Rectangular ducts are used to transfer hot or cold air
from one location to other. In case of hot air carriers where
more heat has to be dissipated to atmospheric air during its
travel, turbulence plays a key role in achieving this. For
increasing the turbulence of fluid, the plane surface of duct is
provided with different geometrical entities which result in
increased heat transfer as compared to plane surface. There is
also a pressure drop in fluid because of these disturbances
occurring in the fluid. In this work, a number of appropriate
designs for these vortex generators are made and simulation
has been performed. A balance has been made between heat
transfer and pressure drop so that overall effectiveness of the
system is improved.

© All Rights Reserved

Просмотров: 4

Rectangular ducts are used to transfer hot or cold air
from one location to other. In case of hot air carriers where
more heat has to be dissipated to atmospheric air during its
travel, turbulence plays a key role in achieving this. For
increasing the turbulence of fluid, the plane surface of duct is
provided with different geometrical entities which result in
increased heat transfer as compared to plane surface. There is
also a pressure drop in fluid because of these disturbances
occurring in the fluid. In this work, a number of appropriate
designs for these vortex generators are made and simulation
has been performed. A balance has been made between heat
transfer and pressure drop so that overall effectiveness of the
system is improved.

© All Rights Reserved

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Channel with Longitudinal Vortex Generators

M. Vinoop Reddy1 , N. Viswa Sairam2

Department of Mechanical Engineering

1

Kommuri Pratap Reddy Institute of Technology, Medchal dist., Hyderabad, Telangana 500088, India.

2

GITAM University, Hyderabad campus, Hyderabad, Telangana 502329, India.

Corresponding email: vinoopreddy@gmail.com

Abstract: Rectangular ducts are used to transfer hot or cold air an effective disruption of the thermal boundary layer and thus

from one location to other. In case of hot air carriers where the improvement of the heat transfer

more heat has to be dissipated to atmospheric air during its For convective heat transfer intensification three mechanisms

travel, turbulence plays a key role in achieving this. For may be distinguished as

increasing the turbulence of fluid, the plane surface of duct is (1) Developing boundary layers,

provided with different geometrical entities which result in (2) Swirl or vortices and

increased heat transfer as compared to plane surface. There is (3) Flow destabilization or turbulence intensification.

also a pressure drop in fluid because of these disturbances

All three mechanisms may be caused by vortex generators. The

occurring in the fluid. In this work, a number of appropriate

vortex generators considered here are protrusions from a heat

designs for these vortex generators are made and simulation

has been performed. A balance has been made between heat transfer surface which are designed to generate vortices. In the

following section information is presented on vortex generators

transfer and pressure drop so that overall effectiveness of the

system is improved. and their vortices. Transverse and longitudinal vortices may be

distinguished. Transverse vortices and their generators in

Key words: Heat transfer, Vortex generators, Turbulence, turbulence heat transfer mainly by flow destabilization which

Secondary flow, Thermal boundary layer, Vortices. leads to self-excited fluctuating transverse vortices. Longitudinal

vortices and their generation may involve all three heat transfer

1. Introduction:- mechanisms.

Heat exchangers are widely used in many industrial areas such 2. Governing Equations:-

as chemical engineering, automobile manufacturing,

refrigeration and internal cooling for gas turbine blades. While designing in fluent, it is important to know how fluid will

Universal types of heat exchangers incorporating platefins or flow for a given condition of constrains. For this purpose

fintubes are designed for the above industrial processes and software must take the help of numerical solutions to the

systems, and for these types the flow is channeled between boundary conditions applied. For the analyst, it is important to

plates. Longitudinal vortex generators (LVGs) can be mounted have an understanding of both the basic flow features that can

on channel walls to generate longitudinal vortices which create a occur and so must be modelled and the equations that govern

secondary flow and disturb the boundary layer growth, thereby fluid flow. The physical aspects of any fluid flow and heat

enhancing the heat transfer between the flowing fluid and transfer are governed by three fundamental principles.

channel walls. Consequently, micro channels with LVGs as

flow-disturbing elements were considered to be an efficient Continuity equation

means to dissipate large amount of heat flux within a relatively

+ ( ) = 0

small area .LVGs have been studied extensively due to their high

Momentum equation

heat transfer performance.

Results of journal papers indicate that flow loss due to a winglet ( + . v) = - + +

pair was less than that due to a single wing, and zones of poor Energy equation

heat transfer that occur with a single wing can be eliminated by . + = . ( + . )

using a winglet pair. It was found that direction and strength of Where

the secondary flow are the more important fluid dynamic factors

E=( + )

affecting heat transfer, followed in importance by fluid velocity,

and then turbulent kinetic energy. The mechanism of heat Most general energy equations follow this basic rule

transfer enhancement is based on flow separation and

reattachment In general, flow reattachment introduces a strong

shear flow on the surface behind each rib or winglet, resulting in

International Journal of Engineering Research ISSN:2319-6890 (online),2347-5013(print)

Volume No.6, Issue No.8, pp : 410-413 1 Aug. 2017

1. Pressure based analysis

2. Density based analysis

incompressible flows, while the density-based approach was

mainly used for high-speed compressible flows. However due to

advancement in numerical methods both platforms can be used

to solve and operate a wide range of flow conditions beyond

their traditional or original intent.

In both methods the velocity field is obtained from the

momentum equations which are stated in the governing

equations. In the density-based approach, the continuity equation

is used to obtain the density field while the pressure field is

determined from the equation of state. On the other hand, in the

pressure-based approach, the pressure field is determined by

solving a pressure equation which is obtained by solving the

continuity and momentum equations. The pressure-based solver

traditionally has been used for incompressible and mildly

compressible flows. The density-based approach, on the other

hand, was originally designed for high-speed compressible

flows. Both approaches are now applicable to a broad range of

flows (from incompressible to highly compressible), but the

origins of the density-based formulation may give it an accuracy

(i.e. shock resolution) advantage over the pressure-based solver

for high-speed compressible flows.

3. Modelling:-

Length: 600mm

Width: 160mm

Height: 40mm

4. Analysis:-

DOI : 10.5958/2319-6890.2017.00049.6 Page 411

International Journal of Engineering Research ISSN:2319-6890 (online),2347-5013(print)

Volume No.6, Issue No.8, pp : 410-413 1 Aug. 2017

boundary conditions specified below. Variation of flow

parameters at horizontal mid-plane are shown in below figures.

Boundary conditions:

For Air:

Inlet temperature: 373 k

Inlet pressure : 20000 Pa

For walls of the duct:

Surface temperature: 773 k

Material selected : Aluminum

5. Results:-

and the graphs below show the variation of temperature and

pressure along the length of the duct.

International Journal of Engineering Research ISSN:2319-6890 (online),2347-5013(print)

Volume No.6, Issue No.8, pp : 410-413 1 Aug. 2017

6. Conclusion:-

From the results of the flow visualization, the mixing effect was

expected in the intermediate region between wing cascades. It is

due to the pressure and velocity differences across the passage

between the converging pair of winglet and diverging pair of

winglet. At each contraction part the boundary layer develops

and at the end of the enlargement part, flow separation occurs. In

these intermediate regions flow is turbulent. Thus, the heat

transfer enhancement of the introduced rectangular channel

geometries can be attributed to the secondary flow caused by the

venture-type flow effect and the frequent boundary layer

interruptions at each enlargement part. The effect of the

introduced rectangular channel geometries were studied

experimentally for different winglet arrangements. As the

inclination angle of winglet increased the mixing effect in the

intermediate region between wing cascades improves the heat

transfer characteristics. The dimensions of the intermediate

region between converging and diverging wing cascades is kept

constant in all the tests. Thus, the mechanism of the heat transfer

From the above graph it can be concluded that the outlet enhancement for these channel geometries coincided with the

temperature of cylindrical LVG is more than rectangular expectation from the results of the flow visualization. The

LVG(which is taken as reference). dependence of Reynolds number on the friction factor is strong,

the average Nusselt number increases by the Reynolds number.

An increase of heat transfer coefficient was observed with

accompanying large pressure drops increasing with the

inclination angle.

It is observed that cylindrical LVGs create more turbulence than

rectangular LVGs and temperature raise was found to be 12.87%

more and pressure drop 27.21% less in case of cylindrical LVGs

compared to rectangular LVGs.

7. References:-

experimental determination of flow structure and heat transfer effects

of longitudinal vortices in a channel flow, International Journal of

Heat and Mass Transfer 39 (1996) 34413451

ii. M.C. Gentry, A.M. Jacobi, Heat transfer enhancement by

delta-wing vortex generators on a flat plate: vortex interactions with

the boundary layer, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 14

(1997) 231242

iii. G.B. Schubauer, W.G. Spangenberg, Forced mixing in

boundary layers, J. Fluid Mech. 8 (1960) 1031.

iv. S. Tigglebeck, N.K. Mitra, M. Fiebig, Comparison of wing

type vortex generators for heat transfer enhancement in channel flow,

ASME J. Heat Transfer 116 (4) (1994) 880885

v. S.R. Hiravennavar, E.G. Tulapurkara, G. Biswas, A note on

The pressure loss in cylindrical LVG is less than rectangular the flow and heat transfer enhancement in a channel with built-in

LVG which means less pumping power is required for former winglet pair, Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow 28 (2) (2007) 299305

than latter

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