You are on page 1of 100

CompTIA A +

Configure IPv4 and IPv6 Addressing


Introduction
Understand IPv6 Link Local Address
Configure the Network to Use an ISATAP Router
Setup Network Connectivity Between IPv4 and IPv6 devices
Summary

Introduction
The Configure IPv4 and IPv6 Addressing module provides you with the instruction
and server hardware to develop your hands on skills in the defined topics. This module
includes the following exercises:

Understand IPv6 Link Local Address


Configure the Network to Use an ISATAP Router
Setup Network Connectivity Between IPv4 and IPv6 devices

Exam Objectives

The following exam objectives are covered in this lab:

220-901: 2.3 Explain the properties and characteristics of TCP/IP (IPv4 vs.
IPv6).
220-901: 4.4 Given a scenario, troubleshoot wired and wireless networks with
appropriate tools (Command line tools).
220-902: 1.6 Given a scenario, install and configure Windows networking on a
client/desktop (Configuring an alternative IP address in Windows, IP addressing).

Lab Diagram

During your session you will have access to the following lab configuration.
Connecting to your Lab

In this module you will be working on the following equipment to carry out the steps
defined in each exercise.

PLABDC01 (Windows Server 2012 R2 - Domain Controller)


PLABDM01 (Windows Server 2012 R2 - Domain Member Server)
PLABSA01 (Windows Server 2012 R2 - Standalone Server)
PLABWIN810 (Windows 8.1 Workstation - Domain Workstation)
PLABWIN701 (Windows 7 Workstation - Domain Workstation)

To start, simply choose a device and click Power on. In some cases, the devices may
power on automatically.

For further information and technical support, please see our Help and Support

page. Copyright Notice

This document and its content is copyright of Practice-IT - Practice-IT 2016. All rights reserved. Any

redistribution or reproduction of part or all of the contents in any form is prohibited other than the following:

1. You may print or download to a local hard disk extracts for your personal and non-commercial use only.

2. You may copy the content to individual third parties for their personal use, but only if you acknowledge

the website as the source of the material. You may not, except with our express written permission, distribute
or commercially exploit the content. Nor may you transmit it or store it in any other website or other form of

electronic retrieval system.

Exercise 1 - Understand IPv6 Link Local Address


Internet Protocol version 6 or IPv6 is the new network protocol that will replace Internet
Protocol version or IPv4. In terms of scalability, IPv6 supports an expanded address
space that can accommodate billions of devices to connect to the Internet.

An IPv6 address has 128 bits available to identify a device/node whereas IPv4 has 32
bits available. IPv4 uses a dotted decimal system for example: 192.168.100.10.

IPv6 address is split into eight 16 bit blocks, where each block is represented by 4
hexadecimal digits separated by a colon for
example: 2001:0000:0000:bf66:daf5:f992:38fe:f927. The block of zeroes can be
omitted to simplify the IPv6 address into 2001:0:0:bf66:daf5:f992:38f3:f927. This
address can be simplified further by rewriting it as 2001::bf66:daf5:f992:38f3:f927,
the two colons represent the blocks of zeroes that were omitted. Only one block of zeroes
can be replaced by the :: the double colon, because IPv6 will be unable to reconstruct
the address.

The three types of IPv6 address that can be assigned to a network node are unicast,
multicast and anycast.

A unicast address identifies a single interface on a node.


A multicast address is the same as IPv4 multicast address and can be shared by
several interfaces on several nodes.
An anycast address is an address assigned to a set of interfaces that belong to
different nodes.

To get a better understanding of this technology, please refer to your course material or
use your preferred search engine to research this topic in more detail.

Task 1 - Allow File and Print Sharing in Windows Firewall

For the devices to be able to receive ping packets, you need to enable File and Print
Sharing on the network interface.

To enable file and print sharing on the network interface, perform the following steps:

Step 1
Ensure you have powered on the required devices as mentioned in the introduction.

Connect to PLABWIN701 device.

Right-click on network icon on the system tray and select Open Network and
Sharing Center.
Figure 1.1
Screenshot of the PLABWIN701 desktop: The context menu (that appears on right-
clicking the network icon on taskbar) > Open Network and Sharing Center menu-options
are displayed on the PLABWIN701 Windows desktop.

Step 2
On the Network and Sharing Center window, on the lower left navigation pane,
click Windows Firewall link.
Figure 1.2
Screenshot of the PLABWIN701 desktop: The Network and Sharing Center window is
displayed with the Windows Firewall link at the bottom-right corner highlighted.

Step 3
On the Windows Firewall window, click Allow a program or feature through
Windows Firewall link.
Figure 1.3
Screenshot of the PLABWIN701 desktop: The Windows Firewall window is displayed
with the Allow a program or feature through Windows Firewall link at the top-right
corner highlighted.

Step 4
On the Allowed Programs window, verify that File and Printer Sharing is enabled
for Domain, Home/Work (Private) and Public check boxes.

Click OK.

Close Allowed Programs.


Figure 1.4
Screenshot of the PLABWIN701 desktop: The Allowed Programs window is displayed
showing the required settings for the selected feature.

Step 5
Close Windows Firewall windows
Figure 1.5
Screenshot of the PLABWIN701 desktop: The Windows Firewall window is displayed on
the PLABWIN701 Windows desktop.

Step 6
Connect to PLABWIN810 device.

Right-click the network icon on the system tray and select Open Network and
Sharing Center.
Figure 1.6
Screenshot of the PLABWIN810 desktop: The context menu (that appears on right-
clicking the network icon on taskbar) > Open Network and Sharing Center menu-options
are displayed on the PLABWIN810 Windows desktop.

Step 7
On the Network and Sharing Center window, click Windows Firewall on the
lower left navigation pane.
Figure 1.7
Screenshot of the PLABWIN810 desktop: The Network and Sharing Center window is
displayed with the Windows Firewall link at the bottom-left corner highlighted.

Step 8
On the Windows Firewall window, click Allow an app or feature through
Windows Firewall link.
Figure 1.8
Screenshot of the PLABWIN810 desktop: The Windows Firewall window is displayed
with the Allow an app or feature through Windows Firewall link at the top-right corner
highlighted.

Step 9
On the Allowed Apps window, scroll down the list and locate File and Printer
Sharing.
Figure 1.9
Screenshot of the PLABWIN810 desktop: The Allowed apps window is displayed
showing permissions set for various apps on the server.

Step 10
Select File and Printer Sharing check box.

Enable Domain, Private and Public check boxes.

Click OK.
Figure 1.10
Screenshot of the PLABWIN810 desktop: The Allowed apps window is displayed
showing the required settings for the selected feature on the server.

Step 11
Close Windows Firewall window.
Figure 1.11
Screenshot of the PLABWIN810 desktop: The Windows Firewall window is displayed
with the Close icon at the top-right corner highlighted.

Keep all devices powered on in their current state and proceed to the next task.

Task 2 - Verify IPv6 Addresses on Windows Workstations

Unicast addresses are assigned to devices that support IPv6 protocol. The types of IPv6
unicast addresses are as follows:

Global address that begins with a prefix 001. This is similar to IPv4 public
address.
Site-local address is limited to network communication on an organization or site
level. This IPv6 address type is prefixed with FEC, FED, FEE or FEF.
Link-local address is an automatically generated IPv6 address similar to IPv4s
169.254.0.x address. This IPv6 address type is prefixed with FE80. This address
is used only for IPv6 devices on the same network link or segment.

Windows 7 and 8.1 are IPv6 ready upon installation. To find the IP6 addresses being
used by the Windows devices, follow these steps:

Step 1
On PLABWIN810 device, click Start charm to invoke the Windows Start screen.
Figure 1.12
Screenshot of the PLABWIN810 desktop: The PLABWIN810 Windows desktop is
displayed with the Start charm selected.

Step 2
On the Start screen to launch the command prompt, type:

Cmd

Press Enter.
Figure 1.13
Screenshot of the PLABWIN810 desktop: The Start screen on the PLABWIN810
Windows desktop is displayed with the required search key typed-in.

Step 3
On the command prompt, type:

Ipconfig /all

Press Enter.
There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 4
Since PLABWIN810 has two network adapter cards installed, you will find the entries
Ethernet and Ethernet 2.

Go to Ethernet section and make write down its Link-Local IPv6 Address. The
identifier %number, in the screen shot it is %3 is the nodes adapter number.

Write it down for your reference as you will need this information later.

Note: The IPv6 address that you will get in your lab, will differ from the screen shot.

Keep the command prompt window open.


There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 5
On PLABWIN701 device, click Start.

In the Search programs and files box, type:

Cmd

Press Enter.
Figure 1.16
Screenshot of the PLABWIN701 desktop: The Start menu on the PLABWIN701 Windows
desktop is displayed with the required search key typed-in.

Step 6
To get the link-local IP v6 address on PLABWIN701, type:

Ipconfig /all

Press Enter.
There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 7
Please note that on PLABWIN701 device, there is only one network interface card
installed.

Go to Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection section. Find the Link-local


IPv6 Address. The identifier %number, in the screen shot it is %14 is the nodes
adapter number.

Write it down for your reference as you will need this information later.
There is no
alternative description to this image.

Keep all devices powered on in their current state and proceed to the next task.

Task 3 - Use PING Command to Verify IPv6 Connectivity

Like IPv4 addresses, you can use PING in IPv6 to verify if you can connect to the IPv6-
enabled host. Recall that you enabled File and Printer Sharing earlier in each Windows
device to so that you can test their connectivity via the IPv6 protocol.

To use PING to verify IPv6 connectivity, follow these steps:

Step 1
On PLABWIN701 device, you will ping PLABWIN810s link-local IPv6 address.

When sending a ping command to another IPv6-enabled host, you indicate the remote
computers IPv6 address (PLABWIN810) and this local machines (PLABWIN701) node
adapter number.

Please refers to the notes youve taken in Task 2.

Now type:
Ping <insert PLABWIN810s link-local IPv6 address
here><insert PLABWIN701s IPv6-local network adapter
number>

Press Enter.

There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 2
Notice that you get the usual 4 standard replies.
There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 3
Now try to PING the same host, this time without using the %number or network
adapter number of this local machine.

Type:

Ping <PLABWIN810s link-local IPv6 address>

Press Enter.
There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 4
Notice that you still get the 4 standard replies.

Please note that in real-life you will not be using the IPv6 address of a remote computer
to test connectivity, as IPv6 addresses are hard to remember.

Close the command prompt window.


There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 5
Switch to PLABWIN810.

From its command prompt window, type:

Ping <Insert PLABWIN701 link-local IPv6 address>< insert


PLABWIN810s IPv6 - local network adapter number>

Press Enter.
There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 6
Now try to PING the same host, this time without using the %number or network
adapter number of this local machine.

Type:

Ping <PLABWIN701s link-local IPv6 address>

Press Enter.
There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 7
Notice that you get the 4 standard replies from PLABWIN701 computer.

Close the command prompt window.


There is no
alternative description to this image.

Keep all devices powered on in their current state and proceed to the next task.

Exercise 2 - Configure the Network to Use an ISATAP


Router
Intra-site Automatic Tunnel Addressing Protocol or ISATAP is a bridge-over technology
that enables IPv4-only networks and devices to communicate with the more evolved
IPv6-only counterparts. In this context, an ISATAP router is an essential element of any
network that can be utilized to communicate with the more advanced IPv6 networks or
devices; or is to be itself upgraded from the current IPv4 support to IPv6 support.
ISATAP is a built-in feature for Windows Vista and later, and Windows Server 2008 and
later versions.

You configure a Windows Server 2008 R2 host to operate as an ISATAP router. The
configuration enables the host to send out messages offering ISATAP addressing and
routing information to the ISATAP-enabled devices. This configuration uses CLI
commands as, currently, no GUI is available to configure these hosts.

To better understand this technology, refer also to your course material or use your
preferred search engine to research this topic in detail.

In this exercise, you will configure one of the hosts on the network to operate as an
ISATAP router.
Task 1 - Configure a Static IP Address for PLABWIN810 Second Network
Interface

A Windows computer can function as a software-based router by installing a secondary


network interface card and then configure a static IP address on this interface.

You will use NETSH to configure the secondary network interface


of PLABWIN810 with a fixed IP address.

Step 1
Connect to PLABWIN810.

On the desktop, click the Start charm to display the Start screen.

Figure 2.1
Screenshot of the PLABWIN810 desktop: The PLABWIN810 Windows Desktop is
displayed with Start charm selected.

Step 2
On the Start screen, type powershell and press Enter.
Figure 2.2
Screenshot of the PLABWIN810 desktop: The Start screen is displayed with the required
search key typed-in.

Step 3
On the Windows PowerShell window, type the following command:

netsh interface ip set address name="Ethernet 2" static


192.168.0.50 255.255.255.0

Press Enter.

The above command sets a static IP address of 192.168.0.50 in PLABWIN810s


Ethernet 2 network connection.
There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 4
On the next PowerShell prompt, type the following command:

Netsh interface ip set dns "Ethernet 2" static 192.168.0.1

Press Enter.

This command configures Ethernet 2 network connection to use PLABDC01 - IP


address 192.168.0.1 - as its Preferred DNS server.

Important: If you get an error saying The configure DNS server is incorrect or does

not exist retry typing the same command. This error could be caused by network

latency by PLABWIN810 getting a delayed response from PLABDC01.


There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 5
On the next PowerShell prompt, type:

Ipconfig /all

Press Enter.
There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 6
From the IP configuration details displayed, verify that the Ethernet 2 interface is
created and displays the configuration as specified in the preceding commands:

IPv4 Address: 192.168.0.50

Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0

DNS Servers: 192.168.0.1

Close the Windows PowerShell window.


There is no
alternative description to this image.

Keep all devices powered on in their current state and proceed to the next task.

Task 2 - Configure a Static IP Address in Second Network Interface of


PLABDM01

In this task, you will use NETSH to configure the second interface of PLABDM01 with
a static IP address.

To configure a second interface for this domain server, perform the following steps:

Step 1
Connect to PLABDM01.

Click Windows PowerShell icon on the task bar.


Figure 2.7
Screenshot of the PLABDM01 desktop: The PLABDM01 Windows desktop is displayed
with the Windows PowerShell icon on taskbar highlighted.

Step 2
On the Windows PowerShell window, type the following command:

cd\

Press Enter.

On the next PowerShell prompt, type:

netsh interface ip set address name="Ethernet 2" static


192.168.0.20 255.255.255.0

Press Enter.

Minimize the PowerShell window.


There is
no alternative description to this image.

Keep all devices powered on in their current state and proceed to the next task.

Task 3 - Configure a Static IP Address on PLABSA01s Second Network


Interface

In this task, you will use NETSH commands to configure the second interface with
static IP address for PLABSA01.

To configure a second interface for standalone server, perform the following steps:

Step 1
Connect to PLABSA01.

Click Windows PowerShell icon on the task bar.


Figure 2.9
Screenshot of the PLABSA01 desktop: The PLABSA01 Windows desktop is displayed
with the Windows PowerShell icon on taskbar highlighted.

Step 2
On the Windows PowerShell window, type the following command:

cd\

Press Enter.

On the next PowerShell prompt, type:

netsh interface ip set address name="Ethernet 2" static


192.168.0.40 255.255.255.0

Press Enter.

Keep PowerShell window open.


There is
no alternative description to this image.

Keep all devices powered on in their current state and proceed to the next task.

Task 4 - Enable IP Routing on PLABSA01

In this task, you will enable IP routing on PLABSA01.

To enable IP routing on the stand-alone server, perform the following steps:

Step 1
From PLABSA01, while in the PowerShell prompt, type regedit and press Enter.
There is
no alternative description to this image.

Step 2
The Registry Editor window is displayed.

From the console tree on the left pane, expand the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE node,
if not already expanded.
Figure 2.12
Screenshot of the PLABSA01 desktop: The Registry Editor window is displayed with the
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE node on the navigation pane at the left expanded.

Step 3
Under the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE node, successively expand the SYSTEM->
CurrentControlSet > Services > Tcpip nodes.
Figure 2.13
Screenshot of the PLABSA01 desktop: The Registry Editor window is displayed with the
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE > SYSTEM > CurrentControlSet > Services > Tcpip node
path expanded on the navigation pane at the left.

Step 4
Expand Parameters under the Tcpip node.

On the right pane, right-click IPEnableRouter and select Modify.


Figure 2.14
Screenshot of the PLABSA01 desktop: The context menu (that appears on right-clicking
a parameter name) > Modify menu-options are displayed on the details pane at the right
of the Registry Editor window.

Step 5
On the Edit DWORD (32-bit) Value dialog box, click in the Value data text box and
type:

Click OK.

Close Registry Editor.


Figure 2.15
Screenshot of the PLABSA01 desktop: The Edit DWORD (32-bit) Value dialog box is
displayed with the required settings performed and the OK button highlighted.

Step 6
You are navigated back to the Windows PowerShell window.

On the PowerShell prompt, type:

Shutdown /r /t 0

Press Enter.

Note: You need to restart PLABSA01 after enabling the IPRouter. This will allow

IP routing capability on PLABSA01 to be initialized.


There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 7
On your computer, go back to Practice Labs web application.

After about a minute, reconnect to PLABSA01 device.

Step 8
Click the Windows PowerShell icon on task bar to display the Windows
PowerShell window.
Figure 2.18
Screenshot of the PLABSA01 desktop: The PLABSA01 Windows desktop is displayed
with the Windows PowerShell icon on taskbar highlighted.

Step 9
On the PowerShell prompt, type:

Ipconfig /all

Press Enter.
There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 10
From the IP configuration displayed, notice the following value:

IP Routing Enabled = Yes

This verifies that IP routing is now enables on PLABSA01.

Keep Windows PowerShell window open.


There is no
alternative description to this image.

Keep all devices powered on in their current state and proceed to the next task.

Task 5 - Disable IPv6 on the Domain Server

In this task, you will disable IPv6 network protocol on PLABDM01.

To disable IPv6 on the domain server, perform the following steps:

Step 1
Connect to PLABDM01.

Right-click the network icon on the system tray and select Open Network and
Sharing Centre.
Figure 2.21
Screenshot of the PLABDM01 desktop: The context menu (that appears on right-clicking
the network icon on taskbar) > Open Network and Sharing Center menu-options are
displayed on the PLABDM01 Windows desktop.

Step 2
On Network and Sharing Center, click Change adapter settings from the left
pane.
Figure 2.22
Screenshot of the PLABDM01 desktop: The Network and Sharing Center window is
displayed with the Change adapter settings link on the navigation pane at the left
highlighted.

Step 3
On the Network Connections window, right-click Ethernet 2 and
select Properties.
Figure 2.23
Screenshot of the PLABDM01 desktop: The context menu (that appears on right-clicking
the name of a network connection) > Properties menu-options are displayed on the
Network Connections window.

Step 4
On the Ethernet 2 Properties dialog box, clear the Internet Protocol Version 6
(TCP/IPv6) check box.

Click OK.

Close all the open windows.


Figure 2.24
Screenshot of the PLABDM01 desktop: The Ethernet 2 Properties dialog box is displayed
with the required settings performed and the OK button highlighted.

Keep all devices powered on in their current state and proceed to the next task.

Task 6 - Disable IPv4 on Windows 8.1

In this task, you will disable the operations of IPv4 on PLABWIN810.

To disable IPv4 network protocol, perform the following steps:

Step 1
Switch to PLABWIN810 device.

Right-click network icon on the system tray and select Open Network and Sharing
Center.
Figure 2.25
Screenshot of the PLABWIN810 desktop: The context menu (that appears on right-
clicking the network icon on taskbar) > Open Network and Sharing Center menu-options
are displayed on the PLABWIN810 Windows desktop.

Step 2
On the Network and Sharing Center window, click Change adapter settings on
the left pane.
Figure 2.26
Screenshot of the PLABWIN810 desktop: The Network and Sharing Center window is
displayed with the Change adapter settings link at the top-left corner highlighted.

Step 3
On the Network Connections window, right-click Ethernet 2 and
select Properties.
Figure 2.27
Screenshot of the PLABWIN810 desktop: The context menu (that appears on right-
clicking the name of a network connection) > Properties menu-options are displayed on
the Network Connections window.

Step 4
On the Ethernet 2 Properties dialog box, scroll down and clear the Internet
Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) box.

Click OK.

Close all the open windows to reach the desktop.


Figure 2.28
Screenshot of the PLABWIN810 desktop: The Ethernet 2 Properties dialog box is
displayed with the required settings performed and the OK button highlighted.

Keep all devices powered on in their current state and proceed to the next task.

Task 7 - Verify the IP Address of IPv6 on the Second Interface PLABWIN810

After disabling the IPv4 on Windows 8.1 workstation, you need to verify that an IPv6
address on this computer is automatically generated.

To verify the IPv6 address on the second interface of PLABWIN810, perform the
following steps:

Step 1
From PLABWIN810 device, click the Start charm to access the Start screen.
Figure 2.29
Screenshot of the PLABWIN810 desktop: The PLABWIN810 Windows Desktop is
displayed with Start charm selected.

Step 2
On the Windows Start screen, type:

PowerShell

Press Enter.
Figure 2.30
Screenshot of the PLABWIN810 desktop: The Start screen is displayed with the required
search key typed-in.

Step 3
The Windows PowerShell window is displayed.

Then type:

Ipconfig

Press Enter.
There is
no alternative description to this image.

Step 4
From the IP configuration displayed, you will notice that only IPv6 is running on
Ethernet 2 and is using an automatically generated IP address beginning with fe80.

Keep the Windows PowerShell window open.

Note: In TCP/IPv6, an IP address starting with fe80 is similar to TCP/IPv4s

automatic private IP address (APIPA) that begins with 169.254.x.x


There is
no alternative description to this image.

Keep all devices powered on in their current state and proceed to the next task.

Task 8 - Configure an IPv6 Router Advertisement for Global Address 2001: on


PLABSA01

In this task, you will configure PLABSA01 to advertise itself as the ISATAP router. This
enables the ISATAP devices to find the router, to connect to it, and to get the addressing
and routing information required to set up an ISATAP connection.

To configure and IPv6 router advertisement on PLABSA01, perform the following


steps:

Step 1
Switch over to PLABSA01.

From the PowerShell prompt, type the following command:

netsh interface ipv6 set interface "Ethernet 2"


forwarding=enabled advertise=enabled
Press Enter.

There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 2
Notice that the system responds to the command with an OK. This confirms that the
advertising is now enabled.

On the next PowerShell prompt, type the following command:

netsh interface ipv6 add route 2001:db8:0:1::/64 "Ethernet


2" publish=yes

Press Enter.
There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 3
Notice the OK response again. This response confirms that the ISATAP routing address
is now configured as 2001.

Close the Windows PowerShell window.


There is no
alternative description to this image.

Keep all devices powered on in their current state and proceed to the next task.

Task 9 - Verify IPv6 Configuration on PLABWIN810

After setting up the ISATAP router, you need to verify that the router is advertising its
presence as configured. In addition, you verify that the router is able to provide the
addressing and the routing inputs required for setting up the connection between IPv6-
only devices and the IPv4-only devices.

In this task, you will verify that PLABWIN810, which is now an IPv6-only device, is
receiving the 2001 routing address to enable it to connect to the other IPv4-only devices
on the network.

To verify IPv6 configuration on PLABWIN810, perform the following steps:

Step 1
Switch to PLABWIN810 and go back to PowerShell prompt.

On the command prompt, type:

ipconfig
Press Enter.

There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 2
From the configuration details displayed, notice that IPv6 on the Ethernet 2 interface
is bound to a global address compatible with 2001:db8:0:1: format.

Minimize PowerShell window.


There is no
alternative description to this image.

Leave the devices you have powered on in their current state and proceed to the next
exercise.

Exercise 3 - Setup Network Connectivity Between IPv4 and


IPv6 devices
With the environment configured in exercise 1 to support an ISATAP router, you will
now setup network communication session amongst IPv4-only network and IPv6-only
network.

To better understand this technology, refer also to your course material or use your
preferred search engine to research this topic in detail.

Task 1 - Add the PLABSA01 to the PRACTICELABS.COM domain

You need to make PLABSA01 a member server of the PRACTICELABS.COM domain,


to allow the ISATAP enabled devices to contact the router on the server for the
addressing and routing details.

To add the PLABSA01 to the domain, perform the following tasks:

Step 1
On PLABSA01, reopen the Windows PowerShell window and type the following
commands one-by-one. Press Enter after every command.
cd\
netsh interface ip set dns "Ethernet" static 192.168.0.1
netsh interface ip set dns "Ethernet 2" static 192.168.0.1

Note: If prompted with the message: The configured DNS server is incorrect

or does not exist. Ignore the message and repeat the same command. This is

caused by network delays where PLABSA01 cannot reach PLABDC01 immediately.

There is
no alternative description to this image.

Step 2
On the next PowerShell prompt, type:

Add-Computer -DomainCredential practicelabs\administrator


-DomainName practicelabs.com

Press Enter.
There is
no alternative description to this image.

Step 3
When asked for password, type:

Passw0rd
Click OK.
Figure 3.3
Screenshot of the PLABSA01 desktop: The Windows PowerShell credential req.. dialog
box is displayed with the relevant authorizations typed-in.

Step 4
Notice the warning to restart the computer.

On the next command prompt, type:

Shutdown /r /t 0

Press Enter.
There is
no alternative description to this image.

Keep all devices powered on in their current state and proceed to the next task.

Task 2 - Add Host Records of PLABSA01 in DNS Server

In this task, you will add a host record of the PLABSA01 on DNS Server service in
PLABDC01.

To add a host record of PLABSA01, perform the following tasks:

Step 1
Switch to PLABDC01.

On the Server Manager window displayed, click Tools from the menu on the top and
then select DNS.
Figure 3.5
Screenshot of the PLABDC01 desktop: The Server Manager Dashboard window is
displayed with the Tools > DNS menu-options selected.

Step 2
On the DNS Manager, expand the PLABDC01 node under the console tree on the left
pane.

Under the PLABDC01 node, expand the Forward Lookup Zones node and then
expand PRACTICELABS.COM
Figure 3.6
Screenshot of the PLABDC01 desktop: The DNS Manager console is displayed with the
DNS > PLABDC01 > Forward Lookup Zones > PRACTICELABS.COM node path
expanded on the navigation pane at the left.

Step 3
Right-click PRACTICELABS.COM and select New Host (A or AAAA).
Figure 3.7
Screenshot of the PLABDC01 desktop: The context menu (that appears on right-clicking
a domain-name node) > New Host (A or AAAA) menu-options are displayed on the DNS
Manager console.

Step 4
In the New Host dialog box, specify the following values:

Name (uses parent domain name if blank): ISATAP

IP address: 192.168.0.4

Click Add Host.


Figure 3.8
Screenshot of the PLABDC01 desktop: The New Host dialog box is displayed with the
relevant values typed-in and the Add Host button highlighted.

Step 5
The DNS dialog box appears informing that the record was setup successfully.

Click OK to close the dialog box.


Figure 3.9
Screenshot of the PLABDC01 desktop: The DNS dialog box is displayed informing about
successful creation of the host record and the OK button highlighted.

Step 6
Click Done.
Figure 3.10
Screenshot of the PLABDC01 desktop: The New Host dialog box is displayed with the
Done button highlighted.

Step 7
Right-click again on PRACTICELABS.COM and select New Host (A or AAAA).
Figure 3.11
Screenshot of the PLABDC01 desktop: The context menu (that appears on right-clicking
a domain-name node) > New Host (A or AAAA) menu-options are displayed on the DNS
Manager console.

Step 8
On the New Host dialog box, specify the following values:

Name (uses parent domain name if blank): ISATAP

IP address: 192.168.0.40

Click Add Host.


Figure 3.12
Screenshot of the PLABDC01 desktop: The New Host dialog box is displayed with the
relevant values typed-in and the Add Host button highlighted.

Step 9
The DNS dialog box appears informing that the record was setup successfully.

Click OK to close the dialog box.


Figure 3.13
Screenshot of the PLABDC01 desktop: The DNS dialog box is displayed informing about
successful creation of the host record and the OK button highlighted.

Step 10
You are back in the New Host dialog box.

Click Done to close the dialog box.


Figure 3.14
Screenshot of the PLABDC01 desktop: The New Host dialog box is displayed with the
Done button highlighted.

Step 11
Find the two new Host (A) records that you just added.

Close DNS Manager Application window.


Figure 3.15
Screenshot of the PLABDC01 desktop: The DNS Manager console is displayed listing the
newly added host records on the details pane at the right.

Keep all devices powered on in their current state and proceed to the next task.

Task 3 - Configure ISATAP Router on PLABSA01

You will use NETSH commands to configure a server as an ISATAP router. In this task,
you will configure an ISATAP router on the PLABSA01 server.

To configure an ISATAP router on the stand-alone server, perform the following steps:

Step 1
Connect to PLABSA01 device after the restart that you initiated earlier.

On the BGInfo License Agreement dialog box, click Agree to close the dialog box.
Figure 3.16
Screenshot of the PLABSA01 desktop: The BGInfo License Agreement dialog box is
displayed with the Agree button highlighted.

Step 2
Click the Windows PowerShell icon on the task bar.
Figure 3.17
Screenshot of the PLABSA01 desktop: The Server Manager console is displayed with the
Windows PowerShell icon on taskbar highlighted.

Step 3
On the PowerShell prompt, type:

Netsh interface ipv6 isatap set router 192.168.0.4

Press Enter.
There
is no alternative description to this image.

Step 4
Notice the system responds with an OK to confirm the ISATAP router has been setup
on the server.

On the next PowerShell prompt, type:

ipconfig

Press Enter.
There is
no alternative description to this image.

Step 5
On the configuration details displayed, notice the details of the two tunnel adapters
configured for ISATAP.

Note down the value of the isatap.{interface_index} of the first tunnel adapter.

Important: You can click and drag your mouse to select the value of

the isatap.{interface_index} of the first tunnel adapter.


There is
no alternative description to this image.

Step 6
Click on the PowerShell icon on the top left.

Click Edit and select Copy.


There is
no alternative description to this image.

Step 7
On the next PowerShell prompt, type the following command:

Netsh interface ipv6 set interface "isatap.Interface_Index"


forwarding=enabled advertise=enabled

Note: In this command, replace interface index with the alpha-numeric value of the

interface index you copied or noted down from the previous step. Remember to

include the curly brackets, as per the command format. You can use the command

prompts Copy and Paste function as well.

Press Enter.
There is
no alternative description to this image.

Step 8
Notice that the system responds to the command with OK, confirming that the ISATAP
addressing information is now configured on the PLABSA01 ISATAP router.

On the next PowerShell prompt, type:

Netsh interface ipv6 add route 2001:db8:0:10::/64


"isatap.{interface_index}" publish=yes

Note: In this command, replace interface index with the alpha-numeric value of

the interface index noted down from one of the earlier steps. Remember to include

the curly brackets, as per the command format. You can use the command

prompts Copy and Paste function as well.

Press Enter.
There is
no alternative description to this image.

Step 9
To enable the configuration to take effect, restart PLABSA01 by typing:

Shutdown /r /t 0

Press Enter.
There is
no alternative description to this image.

Step 10
After about a minute, reconnect to PLABSA01 device.

Click Windows PowerShell on taskbar and then type:

ipconfig

Press Enter.
There is
no alternative description to this image.

Step 11
From the details displayed, notice value:

IPv6 Address: 2001:db8:0:10:0:5efe:192.168.0.4

This indicates that the IPv4 address 192.168.0.4 is now associated with a global
IPv6 address 2001:db8:0:10:0:5efe. This means that ISATAP is setup; and the
IPv6-only devices are now able to connect to IPv4-only devices using the global address
and routing information.

Please note that the actual value you will get in your lab may slightly differ from the given
screen shot below.
There is
no alternative description to this image.

Keep all devices powered on in their current state and proceed to the next task.

Task 4 - Enable ISATAP on an IPv4-only Domain Server

After setting up PLABSA01 as an ISATAP router, you enable the IPv4-only domain
server to access the ISATAP router. In this task, you will enable PLABDM01 to connect
to the ISATAP router PLABSA01.

To enable ISATAP on an IPv4-only domain server, perform the following steps:

Step 1
Switch to PLABDM01.

Launch the Windows PowerShell window and type the following commands one-by-
one. Press Enter at the end of each command.

cd\
netsh interface isatap set router 192.168.0.4
There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 2
Notice that the system responds to the command with an OK. This confirms
that PLABDM01 is now ISATAP enabled.

On the next PowerShell prompt, type:

ipconfig

Press Enter.
There is no
alternative description to this image.

Step 3
From the results displayed, notice that:

1) The alpha-numeric values of the isatap. {interface_index} for the Tunnel adapter
on this server is the same as was noted on PLABSA01 - an ISATAP router. This
confirms that the ISATAP router is providing the addressing information to the ISATAP-
enabled server.

2) The IPv6 address for PLABDM01 is from the global


series 2001:db8:0:10:0:5efe and is associated with the IPv4 address 192.168.0.2

Therefore, the ISATAP router - PLABSA01 - is providing the required addressing and
routing information to the IPv4-only PLABDM01.

Close the Windows PowerShell window.


There is no
alternative description to this image.

Keep all devices powered on in their current state and proceed to the next task.

Task 5 - Set Firewall Rules to Enable Network Connectivity

To allow network communication between PLABDM01 and PLABWIN810, set


firewall rules to enable the connection. In this task, you will enable the File and
Printer Sharing service on PLABDM01. This enables the server to respond to ping
requests.

To set firewall rules to enable connection, perform the following steps:

Step 1
On PLABDM01, click Start charm to open the Start screen.
Figure 3.30
Screenshot of the PLABDM01 desktop: The PLABDM01 Windows Desktop is displayed
with Start charm selected.

Step 2
On the Start screen, type windows firewall with advanced security and
press Enter.
Figure 3.31
Screenshot of the PLABDM01 desktop: The Start screen is displayed with relevant search
key typed-in.

Step 3
On the Windows Firewall with Advanced Security window, click Inbound
Rules in the left pane of the console tree. List of Inbound Rules is displayed in the
middle pane.

Scroll down and then right-click File and Printer Sharing (Echo Request -
ICMPv4-In) and select Enable Rule.

If the above rule has green tick appended to it, go to the next step.
Figure
3.32 Screenshot of the PLABDM01 desktop: The context menu (that appears on right-
clicking a listed rule) > Enable Rule menu-options are displayed on the Windows
Firewall with Advanced Security window.

Step 4
Right-click File and Printer Sharing (Echo Request - ICMPv6-In) and
select Enable Rule.

If the above rule has green tick appended to it, go to the next step.
Figure
3.33 Screenshot of the PLABDM01 desktop: The context menu (that appears on right-
clicking a listed rule) > Enable Rule menu-options are displayed on the Windows
Firewall with Advanced Security window.

Keep all devices powered on in their current state and proceed to the next task.

Task 6 - Verify Connectivity between IPv4-only and IPv6-only Devices on the


Network

Now that the network is configured for ISATAP connection, the IPv6-
only PLABWIN810 can communicate with the IPv4-only PLABDM01. To verify that
the connection is working, by sending ping packets.

In this task, you ping PLABDM01 from PLABWIN810 to verify that they can
communicate with each other using the ISATAP configuration on PLABSA01.

To verify connectivity among IPv4-only and IPv6-only devices on the network, perform
the following steps:

Step 1
Switch to PLABWIN810.

Launch the Windows PowerShell window and type:


ping plabdm01

Press Enter.

There is
no alternative description to this image.

Step 2
Notice that PLABDM01 responds. Moreover, the response is from the global IPv6
address provided by the isatap router.

On the next PowerShell prompt, type:

ping 192.168.0.2

Press Enter.

This command pings the IPv4 service on PLABDM01.


There is
no alternative description to this image.

Step 3
Notice that IPv4 responds to the ping.
There is
no alternative description to this image.

Shut down all virtual machines used in this exercise using Practice Labs power button
function to revert these devices to their default settings.

Alternatively, you may sign out of the lab portal to power down all devices.

Summary
In this lab, you learned the following:

Understand IPv6 Link Local Address


Configure the Network to Use an ISATAP Router
Setup Network Connectivity Between IPv4 and IPv6 devices