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# Problem Set on Trigonometry (Math HL)

1. (a) Show that sin 2 nx = sin((2n + 1)x) cos x cos((2n + 1)x) sin x.
(2)

## (b) Hence prove, by induction, that

sin 2nx
cos x + cos 3x + cos 5x + ... + cos((2n 1)x) = ,
2 sin x

+
for all n , sin x 0.
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(c) Solve the equation cos x + cos 3x = , 0 < x < .
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(6)
(Total 20 marks)

2. If x satisfies the equation sin x + = 2 sin x sin , show that 11 tan x = a + b 3 ,
3 3
+
where a, b .
(Total 6 marks)

3. Consider the function f : x arccos x .
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## (a) Find the largest possible domain of f.

(4)

(b) Determine an expression for the inverse function, f1, and write down its domain.
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(Total 8 marks)

4. A triangle has sides of length (n2 + n + 1), (2n + 1) and (n2 1) where n > 1.

(a) Explain why the side (n2 + n + 1) must be the longest side of the triangle.
(3)

(5)
(Total 8 marks)

## 5. Solve sin 2x = 2 cos x, 0 x .

(Total 6 marks)

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6. Given that tan 2 = , find the possible values of tan .
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(Total 5 marks)

## 7. (a) If sin (x ) = k sin (x + ) express tan x in terms of k and .

(3)

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(b) Hence find the values of x between 0 and 360 when k = and = 210.
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(Total 9 marks)

8. The angle satisfies the equation 2 tan2 5 sec 10 = 0, where is in the second quadrant.
Find the value of sec .
(Total 6 marks)

9. A farmer owns a triangular field ABC. The side [AC] is 104 m, the side [AB] is 65 m and the
angle between these two sides is 60.

## (a) Calculate the length of the third side of the field.

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(b) Find the area of the field in the form p 3 , where p is an integer.
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Let D be a point on [BC] such that [AD] bisects the 60 angle. The farmer divides the field into
two parts by constructing a straight fence [AD] of length x metres.

65x
(c) (i) Show that the area o the smaller part is given by and find an expression for
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the area of the larger part.

## (ii) Hence, find the value of x in the form q 3 , where q is an integer.

(8)

BD 5
(d) Prove that = .
DC 8
(6)
(Total 20 marks)