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Growing pressure on Land

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Over the last decade, the country has stepped into what the central government claims
the high rate of growth phase of economic development. The “India Shining” image is
projected to the external world to attract investments and to the people to garner votes.
The government has also started believing to an extreme that FDI (Foreign Direct
Investment) is the sole engine for development. In fact, the sole purpose of existence of
a state Government is to attract foreign investment so much so that the amount of
foreign investment has become the indicator for growth and progress. Undoubtedly the
Gujarat Government is performing par excellent in attracting foreign investment for the
Government is offering land en mass and at a very subsidized rate!

The rapid pace of approval of proposals on industrialization via SEZ has put a great
amount of pressure on the land and also on other livelihood options of the communities.
Whether it is the customary right over land of Coastal fishermen or the collective right
of pastoralists over the gauchara land, the kind of land transfer that is taking place for
industrial use, rather for development of kingdoms of SEZ developers, indicates that the
Gujarat Government has closed its eyes and ears with respect to the present problems
of marginalized communities, forget about any consideration for their future prospects.

Today, with foreign direct investments becoming indicator of economic progress,

different state governments are competing among one another to attract as much
investment as possible. In this struggle to attract foreign investments, the government
appears to have lost touch of the pulse of the people from the marginalized
communities, for whom land is synonymous to livelihood. Any compensation in terms of
money cannot substitute collective and customary right of these communities over their

Expansion of SEZ

In the last five years, the Government of Gujarat has put its land on sale for facilitating
developing Special economic Zones (SEZ). A total of 51 SEZs are in different stages of
development in the state of Gujarat. As per the proposal, a total of 20,857 hectares of
land will be acquired for developing these 51 SEZs. (details in the annexure)

If we see only those SEZ proposals that got approved in the last two years, 13 SEZ
proposals received formal approvals involving the need of acquisition of 10263 hectares
of land, and 7 proposals received in-principle approval requiring acquisition of another
7522 hectares of land. Compared to other states, Gujarat tops in the amount of land that
needs to be acquired for SEZ! (see Annexure table no. 4)
There is no specific indication of what kind of land will be acquired- whether they will be
cultivable land or wasteland or gauchar land. If one go by the examples of six large
industrial projects of 1990s- ESSAR industries, Choryasi, Surat, Dahej Chemical
industries, Vagra, Bharuch, Sanghi Cement industry, Abdasa, Ambuja Cement Ltd,
Kodinar, Amreli, GEB Theremal Power Plant, Lakhpat, Kachchh, Ankleshwar Industrial
Estate, Ankleshwar (Bharuch)- a total of 10500 hectares of lands from about 32 villages
were acquired. Mainly these land were cultivated land or gauchar land, except in case of
Sanghi cement industry where Revenue Wastelands were acquired.

Policy announcements by the Gujarat Government

The intention of the Gujarat Government is very clear; it wants SEZ and large industries
at any cost. Even the processes of changing land use pattern and even purchase of land
by corporate groups have been streamlined and simplified. Industrial subsidies in the
form of even exemptions on stamp duty have been proposed in a number of policy
announcements. This shows the desperation on the part of Government of Gujarat to
bring in new investments.

In the last five years, owing to multiple policy announcements, the issue of land has
come back to a centre stage.

In the Gujarat new Industrial Policy announced in 2003, the changes were made in the
industrial policy with the intention that “Making the land available in time for industrial
use at a reasonable and competitive price without any hassle”. Keeping in view the
objective to promote industrialization in Gujarat, the Revenue Dept has so far taken
following steps vide different GRs to facilitate allocation of land to industries.

a. A provision of Deemed Approval has been made which allows a bonafide

industrialist to acquire agricultural land and commence activity without prior
b. Land under restricted tenure is now easily convertible to old tenure for
industrial purposes.
c. Section 63AA of Gujarat Tendency Act is invoked to enable a bonafide
industrialist to possess agricultural land for setting up industrial undertaking
without prior approval of the District Collector.
d. For valuation of Government land, the value up to Rs.50 lakhs is decided by the
District Level Pricing Committee. This mechanism facilitates appropriate and
quick evaluation of land.

e. As regards land acquisition, urgency clause is invoked for cases of public or

private limited companies to facilitate quicker possession of land for industrial

The Gujarat Government came with the Gujarat Agro industrial policy in 2003 clearly
with an assumption that the financial sector is reluctant to lend to the agro-industrial
Sector because of the seasonal availability of raw material and their perishability, which
contribute to considerable variability in revenues and concomitant debt repayment
capability of the business. The policy offers an attractive package of financial support
and incentives for agro industrial projects to reputed companies with proven technical
capability and track record to successfully conceive and implement agro industrial
projects. The package is not applicable to ordinary farmers. The State Government
further promises to support such projects by providing land at concessional rate
and 50% initial seed capital matching the industry contribution within a ceiling of
Rs.5.00 Crores.

The policy further states, Bombay Tenancy and Agriculture Lands Act, 1948 permits
holding and purchase of land only by 'Agriculturists' of the State. This restricts the
overall development of agriculture/ Agro Industries. The Act, however, permits a
commercial/ industrial enterprise to acquire agriculture land on lease u/s. 43 A (1) (a)
read with Rules 25 G and 26, within agricultural land ceiling, subject to obtaining prior
permission of District Collectors. The State Government will issue guidelines for
simplification and expeditious clearance of such permissions by District Collectors for
Agro Industries.

The Government also promises that it will bring in suitable provisions to enable Agro
Industries to hold private agriculture land on long term lease. It will also provide
government land including agriculture farms on long lease basis at concessional rates to
Agro Industries.

Similarly, the Gujarat Government has already declared a similar scheme for handing
over government wasteland to private developers.

The Gujarat Government in August 2007 announced the Gujarat Integrated

Township Policy. Here the Government has given itself the role of facilitator in Land
Purchase Support. The Government will provide for procurement of parcels that are left out at the end of
the process of putting together a stretch of land big enough to support an integrated township. If in the
residual land, some Government land is present, the same will be sold at market rates
provided such lands form pockets within the project area, and not contiguous pieces. In
the case of Private Lands such residual land will be assembled primarily through
negotiated purchase.

The policy also states that the Foreign investors may be averse to undertake retail
purchase of land and may look to the government or to local partners for providing
ready-to-build large plots. So the Government will play here the role of facilitator.

SEZ rules: The Gujarat Government proudly claims its vision to convert the state
into the country's special economic zone capital. The nine upcoming SEZs in Gujarat are
expected to draw as much as 40 per cent from the total projected investment of Rs
100,000 crore. The government has also planned thousands of crores of investment to
develop all the SEZs (around 11) and has announced more sops for SEZ units. For the
first time, the government has done away with the Industrial Disputes Act from being
applicable to the SEZs.

Struggles by Community
Overnight, in the village Mota Kandagara in coastal Mundra taluka, a large segment of
gauchar land stood converted into the category of land for industrial use. The District
Collector used the discretionary power under the State Panchayati Raj Act to issue an
order to this effect. The purpose was to make the land available for a mega power
project by Tata group. A gauchar land will become part of the land that will provide
electricity power to the whole state of Gujarat. The Pastoralists are expected to give up
their interest for the greater common good of the people of Gujarat. In many such cases
of land disputes, the same thing happens- the struggle between the interests of
pastoralists ant the interests of Tata is projected as choice between a section of
villagers (pastoralists) versus that of Gujarat! The people are made to believe that the
District Collector represents Gujarat, and not the Tata group! Incidentally the land is
being acquired at Rs 6 per square yard while the cost of the private land near Mundra
port is as high as Rs 15 lakh per acre, which another Corporate group (Adani group) is
paying for developing its own SEZ. The villagers are organizing themselves to take this

Similarly, villagers of Padhar in Bhuj Taluk are challenging a similar order by district
administration that converts agricultural land into land for industrial use. Land is again
being re-allotted using exceptional powers vested with administration, and not through
regular political process. Various legal loopholes are used to circumvent various legal
obligations and processes.

In Kutch, which has about 56 fishing villages and 126 settlements and about 3,200
families depend on fishing, the formation of Mundra SEZ by the Adani Group, spread
over more than 10000 hectares, has thrown direct challenge to the customary rights of
fishermen over the land. The fishermen are fear whether they will have even access to
the sea, forget about their rights over the sea. The fisherfolk are now praying for just
space for fishing, about four to five acres for each village. The Government is not ready
to even hear their prayers. While the Gujarat Government is silent, the spokesperson for
Mundra Port and SEZ Ltd claims that there was no question of stopping the traditional
rights of fisherfolk, for the land clearly did not belong to the fisherfolk in any case!

Land has always been a part and parcel of struggle among interest groups- the interests
of farmers, landless, tribals, pastoralists and industrialists. With land as essential input
for many economic activities the interest groups tend to claim the limited resources in
the name of larger economic growth or larger development. Can economic growth
represented by industrial growth be the sole criterion? Are the right to livelihood and
right to work not criteria for determining land use?
Preliminary Findings of the Study
In this context the study was organized in 136 villages of Gujarat. These villages are
spread over in 17 talukas in 7 districts of Gujarat. A total of 136 village profiles were
developed with information on landholdings, purchase and sale of lad in the last five
years, and other basic information regarding the impact of some policy changes.

Districts Number of Villages Surveyed

Bhuj 16
Kutch 14
Rajkot 27
Banasaatha 25
Patan 20
A,bad 30
Surendrangar 4
Total 136

Types of Land in 136 Villages across Gujarat

Across 136 villages, about 65% of the village land are cultivable, 19% being wasteland,
5% forest land and 4% are pastoral land. Overall, the general perception of villagers is
that all these categories of land are decreasing. There has been pressure on cultivable
land and pastoral land even due to reasons such as desertification, as also for transfer
to build road and other infrastructure. A large number of cases of encroachment of
waste land and pastoral land by dominant groups in villages have been reported.

cultivable land
waste land
pastoral land
forest land
Other lands

Community based distribution of landholding

In 136 villages, the study was able to find community based distribution of landholding.
The study found there were 38517 households who belong to KADAMM, of them about
46% hold some land. They together hold 90250 hectares of land. The Upper castes in
the same villages form 21345 households, of them more than 91% hold land. They
together hold more than 170 thousand acres of land

Although KADAMM communities form 59% of households in these villages, their

proportion among land owning families is just 44%. The upper castes own almost 58.5
% of landholdings in these villages.
Only 8% of landholding families have land in the name of women members. Among
KADAMM communities, the percentage is higher (9%) than the upper castes (7%).
Among adivasis and dalits, the percentage is relatively high at 13%.

HHs Land owning Land owned

Households Land owning Land owned

KADAMM 58.9 44.4 31.5
Non-KADAMM 41.1 55.6 68.5
All values in percentage

Community based distribution of Land

Number of HH (in Land holder family Overall Land Family having land in
numbers) holding(in acres) name of women
3.1 koli 15104 7829 42072 628
3.2adivasi 2419 932 2970 126
3.3dalit 9308 3377 16027 444
3.4maldhari 4778 3087 22066 254
3.5muslim 5188 2109 5697 185
minority 1720 708 1418 74
38517 18042 90250 1711
caste 21345 19428 170193 1363
3.8other 5582 3208 26064 227

As may be seen, the KADAMM communities’ access to landholdings is much less

compared to their population- numerical strength. Further women continue to be
denied access to control over land among all communities.
Land Granted by the Government to communities through its schemes
Only 63 families in 136 villages have received landholding from the Government. They
together got just about 22 acres of land. It was not possible to find out which community
households received these land. However, even if it is presumed that all 63 families
belong to KADAMM communities, the government effort is very minimal.

Private Land transactions

Of the information that study has on selling of land by KADAMM and Non-KADAMM
households, it is found that: -

1. In the last five years, KADAMM households are selling their lands in much more rapid
way than non-KADAMM households. 72% of total families selling their land belong to
KADAMM communities. Similarly 63.6% of total land sold belonged to KADAMM
communities. (The study however has little information on who KADAMM community
members are selling their land to)

Number of Percentage of Amount of Percentage

families who total families landholding of total land
sold land in selling their sold (in acres) sold
the last five land

5.1koli 829 3994

5.2adivasi 34 55
5.3dalit 559 2920
5.4maldhari 260 1255
5.5muslim 461 742
5.6other minority 131 1308
KADAMM 2274 72.7 10274 63.6
5.7 upper caste 617 4846
5.8others 239 1043
NON-KADAMM 856 27.3 5889 36.4
Total 3130 16163

2. Of 136 villages, in 41 villages the Nai Sharat has made its adverse impact by
encouraging sale of land.

3. Although 771 families belonging to KADAMM communities have purchased land of

3972 acres in the last five years, during the same period the upper castes have
purchased about 7216 acres of land. (Again without the data on relative transfer of land
among communities, any inference will be inappropriate.)

4. The removal of restriction that permitted only those living within 8 km limit to buy
landholdings has made its impact in 370 land transactions (26% of all inter family land
transactions) in the last five years. Overall these are part of Government policy
announcements that have eased the transaction in land. As the policy announcements
have been intended to help private developers, the reality is as per the
Government expectations.

Number of Amount of Number of

families/organizatio landholding such families
ns who bought land bought (in who live more
in the last five years acres) than 8 kms

1 KADAMM 771 3972 193

2 upper caste 648 7216 177
3 local industries 72 571
4 MNC 26 1751
5 Government 151
6 Trust/cooperatives 31 36
7 Religious institutions 4 111
Total 1552 13808 370

5. About 2321 acres of the village land in 136 villages have been bought by
industries, 151 acres by the Government, 36 acres by cooperatives, and 111 acres by
religious institutions. This may be little in absolute numbers, but what is important is
that these are figures from only 136 villages, and for the last five years alone. Overall
this gives a picture of how the landholdings are being transferred from individuals to
private corporate groups/cooperatives/religious organizations, from KADAMM
communities to non-KADAMM communities.
6. Of 13808 acres of land that has been bought in these 136 villages (for which the
study has information), 1751 acres of land has been purchased by MNCs (12%).

Some Inferences
The village profiles prepared through the study reasserts the general perception that
there has been adverse impact of a number of policy announcements and changes on
the land holding pattern in villages. The nai sharat has encouraged sale of land, as the
beneficiaries of Government allotment of land do not have to wait for reselling the land.
Almost one third of villages surveyed have land transactions that used this proviso. The
same is the case with the removal of restriction of the buyer need to be located within 8
kms. The removal of this restriction has also encouraged land transactions.

The study also reasserts the claim that the upper castes continue to have their
dominance in landholdings. Despite numerical strength, the KADAMM communities have
control over less than half the lond holdings that upper castes have control over.

The amount of land transactions by Government, MNCs, local industries, and religius
institutions show that there is an increasing trend of corporate takeover of land. The
preliminary analysis indicates a picture of how the landholdings are being transferred
from individuals to private corporate groups/cooperatives/religious organizations, from
KADAMM communities to non-KADAMM communities.
Further analysis
The analysis of districtwise data and of pockets of villages will provide greater insights.
Or example, the transfer of land to religious institutions to the tune of 111 acres have
occurred in 3 villages. The land holding pattern in these villages and the implication of
these religious institutions in the communal environment will be area of study.

Similarly, the distribution of land by the Government has also occurred in not more than
4 villages. The study of those villages will give greater insight on who the beneficiaries
were, and what happened to the land. Have these landholdings were resold under new
sharat to facilitate conversion of land into industrial use.

A number of them, already listed even before the start of the study.

Table 1: SEZ projects in Gujarat

Special Economic Zones in Gujarat as on 30/09/2007

Sr No Developer Location Sector & Area Status
by GoG
(in hectares).
1. KANDLA SEZ Gandhidham - Multi-product Functional
Office of Development Kutch - 280 hec
Commissioner +
Ministry of Commerce & Industry - (120 hec for
Gandhidham,Kutch expansion)
2. SURSEZ Sachin - Multi-product Functional
Diamond & Gem Dev Surat - 49.90 hec
Sachin, Surat-394230
3. SURAT APPAREL PARK Vanj, - Apparel Functional
Gujarat Industrial Dev. Corporation Surat - 56.64 hec
Block No: 3&4, 2nd floor,
Udyog Bhavan,
4. AHMEDABAD APPREAL PARK Ahmedabad - Apparel Notified
Gujarat Industrial Dev. Corpn - 38 hec
Block No: 3&4, 2nd floor,
Udyog Bhavan,
5. ELECTRONIC SEZ Gandhinagar - Electronics Notified
Gujarat Industrial Dev. Corpn - 37.85 hec
Block No: 3&4, 2nd floor,
Udyog Bhavan, Gandhinagar

6. DAHEJ SEZ Dahej - Multi-product Notified

Dahej SEZ Limited Bharuch - 1812 hec
Block No: 3&4, 2nd floor,
Udyog Bhavan, Gandhinagar
7. PHARMEZ Ahmedabad - Pharma Notified
Zydus Infrastructure Pvt. Ltd. - 48.83 hec
Zydus Tower, Satellite Road,
8. RELIANCE SEZ Jamnagar - Multi-product Notified
Reliance Infrastructure Limited - 4494 hec
“Vraj’ Near Chandanbala Apt
Opp. HDFC Bank, Paldi,

9. ESSAR HAZIRA SEZ Hazira - Engineering Notified

Essar SEZ Hazira Limited Surat - 267 hec
Essar House,
Near Gujarat College.
Ellishbridge, Ahmedabad
10. SUZLON SEZ Vaghodia - Engineering Notified
Suzlon Infrastructure Limited, Vadodara - 101 hec
“Suzlon”, 5 - Shrimali Society,
Near Shri Krishna Complex,
Navrangpura, Ahmedabad:
11. MPSEZ Mundra - Multi-product Notified
Mundra Port and SEZ Ltd Kutch - 3110.94 hec
Adani House, Mithakhali,
12. ADANI POWER SEZ Tunda &- Power Notified
Adani Power Private Limited, Siracha - 293 hec
“ Shikhar” Building, Kutch
Near Adani House,
Mithakhali Circle,
Navrangpura, Ahmedabad:
13. GEMS & JEWELERY SEZ Ichhapor - Gems & Jewellery Notified
Gujarat Hira Bourse, Surat - 75 hec
508, Belgium Tower,
Opp. Linear Bus Stand,
Ring Road, Surat-395002
14. MILLION MINDS SEZ Chharodi - IT/ITES Notified
Ganesh Infrastructure Pvt. Ltd Ahmedabad - 54 hec
1st floor, “Samundra”
Near Classic Gold Hotel,
Off C.G.Road, Navarangpura,
Ahmedabad: 380006
15. WELSPUN SEZ Anjar - Textile & Notified
Welspun Anjar SEZ Ltd Kutch Garments
Trade World, ‘ B ‘ Winf, 9th floor - 284 hec
Kamala Mills Compound
Senapati Bapat Marg
Lower Parel, Mumbai-400013
16. Mundra SEZ Ltd. Mundra, - Multi-product formal approval
Adani House, Kutch - 1081 hec
Mithakhali, Ahmedabad-380009

17. GALLOPSE SEZ Ahmeabad - Industrial formal approval

N. G. Realty Pvt. Ltd. Machinery
Astron Tech Park, 10th floor, & Ancillary
S.G.Road, Satellite, - 230 hec
18. PHAEZ Haripura - Pharma formal approval
CPL Infrastructure Pvt. Ltd. Ahmedabad - 200 hec
Cadila Corporate Campus,
Sarkhej – Dholka Road, Bhat,
Ahmedabad- 382210
19. CERAMIC SEZ Jhagadia - Ceramic & Glass formal approval
Gujarat Industrial Dev. Corpn Bharuch - 197 hec
Block No: 3&4, 2nd floor,
Udyog Bhavan, Gandhinagar
20. ESSAR JAMNAGAR SEZ Jamnagar - Multi-product formal approval
Essar SEZ Jamnagar Limited - 1125 hec
Essar House,
Near Gujarat College.
Ellishbridge, Ahmedabad
21. JUBILANT CHEM SEZ Vilayat - Chemicals formal approval
Jubilant Infrastructure Ltd Bharuch - 160 hec
I-A, Sector 16-A, Industrial Area
Noida-201301, UP. India
22. RAHEJA IT SEZ Koba - IT/ITES formal approval
Aqualine Properties Private Limited Gandhinagar - 27.85 hec
Construction House ‘A’, 24th Road,
Khar (West),
Mumbai: 400052
23. BIOTECH SAVLI SEZ Savli - Biotech formal approval
Gujarat Industrial Dev. Corpn. Vadodara - 14.73 hec
Block No: 3&4, 2nd floor,
Udyog Bhavan,
24. JAYANT SEZ Vilayat - Chemicals formal approval
Jayant Oil & Derivatives Limited Bharuch (Agro based)
13, Sitafal Wadi, - 106 hec
Dr. Mascarebhas Road,
Mumbai: 4000010
25. Shivganga Real Estate Holders Sargasan - IT / ITES formal approval
Pvt. Ltd. Gandhinagar - 52-60 hec
2nd floor, Sarthik Annexe,
Near Fun Republic, Satellite Road,
Ahmedabad: 380015

26. City Gold Realtirs Pvt. Ltd. Sanathal - IT / ITES formal approval
2nd floor, Sarthik Annexe, Ahmedabad - 10-72 hec
Near Fun Republic,
Satellite Road,
Ahmedabad: 380015

27. Adani Township & Real Estate Dantali - IT / ITES formal approval
Co. Pvt. Ltd. Ahmedabad - 20 hec
“Ashima House” B/h M. J. Library, Ellish bridge,
Ahmedabad: 380006
28. (GGDCL) Moti Chirai - Handicraft & formal approval
Gujarat Industrial Dev. Corpn. Kutch Artisan
Block No: 3&4, 2nd floor, - 131.59 hec
Udyog Bhavan,
29. Nipiam Infotech Pvt Ltd Nimeta - IT/ ITES formal approval
718, 7th floor, Lalita Tower, Ta: Waghodia
Jetalpur Road, Vadodara
- 220 Hec
Nr Rajpath Hotel,
Vadodara 390 005
30. DLF SEZ Near Info City - IT/ITES formal approval
DLF Commercial Developers Ltd Gandhinagar - 10 hec
9th floor, DLF Centre,
Sansad Marg,
New Delhi- 110001
31. 3RD EYE VOICE SEZ Oganaj - IT/ITES formal approval
Calica Construction & Impex Pvt Ltd. - 16 hec
“Mansi” Complex, Ground floor, Ahmedabad
Sardar Patel Crossing,
Ahmedabad: 380014
32. KPT SEZ Kandla - Port based formal approval
Kandla Port Trust, Kutch Multi-Product
Gandhidham - 640 Hec
33. STERLING SEZ Jambusar - Multi-product formal Approval
Sterling Biotech Ltd, Bharuch - 1263 hec
Sandesara Estate. Padra Road,
Atladra, Vadodara: 390012.
34. Gujarat Finance City Ratanpur and - Multi services formal
Development Company Limited Phirojpur, - 100 hac approval
B wing, 2nd floor, Gandhinagar,
Gujarat State Civil Supply Corp.
Building , Sector 10A, CH road,
Gandhinagar 382 010
35. Asia Pacific Corpn Ltd Bhimsar, - Polymer based formal
17-A Mehta Estate, 1st floor, Taluka: Anjar, - 120 hec approval
Chakala, Andheri-Kurla Road, Kutch,
Andheri (East),
Mumbai: 400093
36. TATA SEZ Near Infocity - IT / ITES formal approval
Tata Consultancy Services Ltd Gandhinagar - 10.31 hec
Bombay House
24, Sir Hoi Modi Street,
Mumbai: 400001
37. IT / ITES SEZ Near infocity - IT / ITES formal approval
Gujarat Industrial Dev. Corpn. S.G.Highway - 22.70 hec
Block No: 3&4, 2nd floor, Gandhinagar
Udyog Bhavan,
38. E Complex Private Limited Rampara & - Engineering formal approval
905/906 Sakar II, Lunsapur - 156 hec
Ellisbridge Corner, Ta: Rajula &
Ellisbridge, Jafrabad
Ahmedabad – 380006 Amreli
39. JUBILANT PHARMA SEZ Vilayat - Pharmaceuticals In-principle
Jubilant Infrastructure Ltd Bharuch - 200 hec Approval
I-A, Sector 16-A, Industrial Area
Noida-201301, UP. India
40. DHOLERA SEZ Dholera - Multi-product In-principle
Adani Exports Ltd. Ahmedabad - 1000 hec Approval
Adani House, Mithakhali,
41. DISHMAN PHARMA SEZ Ahmedabad - Pharma In-principle
Dishman Infrastructure Limited - 139 hec Approval
Bhara-Raj Chambers,
Swastik Cross Road,
Navarangpura. Ahmedabda
42. DISHMAN ENGI SEZ Ahmedabad - Engineering In-principle
Dishman Infrastructure Ltd - 145 hec Approval
Bhara-Raj Chambers,
Swastik Cross Road,
Navarangpura, Ahmedabad
43. RUCHI FLAT STEEL SEZ Bhimasar - Flat Steel In-principle
Indian Steel Corporation Ltd Kutch - 164.80 hec Approval
503, Mahakosh House, 7/5 South Tukoganj,
Indore: 452001
44. JB SEZ Panoli - Pharmaceuticals In-principle
J.B.Chemicals& Bharuch - 130 hec Approval
Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Plot No: 215-216,
GIDC Industrial Area,
Panoli: 394116,
District: Bharuch
45. Indian Infrastructure Corpn Ltd Anjar - Multi- product In-principle
170/10, Film Colony, Kutch - 1011.71 hec Approval
R.N.T. Marg,
Indore: 452001 (MP)
46. PSL Limited RamparaII - Alternative In-principle
“PSL Tower”, (Pipavav) Energy & Approval
615 Makwana Road, Marol, Amreli Ancillaries
Andheri (East), Mumbai: 400059 - 105.67 hec

47. ESSAR POWER SEZ Suvali - Power In-principle

Essar Suvali SEZ Limited Surat - 180 Hec Approval
Essar House,
Near Gujarat College.
Ellishbridge, Ahmedabad

48. Gujarat Hydrocarbon and Vilayat - Hydrocarbon In-principle

Energy SEZ Ltd. Bharuch - 450 Hec Approval
Assam Company Limited,
52, Chowringhee Road,
Kolkata – 700071
49. Welspun Anjar SEZ Ltd. Varshamedi, - Engineering In-principle
Welspun City, Ta: Anjar, - 121 hec Approval
P. O. Varshamedi, Kutch,
Taluka: Anjar, Kutch.
50 LMJ Warehousing Pvt Ltd Kandla, - FTWZ In-principle
LMJ House, 9-Hanuman Road, Kutch - 40 hec Approval
CP, New Delhi- 110001
51. Jindal worldwide Limited Bhamasara - Textile In-principle
Suryarath, 1st floor, Ta: Bavla - 101 hec Approval
Panchwati, Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad: 380006

Table 2; SEZs in Gujarat approved by the MoCI, New Delhi as on 30/09/2007

Status of various approval accorded by GoI Total

• Functional SEZs. 3

• Notified SEZs. 12

• Formal approval to SEZs. 23

• In-principle approval to SEZs. 13

Total 51
Table 3: Land ceiling

19.1: Ceilings on Land Holdings

(In Hectares)

State Irrigated with Irrigated with Dry land

two crops one crop
1 2 3 4
Andhra Pradesh 4.05 to 7.28 6.07 to 10.93 14.16 to 21.85
Assam 6.74 6.74 6.74
Bihar 6.07 to 7.28 10.12 12.14 to 18.21
Gujarat 4.05 to 7.29 6.07 to 10.93 8.09 to 21.85
Haryana 7.25 10.90 21.80
Himachal Pradesh 4.05 6.07 12.14 to 28.33
Jammu & Kashmir 3.6 to 5.06 - 5.95 to 9.20
Karnataka 4.05 to 8.10 10.12 to 12.14 21.85
Kerala 4.86 to 6.07 4.86 to 6.07 4.86 to 6.07
Madhya Pradesh 7.28 10.93 21.85
Maharashtra 7.28 10.93 21.85
Manipur 5.00 5.00 6.00
Orissa 4.05 6.07 12.14 to 18.21
Punjab 7.00 11.00 20.50
Rajasthan 7.28 10.93 21.85 to 70.82
Tamil Nadu 4.86 12.14 24.28
Sikkim 5.06 - 20.23
Tripura 4.00 4.00 12.00
Uttar Pradesh 7.30 10.95 18.25
West Bengal 5.00 5.00 7.00
Ceiling Suggested 4.05 to 7.28 10.93 21.85
in National
Guidelines of 1972
Source: Ministry of Rural Development, New Delhi.
Village Profile

1.1 Taluka

1.2 District ALL OF GUJARAT

1.3 Region

2 Area of land (in as on date Perception whether Reasons

acres) (in acres) increased or
decreased in relation
to five years ago
(1. if increased, 2 if
2.1 cultivable land 462233
2.2 waste land 130651
2.3 pastoral land 30152
2.4 forest land 34222
2.5 Kabristan 4181
2.6 Other lands 42121

2.7 Owned by Women

3 Community based distribution of Land

Number of HH (in Land holder family Overall Land holding(in Family having land
numbers) acres) in name of women
3.1 koli 15104 7829 42072 628
3.2adivasi 2419 932 2970 126
3.3dalit 9308 3377 16027 444
3.4maldhari 4778 3087 22066 254
3.5muslim 5188 2109 5697 185
minority 1720 708 1418 74
caste 21345 19428 170193 1363
3.8other 5582 3208 26064 227

4 Land transactions by Government

4.1 Number of families got Government land

4.2 Total landholding (in acres)
Category of land given by Size of land (in acres)
4.3 Cultivable land (Excess from land
ceiling act) 421
4.4 Other Cultivable land 140
4.4 Waste land 468
4.5 pastoral land 460
4.6 Others 1401
5 Private land transactions
Number of Amount of Juni condition New condition yes1, no-2
families who sold landholding sold
land in the last (in acres) Yes-1, no-2
five years
5.1koli 829 3994 71 8 57 11 68 57
5.2adivasi 34 55 2 0 134 1 2 133
5.3dalit 559 2920 58 11 65 13 55 67
5.4maldhari 260 1255 48 3 85 4 47 85
5.5muslim 461 742 19 1 116 1 19 116
ninority 131 1308 16 1 119 2 15 119
5.7 upper
caste 617 4846 60 6 69 10 56 70
5.8others 239 1043 24 0 112 0 24 112

Number of Amount of Number of such

families who landholding families who live
bought land in bought (in acres) more than 8 kms
the last five away
5.9 Kolis 264 1246 20
5.10 Adivasis 7 22 13
5.11 Dalits 120 473 89
5.12 Maldharis 279 1751 48
5.13 Muslim 65 354 13
5.14 other minorities 36 126 10
5.15 upper caste 648 7216 177
5.16 local industries 72 571 117
5.17 MNC 26 1751 20
5.18 Government 0 151 295
5.19 Trust/cooperatives 31 36 22
5.20 Religious
institutions 4 111 1