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N.A. Volkova, D.

Phillips

LETS IMPROVE
OUR RUSSIAN!

Advanced Grammar Topics for English Speaking Students

Step Three
Electronic publication

St.Petersburg
Zlatoust

2014
811.161.1

, .., , .
! 3 ( ). . : , 2015. 192 .
Volkova, N.., Phillips, D.
Lets improve our Russian! Step 3 (electronic publication). St. Petersburg : Zlatoust, 2015.
192 p.

. : . . . ..
: ..
: .
-: ..
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, ,
, .
, , ,
., ,
, II .
: , , -
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, , , .

., . (), 2014
(-
ISBN 978-5-86547-793-8 , , ), 2014

-: .
11.12.13. 6090/8. . . 24.
: 005-93-953005.
-
78.01.07.953..011312.06.10 30.06.2010 .
: 197101, -, ., . 24, . 24.
.: (+7-812) 346-06-68; : (+7-812) 703-11-79; e-mail: sales@zlat.spb.ru; http://www.zlat.spb.ru.

TABLE OF CONTENTS


From the authors ............................................................................................................... 5

1.
Verbal Government ........................................................................................................ 6
1.1.
Genitive Case without a preposition .............................................................................. 6
1.2.
Genitive Case with the preposition .........................................................................14
1.3.
Genitive Case with the preposition ..........................................................................21
1.4.
Dative Case without a preposition ...............................................................................23
1.5.
Dative Case with the preposition ..............................................................................35
1.6.
Accusative Case without a preposition .........................................................................39
1.7.
Accusative Case with the preposition .........................................................................72
1.8.
Accusative Case with the preposition ......................................................................75
1.9.
Accusative Case with the preposition .......................................................................82
1.10.
Instrumental Case without a preposition ......................................................................86
1.11.
Instrumental Case with the preposition ......................................................................96
1.12.
Instrumental Case with the preposition .................................................................. 104
1.13.
Instrumental Case with the preposition ................................................................ 106
1.14.
Instrumental Case with the preposition .............................................................. 107
1.15.
Prepositional Case with the preposition ................................................................... 108
1.16.
Prepositional Case with the preposition .................................................................. 113
1.17.
Prepositional Case with the preposition .................................................................... 115
1.18.
Review of all cases ................................................................................................. 117

2.
Indefinite Pronouns and Adverbs ................................................................................... 121

3.
Negative Pronouns and Adverbs ................................................................................... 134

3
4.
Impersonal sentences ................................................................................................... 152
4.1.
Impersonal sentences with reflexive verbs .................................................................... 152
4.2.
Impersonal sentences with adverbs .............................................................................. 154
4.3.
Impersonal sentences with Infinitive ........................................................................... 156
4.4. , ,
Impersonal sentences with the verbs , , ................................ 163
4.5.
Impersonal construction ...................................................................... 164
4.6.
Impersonal construction with Accusative Case of nouns and pronouns ............................... 165
4.7.
Use of impersonal verbs ............................................................................................ 166
4.8.
Personal and impersonal construction .......................................................................... 167


List of verbs .................................................................................................................. 169

Key .............................................................................................................................. 174

4

FROM THE AUTHORS

- We gladly welcome all who hold in


, their hands this (already the thipd!)
( !) - part of our book, LETS IMPROVE
!. , OUR RUSSIAN! In this part, as in the
, - previous parts, complex grammatical
, themes are examined and presented in
, - such a way so as to simplify as much
- as possible the process of assimilating
. difficult material. For the sake of
convenience, this collection of exercises
- is presented in the form of a workbook
- and may be used not only in class with
, - an instructor but also during your own
, independent preparation, since answer
(). keys () are provided. This will help
, - you to systematize and significantly
expand your current knowledge of
Russian as well as prepare you for the
II - Certificate Level II exams.
.
. - The book is permeated with humor.
, , - Numerous aphorisms, sayings, proverbs,
, - and jokes will keep you from boredom.
.
- Our love for you and your diligence
, , - represent the strength which, without
, . doubt, will lead to your success.
, With our very best wishes!
. . N. Volkova and D. Phillips

5
VERBAL GOVERNMENT


1 VERBAL GOVERNMENT

1.1.
GENITIVE CASE WITHOUT A PREPOSITION

Verbs Translation

1. () to be afraid (of)
, , , to fear
, ,
! !
, , : - Hes a pretty bold guy. Its true that
. he is afraid of two things, his wife and
the slightest pain.
? ! , - Are you afraid of exams? No need!
. Youve studied hard and theres
nothing to be afraid of.

2. () () to achieve
? ( ? ?) ? ( ? ?) to obtain
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !
? Did you succeeded in getting
compensation from this firm?
. He didnt obtain wide recognition at
once.

3. () () to reach
? ( ?) () to achieve
, , ? ( ?) to attain
, , , ,
, , ,
()! ,
()!
1) (-, -)
2) (-, -)
. Nobody hard task has ever reached
the top of that mountain.
, , ? Did it turn out that you achieved
everything that you wanted?

6


Verbs Translation

4. () () to wish
? (?) ? (?)
, , , , ,
, , , ,
()! ,
()!
! I wish you all the best!
! Good luck!

1. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form.

1. (- Fair and softly goes far in a day.


) _____________.
2. ( ) The scalded cat fears cold water.
________________________________.
3. ( ) ______ He achieved his greatest success in ignorance.
_____________________________________
.
4. () __________________, Do not fear mistakes, and you will be invited into the
. government.
5. () If a woman wants to achieve success, she must conduct
_________________, herself like a lady, think like a man, and work like a
, horse.
.
6. () ______________ Do not fear old age, it passes.
.
7. ( - We would not have gained everyones respect like this if
) ______________________________, we had been certain that we were worthy of it.
, .
8. () A married man does not fear a robber.
_________________.
9. , If it were not for the sick, medicine would have achieved
() _______________________! everything!

2. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. (sprinter)?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. (employee) ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
7
C .
VERBAL GOVERNMENT
3.
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

: , ( / ).
, .

1. ( / ) _____________ We are not so afraid of failure as we are of being called


_________________, () a failure.
_____________.
2. , (- I will not be satisfied until I attain the desired result.
/ ) _______________
_______________________________.
3. ( / ) __________________ She attained much in life thanks to her parents, who
______________ believed in her.
, .
4. ( / ) ___________ Frost there reaches 40 degrees (centigrade).
________________ .

4. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. , _______________ .
2. _______________ - .
3. _______________ ?

5. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Are you afraid of darkness?


________________________________________________________________________________
2. All covet, all lose.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. The football player just wasnt very lucky. The ball didnt reach the target.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. She got what she went after.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. He sought this nomination for a long time.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. If you have achieved success in one type of business, you will attain success in any business.
________________________________________________________________________________
7. Nobel Prize money is a life-belt thrown to a swimmer who has already reached the shore in safety.
________________________________________________________________________________

6. .
Compose sentences from the given words.

1. , , , , , , (old age).
________________________________________________________________________________

8
2. , , , , (goal).


________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , , , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , -, , , . (wages)
________________________________________________________________________________

5. () () to avoid
, , , , to escape
, , , ,
, ,
()! ()!
! In life, one cannot avoid making
mistakes.
, ! If you want to avoid sclerosis, always
loan money!

6. () () to touch upon
, , , , to concern
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !
, . Dont touch that door until the paint
nas dried.
! It doesnt concern you!
, The directors order concerns every-
. body in the company, including you.

7. () () to lose
, , , , to deprive
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !
. I lost my father when I was still young.
- . Because of this, the company lost
many of its clients.

7. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. , - If dogs could learn how to speak, we would be deprived of


( ) _____________ our last friend.
______________________.
2. () ___________, As far as I am concerned, all five of my marriages were
. successful.
3. (- Common interests help escape a sentence.
) __________________.

9
VERBAL GOVERNMENT
4. (- It is better to write for yorself and lose readers than to
) ________________, - write for your readers and lose yourself.
.
5. () _____________ The desire to avoid mistakes leads to another mistake.
.
6. - Of all our affairs, marriage concerns strangers the least,
() ___________________, but interests them the most.
.

8. , .
Answer the questions by placing the nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

9. .
Translate into Russian.

1. This doesnt concern me.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. Freedom means responsibility. That is why most men dread it.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. His grandfather lost his sight and hearing.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. He touched my shoulder.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. Her friend avoided all conversation about the wedding.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. I guess you have been deprived of the slightest sense of humor.
________________________________________________________________________________
7. The chairman denied me the right to speak.
________________________________________________________________________________

10. . -
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form. Use the
table given above.

: () .
.

1. , _____________ (an accident).


2. ______________ .
3. , ______________ .

10

8. () to fear
, , , to be afraid of
, , to beware
! !
- . Were afraid of any kind of provoca-
tion.
, . They were afraid of traffic jams on the
road, so they left early in the morring.

9. () () to be frightened by
, , , , to get scared
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !
: . Dont be frightened; the way I look by
I have just been fixing my car.

10. () () to demand
? ( ? / ?) ? ( ? / ?) to require
, , , , ,
, , , , ,
()! ,
()!
, . He who demands the impossible
does not receive the essential.
. This work demands (requires) great
skill.

11. () () to have enough


(? / ?/ ?) (? / ?/ ?) to last
? ? ? ?



. The money lasted him a week.
. These supplies will last us for a whole
month.

11. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. ( / , If work demands knowledge, attentiveness, and accuracy
) ________________________ it is necessary to accomplish it in this sequence.
_____________________,
.
2. () _____________, I have just enough presence of mind to live life stupidly.
.

11
VERBAL GOVERNMENT
3. ( ) Beware of a silent dog and still waters!
_____________________________________
_____________________________________!
4. ( / ) ___________ There is never enough of the minimum to achieve the
______________, () maximum.
________________.
5. ( / ) __________ I demand compensation, because your dog bit me!
_____________________, Well if thats so, you have the right to bite it back.
!
, , -
.
6. ( ) _______________ There were sufficient material means only for spiritual
________________________ things.
.
7. , Truth is the only thing that cannot be improved.
( / ) ________________.

12. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. (/ ).
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ( / ).
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , ( / penalty) .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. (most of all) ( / ).
________________________________________________________________________________

13. . .
Compose sentences using the given words. Be sure to use the correct case forms with the
given verbs.

1. , , (silence)!
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , , (patience).
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , , (knocking).
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , (epidemic).
________________________________________________________________________________

14. , .
Answer the questions by placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

12
3. ?


________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

15. .
Translate into Russian.

1. The art of war demands the most victims of all.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. We have nothing to fear from these people.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. The boy was frightened by the strong thunderstorm.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. Will we have enough time to have a bite?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. They demand wage increases.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. Dollar diplomacy demands many dollars and very little diplomacy.
________________________________________________________________________________

16. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. ______________________________________________ .
2. , __________________________________ .
3. , ______________________________________________ .
4. ___________________________________________________________ (shark).

13
1.2. C
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

GENITIVE CASE WITH THE PREPOSITION


Verbs Translation

12. () () to refrain from


to hold back
to keep away


_

! !
! _!

. He refrained from voting.


. A sick person must refrain from
smoking.

13. () to depend on
? ( ?) to depend upon
, , ,
, ,
() ()!

? On whom does the decision in my


case depend?

14. () () to save (from)


(?) ? (?) ? to get rid (of)
, , , , , to take off
, , , , ,
, ! !
()!

. He took the responsitility off my


hands.

15. () () to get rid (of)


, , , , to shake off
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !

? How does one get rid of bad habits?

14
17. .


Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form.

1. , , () What we see depends on which direction we are looking


__________________ . in.
2. () The best way to get rid of temptation is to yield to it.
__________________ .
3. () The quality of ones life depends on the quantity of ones
________________ . mistakes.
4. Only our (poor) service will free you from the mentality
() ____________ ! of thinking that you are somebody!
5. () _________, Its better to refrain from a joke than to lose a friend.
.
6. ( Give advice more often and you will rid yourself of many
) ____________________________! acquaintances!
7. () ____________. Success depends on patience.
8. ( ). Ones view of things depends upon their value.
__________________________.
9. , Dont set fire to your house to rid it of mice!
() ________________!
10. () _______________ , On each person depends whom he will be able to depend
() ___________ . on in the future.
11. () Therapeutic mud eliminates illnesses; the common kind
_________________, - removes illusions.
() ________________.

18. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. ( / luck).
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , ( / / jealous fools)!
________________________________________________________________________________
3. (temporarily) ( / )
________________________________________________________________________________

19. , .
Answer the questions by placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. (mood)?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

15
20. .
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

Translate into Russian.

1. How to get rid of a cold?


________________________________________________________________________________
2. Cant you get rid of him for me?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. I prefer to refrain from discussing religion.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. That depends on the circumstances.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. I dont depend on anybody.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. They refrained from voting.
________________________________________________________________________________
7. God! Defend me from my friends; I can defend myself from my enemies!
________________________________________________________________________________
8. The person upon whom everything depends often does everything in order to prove that nothing
depends on him.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

21. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. _______________________ , (unnecessary things).


2. ____________________________________________ .
3. __________________________________ .

16

16. () () to be distracted
, , , , to divert
, , , , to distract
, , to digress from
! ! ! to divert ones attention
! , ,

? Could you be distracted from your
computer for a minute?

17. () () to turn away from








! !
! !
, ! Look me straight in the eye, dont
turn away from me!

18. () () to turn down


, , , , to go back on
, , , , to give up
, ,
! ! ! !
! Im forced to turn down your pro-
posal.
. I dont go back on my word.

19. () () to differ from


? ? (?) ? ? (?) to be different
, , , , to distinguish oneself
, , , ,
, _,
! ! ! _!
, Man differs from animals in that he
. does not always act like a human
being.
? What makes him different from
others?

20. () () to be behind
, , , , , , to be left behind
, , , , to lag behind
()! ()!

17
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

, ! Speed it up; dont lag behind the


others!
-, . In my opinion, youre hopelessly
behind the times.
. I was left behind the train.

21. () () to demand
? (?) ? (?) to require
, , , , ,
, , , ,
()! ,
()!
! I demand an explanation from you!
. You ask too much of the child.

22. () () to get tired of


, , , , , to be tired of
, , , ,
()! ,
()!
. We got tired of walking.

22. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form.

1. () Kings tastes differ from the taste of the people;
____________ , therefore, the people come to see the palaces of the kings.
.
2. () A man differs from a woman: a man has a tie on his neck,
_______________ : - but a women has beads, the household, children, and a
, , , man in a tie on hers.
.
3. () How do you distinguish your left foot from your right?
_____________? Its very simple! On the left foot, the big toe is on the
! - right.
.
4. , - The leader is a person who talks with visitors so that his
, subordinates are not distracted from their real work.
( ) ______
_________________________.
5. , - Doctor, do I still have to give up cigarettes and alcohol?
( ) ____________ Absolutely! I told you this already 4 weeks ago!
_______________? I remember, but I just thought that science might have
! - made some progress during this period of time!
!
. , -
.

18
23. .


Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. ( / ) !
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ( / ) .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , ( / ).
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ( / ).
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ( / )!
________________________________________________________________________________

24. ,
.
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct grammatical form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

25. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Be victorious, but refrain from triumph!


________________________________________________________________________________
2. A telephone call distracted him from work.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. After this, all his friends turned away from him.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. He turned down a very good job.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. What makes him different from others?
________________________________________________________________________________
6. Friendship differs from love in that you dont have to register it at City Hall!
________________________________________________________________________________

19
26. , , ,
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

.
Compose sentences from the given words, using appropriate prepositions where
necessary.

1. , , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , , !
________________________________________________________________________________

27. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. , ________________________ ?
2. ____________________________________________________ .
3. ________________________ (endless) , .
4. ______________________________________________ .
5. , _______________________________________________ .
6. , ______________________________ .
7. ________________________________________________ .
8. _______________________________________________________ .
9. - , , - ___________________________ .

20
1.3. C


GENITIVE CASE WITH THE PREPOSITION

23. () to be made up
, , , , , to consist of
. Our club membership is made up
mostly of young people.
. The crew consists of ten men.
. Life is made up of little things.

28. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form.

1. The usual cocktail for an evening party consists of one
( ) _________________ part whisky and three parts gossip.
( ) ____________________ .
2. The working day of a young specialist consists of two
( ) __________________: - parts: before lunch he makes mistakes, and after lunch
, he corrects them.
.

29. , .
Answer the questions by placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

30. .
Translate into Russian.

Life does not consist mainly, or even largely, of facts and happenings. It consists mainly of the storm
of thought that is forever flowing through ones head.
_______________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

31. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form with or without a preposition.

. . () _________________
( ) _____________________________ , , -
( ) ________________. ( ) ________
_________________________, (took out) (cell phone) (to turn
off) . () ___________________.
() ___________ : . ,
( ) ______________________________ , -

21
, , ( ) ___________________________________,
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

. , , ( wig)
___________________ . , . -
, ( ) _________________________________:
, (to recognize) .
: (after) , -
(to enjoy) (peace). () __________________ . ,
- () ___________________, ( )
_______________________________________ .
, .
, () _____________ (lose consciousness, faint),
.
, , . , , , ,
(meeting, conference) (trading companies),
(the boss). , () _______________
.
() _______ (I had the presence of mind), ()
____________________________.

32. . .
Compose sentences using the given words. Be to you use the correct case forms sure with
the given verbs.

1. , , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , , (coming of age).
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , , (trust).
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , , , !
________________________________________________________________________________
6. -, , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
7. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
8. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
9. , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
10. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________

22
1.4.


DATIVE CASE WITHOUT A PREPOSITION


Verbs Translation

1. () () to believe
, , , , , ,
, , , ,
()! ()!
, . Dont believe what he says.
! I wish I could believe you!
, . A liar is not believed even when he
speaks the truth.

2. () () to give back
? (?) ? (?) to return
, , , ,
, , , ,
, _,
()! _()!
()
? (?)
, , ,
, ,
()!
, . Dont worry, theyll give you back all
your expenses.

3. to reply
? ( ?) ? ( ?) to object
, , , , to contradict
, , , ,
, _,
()! _()!
. I often had to contradict him.
. She objected sharply to what the
speaker said.

4. () () to give
? (?) ? (?) to make a present
, , , , ,
, _, , ,
_()! _,
_()!

23
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

, - He never thought of giving me this


. book as a gift; he just gave it to me
to read.
. She constantly gives toys to children.

5. () () to prove
? (?) ? (?)
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
()! ()!

. Itll be easy for you to prove your


innocence.

33. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form.

1. , Husbands should tell their wives the truth, and wives


, () ______ should pretend that they believe everything.
.
2. () _____________, It is better to believe in poetry than in poets.
() _______________.
3. () ________, If you dont contradict me, how will I find out that I am
, ? right?

34. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. ( / )!
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , ( / )!
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ( / ) (wedding)?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , ( / ) !
________________________________________________________________________________

35. .
Translate into Russian.

1. I dont believe my own eyes!


________________________________________________________________________________
2. The firm presented me with an expensive watch.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. His son objected sharply to what the father said.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. He proved his friendship to me through his actions.
________________________________________________________________________________

24
5. Dont believe rumors!


________________________________________________________________________________
6. Did you give the money back to her?
________________________________________________________________________________
7. Lets give him a new computer as a present!
________________________________________________________________________________

36. , .
Answer the questions by placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. (correctness)?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

37. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. _______________________________ , .
2. __________________________________________ , .
3. , , 50 . _________________________________ .
4. , _____________________________________________ .
5. . , _______________________________________________ !

6. () () to report
? ( ? ?) ? ( ? ?) to announce
, , , ,
, , , ,
, _,
()! _()!

. I reported it to the director.

7. () () to wish
? (?) ? (?) to desire
, , , , ,
, , , ,
()! ,
()!

. We wished him luck at his new job.

25
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

8. () () to envy
, , , , to be jealous
, , , ,
, ,
()! ()!

. I dont envy them.


? Are you really jealous of his success?

9. () () to seem
? (? ?) ? (? ?) to appear
, , , , , to look
, , , ,
() ! () ! ,
! !

. These people seem honest to me.

10. () () to disturb
, , , , , to stop
, , , , to hinder
()! ,
()()!

, , . Nobodys stopping you; do what you


want.

11. () () to annoy
? (?) ? (?) to bother
, , , , , to be tired of
, , , ,
,
() ()! ( .)

. Theyre tired of each other.


() ! Dont annoy the guest with your
questions!

12. () () to remind
? ( ? ? / ?) ? ( ? ? / ?)
, , , ,
, , , ,
, _,
()! _()!

, . Remind me about it tomorrow, or else


Im sure to forget.

26
38. .


Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. , (- If your best friend is a dog, then I dont envy your dog!


/ ) _________________
__________________________________!
2. ( / ) Do not be born happy; dont interfere with peoples lives!
_______________________________ !
3. ( / ) _____________ If people envy you, shame on you to live badly.
__________________, .
4. : ( / ) Be as modest as possible: dont pester the examiner with
_____________________________________ your knowledge!
!
5. , If you worked up a sweat on the job, be sure to tell the
( / / ) boss about it!
_____________________________________!
6. , (- When he recalls his speech, he envies the mute and the
/ ) __________________ deaf.
____________________________________.
7. ( / ) _____________ Dinner will taste all the better to your husband if you
_____________________________________ dont feed him breakfast.
, .

39. .
Translate into Russian.

1. A mind would not bother even a beauty.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. Your grammar bores me to death!
________________________________________________________________________________
3. His thoughts kept him from thinking.
________________________________________________________________________________

40. , .
Answer the questions by placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. (to become rich)?


________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. (protection)?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
6. (medicine)?
________________________________________________________________________________
7. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

27
41. . .
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

Compose sentences using the given words. Be sure to use the correct case forms with the
given verbs.

1. , , , , (tour).
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , , !
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , , , , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
6. , , (well), , .
________________________________________________________________________________
7. , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________

42. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. (bonus), _____________________________________ .
2. ___________________________________________________ .
3. ___________________________________________________ .
4. , ______________________________ , .
5. ______________________________ (what had happened).
6. _________________________________________________ (caprices)!
7. _______________________________ , , !

13. () () to promise
? (?) ? (?)
, , , , ,
, , , ,
()! ,
()!
. We promised the child a present.

14. () () to explain
? (?) ? (?)
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
()! ()!
? Who can explain this to me?

28

15. () () to help
(?) (?)
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
()! ()!
(-, -)
, . God helps those who help them-
. selves.
Everybody is ready to help a winner.

16. () () to send
? (?) ? (?)
, , , , ,
, , , ,
, ()!
()!
. I sent them the documents by mail.

17. () () to offer
? (?) ? (?) to propose
, , , , to suggest
, , , ,
, _,
()! _()!
! Never offer to teach fish to swim!

18. () to belong to
? / ? to be the work (of)
, , , ,
,
()!
, Sometimes, the initiative for a scan-
. dal belongs to the husband, but the
sound effects belongs to the wife.
. The art of survival belongs to the
people.

43. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form.
1. ( ) _________________________ Its easy to explain to naked people that they are in
, . paradise.
2. ( / ) ___________ Many would like to help God, but only in the capacity of
_________________, consultants.
.
3. , When you need adwice, everybody is ready to help you.
() ______, , But when you need help, everybody gives you only advice.
.

29
VERBAL GOVERNMENT
4. ( / ) ________ Art belongs to the people and money belongs to show
_____________________________, business.
( / -) ____________
___________________________________.

44. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. , ( / ).
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ( / ) (toys).
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ( / )?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ( / ) ( / ) !
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ( / ) , (a little later).
________________________________________________________________________________
6. ( / ) .
________________________________________________________________________________

45. , .
Answer the questions by placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
6. (director, producer) ?
________________________________________________________________________________

46. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Art belongs to sponsors.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. Can I offer you a glass of wine?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. She always sends her parents postcards when she travels.
________________________________________________________________________________

30
47. .


.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. , : ________________________________.
2. _______________________________________________ .
3. ______________________________________ (behave) .
4. ________________________________________________ ?
5. ___________________________ , , (film studio)!
6. , _________________________________________ !
7. ____________________________________ -.

19. () to contradict
? ( ?) to be at variance
, , ,
, ,
() ()!
. He contradicts himself at every turn.
. These statements contradict each
other.
. Your information is at variance with
the facts.

20. () () to be glad / happy /delighted


, , , , to take pleasure in
, , , , to rejoice (at, over)
, ,
! ! ! !
. Theres nothing to be happy about in
this situation.
(= ). We were glad of the good news.

21. () () to advise
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
()! ()()!
. I would advise you to drive more
slowly.

22. () () to inform
? ( ? / ?) ? ( ? / ?) to let know
, , , , to tell
, , , , to announce
, _,
()! _()!

31
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

. The incident was reported in the


newspaper.
. Its necessary to inform our relatives
about this.

23. () to correspond (to, with)


, , , , to be in acordance (with)
, to be in harmony (with)
()! to be in keeping (with)
to be true
to meet
to answer
to conform (to, with)

, , - What they write in the papers about


. him is not in accordance with the
facts.

48. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. , When I need to find out your opinion, Ill tell you what
( / / ) __________________ . it is.
2. (- Not every turn of the head corresponds to an original
/ o ) ___________ turn of thought!
_____________________________________
_____________________ !

49. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. ( / ) ______________________________________________ !
2. ( / ) ______________________________________.
3. ( / actions) __________________________________.
4. ( / ) _____________________________
_________________________.
5. :
, !
( / ) _________________________________ !
?!
, () _________________, ()
________________ ?

50. .
Translate into Russian.

1. To love means to rejoice in the happiness of another.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. If there were no clouds, we would not enjoy the sun.
________________________________________________________________________________

32
3. He didnt inform us word us of his plans.


________________________________________________________________________________
4. Youd better not contradict him!
________________________________________________________________________________

51. ,
.
Answer the questions by placing the given nouns into the correct grammatical form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. - ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. (first of all) ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

24. () () to sympathize
, ,
, ,
,
()!


()!

, . I already know what happened, and I


really sympathize with you.

25. () to threaten
? ? (?)
, , , , ,
()!

. Bankruptcy does not threaten the


poverty-stricken.

26. () () to be surprised
, , , , to be astonished (at)
, , , ,
, _,
! ! ! _!

? re you surprised by nothing?

33
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

27. () () to point out


? ( ?) ? ( ?) to indicate
, , , , ,
, , , ,
, ()!
()!
. The lawyer pointed out to them the
last point in the contract.

28. () () to yield
? (?) ? (?) to give in (to, over)
, , , , to give way (to, over)
, , , , to give up (for)
, _,
()! _()!
! Give up your seat for the old lady!
! All personal defects must yield to
societal defects.

52. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. ( / )
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ( / calmness)
________________________________________________________________________________
3. (arguments) ( / )
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ( / )?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ( / victims)
________________________________________________________________________________

53. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. - ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

34
1.5. C


DATIVE CASE WITH THE PREPOSITION

29. () () to prepare
, , , , to get ready (for)
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !

. He is preparing for his exams.


. They prepared to go abroad.

30. () () to turn to
( ? ? / ?) ( ? ? / ?) to apply to
, , , , to come
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !
(-, -) (-, -)

. I have no one to turn to.


. Many people have already come to
me with that question.

31. () () to be related to
, , , , to feel
, , , , to think of
, , to treat
! ! ! ! to apply to
, ,

. They treated me very kindly.


-. I couldnt feel friendly toward him
after that.

32. () () to be used to
, , , , to get used to
, , , , to get accustomed to
, ,
()! ()!
, ,

. I am not accustomed to such things.


. Hes not used to this car.

35
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

33. () () to join






! ()!
!
? Would you like to join our excursion?

54. .
Put the Russian words in parentheses into the correct case form.

1. , - Forgive your debtors for the fact that they appealed
() ______________! primarily to you!
2. ( ) _____________ Do not treat my love like a door, which you first open,
________________ , then close!
, !
3. - Two cars that were headed straight at one another stop
, . in a narrow alley.
() Neither driver wants to yield to the other. One of them
_____________ . takes out a thick newspaper and begins to read it.
. - After a little while the other driver turns to the one
reading: Please, lend me your newspaper when you
() __________________: finish reading it!
, ,
!
4. ( ) A man relates to his secretary better than to his wife
______________________________ , because he can dictate to his secretary.
() ____________,
.
5. - , If you need something, consult me, and I will explain to
() __________, , you why you dont need it.
.

55. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. ( / class).
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ( whats your opinion of / )?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ( / ) !
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ( / quirks).
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ( / )!
________________________________________________________________________________
36
56. .


Translate into Russian.

1. If you want peace, prepare for war.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. An insurance agent approached Bernard Shaw with a proposal for life insurance.
Really? Dont you know that I am immortal?, the writer said to him with a smile.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
3. A certain person appealed to Diogenes with the question, what was the best time to eat. Diogenes
answered him, If you are rich, eat when you want! If you are poor, eat when you can!
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

57. , , ,
.
Compose sentences from the given words, using appropriate prepositions where
necessary.

1. , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , , (poetry)?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________

58. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1.
?
________________________________________________________________________________
?
________________________________________________________________________________
(surgeons)?
________________________________________________________________________________
?
________________________________________________________________________________
?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________
3. (public movement) -
?
________________________________________________________________________________

37
4. , !
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

________________________________________________________________________________
5. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

59. .
Translate into Russian.

1. She treats him with contempt.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. Were getting ready for a trip.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. May I join you?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. This castle dates back to the fifteenth century.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. Our dog will get used to you.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. This has nothing to do with it.
________________________________________________________________________________

60. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. _______________________________________________ ?
2. ____________________________ (with a favor) .
3. _____________________________________________________________ !
4. (indifferent) __________________________________ .
5. , _________________________________ .

38
1.6.


ACCUSATIVE CASE WITHOUT A PREPOSITION

1. () () to take care of
, , , , , to keep
, , , , to save
()! , to conserve
, , ()!
, ,
. He takes care of his health.
! Save your strength!

2. () () to trouble
, , , , to bother
, , , , to disturb
, , to worry
()! ()!
, . Im sorry to trouble you.
. It doesnt bother me at all.
. His high temperature worries me.

3. () () to hit
, , , , , , , to strike
, , ,
()! ()!
? Why is he hitting the boy?
. The clock is striking twelve.

4. () () to wake someone up
, , , , , ,
, _, , _,
_()! _()!
, . Dont wake him up; he went to bed
late last night.

5. () () to give back
(? ? ?) (? ? ?) to return
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
()! ()!
()
(? ? ?)
, , ,
, ,
()!

39
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

? Did you give him back the money?


. I cant return today the money I
borrowed from you.

6. () () to pay
(? ?) (? ?) to pay back
, , , , to make up (for)
, , , , to reimburse
, _,
()! _()!
? Did they pay him for the damages?
. All your expenses for the trip will be
reimbursed.

61. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. , ( / ) . (such a late hour)


________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , , ( / )!
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ( / ) .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ( / loss) ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , 100 ( / ) .
________________________________________________________________________________
6. (pretext) ( / ), , .
________________________________________________________________________________
7. : Kidnappers call a woman and say, If you dont bring us
, money right away, well return your alcoholic husband
( / -- immediately!
) _________________________________
_______________________________!
8. ( / ) _______ If my neighbor beats his wife every day, and I never beat
_______________________ , my wife, according to statistics, we both beat our wives
() _______ , every other day.
( / ) ______
___________________________ .

62. , .
Answer the questions by placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

40
3. , ?


________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

63. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Who will make up for our lost time?


________________________________________________________________________________
2. Dont hit the cat!
________________________________________________________________________________
3. Will they reimburse all our expenses?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. She watches every penny.
________________________________________________________________________________

64. . -
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form. Use the
table which is giving above.

1. _____________________________ .
2. , ____________________________________________________________ !
3. ______________________ .
4. (kick up a row) _____________________________________ .
5. ______________________________________________ .
6. __________________________________________ .

7. () () to bring up
, , , , to rear
, , , , to educate
, , to train
()! ()! to cultivate

. Shes bringing up her late brothers


children.
, . School didnt teach us what we know;
life experience did.

8. () () to elect
, , , , to choose
, , , , to pick out
, ,
()! ()!
. Were going to elect a new chairman
today.
. Help me pick out a hat.

41
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

9. () () to fulfill
, , , , to carry out
, , , ,
, _,
()! _()!
. We fulfilled our quota on time.
. The order must be carried out to the
letter.

10. () () to grow
, , , , to raise
, , , , to rear
, _,
()! _()!
. He grew enormous cabbages in his
garden last year.

65. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. , ( / ).
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , ( / money tree)?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ( / any dirty work).
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , ( / )!
________________________________________________________________________________

66. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. (military men)?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. (someone close)?
________________________________________________________________________________

42
67. .


Translate into Russian.

1. It is possible to choose ones path, but not the people whom you meet on it.
________________________________________________________________________________
2. What kind of flowers are you growing?
My grandchildren.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
3. In order to get to know a person, you need to wake him up not on time.
________________________________________________________________________________

68. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. _____________________________________________ .
2. (fiance) _______________________ (fiancee) .
3. ________________________________________________ (promises).
4. __________________________________________________________ ?

11. () () to rob, to plunder


, , , , , , to strip, to despoil
, , , , to ransack
()! ()! to rifle

. Theyve been robbed.

12. () () to catch up with


, , , ,
, , , ,
, _,
()! _()!
! , . Do not wait for me! Go on, Ill catch
up with you.

13. () () to detain
, , , , to arrest
, , , , to hold back
, _,
()! _()!
, . I intended to call on you, but I was
detained.
! . Hold him here a minute! Ill be right
back.
. The criminal was arrested at the
border.

43
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

14. () () to memorize
, , , , to remember
, , , ,
, _,
()! _()!

. My son used to memorize poetry


easily.
! They will remember me for a long
time!

15. () () to force
, , , , to make
, , , ,
, ,
()! ()!

. No one can make me do that.

16. () () to call
, , , , , , ,
, , ,
()! ()!

? Whats your name?

17. () () to portray
? ? ? ? ? ? to represent
, , , , to depict
, , , , to delineate
, _, to act
()! _()! to play the part (of)

, . I am not what you represent me to be.


? What does this painting represent?

18. () () to look for


, , , , , , to seek
, , , , to look around
()! ()!

? Are you looking for work?


, . He who seeks trouble always finds it.

19. () () to improve
, , , , to correct
, , , ,
, ,
()! ()!

. He wants to correct his mistake.

44
69. .


Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. (Announcement): () ______________________, ,
.
2. :
(rubbish)! ( / ) _________________________!
? !
3. ( ) _______________________
_____________________________, (sclerosis)!
4. (darling), , ( / ) _______
________________________!
5. , () _____________
, ?
6. , () ______________, ,
() ________________.
7. (A bachelor) (a married man):
, () ______________________ .
8. , , ( / a hole) _________________
_____________ (alibi).
9. () ______________________.

70. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. (spy) ( / )!
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , ( / horse pig)?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , ( / thief).
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ( / ), /
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , ( / ).
________________________________________________________________________________
6. ( / )!
________________________________________________________________________________
7. ( / ) !
________________________________________________________________________________
8. ( / ).
________________________________________________________________________________

71. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Id like to correct my Russian pronunciation.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. The invaders robbed the population mercilessly.
________________________________________________________________________________

45
3. Dont force him to sing! Hes very tired.
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

________________________________________________________________________________
4. Did you call me?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. Her children memorize poetry easily.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. If you tell the truth, you dont have to remember anything.
________________________________________________________________________________
7. At first, a man searches for a woman, then he hides from her.
________________________________________________________________________________
8. He who wants to do something searches for a way to do it; he who does not want to do anything
searches for a reason.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

72. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
6. (witness)?
________________________________________________________________________________

73. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. , _______________________ !
2. _______________________________
(treasure) ?
3. ____________________________
(runner).
4. ______________________________
.
5. __________________________ ,
____________________________ (jeweller).
6. ________________________ ?

46

19. ( ) to compensate
(? ?)
, , ,
, ,
()!
. He demanded to be compensated
for his lost illusions.
20. () () to compromise
(? ? ?) (? ? ?)






()! ()!
, - Our competitors are doing everything
. to compromise the work of our firm.
, If these photographs get into the
. papers, they will put the minister in a
compromising position.
21. () () to feed
(? ?) (? ?) to give a living
, , , ,
, , , ,
_, _,
_()! _()!
? What do you feed your dogs?
- ? Does this occupation give anybody a
living?
, . Shed rather talk than eat.

22. () () to steal
(? ? ?) (? ? ?)
, , , , , ,
, , , ,
()! ()!
, . The cat shuts its eyes when stealing
cream.
23. () () to treat
, , , , , to cure
, _, , ,
_()! _,
_()!
. This doctor treated my brother.
. Theres no cure for love.
. Time cures all things.

47
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

24. () to catch
, , , , _,
_()!
() ! Catch the ball!
! Heres your chance!
. I take you at your word.
. Its good fishing in troubled waters.
. I often catch myself wishing that I
could bawl him out.

25. () () to break
, , , , , to break away
, , , , to damage
()! ,
()!
! Dont damage the trees!
. They are breaking twigs for a fire.
. Brother fell and broke his leg.

26. () () to change
, , , , , to exchange
, , , ,
()! ,
()!
? Where do they exchange money
around here?
, . A wise man changes his mind, a fool
never will.

27. () () to find
, , , , , ,
, _, , ,
_()! ()!
, ,
, . She keeps looking for that letter, but
she cant find it.

74. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. , , A young woman who knows how to cook well will easily
( / ) _______________ find a man who knows how to eat well.
_______________________,
.
2. ( It is difficult to feed your family and your government
) ____________________ simultaneously.
___________________________________.

48

3. , When I started singing in the church choir, many church
( / ) __________ members changed their religion.
____________________________________.
4. , ( / ) A library is a place where you will find everything that
_________________________________, you want to find out if you will find a person who knows
, ( / ) _____ where it is located.
_____________________________,
, .
5. ( / ) ____________________ He found love and lost himself.
______________________ .

75. .
Translate into Russian.

1. When he found his place under the sun, it was already evening.
________________________________________________________________________________
2. Our boss changes his convictions as he does his gloves.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. One beats the bushes, and another catches the bird.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. He that will steal an egg will steal an ox.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. Nobody can treat you for love.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. When a woman marries, she exchanges the attention of many men for the inattention of one.
________________________________________________________________________________
7. The devil finds work for idle hands to do.
________________________________________________________________________________

76. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. (pickpocket)?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. (old woman) ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. (veterinary)?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. (butterfly net)?
________________________________________________________________________________
6. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
7. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

49
77. .
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. , ______________________________________________ !
2. ____________________________________ , .
3. , __________________________________________________ .
4. , ______________________________ .
5. ____________________________________________ .
6. , _________________________________ (expenses).
7. (behaviour) ________________________________ .

28. () () to charge
(? ? ?) (? ? ?) to accuse
, , , ,
, , , ,
, _,
()! _()!
? What is he charged with?
. Im not accusing you of anything.

29. () () to provide for


(? ? ? ? ?) (? ? ? ? ?) to ensure
, , , , to stock up
, , , ,
, ,
()! ()!
. He wanted to provide for his family.
- Its necessary to ensure the comple-
. tion of the job on time.
The director promised to provide us
. with everything that we needed for
this job.

30. () () to hurt
, , , , , to offend
, , , ,
, ()!
()!
. I didnt want to offend you.

31. () () to let somebody down


, , , , to deceive
, , , , to cheat
, , to fool
()! ()!

50

, ! Dont let me down; be sure to come!
. We were deceived by his appear-
ance.
. His wife cheats on him.
. Her forced gaiety doesnt fool me.

32. () () to talk over


, , , , to discuss
, , , , to consider
, _,
()! _()!
! Lets discuss the situation calmly!
. Weve considered your proposal.
! Lets talk this plan over together!

33. () () to describe
, , , , ,
, , , ,
, ()!
()!
, , . I think I described how I met him.
? Could you describe that place to us?

34. ( ) to organize
, , , ,
,
()!
. We often organize excursions in the
summer.

78. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. (theft) ( / ) _________________________________.
2. ( / ) ______________________________________ (witness)!
3. ( / ) ___________________________
________________________________.
4. ( / ) ______________________________________________ !
5. , ( / ) ________________________________________!
6. ( / ) ____________________________________
(shame on him), (shame on me).
7. ( / ) _____________________, (a drum)!

79. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. (fortune-teller) ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

51
3. ?
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

________________________________________________________________________________
4. (witness)?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. (the house in a mess)?
________________________________________________________________________________

80. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. ? ___________________________________________________ ?
2. ____________________________________________ !
3. ____________________________________________ .
4. , _________________________________ .
5. , ________________________________________ ?
6. (without reason) ________________ : (hes not guilty).

35. () () to examine
, , , , to look over
, , , ,
, _,
()! _()!
, . We spent the whole day sight-seeing
in the city and Im just dead on my
feet.
? Has the doctor examined you yet?
. He looked me over from all sides.

36. () () to stop
, ,
, ,
_,
_()!


()!
(=) , . Once she made up her mind, nothing
could stop her.
. He stopped the car.

37. () () to leave
, , , , to leave alone
, , , , to quit
, ,
()! ()!
, . Leave him alone, hes very tired.
. Leave it as it is.

52

38. () () to call off
, , , , to revoke
, , , , to cancel
, _, to countermand
()! _()!
. I cant countermand his orders.
. The performance was called off.
. That order was revoked last year.
- . Because of bad weather, we canceled
our trip.

39. () to guard
, , , to protect
, , to preserve
()! to keep away

. Our task is to preserve wildlife.


. They guard the warehouse.

40. () () to assess
, , , , , to appraise
, , , _, to appreciate
, _()!
()!
. She can quickly assess a persons
character.
. No one appreciated her efforts.
. Theyll appraise your ring in the
jewelry department.

81. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. ( / passer by) ___________


___________________ , !
2. (expert), ( /
) ______________________________________
_____________________________.
3. , ( / a note)
__________________________________________!
4. ( / ) _____________________
______________________________________.
5. ( / ) ____________
_________________________________ .
6. , ( / )
____________________________________________________
.

53
82. .
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

Translate into Russian.

1. Can you describe this girl?


________________________________________________________________________________
2. I left my overcoat in the car.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. Leave me alone!
________________________________________________________________________________
4. Please, stop the car!
________________________________________________________________________________
5. They didnt appreciate him during his lifetime.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. Weve left them far behind.
________________________________________________________________________________
7. Have they already examined your things?
________________________________________________________________________________
8. Our task was to protect forest from fire.
________________________________________________________________________________

83. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
6. (antique dealer)?
________________________________________________________________________________
7. ? (referee)
________________________________________________________________________________

84. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. _______________________________________________________ .
2. - ____________________________________________ .
3. , ________________________________________ !
4. (taxi driver) _____________________________ .
5. ___________________________________________________ .
6. _________________________________________________ .

54

41. () () to take
, , , , to live through
, , , , to go through
, , to outlive
()! ()!
. She takes her familys absence very
hard.
. Its not easy to go through such an
experience.
, . It doesnt mean a thing that hes so
old. Hell outlive us all.

42. () () to hold up
, , to support
, , to maintain
_, to keep
_()! to keep going

()!
. He keeps things in order here.
, . Hold him up or else hell fall.
, . He did it to maintain his prestige.

43. () () to disgrace
, , , , , to dishonor
, , , , to shame
()! ,
()!
. Dont shout and embarrass me in
front of my guests.
! Stop drinking and dishonoring your
family!

44. () to catch
, , , , , to catch hold
()!
. Its hard to catch hold of you.
. Set a thief to catch a thief.
. He was caught red-handed.
! . Be careful! Im taking you at your
word.

45. () () to get
, , , , , , to receive
, , , _, to obtain
()! _()!
? Did you get my letter?

55
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

46. () () to spoil
, , , , , , to mar
, , , , to damage
()! ()!
. It marred the effect.
. Too many cooks spoil the broth.
. A mangy sheep will mar the whole
flock.

47. () () to visit
, , , , , to call on
, , , _, to attend
, _()!
()!
. I attend lectures regularly.
You can visit him at the hospital
. Sundays and Thursdays only.

48. () () to prevent
(? ? ?) (? ? ?) to let know
, , to tell beforehand
, , to warn
_,
_()!


()!
, . Fortunately, we were able to prevent
the epidemic.
. We warned you of danger (to be
careful).
. Let me know about your arrival in
advance.

85. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. ( ) ___ I wish you to catch your gold fish!
________________________________!
2. ( / ) ______________ Money spoils a person only when others have it.
____________________, .
3. , Were it not for people, wealth would not spoil anyone.
() _____________.
4. , I do not curse the wealthy, because I have never gotten a
() ______________ . job from the poor.
5. 90 % ( / ) _______ 90 % of men spoil the reputation of all the rest.
_______________________ .

56
86. .


Translate into Russian.

1. A patron of a restaurant looks at the menu and asks the waiter with surprise:
Why is the menu lacking prices?
We dont want to spoil your appetite right away!
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
2. Do not curse the weather. Its not necessary to spoil relations with everyone immediately!
________________________________________________________________________________
3. Some women cry because they did not get the husband of their dreams; others do because they did
receive this husband.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

87. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. (fans)?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

88. . .
Compose sentences using the given words. Be sure to use the correct case forms with the
given verbs.

1. (spices), , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , (hedgehog), , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
6. , , , , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
7. , , , (passion), , (disillusionment).
________________________________________________________________________________

57
89. .
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. , _____________________________ , .
2. , __________________________________________ .
3. _______________________ , .
4. ____________________________________ .
5. ! (goalkeeper) ________________________________________________ .
6. , _________________________________________!
7. , _______________________________ , .

49. () () to receive
, , , , , to take
, , , , to accept
, ()! to admit
()!

? When does the consul receive


visitors?
! Take the medicine regularly!
9 12. The doctor sees patients from nine to
twelve.
. He was hired.
. They were admitted to the university.
, , . Will you accept this little present,
please?

50. () () to check
, , , , to check up
, , , , to verify
, ,
()! ()!

. Theyre checking our documents


now.
, , ! Please check and see if our car has
enough oil!

51. () () to sell
? ? ? ?
, , , , , ,
, , , ,
()!
()!

, . You cannot sell the cow and drink the


milk.

58

52. () () to produce
, , , , to do
, , , , to make
_, ,
_()! ()!
? How many cars do you produce a
day?
? What kind of impression did he make
on you?

53. () () to pronounce
, , , ,
, , , ,
_, ,
_()! ()!
, ,

. I just cant learn to pronounce this
word correctly.
. He delivered a very good speech.

54. () () to forgive
? ? ? ?
, , , , , ,
, , , ,
()! ()!
: ? Forgive my indiscreet question, but
how old are you?

90. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. ( / ) _________________________________________________!
2. , ( / ) __________________________________________ !
3. ( / ) _____________________________________ .
4. ( / ) _____________________________________________ ?
5. , ( / ) _______________________________ .
6. ( / ) __________ Forgive your debtors for the fact that they appealed
___________________________________ primarily to you.
, .
7. ( ) ______________ Forgive your enemies! It is possible that you will still
____________________! , have to work together.
.
8. : A customer:
( / ) ___________, Yesterday, you sold a parrot that says terrible things!
! A salesman:
: Yes, the bird is not very cultured, but it doesnt drink
, , vodka!
( / ) ______________________!
59
91. .
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

Translate into Russian.

1. Its hard for me to pronounce the sound .


________________________________________________________________________________
2. What does this factory produce?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. Did you verify the information?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. They sold the car to him at a good price.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. We accepted his invitation.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. Live in such a way that you would not be ashamed to sell your domestic parrot to the towns main
gossip.
________________________________________________________________________________

92. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. (farmer)?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. (customs officer)?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
6. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

93. . .
Compose sentences using the given words. Be sure to use the correct case forms with the
given verbs.

1. , , , , , (fellow).
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , , !
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , (toast).
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , , !
________________________________________________________________________________
6. , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________

60
94. .


.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. , _________________________________________ ?
2. , _______________________________________________ .
3. ___________________________________________ .
4. (emigrate), _______________________________ .
5. _______________________
(strong impression).
6. , ______________
.
7. (goods) ____________________________
.

55. () () to break
, , , , to break up
, , , , to ruin
, ,
()! ()!
, ! Be careful! Dont break the vase!
. This unhappy love affair ruined his
life.

56. () () to see clearly


to study
to examine
to look at
to consider
_ to scrutinize

()! _()!
. She likes to look at the illustrations.
. Your case has already been exami-
ned.

57. () () to be jealous
? ? ? ? ? ?
, , , , ,
, , , ,
()! ,
()!
, . It seems your wife is jealous of your
relationship with your lady friend.

61
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

58. () () to repair
to renovate
to overhaul




()! ()!

. At the repair shop, they promised to


fix the car in two days.

59. () () to take off, to rent


, , , , to take a picture
, , , , to lift, to take down
, , to withdraw
()! ()!

, . Dont take your coat off; its cold


here.
. He was dismissed from his job.
. We rent this summer place every year.
. They withdrew the charge of
embezzlement against him.
. Help me take down this box.
, . I took his picture many times, but
none came out well.

95. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. , ( / ) ___________________________________________________!
2. ( / ) ________________________ .
3. ( / ) _____________________________________________________ ?
4. ( / ) ______________________________________________!
5. ( / Women who are not beautiful are always jealous of their
) __________________________ own husbands; beautiful women are jealous of other
_______________________, - womens husbands.
( / ) _________
___________________________.
6. : A young secretary says, Ivan Ivanovich, my fianc is terribly
, - jealous of my relationship with you, so I have invited him here in
( / ) _____________________, order to see for himself how old, bald, and unhandsome you are.
, ,
, .

62
96. , .


Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. (biologist)?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. -?
________________________________________________________________________________

97. . .
Compose sentences using the given words. Be sure to use the correct case forms with the
given verbs.

1. , , , !
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , , !
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________

98. . -
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form. Use the
table given above.

1. , ____________________________________ .
2. , ____________________________________________________ .
3. __________________________________________________________ ?
4. ___________________________________________ .
5. _______________________________________________________ .

99. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Im sorry! Ive broken your favorite cup.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. They carefully examined my pictures.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. We rented a room from her.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. I need time to consider this matter.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. Where was the film shot?
________________________________________________________________________________

63
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

60. () () to collect
, , , , , to pick
, , , , to prepare
, ()! to gather
()! to assemble

20 . Ive been collecting this library for 20


years.
, I had to get up all my courage to tell
. him that.
! Gather all your boys together in the
yard!

61. () () to make
, , , , , to create
, , , ,
()! ,
()!
. We have created favorable working
conditions for our scientists.
. Manners make a man.

62. () () to compile
, , , , to pile
, , , , to make up
, , to amount to
()! ()! to form
to put together

. The policeman came and made a


record of what had happened.
. He compiled a good reference book.
. All this will amount to not less than a
hundred rubles.

63. () () to keep
, , , , to maintain
, , , , to save
, _,
()! _()!
()
, , ,
, ,
()!
. They tried to maintain good relations.
. Im keeping the newspaper clippings
on this conference.
! Keep this to remember me by!
? Where do you keep your money?

64
100. .


Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. (- Even the Lord God cannot create eternally clean dishes,


, an eternally clean baby and eternally faithful husband.
) _________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
__________________________.
2. () ________, A wise God created flies but forgot to tell us why.
.

101. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. (= ) ?
________________________________________________________________________________

102. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Ladies and gentlemen, keep calm!


________________________________________________________________________________
2. We are picking berries in the garden.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. She gathered up her things and left.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. Have you made up the shopping list yet?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. They asked me to make up the lesson schedule.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. A miracle is an event which creates faith.
________________________________________________________________________________
7. The inhuman conditions of a monkeys life created people.
________________________________________________________________________________
8. In order to preserve an angelic character, one must have diabolical patience.

9. Ludwig XIV said every time he gave someone a good position, he created 99 dissatisfied and one
thankless person.
________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________

65
103. . .
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

Compose sentences using the given words. Be sure to use the correct case forms with the
given verbs.

1. , , , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , , , (orphan).
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , , (symphony).
________________________________________________________________________________

104. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table diven above.

1. ____________________________________ (ones own) , .


2. ___________________________________ .
3. , _____________________________________ (list) .
4. , ___________________________________________ .
5. __________________________________________________________ (secrets)?

64. () () to suffer
, , , , , , to stand
, _, , _, to meet
_()! _()! to tolerate

, . They suffered from both hunger and


cold.
. I cant stand this noise any longer.
. They suffer one failure after another.

65. () () to lose
, , , , ,
, , , ,
()! ,
()!
. Theres no time to lose.
, . You lost a great deal by not going with
us.
. He loses self-control easily.

66. () () to spend
, , , , , , to waste
, , , ,
()! ()!
. She spends a lot of money on jewelry.
! Dont waste your efforts for nothing!

66

67. () () to touch
, , , , , ,
, , , ,
()! ()!

. His words left me cold.


. Im deeply touched by your
thoughtfulness.
, . Leave him alone; hes in a bad mood
today.

68. () () to take away


, , , , , , to put away
, , , , to tidy up
()! ()!

. I must tidy up my room before my


parents come back.
! Put the bag out of the way!

69. () () to persuade
, , , , ,
, , , _,
, _()!
()!

. We persuaded him to stay till


Sturday.

105. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. ( / empty chatter) ____________________________ ?


2. , ( / ) _____________________________________________!
3. ! ( / ) _______________________________________________________!
4. , ( / ) _______________________________________________ !
5. ( / ) _____________________________________ !
6. , ( / - If you write your memoirs, you will lose your last friends.
) ____________________________
________________________.
7. ( ) ____________ It is easier to tolerate your own poverty than someone
____________, . elses wealth.
8. () _______________, It is easy to lose a friend if you give him friendly advice.
.
9. , () _____________, - The one who has lost his head realizes this last.
.

67
106. .
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

Translate into Russian.

1. I just cant stand him!


________________________________________________________________________________
2. Dont waste time on that!
________________________________________________________________________________
3. I spend a lot of money on books.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. Did you tidy up your room?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. He persuaded me to come.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. Dont touch the picture!
________________________________________________________________________________
7. Lend your money and lose your friend.
________________________________________________________________________________

107. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. (safe)?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
6. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

108. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. _____________________ ?
2. , , ___________________ .
3. ______________________
.
4. _____________________ ?
5. , _________________!

68

70. () () to recognize
, , , , , to find out
, , , , to learn
()! ()!
. A bird can be recognized by its song.

71. () () to destroy
, , , , to kill
, , , , to smash
, , to cut out
()! ()! to exterminate

. The fire destroyed several blocks of


houses.
! Exterminate the rats and mice!

72. () () to arrange
, , , , , to suit
, , , ,
, ()!
()!
. They are arranging a show.
? Does this offer suit you?

73. () () to learn
? ?
, , , , ,
, , , ,
()! ()!
() to teach
? ? ? ?
, , , ,
, ;
()!
. She learned the rule by heart.
? Who taught you the Russian
language?
. You cannot teach old dogs new tricks.

109. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. (guys), , ( / stage a row) __________


_____________________________.
2. ( / the parrot) ______________________________
?
3. ( / enemy) ___________________________________________
(laziness)!
4. ( / ) _____________________________________________
(plastic) .

69
110. .

VERBAL GOVERNMENT

Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. : One boy says to another:


( / ) ________ Soon ill teach my dog to speak and Ill get a million for
____________________________ it.
. Thats ridiculous! What idiot would pay you a million
! - for that?
? A fool, of course, wouldnt pay. However, the companies
, , . - that make dog food will pay a lot to keep them quiet.
, ,
, .
2. , It is noble to be good; it is still nobler to teach others to be
() ___________________ good; it means less trouble.
.
3. () _________________ A fool is known by his laughing.
.
4. ( / ) ______________ Fools make feasts and wise men eat them.
___________________, .

111. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. - ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

74. () () to praise
? ? ( ?) ? ? ( ?)
_, , , _, , ,
, _, , _,
_()! _()!
, . He doesnt like to be praised.
, . You scratch my back, and Ill scratch
yours.
, . Let every man praise the bridge he
goes over!

75. () () to kiss
_, _, _, _, _, _,
_, _, _ _, _,
()! _, ()!
, . Many kiss the hand they wish cut off.

70

76. () to value
_, , , , _, to appreciate
_()!
. I value your opinion.
. We think highly of him.

77. () () to feel
_, _, _, _,
_, _, _, _,
_, _ _, _
_()! _()!
, ? Well, how do you feel in your new
place?

112. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. , ( / annoying feeling) ________


___________________________________________________________________________________.
2. ! ( / ) _______________________________
.
3. ( / ) _______________________________________________________________!
4. ( / ) ____________________________________________ !

113. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. ( - Men value real beauty in women, but women value
) _______________________________, ephemeral dependability in men.
(
) __________________________
____________.
2. , - He loved her so strongly that he was ready to kiss the
() __________________, ground which her father found oil in.
.

114. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

71
115. .
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

Translate into Russian.

1. I feel terrible after our party.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. Praise a fair day at night!
________________________________________________________________________________
3. It takes years to learn how to value minutes.
________________________________________________________________________________

116. . -
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form. Use the
tables given above.

1. ________________________________________________________ .
2. (soldiers) (order) ______________________________ (enemy).
3. , _________________________________ .
4. ________________________________________ .
5. _______________________________________________________ (care).

1.7.
ACCUSATIVE CASE WITH THE PREPOSITION
78. () () to believe in
, , , , , ,
, , , ,
()! ()!
? Do you believe in God?

79. () () to fall in love (with)


, , _, _, to lose ones heart (to)
, , , ,
, _,
! ! _()!
. He fell in love with her at first sight.

80. () () to interfere (in)


_, _, , , to meddle (in)
_, _, , , to get mixed up
_, _ , to step in
_! _! ! ! to break into

. I dont want to get mixed up in this


argument.
- . Some passenger broke into our
conversation.
. The police had to interfere in the
fight.

72

81. () () to play
, , , , , ,
, , , ,
()! ()!

. The children are playing hide and


seek.

82. () () to transform
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? to change (to, into)
, , , , to become
, , , ,
, _,
()! _()!
() ()
? ? ? ?
, ,
, ,
_,
! _!


! !

. Well try to transform this vacant lot


into a garden.
, ! What a terrible mess they made of
this room!
! Dont make a joke of it.
. Over the years he became an old
man.

117. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. ( ) Optimists believe that the world will end happily.
_______________________________ .
2. - How many difficulties must be overcome in order to
, (- transform the younger generation into the older!
) ________________!
3. () A man falls in love with a woman, but a woman falls in
______________, (- love with perspective.
) ___________________.
4. ( ) Experience transforms a fool into an experienced fool.
____________________________________.
5. , , - A woman differs from a man; she is incapable of falling
() in love with a car.
__________________.

73
VERBAL GOVERNMENT
6. : - Life is divided into three parts: when you believe in Santa
(-) ________________, Claus, when you do not believe in him, and when you are
() ______________ , Santa Claus yourself.
-.

118.
.
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form with or without
a preposition.

1. ( / fate) _________________________________________________________ ?
2. ( / ) _______________________________________.
3. c ( / ) ____________________________________.
4. ( / ) _________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________!
5. , ( / -) _____________________________
___________________________.
6. ( a desert / an oasis) _______________________
__________________, ( / a mirage) _________________________________.

119. , .
Compose sentences from the given words, using appropriate prepositions where
necessary.

1. , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , , , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. (children, boys), , .
________________________________________________________________________________

120. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Unhappy love, like happy love, turns into habit.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. The moment we want to believe something we suddenly see all the arguments for it, and become blind to
the arguments against it.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
3. A restaurant patron says:
Waiter! Do your musicians take orders?
Any caprice for your money.
Take them this money and tell them that while I am eating here they should play cards.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

74
121. , .


Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. (freezer)?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

122. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the tables given above.

1. ____________________________________________________ (justice).
2. , _________________________________ .
3. ! _______________________________________________ !
4. _______________________________________________________ ?
5. , __________________________________________ .

1.8.
ACCUSATIVE CASE WITH THE PREPOSITION
83. () () to influence
, , , , , to have an effect on
, , , ,
()! ,
()!
. The heat has a bad effect on me.
; , - Dont try to influence his decision; let
. him do as he wants.

84. () () to have effect


? ? ? ? to impress
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
()! ()!
. Such weather has a bad effect on
me.
. It gets on my nerves.
. Our arguments had no effect on him.

75
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

85. () () to divide into


? ? ? ?
_, , , _, ,
, _, , ,
_()! ,
() _()! to be divided into
, , ()
, , ,
_! ! ,
!

. We need to divide the students into


small study groups.
. All these books can be divided into
three categories.

86. () () to complain
(? ?) (? ?) to grumble
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !

- . Shes always grumbling about


something.
. He complained to me of a headache.

87. () () to be mad
, , , , , to be angry (at)
, , , ,
! ! ,
! !

. His wife was mad at him all week


because of it.

88. () () to hope
, , , , to count on
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !

! Lets hope for the best!

89. () () to hint
(? ?) (? ?)
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
()! ()!

, , ? What are you actually hinting at?

76
123.


.
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form with or without a
preposition.

1. ( / ) ________ People may be divided into those who are smart and those
____________________________________. who are honest.
2. ( / ) ___________ Everyone complains about his memory, but no one
____________________________, complains about his intelligence.
( / ) _____________
____________________________________.
3. ( / ) Im counting on your inability to keep a secret.
_____________________________________
_______________________ .

124.
.
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form with or without a
preposition.

1. ( / dry skin) _________________________________ ?


2. ( / ) _____________________________________________.
3. ( / ) _______________________________________________.
4. ( / ) ______________________________________________.
5. ( / ) __________________________________________ , .
6. ( / ) ___________________________________________ ?
7. (ny barricade) ( / / two dead ends) _____________
___________________________________________________________________________________.

125. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. - ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

126. .
Translate into Russian.

1. This loud music really gets on my nerves.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. We hope for the best, and it hopes for us.
________________________________________________________________________________

77
3. His words influenced me greatly. So, I went to the bar immediately.
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

________________________________________________________________________________
4. I was mad at myself because I didnt prepare properly for the exam.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. Nothing and no one can influence his decision.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. What are you hinting at? At my bad pronunciation?
________________________________________________________________________________
7. The Judge:
And so your neighbor told you that you are an idiot and a scoundrel? Is that so?
Yes, it is. Its absolutely true!
Then what are you complaining about?
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

127. . .
Compose sentences using the given words. Be sure to use the correct case forms with the
given verbs.

1. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , 16, .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
6. , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
7. , , (miracle).
________________________________________________________________________________

128. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. : ___________________________ (vision).
2. , __________________________________ .
3. , ________________________________________ .
4. _________________________________________ (understanding).
5. , __________________________________ .
6. _______________________________ (horrible) (service).

78

90. () () to attack
, , , , , to overcome
, , , ,
, ()! (-, -)
()!

. Three men attacked him.


. Laziness overcame me.

91. () () to feel hurt


, , , , to be offended
, , , ,
, , ,
! ! ! !

. She was offended at my remarks.

92. () () to rely
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ()!

. You can rely on him.


. I wouldnt put any stock in his promise
if I were you.

93. ( () to count on
, , , , to rely on
, , , ,
, ,
()! ()!

. I dont rely on him.


. He is a fair-weather friend.

94. () () to react to / on / up on
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
()! ()!

. My friend always reacts painfully to


any criticism.

95. () () to be angry
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !

. The colleague got angry at my words.

79
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

96. () () to point out


(? / ?) (? / ?)
, , , , ,
, , , ,
, ()!
()!
. The director pointed out my mistakes.

129. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.
1. ( ) ______________, She was angry at the whole world, but the world didnt
. know about it.
2. - With age women rely more and more on cosmetics and
() ________________, - men on their sense of humor.
.
3. ( - A wife pointed out the neighboring apartment to her
) _________________________ : husband and said, Well never catch up to the living
standards of our neighbors. Unlike us, theyve already
( ) ________________________. been robbed three times!
, !
4. , While digging deeply within oneself, its naive to count
( ) ____________________ on a rich harvest!
________________!
5. ( ) __________ He who relies on someone elses food risks being left with
____________, - his own big appetite.
.
6. ( ) If you do not point out your wifes shortcomings to her,
__________________________, she will find them in you.
() _________________ .
7. - Giving up my work to the court of readers, I hope only
, () for amnesty!
____________________________!

130.
.
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form with or without
a preposition.

1. ( / )?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , ( / )!
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ( / ).
________________________________________________________________________________

80
4. ( / ).


________________________________________________________________________________
5. , ( / ).
________________________________________________________________________________

131. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. (react quietly)?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. (photo model)?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. (robbers)?
________________________________________________________________________________
6. (restaurant visitor)?
________________________________________________________________________________

132. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Hes always offended if I do not come see him on Sunday.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. How did your parents react to your plans?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. During yesterdays meeting, they pointed out to me the mistakes in my work.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. You can safely count on me for help.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. Are you very angry with me?
________________________________________________________________________________

133. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. , _____________________________________________ .
2. __________________________________________________ ?
3. , , ____________________________ .
4. ________________________________________________________ ?
5. , ________________________________ .
6. _______________________________ ,
.
7. ___________________________________________ , .

81
1.9.
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

ACCUSATIVE CASE WITH THE PREPOSITION

97. () () to thank
(? ?) (? ?)
, , , ,
, , , ,
_, _,
_()! _()!

! Thank you for your help!

98. () to be a fan (of)


, , , , , to support
()!

. He is a Dynamo fan.

99. () to fight for


, , , , ,
! !

, . I know what Im fighting for.

100. () () to start
, , , , , to begin
, , , , to set to work (on)
! ! , to get
! !

, . He doesnt know how to go about


, , ! doing it.
When will you finally come to your
senses?

101. () () to pay
? ? ? ? ? ?
, , , , , ,
, _, , _,
_()! _()!

? Did you pay the rent?

102. () () to begin
, , , , to set to
, , , , to get to
, _,
! ! ! _!

, ! Well, its time to get to work!

82

103. () () to excuse
(? ?) (? ?) to forgive
, , , , , ,
, , , _,
! ! ! _!
: ? Forgive my indiscreet question, but
how old are you?

104. () () to praise
(? ?) (? ?) to commend
_, _, _, _, _, _,
_, _, _ _, _, _
_()! _()!
. We praised him for his courage.

134.
.
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form with or without
a preposition.

1. ( / ) _____________________________________________.
2. ( / ) ________________________________________________ ?
3. ( / / ) _____________________________________________________!
4. ( / ) _______________________________________________________.
5. ( / ) ___________________________________________.
6. ( / / ) ___________________________________________________.
7. :
( / ) ______________________________________,
(Ill call) !
:
, (will pay such a bill)?

135. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
6. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

83
136. .
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

Translate into Russian.

1. We started eating.
________________________________________________________________________________
2. Ill never forgive them for this.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. They fought for their freedom.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. How much did you pay for your car?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. I commend you for this!
________________________________________________________________________________
6. Well, its time to get to work.
________________________________________________________________________________
7. Notice: In our labyrinth they pay to exit.
________________________________________________________________________________

137. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. , ____________________________________________ .
2. _____________________________________________________________ ?
3. ____________________________________________ .
4. __________________________________________________ (adultery).
5. __________________________________________ (lady of the house) .
6. __________________________________________ (freedom of speech).

84
(, , )


REVIEW (Genetive Case, Dative Case, Accusative Case)

138. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. ( / ) _______________________________________ :
, ( / ) __________________________________________ !
( / ) __________________________________________________ ?
? (on the cage it says), ( /) ________________
_________________________ (is forbidden)!
2. , , Dear, our neighbour lady has a fur coat just like me!
! Are you suggesting I buy you a new coat?
( / ) __________________ Believe me, its cheaper than buying a new apartment!
__________ ( / ) ______
__________________________________?!
, ,
( ) _______________________!

139.
.
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form with or without
a preposition.

(changes) ( act / ) ____________________


________ . ( / ) ________________________________
( / ) _______________________________, ( / ) _____________
________________________________________.
( / domestic roulette) ______________________________.
( / gambler) ________________________________
________________ ( /) _____________________________________.
, , ( /) _________________
____________. , , ( / the winner) ___________________________
( / ) ______________________ , ( / loss)
___________________________________. () _______________________
, ( /) _____________________________________.

140. .
Translate into Russian.

1. It is better to believe in poetry than in poets.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. I wish you a long life and happiness!
________________________________________________________________________________
3. Sister believed every word he uttered.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. The friends got tired of each other.
________________________________________________________________________________

85
1.10.
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

INSTRUMENTAL CASE WITHOUT A PREPOSITION


1. () () to own
, , , , , to posess
, , , , to have
()! , to control
()! to be able to use

. Our firm owns twenty houses.


? What foreign languages do you speak
fluently?
. He doesnt know how to control
himself.

2. () () to be enthusiastic
, , , , to admire
, , , , to be delighted (with)
, _,
! ! ! _!
. We admire his wit.
. I admire your talent.

3. () to be proud (of)
, , , to take pride in
, ,
c! c!
. We are all very proud of your success.

4. () () to share
? ? ? ? to take someone into ones confi-
, , , , , dence
, _, , ,
! _! _,
! _!
() . Id like to share my joy with you.

5. () to value
, , , , _,
_()!
. She values that watch of hers a great
deal.
. Your good opinion of him means a lot
to him.

6. () () to do
, , , , to busy oneself
, , , , to be engaged (in)
, , to be concerned (with)
! ! ! ! to go in for, to take up

86

? What do you do during your free
time?
. He is engaged in politics.

7. () () to be interested in
to take an interest in
to care (for)




! !
! !

? Are you interested in painting?

8. () () to seem
(? ? ? ? (? ? ? ? to appear
?) ?) to look
, , , , ,
, , , ,
! ! ,
! !

. At first, the work seemed difficult.


. The air feels cold.
. That hour seemed like an eternity to
me.

141. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. ( A frog admires his voice loudly all day long.
) ___________________________.
2. : The policeman stopped the car:
, . Madam, you went through a red light. Pay the fine!
! I am not a Madam but your mother, by the way, and
, , , you are talking about some sort of a fine!
, - ! Mom, you should be proud of a son who honestly carries
, ( ) out his duty! Pay up! Ple-e-e-ase!
___________________________,
! , , -
----!
3. 40 . This wine is over 40 years old.
? ( ) _____ And it seems so young for its years!
______________________________ -
!
4. , ( - A Jack of all trades is master of none.
) ____________________________.

87
VERBAL GOVERNMENT
5. A policeman detained itizen Ivanov for following itizen
, - Petrova for several blocks and admiring her with strong
language.
() _____________________.
6. ( - Some people are proud of their clear conscience only
) _____________________________ because they possess a short memory.
, -
.
7. () _______________, Im interested in the future because I plan to spend the
rest of my life there.
.

142. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. , ( / oe intelligent) ___________________________.
2. ( / ) _________________________________ .
3. ( / , , , , ) ____________________
___________________________________________________________________________________.
4. ( / ) _______________________________ .
5. ( / ) ______________________________________________.
6. ( / ) ________________________________________
(on stupidities).
7. ( / ) ____________________________________________ ?
8. ( / - ) ____________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________?

143. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
6. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
7. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

88
144. .


Translate into Russian.

1. Id like to share my impressions with you.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. This appeared very strange to me.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. You have something to be proud of.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. My friend is concerned with art.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. What do you do during your free time?
________________________________________________________________________________
6. I admire Rakhmaninovs music.
________________________________________________________________________________
7. The girls were delighted with the pretty dresses.
________________________________________________________________________________
8. They ought to take up sport.
________________________________________________________________________________
9. We are interested in others if they are interested in us.
________________________________________________________________________________
10. We admire his talent and wit.
________________________________________________________________________________

145. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. , _____________________________ .
2. _____________________________________________________ .
3. , _______________________________________________ .
4. ____________________________
.
5. _______________________________
.
6. _____________________________
.
7. __________________________________
.
8. _______________________________
- .

89
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

9. () () to admire
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !
. We stood near the painting and
admired it for a long time.

10. () () to enjoy
, , , , to take pleasure / delight (in)
, , , ,
, _,
! ! _()!
. I was enjoying myself resting and
taking in nature.

11. () () to smell
, , , , , ,
, , , ,
( .) ( .)
, , , , ,

? What smells so delicious?

12. () () to make use


_, _, _
_, _, _
_, _ _
! ! _
_
_
!
!
, . Whenever I translate, I always use a
dictionary.

13. () to direct
, , , , to be in charge (of)
_, to be at the head
_()! to lead

? Who led the expedition?

14. () () to become
_, _, _, _, _, _,
_, _, _, _
_, _ ()!
_()! (-, -)
, , If a crocodile has eaten your enemy,
. it still doesnt mean that he has
become your friend.

90
146. .


Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form.

1. , (- If it will be profitable everybody will become unselfish.


) _______________________.
2. To demand thanks for every good deed of yours means to
() trade in kindness.
__________________.
3. An aptly expressed banality becomes a witticism.
(a) ___________________.
4. , He complained so loudly about the noise that he himself
() _________________ . disturbed the silence.
5. () _____________, The cask savours of the first fill.
.
6. , (- It is easy to be good; difficult to not become bad.
) __________________.
7. - Taking pleasure in criticizing keeps one from enjoying
() __________________. the beautiful.
8. , Live with people in such a way that your friends do not
() _________________________, become enemies, and your enemies do not become your
( ) ___________ friends.
_____________.

147. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , -, ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

148. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form.
1. , The master very much loved his dog for the fact that it
() ____________. never attempted to become boss.
2. (- The future recommends that one enjoy the present.
) _____________________.
3. , - If one pays a physician regularly, the disease is liable to
() ________________. become chronic.
4. () ______________, He wasnt able to become a person; he became got rich
() __________________. instead.

91
VERBAL GOVERNMENT
5. () ______________ , - To become a father is easy; to be a father is much more
. difficult.
6. (- Jealous bridegrooms often become indifferent husbands.
) ________________________
_______________.

149. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. ( / blooming cherry tree) ____________


________________________________________________________________________________.
2. ( / ) ____________________________________________________ .
3. ( / ) _________________________________________________ .
4. ( / ), ____________________________________________________
( ) _________________________________________________.
5. ( / ) ________________________________________________.
6. ( / ) _______________________________________________ .
7. , ( / ) __________________________________________,
(should plant at least one tree)!

150. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. (- Sometimes the stupidity of one person becomes a call to
/ ) _______________________ action for others.
__________ .
2. ( / ) ________ H always uses only his own mind for committing
_____________________________________ stupidities.
.
3. , (- I would give $1000 in order to become a millionaire.
) ______________________.

151. .
Translate into Russian.

1. We stood near the painting and admired it for a long time.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. His son became a well-known scholar long ago.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. He heads up a large research department.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. Do you know how to use it?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. We enjoy life.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. We need to take advantage of this opportunity and pay a visit to our friends.
________________________________________________________________________________

92
7. Whenever I translate, I always use a dictionary.


________________________________________________________________________________
8. A lady asked a famous writer what is the best way to write in order to become famous. From left to
right, answered the writer.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

152. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. __________________________________
.
2. _____________________________________________
.
3. ___________________________________________
.
4. ____________________________________________________
?
5. , ____________________
.

15. () to trade
, , , , , to deal
()! to sell

. At this stand they sell juice and


mineral water.

16. () () to take a great interest


, , , , to be carried away
, , , , to be fascinated with
, ,
! ! ()!
, ,

. Im extremely fascinated by Dosto-


evsky.

17. () to govern, to rule (over)


, , , . to manage, to operate
, to drive
()! to conduct

. Governing a country is not a simple


thing.
. Hes not capable of managing such a
big factory.

93
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

18. () () to boast (of)


, , , , , to swagger
, _, , , to brag (of, about)
_()! _,
_()!
() ()
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !
, - () - I dont like it when someone brags
. about his accomplishments.

19. () () to be
, , , , , , to come
, , , _,
! ! ! _!
. His arrival came as a big surprise to
me.
. The cause of his illness was a cold.

153. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form.

1. : A waiter:
() __________________ Turtle is the pride of our restaurant!
! A restaurant visitor:
: I know. Last time one of them waited on me.
.
.
2. (- Any cook can direct statesmen.
) ______________________
_____________________.
3. ( ) A man is boasting about his dog:
________________________: My dog is special; it does everything and understands
, - not worse than I.
. And for this reason you think that it is smart?
, ?
4. () One who is able to control a woman is able to run the
__________________, (- government.
) ___________________.

154. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. ( / ) ___________________________________________ ?
2. ( / her purchases) ___________________________________
__________________________________.

94
3. ( / ) __________________________________________


.
4. ( / ) ___________________________________________________.
5. ( / , ) ________
________________________________________________________________________________.
6. ( / forbidden merchandise) ___________________________
____________________________.
7. (the fear) ( ) ___________________________,
(will eat), .

155. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

156. . .
Compose sentences using the given words. Be sure to use the correct case forms with the
given verbs.

1. , , , , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , , , , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , , , , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , , , , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
6. , , , , , (demand).
________________________________________________________________________________
7. , , , , (connections).
________________________________________________________________________________
8. , , , , , , , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
9. , , , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________

95
157. .
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. ____________________________________________________ .
2. ______________________________________________________ .
3. ________________________________________________ ?
4. _________________________________________________ ?
5. _____________________________________________ .

1.11. C
INSTRUMENTAL CASE WITH THE PREPOSITION

20. () to struggle against, with


, , , , ,
()!

. They struggled against difficulties.

21. () () to meet
, , , , to come / to run across
, , , , to see little, a good deal of smb.
, ,
! ! ! !

. Once a year, we meet with our friends


from the university.

22. () () to fight (with)


, , , , ,
, , , ,
()! ,
()!

! Dont fight with him any more!

23. to say hello


, , to greet
, ,
,
! !


!
!

? Why didnt she even say hello to us?

96

24. to meet
, , to make the acquaintance of
, , to visit
, to see
! !


! !
. I met some wonderful people yester-
day.
. I acquainted myself with the situation.

25. to be reconciled (with)


, , , , to make up (with)
, , , , to reconcile oneself
_, _,
_()! _()!
. Theyd quarrel and make up several
times a day

26. () () to exchange
(? ? ? c ?) (? ? ? c ?)
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !
, I didnt have a minute to exchange
. even a few words to him.

27. () () to associate (with)


, , , , to mix (with)
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !
. We havent had any contact with
them for a long time.

158. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form.

1. : Judge:
. , , The matter is closed. And I hope that we will not meet
() __________ the defendant again!
. A defendant:
: What? You wont be working here anymore?
?! ?
2. , (- I learned long ago never to wrestle with a pig. You get
) _____________, - dirty.
.

97
VERBAL GOVERNMENT
3. : Judge:
, You said that when you began fighting with this
( ) _______________________, gentleman he had a baseball bat in his hands. And what
. was in yours?
? His wife, Your Honor!
, .
4. : Judge:
, You wrote that your neighbor hit you twice. And now
. , . you say that it was four times.
() _____. Later I met him again.
5. , ? Anton, why are you so sad?
, (- When I was sleeping, I dreamed that I met a charming
) __________________ young girl, and at the exact moment when she was giving
____________________, , - me her phone number my wife woke me up.
,
.
6. , My uncle says that airplanes have started to fly so fast
, that he does not have time to get acquainted with all of
( ) ______________________. the stewardesses.

159.
.
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form with or without
a preposition.

1. , ( / ) ___________________________________________.
2. ( / -) __________________________________________________!
3. ( / ) ________________________________________.
4. , ( / ) __________________________________________!
5. ( / / their impressions) _______________
________________________________________________________________________________.
6. (quarreled) , ( / ) ______________
___________________________.
7. , - ( / ) __________________________________ ?
8. ( / ) ____________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________ .

160. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. - ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

98
5. ?


________________________________________________________________________________
6. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

161. . .
Compose sentences using the given words. Be sure to use the correct case forms with the
given verbs.

1. , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , , , (rats)?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , , , , , , (buddy).
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , , , , (experience).
________________________________________________________________________________
6. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
7. , , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
8. , , , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________

162. .

Translate into Russian.

1. Newspaper announcement. A confirmed bachelor wanted to meet a peevish, slovenly, and uncultured
woman with the aim of confirming his preconceived notions.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
2. Judge:
Explain, why you were fighting with this gentleman on the street?
Excuse me, but I dont have money to rent premises for this.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

163. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Friends exchanged impressions of the books they had read.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. The two friends made peace with each other.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. They exchanged several words and parted.
________________________________________________________________________________

99
4. We havent had any contact with them for a long time.
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

________________________________________________________________________________
5. Why doesnt she ever say hello to us?
________________________________________________________________________________

164. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. , ______________________________ .
2. ___________________________________________________ .
3. __________________________ .
4. ________________________________________ .

28. () to correspond (with)


, , , to be in correspondence (with)
, ,
! !

? Do you correspond with your friends?

29. () () to say goodby


, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !

. I have come to say goodby to you.

30. () () to part
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !

, ? Do you remember when you parted


with him?

31. () () to blame
? - ? ? - ? to come up (against)
, , , , to cuss
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !

- . Hes always cussing somebody out.

32. () () to happen
,

? What happened to him?

100

33. () () to consult
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !

, ! onsult your husband before


deciding on this!

34. () () to argue with


, , , , , to dispute
, , , , to bet
()! , to have bet
()! to contend

. I argued with him over it for hours.

35. () () to quarrel
, , , , to have words with
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !

. I always quarrel with him.

165. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form.

1. () A fool and his money are soon parted.
__________________.
2. , () Is it true that you had a fight with your wife on Sunday?
______________ ? Yes, because on week days, I dont have time to rail at
, () her!
____________ .
3. () ______________, Do not argue with a fool, because people may not notice
the difference between you and him.
.
4. ( ) I will not begin to quarrel with my bread and butter.
________________________.
5. - During his life, a man parts at first with illusions and
c () __________________, then with his teeth, but sometimes vice versa.
c () ________________,
.
6. , When I receive, my soul rejoices; when I give back, the
c () ______________. soul parts from my body.
7. ( ) ________ Dont part with your illusions! When they are gone, you
__________________________! may still exist, but you have ceased to live.
, .

101
166.
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

.
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form with or without a
preposition.

1. ( / ) _______________________________________________ ?
2. ( / mother-in-law) _______________________________________ .
3. ( / ) _______________________________________________________________ !
4. ( / ) ____________________________________________ .
5. ( / ) ______________________________________________________________ !
6. ( / ) ________________________________________________ .
7. ( / ) ____________________________________________________ ?
8. ( / ) _____________________________________________________
.

167. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form.

1. :
(I wasnt in the mood) c () ___________,
(to beat her).
2. () _________________ :
(ass)!
! (maliciously) .
(couldnt stand it) :
(relatives), () _________________!
3. , , ( )
_______________________________.

102
168. , .


Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
6. - ?
________________________________________________________________________________
7. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

169. .
Translate into Russian.

1. I dont recommend that you quarrel with him.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. She is always consulting her mother.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. Hes always fighting with someone.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. What happened to your new gardener?
You know, he was told to clear away the leaves in the garden.
Yes, so?
Well, he fell out of the tree.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

170. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. , _____________________________ .
2. , __________________________________ - .
3. _________________________________ , .
4. ______________________________________________ .
5. ________________________ - _______________________ .
6. _______________________________________ (lawyer).

103
1.12. C
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

INSTRUMENTAL CASE WITH THE PREPOSITION

36. () to take care (of), to look (after)


, , , , to watch
, to supervise
()! to control, to see to

. They were observing the behavior of


birds.

37. () to watch, to spy (on)


, , , , _, to follow, to look after
_()!

. He followed her every movement with


his eyes.

38. () () to follow
, , , , , to go (after)
, , , , to take (after)
! ! ,
! !

! Follow us to the police station.

171. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form.

1. - The cook and waiter quietly observe the single customer in their
( ) ___________ caf:
________________: Look! Look! Dmitry, hes eating it my word, hes actually eating
, , , - it!
, !
2. () ______________, If you keep track of your health, you may find out where
, . it went.
3. () ______ If you have a mind, follow it; if you dont have one,
______, () follow a proverb.
____________________.
4. . - Useful advice for women. If a man looks into your eyes
, , upon meeting, it means that you should pay better
( ) attention to your figure.
_________________________.
5. () _________, If a husband begins following current fashion trends,
() ___________. its time for his wife to start following her husband.
6. , A psychologist is a person who observes others when a
() _____________________, beautiful woman enters the room.
.

104
172.


.
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form with or without
a preposition.

1. ( / ) _____________________________________________________.
2. ( /) ____________________________________________________________________!
3. ( / every movement) ________________________
_______________________ .

173. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

174. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. , ___________________________________________ .
2. ___________________________________________________ ?
3. _____________________________________________ .

105
1.13. C
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

INSTRUMENTAL CASE WITH THE PREPOSITION

39. () to mock (at)


, , , to jeer (at), to scoff (at)
, , to taunt
! ! to make fun (of)

, He was a quiet and softy child, and his


. classmates often made fun of him.

40. () 0 () to laugh (at)


, , , , , to mock (at)
, , , ,
! ! ,
! !
. . You shouldnt laugh at him. He might
be offended.

175. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form.

1. () A clear conscience laughs at false accusations. Comedy


________________. laughs at stupidity; tragedy weeps at intelligence.
() ________________, -
() ________.
2. : Husband:
, () I do not want you to laugh at me and get angry at me.
___________ . - But I prefer that only you and nobody else laughed and
, , got angry at me.
- .
3. , When the friendly laughter subsided, they began to
, () ___________ - clarify what they were laughing about.
.
4. , - As long as a woman has dreams, she will always find a
, man who will laugh at them.
() __________.
5. ( - When a monkey started laughing at its reflection in a
) _________________________ - mirror, a person was born.
, .

176. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Children, you shouldnt laugh at this child!


________________________________________________________________________________
2. All the others laughed at his anecdotes.
________________________________________________________________________________

106
1.14. C


INSTRUMENTAL CASE WITH THE PREPOSITION

41. () () to pologize (to)


? ? ? ?
, , , ,
, , , ,
, _,
! ! _()!

. You need to apologize to him for your


unfair words.

42. () () to worship
, , , , to admire
, , , ,
, _,
! ! ! _!

. He admires her.

43. () () to abase oneself


, , , , to humble oneself
, , , , to be humiliated
, ,
! ! ! !

! Respect yourself and never degrade


yourself before anyone!

177.
.
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form with or without
a preposition.

1. ( / my stupidity) _________________________________.
2. ( / ) __________________________________________________
3. ( / ) ________________________________________________ ?

178. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. (poor man)?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

107
179. .
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. _____________________________________________________ - .
2. ______________________________________________________ .
3. ______________________________________________ .

1.15. C
PREPOSITIONAL CASE WITH THE PREPOSITION
1. () to consist (of, in)
,
, , It is a paradox that we spend our
. whole life in order to earn money to
live.

2. () to need
, , , to stand in need
, , to want
! ! to require

- - I take you at your word, and I dont


. need any further proof.

3. () () to accuse
(), (), , , to charge (with)
(), (), , , to prosecute
(), () _, to indict
()! _()! to blame (for)

. I accused him of lying.


, . I blame no one but myself for this.

4. () () to make a mistake
, , , , to be mistaken
, , , , to err
, , to be in the wrong
! ! ()! to be at fault
, ,
. Hes rarely mistaken about people.

5. () () to confess (to)
_, , _, _, to own up (to)
, , _, _, to tell
, _ _, _ to admit
! ! ! !
. He just confessed his love for me.

108

6. () () to confess (to)
_, , _, _, to admit
, , _, _,
, _ _, _
! ! ! !
. They admitted their guilt in the theft
of the automobile.

!
/ ( ?)
TO PLAY A ROLE IN

. He played a very small episodic role in this film.


? Who plays the starring role in this performance?
. The meeting with this person played an
important role in my life.

180. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form.

1. - The difference between a man and a little boy consists in
() _____________ the cost of their toys.
.
2. () _________, It is late to acknowledge ones mistake when the entire
. ship is already under water.
3. , It is most pleasant of all to offer ones help to someone
() ___________ . who doesnt need it.
4. , For a woman, it is easier to fall in love than to confess
() _____________, her love; for a man, it is easier to confess his love than
, . to fall in love.
5. () Nothing so needs reforming as other peoples habits.
___________________, -
.
6. () ________ Rulers need wise men more than wise men need rulers.
, ()
____________.
7. () ________ My wife accuses me of being unfaithful. How many
________. ! times I was faithful to her!
8. () ________ God does not need existence; existence needs God.
____________, -
() _____________.

109
181. , .
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

182.
.
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form with or without
a preposition.

1. ( / ) ____________________________________________________ ?
2. ( / ) ___________________________________________________________.
3. ( / / ) _________________________________________________ ?
4. ( / absence) ______________________________________
.
5. () _______________________ , (-
) ________________________, .

183. . .
Compose sentences using the given words. Be sure to use the correct case forms with the
given verbs.

1. , , , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , , , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________

184. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. ____________________________________________________ .
2. ________________________________________________________________ ?
3. , , ______________________________________________ (theft) .
4. _______________________________________________ .
5. ___________________________________________ .

110
185. .


Translate into Russian.

1. True coral needs no painters brush.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. Im not accusing you of anything.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. He confessed his love to her.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. The car needs repairing.
________________________________________________________________________________

7. () () to be a judge of
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ()!

. Hes certainly no judge of people.


, Nature has a way of letting you know
, . whats good for you and what isnt.

8. () () to be disappointed (in smb / with


, , smth)
, ,
,
!
!

!
!

. She was disappointed in him.


. He was disappointed with the book.

9. () to doubt
, , ,
, ,
! !

. I never doubted his honesty.

10. () () to make sure


, , , , , to make certain (of)
, , , _, to be convinced (of)
, to satisfy oneself (that)
! ! _()!

, ! Make sure that it is true!

111
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

11. () to take part (in)


, , , , to participate (in)
, to be (in)
()! to collaborate (in)

. The majority of the teachers are


participating in this work.

186.
.
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form with or without
a preposition.

1. ( / ) ____________________________________________.
2. - ( / ) __________________________________ ?
3. , ( / ) __________________________________________.
4. , ( / ) ___________________________ .

187. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Never try to prove what nobody doubts.
________________________________________________________________________________
2. I belive that our Heavenly Father invented man because he was disappointed in the monkey.
________________________________________________________________________________

188. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

189. . .
Compose sentences using the given words. Be sure to use the correct case forms with the
given verbs.

1. , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , , , , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________

112
190. .


.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. ____________________________________________________ , .
2. ______________________________________________ (honesty).
3. _______________________________________________________ .
4. ___________________________________________________ ?
5. ________________________________________________ , .

1.16.
PREPOSITIONAL CASE WITH THE PREPOSITION

12. () () to marry
, , , to get married
, _,
_()!

. He married my sister.

13. () () to play
, , , , , ,
, , , ,
()! ()!

. I dont play the piano.


? Do you play the horses?

14. () () to insist (on, up/on)


, , , , , to persist (in)
, , , , to press (for)
, ( .)
()!

. I insist on this.
, . I insist that you come.
, . I insist on doing it at once.
. He insisted on having his own way.

15. () to base
, , , to be based on / upon
, ,
! !

? What are your conclusions based on?

113
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

16. () () to economize
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
()! ()!
, ! Economize on whatever you want,
but never on food!

191. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form.

1. - The longer a man seeks the ideal woman, the faster he
, () marries the ideal of another.
_______________ .
2. : Fortune teller:
, (- I clearly see that you want to marry a beautiful brunette,
) _____________________, but some blond is interfering.
- . Right, thats my wife getting in the way!
! !
3. (- If you want to marry an intelligent, beautiful, and rich
, ) ________ woman, youll have to get married three times.
_____________________________________
_____________, .

192.
.
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form with or without
a preposition.

1. ( / ) _________________________________________________________ ?
2. , ( / ) ____________________________________
?
3. ( / ) ________________________________________________.
4. , ( / ) ________________________
_____________________________!
5. ( / ) __________________________________________________________.

193. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. - ?
________________________________________________________________________________

114
194. . .


Compose sentences using the given words. Be sure to use the correct case forms with the
given verbs.

1. , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , , , , (widow).
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , , , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________

195. .
.
Insert the verb which makes the most sense in the correct grammatical form.
Use the table given above.

1. , ______________________________ .
2. ___________________________________________________ .
3. __________________________________________________________ .
4. ________________________________________________________ .
5. ___________________________________________________________ .

1.17. C
PREPOSITIONAL CASE WITH THE PREPOSITION
17. () () to take care of
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
! ! ! !
. We must take care of all these things.
. He doesnt take care of himself at all.

18. () () to forget (about)


, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
()! ()!
? How could you forget about such a
large debt?

19. () () to dream
, , , ,
, , , ,
, ,
()! ()!
. I wouldnt dream of it.

115
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

20. () () to remind
? ? ? ? ? ?
, , , ,
, , , ,
, _,
()! _()!
, . Remind me tomorrow about it, or
else Im sure to forget.

196. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form with or without a preposition.

1. () __________, All dogs dream about a master who would obey them!
.
2. : Husband:
, Why do you say that I treat you like a dog?
, ? Wife:
: Its even worse. A dog has a fur coat, and I must only
. , dream about one!
() ___________
!
3. , - A highway patrolman stops a speeding car.
. , The lady driving the car says to the officer:
, : Do you wish to remind me of the rules of the road or
( / ) ______ must I remind you of my husband who has become your
___________________ , boss?
( / ) _______
_____________________________,
?
4. (- The best woman forces one to forget about the ideal
) _______________________. woman.
5. ( If a wife has ceased to be concerned about her external
) _________________________ appearance, a husband starts to concern himself someone
_________, (- elses wife.
) ___________________________.

197. , .
Answer the questions, placing the given nouns into the correct case form.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

116
198. .


Translate into Russian.

1. Dont be concerned about what people think; people think very rarely.
________________________________________________________________________________
2. Youth dreams that nothing will come true; old age reminisces that nothing came true.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. Take care to get what you like, or you will be forced to like what you get.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. When we care about the of others we find our own happiness.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. It is not necessary to think about bad things; they will take care of themselves.
________________________________________________________________________________

1.18.
REVIEW OF ALL CASES

199. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct case form.

1. ( ) _______________.
- () ______________ :
, , (poor thing) ()
________________________?
(asked) :
() __________________?
2. () ______________, (has gotten into trouble), -
, () ____________, (when he gets)
.
3. ( ) ___________________, () ______.
(I will extend to her my heartfelt sympathy).
4. :
() ___________________ , .
() _________________?
, , .
5. (his lawyers bill):
(Whats this item): ?
:
, , () ________________ (
) ________________________ ?
6. ( 18 year old young lady) ___________________
_______________________________.
() ___________:
! 10 80, 28!
? () ______________________ 18-.
7. (a spiteful person) () __________________, .

117
8. ( my laziness) _____________________, ,
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

, (I had no more strength) .


9. (an election campaign): (
corruption, organized crime) _______________________________
___________________________________, (etc), !
10. , . :
, ( / ) ______________________________________, -
, !

200.
.
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form with or without a
preposition.

1. (turned out) : ( / ) __
_______________________________________, ( household affairs)
____________________.
2. ( / ) ________________________________________________.
3. ( /) _______________________________, ( / -
) _____________________________________________________________________.
4. ( / ) ____________________________________________________!
5. ( / ) _________________________________________________!
6. ( / ) _______________________________________ .
7. ( / buddy) ___________________________________________________!
8. ( / ) ______________________________________________.
9. ( / ) ______________________________________________________.
10. ( / ) ______________________________________________________ ?
11. ( / your promises) ________________________________
( / ) _____________________________________________________________________.
12. ( / / ) _____________________________________________.
13. ( / great patience) __________________________
________________________________________________________________________________.

201. .
Finish the sentences.

1. ______________________________________________.
2. _____________________________________.
3. , _________________________________________.
4. _______________________________________________.
5. ______________________________________________________________ ?

202.
.
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form with or without a
preposition.

1. ( / ) ________________________________________________________!
2. , , ( / ) _____________________________________________.
3. ( / ) _______________________________________________________________ ?

118
4. ( / - ) _________________________________


___________________________.
5. ( / ) _______________________________________________.
6. ( / ) ____________________________________________________.
7. ( / / ) ______________________________________________________!
8. ( / ) _________________________________________________.
9. ( / ) __________________________________________________________ .
10. ( / ) _____________________________________________________.
11. ( / ) _____________________________________________________.

203. .
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form.

1. , ( / ) ____________________________
.
2. ( / loneliness) ______________________________________________ ?
3. , ( / ) ______________________________________
___________________________.
4. ( / ) _____________________________________________________
, ( / ) ______________________________.
5. ( / complete remodeling) _________________________
______________________________________________.
6. ( / ) ___________________________________________________.
7. ( / ) ___________________________________________.
8. , ( / ) _________________________________________!
9. ( / / ) __________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________ .
10. ( / )__________________________________
_________________________________.
11. ( / / nerves) ________________________________________________!

204.
.
Put the words in parentheses into the correct grammatical form with or without
a preposition.

1. ( / ) ___________________________________________ ?
2. ( / ) _________________________________________.
3. ( / ) ______________________________________________ ?
4. ( / -) ______________________________________________________ ?
5. ( / ) _____________________________________________ .
6. ( / ) ________________________________________________________________!
7. ( / ) _________________________________________________ ?
8. ( / ) _______________________________, ?
9. ( / ) ___________________________________________________ .
10. ( / ) ______________________________________.
11. ( / ) _________________________________________ ?
12. ( / ) ________________________________________________.
13. , ( / ) ____________________________________.

119
205. .
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

Translate into Russian.

1. He promised to keep the secret.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. Words dont impress him.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. Ill keep this for you.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. She was mad at him because of his out-and-out lie.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. Where do you keep your valuables?
________________________________________________________________________________

120


2
INDEFINITE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS

- / - - / -,
, - / -, - / - - .
-, - / - The second element of the pronouns someone specific /
. something specific, a certain changes (declines) accord-
The first element of the pronouns anyone / someone, ing to case.
anything / something, any kind of / a certain kind of, any-
ones / someones changes (declines) according to case.

- / - - -

) ) -
, ,
) The speaker has no information at )The speaker has some, but not
all. complete information. .
) - ) - The speaker has full information but
- for some reason or other does not
- . want to make it specific or spell it out.
b) The speaker has no preference of b) The speaker is not enterely certain
person or thing in mind. about the information given or does
not quite remember it all.

- / - - -
anybody somebody somebody
- , - c )
? !
Did anybody read my boring book? Look! Somebody lost a boot! ) a person well known to the speak-
(The speaker does not know, has no (The speaker has some information. er.
information concerning whether or Indeed, it looks like somebody may -
not anyone has read the book.) have lost it.) .
Someone whom I know very well
asked me to give you this present.
(I just choose not to tell you who it
was at this given moment. Maybe
there is some intrigue here!)

121
INDEFINITE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS

- - - ) , .
? . b) Some people, but not all of them.
Does anybody have an extra million? One of my colleagues has already -
(Although hopeful, the speaker does told me about it.
not know if anyone has an extra (Someone told him something, but .
million or not.) he may be unsure as to exactly who After the party, some of the students
it was.) didnt come to class the next
morning!
(The speaker knows who the shirkers
were, but he is not saying. Theyll get
theirs later!)

- - -
anything, something or other something something, something specific
- , - . ,
! He whispered something in her ear! - ?
If anything happens, ring me up (Whispering occurred. Something Do you remember that you promised
immediately! was said. The speaker just does not to do something for me?
- ? know exactly what.) (I know full well what it was, but I just
Would you like to have something to - c. choose not to tell you right now.)
drink? I dont feel quite well somehow. ! - -
(Alcohol implied! The speaker - , !
doesnt have any particular stress- . Wait a minute! Ill show you some-
reliever in mind, but some drink or I wanted to tell you something, but I thing!
other would be nice!) cant recall what it was. (I know what I am going to show you,
but Im not going to bother to tell you
what it is right now. You probably
dont need to know, since you will
find out in a minute.)

1. -, - -.
Insert the particle -, - or - appropriate for the given context.

1. : Waitress:
? Would you like beer?
: Young man:
, . No, Im on my bike. Bring me a bottle of mineral water.
. In a couple of minutes, the waitress returns with beer.
You can drink beer without a worry. Somebody stole
: your bike!
-
- ______ .
2. : Two girlfriends chat:
! You just have to see my doctor right away!
? ! What for? Nothing at all hurts!
, - You dont understand. This is the most remarkable
! -_________ doctor. Hell definitely find something!
!

122

3. , A secretary is a woman who knows everything about
________-. everyone and something more to.
4. - ________ : He always was collecting something or other: at first
, , , stamps, then young women and finally illnesses.
.
5. , Besides the meaning of life, it would be nice to have
______- . something more in ones purse!
6. , , - Publishers, like husbands, always dream about somebody
_____ . else.

2. - -.
Insert the particle - or - appropriate for the given context.

1. , A buyer is a client who is always dissatisfied with
-_______ . something.
2. -_______ This colleagues kiss has something of a boxers hand-
. shake.
3. -________ If a person attempts to sell you something, dont think
, , its as if he is always so polite.
.
4. -____________ It is not possible to study something a whole year and
. learn nothing. Only if you are not a student!
.
5. - A ship was passing a small island in the ocean; on the
, island, there was a bearded man shouting something and
-_______ - waving his arms in despair.
. Look, who is that? a passenger asked the captain.
, ? - I dont know. Every year when we pass that island, we
. see this weird guy.
. ,
, .

3. .
Translate into Russian.

1. We must ask somebody to help us.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. He is chewing something. Could it be tobacco? I am shocked!
________________________________________________________________________________
3. She is displeased about something.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. Someone wants to see you.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. Our boss is having an affair with someone from the office!
________________________________________________________________________________
6. Something happened between them yesterday, didnt it?
________________________________________________________________________________

123
INDEFINITE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS
7. He said something, but I did not catch exactly what it was.
________________________________________________________________________________
8. The optimist is convinced that he will always find somebody who will do the most difficult and
uninteresting work, and the pessimist is convinced that this somebody will be him.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
9. Ah! How I would like to feel like wanting something!
________________________________________________________________________________

4. - -.
Insert the particle - or - appropriate for the given context.
1. : A flight attendant:
! - Ladies and gentlemen! Our aircraft is flying at an
altitude of 10,000 meters above sea level. The captain
. wishes you all a pleasant flight and asks if one of you
, might have a spare 25 tons of jet fuel by any chance?
-_____ 25
?
2. -______ : - In a certain way, vacation resembles love: you dream
, , , about it; you dont get what you dreamed about, and you
. reminisce about it with nostalgia.
3. : An investor asks his consultant:
? Is all my money really lost?
?! - Why lost? Its simply that it now belongs to somebody
-_______ . else.
4. ! , My dog is really smart! What do you think that she did
, - when we were on a walk and I said to her, It seems to me
: , -________ ? that we forgot something?
- Really, she started to search for that something.
_____? What do you mean? She is really smart. My dog just
! . sat down and started to think of what we might have
, - forgotten.
.
5. -_____ , If elections could change anything, they would have been
. forbidden.
6. -________ - If you want to do something for literature, read!
!

5. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Someone is standing at the door.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. I saw my friend: he was standing, speaking to somebody.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. Tell me about something else!
________________________________________________________________________________

124
4. Its too late to change anything whatsoever.


________________________________________________________________________________
5. They told me something about that, but I forgot what it was.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. The children are were arguing about something.
________________________________________________________________________________
7. You look different. Have you done something with your hair?
________________________________________________________________________________
8.* Before saying something to others, say it to yourself!
________________________________________________________________________________
9.* Every time a politician says that he will take care of something the price on it immediately rises!
________________________________________________________________________________
10.* If you wish to come to love someone, first learn to forgive!
________________________________________________________________________________

2. - / 2. -, -, 2. -, -,
-, -, - -, -
- / -, some, a certain, some kind of a certain,
- / -, somebody, someone specific something well known
- / - to the speaker
some, any

-- , -
? - -
Would you like to play some computer - . .
game or other? Instead of working, he spends all of Lets meet in an hour. Right now I
(The speaker is not thinking of any his time gabbing on the phone with have some things to do.
particular game.) his girlfriends. (I know what they are. I just dont
(The speaker knows that gabbing want to go into it right now.)
- - went on. He just does not know
, ? specifically who all the girlfriends
Do you have some kind of a package are.)
to put books into?
(The speaker doesnt have any
particular kind of package in mind.) - .
Today in the caf_, I saw your girlfriend
with some guy!
(He knows what he saw, but he is not
entirely sure who the guy was.)

* , . For those who do not fear difficulties!

125
INDEFINITE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS

3. - / -, 3. -, -, -, 3.
- / -, - .
- / -, somebodys The variant with the particle - is
-/ - not used.
anybodys,
somebody or others

,
-- - .
. After the party, I put on somebody
The dog was left without anyone to elses jacket.
take care of it, and now it really needs (The speaker does not know whose
some care. jacket it was. but he may have an
(The speaker doesnt have any idea.)
particular person in mind or any
specific care.)

6. - -.
Insert the particle - or - appropriate for the given context.

1. -_______ . 2. -_____
. 3. . -__________ . 4. ,
-____ . 5. -_____ . 6.
-________ , . 7. -_______ .
8. , -_______.

7. - -.
Insert the particle - or - appropriate for the given context.

1. : A visitor to a restaurant:
! , -____! Waiter! This isnt soup. Its some kind of water!
-_______, ! Its not some kind. Its boiled water!
2. Pale from fright, the housemaid was talking to the
: mistress of the house, who had just returned home:
! . My god! Come quickly into the living room. Your
, husband is lying on the floor without any sign of life;
-_____ , there is some sort of paper in his hand, and there is some
-_______ . kind of a big package beside him.
, - , "Well, they finally brought the mink coat that I ordered!
!
3. - The boss told his underlings some sort of an old joke.
-_____ . , - Everybody, with the exception of one fellow, began
, . laughing loudly.
? - And why arent you laughing? Didnt you like my joke?
? . asked the boss.
, - Why should I laugh if Im quitting the job on Monday?
?

126

4. -____ The best way to acquaint oneself with some object or
. other is to write a book about it.
5. -_____ , Every child to a certain degree is a genius, and every
-____ . genius is to a certain degree a child.

8. , -
.
Replace the sentences using indefinite pronouns which are similar in meaning.

: 1) , .
- .

2) .
- .

3) , , .
- , , .

1. , , !
________________________________________________________________________________
2. .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. .
________________________________________________________________________________
6. .
________________________________________________________________________________
7. , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
8. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
9. , , , !
________________________________________________________________________________

127
, -
INDEFINITE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS
9.
.
Replace the sentences using indefinite pronouns which are similar in meaning.

: , .
- .

, .
- .

, .
- , .

1. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , .
________________________________________________________________________________

10. .
Translate into Russian.

1. We saw somebodys footprints on the snow.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. He gave her some book.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. If you get any news from him, let me know!
________________________________________________________________________________
4. For my friend, faith in slot machines is stronger than any other belief.
_______________________________________________________________________________
5. Advice of a psychologist:
If you talk with some bureaucrat, imagine that he has a little womans hat on his head.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

128

- - -
anywhere, somewhere or other somewhere (motion) somewhere (here and there.
(motion) motion)

, - , - --
, - , - ,
, . .
! ( , ( , -
( - .)
, .) Somewhere, I hid the money that I .)
Ive got to hide somewhere the won at the casino, but now I cant Today, I have to go somewhere, so
money I won in the casino so that my find it. lets meet tomorrow instead.
wife wont find it! (The speaker knows that he hid the (The speaker knows where he is
(The speaker doesnt really have a money somewhere, but he is just not going today, but he chooses not to
good idea yet as to where he will hide sure where that might be.) disclose this information.)
the money.)

- - -
anywhere, somewhere or other somewhere somewhere

, - -
, - - - -
. . !
( , ( - ( , -
.) .)
Our cat is away from home again. Its We heard about this sports club. Its .)
probably running around somewhere. somewhere out of town. Not long ago I was somewhere, and
(The speaker has no idea where the (The speaker has an idea where the I found out about something very
cat is.) club is located, but he is not totally interesting about our director.
sure.) (The speaker possesses complete
information about what he found
out about the director and where he
found this out. He chooses not to
give out this information at the time.)

) , -

- -
.
not everywhere, only in some
places
In the office, we have to replace some
of the lamps.
(Some of the lamps have to be
changed, but not all of them. The
speaker knows which ones.)

129
11. , -
INDEFINITE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS

.
Replace the sentences using indefinite pronouns which are similar in meaning.

1. .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. .
________________________________________________________________________________

12. -, - -.
Insert the particle -, - or - appropriate for the given context.

1. , A certain husband returned from a business trip, opened


, : his door, and his wife shouted to him:
! - Hurry up and run away from here! They just announced
, -_______ on TV that there is a bomb somewhere in our building.
! Just a second, my dear! Ill just have a look here and see
, ! , if it isnt in our closet!
!
2. . - A motorist winds up in the hospital. He opens his eyes,
, - sees his neighbor and says in surprise:
: Listen, you and I have met somewhere before!
, -_______ Of course, therefore we both are here.
!
, -
.
3. : , , Husband: Dear, our budget shows that somebody or
________- . other must be laid off!

13. .
Translate into Russian.

1. We dont have the money to go anywhere else.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. He was correcting someones exercise book.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. You can study some language or other.
________________________________________________________________________________

130

- -

for any possible reason for some reason
the reason is unknown to the speaker.

- , - , -
! . !
If for any reason you wont be able to come absolutely, Her husband seems somehow happy that she is leaving
call and tell us! on a business trip. This is suspicious indeed!
(The speaker does not know if anything will happen, but if (The speaker does not know the details as to just why her
it does, he wants to know about it.) husband seems to be happy.)

14. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Heroes for some reason are always greater after a victory.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. If there is any reason at all that you wont be able to translate it, absolutely tell me!
________________________________________________________________________________
3. They didnt come for some reason.
________________________________________________________________________________

- - -
anyhow, somehow or other somehow somehow

) ) )
Some unspecified way or other, it once, one day, once upon a time with difficulty
doesnt make any difference. - - -
- , .
? . I somehow managed to translate this
-! One time, my girlfriend cooked some difficult text.
How to cut these veggies for the meat for me, and after that I became -
salad? a vegetarian. .
Please just somehow cut them. - , , He somehow managed to haul this
- , ? heavy box.
. !
Somehow she has to get help with I was riding one time in the metro
the remodeling of her home. and, what do you think, whom did I
meet? Youll never guess!

131
INDEFINITE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS

) - ) ) ,
, Its not known how. poorly
in the undetermined future; - -
during a comfortable, pleasant , - . ,
appropriate moment He had serious problems, but he
- somehow managed to resolve them. -.
! Your son isnt interested in his studies.
Come on over for a cup of tea at ) He doesnt pay attention in class, and
some point! To a certain degree he always does his homework in a
(The speaker is not specific about , - - haphazard fashion.
when when it is convenient.) - -
- , . ?!
. It seems to me that you somehow Your work isnt very good and you still
Ill call you at some point and we will changed after our last meeting. want a raise?!
agree on a meeting. ,
(The speaker is not sure when he will - .
call only that he will call at some The room somehow smelled of
convenient time.) cigarettes and was not very cozy as
a result.

15. , ,
.
Read through each sentence and tell when the indicated action was completed carelessly,
and when with difficulty.

1. , , -.
2. - , .
3. - .
4. , - .
5. - .
6. -.
7. , -.

16. .
Replace the bolded words with indefinite adverbs.

1. , : .
2. (racecourse), (when the opportunity
presents itself) .
3. .
4. , (some way or other) .
5. .

132

-, -, -,

ever, sometime ago, sometimes
at a non-specific time in the past

- - ,
? - - - .
Have you ever eaten exotic dishes? . He often can be found in the casino
(The speaker is unsure if the action By the way, our grandmother once and even wins from time to time.
ever took place.) danced in a ballet troupe. , -
, -, (The action occurred at some point .
, in the past. The speaker is not totally You have to admit that you too
, clear as to the complete details.) sometimes do not tell me the truth.
. -
I hope that you will forgive us for .
drinking all of your beer sometime in At one time, this beautiful home
the bright future! belonged to our family.
(The speaker hopes for forgiveness
but does not specify a time when this
might happen.)

17. - -.
Insert the particle - or - appropriate for the given context.

1. ! Try to preserve good manners! Someday they will be
- _________ . fashionable again.
2. -_________ This dark story once was a bright dream!
.
3. - -: A mother crocodile speaks to her son:
, , You remember I told you what a handsome thing your
, - father was, and I promised sometime or other to show
-______ ? him to you? Well, look at the shore right now!
! Mom, there is just some person or other standing there.
, -_____ . And do you see what a great leather bag he has?!
, -
?!

18. , .
React to the situation using indefinite pronouns and adverbs.

, :
1) , ;
2) ;
3) , ;
4) ;
5) , ;
6) , .

133
NEGATIVE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS


3
NEGATIVE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS

When adverbs and pro- - If there is a preposition


- nouns appear without a , before, the pronoun
 preposition, the unac-  and  come before the
cented negative particle preposition and are written
and accented  are , - separately.
. connected to these forms .
without a space.

? ?
7 nowhere  theres nowhere
+ inf

7 not to anybody 7 + . there isnt anybody


+ inf.

!
!
COMPARE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES!
PAY CAREFUL ATTENTION TO DIFFERENCES IN STRUCTURE AND MEANING!

1. - 1. Negation of action in 1. - 1. Absence of the con-


- personal and impersonal ditions or the object for
- sentences. - fulfillment of the action
. ( , (There is no action, was no in impersonal sentenc-
, action, wont be any action . es.
- or the action should not
.) occur.)

1. , 1. This is a secret. I wont 1. - 1. Now you know every-


7 ! tell you anything! , thing, and theres nothing
2. 2. My buddy considers him- 7 . more for me to say.
, self smarter than all the rest 2. 2. Why did your friend do
7 - of us, so, he didnt get ad- ? 7 this? Had he no one to con-
. vice from anybody. - sult?
3. - 3. Were really sick and ?
! tired of all these excur- 3. 3. Why go to this provin-
7 sions! Tomorrow, we arent - cial town in the first place?
7 going anywhere, and we ? 7 - Theres nowhere for us to
. arent going to see any- 7 - go and nothing for us to
thing. ! see!

134

!
PAY CAREFUL ATTENTION!

4. 4. A personal 4. 4. Only an impersonal


sentence sentence
Right now I dont want to 7 - At the dacha there is noth-
. read anything. . ing to read.

An impersonal
sentence
Right now I dont feel like
. reading anything.

, , :
See how to correctly answer a question negatively if:
1)
there is no preposition before the question word
? - ?
Whom did you call? Did you call anybody?

.
The action is absent. .
The object for fulfillment of the action is absent.

. ,
I didnt call anybody today. .
I dont have anyone to call in this town; I dont have any
acquaintances here.

2)
if there is a preposition just before the question word
? - ?
Who does this guy go to discos with? Does this guy go to discos with anybody?

. . -
The action is absent. The action is occurring. .
The object for fulfillment of the
action is absent.

- . . -
. Not with anybody. He usually goes .
He does not go to discos with alone. He has nobody to go to discos with.
anybody.

, , , ,
!
We remind you that words , , are used in the genitive case!
? Who has a dictionary?
. Nobody has a dictionary.

135
NEGATIVE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS
3)
questions about the result of an action
?
Have you already done everything?

. .
. .
A negative result. Action hasnt started.
The predicate is a perfective verb. The predicate is an imperfective verb.

, . , .
No, we still havent done (havent finished) anything. No, we still havent done (havent started doing) any-
thing.

! ATTENTION!
- The particle is not necessary before the predicate if
, , - the action occurred, occurs or will occur.
.
? What did you return with when you went fishing yester-
day?
! 7 Alas! Yesterday we returned from fishing with nothing.
(= ).
7. We often return from fishing with nothing.
, , Tomorrow we most likely will return again with nothing.
7.

4) : , , , ; -, -, -
, -
questions with the words, Which? What kind of? Any? Any kind of?

, - The action should not take place; therefore, one should


use only an imperfective infinitive

( ) ? What kind of candy should I buy?


or
- ? Should I buy some sort of candy?
! () Its not necessary to buy any candy.

Which girl were you just talking about with your friend?
? Good grief! We were not talking about any girl! We were
! ! talking about his new car.
.

5)
questions with the preposition
? Who of your friends are smokers?
or
- ? Do any of your friends smoke?
, ( ) . No, none of my friends (of them) smoke.

136

6) , , ,
questions with the word , , ,
? Whose pen is this?
. . Its not anybodys that I know of.


NEGATION OF ACTION

1. .
Give negative answers to the following questions.

: , , - ?
().

1. (brave) ? - -
?
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
2. - ?
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
3. - ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. - ?
________________________________________________________________________________
6. ! ?!
________________________________________________________________________________
7. - ?
________________________________________________________________________________
8. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
9. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
10. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
11. - ?
________________________________________________________________________________
12. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

137
, ,

NEGATIVE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS
2.
.
Use the negative pronouns given in parentheses in the correct grammatical form.

1. ! - Just imagine! Yesterday I met a beautiful girl. She


. : - whispered to me, Come on over today at 8:00. There
8 . () __________ wont be anybody at home!
. , I came over at 8, and exactly! There wasnt anybody at
() ____________ : home; no one opened the door.
() ____________ .
2. Two dogs stopped at the door of a meat market, and one
, : said to the other:
() ______________ . I havent had a thing to eat for two days. Lets drop in
! and ask for a piece of meat!
, - But there is an announcement hanging on the door that
. said no dogs may enter.
() ______________ , Thats OK! We just wont tell anybody that we know
. how to read!
3. . Doubtful advice.
() ______________ - Dont listen to anyones advice, including this!
, .

3. .
Rewrite the sentences with the opposite meaning.

: 1) (?) . We asked everybody to help us.


. We didnt ask anybody to help us.

2) ( ?) . He always prepares for


all exams.
. He never prepares for a single exam!

3) / . I understood everything.
/. I didnt understand anything.

1. . ________________________________________
2. . ______________________________________________________
3. . ______________________________________________________
4. . ________________________________________________________
5. . __________________________________________________________
6. . _____________________________________________________
7. . _____________________________________________
8. . ____________________________________________________
9. , . _________________________________________________
10. . _________________________________________________________
11. . ____________________________________________________________

138
.


4.
Translate into Russian.

A writer:
I dedicate my book to my remarkable wife, who never hinders me, complains about nothing, never
interferes with anything, never asks about anything and always helps me write my dedications.
_______________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

5. .
Rewrite the sentences with the opposite meaning.

: . .

1. .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. .
________________________________________________________________________________
6. .
________________________________________________________________________________

6. .
Translate into Russian.
1. I can prove that a sandwich is better than a high which lasts forever ( ).
How?
What is better than an eternal high? Nothing! But a sandwich is better than nothing. This means that
a sandwich is better than an eternal high.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
2. When I become a pensioner, Ill sit in a rocking chair and wont do a thing!
And if you get tired of sitting?
Then, Ill start rocking.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
3. Unfortunately, women often admire nothing, and still worse is that they get married for nothing.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. God sees everything; he just doesnt want to have to look at it any more!
________________________________________________________________________________

139

NEGATIVE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS

THE CONDITIONS WHICH MAKE THE ACTION POSSIBLE OR THE OBJECT FOR
FULFILLMENT OF THE ACTION ARE ABSENT

, .
Note how the correct answer to a negative question is formed.

? With whom did you play badminton today?


! 7 - Alas! Today I didnt have anyone to play badminton with
, . because all my friends were busy.
? What do you have to translate today?
, There are no texts; therefore there isnothing to translate.
7. ! Hurrah!

7. .
Give negative answers to the following questions.

: ? } .

1. ? ______________________________________________________
2. ? _____________________________________________________________
3. ? ______________________________________________________________
4. , ? _________________________________________
5. ? __________________________________________________
6. ? _______________________________________________
7. ? ___________________________________________________
8. ? ________________________________________

8. ,
.
Change the sentences using negative pronouns and adverbs.

: . .

1. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
6. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
7. , .
________________________________________________________________________________

140
:   ?


9.
Which word will you use here:  or  ?

1. ________________________________________________________ ?
2. , ____________________________________________________ .
3. , ___________________________________________________ !
4. , ____________________________________ .
5. ____________________________________________________ .
6. (got angry), __________________________________ .

10. .
Use pronouns and adverbs which are similar in meaning.

( / )

1. _______________________________________ .
2. ! , _____________________________________.
3. __________________________________________ .
4. , __________________________________________.
5. , , ________________________________________________ .
6. , , ______________________________________.
7. (drug addict) ________________________________________________ .
8. , ___________________________________.
9. , ____________________________________________ (to hurry)?
10. _______________________________ (to spend the night), !

11. :  ?
Which word will you use here:  or ?

1. __________________________________________ !
_______________________________ , !
2. , _______________________________________.
3. , _________________________________________________________ !
4. , ____________________________ .
(Contemporary art is art about which there is nothing to be said.)
5. , ____________ , , ___________
, . (You receive pleasure not then when you have nothing to do but when you
do nothing although you have a lot to do.)
6. .
___________ . (Friendship sees everything and pays no attention to anything. Love pays attention to
everything and sees nothing.)

141
12. :  ?
NEGATIVE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS

Which word will you use here:  or ?

1. , The person who doesnt do anything always has many


___________ . helpers.
2. , __________ The person who has nothing to say talks most of all.
.
3. _______________ , A lawyers advice costs nothing until you have paid for
. it.
4. ____________ , Theres nothing bad about sometimes doing good.
.
5. , Women are irritated that men never remember anything,
_____________ , - and men are irritated that women never forget anything.
, ___________
.
6. , Teenagers complain that they have absolutely nothing
______________ , to do, and then they leave home and with pleasure do
____________ nothing until night.
.
7. , - It is difficult to meet a polite person who does not attempt
_____________ - to sell you anything.
.
8. ______________ - There is nothing impossible for a person who does not
, . have to do it himself.

13. .
Underline pronouns and adverbs which are similar in meaning.

1. , ( ) - Its bad if there is no one to care about you, but still worse
, , ( if there is no one for you to care about.
) .
2. , ( ) - For the person who is not interested in anything there
, ( ) . isnt anything interesting.
3. ( ) , ( He who knows nothing doubts nothing.
) .
4. ( ), Dont believe anything until the official denial comes.
.
5. , ( I became a writer because I didnt have anyone to talk
) . with.
6. ( ) : Why our guest doesnt eat anything? Is he afraid to get
? poisoned?
7. , ( ) It is shameful to admit that there is nothing to admit.
.
8. , ( I dont go to doctors because theres nothing for me to
) . help them with.

142

9. The automobile allows you to drive quickly past those
, ( ) places where you have never been and never will be
, because there is simply nowhere to park.
( ) .

14. .
Underline pronouns and adverbs which are similar in meaning.

1. , ( ) ,
( ).
2. (thank God), ( ) .
3. , , , ( ) .
4. , ( ) .
5. , ( ).
6. : ( ) , ( ) ?

15. .
Underline pronouns and adverbs which are similar in meaning.

1. , ( ) - Its such a shame that theres no one to tell about what a
, . Superman I am!
2. , ( ) Get to know yourself (Learn about yourself), but dont
! tell anybody about it!
3. - Many children behave terribly only because there is no
, ( ) - one to spank their grandmothers.
.
4. , ( A wife always complains that she has nothing to wear
) ( ) and already has nowhere to keep her clothes.
.
5. , ( A comic is a person who takes nothing or no one seriously
) ( ) - except himself.
, .
6. : The judge addressed the accused:
, You should have immediately turned in to the police the
- wallet you found with money in it.
. Yes, but there wasnt anybody at the police station that
, ( - day.
) . Then you should have turned it in the next day.
- But the next day there was already nothing in the
. wallet!

( ) !

143
16. :  ?
NEGATIVE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS

Which word will you use here:  or ?

1. , __________ If you want to avoid criticism, do nothing, say nothing,


, _________ . and be no one.
2. , Television is when people who dont know how to do
_____________ , - anything show something to people who have nothing to
- , _______________ do.
.
3. ___________ All reformers have nothing to do in paradise.
.
4. - Husbands return from business trips in various ways:
: , some bring gifts to their wives, but others have nothing
__________. to hide.
5. , - If you are punctual, people will think that you simply
, _____________ . have nothing to do.
6. ____________, If there is nothing to watch on TV, then the majority will
. watch it.
7. ____________ , _________ He who does nothing loves nothing.
.
8. , ___________ If a woman says that she has nothing to wear, this means
, , _________ that she has nothing new. If a man says that he has
. , nothing to wear, this means that he has nothing left that
_________ , , is clean.
__________ .

17. .
.
Read the jokes. Underline pronouns and adverbs which are similar in meaning.

1. ( ) , When nothing remains to be done, many do it!


.
2. , ( Safeguard our forest from fires; otherwise, there wont
) ! be anything to make matches from!
3. ( ) - A turtle never hurries anywhere; therefore, it is never
, ( ) - late!
.
4. ( ) , If you have no one to blame except you yourself, it means
, , . that you are a bachelor.

144

! !
BE CAREFUL! THESE WORDS HAVE DIFFERENT MEANINGS!

7 never 7 there is no time


- She hates to cooking and a)
, _ never cooks anything. , She works a lot and doesnt
_ . _ have time to cook.
_ A writer never lived here. .
. ) -, once, at one time,
in former times
_ - At one time, a famous
. writer lived here.

18.  ?
Which word will you use here:  or ?

1. , ____________________________.
2. _____________________________________ ?
3. , _________________________________________ .
4. ______________________________________ , .
5. , ___________________________ .

19. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Doubtful advice:
Never put off until tomorrow that which is possible to do the day after tomorrow.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
2. Never drink on an empty stomach and never talk on an empty head.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. Politicians and actors never go away on time.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. Marriage is a lottery because you never know how much alimony you will get.
________________________________________________________________________________

20. .
Underline pronouns and adverbs which are similar in meaning.

1. , - It is simpler to work with a computer than with a person.
: ( ) , It never argues, forgets nothing, and will not drink all
( ) of your beer.
.
2. , ! Dad, lets go to the circus!
( ), , Theres no time, son, I have a lot of things to do.
! The guys say that theres a really beautiful lady there
, who rides on a tiger.
. A girl who rides around on a tiger, you say? Well, OK! I
, , . , have never seen a tiger.
. ( ) .

145
NEGATIVE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS
3. : A teacher strictly asked a first grader:
?! Why are you constantly late?
( ) . Its never too late to learn.
4. , (- If children didnt ask questions, they would never find
) , - out how little their parents know.
.
5. , "Is it true that you had a fight with your wife on Sunday?
? Yes, because on week days. I dont have time to rail at
, (- her!
).
6. ( - Only idiots and the deceased never change their opinions.
) .
7. ( ) , A lazy person never shows that he is lazy.
.
8. - A highway patrolman stops a car and sees his former
. teacher at the wheel.
-, , - Well, well, Nina Ivanovna. Now take your pen and write
100 : (- 100 times. I will never again disobey traffic rules!
)
!
9. ( ) , Never marry a woman with whom its possible to live.
. , Marry someone whom you cant live without!
!

21. , .
Change the sentences using negative pronouns and adverbs.

: .
.

.
.

1. .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. - (= ) .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
6. .
________________________________________________________________________________
7. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
8. , .
________________________________________________________________________________

146

! !
BE CAREFUL! THESE WORDS HAVE DIFFERENT MEANINGS!

7 no one, nobody 7 a certain unknown


- changes its case endings person
in the same fashion as occurs only in the
nominative case

7 - No one ever came here. 7 - A certain unknown person


. - with a dog approached my
. car.

22. .

Underline pronouns and adverbs which are similar in meaning.

1. . Advertisement for honeymoon trips.


. - Dear Newlyweds! Only in our quiet little town nobody
, ( ) will drag you out of bed to see the sights, because we have
- nothing to see!
, (-
) !
2. ( ) A gentleman refuses nothing to anyone, even if no one
, ( ) ( asks him for anything.
) .

23. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Scientific work is when you read two books no one else reads in order to write a third which no one will
read.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
2. No one will be able to replace you; everybody is just like you!
________________________________________________________________________________

7 nothing 7 something
- changes its case endings used only in
in the same fashion as - the nominative and
accusative cases

- I have already made a de- - An acquaintance of ours


, 7 cision, and nothing will be promised to come over to-
. able to change it. day and tell us something
7 curious about our new
. neighbors.

147
24. :  ?

NEGATIVE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS

Which word will you use here:  or ?

1. __________ , Nothing takes away sleepiness like strong, sweet, very


, , - hot coffee spilled on ones tummy!
!
2. , Love will not end while two simultaneously love some
_____________ . third thing.
3. __________ , Nothing can warm the soul like cold beer!
!
4. _________ , Nothing is as comforting to small minded people as the
. weaknesses of great people.

! !
BE CAREFUL! THESE WORDS HAVE DIFFERENT MEANINGS!

7, , , a certain 7, , no
,
, A witness saw a certain , The witness said that no
7 guy in dark glasses, with a 7 - guy in dark glasses, with a
, - briefcase, get into a dark- , briefcase, ever got into a
, blue Ford and drive away. , dark-blue Ford.
. .

25. .
Underline pronouns and adverbs which are similar in meaning.

1. ( ) No unpleasantness lasts forever; it is replaced by others.


: .
2. ( ) If you do not have any secrets from your wife, soon you
, . wont have a wife either.

26. .
Translate into Russian.

There is no any paradise because people already long ago transformed it into hell.
_______________________________________________________________________________

27. .
Underline pronouns and adverbs which are similar in meaning.

( ) ( ) ( ). (
) , . ( ) ,
(for him) . ( ) ( )
, ( ) . ( ) -
, ( ) , ( ) , ( ) .
, , ( ) : , (-
) ( ) . ( )

148
(the sunrise) (sunset), , ,


- . ( ) (to waste time in vain),
, (is so wonderful),
(to do good)!
( ) (woke up), ( ) , -
. ( ) ( ) (a
happy smile)!

28. .
Underline pronouns and adverbs which are similar in meaning.

1. , ( If one does not think of oneself, then it is better not to
). think about anything.
2. , - A wife said to her husband, who was getting ready to go
: on a tourist trip abroad:
, , - I implore you, dont get drunk, dont play the casinos
! and dont meet women!
! : ( - Stop! Unpack the suitcase. Im not going anywhere! Ill
) ! ( - have absolutely nothing to do there!
) !
3. , ( - Usually the one who wont keep quiet is the one who has
) . nothing to say.
4. : The judge addressed the accused.
, You should have immediately turned in to the police the
- wallet you found with money in it.
. Yes, but there wasnt anybody at the police station that
, ( - day.
) . Then you should have turned it in the next day.
- But the next day there was already nothing in the
. wallet!

( ) !
5. , Its interesting, who introduced you to your future
? wife?
( ) - Theres no one to blame for this; it just happened
. accidentally.

! !
BE CAREFUL! THESE WORDS HAVE DIFFERENT MEANINGS!

7 Never mind! 7 There is no need.


It doesnt matter. Its no use
Not bad. OK!

! It doesnt matter! Soon Ill ! Its my own fault! There was


, - get married and then Ill no need to invite her to a
save a lot of money on res- ! restaurant. I wouldnt have
. taurants. ! spent so much money!
! Her husband is not a bad
guy.

149
29. , .
NEGATIVE PRONOUNS AND ADVERBS

React to the situation. Use the words .

: .
1) ! !

2) ! ,
.

1. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , .
________________________________________________________________________________

. / . It cant be helped. Theres nothing you can do =


= . It cant be helped. What can you do!

. ! (= !) .

30. .
React to the situation.

: , .
, .

1. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , ,
.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

150

! !
BE CAREFUL! THESE WORDS HAVE DIFFERENT MEANINGS!

7! Not for anything! 7 ! Dont mention it.


Not for the world! Not at all.
No way!

Ask your parents to buy Thanks a million for your


. you a car. ! help!
! No way! 7 ! Think nothing of it!
(= 7 - (= Theres no reason to
I know my friend well. !) thank me!)
: Theres no way that he
- would go to the opera with
. us.

31. .
Underline pronouns and adverbs which are similar in meaning.

, Companions John and Sam were ruined when their firm
, . went bankrupt, and they parted ways. Several years
later, John dropped in to have dinner at a poor little
. cheap restaurant. He recognized his former companion
. in one of the waiters.
( ) ! - No way would I have believed it! he exclaimed. You
. - work as a waiter in this place!
! Yes, I work, but at least I never have dinner here!
, , , ,
, ( ) !

32. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Hush! I cant hear a word. Wise () economists are explaining to us how well off we are.
________________________________________________________________________________
2. You are not pleased with anyone. How about yourself?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. She did not ask me about anything. Of course, there was nothing to ask about. Yesterday, I wasnt in the
restaurant with my friends. Indeed, nothing has happened.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
4. He has nothing to think about. His friends do that for him.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. Our professor is such a bore () that he doesnt understand anything about the joys of life!
________________________________________________________________________________
6. Why are you working time and a half? On full time pay theres nothing to eat, and on double pay theres
no time to eat.
________________________________________________________________________________
7. No one in the house has any secrets from anyone.
________________________________________________________________________________

151
IMPERSONAL SENTENCES


4 IMPERSONAL SENTENCES

4.1.

IMPERSONAL SENTENCES WITH REFLEXIVE VERBS

! Compare!


Personal Sentence Impersonal Sentence
The person experiencing the following states goes into the dative
case
(?) +
REFLEXIVE VERB

. I dont feel like talking about it.


.
. . The baby felt like drinking.

- - - - For some reason I dont feel like


. . working today.

- - How are you getting along in the new


? ? place?

1. .
Replace the following personal sentences with impersonal sentences.

1. .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. -.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
6. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

2.

.
Translate into Russian.

There where there is no competition one sleeps better but lives worse.
_______________________________________________________________________________

152

1. (?) +
. .
Our car is broken. Well have to take a taxi.

2. (?) +
, .
I came home late and I didnt manage to avoid a family scandal.

3. (?) +
.
I enjoy playing this game.

3. .
Select from the table the necessary verb which makes the most sense.

1. , _____________________________________ .
2. ___________________________________________ .
3. ______________________________________________ .

4. .
Answer the questions using impersonal construction.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , ?
________________________________________________________________________________

5. .
Translate into Russian.

1. We managed to win a lot of money.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. If you did not make a successful jump the first time, parachuting is not for you!
________________________________________________________________________________
3. If one considers any problem a question of the life and death, it will be necessary to die endlessly.
________________________________________________________________________________

153
4.2.
IMPERSONAL SENTENCES

IMPERSONAL SENTENCES WITH ADVERBS

(?) ?
() / ? Do you understand? / Is it clear?
() ! Shame on you!
. We were bored.
. They are happy.
. Now its not easy for him.
.. etc.

6. .
Answer the questions using impersonal construction.

1. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , (injection)?
________________________________________________________________________________

7. .
Translate into Russian.

1. It is so unpleasant for me to see him!


________________________________________________________________________________
2. Shame on you for lying like that!
________________________________________________________________________________
3. Isnt it boring for you to sit with nothing to do?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. I am enjoying myself.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. Why do my friends so badly want to marry me off? They are probably jealous that things are going
too well for me.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

154

(?) ?
, , . The refrigerator is empty as usual.
(, ) Its chilly outside (damp, windy).
(, , , ). Its too noisy here (stuffy, crowded, smoky,
dirty ).

8. .
Change the given sentences into impersonal sentences.

: .
.

1. .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. !
________________________________________________________________________________
3. .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. : , .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
6. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
7. , !
________________________________________________________________________________

9. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Its rather cool outside.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. It smells bad here.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. It is still quiet on the street.
________________________________________________________________________________

10. .
Answer the questions using impersonal construction.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

155
4.3.
IMPERSONAL SENTENCES

IMPERSONAL SENTENCES WITH INFINITIVE

(?) / , , , , +
. In a situation like this, you must consult a doctor.
() -? Is it possible to do this another way?

11. , , ,
, , .
Change the given sentences into impersonal sentences with the words , , -
, , , .

: .
.

.
.

1. .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. (= ) !
________________________________________________________________________________
4. .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. (to keep to a diet)!
________________________________________________________________________________

12. .
Answer the questions using impersonal construction.

1. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. , , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
6. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________

156

!
You must use the imperfective aspect of the infinitive with these words!

enough
its harmful
its not worth
to be sick and tired of
, Dont do it!
, its not necessary, mandatory
/ it doesnt make any sense to

! Dreaming is nt harmful!
, ! Enough quarreling! Lets go have dinner!
, . If youre still not prepared, it
doesnt make any sense for you to take the exam today.

13. .
Translate into Russian.

1. Im so sick and tired of studying all the time!


________________________________________________________________________________
2. Enough repeating the same thing!
________________________________________________________________________________
3. Its not worth getting angry if its possible to correct a mistake, and it doesnt make sense to get
angry if a mistake can no longer be corrected.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

14. ,
.
React to the following situations using impersonal construction with words from the
table.

: , .
- !

1. (argument) .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. .
________________________________________________________________________________

157
IMPERSONAL SENTENCES

(?) + ( )

( ) ( )
Infinitive Imperfective Aspect Infinitive Perfective Aspect
(the action is not necessary) (impossible to achieve the desired result)

. .
They dont have to answer to the director for that. You wont be able to translate this technical article.
(Meaning: Its too difficult for you.)

, . .
Tomorrows a day off and I dont have to go to work. You wont be able to do that by yourself. (Meaning: Its too
difficult or complex for you.)

15. .
Change the given sentences into impersonals using infinitive as per the model.

: .
.

1. .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. (overcrowded) .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. (prove) !
________________________________________________________________________________
5. (wash) (clean up) .
________________________________________________________________________________
6. (catch up) .
________________________________________________________________________________

16. .
Translate into Russian.

1. She wont be able to become a film-star.


________________________________________________________________________________
2. I dont have to pay for lunch. So I will eat everything!
________________________________________________________________________________
3. You wont be able to dress nicely without my help.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. Our boss doesnt have to bring up my child. He hasnt got such problems.
________________________________________________________________________________

158

+ () + (?) +
? Why dont we just invite him to have lunch?
? Why not just buy another bottle of beer?
? Why dont you just go to the doctor?
? Why dont we just have a cup of coffee?

17. .
React to the following situations using impersonal construction.

: . You and your colleague get tired during your work.


? Why dont we take a rest for ten minutes
or so?

1. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. () .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , .
________________________________________________________________________________

! May you always be healthy and happy!


. ! Its cold here. Just dont catch cold!

18. .
Express your wishes using impersonal construction.

: . You are passing by a casino.


(= ) ! Would I ever like to win a lot of money!

1. .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. .
________________________________________________________________________________

159
19. .
IMPERSONAL SENTENCES

Answer the questions using impersonal construction.

, :
()?
________________________________________________________________________________
?
________________________________________________________________________________
?
________________________________________________________________________________
(didnt have a good time)?
________________________________________________________________________________
?
________________________________________________________________________________
?
________________________________________________________________________________

/
+
/
/ +

! ! Hurry up and get ready so as not to be late for


the plane!
! If I could just pass the exam quickly and get it over with!
() ! . only hope it wont rain! I dont have my
umbrella with me.
! Just so I dont by chance meet the director! (Heres hoping that
I dont accidentally run into the director!)

20. ,
.
React to the following situations using impersonal construction with words from the
table.

1. .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. (resume) , .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. .
________________________________________________________________________________

160
21. .


Answer the questions using impersonal construction.

,
?
________________________________________________________________________________
?
________________________________________________________________________________
?
________________________________________________________________________________
, ?
________________________________________________________________________________

(?) (ITS TIME) +


! . Its time to go to sleep! Early tomorrow everybody has to
go to work.

22. .
Answer the questions using impersonal construction with the word !

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

23. , .
Write three sentences using infinitive construction with the word .

1. _________________________________________________________________________________
2. _________________________________________________________________________________
3. _________________________________________________________________________________

161
IMPERSONAL SENTENCES


? - ? ?

24. . , .
React to the following situations. Ask the questions using infinitive construction.

1. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , .
________________________________________________________________________________
3. .
________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , .
________________________________________________________________________________
5. , .
________________________________________________________________________________

25. , .
Ask three questions using infinitive construction.

1. _________________________________________________________________________________
2. _________________________________________________________________________________
3. _________________________________________________________________________________

162
4.4.


, ,
IMPERSONAL SENTENCES WITH THE VERBS
, ,

(?) / TO BE LUCKY
, . Im not lucky at cards, but on the other hand Im lucky in
love.

(?)
() / () (?) (NOT) BE ENOUGH
(?) TO BE MISSING
(= ) ! Youre always short of money!
. You dont have enough experience in such things.

26. . .
Complete the following sentences using impersonal constructions from the table.

1. __________________________________________________________________.
2. _________________________________________________________.
3. , ______________________________________________________.
4. ___________________________________________________________________.

27. . .
Answer the questions using impersonal constructions from the table.

,
?
________________________________________________________________________________
- , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
?
________________________________________________________________________________
- ?
________________________________________________________________________________

28. .
Translate into Russian.

1. This time you were really lucky!


________________________________________________________________________________
2. Thats the last straw! (Something unpleasant and unexpected has happened.)
________________________________________________________________________________
3. What are you short of?
________________________________________________________________________________
4. I dont have enough topics to be silent.
________________________________________________________________________________

163
5. There are constantly not enough people to save humanity.
IMPERSONAL SENTENCES

________________________________________________________________________________
6. There are not enough competent people in the world to go a round; somebody must get the incompetent
lawyers and doctors.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

4.5.
IMPERSONAL CONSTRUCTION

(?) (? / ?) NOT TO BE UP TO SOMETHING, TO SOMEONE

. . Im just not up to doing it right now. I dont have the time.


. We just dont feel like playing around.
. My friends in love and just isnt up to studying.
, She has to take an exam in three days, so shes not up to
. partying right now.

29. .
React to the situations according to the model.

: 1. !
, : .
Lets go to the theater!
Thanks for the invitation, but Im just not up to it right now. I have a lot of things to do.

2. ?
, : .
Will your friend be eating with us now?
No, hes not up to eating right now; hes hurrying to a meeting.

1. ?
______________________________________________________________________________
2. , ?
______________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
______________________________________________________________________________
4. -!
______________________________________________________________________________
5. ?
______________________________________________________________________________
6. , , ?
______________________________________________________________________________
7. (to bathe)?
______________________________________________________________________________
8. ?
______________________________________________________________________________

164
4.6. C



IMPERSONAL CONSTRUCTION WITH ACCUSATIVE
CASE OF NOUNS AND PRONOUNS

ACCUSATIVE CASE
(?) +
/ It makes one ill (motion sickness), cause sea-sick-
ness.
. Her child was sea-sick.
. My sister always suffers from travel sickness.

to feel sick / to be nauseated


. The patient feels nauseated / sick.
. The very thought of it makes me sick.

to vomit
. He vomits (fetches up, disgorges).

to feel sleepy
. I feel drowsy. (Im inclined to feel sleepy.)

30. .
.
Complete the following sentences using impersonal constructions. Use the words from
the table.

1. , ________________________________.
2. _____________________________________________________________.
3. , ______________________________________.
4. , _______________________________________________.
5. , ______________________________.

31. .
Answer the questions using impersonal construction.

1. ?
________________________________________________________________________________
2. , ?
________________________________________________________________________________
3. ?
________________________________________________________________________________

165
4.7.
IMPERSONAL SENTENCES

USE OF IMPERSONAL VERBS

Impersonal verbs

. Evening is coming on.


. Evening was coming on.

. = . It is getting dark.
. It got dark.

. It is getting light.

. It is getting colder.
. It got cold.

. Its freezing outside.

. Its storming.
. It was storming.

(?) to feel unwell


. Grandmother does not feel good today.

32. -
.
Use the necessary verb in the correct grammatical form in the impersonal portion of the
sentence.

, , , ,

1. ______________________________________________ , .
2. ___________________________________________________ , .
3. __________________________________, .
4. _____________________________________________________, .
5. _________________________________________________ , .

166
4.8.


PERSONAL AND IMPERSONAL CONSTRUCTIONS
! Compare!
. .
Impersonal sentences
Personal sentence active Personal sentence passive

. . .
The hail beat down the wheat. The wheat has been beaten down by The wheat was beaten down by the
the hail. hail.

. - -
Snow has covered the road to the . .
house. The road to the house has been cov- The road to the house has been
ered with snow. snowed over! (meaning: the house
has been snowed in.)

. . .
Water has flooded the cellar. The cellar has been flooded with The cellar was flooded.
water.

33. .
Change the given sentences into impersonal sentences.

: . . The hut was snowbound.

1. . ____________________________________________
2. . ________________________________________________________________
3. (tornado) . ___________________________________________
4. . _________________________________________________________
5. (hail) . _______________________________________________________
6. (waves) . _____________________________________________

34. .
Change the given sentences into impersonal sentences.

: (). The island has been flooded with water.


(). Water has flooded the island.

1. . _________________________________________________________
2. . _____________________________________
3. . _______________________________________________________
4. . _____________________________________________________
5. . _________________________________________
6. . ____________________________________________________

167

IMPERSONAL SENTENCES

CHECK YOURSELF

35. .
Finish the sentences using impersonal constructions.

1. ___________________________________________________________.
2. ______________________________________________________________.
3. , __________________________________________.
4. _______________________________________________.
5. ________________________________________________________________.

36. .
Change the given sentences into impersonal sentences.

: . .

1. , . __________________________________________________
2. ? ______________________________________________
3. . ___________________________________________________

37. .
Translate into Russian.

1. It is getting light.
________________________________________________________________________________
2. The meadows were flooded.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. It is not raining anymore.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. The boat was overturned by the wave.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. There was no wind.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. I am bored.
________________________________________________________________________________
7. It is easy to breathe in the woods.
________________________________________________________________________________
8. It had gotten colder towards evening.
________________________________________________________________________________
9. Its not worth arguing about it.
________________________________________________________________________________
10. In the evenings it is noisy here.
________________________________________________________________________________
11. I am lucky at cards.
________________________________________________________________________________
12. It became easy for me to work.
________________________________________________________________________________

168


LIST OF VERBS
. .
Verbs Translation P. Verbs Translation P.

() to take care of; to keep; 39 () to meet; to come / to run 96


() to save; to conserve () across;
to see little, a good deal of
() to trouble; to bother; 39 smb
() to disturb; to worry
() to elect; to choose; 41
() to hit; to strike 39 () to pick out
()
() to fulfill; to carry out 42
() to thank 82
()
()
() to grow; to raise; to rear 42
* () to be a fan (of); to support 82
()
() to fight for; 82,
() to be proud (of); 86
to struggle against, with 96
to take pride in
() to be afraid (of); 6
() to prepare; 35
to fear
() to get ready (for)
() to start; to begin, to get; 82
() to set to work (on); () to rob; to plunder; 43
to take upon oneself () to strip; to despoil;
to garantee to ransack; to rifle

() to wake someone up 39 () to give, to make a present 23


() ()
() to believe; 23, () to have effect; 75
() to believe in 72 () to impress

() to own; to posess; to have; 86 () to divide into; 76


() to control; to be able to use () to be divided into

() to influence; 75 ()
() to have an effect on ()

to fall in love (with); 72 () to share; to take someone 86


()
to lose ones heart (to) () into ones confidence
()
() to interfere (in); 72 () to achieve; to obtain 6
() to meddle (in); ()
to get mixed up;
() to catch up with 43
to step in;
to break into ()

() to give back; 23, () to prove 24


() to return 39 ()
() () to report; to announce 25
() to refrain from; 14 ()
() to hold back; to value 86
()
to keep away
() to reach; 6
() to pay; to pay back; 40
() to achieve;
() to make up (for);
() to attain
to reimburse
() to reply; to object; 23 () to fight (with) 96
() to contradict ()
() to bring up; to rear; 41 () to complain; to grumble 76
() to educate; to train; ()
to cultivate
() to wish; to desire 7,
() to be enthusiastic; 86 25
()
() to admire;
to be delighted (with) () () to marry; to get married 113

169
LIST OF VERBS
. .
Verbs Translation P. Verbs Translation P.

() to take care of 115 () to seem; 26,


() () to appear; 87
to look
() to forget (about) 115
() to touch upon; 9
()
() to concern
() to envy; to be jealous 26
to compensate 47
()
( )
() to depend on; 14
to depend upon to compromise 47
()
() to detain; to arrest; 43

() to hold back
()
() to consist (of, in) 108 to feed; to give a living 47
()
() to do; to busy oneself; 86 ()
() to be engaged (in);
() to steal 47
to be concerned (with);
to go in for; to take up ()
to memorize; to remember 44 () to treat; 47
()
() to cure
()
() to lose; to deprive 9
() to force; to make 44
() ()
() to catch 48
() to call 44
() () to break; to break away; 48
() to damage
() to say hello; 96
() to greet () to admire 90
to be mad; 76
()
()
() to be angry (at) () to change; to exchange 48
()
() to meet; 97
() to make the acquaintance; () to dream 115
to visit, to see ()
() to play 73, () to disturb; to stop; 26
() 113 () to hinder
() to save (from); 14 () to be reconciled (with); 97
() to get rid (of); () to make up (with);
to take off to reconcile oneself
() to get rid (of); 14 () to take care (of); 104
() to shake off to look (after);
to watch; to supervise;
() to avoid; to escape 9 to control; to see to
()
() to hope; 76
() to apologize (to) 107 () to count on
()
() to annoy; to bother; 26
() to mock (at); to jeer (at); 106 () to be tired of
to scoff (at); to taunt;
to take fun (of) () to hint 76
()
() to portray; to represent; 44
() to depict; to delineate; () to attack; to overcome 79
to act; to play the part (of) ()
() to be interested in; 87 () to remind 26,
() to take an interest in; () 116
to care (for)
() to enjoy; 90
() to look for; 44 to take pleasure/
()
() to seek; delight (in)
to look around
() to insist (on, up/on); 113
() to improve; to correct 44 to persist (in);
()
() to press (for)

170

. .
Verbs Translation P. Verbs Translation P.

() to find 48 () to differ from; 17


() () to be different;
to distinguish oneself
() to need; to stand in need; 108
to want; to require () to call off; to revoke; 53
() to cancel; to countermand
() to charde; 50
() to accuse () to be related to; to feel; 35
() to think of; to treat;
() () to accuse; to charge (with); 108 to apply to
() to prosecute; to indict;
to blame (for) () to be behind; 17
() to be left behind;
() to provide for; to ensure; 50 to lag behind
() to stock up
() to guard; to protect; 53
() to promise 28 to preserve; to keep away
() () to assess; to appraise; 53
() to hurt; to offend 50 () to appreciate
() () to make a mistake; 108
to feel hurt; to be offended 79 () to be mistaken; to err;
()
to be in the wrong;
() to be at fault
() to let somebody down; 50 to take; to live through; 55
()
() to deceive; to cheat; to fool to go through; to outlive
()
() to exchange 97 to correspond (with); to be 100
()
() in correspondence (with)
() to turn to; to apply to; 35 () to pay 82
() to come ()
() to talk over; to discuss; 51 () to hold up; to support; 55
() to consider () to maintain; to keep;
to keep going
() to associate (with); 97
() to mix (with) () to disgrace; to dishonor; 55
() to shame
() to explain 28
() () to catch; to catch hold 55

() to fear; 11 () to rely 79
to be afraid of; ()
to beware to get; to receive; to obtain 55
()
() to describe 51 ()
() () to make use 90
( to organize 51 ()
) () to help 29
() to examine; to look over 52 ()
() () to spoil; to mar; to damage 56
() to base; 113 ()
to be based on / upon
() to visit; to call on; 56
() to stop 52 () to attend
() to send 29
()
() to leave; to leave alone; 52 ()
() to quit
() to transform; 73
() to be distracted; 17 () to change (to, into);
() to divert, to distract; () to become
to digress from; ()
to divert ones attention
() to offer, to propose; 29
() to turn away from 17 to suggest
()
()
() to prevent; to let know; 56
() to turn down; 17 to tell beforehand;
()
() to go back on; to give up to warn

171
LIST OF VERBS
. .
Verbs Translation P. Verbs Translation P.

() to worship; 107 () to repair; to renovate; 62


() to admire () to overhaul

() to be used to; 35 () to blame; 100


() to get used to; () to come up (against);
to get accustomed to to cuss
() to confess (to); to own (to); 108 () to direct; 90
() to tell; to admit to be in charge (of);
to be at the head; to lead
() to belong; 29
to be the work (of) () to be angry 79
to receive; to take; 58
()
()
() to accept; to admit () to watch; to spy (on); 104
to follow; to look (after)
() to begin, to set to; 82
() to get to () to follow; to go (after); 104
() to take (after)
() to join 36
() () to happen 100
()
() to check; to check up; 58
() to verify () to laugh (at); 106
() to mock (at)
() to sell 58
() () to take off; to rent; 62
() to take a picture; to lift;
() to produce; to do; to make 59 to take down; to withdraw
()
() to collect; to pick; 64
() to pronounce 59 () to prepare; to gather;
() to assemble

() to contradict; 31 () to consult 101


to be at variance ()
() to excuse; to forgive 59, () to confess (to) 109
() 83 () to admit
() to say goodby 100 () to argue with; to dispute; 101
() () to bet; to have bet;
to contend
() to be frightened by; 11
() to get scared () to advise 31
()
() to be glad / happy / 31
() delighted; () to consult 101
to take pleasure in; ()
to rejoice (at, over)
() to make; to create 61
() to break; to break up; 61 ()
() to ruin
() to doubt 111
() to be a judge of 111
() to inform; to let know; 31
()
() to tell; to announce
to be disappointed 111
() (in smb / with smth) () to correspond (to, with); 32
to be in acordance (with);
() to be in harmony (with;
() to see clearly; to study; 61 to be in keeping (with);
() to examine; to look at; to be true; to meet;
to consider; to scrutinize to answer;
to conform (to, with)
() to part 100
() () to compile; to pile; 64
() to make up; to amount to;
() to count on; to rely on 79 to form; to put together
()
() to be made up; 21
() to react to / on / up on 79 to consist of
() to keep; 64
()
() to be jealous 61 () to maintain;
() to save

172

. .
Verbs Translation P. Verbs Translation P.

() to sympathize 33 () to destroy; to kill; 69


() () to smash; to cut out;
to exterminate
() to quarrel; 101
to have words with () to govern; 93
()
to rule (over);
() to become 90 to manage;
() to operate;
to drive; to conduct
() to suffer; to stand; 66
() to meet; to tolerate () to get tired of; 18
() to be tired of
() to lose 66
() () to arrange; to suit 69
()
() to trade; to deal; to sell 93
() to yield; 34
() to spend; to waste 66 to give in (to, over);
()
() to give way (to, over);
to give up (for)
() to demand; 11,
() to require 18 () to take part (in); 112
to participate (in);
() to touch 67 to be (in);
() to collaborate (in)
() to make sure; 111 () to learn; 69
() to make certain (of); () to teach
to be convinced (of);
()
to satisfy oneself (that)
() to praise; 70,
() to take away; 67
() to commend 83
() to put away; to tidy up
() to boast (of); to swagger; 94
() to take a great interest; 93
() to brag (of, about)
() to be carried away;
to be fascinated with ()
()
() to persuade 67
() () to have enough; 11
() to last
() to threaten 33
() to kiss 70
() to be surprised; 33
()
() to be astonished (at)
() to value; to appreciate 71
() to recognize; to find out; 69
() to learn () to feel 71
()
() to point out; to indicate 34,
() 80 () to economize 114
()
() to abase oneself, 107
() to humble oneself; () to be; to come 94
to be humiliated ()

173

KEYS

KEYS

1.
VERBAL GOVERNMENT

1.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. ; 6. ; 7.
; 8. ; 9.
3.
1. , ; 2. ; 3. ; 4.
4.
1. ; 2. ; 3. /
5.
1. ( ) ? 2. , / . 3. -
. . 4. , . 5. . 6.
, . 7.
, , .
6.
1. / , . 2.
. 3. ? 4. - .
7.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. ; 6.
9.
1. . 2. .
. 3. . 4. . 5.
. 6. , , ! 7. .
10.
1. ; 2. / ; 3.
11.
1. , ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. -
, ; 5. ; 6. ; 7.
12.
1. / ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. /

13.
1. ! 2. . 3. / .
4. / .
15.
1. . 2. . 3.
. 4. , ? 5. -
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16.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4.
17.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. ; 6. ; 7. ; 8.
; 9. ; 10. , ; 11. ,
18.
1. ; 2. ; 3.

174

20.
1. ? 2. ? 3.
. 4. . 5. . 6. -
. 7. , () , . 8. ,
, , , .
21.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ()
22.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5.
23.
1. / ; 2. / ; 3.
; 4. / ; 5. /
25.
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. 4. . 5. ?
6. , .
26.
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3. / / . 4. / -
. 5. , () !
27.
1. ; 2. /; 3. / ; 4.; 5. ; 6. /
; 7. ; 8. ; 9.
28.
1. , ; 2.
30.
. ,
.
31.
; ; ; ; ; ;
; ; ;
; , ; ; ; , .
32.
1. . 2. . 3. /
4. ? 5. , ! 6. -
/ . 7. . 8. /
. 9. / . 10. /
.
33.
1. ; 2. , ; 3.
34.
1. / ; 2. () ; 3. / ; 4. ()
35.
1. ! 2. . 3. . 4.
. 5. () ! 6. / ? / () / ()
? 7. !
37.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5.
38.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5.
; 6. ; 7.
39.
1. . 2. ! 3.
.

175
KEYS
41.
1. . 2. , () !
3. . 4. . 5. () -
? 6. . 7. , .
42.
1. / ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. / / ; 6. -
; 7. ()
43.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. , -
44.
1. ; 2. / ; 3. / ; 4. -
, ; 5. ; 6. /
46.
1. . 2. ? 3. -
, .
47.
1. ; 2. / / ; 3. ; 4. / / ;
5. ; 6. (); 7. /
48.
1. ; 2.
49.
1. ; 2. / ; 3. / -
; 4. / ; 5. , ,
50.
1. . 2. , .
3. . 4. ( ()) !
52.
1. ; 2. / ; 3. / /
; 4. ; 5. /
54.
1. ; 2. ; 3. , ; 4. , ; 5.
55.
1. ; 2. ; 3. / ;
4. / ; 5. /
56.
1. , . 2.
. ? , ? . 3.
, . : , ,
! , , !
57.
1. / / . 2. / .
3. ? 4. . 5. /
.
59.
1. . 2. . 3.
/ ? 4. . 5. / . 6.
.
60.
1. / (); 2. ; 3. / ; 4. /
; 5. /
61.
1. ; 2. ; 3. / ; 4. ; 5. ;
6. ; 7. -; 8. , ,

176

63.
1. ? 2. () / ! 3. () -
? 4. / .
64.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. ; 6.
65.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. -

67.
1. , , . 2. ?
. 3. , .
68.
1. / / ; 2. / / ; 3. / ; 4. -
/ /
69.
1. ; 2. ! 3. ; 4. ; 5. ;
6. , ; 7. ; 8. ; 9.
70.
1. / ; 2. ; 3. ;
4. ; 5. ; 6. () ! 7. ; 8. / -

71.
1. / -. 2. .
3. . . 4. ? ( ?) 5. .
6. , . 7. ,
. 8. K , .
73.
1. ; 2. ; 3. (); 4. / / ; 5. , ;
6.
74.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. , -
; 5.
75.
1. , , . 2. , -
. 3. , . 4. , , . 5.
/ . 6. ,
. 7. () .
77.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. ; 6. ; 7.
78.
1. / ; 2. ; 3. / ;
4. ; 5. () ; 6. ; 7. /
80.
1. ; 2. ; 3. / / ; 4. ; 5. ; 6.
81.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. / -
; 5. ; 6.
82.
1. ( ) ? 2. . 3.
! 4. , ! 5. . 6. . 7.
? 8. .
84.
1. / ; 2. / / ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. / ;
6.

177
KEYS
85.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5.
86.
1. :
?
!
2. , . 3. ,
, .
88.
1. / . 2. . 3. -
/ . 4. / / . 5.
. 6. , . 7.
.
89.
1. ; 2. / ; 3. ; 4. / ; 5. ; 6. / -
; 7. / /
90.
1. ; 2. () ; 3. / ; 4. / -
; 5. ; 6. ; 7. ; 8. ,

91.
1. . 2. ? 3. ? 4.
. 5. . 6. ,
.
93.
1. . 2. (), , ! 3. -
/ . 4. / . 5. , () ! 6. -
/ .
94.
1. ; 2. (); 3. / ; 4. / /; 5. ; 6. ;
7.
95.
1. () ; 2. ; 3. / ; 4. -
; 5. , ; 6.
97.
1. , () ! 2. / . 3. -
, () ! 4. / .
98.
1. ; 2. (); 3. ; 4. ; 5. /
99.
1. ! () / . 2. .
3. . 4. , . 5. ?
100.
1. , ; 2.
102.
1. ! ! 2. . 3.
. 4. () / ? 5.
. 6. , . 7. / -
. 8. , / . 9. -
XIV , , - , 99
.
103.
1. . 2. / .
3. / . 4. / .

178

104.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5.
105.
1. / () ; 2. / () ; 3. ;
4. () ; 5. () ; 6. ; 7. ; 8. ; 9.
106.
1. ! 2. ! 3. . 4. () -
? 5. . 6. () ! 7. () /
.
108.
1. / ; 2. ; 3. / ; 4. / / (); 5.
109.
1. ; 2. / () ; 3. () ; 4. / /

110.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4.
112.
1. ; 2. ; 3. () ! 4. ()
113.
1. , ; 2.
115.
1. . 2. ! 3. ,
.
116.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5.
117.
1. ; 2. ; 3. , ; 4. ; 5. ; 6. -
,
118.
1. ; 2. ; 3. / ; 4.
; 5. -; 6. , ,
119.
1. . 2. . 3.
? 4. ? 5. .
120.
1. , , . 2. , -
-, .
3. :
! ?
.
, , .
122.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5.
123.
1. ; 2. , ; 3.

124.
1. ; 2. / ; 3. / ; 4. -
/ ; 5. / / ; 6. ; 7.

126.
1. . 2. ,
. 3. . .4. () ,
() . 5. . 6.
? ?
179
7. :
KEYS

, , ? ?
, . !
?
127.
1. . 2. . 3. ,
. 4. 16 . 5. .
6. () . 7. / .
128.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. ; 6.
129.
1. ; 2. ; 3. , ; 4. ; 5. ; 6.
, ; 7.
130.
1. / ; 2. ; 3. /
; 4. ; 5.
132.
1. , . 2.
? 3. . 4.
. 5. / ?
133.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. ; 6. ; 7.
134.
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; 5. ; 6. ; 7.
136.
1. . 2. . 3. . 4.
? 5. / ! 6. , . 7. .
.
137.
1. ; 2. ; 3. / ; 4. / ; 5. ; 6.
138.
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,
139.
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140.
1. , . 2. / ! 3.
. 4. .
141.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. (); 6. -
; 7.
142.
1. ; 2. / ; 3. , , , -
, ; 4. / ; 5. ; 6.
; 7. ; 8. -
144.
1. . 2. . 3. /
. 4. . 5. ( ) ?
6. . 7. . 8. /
; 9. , .10.
.

180

145.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. , ; 5. ; 6. ; 7. ;
8.
146.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. ; 6. ; 7. ; 8. ,

148.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. , ; 5. ; 6.
149.
1. ; 2. / / ; 3. -
/ ; 4. ; ; 5. /
; 6. / ; 7.
150.
1. ; 2. ; 3.
151.
1. (). 2. . 3.
. 4. , ? 5. -
. 6. . 7. ,
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152.
1. / / ; 2. / ; 3. ; 4. /
; 5.
153.
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154.
1. ; 2. ; 3. -
; 4. ; 5. , ;
6. / ; 7.
156.
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3. ? 4. , .
5. ? 6. . 7. -
/ / . 8.
? 9. .
157.
1. / ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5.
158.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. ; 6.
159.
1. / ; 2. -; 3. ; 4. / -
; 5. / ; 6. ;
7. ; 8. / /
161.
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/ ? 4. . 5. / -
/ . 6. / . 7.
. 8. .
162.
1. . , -
.
2. :
, ?
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181
KEYS
163.
1. . 2. . 3.
. 4. . 5. -
?
164.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4.
165.
1. ; 2. , ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. , ; 6. ; 7.

166.
1. / ; 2. / ; 3.
; 4. / ; 5. ; 6. / ;
7. ; 8.
167.
1. ; 2. , ; 3.
169.
1. . 2. . 3. -
.
4. ?
,
?
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170.
1. ; 2. ; 3. / ; 4. ; 5. / , ;
6.
171.
1. ; 2. ; 3. , ; 4. ; 5. , ; 6.
172.
1. ; 2. () ! 3.
174.
1. ; 2. / ; 3. /
175.
1. , , ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5.
176.
1. , ! 2. .
177.
1. ; 2. / ; 3. / -

179.
1. ; 2. / ; 3. /
180.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. ; 5. ; 6. , ; 7. ; 8. -
,
182.
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; 5. ,
183.
1. . 2. / ? 3. /
. 4. .
184.
1. ; 2. ; 3. ; 4. / ; 5.
185.
1. (= .). 2.
. 3. . 4. .

182

186.
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185
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4.
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188

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2003.
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3. . . . : , 2008.
4. . To be or not to be. / . .. . . :
, 2008.
5. . . . : , 2005.
6. .. . . : , 2003.

189
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190

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OUR BOOKS ARE AVAILABLE IN THE FOLLOWING BOOKSTORES:

Argentina: SBS Librera Internacional (Buenos Aires), Avelino Daz 533.


Tel/fax: +54 11 4926 0194, e-mail: sbs@sbs.com.ar, www.sbs.com.ar
Australia: Language International Bookshop (Hawthorn), 825 Glenferrie Road, VIC 3122. Tel.: +3 98 19 09 00, fax: +3 98 19 00 32,
e-mail: info@languageint.com.au, www.languageint.com.au
Austria: OBV Handelsgesellschaft mbH (Wien), Frankgasse 4.
Tel.: +43 1 401 36 36, fax: +43 1 401 36 60, e-mail: office@buchservice.at, service@oebv.at, www.oebv.at
Belgium: La Librairie Europeenne The European Bookshop (Brussels), 1 rue de l'Orme. Tel.: +32 2 734 02 81, fax: +32 2 735 08 60,
ad@libeurop.eu, www.libeurop.be
Brazil: DISAL S.A (San Paulo), Av. Marques S.Vicente 182 - Barra Funda,
Tel: +55 11 3226-3100,
e-mail: comercialdisal@disal.com.br, www.disal.com.br
Croatia, Bosnia: Official distributor Sputnik d.o.o. (Zagreb), Krajika 27/1.kat.
Tel./fax: +385 1 370 29 62, +385 1 376 40 34, fax: + 358 1 370 12 65,
mobile: +358 91 971 44 94, e-mail: info@sputnik-jezici.hr, www.sputnik-jezici.hr
Czech Republik: MEGABOOKS CZ (Praha), Tebohostick 2283/2, 100 00 Praha 10 Stranice.
Tel.: + 420 272 123 19 01 93, fax: +420 272 12 31 94, e-mail: info@megabooks.cz, www.megabooks.cz
Styria, s.r.o. (Brno), Palackho 66. Tel./fax: +420 5 549 211 476, mobile: + 420 777 259 968, e-mail:styria@styria.cz, www.styria.cz
Cyprus: Agrotis Import-Export Agencies (Nicosia).
Tel.: +357 22 31 477/2, fax: +357 22 31 42 83, agrotisr@cytanet.com.cy
Estonia: AS Dialoog (Tartu, Tallinn, Narva). Tel./fax: +372 7 30 40 94, e-mail: info@dialoog.ee; www.dialoog.ee, www.exlibris.ee
Tallinn, Gonsiori 13 23, tel./fax: +372 662 08 88, e-mail: tallinn@dialoog.ee;
Tartu, Turu 9, tel.: +372 730 40 95, fax: + 372 730 40 94, e-mail: tartu@dialoog.ee;
Narva, Kreenholmi 3, tel.: +372 356 04 94, fax: + 372 359 10 40, e-mail: narva@dialoog.ee;
Finland: Ruslania Books Corp. (Helsinki), Bulevardi 7, FI-00100 Helsinki.
Tel.: +358 9 27 27 07 27, fax +358 9 27 27 07 20, e-mail: books@ruslania.com, www.ruslania.com
France: SEDR (Paris), Tel.: +33 1 45 43 51 76, fax: +33 1 45 43 51 23, e-mail: info@sedr.fr, www.sedr.fr
Librairie du Globe (Paris), Boulevard Beaumarchais 67.
Tel. +33 1 42 77 36 36, fax: 33 1 42 77 31 41, e-mail: info@librairieduglobe.com, www.librairieduglobe.com
Germany: Official distributor Esterum (Frankfurt am Main). Tel.: +49 69 40 35 46 40,
fax: +49 69 49 096 21, e-mail Lm@esterum.com, www.esterum.com
Kubon & Sagner GmbH (Munich), Hestrae 39/41.
Tel.: +49 89 54 21 81 10, fax: +49 89 54 21 82 18, e-mail: postmaster@kubon-sagner.de
Kubon & Sagner GmbH (Berlin), Friedrichstrae 200. Tel./fax: +49 89 54 21 82 18,
e-mail: Ivo.Ulrich@kubon-sagner.de, www.kubon-sagner.de
Buchhandlung RUSSISCHE BCHER (Berlin), Kantstrasse 84, 10627 Berlin, Friedrichstrae 176179. Tel.: +49 3 03 23 48 15,
fax +49 33 20 98 03 80, e-mail: knigi@gelikon.de, www.gelikon.de
Greece: A (Athens), El. Venizelou 219, Kallithea.
Tel./fax: +30 210 957 34 00, +30 210 957 34 80, e-mail: arbat@arbat.gr, www.arbat.gr
(Athens), Ag. Konstantinu 21, Omonia.
Tel.: + 30 210 520 38 95, fax: + 30 210 520 38 95, e-mail: info@arbatbooks.gr, www.arbatbooks.gr
Avrora (Saloniki), Halkeon 15. Tel.: +30 2310 23 39 51, e-mail info@avrora.gr, www.avrora.gr
Ireland: Belobog (Nenagh). Tel.: +3053 87 2 96 93 27, e-mail: info@russianbooks.ie, www.russianbooks.ie
Holland: Boekhandel Pegasus (Amsterdam), Singel 36. Tel.: +31 20 623 11 38, fax: +31 20 620 34 78, e-mail: pegasus@pegasusboek.nl,
slavistiek@pegasusboek.nl, www.pegasusboek.nl
Italy: il Punto Editoriale s.a.s. (Roma), V. Cordonata 4. Tel./fax: + 39 66 79 58 05, e-mail: ilpuntoeditorialeroma@tin.it, www.
libreriarussailpuntoroma.com
Kniga di Doudar Lioubov (Milan). Tel.: +39 02 90 96 83 63, +39 338 825 77 17, kniga.m@tiscali.it
Globo Libri (Genova), Via Piacenza 187 r. Tel./fax: +39 010 835 27 13,
e-mail: info@globolibri.it, www.globolibri.it
Japan: Nauka Japan LLC (Tokyo). Tel.: +81 3 32 19 01 55, fax: +81 3 32 19 01 58,
e-mail: murakami@naukajapan.jp, www.naukajapan.jp
NISSO (Tokyo), C/O OOMIYA, DAI 2 BIRU 6 F 4-1-7, HONGO, BUNKYO-KU.
Tel: + 81 3 38 11 64 81, e-mail: matsuki@nisso.net, www.nisso.net
Latvia: SIA JANUS (Riga), Jzusbazncas iela 7/9, veikals () ''Gora''.
Tel.: +371 6 7 20 46 33, +371 6 7 22 17 76 +371 6 7 22 17 78, e-mail: info@janus.lv, www.janus.lv
Poland: MPX Jacek Pasiewicz (Warszawa), ul.Garibaldiego 4 lok.16A.
Tel.: +48 22 813 46 14, mobile: +48 0 600 00 84 66, e-mail: jacek@knigi.pl, www.knigi.pl
Ksigarnia Rosyjska BOOKER (Warszawa), ul. Ptasia 4.
Tel.: +48 22 613 31 87, fax: +48 22 826 17 36, mobile: 504 799 798, www.ksiegarniarosyjska.pl
Eurasian Global Network (Lodz), ul. Piotrkowska 6/9.
Tel.: +48 663 339 784, fax: +48 42 663 76 92, e-mail: kontakt@ksiazkizrosji.pl, http://ksiazkizrosji.pl
Serbia: DATA STATUS (New Belgrade), M. Milankovia 1/45, Novi.
Tel.: +381 11 301 78 32, fax: +381 11 301 78 35, e-mail: info@datastatus.rs, www.datastatus.rs
Bakniga (Belgrade). Tel. +381 658 23 29 04, +381 11 264 21 78
Slovakia: MEGABOOKS SK (Bratislava), Laurinska 9.
Tel.: +421 (2) 69 30 78 16, e-mail: info@megabooks.sk, bookshop@megabooks.sk, www.megabooks.sk
Slovenia: Exclusive distributor: Ruski Ekspres d.o.o. (Ljubljana), Proletarska c. 4.
Tel.: +386 1 546 54 56, fax: +386 1 546 54 57, mobile: +386 31 662 073,
e-mail: info@ruski-ekspres.com, www.ruski-ekspres.com
Spain: Alibri Llibreria (Barcelona), Balmes 26.
Tel.: +34 933 17 05 78, fax: +34 934 12 27 02, e-mail: info@alibri.es, www.books-world.com
Dismar Libros (Barcelona), Ronda de Sant Pau, 25.
Tel.: + 34 933 29 65 47, fax: +34 933 29 89 52, e-mail: dismar@eresmas.net, dismar@dismarlibros.com, www.dismarlibros.com
Arcobaleno 2000 Sl (Madrid), Santiago Massarnau, 4.
Tel.: +34 91 407 98 45, fax: +34 91 407 56 82, e-mail: info@arcobaleno.es, www.arcobaleno.es
Skazka (Valencia), c. Julio Antonio, 19.
Tel.: +34 676 40 62 61, fax: + 34 963 41 92 46, e-mail: skazkaspain@yandex.ru, www.skazkaspain.com
Instituto de Lengua y Cultura Rusa A.Pushkin (Barcelona) Ausias March 3, pral. 2a
Tel.: +34 93 318-38-13, centroruso@centroruso.es
Switzerland: PinkRus GmbH (Zurich), Spiegelgasse 18.
Tel.: +41 4 262 22 66, fax: +41 4 262 24 34, e-mail: books@pinkrus.ch, www.pinkrus.ch
Dom Knigi (Geneve), Rue du Midi 5.
Tel.: +41 22 733 95 12, fax: +41 22 740 15 30, e-mail info@domknigi.ch, www.domknigi.ch
Turkey: Yab-Yay (Istanbul), Barbaros Bulvar No: 73 Konrat Otel Kars Kat: 3 Beikta, stanbul, 34353, Beikta.
Tel.: +90 212 258 39 13, fax: +90 212 259 88 63, e-mail: yabyay@isbank.net.tr, info@yabyay.com, www.yabyay.com
United Kingdom: European Schoolbooks Limited (Cheltenham), The Runnings, Cheltenham GL51 9PQ.
Tel.: + 44 1242 22 42 52, fax: + 44 1242 22 41 37
European Schoolbooks Limited (London), 5 Warwick Street, London W1B 5LU.
Tel.: +44 20 77 34 52 59, fax: +44 20 72 87 17 20, e-mail: whouse2@esb.co.uk, www.eurobooks.co.uk
Grant & Cutler Ltd (London), 5557 Great Marlborough Street, London W1F 7AY.
Tel.: +44 020 70 20, 77 34 20 12, fax: +44 020 77 34 92 72,
e-mail: enquiries@grantandcutler.com, www.grantandcutler.com
USA, Canada: Exclusive distributor: Russia Online (Kensington md), Kensington Pkwy, Ste A. 10335 Kensington, MD 20895-3359.
Tel.: +1 301 933 06 07, fax: +1 240 363 05 98, e-mail: books@russia-on-line.com, www.russia-on-line.com