) novel by this writer best of all. 8. My
parents live in the (next, nearest) village. 9. We shall discuss your mistakes at the
(nearest, next) lesson. 10. Peter told his friend to bring him his notes, but the (last,
latter) forgot all about it

-
VI. .
laughingandsinging and here comesthe end
jokingandlaughing high inthe sky
lookingat me. to his family andthe guests
knockingathis door. Ill never forget the celebration.
VII. .
VIII. ,
.
guest, guard, guess, guide, guilt, guise, gull, gun, guy, gypsy, greet,
grass, grade, glove, glory, gem, gap, gay;
cent, cast, icy, civil, curb, tact, lack.
IX. ,
.
darkness entrance readiness
demonstration sailor especially
brightly weakness celebration
happiness beginning examiner
introduction
X. ,
.
1. Which of our holidays do you like best of all?
2. How many times a year do we usually go on the demonstration?
3. Which anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution shall we
celebrate this year?
4. When do we celebrate International Womens Day?
5. When does the sun usually shine brightly?
6. In what season are the trees usually in blossom?
7. What time is the canteen at the office usually full of people?
8. What synonym to the word to decide do you know? Use () it
in a sentence of your own.
9. What kind of books do you usually read with pleasure?
10. In what year did you enter the Institute?
11. What do we usually say when we introduce someone?
12. Do you usually invite many guests to your birthday party?

345
13. What do we usually wish people at their birthday party? (on New Years
Eve?)
14. When do people usually laugh, joke, dance, and sing?
15. Which of you can dance well?
16. What can you say if you do not want any more ice-cream?
17. Have you any elder brother or sister?
18. Are your brothers and sisters older or younger than you?
XI. .
1. My son entered the Institute two years ago (2). 2. There were many guests
in Moscow on the First of May (1). 3. When we entered the room, all the guests
were already sitting at table (3). 4. I shall introduce you to my old friends (3). 5.
My brother was at the front during the Great Patriotic War (4). 6. It is pleasant
to walk in this forest (1). 7. I have never seen the New Year in with the Petrovs
(2). 8. The teacher has already introduced all the new words of Lesson 21 (2).
XII. ,
.
,
, ,
,
. , , ,
, ,
. . ,
, , ,
,
. .
. , ,
,
- .
, . ,
, .

( . )
XIII. ,
.
___ New Years Eve ___ ___ eleven oclock ___ the evening, when I was
sitting ___ my dining-room and waiting ___ my wife who was busy ___ the kitchen,
there came a knock ___ the door. I hurried ___ the door, opened it and saw a man
___ ___ forty. The man was smiling and saying nothing. I am sorry, I said. It
seems ___ me weve never met before. The stranger pleasantly smiled and called
me ___ my first name. Ive come to wish you a Happy New Year, he continued.
___ the way, where is your wife? Will you introduce me ___ her? I felt I was getting
angry ___ him. Was he joking ___ me? ___ that moment my wife appeared ___ the
kitchen. Oh, Nick! she cried ___ as soon as she saw our guest. How nice of you

346
We are so very glad. Then she turned ___ me and said, Whats the matter ___
you? Why dont you ask Nick to take ___ his coat and hat? Why dont you invite
him ___ table? I am sure you will see the New Year ___ us, she said ___ him. Only
then did I recognize our guest. He was an old friend ___ ours, Nick Komarov ___
name. ___ the Great Patriotic War he lived in Moscow too, then moved ___ some
other town ___ the war we were ___ the same front ___ Leningrad, but I never met
him later.
Nick, dear, I said, You have changed so greatly ___ the time we fought
___ the fascists that I can hardly believe its you! I am very glad you have come!
Soon we were all sitting ___ table. It was one ___ the most pleasant New Year par-
ties ___ my life, though there were only three of us.
XIV. .
to say, to tell, to begin, to sit, to feel, to fall, to think, to know, to become, to
forget, to lie, to get, to have, to fight, to die, to stop, to teach, to buy, to sell, to keep,
to make, to rise.
XV. .
126; 253; 677; 1,273; 7,621; 3,675,232; 135; 365; 738; 812.
XVI. , .
235 , 753 , 2,674 , 1,250,762 , 365 , 371
.
XVII. , ,
.
(by the way, to dance, especially, to enter, to introduce, pleasant, angry, full,
sharp, to joke, pleasure, any longer)
1. It is very ___ to be near the river ___ when it is hot. 2. Lets invite Pete to
our party too. I am sure he will join us with great ___ 3. Dont ___ the room. One of
our students is taking his examination there. 4. Oh, I am sorry, I forgot ___ ___ you
to my old friend. ___ ___ ___, he will also work at our plant this year. 5. When did
you ___ the Institute? 6. I cant understand you at all. Are you ___? You are speaking
about serious matters ( ) and laughing. 7. What is the matter?
The street is ___ of people. 8. If you dont come here at eleven oclock ___, you will
be late. We shall not be able to wait for you ___ ___. 9. I am sorry I have left your
book at home. Please, dont be ___ with me. I shall bring it tomorrow. 10. I am afraid
I shall not be able ___ ___, I havent ___ since our last party at the Institute.
XVIII. , : )
, 1, 2, 4 ; )
.
to joke at smb., in blossom, to be full of smth., to make up ones mind, sharp,
elder, the former and the latter, a tree, a thousand, for ages, to see the New Year
in, with pleasure, to dance, to enter.

347
XIX.
.
a) We cannot dance any -
longer. .
b) The Smirnovs no longer
live in Moscow. .
c) I cannot eat any more ice- -
cream. (I cannot eat ice- .
cream any more).
d) There will be no more new
films this year .
XX. :
) .
1. . . . 2. .
? . . 3. ?
, . 4. . . 5.
, . 6. ,
. 7. , ? 8.
? 9. ,
. 10. . . ?
11. ? 12. .
. ! 13. ? ,
. . 14.
? . 15. ,
, .
) .
1. ? 2.
? 3. , . 4.
? 5.
. 6.
? 7. . 8. ,,
, . 9. .
. 10. . .
11. , . 12. ,
. 13. ?
XXI. ,
.
1. Who (to tell, to speak) you this story? 2. Whom you (to say, to talk) to when
I entered the room and went up to you? 3. Why are you silent? Cant you (to say, to
tell) anything? 4. My friends daughter (to speak, to say) that she has read some
interesting English novels lately. 5. You wont be able (to tell, to speak) English at
all if you do not learn grammar rules. 6. I did not understand the last word, (to say,
to tell) it again, please. 7. Our grandfather likes (to tell, to say) us funny stories.

348
8. Who else (to speak, to tell) at the celebration meeting yesterday? 9. My mother
(to say, to speak) that her childhood was very hard. 10. Who (to say, to tell) you
about our excursion? 11. I havent seen Comrade N. to-day, I (to tell, to speak) to
him tomorrow. 12. We havent seen this film yet. When we see it, we (to say, to tell)
you what kind of film it is. 13. Who (to say, to talk) over there? Keep silent. I shall
not repeat this sentence any more. 14. (to speak, to say) it in English! (Not to speak,
to say) Russian at your English lesson. 15. Dont you want (to tell, to speak) to me?
Dont you want (to tell, to speak) me what has happened to you? Are we no longer
friends?
XXII. , .
1. ? .
,
. 2. ?
. 3.
. . .
. .
? . . 4.
. . 5.
7- ? , .
. 6. ?
. . 7. , ,
. 8. ? 1939 . ?
1943 . - ?
9. - ? .
10. , ,
. 11. ,
, . 12.
? . 13. ?
! , .
, . 14.
, ,
. 15.
? 16.
. ,
. 17. , - ().
III. -,
.
, ,
.
. ,
. .
, (hall) ,
.

349
, , .
,
:
, , . ,
. , .
.
, .
, (to teach)
. , (servants)
. ,
: ,
. .
, , .
? . ?
. .
? . .
? .
. , .



XXIV. (15 - 20 ).
XXV. .
1. Why was the boy afraid to stay in his own house when Lavrov found him
there?
2. Why couldnt Alexey keep the boy at the front any longer?
3. Why do you think Alexey didnt find the girl right after the war? Did he
try to find her? Did he remember her and the boy?
4. Why couldnt Lavrov recognize the young woman and the boy at once?
5. Why couldnt Lavrov listen to the song any longer when he saw the young
woman and the boy?
XXVI. : ) ; ) ! )
; ) ; )
.
XXVII. , .
XXVIII.
.
XXIX. .
XXX. ,
1952 .

350
XXXI. ,
.
1. Foreign Delegations in Moscow
guests, demonstration, holiday, spring, to shine, the sky, a tree, in blossom, a
bird, to take part, to be full of, happy, to start, sharp, pleasure, celebration, than usual,
gay, to sing songs, pleasant, to appear, to greet, to laugh, to dance.
2. A Conversation Between Two Friends after the Demonstration.
a demonstration, to join, to enjoy, to take part, to greet, to invite, to celebrate,
holiday, to return, to be hungry, to buy, sweets, ice-cream, gay, songs, to dance, to
make up ones mind.
3. At My Friends.
to invite, holiday, a party, to spend, a birthday party, to have a good time, to
enjoy, dinner, sweets, to buy, flowers, guests, to introduce, to play the piano, to sing,
loudly, to dance, to knock, to appear, to enter, forks, knives, spoons, a table-cloth,
ice-cream, pleasant, especially.
XXXII. - .
XXXIII. , 7- 1- ,
, (. 648)
: , .
XXXIV.,
.
XXXV. .
XXXVI. . . 311.
XXXVII.
( ).
, , (Fudjo)
, (Un Su). .
. ,
.
,
. , ,
.
.
: . , .
, :
? . ,
, .
. .
.
.
, ,

351
, .
.
.
, , .
: .
.
, .
, .
: . , .
- .
, , .
.
. .
* ,
() .
( )

*
. to pass.

352
LESSON TWENTY-TWO (THE TWENTY-SECOND LESSON)
Text: RED HAND LINE* (A legend)

What has happened to him? ?


Nothing special. .
***
Hallo!Simpson speaking! ! .
May I speak to Mr. Petrov? , ,
Certainly. .
One moment. Hold the line, please. .
(Just a minute. Hold on, please). !
We came to Antwerp early in the morning.
Do you want to see the port? Kovalenko asked me. Of course, I do, I
answered. Then lets begin with the ships. Look at their emblems!
I examined the emblems with great interest. I saw different stars and letters,
flags, and golden keys
Suddenly I noticed a very strange emblem. We stopped in front of it to exam-
ine it better. It was a picture of a cut-off hand. Its the emblem of the British Com-
pany Red Hand Line, Kovalenko said. There is a legend that explains the origin
of this terrible emblem1. I can tell you this legend if you like2.
Certainly, I answered. It must be very interesting! It happened very
long ago, Kovalenko began. There lived an old shipowner in England. Once
he fell ill. He called his two sons | and said, | I feel that I shall soon die. I
am not rich. I can leave you only one ship, | but she3 must belong to only
one of you. If you own her to gether, | you wont be able to live in peace.
Listen to me! You will have to go to the seashore, | jump into the water | and
swim towards the ship. As soon as one of you touches her side with his hand,
| he will become her owner!
The two brothers went to the shore and jumped into the water. When the ship
was already near, the elder brother got tired and could no longer swim quickly. The
younger brother was already reaching the ship. His brother saw this and a wild idea
came to his mind. With a quick movement of his right hand he drew out his knife,
cut off his left hand and threw it in the direction of the ship! His hand fell on the
deck and a few moments later the sailors lifted him on board and greeted him.
While the sailors were dressing his wound, he looked terribly pale, his lips
hardly moved, but one could see triumph in his eyes and make out the words: Ive
done it! Ive done it! I am her owner!
For a while all those4 on board the ship forgot about the younger brother who
was still down in the sea. He was so tired that he could not swim any longer.
Let me have a rest on board the ship! he cried out.
No, answered his brother. You cannot have a rest on board my ship! I am
her owner and I shall own her alone!

*
( ).

353
I dont want anything! the younger brother continued. I am tired, help me,
I shant be able to get back if I dont have a rest!
No, repeated his brother. I dont want you on board my ship.
The younger brother had nothing to do but turn back. It became more and
more difficult for him to swim and soon his head disappeared under the water
The elder brother became rich. He bought many ships and made a picture of a
cut-off hand the emblem of his company.
Kovalenko thought a little and added, This story isnt true of course, but it
shows what greediness does to people.
(After The Right Course by Klimtchenko)


1. There is a legend that explains the origin of this terrible emblem.
,
( ).
that , , ,
,
. that
.
. that
:
Bring me the book that I gave you yesterday. , -
Bring me the book I gave you yesterday. .
2. I can tell you this legend if you like.
, .
3. I can leave you only one ship, but she must belong to only one of you.
,
.
,
,
it, . ,
ship she.
4. For a while all those on board the ship forgot about the younger brother
me, ( )
,
all those
:
all those present
all those absent

354
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
a line tired
of course to be tired
a flag to get tired
a key (to) wild
to notice to draw out (drew, drawn)
to cut off (cut, cut) to throw (threw, thrown) (at)
to see off (saw, seen) to lift
a company to give smb. a lift
a legend on board a ship
legendary on board a train
origin on board a plane
original a wound
in the original to dress ones wound
terrible a lip
to belong (to) for a while
to jump to add
towards true
to touch to be true
to touch upon the truth
side to tell the truth
side by side to tell you the truth
(see Vocabulary to Lesson 22, p. 504).

PROPER NAMES
Antwerp [ntw:p]

. aw
aw [:], :
draw [dr:]
saw [s:]

. dis-
dis- [ds] , ,
:
to appear to disappear
to continue to discon tinue
appearance disappearance

355
-
I. ,
.
theowner theyounger brother
the'shipowner the'elder 'brother
II. , : It happened very
long ago he will become her owner.
.
longago towardsthe ship herowner
III. ,
.
a) draw, saw, law, paw, pawn, lawn, dawn
b) find, kind, old, fold, cold, bay, explain, faint, stall, late, fix, lest, suburbs,
fuse, tube, cat, cub, bulk, wrong, sight, bloom, cape, slack, seat, rice, cot,
noun, whale, fare, stern, wring, knock, mile, switch.
IV. ,
, .
unusually shipowner unimportant
armchair quickly disappear
strangeness disappearance peaceful
owner uninteresting examination
jumper freshness certainly
tiredness belongings fruitfulness
V. , .
1. When can one see many red flags on the houses of Moscow?
2. When cant one get into ones own flat?
3. What do you like better: to see off or to meet your friends?
4. What kind of story do we call a legend ?
5. What legendary heroes of our country do you know?
6. Why cant you read any English books in the original yet?
7. Whom do factories in our country belong to?
8. What synonym to the word combination in the direction of smth. do you
know?
9. What does one usually do if one is tired?
10. What kind of animals () do we call wild?
11. What kind of things are difficult to lift?
12. Why is it sometimes difficult to cut bread or other things with a knife?
13. Have you ever travelled on board a ship (a plane)? When was it?
14. Do you know how to dress a wound?
15. What kind of friends do we call true?
16. Why does one like people who always tell the truth?

356
17. What peoples fought bravely against the German fascists side by side with
the Russian people?
VI. ,
.
(a line, to get tired, to lift, to throw, legendary, in triumph, to belong, to dress,
a key, true, to be tired, a legend, in the original, to tell the truth.)
1. Chapayev is a ___ hero of the Civil War. 2. If one owns a thing (is the
owner of a thing), we say this things ___ to him. 3. After an army defeats its enemy,
it returns home ___ ___. 4. I have lost () the ___ to my flat and cannot get
into it now. 5. Is it a ___ story or ___? 6. I am sure this man ___ ___ ___ ___, I
believe every word of his. 7. We shall be able to read books by English and American
writers ___ ___ ___ when we know enough English words to understand these books
well. 8. Your wound in the leg is rather bad. You must ___ it as soon as possible. 9.
Dont ___ these boxes alone. They are too heavy. You will soon ___ ___. 10. Why
are you ___ stones () at the birds? Dont you know that they are our friends?,
a young man said to the boys. 11. I hope youll write me a few ___. Ill be very glad
to have a word from you. 12. I am sorry, I cannot go for a walk now. I ___ very ___
and must have a rest.
VII. ,
.
1. I am terribly sorry I quite (to forget, to leave) this legend. I only remember
that it is very beautiful. 2. Dont (to forget, to leave) your key behind. There wont
be anybody at home to open the door for you when you return. 3. The old shipowner
(to speak, to say) to his two sons and (to speak, to say) that the ship must belong to
only one of them. 4. (To say, to tell) us this: Do you intend (to touch, to touch upon)
many questions in your report? 5. We heard a shot () and went (towards in
the direction of) the sound. 6. I am afraid you wont be able to find the book you are
looking for (among, between) these books. 7. These books belong to my (older, el-
der) sister. 8. Your report was rather poor. You didnt speak about our work (quite,
at all). You didnt touch upon other important questions (also, either). 9. Kovalenko
(to say, to tell) his young friend a legend that explained the (origin, original) of the
Red Hand Line emblem. 10. Is it (true, truth) that Mary has fallen ill? 11. There are
very (few, little) stars in the sky now! 12. Did Professor Nilov (to say, to tell) any-
thing new in his report yesterday? Oh, yes, he touched upon (few, a few) very
interesting questions. 13. I think well have to ask someone to give us a lift. We have
very (few, little) time left before the train starts off. 14. To tell you the truth, I am
(little, a little) tired. 15. Everybody has already gone on board (besides, except)
Smith and Brown. 16. Is there another doctor on board the ship (besides, except)
you?

357
VIII. ) .
to cut, to throw, to draw out, to do, to cry, to swim, to become, to touch, to
teach, to buy, to begin, to see off, to stop, to know, to fall, to add, to get tired, to die,
to lie.
) .








IX. .
144 ; 1,573 ; 3,054,171 (a rouble); 2,675 ;
7,571,235 ; 175 ; 3,351 ; 949 ; 41 ; 5,015 ;
101 .
X. , .
1. Will you give me the key ___ this book-case? I want to read David Cop-
perfield ___ Dickens ___ the original. 2. My life belongs ___ the people, the
young revolutionary said ___ the police. 3. I shant touch ___ this subject. Every-
body already knows all ___ it. 4. Dont touch ___ this knife. It is very sharp. 5. The
brave partisan threw a grenade* ___ the fascists while his comrades ran ___ the for-
est. 6. Mary introduced me ___ her family when we were ___ board ___ the Pobeda
last summer. 7. The Soviet Army finished the Great Patriotic War ___ German fas-
cism ___ triumph. 8. Is there anything I can do ___ you? Thank you, I feel better
now. Leave me alone ___ a while. Ill try to sleep. 9. The children jumped ___ joy
when they saw their mother. 10. I have nothing to add ___ what you have already
said. 11. When you go ___ the Institute, put ___ your coat. The weather is rather bad
to-day. 12. I am sorry, I cannot take ___ my coat. I feel rather bad to-day and I am
not at all hot. 13. When will you start ___ the station? I want to see you ___ 14. I
have never read this book, but I think I shall read it ___ great interest, because I like
books ___ this subject. 15. ___ ___ ___ our house there is a small beautiful garden,
where we often have a rest. 16. Whom did this building belong ___ before 1917? 17.
What is the matter? Why hasnt our mother come back yet? Has anything happened
___ her? 18. Comrade Petrov, will you be able to explain this rule ___ Comrade
Smirnov? 19. Please, dont be angry ___ me; I am sorry, but I have left your book
___ home. 20. Wait ___ me here, please. Ill be back ___ a minute. 21. Where will
you see the New Year ___?

*
A grenade [rned] .

358
XI. , ,
.
Long, long ago there lived ___ rich king (). His name was ___ Midas. He
was ___ greedy () man and liked ___ gold very much. One day he asked the
gods () of ___ Greece to give him ___ more gold. ___ gods decided to punish
() him and said: Very well; in ___ morning anything that you touch with
your hand will become ___ gold. ___ Midas was very happy when he heard this. I
shall be ___ richest man in ___ world, he thought.
When he got up early ___ next morning and touched his bed, it became ___
gold. He began to dress, and his clothes* became ___ gold too. Midas loved ()
___ flowers very much, and he had ___ beautiful garden. Before ___ breakfast he
went out into ___ garden to have ___ look at his flowers. ___ day was fine, ___ sun
was shining brightly in ___ blue sky, ___ trees were in ___ blossom and ___ flowers
looked beautiful. ___ king took one of ___ flowers, but it became ___ gold in ___
his hand. He was sorry that ___ flowers changed () as soon as he touched
them. ___ king went to have ___ breakfast. He took ___ cup of ___ sweet milk, but
___ milk became ___ gold at once. Then he took ___ piece of ___ bread, and ___
bread also became ___ gold. ___ Midas now felt unhappy. It was good to be ___
richest man in ___ world, but he was hungry, and he could not eat ___ gold.
Midas went out into ___ garden again. His little daughter was playing there.
When she saw her father, she ran up to him. Midas kissed () his daughter
and ___ little girl became ___ gold statue.
Midas was very unhappy now. His eyes were full of ___ tears (), but
___ tears also became ___ gold. He asked ___ gods to take away this Golden
Touch. It was very foolish () to love ___ gold so much, he said. Take all
my gold and give me back my daughter. Go, said ___ gods, and wash your hands
in ___ river which is near your garden, and ___ water will take away ___ Golden
Touch.
Midas went to ___ river and washed his hands in it. Then he quickly ran up to
___ gold statue of his little daughter and kissed her again. She at once changed back
into ___ beautiful little girl. Midas cried () with ___ joy. He never forgot
this lesson. He knew that ___ gold did not give ___ happiness.
(The Golden Touch a legend).
XII. ,
.
1. . 2.
. 3. .
. 4. . 5.
. . 6.
, . 7. .
, . 8.
, .

*
Clothes [klouz] .

359
III. , : )
, 1, 2, 4 ; )
.
to add, a legendary hero, in triumph, side by side, to throw, a flag, a key, to
explain, to notice, to belong, to be (to get) tired, to jump, to see off, true, to have a
rest, to cut off, in the original, on board the ship, in the company of , for a while.
XIV. ,
.
1. , ,
. 2. . .
. , () . 3.
? ? ()
()
(a Pole). 4. (a festival)
(many-coloured) .
. 5. , !
. 6. ? ,
- (to lose, lost, lost). ,
. 7. .
. 8. ,
, . 9.
() ,
. 10.
? . 11.
- ? 12.
( ).
. 13. ?
, * . 14.
! 15. , ,
. 16. ,
. 17.
** ? 18.
. 19. , . .
. 20. () ,
. , . .
, . 21.
? .
. 22. ,
, ? 23. ,
, , .
, . 24.

*
To break (broke, broken).
**
capitalist.

360
, ,
. 25. ,
. 26. .
, . 27. ,
. 28. , .
XV. , .
George, Harris and I were spending our holiday in a boat on the river. Once I
woke up at six oclock in the morning and decided to have a swim. But it was very
cold, therefore I decided to wash only my hands and face. I touched the water with
my hand, but it was very cold, and I decided not to wash at all. When I turned round
to get into the boat, I suddenly fell into the river. Look, George, Jerome is swim-
ming, Harris cried. I did not know that he was so brave, George answered. Is
the water warm? Harris asked me Rather! I answered, Why dont you take a
swim with me? Jump into the water!
But George and Harris did not want to jump into the water at all. I was very
cold when I got into the boat and began to dress. I took a shirt and hurried to put it
on. But as I was in a hurry, the shirt fell into the water. George began to laugh, but I
got angry. Whats so funny here? I asked angrily. But he laughed still louder. I
took a long stick () and got the shirt out of the water. When I had the shirt
back, I looked at it and saw that it did not belong to me. It was Georges. Now I
started to laugh too. I looked at Georges shirt again, then at George who was still
laughing and laughed so loudly that the shirt fell out of my hands into the water
again. Why are you throwing it into the water? asked George who was still laugh-
ing. I couldnt explain it to him at once as I was also laughing, but a few minutes
later I said at last, It isnt my shirt. It is yours. George turned pale. What? he
cried, Is that really so? Why couldnt you dress on the bank? and he added, Give
me the stick quickly. Ill get it out. It was all very funny, but this time George said
in an angry voice, There is nothing funny about it.
(After Three Men in a Boat by Jerome K. Jerome.)



XVI. (10 - 15 ).
XVII. : ) ) )
.
VIII. :
1) .
2) .
3) .
4) .
5) (
).

361
XIX. , ,
, .
XX.
.
1. How You Saw Your Friend Off
to see off, to get tired, to have a rest, to be late, to hurry, to notice, to give smb.
a lift, to come in time, to explain, in the company of , on board the ship, to go on
board, to tell you the truth, to say good-bye.
2. My Trip () to England
after the Great Patriotic War, with interest, to explain, to belong, an owner, at
3 (4,5) oclock sharp, to get on board a ship (a plane), to visit, to attend, to continue,
to add, on board the ship, to make out, to go sightseeing, to be (to get) tired.
3. How I Met My Friend
to happen, to examine, with interest, to touch, to recognize, to laugh with joy,
to explain, havent seen you for ages, for a while, to continue, to have a talk, to have
a rest, to have a good time, to go sightseeing.


XXI. .
. .
,
-. , ,
- (a shoulder). ()
. :
. , , . ?
. ! . .
.
. .
( [ ]
)
. , .
?
. .
. ?
. . . ,
.
. ?
1954 .
. .
. ? ?
. . .
. ?

362
. . , .
.
,
.
. . .
, .
. . .
. . ( ,
)
II. .
a) When did the teacher explain
these rules to you? ?
b) The teacher explained these rules
to us last week (yesterday, two days
ago, etc.). (, ..).
c) The teacher has explained these
rules to us this week (this month, ( this
year, etc.). , ..).
d) The teacher has already explained
these rules to us (just, never, not ( , -
yet, etc.). , ..).
e) How many new rules has the -
teacher explained to you since
the first of September (since you ( ,
began to study, for the last two , -
months, etc.)? ..)?
f) The teacher was explaining a new
rule when Comrade Petrov asked ,
him a question (at nine oclock (
yesterday). ).

363
LESSON TWENTY-THREE (THE TWENTY-THIRD LESSON)
Text: THE WEDDING PRESENT
Grammar: Perfect (. 84-85).

Is it time to begin our lesson? ?


Its high time for us to do it! !
***
Shall we have to change? ?
Where do we change? ?
We change (trains) at Chop. .

They were born in the same town. They played together | when they were
little children, | they went to school together | and finished it on the same day.
They were very happy, | those two | and Vera, | their best friend, | a girl of
their age | who lived in a house across the street.
They decided to go to Moscow and enter a medical institute. All the three
were eager to become doctors.
On hot summer days early in June, 1941, they often walked in the forest,
bathed in the river and spoke of their future.
The 22nd of June, 1941 changed their plans. On that day the Great Patriotic
War broke out.
A week later Peter came to see Vera. Where is Sasha? the girl asked. But
Peter did not answer her question immediately: Listen, Vera, he said. Tomorrow
Alexander and I are leaving for the front. Ive come to say good-bye. I love you,
Vera. Will you wait for me?
The girl tried to smile, but there were tears in her eyes when she was giving
her promise.
The two friends were in different sectors of the front. Vera often received
letters from them in which they wrote about fierce battles and about their new friends
with whom they fought against the fascists for the freedom and independence of
their Motherland. When Vera read their letters, she remembered how they had spent
their free time together, how they had planned to enter a medical institute and how
the war had changed all their plans
Peters letters always ended with the same words, Ill come back. Wait for
me. They always reminded Vera of the day when he had come to her place to say
good-bye. She did not forget that she had promised to wait for him
One cold winter morning the postman knocked at Veras door, Here is a
letter for you, he said. Vera took the letter, but she did not recognize the handwrit-
ing. She opened the envelope hurriedly and read: On the 25th of December, 1944,
Peter Sokolov died the death of a Hero Vera could hear and see nothing around.
She sat motionless for hours
(to be continued)

364
ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS
a present [ preznt]
W. comb a birthday present
a wedding present
to make smb. a present -
e.g. I made my sister a good
present last week. .
W. comb to receive smth. as a present -
to give smb. smth. as a present - -
e.g. I did not buy this book. I .
received it from a friend of mine . (
as a present (A friend of mine ).
gave it to me as a present).
to present [t przent] ()
Prp to present smb. with smth. - -
to present smth. to smb. - -
across [krs] , () -
,
e.g. It is difficult to swim across .
wide river.
His house is across the street. -
.
:
The way lay across a field.
( ).
. The way lay through a forest.
Phr to come across -, -
,
Syn to find
e.g. When I was reading this book, ,
I came across many new words. .
to cross , ()
e.g. Shall I cross the street to get to , -
the nearest Underground station? ?
medical [medkl]
W. comb a medical institute
medicine
e.g. These young men have come to
Moscow to study medicine. , .
a medicine
e.g. Take this medicine three times
day. .

365
eager ,
Gr to be eager to do smth. - , -

e.g. is eager to study music. .
to bathe [t be] (, ..)
But: to take a bath [ b:]
to change 1. ,
e.g. The Great October Socialist -
Revolution has changed the life
of our people. .
2. ,
e.g. Moscow has greatly changed -
since the Revolution. .
Phr to change ones mind
:
, decided to go to the cinema
- but then changed his mind
. and stayed at home.
, They decided to go to the cinema
- but then changed their
. minds and stayed at home.
W. comb to change (trains, trams,
buses)
e.g. Youll have to change trains -
twice to get to that village. , .
to break (broke, broken) [t brek, 1. ,
brouk, broukn]
2. , ( )
e.g. Who has broken this cup? ?
The child threw his toy on the
floor, and it broke. , .
to break out , ( , -
).
e.g. In 1941 the Great Patriotic War 1941 . -
broke out. .
immediately [mi:djtl] , ,
Syn at once
W. . immediately answered .
their letter = answered their
letter immediately.
to love (, )
love
a tear

366
to promise [t prms]
e.g. He promised to come and see us -
on Sunday. .
promised not to forget us. .
a promise
W. comb to keep ones promise
Syn to keep ones word
e.g. Will you keep your promise to
write us letters when you are in , -
the Far East? ?
Ant to break ones promise
e.g. Nobody likes people who break ,
their promises. .
a sector , ()
Prp in different sectors of the front
freedom
independence [ndpendns]
to depend on smb. or smth. -, -
to end ,
Ant to begin ,
Syn to be over ,
:
Our lesson usually ends at ten
. oclock.
! The lesson is over!
We usually finish our lesson at
. ten oclock in the morning.
Prp to end with -
e.g. The letter ended with the words: :
My best regards to your family. .
to remind [t rmand] ,

to remind:
, Will you remind him that he has
promised to bring me that
? book?
Will you remind him to bring
? me this book?
- Will you remind him of his
? promise?
This song reminds me of my
. childhood.
a postman
a post-office

367
a handwriting
an envelope [n envloup]
death [de]
e.g. He died the death of a Hero. .
motionless [mounls]
W. comb to stand motionless
to sit motionless
to lie motionless

. -dom, -nce
-dom [dm] ;
:
free freedom
-ence [ns] ( -ance)
; :
to depend dependence


. ,
, export [eksp:t]
, to export [tu eksp:t]
. |



I. ,
: ) Perfect; )
Perfect (. 84; 85).
to build, to recognize, to discuss, to have, to move, to find, to correct, to de-
scribe, to learn, to invite, to rise.
II.
.
) 1. When my friend came to see me, I was preparing my lessons.
2. When my friend came to see me, I had already prepared my lessons.
3. Havent you prepared your lessons yet?
4. Why didnt you prepare your lessons yesterday?
5. I was reading an English novel at five oclock yesterday.
6. I came home, had a short rest and then prepared my lessons.
7. Weve already read three English novels in the original.
8. When did you begin to read English books in the original?
9. He had read two English books in the original by the first of Septem-
ber.

368
10. Though I came home at 11 p.m. yesterday, my son had not gone to
sleep yet.
11. Dont make so much noise! Father has just fallen asleep.
12. When I came home, my son was already asleep.
13. Yesterday we sent him a telegram as we had not received any letters
from him for a long time.
14. Havent you received my letter? No, I havent. When did you post
() it?
15. By the end of January we had passed our examinations.
16. At last weve passed all our examinations!
17. We took our last examination at the end of January.
18. We came to Leningrad in the autumn. The day was fine. It was not
raining. As soon as we got off the train, we went for a walk. My friend
had never been to Leningrad before and stopped before every building
and every monument. Ive never seen a more beautiful city! he said
to me.
b) 1. We shall discuss his report tomorrow. 2. We shall have discussed his
report by four oclock in the afternoon. 3. Will you be still discussing this question
when I return? 4. Will you be packing your things at three oclock in the afternoon?
Will you have packed all your things by four oclock in the afternoon? 5. Ill correct
my mistakes tomorrow. 6. I shall have looked through your exercise-books by the
time you return.
III. ,
Perfect.
a) 1. Where had you lived before you came to Moscow?
2. What language had you studied before you began to study English?
3. What grammar rule had we studied before we began to study the Past
Perfect Tense form?
4. Where had you studied before you entered the Institute?
5. Where had you worked before you joined the army?
6. What English books had you read by the beginning of the third term?
7. How many English words had you learned by the end of December
(June)?
8. Had you passed your last examination by the 15th of January (July)?
9. Where had you studied English before you began to work at this Minis-
try?
b) 1. When will you have read your English book?
2. By what time will you have done your work to-day?
3. When will your son (daughter) have passed all his (her) examinations?
4. By what time will you have prepared your home-work tomorrow?

369
IV.
.
a) 1. The Petrovs had moved to Leningrad before we came to live in that
city (2). 2. After Mary had introduced us to her guests everybody sat down to
table (2). 3. The teacher had looked through all the exercise- books by the time
the lesson began (1). 4. We had discussed all the questions by the end of the week
(3).
b) 1. I shall have read your book by the time you come back (3.) 2. They
will have left Moscow by the time we come there (3). 3. We shall have passed our
examination by the end of January (1). 4. The child will have fallen asleep by the
time we return home (2).
V. ,
.
1. , . 2.
, .
. 3. ,
. .
, - . 4.
, . 5. ,
. , - . 6.
, . 7.
, ? 8.
, (to lose, lost, lost)
. 9. - ,
? 10.
, . 11. ,
, , . 12.
, . , . 13.
() . .
. , (the moon).
, ,
. , (to pass)
. 14. .
. .
, ,
(excellent marks). .
, .
. (to put aside)
. 15. .
, .

370
VI. .
a) We had finished our work ()
by six oclock yesterday. .
b) We had lived in Leningrad ,
before we moved to Moscow. .
c) I couldnt recognize him ,
as I had not seen him since ,
we studied at the Institute -
together. .
d) I shall have translated all ()
the three articles by five .
oclock.
e) will receive you as ,
nosoon as he has had dinner. .

-
VII. .
in the same town against the fascists
on the same day across the street
all the three recognize the handwriting
played together received letters
changed their plans a week later
VIII. .
IX. ,
.
town, stout, ham, stamp, post, steel, number, foam, boat, queen, habit, stalk,
walk, tub, tube, fate, fat, open, lot, curt, burn, nor, rope, storm.
X. ,
, , .
Motherland hurriedly pleasure
freedom motionless endless
independence truthful movement
postman tiredness moneyless
to present entrance truthfulness
handwriting introduction difference
XI. ,
.
to present, a present, to import, import, an increase, to increase, to export,
export, a contrast, to contrast.

371
XII. , .
1. What present do you intend to make your mother on her birthday?
2. On what days do we usually make our friends presents?
3. What synonym to the word at once do you know?
4. When do we ask someone to remind us of something?
5. What synonym to the word combination not to keep ones promise do you
know?
6. What institute does one usually enter if one is eager to become a doctor?
7. Where can people study medicine?
8. When do we usually bathe in rivers and lakes?
9. Has Moscow greatly changed since the Great October Socialist Revolu-
tion?
10. What antonym to the word combination to make up ones mind do you
know?
11. Do you have to change anywhere when you go to the office?
12. Why do the Soviet people love their Motherland?
13. In what countries have the working people got their freedom and inde-
pendence?
14. When did the Great Patriotic War break out?
15. When did it end?
16. What time does the postman usually bring you newspapers?
17. Where do you usually buy envelopes?
18. Is your handwriting good or bad?
19. Has your handwriting changed since your school-days?
XIII. ,
.
1. Our son joined ___ the Party ___ the front ___ 1944. 2. To tell you the truth,
I forgot to remind my friend ___ the meeting. 3. Joe Hill is famous not only ___ his
poems, but ___ his revolutionary work as well (). 4. I have looked ___ the key
___ my room everywhere, but I cannot find it. 5. Why didnt you keep your promise
to remind me ___ our meeting? 6. Comrade Bobrov will be angry ___ you if you do
not ring him ___ tomorrow. 7. What questions are you going to touch ___ ___ your
report? 8. If you are late ___ the lesson next time, I shall not let you ___, the
teacher said to a pupil. 9. What do your mothers letters usually end ___? 10. When
I was reading this book, I came ___ an interesting description of old London. 11. ___
a while everybody kept silent. Then Peter added a few words to Victors story. 12.
How many English books ___ the original will you have read ___ the end ___ the
school-year? 13. Can you see that fine house ___ the field? It belongs ___ one of our
oldest collective-farmers. 14. Let me cut___ a piece of bread ___ you. 15. Comrade
Nosov says that he could not take part ___ the discussion ___ this book yesterday
because he was very busy. 16. Lets swim ___ that boat over there! 17. Will you be
able to see me ___ tomorrow? I am afraid I shant be able to take my suit-cases ___
the station alone. They are not large, but heavy. 18. Let me help ___ you (to) take
___ your coat. 19. Dont touch ___ this cup! Its very hot! 20. Last Sunday all the

372
children ___ our house went ___ an excursion to the Pushkin Museum. 21. Ive never
travelled ___ board such a large ship! 22. Dont learn the story ___ heart, get ready
to retell it. 23. This child is pale because he spends very little time ___ the open air.
26. There are always many birds ___ the sky before it rains.
XIV. , ,
.
One spring evening ___ hundreds of ___ people came to ___ Moscow Con-
servatoire* to hear ___ music of ___ Korean composer**, Sin Li by name. ___ con-
cert was really fine and everybody greeted ___ composer warmly. Sin Li was happy.
After ___ concert he said to his friends: I thank all ___ Soviet people for their help
and friendship.___ great love for ___ Soviet country will always live in ___ hearts
of ___ Korean people.
Sin Li said these words with ___ eyes full of ___ tears because he remembered
his past, his long and hard way to this happy moment. These words reminded him
of his poor little house in ___ mountains of ___ North Korea where he had lived
with his parents, ___ poor peasants. ___boy could not even dream of ___ education
though he was eager to study. He liked ___ music very much too.
At ___ age of fourteen Sin Li left his native village and went to ___ town to
earn his living. He worked hard and did not have ___ time to think of ___ education
at all.
When ___ war in Korea broke out and ___ Korean people began their heroic
fight for ___ freedom and ___ independence of their country, Sin Li joined ___ Peo-
ples Army and fought bravely against ___ enemy. In ___ hard days of ___ war he
composed () ___ songs about ___ peace and ___ friendship.
At last ___ fierce battles were over, and ___ former soldiers returned to ___
peaceful work.
___ Korean Government () sent Sin Li to Moscow to receive
___ musical education. So he became ___ composer, ___ first Korean composer who
had received ___ education in ___ Soviet Union.
XV. ,
.
1. , . 2.
? 3. ? 4. ?
(), . 5. . 6.
. 7. , .
8. . 9.
.
XVI. .
to cut, to add, to throw, to get, to forget, to leave, to draw out, to break, to
study, to play, to pay, to keep, to come across, to lie, to teach, to stop, to run.

*
A conservatoire [kns:vtw:] .
**
A composer [kmpouz] .

373
XVII. .
to give smb. smth. as a present, at once, to find, to keep ones word, to want
very much, certainly, in the direction of smth., for years.
XVIII. .
to keep ones promise, to make up ones mind, dependence, displeasure, un-
happiness, incorrect, to turn red.
XIX. , .
1. , . 2.
. , ,
. 3. , . 4.
. . 5. -
! 6. -
. 7. ? 8.
, 8.30, ,
. 9. ?
1812 . 10.
? 1945
. 11. .
. 12. , . 13. ,
(). 14.
, .
15. , , (
). . 16. ! 17.
, . 18.
, . 19.
( ) ,
. 20. . ?
21. , ,
. 22. (colonial)
. 23.
, . 24.
, , , . 25.
, . 26.
, .
XX. -,
.

. ,
. , ,
.

374
1941 , , ,
. ,
. .
, , .
, : ,,
? ! .
(tank). (a mine).
. . .
. , ?
, . ,
: . . ,
, .
, .
. ,
. ,
. .
. , (to get)
. . (to get out), !*
. ,
.
, . , ,
. , .
, ! .
?
, . (an explosion).
(to kiss) :
.


XXI. .
XXII. ( ) .
1. , .
( : , , , ).
2. . ( : , , ).
3. . ( : ,
, ).
XXIII. , .

*
Hurray [hure] ypa!

375
XXIV. , ,
.
1. How Friend Became a Doctor
to finish school, to be eager, to decide, to change ones mind, to enter a med-
ical institute, during the Great Patriotic War, to take part in battles, to be popular
with , to continue.
2. A Soldiers Story
to work on a collective farm, to break out, to join the army, to promise, to fight
in different sectors of the front, to be eager, freedom, independence, to return in
triumph, a hero, to keep ones promise.
3. A Letter from the Front
an envelope, to bring, handwriting, to remind smb. of smth., a postman, to be
afraid, to kill, fierce battles, an officer, to be proud of, to be eager.
V. : )
Childhood, b) Friends at School (at the Institute, at the Front).

376
LESSON TWENTY-FOUR (THE TWENTY-FOURTH LESSON)
Text: THE WEDDING PRESENT (Continued)
Grammar: 1.
(. 86).
2.
(. 87).
3. Indefinite (Future Indefi-
nite in the Past . 88).

Will you sing at our party? ?


No, | its out of the ques- .
tion. I am quite ill. Be .
sides, | I am sick and tired , ,
of the songs I know. .
Then wholl take part in the
concert? ?
Let me see. Oh, | Ive got a
good dea. Lets invite .
Comrade Donin. .

In 1945, when the war was over, Alexander returned home from the army. He
often came to Veras place. The girl was always glad to see him, and they spent a
lot of time together. Soon it became clear to Alexander that he was in love with the
girl, but he did not tell her anything about it. He knew that she could not forget Peter.
When autumn came, Alexander left for Moscow. His dream at last came true. He
entered a medical institute.
Four years later Alexander was spending his summer holidays in his native
town. This time he told Vera that he loved her, and she promised to marry him when
he graduated from the Institute.
Happy and joyful he returned to Moscow to continue his studies. He had to
work hard, but every day he thought of Vera and of their future.
It was his last year at the Institute, | and he spent a lot of time at the
hospital | where he could work with famous professors.
Once | he came to the hospital early in the morning | and began his usual
work. Suddenly | he stopped in front of one of the beds. The sick mans eyes
| were closed, | but it seemed to Alexander | that he had seen the man some-
where before.
Who was he? At that moment | the man opened his eyes | and, Alexan-
der recognized him. It was Peter! But he looked much1 older than before, | and
his hair was quite gray.
Peter! said Alexander, and as the man did not answer, he repeated, Peter,
dont you recognize me? I am Alexander Smirnov! The man smiled weakly and
said at last, I am afraid, you are mistaken! My name is not Peter and I dont know

377
you, weve never met before. But now that Alexander had heard his voice, he was
sure that the man was really Peter. Alexander did not say anything. He went to Pro-
fessor Filin and asked the old scientist to tell him all he could2 about the sick man.
The man does not remember his past, was the answer, He was badly
wounded in the head during the war and lost his memory. Hes been very weak all
this time.
Is it possible to help him? Alexander asked again.
I think it is, the professor answered, But the operation will be very serious
and painful. He must have a good rest after it. After he recovers and leaves the
hospital, somebody must take good care of him. That is the main reason why we
havent yet operated on him. We tried to find out something about his family, but
it was almost impossible. As I have already told you, he remembers nothing of his
past.
Ive known him since childhood, Alexander said thoughtfully. As soon as
he is able to leave the hospital, Ill take him to my place. Ill do my best to help
him.
The operation returned Peter his memory. Two months later he was able to
move to Alexanders place. He was getting stronger and stronger with every passing
day, and soon he was quite well. Peter often asked Alexander about his studies, his
new friends at the Institute, but they never spoke about Vera.
One evening when Alexander was reading some medical book, Peter suddenly
asked him how Vera was and where she lived. Alexander did not answer at once,
but his voice was firm when he said that she still lived in their native town and that
they would go to see her as soon as he passed his state examinations.
That was in April 1950, and three months later Alexander and Peter were
knocking at Veras door. When the girl saw them, she stood motionless, her face
grew deathly white, she was trying to say something, but could not. Peter came up
to her, and for a moment the two forgot about Alexander.
What is it? said Vera at last. Her voice was trembling, but she looked happy
when she turned to Alexander and repeated, What is it, Sasha? Its my wed-
ding present, Alexander answered softly. Dont you like it?


1. he looked much older than before
() , .
much
, :
Now you can speak English much -
better than you did last year. ,
.

still : ,
brother is still worse to-day. .

378
2. Alexander asked the old scientist to tell him all he could about the sick
man. = Alexander asked the old scientist to tell him all that he could about the sick
man. ,
.

that , .
,
.
,
, :
, .
, .

, , :
I did all I could. , .
said all he knew. , .

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


an army
W. comb to join the army
much, many*
Syn a lot of smth.
a lot of...
, :
has a lot of free time.
.
. has a lot of books.
love*
Phr to be in love with smb. -
to fall in love with smb. -
to marry ,
Gr to get married
:
. Peter married Ann.
. Ann married Peter.
. Peter and Ann got married.
joyful (joy )
Ant joyless
e.g. Dickens childhood was joyless. .
sick

379
:
. is a sick man.
. is ill.
hair
W. comb thick hair
thin hair
dark hair
gray hair
hair:
1. 1. Her hair was thick and beauti-
. ful (. hair . ).
2. , - 2. Just a minute, there is
. hair on your bread (hair
. ).
gray
Gr to become gray ,
e.g. My fathers hair has become .
quite gray.
father is getting old. You .
may find many gray hairs on (-
his head. ).
mistaken ,
()
Gr to be mistaken ,
e.g. I think he is right, and you are , , .
mistaken.
now that ()
e.g. Now that you have learned his , ,
address, you may write him .
letter.
a scientist [ santst]
science [sans]
W. comb Soviet Science
ones past -
wounded* ()
Gr to be wounded
e.g. During the war my brother was
badly wounded in his head. .
to lose (lost, lost) [t lu:z, lst, ,
lst]
e.g. Ive lost the key to my room - -
somewhere. .
Phr to lose ones way ,

380
e.g. This forest is so thick that one ,
can easily lose his way here! !
memory [memr]
W. comb a poor memory
a good memory
e.g. My father is very old now. He .
has a poor memory. .
an operation [n pren]
to operate on smb. [tu pret] -, -
.
e.g. I am sure the sick man will be , ,
better if Professor Negov operates
on him immediately. .
serious [srs]
W. comb a serious wound
a serious operation
a serious question
seriously
e.g. My friend is seriously ill .
now.
pain
e.g. I have a terrible pain in my left .
arm.
painful
W. comb a painful operation
Ant painless
e.g. The operation will be quite -
painless. .
to recover [t rkv] ( )
e.g. If you want to recover soon, ,
you must keep your bed. .
care ,
Phr to take care of smb. -,
- ( , )
e.g. Who will take care of your ,
children when you leave for - ?
Leningrad?
Syn to look after ,
e.g. Who looks after your children
when you are at work? , ?
careful , , -

Ant careless , , -

381
e.g. Be careful! This knife is very !
sharp, you may cut your finger. , .
makes a lot of mistakes because ,
he is very careless. .
carefully , ,
Ant carelessly , , -

e.g. The doctor examined his patient (-
very carefully. ) .
main ,
W. comb the main street
the main subject
the main question
the main thing ,
the main character [krkt] ,
()
e.g. What are the main characters
of this play (story, novel)? (, )?
t find out (found out, found out) ,
:
(), Yesterday I learned that Petrov
. had left Moscow.
I went to his office and found
(), out when he would come
. back.
almost [:lmoust] , -
Syn about
e.g. I almost forgot to take your -
book with me. .
a thought [ :t]
Syn an idea
thoughtfully ,
to do* ,
Phr to do ones best
Syn to try ones best
e.g. Ill do my best to help you. , ,
.
firm
W. comb a firm voice
a firm answer
a firm decision
a state 1.
e.g. There are several socialist -
[soulst] states in the world now. .

382
W. comb a state examination
state power
2.
e.g. How many states are there in ?
the USA?
a government
soft 1. ; 2. ( , )
Ant loud
e.g. She always speaks in a soft voice. ( -
).



I.
. ,
(. 86).
1. Tell him that Ill be back at five oclock. 2. Tell me what cities of the
Soviet Union you visited last summer. 3. Tomorrow I shall tell you who else will
join our group. 4. Do you know with whom he usually prepares for his examina-
tions? 5. I dont know whom they are speaking about. 6. Do you know whose chil-
dren are playing in the garden over there? 7. I dont know whose children they are
looking for. 8. Tell me where you will go on your summer holiday. 9. I dont know
either when well be able to go to the canteen. 10. Do you know why he has changed
his mind to enter a medical institute? 11. We know how these students can speak
English. 12. I dont want to know what they are laughing at. 13. Tell us what you
will read next week. 14. Tell them that I shall read a book by Jack London. 15. Do
you know what they were discussing when I entered the room? 16. Do you know
that at that time they were discussing a very important article which they had come
across in this magazine? 17. Tell him what you decided to do. 18. Tell him that I am
eager to join their excursion.
II.
,
.
1. , . 2. ,
. 3. ,
. 4. , .
5. -, ? 6.
, . 7. ,
? 8. , ? 9.
, ? 10. ,
. 11. , ( ). 12.
, ? 13.
, . 14. , ?

383
15. , . 16.
, .
17. , ? 18. ,
. 19. , ? 20. ,
.
III. .
1. Show us what
2. Tell them when
3. Do you know what language?
4. We dont know whom
5. None of them knows whose.
6. Can anybody tell me where?
7. We dont know when
8. I shall tell you why
9. Who can tell me how?
10. Tell us what
11. Tell them that.
12. Do you want to know how many?
13. Do you see who?
14. Will you remind me that?
15. Will you remind me when?
16. Dont show them what.
17. Promise us that
IV. ,
-
(. 87).
1. says that he lived in Leningrad. 2. He said that he lived in Leningrad.
3. He said that he had lived in Leningrad. 4. He said that he would live in Leningrad.
5. He knew that Peter was in Kiev. 6. He knows that Peter was in Kiev in 1943.
7. He knew why Peter had been in Kiev several times. 8. Our teacher said that he
always reminded Comrade Popov of his mistakes. 9. Did you know why the teacher
had reminded him of his mistakes several times? 10. I was sure that he always kept
his promise. 11. Were you sure that he had kept his promise? 12. I was not sure
that he would keep his promise. 13. We knew that those people lived across the
street. 14. We did not know that those people had lived across the street two years
before. 15. Do you know that those people lived across the street two years ago? 16.
He said that he had not recognized my handwriting. 17. He said that he liked the
city. 18. We didnt know that this man always broke his promise. 19. We couldnt
understand why he had broken his promise. 20. Did you understand what they
were speaking about?

384
V.
; .
1. , . 2. , . 3. ,
. 4. , .
5. , . 6. ,
. 7. ,
. 8. ,
. 9. , . 10. , -
. 11. ,
, . 12.
, . 13.
, . 14.
, . 15.
, . 16. ,
, .
17. , H.
1943 . 18. ,
12 (24) 1812 . 19. .
, .
VI.

(. 87,
88).
he worked at a
factory. .
a) I knew that he had worked at ,
a factory. .
he would work at
a factory.
.
they usually read
at home. .
b) He asked what we had repeated
yesterday. .
they would dis-
cuss at their meet-
ing. .
1. says that
2. I shall tell you whom
3. He said that
4. We did not know either where
5. He asked us when
6. He knows why

385
7. He knew why
8. She heard what
9. The captain said that
10. The waitress asked us what
11. The teacher asked us how
12. We were sure that
13. We dont know who
14. They asked us how many
15. You didnt tell us whose
VII.
.
1. When Jack came home, his sister told him that someone had rung him up
half an hour (ago, before). 2. Did you work or study three years (ago, before), the
teacher asked one of the students. 3. Last week I asked him to translate this article,
but he said that he could not do it (now, then) and promised to do it (in two days,
two days later). 4. My friend spent his last day off in the country. He says that the
weather was fine (to-day, that day). 5. I want to remind Peter that he must return my
book. I gave it to him last week, and he promised to return it (tomorrow, the next
day), but he has not done it yet. I shall ring him up and ask him to bring it to me
(tomorrow, the next day). 6. He wanted to know when we should come (here, there)
again. 7. He wanted to know when we should go (here, there) again. 8. My friend
asked me what birthday present I should make my mother (tomorrow, the next day).
9. Peter said that Jack had promised to come to see us (tomorrow, the next day). I
am sure he will keep his promise. 10. Peter said that Jack had promised to come to
see us (tomorrow, the next day). He has kept his promise.
VIII. .
: Where do you live?
(): I live in Gorky Street.
: What did I ask Comrade Smirnov?
(): You asked him | where he lived.
: What did he answer?
3- : He answered | that he lived in Gorky Street.
1. When does the postman bring you the newspapers and magazines?
2. What time do your lessons usually end?
3. What birthday present will you make your father?
4. When did the first Patriotic War break out?
5. What Institute did you graduate from?
6. What subjects did you take there?
7. Where do you usually buy envelopes for your letters?
8. What will you do if you come across an interesting expression in the book
you are reading?

386
IX. ,

.
an army the army
an Institute the Institute
an eye the eyes
an operation the operation
X. ,
[h, w, v, f].
his hair a white face
he helped him her voice was weak
he had heard his voice where he could work with pro fessors
XI. , : It was his last year
at the Institute his hair was quite gray.
II. ,
, ,
.
careful dependent softness
business carelessness neighbourhood
careless carefulness carelessly
joyful independent difference
heartily understanding enjoyment
carefully freedom readiness
eagerness immediately thoughtfully
III. , .
1. When will your son join the army?
2. In what year did the Soviet Army liberate the Ukraine from the German
fascists ?
3. Was your childhood joyful or joyless?
4. Are you married?
5. When did you get married?
6. Why was Gorkys childhood joyless?
7. Where do we usually take sick people to?
8. What colour is your sons (daughters) hair?
9. Is your daughters hair thin or thick?
10. When does ones hair become gray?
11. What famous Russian scientists do you know?
12. Were you wounded at the front?
13. How many times were you wounded?
14. Who operated on you when you were wounded?
15. Was the operation painless or painful?
16. Where did you go after you recovered?

387
17. What do you do when you lose something?
18. Have you ever lost your way in a forest or in a big city?
19. Why does your son (daughter) have a better memory than you?
20. Who usually takes care of you when you are ill?
21. Will you do your best to pass the examination well?
22. When do we speak in a soft voice?
23. What is the main street in Moscow?
24. What are the main characters of the novel War and Peace by Tolstoy?
25. In what way can the teacher find out how his students have prepared their
lessons?
26. What must one do if one wants to recover as soon as possible?
27. When do we say, The lesson is almost over?
28. What synonym to the word about do you know?
29. What synonym to the word idea do you know?
XIV. , .
1. Though Dubrovsky was ___ love ___ Masha Troyekurova, he could not
marry ___ her as her father was his bitter () enemy. 2. During one ___ the
battles my friend was wounded ___ the left arm. The wound was rather serious, and
the doctor had to operate ___ him immediately. 3. We liked the new film very much.
It reminded us ___ the time we fought ___ the freedom and independence ___ our
country. 4. Though the young Soviet soldier was badly wounded ___ the head, he
wasnt afraid ___ the fascists. He wasnt afraid to die ___ the freedom ___ his Moth-
erland. 5. Can you find ___ Pavlovs address to-day? 6. I did not find ___ anything
interesting in this magazine. 7. When I was seriously ill and kept the bed ___ two
months, my friends often came ___ my place to take care ___ me. 8. The First World
War broke out ___ the 14th ___ July, 1914. 9. Ive never come ___ such articles
before. Thats why its difficult ___ me to translate this one. 10. When did you enter
___ the Medical Institute? I entered ___ the Institute ___ the war. 11. When the
Great Patriotic War broke ___ , I lived ___ the East ___ our country. 12. Comrade
Borisov said that he would leave ___ Gorky ___ the next week. 13. Why are there
tears ___ your eyes? What is the matter ___ you? 14. Do you often receive letters
___ your friends ___ whom you were ___ the front? 15. If you cannot wait ___ me
now, ring me ___ tomorrow and I shall explain ___ you everything I can. 16. Yes-
terday she was three minutes late ___ the lesson because she had waited 20 minutes
___ the tram. 17. My friend told me that he had looked ___ my magazine every-
where, but could not find it. 18. When my son joined ___ the Party, he was only
18 years old. 19. Have you ever been ___ board ___ a large ship?
XV. ,
.
THE WEDDING PARTY
___ morning sun rose clear and beautiful, ___ sky became golden and ___
waves () of ___ sea looked like __ bright snow. That fine morning ___ wed-

388
ding party of Dantes and Mercedes was ( ) to take ___ place. Every-
thing was ready for ___ party and ___ room was full of ___ people. All ___ guests
were gay because they loved Dantes and wished him ___ happiness.
Only one of them looked at Dantes and Mercedes in ___ strange way. There
was something cold in his dark eyes. It was Fernand, ___ tall young man with ___
thick wavy hair and ___ cold brown eyes. He was one of ___ officers of ___ ship of
which Dantes had just become ___ captain.
Dantes invited all ___ guests to ___ table and Mercedes said in ___ soft voice:
I have no ___ father, so I want to ask Mr. Morrel to sit on my right. On my left, Ill
place him who has been ___ brother to me, and she turned to Fernand. When Fer-
nand heard those words, he became pale, almost deathly white. Everybody sat down
at ___ table and began to eat. They were talking and laughing loudly and gaily. Only
Fernands look was still cold and strange. One could easily see that he was ___ Dan-
tes enemy and that he was waiting for something
Suddenly somebody knocked at ___ door three times and immediately ___
officer entered room. Four soldiers were following him.
Who answers to ___ name of Edmund Dantes? said_ __ officer.
That is my name, Dantes answered. Whats ___ matter?
I cannot tell you anything now. You will know ___ reason later, was ___
answer.
Dantes had ___ strange feeling of danger * but tried his best to look joyful.
Dont be afraid, he said to his friends. It is ___ mistake I am sure.
Wait for me, my dear Mercedes, we shall soon meet again, he cried out
before ___ officer closed ___ door behind him.
(After A. Dumas Monte Cristo)
XVI. ,
, .
1. , ( ).
, . 2. , . ,
. . 3. ,
. 4. , . 5.
, .
6. , ? 7. ,
, . 8.
,
. 9. , , .
. 10. , . 11.
, , .
12. , ? 13. ,
, , .

*
danger [dend] .

389
XVII. .
to become, as, to look after, an idea, to do ones best, much, several.
XVIII. .
joyless, to be well, to be right, painful, to fall ill, careless, to find.
XIX. .
to lose, to keep, to try, to marry, to break, to cut off, to see off, to throw, to
fall ill, to draw out, to feel, to die.
XX. .
, , , , ,
, , , , ,
, , , , ,
, , , , , ,
, , , , .
XXI. : to turn, to turn to, to turn round, to turn back,
to turn on, to turn off, to turn over, to turn to smb. for smth.
.
1. It is very dark in the room. Please ___ the light (). 2. Weve done all
the exercises here. Now ___ the page, we shall do some exercises on the next page.
3. Once when I was going along the street, I saw a man and thought that it was a
friend of mine. I called him by his first name, but when he ___, I saw that I was
mistaken. 4. I felt that somebody was following me, but I was afraid to ___. 5. Its
already light in the room. ___ the light, please. 6. ___ and see who is sitting behind
you. 7. If you want to find the library easily, go along this street, then ___ the left
and you will see the library across the street. 8. We left the village early in the morn-
ing, but as it began to rain, we decided to ___ 9. Why didnt you want to ___ some-
body ___ help, if it was difficult for you to do this work alone? 10. We had to ___
as we had left a very important thing at home. 11. ___ the radio. I want to listen to
this concert. 12. He ___ some pages of the book, and it seemed to him that the novel
wouldnt be interesting at all. 13. We ___ several times first to the left, then to the
right before we reached the house we were looking for. 14. You will have to ___ the
television-set. I have very much work to do to-day. 15. I ___ him to speak about this
matter, but he was so busy that I couldnt begin. 16. The man who was walking in
front of me suddenly ___ into a side street () and disappeared in one of the
houses.
XXII. , : )
, 1, 2 ; )
.
a lot of, to get married, to become gray, science, a state, a government, to be
wounded, to lose ones way, to look after, to be mistaken, now that, with every
passing day, almost.

390
XXIII. , .
1.
, () ,
. 2. ,
? . .
, , . 3.
, . 4. ,
,
? ,
. 5. , ,
, . 6. ,
, . 7. , ,
. , ( ) ?
8. ,
. 9. ,
, . 10. ,
(a task). 11.
, ? 12. (the host-
ess) ,
. 13. ,
, ?
. . ()
. * . ( ).
14. 1943 . .
15. , ,
. 16. . 17.
, . 18. ,, .
, . 19. ,
, ,
. 20. -
, - , ,
(a hotel). 21. ,
. ,
, ,
. 22. ,
(the number) . 23.
, . ,
.
XXIV. -,
.
(familiar)
. ,

*
decision [dsn].

391
. ,
,
- .
- : - ?
: .
, !
, ,
.


. , ,
.
, ,
:
? ? ,
,
! ,
,
. ,,, ? .
. ,
. .
, . ,
, . ,
, !
. ,
, .



XXV. (15 - 20 ).
XXVI. .
1. Why didnt Alexander tell Vera that he loved her when he returned home
from the front?
2. Why do you think Vera agreed to marry Alexander when he came to their
native town on holiday?
3. Why didnt Alexander recognize Peter at once?
4. Why didnt Alexander tell Peter that Vera had promised to marry him?
5. Do you think that Alexander was right?
XXVII. .
XXVIII. :
1. . :
, , .

392
2. . : ,
, .
3. . :
, , .
XXIX. : ) ; ) ; )
; ) .
XXX. , .
An Unexpected () Meeting.
1. At the Front.
to be wounded, a forest, to lose ones way, to seem, a peasant girl, in a soft
voice, to be mistaken, now that, to find, to take care of, to try ones best, to re-
cover, careful(ly), to make up ones mind, to join, firm, the Soviet Army.
2. At a Hospital.
sick, an operation, to operate on, painful, serious, a hospital, a scientist, gray
hair, to recognize, to seem, to find out, to do ones best, almost, the past, joyful.
XXXI. .
1. Where I Was and What I Did during the Great Patriotic War.
2. A Letter from the Front.

393
LESSON TWENTY-FIVE (THE TWENTY-FIFTH LESSON)
Text: AN EPISODE FROM THE LIFE OF A RUSSIAN REVOLUTIONARY
Grammar: 1.
whether, if (. 89).
2. ( I II
. 90).
3. to want, to
expect should (would) like (. 92).

4. to stop, to continue, to
begin, to go on, to finish, to mind, to start (. 91).

Excuse my interrupting you. , .


Would you mind closing the ?
window? Its too cold here. .
***
Shall we invite the Sedovs | to
watch television tonight? ?
That goes without saying. .

Every worker must understand | that the only way to a happy future |
is struggle A knock at the door | interrupted Bauman. He stopped speak-
ing | and looked first at the people sitting around him, | then at the dentist, | in
whose waiting-room | they were having their secret meeting.
Do you expect any patients? Bauman asked the dentist. Everybody un-
derstood | what Baumans question meant. They didnt even speak to each
other.1 They knew what to do. One of them | accompanied by the doctor, |
quickly went into the doctors office | while the others sat down on the chairs
standing along the wall | and pretended to be patients | waiting for their turn.
It did not take them long | to do all that. When everything was ready, | the
dentists maid | went to the door to answer the knock | and soon returned with
an unexpected visitor, | who tried to get straight to the dentists office.
Why, | it isnt your turn, | one of the patients, | sitting by the door | said
to him.
I cant wait. I have a terrible toothache the man answered while he hur-
riedly examined everybodys face.
Bauman, who pretended that he was reading a newspaper, didnt even turn his
head to look at the strange visitor. However, he could clearly see the mans face. He
recognized him at once. It was a spy, that same man whom he had often seen before.
Has he brought the police with him ? One thing was clear. It was neces-
sary to keep the spy in the flat as long as possible, so that he could believe that they
were real patients.2 Bauman looked up at the newcomer and for a moment it seemed
to him that there was joy in the mans eyes. Then Bauman said as politely and in-
differently as he could.

394
I say,3 we dont mind if the doctor receives you first, we can wait since you
have a bad toothache.
The spy was at a loss. At that moment the door to the doctors office opened
and the doctor asked the next patient in. Bauman who continued watching the spy
suddenly said, If one has any bad teeth, he must certainly have them pulled out. 4
In a second the spy was already sitting in the dentists armchair. The doctor
told him to open his mouth wide and examined his teeth with great care, then he
ordered him to open his mouth still wider and not to close it 5 and began working
quickly.
A quarter of an hour later the doctor showed the patient two large yellow teeth
and said: It was rather a serious operation. Take better care of your teeth. Ten rou-
bles, please.
For a while the spy stood at a loss.
Do you want me to do anything else for you? the doctor asked politely. The
spy answered nothing, paid the money and with a groan ran out into the waiting
room. He expected to find no one there, but to his great surprise everybody was in
his place. The spy had nothing to do but leave the doctors flat.
When he had left, someone said: Its good luck the spy had bad teeth
But he didnt have any He just has two good teeth less now than he had
before , the dentist explained and added: and it didnt cost him much. Only ten
roubles!
Everybody laughed and Bauman said, Thats a good lesson to him. Didnt I
say that they would break their teeth if they fought against us! I wonder whether
after this he will be able to go and report to the police. Well, I think now we may
go on with our meeting.
(After The Rook, a Spring Bird by Mstislavsky)


1. They didnt even speak to each other.
.
each other one
another , , . Each other ,

, :
They know each other very well. .
One another , ,
, :
The people asked one another what ,
had happened, but nobody could ,
say anything. .

395
each other one another
, :
They often ask me about each
others health. .
They bought presents for each .
other.
2. It was necessary to keep the spy in the flat as long as possible, so that he
could believe that they were real patients.
, ( )
, .
,
, so that
.
3. I say, we dont mind if the doctor receives you first, we can wait since you
have a bad toothache. , ,
, , ()
.
I say ,
-. .
since , ,
.
4. If one has any bad teeth, he must certainly have them pulled out.
, .
to have
II , ,
, - .
:
You must have your hair cut.
( ).
:
.
5. The doctor ordered the spy to open his mouth still wider and not to close it.
.
, ,
:
(to go ) (not to go ).
to tell
to order , to ask
:

396
I told him to do this work at once.
.
asked me to remind him of it
tomorrow. .
The doctor told her not to bathe ,
because she was still ill. .
The captain ordered his men to get
into the boats. .
,
, to tell ,

not . -.
, ,
, ,
. ,
,
, :
? Who told you to open the window?
- I didnt ask the secretary to send
. the telegrams.
The director ordered you to post
. the letters to-day.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


an episode [n epsoud]
only 1. ( )
e.g. I know only one foreign
language. .
2. (
)
e.g. I think he is the only doctor ,
in our town who can help your , -
mother. .
Are you an only son or have you ,
brothers and sisters? ?
struggle
W. comb class struggle
to struggle for smth. -
Syn to fight
to interrupt [tu ntrpt]
e.g. Excuse my interrupting you, but , ,
Id like to say a few words to you.

397
.
first ( )
at first ( )
Phr first of all
:
( ) At first we did not like him, but
, when we came to know him
better, we became great
, - friends (npomuonocma-
. ).
( - You must first read the article
) to the end, then begin
, translating it (
. ).
a dentist
a waiting-room
to expect [tu kspekt] , ,
Gr to expect smb. to do smth. , - -

to expect that ... , ...
to expect smb. -
:
() - We expected you yesterday =
pa = M (- W expected that you would
, ) come.
.
? Why were you late yesterday?
2 (- We waited for you two
). hours.
unexpected [nkspektd]
W. comb an unexpected meeting
an unexpected question
unexpectedly
a patient [ pent]
Syn a sick person
to mean (meant, meant) [t mi:n, 1. ,
ment, ment]
e.g. What does this word mean? ?
2. ,
e.g. What do you mean by it? ? -
?
I didnt mean to say it. .

398
a meaning
e.g. Whats the meaning of this ex- ?
pression? ?
each other ( ..)
Syn one another ( ..)
:
- The students of our group
always speak English to
-. each other (
, ).
, - When we entered the hall, the
. concert had not begun yet.
, It was noisy, because all the
people were speaking to
. one another (
, ).
to accompany [tu kmpn] ,
Syn to see to ...
e.g. Let me accompany you = Let (
me see you home (to the station, etc.) , ..)
Gr accompanied by smb. -
accompaniment [kmpnmnt]
Prp to the accompaniment
e.g. The young singer sang to her -
brothers accompaniment on the .
piano.
a doctors office
Syn a surgery [ s:dr] ,
to pretend [t prtend] , , ...
to pretend:
, . pretended to be asleep.
, pretended to know nothing
. about it = pretended that
he knew nothing about it.
a turn ,
Syn a line ,
e.g. Whose turn is it to read? ?
Prp in turn
e.g. Dont interrupt each other. He .
Speak in turn! !
Ant out of turn
ahead of line

399
a maid , , -

by , . . . ( )
Syn at, near , ,
e.g. Do you know the man sitting ,
by the window? ?
a tooth (pl teeth)
W. comb a good tooth
a bad tooth
a toothache [ tu:ek]
a head [ hed]
a headache [ hedek]
:
. I have a toothache.
. I have a headache.
. I have a bad headache.
a spy , ,
to spy on smb. , -
Syn to watch for smb. -
polite [plat]
Ant impolite
politely
indifferent ,
indifferently ,
to mind , -
(
)
to mind:
, ? Do you mind my smoking? ()
, - I dont mind if we stay here till evening.
c . ( )
Phr. Never mind! ,
:
, , Give me that magazine, please.
().
! ( !) Here it is!
***
! Thank you!
( Dont mention it = Not at all!
)
***
, Sorry! Ive kept your book so long!
.

400
, ( Never mind!
). Thats all right.
***
- May I use your dictionary?
?
! ( - You are welcome.
, ..).
since , ( )
e.g. Since we were very tired, we ,
went to bed at once. .
a loss
Phr to be at a loss
to watch ...,
to watch:
, I watched the children
. playing in the garden.
to pull out , ()
Syn to take out ,
a mouth [ mau]
a groan [ roun]
Prp with a groan
surprise [spraz]
Prp in surprise (with surprise) ,
to ones surprise -
luck , ,
e.g. Its good luck weve found ,
you at home. .
Phr Good luck! , !
lucky ,
Ant unlucky ,
Syn happy
:
. is happy.
. is lucky.
to wonder [t wnd] 1. ,
Prp to wonder at smb. or smth. - (-)
e.g. I wonder at him. He is never .
tired .
2. ,
Phr No wonder that ... ,
...

401
e.g. No wonder (that) she speaks ,
English so well, she has spent --
two years in England. , .
:
I wonder whether he is in Mos- ,
cow now. .
I wonder why he is always late. ().
.
to report [t rp:t] ,
e.g. The soldier reported to the cap- ,
tain that he had brought a spy. .
a reporter ,
to go on
Syn to continue
to go on:
. Go on with your work (-
).
! Go on working ()'.



I.
(. 89).
a) 1. mother always asks me if . 2. The professor asked Alexander
whether . 3. The teacher asked the student if . 4. I have just asked him if .
5. He doesnt remember whether . 6. They didnt even know if . 7. You did
not tell me whether .
b) 1. We shall come to see you if . 2. We shall ask them if . 3. My
daughter will go to the country if . 4. My daughter always asks me if . 5. We
shall discuss this question to-night if . 6. I dont know if . 7. We dont remem-
ber whether . 8. Do you know if or whether . 9. They asked me if I or
whether .
II. .
The teacher: Do you expect your friends this evening?
A student: Yes, I do.
The teacher: What did I ask him?
Another student: You asked him | whether he expected his friends this
evening.
The teacher: What did he answer?
A third student: He answered that he did.

402
:
a) 1. Can you read English books in the original?
2. Do you usually come across many new words when you read English
books?
3. Have you ever been to the Caucasus?
4. Did you like it there?
5. Is the weather usually fine or bad in the Caucasus in autumn?
6. Have you travelled a lot?
7. Did you go to the front when the Great Patriotic War broke out?
8. Did you get married long ago?
b) 1. Are you an only child or are there other children in your family?
2. Have you a son or a daughter?
3. Did you study at an institute or did you work during the war?
4. Do you usually speak English or Russian at home?
5. Will you go on your holiday to the South or will you stay in Moscow?
III. ,
.
)
- .
.
.
.
.
1. ,
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
2. ,
.
.

.
- .
3. , ,
.
.

.
4. .
, .
.

403
, .
.

.
.
5.
.
,
- .
.
) 1. , . 2. ,
- . 3. ,
. 4. ,
. 5. ,
, . 6. ,
-. 7.
, .
8. , ,
. 9. , .
) ,
( ) if.
1. ,
. 2. , .
3. , ,
. 4. ,
. 5. , .
6. , ,
. 7. ,
, .
IV. (. 90).
a) All the engineers working ,
at our Ministry must know ,
foreign languages. .
b) You must learn all the ,
words given on page 125. 125.
c) You must correct all the ,
mistakes made by you in
the last control work. .
V. ,
.
) 1. , ,
, , . 2.
, . 3.

404
, (the lives) .
4. , ,
, (
). 5. ,
3? 6. , . 7.
1- , () ,
. 8.
. 9.
. 10.
?
) 1. , , .
? 2. ,
. 3. , ,
. 4.
,
. 5. , , .
6. , ,
. 7. , () ,
. 8. ,
, .
VI. (. 92).
1. We wanted them to . 2. I did not expect him to . 3. We should like
them to . 4. I dont want my sister to . 5. I didnt expect you to . 6. I should
like my son to . 7. We dont want our friends to . 8. My sister would like you
to . 9. They wanted their children to .
VII. .
a) We didnt want the children , to
go out as it was raining. , .
b) I should like you to read , -
this novel by Dickens. .
c) They expect us to answer ,
their letter immediately. .
VIII. ,
to want, to expect
should (would) like.
a)
.
.
1. .
, .
, .
.

405
,

?
?
?
2. ,
?
, ?
?

.
.
.
3. , .
, .
. .

.
.
.
4. , , , .
.
.
.
) 1. , . 2. ,
, . 3. ,
, . 4. ,
. 5. ,
, . 6. ,
. 7. ,
. 8. , . 9.
(), . 10. ,
. . ?

-
IX. ,
, .
Do you expect any patients? Bauman asked the dentist.
Has he brought the police with him? Bauman thought.
It isnt your turn, one of the patients said.
I cant wait, the spy answered.
X. .

406
XI. ,
.
fame, fact, far, fare, fill, spill, stir, fire,
tube, blunt, burn, cure, throne, fox, storm, ore,
mete, fence, term, here type, rythm, Byrd, tyre.
XII. ,

.
interruption meaning luckily
impatient revolutionary indifferent
impatiently quietly disagree
unexpectedly lucky meaningless
III. , ,
- ,
.
invitation Japanese rainy
fifty lecture carelessness
serious dentist central
agreement moneyless active
carefully meaning buyer
XIV. , .
1. What episodes illustrating the heroism of our people do you know?
2. Is English the only foreign language you know?
3. Are you an only child in the family?
4. Why dont you like it when people interrupt you?
5. What do you usually say if you want to interrupt somebody?
6. In which of his books did Gorky describe the struggle of the working
people of Russia?
7. What do you usually do first when you come home after work?
8. Why was it difficult for you to read English books in the original at first?
9. What do you say when somebody is talking or laughing loudly and you
cant hear your friend over the telephone?
10. When do you say, Stop smoking here?
11. What do you do if you expect some guests?
12. What preposition do we use () after the verb to wait?
13. What is the difference between the words to expect and to wait? (Give
examples).
14. Whom do we call patients?
15. What do you do if you dont know the meaning of a new word?
16. Is it better to stay in or to go out if one has a headache?
17. When do you say, Never mind!?
18. Why do you mind if people are smoking in your room?

407
19. Do you mind going to the theatre to-night?
20. Do you mind my asking you a question?
21. What things can we usually see in a waiting-room?
22. What do you say when it is your turn to read?
23. Do you like to have dinner at a table by the window? When do (or dont)
you like it? Why?
24. Have you ever had a terrible toothache?
25. What do you do if you have a bad toothache?
26. Have you ever been at a loss what to do? When was it?
27. Why do we have to watch little children when they are playing?
28. How many meanings of the verb to order do you know?
29. When do you usually say Good luck to your friends?
30. Do your children usually go on with their lessons after they come back
from school or do they have a rest first?
XV. .
1. We started for the place where our friends were waiting for us. 2. I could
not remember where I had met that man before. 3. Comrade Karev will introduce
me to his new neighbours when I come to his place. 4. I forgot when we made up
our minds to go to the country. 5. I shall try to explain to you where we shall meet
tomorrow. 6. You will have to go to the doctors again when you return from the
South. 7. The patient forgot when he was to* see the doctor again. 8. My son re-
minded me that I had promised to allow him to go to the cinema that day.
XVI.
, , .
I was born at ___ number Nineteen, ___ Turnmill Street, ___ London. ___
Mother died when I was five years old. As ___ Father worked from ___ morning till
___ night, he had no ___ time to take ___ care of ___ sister and me.
So, soon he brought home ___ woman, whose ___ name was Mrs. Burke, and
said that she would be ___ stepmother (). When ___ Father was at home, she
pretended to be kind (). But when he was out, she beat () me very often.
From ___ morning till ___ night she found ___ work for me to do. We did not like
each other. ___ stepmother was ___ very bad woman. She bought ___ gin ()
with ___ money which ___ Father gave her for my dinner and she did not let me tell
him about it. She beat me if I did not tell ___ Father what ___ wonderful dinner I
had had.
One day ___ woman came to see ___ stepmother and they had very much gin.
They spent all ___ money that ___ Father had left for our dinner.
When ___ woman went home, ___ stepmother asked me in ___ tears to help
her: ___ father will beat me if he learns that I have spent ___ money on ___ gin.
Please, tell him that I sent you to buy some food and you lost ___ money. Tell him

*
Was to .

408
that when you were going along ___ street, suddenly ___ big boy ran against you
( ) and ___ money fell out of ___ hand and you could not find it.
But he will beat me! I said.
Oh, no, he wont! I shall not let him beat you, you may be sure. Here is ___
penny () for you, go and buy ___ sweets. So, I went off and spent ___ penny
on ___ sweets. When I came back and opened ___ door, ___ Father was at home.
He was angry. When I saw him, I wanted to run out of ___ room, but he took me by
___ ear.
Stop ___ minute, ___ young man! he said. What have you done with ___
money?
Ive lost it, ___ Father! I said and looked at ___ stepmother.
Yes, he told me ___ same, she said. But he is not telling ___ truth! He has
spent ___ money on ___ sweets. I looked at her in ___ surprise, but did not say
anything. ___ Father began beating me. Then I tried to tell him ___ truth but could
not as he went on beating me, and he beat me till ___ arm was tired.
(After Greenwood, The True History of a Little Ragamuffin*).
XVII. , .
1. Why did you get angry ___ me yesterday when I reminded you ___ your
promise to tell ___ us some interesting story? I asked a friend of mine. It only
seemed ___ you that I was angry, he said ___ surprise, I was terribly tired, and it
was difficult ___ me to speak. Thats all. 2. If any grammar rule is not clear ___
you, you must ask your teacher to explain it ___ you again, because you will not be
able to do your exercises ___ home. 3. Will you look ___ my children while I am
away? Sure, Ann and I can do it ___ turn. 4. I was not ___ the front ___ the Great
Patriotic War because I was only ten ___ that time. But I have read many books ___
our soldiers and officers and seen many films ___ the struggle ___ our people ___
the German fascists. My elder brother was ___ the front and died the death ___ a
hero. I am very proud ___ him and other people who fought and died ___ the free-
dom and independence ___ our Motherland. 5. ___ first he did not agree ___ me,
but then he understood that he was mistaken. 6. The doctor asked me if I could take
care ___ my sick neighbour. He could not go ___, and he had nobody else to help
___ him. 7. We dont remember ___ what words this story ends. But we remember
that all ___ us were crying when our grandmother read it ___ us. 8. Watch ___ this
boy, please. It seems ___ me that he wants to get ___ our garden, the lady said to
her maid. 9. Stay ___ us a little longer. If it gets dark, well accompany you ___ the
station. 10. ___ first the article seemed so difficult ___ me that I was ___ a loss, but
after I had read it several times, I understood it better and could go ___ ___ my work.
11. As Comrade N. was sitting ___ the door ___ the meeting, he had to get up ___
his chair and open it each time somebody knocked.

*
Ragamuffin [rmfn] .

409
XVIII. :
) .
1. . 2.
. 3. ,
. . 4.
. 5.
. 6.
1- . 7.
. 8. . 9.
7- ,
. 10.
. , . 11.
. 12.
. 13. ,
. 14.
. 15. ,
, . 16.
.
)
: to stop, to begin, to go on, to finish, to continue, to
mind. , , (. 91).
1. . , .
2. , ,
. 3.
. , , ,
. 4. , ,
() . 5. ,
, . . 6.
, . . 7.
, *? , .
. 8.
, . 9.
, . 10. ,
? 11. (a reproduction) ,
. 12.
, . 13. ,
, . 14.
.

*
see smb. to the station.

410
XIX. .






()
XX.
.
1. My son joined the army after he (to finish, to graduate) school. 2. (first, at
first) it was difficult for Ann to take care of the wounded soldiers, but then she be-
came a very good nurse (. ). 3. Alexander spoke to the sick man (first, at
first) and then he went to professor N. (to find, to find out) who the man really was.
4. When I saw an English film last week, I couldnt understand anything (first, at
first). 5. I (not to expect, to wait) that you had such a wonderful memory! 6. He had
changed so much that I did not recognize him (first, at first). 7. He wondered if he
had lost that book or whether he (to leave, to forget) it at home. 8. All the patients
feel quite well (except, besides) Popov, said the doctor. 9. During the lesson we
often ask (each other, one another) questions in English. 10. I (to find, to find out)
many mistakes in your work. Your spelling is very poor, (except, besides) that, you
have made some bad grammar mistakes. 11. Dont (to except, to wait for) Comrade
Petrov. He has just rung us up and told us that he would not be able to come to-night.
So we may begin our meeting without him. 12. You must take good care of this (ill,
sick) woman, the doctor said. 13. You must take good care of this woman. She is
very (sick, ill).
XXI. , : )
, 1, 5 ; )
.
the only way out, first of all, to mean, to accompany, to pretend, to have a
headache, to mind, to be at a loss, in surprise, to wonder, to go on with smth., since.
XXII. .
a fight, to finish, to continue, suddenly, a sick person, each other, because, to
take care of , to see to the station, not at all, thats all right.
XXIII. .
joyless foreign happy
to find impolite gay
to fall ill different a lie
loud lucky

411
XIV. , .
1. ,
? . , ,
. , ,
, . 2.
, .
, . 3. ,
. . 4.
, . 5.
, . 6. ,
. ,
. 7. , .
8. , . 9.
, , . 10. ,
. 11. , luckily.
,
. 12. . , .
? ? .
. 13. ,
. . 14.
, . ,
. 15. - ? .
. , .
? , , (
) . .
. 16. ,
- . 17. ,
. 18. ( ) ,
! . 19. ,
,
. 20.
, ,
, . 21. -,
.
-,
- . 22. ,
-. 23. ,
, . 24. ,
. ,
. 25. , .
. ,
, . ,
: ,
. 26. , . 27.

412
. . ,
(to compose) . 28. , ,
.
XXV. -,
.

,
.
(front door), ,
- ( - ). ,,,
, .
, , .
, (
). , ,
, ,
.
. : -
?* , .
, ,
() : (
), . ,
, ?
.
, (). (You are wel-
come), .
. ,
.
( )



XXVI. .
1. Why did the meeting take place in the dentists flat?
2. Why did Bauman ask the doctor whether the latter expected any patients?
3. Why did all those present know what to do when somebody knocked at
the door?
4. Why was it necessary to keep the spy in the flat as long as possible?
5. Why did Bauman say that if one had any bad teeth, he must certainly have
them pulled out?
6. Was the doctor serious when he told the patient to take better care of his
teeth?

*
To watch for .

413
VII. .
1. When one is at a loss what to do.
2. When one is pale.
3. When one is angry.
4. When one is tired.
5. When one is ill.
6. When one is afraid.
7. When one is sorry.
8. When one is glad.
XXVIII. : ) ; )
; ) .
XXIX. ,
.
1. At the Dentists.
teeth, except, a toothache, terrible, a mouth, first, to stop, a dentist, a waiting-
room, the only, to examine, to pull out, to take good care.
2. A Front-Line Episode.
The Great Patriotic War, to join, an army, a front, to take part, a battle, first, a
spy, to pretend, to watch (for), lucky, to wonder, to be at a loss, to expect, to be proud
of, to report.
XXX. :
) ; ) , ; )
; ) - ,
, .
XXXI. : )
; ) -
.

414
LESSON TWENTY-SIX (THE TWENTY-SIXTH LESSON)
Text: A SOVIET PILOT
Grammar: 1. (The Passive Voice) Indef-
inite (. 93).
2. (. 94).
Well, | weve had a good rest. .
Lets get down to work. .
Im sorry my paper is written in ,
pencil. But theres nothing to be .
done. Our time is up. . .
Excuse my inter rupting you, | but , ,
youre wanted on the phone. .
My son was suddenly taken ill | ,
and I had to stay at home. .
A big English ship was approaching a Soviet port in the White Sea. The ship
was a few miles off1 the port when a terrible storm broke. It became quite dark. A
strong wind was blowing, big waves were rolling over the deck. The crew fought
the storm bravely, but all they did was not enough. The ship was still in great danger.
Though the shore could already be seen in the distance, it was impossible to land.
The English sailors were terribly tired and the ship could hardly move on when
she was noticed from the shore by Soviet sailors. Soon the crew of the ship saw a
small boat approaching them and a few minutes later a Soviet pilot was on board the
ship. The pilot started working at once. The captain, who was watching the pilots
work with great pleasure, thought: Its good luck they have noticed us. Now the
ship will be safely directed to the shore, I am sure.
The storm did not stop. The sky was covered with dark clouds and it was
raining hard. But the ship directed by the brave Soviet pilot sailed straight to the
shore. Soon she was in the port and out of danger.
What a wonderful pilot he is! thought the captain and went up to the pilot
to thank him before he left the ship.
The captain wanted to say something pleasant.
I say! He began. The pilot turned round and and to the captains great
surprise he saw the pleasant face of a young woman with blue smiling eyes and a
small turned-up nose.
I say, he repeated, but this time with quite a different expression. Who has
sent you here? Dont you know that a woman at sea2 brings misfortune? He was
so excited and angry that he could hardly go on.
Nobody has sent me here, Vera Pavlova answered calmly. Ive just done
my duty, Im a Soviet pilot and Im proud of it.
She was about to leave the ship when something unexpected happened. She
heard one of the sailors crying out loudly: Thank you, pilot! and his words re-
peated by the whole crew were carried far away by the wind.

415

1. The ship was a few miles off the port. (
) .
off - .
off ,
, .. ,
(: , , ,
), :
to take , to take off
to put , to put off
2. Dont you know that a woman at sea brings misfortune?
, (.. ) ?
at sea ,
, ,
, .
.
:
at school , to school , at table .

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


a pilot [ palt] ,
to approach [tu prout]* ,

to approach:
. We were approaching the town.
approaches
Prp at the approaches to ... ...
e.g. My elder brother took part in -
some fierce battles at the
approaches to Kursk. .
a mile ( : 1 = 1,609 )
a storm ,
e.g. On the fourth day of our -
voyage a storm broke. .
a wind [ wnd]
W. comb a strong wind
a fresh wind
:
A few miles off the shore the
wind began blowing, and ,
soon a storm broke. .
A few miles off the shore

416
strong wind began blowing .
( -
).
windy
W. comb a windy day
to blow (blew, blown) [t blou,
blu:, bloun]
e.g. If the wind is still blowing, , -
dont take the child for a walk. .
Phr to blow ones nose ,

a wave
wavy
W. comb wavy hair
to roll [t roul] , , ,
over 1. ()
e.g. There was a lamp over the table. .
2. , ()
e.g. There is a village over the river. .
Phr all over the world
e.g. The name of the great Russian -
writer Tolstoy is known all over .
the world.
Phr over there ( -
)
e.g. The book is over there on .
that shelf.
3.
()
*4.
()
e.g. The lesson is over. .
to roll over
to turn over ()
a deck
W. comb to go (come) out on deck
e.g. The captain went out on deck. .
a crew , (,
..)
a team
W. comb a football team
a volley-ball team
the Spartak team
danger [dend]
W. comb to be in danger

417
to be out of danger
Syn to be safe
e.g. Now the life of this patient is
out of danger, said the doctor. , .
dangerous
e.g. Its dangerous to swim during .
storm.
a distance [ dstns]
:
Our village is at a distance of
( ten kilometres from the
10 ) - town.
.
Phr in the distance
e.g. We could see the shore in the .
distance.
safely
to direct
Phr to direct ones steps
a direction*
a director*
to cover [t kv] 1. , ,
e. g. The table was covered with .
white table-cloth.
2. () - -

e.g. The travellers covered a distance -
of ten miles. .
a cloud
e.g. Its warm to-day. The sky is . .
covered with clouds. It will .
snow soon.
to surprise [t spraz] ,
Gr to be surprised at smth. or smb. (-, -)
to get surprised
to be (get) surprised:
He Dont get surprised at all these
! changes.
- You mustnt be surprised that
, weve introduced all these
. changes.
, I was greatly surprised that he
. knew me.

418
a nose
W. comb a straight nose
a turned up nose
an expression [n kspren] 1. (, ) (to express
)
:
There was an expression of joy
. on his face.
There was an expression of joy
. in his eyes.
2. ( )
e.g. We learn many English words
and expressions every day. .
a misfortune [ msf:tn] (a fortune , )
:
. A misfortune fell upon him.
to excite [tu ksat] ,
Gr to be excited
to get excited
e.g. Dont get excited! He !
calm [k:m]
Syn quiet ,
W. comb calm weather
a calm sea
a calm voice
calmly
to calm down
Ant to get excited
e.g. At first the sick boys mother -
got excited, but when the doctor , ,
had explained to her that her , -
childs life was out of danger, she , .
calmed down.
a duty 1. ,
W. comb to do ones duty
2. ,
W. comb to be on duty
e.g. Whos on duty to-day? ?
about 1. , ()
e.g. We often speak about you. .
*2. , ()
e.g. is about fifty. .
Gr to be about to do smth. -

419
e.g. I was about to go out when ,
you rang me up. .
whole , , (, , )
:
the whole day
the whole crew
the whole world
the whole book
the whole apple
Ho!
all the students
all the books
to carry ,
e.g. Will you help me to carry He
my suit-case to the station? ?
to carry out ,
Syn to fulfil
W. comb to carry out a plan
to carry out an order ()

. alm
alm [:m], :
calm [k:m]

. mis-
mis- [ms] ,
, :
fortune , misfortune ,
to understand to misunderstand
to hear to mishear



I. ,
,
.
to go, to take, to lose, to find out, to lie, to stop, to expect, to swim, to interrupt,
to come, to introduce, to speak, to reach, to remind, to operate, to belong, to
touch, to throw, to break, to break out.

420
II.
, (.
93).
1. Our conversation was interrupted by a knock at the door. 2. Such questions
are not usually discussed at our meetings. 3. A new library will be opened in this
village next month. 4. Are many or few new houses usually built in our city every
year? 5. Do you know that this book was translated into English only two years
ago? 6. Our town is often visited by foreign tourists. 7. When was Odessa liberated
from the German fascists? 8. The doctor was asked to help the sick woman. 9. When
the teacher begins explaining to us a new rule, he is never interrupted. 10. I wasnt
given this book though I wanted to read it. 11. He was shown the way to the post-
office at once. 12. I shall be introduced to his family this evening. 13. He can be
given these magazines on Monday. 14. His address must be found as soon as pos-
sible. 15. This picture is often looked at. 16. This performance is much spoken
about. 17. His yesterdays lecture was listened to with great interest. 18. Those
children must be taken good care of. 19. Comrade Serov must be sent for at once.
20. This sick man must be immediately operated on.
III. ,
.
1. These books are sold everywhere. 2. The students are given much home-
work every day. 3. What kind of books are usually discussed at your lessons?
4. Comrade Ivanov is often asked to translate articles from English into Russian.
5. My mothers birthday is celebrated on the 29th of May.
IV.
.
1. Your answer is expected to-day. 2. Their exercise-books were looked
through yesterday. 3. Our work will be finished tomorrow. 4. His report was dis-
cussed at the University. 5. Those engineers will be given some interesting work to
do next month. 6. His brothers work is much spoken about at this factory. 7. The
village can be reached before evening. 8. This report will be made by a well-known
professor. 9. I shall be taught how to drive a car.
V.
, .
1. must (to remind, to be reminded) that well have a meeting tomorrow.
2. Their lesson must (not to interrupt, not to be interrupted). 3. He (to tell, to be told)
to take care of the wounded man. 4. It was difficult for them (to find out, to be found
out) his address. 5. Many guests (to invite, to be invited) to my brothers birthday
party yesterday. 6. My brother (to invite, to be invited) many guests to his birthday
party yesterday. 7. My brother (to invite, to be invited) to his friends birthday party
yesterday. 8. These problems often (to speak of, to be spoken of). 9. I think that this
patient must (to take good care of, to be taken good care of). 10. We (not to expect,
not to be expected) them yesterday. 11. They (not to expect, not to be expected)

421
yesterday. 12. They (not to expect, not to be expected) us yesterday. 13. We (to
finish, to be finished) our work tomorrow.
VI. .
1. All the patients are usually examined in room 17. 2. This engineer was in-
troduced to us by the Klimovs. 3. That part of our country is described in many
books. 4. The students will be asked many different questions at the examinations.
5. Last month my brother was operated on by professor Glebov. 6. The doctor was
sent for two hours ago. 7. The boy was told to be back home at six oclock.
VII. ,

.
a) I was shown the way to the station. .
b) will never be forgotten. .
to ask, to teach, to promise, to allow, to show, to give, to tell, to meet, to
answer, to leave, to save, to invite.
VIII. ,
,
,
.
was listened to with great -
pleasure. .
to laugh at to think of to ask for
to look for to look after to operate on
to speak of to send for to listen to
to speak to to remind of to turn to smb. for smth.
IX. ,
.
)
1.
.

2.

.

3.
.

422
4.
.

5.
.

6.

?

.
.
.
.
.
.
, .
7.
, .
.
.
.
.

.

) 1. . . 2.
(home-reading). 3.
, . 4. ,
. 5. , ,
, 20 . 6. ,
. 7.
? . 8. ,
. 9.
? 10. ,
. 11. , , , . 12.
, . 13.
,
. 14. . . 15.
. 16.
. 17. , . ?

423
) 1. , ()
. 2. , . 3.
. 4. .
5. . . 6.
. 7. .
.
X.
(. 94).
1. I have never heard her sing. 2. When we entered the room, we saw Comrade
Ivanov writing something. 3. We didnt notice him enter the room. 4. The pioneer
saw a stranger coming up to the house at the corner of the street. 5. I did not notice
him going out of the room. 6. I watched the young girl playing the piano. 7. Have
you ever seen them play chess together?
XI. ,
.
:
I saw him
I saw him speaking to Comrade Pavlov.
I have never seen him
I have never seen him play chess.
1. We saw them 2. The young mother watched her child 3. We have
never heard him 4. Have you ever seen them ? 5. We did not notice him
6. Has your teacher ever heard Comrade Klimov ? 7. When did you see your little
son ? 8. This girl has a fine voice. Have you ever heard her ? 9. They did not
see us . 10. Have you ever watched ?
XII. ,
.
)
.
1. , -.
.

?
?
?
2. , ?
?
?
?

424
.
.
.
3. , .
.
.
.

4. , ?
?
?
- ?

5. , .
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
6. , .
.
.
) 1. , ? 2. ,
. 3. ,
. 4. , . 5.
, , - .

-
XIII. , it was impossible to
land.
.
approaching a port fought the storm
smiling eyes in the distance
quite dark
great danger
XIV. ,
.
calm, palm, balm, balmy, talk, chalk, walk, class, grass, glasses, ask, task,
cast, fast, ferry, carry, mole, mire, parley, share, screw, seal, blast, fume,

425
drum, rude, faded, rattle, marvel, lest, beetle, gleam, rally, berry, shave,
rocket, role, stork.
XV. , ,
,
.
newcomer windy cloudy
present dangerous misunderstanding
misfortune Motherland unexpectedly
darkness impossible wavy
bravely terribly fulfilment
misunderstand expression calmly
excitement calmness cloudless
XVI. ,
,
- ,
.
dangerous meaningless stormy
readable active beautiful
central Viet-Namese
XVII. , .
1. What synonyms of the word to approach do you know?
2. Is it easy to approach a port during a storm?
3. Do you like stormy or calm weather?
4. When were the Germans defeated at the approaches to Moscow?
5. When were they defeated at the approaches to Stalingrad?
6. How many miles a day can you cover on foot ()?
7. Does it become warmer or colder when the wind begins blowing?
8. When can one see high waves on the sea?
9. Do you like to go out on deck when you are making a voyage?
10. Have you ever travelled on board a large ship? How many men were there
in the crew?
11. Which football team do you like best of all?
12. How many sportsmen are there usually in a football team?
13. What kind of people do we call brave?
14. Why was our country in danger in 1942?
15. What synonym to the expression to be out of danger do you know?
16. When are nights warmer in winter: when the sky is clear or when it is
covered with clouds?
17. When does one usually get surprised?
18. When are people usually excited?
19. Why does one get excited at the examination?
20. Is it easy to speak calmly when you are excited?
21. What must a pupil do when he s on duty?

426
22. Did anything unexpected happen when you were about to leave the office
yesterday?
23. Was the whole group present at the lesson yesterday?
XVIII. .
1. The storm broke after we had reached the port (1). 2. The trees are cov-
ered with snow in winter (2). 3. We were asked if the wind was still blowing (2).
4. We were introduced to the captain by a friend of ours (3). 5. I can hardly rec-
ognize you because you have greatly changed (1). 6. Many ships were seen in the
distance (1). 7. My daughters son always gets very excited when I bring him new
toys (3). 8. At three oclock we were already approaching the village (2). 9. We
havent noticed any mistakes here (2). 10. This suit-case will be carried by my
brother (1).
XIX. ,
.
1. A group of pupils came ___ ___ the old teacher and one of them said: We
thank you ___ all you have done ___ us. We wish you many years ___ happy life
and fruitful work. Please, take this book ___ a present ___ us. 2. When the Great
Patriotic War broke ___,Vera Popova, a student ___ one ___ the medical institutes,
joined ___ the army and went ___ the front. ___ the war she worked ___ a nurse
(. ) ___ a field hospital. She helped ___ the doctors save the lives ___ the
wounded soldiers and officers. She took good care ___ the wounded. Very often her
own life was ___ danger, but the brave girl always thought first ___ the wounded.
When the war was over, Vera entered ___ the First Moscow Medical Institute. In
1950 she graduated ___ the Institute and went ___ her native village to work there
___ a doctor. 3. Before the Revolution the school where we studied was ___ a dis-
tance ___ twelve kilometres ___ our village. It was very difficult ___ the children to
cover that distance ___ autumn and ___ winter. 4. Can you show ___ us the way
___ the rest-home? we asked a young girl. It is ___ there, she answered, pointing
() to something white that could be seen ___ the distance. It seemed ___
us that the rest-home was ___ a distance ___ some five or six kilometres ___ the
place where we stood. 5. There was an expression of joy ___ my little daughters
face when ___ the surprise of all the children the doll () opened and closed its
eyes and said Ma! ___ a loud voice. 6. Yesterday when I was choosing ()
a book ___ my daughter ___ the library I came ___ a very interesting book describ-
ing the life of a little Soviet boy ___ school and ___ home. I took the book, but did
not give it ___ my daughter ___ once. I decided to read it first. When I began reading
the book, it reminded me ___ my own childhood. 7. ___ 1943 my brother fought
___ the fascists ___ the approaches ___ Moscow. There were many former
() students of the Moscow institutes ___ the soldiers ___ his unit. 8. When
I looked ___ the window, I saw that winter had come. Everything around was cov-
ered ___ snow. 9. Your fathers life is ___ ___ danger, but he must be taken good
care ___, said the doctor. l0. We stood ___ the shore ___ the sea and watched ___

427
a boat sailing some half a mile ___ the shore. It moved ___ and ___, farther and
farther ___ the shore and soon it could hardly be seen ___ the distance.
XX.
, , .
___ Monday came. On ___ Monday morning ___ Tom always felt unhappy,
because he did not like to go to ___ school. He lay in ___ bed thinking (). He
wanted to be ill. Then he could stay at home. He tried to find some symptoms of ___
illness in him, but couldnt. Suddenly he discovered () that one of ___
upper () teeth was loose (). This was lucky. He wanted to begin
crying, but remembered in ___ time that ___ aunt () would pull out ___ tooth,
and he was afraid of it. Then he remembered that ___ doctor had once spoken about
___ patient who had ___ mortified finger ( ) and thats why had to
stay in ___ bed for two weeks. Tom looked at one of ___ fingers and decided to try.
He began crying loudly. But ___ brother Sid continued sleeping and heard nothing.
Tom cried louder and louder and it really seemed to him that he had ___ mortified
finger.
Then Sid opened ___ eyes and said: Tom, I say, Tom! Stop crying! What is
___ matter?
Oh, Sid, I am dying! Tom cried out. Sid got excited and did not know what
to do. He put ___ clothes on and ran to ___ aunt Polly as quickly as he could. Some
minutes later, ___ aunt ran up to Tom with Mary and Sid behind her.
You, Tom! Tom, what is ___ matter with you, ___ child?
Oh, ___ dear aunt, ___ finger!
Aunt Polly looked at ___ finger but did not see anything wrong with it.
Whats wrong with ___ finger? she asked calmly. mortified! Tom cried out.
___ old lady () looked at ___ finger again, then sat down into ___ arm-
chair and began laughing. Sid and Mary looked at each other and could not under-
stand anything.
Tom felt ___ little foolish (, ), but he was not at ___ loss.
Yes, ___ aunt Polly, ___ finger, and besides ___ I forgot to tell you about
___ tooth.
What is ___ matter with ___ tooth?
It is loose, and I have ___ terrible toothache. Open ___ mouth. Well, you
are right. ___ tooth is really loose. Mary, bring me ___ silk thread (
).
When Tom heard ___ last words, ___ expression of ___ face changed and he
cried out: Oh, ___ aunt, please, dont pull it out. I dont feel any toothache now. I
dont want to stay at home, I want to go to ___ school.
Oh, Tom, so all this was because you thought you would stay home from ___
school and go fishing ( ). Tom, Tom, I love you so much, and you it
seems to me that you try everything to break ___ old heart
(After Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain)

428
XXI.
.
, , , , , , , ,
, , , , , , , ,
, , , (2), , , (),
, , , , , , ,
, .
XXII. .
to be safe in the direction of to fall ill
quiet to continue near the city of N.
to fulfil to be over to be against
XXIII. .
polite to be calm to break out
to be safe to be taken ill to get excited
to go away cloudless to disagree
XXIV. , : )
, 1, 2 ; )
.
to approach, all over the world, to go out on deck, dangerous, in the distance,
at a distance of, an expression, to get excited, to calm down, to be about to do
smth., whole.
XXV. ,
.
1. . , , ,
. ,
.
, .
.
. 2. -
? .
. (three-
storeyed) . 3. , . ,
, ( ) .
4. ,
(in) . 5. (
anger),
, (to question) . 6.
, ( ).
, . 7.
. 8.
, .

429
9. , . ,
.
. , .
. ,
. , .
. . 10.
... . , . 11.
,
, . 12.
-, . 13. , .
, , ,
. 14. , . 15.
. , .
. 16. . . ,
, . 17. ,
( stadium), ( )
( ). 18. ,
(a goal | keeper)? , . 19.
, , !
20. , .
21. . 22. .
. 8 , . 23. ,
, ,
. 24. ,
, . 25.
, .
, , . 26.
,
. 27. , , .
XXVI. , .
My name is Robinson Crusoe [kru: sou]. I was born in the City of York.
When I was quite a boy, I wanted to become a sailor. I dreamed of voyages to distant
() countries as I felt rather unhappy at home.
Once when I was eighteen years old, I started for Hull [hl], where I met a
boy whom I had seen in my native town before. His father was captain of a ship
which was starting for London that very day. The boy said to me: Will you come
with us, Rob? I was very glad to join them onboard the ship.
When we were some miles off the shore, the sky began to cover with clouds,
and it was not long before a terrible storm broke. The weather became worse with
every minute. Suddenly one of the sailors cried out that something terrible had hap-
pened to the ship, and it seemed she was in great danger.
I was so excited that I could hardly understand anything. Its the end, I
thought, We shall all die. At that moment we noticed a ship in the distance. When
the ship came nearer, a small boat was sent out to help us.

430
The waves were rolling over the boat, but the brave sailors did their best to
break through the wind and the waves. At last the boat reached us, and we all safely
got into it. The moment we got off the ship, a big wave covered her and soon she
disappeared under the water.
It took us several hours to reach the shore. When at last we had landed, my
friend told his father who I was and how I had got on board the ship. I was about to
tell him of our bad luck when the captain interrupted me angrily, Young man, you
have brought us misfortune. Never go to sea again.
I could hardly say a word when I heard him, but I decided that I should go on
trying to make a sailor.
Indeed ( ), soon I was lucky to make friends with a captain
who took me on another voyage.
(After Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe)



XXVII. .
XXVIII. : ) ; ) ; )
.
XXIX. , ,
.
XXX. , .
1. A Sailors Story
hardly, wind, in the distance, to notice, to cover, brave, a storm, a cloud, to
reach, to blow, danger, safely.
2. My Visit to an Exhibition
the sky, excited, surprise, clear, hair, to be about to do smth., to be full of, a
turned-up nose, calmly, gay, an expression.
XXXI. ,
.
1. When one is very much surprised.
2. When one gets excited.
3. When one can hardly walk (continue ones work, read a book).
4. When one is in danger.
XXXII. .
1. A woman Hero of Socialist Labour ().
2. A woman a well-known teacher.
3. A woman a famous pilot.
4. A woman Hero of the Soviet Union.

431
XXXIII.
: ) , )
.

432
LESSON TWENTY-SEVEN (THE TWENTY-SEVENTH LESSON)
Text: A YELLOW STORK (A Chinese Tale)
Grammar: 1. I (. 95).
2. (. 96).
3. to be
(. 97).
4.
to make (. 98).
Is this book on sale now?
?
I am sorry to say not. , .
No wonder |, its so interest- .
ing! !
Go to some library. No .
doubt, | youll find it there. () .
***
I am sorry Ive kept you ,
waiting so long! !
Never mind. (Thats all ( ).
right).

People say that once there lived in China a poor student, whose name was Me.
The student Me was so poor that he couldnt pay even for a cup of tea.
Once, being very hungry, Me entered one of the small tea-rooms of the town
and asked its owner to give him something to eat as he was dying of hunger. The
owner felt sorry for the poor young man and gave him some food, though he knew
that he wouldnt be paid for it.
Some months had passed. Once Me appeared in the tea-room again and said
to its owner:
I am leaving this place for ever. Ive got no money to pay for all Ive eaten
here. However, I dont want to be ungrateful. Saying these words the student Me
took a piece of yellow chalk out of his pocket and to the owners great surprise drew
a stork on the wall of the tearoom. The stork looked quite like a real one except for
his yellow colour1.
This stork, said Me, will bring you ten times as much money as I owe you 2.
Each time people gather in the tea-room and clap their hands three times, the stork
will get off the wall and dance3. Remember one thing, however,you are not to
make the stork dance for one man only. And now, good-bye! With these words the
student Me turned round and left the tea-room.
The owner was greatly surprised and decided to see whether the student had
told him the truth. On the following day, when his tearoom was crowded with peo-
ple, he asked them to clap their hands three times. And the moment they did so, the
yellow stork got off the wall and began dancing. How gaily and amusingly he
danced!

433
When the stork finished his performance, he bowed and went back to its place
on the wall. The guests could hardly believe their eyes. They had enjoyed them-
selves greatly. One could hear them talk about the wonderful bird when leaving the
tea-room.
The news about the dancing stork reached every corner of the town4. Every-
body wanted to see this miracle with his own eyes. So day by day the owner of the
tea-room was getting richer and richer, though his tearoom was usually visited by
poor people.
Once, however, a rich man arrived at the tea-room. He had also heard about
that miracle and wanted to amuse himself that night.
Entering the tea-room he saw only poor people sitting around. He put a lot of
money on the table in front of the owner and said that he wanted his wonderful stork
to dance for him alone. Seeing so much money the owner forgot what the student
had warned him of. He clapped his hands three times. The stork got off the wall as
usual, but how slowly and unwillingly he danced! How sad and ill he looked! He
didnt finish his dance this time and without a bow went back to its place and never
moved again. The rich man clapped his hands many times, he shouted at the bird
angrily trying to make the stork get off the wall and finish his performance, but the
bird wouldnt move.5 The owner of the tea-room got very much upset because he
realized that they could no longer make the stork dance.
At night a loud knock at the door was heard. When the owner went to answer
it, he saw the student Me standing there in silence. Without a single word Me took
a small pipe out of his pocket, played a tune and slowly went away. Suddenly the
stork moved, quickly got off the wall and hurried after the student. Since then no-
body has ever seen the student Me with his wonderful stork again.
Old people say that if any such miracle appears in any place, it must belong
to all people. But if any man tries to keep it for his own pleasure, it will disappear
just as the yellow stork did.


1. The stork looked quite like a real one except for his yellow colour. Aucm
, (
).
except for , :
looked quite a young man except ,
for his gray hair. .
2. This stork will bring you ten times as much money as I owe you.
( ),
.
,
, as ... as
(
much) , ,

434
. ,
, , ,
,
, :
mother is twice as old as I am. .
knows twice as many words as , .
I do.
spent twice as much time on the -
translation as she did. , .
:
sister is five years older than
my brother. .
3. Each time people gather in the tea-room ... the stork will get off the wall
and dance. , ,
.
each every ,
. , each
, , a
every , .
, every
day, every hour. every student ,
, , ( , ..),
each student , ,
:
Every student must work hard to
become a good specialist. ,
.
Each student of our group has read
five English books this year.
.
each every , of
each :
Each of us must know two or three
foreign languages. .
4. The news about the dancing stork reached every corner of the town.
(
).
news , , information , ,
progress , , advice ,
.
. ,

435
many few. , () ..
a piece of news, a piece of advice.
:
- This news was very interesting.
.
In his report the young scientist
(- gave much fresh information.
).
Their students have made much
. (great) progress lately.
. gave me a piece of good advice.
5. He shouted at the bird angrily, but the bird wouldnt move.
... . (
).
Wouldnt - ,
, , :
I tried my best to open the door, but
it wouldnt open. ,
.

ACTIVE WORDS AND WORD COMBINATIONS


a stork
hunger
to die (died, died, dying) ,
Prp to die of hunger
to die of some illness -
for ever
Syn for good
however [hauev]
grateful
Ant ungrateful
Gr to be grateful to smb. for smth. - -

e.g. I am grateful to you for all ,
you have done for me. .
a pocket
to draw (drew, drawn) [t dr:, dru:, dr:n] ,
a drawing [ dr:] ,
to paint
e.g. Have you ever seen any pictures - ,
painted by Repin? ?
a painter

436
Syn an artist
to owe
e.g. How much do I owe you? ? (=
?)
to gather [t ] ,
to clap ,
W. comb to clap ones hands
to make (made, made) .
e.g. Nothing could make him
change his plans. .
a crowd
to crowd , , -

Gr to be crowded
e.g. The square was crowded with .
people.
Gr to be overcrowded
e.g. The tram was so overcrowded ,
that we couldnt get on it. .
to bow [t bau]
a bow
to enjoy oneself ,
,
e.g. I heard you were in the country , .
yesterday. How did you enjoy ?
yourself?
news ,
e.g. Every day the radio brings us
much interesting news. .
information ,
e.g. This information is very important. .
advice ,
W. comb a piece of advice ()
e.g. gave me a piece of good .
advice.
progress
W. comb to make progress
e.g. Youll make great progress in -
your English if you read much. , .
day
Phr day by day ; ,

e.g. At first the sick man was very ,
weak, but after the operation he
got better day by day. .

437
to arrive [tu rav] ,
Syn to come
Prp to arrive at some small place () - -
( ..)
to arrive in some big city, port, etc. () -
, ..
:
We arrived at the station at six
. oclock a.m.
The tourists arrived in Moscow
. late at night.
a miracle [ mrkl] ,
to amuse [tu mju:z] ,
e.g. The story was very funny and
amused me greatly. .
to amuse oneself ,
amusing
e.g. The performance was amusing, ,
and we enjoyed it greatly.
.
to find oneself
e.g. At last the soldiers with their
wounded captain found themselves
in the forest and could have a rest. .
to warn [t w:n] ( , -
..)
Prp to warn smb. of smth. - -
e.g. The soldier warned his comrades -
of the coming danger. .
The doctor warned his patient ,
that he must not go out till -
Monday or he would get worse , .
again.
willingly
Ant. unwillingly
e.g. willingly agreed to help us. .
Will you join our excursion? ?
Most willingly, thank you. , -
.
to shout
Prp! to shout at smb. -
e.g. Never shout at little children! -
.

438
to upset (upset, upset) [tu pset]
W. comb to upset people
to upset ones plans -
Gr to be upset , .
to get upset ,
e.g. Dont get upset. In a few days He !
youll be quite well. .
to realize [t rlaz] , , -

Syn to understand
:
. I dont understand this rule.
(), They realized that they were in
. danger.
single 1. ,
e.g. He did not say a single word. .
2. , ,
e.g. Is he still single? ?
a pipe 1. , ,
2. ( )

. over-
over- [ouv] , ,
. , , ,
-, :
crowded overcrowded
to fulfil to overfulfil
board overboard



I.
(. 95).
1. When I entered the room, I saw so many people sitting at table, that I
couldnt find my friend among the guests at once. 2. Since I didnt know my
friends new address, I could hardly hope to find him. 3. When I was reading the
book you gave me yesterday, I came across many new words. 4. As Petrov was
very much excited, he didnt hear the teachers question and had to ask her to repeat
it. 5. When I was once walking in the forest alone, I lost my way and at first was
at a loss what to do, but then safely reached the village. 6. You must be very careful
when you carry out this work. 7. When Ann took care of the wounded during
the war, she sometimes had to work day and night. 8. As I had no dictionary
(), I couldnt find out what these expressions meant. 9. As my brother was

439
wounded at the approaches to Stalingrad in 1943, he could not continue fighting
against the German fascists. 10. Since Tom was at a loss what to do, he decided to
ask his friend for advice. 11. As we stood on deck, we could clearly see the shores
of our Motherland in the distance. 12. As I was not surprised at what had hap-
pened, I could not understand why everybody was so excited. 13. When you read
this book, write out interesting expressions if you come across any. 14. While we
discussed this book, we touched upon many interesting problems. 15. When I was
a boy of about ten, I often came to this river to bathe and enjoyed it greatly. 16. As
I was very much surprised at my friends appearance in my house at such a late
hour, I could hardly say a word. 17. When my mother watches gay and happy
children at play or at work, she always remembers her own hard and joyless child-
hood. 18. When he was asked the same question, he was at a loss at first too.
II. .
a) Walking along the street | ,
I met a friend of mine. .
( )
b) Being very busy | I ,
couldnt help them. .
( )
c) When in Moscow, | I ,
often went to see the .
Petrovs.
( )
d) While reading this book, | ,
I came across many new .
words.
( )
e) Be careful when crossing