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A dead weight tester apparatus uses known traceable weights to apply pressure to a fluid for checking
the accuracy of readings from a pressure gauge. A dead weight tester (DWT) is a calibration standard
method that uses a piston cylinder on which a load is placed to make an equilibrium with an applied
pressure underneath the piston. Deadweight testers are so called primary standards which means that
the pressure measured by a deadweight tester is defined through other quantities: length, mass and
time. Typically deadweight testers are used in calibration laboratories to calibrate pressure transfer
standards like electronic pressure measuring devices.

In general there are three different kind of DWT's divided by the medium which is measured and the
lubricant which is used for its measuring element:

gas operated gas lubricated PCU's

gas operated oil lubricated PCU's
oil operated oil lubricated PCU's

All three systems have their own specific operational demands. Some points of attention:


Make sure that the PCU is clean. This is a very important issue as the PCU's operation is sensitive to
contamination. Also when connecting a DUT, make sure that the DUT does not introduce contamination
in the measuring system.


Lubricant of the PCU 'leaks' in the gas-circuit of the DWT. For this reason there is a small reservoir
incorporated in the system. Before commencing a calibration it is a good practice to purge this reservoir.
If the reservoir is full, oil will be introduced in critical tubing and will cause an uncontrollable oil-head.

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When connecting an oil filled DUT on an oil DWT make sure that the DUT oil will not contaminate the
DWT oil. If in doubt. Incorporate a small volume between DUT and DWT and manipulate pressure in
such a matter that the oil flow is directed to the DUT.

For high accuracy measurement, friction can be lowered by rotation of the piston.

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Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600123.