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FEBRUARY 21, 2017 MANUAL TO CONFIGURE SEL PMUS Independent Study Professor: Ali Abur STUDENT: CESAR
FEBRUARY 21, 2017 MANUAL TO CONFIGURE SEL PMUS Independent Study Professor: Ali Abur STUDENT: CESAR
FEBRUARY 21, 2017 MANUAL TO CONFIGURE SEL PMUS Independent Study Professor: Ali Abur STUDENT: CESAR

FEBRUARY 21, 2017

MANUAL TO CONFIGURE SEL PMUS

Independent Study Professor: Ali Abur

STUDENT: CESAR GALVEZ

MANUAL TO CONFIGURE SEL PMU STEPS TO CONFIGURE THE PMU RELAYS LOCATED IN THE NORTHEASTERN

MANUAL TO CONFIGURE SEL PMU

STEPS TO CONFIGURE THE PMU RELAYS LOCATED IN THE NORTHEASTERN LAB

Cesar A. Galvez, Northeastern University student, member IEEE

ECE Dept. Northeastern University, Boston, MA.

ABSTRACT This document intends to explain the details how to configure the SEL PMU Relays that has been communicated into the SYNCHROWAVE software to monitor all the electrical parameters extracted by the PMUs. This paper also shows the setting up a Protection Device Concentrator (PDC) that is used as an interface to communicate all the PMUs into the Synchrowave Central software.

KEYWORDS PMU (Phasor Measurement Unit), 421 SEL Relay, 735 SEL Relay, Synchrowave Central, Acselerator Quickset, Synchrowave Central Admin, SEL PDC Assistant.

OBJECTIVES The Objective of this document is to explain step by step the configuration of PMUs communications network installed in the Power Systems lab of Northeastern University. The Northeastern University power systems lab has two protection relays SEL-421 and SEL-735 that count with the functionality of Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs). This PMU function are very relevant to configure the private network and observe all the electrical parameters that the SEL-421 and SEL-735 relays can show in the Synchrowave Central Software. As an additional, this paper will show the basic protection configuration for a SEL-421 relay that has the main function of Protection, Automation, and Control System for high-speed distance and directional protection and complete control of a two-breaker bay. The basic configuration for the SEL-421 relay will be applied to the Protection of a transmission line of 15 km that will have two SEL-421 relays, one in the beginning and another in the end of the transmission line.

km that will have two SEL-421 relays, one in the beginning and another in the end

SEL PMU Relay

 CURRENT COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK The next figure 2 and figure 3 show the communications network

CURRENT COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK The next figure 2 and figure 3 show the communications network architecture that has been installed in the power systems lab at Northeastern University. Fig. 2: Communication Architecture of PMUs

University. Fig. 2: Communication Architecture of PMUs Fig. 3: Communication Architecture of PMUs and current IP

Fig. 3: Communication Architecture of PMUs and current IP Address

3: Communication Architecture of PMUs and current IP Address  CONFIGURATION DE PMUs, PDC AND SYNCHROWAVE

CONFIGURATION DE PMUs, PDC AND SYNCHROWAVE CENTRAL This section will show the step to configure the Synchrowave Central in which is essential to start setting up the PMUs before the rest of devices.

SEL PMU Relay

.1. SEL-735 relay configuration (PMU#1) The Acselerator Quickset software is used to configure the 735

.1.

SEL-735 relay configuration (PMU#1) The Acselerator Quickset software is used to configure the 735 and 421 SEL relays as shown in the next steps.

the 735 and 421 SEL relays as shown in the next steps. The Acselerator Quickset software

The Acselerator Quickset software doesn’t have password to log on into the configurations of SEL relays.

The Acselerator Quickset software doesn’t have passwor d to log on into the configurations of SEL

SEL PMU Relay

The Ascelerator Quickset shows that the Database contains default password, then press OK. Next step

The Ascelerator Quickset shows that the Database contains default password, then press OK.

that the Database contains default password, then press OK. Next step is to go to communications

Next step is to go to communications and parameters

the Database contains default password, then press OK. Next step is to go to communications and

SEL PMU Relay

In parameters select the connection name SEL-735 New and press OK. The software will show

In parameters select the connection name SEL-735 New and press OK.

select the connection name SEL-735 New and press OK. The software will show that establishing connection

The software will show that establishing connection with the device.

name SEL-735 New and press OK. The software will show that establishing connection with the device.

SEL PMU Relay

After the 735 relay shows that the device is connected, press read the device. The

After the 735 relay shows that the device is connected, press read the device.

shows that the device is connected, press read the device. The Acselerator Quickset shows the transfer

The Acselerator Quickset shows the transfer status.

that the device is connected, press read the device. The Acselerator Quickset shows the transfer status.

SEL PMU Relay

This figure shows that the configuration of SEL-735 relay is ready to be updated. For

This figure shows that the configuration of SEL-735 relay is ready to be updated.

the configuration of SEL-735 relay is ready to be updated. For the setting up the PMU

For the setting up the PMU # 1, go to communications, Port 1 (Ethernet) and setting up the IP Address (129.10.52.72), Subnet Mask (255.255.254.0) and Gateway (129.10.52.11)

and setting up the IP Address (129.10.52.72), Subnet Mask (255.255.254.0) and Gateway (129.10.52.11) SEL PMU Relay

SEL PMU Relay

The last step to configure the SEL-735 PMU Session Settings, choose TCP in output transport

The last step to configure the SEL-735 PMU Session Settings, choose TCP in output transport Scheme, 129.10.52.70 in PMU output client IP Address and 4713 in TCP/IP Data Port Number.

client IP Address and 4713 in TCP/IP Data Port Number. .2. SEL-421 relay configuration (PMU#2) The

.2.

SEL-421 relay configuration (PMU#2)

The configuration of SEL-421 relay has the same procedure than the SEL-735 relay as shown in the next images. After starting up the Acselerator Quickset, go to parameters.

the SEL-735 relay as shown in the next images. After starting up the Acselerator Quickset, go

SEL PMU Relay

In parameters select the connection name SEL-421 New and press OK. The IP Address will

In parameters select the connection name SEL-421 New and press OK. The IP Address will be

129.10.52.71.

New and press OK. The IP Address will be 129.10.52.71. After the SEL-421 relay shows that

After the SEL-421 relay shows that the device is connected, press read the device.

will be 129.10.52.71. After the SEL-421 relay shows that the device is connected, press read the

SEL PMU Relay

The Acselerator Quickset shows the transfer status. This figure shows that the configuration of SEL-421

The Acselerator Quickset shows the transfer status.

The Acselerator Quickset shows the transfer status. This figure shows that the configuration of SEL-421 relay

This figure shows that the configuration of SEL-421 relay is ready to be updated.

shows the transfer status. This figure shows that the configuration of SEL-421 relay is ready to

SEL PMU Relay

For the setting up the PMU # 2, go to Port Settings, Port 5 and

For the setting up the PMU # 2, go to Port Settings, Port 5 and setting up Enable Port (Y), Maximum Access Level (C).

5 and setting up Enable Port (Y), Maximum Access Level (C). The next configuration is to

The next configuration is to set up the IP configuration; configure IP Address/CIDR Prefix (129.10.52.71/24), the Default Router (129.10.52.11)

the IP configuration; configure IP Address/CIDR Prefix (129.10.52.71/24), the Default Router (129.10.52.11) SEL PMU Relay

SEL PMU Relay

The final step is to setting up the Phasor Measurement Settings. The configuration more important

The final step is to setting up the Phasor Measurement Settings. The configuration more important are Enable C37.118 Communications (Y), transport Scheme (TCP), IP Remote Address (129.10.52.70) and TCP/IP Local Port Number (4712).

Address (129.10.52.70) and TCP/IP Local Port Number (4712). .3. SEL-3373 relay configuration (PDC). The configuration of

.3.

SEL-3373 relay configuration (PDC).

The configuration of SEL-3373 relay is made through SEL PDC Assistant software.

relay configuration (PDC). The configuration of SEL-3373 relay is made through SEL PDC Assistant software. SEL

SEL PMU Relay

The password to connect with PDC Assistant is Dominionpower1! This imagen shows that the SEL-3373

The password to connect with PDC Assistant is Dominionpower1!

password to connect with PDC Assistant is Dominionpower1! This imagen shows that the SEL-3373 relay is

This imagen shows that the SEL-3373 relay is ready to be configured.

with PDC Assistant is Dominionpower1! This imagen shows that the SEL-3373 relay is ready to be

SEL PMU Relay

The first setting is go to Administration to configure the Network, Gateway (129.10.52.11). Also the

The first setting is go to Administration to configure the Network, Gateway (129.10.52.11). Also the Eth 1; Interface Configuration (Static), IP Address (129.10.52.70), Netmask (255.255.254.0) and Allow Ping

(129.10.52.70), Netmask (255.255.254.0) and Allow Ping The next setting is the Inputs in the SEL-3373 relay.

The next setting is the Inputs in the SEL-3373 relay. For this configuration, there are two inputs 421PMU and 735 PMU.

is the Inputs in the SEL-3373 relay. For this configuration, there are two inputs 421PMU and

SEL PMU Relay

The first input is the 421PMU and it should be set up based on the

The first input is the 421PMU and it should be set up based on the configuration entered previously in the SEL-421 relay.

the configuration entered previously in the SEL-421 relay. Likewise, the tags of electric parameters can be

Likewise, the tags of electric parameters can be customized to organize the information technically.

relay. Likewise, the tags of electric parameters can be customized to organize the information technically. SEL

SEL PMU Relay

The second input is the 735PMU and it should be set up based on the

The second input is the 735PMU and it should be set up based on the configuration entered previously in the SEL-735 relay in which the Acselerator Quickset was used for this purpose.

in which the Acselerator Quickset was used for this purpose. Similar to the 421PMU input, the

Similar to the 421PMU input, the tags of electric parameters can be customized to organize the information in a better technical way.

the tags of electric parameters can be customized to organize the information in a better technical

SEL PMU Relay

Finally, the last step to set up the PDC (SEL-3373 relay) is to configure the

Finally, the last step to set up the PDC (SEL-3373 relay) is to configure the output. In this case the output is the Synchrowave Central.

output. In this case the output is the Synchrowave Central. The most important settings are the

The most important settings are the Phasor Domain (Rectangular), Transport Protocol (TCP), Port (4714) and Local IP Address (Any)

are the Phasor Domain (Rectangular), Transport Protocol (TCP), Port (4714) and Local IP Address (Any) SEL

SEL PMU Relay

Likewise, the output tags in the PDC can be customized to manage the data in

Likewise, the output tags in the PDC can be customized to manage the data in a technical manner.

can be customized to manage the data in a technical manner. .4. The configuration of the

.4.

The configuration of the Synchrowave Central was made through the Synchrowave Central Admin.

Synchrowave Central configuration.

the Synchrowave Central was made through the Synchrowave Central Admin. Synchrowave Central configuration. SEL PMU Relay

SEL PMU Relay

The first is the configuration of IP Address (129.10.52.70), Port (4714), PDC/PMU ID (100), Database

The first is the configuration of IP Address (129.10.52.70), Port (4714), PDC/PMU ID (100), Database Path (C:\SynchroWAVe Database) and Retention Period (2 days)

Path (C:\SynchroWAVe Database) and Retention Period (2 days) The final configuration is the Tag Mappings for

The final configuration is the Tag Mappings for the two PMUs. In the next Figure shows the main tags of the 421PMU.

configuration is the Tag Mappings for the two PMUs. In the next Figure shows the main

SEL PMU Relay

This picture shows the tags for the 735PMU that will be exhibited in the Synchrowave

This picture shows the tags for the 735PMU that will be exhibited in the Synchrowave Central.

735PMU that will be exhibited in the Synchrowave Central. Also the Modal Analysis Settings are available

Also the Modal Analysis Settings are available in the Synchrowave Central software.

the Synchrowave Central. Also the Modal Analysis Settings are available in the Synchrowave Central software. SEL

SEL PMU Relay

After making all these settings shown previously, the Synchrowave Central software will exhibit all the

After making all these settings shown previously, the Synchrowave Central software will exhibit all the electric parameters and events monitored by the SEL-421 and SEL-735 relays.

Monitoring in Synchrowave Central.

To observe all the date extracted from the PMUs SEL-421 and SEL-735. The next link should be written in the Internet explorer (http://dominionpower/) to load the Synchrowave Central.

http://dominionpower/ ) to load the Synchrowave Central. After the Synchrowave Central will show the main page

After the Synchrowave Central will show the main page to configure the data more relevant extracted from 421 and 735 PMUs.

Central will show the main page to configure the data more relevant extracted from 421 and

SEL PMU Relay

As an example, the data that will be observed is the Frequency. Press standard Chart

As an example, the data that will be observed is the Frequency. Press standard Chart and add the 421PMU and 735PMU.

Press standard Chart and add the 421PMU and 735PMU. This graph shows the Frequency of the

This graph shows the Frequency of the two PMUs monitored on real time.

Chart and add the 421PMU and 735PMU. This graph shows the Frequency of the two PMUs

SEL PMU Relay

Likewise, the chart can be split into two charts to exhibit the voltage data from

Likewise, the chart can be split into two charts to exhibit the voltage data from the two PMUs.

two charts to exhibit the voltage data from the two PMUs. Now the Synchrowave Central Software

Now the Synchrowave Central Software shows the Frequency and Voltage data.

voltage data from the two PMUs. Now the Synchrowave Central Software shows the Frequency and Voltage

SEL PMU Relay

Again the chart can be split to show the Phasor Scope in the Synchrowave Central.

Again the chart can be split to show the Phasor Scope in the Synchrowave Central.

split to show the Phasor Scope in the Synchrowave Central. Different parameters can be shown based

Different parameters can be shown based on the necessity of the client and the operation.

Central. Different parameters can be shown based on the necessity of the client and the operation.

SEL PMU Relay

 Distance and Overcurrent Protection settings in SEL-421 relay. In this section, The SEL-421 relay

Distance and Overcurrent Protection settings in SEL-421 relay. In this section, The SEL-421 relay located in the power systems lab of Northeastern University will be configured for a power line of 15 km. The settings are made for the distance and overcurrent protection. As shown in the figure, the red color section is the transmission line (L1-1) to be evaluated. To make the SEL-421 relay settings simple, the SEL-421 Protection relays R1 and R2 are installed at the entrance and end of the power line of 15 km. The parameters of the another two power lines (L2-1 and L3-1) are used to calculate the protection zones that must be introduced into the relays R1 and R2.

zones that must be introduced into the relays R1 and R2. The parameters of 15 km

The parameters of 15 km power line that are entered to the SEL-421 relay are shown in the next figure. The first step is to enter the transmission line parameters into the SEL-421 relay. The figure shows all parameters of the three transmission lines that must be used to calculate the three protection zones to configure the SEL-421 relay.

SEL PMU Relay

The next figure shows the distance protection and overcurrent protection settings that must be set
The next figure shows the distance protection and overcurrent protection settings that must be set

The next figure shows the distance protection and overcurrent protection settings that must be set up on the protection device. The parameters of Transmission Line are entered in the settings of SEL- 421 relay at the entrance of the power line. As seen in the picture, in Group 1, SET and Line Configuration all these parameters must be entered.

SEL PMU Relay

The next two tables show the impedances values calculated that must be entered in the
The next two tables show the impedances values calculated that must be entered in the

The next two tables show the impedances values calculated that must be entered in the SEL-421 relays for the R1 entrance line relay and R2 end line relay. The data used to calculate the protection zones were from the L1-1, L2-1 and L3-1

R1

Zone 1

 

Data

 

Impedance

 
ZL1= 6.4 Ω Z1= 5.12 Ω

ZL1=

6.4

Z1=

5.12

 

Zone 2

 

Data

 

Impedance

 
ZL2= 11.37 Ω Z2= 12.3968 Ω

ZL2=

11.37

Z2=

12.3968

 

Zone 3

 

Datos

 

Impedance

 
ZL3= 20 Ω Z3= 22.6368 Ω

ZL3=

20

Z3=

22.6368

 

SEL PMU Relay

R2 Zone 1 Impedance Data ZL1= 6.4 Ω Z1= 5.12 Ω Zone 2 Data Impedance

R2

Zone 1 Impedance Data ZL1= 6.4 Ω Z1= 5.12 Ω Zone 2 Data Impedance ZL2=
Zone 1
Impedance
Data
ZL1=
6.4 Ω
Z1=
5.12 Ω
Zone 2
Data
Impedance
ZL2=
11.37 Ω
Z2=
12.3968 Ω
Zone 3
Datos
Impedance
ZL3=
0 Ω
Z3=
0 Ω

These protection zones are entered in the Relay Configuration. The first setting is to enable the E21MP Mho Phase Distance Zones, write 4 to active four protection zones.

The first setting is to enable the E21MP Mho Phase Distance Zones, write 4 to active

SEL PMU Relay

Likewise, the overcurrent protection must be activated writing 1 in E51S and E50P The last

Likewise, the overcurrent protection must be activated writing 1 in E51S and E50P

protection must be activated writing 1 in E51S and E50P The last step is to enter

The last step is to enter the impedances of protection zones and timer for each zone

1 in E51S and E50P The last step is to enter the impedances of protection zones

SEL PMU Relay

Finally, this graph shows the distance protection zones using a Mho model in the SEL-421
Finally, this graph shows the distance protection zones using a Mho model in the SEL-421

Finally, this graph shows the distance protection zones using a Mho model in the SEL-421 relay.

Finally, this graph shows the distance protection zones using a Mho model in the SEL-421 relay.

SEL PMU Relay

For the R2 relay the settings are the same than the R1 relay but the

For the R2 relay the settings are the same than the R1 relay but the zone Z4MP must be disable writing OFF.

Simulation of distance and overcurrent protection

First simulation The first simulation is to run load flow and observe that the R1 and R2 protection relays don’t operate in normal operation condition. The graph displays that the distance protection for R1 and R2 don’t trip the SEL-421 relay under condition of normal operation or load flow. One important observation is that the reach of relay R1 does not cover all the power lines section.

of relay R1 does not cover all the power lines section. At the next graph of

At the next graph of protection coordination, the overcurrent protection setting also does not start the SEL-421 relay under condition of normal operation.

SEL PMU Relay

 Second simulation The second simulation consists in simulate a three phase short-circuit in the
 Second simulation The second simulation consists in simulate a three phase short-circuit in the

Second simulation The second simulation consists in simulate a three phase short-circuit in the L1-1 half of power line length and observe what happened with the R1 and R2 relays.

short-circuit in the L1-1 half of power line length and observe what happened with the R1

SEL PMU Relay

With a short circuit 7.144 KA, the Zone 1 for the two protection relays (R1

With a short circuit 7.144 KA, the Zone 1 for the two protection relays (R1 and R2) operated in 0.015 s.

the two protection relays (R1 and R2) operated in 0.015 s. Also, the overcurrent protection operated

Also, the overcurrent protection operated the two relays in 0.411 s and 0.098 s.

R2) operated in 0.015 s. Also, the overcurrent protection operated the two relays in 0.411 s

SEL PMU Relay

 Third simulation The last simulation is to apply a three phase fault in the

Third simulation The last simulation is to apply a three phase fault in the bus UW-4 and observe if the SEL-421 relay operates under these conditions.

if the SEL-421 relay operates under these conditions. The distance protection for the R1 and R2

The distance protection for the R1 and R2 relays don’t operate because the fault is located outside the protection zones of two protection devices.

relays don’t operate because the fault is located outside the protection zones of two protection devices.

SEL PMU Relay

However, the fault makes operate the overcurrent protection for the two SEL-421 relays as seen

However, the fault makes operate the overcurrent protection for the two SEL-421 relays as seen in the next graph.

the fault makes operate the overcurrent protection for the two SEL-421 relays as seen in the

SEL PMU Relay

 Recommendations.  The configuration and settings of the PMUs are the first configurations that

Recommendations.

The configuration and settings of the PMUs are the first configurations that should be made due to the rest of the configuration depends on the initial settings of SEL-421 and SEL-735 PMUs.

The use of Synchrowave Central is simple and it can be customized according to the data that will be observed by the client.

One chart in the Synchrowave Central can be split into other charts to monitor the most significant electric parameters.

The network showed in the next figure was implemented and connected towards the Northeastern Network. This configuration worked correctly around one month and after it was disabled by Technology Information (IT) due to the technical reasons exposed by them.

month and after it was disabled by Technology Information (IT) due to the technical reasons exposed

SEL PMU Relay

 The communication network that wanted to be implemented is shown the following figure. This

The communication network that wanted to be implemented is shown the following figure. This network to connect a PMU in a remote location from the power system lab cannot be implemented due to the maintenance area of the school did not provide the place where the SEL-735 PMU would be installed and connected to a private network of the school.

installed and connected to a private network of the school.  As all the devices are

As all the devices are working properly recommend to acquire a Model 1094B GPS Substation clock, GPS Antenna and accessories to implement the network proposed previously.

The communication network proposed previously will work properly without any issue because it was tested in the Northeastern University Network.

The maintenance department of Northeastern University should provide the place to install the SEL- 735 PMU which should be installed in a remote electrical substation from the Power Systems lab with the objective to test the communication protocol through the PMUs.

As the proposed network was not implemented, the current network continues being a local network.

An example of distance and overcurrent protection for a 15 km power line is exhibited in this document with the objective to observe the settings of distance and overcurrent protection in the SEL-421 relay.

SEL PMU Relay