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# 10

(10 ; 6 ).
1.1. 15.
.
: 105.
1 2 ... 9 105
: = 15.
10
: , 150. ,
, ,
. ,
, 1 + 2 + ... + 9 = 45.
, , 105.
1.2. ,
S. ,
S?
: , . . 1

,
,
(. . 1).
,

,
(

).
,
.
1.3. 88, .
.
, ,
?
: , .
,
, ,
.

(15 ; 7 ).
2.1. f(x) 6, x
f(sinx) + f(cosx) = 1?
: , .
, f(x) = 2x6 + 3x4. , f(sinx) + f(cosx) = 2sin6x + 3sin4x 2cos6x
+ 3cos4x = 2(sin6x + cos6x) + 3(sin4x + cos4x) = 2(sin2x + cos2x)(sin4x sin2xcos2x + cos4x) +
3((sin2x + cos2x)2 2sin2xcos2x) = 2(1 3sin2xcos2x) + 3(1 2sin2xcos2x) = 1.
, , , :
, ,
,
sinx cosx. : (sin2x + cos2x)3 = 1
sin6x + 3sin4xcos2x + 3sin2xcos4x + cos6x = 1 sin6x + 3sin4x(1 sin2x) + 3(1 cos2x)cos4x +
cos6x = 1 (2sin6x + 3sin4x) + ( 2cos6x + 3cos4x) = 1.
. , sin33x +
3
cos 3x = 1,
.

1
2.2. ABCD , CD N ,
MAN = 45o. , , AMN,
.
. c MN,
MN (. . 2).
, ,
, AMN.
, MCN, OM =
1
ON. MAN = MN, ,
2
M N, . . 2
.
1
MCN MAN = 90 MN,
2
MCN (. . 2). I
, MCN, AMI =
ANI = 90, , M N
AI. , ,
AMN, .
: 1) . 2
1
90 ,
2
; 2)
(): OI = OM = ON = OA.
. D
N (. . 2). MAB + NAD = 45
= MAN, B D
. , M = C = 90 DN = DC = 90,
B D MN. , B D
K,
MAN.
AK. . 2
:
, ,
.
2.3. -,
, 18 . ,
.
, . -
?
: .
, 17 ,
. , 4 , ,
.
, , 63 = 18.
, - .

(20 ; 8 ).
3.1. a 11 + 7 + 3 = 1. n
a4 + a3 = an + 1?
: n = 15.

2
f(x) = 11 + 7 + 3 ,
f(x) = 1. , f(0) = 0, f(1) = 3, , 0 < a < 1.
11 7 3
, + + = 1.
4, : 15 + 11 + 7 = 4. 11 + 7 + 3 = 1,
15 3 = 4 1 a4 + a3 = a15 + 1. a4
+ a3 = an + 1, , an = a15. 0 < a < 1, n = 15.
,
. ,
n .
3.2. ,
, ?
: 1 : 1.
ABCD c ,
D , ,
(. . 3 , ). . 3
.
, , CD DA K, L, M N
(. . 3). , KOE = ADE <
45 BKOL , BK.
DE = ADE = KOE = LOC = MOC
(
),
OND = OMD OKE = OLC = OMC (
). , AKON BKOL.
, SADE = SOND + SAKON + SOKE = SOMD + SBKOL + SOMC = SOMD + SBEOL
+ SOLC + SOMC = SCDEB, DE
.
. r, DA = 2 (. .
AD BC AB CD 2r 2 1
3). SABCD = NL = 2r = 2r r = 2r 1 , SADE =
2 2 sin 2 sin 2

2 2
1
1
AD 2 tg = r rctg tg =
1 2 r
1 2ctg ctg 2 tg =
r
tg 2 ctg =
2 2 2 2 2
r2 1 1 S 1
2 = r 2 1 . , ADE , DE
2 sin cos sin 2 S ABCD 2
. . 3
. BCD
CFDE ( ), DO
CDF, ,
: FD = CD. AD > CD, F
FOD , , .
90
. AKON BKOL (. .
3), . OF
, DA , F
. , ,
. ,
OFAE, , ( ).
, DE
.

3
3.3.
9. .
: .
, 5 (
5), , 7, 9, 1
3 ( ). ,
, 10, 10n (n ).
, (10n 3)(10n 1)(10n + 1)(10n +
3) = (100n2 9)(100n2 1) = 10000n4 1000n2 + 9. ,
1000, .

(25 ; 9 ).
x2 y2 z2 3

2 xy2 z
4.1. :
.
2
y z x 3

2 yz x
y x 2
z 2
21

xz y
: 1; 3; 1 ; 1; 3; 1 ; 1; 3; 1 ; 1; 3; 1 .
x2 y2 z2 3
x y z
2 2 2
3 2 z 2 x 2 y 2 z 2 3xyz ,
xyz z
2 2 2
2 xy2 x y z x 3xyz ,
z
y z x
2 2 2 2
3
: y z x 3 2 2 2
2

yz x xyz x y y x 2 z 2 21xyz ,
2
y x 2 z 2 21 y 2 x 2 z 2 21 xyz 0
2
xz y xyz y
. : z 2 y2 x2 y2 x4 z 4 0
y 2 z 2 x 2 z 2 x 2 z 2 x 2 0 z 2 x 2 y 2 z 2 x 2 0 y 2 z 2 x 2 0 x 2 z 2 .
:
1) y 2 z 2 x 2 0 . y 2 z 2 x 2
21
, : 0 . ,
y
.
2) x 2 z 2 . , , :
zy 3x,
xy 3 z,

. , z 0, , y = 3.

y y 2 x 21xz ,
2 2

xyz 0
y 3, y 3,
x 1, x 1, x 1,
x z, x z,
y 3, y 3, y 3,
2

y y 2 x 21xz ,
2
2

y y 2 x 21xz ,
2
z 1 z 1 z 1

xyz 0 xyz 0
x 1,

y 3, .
z 1

4
4.2. ABC (AB = AC) .
D, ,
, D . ,
: 0,5.
K (. . 4). HK
AHD, , , HK =
1
2
= , KHA = ( KH = KA)
D = ( ). ,
= 90 0,5, KEH = DBH = 90 0,5.
KEH: EKH = 180 (KEH + KHE) = 90
0,5 = KEH, , , . 4
EH = KH = 0,5a.
. = D = , = 0,5, DBH = 90 0,5 (.
BDH: BH = DHctgDBH = asinctg(90 0,5) = 2asin0,5cos0,5tg0,5 =
2asin20,5.
1 1 1 1
, BE = AB = (AH BH) = a(cos 2sin20,5) = a(1 4sin20,5);
2 2 2 2
1 1
EH = B + BH = a(1 4sin20,5) + 2asin20,5 = a.
2 2

4.3. ,
, (
) ?
: 48. . 5
, 16 ,
(8 8
).
,
. ,
, 64 16 = 48 ,
.
48 .
. 5 ( ).

(15 ; 7 ).
5.1. f(x) = a 2 x 2 (b x) 2 c 2 (a > 0, b > 0, c >
0).
. 6
: a c b 2 .
2

DE b.
: D = a, E = c (
DE, . . 6).
DE D = x, = b x. ACD
BCE : AC a 2 x 2 ; C b x c 2 .
2

5
+ AB, =
a c 2 b 2 ( , ).
,
, DA DE y x .
(0; ), (b; c); C (x; 0).
,
bx c
. ACD BCE ,
x a
ab
x .
ac
5.2. ,
3000? ( .)
: 19 20.
,
( ). , , ,
, , , ,
( )
360.
, 3000 + S, 0 S
3000 S
270. n , 180(n 2) = 3000 + S, n 2
180
120 S
n 18 . , n , : S = 60; n = 19 S = 240;
180
n = 20.
, 60
,
, 240, ,
, ,
.
5.3. 1.
. -
123456789?
: , .
. , ,
x, .
x S(x), x + S(x) = 123456789. , 123456789
9 ( 9), x S(x)
9. , x S(x) .
, , , x,
9, . , 1 9,
. , ,
123456789 .
. 1 3.
123456789 45, , 3.
3,
3 . ,
: 1; 2; 1; 2; ... .
, ( 2).
0 , , ,
.

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