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2016 .

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: http://public.wmo.int/
ru//.
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, http://, https://, ftp://,
mailto:, (/), (-), (.)
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URL. URL ,
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- 49

, 2016

, -
- .

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,
:

Chairperson, Publications Board


World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
7 bis, avenue de la Paix .: +41 (0) 22 730 84 03
P.O. Box 2300 : +41 (0) 22 730 81 17
CH-1211 Geneva 2, Switzerland -: publications@wmo.int

ISBN 978-92-63-40049-9

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//



.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  ix

I.
: . . . . . . . .  1

1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  1
1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.2 , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
2.1 , . 9
2.2 ,
, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2.3 , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

3.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
3.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
3.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3.6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
4.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4.2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
4.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
4.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
4.6
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.6.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.6.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.6.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
4.6.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
4.6.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
4.6.6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
4.6.7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
4.6.8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
4.7 ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
4.8 . . . . . . . . 23

5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  24
5.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
5.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
5.3 : . . . . . . . . . . . 24
5.4 : . . . . . . . . . . 25
5.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
5.6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
5.7 . . 25
5.8
, . . 26
vi

5.9
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  26
6.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
6.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
6.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
6.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
6.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

7. SIGMET AIRMET,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
7.1 SIGMET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
7.2 AIRMET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
7.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
7.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  31
8.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
8.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
8.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
8.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

9. . . . . . . . . . . .  32
9.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
9.2 , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
9.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
9.4 ,
, ,
. . . . . . . . . . . 35
9.5 , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

10.
, -
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  37
10.1 . . . . . . . . . . 37
10.2 - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
10.3 . . . . . . 37

11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  38
11.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
11.2
: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
11.3
. . . . . . . . . . 39
11.4 . . . . . . . . . . 39
11.5
D-VOLMET. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
11.6
VOLMET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

II.
: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  41

1.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  41
vii

2. ,
. . . . . . . . .  55

3.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  69

4. ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  101

5. , . . . . . . .  109

6. ,
SIGMET AIRMET,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  129

7. ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  151

8. ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  153

9. ,
, -
. . . . . .  162

10. ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  167

A. ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  172

B. ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  173

C. ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  175

D.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  177

III. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  179

1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  179

2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  179

3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  180

.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  181

IV. . . . . . . . . . .  187

1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  187
viii

2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  187
2.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187

3. ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  187
3.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
3.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
3.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188

4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  190
4.1 A: OPMET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
4.2 IS:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
4.3 SWH, SWM SWL: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
4.4 TCG:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .193
4.5 VAG:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
4.6 STC: SIGMET
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
4.7 SVA: SIGMET
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
4.8 SGE: SIGMET o
, . . . . .194
4.9 SN: ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194

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, ,
,
, ,
,
. ,
- ,
.

. , ,
, II, B.

2.2.9 ,
2.1.2 , ;
, ,
.

. , ,
(Doc 9683, ).

2.3 ,

2.3.1 ,
,

.


.

2.3.2
, :

a)
;

b)
;

c) ,
.
12

,
.

2.3.3
,
:

a) ;

b) , ;

c) , ,
.

2.3.4 [] ,
,
( ,
,
):

a) ;

b) ;

c) ()
() ();

d) ,
,
;

e) ;

f) ( );

g) ,
( / );

h) , , /
.

3.

. , 3, II,
2.

3.1

()

.
, ,
,
.
I. : 13

3.2

3.2.1 ,
() , , :

a) :
i) ;
ii) ;
iii) ;
iv) ;
v) ,
;
vi) - ;
vii) ;
viii) ;

b) (SIGWX);

c) , a b ,
,

;

d)

()
, ,
SIGWX;

e)
(VAAC)

SIGWX.

3.2.2 .

. , ,
() ;
- .

3.3

3.3.1 /
,

.

3.3.2 ,
,
, :

a) /
, ;

,
;

b) / ;
14

c)
, ;

d) ,
/ ,
;

e) ;

f) ;

g)
;

h) ,

(MWO) (
,
)
, ,
.

3.3.3 , ,
.

3.3.4 , ,
:

a)
,
, ;

b)
.

3.4

3.4.1 ,

() (),
MWO
.

3.4.2 MWO:

a) ,
;

b) SIGMET
;

c) SIGMET , ,

;

d) SIGMET;

e) ,
7.2.1 :
I. : 15

i) AIRMET , ;
ii) AIRMET
;
iii) AIRMET;

f) ()/
() (
),
VAAC ( )
,
, ,
SIGMET;

g) / (
),
(

)
,
, .
,
.

.
() ,
,
,
().
.
. ,
, (VAAC)
( ), , , /
.

3.4.3 [] , MWO
, CTA / CTA.

3.5

3.5.1 , VAAC
,
,

:

a) ,
,
, ,
;

. ,
, ,
- (LIDAR) .

b) /
,
,
.
16

. , ,
VAAC;

c)
:
i) MWO, ,
,
;
ii) VAAC,
;
iii) , OPMET,
NOTAM, ,
,
, ;
iv) ,
AFTN, .

. AFTN, VAAC,
(IAVW).
(Doc9766, ), - ;

d)
MWO, , VAAC, c ,
, :
i) ,
,
;
ii)
;
iii) .

3.5.2 VAAC .

3.5.3 VAAC
VAAC ,
, VAAC.

. , VAAC,

(IAVW). (Doc 9766 ).

3.6

,
, ,
:

a) , ,
;

b) ; /

c)

, ,
/, MWO VAAC.

:
1. , , /
, .
I. : 17

2. (IAVW).
(Doc9766 )
, .

3.7

,
(), , :

a) ,
,
, ;

b)
, ,

:
i) MWO ;
ii) TCAC,
;
iii) , ,

, ,
;

c) , ,
MWO
.

4.

. , 4, II,
3.

4.1

4.1.1
, .

.

. ,
, ,
I II.

4.1.2 []

,
,
.

4.1.3
. ,
, ,
, , / ,
.
18

4.1.4
,
,
, .

. , ,
,
(, Doc9837).

4.1.5 ,
II III, ,
, - ,
, ,
, ,
,
.
,
, .

.

:
1. 6 , I.
2. , ,
(Doc9683).

4.1.6 [] ,
I, ,
, - ,
, ,
, ,
, .
,
,
, .

.

4.1.7 [] , /

,
,
.

4.1.8 ,
.

4.2

[]
, , :

a)
;

b) /;
I. : 19

c) /
;

d) ,
(, ,
),
( )
,
;

e) ,
, (, );

f) ( ) ,
.

.

,
(Doc9377, ).

4.3

4.3.1
,
,
. ,
,
.

, .

4.3.2 :

a) ,
( );

b) METAR,
( ,
VOLMET D-VOLMET).

. , ATIS ( ATIS D-ATIS),


11 ,
4.3.6.1(g) .

4.3.3 , ,
4.3.1 , METAR

.

4.4

4.4.1

,
.

4.4.2 :
20

a)
(
);

b) SPECI
( ,
VOLMET D-VOLMET), , METAR
.

. , ATIS ( ATIS D-ATIS),


11 , 4.3.6.1(g).

4.4.3 , ,
4.3.1 , SPECI
METAR.

4.5

4.5.1 ,
METAR SPECI :

a) ;

b) ;

c) ;

d) , , ;

e) ;

f) ;

g) , ;

h) ;

i) , ( -
)
, ;

j) ;

k) QNH , , QFE; (QFE


).

. , b ,
(Doc7910).

4.5.2 [] , 4.5.1k ,
, METAR SPECI
, k ,
.

4.5.3
METAR SPECI
.
I. : 21

4.6

4.6.1

4.6.1.1 ,
;
( ).

4.6.1.2 [] ,
,

, .

4.6.1.3 [] METAR SPECI


,
, , .

4.6.2

4.6.2.1 , 1 ,
, .

.
II, D.

4.6.2.2 [] ,
,
;
,
.

4.6.2.3 [] METAR SPECI


.

4.6.3

.
(Doc9328, ).

4.6.3.1 ,
1 , ,
II III.

4.6.3.2 [] ,
1 , ,
, :

a) ,
I;

b) , /
.

. , , 14
, I, 1, .
22

4.6.3.3 ,
4.6.3.1 4.6.3.2 , ( ) ,
1500.

4.6.3.4
:

a) ,
,
I;

b) ,
II;

c) , ,
III.

4.6.3.5 ,
,

,
.

4.6.4

4.6.4.1 ,
, .
: , , (
), , , , (
).

4.6.4.2 []
.

4.6.4.3 [] ,
METAR SPECI, ,
.

4.6.5

4.6.5.1 ,
,
. , ,
,
.
( ).

4.6.5.2 [] ,
,
() () .

4.6.5.3 [] ,
METAR SPECI,
.
I. : 23

4.6.6

4.6.6.1
.

4.6.6.2 []
, ,
METAR SPECI, .

4.6.7

, QNH QFE
.

4.6.8

[]
,
. ,
,
.

4.7 ,

4.7.1 [] R SPECI,
, ,
, , ,
,
.

.
(Doc
9837 ).

4.7.2 [] ,
, ,
, , ,

.

4.7.3 , METAR
SPECI, ,
AUTO.

4.8

[] ,
,

,
. ,
, :

a) : (VOLCANIC ACTIVITY
REPORT);
24

b) , ;

c) / ;

d) , ;

e) ,
, ,

.

. , ,
/ ,
.

5.

. , 5, II,
4.

5.1

, ,
,
,
.

5.2

a) ;

b) .

5.3 :

5.3.1 [] -
(ADS-)
S ()
15
30 10 .

5.3.2 [] ,
,
,

.

5.3.3 (,
) ,
,

5.3.1 . , ,
.
I. : 25

5.3.4 ,
,
5.3.1
.

5.4 :

,
-,
.

5.5

,
:

a) ;

b) ;

c) ;

d) , , , ;

e) , , , ;

f) ;

g) ;

h) , ,
.

. , ,
/ ,
.

5.6

, ,
5.5 , , , ,

,
.

. , ,

.

5.7

5.7.1
-. , -
26

,

.

5.7.2
.

5.7.3
.

5.8
,


,
:

a)
;

b)

, ,
,
,
.

5.9

,
,

. ,
, ,
, .

6.

. , 6, II,
5.

6.1

,
, ,
( )
.

6.2

6.2.1
,
.
I. : 27

. , ,

(FASID).

6.2.2 ,
,

.

6.2.3
TAF :

a) ;

b) ;

c) ;

d) , ;

e) ;

f) , ;

g) ;

h) ;

i) ;

j) ;

k)
.

TAF
.

. TAF .

6.2.4 , TAF,
, ,
.
.

. TAF
(Doc8896 ), 3.

6.2.5 TAF, , .

6.2.6 [] TAF
6 30;
.
TAF 12 ,
12 o 30 .

6.2.7 TAF

TAF.
28

6.3

6.3.1
,
;
,
,
.

6.3.2 .

6.3.3
,
, , METAR SPECI.
,
, .

6.4

6.4.1
,

.

6.4.2 []

,
, , (QNH)
, .

6.4.3 []
.

6.4.4 [] ,
, ,
, .

6.5

6.5.1 ,
100 ( 150 , , , )

, ,

.

6.5.2 , 100
AIRMET 7.2.1 ,
,
-
/ -.
GAMET,
;

SIGWX.
100 ( 150
, , , )
I. : 29

, ,
AIRMET, ,
.

6.5.3 ,
AIRMET, ,
,
/
.

7. SIGMET AIRMET,

. , 7, II,
6.

7.1 SIGMET

7.1.1 SIGMET

/
, ,
.

7.1.2 SIGMET ,
, .

7.1.3 SIG .
SIGMET,
, .

7.1.4 [] SIGMET
,
VAAC TCAC,
.

7.1.5
/

, SIGMET NOTAM.

7.1.6 SIGMET
. SIGMET,
, ,
, 12
. SIGMET
.

7.2 AIRMET

7.2.1 AIRMET

100. AIRMET
/
,
30

,
6.5 ,
, .

7.2.2 AIRMET ,
, .

7.2.3 AIRMET .

7.3

7.3.1
,
,
,
, ,
, .

7.3.2 [] ,
/ ,
.

7.4

.
(Doc9817 ). ,
, .

7.4.1 ,
,
, ,
,
.

,

500 (1600)

. , ,
500 (1600)
, 500 (1600) .

7.4.2 [] /
,

.

,
.

7.4.3 ,

,
.
, /
7,5/ (15) ,
I. : 31

7.4.4 []
. ,
/ 7,5/ (15).

8.

. , 8, II,
7.

8.1

. ,
, ,
, ,

.

8.1.1 ,
,
.

.

. , ,
14 , I, 3.1.4 A.

8.1.2 [] ,
, ,
; .

8.1.3 [] ,
,
.

8.2

[]
:

a)
, ;

b)
,
.

8.3

[]
, . ,
, ,
32

. ,
, ,
, , , ,
.

8.4


,
,
,
,
.

9.

. , 9, II,
8.

9.1

9.1.1
:

a) ;

b)
;

c) ;

d) , .

9.1.2 ,
,
.

,

,
.

9.1.3 ,
, ,

:

a) :
i) ;
ii) ;
iii) ;
iv) ;
v) ,
;
vi) SIGWX;
vii) - , .
I. : 33

:
1)

.
2) - ,
, , ,
;

b) METAR SPECI ( ,
)
,
;

c) TAF TAF
,
;

d) ;

e) SIGMET ,
.

. ,
SIGMET;

f) ,
;

g)
GAMET /
,
AIRMET, AIRMET ,
;

h) ;

i) , ;

j) .

9.1.4 9.1.3(a)
, ,
,
,
.

9.1.5 , ,
.

9.1.6 , , ,
,
II, 8, 8-1, 8-2 8-3.

9.1.7 , ,
9.1.3((i)) , ,

, II, 2, 1.2.2().
, SIGWX, 9.1.3((vi))
, ,
34

,
, II, 2, 1.3.2, 5,
4.3.2.

9.1.8 SIGWX
100,
,
.
,
, .

9.1.9
, ,

, / .

9.1.10
,
, ,

.
,
. ,
,

.

9.2 ,

.
,
9.4 .

9.2.1 /
/ , .
/

, ,
,
, ,
,
.

9.2.2 ,
,
9.1.3 .

9.2.3
,
,
.
, , ,
.

9.2.4 , , /

, . ,
,

I. : 35

,
. , ,
, , (,
, ) ,
/ .

9.2.5 [] / ,
,
, / ,
,
.
,
,

.

9.3

.
9.4 .

9.3.1 , ,
, (ivi), b, c, e, f ,
, g 9.1.3 .

,

, , , ,
b, c, e, f , , g 9.1.3 .

9.3.2 , ,
, ,
,
,
, ,

.

9.3.3 [] ,
,
, , ,


.

9.3.4 ,
,
30 .


.

9.4 ,
, ,

9.4.1 ,

36


,
,
9.19.3 .

9.4.2 [] ,
,

,

,

15 , 2.1.1().

.
9.19.3 II, 8, 15
, 8.1 8.2 .

9.4.3 ,
,


,

,
2.2.2 .

.
15 , 1,23.

9.5 ,

9.5.1
,
, ,
, D-VOLMET
VOLMET
.
, ,
,

.

9.5.2
, ,
, , 10
.

9.5.3 D-VOLMET
VOLMET ,
11 .
I. : 37

10.
, -

. , 10, II,
9.

10.1

10.1.1

.



,
.

10.1.2 []
-

.

10.1.3

.

10.1.4 [] ,



,

.

10.1.5 ,
,
.

10.2 -


,
, -
,
.

- -
.

10.3




, .
38

11.

:
1. , 11, II,
10.
2. ,
, 11.

11.1

11.1.1 ,
, ,


,
, , - ,
,
.

11.1.2 ,


-
, ,
, , ,
, ,
.

11.1.3 ,

,

.

11.1.4
, ,
-
,
,
15.

11.1.5 []

, ,

:

a) ,
,
15;

b) ,
; .

. 11.1.4 11.1.5 15
, , ,
.
I. : 39

11.1.6 [] ,
11.1.4 11.1.5 , , ,
,
.

11.1.7 []
,


.

11.1.8 ,

.

11.1.9 []

,
, ,
/ /
.

:
1.

, , .
2.

(Doc9855).

11.2
:

,

,
.

. , ,
,
10 , II,
4.

11.3

[]
.
, ,
.

11.4

,
,
.
40

11.5
D-VOLMET

D-VOLMET METAR SPECI, , ,


, TAF, SIGMET,
, SIGMET, , , AIRMET.

. METAR SPECI
- (D-FIS) (
, (D-METAR));
TAF D-FIS (
, (D-TAF));
SIGMET AIRMET D-FIS (
SIGMET (D-SIGMET)).

(Doc9694, ).

11.6
VOLMET

11.6.1 VL,
(),
METAR SPECI , , .

11.6.2 VL,
() ,
METAR SPECI , , ,
, TAF
SIGMET.
II.
:

1.

(. I, 9, IV)

IS

1. ,
()
2. ,
( )

SWH ( )
.
( )

SWM ( )

SWL ( )
1
2

TCG

VAG

STC SIGMET

SVA SIGMET

SGE SIGMET ,

SN ,

42

OPMET

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (, ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(); (); + (
/ () ()

MI PR BL TS
BC , DR SH () FZ
()


DZ BR HZ
RA FG PO /
SN FU SQ
SG VA FC () ()
PL ( )
GR DU SS
GS / SA DS


+SHRA TSSN
FZDZ SNRA
+TSSNGR


CYUL Montreal Pierre Elliot HECA Cairo/Intl OBBI Bahrain Intl
Trudeau/Intl HKJK Nairobi/Jomo Kenyatta RJTT Tokyo Intl
EDDF Frankfurt/Main KJFK New York/John F. Kennedy Intl SBGL Rio de Janeiro/Galeo Intl
EGLL London/Heathrow LFPG Paris/Charles de Gaulle YSSY Sydney/Kingsford Smith Intl
GMMC Casablanca/Anfa NZAA Auckland Intl ZBAA Beijing/Capital

METAR CYUL 240700Z 27018G30KT 5000 SN FEW020 BKN045 M02/M07 Q0995=


METAR EDDF 240950Z 05015KT 9999 FEW025 04/M05 Q1018 NOSIG=
METAR LFPG 241000Z 07010KT 5000 SCT010 BKN040 02/M01 Q1014 NOSIG=
SPECI GMMC 220530Z 24006KT 5000 TSGR BKN016TCU FEW020CB SCT026 08/07 Q1013=
TAF AMD NZAA 240855Z 2409/2506 24010KT 9999 FEW030 BECMG 2411/2413 VRB02KT 2000 HZ
FM 242200 24010KT CAVOK=
TAF ZBAA 240440Z 2406/2506 13004MPS 6000 NSC BECMG 2415/2416 2000 SN OVC040 TEMPO
2418/24211000 SN BECMG 2500/2501 32004MPS 3500 BR NSC BECMG 2503/2504 32010G20MPS CAVOK=
TAF YSSY 240443Z 2406/2506 05015KT 3000 BR SCT030 BECMG 2414/2416 33008KT FM 2422 04020KT
CAVOK=
HECC SIGMET 2 VALID 240900/241200 HECA-
HECC CAIRO FIR SEV TURB OBS N OF N27 FL 390/440 MOV E 25KMH NC.


:
II.

ISSUED BY WAFC..............
................
1. , ( )

PROVIDED BY . ............
.................
/
WIND/TEMPERATURE

FL . . . . .......................
.....................

FIXED TIME PROGNOSTIC


CHART

VALID
XX UTC XX XXX XXXX

BASED ON .
. .
. . UTC DATA
ON..............
...
:
Units used: knots; ;
degrees
Celsius

Temperatures ,
negative unless +
PS
prefixed by a + or PS
IS
43
44

( )

2. ,

.............................
ISSUED BY WAFC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
..........................................................
PROVIDED BY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
/
WIND/TEMPERATURE
FL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FIXED
....................
TIMEPROGNOSTIC CHART
VALID XX UTC XX XXX XXXX


BASED ON . . . . . UTC DATA ON . . .
....................... .............................
Units used: knots;
: ; degrees Celsius
Temperatures negative unless
, +
prefixed by a + or PS
PS
IS
PGCE 06 . . . . . . . . . . . .

Anatahan
N1624 E14548
250
L

Etna
N3742 E01500

ISOL
.

EMBD
CB
320
XXX
( )

( )
:

ISSUED BY WAFC
.................
...............

PROVIDED BY . . ..................
...............

FIXED TIME PROGNOSTIC


CHART

ICAO AREA G SIGWX H


II.

G,
FL 250630 530
250-630
VALID XXflUTC XX XXX XXXX
XX
CB
CB ,
IMPLIES TS, GR, MOD ,
OR
SEV TURB AND
ICE
370
1 260
UNITS USED: HEIGHTS
IN FLIGHT
: LEVELS

380
SIGMET 2 250
CHECK SIGMET,
ADIVSORIES
TC FOR TC AND VA, AND
VA, ASHTAM 360
ASHTAM
NOTAM AND
FOR VA
NOTAM VA 3 250
SWH
45
46

PGNE 15 . . . . . . ......

180
XXX
( )

N3742 E01500

........................................................
.....................................................................

NAT,
fl 100-250
XX
CB , ,
:
SIGMET
TC VA, ASHTAM NOTAM VA
SWM
II. 47
:

( ) SWL
1

XXX
010

XXX
008


ISSUED BY . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . .
.....

FIXED TIME PROGNOSTIC CHART



SIGWX
SFC 10SFC
000
10 000 FT
VALID . . . . UTC . .
. . 20
....
... thunderstorm,
CB implies
moderate
CB or severe
,turbulence,

icing
and hail. ,
.
Units used: knots;
visibility
: in
;
metres or kilometres;
altitude in
;
hectofeet
above mean
sea level.

.
48

20 .

-
, , 0C
2

A SCT CU 025/080

50
ISOL BKN CU 015/XXX 050/XXX

B OVC LYR ST NS 015/XXX 050/XXX

OCNL 4000 EMBD CB 008/XXX 50


ISOL 1000

C BKN to OVC ST SC 010/040


100
LCA . 2000 OVC ST SC 003/050
D OVC LYR SC NS 010/XXX
90
LCA 4500 OVC LYR ST NS 005/XXX 090/XXX
E SCT SC 020/030
40
LCA 0500

F 2000 BKN to OVC ST 002/010


30
LCA . 0200 OVC ST SFC/015

G 4500 OVC CU SC NS 010/XXX 030/XXX


( )

30
LCA 0500 OVC ST SFC/010

J SCT CU SC 030/050
40
LCA . BLW 070

SFC 10 000
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
: :
1. , . --
2. , 5 000 .
200 . -

3. XXX = , ,
10 000.
4. CB / ,
.
5. / -
SWL

,
5 000 .
II. 49
:

TCG

95 90 85 80 75

CB TOPS
FL 450
25 25
231200Z
MAX WIND 130KT

230600Z 12KT
MAX WIND 125KT

230000Z
MAX WIND 125KT TROPICAL CYCLONE ADVISORY
DTG: 20050922/1200Z
221800Z
MAX WIND 135KT TCAC: MIAMI
TC: JULIETTE
NR: 22
PSN: N2350 W08500
MOV: W 12KT
C: 945 HPA
MAX WIND: 120KT
20 RMK: NIL 20
NXT ADVISORY: 20050922/1600Z

FRQ CB
GALE FORCE WIND

90 85 80 75
50

VAG

23/0100Z 23/0700Z
140E 150E 160E 170E 180E 140E 150E 160E 170E 180E

60N 60N

SFC/FL360

FL150/300 FL150/320

50N 50N
SFC/FL200
SFC/FL360
SFC/FL180

23/1300Z 23/1900Z
140E 150E 160E 170E 180E 140E 150E 160E 170E 180E

60N 60N

50N 50N

SFC/FL270
NO VA EXP

VOLCANIC ASH ADVISORY


DTG: 20080923/0130Z
VAAC: TOKYO
VOLCANO: KARYMSKY 1000-13
AREA: RUSSIAN FEDERATION
SUMMIT ELEV: 1536M
ADVISORY NR: 2008/4
INFO SOURCE: MTSAT-1R, KVERT KEMSD
AVIATION COLOUR CODE: RED
ERUPTION DETAILS: ERUPTED AT 20080923/0000Z FL300 REPORTED
RMK: LATEST REP FM KVERT (0120Z) INDICATES ERUPTION HAS CEASED
TWO DISPERSING VA CLD ARE EVIDENT ON SATELLITE IMAGERY
NXT ADVISORY: 20080923/0730Z
II. 51
:

SIGMET STC

107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120

25 25

24 24

23 23

22 22

21 21

20 20

19 19

18 18

17 17
YUCC SIGMET B3
VALID 152320/160300 YUDO
16 16
OBS 2100Z

15 BDRY of FRQ CB 15

14 14

107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120

. .
Note: Fictitious FIR.
52

SIGMET SVA

160 155 150 145 140

62 62

60 60

YUZA SIGMET K1
VALID 040600/041200 YUNC
VA CLD OBS SFC/FL120
58 MOV NE25KT 58

155 150 145

.
Note: FIR.
Fictitious .
108 110 112 114 116 118 120 122 124 126 128 130 132 134 136 138 140 142 144 146 148 150 152 154 156 158 160

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

24

26
SIGMET

28
,

30
40
32
022030
34
:

36
FL 280/380
II.

WKN 38

40

YMMM SIGMET 1 42
VALID 022030/030030 YMMC
SGE

44
53
54

, SN

1. 3. ,

3.1

* CI = AS = - ST =
CC = - NS = - CU =
CS = - SC = - CB = -
AC = -

3.2

, CB

FEW = (1/82/8) BKN = (5/87/8)

SCT = (3/84/8) OVC = (8/8)

CB
ISOL = CB ()

** OCNL = CB ()
FRQ = CB ()
***
EMBD = CB, ()
****
3.3
* FL 100 .
SWH SWM (FL),
** :
; / ; ( ) . ,
. , SIGWX, - , XXX.
, : SIGMET NOTAM SWL:
. - a) ;
/ - b) SFC .
.
*** : 4.
; ( ) / .
, SIGWX : SIGMET, 4.1 SWH SWM ( )

ASHTAM NOTAM . =
=
/ . , =
, / .
**** , -
( );
.
, FL 270, 240/290, -
. , , , FL 240 o FL 290.
. = , -
340 .
2. L H -
.
(FL)
, , .
FL 270 a

4.2 SWL ( )

X =
L =
H =
=
10 = 0 C ()
. 0 C 0:060 ,
18 . e. 0 C 6 000 .
= ,
, /

380 40 *
=
-
= C
FL 320 FL 310
220/400 = /c
, ,
, . 60 / (120 ) 4.3 ,
, , 40 / (80 ), . / .
. 220 400
40/(80 ).
: 270/115 ( 57,5 /)
, , / , 50 25 /
40 / (80 ). 10 5 /
, 5 2,5 /
, +/- 3 000 , +/- 20 .
* ( )
15 / (30 ).
* 1 2.
2. ,

(. I, 3)

1.

1.1

()
.

1.2

1.2.1 , ;
, ;
;
- ,

, 6, 9,
12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33 36 ( 00:00, 06:00, 12:00 18:00)
, .
,
, 6
.

1.2.2 , , :

a) 50 (850), 80 (750),
100(700), 140 (600), 180 (500), 210 (450), 240 (400), 270 (350),
300(300), 320 (275), 340 (250), 360 (225), 390 (200), 410 (175),
450(150), 480 (125) 530 (100);

b)
;

c) ,
;

d) 50 (850), 80 (750), 100 (700),


140 (600) 180 (500);

e)
- ;

f) , 60
(800), 100 (700), 140 (600), 180 (500), 240 (400) 300 (300);

g) ,
240 (400), 270 (350), 300 (300), 340 (250), 390 (200) 450
(150);

h) ,
100 (700), 140 (600), 180 (500), 240 (400) 300 (300).
56

:
1. , , f h,
, 100.
2. , , g, ,
50;

i) 50 (850),
80 (750), 100 (700), 140 (600), 180 (500), 210 (450), 240 (400),
270 (350), 300 (300), 320 (275), 340 (250), 360 (225), 390 (200),
410 (175), 450 (150), 480 (125) 530 (100).

1.2.3
GRIB, .

. GRIB (-306), I.2, B


.

1.2.4

1,25 .

1.3 (SIGWX)

1.3.1

1.3.1.1
SIGWX
, 24, (00:00, 06:00, 12:00
18:00) , .
,
, 9 .

1.3.1.2 SIGWX
BUFR, .

. BUFR (-306), I.2,


.

1.3.2 SIGWX

SIGWX SIGWX
250630.

. SIGWX 100250
- , ,
- ,
, .

1.3.3 , SIGWX

SIGWX :

a) ,
10 17/ (34);

b) ;
II. : 57

c) ( );

d) ;

e) / ;

f) - , , ae .

. ,
/ ,
SIGWX;

g) ;

h) ;

i) ,
,
, :
, ,
, ( ) /
. , SIGWX
CHECK SIGMET, ADVISORIES FOR TC AND VA, AND ASHTAM AND
NOTAM FOR VA;

j) ,
, :
, ,
, /
( ). , SIGWX
CHECK SIGMET AND NOTAM FOR RDOACT CLD.

:
1. SIGWX .
2. , SIGWX (..
100), 5.

1.3.4 , SIGWX

SIGWX:

a) , f 1.3.3 ,
,
SIGWX;

b) ,
- :
i) ,
50 ;
ii) ;

iii) ;

c) ,
- , .. ,
, ;

d) ,
SIGWX
58

,
SIGWX
;

e) , , i
j 1.3.3 , i,
j . ,
()
.

2.

2.1
()

2.1.1
, ,
,
,
.

2.1.2
GRIB BUFR
,

.

2.2

,
BUFR, ,
SIGWX
, :

a) , , - ,
, , ,
/ ;

b) ,
.

, ,

, , .

. ,
, (Doc8896, ).
II. : 59

3.

3.1

3.1.1 ,

, , ,
2-1 .
.

3.1.2 []

3.1.1 (VAAC)
.

3.1.3 ,
,

(XML)/ (GML).

3.1.4 ,
, .

. , , XML/GML
,
(Doc10003 ).

3.1.5 2-1
, ,
, 1,
(PNG).

4.

4.1

[] ,
()/
(), (MWO)
VAAC, :

a) , :
/ () ; , , ;
(/); ;

b) : / ()
(), ;
, , ; (/);
, , , ,
,
;

c) : / ()
(),
; , , ; (/
).
60

:
1. , ,
/ ,
.
2. ,
(VONA),
/, MWO VAAC. VONA
(IAVW).
(Doc9766, ), - .

5.

5.1

5.1.1
,
10 17/ (34)
.

5.1.2
, 2-2 .

5.1.3 []

5.1.2
.

5.1.4 ,
,
XML/GML.

5.1.5 ,
, .

. , , XML/GML
,
(Doc10003 ).

5.1.6 A2-2
, ,
1 PNG.
II. : 61

2-1.

: M , ;
O ;
=
 ,
.

:
1. ,
, 6, 6-4.
2. , , .
(PANS-, Doc 8400, ).
3.
.
4. 118 ,
, .


()

1 - VA ADVISORY VA ADVISORY
(
(M) )

2 , , , DTG: nnnnnnnn/nnnnZ DTG: 20080923/0130Z


(:)
(M)
3 VAAC VAAC VAAC: nnnnnnnnnnnn VAAC: TOKYO
(M) (-


-

:)
4 VOLCANO: nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn VOLCANO: KARYMSKY 1000-13
(M) , - (:) [nnnnnn]
IAVCEI1
UNKNOWN () VOLCANO: UNNAMED
UNNAMED ( )
5 - PSN: Nnnnn Snnnn PSN: N5403 E15927
(- Wnnnnn Ennnnn
(M) :)
UNKNOWN () PSN: UNKNOWN
6 AREA: nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn AREA: RUSSIAN
(M) , (:) FEDERATION
,


7 SUMMIT ELEV: nnnnM ( nnnnnFT) SUMMIT 1536M
(M) ( ELEV:
( ) :)
8 - - ADVISORY NR: nnnn/nnnn ADVISORY 2008/4
(M) : (- NR:
-
(- :)
-

)
9 INFO SOURCE: 32 INFO MTSAT-1R KVERT
( SOURCE: KEMSD
(M) -
:)
(.)
62

2-1 (.)


()

10 AVIATION RED, ORANGE, YELLOW, AVIATION RED


(O) COLOUR CODE: GREEN, COLOUR
(- UNKNOWN, CODE:
- NOT GIVEN, NIL
:)
11 ERUPTION 64 ERUPTION ERUPTION AT
DETAILS: DETAILS: 20080923/0000Z
( UNKNOWN FL300
(M) ( REPORTED
/ -
()) :)

12 OBS ( EST) nn/nnnnZ OBS VA DTG: 23/0100Z


( ) VA DTG:
( (
)
(M) ( (
) )
/:)
13 ( OBS VA CLD TOP FLnnn SFC/FLnnn OBS VA CLD: FL250/300
- ) EST VA CLD: FLnnn/nnn N5400 E15930
[nnKM WID LINE2 BTN (nnNM N5400 E16100
(M) WID LINE BTN)] N5300 E15945
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] MOV SE 20KT
Ennn[nn] SFC/FL200
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] N5130 E16130
, Ennn[nn][ N5130 E16230
, N5230 E16230
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
N5230 E16130
Ennn[nn]
MOV SE 15KT
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
; Ennn[nn]
TOP FL240 MOV W
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
40KMH
Ennn[nn]]

MOV N nnKMH ( KT)
MOV NE nnKMH ( KT)
MOV E nnKMH ( KT)
VA NOT
MOV SE nnKMH ( KT)
IDENTIFIABLE FM
MOV S nnKMH ( KT)
SATELLITE DATA
MOV SW nnKMH ( KT)
MOV W nnKMH ( KT) WIND FL050/070
MOV NW nnKMH ( KT)3 180/12MPS


VA NOT IDENTIFIABLE FM
SATELLITE DATA
WIND FLnnn/nnn
nnn/nn[n]MPS ( KT)4
WIND FLnnn/nnn VRBnnMPS
( KT),
WIND SFC/FLnnn nnn/nn[n]MPS
( KT),
WIND SFC/FLnnn VRBnnMPS
( KT)

(.)
II. : 63

2-1 (.)


()

14 ( FCST VA CLD nn/nnnnZ FCST VA CLD 23/0700Z


) (6 +6 HR: SFC FLnnn/[FL]nnn +6 HR: FL250/350
- (, [nnKM WID LINE2 BTN (nnNM N5130 E16030
- - WID LINE BTN)] N5130 E16230
(+6 ) ( Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] N5330 E16230
(M) ), - Ennn[nn] N5330 E16030
12 +6 :) Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] SFC/FL180
); Ennn[nn][ N4830 E16330
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] N4830 E16630
Ennn[nn] N5130 E16630

Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] N5130 E16330
(
) Ennn[nn]
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] NO VA EXP
Ennn[nn]]3
NOT AVBL
NO VA EXP

NOT PROVIDED
NOT AVBL

NOT PROVIDED

15 ( FCST VA CLD nn/nnnnZ FCST VA CLD 23/1300Z


) +12 HR: SFC FLnnn/[FL]nnn +12 HR: SFC/FL270
- (12 (, [nnKM WID LINE2 BTN (nnNM N4830 E16130
WID LINE BTN)] N4830 E16600
(+12 ) Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] N5300 E16600
(M) ( Ennn[nn] N5300 E16130
), +12 :) Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn][
NO VA EXP
12 ); Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn]
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] NOT AVBL

Ennn[nn]
(
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] NOT PROVIDED
)
Ennn[nn]]3



NO VA EXP



NOT AVBL

NOT PROVIDED
16 FCST VA CLD nn/nnnnZ FCST VA CLD 23/1900Z
( ) (18 +18 HR: SFC FLnnn/[FL]nnn +18 HR:
- (, [nnKM WID LINE2 BTN (nnNM NO VA EXP
- WID LINE BTN)]
(+18 ) ( Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] NOT AVBL
(M) ), Ennn[nn]
+18 :) Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
12 ); NOT PROVIDED
Ennn[nn][
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn]
( Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
) Ennn[nn]
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn]]3

NO VA EXP

NOT AVBL

NOT PROVIDED

(.)
64

2-1 (.)


()

17 (M) , RMK: 256 RMK: LATEST REP FM


(:) KVERT (0120Z)
NIL INDICATES
ERUPTION HAS
CEASED. TWO
DISPERSING VA CLD
ARE EVIDENT ON
SATELLITE IMAGERY
NIL
18 , , NXT ADVISORY: nnnnnnnn/nnnnZ NXT 20080923/0730Z
- ( ADVISORY:
- NO LATER THAN NO LATER THAN
(M) nnnnnnnn/nnnnZ nnnnnnnn/nnnnZ
:)
NO FURTHER ADVISORIES NO FURTHER
ADVISORIES
WILL BE ISSUED BY WILL BE ISSUED BY
nnnnnnnn/nnnnZ nnnnnnnn/nnnnZ

:
1. (, IAVCEI).
2.
, .
3. .
4. (, AIREP), .

A2-1.

FVFE01 RJTD 230130


VA ADVISORY

DTG: 20080923/0130Z
VAAC: TOKYO
VOLCANO: KARYMSKY 1000-13
PSN: N5403 E15927
AREA: RUSSIAN FEDERATION
SUMMIT ELEV: 1536M
ADVISORY NR: 2008/4
INFO SOURCE: MTSAT-1R KVERT KEMSD
AVIATION COLOUR CODE: RED
ERUPTION DETAILS: ERUPTION AT 20080923/0000Z FL300 REPORTED
OBS VA DTG: 23/0100Z
OBS VA CLD: FL250/300 N5400 E15930 N5400 E16100 N5300 E15945 MOV SE 20KT
SFC/FL200 N5130 E16130 N5130 E16230 N5230 E16230 N5230 E16130
MOV SE 15KT
FCST VA CLD +6 HR: 23/0700Z FL250/350 N5130 E16030 N5130 E16230 N5330 E16230
N5330 E16030 SFC/FL180 N4830 E16330 N4830 E16630 N5130 E16630
N5130 E16330
(.)
II. : 65

2-1 (.)

FCST VA CLD +12 HR: 23/1300Z SFC/FL270 N4830 E16130 N4830 E16600 N5300 E16600
N5300 E16130
FCST VA CLD +18 HR: 23/1900Z NO VA EXP
RMK: LATEST REP FM KVERT (0120Z) INDICATES ERUPTION HAS CEASED. TWO
DISPERSING VA CLD ARE EVIDENT ON SATELLITE IMAGERY
NXT ADVISORY: 20080923/0730Z

A2-2.

: =
 ,
.

:
1. ,
, 6, 6-4.
2. , , .
(PANS-, Doc 8400, ).
3. .
4. .
5. 119 ,
, .

()

1 - TC ADVISORY TC ADVISORY
(
)
2 - , , DTG: nnnnnnnn/nnnnZ DTG: 20040925/1600Z
()
3 TCAC TCAC ( TCAC: nnnn nnnnnnnnnn TCAC: YUFO1
(-
) TCAC: MIAMI


:)
4 - TC: nnnnnnnnnnnn NN TC: GLORIA
NN
,

5 - NR: nn NR: 01
( 01
)

6 - PSN: Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] PSN: N2706 W07306


( Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn]
)

(.)
66

2-2 (.)

()

7 MOV: N nnKMH ( KT) MOV: NW 20KMH


NNE nnKMH ( KT)
16
/ NE nnKMH ( KT)
() ENE nnKMH ( KT)

(<6/ (3)), E nnKMH ( KT)
- ESE nnKMH ( KT)
(<2 / (1 )) SE nnKMH ( KT)
SSE nnKMH ( KT)
S nnKMH ( KT)
SSW nnKMH ( KT)

SW nnKMH ( KT)
WSW nnKMH ( KT)

W nnKMH ( KT)
WNW nnKMH ( KT)

NW nnKMH ( KT)
NNW nnKMH ( KT)

SLW
STNR

8 ( ) C: nnnHPA C: 965HPA

9 MAX WIND: nn[n]MPS MAX WIND: 22MPS


( ( nn[n]KT)
10 ), /c
( )

10 - ( ) FCST PSN nn/nnnnZ FCST PSN 25/2200Z


(6 DTG, +6 HR: Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] +6 HR: N2748 W07350
(+6 ) 2 ); Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn]

(
)

11 FCST MAX nn[n]MPS FCST MAX 22MPS


WIND +6 HR: ( nn[n]KT) WIND +6 HR:
(6 DTG,
(+6 ) 2 )

12 - ( ) FCST PSN nn/nnnnZ FCST PSN 26/0400Z


(12 DTG, +12 HR: Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] +12 HR: N2830 W07430
(+12 ) 2 ); Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn]
(
)

13 FCST MAX nn[n]MPS FCST MAX 22MPS


(12 WIND ( nn[n]KT) WIND
DTG, +12 HR: +12 HR:
(+12 ) 2 )
14 - ( ) FCST PSN nn/nnnnZ FCST PSN 26/1000Z
(18 DTG, +18 HR: Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] +18 HR: N2852 W07500
(+18 ) 2 ); Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn]


( )

(.)
II. : 67

2-2 (.)

()

15 FCST MAX nn[n]MPS FCST MAX 21MPS


(18 WIND ( nn[n]KT) WIND
DTG, +18 HR: +18 HR:
(+18 ) 2 )
16 ( ) FCST PSN nn/nnnnZ FCST PSN 26/1600Z
- (24 DTG, +24 HR: Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] +24 HR: N2912 W07530
2 ); Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn]
(+24 )

( )


17 FCST MAX nn[n]MPS FCST MAX 20MPS
(24 WIND ( nn[n]KT) WIND
DTG, +24 HR +24 HR:
(+24 ) 2 )

18 , RMK: RMK: NIL


256

NIL
19 - , NXT MSG: [BFR] nnnnnnnn/nnnnZ NXT MSG: 20040925/2000Z
, (
) - NO MSG EXP

-
-

.
1 .

A2-2.

TC ADVISORY

DTG: 20040925/1600Z
TCAC: YUFO
TC: GLORIA
NR: 01
PSN: N2706 W07306
MOV: NW 20KMH
C: 965HPA
MAX WIND: 22MPS
FCST PSN + 6 HR: 25/2200Z N2748 W07350
FCST MAX WIND + 6 HR: 22MPS
FCST PSN + 12 HR: 26/0400Z N2830 W07430
FCST MAX WIND + 12 HR: 22MPS
FCST PSN + 18 HR: 26/1000Z N2852 W07500

(.)
68

2-1 (.)

FCST MAX WIND + 18 HR: 21MPS


FCST PSN + 24 HR: 26/1600Z N2912 W07530
FCST MAX WIND + 24 HR: 20MPS
RMK: NIL
NXT MSG: 20040925/2000Z
3.

(. I, 4)

1. ,

1.1 []
, ,
, .

. ,
, , 14 , I,
9.

1.2 []
,
, .

1.3 []
, , , ,
, .

1.4 [] ,
, ,
,
,
, .

, .

2. ,

2.1

2.1.1
, 3-1.

2.1.2 METAR SPECI ,


3-2, METAR SPECI, .

. METAR SPECI (-306), I.1,


- .

2.1.3 [] METAR SPECI


METAR SPECI
2.1.2 .

2.1.4 METAR SPECI, ,



(XML)/
(GML).
70

2.1.5 METAR SPECI, ,


.

. , XML/GML
(Doc10003, ).

2.2 CAVOK

a) 10 ;

:
1. (),
() 4.2.4.2 4.2.4.3 ; METAR SPECI
(), () 4.2.4.4 .
2. 4.2.4.4 () ;

b) ;

c) , 4.4.2.3, 4.4.2.5
4.4.2.6 ,

, , ,
,
V.

2.3 SPECI

2.3.1
:

a) ,
, ;

b) ,
;

c) 2 ,
, ,
,
;

d) ,
,
3-1 ;

e) .
(PANS-ATM, Doc4444 )

() 2,5/ (5) ,
, /
7,5/ (15) ;

f) , SPECI.

2.3.2 , I, 4.4.2 b, SPECI


, :
II. : 71

a) 60
, ,
/ 5/ (10) ;

b) 5/ (10)
, ;

c) ()
5/ (10) ,
, / 7,5/
(15) ;

d) ,
:
i) ,
ii) ( ),
iii) ( );

e)
:
i) ,
ii) ( );

f) 450 (1500) :
i) SCT BKN OVC
ii) BKN OVC SCT .

2.3.3 [] , I, 4.4.2b,
c SPECI ,
:

a)
.

,
:
i) () ;
ii) ,
,
,
;

b)

:
i) 800, 1 500 3 000 ;
ii) 5 000 ,
.

:
1. (), ()
4.2.4.2 4.2.4.3 ; SPECI (),
() 4.2.4.4 .
2. , ,
4.2.4.4b ;

)

: 50, 175, 300, 550
800;
72

d) ,
:
i) ;
ii) ;
iii) ( );

e) :
i) , ;
ii) , ;
iii) ;

f) BKN OVC

BKN
OVC
:
i) 30, 60, 150 300 (100, 200, 500 1 000 );
ii) 450 (1 500 ),
;

g) ,

: 30, 60, 150
300 (100, 200, 500 1 000);

h) ,

.

. , ,

TAF 5, 1.3.2j .

2.3.4 ,
, SPECI ,
.

3.

3.1 METAR SPECI

3.1.1 METAR SPECI


,
, ,
,
.

3.1.2 METAR SPECI


.

3.1.3 SPECI
. SPECI
.
II. : 73

3.1.4 [] SPECI
10 ;
,
, 10- .

3.2

3.2.1

.

3.2.2
.

:

a) ,
, ,
,
,
;

b) ,

.

4.

. , 4.14.8
, , .

4.1

4.1.1

4.1.1.1 []
101 (303) .

4.1.1.2 []
,
. ,
, ,
. ,

,
.

. ,
, , ,
,
.
74

4.1.2

4.1.2.1 , ,

.

, , 4.1.1.2
, ,
.

4.1.2.2 []

.

4.1.3

4.1.3.1 :

a) 2 ,
,
;

b) 10 METAR SPECI, 10-


/ ,
,
,
.

. ,
30
5/ (10) 5 / (10) .

4.1.3.2 [] ,
METAR SPECI, ,

(),
(),
4.1.5.2 , 3 .

4.1.4

[]
,

, .

4.1.5

4.1.5.1 ,
METAR SPECI ,
10 1 ( 1) .
,
, .

4.1.5.2 ,
METAR SPECI:
II. : 75

a) , ;

b) 10
, 60 :
i) , 60
, 180, 1,5/ (3) ,

,
;
ii) , 60 ,
180, 1,5/ (3),
;

iii) , 180 ,

;

c) (),
10, ,
:
i) 2,5 / (5 ) ,

. (PANS-
ATM, Doc4444, );
ii) 5/ (10) ;

d) , 0,5/ (1),
;

e) , 50/ (100) ,
49/ (99 );

f) , 10-
/ ,
,
.

. . 4.1.3.1 .

4.1.5.3 :

a) ,
,
;

b)
,
, ;

c) 4.1.5.2b (ii)
,
, ;

d) 4.1.5.2
(),
.

4.1.5.4 METAR SPECI,


() 4.1.5.2 ,
.
76

4.2

4.2.1

4.2.1.1 [] ,
, 2,5
(7,5) .

4.2.1.2 [] ,
,
, .
,
, ,

.

4.2.2

[] ,
, ,
,

.
, ,
4.2.1 ,
, ,
.

4.2.3

[] ,
,
60 , .
:

a) 1 ,
;

b) 10 METAR SPECI, ,
10- , ,
;
,
.

. ,
,
SPECI, 2.3 .

4.2.4

4.2.4.1 ,
METAR SPECI , 50,
800; 800 , 5 ,
100; 5 , 10 , 1;
10 10, ,
II. : 77

V.
,
, .

. CAVOK 2.2 .

4.2.4.2
,
.

4.2.4.3 [] ,
:

a) ,
I, 4.6.2.2, ,
, , , ,
, ,
;

b)
,
, .

4.2.4.4 [] METAR SPECI


, I, 1.

a) :
i) 1 500 ii) 50%
5000,

.
,
;

b)
,
.

4.3

4.3.1

4.3.1.1 []
2,5 (7,5)
5 (15) .

4.3.1.2 []
, 120.
,
300 .
,
10001500 300 .
, ,
,
, , ,
.
78

4.3.2

. , ,
, .

, .


(Doc9328, ).

4.3.2.1 ,
II III,
,
.

4.3.2.2 [] ,
I,
,
.

4.3.3

4.3.3.1 ,
, (, , )
,

. ,
,
, , 4.3.1.2
, ,
.

4.3.3.2 [] ,
,
,
,
( , a b 3.2.2 ).
, , 15
.

4.3.4

,
,
60, .
:

a) 1
;

b) 10 METAR SPECI, 10- ,


,
,
,
.
II. : 79

. ,
,
800, 550, 300 175.

4.3.5

[]
,
.
:

) ,
3% : ,
;

b) , 3%
: ,
;

) (
): ,
.

METAR SPECI ,
.

.
D.

4.3.6

4.3.6.1 ,
METAR SPECI
400 , 25;
400 800 50,
800 100. ,
,
.

4.3.6.2 []
50, 2000.
, METAR
SPECI , 50
2000.

4.3.6.3 ,
METAR SPECI:

a) , ,
, ,
V
METAR SPECI,
, ;

b) , ,
, ,
BLW
METAR SPECI,
, .
80

4.3.6.4 :

a) ;

b)
, .. ,
;

c)
, ,
, ,
, ,
;

d) , ,
,
.

4.3.6.5 [] METAR SPECI:

a) , ;
;

b) , , ,
,
, .

4.3.6.6 []
, METAR SPECI
10- ,
, 10-

, 5 100
5 . ,

,
U D. , 10-
,
N.
.

4.4

4.4.1

[] , ,
4.4.2.3 4.4.2.4 , ,

.

4.4.2

4.4.2.1

.
II. : 81

4.4.2.2 METAR SPECI



.

4.4.2.3 [] ,
METAR SPECI

:

a)
DZ
RA
SN
SG
PL
GR
,
5
/ GS
,
5

b) , ()
FG
1000,
MI, BC, PR VC
(.4.4.2.6 4.4.2.8 )
BR
1 000 , 5000

c) , ()
,

5 000 , SA
DR (. 4.4.2.6 ),
.
SA
() DU
HZ
FU
VA

d)
/ ( ) PO
SQ
( ) FC
DS
SS

4.4.2.4 [] ,
METAR SPECI ,
4.4.2.3 , ,
,
UP.
82

4.4.2.5 ,
METAR SPECI, ,

:

TS

, 3-1 3-2
. , 10-
, ,
,
, TS
.

FZ
;
3-1
3-2 .

. , ,
, . ,
, ,
,
(, Doc9837).

4.4.2.6 [] ,
METAR SPECI , ,

:

SH

, 3-1 3-2.
, (.4.4.2.8
), VCSH
.

BL
,
3-1 3-2, ,
2 (6)
.

DR
,
3-1 3-2, ,
2 (6)
.

MI
2 (6 ) .

BC
, .

PR
,
.
II. : 83

4.4.2.7 [] , (SH),
4.4.2.6 , ,
,
, METAR SPECI
SH.

4.4.2.8 [] ,
METAR SPECI , ,

:

(
(METAR SPECI)
)
FBL

MOD ( )

HVY +

,
3-1 3-2.
.

VC
8 16
METAR SPECI
, 3-2,
4.4.2.5 4.4.2.6 .

4.4.2.9 ,
METAR SPECI:

a) ,

4.4.2.3 4.4.2.4 , , ,
4.4.2.5 4.4.2.6 , ,
4.4.2.8 , ,
;

b) , ,
,
;

c) , ,
,
,
. ,
, ,
,
, .

4.4.2.10 [] , , /
,
,
, METAR SPECI
//.
84

4.5

4.5.1

[] ,
,
,
.
, ,
,
,
,

. 1200 (4000)
.

4.5.2

[] ,
, ()

()
.
, ,
4.5.1 ,
, .

4.5.3

.
,
15 (50) ,
,
.
, ,
.

4.5.4

4.5.4.1 ,
METAR SPECI ,
30 (100), 3000 (10000).

4.5.4.2 [] ,
,


, 15 (50) 90 (300),
, , 30 (100) 90 (300)
3000 (10000), , 15
(50) 90 (300), , , 30
(100) 90 (300) 600 (2000).

4.5.4.3 [] ,
METAR SPECI:
II. : 85

a) FEW
(12), SCT (34), N (57) V (8);

b) -
TCU ;

c) , 30 (100),
600 (2 000 );

d) , , ,
, CAVOK ,
NSC;

e) ,
, ,

:
i) , , ,
, FEW, SCT, BKN OVC;
ii) , 2/8, ,
, SCT, BKN OVC;
iii) , 4/8
, , , BKN OVC;
iv) - / ,
, ,
iiii ;

f) , ,
,
;

g) , () -
,
-.

. ,
.

4.5.4.4 , 4.5.4.1, 4.5.4.2 4.5.4.3c,


,
.

4.5.4.5 :

a) ,
;

b) ,
,

, .

4.5.4.6 [] ,
METAR SPECI:

a) ,
,
///;
86

b) , ,
NCD;

) , -
,
/ ,
/ ///;

(d) ,

/,
///.

4.6

4.6.1

[] ,
,


.

.

4.6.2

4.6.2.1 ,
METAR SPECI
, . ,
,
, 0,5
.

4.6.2.2 ,
METAR SPECI 0 .

4.7

4.7.1

,
, QNH ,
4.7.3.2b , QFE, ,

. QFE
, 4.7.3.2d ,
, QFE.

4.7.2

[] QFE
. , ,
II. : 87

2 (7 ) , ,
, QFE, ,
.

4.7.3

4.7.3.1 ,
METAR SPECI QNH QFE
, ,
. ,
,
.

4.7.3.2 :

a) QN;

b) QF
,
;

c) QNH QFE
;

d) QFE ,
QFE ,
.

4.7.3.3 METAR SPECI QNH.

4.8

4.8.1

4.8.1.1 [] ,
METAR SPECI
, . . ,
,
, , ,
, ,
, 3-1 3-2:

;
( );
;
, ;
;
( );
.

. , SPECI,
,
.
88

4.8.1.2 []

:

- CB
TS
MOD TURB, SEV TURB
WS
GR
SEV SQL
MOD ICE, SEV ICE
FZDZ, FZRA
SEV MTW
, DS, SS
BLSN
( ) FC

.
,
.

4.8.1.3 [] ,
METAR SPECI,
, 4.8.1.1 ,
, 3-2,

.

. , SPECI,
,
.

4.8.1.4 [] METAR SPECI ,


, .

. , 4.8.1.4, (
) , , ,
.

4.8.1.5 [] METAR SPECI



:

a)
,
;

b) ,
.

:
1. (-306), I.1, A
- , 3700.
2. (-306), I.1, A -
, 0366, 0519, 0919 1079.
II. : 89

A3-1. (MET REPORT)


(SPECIAL)

: M , ;
C , ;
O .

:
1. , ,
3-4 .
2. .
(PANS-, Doc 8400 ).

,

()

I, 4
MET REPORT SPECIAL MET REPORT
(M) SPECIAL
nnnn YUDO1

(M) (M)
nnnnnnZ 221630Z
(M)

AUTO AUTO
-
() ()
WIND () WIND 240/4MPS
(M) (M) (WIND 240/8KT)
(O)2 RWY nn[L] RWY nn[C] RWY nn[R] WIND RWY 18 TDZ 190/6MPS
(WIND RWY 18 TDZ 190/12KT)
(O)3 TDZ

nnn/ VRB BTN nnn/ AND nnn/ C WIND VRB1MPS WIND CALM
(M) VRB (WIND VRB2KT)
A
WIND VRB BTN 350/ AND 050/1MPS
(M) [ABV]n[n][n]MPS ( [ABV]n[n]KT) L (WIND VRB BTN 350/ AND 050/2KT)
MAX[ABV]nn[n] MNMn[n] M
WIND 270/ABV49MPS

(WIND 270/ABV99KT)
(C)4
VRB BTN
WIND 120/3MPS MAX9 MNM2
nnn/ AND
(WIND 120/6KT MAX18 MNM4)
(C)5 nnn/
(O)3 MID WIND 020/5MPS VRB BTN 350/
AND 070/
nnn/ VRB BTN nnn/ AND nnn/ C (WIND 020/10KT VRB BTN 350/
(O)3 VRB A AND 070/)
(O)3 [ABV]n[n][n]MPS ( [ABV]n[n]KT) L WIND RWY 14R MID 140/6MPS
(WIND RWY 14R MID 140/12KT)
- MAX[ABV]nn[n] MNMn[n] M
(C)4
VRB BTN
nnn/ AND
(C)5 nnn/
(O)3 END () WIND RWY 27 TDZ 240/8MPS
MAX14 MNM5 END 250/7MPS
nnn/ VRB BTN nnn/ AND nnn/ C
(WIND RWY 27 TDZ 240/16KT
(O)3 VRB A MAX28 MNM10 END 250/14KT)
(O)3 ABV]n[n][n]MPS ( [ABV]n[n]KT) L
- MAX[ABV]nn[n] MNMn[n] M
(C)4
VRB BTN
nnn/ AND
(C)5 nnn/
(.)
90

A3-1 (.)

,

()

I, 4
(M) VIS C VIS 350M CAVOK
(M) A VIS 7KM
VIS 10KM
V
(O)2 RWY nn[L] RWY nn[C] RWY nn[R] VIS RWY 09 TDZ 800M END 1200M
O
(O)3 TDZ K
(M) n[n][n][n]M n[n]KM

(O)3 MID

(O)3 n[n][n][n]M n[n]KM

(O)3 END VIS RWY 18 TDZ 6KM RWY 27 TDZ


4000M
(O)3 n[n][n][n]M n[n]KM

RVR RVR RWY 32 400M


(M) RVR RWY 20 1600M
(C)6
(C)7 RWY nn[L] RWY nn[C] RWY nn[R]

(C)8 TDZ

RVR (M) [ABV BLW] nn[n][n]M RVR RWY 10L BLW 50M
RVR RWY 14 ABV 2000M
RVR RWY 10 BLW 150M
RVR RWY 12 ABV 1200M
(C)8 MID RVR RWY 12 TDZ 1100M MID ABV
1400M
RVR (C)8 [ABV BLW] nn[n][n]M

(C)8 END RVR RWY 16 TDZ 600M MID 500M END


400M
RVR (C)8 [ABV BLW] nn[n][n]M
RVR RWY 26 500M RWY 20 800M
FBL
(C)9, 10 MOD
(C)9 HVY
DZ FG MOD RA
RA SN BR SA HVY TSRA
(C)9, 11 SG DU HZ HVY DZ
PL DS FU VA FBL SN
SS SQ PO HZ
FZDZ TS FG
FZUP12 BCFG VA
FC13 BLDU MIFG
FZRA BLSA
SHGR BLSN HVY TSRASN
SHGS DRDU FBL SNRA
SHRA DRSA
SHSN DRSN FBL DZ FG
SHUP12 FZFG HVY SHSN BLSN
TSGR MIFG
TSGS PRFG HVY TSUP
TSRA //12
TSSN //
TSUP12
UP12
(.)
II. : 91

A3-1 (.)

,

()

I, 4
(M)14 CLD
(M)
(O)2 RWY nn[L] RWY nn[C] RWY nn[R] CLD NSC

FEW OBSC NSC CLD SCT 300M OVC 600M


(M) SCT (CLD SCT 1000FT OVC 2000FT)
(O)9 BKN NCD12
CLD OBSC VER VIS 150M
OVC
(CLD OBSC VER VIS 500FT)
///12
CLD BKN TCU 270M
(C)9 CB TCU
(CLD BKN TCU 900FT)
///12
CLD RWY 08R BKN 60M RWY 26 BKN
n[n][n] [VER VIS 90M
[n]M n[n][n]M (CLD RWY 08R BKN 200FT RWY26 BKN
( ( VER VIS 300FT)
n[n][n][n] n[n][n][n]FT)] CLD /// CB ///M (CLD /// CB ///FT)
(C)9 FT)
VER VIS CLD /// CB 400M (CLD /// CB 1200FT)
///M ///M CLD NCD
( ( VER VIS
///FT)12 ///FT)12
T T17
(M) (M) TMS08
[MS]nn
(M)
DP DP15
(M) (M) DPMS18
[MS]nn
(M)
QNH QNH 0995HPA
(M) (M) QNH 1009HPA
QNH (M) nnnnHPA
QNH 1022HPA QFE 1001HPA
QFE QNH 0987HPA QFE RWY 18 0956HPA
()
RWY 24 0955HPA
QFE (O) [RWY nn[L] RWY nn[C] RWY nn[R]]
nnnnHPA [RWY nn[L] RWY nn[C] RWY
nn[R] nnnnHPA]
CB TS MOD TURB SEV TURB WS FC IN APCH
(C)9 GR SEV SQL MOD ICE SEV ICE WS IN APCH 60M-WIND 360/13MPS
(C)9 FZDZ FZRA SEV MTW SS DS WS RWY 12
BLSN FC15
IN APCH [n[n][n][n]M-WIND nnn/n[n]MPS]
(C)9 IN CLIMB-OUT [n[n][n][n]M-WIND nnn/n[n]
MPS] (IN APCH [n[n][n][n]FT-WIND nnn/n[n]
KT] IN CLIMB-OUT [n[n][n][n]FT-WIND
nnn/n[n]KT]) RWY nn[L] RWY nn[C]
RWY nn[R]
REFZDZ REFZRA REDZ RE[SH]RA REFZRA
(C)9, 10 RE[SH]SN RESG RESHGR RESHGS CB IN CLIMB-OUT RETSRA
REBLSN RESS REDS RETSRA
RETSSN RETSGR RETSGS REFC
REPL REUP12 REFZUP12 RETSUP12
RESHUP12 REVA RETS
(.)
92

A3-1 (.)

,

()

I, 4
TREND
(O)16 (M)
NOSIG BECMG TEMPO TREND NOSIG TREND BECMG FEW
(M)17 600M
(TREND BECMG FEW
2000FT)
FMnnnn / TLnnnn
(C)9
ATnnnn
(C)9 nnn/[ABV]n[n][n]MPS TREND TEMPO 250/18MPS MAX25
[MAX[ABV]nn[n]] (TREND TEMPO 250/36KT MAX50)
( nnn/[ABV]n[n]KT [MAX[ABV]
nn])
(C)9 VIS n[n][n][n]M C TREND BECMG AT1800 VIS 10KM NSW
A TREND BECMG TL1700 VIS 800M FG
VIS n[n]KM TREND BECMG FM1030 TL1130 CAVOK
V
FBL NSW TREND TEMPO TL1200 VIS 600M
O
(C)9 MOD BECMG AT1230 VIS 8KM NSW CLD NSC
HVY K

DZ FG TREND TEMPO FM0300 TL0430


RA BR SA MOD FZRA
(C)9, 10, 11 SN DU TREND BECMG FM1900 VIS 500M HVY
SG HZ SNRA
PL FU TREND BECMG FM1100 MOD SN
DS VA TEMPO FM1130 BLSN
SS SQ
FZDZ PO
FC
FZRA TS
BCFG
SHGR BLDU
BLSA
SHGS BLSN
DRDU
SHRA DRSA
DRSN
SHSN FZFG
MIFG
TSGR PRFG
TSGS
TSRA
(.)

TSSN
CLD
(C)9
FEW OBSC NSC TREND BECMG AT1130 CLD OVC 300M
SCT (TREND BECMG AT1130 CLD OVC
(C)9, 14 BKN 1000FT)
OVC
(C)9, 14 CB TREND TEMPO TL1530 HVY SHRA CLD
TCU BKN CB 360M
n[n][n] [VER VIS (TREND TEMPO TL1530 HVY SHRA CLD
[n]M n[n][n]M BKN CB 1200FT)
( ( VER
n[n][n] VIS n[n]
(C)9, 14 [n]FT) [n][n]
FT)]
II. : 93

A3-1 (.)

:
1. .
2. .
3.  .
4.  4.1.5.2 c .
5. 4.1.5.2 b (i) .
6. , < 1500 .
7. 4.3.6.4 d .
8. 4.3.6.4 c .
9. , .
10.  ( ) 4.4.2.9 4.8.1.1
, 2.2.4.3 5.
11. , 4.4.2.3 a ,
4.4.2.9 2.2.4.1 5.
2.2.4.1 5.
12. .
13. ,
, .
14.  4.5.4.3 e .
15. 
4.8.1.2 .
16.  I, 6.3.2.
17.  2.2.1 5,
.

A3-2. METAR SPECI

: M , ;
C , ;
O
 .

:
1.  , METAR SPECI,
3-5 .
2.  .
(PANS-, Doc 8400 ).

,
()
I, 4

(M) METAR, METAR COR, SPECI SPECI COR METAR


(M) METAR COR
SPECI
- nnnn YUDO1
(M) (M)
nnnnnnZ 221630Z
(M)
(M)
AUTO NIL AUTO
- NIL
(C)

(C)2
R, .
(.)
94

A3-2 (.)

,
()
I, 4

(M) nnn VRB 24004MPS VRB01MPS


(M) (24008KT) (VRB02KT)
19006MPS
(M) [P]nn[n]
(19012KT)
00000MPS
(00000KT)
140P49MPS
(140P99KT)

G[P]nn[n] 12003G09MPS
(C)3 (12006G18KT)

24008G14MPS
(M) MPS ( KT)
(24016G28KT)
(/ )

02005MPS 350V070
nnnVnnn (02010KT 350V070)
(C)4

(M) nnnn C 0350 CAVOK


A 7000
(M)5 9999
V
0800
O 2000 1200NW
nnnn[N] nnnn[NE]
nnnn[E] nnnn[SE] nnnn[S] K 6000 2800E
nnnn[SW] nnnn[W] 6000 2800
(C)6 nnnn[NW]

(M) R R32/0400
R12R/1700
(C)7 (M) nn[L]/ nn[C]/ nn[R]/ R10/M0050
R14L/P2000

[P M]nnnn R16L/0650 R16C/0500


(M) R16R/0450 R17L/0450

U, D N R12/1100U
R26/0550N R20/0800D
(C)8 R12/0700

+ VC
(C)2, 9
(C)10

DZ RA FG BR FG RA HZ VCFG
SN SA PO +TSRA FG VCSH
(M)11 SG PL DU HZ FC +DZ VA VCTS
DS FU DS SN MIFG VCBLSA
SS FZDZ VA SQ SS
FZRA PO TS
FZUP12 TS BCFG SH +TSRASN
FC13 BLDU BLSN SNRA
SHGR BLSA BLSA
DZ FG
SHGS BLSN BLDU
+SHSN BLSN
SHRA DRDU VA
UP
SHSN DRSA
FZUP
SHUP12 DRSN
TSUP FZUP
TSGR FZFG
TSGS MIFG
//
TSRA PRFG
TSSN //12
TSUP12
UP12

(.)
II. : 95

A3-2 (.)

,
()
I, 4

(M)14 FEWnnn VVnnn NSC FEW015 VV005


SCTnnn VV///12 NCD12 OVC030 VV/// NSC
BKNnnn
(M) OVCnnn SCT010 OVC020
FEW///12
SCT///12 BKN/// ///015
BKN///12
OVC///12 ///
nnn12
//////12

(C)2 CB
TCU BKN009TCU NCD
///12 SCT008 BKN025CB BKN025///
//////CB

[M]nn/[M]nn 17/10
(M) 02/M08
(M) M01/M10

(M) Q Q0995
(M) Q1009
QNH (M) nnnn Q1022
Q0987

REFZDZ REFZRA REDZ RE[SH]RA REFZRA


(C) (C)2, 9 RE[SH]SN RESG RESHGR RESHGS RETSRA
REBLSN RESS REDS RETSRA
RETSSN RETSGR RETSGS RETS REFC
REVA REPL REUP12 REFZUP12
RETSUP12 RESHUP12
(C)2 WS Rnn[L] WS Rnn[C] WS Rnn[R] WS
ALL RWY WS R03
WS ALL RWY
W[M]nn/Sn W[M]nn/Hn[n][n] WS R18C
W15/S2
W12/H75

(C)15
- Rnn[L]/ Rnn[C]/ Rnn[R] R/SNOCLO R99/421594
(M) R/SNOCLO
(C)16 R14L/CLRD//
n / CLRD//
(M)
n /

(M)
nn //
(M)
nn //



(M)
(.)
96

A3-2 (.)

,
()
I, 4

(M)18 NOSIG BECMG TEMPO NOSIG BECMG FEW020


(O)17
(C)2 FMnnnn /
TLnnnn

ATnnnn
(C)2 nnn[P]nn[n][G[P]nn[n]]MPS TEMPO 25018G25MPS
( (TEMPO 25036G50KT)
nnn[P]nn[G[P]nn]KT)
nnnn C BECMG FM1030 TL1130 CAVOK
(C)2 A
BECMG TL1700 0800 FG
V
BECMG AT1800 9000 NSW
O
K BECMG FM1900 0500 +SNRA

BECMG FM1100 SN TEMPO


FM1130 BLSN

TEMPO FM0330 TL0430 FZRA


: + N
(C)10 S
W

: DZ RA FG
(O)17 (.) SN BR
(C)2, 9, 11 SG PL SA
DS DU
SS FZDZ HZ
FZRA FU
SHGR VA
SHGS SQ
SHRA PO
SHSN FC
TSGR TS
TSGS BCFG
TSRA BLDU
TSSN BLSA
BLSN

DRDU
DRSA

DRSN
FZFG
MIFG
PRFG
FEWnnn VVnnn N TEMPO TL1200 0600 BECMG
SCTnnn VV/// S AT1200 8000 NSW NSC (.)
BKNnnn
C
(C)2, 14 OVCnnn
BECMG AT1130 OVC010

(C)2, 14 CB TCU TEMPO TL1530 +SHRA


BKN012CB

:
1. .
2. , .
3.  4.1.5.2 c .
4.  4.1.5.2 b (i) .
5.  4.2.4.4 b .
II. : 97

A3-2 (.)

6.  4.2.4.4 a .
7.  , < 1500 ;
4.3.6.5 b .
8.  4.3.6.6 a .
9.  ( ) 4.4.2.9 a 4.8.1.1
2.2.4.1 5.
10.  , ;
4.4.2.8 .
11.  , 4.4.2.3 a ,
4.4.2.9c 2.2.4.1 5.
2.2.4.1 5.
12.  .
13. ; ( )
, .
14.  4.5.4.3 e .
15.  4.8.1.5 a ..
16.  4.8.1.5 b .
17.  I, 6.3.2 .
18.  2.2.1 5;
.

A3-3.

NOSIG

BECMG FMn1n1n1n1 TLn2n2n2n2 - n1n1n1n1


- n2n2n2n2
TLnnnn -
nnnn
FMnnnn nnnn

ATnnnn nnnn (
)
a) 

;
b)

TEMPO FMn1n1n1n1 TLn2n2n2n2 - n1n1n1n1


n2n2n2n2

TLnnnn

nnnn

FMnnnn nnnn




98

A3-4. ,

, I, 4

: 0136 1
: 010360 10
: M/ 199* 1
1199* 1
: M 0750 50
M 8004900 100
KM 59 1
KM 10 0 (
: 10 )
: M 0375 25
M 400750 50
M 8002000 100
: M 075** 15
M 90600 30
0250** 50
3002000 100
: M 075** 15
: M 903000 30
0250** 50
30010000 100
; C 80 +60 1
:
QNH; QFE: 05001100 1

*  50 / (100 )
; , ,
99 / (199 ).
** , 4.5.4.2 ;
30 (100 ).

A3-5. ,
METAR SPECI

, I, 4

( 0136 1
)
: 000360 10

: M/ 0099* 1
00199* 1
: M 00000750 50
M 08004900 100
M 5000 9000 1000
M 10000 0 (
: 9999)
: M 00000375 25
M 04000750 50
M 08002000 100
: , 000020 1
30
(100 )
(.)
II. : 99

A3-5 (.)

, I, 4

: : , 000100 1
30
(100 )
;
C 80 +60 1
:
QNH: 08501100 1
: C 10 +40 1
: ( 09 1
)
: M 0999 0,1
: ( 0136; 88; 99 1
: )
: ( 09 1
)
: ( 1; 2; 5; 9
)
: ( 0090; 9299 1
)
/ ( 0095; 99 1
: )

* 50 / (100 )
; , ,
99 / (199 ).

A3-1.

a) ( , R):
MET REPORT YUDO 221630Z WIND 240/4MPS VIS 600M RVR RWY 12 TDZ 1000M MOD DZ FG CLD
SCT 300M OVC 600M T17 DP16 QNH 1018HPA TREND BECMG TL1700 VIS 800M FG BECMG AT1800
VIS 10KM NSW

b) METAR YUDO (/)*:


METAR YUDO 221630Z 24004MPS 0600 R12/1000U DZ FG SCT010 OVC020 17/16 Q1018 BECMG
TL1700 0800 FG BECMG AT1800 9999 NSW

:
/*, 16:30
22- ; 240 ;
4 ; ( ;
METAR) 600 ;
12 1 000 ,
10 (
METAR);
; 300 ;
600 ; 17 ;
16 ; QN 1 018 ;
:17:00 ( ;
METAR) 800 ; 18:00 (
; METAR) 10
.

.
.
5
( ) .
________
* .
100

A3-2.

a) ( , SI):
SPECIAL YUDO 151115Z WIND 050/25KT MAX37 MNM10 VIS 1200M RVR RWY 05 ABV 1800M HVY
TSRA CLD BKN CB 500FT T25 DP22 QNH 1008HPA TREND TEMPO TL1200 VIS 600M BECMG AT1200
VIS 8KM NSW NSC

b) SPECI YUDO (/)*:


SPECI YUDO 151115Z 05025G37KT 3000 1200NE+TSRA BKN005CB 25/22 Q1008 TEMPO TL1200 0600
BECMG AT1200 8000 NSW NSC

:
C /*, 11:15
15- ; 050 ;
25 1037 ( SI );
1 200 ( );
3 000 ( SPECI) 1 200 -
( SPECI);
1 800 05 (
SPECI 3 000 );
; - 500 ;
25 ; 22 ; QN1018;
: (
; SPECI) 600 11:15
12:00; 12:00 ( ;
SPECI) 8 ,
.

.
( ) .
5
.
________
* .

A3-3.

VOLCANIC ACTIVITY REPORT YUSB* 231500 MT TROJEEN* VOLCANO N5605 W12652 ERUPTED 231445
LARGE ASH CLOUD EXTENDING TO APPROX 30000 FEET MOVING SW

:
C , /*
23- 15:00 . 23- 14:45 *,
56 5 126 52
, , , ,
30 000 - .
________
* .
4. ,

(. I, 5)

1.

1.1 ,

1.1.1
(ADS-C) S
:

2




( )
( )

. ADS-C S
ADS-C/S
( 1) ( 2),
ADS-C S . ADS-C
. (PANS-ATM, Doc4444), 4.11.4 13,
S 10 , III, I, 5.

1.1.2
ADS-C S
:

1 ( )





2 ( )


102

3 ( )





( )

. ADS-C S

(CPDLC) ( ).

(Doc9694) 10
, III, I.

1.2 ,

2




( )
( )

3
, (
, 4-1).

:
1. -
(D-FIS) ( ).


(Doc9694).
2. 4.2
, ,
.

1.3 ,


:
II. : 103

1 ( )



3 ( )
, ,
, 4-1.

:
1. , .

. (PANS-ATM, Doc4444), 1.
2.
, ,
4.2 .

2.

2.1


, , , ,
, ,
.

2.2

,
.

2.3


1/ (1). .

2.4

0,
5, 1, 5 .

2.5

2.6


(EDR).
104

2.6.1


15- , .
,
.
EDR.
, 4-2.

10 30- ,
.
.

2.6.2

a) , EDR 0,7;

b) , EDR 0,4,
0,7;

c) , EDR 0,1,
0,4;

d) , EDR
0,1.

. EDR .
EDR
, , , .
EDR
(.. ,
).

2.6.3


,
EDR 0,4.
1- ,
.
.
EDR.
,
EDR 0,4.

2.7

. ,
, 4-3.
II. : 105

3.

3.1

3.1.1
,
, () ,

, ,
.

3.1.2
,
,
.

3.1.3 ,
, , , ,
,
SIGMET,
SIGMET, 6, 1.2.1, . .
,
.

. ,
, 6, 6-1B.

3.2

, ,
.

.
.

3.3

[] ,

,
.

3.4

, .
106

4. ,

4.1

4.1.1 []

.

4.1.2 [] ,
,
,
, ,
, ,
.

4.2

.
.
(PANS-ATM, Doc 4444), 1.

4.2.1

.

,
.

4.2.2

,
,
.
II. : 107

A4-1. ( )

: M , ;
C ; , .

. .
SEV TURB (. 2.6.3 ).

,
()
I, 5
(M) ARS ARS
(M)
nnnnnn VA812
(M) (M)
1
(M) (M) Nnnnn Snnnn S4506

(M) (M) Wnnnnn Ennnnn E01056

(M) (M) FLnnn FLnnn FLnnn FL330


FL280 FL310
(M) (M) OBS AT nnnnZ OBS AT 1216Z

2
(M) (M) nnn/ 262/

(M) ( nnnMPS ( nnnKT) 040MPS


) (M) (080KT)

(M) n 1
(M)
(M) T[M]nnn T127
C (M) TM455

(C) 2/3 -1 EDRnnn/nn EDR064/08


(C)1

(C) (C) RHnnn RH054


3
, SEV TURB [EDRnnn]2 SEV TURB EDR076
SEV ICE VA CLD FL050/100
SEV MTW
(M) TS GR3
TS3
HVY SS4
VA CLD [FLnnn/nnn]
VA5 [MT
nnnnnnnnnnnnnnnnn nnn]

MOD TURB [EDRnnn]2
MOD ICE

:
1.  ,
4-2.
2. 
, 2.6.3 .
3.  , , .
4. .
5. , , .
108

A4-2. ,

, ,
1- ...

01 0

12 1

23 2

... ...

1314 13

1415 14

15

A4-3. ,

, I, 5

: 000360 1
: M/ 00125 1
00250 1
()* 01 1
:
: C 80 +60 0,1

: 2/3 1 02 0,01
( )* 015 1
:
: 2/3 1 02 0,01

:
: % 0100 1

* .
5. ,

(. I, 6)

1. , TAF

1.1 TAF

1.1.1 TAF ,
5-1 , TAF,
.

. TAF (-306), I.1,


- .

1.1.2 [] TAF
1.1.1 TAF
.

1.1.3 TAF, ,

(XML)/
(GML).

1.1.4 TAF, ,
.

. , XML/GML
(Doc10003, ).

1.2
TAF

. , ,
.

1.2.1

.
,
,
( 1,5/ (3)) ,
VR.
0,5/ (1),
. ()
5/ (10) ,
.
50/ (100) , 49/ (99).

1.2.2

[] ,
800, , 50;
110

800 , 5 , 100; 5
, 10 , ; 10
10, ,
CAVOK. . ,

,
.

1.2.3

, ,
,
, , :

;
;
( );
, ;
, ;
;
;
( );
;
( );
, 3, 4.4.2.3,
,

.

NSW.

1.2.4

[]
FEW, SCT, BKN OVC. ,
, ,
,
, VV
. ,
,
:

a) , ,
FEW, SCT, BKN OVC;

b) , 2/8
SCT, BKN OVC;

c) , 4/8
BKN OVC;

d) - / ,
, ,
ac.

,
; ,
CAVOK , NSC.
II. : 111

1.2.5

[] ,
,
, TAF,
.

1.3

. TAF
5-2.

1.3.1 ,
TAF , ,
,
:

;
;
( );
;
;
.

1.3.2 [] TAF
:

a) 60
/ 5/c (10) ;

b) 5/c
(10) ;

c)
() 5/c (10) /
7,5/ (15) ;

d)
;


, :
i) ()
ii) ,
,
,
;

e)

:
i) 150, 350, 600, 800, 1 500 3 000 ;
ii) 5 000
;

f)
:
i) , ;
ii) , ;
112

iii) ;
iv) ( );

g)
BKN OVC
,
BKN OVC
:
i) 30, 60, 150 300 (100, 200, 500 1 000 )
ii) 450 (1 500 )
;

h) 450
(1500) :
i) NSC, FEW SCT BKN OVC
ii) BKN OVC o NSC, FEW SCT;

i)
,

: 30, 60, 150 300 (100, 200, 500 1000);

j) ,

.

. , ,
SPECI
3, 2.3.3h.

1.3.3 [] ,
, I, 6.2.3, ,
1.3.2 , BECMG TEMPO,
, .
.
, , ,
.
, ,
.

1.3.4 [] BECMG
,
,

. ,
, ,
.

1.3.5 [] TEMPO

,

,
, . ,
, ,
BECMG 1.3.4
1.3.6 .

1.3.6 [] ,

II. : 113

, ,
FM,
, , .
, FM,
,
, .

1.4

[]
, PROB
,
.
,
.
, PROB,
,
TEMPO, .
30% , .
50%
, , ,
BECMG TEMPO
FM.

BECMG FM.

1.5

[] ,
, , .

1.6 TAF

TAF
,
, ,
,
.

2. ,

2.1

,
3, 3-1 3-2.
, , .

. 3.
114

2.2

2.2.1


: , , .
, , ,
.
, , .
,
. ,
NOSIG.

2.2.2

,
:

a) 60
/ 5/c (10) ;

b) 5/c (10 ) ;

c) ,
.


, :
i) ()
ii) ,
,
,
.

2.2.3

, ,
, ,

: 150, 350, 600, 800, 1500 3000,
. ,
, ,
5000.

. , ,
; , METAR
SPECI, .

2.2.4

2.2.4.1 ,

:

;
( );
II. : 115

( );
;
;
, 3, 4.4.2.3,
,

.

2.2.4.2
:

;
, ;
, ;
( );
;
( ).

2.2.4.3 , 2.2.4.1 2.2.4.2 ,


.

2.2.4.4
NSW.

2.2.5

, ,
BKN OVC
, ,
BKN OVC
: 30, 60, 150, 300 450 (100, 200, 500, 1000
1500), . ,
450 (1500),
, ,
FEW
S N V N V FEW
S. , ,
CAVOK , NSC.

2.2.6

, ,
,



: 30, 60, 150 300 (100, 200, 500
1000), .

2.2.7


, 2.2.22.2.6 ,
.
116

2.3

.
3, 3-3.

2.3.1 , ,
BECMG TEMPO.

2.3.2 BECMG
, , ,
. ,
, , ,
, FM, TL AT,
. , ,
,

FM TL . ,
, ,
, FM
TL
. , ,
, TL
FM
. ,
,
AT . , ,

, ,
, , FM, TL AT

BECMG.

2.3.3 TEMPO
,

,
, . ,
,
FM / TL,
. , ,

,
FM TL
. , ,
,
, FM
TL
. , ,
,
TL
FM . ,

, FM TL
TEMPO.

2.4

PROB .
II. : 117

3. ,

3.1

[]
.
, , ,
, , .

3.2

[]
,
, ,
.
,
3, 2.3.1.

4. ,

4.1 GAMET

GAMET :
I, ,
,
AIRMET, II, ,
. ,
GAMET, , 5-3.
II
. , SIGMET,
GAMET.

4.2 GAMET

, ,
, GAMET
, GAMET AMD,
.

. AIRMET
, , 6.

4.3

4.3.1
,
500 (300.),
: 600, 1500 3000 (2000, 5000 10000) 4500
(15000) .
118

4.3.2
SIGWX SIGWX
100 ( 150
, ). SIGWX
:

a) , SIGWX 6,
;

b) ,
5-3, , :
i)
ii) QNH.

. ISOL, OCNL FRQ


- 6.

4.4 ,

AIRMET
, ,
/ ,

.
II. : 119

A5-1. TAF

: M , ;
C , ;
O
 .

:
1. , TAF, 5-4
.
2. .
(PANS-, Doc 8400, ).

,
()
I, 6

(M) TAF TAF AMD TAF COR TAF


(M) TAF AMD
- nnnn YUDO1
(M) (M)
nnnnnnZ 160000Z
(M) (M)
- NIL NIL
(C)
(C)
TAF,
nnnn/nnnn 0812/0918
(M)
(M)
- CNL CNL
(C)
(C)
TAF,
(M) nnn VRB2 24004MPS; VRB01MPS
(M) (24008KT); (VRB02KT)
19005MPS
(19010KT)
(M) [P]nn[n] 00000MPS
(00000KT)
140P49MPS
(140P99KT)
G[P]nn[n] 12003G09MPS
(C)3 (12006G18KT)
24008G14MPS
(M) MPS (/) ( KT ()) (24016G28KT)
(.)
120

A5-1 (.)

,
()
I, 6

(M) nnnn C 0350 CAVOK


(M) A 7000
9000
V
9999
O
(C)4, 5 +
(C)6 K

DZ RA FG BR RA HZ
(C)7 SN SG SA DU +TSRA FG
PL DS HZ FU FZDZ PRFG
SS VA SQ
FZDZ PO FC
+TSRASN
FZRA TS
SHGR BCFG
SHGS BLDU BLSA SNRA FG
SHRA BLSN
SHSN DRDU
TSGR DRSA DRSN
TSGS FZFG
TSRA MIFG PRFG
TSSN
(M)8 FEWnnn VVnnn NSC FEW010 VV005
- OVC020 VV/// NSC
(M) SCTnnn VV///
BKNnnn
SCT005 BKN012

OVCnnn
(C)4 CB TCU SCT008 BKN025CB
(O)9 (M) TX TX25/1013Z TN09/1005Z
TX05/2112Z TNM02/2103Z
[M]nn/
(M)

nnnnZ

(M)

(M) TN
(M) [M]nn/

nnnnZ
(M)

PROB30 [TEMPO] PROB40 [TEMPO] TEMPO 0815/0818


-
BECMG TEMPO FM 25017G25MPS
(M)
(TEMPO 0815/0818
25034G50KT)
nnnn/nnnn nnnnnn11
TEMPO 2212/2214
(M)
17006G13MPS 1000
TSRA SCT010CB BKN020
(C)4, 10 (C)4 nnn[P]nn[n][G[P]nn[n]]MPS
(TEMPO 2212/2214

17012G26KT 1000
VRBnnMPS
TSRA SCT010CB BKN020)
(
nnn[P]nn[G[P]nn]KT

VRBnnKT)

(.)
II. : 121

A5-1 (.)

,
()
I, 6

nnnn C BECMG 3010/3011 00000MPS


(C)4 A 2400 OVC010
(BECMG 3010/3011 00000KT
: + NSW V
2400 OVC010)
(C)6 O
DZ RA FG BR K PROB30 1412/1414 0800 FG
: -
N SA BECMG 1412/1414 RA
(C)4, 10 (C)4, 7
SG DU HZ TEMPO 2503/2504 FZRA
(,) PL FU
TEMPO 0612/0615 BLSN
DS VA SQ
SS PO PROB40 TEMPO 2923/3001
FZDZ FC TS 0500 FG
FZRA
SHGR BCFG
SHGS BLDU
SHRA BLSA
SHSN BLSN
TSGR DRDU
TSGS DRSA
TSRA DRSN
TSSN FZFG
MIFG
PRFG
FEWnnn VVnnn NSC FM051230 15015KMH 9999
- BKN020
(C)4 SCTnnn VV/// (FM051230 15008KT 9999
BKNnnn BKN020)

OVCnnn BECMG 1618/1620 8000
NSW NSC
(C)4, 10 (C)4 CB TCU
BECMG 2306/2308 SCT015CB
(.) BKN020

:
1. .
2.  1.2.1 .
3.  1.2.1 .
4. , .
5.  , 1.2.3 .
6.  , , 1.2.3 .
.
7.  1.2.3 .
8.  1.2.4 .
9. 1.2.5
( ).
10.  1.3, 1.4 1.5 .
11. -.
122

A5-2. TAF

FM ndndnhnhnmnm ,
ndnd nhnh nmnm ();
, FM, FM (. .
, )

BECMG nd1nd1nh1nh1/nd2nd2nh2nh2 nd1nd1 nh1nh1 ()


nd2nd2 nh2nh2 ();
, ,
BECMG;
nd1nd1nh1nh1/nd2nd2nh2nh2 , ,

TEMPO nd1nd1nh1nh1/nd2nd2nh2nh2 nd1nd1 nh1nh1


() nd2nd2 nh2nh2 ();
, ,
TEMPO;


nd1nd1nh1nh1/nd2nd2nh2nh2

PROBnn nd1nd1nh1nh1/nd2nd2nh2nh2 ( %)
()
;

nd1nd1nh1nh1/nd2nd2nh2nh2 nn = 30 nn = 40;
TEMPO


( )

A5-3. GAMET

: M , ;
C , ;
O ;
=
 ,
.

()
nnnn YUCC1
- -
/
(M) ,
,
GAMET (M)
- GAMET GAMET
(M) (M)
, VALID nnnnnn/nnnnnn VALID 220600/221200
(M)
(M)
- - nnnn YUDO1
-
-

-
, -
(M) ,

(M)
(.)
II. : 123

A5-3 (.)

()
/ - nnnn nnnnnnnnnn FIR[/n] [BLW FLnnn] YUCC AMSWELL FIR/2 BLW FL120
(M)
/ , nnnn nnnnnnnnnn CTA[/n] [BLW FLnnn] YUCC AMSWELL FIR


GAMET (M)

()

-
-



-
I I SECN I SECN I
(M) (M)

SFC WIND: [N OF Nnn nnn/[n]nnMPS SFC WIND: 10/12 310/16MPS


(C) [nn/nn] Snn] (
nnn/[n]nnKT) SFC WIND: E OF W110 050/40KT
15/c [S OF Nnn
(30) Snn]

- SFC VIS: [W OF Wnnn nnnnM FG BR SFC VIS: 06/08 N OF N51 3000M
[nn/nn] Ennn] SA DU BR
(C) 5000 , [E OF Wnnn
, - Ennn] HZ FU
[nnnnnnnnnn]2 VA PO
DS SS
DZ RA
SN SG
FC GR
GS PL SQ

SIGWX: ISOL TS SIGWX: 11/12 ISOL TS


(C) , , [nn/nn] OCNL TS
FRQ TS SIGWX: 12/14 S OF N35 HVY SS
, OBSC TS
EMBD TS
HVY DS
HVY SS
SQL TS
ISOL TSGR
OCNL TSGR
FRQ TSGR
OBSC TSGR
EMBD TSGR
SQL TSGR
VA

(C) MT OBSC: nnnnnnnnnn2 MT OBSC: S OF N48 MT PASSES


[nn/nn]

(C) SIG CLD: BKN OVC SIG CLD: 06/09 NOF N51 OVC
- [nn/nn] [n]nnn/[n]nnnM 800/1100FT AGL 10/12 ISOL TCU
( 1200/8000FT AGL
[n]nnn/[n]nnnFT)
AGL AMSL
300 (1000) ISOL
OCNL
(AGL) FRQ
(AMSL) OBSC
/ - EMBD
() CB3 TCU3
[n]nnn/[n]nnnM
(TCU) (
[n]nnn/[n]nnnFT)
AGL AMSL

(.)
124

A5-3 (.)

()

-
-



(C) ( ICE: MOD FLnnn/nnn ICE: MOD FL050/080
- [nn/nn]
, MOD ABV FLnnn
,
- SEV FLnnn/nnn
,
SEV ABV FLnnn
SIGMET)

(C) ( TURB: MOD FLnnn/nnn TURB: MOD ABV FL090


- [nn/nn]
, - MOD ABV FLnnn

, SEV FLnnn/nnn
,
SEV ABV FLnnn

SIGMET)

(C) ( - MTW: MOD FLnnn/nnn MTW: N OF N63 MOD ABV FL080


[nn/nn]
, MOD ABV FLnnn

SIGMET) SEV FLnnn/nnn

SEV ABV FLnnn

SIGMET (C) SIGMET, SIGMET [n][n]n4 SIGMET APPLICABLE: 3, A5, B06


APPLICABLE:
/
,

HAZARDOUS WX NIL (C)5 HAZARDOUS WX NIL HAZARDOUS WX NIL

-
II (M) II SECN II SECN II
(M)

PSYS: [nn] Nnnnn L [n]nnnHPA PSYS: 06 N5130 E01000 L 1004HPA


(M) - Snnnn Wnnnnn H [n]nnnHPA MOV NE 25KT WKN

Ennnnn FRONT
NIL
Nnnnn
Snnnn Wnnnnn

Ennnnn TO
Nnnnn
Snnnn Wnnnnn
Ennnnn
MOV N MOV
NE MOV E
MOV SE MOV
S MOV SW
MOV W
MOV NW nnKMH
( nnKT)
WKN NC
INTSF

(.)
II. : 125

A5-3 (.)

()

-
-



- WIND/T: Nnnnn [n]nnnM ( WIND/T: 2000FT N5500 W01000
(M) Snnnn [n]nnnFT) 270/18MPS PS03 5000FT
Wnnnnn nnn/[n]nnMPS N5500 W01000 250/20MPS
: 600, Ennnnn ( nnn/[n] MS02 10000FT N5500 W01000
1500 3000 (2000, nnKT) 240/22MPS MS11
5000 10000) PSnn MSnn
[N OF Nnn
(M) - CLD: Snn] FEW SCT CLD: BKN SC 2500/8000FT AGL
, [nn/nn] [S OF Nnn BKN OVC
I, Snn] ST SC CU CLD: NIL
[W OF Wnnn
Ennn] AS AC NS
(AGL) [E OF Wnnn [n]nnn/[n]nnn M
- Ennn] ( [n]nnn/[n]
(AMSL) nnnFT) AGL
[nnnnnnnnnn]2 AMSL NIL

FZLVL: [ABV] [n]nnnFT FZLVL: 3000FT AGL


(M) (AGL) AGL AMSL

(AMSL),
0,
-
-
,

QNH (M) MNM QNH: [n]nnnHPA MNM QNH: 1004HPA



QNH

- SEA: Tnn HGT [n]nM SEA: T15 HGT 5M



(O) , -


VA: nnnnnnnnnn VA: ETNA


(M) NIL VA: NIL

:
1. .
2. .
3.  / TCU
, .
4.  , .
5. I.
126

A5-4. ,
TAF

, I, 6

: 000360 10
: M/C 0099* 1
00199* 1
: M 0000 0750 50
M 0800 4900 100
M 5000 9000 1000
M 10000 0 (
: 9999)
: , 000020 1
30
(100 )
: : , 000100 1
30
(100 )
( C 80 +60 1
):

* 50 /c (100 )
; , ,
99 /c (199 ).

A5-1. TAF

TAF YUDO (/)*:

TAF YUDO 151800Z 1600/1618 13005MPS 9000 BKN020 BECMG 1606/1608 SCT015CB BKN020
TEMPO 1608/1612 17006G12MPS 1000 TSRA SCT010CB BKN020 FM161230 15004MPS 9999 BKN020

:
TAF /*, 18:00 15-
00:00 18:00 16- ;
130 ; 5 ; 9 ,
600 ; 06:00 08:00 16-
- 450
600 ; 08:00 12:00 16-
170 ; 6 ,
12 ; 1 000 ,
- 300
600 ; 12:30 16- 150
; 4 ; 10 ;
600 .

.
.
5
( ) .

_______
* .
II. : 127

A5-2. TAF

F YUD (/)*:

TAF AMD YUDO 161500Z 1600/1618 CNL

:
TAF /*, 15:00 16-
TAF, 00:00
18:00 16- .
_______
* .

A5-3. GAMET

YUCC GAMET VALID 220600/221200 YUDO


YUCC AMSWELL FIR/2 BLW FL120
SECN I
SFC WIND: 10/12 310/16MPS
SFC VIS: 06/08 N OF N51 3000M BR
SIGWX: 11/12 ISOL TS
SIG CLD: 06/09 N OF N51 OVC 800/1100FT AGL 10/12 ISOL TCU 1200/8000FT AGL
ICE: MOD FL050/080
TURB: MOD ABV FL090
SIGMET APPLICABLE: 3,5
SECN II
PSYS: 06 N5130 E01000 L 1004HPA MOV NE 25KT WKN
WIND/T: 2000FT N5500 W01000 270/18MPS PS03 5000FT N5500 W01000 250/20MPS MS02
10000FT N5500 W01000 240/22MPS MS11
CLD: BKN SC 2500/8000FT AGL
FZLVL: 3000FT AGL
MNM QNH: 1004HPA
SEA: T15 HGT 5M
VA: NIL
: (GAMET),
A* (
YUCC A)
120 /-
* (YUDO); 06:00 12:00 22-
.
I:
10:00 12:00 310;
16 c;
:
06:00 08:00 51
3000 ( );
:
11:00 12:00 ;
:
06:00 09:00 51
: 800 1 100 ;
10:00 12:00
1 200 8 000 ;
(.)
128

A5-3 (.)

: 050 080;
: 090 ( 120);
SIGMET: 3- 5-
;
II:
06:00 1 004 51,5
: , 10,0 ;
- 25 ;
2 000 55
: 10 270 ,
18 , 3 ; 5 000
55 10
250 , 20
, 2 ; 10 000
55 10
240 , 22 ,
11 ;
: - , 2 500 ,
8 000 ;
3 000 ;
:
QNH: 1 004 ;
e: 15 ; 5 ;

:
______
* .
6. ,
SIGMET AIRMET,

(. I, 7)

. ,
SIGMET, AIRMET, ,
(-386).

1. , SIGMET

1.1 SIGMET

1.1.1 SIGMET
, 6-1A.

1.1.2 , SIGMET, SIGMET.

1.1.3 , 6-1A,
SIG, 00:01
(). ,
/
(CTA), SIGMET / CTA
.

1.1.4 , 6-1A,
SIGMET
, :

( ):

OBSC TS
EMBD TS
FRQ TS
SQL TS
OBSC TSGR
EMBD TSGR
c FRQ TSGR
SQL TSGR


TC (+ )
10
17/ (34)

SEV TURB

SEV ICE
SEV ICE (FZRA)


SEV MTW
130


HVY DS


HVY SS


VA (+ , )


RDOACT CLD

1.1.5 SIGMET .
, SIGMET,
,
1.1.4 . SIGMET, ,
.

1.1.6 []
SIGMET SIGMET
1.1.1 .

1.1.7 SIGMET, ,

(XML)/
(GML).

1.1.8 SIGMET, ,
.

. , XML/GML
(Doc10003, ).

1.1.9 [] SIGMET, ,
1,
/ .

1.2 SIGMET

1.2.1 SIG ,

. SIGMET
.

1.2.2 SIG
,
, ,
,
.
II. : 131

2. , AIRMET

2.1 AIRMET

2.1.1 AIR
, 6-1.

2.1.2 , 6-1,
AIRMET, 00:01 .
,
/ , AIRMET
/ .

2.1.3 , , .

2.1.4 , 6-1,
AIRMET
, .

100 ( 150
, , , ):


SFC WIND (+
)
15 / (30 )


SFC VIS (+ )
5000, (+
, : BR, DS, DU, DZ, FC, FG,
FU, GR, GS, HZ, PL, PO, RA, SA, SG, SN, SQ, SS
VA)

ISOL TS
OCNL TS
ISOL TSGR
OCNL TSGR


MT OBSC




300 (1 000 )
:
BKN CLD (+
)
OVC CLD (+
)
-
ISOL CB
OCNL CB
FRQ CB

ISOL TCU
132

OCNL TCU
FRQ TCU

( MOD ICE
,

)

( MOD TURB
,

)


MOD MTW

2.1.5 AIRMET .
, AIRMET,
,
2.1.4 . AIRMET, - ,
.

. SIGMET, ,
1.1.4 .

2.1.6 []
AIRMET AIRMET
2.1.1 .

2.1.7 AIRMET, ,

XML/GML.

2.1.8 AIRMET, ,
.

. , XML/GML
(Doc10003 ).

2.2 AIRMET

2.2.1 [] AIRMET



.

2.2.2 [] AIRMET
,
,
, ,
.
II. : 133

3. ,

. ,
. , ,
4.

3.1 []
60 .

3.2 [] ,
, ,
, .

4. , SIG
AIRMET (
)

4.1

[] ,
(), SIGMET
,
.

. SIGMET
, .. . / ,
, SIGMET.

4.2 , , SIGMET
AIRMET ( )

4.2.1 [] - :

a) (S),
- ;

b) (D),
;

c) (ISOL),
50%
( );

d) (OCNL),
5075%
(
).

4.2.2 []
(FRQ),
75%
(
) .
134

4.2.3 [] (SQL)

.

4.2.4 [] (GR)
, .

4.2.5 [] (TURB)
,
; ().
.

4.2.6 :

a) , EDR 0,7;

b) , EDR 0,4,
0,7.

4.2.7 [] (ICE) ,
. (FZRA)
,
.

4.2.8 [] (MTW) :

a) ,
3,0/ (600/) , / ;

b) ,
1,753,0/ (350600/) /
.

4.2.9 [] / :

a) , 200 ;

b) , :
i) 200 ;
ii) 200600 .

5. ,

5.1

5.1.1
6-2
.

5.1.2 , 6-2,
, 00:01
.

5.1.3 [] , 6-2,

:
II. : 135

( ,
, 10
17/ (34) );
;
;
( );
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
, .

.
, " ", ,
, .

5.1.4 [] , ,
, 6-2, .
,
.
.

5.2

[] ,
,
,

.

6. ,

6.1

[] :

a) ,
;

b) ,
/ , ,
- -
;

c) ,
I, 5;
136

d) ,
,
.

. , ,
, , ( ) ;
;
, ;
;
( );
.

6.2

.
, METAR SPECI
, 3, 3-1 3-2.

6.2.1 ,
6-3,
.

6.2.2 , 6-3,
, 00:01
.

6.2.3 [] , ,
, 6-3, .
,
.
.

6.2.4 [] ,

,
, ,
.

:
1. ,
, :
, .
2.
. , ,
, , , ,
.

6.2.5

.

6.2.6 [] , ,

,
.

6.2.7 ,

II. : 137

, , ,


,
.
138

6-1A. SIGMET AIRMET

: M , ;
C , , ;
=
 ,
.

:
1. , SIGMET AIRMET,
6-4 .
2. 1.1.5 2.1.5
(SEV ICE, MOD ICE, SEV TURB, MOD TURB), , -
, .


SIGMET AIRMET
SIGMET AIRMET
nnnn YUCC2
YUDD2
/CTA (M)1 () ,

,

SIGMET/AIRMET
SIGMET [n][n]n AIRMET [n][n]n SIGMET 1 AIRMET 9
(M) SIGMET 01 AIRMET 19
3 SIGMET A01 AIRMET B19
"", VALID nnnnnn/nnnnnn VALID 010000/010400
(M) VALID 221215/221600
VALID 101520/101800
VALID 251600/252200
VALID 152000/160000
VALID 192300/200300
nnnn YUDO2
YUSO2
MWO (M) MWO

nnnn nnnnnnnnnn nnnn nnnnnnnnnn YUCC AMSWELL YUCC AMSWELL


/CTA (M) FIR[/UIR] FIR[/n] FIR2 FIR/22
/CTA4, YUDD SHANLON2 YUDD SHANLON
nnnn nnnnnnnnnn CTA FIR/UIR2 FIR2
SIGMET/ YUDD SHANLON
AIRMET CTA2
SIGMET IRMET , . .
(.)
II. : 139

A6-1A (.)


SIGMET AIRMET
SIGMET AIRMET
(M)5 , OBSC6 TS[GR7] SFC WIND nnn/ OBSC TS SFC WIND
EMBD8 TS[GR7] nn[n]MPS OBSC TSGR 040/40MPS
FRQ9 TS[GR7] ( EMBD TS SFC WIND
SIGMET/AIRMET SQL10 TS[GR7] SFC WIND nnn/ EMBD TSGR 310/20KT
nn[n]KT) FRQ TS
TC nnnnnnnnnn PSN FRQ TSGR SFC VIS 1500M
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] SFC VIS nnnnM SQL TS (BR)
Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn] (nn)15 SQL TSGR
CB ISOL TS
TC NN11 PSN Nnn[nn] ISOL16 TS[GR7] TC GLORIA PSN ISOL TSGR
Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] OCNL17 TS[GR7] N10 W060 CB OCNL TS
Ennn[nn] CB TC NN PSN S2030 OCNL TSGR
MT OBSC E06030 CB
SEV TURB12 MT OBSC
SEV ICE13 BKN CLD SEV TURB
SEV ICE (FZRA)13 nnn/[ABV]nnnnM SEV ICE BKN CLD
SEV MTW14 (BKN CLD SEV ICE (FZRA) 120/900M
nnn/[ABV][n] SEV MTW BKN CLD
HVY DS nnnnFT) HVY DS 400/3000FT
HVY SS BKN CLD SFC/ HVY SS BKN CLD
[ABV]nnnnM SFC/3000M
[VA ERUPTION] ( BKN CLD VA ERUPTION MT BKN CLD SFC/
[MT nnnnnnnnnn] SFC/[ABV][n] ASHVAL2 PSN S15 ABV10000FT
[PSN Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] nnnnFT) E073 VA CLD
Ennn[nn] Wnnn[nn]] OVC CLD OVC CLD 270/
VA CLD nnn/[ABV]nnnnM RDOACT CLD ABV3000M
( OVC CLD OVC CLD 900/
RDOACT CLD nnn/[ABV][n] ABV10000FT
nnnnFT) OVC CLD
OVC CLD SFC/ SFC/3000M
[ABV]nnnnM OVC CLD SFC/
( OVC CLD ABV10000FT
SFC/[ABV][n]
nnnnFT) ISOL CB
OCNL CB
ISOL16 CB18 FRQ CB
OCNL17 CB18
FRQ9 CB18 ISOL TCU
OCNL TCU
ISOL16 TCU18 FRQ TCU
OCNL17 TCU18
FRQ9 TCU18 MOD TURB
MOD ICE
MOD TURB12 MOD MTW
MOD ICE13
MOD MTW14
, OBS [AT nnnnZ] OBS
FCST [AT nnnnZ] OBS AT 1210Z
FCST
(M) FCST AT 1815Z



(.)
140

A6-1A (.)


SIGMET AIRMET
SIGMET AIRMET
Nnn[nn] Wnnn[nn] Nnn[nn] Ennn[nn] N2020 W07005
(C)19 ( Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] Snn[nn] Ennn[nn] N48 E010
( S60 W160
)) S0530 E16530
N OF Nnn[nn] S OF Nnn[nn] N OF
Snn[nn] N OF N50
S OF Snn[nn] [AND] S OF N5430
W OF Wnnn[nn] E OF Wnnn[nn] W OF N OF S10
Ennn[nn] E OF Ennn[nn] S OF S4530
W OF W155
E OF W45
W OF E15540
N OF Nnn[nn] N OF Snn[nn] AND S OF
E OF E09015
Nnn[nn]
S OF Snn[nn]
N OF N1515 AND W OF E13530
S OF N45 AND N OF N40

W OF Wnnn[nn] W OF Ennn[nn] AND
N OF LINE S2520 W11510 S2520
E OF Wnnn[nn] E OF Ennn[nn]
W12010
SW OF LINE N50 W005 N60 W020

SW OF LINE N50 W020 N45 E010
N OF LINE20 NE OF LINE20 E OF LINE20
AND NE OF LINE N45 W020 N40
SE OF LINE20 S OF LINE20 SW OF LINE20
E010
W OF LINE20 NW OF LINE20 Nnn[nn]
Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn] Nnn[nn]
WI N6030 E02550 N6055 E02500
Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn]
N6050 E02630 N6030 E02550
[ Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn]]
[ Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn]]
APRX 50KM WID LINE BTN N64 W017
[AND N OF LINE20 NE OF LINE20 E OF
N60 W010 N57 E010
LINE20 SE OF LINE20 S OF LINE20 SW
OF LINE20 W OF LINE20 NW OF LINE20
ENTIRE FIR
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn]
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn]
ENTIRE FIR/UIR
[ Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn]] [ Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
ENTIRE CTA
Ennn[nn]]]
WI 400KM OF TC CENTRE

WI 250NM OF TC CENTRE
WI20, 21 Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn]
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn]
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn]
[Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn]
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn]]


APRX nnKM WID LINE20 BTN ( nnNM WID
LINE20 BTN) Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn]
Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn]
[ Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn]]
[ Nnn[nn] Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn]]


ENTIRE FIR[/UIR]


ENTIRE CTA

22
WI nnnKM ( nnnNM) OF TC CENTRE
(.)
II. : 141

A6-1A (.)


SIGMET AIRMET
SIGMET AIRMET
(C)19 [SFC/]FLnnn FL180
23 [SFC/]nnnnM ( [SFC/][n]nnnnFT) SFC/FL070
FLnnn/nnn SFC/3000M
TOP FLnnn SFC/10000FT
[TOP] ABV FLnnn FL050/080
[nnnn/]nnnnM ( [[n]nnnn/][n]nnnnFT) TOP FL390
[nnnnM/]FLnnn ( [[n]nnnnFT/]FLnnn) ABV FL250
TOP ABV FL100
22 3000M
TOP [ABV BLW] FLnnn 2000/3000M
8000FT
6000/12000FT
2000M/FL150
10000FT/FL250

TOP FL500
TOP ABV FL500
TOP BLW FL450
MOV N [nnKMH] MOV NNE [nnKMH] MOV SE
MOV NE [nnKMH] MOV ENE [nnKMH] MOV NNW
MOV E [nnKMH] MOV ESE [nnKMH]
( MOV SE [nnKMH] MOV SSE [nnKMH] MOV E 40KMH
(C)19, 24
) MOVS [nnKMH] MOV SSW [nnKMH] MOV E 20KT
MOV SW [nnKMH] MOV WSW [nnKMH] MOV WSW 20KT
MOV W [nnKMH] MOV WNW [nnKMH]
MOV NW [nnKMH] MOV NNW [nnKMH] STNR
( MOV N [nnKT] MOV NNE [nnKT]
MOV NE [nnKT] MOV ENE [nnKT]
MOV E [nnKT] MOV ESE [nnKT]
MOV SE [nnKT] MOV SSE [nnKT]
MOV S [nnKT] MOV SSW [nnKT]
MOV SW [nnKT] MOV WSW [nnKT]
MOV W [nnKT] MOV WNW [nnKT]
MOV NW [nnKT] MOV NNW [nnKT])


STNR
INTSF INTSF
WKN WKN
(C)19 NC NC
FCST AT nnnnZ FCST AT 2200Z
(C)24

(.)
142

A6-1A (.)


SIGMET AIRMET
SIGMET AIRMET
Nnn[nn] Wnnn[nn] N30 W170
Nnn[nn] Ennn[nn]
(C)19, 24, 25 Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] N OF N30
Snn[nn] Ennn[nn]
SIGMET S OF S50 AND W
OF E170
N OF Nnn[nn]
S OF Nnn[nn] S OF N46 AND N
N OF Snn[nn] OF N39
S OF Snn[nn] [AND]
W OF Wnnn[nn] NE OF LINE N35
E OF Wnnn[nn] W020 N45 W040
W OF Ennn[nn]
E OF Ennn[nn] SW OF LINE N48
W020 N43 E010
AND NE OF LINE
N OF Nnn[nn] N43 W020 N38
N OF Snn[nn] AND S OF E010
Nnn[nn] S OF Snn[nn]
WI N20 W090
N05W090 N10
W OF Wnnn[nn] W100 N20 W100
W OF Ennn[nn] AND E N20 W090
OF Wnnn[nn] E OF
Ennn[nn] APRX 50KM WID
LINE BTN N64
W017 N57W005
N OF LINE20 N55 E010 N55
NE OF LINE20 E030
E OF LINE20
SE OF LINE20 ENTIRE FIR
S OF LINE20
SW OF LINE20 ENTIRE FIR/UIR
W OF LINE20
NW OF LINE20 Nnn[nn] ENTIRE CTA
Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn] Nnn[nn] TC CENTRE PSN
Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn] N2740 W07345
Ennn[nn]
NO VA EXP
[ Nnn[nn] Snn[nn]
Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn]]
[AND N OF LINE20
NE OF LINE20
E OF LINE20
SE OF LINE20
S OF LINE20
SW OF LINE20
W OF LINE20
NW OF LINE20 Nnn[nn]
Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn] Nnn[nn]
Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn]
[ Nnn[nn] Snn[nn]
Wnnn[nn] Ennn[nn]]]


WI20, 21 Nnn[nn]
Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn] Nnn[nn]
Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn] Nnn[nn]
Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn] Nnn[nn]
Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn]
(.)
II. : 143

A6-1A (.)


SIGMET AIRMET
SIGMET AIRMET

APRX nnKM WID LINE20
BTN (nnNM WID LINE20
BTN)
Nnn[nn]
Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn] Nnn[nn]
Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn]
[ Nnn[nn]
Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn]]
[ Nnn[nn]
Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn]]


ENTIRE FIR[/UIR]


ENTIRE CTA

22
TC CENTRE PSN Nnn[nn]
Snn[nn] Wnnn[nn]
Ennn[nn]

26
NO VA EXP
, [AND]27 AND
(C)27
SIGMET,




CNL SIGMET [n][n]n CNL AIRMET CNL SIGMET 2 CNL AIRMET 05
SIGMET/AIRMET nnnnnn/nnnnnn [n][n]n 101200/101600 151520/151800
SIGMET/AIRMET nnnnnn/nnnnnn
(C)28 26 CNL SIGMET A13
CNL SIGMET 251030/251430
[n][n]n nnnnnn/nnnnnn VA MOV TO YUDO
VA MOV TO nnnn FIR FIR2

:
1. . 4.1 .
2. .
3. 1.1.3 2.1.2 .
4. . 2.1.3 .
5. 1.1.4 2.1.4 .
6. 4.2.1 a .
7. 4.2.4 .
8. 4.2.1 b .
9. 4.2.2 .
10. 4.2.3 .
11. .
12. 4.2.5 4.2.6 .
13. 4.2.7 .
14. 4.2.8 . (.)
144

A6-1A (.)

15. 2.1.4 .
16. 4.2.1 c .
17. 4.2.1 d .
18. - () (TCU)
AIRMET 2.1.4 .
19. ,
, .
20.
, .
21. , .
22. SIGMET, .
23. SIGMET, .
24.
.
25. .
26. SIGMET, .
27. ,
.
28. ( SIGMET/AIRMET ).

A6-1B. (
)

: M , ;
C , , ;
=
 ,
.

. , ,
6-4 .

1,2
(M) ARS ARS

nnnnnn VA8123
(M)
(M) , TS TS
TSGR TSGR
4
SEV TURB SEV TURB
SEV ICE SEV ICE

SEV MTW SEV MTW

HVY SS HVY SS

VA CLD VA CLD
VA [MT nnnnnnnnnn] VA
VA MT ASHVAL5
MOD TURB
MOD ICE MOD TURB
MOD ICE
(M) OBS AT nnnnZ OBS AT 1210Z

(C) ( NnnnnWnnnnn N2020W07005
( NnnnnEnnnnn S4812E01036
)) SnnnnWnnnnn
SnnnnEnnnnn
(.)
II. : 145

A6-1B (.)

1,2
(C) FLnnn FL390
FLnnn/nnn FL180/210
nnnnM ( [n]nnnnFT) 3000M
12000FT

:
1.
3.2 .
2. . 3.1 .
3. .
4. , ,
( ) ( ).
5. .

A6-2.

: M , ;
C , , .

:
1. , ,
6-4 .
2. .
(PANS-, Doc 8400, ).

()

nnnn YUCC1

(M)
AD WRNG [n]n AD WRNG 2
(M)
(M) ( ) VALID nnnnnn/nnnnnn VALID 211230/211530
. .
(M)2 , TC3 nnnnnnnnnn TC ANDREW
[HVY] TS HVY SN 25CM
GR SFC WSPD 20MPS MAX 30
[HVY] SN [nnCM]3 VA
[HVY] FZRA
[HVY] FZDZ
RIME4
[HVY] SS TSUNAMI
[HVY] DS
SA
DU
SFC WSPD nn[n]MPS
MAXnn[n]
(SFC WSPD nn[n]KT
MAXnn[n])
SFC WIND nnn/nn[n]MPS
MAX nn[n]
(SFC WIND nnn/nn[n]KT
MAX nn[n])
SQ FROST
TSUNAMI
VA[DEPO]
TOX CHEM
32
5
(.)
146

A6-2 (.)

()

, OBS [AT nnnnZ] OBS AT 1200Z


FCST OBS
(M)


INTSF WKN
(C) WKN
NC

CNL AD WRNG [n]n nnnnnn/ CNL AD WRNG 2 211230/2115306
6 nnnnnn

:
1. .
2.  5.1.3 .
3. 5.1.3 .
4.  5.1.3 .
5. 5.1.4 .
6.  ( ).

A6-3.

: M , ;
C , , .

:
1. , ,
6-4 .
2.  .
(PANS-, Doc 8400, ).

()

nnnn YUCC1
(M)
WS WRNG [n]n WS WRNG 1
(M)
, nnnnnn [VALID TL nnnnnn] 211230 VALID TL 211330
(M) , [VALID nnnnnn/nnnnnn] 221200 VALID 221215/221315

. .
(M) [MOD] [SEV] WS IN APCH WS APCH RWY12
[MOD] [SEV] WS [APCH] RWYnnn MOD WS RWY34

[MOD] [SEV] WS IN CLIMB-OUT WS IN CLIMB-OUT

[MOD] [SEV] WS CLIMB-OUT MBST APCH RWY26
RWYnnn
MBST IN APCH
MBST [APCH] RWYnnn
MBST IN CLIMB-OUT
MBST IN CLIMB-OUT
MBST CLIMB-OUT RWYnnn
(.)
II. : 147

A6-3 (.)

()

, , REP AT nnnn nnnnnnnn REP AT 1510 B747


, OBS [AT nnnn] OBS AT 1205
, FCST FCST
(M)
, SFC WIND: nnn/nnMPS ( nnn/nnKT) SFC WIND: 320/5MPS
(C)2 nnnM (nnnFT)-WIND: nnn/nnMPS 60M-WIND: 360/13MPS
( nnn/nnKT) (SFC WIND: 320/10KT
200FT-WIND: 360/26KT)

nnKMH ( nnKT) LOSS nnKM ( 60KMH LOSS 4KM


nnNM) FNA RWY13
FNA RWYnn (30KT LOSS 2NM
FNA RWY13)

nnKMH ( nnKT) GAIN nnKM (
nnNM)
FNA RWYnn

CNL WS WRNG [n]n nnnnnn/nnnnnn CNL WS WRNG 1
3 211230/2113303

:
1. .
2.  6.2.3 .
3.  ( ).

A6-4. ,
,
SIGMET/AIRMET,

, 2 6

: M 0008100 1
00027000 1
: VA ()* 0002000 1
()* 0099 1
M/C 0099 1
: 00199 1
: a 8501050 1
M/C 1549 1
: 3099 1
M 00000750 50
: M 08005000 100
: M 000300 30
: 0001000 100
: M 0002970 30
: M 300020000 300
0009900 100
1000060000 1000

: () 0090 1
() 0060 1
(.)
148

A6-4 (.)

, 2 6

: () 000180 1
() 0060 1
: 000650 10
: KM/ 0300 10
0150 5

* .

A6-1. SIGMET AIRMET

SIGMET SIGMET

YUDD SIGMET 2 VALID 101200/101600 YUSO YUDD SIGMET 3 VALID 101345/101600 YUSO
YUDD SHANLON FIR/UIR OBSC TS FCST YUDD SHANLON FIR/UIR CNL SIGMET 2
S OF N54 AND E OF W012 TOP FL390 MOV E 20KT 101200/101600
WKN

AIRMET AIRMET

YUDD AIRMET 1 VALID 151520/151800 YUSO YUDD AIRMET 2 VALID 151650/151800 YUSO
YUDD SHANLON FIR ISOL TS OBS YUDD SHANLON FIR CNL AIRMET 1
N OF S50 TOP ABV FL100 STNR WKN 151520/151800

A6-2. SIGMET

YUCC SIGMET 3 VALID 251600/252200 YUDO


YUCC AMSWELL FIR TC GLORIA PSN N2706 W07306 CB OBS AT 1600Z WI 250NM OF TC CENTRE TOP
FL500 NC FCST AT 2200Z TC CENTRE PSN N2740 W07345

:
SIGMET, *
( YUCC )
/* (YUDO) c 00:01 ;
16:00 22:00 25 ;
27 6 73 6
; 16:00 250 .
- , 500;
; 22:00
27 40
73 45 .
________
* .
II. : 149

A6-3. SIGMET

YUDD SIGMET 2 VALID 211100/211700 YUSO


YUDD SHANLON FIR/UIR VA ERUPTION MT ASHVAL PSN S1500 E07348 VA CLD OBS AT 1100Z APRX 50KM
WID LINE BTN S1500 E07348 S1530 E07642 FL310/450 INTSF FCST AT 1700Z APRX 50KM WID LINE BTN
S1506 E07500 S1518 E08112 S1712 E08330

:
SIGMET, *
( YUDD /
) /
* (YUSO) c 00:01 ; 11:00 17:00
21- ; *,
15 73 48 ;
11:00 50
15 73 48
15 30 76 42 ;
310 450
17:00 50 :
15 6 75 , 15 18
81 12 17 12
83 30 .
________
* .

A6-4. SIGMET

YUCC SIGMET 2 VALID 201200/201600 YUDO


YUCC AMSWELL FIR RDOACT CLD OBS AT 1155Z WI S5000 W14000 S5000 W13800 S5200 W13800
S5200 W14000 S5000 W14000 SFC/FL100 WKN FCST AT 1600Z WI S5200 W14000 S5200 W13800
S5300 W13800 S5300 W14000 S5200 W14000

:
SIGMET,
* ( YUCC )
/* (YUDO)
00:01 ; 12:00 16:00 20- ;
11:55 : 50 0
, 140 0 50 0
, 138 0 52 0 ,
138 0 52 0 , 140
0 50 0 , 140 0
100; ,
; 16:00
, :
52 0 140 0 , 52
0 138 0 , 53 0
138 0 , 53 0
140 0 52 0 140
0 .
________
* .
150

A6-5. SIGMET

YUCC SIGMET 5 VALID 221215/221600 YUDO


YUCC AMSWELL FIR SEV TURB OBS AT 1210Z N2020 W07005 FL250 INTSF FCST AT 1600Z S OF N2020
AND E OF W06950

:
SIG, *
( YU )
/* (YUD) 00:01 ;
12:15 16:00 22- ; 12:10
20 20
70 5 250; ,
; 16:00 ,
20 20 69
50 .
________
* .

A6-6. AIRMET

YUCC AIRMET 2 VALID 221215/221600 YUDO


YUCC AMSWELL FIR MOD MTW OBS AT 1205Z N48 E010 FL080 STNR NC

:
AIRMET, *
( YUCC )
/* (YUDO) 00:01 ;
12:15 16:00 22- ; 12:05
48
10 080; ,
.
________
* .
7. ,

(. I, 8)

1.

[] ,
, ,
.

2.

[]
.
, ,
, ,
, .

3.

3.1

3.1.1 [] ,
, :

a) ,
(, ); /

b) ,
(, ); /

c)
(,
).

3.1.2 []
,
3.2 .

3.2

[] :

a) / /
(BKN)
(OVC)
;

b)
;
152

c)
(BKN) (OVC)
;

d)
;

e)
5C ;

f) ,
,
, .

. , ae ,
III.
8. ,

(. I, 9)

. , ( ),
1.

1.

1.1

(
, -
):

a) , ;

b) ;

c) ;

d) ;

e) ;

f) ae
,
, , ,

5.1 .

1.2
:

a) ;

b) .

1.3 [] ,
, ,
.

2. ,

2.1

()
,
,
GRIB.
154

. GRIB (-306), I.2, B


.

2.2

,
,
BUFR.

. BURF (-306), I.2, B


.

2.3

[] ,

, ,
100.
, , ( ,
),
100, , ,
, ,
.

3. ,

3.1 ,

[]
, .

4. ,

4.1

4.1.1 ,
SIGWX, .
GAMET.

.
1.
, .

4.1.2 [] ,
,

.

. ,
(Doc8896 ).

4.1.3 METAR SPECI ( ,


), TAF, GAMET,
II. : 155

SIGMET, AIRMET
,
1, 2, 3, 5 6. ,
, .

. METAR/SPECI TAF I.

4.1.4 []
.

4.1.5 [] ,
, , ,
. .
,
5 .

4.2

4.2.1

4.2.1.1 [] , ,
:

a)
42x30 ( A3), 21x30
( A4).
,

;

b) , ,
, ,
;

c) , ,
;
;

d)
, ,
AOP ;

e) ,
10 ;
;

f)
(.. );

g)
;
, ,
(), ,
, ,
.

4.2.1.2 , ,
:
156

a)
;

b) ;

c) , ,
,
- ;

d) ,
.

4.2.1.3 []
1:15 x 106, .

4.2.2 ,

4.2.2.1
250 630
SIGWX ( 250 630)
250. ,

,
.

4.2.2.2 , ,
, ,
, ,

.

4.2.3

a) ,
,
, ;
, ,
, ;

b) ,
,
.

4.3 ,

4.3.1

[] , ,
,
, 100 ( 150
, , ) :

a) SIGMET AIRMET;
II. : 157

b) , 5, 4.3.1;

c) , 5, 4.3.2.

4.3.2

[] , ,
,
, 100 ( 150
, ), :

a) SIGMET AIRMET

b) GAMET.

. GAMET 5.

5. ,

, ,

5.1

,
, , ,


.

5.2

[]
,
:

a)

;

b) ,

;

c) ,
, ,
, ,
,
,
;

d) .
158

. ,
. (PANS-ABC, Doc8400)
() (Doc7910).
(- 386).

6. ,
,

6.1 ,
,

[] , ,
,

, ,

.

6.2 ,

[] ,
, ,
, ,
:

a) METAR SPECI ( ,
);

b) TAF TAF;

c) SIGMET AIRMET ,
, , SIGMET;

d) ;

e) ,
;

f) -

.

. , ,
(, Doc8896).
II. : 159

180 165 150 135 120 105 90 75 60 45 30 15 0 15 30 45 60 75 90 105 120 135 150 165 180

75 75

60 60

45 45

30 30

15 15

0 0

15 15

30 30

45 45

60 60

180 165 150 135 120 105 90 75 60 45 30 15 0 15 30 45 60 75 90 105 120 135 150 165 180

A N6700 W13724 D N6300 W01500


A N6700 W01236 D N6300 E13200
A S5400 W01236 D S2700 E13200
A S5400 W13724 D S2700 W01500
ASIA N3600 E05300 E N4455 E02446
ASIA N3600 E10800 E N4455 E18000
ASIA 0000 E10800 E S5355 E18000
ASIA 0000 E05300 E S5355 E02446
B N0304 W13557 F N5000 E10000
B N7644 W01545 F N5000 W11000
B N3707 E06732 F S5242 W11000
B S6217 W05240 F S5242 E10000
B1 N6242 W12500 M N7000 E10000
B1 N6242 E04000 M N7000 W11000
B1 S4530 E04000 M S1000 W11000
B1 S4530 W12500 M S1000 E10000
C N7500 W03500 MID N4400 E01700
C N7500 E07000 MID N4400 E07000
C S4500 E07000 MID N1000 E07000
C S4500 W03500 MID N1000 E01700

A8-1.

160

140W 145W 150W 155W 160W 165W 170W 175W 180 175E 170E 165E 160E 155E 150E 145E 140E 135E

25S 30S

20S
25S

15S

20S

10S

10S

20S

15S

25S
20S

25S 30S

40W 35W 30W 25W 20W 15W 10W 5W 0 5E 10E 15E 20E 25E 30E 35E 40E 45E

EUR N4633 W05634 I N1912 E11130


EUR N5842 E06824 I N3330 W06012
EUR N2621 E03325 I N0126 W12327
EUR N2123 W02136 I S0647 E16601
G N3552 W02822 L N1205 E11449
G N1341 E15711 L N1518 E04500
G S0916 E10651 L N2020 W06900
G S0048 E03447 L N1413 W14338
H N3127 W14836 NAT N4439 W10143
H N2411 E05645 NAT N5042 E06017
H S0127 W00651 NAT N1938 E00957
H N0133 W07902 NAT N1711 W05406

A8-2.
( )
II. : 161

45W 40W 35W 30W 25W 20W 15W 10W 5W 0 5E 10E 15E 20E 25E 30E 35E 40E 45E

25N
20N

15N 20N

10N
15N

5N

5N

15N
10N

15N
20N

20N
25N

135W 140W 145W 150W 155W 160W 165W 170W 175W 180 175E 170E 165E 160E 155E 150E 145E 140E 135E

J S0318 W17812
J N0037 W10032
J S2000 W03400

J S2806 E10717

K N1255 E05549
K N0642 E12905
K S2744 W16841
K S1105 E00317

A8-3.
( )
9. ,

, -

(. I, 10)

1. ,

1.1 -

,
, -
:

a) , ,
METAR SPECI, TAF
;

b) SIGMET AIRMET,
;

c) ,
,
;

d) ,
SIGMET (
);

e) ,
, /

.

1.2

,
,
:

a) , ,
METAR SPECI, TAF
(), () ;

b) SIGMET AIRMET,
, ,
,
, ;

c) ,
;
II. : 163

d) ,
SIGMET (
);

e) ,
, /

.

1.3

,
,
:

a) METAR SPECI,
, TAF
, ()
(), , ()
()
, ;

b) ,
, ,

, SIGMET AIRMET,
,
, ;

c) ,
,
; (MWO)
,
;

d) ,
SIGMET (
);

e)
(
);

f) ,
()
;

g) ,
(VAAC)
;

h) ,
, /

.
164

1.4

,
.
.

1.5

1.5.1 []
, ,
METAR SPECI, TAF, , SIG AIRMET,
,

MWO ,
.

1.5.2 [] ,


, , ,

.
, ,
.

2. ,
-

2.1

,
, , ,
,

:

a) ;

b) ( , -)
;

c) , ;

d) ;

e) , ;

f) , , ,
, (
);

g) .
II. : 165

2.2 ,

2.2.1 []
MWO
,
, ,
, .

2.2.2 [] -
, MWO
, , :

a)
;

b)
, ,
, ,
.

2.2.3 []
MWO
( )
, - .

3. ,

3.1

a)
,
() () .

. 15 , 1, 1,
GEN 3.5, 3, AD 2.2, 2.11, 3.2 3.11;

b) , N ASHTAM, ,
, :

i) ,
. ,

,
15 , 5.1.1 5.1.1.1,
NOTAM;
ii) .

. I, 3.3.2 4.8;

iii) (

).
166

. , ,
I, 3.4.2 (g);

c) ,
, , , :

i)
, ;

ii)
.
10. ,

(. I, 11)

1.

1.1

,
FN ,
, .

1.2

1.2.1 [] ,

,

.

1.2.2 [] ,

,
,
.

2.

2.1 -

2.1.1

[] , ,

.

2.1.2

[] ,
, .
METAR
. TAF
.
168

2.1.3

,

, , :

a) ;

b) ,
,
;

c) -;

d) , .

:
1.
(-386), (Doc8896,
).
2. ()
(Doc7910, ).

2.1.4

,

(AFTN),
AFTN.

2.2 ()

2.2.1

[]
.

2.2.2

[] , ,

.
95%
.

2.2.3

[] 10
.
II. : 169

2.2.4 ,

,

, , 2.1.3 .

3.

3.1

3.1.1 , SIGMET,
, I, 4,
6 7.

3.1.2 , ,
I, 5,
. (PANS-ATM, Doc4444), 1.

3.2

,
,
.

4. :
D-VOLMET

4.1 ,
D-VOLMET

4.1.1 , METAR, SPECI TAF


, ,
.

4.1.2 (), SIGMET


AIRMET ,
,
.

4.2 , ,
D-VOLMET

4.2.1 [] METAR SPECI, TAF


SIGMET AIRMET
, .

4.2.2 [] TAF, D-VOLMET,


, , , ,
,
,
.
170

4.2.3 []
SIGMET, D-VOLMET NIL SIGMET.

4.3 , D-VOLMET

, SIGMET AIRMET,
D-VOLMET, I, 4, 6 7.

5. :
VOLMET

5.1 ,
VOLMET

5.1.1 , VOLMET
,
.

5.1.2 , SIGMET
VOLMET,
.
, SIGMET
.

5.2 , ,
VOLMET

5.2.1 [] ,
,
.

5.2.2 [] TAF,
VOLMET, , , ,

.

5.2.3 [] , SIGMET
VOLMET, NIL
SIGMET, SIGMET.

5.3 ,
VOLMET

5.3.1 , SIGMET,
VOLMET,
I, 4, 6 7.

5.3.2 [] VOLMET
.
II. : 171

. ,
VOLMET,
,
(Doc9377, ), 1.
A. ,

. I, 2.2 "
, , ",
2.2.7, 4 " ".

,
,
*
: 10
: 0,5 / (1 ) 5 / (10 )
10 % 5 / (10 )

1 / (2 ),

50 600
10 % 600 1 500
20 % 1 500

10 400
25 400 800
10 % 800

10 (33 ) 100 (330 )


10 % 100 (330 )

1 C

(QNH, QFE) 0,5 a


*
; , .

.
(- 8).
B. ,

:
1. I, 2.2 "
, , ", 2.2.8,
6"".
2. ,
, ,

.

,


TAF

20 80 %

2,5 / (5 ) 80 %

200 800 80 %
30 % 800 10

80 %

450 (1500) 70 %
BKN OVC
450 (1500) 3000 (10000)

30 (100 ) 300 (1 000 ) 70 %


30 % 300 (1000) 3000
(10000 )

1 C 70 %

20 90 %

2,5 / (5 ) 90 %

200 800 90 %
30 % 800 10

90 %

450 (1 500 ) 90 %
BKN OVC
450 (1500) 3000
(10 000 )

30 (100 ) 300 (1 000 ) 90 %


30 % 300 (1 000 ) 3000
(10 000 )

20 90 %

2,5 / (5 ) 12,5 / (25 ) 90 %

1 C 90 %
174

,


1 a 90 %
(QNH)

2 C ( 900 (500 . )) 90 %

20 % 90 %

5 / (10 ) 90 %
( 900 (500 .
))

80 %
: 100 (60 . ) 70 %
: 300 70 %
(1000)
: 80 %
300 (1 000 )
. : 80 %
300 (1 000 )
175

C. ,

( I, 4, 3)

1
A B C ( -
10 5 .)
(VIS) (, M) 2 e (QNH, QFE)

II. :

3 3 4 5

60 < 180
VIS
| R5(AB) R5(BC) |
VIS

VIS


,

180
VIS
, >
< 1 500

< 1,5 / 1,5 / < 0,5 x VIS
5 / CB6
(3 ) (3 ) VIS
(10 ) < 100 100 > > TCU

2/10 7 2/10 7 2 10 8 1 1



VRB + + VRB ( (
VIS CB QNH
2 2 2/8 4/8 11
N/A N/A N/A9 TCU QFE10


)

.
10 10 10 10 8 10 10 3,
4.4.2)
VRB ( + VRB
(U)
2 ( VIS
(N) (D) CB
METAR/SPECI 2/8 4/8 QNH
VIS TCU
VIS +
VIS
)
12
)

N/A a15 N/A


, 1 / : 19
10 1 VIS < 800 : 50 3000 : 30 (100 ) ()
800 VIS < 5000 : 100 RVR < 400 : 25 (10 000 ) :
( 14 5000 VIS < 10 : 1 400 RVR 800 : 50 5
, 59 < 0,5 / VIS 10 : , 800 < RVR < 2000 : 100 13 ( :

175
) (1 ) 14
10
CALM
CAVOK )
176

:
1. 10 (: 10-
(. e. 175, 300, 550
800 2 ), ).

10- , , . e. AB,
BCAC.
2. , CB TCU , CB.
3. 10 (: 10-
(. e. 30 5 /
5 / 2 ),
).
4. .
5. , R 5(AB) = 5
AB R 5(BC) = 5 BC.
6. CB (-) TCU ( =
), .
7. ,
, .
8. (- 306), I.1, A - ,
15.5.5, ,
3 .
9. N/A = .
10. QFE , . QFE
,
, 2 (7 ) ,
.
11. 3, 4.8.
12.
.
13. , RVR / VIS < 1 500 , 50 2 000 .
14. , 15
, .
15. 0,1 .
D.

(. 3, 4.3.5)

1.
, ,

.

.

2. ,
, .
, , 0,05 ( ).

3. .
, .
,
,
,
(D-1). ,
, D-1, ,
,
, 4 .

4.

,
. D-1
; D-1.

:
1. ,
,
(D9328, ).
2. , ,
, 1000.

D1.

() (/2)
8 x 10 7 50

10 5 51999

10 4 100012000

(
10 3 > 12000
)
178

10-2

log (ET) =
0,57 log (B) + 0,05 [log(B)]2 6,66
10-3
()

10-4



10-5


10-6

10-7
1 10 100 1 000 10 000 100 000
(/2)

D-1. ET() B (/2)


III.

1.

1.1
, ,
.

.

1.2
, ,
, ,

.

. ,
,
,
,
, ,
.

1.3
, ,
.

1.4
, .

2.

2.1 ,
.
, ,
.

2.2
,
.
:


10 ;

/;
,
, , , ;

, ;

;
.
180

,
,
.

:
1. RVR
, I, 4.6.3.2.
2. , ,
RVR.

3.

3.1
, .

3.2
:

(%) /
( ) / ( )
BKN OVC
( A);
(%)
() ( B);
(%) ( )
BKN OVC
( );
( 30 )
( D);
(%) ( )
5 ( E);
,
,
, ( ).
.

A (%) /
( ) /
() BKN OVC

B (%)
( )

C (%) ()
BKN OVC

D ( 30- )

E (%) (
) 5
182

: _________ (): ________ : ________ : __________

: _____________

: ____________ : ___________ : __________M

(%)
/ ( ) /
( ) BKN OVC

RVR/HS VIS/HS
< 50 < 200 < 350 < 550 < 1 500 < 800 < 1 500 < 3 000 < 8 000

() < 30 < 60 < 90 < 60 < 150 < 300 < 600
(100 (200 (300 (200 (500 (1 000 (2 000
) ) ) ) ) ) )

00:00

00:30

01:00

01:30

02:00

02:30

03:00

22:00

22:30

23:00

23:30


III. 183

:_____________ : _____________ : __________

: _____________

: _____________ : _____________ : __________M

(%)
( )



()
< 200 < 400 < 600 < 800 < 1 500 < 3 000 < 5 000 < 8 000

00

01

02

03

22

23

. , ,
.
184

:_____________ : _____________ : __________

: _____________

: _____________ : _____________ : __________M

(%) ( )
BKN OVC

HS

() < 30 < 60 < 90 < 150 < 300 < 450
(100 ) (200 ) (300 ) (500 ) (1 000 ) (1 500 )
00

01

02

03

22

23

. , ,
.
III. 185

:_____________ : _____________ : __________

: _____________ : _____________

: _____________ : _____________ : __________M


( 30- )

()
-

15 610 1115 1620 2125 2630 3135 3640 4145 4650 > 50

353601

020304

050607

080910

111213

141516

171819

202122

232425

262728

293031

323334


186

:_____________ : _____________ : __________

: _____________

: _____________ : _____________ : __________M

(%)
( ) 5 C



()
10 5 50 05 510 1015 1520 2025 2530 ...........

00

01

02

03

22

23

:
1. 510 5,0 9,9 .
2. , ,
.
IV.

1.

1.1 ,
I, 9.3, 2
.

1.2 , ,
II, 1.

2.

2.1

2.1.1 .

2.1.2 , , ,
, , ,
, , ,
, , ,
, .

2.1.3
, .
.

2.1.4 ,
, , .
(to).

2.1.5 ,
(),
, 3 .

2.1.6 ,
,
, .

3. ,

3.1

3.1.1 , , ,
, 3.2 .

3.1.2
.
188

3.1.3 2.1.2
.

3.2

3.2.1 :

a) , , 10;

b) , , 10
80 90 80 ;

c) 5,
, ;

d) , , :
i) 1 , 10 60
( );
ii) 5 70 80;

e) , , 1 80;

f) , (..
);

g) , ,
;

h) , , ,
,
, ()
.

. .

3.2.2 , ,
, 60 .
, 22,5 . . 22,5 . .
, ,
e .

3.3

3.3.1 :

a) ,
, IV.1 ( b)
;

b) , ,
, IV.2;

c) *

, FL 100 FL 250.
, , .
, ,
.
IV. 189

3.3.2 , ,
,
.

IV.1

a) ( II, 2, 1.3.2 1.3.3)











b) ( II, 5, 4.3)

a , ,
.
. CB , SIGMET
II, 6, 1.1.4
190

IV.2




,
FL 270

(. IV.3).

10
a


40 18
b

a ;
.
b ( ) 16 / (30).

IV.3 ( 4.3.11)

, ,
, . 60 / (120 )
, , 40 / (80 ),
. 220 400 40 /
(80 ). , , / ,
40 / (80 ).

4.

. II, 1.

4.1 A: OPMET

4.1.1 A
METAR, TAF SIGMET , . ,
, , .

4.1.2

, , .
, .

4.1.3 SIGMET , ,
; .
IV. 191

4.2 IS:

4.2.1 ,
,
, .

4.2.2 .

4.2.3
.

4.2.4

. ,
, , (+).

4.2.5 , ,
, ,
, .

4.3 SWH, SWM SWL:

4.3.1 SWH, SWM SWL .


SWH FL 250.
SWM
FL 100 FL 250. SWL
FL 100. ,
. ,
, SWH SWM IV.1 (a),
SWL IV.1 (b).

4.3.2 , SWH SWM,


. , SWL,
().
, , ,

.

4.3.3 (
), ,
, , IV.2.
,
, ,
,
.

4.3.4 SWL
H L ,
(). Oe o
,

,
.

4.3.5
, ,
.
192

.
, ,
.

4.3.6 0C, ,
, SWL
, 0,

. 0C .

4.3.7 SWH - (CB) ,


ISOL EMBD ( ), OCNL EMBD ( ), FRQ
() FRQ EMBD ( ).

4.3.8 4.3.7 , SWM ,


, IV.1 (a),
FL 100 FL 250 , FEW (), SCT (),
BKN () OVC (), 12 , 34 , 57 8
.

4.3.9 SWL SWM -


:

ISOL: - /
50% ;

OCNL: - /
50 75% ;

FRQ: ,
, 75%
.

EMBD ( )
- ,
. CB .
SWL FEW
(), SCT (), BKN () OVC () 12 , 34 ,
57 8 .
0500,
LYR ( ).

4.3.10 SWH SWM , ,


,
.
.
L H ,
IV.2 SN.

4.3.11 SWH SWM ,


,

, (
FL) .

:
1. , , / ,
, 160 /80 .
2.
.
IV. 193

/ (,
20 , 3 000 , )
, (.IV.3).
3. ( ) ,
FL270 +20/30 , FL240
FL290.

4.4 TCG:

4.4.1 TCG ,
( ,
NN), , ,
, ,
6, 12, 18 24
.

4.4.2 TCG
. , ,
- , .
,
,
.

4.5 VAG:

4.5.1 VAG
.

4.5.2 VAG
,
.
c ;
, -
, ,
.
, .
, ,
.. .

4.5.3 ,
.

4.5.4
IV.1,
IAVCEI, .

4.6 STC: SIGMET


4.6.1 STC
SIGMET
.

4.6.2 STC ,

194

.
, . . (),
SIGMET.

4.6.3 ,
, IV.1.

4.7 SVA: SIGMET


4.7.1 SVA
SIGMET
.

4.7.2 SVA ,


. , . .
(), SIGMET.

4.7.3 ,
, IV.1.

4.8 SGE: SIGMET o


,

4.8.1 SGE
SIGMET ,
.

4.8.2 SGE ,

.
, . . (),
SIGMET. /
.

4.8.3 , ,
IV.1.

4.9 SN: ,

SN ,
,
.
:

World Meteorological Organization


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