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-

" "

" "

100500 " ".


1998 .

- "
". F n,
l.

d2
d1

. G1.
t'1

. D.
t'2 t'2
'

G2.
.
/(*0) .
c=45 =const

/( ).
C p=4190
0 0 100 0
:
, /3;
= 0 0 . 47t 0 =1010
, /
=0 +0 . 0012t 0 =0 . 581
( );
, .
Pr=Pr 0 0 .0694t Pr 0 =7 . 5
.

.
d =Dd 2

, , , :
d 1 d
1 d
2 d
2
,
d 1=
1


G1
30 3,14C
,
d2=
1


G2
30 3,14C
: = 1 2,5 / .
,
: 6, 10,
15, 20, 25, 32, 40, 50, 70, 80, 100, 125, 150, 200, 250, 300, 350, 400, 500 .
,

( 4),
"
" ( 3).
1
,

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
l, 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 3.0 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8
2
d2 25/22 25/22 25/22 25/22 25/22 25/22 25/22 5/22 25/22 25/22
d 1 ,
0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015 0.0015
,
38 36 38 36 38 36 38 36 38 36
D,
G1, 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400
/
85 90 95 85 90 95 85 90 95 85
t 1 , 0
G2, 3000 3000 3000 3100 3100 3100 3100 3200 3200 3200
/
12 15 17 15 17 12 17 15 12 12
t 2 , 0
40 45 50 40 40 45 50 40 45 50
t 2 , 0
. 1
,

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
l, 1.9 2.0 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9
38/34 38/34 38/34 38/34 38/34 38/34 38/34 38/34 38/34 38/34
d2
d 1 ,
0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002
,
48 46 48 46 48 46 48 46 48 46
D,
G1, 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400
/
90 95 85 90 95 85 90 95 85 90
t 1 , 0
G2, 3200 3200 3200 3100 3100 3100 3100 3000 3000 3000
/
15 17 15 17 12 12 12 12 15 15
t 2 , 0
50 45 45 50 40 40 45 50 45 50
t 2 , 0

. 1
,

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
l, 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0
48/43 48/43 48/43 48/43 48/43 48/43 48/43 48/43 48/43 48/43
d2
d 1 ,
0.0025 0.0025 0.0025 0.0025 0.0025 0.0025 0.0025 0.0025 0.0025 0.0025
,
57 59 57 59 57 59 57 59 57 59
D,
G1, 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400
/
95 85 90 95 85 90 95 85 90 95
t 1 , 0
G2, 3000 3000 3000 3100 3100 3100 3100 3200 3200 3200
/
15 17 17 17 12 12 17 15 15 15
t 2 , 0
40 50 40 45 45 50 50 50 40 50
t 2 , 0

.

1.
.
'' 3200 '
Q=G2Cp(t 2t 2 )= 4190(4515)=111 .733103
3600
2.
0
.
3
'' ' Q 111. 7310 3600
t 1 =t 1 =95 =50
G1 Cp 21304190
3.
0
.
' ''
t 1 =0 .5(t 1 +t 1 )=0 . 5( 95+50)=72. 5

4.
/3.
1=10100 . 47t 1=10100 . 4772. 5=976
5.
2/.
6 6 6
1 =(1 . 0890 . 00948t 1 )10 =(1. 0890. 0094872 . 5)10 =0 . 40210
6.
/( ).
1 =0 .581+0 . 0012t 1 =0 . 581+0. 001272 .5=0 . 67
7.

Pr 1=7 . 50. 0694t 1 =7 .50 . 069472 . 5=2 . 47


8.
0
.
' ''
t 2 =0,5( t 2 +t 2 )=0 .5(15+ 45)=30

9.
/3.
2=10100 . 47t 2 =10100 . 4730=996
10.

6 6 6
2 =(1 . 0890 . 00948t 2 )10 =(1. 0890 .0094830)10 =0. 80510
2/.
11.
/( ).
2 =0 .581+0 . 0012t 2 =0 . 581+ 0 .001230=0 . 617
12.
Pr 2=7 . 50 .0694t 2 =7 . 50 . 69430=5 . 42
13.
/.
4G 1 42130
W 1= = =0 .754
1d 13600 9963 . 143. 221043600
2

14.
/.
4G 2 43200
W 2= = =1. 05
2( D d 2 )3600 9963 . 14( 4 . 82 3 .5 2 )1043600
2 2

15.

W 1d 1 0 .7540 . 0320
Re 1= = =6104
1 0 . 402106

. /2/:
16.
0,25
Pr 1
Nu 1 =0 . 021Re0,8 0,43
1Pr 1 ( )
Pr 1

17. ,

0
.
t c 10 .5(t 1 +t 2 )=0 . 5(72 . 5+30)=51. 25
18.
Pr c 1 =7 . 50 . 0694t c 1=7. 50 .069451 .25=3 . 95
(. . 16)
0. 25
2 . 47
4 0. 8
Nu1 =0 . 021(610 ) (2 . 47) 0 . 43
( )
3 . 95
=182 .3

19.
/(2 ).
1 0 .67
1=Nu 1 =182 . 3 =3817
d1 3. 2102
20.
W 2d 1 .051. 3102
Re 2= = =1. 710 4
2 0 . 80510 6
,
2 2
d =Dd 2 =(4 . 83. 5 )10 =1 . 310
.. , Re>2300.
21.

0

t c2 =t c1=51 . 25
22.
Pr c 2=Pr c1 =3. 95
23. /2/
0,25
Pr 2 0,18
Nu 2 =0 .017Re0,8 0,4
2Pr 2 ( ) ()
Pr 2

D
d2
0. 25
=
0 .18
5 . 42 48
0 .017(1 .710 4 )0. 85 . 420. 4 ( ) ( )
3 .95

35
=92. 2

24.
/(2 ).
2 0. 617
2=Nu 2 =92. 2 =4376
d 1 . 3102
25.
/(2 ).
1 1
= = =1912
1 1 1 1. 510 3
1

1 c 2 3817 45 4376
26.
0
.
' ''
t =t 1 t 2 =9545=50

27.
0
.
'' '
t =t 1t 2=5015=35

28.
< 1.5
t 50
= =1 . 43
t 35
(
).
29.
0
.
t =t 1 t 2 =72 .530=42. 5
30.
/2.
3
q=t =191242. 5=81. 310
31.
2.
3
Q 111 .7310
F= = =1. 37
q 81. 3103
32.
F 1 . 37
n= = =9 . 09=9
d 1l 3 . 143 . 21021. 5
33.
0
C.
3
q 81 .310
t c 1 =t 1 =72 .5 =51 .2
1 3817
34.
P r 'c 1 =7 .50 . 0694t c 1 =7 . 50 . 069451. 2=3 . 95

35.
0, 25
Pr 1
( )
0, 25
2. 47
'
P r 1
= ( )
3. 95
=0 . 889

:
0. 25
2.47
( )
3.95
=0.889

< 0,05, ,
0.889
|1 |=0
0.889
.
. 35
, . 17, tc1
, . 33. .
36.
0
C.
3
q 81 . 310
t c 2 =t 1 + =30+ =48. 6
2 4376

'
P r c 2 =7 .50 . 0694t c 2=7 . 50. 069448 . 6=4 . 13
37.
0,25
Pr 2
( )
0, 25
5 . 42
P r 2
'
= ( )
4 . 13
=1. 07

:
0. 25
5. 42
( )
3. 95
=1 . 082

< 0,05, ,
1.07
|1 |=0.01
1.082
.
F = 1.37 2, n = 9.
. 37
, . 21, tc2
, . 36. .
.

1. .., .., .. . .: , 1969.


1975. .486.
2. .., .. . .: ,
1980, .264.
3. . . . .: ,
1980. .529.