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10/08/2015 GovernmenthasInitiatedSeveralMeasurestoIncreaseForestandTreeCover:Javadekar

PressInformationBureau
GovernmentofIndia
MinistryofEnvironmentandForests
04August201519:46IST
GovernmenthasInitiatedSeveralMeasurestoIncreaseForestandTreeCover:Javadekar

TheGovernmentproposestoimplementthetreeplantationprogrammeextensivelyinthecountry.Toincreaseforestand
tree cover in the country, the Central Government has initiated several measures. Notable among them are launching of
National Mission for a Green India and taking appropriate measures to put in place a proper institutional mechanism for
expeditiousutilizationofamountsrealisedinlieuofforestlanddivertedfornonforestpurpose.

TheNationalMissionforaGreenIndiaaimsatfollowing:

Enhancing quality of forest cover and improving ecosystem services from 4.9 million hectares (mha) of predominantly
forestlands,including1.5mhaofmoderatelydenseforestcover,3mhaofopenforestcover,0.4mhaofdegradedgrass
lands.

Ecorestoration/afforestation to increase forest cover and eco system services from 1.8 m ha forest/non forest lands,
includingscrublands,shiftingcultivationareas,abandonedminingareas,ravinelands,mangrovesandseabuckthornareas.
Enhancingtreecoverin0.2mhaUrbanandPeriUrbanareas(includinginstitutionallands)Increasingforestcoverandeco
systemservicesfromAgroforestryandSocialForestryon3mhaofnonforestlands

Restoration of 0.1 mha of wetlands and the eco system services thereof. The Central Government has approved National
MissionforaGreenIndiainFebruary2014asaCentrallySponsoredSchemeforatotalcostofRs13,000Crore,havinga
planoutlayofRs2,000croreforthe12thFiveYearPlan(FYP)withaspilloverof1yearinthe13thFYPalongwithRs
400Croresfrom13thFinanceCommissionGrantstowardsState'sShare.TheshareofCentre:Statebeingintheratio75:25
respectivelyforallStatesexceptNorthEasternStatesandJammu&Kashmirforwhichitwillbeintheratioof90:10.The
approval also spells out convergence with MGNREGA for Rs.4000 crore, CAMPA for Rs. 6000 crore and National
AfforestationProgrammeforRs.600crore.BudgetallocationfortheMissioninthecurrentfinancialyearisRs.64.00crore.
Tocreateappropriateinstitutionalmechanismrequiredforexpeditiousutilizationintransparentandefficientmannerofthe
unspent balance of monies collected by the State Governments and Union territory Administrations in lieu of forest land
divertedfornonforestpurposewhichhasbeenplacedundertheadhocCompensatoryAfforestationFundManagementand
PlanningAuthority(CAMPA)andmoniestoberealisedbytheStateGovernmentsandUnionterritoryAdministrationsin
lieu of forest land to be diverted in future, the Central Government has introduced the Compensatory Afforestation Fund
Bill,2015inParliament.TheunspentbalancepresentlyavailablewiththeadhocCAMPA,amajorpartofwhichwillbe
utilisedfortreeplantations,isoftheorderofRs.38,000crorers.Similarly,amountstoberealisedbytheStateGovernments
andUnionterritoryAdministrationsinlieuofforestlandlikelytobedivertedfornonforestpurposeinfuturealongwith
annualinteresttobeaccruedonunspentbalance,amajorpartofwhichwillalsobeutilisedfortreeplantations,willbeof
theorderofaboutRs.6,000crorersperannum.

The Central Government is also providing assistance to States Governments and Union territory Administrations under a
CentrallySponsoredSchemeNationalAfforestationProgramme(NAP)forregenerationofdegradedforestsandadjoining
areasthroughpeoplesparticipation.TheschemeisbeingimplementedthroughadecentralizedmechanismofStateForest
DevelopmentAgency(SFDA)atStatelevel,ForestDevelopmentAgency(FDA)atForestDivisionlevelandJointForest
ManagementCommittees(JFMCs)atvillagelevel.TheBudgetallocationforthecurrentfinancialyearunderNAPisRs.
100crore.

Section2 ofthe Forest(Conservation) Act, 1980 interalia providesthat notwithstandinganything contained in any other
lawforthetimebeinginforceinaState,noStateGovernmentorotherauthorityshallmake,exceptwiththepriorapproval
oftheCentralGovernment,anyorderdirectingthatanyforestlandoranyportionthereofmaybeusedforanynonforest
purpose. Use of forest land for industrial activities or any other nonforest purpose therefore requires prior approval of
CentralGovernmentunderSection2oftheForest(Conservation)Act,1980.

In some of the proposals seeking approval of Central Government under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 for use of
forest land for industrial activities or other nonforest purpose, received by the Central Government during the last three
yearsandthecurrentyear,theconcernedStateGovernmentsandUnionterritoryAdministrationshavereportedthatwhole
orapartoftheforestlandindicatedintheproposalshasbeenutilisedbytheuseragencywithouttherequisiteapprovals.In
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10/08/2015 GovernmenthasInitiatedSeveralMeasurestoIncreaseForestandTreeCover:Javadekar

somecasesnoncomplianceofconditionsstipulatedinapprovalaccordedundertheForest(Conservation)Act,1980foruse
of forest land for nonforest purpose has also been reported/detected. In some cases grant/renewal or transfer of leases
involvingforestlandwithoutobtainingrequisitepriorapprovalofCentralGovernmentundertheForest(Conservation)Act,
1980havealsobeenreported/detected.

Central Government while according inprinciple approval under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 to such proposals,
basedonfactsofeachcase,stipulatedappropriatepenalmeasures.Thesepenalmeasuresincluderealisationfromtheuser
agencypenalNetPresentValue(NPV)andfundsforcreationofpenalcompensatoryafforestation,initiationofproceedings
inaccordancewiththeprovisionsofthesection3Aand3BoftheForest(Conservation)Act,1980and/orrelevantsections
of the Indian Forest Act, 1927 and/or the relevant sections of the Local Forest Acts. Final approval to such proposals is
accordedonlyaftersuchpenalmeasuresarecompliedwith.Statewisedetailsofincidentsofviolationsreportedduringthe
lastthreeyearsandthecurrentyeararebeingcollectedandwillbelaidonTableoftheHouse.

ThisinformationwasgivenbyMinisterofState(IndependentCharge)ofEnvironment,ForestandClimateChange,Shri
PrakashJavadekarinLokSabhatoday.

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