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# Calculation Job No. Sheet No. Rev.

## FLAT SLAB STR01-KMY/MSTR

sheet
Member/Location
Job Title. PROPOSED MINISTRY BLOCK Org. Ref STR 01/02/KSM/2016
Made by B.O Date 12/12/16 Chd D.O
FLAT SLAB DESIGN GRID 9-9 CALCULATION SHEET 01
Reference CALCULATIONS OUTPUT
FLAT SLAB FLOOR CONSTRUCTION
FLOOR SLABS (1ST,2ND & Roof top)
For a solid slab without drops and a characteristic imposed load
5Kn/m, try a span effective depth ratio of estimated thickness =
5100/36+(25+16/2) = 174.66 say 175mm h= 175mm

## BS8110 Durability & Fire resistance Cover = 20mm

3.3 Nominal cover for mild conditions of exposure = 20mm. 1hr fire resistance ok
Table 3.3 Max fire resistance of 175mm slab with 20mm cover = 1hr >1hr
Table 3.4
Self weight 0.175 x 25 = 4.2 kN/m
Finishes and services = 1.0 kN/m
Characteristic dead load gk = 5.2 kN/m gk = 5.2 kN/m qk
3.5.2.4 Characteristic imposed load qk = 3.0 kN/m = 3.0 kN/m
Table 3.12
Design ultimate load n = 1.4 x 5.2+ 1.6x 3.0 = 12.08 kN/m n= 12.08 kN/m

Analysis
There are several methods of analysis are available, including the use of
simplified moment coefficients, equivalent frame analysis, finite element
analysis, grillage analysis and yield-line methods. Equivalent frame
analysis will be used for this example.

## The structure is divided into two orthogonal directions, into frames

consisting of columns and strips of slab. For vertical loading the effective
stiffness of the slab strips may be based on the width between centerlines
of panels.
SUB-FRAME 9-9

Since the sub frame and the load cases are symmetrical about the
centerline, an analysis can be carried out for one half of the sub frame by
taking the stiffness of the central span as half the actual value.
Is= 5100x175/12 = 2.28x 109mm4, Ic=400x500/12 = 4.17x109mm4

## Ds,int = 0.5 x 0.76/ 3.46 = 0.11

Dc = 1.28/3.46 = 0.37

## Maximum and minimum design loads for a full panel width of

5.1m, assuming shear force coefficient in the orthogonal direction of 0.6
for each span, are:

## Although the sub frame can be conveniently analyzed by computer

program the following moment distribution procedure will be used here.
In the table below, the basis operations are shown in rows 1 and 2 with a
50% moment carry-over in the end span. There is no moment carry over
in the interior span as a result of taking only 50% of the actual stiffness
in calculating the distribution factors, Rows 3 and 4 are obtained by
combining rppws1 and 2 in such a way that a moment at one joint can be
balanced without disturbing the equilibrium of the moments at the
other joint Row 5 and 6, which are obtained simply from rows 3 and 4
and can be used to balance moments at each joint in turn.

ANALYSIS

## Joint and Member End Joint Interior joint

Row Moment in members due to Upper Beam Lower Upper End Interior Lower
application of moments at column column column beam beam Column
joint
1 Unit moment applied at joint 0.3875 0.225 0.3875 0.1125
2 Unit moment applied at interior 0.075 0.37 0.15 0.11 0.37
joints
3 (Row 1)/ 0.1125- (Row2) 3.4444 1.925 3.444 -0.37 0.85 -0.11 -0.37
4 (Row 2)/0.075 (Row1) -0.387 0.775 -0.387 4.933 1.888 1.467 4.933
5 (Row 0.391 0.218 0.391 -0.042 0.0964 -0.0125 -0.042
3)/(3.444+1.925+3.444)
6 (Row4)/ -0.0293 0.0586 -0.0293 0.373 0.143 0.111 0.373
(4.933+1.888+1.467+4.933)
Case1 Maximum load (74.08 kN/m) on all spans
Fixed end moments - 119.52 -55.56
119.52
(Row 5)x119.52 46.73 26.06 46.73 -5.02 11.52 -1.494 -5.02
(Row 6) x (119.52-55.56) -1.874 3.75 -1.874 23.86 9.15 7.10 23.86
(Sum to obtain final 44.856 -89.71 44.856 18.84 140.19 -49.954 18.84
moments

Case2 Maximum load (74.08 kN/m) at end spans and Minimum (44.55 kN/m) at interior span
Fixed end moments - 119.52 -33.42
119.52
(Row 5)x119.52 46.73 26.06 46.73 -5.02 11.52 -1.494 -5.02
(Row 6) x (119.52-33.41) -2.523 5.046 -2.523 32.12 12.314 9.558 32.12
(Sum to obtain final 44.207 -88.41 44.207 27.1 143.354 -25.346 27.1
moments

Case3 Minimum load (44.55 kN/m) at end spans and Maximum (74.08 kN/m) at interior span
Fixed end moments -71.87 71.87 -55.56
(Row 5)x71.87 28.10 15.668 28.10 -3.019 6.928 -0.898 -3.019
(Row 6) x (71.87-55.56) -0.478 0.956 -0.478 6.084 2.332 1.810 6.084
(Sum to obtain final 27.622 -55.25 27.622 3.065 81.13 -54.648 3.065
moments

The shear forces at the ends of the span and the maximum sagging moment can now be calculated from the following
expression, where the support moments ML and MR both take positive values for the end span,

## VL= VR= Nl/2 and M=nL/8 ML(or MR)

Load Location and End End span Interior Interior Interior
Case Member Support Support Support Span

## No. Bending Moment (kNm) in Members for load Case

1 Slab -89.71 65.5775 140.19 -49.954 33.386
Upper Column 44.856 18.84
Lower Column 44.856 18.84
2 Slab -88.414 64.242 143.354 -25.316 24.75
Upper Column 44.207 27.1
Lower Column 44.207 27.1
3 Slab -55.246 39.995 81.13 -54.648 28.647
Upper Column 27.622 3.065
Lower Column 27.622 3.065

## Load Location and End End span Interior Interior Interior

Case Member Support Support Support Span

## No. Shear Force (kN) in Members for Load Case

1 Slab 151.50 174.452 111.12
2 Slab 151.40 175.376 66.75
3 Slab 92.02 103.78 111.06

Flexural design
Moments
Column strip:

## Sagging = 0.55x 65.58 = 36.07kNm

Hogging = 0.75x 143.35 = 107.51kNm

Middle Strip

Column strip

Column strip

## K = m/fcubd= 107.51 x 106/ 25 x 2200 x 138 = 0.103< 0.156 At supports, bars in

column strip
Z = 138[ 0.5 + (0.25 0.103/0.9)] = 119.80< 0.95d= 136.80mm 16T14(T)

## Provide a minimum 14mm diameter to give an area of 2156mm. Two

thirds of this bars 10 bars are placed in the center half of the column strip
at a spacing of 135mm. A further 3 bars are placed in each of the outer
strips at a spacing of 180mm. This gives a total of 14 bars.

Column strip

## Sagging d= 175-25-6= 144mm

K = m/fcubd= 36.07 x 106/ 25 x 2200 x 144 = 0.032< 0.156

Middle strip

## Provide a minimum 14mm diameter to give an area of 2156mm. Two

thirds of this bars 10 bars are placed in the center half of the column strip
at a spacing of 135mm. A further 3 bars are placed in each of the outer
strips at a spacing of 180mm. This gives a total of 14 bars.

Middle strip

## As= 29.51 x 106/ (0.95 x460x136.80) = 493.63mm

Shear design
Shear check at column

Veff= 1.15x Vt

## a. Column, perimeter shear stress,

V= 1000 Veff/Ucd

Uc =2 x ( 400+500) = 1800mm

## Shear V = 1.15 x 12.08(19.36-0.873)

= 258.36kN
v= 258.36 x 10/ (3492 x 141) = 0.52N/mm

## in the center half of the column strip 14mm bars spaced at

125mm centers giving on area of 1231.50mm/m

## vc =0.79 x (0.873)(400/141)(30/25)/1.25 = 0.833

vc
v
Deflection

The calculation are made for the middle strip using the total moment at
mid-span and the average of the column and middle strip tension steel.
The basis span/d ratio is 26