Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 14

Short Answer Type UNIT-I

S.No. Question

1. State and explain newtons law of gravitation

2. Explain the terms - concurrent and non concurrent force system ,planar and non planar system of forces

3. Define the term resultant and equilibrant

4. Define the term moment of a force

5. Explain the procedure to find the resultant of several forces acting at a point

6. What is a couple? State its characteristics

7. Explain the terms 1)unit vector 2) position vector

8. Explain dot product of vectors

9. Explain the characteristics of the cross products

10. Define the moment of a force about a point write an expression in the vector form

11. Define parallelogram law of forces and give mathematical formulae

12. Explain in brief free body diagrams.

13. State triangle law and explain Lamis theorem.

14. Define the law of polygon of forces.

15. Define moment of a couple. Give at least five examples where effect of couple is realized.

16. Define equilibrium of a body and give conditions of equilibrium when subjected to forces.

17. Two coplanar forces act towards a point with an angle of 450 between them. If their resultant is 100kN and
one of the forces is 20kN calculate the other force.

18. Two forces act at an angle of 1200. The bigger forces is 60N and the resultant is perpendicular to the smaller
one. Find the smaller force.

19. Two equal forces 10N each act at right angles to each other. Find the magnitude and direction of the
resultant if that produces the same effect as the two forces.

20. A Single force of 10 N is resolved into two concurrent forces of 6 N each. Find the angle between them.

Essay Questions

1. a) Define Lamis theorem

b) A machine weighing 5KN is supported by two chains attached to some points on the machine. One
chain goes to hook in the ceiling and has an inclination of 45 degrees with horizontal. The other chain goes
to eye bolt in the wall and is inclined at 30 degrees to the horizontal. Find tensions induced in the chains
2. a) Derive an equation for resultant using parallelogram law of forces

b) Find the magnitude of the two forces such that if they act at right angles their resultant is sq.
root 10N. But if they act at 60

degrees their resultant is sq. root 13N

3. a) Explain the different types supports and support reactions

b) A beam AB is supported and loaded as shown in fig.1. Find the reactions at the supports.

4. a) State and explain the theorem of Varignon

b) Two spheres, of each of weight 1000 N and radius of 25 cm rest in horizontal channel of
width 90 cm as shown in fig 1.Find the reactions on the points of contact A, B and D

5. a) Write the equations of equilibrium when the body is in space

b) A ball of weight Q = 12 N rests in a right - angled trough, as shown in fig 1.


Determine the forces exerted on the sides of the trough at D (RD) and E (RE) if all surfaces
are perfectly smooth.
6. a) State and explain the laws of forces:

(i).Law of parallelogram of forces (ii). Law of triangle of forces, (iii) Law of polygon of
forces

b) A rigid bar is subjected to a system of parallel forces as shown in Fig 1. Reduce this
system to (i) a single force, (ii) a single force-moment system at A and (iii) a single
force-moment system at B.

7. a) Draw different types of supports and corresponding reactions

b) A system of connected flexible cables as shown in figure issupporting two vertical


forces 240 N and 300 N at points B and D. Determine the forces in various segments of the
cable.

8. a) Explain the classification of different system of forces

b) Determine the magnitude and the direction of the resultant of two forces 7 N and 8
N acting at a point with an included angle of 60o with between them. The force of 7 N being
horizontal

9. a) Define free body diagram, Transmissibility of a force and resultant of a force

b) Two forces are applied to an eye bolt fastened to a beam. Determine the magnitude
and direction of their resultant using (a) the parallelogram law, (b) the triangle rule.
10. a) Two identical rollers, each of weight 100 N, are supported by an inclined plane and a
vertical wall as shown in figure below. Assuming smooth surfaces, find the reactions induced
at the points of support A, B and C.

b) Determine the magnitude and direction of the resultant force as shown in fig

11. a) Write the Equilibrium equations for concurrent force system in space

b) A force 100 N is directed from A (2, 0, 4) to B (3, 3, 5). What

is the moment of force about the origin?

12 A horizontal line ABCD measuring 9m is acted upon by forces of magnitude


400,600,400 and 200N at points A, B, C and D respectively with downward direction. These
points are so located that AB=BC=CD=3m. The line of action of the forces and inclined at
900, 600, 450 and 300 respectively with AB. Make calculations for the magnitude, position
and direction of the resultant.

13 a) Derive an equation for resultant using parallelogram law of forces.

b) Two equal forces act on a particle such that the square of their resultant is equal is
equal to the three times of their product. Find the angle between the forces.
14 The resultant of two forces acting at a point is 65kN. It is observed that one force is double
than the other and if the direction of one of them is reversed the resultant becomes 45kN.
Find the magnitudes of forces and the angle between them.

15 Find the magnitude of two forces such that if they act at right angle, their resultant is 10 ,
but they act at 600 their resultant is 13

16 A particle is acted upon by forces equal to P, 2P, 3 3P and 4P. The angle between the first
and second, the second and third and fourth are 600, 900 and 1500 respectively. Find the
magnitude and direction of the resultant force.

17 The five forces 20N, 30N, 40N, 50N and 60N are acting at one of the angular points of a
regular hexagon, towards the other five angular points taken in order. Find the direction and
magnitude of the resultant force.

18 The following forces act at a point

a. 30kN inclined at 350 towards North to East.

b. 22kN towards North

c. 30kN inclined at 300 towards North to West

d. 35kN inclined at 250 towards South to West. Find the magnitude and direction of the
resultant force.

19 Three forces acting at a point have a resultant of 100N towards north-east. One of the
forces is of 50 N towards the east. The next force act towards 300 north of west and has a
magnitude of 40N. Determine third force in magnitude and direction.

20 a) Explain different conditions of equilibrium.

b) A lamp weighign 5 N is suspended from the ceiling by means of a wire. It is pulled to one
side by a horizontal cord, until the wire makes an angle of 600 with the ceiling. Find the
tension in the wire and cord.

UNIT-II Short Answer Type

S.No. Question

1. Explain the types of friction with examples?

2. Define the following i) Friction ii) Angle of friction iii) Limiting friction

3. Define the following

(i)Angle of Repose (ii)Coefficient of frictions

4. Differentiate between static and dynamic friction?

5. State laws of solid friction

6. Distinguish between quarter turn and compound belt drive

7. What is meant by cross belt drive? Explain


8. Define coefficient of friction and limiting friction

9. Distinguish between initial tension and centrifugal tension

10. Write down the conditions for transmission of maximum power.

11. Define friction and how can we appreciate the use of friction in practice?

12. What are the effects of friction?

13. State the laws of solid friction.

14. Define coefficient of friction and angle of friction. How these are related to each other?

15. What do you understand by the limiting friction? And define angle of repose.

16. Derive the least inclined force required to drag body resting on a horizontal plane in terms of
weight of the dody, angle of the inclined force and angle of friction.

17. What is the principle of a screw jack?

18. Derive an expression for the effort required to move a body up an inclined plane when the
effort is parallel to the plane.

19. Draw a neat sketch of a screw jack and mark salient parts on it.

20. Derive the expression for efficiency of screw jack.

Essay Questions

S. No. Question

1. a) Obtain an equation for the length of the belt in an open belt drive

b) A ladder 6m long and with 300N weight is resting against a 0 wall at an angle of 60 to
the ground. A man weighing 750N climbs the ladder. At what position along the ladder
from bottom does he induce slipping? The coefficient of friction for both wall and the
ground with ladder is 0.2.

2. a) Derive a relation for the efficiency of a screw jack, taking friction into account

b) An open belt running over two pulleys 1200 mm and 500 mm diameters connects two
parallel shafts 4000 mm a part. The maximum tension in the belt is 1830 N. Coefficient of
friction between the belt and the pulley is 0.3.The driven pulley of 1200 mm diameter runs
at 200 rpm. Determine :

a) Power transmitted

b) torque on each of two shafts

3. a) Derive an expression for length of crossed belt drive

b) A ladder 5m long weighing 200N leans against a smooth vertical wall at an angle of 600
with horizontal. A man weighing 700N stands at mid-height of ladder when it is about to slip.
Calculate the coefficient of friction between the ladder and ground

4. a) Draw a neat sketch of simple screw jack and derive an expression for minimum effort
required to raise a load
b) Find the effort required at the end of the lever 300mm long of a screw jack, the
mean diameter of the screw is 26mm, load

acting is 10KN, helical angle is 150, and coefficient of friction between screw and nut
is 0.22.

5. a) What is angle of repose? Prove that angle of repose is equal to

the angle of friction.

b) A shaft running at 100 rpm drives another shaft at 200 rpm and transmits 12kW. The
belt is 100 mm wide and 12mm thick and coefficient of friction is 0.25. the distance
between the shaft is 2.5 m and the diameter of smaller pulley is 500 mm. Calculate
the stress in (i) an open belt and (ii) crossed belt,connecting two pulleys

6. a) Explain the difference between coefficient of friction and angle of friction.

b) A body weighing 50N is just pulled upon inclined plane of 300 by a force of 40N
applied at 300 above the plane. Find the coefficient of friction.

7. a) What is a wedge? Explain how wedge is used to raise the heavy load.

b) A block over lying a 100 wedge on a horizontal floor and leaning against a vertical
wall and weighing 1500N is to be raised by applying horizontal force to the wedge.
Assume the coefficient of friction between all the surfaces in contact to be 0.3.
Determine the minimum horizontal force to be applied to raise the block.

8. a) Derive an expression for the velocity ratio of a belt drive considering the
thickness of the belt.

b) A leather belt is required to transmit 9KW from a pulley 1200mm in diameter


running at 200rpm. The angle embraced is 1650 and coefficient of friction between
leather belt and pulley is 0.3. If the safe working stress for the leather belt is
1.4N/mm2, the mass of the leather is 100Kg/m3 and the thickness of the belt is
10mm, determine the width of the belt taking the centrifugal tension in to the
account.

9. a) Derive an expression for the ratio of tensions for a flat belt passing over a
pulley when it is just on the point of slipping.

b) An open belt drive connects two pulleys 100mm and 500mm diameter on parallel
shafts 4m apart. The maximum tension in the belt is 1830N. The coefficient of
friction is 0.3. The driven pulley of 1200mm diameter runs at 200rpm. Calculate (a)
power transmitted (b) torque on each of two shafts.

10. a) Draw a neat sketch of differential screw jack and explain its working. b) The
following are the specifications for a differential screw jack:

i) Pitch of the smaller screw is 5mm ii) Pitch of the larger screw is 10mm

iii) Lever arm length from center of screw is 500mm The screw jack raises a load of
15KN with an effort of 185N. Determine the efficiency of the differential screw jack
at thisload.
11 A weight 500N just starts moving down a rough inclined plane support by a force of
200N acting parallel to the plane and it is at the point of moving up the plane when
pulled by a force of 300N parallel to the plane. Find the inclination of the plane and
the coefficient of friction between the inclined plane and the weight.

12 A cord connects two bodies A and B of weights 450 N and 900N. The two bodies are
laced on an inclined plane and cord is parallel to inclined plane. The coefficient of
friction for body A is 0.16 and that for B is 0.42. Determine the inclination of the
plane to the horizontal and tension in the cord when motion is about to take place
down the plane.

13 A belt is running over a pulley of diameter 800mm at 140 rpm. The angle of contact
is 1650 and coefficient of friction between the belt and pulley is 0.25. if the
maximum permissible tension in the belt is 2.5 kN. Find the power transmitted by
the belt.

14 The initial tension in an open flat belt is 2000 N. The angle of contact of smaller
pulley is 1350 and is 0.25. The smaller pulleys diameter is 36cm and rotates at 300
rpm. Find the power transmitted by the belt.

15 A flat belt transmits 15000 W from a shaft running at 300 rpm to another parallel
shaft running at the same rpm. The maximum permissible tension in the belt is 3kN.
Find the radius of the pulley consider =0.25

16 Two pulleys, one having diameter 450 mm and other having diameter 200 mm are
mounted on parallel shaft and are 2000 mm apart. For open-belt arrangement, find
power transmitted if larger pulley rotates at 250 rpm and =0.3 and maximum
tension in the belt is 1.5kN.

17 A belt of density 1.5 gm/cm3 has a maximum permissible stress of 300 N/cm2.
Determine the maximum power that can be transmitted by a belt of 15 cm x 1.5 cm
if the ratio of the tension is 2.5.

18 For an open-belt drive transmitting 4kW, the distance between the centre of pulley
A and the centre of pulley B is 100cm. diameters of pulleys A and B are 30cm and
20cm respectively. The coefficient of friction between belt and pulley is 0.2. The
pulley A is rotating at 200rpm. If the permissible tensile force per cm width of belt is
180N, determine the width of the belt necessary.

19 A leather belt of 1cm thick and 12.5cm width drives a pulley of 120cm diameter at
180rpm. The angle of lap is 1900. The density of belt material is 1.15gm/cm3. If the
stress in the belt is limited to 200N/cm2, determine (a) power transmitted
neglecting centrifugal tension and (b) considering centrifugal tension. Take =0.3.

20 What maximum power is transmitted if the cross section of the belt is 10cm2 and
maximum stress is limited to 2400N/cm2. Density of the belt material =5 cm3. The
ratio of effective tension=2.
INDUR INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY
Siddipet 502277, Medak (Dist.,)
( Approved by AICTE & Affiliated to JNTUH)
Mid Examination Question Paper
Year: I-I Subjective Test -II Date:--/11/17
Branch: CSE-B Time 60 min
Subject: EM Max Marks:20

UNIT III & IV


S.No. Question

1. Define and Explain centre of gravity and Distinguish between centre of gravity and centroid

2. Derive an expression for the centre of gravity of a plane area using method of moments.

3. Describe the various methods of finding the centre of gravity of a body

4. What do you understand by axes of reference? Explain Prove that the first moment of area wrt the
centroidal axis is zero

5. Explain the difference between the centre of gravity and centre of mass.

6. Explain the difference between the centre of gravity and centre of mass.

7. How would you find out the centre of gravity of a section, with a cutout hole?

8. State and prove first theorem of Pappus.

9. State and prove second theorem of Pappus.

10. Where does the centre of gravity of the following section lies (i).Semi circle, (ii).Trapezium,
(iii).Hemisphere, (iv).Right circular solid cone

11. Define C.G and moment of inertia.

12. Illustrate the centre of gravity of hemisphere.

13. Define

a. Radius of gyration and

b. Perpendicular axis theorem.

14. Write the moment of inertias of the following plane figures.

a. Hollow rectangle

b. Semi-circle and

c. Quadrant
15. Derive an equation for M. I of a rectangular section of height h and width b about its centroidal
axis.

16. Define radius of gyration and express it mathematically.

17. State parallel axis theorem with a line diagram.

18. Find the C.G of a channel section 100 mm x 50 mm x 15mm.

19. What is the built-up section?

20. Give the expression for finding centroid.

a) Find the centroid of a semi circular lamina of radius R from its base

b) Locate the centroid of shaded area obtained by removing a semicircle of diameter a from a
quadrant of a circle of radius a as shown in figure.

21. Find the moment of inertia of the shaded area shown in fig. about its centroidal axis parallel to X-
axis.
22. Find the centre of gravity of the T lamina as shown in figure. All dimensions are in mm

23 Determine the coordinates of centroid of the shaded area as shown in figure, if the area removed
is semicircular. All dimensions are in mm

24 Find the centroid of the plane lamina shown in _Figure

25 Find the centroid of the plane lamina shown in _gure


26 Find the centroid of the shaded plane area shown in figure.

27 Uniform lamina shown in fig consists of rectangle, a semi circle and a triangle. Find the centre of
gravity.

28. a) State and prove parallel axis theorem of area moment of inertia.

b) Find the moment of inertia for the shaded area parallel to x axis. As shown in the Figure

29. a) State and prove perpendicular axis theorem.

b) Find the moment of inertia of the area in the given figure about the axis AB
30. a) Determine the moment of Inertia of a triangle with respect to its centroidal x axis

Parallel to the axis

b) Find the moment of the inertia of the section shown in the figure 5 about horizontal and
vertical centroidal axes. All dimension in cm R = 8.

31 a) Find the moment of inertia about the horizontal centroidal axis of shaded portion

for the figure

32 Determine the moment of inertia of the inverted T-section shown in figure about an axis passing
through the centroid of the section and perpendicular to the stem

33. Derive an expression for the moment of inertia of a circular ring of uniform cross section of radius R
about its diametrical axis

34. Derive an expression for the moment of inertia of a circular plate of radius R and thickness t about
its centroidal axis

35. Determine the moment of inertia of a solid sphere of radius R about its diametrical axis.

36. Find the Mass moment of inertia of a rectangular plate of size a x b and thicknesst about its
centroidal axis.

37. Find the Mass moment of inertia of a solid cone of height H and base radius R about 1) axis of
rotation 2) an axis through the vertex mormal to the axis of rotation.

38. Derive an expression for centroid of triangular area.

39. Derive an expression for centroid of sector of a circle.


39. Determine the Centroid of the parabolic spandrel as shown in figure

40. a) State and prove Pappus-Guldinus First theorem

b) State and prove Pappus-Guldinus Second theorem

41. Give the expressions for centroid and moment of inertia of any five basic geometrical shapes with
figures and details.

UNIT V

S. No Question

1 Define the terms velocity and acceleration

2 Define angular displacement angular velocity angular acceleration

3 A stone is thrown vertically upwards and returns in 5sec.How high does it go

4 Explain types of motion and distinguish between uniform motion and accelerated motion

5 Derive a relation for the distance travelled by a body in the nth second.

6 Define the terms i) velocity of projection ii) angle of projection iii) time of flight iv) range of a
projectile

7 Obtain an equation for the trajectory of a projectile and show that it is a parabola.

8 Explain law of conservation energy.

9 Explain DAlemberts principle.

10 Derive the equation for distance travelled in nth term.

FACULTY HOD PRINCIPAL