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Malaysian Institute of Aviation Technology

Assignment Coversheet

Program : Diploma Of Engineering Technology In Aeroplane Maintenance


Subject : Theory Of Flight And Control
Due date : 15th May 2017
Penalty :
Weightage :
Class : 2AEM6
Groups name : Boeing 777

No Student Name Remark Marks (%)


1 Karann Raj A/L Selvarajoo

Office Receipt Student Receipt


Date of Submission : 15TH MAY,2017 Date of Submission : 15TH MAY,2017
Assignment Title : BOEING 777 SECONDARY Group's Name : BOEING 777
FLIGHT CONTROL Assignment Title : BOEING 777 SECONDARY
Lecturer's Name : Mohammad Anuar Yusof FLIGHT CONTROL

CONTENT PAGE

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ITEM BOEING 777 SECONDARY FLIGHT CONTROL PAGE

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1 TRAILING EDGE FLATS 03

1.1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION 03-05

1.2 COMPONENT GENERAL DESCRIPTION AND LOCATION 05-07

1. TRAILING EDGE FLAPS


Trailing edge flaps are a type of high-lift device used to increase the lift of an aircraft wing at a given
airspeed. Flaps are usually mounted on the wing trailing edges of a fixed-wing aircraft. Flaps are used to
lower the minimum speed at which the aircraft can be safely flown, and to increase the angle of descent for
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landing.
(Ref : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flap_(aeronautics)

1.1 General Description And Operation

General Description

The trailing edge (TE) flaps improve the takeoff and landing performance of the airplane. When the flaps
extend, they increase the lift of the wing. They also help to decrease the airspeed during landings and
approaches. The flaps are part of the high lift control system (HLCS). The HLCS electrically controls the flaps
with a fly-by-wire system. During takeoff and landing, the pilots use the flap lever to command the flaps to
move to an extended position. During cruise, the pilots command the flaps to retract to the up position.

Ref: Boeing 777 AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Part 1 27-51-00 Page 2

Ref: Boeing 777 AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Part 1 27-51-00 Page 3

Flap Operation

The flaps operate in sequence with the slats. At cruise speed and altitude, flap extension is inhibited. The
load relief function retracts the flaps to prevent structural damage to the flaps at high airspeeds. The flaps
are monitored for skew or asymmetry. When the system detects a skew or asymmetry, the flap drive shuts
down.

Operation

The flaps operate in one of three modes:


Primary mode
Secondary mode

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Alternate mode.
The primary mode uses hydraulic power to operate the flaps. The secondary and alternate modes use
electrical power to operate the flaps .

Ref: Boeing 777 AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Part 1 27-57-00 Page 5

Primary Mode Operation


The primary mode has a closed-loop control system. The pilot commands the flaps with the flap lever. The
flap lever position sensor sends input signals to the Flap/Slat Electronics Unit (FSEUs). The FSEUs use the
flap lever position to calculate the flap commands. The FSEUs also receive data from the systems ARINC 629
buses. The FSEUs send the flap commands to the flap primary control valve. This valve supplies hydraulic
power to the flap Power Drive Unit (PDU). The hydraulic motor on the PDU then moves the flap
mechanisms. The flap/slat priority valve controls the amount of hydraulic flow to the flap primary control
valve. The flap/slat priority valve gives priority of hydraulic power to the Primary Flight Control System
(PFCS) over the High Lift Control System (HLCS).

Ref: Boeing 777 AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Part 1 27-51-00 Page 5

Secondary Mode Operation


The FSEUs use the secondary mode when the primary mode disengages. The secondary mode is only
available in the air or during special maintenance functions. The secondary mode also has a closed-loop
control system. The pilot commands the flaps with the flap lever. The FSEUs use the flap lever position to
calculate the flap commands. The FSEUs then energize the secondary/alternate control relays. One relay
energizes the bypass solenoid in the flap primary control valve and the clutch in the electric motor unit. This
stops hydraulic power to the hydraulic motor and lets free flow through it. The electric motor clutch
connects the motor shaft to the PDU gearbox. The other relays control electrical power to the flap electric
motor on the flap PDU. The electric motor then moves the flap mechanisms. As the flaps move, the flap
position sensors send feedback signals to the FSEUs. The FSEUs command the relays to stop the electric
motor when the flaps are at the commanded position. The FSEUs use the flap skew sensors to shut down
the secondary mode if there is a flap skew or asymmetry.

Ref: Boeing 777 AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Part 1 27-51-00 Page 5

Alternator Mode Operation


The alternate mode has an open-loop control system. The pilot uses the switches on the alternate flaps
panel to command the flaps. An arm switch sends a discrete signal to the FSEUs to disengage the primary
and secondary modes. This switch also energizes one of the secondary/alternate control relays. This relay
energizes the bypass solenoid in the flap primary control valve and the clutch in the electric motor unit. This
stops hydraulic power to the hydraulic motor and lets free flow through it. The electric motor clutch
connects the motor shaft to the PDU gearbox. The alternate flaps selector sends commands through the
flap limit switch to energize the other secondary/alternate control relays. These relays control electrical
power to the flap electric motor in the PDU. The electric motor then moves the flap mechanisms.
The flaps move until the pilot moves the alternate flaps selector to the OFF position or the flap limit switch
stops the motor when the flaps are at the limit. There is no automatic shutdown of the alternate mode if
there is a flap skew or asymmetry.

Ref: Boeing 777 AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Part 1 27-51-00 Page 6

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Ref: Boeing 777 AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Part 1 27-51-00 Page 7

1.2 Component General Description And Location

Component General Description

These are the components of the flap drive system:


Flap PDU
Torque tubes
Torque tube supports
Position sensor gearboxes
Angle gearboxes
Transmission assemblies
No-back brakes.

Flap PDU
The flap PDU receives hydraulic power through the primary control valve and electric power through the
flap extend/retract relays. Hydraulic and electric motors on the PDU move the flap drive system.

Torque Tubes
The torque tubes transmit power from the PDU to the transmission assemblies.

Torque Tube Supports


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The torque tube supports hold the torque tubes.

Position Sensor Gearboxes


The position sensor gearboxes contain the flap position sensors and limit switch. The sensors send flap
position signals to the FSEUs. The limit switch removes electrical power from the electric motor when the
flaps move to their limit during operation in the alternate mode.

Angle Gearboxes
The angle gearboxes connect torque tubes that are at different angles to each other.

Transmission Assemblies
The transmission assemblies receive power from the torque tube to move the flap surfaces. There are two
transmissions for each flap surface.

No-back Brakes
The no-back brakes prevent air loads from back driving the flap mechanisms. There is one no-back brake on
each wing. The no-back brakes attach to the torque tubes between the two transmission assemblies for the
outboard flaps.

Ref: Boeing 777 AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Part 1 27-51-00 Page 8

Ref: Boeing 777 AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Part 1 27-51-00 Page 9

Location Of Component
1) Location

The flap components are in these areas:


The main landing gear wheel wells
The wings

Main Landing Gear Wheel Well Components


The flap primary control valve and the flap/slat priority valve attach to the keel beam in the right
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wheel well. The flap PDU attaches to the top of the keel beam. Access to the flap PDU is through
the left or right wheel well. The flap position sensor gearboxes attach to brackets on the floor
beams. One of these gearboxes is in the right wheel well and the other is in the left wheel well.
The inboard flap inboard transmissions, side-of-body angle gearboxes, and some of the torque tubes
are also in the wheel wells.

Wing Components
The outboard flaps, inboard main flaps, and inboard aft flaps are on the wings. Most of the flap
transmissions and ball screws are under the wings. Remove the flap support fairings under the wing
or extend the flaps to get access to the transmissions and ball screws. The rear spar angle gearboxes,
the no-back brakes, and some of the torque tubes attach to the rear spar of the wings. Access to the
gearboxes is through panels under the wings. Extend the flaps to get access to the torque tubes and
the no-back brakes.

Ref: Boeing 777 AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Part 1 27-11-00 Page 12

Ref: Boeing 777 AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Part 1 27-51-00 Page 13


2) Location

Flight Deck Controls


The flap lever and the alternate flaps panel are on the P10 control stand. The flap lever position sensor is
inside the control stand.

Main Equipment Center


The FSEU 1 is on the E1-6 shelf. The FSEU 2 is on the E4-1 shelf

Ref: Boeing 777 AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Part 1 57-51-00 Page 10

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Ref: Boeing 777 AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL Part 1 57-51-00 Page 11

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