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5G Overview

Mobile Technologies and the Way to 5G

Arnd Sibila,
Rohde & Schwarz
Technology Marketing Mobile Network Testing
Contents

LTE and evolution (IOT and unlicensed)


5G use cases (incl. first deployments)
5G challenges and test solutions
Ultra Reliable and Low Latency
Communication (URLLC)
Conclusion

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 2


Mobile Data Traffic Growth: it is happening!
Ref: Ericsson Mobility Report (Q2 2016)
Peta Bytes per month

Cisco VNI Mobile 2014

Source: Cisco VNI Mobile, 2016

Mobile data traffic growth is not a myth,


it is real!
Operators have to invest to provide higher
capacity (Where? How much? When?)

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 3


LTE Today (Source GSA: Jan 2017)
581 commercially launched networks
in 186 countries
183 LTE-Advanced systems
launched in 87 countries
(17 LTE-Advanced Pro networks)
1.683 billion LTE subscriptions
globally: Q3 2016
7,037 LTE user devices announced
(2,797 TD-LTE capable)
LTE is the fastest developing mobile
system technology ever

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 4


3GPP Standardization targets
Targets:
Higher data throughput
Wider bandwidth (Carrier Aggregation)
Higher complexity (4x4 MIMO, interference
mitigation, etc.)

2 contradicting evolution paths in 3GPP

Targets:
Lower data throughput
Less bandwidth
Lower power consumption
Lower complexity

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 5


LTE-Advanced Pro: Continuing the Success of LTE / LTE-A
Service: Data +Voice Mobile Broadband (MBB) eMBB / mMTC / URLLC

CAT
M1 NB-
IoT
Cat0 PSM
eICIC MTC

Voice
20 LWIP
MHz CoMP 256 SC-
OFDM CA QAM LAA
CA
enh.
PTM
MIMO WLAN DC LWA
MBMS
offload
8x8 CA FDD
MIMO D2D D2D
+ TDD V2X
enh.

Rel8 Rel9 Rel10 Rel11 Rel12 Rel13 Rel14

2009/10+ 2013+ 2016+ Commercial operation

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 6


MTC enhancements
Introduction
First CAT-M1 chipsets available
(upgradable to dual category
M1/NB-1 mode by SW)

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 7


Introduction: LTE in unlicensed spectrum
LTE-U Forum
(own specification) (own specification)
LTE-U / LAA: LWA: MulteFire
LTE-Unlicensed / Licensed-Assisted Access LTE WiFi Link Aggregation

LTE licensed Licensed bands LTE licensed


(anchor) (anchor)
Carrier Aggregation Link Aggregation

LTE only in unlicensed


band (e.g. 5GHz)
LTE unlicensed WLAN
(e.g. 5GHz) (e.g. 2.4/5GHz)
Unlicensed bands
LTE-U: Dynamic channel LAA: Dynamic channel LWA part of 3GPP Rel.13; DL based on 3GPP Rel.13
selection with CSAT selection with LBT requires an interface (Xw) between UL based on 3GPP Rel.14
(based on Rel.12) (3GPP Rel.13 DL) eNB and WLAN
CSAT: Carrier Sensing Adaptive Transmission LBT: Listen Before Talk

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 8


Benefits LTE-U / LAA / LWA / MulteFire
LTE-U Forum
(own specification) (own specification)
LTE-U / LAA: LWA: MulteFire
LTE-Unlicensed / Licensed-Assisted Access LTE WiFi Link Aggregation

Higher data rates (CA) High capacities (wide High capacities (wide
Higher capacities (wide spectrum spectrum available) spectrum available)
available) Reusing (carrier-grade) New use cases (e.g.
LTE anchor control on MNO side WiFi infrastructure Enterprise)
Traffic steering based on apps or Alternative operators
reliability requirements
Ideal for small cell deployments

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 9


Contents

LTE and evolution (IOT and unlicensed)


5G use cases (incl. first deployments)
5G challenges and test solutions
Ultra Reliable and Low Latency
Communication (URLLC)
Conclusion

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 10


What is 5G? Its a paradigm shift

1G ~1985
2G 3G
1992 2001
4G 2010
5G 2020

1. Define use case


2. Analyze requirements
3. Define technology
Transition
from analog
to digital

www

www

1. Define technology framework


2. Find a use case

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 11


Use cases: Much more than only Mobile Broadband
Scenarios & Requirements Mobile broadband Dense crowd of users

Mobile broadband / Dense crowd of users Very high


Mobility, high data rates, high data rate
capacity and partly limited area.
Mobility Very high
capacity
Internet of Things reliable and low latency
Low latency, high reliability,
resilience and security; Massive Reliability,
user case specific number of resilience,
data rates/capacity. devices security

Internet of Things massive number of devices Long battery Very low


The volume of devices and things lifetime latency
will create new requirements.
Battery life time expectation years
IoT sensor network IoT control network

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 12


The Triangle of 5G Use Cases
eMBB remains Priority 1 eMBB the known playground
Established ecosystem (operators, manufacturers,
Massive IoT certification of devices)
A diverse ecosystem Evolution from existing technologies (LTE-A, 802.11 ad)
eMBB and revolutionary additions (cm- / mm-wave)
(operators, manufacturers,
local authorities, certification
Its all about data (speed and capacity)
only for some technologies)
Mix of technologies
(GSM, Lora, Zigbee, WLAN, URLLC
Bluetooth, Cat M, NB-IoT,) A significantly enhanced and
Its all about cost efficiency diverse ecosystem (operators (?),
and massive connectivity manufacturers, verticals,
certification not existing (yet))
Existing technologies do not
Massive IoT Ultra reliable &
provide sufficient performance
low latency Its all about reliability and security
communication (data and capacity)

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 13


Where do we stand with 5G?

Transition from pure research phase and early


5G prototype and demonstrator stage towards
standardization work.

3GPP added first official (5G) work items in


March 2016 and updated its timeline in June
2016 due to parallel industry activities outside
standardization body.

Pre-commercial field trials are anticipated mid


of 2017 with proprietary standards based on
agreements between network operator(s) and
their vendors.

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 14


5G Spectrum Outlook Sub-6GHz cmWave: 10-20 GHz mmWave: 30-90 GHz

Conclusion from WRC-15


Coverage High Capacity
Considered frequency ranges and Mobility Massive Throughput
bands to be studied for 5G: Reliability Ultra-Dense Networks

24.25 to 27.5 GHz Carrier BW n x 20 MHz n x 100 MHz 1-2 GHz


Cell Size Macro Small Ultra-small
31.8 to 33.4 GHz
37.0 to 43.5 GHz
45.4 to 50.2 GHz Recommended Bands < 6GHz (Europe)
50.4 to 52.6 GHz
Sub 700MHz TD-LTE
66 to 76 GHz 470-694 MHz 2.7-2.9 GHz
81 to 86 GHz. L-Band C-Band
1350-1400 MHz 3.4-3.8 GHz
Total available bandwidth: ~30 GHz
1427-1517 MHz 3.8-4.2 GHz
28GHz band is not fully covered, however of Total available bandwidth: 1.3 GHz
high interest for deployment in US and Korea.

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 15


3GPP Standardization
Timeline after 3GPP RAN#74 (Dec 2016)
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019

NR Phase 1 (Specification) 5G Phase 2 (Specification)

Release 13 Release 14 Release 15 Release 16

3GPP 5G
Workshop
5G Scope and
Requirements 5G NR Work Items Phase 1 5G NR Work Items Phase 2

Channel modeling > 6 GHz TSG-RAN#78, December 2017:


- Stage 3 freeze of L1/L2 for TSG#80, June 2018:
common aspects of NSA (focused Release 15 stage 3 freeze for NR
TR 38.900 on licensed bands) and SA NR; and NexGen, including Standalone.
finalized - Principles agreed for SA-specific
TR 38.913 NR: New Radio
L1/L2 components. SA: Standalone
Initial KPI NSA: Non Standalone

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 16


BUT: Early 5G plans by Verizon Wireless, KT relies on same PHY/MAC

Verizon Wireless 5G specification first version


made available in July 2016: www.5gtf.org
KT published its version in Nov. 2016 w/ mobility.

Based on 3GPP Release 12 LTE specification,


several changes and adaptations:
OFDM(A) used also in the uplink.
Beamforming: Beam Reference Signal (tracking &
Acquisition), Beam Refinement Reference Signal.
Beam recovery
Phase Noise compensation reference signal defined for
downlink and uplink.
PHY/L1, MAC/RLC adaptations, new physical signals
and new or extended PHY channel/functionality
Higher layer (protocol) changes to be added.

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 17


Comparison LTE and Verizon Wireless 5G
PHY parameterization (1/2)
PHY parameter LTE (Rel.8-14) Verizon 5G
Downlink (DL) OFDM OFDM
Uplink (UL) DFT-s-OFDM (SC-FDMA) OFDM
Subframe Length 1ms 0.2ms
Subcarrier Spacing 15 kHz 75 kHz
Not part of 3GPP 5G NR
Sampling Rate 30.72 MHz 153.6 MHz
numerology (yet)!
Bandwidth 20 MHz 100 MHz
NFFT 2048 2048
OFDM symbol duration, no CP 66.67 us 13.33 us
Frame Length 10 ms 10 ms
#Subframes (#slots) 10 (20) 50 (100)
CP Type Normal & Extended Normal Only
Multiplexing FDD / TDD Dynamic TDD
Max RBs 6,15,25,50,75,100 100
DL/UL Data coding Turbo Code LDPC code

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 18


Comparison LTE and Verizon Wireless 5G
PHY parameterization (2/2)
Aggregation of up to 8 carriers 100 MHz each. Dynamic switch on a subframe basis
LTE: 3GPP Rel.10-12: only 5 carriers 20 MHz each.
from downlink to uplink transmission.
LTE: 3GPP Rel.13: 32 carriers up to 20 MHz each.
4 possibilities:

New PHY signals and new or modified PHY


channels, supporting additional capabilities.

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 19


Contents

LTE and evolution (IOT and unlicensed)


5G use cases (incl. first deployments)
5G challenges and test solutions
Ultra Reliable and Low Latency
Communication (URLLC)
Conclusion

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 20


Air interface framework for 5G
Duplex Wave- Multiple Multiple Modulation Protocol
method forms antenna access coding aspects

FDD High + low Massive OFDMA Polar codes Split C/U


frequencies MIMO plane
TDD SCMA LDPC
OFDM Beamforming Adaptive
Flexible Single NOMA APSK
Centralized HARQ
duplex carrier Distributed
PDMA Network Grant free
Full duplex FBMC NxN MIMO MUSA coding access
UFMC IDMA Turbo codes Low energy
GFDM FTN mode
F- OFDM

Various combinations of above methods to fulfill multiple scenarios

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 21


5G Test & Measurement Challenges

High Frequency /
high bandwidth: High Frequency:
Generation + Analysis Channel Characterization

High Frequency: Antenna Arrays /


PA / components massive MIMO,
beamforming

Air Interface Pre-5G trial


Candidates support

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 22


5G Challenges
LTE air interface will not support all use cases
In particular low latency requirements require redesign
Many different use cases suggest more than a single air interface
Discussed candidates comprise:
UFMC: Universal Filtered Multi-Carrier
FBMC: Filter-Bank Multi-Carrier
GFDM: Generalized Frequency Division Multiplexing
f-OFDM: Filtered-OFDM
Discussed multiple access schemes
SCMA: Sparse Code Multiple Access
NOMA: Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access
Common advantages at the cost of higher complexity:
Better robustness against imperfect synchronism
Reduced out-of-band emission
Common key parameters:
FFT size, number of active subcarriers, subcarrier spacing
Number of symbols per subcarrier, symbol source

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 23


5G Challenges
PA Implementation Challenge - Very High Data Rate ( = High Bandwidth)
Existing power amplifier designs need to be adapted
changed frequency and bandwidth requirements below 6 GHz
new design for broadband support at cm-/mm-wave frequencies (e.g. 28 GHz)
Demanding requirements for T&M instruments (f, BW, EVM, flatness, )

Provide 5G waveform Support high Measure


bandwidth modulation
Support high accuracy (EVM)
frequency

RF A RF B
PA RF

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 24


5G Challenges: Waveform Gains - From Theory to Reality
From: Waveform theory and simulation
OFDM
FBMC
UFMC
GFDM

-70 dBm -45 dBm


=2-3 dB
=20 dB -47 dBm
-90 dBm

R&SSMW200 R&SFSW85

ARB
Waveform Files

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 25


5G Challenges: Waveform Gains - From Theory to Reality
From: Waveform theory and simulation To: Real devices with non-linear elements
OFDM
FBMC
UFMC
GFDM

-70 dBm -45 dBm


=2-3 dB
=20 dB -47 dBm
-90 dBm

R&SSMW200 R&SFSW85

ARB
Waveform Files
DUT: Power Amplifier

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 26


General considerations and challenges of high frequency test setups
Signal Generation Signal Analysis

Scope /
Generator IF Analyzer (SW)
freq. freq. IF
RF
up down
converter converter
LO LO
Generator mm-wave reference plane, Generator
DUT is inserted here

Complexity of the test setup is very high (many instruments, up- and down-conversion, etc.)
Be careful with signal quality and the performance of used test instruments!
Be careful with increasing sensitivity of mm-wave test setups (touching cables, handling
waveguides, etc.) repeatability should be key!
Try to simplify the setup as much as possible (avoid up- and down-conversion)

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 27


Scope /
Generator IF Analyzer (SW)
freq. freq. IF

R&S Test Solution


RF
up down
converter converter
LO LO
Generator Generator

5G wideband signal generation and signal analysis Signal Analysis:


Analysis up to 85 GHz
FSW up to 85 GHz and 2 GHz
and built-in demodulation analysis bandwidth
Signal and spectrum analysis
up to 2GHz bandwidth Signal Analysis > 85 GHz with
FSW using external mixer
Remote RF FSW internal support for 512
controlled MHz analysis bandwidth (FSW-
B512)
R&SRTO1044
R&SFSW
Device Signal Generation:
under test SMW: up to 40GHz without up-
Signal generation
conversion (best signal quality)
Bandwidth up to 2GHz
RF up to 40 GHz Optional V-Band Upconverter

R&SSMW200 Optional:
2 RF outputs (up to 20GHz each) or 1RF output 1RF output (58 GHz to 65 GHz);
(up to 40GHz) with up to 2GHz bandwidth up to 2GHz bandwidth

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 28


R&S Test Solution
Signal Generation / Signal Analysis for very high frequencies
R&SFSZ75/90/110
Harmonic Mixer
l Signal Generation > 40 GHz / Analysis > 85 GHz
l Channel bandwidth options remain mm-wave reference plane,
DUT is inserted here RF
the same as on previous slides
R&SSMW200A Vector Signal Generator
R&SFSW Signal and Spectrum Analyzer
i.e. 94 GHz

IF
mm-wave
2 GHz
up
IQ modulator converter
LO
Two path up to 20 GHz each, Analysis up to
mm-wave Up-Converter e.g. from RPG
e.g. fLO=14 GHz and fIF= 10 GHz 85 GHz in a single
fIF instrument
LOout IFin

fLO 6x

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 29


Channel sounding for 5G
R&S Test Solution with TS-5GCS
Channel sounding = characterization of the radio channel by decomposing the radio propagation path into
its individual multipath components (due to reflections, etc.).
Essential for developing robust modulation schemes to transmit data over the channel.
Generation of sounding sequences Real world environment I/Q data capturing Data analysis software

I/Q data

R&SSMW200 R&SFSW R&STS-5GCS

The R&S solution enables direct measurement of the channel impulse response (CIR) in the time domain.
Benefits of high quality T&M instruments, like traceability, repeatability and flexibility
Unique dynamic range due to the R&SFSW high receiver sensitivity and built-in low-noise power amplifier
Various sounding signals (e.g. m-sequences or ZC sequences) with flexible bandwidth independent of the frequency

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 30


Channel Sounding Example
Based on off-the-shelf T&M equipment
Industry 4.0: R&S conducted own channel
sounding campaigns in industrial
surrounding

Power delay profile measurements in the factory


Frequencies: 38GHz with 160MHz, 500MHz and 2GHz bandwidth (path resolution)

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 31


R&S Test Solution
Using Vector Network Analyzers to Characterize e.g. Antenna Arrays
The R&SZNB analyzer features high measurement speed,
outstanding precision and exceptional ease of operation
Frequency range from 9 kHz to 40 GHz

The R&SZVT8/R&SZVT20 is the first true eight-port/six-


port vector network analyzer with a frequency range from
300 kHz to 8 GHz / 10 MHz to 20 GHz
For two or four-port R&SZNB with ZN-Z84/Z85,
configuration of up to 48 test ports possible
Frequency range from 9 kHz to 20 GHz

Four-port R&SZNBT8 base unit (upgradeable to 8, 12, 16,


20 or 24 ports) with a frequency range from 9 kHz to 8.5 GHz Multi-port
Eight-port R&SZNBT20 base unit (upgradeable to 12 or 16 VNA
ports) with a frequency range from 100 kHz to 20 GHz

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 32


Antenna connectors will disappear (antenna arrays)
R&S: One-Stop Shop for OTA
Completely Integrated & Customized OTA Solution Wide Range of Chambers

AMS/EMS32 Software

Customized EMC and OTA Chambers

Measurement Equipment
Turn-key Desktop Systems

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 33


R&S Test Solutions: Nearfield to Farfield Transformation FIAFTA
Features Performance Comparison Transformation
Equivalent Sources

Probe Compensation

vs.

220 minutes 6 minutes

Arbitrary Grids

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 34


R&S Test Solution
Support for Verizon 5G Trial Specifications
Based on the 5G trial specifications
provided on www.5gtf.org
Rohde & Schwarz signal generation
and analysis instruments already
support the basic characteristic of the
specified 5G Verizon signal (due to
their built-in flexibility)
R&SSMW200A Signal Generator
connected to R&SFSW signal
analyzer provides an EVM of < 1%
Rohde & Schwarz supports 5G signal generation and analysis
for such a 5G signal at 28 GHz (across based on Verizon 5G open trial specifications
a 10 dB power sweep)

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 35


R&S test solutions to investigate, develop and standardize 5G
Wideband Signal Testing Channel Sounding Solution Massive MIMO - Beamforming
R&SSMW200 R&SSMW200 R&SFSW85
Spectrum
Signal generator
Analyzer
UP R&SSMW200+
6x R&SSGT100
< 40 GHz > 40 GHz Signal generator R&STS-5GCS
I fast measurement in time domain Data
DUT R&SZNBT
I support for in- and outdoor sounding Analysis
I very high dynamic range Software I Phase-coherent RF generation
I Multi-port VNA
R&SFSW85

New 5G PHY Candidates Component Characterization E2e Application Testing


Spectrum
Analyzer R&SZVA CONTEST
Network CMWrun DUT
Analyzer
R&SSMW200K114

I 40 GHz signal generation


I 85 GHz signal analysis
I 2 GHz bandwidth support R&SNGMO
R&SCMW500
Analyze application behavior like
R&SFS-K196 Direct measurements up to 110 GHz signaling load, delay, power etc.

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 36


From Link Efficiency to System Efficiency

Legacy
Link Efficiency
focus

One RAT: link adaptation with coding +


modulation to send as much data as possible

Future
focus
System Efficiency Neighbor cell

System adaptation, to select the RAT that


offers the best data transmission according to
the requested quality of service for each service

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 37


Contents

LTE and evolution (IOT and unlicensed)


5G use cases (incl. first deployments)
5G challenges and test solutions
Ultra Reliable and Low Latency
Communication (URLLC)
Conclusion

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 38


Characteristics of URLLC and how to achieve

URLLC How
Low user plane latency Air Interface structure (TTI) - PHY
Improved HARQ procedures,
duplex schemes (FDD, TDD)
Specific channel coding
Ultra reliable &
low latency (Ultra) high reliability Architecture: redundant links
communication (related to latency) Reliable links
Improved PHY / HARQ procedures

TTI: Transmit Time Interval


HARQ: Hybrid Automatic Repeat Request

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 39


Air Interface structure (TTI) PHY
Subcarrier Spacing Symbol length TTI Subframe

5G New Radio (NR) numerology: subcarrier scaling is based on f0 *2m with f0 = 15 kHz
m= -2 0 1 2 3 4 5
Subcarrier Spacing [kHz] 3.75 15 30 60 120 240 480
Symbol Length [s] 266.7 66.7 33.3 16.7 8.33 4.17 2.08
Subframe Length [ms] 4 1 0.5 0.25 0.125 0.0625 0.03125

But TTI length depends on the number of symbols: TTI = # of symbols * symbol length
(# of symbols should not always be 14 like in the table)

Short TTI:
low # of symbols per TTI (can also be 2 or 8, etc.)
short symbol length (high subcarrier spacing)

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 40


FDD / TDD duplex schemes - improved HARQ procedures

FDD: Retransmission possible after 2 TTI

Flexible TDD switching (betw. DL and UL)

TDD: Data and ACK in the same TTI

Source: Qualcomm RTT: Round Trip Time

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 41


How to achieve Ultra High Reliability?
Definition:
Reliability: Success probability of transmitting a certain amount of data within a certain time

Network Architecture topics:


Simultaneous redundant links (to infrastructure
also multiple technologies)
Reliable device-2-device links

5G NR topics:
Improved PHY / HARQ procedures
lower BLER required (impact on capacity)

BLER: Block Error Rate

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 42


3GPP TR 38.913 V14.0.0 (2016-10)
Study Item on Scenarios and Requirements for Next Generation Access Technologies
Chapter Topic Requirement
Deployment scenarios Urban grid for connected highly densely deployed vehicles in urban area (high network load and
car high UE density)
KPI User plan latency URLLC: 0.5ms in DL and 0.5ms in UL (no DRX restrictions)
Reliability URLLC: 99.999% (1-10-5) for 32bytes with 1ms user plane latency
(success probability) eV2X: 99.999% (1-10-5) for 300bytes with relaxed user plane latency
Mobility interruption time 0ms for user plan between UE and any BS (for all intra-NR mobility)
Supplementary-Service V2X communication V2X communication via infrastructure and sidelink (road side unit)
related requirements
Operational V2X communication NR V2X shall complement and interwork with LTE V2X
requirements
High Availability Availability of a BS = X% of the time.
URLLC services shall not be compromised by energy efficiency
functions, system reconfigs, SW updates!
NR: New Radio
DRX: Discontinuous reception

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 43


11:30
Conclusion
LTE is evolving towards unlicensed spectrum and IOT use cases
Is 5G just the next generation? No: It is a paradigm shift!
5G approach in industry: 1: define use cases, 2: requirements, 3: elaborate
technologies / solutions
From cell-centric (2G - 4G) to user-centric / application-centric in 5G (beamforming)
From link efficiency (2G - 4G) to system efficiency in 5G (RAT defined per app)
From antenna connectors (2G - 4G) to Over-the-Air testing in 5G (antenna arrays,
beamforming)
Increasing demand for security / high reliability in 5G and on high layers
(mission- and safety-critical use cases)
Rohde & Schwarz offers all essential capabilities to support the wireless communications
industry with solutions needed to investigate, standardize, develop and rollout 5G

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 44


Thank you.
Questions?

If you want to go fast, go alone.


If you want to go far, go together!
African proverb

Feb 2017 5G Overview - the way to 5G 45