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Problem Set on Trigonometry (Math HL)

1. (a) Show that sin 2 nx = sin((2n + 1)x) cos x cos((2n + 1)x) sin x.
(2)

(b) Hence prove, by induction, that

sin 2nx
cos x + cos 3x + cos 5x + ... + cos((2n 1)x) = ,
2 sin x

+
for all n , sin x 0.
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(c) Solve the equation cos x + cos 3x = , 0 < x < .
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(6)
(Total 20 marks)


2. If x satisfies the equation sin x + = 2 sin x sin , show that 11 tan x = a + b 3 ,
3 3
+
where a, b .
(Total 6 marks)


3. Consider the function f : x arccos x .
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(a) Find the largest possible domain of f.


(4)

(b) Determine an expression for the inverse function, f1, and write down its domain.
(4)
(Total 8 marks)

4. A triangle has sides of length (n2 + n + 1), (2n + 1) and (n2 1) where n > 1.

(a) Explain why the side (n2 + n + 1) must be the longest side of the triangle.
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(b) Show that the largest angle, , of the triangle is 120.


(5)
(Total 8 marks)

5. Solve sin 2x = 2 cos x, 0 x .


(Total 6 marks)

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6. Given that tan 2 = , find the possible values of tan .
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(Total 5 marks)

7. (a) If sin (x ) = k sin (x + ) express tan x in terms of k and .


(3)

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(b) Hence find the values of x between 0 and 360 when k = and = 210.
2
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(Total 9 marks)

8. The angle satisfies the equation 2 tan2 5 sec 10 = 0, where is in the second quadrant.
Find the value of sec .
(Total 6 marks)

9. A farmer owns a triangular field ABC. The side [AC] is 104 m, the side [AB] is 65 m and the
angle between these two sides is 60.

(a) Calculate the length of the third side of the field.


(3)

(b) Find the area of the field in the form p 3 , where p is an integer.
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Let D be a point on [BC] such that [AD] bisects the 60 angle. The farmer divides the field into
two parts by constructing a straight fence [AD] of length x metres.

65x
(c) (i) Show that the area o the smaller part is given by and find an expression for
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the area of the larger part.

(ii) Hence, find the value of x in the form q 3 , where q is an integer.


(8)

BD 5
(d) Prove that = .
DC 8
(6)
(Total 20 marks)