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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO
CONTENIDOS
DE
3 ESO

INGLS

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BASADO EN EL MTODO
WAY TO ENGLISH
Y
NEW ENGLISH IN USE,
EDITORIAL BURLINGTON

NOMBRE DEL ALUMNO/A:_________________________________________________________


CURSO ACTUAL:___________________________________
PROFESOR EN 3 ESO:_______________________________
PROFESOR ACTUAL:________________________________

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

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INSTRUCCIONES*GENERALES*PARA*EL*ALUMNO:*IMPORTANTE*!*
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Este!cuadernillo!pretende!ser!una!ayuda!para!alcanzar!aquellos!objetivos!de!3!de!ESO!!
que!no!se!consiguieron!superar!durante!el!curso.!!
!
Como! cualquier! trabajo! extra,! requiere! un! esfuerzo! y! una! constancia! en! su! realizacin.!!
Ha!de!trabajarse!con!regularidad,!buscando!siempre!las!palabras!nuevas!en!el!diccionario,!
anotndolas!y!memorizndolas!para!ir!adquiriendo!vocabulario.!
!
La! gramtica! necesaria! para! las! explicaciones! se! encuentra! en! el! libro! y! cuadernillo! de! 3!
ESO!!WAY!TO!ENGLISH!/!NEW!ENGLISH!IN!USE!de!Burlington,!as!como!en!cualquier!
gramtica!adecuada!a!su!nivel!y!!en!mltiples!pginas!de!internet,!de!acceso!gratuito!en!las!
bibliotecas!pblicas!o!bien!del!centro.!
!
En!caso!de!que!el!alumno!ya!no!tuviese!acceso!al!libro,!se!le!podrn!facilitar!fotocopias!de!
este!apartado!que!podr!adquirir!en!el!propio!centro.!!
!
Los!apartados!referidos!a!la!lectura!y!redaccin!(Reading!y!Writing)!deben!ser!trabajados!
paralelamente!con!cada!unidad!,!al!terminar!los!apartados!de!gramtica!y!vocabulario.!!
!
En!el!caso!de!la!Writing,!se!entregar!al!profesor!para!su!correccin!en!una!folio!separado!!
a!medida!que!se!vayan!realizando.!No!se!dejarn!todos!para!el!final.!!
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NDICE:*
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4Refuerzo*de*contenidos**gramaticales*y*lxicos*de*3*ESO......................................................Pg.03*
4*Refuerzo*de*contenidos**de*comprensin*y*expresin*escrita..............................................Pg.29*
4Soluciones*a*los*ejercicios..................................................................................................................Pg.6*
4LOMCE.*Contenidos*de*1er*ciclo*de*la*ESO*.*Currculo*de*Extremadura.*...........................Pg.57*
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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

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GRAM M AR AND VOCABUL ARY SECTI ON
EXTRA PRACTICE UNIT 1

Vocabulary
1 Match the words and phrases to the pictures.
1.! run!out!of! ! 4.! set!off!
! 2.! explore! ! 5.! reach!your!destination!
! 3.! feel!lonely! ! 6.! overcome!an!obstacle!
1 a 1 b 1 c

! ! ! !
1 d 1 e 1 f

! ! ! !
2 Complete the sentences with the words below. Then tick ( ) the sentences
that are true for you.
on the way ! made my way ! on my own ! survive ! journey ! dream came true
! ......! 1.! I!dont!like!staying!at!home!!.!
! ......! 2.! Id!like!to!go!on!an!exciting!!.!
! ......! 3.! I!really!wanted!to!travel!to!the!USA.!This!summer,!my!!.!
! ......! 4.! I!think!I!could!!alone!in!the!jungle!for!a!number!of!weeks.!
! ......! 5.! I!stopped!at!the!newsagent!!to!school!this!morning.!
! ......! 6.! Yesterday,!I!!through!a!large!crowd!of!people!at!the!market!!
in!order!to!buy!something.!

Grammar
3 Complete the text with the verbs in brackets. Use the Past Simple.

Today, I 1. (spend) the day in London. First of all, I 2.


(take) a bus tour of the city. Then, I 3. (go) on a tour of Buckingham Palace.
I 4. (love) the palace.

After that, I 5. (meet) my cousins at Hyde Park. It was raining, so we 6.


(not have) a picnic. Instead, we 7. (order) fish and chips
at a really nice restaurant in the park.

The rain 8. (not stop), so we 9. (visit) Madame Tussauds


Wax Museum after lunch. We 10. (see) statues of the Queen, David
Beckham, Lady Gaga and many other famous people.

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

4 Complete the questions with the verbs in brackets. Use the Past Simple.
Then answer the questions to make them true for you.
! 1.!you!!(drink)!tea!yesterday?!

! 2.!your!parents!!(go)!to!the!cinema!at!the!weekend?!

! 3.What!!your!best!friend!!(give)!you!for!your!last!birthday?!

! 4.How!!you!!(get)!to!school!this!morning?!

5 Complete*the*sentences*with*the*correct*form*of*used% and*the*verbs*below.**
to%
like ! walk ! play ! cook ! climb
! 1.! When!I!lived!near!school,!I!!to!school!every!day.!!
! 2.! I!!avocado,!but!now!I!love!it!!
! 3.! He!!mountains!before!his!accident.!!
! 4.! !your!father!!professional!football?!!
! 5.! I!!,!but!now!I!enjoy!preparing!all!kinds!of!food.

Vocabulary
1 Circle eight feelings in the puzzle.
d! e! l! i! g! h! t! e! d! a! i! c! t!
a! n! t! i! s! o! c! i! a! l! r! e! h!
r! e! f! h! h! n! r! s! m! k! r! f! r!
a! r! e! y! o! t! i! e! b! t! i! e! i!
s! g! t! m! c! u! n! c! d! l! t! u! l!
m! e! g! s! k! t! a! k! y! p! a! a! l!
r! t! u! x! e! u! p! s! e! t! b! u! e!
e! i! l! y! d! e! b! h! d! p! l! a! d!
t! c! o! n! f! u! s! e! d! t! e! u! g!
2 Complete the sentences with words from Exercise 1.
1. I was when our old dog died.
2. I feel when I am doing exercise.
3. The new teacher was because there were five students with the same name.
4. Liz doesn t often go out with friends. She s quite .
5. Pam was with the beautiful earrings. She put them on right away.

3 Complete the words.


1. very unhappy: s r e
2. angry: n n d
3. very excited and interested: n h s s
4. happy: e i t d

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

Grammar
4 Write sentences with the words below. Use the Past Continuous.
! 1.! we!/!play!/!in!the!snow!/!yesterday!/!at!noon!/!.!
......................................................................................................
! 2.! your!friends!/!wait!/!for!you!/!at!the!cinema!/!?!
......................................................................................................
! 3.! I!/!not!talk!/!about!you!/!!
......................................................................................................
! 4.! snow!/!fall!/!all!night!/!.!
......................................................................................................
! 5.! Sharon!/!not!cook!/!fish!/!at!3!oclock!in!the!morning!/!.!
......................................................................................................
! 6.! why!/!Charlie!/!wear!/!strange!sunglasses!/!?!
......................................................................................................

5 Choose the correct answer.


1.Yesterday!I!were*riding!/!was*riding!/!rode!my!bike!home!when!I!saw!my!best!friend.!
2.Were*they*winning!/!They*won!/!Did*they*win!the!game!yesterday?!
3.Jill!was!sailing!to!New!Zealand!while!her!friends!were*cycling!/!was*cycling!/!cycled!across!
Australia.!
4.What!happened!when!you!arrived!/!were*arriving!/!was*arriving!at!the!airport?!
5.While!Joshua!travelled!/!was*travelling!/!were*travelling!to!Alaska,!he!met!some!interesting!
explorers.!
6.What!was*she*doing!/!she*was*doing!/!she*did!while!her!parents!were!flying!around!the!
world?!
6 Complete the dialogue with the verbs in brackets. Use the Past Simple or Past Continuous.

L ily: Dad,!who!1.!(be)!Mark!Twain?!
Dad:! A!famous!American!writer.!He!2.!(live)!over!100!years!ago.!
Lily:! What!3.!he!!(write)?!
Dad:! He!4.!(write)!a!lot!of!books,!including!The$Adventures$of$Tom$Sawyer.!
Lily:! Oh,!yes!We!5.!(read)!it!at!school!two!or!three!years!ago,!but!I!
6.!(not!remember)!the!authors!name.!

Dad:! You!see,!Mark!Twain!7.!(live)!an!exciting!life!!the!life!of!an!explorer.!
While!he!8.!(travel)!around!the!USA,!he!9.!(have)!a!lot!
of!adventures!in!some!very!exciting!places.!He!10.!.!(meet)!
interesting!people!and!later,!he!11.!(describe)!them!in!his!books.!
Lily:! Thanks!for!helping!me!complete!my!school!project,!Dad.!While!you!
12.!(talk),!I!13.!(type)!everything!on!the!computer!!!!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

EXTRA PRACTICE UNIT 2

Vocabulary
1 Choose the correct verb.
! 1.! take*part!/!appear!/!make!in!an!international!competition!
! 2.! perform!/!do!/!earn!a!lot!of!money!
! 3.! make!/!do!/!have!charity!work!
! 4.! represent!/!appear!/!donate!your!country!
! 5.! earn!/!compose!/!save!songs!
2 Complete the words in the questions below. Then match the questions to the answers.
! 1.! Who!made!a!significant!c!!!!!!b!!!!!n!to!the!field!of!communication!!
technology!in!the!modern!world?!
! 2.! Which!actor!has!d!!!!t!!d!a!lot!of!money!to!the!UNs!World!Food!Programme?!
! 3.! What!famous!British!band!a!!!!!r!!d!on!US!television!in!1964?!
! 4.! What!organisation!does!a!lot!to!try!and!save!the!e!!!!!!!m!!!t!?!
! 5.! What!famous!singer!p!!!f!!!!!d!on!stage!in!26!European!cities!during!her!!
2012!world!tour?!
* *
Answers*
! ......! a.! Friends!of!the!Earth!
! ......! b.! Steve!Jobs!
! ......! c.! Madonna!
! ......! d.! George!Clooney!
! ......! e.! The!Beatles!

Grammar
3 Choose the correct answer.
! 1.! The!team!hasnt!won!an!award!yet!/!just!/!already.!
! 2.! Have!your!friends!yet!/!already!/!since!flown!in!a!hotair!balloon?!
! 3.! We!have!ever!/!just!/!never!been!to!an!openair!concert!before.!
! 4.! My!cousin!has!been!a!singer!for!/!since!/!already!he!was!eight!years!old.!
! 5.! I!havent!watched!that!DVD!for!/!since!/!already!a!long!time.!
! 6.! The!band!has!ever!/!just!/!yet!played!their!new!song.!

4 Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets. Use the Present Perfect Simple.
! 1.! Bob!is!upset!because!he!!(not!see)!his!best!friend!for!more!than!a!week.!
! 2.! Jane!and!Jill!!(be)!circus!performers!since!2010.!
! 3.! !Ricky!ever!!(do)!any!charity!work!for!this!organisation?!
! 4.! I!!never!!(hear)!of!that!band!before.!Are!they!famous!in!your!
country?!
! 5.! !the!kids!already!!(come)!home!from!the!show?!
! 6.! How!many!songs!!Elton!John!!(compose)?!
! 7.! They!!(not!reach)!their!destination!yet.!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

5 Complete the text with the verbs below. Use the Present Perfect Simple.
perform!! !write!! !create!! !change!! !listen!! !begin!
1.!.!you!ever!.!to!a!song!you!think!youve!heard!before?!If!the!
answer!is!yes,!it!was!probably!a!mashup.!A!mashup!is!!
a!new!song!made!from!two!or!more!old!ones.!Its!not!new,!but!technology!!
2.!.!things.!Recently,!DJs!3.!.!to!make!mashups!by!mixing!recorded!
songs!on!computers.!Artist!DJ!Reset!!
4.!.!!several!hit!songs!by!doing!this!and!he!is!very!successful.!He!5.!
.!!on!stages!around!the!world,!and!magazines!and!newspapers!6.!.!
about!him.!He!does!not!compose!songs!by!himself!but!his!creations!are!interesting.!Theyre!
both!old!and!new.!Thats!mashup.!

Vocabulary
1 Choose two correct answers to show you understand the words in bold.
! 1.! You!can!go!canoeing!on!a!lake!/!river!/!cave.!
! 2.! You!can!direct*a*film!for!the$radio!/!television!/!the$cinema.!
! 3.! You!can!go!windsurfing!in!the!sea!/!desert!/!ocean.!
! 4.! You!can!do!rock*climbing!on$a$cliff!/!on$a$beach!/!in$a$canyon.!
! 5.! You!can!learn*survival*skills!in!a!playground!/!forest!/!jungle.!
2 Read what the people said. Then complete the sentences with the words below.

W ! e played our most popular


Justin
songs.
!Im working on a 3-D Taylor
film.
!We slept in a small
Bob
tent.
I! sold 12 pairs of
$ earrings. $Rita
U! sing a map, we reached our Joshua
destination.
!I played the part of Ella$
Juliet.
designed fashion accessories ! orienteering ! acted in a play
studied computer animation ! performed in a band ! camping
! 1.! Justin!has!!.!
! 2.! Taylor!has!!.!
! 3.! Bob!has!been!!.!
! 4.! Rita!has!!.!
! 5.! Joshua!has!been!!.!
! 6.! Ella!has!!.!

Grammar
3 Choose the correct answer.
! 1.! I!saw!/*have*seen!Rachel!two!days!ago.!!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

! 2.! How!many!awards!did*he*win!/!has*he*won!so!far?!!
! 3.! Did*you*have!/!Have*you*had!a!lot!of!friends!when!you!were!my!age?!!
! 4.! The!train!just*came!/!has*just*come!into!the!station.!!
! 5.! Mark!always*wanted!/!has*always*wanted!to!be!an!actor.!!
! 6.! We!didnt*hear!/!havent*heard!that!song!before.!
4 Read the sentences. Write two questions for each sentence with the words below.
Use the Present Perfect Simple or Past Simple.
! 1.! Jack!lives!in!London.!!
! a.How!long!/!live!/!there! ! b.! When!/!he!/!move!/!to!London!
! !.........................................................................................!! !.....................................................................................!! !
! 2.! Diana!and!I!are!friends.!!
! a.How!long!/!know!/!her! ! b.! When!/!you!/!meet!
! !.........................................................................................!! !.....................................................................................!! !
! 3.! Tracy!is!in!Africa.!!
! a.How!long!/!she!/!be!/!there! ! b.! When!/!she!/!go!/!to!Africa!
! !.........................................................................................!! !.....................................................................................!! !
! 4.! Jane!has!got!a!new!job.!!
! a.How!long!/!she!/!have!/!it! ! b.! When!/!she!/!start!/!her!job!
! !.........................................................................................!! !.....................................................................................!! !
! 5.! Bill!and!Pam!are!married.!!
! a.How!long!/!they!/!be!married! ! b.! When!/!they!/!get!married!
! !.........................................................................................!! !.....................................................................................!! !
5 Complete the dialogue with the verbs in brackets. Use the Present Perfect Simple or Past Simple.
Sue:Hi,!Beth.!You!1.!!(not!call)!me!for!a!week.!Whats!the!matter?!
Beth:Im!sorry!I!2.!!(not!phone)!you.!I!3.!!(break)!my!leg!last!Friday.!
Sue:Thats!terrible!How!4.!!it!!(happen)?!
Beth:I!5.!!(fall)!while!I!was!rock!climbing.!
Sue:6.!!your!friends!!(visit)!you!yet?!
Beth:No,!they!7.!!(not!come)!to!see!me!yet,!but!they!8.!!(send)!some!
magazines!and!chocolate!yesterday.!And!guess!what!My!teacher!9.!!already!
.!(give)!me!a!lot!of!homework!to!do!

EXTRA PRACTICE UNIT 3

Vocabulary
1 The travellers below havent got everything they need. Complete the sentences
with the items below.
guidebook ! first-aid kit ! sunscreen ! map ! toiletries
! 1.! After!sitting!on!the!beach,!Karen!is!as!red!as!a!tomato.!She!left!her!!at!the!hotel.!
! 2.! Kim!cant!read!about!the!museum.!Shes!lost!her!!.!
! 3.! Jim!cant!find!his!shampoo.!Hes!left!all!his!!at!home.!
! 4.! Robyn!got!lost!while!she!was!hiking.!She!didnt!have!a!!with!her.!
! 5.! Dave!fell!and!hurt!his!knee.!He!needed!a!!but!it!was!in!the!car.!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

2 A tour guide is talking to some tourists. Complete the sentences with the words below.
camera case ! suitcase ! money belt ! passport ! luggage allowance
! 1.Bring!no!more!than!one!!with!you!tomorrow.!This!is!the!
!for!the!trip.!We!havent!got!room!on!the!bus!for!more!than!that.!
! 2.Remember!!thieves!like!tourists.!So!keep!your!euros!in!a!!,!not!in!
a!wallet.!Put!your!!there,!too.!
! 3.Someone!left!a!!on!the!bus!yesterday.!If!you!were!taking!
photographs,!it!could!be!yours.!

3 Complete the letter with the words below.


backpack!! !insect!repellent!! !sleeping!bag!! !sunglasses!! !tent!
Dear!Mum!and!Dad,!
Im!having!a!great!time!on!the!camping!trip.!Sleeping!outside!in!!
a!1.!!is!fun.!Its!a!little!cold!at!night,!but!my!2.!!keeps!me!warm.!
The!mosquitoes!are!a!problem,!but!I!make!sure!to!put!on!3.!!in!the!evening.!
So!far,!the!weather!has!been!sunny.!Im!glad!I!brought!my!4.!!because!I!need!
them.!Yesterday!we!went!on!a!long!hike.!My!5.!!was!so!heavy!and!my!
shoulders!hurt,!but!I!enjoyed!it.!!
Miss!you!
Sue!

Grammar
4 Write about the peoples plans with the words below. Use be going to.
! 1.! I!/!hike!/!on!my!own!
!.............................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 2.! She!/!take!/!a!painting!course!
!.............................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 3.! He!/!not!eat!/!any!sweets!
!.............................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 4.! They!/!take!/!a!tour!
!.............................................................................................................................!! ! !
5 Complete the sentences about the people in Exercise 4 with the phrases below and will.
lose weight ! do something else instead ! ask Kate to join me ! take a yoga course instead
! 1.! Actually,!I!think!I!!.!
! 2.! Perhaps!she!!.!
! 3.! He!!! probably!!.!
! 4.! There!are!too!many!people.!Perhaps!they!!.!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

6 Choose the correct answer.

1! A:! Are!there!any!good!restaurants!in!Glasgow?!!
! B:! I!dont!know.!I!am*going*to*look!/!will*look!in!my!guidebook.!!
2! A:! Are*you*going!to*spend!/!Will*you*spend!the!day!at!the!beach!
tomorrow?!!
! B:! I!dont!think!so.!It!looks!like!it!rains!/!will*rain.!!
3! A:! Are*you*going*to*go!/!Will*you*go!shopping!in!Sydney?!!
! B:! We!probably!arent*going*to*have!/!wont*have!time!to!go!shopping!on!
this!trip.!!
4! A:! Are*you*going*to*see!/!Will*you*see!Kathy!in!London?!!
! B:! I!dont!think!so.!She!is*probably!going*to*be!/!will*probably*be!too!busy!
studying!for!her!exams.!!
5! A:! What!time!will*the*tour*begin!/!does*the*tour*begin?!!
! B:! It!starts!/!will*start!early!!at!8.00.!

Vocabulary
1 Choose the correct answers to show you understand the meaning of the words in bold.
! 1.! Bob!likes!going!sightseeing.!Tomorrow,!hes!going!to!visit$a$monument!/!!
lie$on$the$beach.!
! 2.! Beth!is!planning*her*itinerary!for!her!trip!to!Rome.!She!is!reading$about$important$sights$/$
packing$her$suitcase.!
! 3.! Dont!forget!to!check*the*weather*forecast!before!your!trip.!You!might!need!!
a$car!/!an$umbrella.!
! 4.! The!tourists!are!taking*a*break.!Theyre!visiting$a$museum!/!resting$at$the$hotel.!
! 5.! Karen!is!travelling*on*business.!Shes!meeting$a$client!/!visiting$her$sister!tomorrow.!
! 6.! Weve!booked*tickets*online!so!we!will!/!wont!need!to!get!to!the!train!station!early.!
2 Complete the dialogue with the phrases below.
hire a car ! make hotel reservations ! take a tour ! go for a long weekend ! book your flight
Er ic: ! Wed!like!to!1.!!to!Rhodes,!from!
Friday!to!Monday.!
Tr avel Agent :! OK.!First,!Ill!2.!!.!Youll!leave!on!
Friday!morning!and!fly!home!on!Monday!afternoon.!
Er ic:! Thats!fine.!Can!you!3.!!too?!
Tr avel !Agent :! Of!course.!Theres!a!nice!hotel!near!the!beach.!The!rooms!are!
lovely.!
Er ic:! Sounds!good.!
Tr avel !Agent :! Would!you!like!to!4.!!of!the!island?!

Er ic:! No,!well!5.!!and!drive!around!on!
our!own.!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

Grammar
3 Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets. Use the Future Continuous.
! 1.! Dont!come!at!10.00.!I!!(sleep).!!
! 2.! They!!(not!travel)!for!long.!Toronto!is!only!one!hour!away.!!
! 3.! !Alice!!(wait)!at!the!bus!stop!for!you!when!you!arrive?!!
! 4.! This!time!next!year,!we!!(live)!in!Paris!!
! 5.! At!what!time!!you!!(serve)!dinner!this!evening?!
4 Write the words in the correct order to form sentences. Use the Future Continuous.
! 1.! do!/!what!/!this!time!next!year!/!you!/!?!!
......................................................................................................
! 2.! yoga!/!this!time!next!summer!/!study!/!in!India!/!I!/!.!!
......................................................................................................
! 3.! my!bicycle!/!not!use!/!tomorrow!morning!/!I!/!.!!
......................................................................................................
! 4.! lunch!/!you!/!at!exactly!1!pm!/!have!/!?!!
......................................................................................................
! 5.! sit!/!at!this!time!tomorrow!/!we!/!on!the!plane!/!.!!
......................................................................................................
! 6.! in!New!York!/!how!long!/!stay!/!you!/!?!
......................................................................................................

5 Choose the correct answer.

1.! Im!thinking!about!what!I!1.!will*do!/!will*be*doing!this!time!next!month.!This!July,!my!
family!2.!is*going*to*hire!/!will*hire!a!boat!and!we!3.!sail!/!are*going*to*sail!along!the!
canals!in!Britain!for!two!weeks.!Its!called!slow!travel.!Weve!never!done!anything!like!
this!before!and!Im!sure!it!4.!will*be!/!is*going*to*be!great!5.!Are*you*going*to*travel!/!!
Will*you*travel!anywhere!this!Christmas?!
2.! You!probably!1.!arent*going*to*believe!/!wont*believe!this,!but!this!time!next!week,!I!2.!
will*fly!/!will*be*flying!to!Alaska!with!my!family.!We!3.!are*going*to*spend!/!spend!eight!
days!there,!and!we!4.!do!/!will*be*doing*many!adventure!activities!in!the!area,!such!as!
rafting!and!snowmobiling.!I!hope!it!5.!wont*be!/!isnt*going*to*be!too!cold,!but!Im!sure!
we!6.!will*be*having!/!will*have!an!amazing!time!
EXTRA PRACTICE UNIT 4

Vocabulary
1 Where can you find these people? Look at the pictures and complete the words.
1 2

! ! !
! p!!!!!e!!!s!!!!!!n! s!!!!!!!g!!!p!!!l!!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

3 4

! ! !
! n!!!!tc!!!b!! b!!!!!!g!!!a!!!!y!!
5 6

* * *
! r!!!!!!g!!!t!!!!k!! f!!!!!!!l!!!p!!!!h!*
7 8

* * *
! a!!t!!!g!!!!!!y!! ! t!!!!!s!!!c!!!!t!!
2 Complete the sentences with the words below.
market ! office block ! railway station ! hotel ! car park ! university ! playground ! airport ! newsagent
! 1.! John!is!studying!art!at!!.!
! 2.! I!buy!all!my!vegetables!at!the!!.!
! 3.! Many!people!work!in!that!big!!.!
! 4.! Do!you!buy!your!magazines!at!the!!near!your!house?!
! 5.! About!20!aeroplanes!arrive!at!this!!every!hour.!
! 6.! Theres!a!huge!!for!children!in!the!park.!
! 7.! Lets!park!our!car!in!the!!near!the!cinema.!
! 8.! The!train!is!arriving!at!the!central!!at!7.30!am.!
! 9.! Uncle!Dan!is!staying!at!the!new!!for!three!nights.!

Grammar
3 Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets. Use the First Conditional.
1.! If!it!!(be)!cold!this!weekend,!we!!(not!go)!to!the!swimming!pool.!!
2.! He!!(climb)!up!the!Eiffel!Tower!if!he!!(visit)!Paris.!!
3.! I!!(take)!a!taxi!if!the!bus!!(not!come).!!
4.! Unless!we!!(leave)!now,!we!!(not!reach)!the!airport!on!time.!!
5.! The!bus!!(arrive)!soon!unless!there!!(be)!a!lot!of!traffic.!
4 Complete*the*second*sentence*so*it*means*the*same*as*the*first.*Use*the*Second*Conditional.**

! 1.! I!want!to!take!a!picture!of!the!fountain,!but!I!havent!got!my!camera.!!
! ! I!!a!picture!of!the!fountain!if!I!had!my!camera.!!
! 2.! I!think!you!should!stay!on!the!zebra!crossing.!!
! ! If!I!were!you,!I!!on!the!zebra!crossing.!!
! 3.! I!cant!take!the!course!because!its!during!school!hours.!!
! ! If!the!course!!during!school!hours,!I!would!take!it.!!
! 4.! The!guide!speaks!so!softly!that!we!cant!hear!him.!!
! ! We!would!be!able!to!hear!the!guide!if!he!!so!softly.!!
! 5.! Daniel!is!too!shy!to!ask!you!out.!!
! ! Daniel!!you!out!if!he!werent!too!shy.!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

5 Choose*the*correct*answer.**

1.! If!you!go!/!went!to!the!swimming!pool!every!day,!you!will!improve!your!swimming.!!
2.! Tim!will*take!/!would*take!a!course!if!he!had!the!money.!!
3.! If!they!saw!this!playground,!they!will!love!/!would*love!it.!!
4.! She!wont*enjoy!/!wouldnt*enjoy!visiting!this!art!gallery!unless!she!likes!modern!art.!!
5.! If!I!dont*have!/!didnt*have!my!guidebook,!I!would!ask!for!directions.!!
6.! We!will*meet!/!would*meet!you!at!the!nightclub!if!you!want.!!
7.! I!will*wait!/!would*wait!for!the!traffic!light!to!change!if!I!were!you.!

Vocabulary
1 Complete the words according to the pictures.
1 2

! ! !
! p!!!e!!!n!! b!!c!!c!!!!!l!!!e!!
3 4

! ! !
! !e!b!!!!!c!!!s!!i!n!! s!!!!e!!!

2 Complete the puzzle. Use the clues.


! ! ! ! ! 1!s! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! 2!b! !
! ! ! 3! ! ! ! ! ! 4!
r! b! ! ! !
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
! ! 5! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
! ! 6!
t! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
7! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
f!
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
*
* Across*! *

1. ! 3.! ! 6.! ! 7.! !

! Down*" *

! 1. 2.! 4.! 5.! !

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

Grammar
3 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Use the Third Conditional.
! 1.! Jack!would!have!gone!to!the!nightclub!if!it!!(not!cost)!so!much.!!
! 2.! If!we!had!left!the!hotel!earlier,!we!!(see)!more.!!
! 3.! We!!(not!stay)!at!home!if!the!weather!had!been!sunny.!!
! 4.! Lily!!(enjoy)!her!holiday!more!if!she!hadnt!travelled!with!a!group.!!
! 5.! If!the!guide!!(speak)!better!English,!we!would!have!understood!him.!
4 Match A to B. Then complete the sentences with the verb in brackets. Use the Third Conditional.
! ! A*
! 1.! If!the!newsagent!!(not!close),!!
! 2.! They!!(not!go)!to!the!openair!market!!
! 3.! He!!(not!sell)!his!painting!!
! 4.! If!we!!(have)!more!time!!
! 5.! I!!(give)!you!directions!
! ! B*
! ......! a.! if!it!had!rained.!!
! ......! b! we!would!have!visited!the!art!gallery.!!
! ......! c! if!he!hadnt!got!a!good!price.!!
! ......! d! if!you!had!asked!for!them.!!
! ......! e! we!would!have!bought!a!newspaper!
5 Write sentences with the words below. Use the Third Conditional.
! 1.! you!/!not!have!/!an!accident!/!if!/!you!/!stop!/!at!the!traffic!light!!
......................................................................................................
! 2.! if!/!we!/!see!/!the!sign,!/!we!/!not!get!lost!!
......................................................................................................
! 3.! I!/!go!/!to!the!nightclub!/!if!/!I!/!not!be!/!so!busy!!
......................................................................................................
! 4.! if!/!they!/!have!/!time,!/!they!/!stop!/!at!the!fountain!!
......................................................................................................
! 5.! She!/!not!ride!/!on!the!pavement!/!if!there!/!be!/!a!bicycle!lane!!
......................................................................................................

EXTRA PRACTICE UNIT 5

Vocabulary
1 Cross out the WRONG examples for each adjective. Then write these examples
in the correct place.
! These!foods!are!usually!!.!
! 1.! cooked:noodles!! !cola!! !fish!! !
! 2.! sour:lemons!! !yoghurt!! !salami!! ! !
! 3.! salty:cucumbers!! !crisps!! !anchovy! !!
! 4.! raw:strawberries!! !rice!! !cherries!! !
! 5.! sweet:vinegar!! !cake!! !ice!cream!! ! !

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

2 Complete the sentences with the adjectives below.


plain ! fresh ! frozen ! appetising ! spicy ! ripe ! tasty ! savoury
! 1.! You!can!find!bags!of!vegetables!in!the!!foods!section!of!the!supermarket.!
! 2.! This!Mexican!food!is!so!!!Please!bring!me!a!glass!of!water.!
! 3.! Those!bananas!are!green.!They!wont!be!!for!a!while.!
! 4.! Perhaps!it!tastes!good!but!it!doesnt!look!very!!.!
! 5.! You!can!order!either!sweet!or!!crpes.!
! 6.! Its!a!little!!for!a!birthday!cake.!Lets!add!some!decorations.!
! 7.! The!bread!is!!.!Its!just!come!out!of!the!oven.!
! 8.! Lara!is!an!excellent!cook.!Everything!she!makes!is!!.!
3 Complete the chart with words from Exercises 1 and 2.
Reason Result
1. You didnt put enough sugar in It is too .
the lemonade.
2. The peaches are not They are as hard as a rock.
.
3. You havent cooked the steak Its still .
enough.
4. There is less We sometimes eat peaches from
fruit in winter. a tin.
5. His doctor told him to stop eating Today he only eats
sweets. food.

Grammar
4 Choose the correct answer.
! 1.! The!girl!who!/!which!sits!next!to!me!always!has!salad!for!lunch.!!
! 2.! Can!you!recommend!a!restaurant!which!/!where!they!serve!vegetarian!food?!!
! 3.! Yesterday,!I!met!someone!whose!/!who!father!is!a!famous!chef.!!
! 4.! Evening!is!the!time!where!/!when!our!family!eats!its!main!meal.!!
! 5.! I!liked!the!pizza!that!/!who!we!had!in!that!restaurant.!!
! 6.! The!cake!where!/!which!you!baked!was!delicious.!!
! 7.! My!father!is!the!person!that!/!whose!prepares!most!of!our!meals.!!
! 8.! We!live!in!a!neighbourhood!that!/!where!there!are!many!restaurants.!
5 Complete the text with relative pronouns.

Unless!you!are!one!of!those!lucky!people!1.!who!/!whose!/!where!family!still!lives!on!a!farm,!
you!have!probably!never!eaten!fruit!and!vegetables!straight!from!the!tree!or!the!ground!2.!
when!/!that!/!where!they!grow.!Most!of!us!can!only!buy!products!3.!which!/!who!/!where!
farmers!grow!on!farms!hundreds!of!kilometres!away.!Metro!Supermarket!in!Berlin!is!trying!to!
change!this.!Metro!has!installed!a!greenhouse!4.!who!/!that!/!where!grows!vegetables!inside!
the!supermarket.!Vegetables!remain!in!the!greenhouse!from!the!time!5.!which!/!where!/!when!
they!are!planted!until!they!are!ripe.!There!are!no!transport!costs!and!the!supermarket!doesnt!
need!a!special!place!to!keep!the!produce.!Many!of!Metros!customers!are!Berlin!chefs!6.!who!/!
which!/!whose!are!looking!for!fresh!vegetables!for!their!menu.!The!chefs!like!the!greenhouse!
because!they!can!see!the!place!7.!when!/!where!/!who!their!vegetables!come!from.!Many!of!
them!have!never!seen!a!vegetable!8.!who!/!when!/!which!is!in!its!first!fifteen!days,!and!this!new!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

experience!has!helped!them!see!food!in!a!different!way.!Thanks!to!its!greenhouses,!Metro!!
is!no!longer!just!a!supermarket,!its!a!place!9.!when!/!where!/!that!ideas!are!born.!

Vocabulary
1 Circle eight types of food in the puzzle.
f g m k v p i k i c l v
b h a p r s p i n a c h
a m l a m b n r c u s w
r k r v e l s h g l h o
m u s h r o o m s i e k
s b t c s m k l a f l p
l e o d r o f m b l l r
s e w p e a s p d o f v
t f v k b c a k f w i h
m s c a b b a g e e s k
o r t v l m k j h r h m

! Which*of*the*words*are*vegetables?!
! !........................................................................................................................!!

2 Choose the correct answers to show you understand the words in bold.
! 1.! You!can!have!baked!lettuce!/!potatoes!/!soup.!
! 2.! You!usually!put!sauce!on!meat!/!juice!/!rolls.!
! 3.! You!can!eat!boiled!cheese!/!grapes!/!carrots.!
! 4.! You!can!have!roast!eggs!/!turkey!/!pie.!
! 5.! Most!fried!food!is!oily!/!sweet!/!dry.!
3 Complete the dialogue with the words below.
main$course$! $dessert$! $side$dish$! $grilled$! $pork$! $starter$! $mashed$
Waiter:! Are!you!ready!to!order,!sir?!
Man:! Yes.!To!begin!with,!Id!like!a!1.!.!
Waiter:! Our!2.!vegetables!are!very!good.!
Man:! OK,!Ill!have!them.!
Waiter:! And!for!your!3.!?!Our!roast!chicken!is!very!popular.!
Man:! I!dont!like!chicken.!Ill!have!the!roast!4.!instead.!
Waiter:! Do!you!want!a!5.!with!that?!
Man:! Yes,!Id!like!some!6.!potatoes,!please.!
Waiter:! OK!then,!Ill!leave!the!menu!here.!You!may!want!to!order!7.!later.!
Man:! I!will.!I!always!have!something!sweet!after!my!meal.!

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Grammar
4 Match A to B. Then choose the correct relative pronouns to create sentences with
defining relative clauses.
A
! 1.! Mexico!is!a!country!!
! 2.! Hes!the!food!blogger!!
! 3.! Saturday!is!a!day!!
! 4.! I!know!the!woman!!
! 5.! The!school!cafeteria!has!got!a!menu!!
! ! B*
! ......! a.! when!/!which!many!people!eat!out.!!
! ......! b.! which!/!where!spicy!food!is!popular.!!
! ......! c.! which!/!when!isnt!very!healthy.!!
! ......! d.! which!/!who!owns!that!restaurant.!!
! ......! e.! whose!/!who!post!youve!just!read.!
5 Join the sentences using defining relative clauses. Use the relative pronoun in brackets.
! 1.! He!often!makes!pizza.!Its!got!four!different!vegetables!on!it.!(which)!
! !........................................................................................................................!! !
! 2.! I!met!the!baker.!Her!cake!won!an!award.!(whose)!
! !........................................................................................................................!! !
! 3.! Do!you!remember!the!day?!We!ate!at!that!expensive!restaurant!then.!(when)!
! !........................................................................................................................!! !
! 4.! Id!like!you!to!meet!the!woman.!She!cooks!for!the!presidents!family.!(who)!
! !........................................................................................................................!! !
! 5.! There!is!a!huge!variety!of!fruit!and!vegetables!in!the!market.!I!shop!there.!(where)!
! !........................................................................................................................!! !
! 6.! I!ate!a!hamburger!and!chips.!They!were!very!salty.!(that)!
! !........................................................................................................................!! !
!

EXTRA PRACTICE UNIT 6

Vocabulary
1 Match the sentences to the pictures. Pay attention to the words in bold.
1.Bob!knows!how!to!stand*up*for*himself.!
2.Billy!is!annoying!his!sister.!
3.Howard!has!forgiven!his!brother.!
4.Ellie!is!having*an*argument!with!her!parents.!
1 a 1 b

! ! !
1 c 1 d

! ! !
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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

2 Choose the correct answer to show you understand the meanings of the words in bold.
! 1.! You!have!to!learn!to!compromise.!You!cant!help$people!/!get$your$own$way!all!the!time.!
! 2.! On!Friday!nights,!I!enjoy!hanging*out!with!friends.!We!usually!do$our$homework!/!meet$at$a$caf.!
! 3.! Just!ignore!him.!If!you!stop$talking$to!/!shout$at!him,!hell!go!away.!
! 4.! Why!is!she!making*fun!of!that!boy?!She!needs!to!study!/!apologise.!
! 5.! Kathy!fell*out*with!Jane.!Theyre!not$speaking!/!waiting$for$the$doctor.!
! 6.! Jane!has!betrayed!her!friend!by!saying!nice!/!nasty!things!about!her.!
! 7.! You!hurt*her*feelings!when!you!invited!/!didnt$invite!her!to!your!party.!
3 Complete the sentences with the words below. Then tick ( ) the sentences that are true for you.
disagree ! disappoint ! trust ! make friends ! respect ! accept
! ......! 1.! I!try!not!to!!my!friends.!
! ......! 2.! I!always!!older!people.!
! ......! 3.! Its!hard!for!me!to!!my!parents!rules.!
! ......! 4.! I!can!!with!someone!even!if!theyre!different!from!me.!
! ......! 5.! I!cant!!someone!until!I!know!them!well.!
! ......! 6.! If!I!!with!someone,!I!usually!just!keep!quiet.!

Grammar
4 Helen is having a party. Complete what she says to her friends with the affirmative or negative form of
must, have to or need to. There may be more than one correct answer.
! 1.! I!!(take)!some!photos.!I!want!to!remember!this!party.!!
! 2.! You!really!!(bring)!a!gift.!Its!not!a!birthday!party.!!
! 3.! We!!(call)!Jane!right!away.!We!forgot!to!tell!her!about!the!party.!!
! 4.! You!!(tell)!Tom!about!the!party.!Its!a!surprise.!!
! 5.! We!!(clean)!the!house!after!the!party.!
5 Learn how to make friends at a new school. Choose the correct modals to complete the tips.
! 1.! You!should!/!mustnt!/!shouldnt!talk!to!everyone!you!meet!at!first.!!
You!never!know!who!will!become!a!good!friend.!
! 2.! You!must!/!mustnt!/!need*to!try!to!be!someone!youre!not.!Its!important!for!people!
!to!get!to!know!the!real!you.!
! 3.! You!mustnt!/!should!/!dont*have*to!ask!for!help!when!you!need!it.!!
Its!a!good!way!to!make!a!new!friend.!
! 4.! You!mustnt!/!shouldnt!/!have*to!try!to!remember!peoples!names.!!
They!sometimes!get!annoyed!when!you!dont.!
! 5.! Remember,!you!dont*need*to!/!mustnt!/!should!have!100!friends.!!
Its!enough!to!have!two!or!three!good!friends.!
! 6.! You!shouldnt!/!mustnt!/!have*to!be!patient.!Its!OK!not!to!make!!
10!friends!on!the!first!day!at!your!new!school.!
6 Complete the questions with suitable modals.

1.! A:! !you!!go!home!now?!!


! B:! Yes,!I!promised!my!mum!to!be!home!by!9.00.!!
2.! A:! !you!!study!for!a!test!today?!!
! B:! Yes,!Ive!got!a!maths!test!tomorrow.!!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

3! A:! !I!forgive!Max?!!
! B:! I!think!so.!He!didnt!mean!to!hurt!your!feelings.!

Vocabulary
1 Complete the sentences.
! 1.! Sandy!thinks!shes!never!wrong.!Shes!so!ar!!o!!!!t.!
! 2.! Bob!says!hes!right!even!when!he!knows!hes!wrong.!Hes!so!st!!!!o!!n.!
! 3.! Terri!is!very!popular!and!gets!invited!to!a!lot!of!parties.!Her!sister!is!j!!!l!!!s!of!her.!
! 4.! Kim!is!always!ready!to!help!people.!She!is!k!!!d.!
! 5.! You!cant!trust!David!to!be!there!when!you!need!him.!Hes!very!un!!!l!!!!le.!
! 6.! William!will!know!how!to!solve!the!problem.!Hes!very!s!!!s!!!le.!
! 7.! Eva!never!thinks!of!other!people.!She!is!s!!!f!!!!.!
! 8.! Kyle!never!says!please!or!thank!you.!He!is!i!!!!l!!!!.!

2 Match the situations in A to the adjectives in B.


**********************************************************A* * B*
! 1.! inviting!yourself!to!a!party! ......! ! ! ! a.! sensitive!
! 2.! stealing!money......! ! ! ! ! !! b.! dishonest!
! 3.! being!happy!one!moment!and!sad!the!next......! ! c.! inconsiderate!
! 4.! feeling!bad!when!an!animal!is!hurt!......! ! ! d.! pushy!
! 5.! thanking!the!waiter!after!he!serves!your!meal! ......! e.! moody!
! 6.! using!your!sisters!mobile!phone!without!asking!......! f.! polite!

Grammar
3 Complete the sentences with the correct form of be able to.
! 1.! Alex!!go!swimming!tomorrow!because!hes!broken!his!arm.!!
! 2.! !you!!do!it!on!your!own!or!will!you!need!help?!!
! 3.! She!!run!a!marathon!in!under!three!hours.!Shes!had!lots!of!experience.!!
! 4.! We!!watch!the!film!because!we!had!to!finish!our!project.!
4 Choose the correct answer.

Susan!B.!Anthony!and!Elizabeth!Cady!Stanton!were!friends.!They!also!changed!the!lives!of!
women!in!the!United!States.!In!the!19th!century,!women!1.!cant!/!couldnt!vote!in!elections.!
They!were!considered!too!emotional!to!make!important!decisions.!Anthony!and!Stanton!
didnt!accept!this!idea.!According!to!them,!women!2.!could!/!couldnt!do!anything!as!well!as!
men.!They!decided!to!start!an!organisation!to!improve!womens!lives.!Together,!they!were!!
an!excellent!team.!Stanton!3.!can!/!could!speak!and!write!well,!so!she!wrote!articles!and!spoke!
to!women!all!over!the!country.!Anthony!4.!could!/!couldnt!organise!activities!because!she!
was!very!practical.!!
Today,!women!in!the!USA!5.!can!/!could!vote.!But!in!some!traditional!countries,!they!still!6.!
cant!/!couldnt.!They!also!7.!can!/!cant!do!many!everyday!activities!like!driving!or!working!
outside!the!home.!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

5 Complete the sentences with the correct form of may or might.


! 1.! We!!go!to!the!cinema!tonight.!Theres!a!film!that!I!want!to!see.!!
! 2.! You!should!join!the!Scouts.!You!!make!new!friends.!!
! 3.! Its!late.!I!!have!time!to!finish!this!today.!!
! 4.! I!dont!know!if!I!can!do!this.!It!!be!too!difficult.!!
! 5.! She!rarely!wears!black!clothes,!so!she!!like!this!black!shirt.!
!
EXTRA PRACTICE UNIT 7

Vocabulary
1 Choose the correct answer.
! 1.! There!were!no!judges!/!witnesses!to!the!murder.!
! 2.! Thieves!broke*into!/!identified!our!house!last!night.!
! 3.! The!driver!obeyed!/!broke!the!law!when!he!drove!through!a!red!light.!
! 4.! The!jury!committed*the*crime!/!found*him*guilty.!
! 5.! The!witness!identified!/!caused*damage!the!thief.!She!remembered!what!he!was!wearing.!
! 6.! The!burglar!was!sent!to!prison!by!the!hooligan!/!judge.!
! 7.! The!criminal!was!given!a!warning!/!witness!by!the!police.!
! 8.! The!police!have!found!fingerprints!at!the!scene*of*the*crime!/!prison*sentence.!
! 9.! During!the!riot!/!trial,!the!lawyer!showed!some!surprising!evidence.!
! 10.! The!accused!was!very!happy!when!he!was!found!innocent!/!guilty!of!the!crime.!
2 Complete the text with the words below.
committed crimes ! damage was caused ! hooligans ! prison sentences ! riot
Yesterday,!there!was!a!1.!!on!Mercer!Street.!Hundreds!of!people!were!hurt.!Serious!2.!
!to!shops!in!the!area!when!a!group!of! 3.!!broke!windows!and!started!
fires.!Ten!teenagers!were!arrested.!According!to!police,!four!of!them!have!4.!!in!the!
past,!so!they!could!receive!5.!!.!

Grammar
3 Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets. Use the Present Simple Passive.
! 1.! Evidence!!(collect)!by!the!police.!
! 2.! !blood!samples!!(examine)!by!forensic!scientists?!
! 3.! Questions!!(ask)!by!lawyers.!
! 4.! Sentences!!(not!pass)!by!juries.!
! 5.! Information!!(give)!by!witnesses.!

4 Write what happens when a crime is committed. Use the Present Simple Passive
and the words below.
punish ! arrest ! bring ! investigate ! interview
! 1.! The!crime!!by!detectives.!
! 2.! Witnesses!and!suspects!!.!
! 3.! When!the!police!have!enough!evidence,!suspects!!.!
! 4.! They!!to!trial.!
! 5.! If!they!are!found!guilty,!they!!.!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

5 Use the words below and the Past Simple Passive to write questions about a robbery.
! 1.! evidence!/!find!/!at!the!scene!of!the!crime!
!.............................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 2.! weapons!/!use!/!in!the!robbery!
!.............................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 3.! the!evidence!/!see!/!by!a!detective!
!.............................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 4.! any!damage!/!cause!/!to!the!house!
!.............................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 5.! what!things!/!steal!/!from!the!house!
!.............................................................................................................................!! ! !
6 Look at the picture and answer the questions in Exercise 5. Use the Past Simple Passive.

1.!..........................................................................................................................!! !
2.!..........................................................................................................................!! !
3.!..........................................................................................................................!! !
4.!..........................................................................................................................!! !
5.!..........................................................................................................................!! !

Vocabulary
1 Match the words to the pictures.
! 1.! looking!for!clues!
! 2.! getaway!car!
! 3.! having!difficulty!breathing!
! 4.! trapped!
! 5.! crash!
! 6.! serious!injuries!
! 7.! run!away!
!
!
!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

1 a 1 b 1 c 1 d

! ! !
1 e 1 f 1 !g
f

! !

2 Complete the dialogues with the words below.


in pain ! cuts ! dead ! unconscious ! escaped ! losing blood
! 1.! A:! Was!anyone!killed!in!the!accident?!
! ! B:! Yes,!three!people!are!!.!
! 2.! A:! Were!the!burglars!arrested?!
! ! B:! No,!they!!before!the!police!came.!
! 3.! A:! How!badly!was!Ben!hurt?!
! ! B:! Hes!broken!his!leg!so!hes!!.!
! 4.! A:! Can!I!talk!to!my!father!now?!
! ! B:! No,!hes!!.!Try!later.!He!may!be!awake!then.!
! 5.! A:! Was!she!injured?!
! ! B:! Yes.!Shes!!.!We!must!get!her!to!hospital.!
! 6.! Detective:!!!Did!the!robber!break!the!window?!
! ! Police*officer:!!!Yes,!look!at!those!!on!his!hand.!

Grammar
3 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
Use the Present Simple Passive or Past Simple Passive.
! 1.! Suspects!!usually!!(interview)!!
by!police!detectives.!
! 2.! At!the!trial!yesterday,!the!witnesses!!(asked)!questions!by!the!lawyers.!
! 3.! Laws!about!drinking!alcohol!!always!!(not!obey).!
! 4.! Luckily,!they!!(not!hurt)!in!the!accident!yesterday.!
! 5.! The!jewellery!shop!!(rob)!last!night.!More!than!!
100!rings,!earrings!and!necklaces!!(steal).!
! 6.! !the!scene!of!the!crime!always!!(examine)!carefully?!!
! 7.! When!!the!money!!(find)?!
4 Complete the text with the verbs in brackets. Use the Present Simple Passive
or Past Simple Passive.
Alcatraz!Island!1.!!(locate)!in!the!San!Francisco!Bay.!This!small!island!2.!
!often!!(call)!The!Rock.!In!the!past,!there!was!a!prison!on!the!
island.!From!1933!to!1963,!more!than!1,500!prisoners!3.!!(send)!there.!Thirty
six!prisoners!tried!to!escape!from!Alcatraz!and!all!of!them!4.!!(caught).!!
Six!prisoners!5.!!(kill)!while!they!were!escaping.!!
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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

But!in!1962,!everything!changed.!Three!prisoners!escaped!and!they!6.!!!never!
(find).!Their!story!7.!!(tell)!in!the!1979!film!Escape$from$Alcatraz.!Alcatraz!8.!
!(close)!in!1963!and!today!it!9.!!(visit)!by!thousands!of!tourists!
each!year.!
EXTRA PRACTICE UNIT 8

Vocabulary
1 Complete the puzzle. Use the clues below.
* Across*! ** Down*" *
2.a!small!useful!tool!! 1.very!clever!
4.not!successful!! 3.! works!well!
5.a!new!thing!or!idea!
6.can!be!used!again!
1 2 3
! g! ! !
i ! ! ! ! ! !
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
4
! ! ! ! ! ! !f ! ! ! ! ! !
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
5
i n
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
6
! ! ! ! ! !r ! ! ! ! ! ! ! n
2 Tick ( ) the pairs of opposites.
! ......! 1.! weird!!ordinary!
! ......! 2.! easytouse!!revolutionary!
! ......! 3.! simple!!complicated!
! ......! 4.! entertaining!!interesting!
! ......! 5.! useful!!useless!
3 Complete the text with the words below.
caught on ! weird ! entertaining ! came up with ! trendy ! requires
The!Pet!Rock!was!invented!in!1975!by!Gary!Dahl.!He!1.!!the!idea!while!talking!to!
friends!about!pets.!He!bought!some!rocks,!put!each!one!in!a!nest!in!a!small!box,!and!included!
instructions!for!taking!care!of!the!rock.!The!instructions!were!very!funny!and!2.!!!
because!a!rock,!of!course,!3.!!no!care!As!4.!!as!it!seems,!the!
Pet!Rock!quickly!5.!!and!became!really!6.!!.!Everyone!wanted!one!

Grammar
4 Complete the sentences about what you had and hadnt done with your mobile phone
by the time you went to bed last night.
! 1.! I!!(update)!my!apps.!!
! 2.! I!!(turn!off!)!the!WiFi!to!save!the!battery.!!
! 3.! I!!(charge)!the!phone.!!
! 4.! I!!(put)!the!phone!on!the!table!and!not!near!the!bed.!!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

! 5.! I!!(silence)!the!ringer.!

5 Complete the questions with the words in brackets. Then use the fact file below to
answer the questions. Use the Past Perfect Simple.
! 1.!Susan!!(graduate)!from!university!before!she!got!married?!!
! !..........................................................................................................................!!
! 2.What!!Susan!!(do)!by!the!time!she!created!her!first!invention?!!
! !..........................................................................................................................!! !
! 3.How!many!inventions!!Susan!!(sell)!by!the!time!she!became!a!
millionaire?!!
! !..........................................................................................................................!! !
! 4.! !Susan!!(get!married)!before!she!sold!her!first!invention?!!
! !..........................................................................................................................!! !
! 5.How!many!children!!Susan!!(have)!by!the!time!she!sold!her!second!
invention?!
! !..........................................................................................................................!! !
Susan*Hill*!
! ! !
1991!graduated!from!university!!
1993!created!her!first!invention!
1995!sold!her!invention!!
1997!got!married!!
2000!had!a!child!!
2002!sold!her!second!invention!!
2005!became!a!millionaire!

Vocabulary
1 Unscramble the letters to write the correct words.
1 2 3 4

! ! ! ! ! !
! tetkel! yerhadrir! nior!! crielect!varseh!
! ! ! ! !
5 6 7 8

! ! ! ! !
! umvcau!arceeln! sga!vteos! erezefr! merote!olnctor!
! ! ! ! !
2 Choose the correct answers to show you understand the words in bold.
! 1.! Im!using!the!cordless*phone.!I!cant!/!can!take!it!into!the!other!room.!
! 2.! Its!really!hot.!Ill!close!the!window!and!turn!off!/!on!the!air*conditioner.!
! 3.! If!you!keep!/!dont$keep!fresh!milk!in!the!fridge,!it!will!go!bad.!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

! 4.! I!cant!hear!/!type!very!well!on!this!mobile!phones!keyboard.!
! 5.! We!had!no!electricity!during!the!storm,!so!we!used!/!couldnt$use!the!microwave*oven.!
! 6.! Can!you!please!take!the!plates!/!clothes!out!of!the!dishwasher?!
! 7.! Have!you!got!any!paper!/!maps!for!the!printer?!
! 8.! Use!the!food*processor!to!cook!/!cut!the!cabbage.!

Grammar
3 Choose the correct answer.
1.After!he!reprogrammed!/!had!reprogrammed!the!computer,!it!worked!/!had!worked!better.!!
2.By!the!time!we!got!/!had!got!to!the!shop,!the!technician!repaired!/!had!repaired!my!phone.!!
3.He!found!/!had!found!the!site!after!he!searched!/!had!searched!online!for!hours.!!
4.The!cinema!sold!/!had!sold!all!of!the!tickets!by!the!time!we!arrived!/!had!arrived!at!the!ticket!
office.!
4 Complete the questions with the verbs in brackets. Use the Past Perfect Simple or Past Simple. Then
answer the questions.
! 1.! How!much!time!!you!!(spend)!on!the!Internet!before!
you!got!to!school!today?!!
.....................................................................................................................................
2.How!many!text!messages!had!you!received!by!the!time!the!lesson!!(begin)?!!
.....................................................................................................................................
! 3.! !any!of!your!friends!!(receive)!a!mobile!phone!before!!
they!started!secondary!school?!!
.....................................................................................................................................
4.What!!you!!(do)!after!you!had!finished!your!homework!yesterday?!
.....................................................................................................................................

5 Complete the text with the verbs in brackets. Use the Past Perfect Simple or Past Simple.
Did!you!know!that!there!are!vampires!in!your!house?!These!vampires!are!electrical!appliances,!
and!by!the!time!you!1.!!(wake!up)!this!morning,!they!2.!!(use)!a!lot!of!
energy!and!had!cost!you!a!lot!of!money.!!
3.!!you!!(turn!off!)!your!game!console!and!your!TV!last!night!before!

you!went!to!bed?!Unfortunately,!after!you!4.!!(do)!this,!these!and!other!appliances!
5.!!(continue)!using!electricity.!In!fact,!around!10%!of!a!familys!electricity!bill!is!

for!vampire!appliances!!items!that!use!electricity!even!when!you!arent!using!them.!Your!
grandparents!6.!!(not!have)!as!many!electrical!gadgets!to!make!their!life!easy.!But!
at!least!they!7.!!(not!worry)!about!vampires!hiding!in!their!home!
EXTRA PRACTICE UNIT 9

Vocabulary
1 Match the words to the pictures.

......1.! hunt! ! ......! 4.! crawl!


......2.! catch! ! ......! 5.! hide!
......3.! hibernate! ! ......! 6.! lay!eggs!
! 25
CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

a b c

! ! ! !
d e f

! ! ! !

2 Complete the sentences.


! 1.Some!animals!d!!!!!!!e!!!t!!!!!!!!!s!when!an!e!!!!y!is!near.!
! 2.At!night,!gorillas!b!!!!!!!n!!!!s!in!trees!to!sleep!in.!
! 3.How!many!babies!does!a!tiger!g!!!!!!b!!!!!to!at!one!time?!
! 4.Zebras!run!in!groups!as!a!way!to!d!!!!!d!!!t!!!!!!!!!s!when!lions!a!!!!!k!them.!
! 5.If!a!p!!!!!!!!s!snake!b!!!!s!you,!you!must!get!to!hospital!immediately.!
! 6.How!long!can!a!person!s!!!!!!a!!!!!without!food?!
! 7.My!dog!is!usually!h!!!!!!!!,!but!he!can!be!dangerous!if!he!f!!!!!!
!t!!!!!!!!!d.!

Grammar
3 Choose the correct answers.
! 1.! Lions!run!faster!than!tigers.!!
! ! The!teacher!said!that!lions!ran!/!had!run!faster!than!tigers.!!
! 2.! Our!puppy!has!adapted!to!her!new!home.!!
! ! My!friend!told!me!that!their!puppy!adapted!/!had!adapted!to!her!new!home.!!
! 3.! Im!taking!the!dog!out!now.!!
! ! I!told!my!mum!that!I!was*taking!/!would*take!the!dog!out!the*following*day!/!then.!!
! 4.! Ill!wash!the!dog!tomorrow.!!
! ! Jill!said!that!she!will*wash!/!would*wash!the!dog!the*day*after!/!the*previous*day.!!
! 5.! We!must!feed!these!animals.!!
! ! Jake!said!that!we!have*to!/!had*to!feed!these!/!those!animals.!
4 Complete the questions in reported speech.
1.Can!you!come!with!us?!!
They!asked!Dan!if!he!!...........................................................!with!them.!!
!
2.Who!does!this!dog!belong!to?!!
She!asked!who!that!dog!!.........................................................................!!.!!
!
3.What!are!you!eating?!!
Her!friend!asked!what!she!!....................................................................!!.!
!
4.Why!didnt!you!fix!your!computer!yesterday?!!
My!mother!asked!why!I!.....................................................................!my!computer!the!previous!day.!!
!
5.Will!you!wait!for!me!here?!!
I!asked!my!friends!whether!they!!.......................................................!!.!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

5 Correct the mistakes on bold.


! 1.! He!asked!if!we!would!work!at!the!animal!shelter!tomorrow.!!
!.............................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 2.! I!told!my!brother!that!I!lost!my!phone.!!
!.............................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 3.! The!technician!said!that!he!can!fix!my!computer.!!
!.............................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 4.! Jessica!asked!when!was!I!leaving!for!school.!!
!.............................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 5.! My!grandfather!said!that!he!doesnt*think!he!could!learn!to!use!the!Internet.!
!.............................................................................................................................!! ! !

Vocabulary
1 Complete the puzzle according to the pictures and find the hidden animal.
Then answer the question.
1 2

! ! ! !
3 4 5

6 7

! ! ! !
! ! ! 1. h! ! ! ! ! ! !
2.! w! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

! ! ! ! !!!!3.! t! ! ! ! ! !
! ! 4.! f. ! ! ! ! ! ! !
! ! ! 5. f! ! ! ! ! ! !
! ! ! ! !!!6.! c! ! ! ! ! !
!!!7.! f. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

The!animal!is!the!!.!
What!three!body!parts!above!has!it!got?!!!!!!!

2 Complete the sentences with the words below.


beak ! trunk ! tusks ! scales ! wing ! jaw ! paws ! tails
! 1.! A!bird!cant!fly!with!a!broken!!.!
! 2.! !are!actually!long!front!teeth.!
! 3.! Many!fish!have!got!colourful!!.!
! 4.! Some!monkeys!have!got!very!long,!strong!!.!
! 5.! My!dog!doesnt!like!walking!in!the!snow.!His!!get!cold.!
! 6.! An!elephant!uses!its!!to!eat!and!drink.!
! 7.! A!birds!!is!suited!to!the!type!of!food!it!eats.!
! 8.! The!hippos!!allows!it!to!open!its!mouth!to!almost!180!degrees.!
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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

Grammar
3 Choose the correct answer.
! 1.! Dont!touch!the!snake,!the!teacher!said!to!me.!!
! ! The!teacher!told!me!to*not!touch!/!not*to*touch!the!snake.!!
! 2.! Can!you!help!me?!the!old!lady!asked!us.!!
! ! The!old!lady!asked!us!to!help!/!help!her.!!
! 3.! I!can!give!a!talk!about!tigers.!!
! ! The!student!offered!that*he*could*give!/!to*give!a!talk!about!tigers.!!
! 4.! Why!dont!we!watch!the!documentary?!!
! ! My!friend!suggested!watching!/!to*watch!the!documentary.!!
! 5.! Dont!eat!now!because!dinner!is!in!one!hour.!!
! ! My!mother!said!not!eating!/!to*eat!then!because!dinner!was!in!one!hour.!!
! 6.! Lets!volunteer!at!the!animal!shelter,!Amy!said.!!
! ! Amy!suggested!that!they!volunteer!/!volunteering!at!the!animal!shelter.!
4 Correct the mistakes in bold.
! 1.! He!suggested!his!parents!to!get!him!a!dog.!!
......................................................................................................
! 2.! He!told!us!to*not!worry.!!
......................................................................................................
! 3.! She!offered!that*she*will!take!care!of!our!dog.!!
......................................................................................................
! 4.! I!suggested!that!we*will!visit!the!aquarium.!
......................................................................................................

5 Complete the sentences in reported speech.


1! Ill!show!you!how!this!fish!disguises!itself.!!
! ! The!guide!offered!!..........................................!!me!how!that!fish!disguised!itself.!!
! 2! Dont!buy!this!bird!food!here.!!
! ! My!uncle!told!us!!.......................................................................!!that!bird!food!there.!!
! 3! Can!you!please!help!this!cat?!!
! ! I!asked!the!vet!!....................................................................................................!!that!cat.!!
! 4! Lets!discuss!our!science!project!today.!!
! ! Leo!suggested!!..........................................................!!our!science!project!that!day.!!
! 5! Take!the!dog!to!the!vet!tomorrow.!!
! ! Dad!told!me!!..............................!!the!dog!to!the!vet!!..................................................!!.!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

READI NG AND WRI TI NG SECTI ON


PRACTICE!1!
1 The words below appear in the text in Exercise 2. Find the words and guess their meanings.
Use a dictionary to check your guesses.
1.goal!!! 2.! waterhole!!!
2 Read the text and complete the sentences with the verbs below.
Use the Past Simple or Past Continuous.

Cr ossing the Sahar a


The Sahara Desert in Africa is more than 9,400,000 square kilometres. In summer, temperatures reach
45C and in winter, they can fall to 0C. On windy days, the air fills with sand, so it s hard to see.
Does that sound like a good place to go running?
In 2007, marathon runners Charlie Engle, Ray Zahab and Kevin Lin ran 6,920 kilometres across the
Sahara in 111 days. Every day they woke up at 4.00 am, ran until lunch, stopped to eat and then ran
again until 9.30 pm. The men overcame many obstacles along the way. The high desert temperatures
often made them tired, In some places, there were no roads so they ran in deep, dry sand.
So why did they decide to set out on such a difficult journey? All three men loved extreme sports.
Kevin Lin, a famous athlete in his home country, Taiwan, ran 241 kilometres across the Atacama
Desert in Chile in 2004. For him, running across the Sahara was a dream come true. Americans
Charlie Engle and Ray Zahab used to have problems as young men. Running gave them a goal and
helped them improve their lives.
But there was another reason why the men came to the Sahara. They wanted to help Africa.
Hollywood director James Moll made a film about their journey and the money from it went to an
organisation called H2O Africa. H2O Africa brings clean drinking water to people all over the
continent. For many Africans, clean water is hard to find. Ray Zahab learned this in the African
country of Mali when he ran past a group of women and some camels. They were all drinking from the
same waterhole. Experiences like that gave the men a reason to run. Their journey was making a
difference to people s lives.

help ! not have ! get ! make ! use ! be


! 1.! The!men!!tired!easily!because!of!the!hot!weather.!
! 2.! Kevin!Lin!!excited!about!running!across!the!Sahara.!
! 3.! While!the!men!!their!way!across!the!Sahara,!they!met!many!African!people.!
! 4.! The!film!about!the!journey!!African!people.!
! 5.! When!Ray!saw!the!women!and!the!camels,!they!!the!same!waterhole.!
! 6.! The!women!in!Mali!!clean!drinking!water.!
3 Answer the questions.
! 1.! List!three!difficulties!in!running!across!the!Sahara.!
......................................................................................................
......................................................................................................
......................................................................................................
! 2.! How!did!running!help!Charlie!Engle!and!Ray!Zahab?!
......................................................................................................
! 3.! How!did!the!run!help!African!people?!
......................................................................................................
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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

4 Imagine you went on a difficult journey. Write a page from your diary
about your experiences. Include information about:
!
!
! ! where!you!went!
! ! what!you!did!
! ! what!obstacles!you!overcame!
! ! how!you!felt!
!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
!
!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
...................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
.!

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

!
PRACTICE!2!
1 The words below appear in the text in Exercise 2. Find the words and guess their meanings.
Use a dictionary to check your guesses.
! 1.! cancelling!!! 3.! study!(n)!!
!
! 2.! benefits!!! 4.! progress!!!
2 Read the text and answer the questions.

Ar e Summer Holidays Good for Teens?


Have you always wanted to go windsurfing or learn archery? Or maybe you ve dreamed about
visiting Paris or Rome? Summer is the perfect time to try new things. It s also a chance to
forget about school. But according to some people, that s just the problem the summer
holidays are all about forgetting. They hurt school achievements, they say, because students
can t remember what they ve learned. What do you think? Are the summer holidays good for
teens? Read the opinions below to help you decide.
YES! NO!
Teens need summer holidays. Several schools Some teens can learn a lot during the summer
in the USA have tried cancelling them and the holidays, but most don t. Instead, they spend
idea has failed. The teens are miserable and hours each day watching television or playing
even parents are unhappy. Besides, teens can on the computer. Not all neighbourhoods have
learn things outside the classroom too. got activities for teens. In some, a shopping
Psychologists have studied the benefits of centre is the only attraction. In addition, teens
summer activities. They say teens learn forget a lot of what they ve learned at school
important social skills by taking part in team during the summer. According to one study,
sports and other group activities. Summer is by the end of August many children have lost
also a time when teens learn about themselves. almost three months of progress in maths and
themselves by choosing activities they enjoy. reading. To help teens, the summer holidays
So do summer holidays hurt students should be shorter. The Japanese understand
achievements? If an achievement is a mark in this. They ve made the summer holidays five
a maths test, then yes, they do. But if an weeks long and have started giving students
achievement is making pottery or performing a lot of homework during their break. Students
in a band, then summer holidays are just what also come to school during the holidays for
teens need. special activities.

! 1.! What!are!windsurfing!and!archery!examples!of?!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 2.! What!can!students!learn!from!team!sports?!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 3.! What!do!some!teens!spend!too!much!time!doing!in!the!summer?!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 4.! How!much!material!do!students!forget!during!the!summer,!according!to!one!study?!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 5.! What!is!unusual!about!the!summer!holidays!in!Japan?!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !

! 31
CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

3 Write questions about the text with the words below. Use the Present Perfect Simple.
Then answer the questions according to the text.
! 1.! What!/!several!schools!in!the!USA!/!try!/!to!do!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 2.! this!idea!/!be!/!successful!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 3.! Why!/!the!Japanese!/!make!/!summer!holidays!shorter!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
4 Imagine your school has decided to make students take summer courses in July.
Write a letter to your school newspaper, expressing your opinion on this topic.
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! 32
CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

PRACTICE!3!
1 The words below appear in the text in Exercise 2. Find the words and guess their meanings.
Use a dictionary to check your guesses.
1.participants!! 2.! raise!money!! 3.! most!importantly!!
2 Read the text and write questions. Use will, be going to or the Future Continuous. There may be more
than one correct answer. Then answer the questions according to the text.

A Holiday on M ar s
The Dutch are planning a new reality TV programme. A group of people will live together while
cameras film them 24 hours a day. Sounds familiar, doesn t it? The new show is similar to the popular
show Big Brother. But there s one important difference some of the participants will travel to Mars.
Yes, that s right. A Dutch company, Mars One, wants to create a colony on Mars. To raise money, they
are going to make a reality TV programme about it.
In many ways, the planet Mars is similar to Earth. A day on Mars is 24 hours and 39 minutes, less than
an hour longer than a day on Earth. The temperature on Mars is around -55C. That s cold, but consider
this: scientists in Antarctica live and work in similar weather. A summer day on Mars can be a pleasant
20C. But most importantly, there is water on Mars. It s frozen, but it s there. And with water, people
can survive.
There is still a lot we don t know about Mars. For this reason, Mars One is going to do a lot of
preparation before sending astronauts there. Their reality TV programme will show both the
preparations and the journey to Mars.
Here are their plans:
In 2022, the company will send exploration vehicles to Mars to select a suitable place to live.
In 2024, they will send 2,500 kilogrammes of food to Mars.
In 2025, they will send homes for astronauts to live in.
In 2026, the first astronauts will leave on their flight. They will be travelling for many months and
will reach Mars in 2027.
According to scientists, space travel like this will be possible one day. In the future, lots of people will
be going to Mars. They will book a flight, make hotel reservations and go for long weekends
to the Red Planet.

! 1.! all!the!participants!in!the!programme!/!travel!/!to!Mars!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 2.! the!Dutch!company!/!create!a!colony!/!on!the!moon!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 3.! the!reality!TV!programme!/!raise!money!/!for!the!mission!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 4.! astronauts!/!build!/!their!own!homes!/!on!Mars!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 5.! people!/!travel!/!to!Mars!/!one!day!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 33
CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

3 Complete the sentences.


1.Scientists!believe!people!can!live!on!Mars!because!!...........................................................................!!
!.......................................................................................................................................................................................!! ! !.!
2.The!temperature!on!Mars!is!as!cold!as!!..................................................................................................!!.!
3.Before!the!astronauts!go!to!Mars,!the!company!will!send!!.....................................................!!and!!
!...............................................................................!! to!Mars.!
4.The!first!astronauts!will!arrive!on!Mars!in!!..........................................................................................!!.!
4 Imagine you are a participant on the new reality TV programme and you have just arrived
on Mars. Write a blog entry describing your experience.
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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

PRACTICE!4!
1 The words below appear in the text in Exercise 2. Find the words and guess their meanings.
Use a dictionary to check your guesses.
1.mad!about!!! 2.! symbol!!! 3.! point!!!
2 Read the text and tick ( ) the sentences T (true) or F (false).
Then correct the false sentences.

See Amster dam on Two Wheels


The Dutch are mad about bicycles. Today, if you visited Amsterdam, you would see bicycles everywhere.
Amsterdam has got a population of about 780,000, but there are more than 880,000 bikes! People of all
ages have got bikes and they don t wait for sunny weather to use them. On even the rainiest day, you can
see teens, young children, grandparents and even mothers with babies riding their bikes. If I hadn t seen it
with my own eyes, I wouldn t have believed it!
As a tourist, why not be Dutch for a day and ride a bike in the city? Amsterdam is small, so you can reach
most places in 15 minutes. But first, there are a few things you need to know.
You can hire bikes at shops all over the city for about 9 to 20 a day. There are several large shops
near the railway station.
Amsterdam has got many bicycle lanes. Since the 1970s, the city has invested a lot of money
in making cycling safe. These lanes are usually part of the pavement and they ve got the bike symbols.
Cars and bikes have got different traffic lights and they don t always work together. The light for cars
might be red when the light for bikes is green. So always look at the correct light at junctions.
Use your hands to indicate to drivers where you re going. When turning left, point left;
when turning right, point right.
Use a map. As a tourist, it s a good idea to plan your itinerary for the day before you begin riding. You
can get a bike map at the Amsterdam Tourist Centre for about 4 or you can find one online.
Amsterdam has got a lot of bicycle thieves, so don t take an expensive bike into the city. There s an
old Amsterdam joke if you hear someone scream, Hey that s my bike! , you will see at least five
people get off their bikes and start running away.

* T F

1.There!are!more!people!than!bicycles!in!Amsterdam.! ......! ......!


......................................................................................................
2.The!Dutch!ride!bicycles!only!in!good!weather.! ......! ......!
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3.It!doesnt!take!long!to!reach!places!by!bike!in!Amsterdam.! ......! ......!
......................................................................................................
4.In!Amsterdam,!bicycle!lanes!are!usually!in!the!street.! ......! ......!
......................................................................................................
5.Cyclists!have!got!their!own!traffic!lights.! ......! ......!
......................................................................................................
6.People!often!steal!bikes!in!Amsterdam.! ......! ......!
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! 35
CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

3 Complete the questions with the verbs in brackets. Use suitable


conditionals. Then complete the information according to the text.
1. If tourists hire a bike in Amsterdam, they (pay) .
2. If you (cycle) in Amsterdam before 1970, you wouldn t have seen as
many .
3. A tourist will go to the if he (need) a bike map.

4 Write a letter to a friend, describing a holiday in a city.


Make sure you answer these questions.
! ! Where are you?!
! ! What are you doing?!
! ! Who is with you?!
! ! Where are you staying?!
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! 36
CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

PRACTICE!5!
1 The words below appear in the text in Exercise 2. Find the words and guess their meanings.
Use a dictionary to check your guesses.
1.crumbs!!! 2.space!!! 3.! spoil!!!
2 Read the text and answer the questions.

Beef Sandwiches in Space?


John Young didn t like the food that he ate at work. It looked and tasted a lot like cereal for
babies. So the next morning, he brought a beef sandwich with him. He enjoyed it, but there
was one problem. Crumbs started flying around the room. That day Young learned that
astronauts can t eat everything.
This incident happened in 1965 on a US mission into space. Young didn t like the food that
the astronauts got and wanted something tastier for the trip. At the time, all astronaut foods
were wet, to prevent them from breaking into pieces. The astronauts had to drink everything
from plastic tubes, even meat and vegetables. Most of the food looked and tasted the same.
Many everyday foods were too dangerous for space. Salt, for example, could fly into an
astronaut s nose or into important instruments. Crumbs were a problem for the same reason,
as Young learned.
In the 1970s, however, astronaut food improved. Scientists learned that they could cook food
and dry it so it didn t spoil. Before eating, the astronauts just added water to make it fresh
again. For the first time, they could eat foods which looked real, such as chicken or rice. But
there was still one problem. Since they were eating from plastic tubes, the food had no smell.
Smell and taste go together. When there s less of one, there s less of the other.
To solve the problem, scientists started to make astronaut food spicy. Today, foods from
South America and Asia are popular in space. Astronauts who work together in space
stations come from different countries, so their food is more international. There are still no
beef sandwiches in space, but no one cares. Some astronauts even say the food is tasty.

! !
!
1.! Where!was!John!Young!when!he!ate!his!beef!sandwich?!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 2.! How!did!astronauts!eat!in!the!1960s?!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 3.! Why!were!crumbs!a!problem!in!space?!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 4.! How!did!astronauts!prepare!their!meals!in!the!1970s?!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 5.! Why!is!a!lot!of!astronaut!food!spicy!today?!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !
! 6.! Why!do!astronauts!today!eat!food!from!all!over!the!world?!
!.........................................................................................................................................!! ! !

! 37
CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

3 Complete the sentences with the relative clauses below.


! !! who!brought!a!beef!sandwich!to!work!
! !that!could!break!into!pieces!
! !when!astronaut!food!improved!
! !which!looked!like!cereal!for!babies!
1.!In!the!past,!astronauts!ate!food!!........................................................................................!!.!
2.John!Young!was!the!astronaut!!...........................................................................................!!.!
3.Food!!..............................................................................................!!was!dangerous!in!space.!
4.The!decade!!....................................................................................................!!was!the!1970s.!
4 You are on holiday and you have just eaten an unusual meal in a restaurant.
Write an e-mail to a friend describing the experience.
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! 38
CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

PRACTICE!6!

1 The words below appear in the text in Exercise 2. Find the words and guess their meanings.
Use a dictionary to check your guesses.
1.begging!!! 3.! rules!!!!
2.survey!!! 4.! turn!!!
2 Read the text and complete the chart.

Can I Have a Dog?


Most kids have asked their parents for a dog at least once. When parents say no, the kids often
start begging I ll take care of it you won t have to do a thing . The begging can continue
for weeks. Tired of fighting, some parents agree in the end. We ll get a dog , they say, and
we won t have any more arguments, right? Wrong. According to a new survey, an average
dog causes about 2,000 family arguments in its life.
Most frequently, families argue about where to put the dog during a holiday or where it should
sleep. Sometimes they fight about who should walk it or clean up its mess. And when the dog
eats a shoe, a pair of sunglasses or a child s favourite ball, they fight about who let it happen.
For some owners, dogs are more important than friends. Friends are often unreliable, they say,
and can disappoint. These people often treat their dogs like members of the family, feeding
them at the dinner table and letting them sleep in their bed. For others, very often on farms, a
dog is no more than a guard. These people put their dogs outside to protect the house from
thieves. But even in the same family, people have got different relationships with their pets and
this is the main reason they argue about them.
The best way to prevent arguments is to make decisions about what the dog can and can t do
before getting one. The rules need to be clear from the beginning. But whatever your family
decides, there s one thing you ll have to accept teens are old enough to take care of their
dogs. So when it s your turn, don t argue. Just do it.

Reason Result
1. Some parents let their children have dogs.
The dog eats something it shouldnt. 2.
Some people think dogs are part of the family 3.
4. Some people keep their dogs outside.

3 Choose the correct modal according to the information in the text.


! 1.! Parents!shouldnt!/!should!/!are*able*to!buy!a!dog!to!end!family!arguments.!
! 2.! Many!families!dont!know!what!they!must!/!should!/!could!do!with!their!dog!when!theyre!
on!holiday.!
! 3.! Families!dont!always!agree!on!who!cant!/!may!/!has!to!walk!the!dog.!
! 4.! Some!people!believe!friends!should!/!could!/!can!be!unreliable.!
! 5.! According!to!many!farmers,!dogs!must!/!mustnt!/!cant!protect!homes.!They!should!/!
shouldnt!/!couldnt!eat!with!the!family.!
! 6.! Families!can!/!need*to!/!cant!make!decisions!about!a!new!dog!before!it!arrives.!
! 7.! Teens!are*able*to!/!cant!/!could!take!care!of!their!dogs.!

! 39
CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

4 Your parents brought home a dog last week and youve just had your first dog-related argument. Post
a message on a pet care forum, describing what happened. Ask for tips on how to prevent arguments
in the future.
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! 40
CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

PRACTICE!7!
1 The words below appear in the text in Exercise 2. Find the words and guess their meanings.
Use a dictionary to check your guesses.
1.regularly!!! 3.! leaders!!!
2.poor!!! 4.! selfconfidence!!!
2 Read the text and answer the questions.

Cr iminals Read Books


Mitchell Rouse was arrested for taking drugs. A judge found him guilty of the crime, but surprisingly,
Rouse didn t receive a prison sentence. The judge sent him to read instead. Rouse participated in a
special programme called Changing Lives Through Literature. This programme helps criminals change
their lives through reading books.
Participants in the programme read books and meet regularly in groups to talk about them. For
criminals, the reading is not just a fun hobby. It s a kind of therapy. It teaches them important skills
and helps them learn about themselves and others. It changed the way I look at life, says Rouse.
The books help the criminals because they are connected to their lives. For example, some groups read
Of Mice and Men, about two poor young men looking for jobs. Many of the criminals come from poor
families too, so they can understand the characters. In the group meetings, these criminals share their
feelings about being poor. They also look at the characters mistakes and talk about how they can do
things differently in their lives. The group leaders, mostly teachers, make sure the criminals feel
comfortable talking about their ideas. This gives the criminals self-confidence.
Robert Waxler, an English teacher, started Changing Lives Through Literature in 1991 with his friend,
Judge Robert Kane. Their first reading group was for eight criminals. Since then, the programme has
grown and become very successful. In the US state of Texas, for example, about 600 participants have
completed the programme and only 6% of them have returned to crime. When criminals leave prison,
about 60% of them continue to commit crime.
Today, Rouse doesn t take drugs and he has got a good job. He is even thinking about studying
philosophy at university. For him, the reading group was a miracle . Literature, it seems, can change
lives.

! 1.! Why!did!the!police!arrest!Mitchell!Rouse?!
...........................................................................................................................
! 2.! What!do!the!participants!in!reading!groups!do?!Name!two!things.!
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! 3.! What!do!the!participants!learn!from!the!reading!group?!Name!two!things.!
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! 4.! How!are!the!criminals!and!the!characters!in!Of$Mice$and$Men!similar?!
...........................................................................................................................
! 5.! How!do!we!know!Changing!Lives!Through!Literature!works?!
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! 41
CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

3 Complete the sentences about the text with the verbs below.
Use the Present Simple Passive or Past Simple Passive affirmative.
Then tick ( ) the sentences T (true) or F (false) according to the text.
help ! find ! give ! start ! choose
T F
1.Rouse!!guilty!of!a!crime.! ......! ......!
2.Rouse!!a!prison!sentence.! ......! ......!
3.Books!connected!to!the!criminals!lives!!for!the!groups.! ......! ......!
4.Changing!Lives!Through!Literature!!by!two!literature!teachers.! ......! ......!
5.Rouse!!by!Changing!Lives!Through!Literature.! ......! ......!

4 Write a blog entry by Mitchell Rouse, describing his experience in Changing Lives Through Literature.
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! 42
CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

PRACTICE!8!
1 The words below appear in the text in Exercise 2. Find the words and guess their meanings.
Use a dictionary to check your guesses.
1.accidental!!! 3.! flavoured!!!5.wheat!!!
2.treat!!! 4.! dough!!!
2 Read the text and complete the sentences with the verbs below. Use the Past Simple
or Past Perfect Simple.

Delicious Accidental I nventions


Some inventions are the result of creating a solution to a specific problem. And some are accidental
including these very popular foods.
Cr isps
These were meant to be a flop! Crisps were invented in a New York restaurant in 1853 when a customer
wanted thinner, crispier fried potatoes than he was served. Although he was annoyed by the request, George
Crum, the chef, prepared what the customer wanted. He cut the potatoes extremely thin, fried them, and put
too much salt on them. He wanted the customer to hate them, but the man loved them. Crum s new potatoes
soon caught on!
The I ce-L olly
This sweet treat of flavoured frozen water was invented in 1905 in California by 11-year-old Frank
Epperson. After he had made a drink of fruit flavouring and water, he took it outside and forgot to bring it
in. When Epperson went out the next morning, he saw that the drink had frozen during the night. He tasted
it and it was delicious! Epperson started to produce his frozen drinks for the public in the 1920s.
The Chocolate-Chip Cookies
These were invented in 1930 by Ruth Wakefield in her Massachusetts restaurant. Wakefield had planned to
make chocolate cookies, but she didn t have any of her usual chocolate. She came up with an ingenious
solution: she added little pieces of a Nestl chocolate bar to the cookie dough. Her customers loved the new
dessert. Wakefield became famous after Nestl had begun selling chocolate chips with her recipe printed
on the packet.
Cor nflakes
William Kellogg and his brother John worked at a Michigan hospital. One day in the 1890s, the brothers
were making a special kind of wheat dough for the patients. Something went wrong, and the dough started
to break into pieces. The brothers baked these pieces, or flakes . The flakes tasted delicious, and became
very popular with the patients. William Kellogg went on to create cornflakes and other breakfast cereals.

prepare ! break ! not plan ! complain ! bake ! find ! freeze ! start


! 1.After!a!customer!!about!his!potatoes,!Chef!Crum!.............................very!thin!
crispy!potatoes.!
! 2.By!the!time!Epperson!!his!drink,!it!.!
! 3.Ruth!Wakefield!!to!make!chocolate!chip!cookies!before!!she!!
baking.!
! 4.William!and!John!Kellogg!!the!dough!after!it!!!
! !................................................................................................................................................................!into!pieces.!
3 Answer the questions.
! 1.! What!is!common!to!all!the!foods!in!the!text?!
...........................................................................................................................
! 2.! Why!did!Crum!make!such!thin!salty!potatoes?!
...........................................................................................................................

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

! 3.! Why!did!Eppersons!drink!freeze?!
...........................................................................................................................
! 4.! Where!did!Wakefields!recipe!appear?!
...........................................................................................................................
! 5.! What!did!William!Kellogg!do!after!he!saw!that!the!patients!liked!the!flakes?!
...........................................................................................................................

4 Imagine you are living in the year 2099. Write a brief description of a food or
kitchen gadget you have invented.
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
...................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
...................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
!

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PRACTICE!9!
1 The words below appear in the text in Exercise 2. Find the words and guess their meanings.
Use a dictionary to check your guesses.
1.native!!! 3.! reintroduce!!!
2.rate!!! 4.! increase!!!
2 Read the text and tick ( ) the sentences T (true) or F (false). Then complete the sentences in reported
speech, correcting the false sentences.

Calling all Dingoes and Tasmanian Devils!


Australia is famous for its unique native animal species, including kangaroos, koalas and platypuses. The
country is less well known for this sad fact: it has got the world s highest rate of extinction of mammals.
One cause of this is non-native animals. Foxes, cats, rats and other animals were brought to Australia by
European explorers and settlers, beginning in the 17th century. Conservation experts explained that those
animals threatened many native species by hunting them and by competing with them for food and habitat.
This resulted in a dramatic change in the country s natural environment.
In order to change this, some experts have recommended a natural solution. They want to reintroduce the
Tasmanian Devil, a carnivorous marsupial, to many parts of Australia, and to try to increase the population
of dingoes, a wild Australian dog. These animals are natural enemies of many non-native species. Today,
the Tasmanian Devil lives in the wild only in Tasmania, an island in Australia. The dingo lives in many
parts of Australia, but its population has become smaller in recent years.
Reintroducing animals in order to improve the natural environment has succeeded in many places,
including in Yellowstone National Park in the United States. Wolves disappeared from Yellowstone before
1940 because so many people hunted them. Without the wolf the main natural enemy of elk,
or large deer the elk population grew large enough to destroy other animals habitats. Doug Smith,
a wildlife biologist, said that some of those other animals, including beavers, had nearly disappeared in
Yellowstone. Wolves were reintroduced in the late 1990s, and the result has been amazing. The wolves are
now controlling the elk population and as a result, the population of beavers and other animals has grown.
If Australia decides to follow the experts advice and reintroduce dingoes and Tasmanian Devils, it will be
good news for other native species!

* T F

1.Europeans!started!to!bring!nonnative!animals!to!Australia!in!the!1700s.!......! ......!
He!told!us!that!!..............................................................................................................!!.!
2.Why!dont!we!increase!the!population!of!foxes!in!Australia?!! ......! ......!
Experts!suggested!!......................................................................................................!!.!
3!Yellowstone!National!Park!is!an!example!of!reintroducing!native!animals! ......! ......!
to!save!the!environment.!!
Experts!said!that!!.........................................................................................................!!.!
4.The!elks!are!controlling!the!wolf!population!in!Yellowstone!National!Park.......! ......!
Experts!said!that!!.........................................................................................................!!.!
!
3 Complete the sentences.
1.The!koala!is!one!of!!...................................................................................................................................................!!.!
2.Nonnative!animals!!.......................................................................................................!!for!food!and!habitat.!
3.Experts!want!to!control!the!number!of!nonnative!species!in!Australia!by!!.....................................!!!
!................................................................................................................................................................................................!!
!..............................................................................................................................................................................................!!.!
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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

4.The!number!of!dingoes!in!Australia!is!!....................................................................................!!it!once!was.!
5.Animals!such!as!beavers!almost!disappeared!from!Yellowstone!National!Park!because!!..........!!
!................................................................................................................................................................................................!!
!..............................................................................................................................................................................................!!.!
4 Imagine you are a reporter about to interview an Australian conservation expert about reintroducing
Tasmanian Devils and dingoes. Write five questions to ask the expert.
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
...................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!
....................................................................................................................................................................................!

SOLUCIONES A LOS EJERCICIOS DE REFUERZO DE 3 ESO.


GRAMMAR!AND!VOCABULARY!SECTION!

!!(page 1)!
1 1. b 2. c 3. d 4. f 5. a 6. e
2 1. on my own 4. survive
2. journey 5. on the way
3. dream came true 6. made my way
(page 2)
3 1. spent 5. met 8. didn t stop
2. took 6. didn t have 9. visited
3. went 7. ordered 10. Saw
4. loved
4 1. Did drink 3. did give
2. Did go 4. did get
Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.
5 1. used to walk 4. Did use to play
2. didn t use to like 5. didn t use to cook
3. used to climb

!!(page 1)!
1! d! e! l! i! g! h! t! e! d! a! i! c! t!
! a! n! t! i! s! o! c! i! a! l! r! e! h!
! r! e! f! h! h! n! r! s! m! k! r! f! r!
! a! r! e! y! o! t! i! e! b! t! i! e! i!
! s! g! t! m! c! u! n! c! d! l! t! u! l!
! m! e! g! s! k! t! a! k! y! p! a! a! l!
! r! t! u! x! e! u! p! s! e! t! b! u! e!
! e! i! l! y! d! e! b! h! d! p! l! a! d!
! t! c! o! n! f! u! s! e! d! t! e! u! g!
2 1. upset 4. antisocial
2. energetic 5. thrilled / delighted
3. confused
3 1. miserable 3. enthusiastic
2. annoyed 4. delighted

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

4 1. We were playing in the snow yesterday at noon.


2. Were your friends waiting for you at the cinema?
3. I wasn t / was not talking about you!
4. Snow was falling all night.
5. Sharon wasn t cooking fish at 3 o clock in the morning.
6. Why was Charlie wearing strange sunglasses?
(page 2)
5 1. was riding 4. arrived
2. Did they win 5. was travelling
3. were cycling 6. was she doing
6 1. was 8. was travelling
2. lived 9. had
3. did write 10. met
4. wrote 11. Described
5. read 12. were talking
6. didn t remember 13. was typing
7. lived
(page 1)
1 1. take part 4. represent
2. earn 5. compose
3. do
2 1. contribution 4. environment
2. donated 5. performed
3. appeared
1. b 2. d 3. e 4. a 5. c
3 1. yet 4. since
2. ever 5. for
3. never 6. just
(page 2)
4 1. hasn t seen 5. Have come
2. have been 6. has composed
3. Has done 7. haven t reached
4. have heard
5 1. have listened 4. has created
2. has changed 5. has performed
3. have begun 6. have written

(page 1)
1 1. lake / river 4. on a cliff /
2. television / the cinema in a canyon
3. sea / ocean 5. forest / jungle
2 1. performed in a band
2. studied computer animation
3. camping
4. designed fashion accessories
5. orienteering
6. acted in a play
3 1. saw 4. has just come
2. has he won 5. has always wanted
3. Did you have 6. haven t heard
(page 2)
4 1. a. How long has he lived there?
b. When did he move to London?
2. a. How long have you known her?
b. When did you meet?
3. a. How long has she been in there?
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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

b. When did she go to Africa?


4. a. How long has she had it?
b. When did she start her job?
5. a. How long have they been married?
b. When did they get married?
5 1. haven t called 6. Have visited
2. haven t phoned 7. haven t come
3. broke 8. sent
4. did happen 9. has given
5. fell

(page 1)
1 1. sunscreen 3. toiletries 5. first-aid kit
2. guidebook 4. map
2 1. suitcase, luggage allowance
2. money belt, passport
3. camera case
3 1. tent 3. insect repellent 5. backpack
2. sleeping bag 4. sunglasses
(page 2)
4 1. I am going to hike on my own.
2. She is going to take a painting course.
3. He isn t going to eat any sweets.
4. They are going to take a tour.
5 1. will ask Kate to join me
2. will take a yoga course instead
3. will lose weight
4. will do something else instead
6 1. will look
2. Are you going to spend; will rain
3. Are you going to go; won t have
4. Are you going to see; will probably be
5. does the tour begin; starts
(page 1)
1 1. visit a monument
2. reading about important sights
3. an umbrella
4. resting at the hotel
5. meeting a client
6. won t
2 1. go for a long weekend 4. take a tour
2. book your flight 5. hire a car
3. make hotel reservations
(page 2)
3 1. will be sleeping 4. will be living
2. won t be travelling 5. will be serving
3. Will be waiting
4 1. What will you be doing this time next year?
2. I will be studying yoga in India this time next summer. / This time next summer, I will be studying yoga in India.
3. I won t be using my bicycle tomorrow morning.
4. Will you be having lunch at exactly 1 pm?
5. At this time tomorrow, we will be sitting on the plane. / We will be sitting on the plane at this time tomorrow.
6. How long will you be staying in New York?
5 1 1. will be doing 4. will be
2. is going to hire 5. Are you going
3. are going to sail to travel
2 1. won t believe 4. ill be doing
2. will be flying 5. isn t going to be
3. are going to spend 6. will have
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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

(page 1)
1 1. police station 5. running track
2. swimming pool 6. football pitch
3. nightclub 7. art gallery
4. bowling alley 8. tennis court
2 1. university 6. playground
2. market 7. car park
3. office block 8. railway station
4. newsagent 9. hotel
5. airport
(page 2)
3 1. is, won t go 4. leave, won t reach
2. will climb, visits 5. will arrive, is
3. will take, doesn t come
4 1. would take 4. didn t speak
2. would stay 5. would ask
3. weren t
5 1. go 5. didn t have
2. would take 6. will meet
3. would love 7. would wait
4. won t enjoy

(page 1)
1 1. pavement 3. zebra crossing
2. bicycle lane 4. street
1
2! ! ! ! ! ! s! i! g! n! ! ! ! !
2
! ! ! ! ! ! q! ! ! ! ! ! b! !
3 4
! ! ! ! r! o! u! n! d! a! b! o! u! t!
! ! ! ! ! ! a! ! ! ! r! ! i! !
5
! ! ! s! ! ! r! ! ! ! i! ! l! !
6
! ! ! t! o! w! e! r! ! ! d! ! d! !
! ! ! a! ! ! ! ! ! ! g! ! i! !
! ! ! t! ! ! ! ! ! ! e! ! n! !
7
! f! o! u! n! t! a! i! n! ! ! ! g! !
! ! ! ! e! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
(page 2)
3 1. hadn t cost 4. would have enjoyed
2. would have seen 5. had spoken
3. wouldn t have stayed
4 1. e hadn t closed 4. b had had
2. a wouldn t have gone 5. d would have given
3. c wouldn t have sold
5 1. You wouldn t have had an accident if you had stopped at the traffic light.
2. If we had seen the sign, we wouldn t have got lost.
3. I would have gone to the nightclub if I hadn t been so busy.
4. If they had had time, they would have stopped at the fountain.
5. She wouldn t have ridden on the pavement if there had been a bicycle lane.

!!(page 1)!
1 wrong examples:
1. cola 3. cucumbers 5. vinegar
2. salami 4. rice
correct place:
1. rice 3. salami 5. cola
2. vinegar 4. cucumbers
2 1. frozen 4. appetizing 7. fresh

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

2. spicy 5. savoury 8. tasty


3. ripe 6. plain
3 1. sour 3. raw 5. savoury
2. ripe 4. fresh
(page 2)
4 1. who 4. when 7. that
2. where 5. that 8. where
3. whose 6. which
5 1. whose 4. that 7. where
2. where 5. when 8. which
3. which 6. who 9. where

!!(page 1)!

1 f g m k v p i k i c l v spinach
b h a p r s p i n a c h mushrooms
w cauliflower
a m l a m b n r c u s
peas!
r k r v e l s h g l h o cabbage!
m u s h r o o m s i e k
s b t c s m k l a f l p
l e o d r o f m b l l r
s e w p e a s p d o f v
t f v k b c a k f w i h
m s c a b b a g e e s k
o r t v l m k j h r h m
2 1. potatoes 3. carrots 5. oily
2. meat 4. turkey
3 1. starter 4. pork 6. mashed
2. grilled 5. side dish 7. dessert
3. main course
(page 2)
4 1. b where 3. a when 5. c which
2. e whose 4. d who
5 1. He often makes pizza which has got four different vegetables on it.
2. I met the baker whose cake won an award.
3. Do you remember the day when we ate at that expensive restaurant?
4. I d like you to meet the woman who cooks for the president s family.
5. There is a huge variety of fruit and vegetables in the market where I shop.
6. I ate a hamburger and chips that were very salty.

(page 1)
1 1. c 2. a 3. d 4. b
2 1. get your own way 5. not speaking
2. meet at a caf 6. nasty
3. stop talking to 7. didn t invite
4. apologise
3 1. disappoint 4. make friends
2. respect 5. trust
3. accept 6. disagree

(page 2)
4 1. have to / need to / must take
2. don t have to / don t need to bring
3. have to / need to / must call
4. mustn t tell
5. have to / need to / must clean
5 1. should 4. have to

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

2. mustn t 5. don t have to


3. should 6. have to
6 1. Do have to / need to
2. Do have to / need to
3. Should

!!(page 1)!
1 1. arrogant 5. unreliable
2. stubborn 6. sensible
3. jealous 7. selfish
4. kind 8. impolite
2 1. d 2. b 3. e 4. a 5. f 6. c
3 1. won t be able to 3. is able to
2. Will be able to 4. weren t able to

(page 2)
4 1. couldn t 5. can
2. could 6. can t
3. could 7. can t
4. could
5 1. may / might
2. may / might
3. may not / might not
4. may / might
5. may not / might not

(page 1)
1 1. witnesses 6. judge
2. broke into 7. warning
3. broke 8. scene of the crime
4. found him guilty 9. trial
5. identified 10. innocent
2 1. riot 4. committed crimes
2. damage was caused 5. prison sentences
3. hooligans
3 1. is collected 4. aren t passed
2. Are examined 5. is given
3. are asked

(page 2)
4 1. is investigated 4. are brought
2. are interviewed 5. are punished
3. are arrested
5 1. Was evidence found at the scene of the crime?
2. Were weapons used in the robbery?
3. Was the evidence seen by a detective?
4. Was any damage caused to the house?
5. What things were stolen from the house?
6 1. Yes, evidence was found at the scene of the crime.
2. Yes, a knife was used in the robbery.
3. Yes, the evidence was seen by a detective.
4. Yes, damage was caused to the house.
5. Jewellery and money were stolen from the house.

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

!!(page 1)!!
1 1. b 2. g 3. a 4. c 5. f 6. e 7. d
2 1. dead 4. unconscious
2. escaped 5. losing blood
3. in pain 6. cuts

(page 2)
3 1. are interviewed 5. was robbed;
2. were asked were stolen
3. aren t obeyed 6. Is examined
4. weren t hurt 7. was found
4 1. is located 6. were found
2. is called 7. is / was told
3. were sent 8. was closed
4. were caught 9. is visited
5. were killed

!!(page 1)!
1 2 3

1! i! ! g! a! d! g! e! t! ! ! ! ! !
! n! ! ! ! ! ! 4
f! ! ! ! ! ! !
! g! ! ! ! ! ! f! l! o! p! ! ! !
! e! ! ! ! ! ! e! ! ! ! ! ! !
! 5
n! ! ! ! ! ! c! ! ! ! ! ! !
!
i! n! n! o! v! a! t! i! o! n! ! ! !
! o! ! ! ! ! ! i! ! ! ! ! ! !
!
u! ! ! ! ! 6! v! ! ! ! ! ! !
! s! ! ! ! ! r! e! u! s! a! b! l! e!
!
2 1, 3, 5
3 1. came up with 4. weird
2. entertaining 5. caught on
3. requires 6. trendy
(page 2)
4 Possible answer s
1. had / hadn t updated
2. had / hadn t turned off
3. had / hadn t charged
4. had / hadn t put
5. had / hadn t silenced
5 1. Had graduated; Yes, she had.
2. had done; She had graduated from university.
3. had sold; She had sold two inventions.
4. Had got married; No, she hadn t.
5. had had; She had had one child.

(page 1)
1 1. kettle 5. vacuum cleaner
2. hairdryer 6. gas stove
3. iron 7. freezer
4. electric shaver 8. remote control
2 1. can 5. couldn t use
2. on 6. plates

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

3. don t keep 7. paper


4. type 8. cut
(page 2)
3 1. had reprogrammed, worked
2. got, had repaired
3. found, had searched
4. had sold, arrived
4 1. had spent 3. Had received
2. began 4. did do
Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.
5 1. woke up 5. continued
2. had used 6. didn t have
3. Had turned off 7. didn t worry
4. had done

(page 1)
1 1. b 2. e 3. f 4. a 5. c 6. d
2 1. disguise themselves, enemy
2. build nests
3. give birth
4. defend themselves, attack
5. poisonous, bites
6. stay alive
7. harmless, feels threatened
(page 2)
3 1. ran
2. had adapted
3. was taking, then
4. would wash, the day after
5. had to, those
4 1. could come 4. hadn t fixed
2. belonged to 5. would wait there
3. was eating
5 1. He asked if we would work at the animal shelter the next / following day.
2. I told my brother that I had lost my phone.
3. The technician said that he could fix my computer.
4. Jessica asked when I was leaving for school.
5. My grandfather said that he didn t think he could learn to use the Internet.

!!(page 1)
! ! ! h! o! r! n! ! ! !
1! ! ! 1. ! ! ! ! ! ! !
!! w! h! i! s! k! e! r! s! ! 1. ostrich
! 2. 2.! tongue,!claw,!
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
! ! ! t! o! n! g! u! e! ! feather!
! ! ! !!!!3.
! ! ! f!! u!! !r! !! !! !! !
! !
!
! ! ! 4.! . ! ! ! ! ! ! !
! ! ! 5. f! i! n! ! ! ! !
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
! ! ! !!!6.! c! l! a! w! ! !
! ! !
! !!!7.
f! e! a! t!! !
!
h! !
e! !
r! !! !! !!
! . ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
2 1. wing 3. scales 5. paws 7. beak
2. Tusks 4. tails 6. trunk 8. jaw
(page 2)
3 1. not to touch 5. to eat
2. to help 6. volunteer
3. to give
4. watching
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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

4 1.! He!asked*his!parent!to!get!him!a!dog!
! 2.! He!told!us!not*to*worry.!!
! 3.! She!offered!to*take!care!of!our!dog.!!
! 4.! I!suggested!that!we*visit*the!aquarium.!!
5 1. to show
2. not to buy
3. to help
4. that we discuss / discussing
5. to take, the next / following day
!
!READING!AND!WRITING!SECTION!

(page 1)
2! 1.! got!! 4.! helped!
! 2.! was! 5.! were!using!
! 3.! were!making!!6.! didnt!have!

(page 2)
3 1. running in deep, dry sand; high desert temperatures; no roads
2. Running gave them a goal and helped them improve their lives.
3. The money from the film of the journey went to H2O Africa an organisation that brings clean drinking water
to people.
4 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.

(page 1)
2 1. summer activities
2. Teens can learn important social skills.
3. Watching television or playing on the computer.
4. Almost three months of progress in maths and reading.
5. The holidays are five weeks long and students get a lot of homework and come to school during holidays for
special activities.

(page 2)
3 1. What have several schools in the USA tried to do?
Several schools have tried cancelling summer holidays.
2. Has this idea been successful?
No, the idea has failed.
3. Why have the Japanese made the summer holidays shorter?
So that teens don t forget a lot of what they ve learned.
4 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.

(page 1)
2 1. Are all the participants in the programme going to travel to Mars? / Will all the participants in the programme be
travelling to Mars?
No, some of the participants are going to travel to Mars.
2. Is the Dutch company going to create a colony on the moon?
No, the Dutch company is going to create a colony on Mars.
3. Is the reality TV programme going to raise money for the mission?
Yes, it is.
4. Are astronauts going to build their own homes on Mars?
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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

No, Mars One is going to send their homes to Mars.


5. Will people travel to Mars one day?
Yes, people may travel to Mars 100 years from now.

(page 2)
3 1. the planet is similar to Earth / there s water on Mars
2. Antarctica
3. (2,500 kilogrammes of) food, homes
4. 2027
4 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.

(page 1)
2 1. F Amsterdam has got a population of about 780,000, but there are more than 880,000 bikes!
2. F They don t wait for sunny weather to ride them.
3. T
4. F The bicycle lanes are usually part of the pavement.
5. T
6. T

(page 2)
3 1. will pay about 9 to 20 a day
2. had cycled, bicycle lanes
3. (Amsterdam) Tourist Centre, needs
4 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.

(page 1)
2 1. At work, on a 1965 US mission into space.
2. They drank their food from plastic tubes.
3. Crumbs could fly into an astronaut s nose or into important instruments.
4. They added water to dried foods.
5. To solve the problem of no smell and taste.
6. Astronauts who work together in space stations come from different countries so their food is more
international.

(page 2)
3 1. which looked like cereal for babies
2. who brought a beef sandwich to work
3. that could break into pieces
4. when astronaut food improved
4 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.

(page 1)
2 1. Parents are tired of fighting with their kids.
2. The family fights about who let it happen.
3. They feed them at the dinner table and let them sleep in their bed.
4. For some people, a dog is no more than a guard.
3 1. shouldn t 5. must, shouldn t

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

2. should 6. need to
3. has to 7. are able to
4. can

(page 2)
4 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.

(page 1)
2 1. for taking drugs.
2. The participants read books and meet regularly to talk about books.
3. They learn important skills; they learn about themselves and others.
4. They come from poor families.
5. Only 6% of the participants have returned to crime.

(page 2)
3 1. was found; T 4. was started; F
2. was given; F 5. was helped; T
3. are chosen; T
4 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.

(page 1)
2 1. had complained, prepared
2. found, had frozen
3. hadn t planned, started
4. baked, had broken

(page 2)
3 1. They are all accidental inventions.
2. He was annoyed by a customer s request and wanted the customer to hate them.
3. He took his drink outside and forgot to bring it in and it froze during the night.
4. The recipe appeared on the packets of Nestl chocolate chips.
5. He went on to create cornflakes and other breakfast cereals.
4 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.

(page 1)
2 1 F Europeans had started to bring non-native animals to Australia in the 1600s
2 F that we increase the population of dingoes in Australia
3 T Yellowstone Park was an example of reintroducing native animals to save the environment.
4 F the wolves were controlling the elk population in Yellowstone Park

(page 2)
3 1. Australia s native animal species
2. compete with native species
3. reintroducing the Tasmanian Devil and dingoes
4. smaller than
5. the elk population grew large enough to destroy their habitat
4 Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

DECRETO 98/2016, de 5 de julio, por el que se establecen la ordenacin y el currculo de la Educacin Secundaria
Obligatoria y del Bachillerato para la Comunidad Autnoma de Extremadura. (2016040111)
!
Primer ciclo ESO: Primera Lengua Extranjera.
CONTENIDOS
BLOQUE 1: Comprensin de textos orales.

Estrategias de comprensin:
- Movilizacin de informacin previa sobre tipo de tarea y tema.
- Identificacin del tipo textual, adaptando la comprensin al mismo.
- Distincin de tipos de comprensin (sentido general, informacin esencial, puntos principales, detalles relevantes).
- Formulacin de hiptesis sobre contenido y contexto.
- Inferencia y formulacin de hiptesis sobre significados a partir de la comprensin de elementos significativos, lingu
sticos y
paralingsticos.
- Reformulacin de hiptesis a partir de la comprensin de nuevos elementos.

Aspectos socioculturales y sociolingsticos: convenciones sociales, normas de cortesa y registros; costumbres, valores, creencias y
actitudes; lenguaje no verbal.

Funciones comunicativas:
- Iniciacin y mantenimiento de relaciones personales y sociales.
- Descripcin de cualidades fsicas y abstractas de personas, objetos, lugares y actividades.
- Narracin de acontecimientos pasados puntuales y habituales, descripcin de estados y situaciones presentes, y expresin de sucesos
futuros.
- Peticin y ofrecimiento de informacin, indicaciones, opiniones y puntos de vista,
consejos, advertencias y avisos.
- Expresin del conocimiento, la certeza, la duda y la conjetura.
- Expresin de la voluntad, la intencin, la decisin, la promesa, la orden, la autorizacin y la prohibicin.
- Expresin del inters, la aprobacin, el aprecio, la simpata, la satisfaccin, la esperanza, la confianza, la sorpresa, y sus contrarios.
- Formulacin de sugerencias, deseos, condiciones e hiptesis, preferencias y opiniones.
- Establecimiento y mantenimiento de la comunicacin y organizacin del discurso.

Estructuras sintcticodiscursivas.1
- Expresin de relaciones lgicas: conjuncin (and, too, also);disyuncin (or);oposicin(but); causa(because (of);finalidad (to
infinitive);comparacin(as/not so Adj.as; more comfortable/quickly (than); the fastest);resultado(so);condicin (if);
- Relaciones temporales(while/ when).
- Afirmacin(affirmative sentences; tags)
- Exclamacin(What + (Adj. +) noun, e. g.What a wonderful holiday!; How +Adj., e. g. How interesting!;exclamatory sentences and
phrases, e. g.Well, that is a surprise! Fine! Great!).
- Negacin(negative sentences with not, never, ;negative tags).
- Interrogacin(Wh- questions; Aux. Questions;What is thisfor?; tags).
- Expresin del tiempo: pasado(past simple and continuous;); presente(present simpleand continuous);futuro (going to;will; present simple
and continuous +Adv.).
- Expresin del aspecto: puntual (simpletenses);durativo(present and past simple/continuous);habitual (simpletenses (+ Adv.,e. g.
usually);used to);
- Expresin dela modalidad:factualidad(declarative sentences);capacidad(can);posibilidad/probabilidad(may );necesidad(must; need;have
(got) to); obligacin(have (got) to;must;imperative);permiso (can,may, could);
- Expresin de la existencia (e.g. there is, are,was, were, will be); la
entidad(count/uncount/collective/compoundnouns;pronouns(subject,object);possessives;determiners (a,an, the, some,any).
- Expresin dela cantidad (singular/plural;cardinal and ordinal numerals.Quantity: much,many, a lot (of).Degree: e. g.really).
- Expresin del espacio (prepositionsand adverbs oflocation, position,distance, motion,direction,origin).
- Expresin del tiempo (points (e. g. five to (ten)); divisions (e. g. century;season), and indications(ago; early;late) of
time;duration(fromto);sequence (first,next,last);simultaneousness (while,when);frequency (e. g.often, usually).
- Expresin del modo (Adv. andphrases ofmanner, e. g.easily; by post).

Lxico oral de uso comn (recepcin) relativo a identificacin personal; vivienda, hogar y entorno; actividades de la vida diaria; familia y
amigos; trabajo y ocupaciones; tiempo libre, ocio y deporte; viajes y vacaciones; salud y cuidados fsicos; educacin y estudio; compras y
actividades comerciales; alimentacin y restauracin; transporte; lengua y comunicacin; medio ambiente, clima y entorno natural; y
Tecnologas de la Informacin y la Comunicacin.

Patrones sonoros, acentuales, rtmicos, de pronunciacin y de entonacin.


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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

BLOQUE 2: Produccin de textos orales: expresin e interaccin.

Estrategias de produccin:

Planificacin
- Concebir el mensaje con claridad, distinguiendo su idea o ideas principales y su estructura bsica
- Adecuar el texto al destinatario, contexto y canal, aplicando el registro y la estructura de discurso adecuados a cada caso.

Ejecucin
- Expresar el mensaje con claridad, coherencia, estructurndolo adecuadamente y ajustndose, en su caso, a los modelos y frmulas de
cada tipo de texto.
- Reajustar la tarea(emprender una versin ms modesta de la tarea) o el mensaje(hacer concesiones en lo que realmente le gustara
expresar), tras valorar las dificultades y los recursos disponibles.
- Apoyarse en y sacar el mximo partido de los conocimientos previos(utilizar lenguaje prefabricado, etc.).
- Compensar las carencias lingsticas mediante procedimientos lingsticos, paralingsticos o paratextuales:

Lingusticos
- Modificar palabras de significado parecido.
- Definir o parafrasear un trmino o expresin.

Paralingusticos y paratextuales
- Pedir ayuda.
- Sealar objetos, usar decticos o realizar acciones que aclaran el significado.
- Usar lenguaje corporal culturalmente pertinente(gestos, expresiones faciales, posturas, contacto visual o corporal, proxmica).
- Usar sonidos extralingsticos y cualidades prosdicas convencionales.

Aspectos socioculturales y sociolingsticos: convenciones sociales, normas de cortesa y registros; costumbres, valores, creencias y
actitudes; lenguaje no verbal.

Funciones comunicativas:
- Iniciacin y mantenimiento de relaciones personales y sociales
- Descripcin de cualidades fsicas y abstractas de personas, objetos, lugares y actividades.
- Narracin de acontecimientos pasados puntuales y habituales, descripcin de estados y situaciones presentes, y expresin de sucesos
futuros.
- Peticin y ofrecimiento de informacin, indicaciones, opiniones y puntos de vista, consejos, advertencias y avisos.
- Expresin del conocimiento, la certeza, la duda y la conjetura.
- Expresin de la voluntad, la intencin, la decisin, la promesa, la orden, la autorizacin y la prohibicin.
- Expresin del inters, la aprobacin, el aprecio, la simpata, la satisfaccin, la esperanza, la confianza, la sorpresa, y sus contrarios.
- Formulacin de sugerencias, deseos, condiciones e hiptesis, preferencias y opiniones
- Establecimiento y mantenimiento de la comunicacin y organizacin del discurso.
Estructuras sintcticodiscursivas.1

Lxico oral de uso comn (produccin)relativo a identificacin personal; vivienda, hogar y entorno; actividades de la vida diaria; familia y
amigos; trabajo y ocupaciones; tiempo libre, ocio y deporte; viajes y vacaciones; salud y cuidados fsicos; educacin y estudio; compras y
actividades comerciales; alimentacin y restauracin; transporte; lengua y comunicacin; medio ambiente, clima y entorno natural; y
Tecnologas de la Informacin y la Comunicacin.

Patrones sonoros, acentuales, rtmicos, de pronunciacin y de entonacin.

BLOQUE 3:comprensin de textos escritos.

Estrategias de comprensin:
- Movilizacin de informacin previa sobre tipo de tarea y tema.
- Identificacin del tipo textual, adaptando la comprensin al mismo.
- Distincin de tipos de comprensin (sentido general, informacin esencial, puntos principales).
- Formulacin de hiptesis sobre y contexto.
- Inferencia y formulacin de hiptesis sobre significados a partir de la comprensin de elementos significativos, lingu
sticos y
paralingsticos.
- Reformulacin de hiptesis a partir de la comprensin de nuevos elementos.
Aspectos socioculturales y sociolingsticos :convenciones sociales, normas de cortesa y registros; costumbres, valores, creencias y
actitudes; lenguaje no verbal.

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CUADERNILLO DE REFUERZO DE INGLS PARA 3 ESD DEPARTAMENTO DE INNGLS DEL IES SAN FERNANDO, BADAJOZ

Funciones comunicativas:
- Iniciacin y mantenimiento de relaciones personales y sociales.
- Descripcin de cualidades fsicas y abstractas de personas, objetos, lugares y actividades.
- Narracin de acontecimientos pasados puntuales y habituales, descripcin de estados y situaciones presentes, y expresin de sucesos
futuros.
- Peticin y ofrecimiento de informacin, indicaciones, opiniones y puntos de vista, consejos, advertencias y avisos.
- Expresin del conocimiento, la certeza, la duda y la conjetura.
- Expresin de la voluntad, la intencin, la decisin, la promesa, la orden, la autorizacin y la prohibicin.
- Expresin del inters, la aprobacin, el aprecio, la simpata, la satisfaccin, la esperanza, la confianza, la sorpresa, y sus contrarios.
- Formulacin de sugerencias, deseos, condiciones e hiptesis, preferencias y opiniones.
- Establecimiento y mantenimiento de la comunicacin y organizacin del discurso.
Estructuras sintcticodiscursivas.1

Lxico escrito de uso comn (recepcin)relativo a identificacin personal; vivienda, hogar y entorno; actividades de la vida diaria; familia y
amigos; trabajo y ocupaciones; tiempo libre, ocio y deporte; viajes y vacaciones; salud y cuidados fsicos; educacin y estudio; compras y
actividades comerciales; alimentacin y restauracin; transporte; lengua y comunicacin; medio ambiente, clima y entorno natural; y
Tecnologas de la Informacin y la Comunicacin.

Patrones grficos y convenciones ortogrficas

BLOQUE 4. Produccin de textos escritos: expresin e interaccin

Estrategias de produccin:
Planificacin
- Movilizar y coordinarlas propias competencias generales y comunicativas con el fin de realizar eficazmente la tarea(repasar qu se sabe
sobre el tema, qu se puede o se quiere decir, etc.).
- Localizar y usar adecuadamente recursos lingu sticos o temticos (uso de un diccionario o gramtica, obtencin de ayuda, etc.).
Ejecucin
- Expresar el mensaje con claridad ajustndose a los modelos y frmulas de cada tipo de texto.
- Reajustar la tarea(emprender una versin ms modesta de la tarea) o el mensaje hacer concesiones en lo que realmente le gustara
expresar), tras valorar las dificultades y los recursos disponibles.
- Apoyarse en y sacar el mximo partido de los conocimientos previos(utilizar lenguaje prefabricado, etc.).
Aspectos socioculturales y sociolingsticos: convenciones sociales, normas de cortesa y registros; costumbres, valores, creencias y
actitudes; lenguaje no verbal.
Funciones comunicativas:
- Iniciacin y mantenimiento de relaciones personales y sociales.
- Descripcin de cualidades fsicas y abstractas de personas, objetos, lugares y actividades.
- Narracin de acontecimientos pasados puntuales y habituales, descripcin de estados y situaciones presentes, y expresin de sucesos
futuros.
- Peticin y ofrecimiento de informacin, indicaciones, opiniones y puntos de vista, consejos, advertencias y avisos.
- Expresin del conocimiento, la certeza, la duda y la conjetura.
- Expresin de la voluntad, la intencin, la decisin, la promesa, la orden, la autorizacin y la prohibicin.
- Expresin del inters, la aprobacin, el aprecio, la simpata, la satisfaccin, la esperanza, la confianza, la sorpresa, y sus contrarios.
- Formulacin de sugerencias, deseos, condiciones e hiptesis, preferencias y opiniones.
- Establecimiento y mantenimiento de la comunicacin y organizacin del discurso.
Estructuras sintcticodiscursivas.1

Lxico escrito de uso comn (produccin)relativo a identificacin personal; vivienda, hogar y entorno;
actividades de la vida diaria; familia y amigos; trabajo y ocupaciones; tiempo libre, ocio y deporte; viajes y vacaciones; salud y cuidados
fsicos; educacin y estudio; compras y actividades comerciales ;alimentacin y restauracin; transporte; lengua y comunicacin; medio
ambiente, clima y entorno natural; y Tecnologas de la Informacin y la Comunicacin.
Patrones grficos y convenciones ortogrficas.

DECRETO 98/2016, de 5 de julio, por el que se establecen la ordenacin y el currculo de la Educacin Secundaria
Obligatoria y del Bachillerato para la Comunidad Autnoma de Extremadura. (2016040111)

! 59

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