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STRUCTURAL STEEL

PART 1 - GENERAL
Work of this section, as shown or specified, shall be in accordance with the requirements of
the whole set of the Contract Documents.

1.1. General Requirements

A. The Contractor shall provide all labour include certified welder, materials,
equipment and services and perform all work required for furnishing,
delivering and related work in strict accordance with the contract drawings.

B. The Contractor shall secure such field measurement as required for proper
fabrication and installation of the structural steel and related work. All
measurements shall be the Main Contractor responsibility.

C. If there is conflict between this specification, the drawings, the referenced


Codes and Standards and applicable Building Codes, the most stringent
requirements shall govern.

D. The inspection and approval carried out and obtained in accordance with
these specifications do not release the contractor from any of this
obligations.

E. The Contractor responsible for the manufacture of structural steel referred


to in the present specifications shall be inspected in advance by the
representative of the Engineer with regard to details such as scale, capacity,
technology, manufacturing facility, technicians, skilled workers, etc., for the
obtainment of official approval. The costs required for the execution of the
said inspection shall be borne by the contractor. If the Engineer concludes
that the structural steel was manufactured totally or partially at a factory
without the due approval mentioned above, the contractor shall replace
immediately the said structural steel with one manufactured at an approved
factory.

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 1
1.2. Scope of Work

A. Work Included :
1. Furnishing all labour, materials etc. as describe on General fabricating,
delivery, erecting, testing and inspection of structural steel.
2. All shoring, temporary bracing, and guying of structural steel
installations.
3. Shop preparation and prime painting of structural steel members.
4. Field touch-up for items of structural steel not indicated to be
fireproofed.
5. Furnishing anchor bolt, base and levelling plates, templates, rigging
and scaffolding necessary for erection.
6. Metal deck support members.
7. All connections and connectors.
8. Submittal requirements.
9. Coordinating this work with other related works.
10. The Notation on the Structural Drawings are part of this section.

B. Related Work
Examine all sections for work related to the principal items of which are :
1. Miscellaneous metal items shown on architectural drawing, including
steel stairs.
2. Metal Decking
3. Sprayed on fire proofing, if required.

1.3. References
The work described in this section, unless otherwise noted on the Drawings or
herein specified, shall confirm to the latest editions of the following Codes,
Standards or Specifications :
1. PPBBI - 1984 : Peraturan Perencanaan Bangunan Baja Indonesia.
2. SNI 03.1729.2002 : Tata Cara Perencanaan Struktur Baja Untuk
Bangunan Gedung
3. AISC : Specification for the design, Fabrication and Erection
of Structural Steel for buildings.
4. AISC : Code of standard practice
5. AWS D1.1 : Specification for Welding Electrodes.

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 2
6. ASTM A370 : Method and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of
Steel Products.
7. ASTM A36 : Specification for Structural Steel
8. ASTM A572 : Specifications for High Strength Low Alloy
Columbium - Vanadium Steels of Structural Quality.
9. ASTM A325 : Specification for High Strength Bolts for Structural
Steel Joints, Nuts and Plain Hardened Washers.
10. ASTM A490 : Specification for Quenched and Tempered Alloy
Steel Bolts for Structural Steel Joints.
11. ASTM A578 : Specification for Straight Beam Ultrasonic
Examination of Plain and clad steel plates for Special
Applications.
12. ASTM A446 : Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc Coated
(Galvanized) by the Hot-Dip Process, Structural
(Physical) Quality.
13. ASTM A525 : Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated
(Galvanized) by the Hot-Dip Process, General
Requirements.
14. AWS : Code for Welding in Building Construction.
15. AWS : Welding Inspection.

1.4. SUBMITTALS
The following submittals shall be performed by the Contractor in accordance with
the agreed schedule for submission and with such promptness as to cause no
delay in his own work nor in that of any other contractor or subcontractor.

A. Shop Drawings
The Contractor shall submit shop drawings to the Engineer four weeks
before fabrication, the Shop Drawings shall include complete details and
schedules for fabrication and shop assembly of members.
1. Include details of cuts, connections, camber, holes, and other
pertinent data;
2. Indicate welds by AWS symbols, and show size, type, and length of
weld;
3. Inform the welding sequences.
4. Provide setting drawings, templates, and directions for installing
anchor bolts and other required anchors :
5. Identify details of all connections by reference to sheet and detail
number of the Drawings.

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 3
6. Proposal for construction erection at the job site.
7. The 1 : 1 scale check
Prior fabrication started, the Contractor shall allow the Engineer to
check the 1 : 1 scale in their Factory to confirm the essential
dimension, slope and other necessary detail.

B. As Built Drawings
After erection has been finished, the Contractor should revise shop drawing
correspond with changes made in the field, and submit these to the
Engineer at time of Practical Completion.

C. Product Data
Producers' or manufactures' specifications and installation recommendations
for the following products, including laboratory test reports and other data
required to prove compliance with the specified requirements :
1. Structural steel, including certified copies of mill test reports covering
chemical and physical properties;
2. High strength bolts, including nuts and washers;
3. Unfinished bolts and nuts;
4. Structural steel primer paint;
5. Welding electrodes
6. Steel decks.
7. Stud connectors

D. Welder Certificates
Submit welder certificates, that certifies welder Qualification.

E. Report
Submit certified copies of mill test reports for all steel furnished. Include
names and locations of mills and shops and analysis of chemical and
physical properties of all steel. Comply with all parts of ASTM's specified.

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 4
1.5. TEST AND INSPECTIONS

A. Test for Structural Steel shall be made and reports furnished by the Testing
Laboratory in accordance with the following requirements :
1. Perform all testing of structural steel in accordance with the
requirements of "Standard Methods and Definitions for Mechanical
Testing of Steel Products" ASTM A370.
2. Ultrasonic testing shall conform with requirements of American
Welding Society's (AWS) D1.1, Chapter 6.
3. Dye Panetrant testing shall conform to requirements of ASTM E165
and AWS D1.1.
4. Test specimens shall be taken under direction of the testing agency
and shall be machined by the Contractor to dimensions as required by
the related applicable Standard ASTM Specifications or AWS
Standards.

B. Mill Tests and Inspection of Structural Steel :


1. Tests of Mill Order A36 and A572 Steel : Where steel, ordered from
the mill, cut to lengths, is identified by heat or melt numbers and is
accompanied by mill analysis test reports, material shall be used
without further local tests, provided an affidavit is given that materials
conform with requirements. In case of controversy, tension and bend
tests of materials, either locally or at mill, as required for local stock
will be required.
2. Test on Unidentified Steel : In the event that structural steel cannot
be identified by heat or melt numbers and is accompanied by mill
analysis and test report, such stock may be used, provided 1 tension
and 1 bend test is made for each 50 tons or fractional part, as stock
as may used in work. Complete 4 sided surface inspection may be
required for materials. Each piece of high-strength local stock steel
shall be tested and stamped.

C. Any steel that cannot be identified or whose source is questionable shall be


rejected and removed from the job site.

D. Steel pipe shall have one tension, one bend and one flattening test for each
lot of 500 lengths or fraction thereof of each size.

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 5
E. Inspecting the structural steel will be performed in the mill, shop and field
but such inspections or tests shall not relieve the Contractor of his
responsibility to furnish satisfactory materials. The Engineer shall have the
right to inspect and reject faulty materials or workmanship at any time prior
to the final acceptance of the erected structural steel.

F. Tests of Welding and Bolting : Testing Laboratory shall inspect shop and
field welding and high tension bolt. Testing Laboratory shall comply with
regulations of the applicable Building Department and shall certify in writing,
upon completion of work, that welding and high tensile bolting has been
performed in accordance with the Drawings and Specifications and applicabe
ordinaries.

G. Continuous Inspections of High Tension Bolts : The Testing Laboratory shall


check bolt tightness on not less than 10% of bolts selected at random in
each high tension bolt connection with a minimum of two bolts per
connection, if the tension in any bolt tested falls below the proper value then
all bolts in that connection shall be tested. Inspection procedure shall be as
described in the "Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A325 or
A490 Bolts" by the Research Council on Riveted and Bolted Structural Joints.

H. Continuous Inspection of Butt Welds : The Testing Laboratory shall inspect


welded connections of columns, girders or column to girder, by ultrasonic or
other approved non- destructive tests.
1. Ultrasonic testing shall be performed by a specially trained, qualified
technician, who shall operate the equipment, examine welds and
maintain a record of welds examined, defects found and disposition of
each defect. Cost of repairing and retesting of defective welds shall be
born by the Contractor.
2. Initially, welds requiring ultrasonic testing shall be tested at the rate of
100% in order to establish qualifications of each individual welder. If
rejectable defects occur in less than 5% of the welds tested, the
frequency of testing may be reduced to 25%. If the rate of rejectable
defects increases to 5% or more, 100% testing shall be reestablished
until the rate is reduce to less than 5%. Percentage shall be calculated
for each welder independently.
3. When ultrasonic indications arising from the weld root can be
interpreted as either a weld defect or the backing strip, the backing
strip shall be removed at the expense of the Contractor, and if no root
defect is visible, weld shall be re-tested. If no defect is indicated on
this retest and no significant amount of the base and weld metal have
been removed, the joint need no further repair or welding. If a defect
is indicated, it shall be repaired at no expense to the Owner.

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 6
4. Questionable root indications that prove not to be defects shall not
count against the welder to increase test rate.
5. Ultrasonic results shall be evaluated by the independent laboratory to
clarify the quality of the welds in accordance with AWS D1.1.,
Appendix L Part C.
6. Other methods of inspection, for example, x-ray, gamma ray,
magnetic particle, or dye penetrant, may be used on welds, with the
Engineer approval, if deemed necessary.

I. Ultrasonic Material Inspection :


1. Column material within 30 cm (15 cm either side) of a direct buttweld
for girder flange connections is to be ultrasonically tested for
laminations in accordance with ASTM designation A578.
2. Material in designated location shall be tested for laminations by
ultrasonic means prior to fabrication, with written reports submitted to
Architect and Structural Engineer.
3. Detection of Laminations : Rejectable defects discovered by ultrasonic
means are defined as follows : Using suitable calibrated ultrasonic
equipment, any recordable discontinuity causing complete loss of back
reflection and which cannot be encompassed within a 7.5 cm diameter
circle is unacceptable (Level II Standard of Acceptance).

J. Retesting of Welds and Laminations in Field : Approximately 25 percent of


girder to column moment connections shall be retested in the field. These
connections shall be retested after the welds area approximately 30 days
old. Similarly, recheck column material for laminar tearing.

PART 2 - MATERIALS

2.1. MATERIALS
Steel materials referred to this section are shape steel, steel plates, steel decking
for floor and other items such as studs, anchor bolts, welding electrodes, etc.
All materials to be new, of best commercial quality. Stock items to be well
manufactured by concerns specializing in particular articles, subject to approval by
Architect.

A. Structural steel : ASTM A-36 & ASTM A 572, grade as noted on the
drawings.

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 7
B. High strength bolts, nuts and washers : ASTM A 325 and ASTM A 490,
grade as noted on the drawings.

C. Welding electrodes for Structural steel : AWS D.1.1 only those electrodes in
E-60 XX series included in above specifications may be used as required by
conditions of intended use.

D. Metal decking : ASTM A 446-87 and A 525-87 and Steel Deck Institute (SDI)
Design Manual for Floor Deck and Roofs Decks.

E. Anchor Bolt : ASTM A 307.

2.2. STEEL FABRICATION :

A. General :
Except as otherwise specified or indicated, perform fabrication and
workmanship per AISC Specifications. Clean contact surfaces before
assembly. Tolerances for materials fabrication shall be per AISC "Code of
Standard Practice".

B. Anchor Bolt Holes :


Punch and drill in base and bearing plates.

C. Shop Connections :
Bolts or welds as indicated, unless otherwise approved.

D. Bearing Surfaces :
Straighten column base plates 10 mm thick and under by pressing to
provide a satisfactory contact bearing between plate and column. All bearing
surfaces shall be planed for full contact.

E. Welding :
See PART 3 of this specification.

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 8
F. Alternate Material :
In general, furnish of the exact sizes, shapes, weights, and kinds provided
for on the drawings and specifications since the sizes affect not only the
strength of the members, but also the arrangement of the mechanical and
architectural features and the operation of the facility. However, with the
written permission of the Engineer, members built up from plates may be
substituted for rolled shapes at no additional cost to the Owner provided the
physical properties of the original member such as section modulus,
moment of inertia, etc., are met and provided the welding inspection costs
associated with the substitute built-up member are borne by the Contractor.

2.3. TOLERANCE OF PRODUCTS/FABRICATION TOLERANCES

Tolerances of products/Fabrication tolerances shall conform to following table :


Item Figures Tolerance

1. Beam length 3 mm

2. Column length L < 10 mm 3 mm


L 10 mm 4 mm

3. Storey height 3 mm

4. Bend of beam 1
L
1000
and
10 mm

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 9
5. Warped of column 1
L
1500
and
5 mm

6. Height of section H 400 mm 2 mm

400 mm < H < 800 mm


1

200

H 800 mm 4 mm

7. Width of section 3 mm

8. Squareness B

100
and
3 mm

9. Bending of Flange b

100
and
1.5 mm

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 10
10. Eccentricity 2 mm

11. Warped of web H


e1
150

B
e2
150
not applied for t 6 mm

12. Angle of member at L


connection e1; e2
300
and
e1, e2 3 mm

13. Roughness of surface 200 s


cut with gas torch --

14. Depth of notches of -- 1 mm


the surfaces cut with
gas torch

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 11
PART 3 - EXECUTION

3.1. DELIVERY AND STORAGE

A. Do not handle structural steel until paint prime coating has thoroughly dried.
Exercise care to avoid abrasions and other damage.

B. Store steel materials, either plain or fabricated above ground upon


platforms, pallets, skids or other supports. Keep materials free from dirt,
grease and other foreign matter and protect from corrosion.

C. Deliver to site in ample time for installation : Anchor bolts, bearing plates
and other items to be set as part of other work for this project and complete
with templates and/or other setting instructions.

3.2. INSTALLATION

A. General
1. Erect structural steel with qualified riggers. Steel erection shall be
carefully planned and laid out to require minimum of cutting. Erect
work plumb, square and true to line and level and in precise positions.
Provide temporary bracing and guys to counterpart loads and stresses
to which structure may be subjected, including those due to erection
equipment and its operation; leave in place as required to safeguard
work. Do not unnecessarily encumber premises with material or
equipment. Arrange operations to cause no delay in or interferences
with other trades. Assume all risks in connection with performance of
this work.
2. Damaged Members : During erection, straighten or replace members,
which are bent, twisted or damaged, as directed. If heating is required
in straightening, perform such heating by methods which will insure
uniform temperature throughout entire member. Remove members,
which in the opinion of the Engineer are damaged to such an extent
impairing their appearance, strength or serviceability and replace with
new members.
3. Tolerance for Erection : Structural steel work, erection tolerances shall
be in accordance with the latest edition of the "AISC Specification for
the Design, Fabrication and Erection of Structural Steel for Buildings"
and "AISC Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges",
and shall conform the tolerance as follows :

WIRATMAN & ASSOCIATES


1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 12
Item Figure Allowance

Inclination of building 1
(/H) And 25 mm
500

Warping of building (/L) 1


and 30 mm
2000

Fitting level of column, Deviation between the


position of anchor bolts standard level and the
setting level of adjacent
column must be 3 mm
or less. Deviation from
the center of distance
between adjacent posts
(1) must be 3 mm or
less. Deviation from the
central line (2) must be
2 mm or less.

Eccentricity of column Deviation must be 5 mm


center () or less

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 13
Height of story (H) 3 mm

Inclination of column 1
(/H) 500

Horizontal inclination of 1
beam (/L) And 5 mm
1000

Bending of beam (/L) 1


1000

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 14
The tolerance shall also fulfil the following requirements:
a. Individual Members, except spandrel beams, shall be considered
plumb or level where the error does not exceed 1 : 750.
Spandrel beams shall be considered level where the error does
not exceed 1 : 1500 (plus or minus).
b. Vertical Dimension, measured from the top of the beams at their
connections at any one column shall not vary by more than plus
or minus 12 mm per story exclusive of column shortening due to
dead load.
c. Plumb Displacement of the center line of columns from
established column line shall be no more than 12 mm toward or
away from established centerline in the first ten stories. Above
this level, these limits may be increased 1.5 mm for each
additional story, but not to exceed a total displacement of 25
mm toward or away from the established centerline.
d. Floor shall be considered level of all floor framing members or
any one floor, measured from column splice next above, do not
vary by more than plus or minus 6 mm.
e. Horizontal Dimension shall not vary by more than plus or minus
1 : 2000 for the overall length or width of the structure.
4. Workmanship : As erection progresses, securely bolt up work to
maintain steel in position during field welding and final bolting and to
take care of dead loads, wind, and erection stresses. Do no welding or
final bolting until work has been aligned and plumbed.
5. Before being fabricated, or worked, material shall be thoroughly wire
brushed, cleaned of loose mill scale and rust and straightened by
methods that will not injure the steel. After punching or working the
component parts of a member, any twist or bends shall be removed
before the parts are assembled. Finished members shall be free from
twists, bends and open joints when erected.
6. Field Joining : Members and sections shall be of the sizes, weights,
shapes, and arrangement indicated; and shall be closely fitted and
finished true to line and in precise position necessary to allow accurate
erection and proper joining of parts in the field.
Drifting to enlarge unfair holes will not be allowed without prior
approval.
7. Contact : Components parts of built-up members shall be well pinned
and rigidly maintained in close contact using clamps or temporary
bolting during welding operations. Compression joints depending upon
contact bearings shall have bearing surfaces accurately milled or saw
cut perpendicular to their axis, or as detailed. Other joints shall be cut
or dressed straight and true.

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 15
8. Drilling, Punching and Reaming : Burning of holes, or burning to
enlarge previous holes in shop or field work, shall be permitted only
upon approval of the Engineer. Holes for the attachment or passage of
work of other trades as approved by the Engineer shall be punched in
structural steel as a part of the work of this section. Where permitted,
material may be punched 1,5 mm larger than the nominal diameter of
the bolt, wherever the thickness of the metal is equal to or less than
the diameter of the bolt plus 1,4 mm the holes shall be drilled or
subpunched and reamed. The diameter for subpunched holes, and the
drill for sub-drilled holes, shall be 1,5 mm smaller than the nominal
diameter of the bolt to be accomodated. Finished holes shall be
precisely located to insure passage of bolts through assembled
materials without drifting. Enlargement of holes necessary to receive
bolts shall be done by reaming. Poor matching of holes shall be
sufficient cause for rejection.
9. Gas Cutting : The use of a cutting torch is allowed where the metal
being cut is not carrying stress during the operation, and provided
stresses will not be transmitted through a flame-cut surface. Gas cuts
shall be made smooth and regular in contour. To determine the
effective width of members, which are gas cut, deduct 3 mm from the
width of the gas cut edges. The radius of re-entrant gas cut fillets shall
be made as large as practicable, but in no case less than 25 mm.

B. Connections :
1. Unfinished Bolts : Make field connections with unfinished bolts only
where indicated.
The tolerance shall be as follows :
Item Figures Tolerances

a. Difference of hole 1 mm
center

b. Difference of hole 2 mm
distance

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 16
2. High Tension Bolt : Where structural joints are made using high
tension bolts, hardened washers, and nuts tightened to a high tension,
the materials, method of installation and tension control, types of
wrenches to be used, and inspection methods shall conform to
Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM A325 or A490 bolts.
a. High strength bolts used shall have a suitable identifying mark
placed on top of the head before leaving the factory.
b. Tightening of nuts shall be done by turn-of-nut method or direct
tension indicator procedure. The minimum bolt tension for the
size of bolt used shall be in accordance with tables listed in the
above referenced standards.
c. Bolts that have been completely tightened shall be marked with
identifying symbol.
d. Hardened washers shall be installed as per AISC Specifications.
e. Contact bearing surfaces of bolted parts shall be free of scale,
slag, burrs, and pits or dirt, paint, or other foreign material
and/or any defects which would prevent solid seating of parts.
f. Bolt lengths shall be the grip plus 30 mm.
g. Tolerance for gap in high-strength bolted joints is 1 mm (before
tightening).

3. Welding : Welding and welded joints shall be detailed and executed in


accordance with requirements of the American Welding Society, D1.1,
Code for Welding in Building Constructions, latest edition, Section 2.3
and 4; and as modified by AISC Specifications for the Design,
Fabrication and Erection of Structural Steel for Buildings; or as detailed
and noted on the drawings. Welded connections shall be electrically
welded by welding machines of an approved current, low voltage type.
a. All methods, sequence, qualifications and procedures, including
preheating, shall be detailed in writing and submitted to the
Engineer for review. Provisions shall be made in the detailing of
lengths of members for dimensional changes as space of
shrinkage stresses so as to provide the specified finished
dimensions.

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 17
b. During assembling and welding, hold components of a built up
member with sufficient clamps or other adequate means to keep
parts straight and in close contact. A sequence of filed welding
shall be planned to minimize locked in stresses and distortion
and shall be submitted to the Engineer at time of shop drawings
submittal. Do no welding in wind until adequate protective
screening has been set up. Cut out defective welds or parts of
welds with a chisel and replace.
c. Storage and Care of Electrodes : The coating of low hydrogen
type electrodes shall be thoroughly dry when used. Electrodes
taken from hermetically sealed packages shall be used within
four (4) hours of the time the package is opened. Electrodes
that are not used within this four hour period, and electrodes
that have been exposed more than one hour to air having a
relative humidity of 75%, or greater, shall be dried for at least
two hours at a temperature of 43o C to 121o C before they are
used, or shall be reconditioned according to the manufacturer's
recommendations. Electrodes so dried or reconditioned that are
not used within four hours after drying is completed shall be
redried before use. Electrodes of any classifications that have
been wet shall not be used under any conditions.
d. Preparation : Surfaces to be welded shall be thoroughly cleaned
of paint, grease, scale, and foreign matter. Welds shall be
cleaned each space electrode is changed. The entire area of
hand-guided and controlled flame out edges shall be chipped
before welds are deposited thereon. In general, surfaces made
by automatic or mechanically guided and controlled equipment
need not be ground or chipped before welded thereto.
The tolerance for preparation shall be in accordance with the
dimensional tolerance of prepation of V.U.J.
Bevel Butt Welds, Etc (Steel Structure Association of Japan) as
follows :
Root of preparation
Figure Tolerance (mm)
1. Case of complete fusion Manual arc welding
groove welding. 0<G4
T
However, 0 < G
2
in case of 1 shaped edge
welding

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 18
i. When back chipping is used. Submerged arc welding
0 < G 1

Gas shielded arc semi


automatic welding
0 < G 3

T
However 0 < G
3
in case of I shaped edge.

ii. When backing strip is used Submerged arc welding


- 2 < G + 2

Manual arc welding, gas


shielded arc semi automatic
welding -2 G.

2. Case of partial fusion groove Manual arc welding


welding 0 < G 3

Submerged arc welding


0 < G 1

Gas shielded arc semi-


automatic welding
0 < G 2

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 19
e. Characteristics of Welds : After being deposited, welds shall be
brushed with wire brushes and shall exhibit uniform section,
smoothness of welded metal, feather edges without undercuts
or overlay, and freedom from porosity and clinkers. Visual
inspection at edges and ends of fillet welds shall indicate good
fusion and penetration into base metal.
f. Tolerance of welded connections :
The tolerance of welded connection shall conform to enclose
table :
Item Figure Tolerance

1. Gap of filler 2 mm
welding () The size should be
increased by

2. Gap of lap joints 2 mm


() The size should be
increased by

3. Gap of the 1 mm
backing strip ()

4. The plate at the T 15 mm


butt welding --> 1.5 mm
joint
15 mm < t < 30 mm
t
-->
10

t 30 mm --> 3 mm
t is the thickness of
the material with the
smaller thickness

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 20
5. Root gap back Manual arc welding
chipping 0 < 4 mm
Submerged arc
welding
0 < 1 mm
Gas shielded arc semi
automatic welding
0 < 3 mm
Non gas shielded arc
semi automatic
welding
0 < 3 mm

6. Roof gap (with Submerged arc


backing strip) welding 2 mm

Manual arc welding,


gas shielded arc semi
automatic welding,
non gas scaled arc
semi automatic
welding -2 mm

7. Root face Non gas shielded arc


semi automatic
welding, manual arc
welding, gas shielded
arc semi automatic
welding.
With back strip
- 2 1 mm
Without back strip
- 2 2 mm
Submerged arc
welding
- 1 1 mm

8. Included angle + 5o

- 5o

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 21
9. Fillet welding + 3 mm
size (s) -0
Note :
L = leg length
e=
reinforcement of
fillet welding

10. Reinforcement + (0.1 s + 1 mm)


of the fillet -0
welding (e)

Note :
L = leg length
s = fillet welding
size

11. Reinforcement Max + 4 mm


of the butt Min + 0.8 mm
welding (e)

12. Undercut e e 0.05 t


and
e 0.5 mm

13. Uneveness of e1 < 2.5 mm


head (e1, e2) (L 25 mm)

e2 < 5 mm
(L 150 mm)

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 22
4. Columns : Set column bases in exact position for alignment, plumb
and straight, supported on adjustable base plate supports until grout
below has set. Center of each base shall do true to column center
within 1.5 mm adjust its height exactly. Maintain bases exact position
and level during grouting. Grouting under each base plate shall be
inspected and approved by Deputy Inspector.
5. Anchor Bolts : Furnish and deliver with setting drawings and template
to those who will set them. Verify position of bolts prior to delivery of
steel ; report errors or deviation in the work to permit adjustment.

3.3. FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

A. Inspection Standards : "Code for Welding in Building Construction" and


"Welding Inspection" of American Welding Society as last revised.

B. Tests and Inspection Requirements : Conform to requirements of Section


1.4. of this specification.

3.4. CLEAN-UP
Upon completion of the work of this section, remove surplus materials, rubbish,
and debris resulting from the cooperations, including disused equipments of
service, and leave the entire structure and site, insofar as the work of this section
is concerned, in a neat, clean, and acceptable condition.

3.5. PAINTING

A. Description of Service
This section contains stipulations referring to the anti-corrosive paint and
finish paint of all steel structures of the civil and building construction works,
anti-corrosive paint and finish paint of steel fittings, painting of other metal
works and interior/exterior finishing paint of the buildings.
The Main Contractor shall present to the Architect/Engineer cataloques,
color samples and quality certificates indicating clearly the quality
characteristics of all paints to be used, for the purpose of obtaining his
approval.
Furthermore, the Main Contractor shall present to the Architect/ Engineer
the color schedule covering the whole site, for the purpose of selection and
approval.

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1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 23
B. Surface Preparation
1. For Steel :
a. Oil and grease shall be wiped of with solvents.
b. All steel surfaces shall be blasted before carrying out the
anti-corrosive paint at factory.
c. After blasting or cleaning with a power tool, dust on the surface
shall be blow of with an air-blower.
2. For High Strength Bolted Connections :
a. Spontaneous rust generation
Friction surfaces shall be treated by removing mill scales with
disc grinder to an extent of more than twice the outside
diameter of the washer, and be kept to the open air in which
red rust is spontaneously generated.
b. Blasting
Friction surfaces shall be shot or grit blasted. Friction surface
with roughness of not less than 50 s shall be secured, and red
rust generation is not necessary.

C. Materials
For this painting work, the following paints, shall be used. The use of ICI
products or equal other than those specified here in shall be subject to
approval of the Engineer.
No. General Description
1. Alkyd based red lead/zinc chromate primer
2. Long oil alkyd resin varnish
3. Rich zinc chromate primer

D. Painting Schedule
All specification herein are subject to item 3.5.B. "Surface Preparation".
No. No of Coats Dry Film Thickness (u/coat) Method of Application
SPECIFICATION 1 : Exterior and interior steel surface

At shop
No.1 2 35 BR

WIRATMAN & ASSOCIATES


1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 24
At site
After delivery to site, all surface shall be washed with water to remove dirt,
salty particles, etc. adhered while transported. Damaged surface shall be
cleaned with power tool to SIS.
No.1 2 35 BR
(touch-up primer)
No.2 1 25 BR / AS
(finish coat)

No. No of Coats Dry Film Thickness (u/coat) Method of Application


Specification 2 : Steel fittings including sashes, etc. Primer shall be
applied at shop.

At Shop
No.3 1 15 BR / AS

At Site
After delivery to site, all surface shall be washed with water to remove dirt,
salty particles, etc. adhered while transported and damage of shop-primed
surfaces shall be cleaned by power tool to SIS S5-3.0.
No.1 1 35 BR
(touch-up primer)
No.2 2 25 BR / AS
(finish coat)

Abbreviations : BR . . . . . . . . Brush
AS . . . . . . . . Airless Spray
RL . . . . . . . . Roller Brush
ATA . . . . . . . . Spatula

END OF SECTION

WIRATMAN & ASSOCIATES


1.0 Technical Specification Structural Steel - 25