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# A Level Physics

Topic Test

## Motion and vectors

Name: ...................................................

## Grade: .................. Time Allowed: [45]

Instructions:
Answer all questions in the space provided.
Answer in black or blue pen only (pencil is ok for diagrams and
graphs)

Keep an eye on the time
Attempt every question show your method and any formulae
used.
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Q1.

## In which of the following is a vector fully described?

A A car travels north.
B A crane moves a load 20 m east.
C A train travels at a rate of 35 m s1.
D A lift moves upwards with a kinetic energy of 2.5 kJ.

## (Total for question = 1 mark)

Q2.

In an experiment to measure the acceleration of free fall g, a tennis ball was dropped
from rest, four times, from a measured height. The time it took to reach the ground was
measured using a stopwatch.
Which of the following equations could be used directly to calculate g?
A s = (u + v) t
B s = ut + at2
C v = u + at
D v2 = u2 + 2as

Q3.

## A ball is thrown vertically upwards with a velocity of +3.0 m s1.

At the maximum height, the acceleration of the ball is
A 0 m s2
B 3.0 m s2
C + 9.8 m s2
D 9.8 m s2

## (Total for question = 1 mark)

3
Q4.
A plane is travelling horizontally at a constant speed. It releases a package of supplies
when in the position shown.

Which of the following shows the path of the package after release?
A
B
C
D
(Total for question = 1 mark)

Q5.

A box of weight 150 N is placed on an inclined plane. The component of the box's
weight acting along the plane is W'.

A
B 15 cos 15

C
D 15 sin 15

## (Total for question = 1 mark)

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Q6.
Below is a free-body force diagram for the balloon when a wind is blowing.

## (Total for question = 1 mark)

Q7.

A man is walking at a constant horizontal velocity of 1.2 m s1 in the rain. To the man
the rain appears to be falling vertically at a velocity of 1.8 m s1.
Draw a labelled vector diagram, to scale, and use it to determine the actual velocity of the
rain.
(5)

## Magnitude of the actual velocity of the rain = ...........................................................

Angle of the rain to the vertical = ...........................................................
(Total for question = 5 marks)

5
Q8.

The graph shows how displacement varies with time for an object which starts from rest
with constant acceleration.

(a) Use the distance-time graph to determine the speed of the object at a time of 4.0 s. (3)

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Speed = ....................................................

## (b) Calculate the acceleration. (2)

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Acceleration = ....................................................

## (Total for question = 5 marks)

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Q9.
In a game of netball, a goal is scored when the ball passes through the ring at the top of
the net.

(a) On the diagram below draw the path the ball should take if a goal is to be scored.
(1)

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(b) A student is given the following information for a particular attempt at a goal.
initial velocity of ball on release = 4.5 m s1
release angle of ball = 60 from the horizontal
horizontal distance from centre of ball to centre of ring = 1.5 m
(i) Show that the time taken to travel the horizontal distance of 1.5 m is about 0.7 s.
(3)
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(ii) Calculate the vertical displacement of the ball when it has travelled a horizontal
distance of 1.5 m and hence comment on whether a goal will be scored.
vertical distance of ring from release point = 0.70 m
(4)
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## Vertical displacement = ...........................................................

Comment
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(iii) Explain how air resistance would have affected the calculation in (b)(i).
(2)
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## (Total for question = 10 marks)

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Q10. A basketball is dropped vertically onto the horizontal ground and bounces twice
before being caught. The graph shows how the velocity of the basketball varies with time.

(a) Suggest why the downward sloping lines are all parallel. (1)

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(b) (i) State the reason for the upwardly sloping dotted lines. (1)
................................................................................................................................................

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(ii) Describe how the gradient of the dotted lines would change if the basketball was not
fully inflated. (1)
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(c) Calculate the initial height through which the basketball fell. (2)

Height =
(Total for question = 5 marks)