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Material for Sour Service

Wet Phase

Worst case/conservative

Carbon and low alloy

Sour service pH <7

Sour service pH >7

Stainless Steel

Sour service pH <7

Sour service pH >7

Carbon Steel Material


Material for Sour Service
7T54 NGL Project

Whenever the water is present , free or in saturated state,which can precipitate

pH =3.5
Chlorides 1000 ppm 1 g/l as NaCl in condensate water
Chlorides200000 ppm 200 g/l as NaCl in formation water

Depending upon pH,of the wet phase, an environment shall comply to


ISO 155156/ MR 0 175 and /OR
MR 0103

Sour environment Region 1,2,& 3 (ISO 155156 / MR 0175 )when


Partial pressure of H2S wet phase is > 0.0035 bar
Partial pressure of H2S dissolved > 50 ppm
** All equipment in region 1 , 2 shall be designed for Region 3 requirements

Shall be considered sour if:


Dissolved H2S is >50 ppm in the wet phase
HCN > 20 ppm in wet phase
Partial pressure of H2S is > 0.0035 bar in wet phase
Requirement of MR 0103 shall be satisfied

Partial pressure of H2S > 0.1 bar in gas phase


>50 ppm in liquid phase

HCN > 20 ppm in liquid phase


> 25 ppm for gas turbine, centrifugal and reciprocating Compressors & positive
displacement pumps

General
1. For SA 106 GrB material, the maximum yield strength shall not exceed 50,000 PSI.
2. Materials for vessels in services other than listed in paragraph 18.1(SOUR WET H2S) shall
be in accordance with the following ASME material
specifications, unless specified otherwise :
- Shell and Heads: SA516 Gr. 60 up to SA516 Gr.65
- Skirts: SA516 Gr. 60 up to SA516 Gr.65
- Internals: Same as shell/head - Same as alloy cladding
- Base Rings: SA36 minimum
- Saddles: SA36 minimum
- Saddle Belly Band: Same as shell
- Tray Support Rings and Other Tray Supports welded to Vessel: Same as shell/head,
Same as alloy cladding
- Flanges: SA105, SA 350 LF2
- Internal Bolts and Nuts Carbon steel (for carbon steel Vessels),Same as alloy cladding
(for Clad Vessels)
- External Bolts: SA193 Gr. B7M
- External Nuts: SA194 Gr. 2HM
- Nozzle Necks: SA106 Gr. B, SA 333 Gr. 6, SA105, SA 350 LF2
- Gaskets: Design General Specification DGS 1300.010
3. Carbon content of carbon and carbon-manganese steels shall not exceed 0.23%, except for
forgings, where this may be relaxed to 0.25%.

4. Carbon equivalents
- Ceq = % C + % Mn/6 0.42 %,if material standard specifies C and Mn only
- Ceq = % C + % Mn/6 + (% Cr + % Mo + % V)/5 + (% Cu + % Ni)/15 0.43 % for all
other steels
5. All Carbon Steel pressure parts shall be of normalised condition, with the exception of
flange forgings.

1. CARBON STEEL MATERIALS


- All carbon steel materials shall comply with NACE MR0103 or MR0175/ISO15156.
- Carbon steel for cladding or weld overlay shall meet the requirements of this specification
except that no HIC testing will be required . (except for heavy wall items >50mm
wall thickness). For fully cladded vessels HIC testing is not mandatory
- HIC testing shall apply to steel plate used in the manufacture of welded piping, welded
piping components or equipment and seamless pipe.
- Carbon steels shall be acceptable at 22 HRC maximum hardness in accordance to
ISO 15156-Part 2.
1.1 PLATE
- The steel plate shall be shape control treated by calcium. Calcium shall be within
2 Ca/S <4.
However, calcium shall not be mandatory if the sulphur content is equal or less than
0.001% for continuous casting or 0.0015% for ingot casting.
- All plate shall be ultrasonically examined on a 75 mm grid pattern in accordance with
GERMAN STANDARD SEL 072 Class 1 (Stahl-Eisen- Lieferbedingungen).
1.2 SEAMLESS PIPE AND SEAMLESS PIPE FITTINGS
- Only ASTM-106 Grade B (UNS K03006) or A-333 Grade 6 is permitted for pipe and A-234
Grade WPB or A-420 Grade WPL6 for fittings, for 16 inches in diameter and smaller.
- Seamless pipes with max. sulphur content of 0.008% may not necessarily be fully
HIC resistant, but Pipes with sulphur content from 0.008% up to 0.01% will be accepted
subject to carrying out HIC testing.

1.3 WELDED PIPE AND WELDED PIPE FITTINGS


- Welded pipe and welded pipe fittings shall be in accordance with ASTM A-671 or A-672,
Grade 60 or 65, Class 22.
- Welding shall be carried out by Submerged Arc Welding Process (SAW).
- HIC Testing shall be performed on one plate and on one finished welded pipe such as
to include parent metal and weld area as required in NACE TM0284. (for each thickness
and each heat)
- Longitudinal welds shall be examined on their full length by ultrasonic examination or
radiographic examination.
1.4. FORGINGS
- Forgings shall be in accordance with ASTM-A105N (normalized) or A-266 Gr.1 or
A-350 LF2 or SA 765.
- For ASTM A105N forgings hardness will be limited to 187 HBW. PWHT is required
after all welding repairs.
- No HIC testing is required for forgings except if they are from rolled products. In this
case HIC requirements shall be as per the rolled product.

1.5. BOLTING
- Zinc or Cadmium coatings shall not be used on bolts, nuts, cap screws or other
fasteners in sour service.
1.6. WELDING OF CARBON STEEL MATERIAL
- ACCEPTABLE WELDING PROCESSES :SMAW, SAW, GMAW, FCAW, GTAW
- PWHT is mandatory for pressure containing components (all equipment and pipe work)
irrespective of their thickness.
-The PWHT temperature and time shall be in the range of 600C to 625C at the rate of
1 hour per 25 mm of thickness, 2 hours minimum.
1.7. TEST
- RT : For equipment of thickness equal and less than 50 mm, 100% radiography is required.
For equipment of thickness greater than 50 mm, 100 % radiography is required before
and after PWHT.
- UT : For equipment, 100 percent UT of all nozzle attachments to shell/heads is required
before PWHT.
For equipment having butt welded joints greater than 50 mm in thickness, 100 percent
UT examination is required before and after PWHT.
2.0 Others

2.1 The requirement of chemical analysis shall apply to the laddle analysis. In addition all
elements used for determination of carbon equivalent(CE) shall be based upon the product
analysis.
2.2 Corrosion testing as SSC is required if the material does not fit the requirements and
chemical composition as shown in ISO 15156

2.3 All Carbon steel plates produced shall be manufactured by basic Oxygen or electric
arc furnace. The steel shall be fully killed and produced to a fine grain practice. Grain size
shall be '7' as defined by ASTM E 112.
2.4 Material shall provide written certificate of conformance in accordance with ASTM A-20
para 19.4. Following documents shall be required:-
- Chemical composition with tolerance applied to for each element.
- Mechanical properties ,HIC including tests after simulated PWHT
- Ultarsonic
- Impact test when required to satisfy MDMT
- Heat treatment Certificate