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Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel

and Singer
Problem 115 page 16

Given:
Required diameter of hole = 20 mm
Thickness of plate = 25 mm
Shear strength of plate = 350 MN/m2
Required: Force required to punch a 20-mm-
diameter hole
Required:
Solution 115
a. Maximum thickness of plate to punch a
2.5 inches diameter hole
b. Diameter of smallest hole if the plate is
0.25 inch thick

Solution 116

a. Maximum thickness of plate:


Based on puncher strength:

Equivalent
shear force of the plate

The resisting area is the shaded area along the Based on shear strength of plate:
perimeter and the shear force is equal to the
punching force .
answer

b. Diameter of smallest hole:


Based on compression of puncher:
answer

Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel


and Singer Equivalent shear
Problem 116 page 16 force for plate

Given:
Based on shearing of plate:
Shear strength of plate = 40 ksi
Allowable compressive stress of punch = 50 ksi
The figure below:
answer

Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel


and Singer
Problem 117 page 17
Given:
Force P = 400 kN
Shear strength of the bolt = 300 MPa
The figure below:

Where:

Required: Diameter of the smallest bolt


answer
Solution 117
The bolt is subject to double shear. Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel
and Singer
Problem 119 page 17
answer
Given:
Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel Diameter of pin at B = 20 mm
and Singer
Required: Shearing stress of the pin at B
Problem 118 page 17
Solution 119
Given:
Diameter of pulley = 200 mm
Diameter of shaft = 60 mm
Length of key = 70 mm
Applied torque to the shaft = 2.5 kNm
Allowable shearing stress in the key = 60 MPa
Required: Width b of the key
Solution 118

From the FBD:

shear force of pin at B


double shear For member BC:

answer

Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel


and Singer
Problem 120 page 17

Given:
Unit weight of each member = 200 lb/ft
Maximum shearing stress for pin at A = 5 000 psi
Required: The smallest diameter pin that can be
used at A

Solution 120
For member AB:
Length,
Weight,

Equation (2)

Add equations (1) and (2)

From equation (1):


Length,
Weight,

From the FBD of member AB

Equation (1)
From Equation (1),

shear force of pin at A

answer
Equation (2)
Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel
Based on tension of rod (equation 1):
and Singer
Problem 121 page 18

Given:
Allowable shearing stress in the pin at B = 4000
psi Based on shear of rivet (equation 2):
Allowable axial stress in the control rod at C =
5000 psi
Diameter of the pin = 0.25 inch
Diameter of control rod = 0.5 inch Safe load answer
Pin at B is at single shear
Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel
Required: The maximum force P that can be and Singer
applied by the operator Problem 122 page 18
Solution 121
Given:
Width of wood =
Thickness of wood =
Angle of Inclination of glued joint =
Cross sectional area =

Required: Show that shearing stress on glued


joint

Equation (1)

Solution 122

From Equation (1),


Shear area,
Shear area, Normal area:
Shear area,
Shear force,

(ok!) Based on maximum shearing stress:


Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel Shear force:
and Singer
Problem 123 page 18
Shear area:

Given:
Cross-section of wood = 50 mm by 100 mm
Maximum allowable compressive stress in wood
= 20 MN/m2
Maximum allowable shear stress parallel to the
grain in wood = 5 MN/m2
Inclination of the grain from the horizontal = 20
degree
For safe compressive force, use
Required: The axial force P that can be safely answer
applied to the block

Solution 123

Based on maximum compressive stress:


Normal force: