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MINISTRY OF MARINE AFFAIRS AND FISHERIES

REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA

INDONESIA BUSINESS AND


INVESTMENT DIALOGUE :
Focus on fisheries sector

Jakarta, 9 March 2017


GOVERNMENT VISION : SEA IS OUR FUTURE

SEA IS OUR FUTURE


BANGSA
To achieve sovereign, independent, and sustainable management of
marine and fisheries resources for the peoples prosperity

Surveillance of marine and fishery resources;


Fish Quarantine, Quality control, food safety and bio
safety
SOVEREIGNTY

Human Resouces scaling up


PROSPERITY
Innovation in technology

SUSTAINABILITY
Marine spatial, conservation and bio diversity
Business Sustainability
Marine and fishery products competitiveness

2
Stages for Fisheries Reform

Orientation for
Regulatory Reforms Investment and Fisheries GDP
financial inclusion
Growth

Combating IUUF

Research &
HRD
integration

3
MMAF POLICIES
Demolition of
Acceleration of Fisheries Industry
236 Illegal fishing vessels Presidents Instruction No.7/2016

Regulation on
290 Catched vessels 188 Foreign fishing
catching lobster, vessels
crab and swimming 102 Indonesian fishing
crab with specific
Ban on Using
vessels GOOD
Unsustainable Fishing
size and condition
Gear (Ministerial GOVERNANCE
(Minister Regulation
Regulation No. 2/2015)
No. 1/2015)

Ban on
transshipment Capture fisheries
(Ministerial Regulation Ratification of Port business only for 100%
No. 57/2014) State Measure domestic investors
Agreement (PSMA) Presidential Regulation
No 44/2016

Analysis and Set on Live fish Improvement license services


Evaluation (AnEv) Joint Communique transport vessels and :
on 1,132 ex- Indonesia Papua New Guinea landing port (One Stop Services/PTSP),
foreign vessels Indonesia East Timor Ministerial Regulation Licensing outlet & Online
(187 Companies) Indonesia Palau No. 15/2016 service
followed by Indonesia New Zealand
Moratorium for ex- administrative Indonesia Australia
foreign fishing vessel sanctions
(Ministerial Regulation (revocation and
No. 56/2014) suspension of
business and
fishing licenses
Investigation on
human trafficking
Benjina and Establishment of PresidentialTask Force to Prevent and Eradicate Illegal Fishing
Ambon (Presidential Decree No. 115/2015 - Task Force on Illegal Fishing Eradication)

Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan Republik Indonesia


4 4
Jl. Medan Merdeka Timur No. 16, Jakarta 10041 | www.kkp.go.id
Result of study : Impact of Fisheries Policy and Projection
(UCSB-MMAF, 2016)

Need Reformation and Investment:


1. Investment without reformation, will cause profit loss in long term

2. Reformation without investment will cause profit loss in short term, but keep long term
profit because there are recovery of fish biomass.

3. Reformation and Investment, will prevent short term profit loss and to ensure fish
resources will be better in long term

5 5
Result of study : Impact of Fisheries Policy and Projection
(UCSB-MMAF, 2016)

1. Direct impact : IUU Fishing eradication policy eliminates 30-35% fisheries exploitation
in Indonesia. Pairs with independent data from NOAA and Google Satellite figure in
the same results.

2. Impact on 2035 : (1) Without IUU Fishing eradication policy from MMAF, 81% fish
biomass will be decreased; (2) IUU policy without sustainable governance, will
decrease fish biomass 26%; (3) IUU policy and governance, will increase 25% of
fish biomass

6 6
Result of study : Impact of Fisheries Policy and Projection
(UCSB-MMAF, 2016)

Projection 2050: Consistent fisheries reformation policy, will increase fish biomass 224%,
increase the catches 100%, and economic benefit USD 3,7 billion.

In 2050 global fish biomass will increase up to 619 million tones,


catches 16 million tones, and fisheries profit US$ 53 billion.

7 7
NATIONAL FISHERIES INDUSTRY ACCELERATION PROGRAME
(Presidential Regulation No. 3/2017)

Fisheries Product
Processing Industry

Sustainable ACCELERATION TO Sustainable


Fishing DEVELOP NATIONAL
FISHERIES INDUSTRY Aquaculture

(INPRES 7 / 2016)

Regulation,
Zoning and Region Institutional &
Development Financing

8
PROGRAM AND ACTION PLAN OF NATIONAL FISHERIES INDUSTRY

Revitalize national shipyard and increase local fishing vessel industries


Sustainable capacity
Law enforcement and license transparency to prevent IUU Fishing
Fishing Complementary facilities and infrastructure in Fishing Port
Provide energy needs for domestic fishing vessels
Skills training and fishermen certification

Reduce feed cost in aquaculture production component


Sustainable Complementary facilities and infrastructure for increasing fishpond production
Aquaculture Building business relation with small medium scale farmer
Skills training and farmer certification

Acces of electricity and cold chain for raw material supply of fisheries industry
Ease access of transportation, export and import
Fisheries Ease access of skilled labor
Product Facilitate of tax and import tariff and export
Processing Standardize business and fish processing industry
Optimalize warehouse receipt system for fisheries product and seaweed
Industry Acceleration Roadmap of National Seaweed Industry
Increasing access and domestic fish consumption
Increase and expansion of foreign market
Diversification and improvement of marine and fisheries product quality

9
PROGRAM AND ACTION PLAN OF NATIONAL FISHERIES INDUSTRY

Transparency of location license & management license in coastal


Zoning and
Zoning and area and small islands
Region Acceleration of national marine spatial planning to support
Region
sustainablility of fisheries industry
Development
Development Location determination and prepare facilities and infrastructure in
Integrated Fisheries Industry (SKPT) as National Strategic Project

Harmonize Fisheries Law with Shipping Law associated with


integration of port management, port authority, license, certification of
crew, berthing port freighter, and addition of special port in eastern part
Regulation, of Indonesia as a hub
Institutional & Financial support and capital access Acceleration of the procurement of
Financial goods and service, additional capital investment for fisheries state-own
enterprises and dan expansion finance access non-National Budget
inclusion (APBN) for business (BLU, KUR, Bank Credit)
Improvement of data & information through One Data
Increase groups status into a Cooperative
Minimize security risk of fisheries industry in the outermost island

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Integrated Marine and Fisheries Zone

Develop new industry base on outer islands for export gateway

Location plan in 12 SKPT 2017 & sea toll roadmap 2017

12 location for
SKPT 2017

1. Natuna
2. Saumlaki
3. Merauke
4. Mentawai
5. Nunukan
6. Talaud
7. Morotai
8. Biak Numfor
9. Mimika
10. Rote Ndao
11. Sumba Timur
12. Sabang

Source:
- Sea Toll Rute: Ministry of
Transportation, 2016
- SKPT 2017: MMAF, 2016

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Modernize 5 Existing Fishing Ports

PPS Nizam Zachman PPN Pengambengan


1 Muara Baru, Jakarta 3 Jembrana, Bali

Landing Center and shelter Place for fish auction


Place for fish auction I and II Ice flake machine
Modern Fish Market (for retail and wholesaler) Integrated Cold Storage kapasitas 500 ton
High grade fish market Refrigerator vehicle
Ice flake machine
Refrigerator vehicle PPP Sendang Biru
4 Malang, Jawa Timur

PPS Bitung, Place for fish auction


2 Bitung Sulawesi Utara Ice flake machine
Refrigerator vehicle
Place for fish auction


Ice flake machine
Integrated Cold Storage capacity 500 ton
5 Jayanti Cianjur

Refrigerator vehicle Port


Ice flake machine

13
EXISTING CONDITION

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TOTAL INVESTMENT IN FISHERIES SECTOR IN INDONESIA, 2016

Subsector Project Investment


(Rp. Million)
Aquaculture 17 601,218.3
Fishery Capture 3 7,400.3
Fish Processing 72 2,571,152.9
Trade 19 79,611.9
Grand Total 111 3,259,383.4

Source : The Investment Coordinating Board of the Republic of Indonesia

Subsector Investment
(Rp. Million)

Aquaculture 193,880
Fishery Capture 574,571
Fish Processing 269,865
Trade 694,995
Fishery Services 493,256
Grand Total 2,226,568

Source : OJK

15
Investor Countries In Indonesia, 2016
Fisheries Sector Investment in Indonesia JAPANESE INVESTMENT PER SUB SECTOR IN INDONESIA, 2016
Trade
2016 (Rp. Million) 1% Aquaculture
21%
Pakistan 0.2
Italia 12.7
Australia 62.9
Malaysia 3173.7
United States 4000 Fish
India 8777.7 Processing
78%
Taiwan 32029.7
South Korea 39210.9
Philipina 74986.5
Detailed of Japanese Investment on Fish Processing Industry
R.R. Tiongkok 96467.8
British Virgin Islands 113737.1 FISH PROCESSING Value (IDR. Million)
Singapore 238967.4 Industry of fish processing and Preserved 125,518
Industry of Processing and Preserved for
Japan 331593.1
Aquatic Product 119,792
Hongkong, RRT 488372 Smoked/grilled fish industry and other fish
Indonesia 1827991.7 processing and preserved industry 15,000
0 500000 1000000 1500000 2000000 Frozen Fish Industry 29
Fish Processing and Export Industry 29

Source : The Investment Coordinating Board of the Republic of Indonesia


ASEAN INDONESIA JAPAN TRADE

ASEAN Japan Trade in Fishery Indonesia- Japan Trade in


Sector , 2014-2015 Fishery Sector , 2014-2015
500,000
453,151 458,533 900,000 836,910
450,000
800,000
400,000 381,745 384,202
700,000
350,000 564,886
600,000
300,000 466,236 474,876
500,000
250,000
400,000
200,000
300,000
150,000
200,000
100,000
100,000
50,000
-
- Japan Export to Indonesia Indonesia Export to Japan
Japan's exports to Association of Indonesia's exports to
South-East Asian Nations Association of South-East Asian 2014 2015
(ASEAN) Nations (ASEAN)

2014 2015

SOURCE : TRADEMAP, 2017

19
PRAWNS AND TUNAS MAIN EXPORTERS TO JAPAN
YoY Kwartal 3 Tahun 2012-2016 (USD 000)
BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY

21
Industries Demand on Cold Storage
1,32 million tons (2015) ~ 1,7 million tons (2017)

3,000
200 thousand ton of CS are operated
2,532 1,5 million ton of additional CS capacity are needed
2,500

2,000

1,500

970
1,000 831

500 383 326


259
117 31
23 11 4 14
0
Sumatera Jawa Bali & Nusa Kalimantan Sulawesi Maluku &
Tenggara Papua
Demand (thousand tons) Ketersediaan (ribu
Availibility (Thousand ton)
tons)

Additional power supply are needed


Power supply estimation:
Cold storage 200 ton = 142 KVA per unit
UPI + Cold Storage 500 ton = 750 KVA per unit
UPI + Cold Storage 1000 ton = 1.200 KVA per unit
Ice Flake Machine 10 ton = 130 KVA per unit
Ice Flake Machine 1,5 ton = 12,5 KVA per unit
22
Cold Storage is the Main Key for Fishery Industries
Fresh and frozen are precious products

Number of fishery industries by Volume of fishery products by


processing types (2015) processing types (2015)
FRESH SURIMI SMOKED
DRIED EXTRACTED OTHERS
SURIMI OTHERS 7% 3% 0%
8% 5% 6%
2% 6%
DRIED
SMOKED 2%
1% CANNED
13%
FROZEN
CANNED FRESH 59% FROZEN
9% 10% 67%

KATSUOBUSHI
2%

Fishery
Jenis Industries/ Capacity
Pengolahan UPI (Ton/Year) Produk Olahan Volume (Ton)
(Unit) Frozen 414,735
Frozen 421 1.572.515 Katsuobushi 12,383
Fresh 69 166.732 Canned 80,752
Canned 64 491.460 Dried 11,574
Smoked 10 31.268
Others 39,433
Dried 58 83.764
Fresh 42,814
Surimi 14 63.000
Extracted 35 90.480 Surimi 18,747
Others 47 53.345 Smoked 382
Total 718 2.552.564 Total 620,819

Source : DG of Product Competitivenes , 2015


23
Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan Republik Indonesia
Jl. Medan Merdeka Timur No. 16, Jakarta 10041 | www.kkp.go.id
Cold Storages are Mostly Distributed in Western Indonesia

Cold Storage (MMAF, 2009-2015) Single Cold Storage (MMAF, 2016) Cold Storage (Private/Importer)

Sumber: Dirjen PDSPKP, 2016


24
Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan Republik Indonesia
Jl. Medan Merdeka Timur No. 16, Jakarta 10041 | www.kkp.go.id
INVESTMENT REGULATION

25
Presidential Regulation 44 /2016: Foreign Direct Investment
Certain types of activities are fully opened for FDI, despite some investments are
partially restricted or closed. Key areas relevant to the fisheries sector are detailed
below
I. Business in fisheries sector that is fully Subject to have
opened for FDI is investment in Cold recommendation from
the Minister of Forestry and Environment
Storage
Despite, for inclusive economy, some Coral/Ornamental Coral Culture
investments require SMEs partnerships

II. Investments that require partnerships with


CLOSED to FDI
SMEs :
1. Capture Fisheries
1. Rearing of Fish
2. Fishing of species listed in Convention
2. Hatchery of Fish
on International Trade in Endangered
3. Processing of Fishery Products Species of Wild Fauna and Flora)
4. Manufacture of wooden ships 3. Salvage of Sunken Ship Treasure
5. Manufacture of device and fittings of 4. Sea Sand Quarrying
wooden ships for marine tourism and
fishing

26
INCENTIVE AVAILABLE FOR
FISHERIES SECTOR
TAX ALLOWANCE

Government Regulation No.18/2015

Imposition of
income tax on
Total net income dividends which
reduction by 30% paid to foreign tax
of the investment, Accelerated subject of 10% Compensation
that are charged depreciation and (ten percent), or a losses longer than
respectively 5% amortisation lower rate 5 (five) years
per year in the 6 according to the
years period avoidance of
double taxation
agreement

28
Criteria and/or conditions of income tax facilities for investment
As per Decree of the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries No. 17/PERMEN-KP/2015

29
BUSINESSES LOCATION RECEIVING TAX ALLOWANCE FOR PROCESSING*)

NAD
Sumut
Kaltara
Sulut Malut

Riau Kaltim Gorontalo


Kep. Riau Kalbar
Papua Barat
Jambi Sulteng
Kalteng
Jambi
Kep. Babel Sulbar
Maluku
Sumsel Kalsel
Bengkulu Sultra Papua
DKI Jakarta
Lampung Jawa Tengah Sulsel
DKI Jakarta
Banten Jateng Jatim
Jabar Jawa Timur
DIY Bali
NTB NTT

: FISH FREEZING INDUSTRY


: OTHERS AQUATIC BIOTA FREEZING
INDUSTRY

*) Gov Reg No 18 /2015 jo Gov Reg No 9 /2016


BUSINESSES LOCATION RECEIVING TAX ALLOWANCE FOR PROCESSING*)

NAD
Sumut
Kaltara
Sulut Malut

Riau Kaltim Gorontalo


Kep. Riau Kalbar
Papua Barat
Jambi Sulteng
Kalteng
Jambi
Kep. Babel Sulbar
Maluku
Sumsel Kalsel
Bengkulu Sultra Papua
DKI Jakarta
Lampung Jawa Tengah Sulsel
DKI Jakarta
Banten Jateng Jatim
Jabar Jawa Timur
DIY Bali
NTB NTT

: FISH PRODUCT PROCESSING INTO FLOSS,


PASTE AND SURIMI
: PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION OF FISH
AND OTHERS AQUATIC BIOTA (EXCEPT
SHRIMP OR PRAWN) INDUSTRY
*) Gov Reg No 18 /2015 jo Gov Reg No 9 /2016
BUSINESSES LOCATION RECEIVING TAX ALLOWANCE FOR PROCESSING*)

NAD
Sumut
Kaltara
Sulut Malut

Riau Kaltim Gorontalo


Kep. Riau Kalbar
Papua Barat
Jambi Sulteng
Kalteng
Jambi
Kep. Babel Sulbar
Maluku
Sumsel Kalsel
Bengkulu Sultra Papua
DKI Jakarta
Lampung Jawa Tengah Sulsel
DKI Jakarta
Banten Jateng Jatim
Jabar Jawa Timur
DIY Bali
NTB NTT

: PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION OF


SHRIMP/PRAWNS PACKAGED INTO CANS
INDUSTRY
: OTHER PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION FOR
OTHERS AQUATIC BIOTA INDUSTRY

*) Gov Reg No 18 /2015 jo Gov Reg No 9 /2016


BUSINESSES LOCATION RECEIVING TAX ALLOWANCE FOR AQUACULTURE*)

NAD
Sumut
Kaltara
Sulut Malut

Riau Kaltim Gorontalo


Kep. Riau Kalbar
Papua Barat
Jambi Sulteng
Kalteng
Jambi
Kep. Babel Sulbar
Maluku
Sumsel Kalsel
Bengkulu Sultra Papua
DKI Jakarta
Lampung Jawa Tengah Sulsel
DKI Jakarta
Banten Jateng Jatim
Jabar Jawa Timur
DIY Bali
NTB NTT

: MARINE FISH FARMING (GROUPER,


SEABASS, SILVER POMPANO)
: FRESHWATER FISH FARMING IN
FLOATING CAGE (TILAPIA AND
PANGASIUS)

*) Gov Reg No 18 /2015 jo Gov Reg No 9 /2016


MINISTRY OF MARINE AFFAIRS AND FISHERIES
REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA

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