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1. Name the blood component which is viscous and straw coloured fluid.

2. Name the vascular connection that exists between the digestive tract and liver.

3. Complete the missing word in the statement given below:

a. Plasma without _________ factors is called serum.

b. ___________ and monocytes are phagocytic cells.

c. Eosinophils are associated with _____ reactions.

d. _______ ions play a significant role in clotting.

e. One can determine the heart beat rate by counting the number of _________ in an ECG.

4. Name the instrument used for measuring blood pressure.

5. What is a pace-maker?

6. Why the SA node is called pace-maker of the heart?

7. Write the full form of SA node.

8. What is lymph node?

9. A cardiologist observed an enlarged QRS wave in the ECG of a patient. What does it indicate?

10. Name t h e enzyme that catalyses the formation of carbonic acid in erythrocytes.

11. What is systemic circulation?

12. Give two examples of 'extra-cellular fluids.

13. What name is given to the blood vessels which generally bring blood to an organ?

14. Which adrenal hormone accelerates the heart beat under normal conditions.

15. Name the blood vessel that carries blood from the intestine to liver.

16. Define cardiac cycle.

17. Name the protein found in RBCs.

18. What happens to a person suffering from haemophilia ?



Short Answer Questions- (2marks each)

19. What physiological circumstances lead to erythroblastosisfoetalis?

20. State the functions of the following in blood

a. Fibrinogen b. Globulin c. Neutrophils d. Lymphocytes

21. Given below are the abnormal conditions related to blood circulation. Name the disorders.

a. Acute chest pain due to failure of O2 supply to heart muscles

b. Increased systolic pressure

22. Which coronary artery diseases is caused due to narrowing of the lumen of arteries?

23. Define the following terms and give their location?

a. Purkinje fibre b. Bundle of His

24. Explain when and how the two sounds of heart are produced?

25. The walls of ventricles are much thicker than atria. Explain.

26. Define joint diastole. What are the constituents of the conducting system of human heart?

27. Give the names of various types of formed elements present in the blood.

28. Explain the consequences of a situation in which blood does not coagulate.

29. What is the significance of time gap in the passage of action potential from sino-atrial node to the


30. How will you interpret an electrocardiogram (ECG) in which time taken in QRS complex is higher.

31. Explain the advantage of the complete partition of ventricle among birds and mammals and hence

leading to double circulation.

32. What is the significance of hepatic portal system in the circulatory system?

33. Explain the functional significance of lymphatic system?

34. . Thrombocytes are essential for coagulation of blood. Comment.

35. Why are blood group O and AB are called as universal donor and universal recipient?

36. What is the difference between Rh positive (Rh+ve) and Rh negative (Rh-ve)?