Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 59

Introduction to

Electronics

An introduction to electronic components and a study of circuits


containing such devices.

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering


Week 6:
MOSFETs

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering


Introduction and
MOSFET Physics

Dr. Bonnie Ferri


Professor and Associate Chair
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering

Study the physics of MOSFETs

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering


Lesson Objective
Introduce the uses of transistors
Investigate the physics of MOSFETs

2
Types of Transistors

MOSFET (metal-oxide-semiconductor silicon


field-effect transistor)
BJT (bipolar junction transistor)

3
Uses of Transistors
Electrically controlled switch (digital
circuits/computers)
Amplifier (op amps)
Resistor with value electrically controlled

4
NMOS (N-type MOSFET)
S (source) G (gate) D
(drain)

n n

P-type substrate

5
NMOS: Vary VG
S (source) G (gate) D (drain)
= VG0 V 0 > 0
DS
+
I
n n

P-type substrate VG

VDS small and constant

6
NMOS: Vary VDS
S (source) G (gate) D (drain)
VG0 VDS > 0
+
I
n n

P-type substrate
VDS

VG constant

7
Summary
VDS small VDS medium VDS large

I I I
VG small

VDS VDS VDS


I I I
VG
medium
VDS VDS VDS
I I I
VG large

VDS VDS VDS

8
Remainder of Module

MOSFET switches
MOSFET amplifiers
BJTs

9
MOSFET Switches

Dr. Bonnie Ferri


Professor and Associate Chair
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering

Introduce the use of MOSFETs as switches in circuits

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering


Previous Lesson

Introduction to MOSFETs
The physics of MOSFETs

11
Lesson Objectives
Examine the use of MOSFET as a switch in a circuit
Introduce CMOS devices

12
NMOS Switch Behavior
vG = High vD

vD
VDS VG Switch
vG
High ON
vG = Low vD Low OFF
I

VDS

13
Simple NMOS Inverter Circuit
vD=5v

vOUT
vIN

14
CMOS Devices
Source Gate Gate Source,
Drain VSS = 3.3v
Drain

n n p p
n
p

NMOS: VG Switch PMOS: VG Switch


High ON High OFF
Low OFF Low ON

15
Summary of Switch Behavior

VG Switch
vG
High ON
Low OFF

VG Switch
vG High OFF
Low ON

16
CMOS Inverter Circuit
vSS = High

vIN vOUT

VIN VOUT
High Low
Low High
17
Summary
Examine the use of MOSFET as an electrically
controlled switch in a circuit
Introduced CMOS for complementary p-type and
n-type transistor behavior
Introduced inverter circuits

18
CMOS Logic Gates

Dr. Bonnie Ferri


Professor and Associate Chair
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering

Introduction to logic gates made from CMOS transistors

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering


Previous Lesson

MOSFET Switches

20
Lesson Objectives
Introduce logic gates and their transistor circuits
NOT, NAND, NOR, AND, OR

21
CMOS NOT Gate (Inverter Circuit)
vSS = High vSS = High

A B A B
vIN vOUT

B=A

Truth Table
VIN VOUT A B
High Low 0 1
Low High 1 0
22
Logic Gates
NOT AND NAND OR NOR
A B AB C AB C AB C AB C
0 1 00 0 00 1 00 0 00 1
1 0 01 1
01 0 01 1 01 0
10 0 10 1 10 1 10 0
11 1 11 0 11 1 11 0
A B A C A C A C A C
B B B B
B=A C = A B C = A B C = A +B C = A +B

23
PMOS Switch Behavior

VG Switch
vG
High ON
Low OFF

VG Switch
vG High OFF
Low ON

24
NAND Gate
vSS = High
NAND
AB C
A B
00 1
01 1
C
10 1 A
11 0
A C B
B
C = A B

25
NOR Gate
vSS = High
NOR
A
AB C
00 1 B
01 0 C

10 0
A B
11 0
A C
B
C = A +B

26
Summary

Logic gate circuits are made from CMOS n-


type and p-type transistors

27
Introduction to
Electronics
Dr. Allen Robinson
Academic Professional
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering

An introduction to electronic components and a study of circuits


containing such devices.

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering


MOSFET
Characteristics
Dr. Allen Robinson
Academic Professional
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering

Introduce MOSFET characteristic curves and biasing

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering


Previous Lesson

Introduced CMOS logic gates

3
Lesson Objectives

Introduce MOSFET characteristic curves


Introduce dc biasing

4
Characteristic Curves

VDS = 7 V

5
Regions of Operation

6
Regions of Operation
Cutoff Region Linear/Triode Region Saturation Region

K = Transconductance parameter. Units of A/V2


VTO = Threshold or turn on voltage. Minimum value of VGS for ID to flow.

7
Transfer Characteristics

VDS = 7 V

VDS = 1 V
VTO = 1.5 V

8
Summary

Introduced MOSFET characteristics


Introduced dc biasing

9
Next Lesson

Common Source Amplifier: DC Analysis

10
Introduction to
Electronics
Dr. Allen Robinson
Academic Professional
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering

An introduction to electronic components and a study of circuits


containing such devices.

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering


Common Source
Amplifier: DC
Analysis
Dr. Allen Robinson
Academic Professional
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering

Introduce common source amplifier

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering


Previous Lesson

Examined MOSFET characteristic curves and biasing

3
Lesson Objectives

Introduce common source amplifier


Analyze common source amplifier dc circuit

4
MOSFET Gain Stage

5
Common Source Amplifier
VDD

VSS

6
Common Source Amplifier DC Circuit
VDD

VSS

7
Common Source Amplifier DC Formulas
VDD

VSS

8
Summary

Introduced common source (CS) amplifier


Introduced dc analysis of CS amplifier

9
Next Lesson

Common Source Amplifier: AC Analysis

10
Introduction to
Electronics
Dr. Allen Robinson
Academic Professional
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering

An introduction to electronic components and a study of circuits


containing such devices.

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering


Common Source
Amplifier: AC
Analysis
Dr. Allen Robinson
Academic Professional
School of Electrical and
Computer Engineering

Examine ac behavior of the common source amplifier

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering


Previous Lesson

Introduced common source amplifier


Introduced dc biasing

3
Lesson Objectives

Introduce ac behavior of CS amplifier


Analyze CS amplifier circuit

4
Small Signal Parameters and Gain
Perform small-signal analysis to obtain:

Transconductance

Intrinsic source resistance

Midband Gain

5
Common Source Amplifier
VDD

VSS

6
Common Source Amplifier Example
VDD
Determine Q point and Gain Given:

VSS

7
Common Source Amplifier Example
VDD

VSS

8
Summary

Introduced AC analysis of CS amplifier


Analyzed CS amplifier circuit

9
Next Lesson

Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT)

10