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# Science Department

Home work

Lesson: Electric current and Sheet No.:4
resistance
HS-PS2-2. Forces and motion
NGSS DCI HS-PS2-1. Plan and investigate

NGSS EPT illustrate the relationships between systems or between components of a system
NGSS CCC Scale, proportion and quantity, cause and effect

Capacitance
Use kC = 8.99 109 Nm2/C2.
1. Consider the following units: picofarad, nanofarad, microcoulomb. Explain what quantities they
measure, and write their equivalents using powers of 10.
Picofarad: it measures the capacitance of a capacitor in x10-12
Nanofarad: it measures the capacitance of a capacitor in x10-9
Microcoulomb: it measures the amount of charges in x10-6
2. A 1.00 pF and a 1.00 nF capacitor each have a charge of 1.00 C. Which has a higher potential
V=1x10-6/1x10-12 = 1x106 v
V= 1x10-6/1x10-9 = 1x103 v
The 1 pF has higher potential difference because whenever the capacitance decreases the potential
difference increases.

3. A parallel-plate capacitor holds 2.00 102 C of charge when a potential difference of 5.00
102 V is applied between its plates.
a. What is the capacitors capacity in units of farads and in units of nanofarads?
2x105 nF

b. The potential difference is doubled to 1.000 103 V. How does the capacitance change? How
does the charge change?
The capacitance will decrease as the potential difference increases.

c. How much electrical energy was stored in the capacitor at 5.00 102 V?
at 1.000 103 V?
a. at 5x102 = 0.05 F
b. at 1x103 = 0.1 F
Electrical Energy and Current

Concept Review
Current and Resistance
1. The sphere of a Van de Graaff generator had 6.00 C of charge. When connected to the ground, it
was discharged in 24.0 ms. What was the average discharge current?
I= q/s = 6/24x10-3= 250 Amp
2. A battery supplies a 0.015 A current to a small radio. How long should the radio stay on so that
4.80 C passes through each of the following parts of the circuit:
a. through the battery 320 Amp
b. through the radio 320 Amp
c. through the connecting wires 320 Amp
3. Three resistors are available for testing a 9.00 V battery. Resistor A has
5.00 k of resistance, resistor B has 5.00 of resistance, and resistor C has 0.0500 of
resistance.
a. How much current will each resistor draw?
A. 1.8x10-3 amp
b. 1.8 amp
c. 180 amp
b. Which resistor is more useful for testing if the battery is dead? Explain.
Higher resistance will be more useful as it lets few electrical charges to pass through the battery.

4. An electrical device of 37.2 resistance performs best when the current is 3.62 A. How much
voltage should be applied?
V= I x R = 37.2 x 3.62 = 134.664 V
5. An electronic device performs best with a 1.20 V battery, when the current is between 3.50 mA
and 4.20 mA. What is the range of possible resistances for this electronic device?
R= v/I
a. 34.28 omega
b. 28.57 omega 28.57-34.28 the range of the resistance