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SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

MAIN MENU

INSTRUCTIONS SPREADSHE

HORIZONT
HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR
( 3 PHAS
( 3 PHASE WITH BOOT)
WEIRPLA

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR
( 3 PHASE, NO BOOT, HORIZONTAL SE
DRAW OFF PIPE FOR CONDENSATE )

VERTICAL SEPARATOR ( 2 PHASE )


SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET REV: A

MAIN MENU DATE: FEBRUARY 1999

SPREADSHEET INFORMATION

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR
( 3 PHASE, NO BOOT,
WEIRPLATE PARTITION )

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR ( 2 PHASE )

FILE SEPARP1.XLS
SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET REV: A
DATE: February 1999
INSTRUCTION NOTES

I.PURPOSE

The aim of the separator sizing spreadsheet is to assist


the designer in saving valuable time resources by providing a
user-friendly spreadsheet in Excel to calculate sizing
parameters for both horizontal and vertical separators.

II.DESIGN BASES

A. Gas residence times are calculated using the normal liquid level
as the basis. In the case of the horizontal separator
with weirplate partition, the basis used is the height of
the weir for the gas volume. Dished end volumes have
been neglected for the gas residence time calculations.

B. K-values to be used as input data for the spreadsheets


are found in the GPSA Handbook(10thedition), figure 7.9 on page 7-7.
The K factors must be converted to m/s to be placed into
the spreadsheet. The purpose of the K-factor is for
designs which include woven wire demisters. Demisters
(mist extractors) can significantly reduce the required
diameter of vertical separators.

C. Dished-end volume calculations have been included for


both vertical and horizontal separators. For the
vertical separator, an option is provided for choosing
between semi-ellipsoidal and semi-hemispherical ends,
however, for all horizontal separators, the ends have
been assumed to be semi-ellipsoidal.
(Reference: GPSA Handbook section 6 Fig 6.21-6.22)

D. Other standards used in calculations include


API RP 521 Section 5.4.2 and calculations for the
standpipe were from EXXON Criteria in Design Practice 5B
(September 1978).

III.METHOD

The following procedure is a step-by step outline for the


designer.

A. Step One: Choose the type of separator required.


The separators available in this spreadsheet include:
-Horizontal, 3 Phase, with boot
-Horizontal, 3 Phase, no boot, weirplate
partition.
-Horizontal, 3 Phase, no boot, standpipe
for condensate.
-Horizontal, 2 Phase
-Vertical, 2 Phase

Page 1 of 3
SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET - INSTRUCTION NOTES

Vertical separators are usually selected when the gas-


liquid ratio is high or total gas volumes are low.
Horizontal separators are most efficient where large
volumes of total fluids and large amounts of dissolved
gas are present with the liquid. For more information on
separators please refer to GPSA Handbook, Section 7.

B. Step Two: After the separator type is chosen, begin


inputting data into the cells of the spreadsheet which
have blue italicised text. Do not write in cells which
contain red or black text! Input data is summarised in
the top left hand side of the spreadsheet. Feed
flowrates, properties and nozzle velocity specifications
are entered in this section. Data on vessel
length, diameter and liquid levels are entered on the
vessel sketch. Unknown values need to be assumed,
otherwise errors will occur in the results.

C. Step Three: When all blue cells are filled - including the
dimensions on the sketch, the spreadsheet will calculate
all relevant values. The intermediate calculations can
be found below the sketch. Final output results are
listed on the sketch and in the top section of the
spreadsheet. All formulae are in red text.

D. Step Four: Before final outputs can be used, warnings


must be considered. Warnings appear in bold green text,
and will appear as "OK" when there is no warning present.
If a warning does exist, try to change the relevant
parameters to remove or reduce the warnings. These
generally relate to liquid levels in the separator and gas
residence times.

E. Step Five: Check your units!!! The units defined on the


spreadsheets can be found in the nomenclature section.
The notes section may also assist with understanding
which units to use. You can change the values in the
blue cells as many times as you like.

F. Step Six: When you have your final output, SAVE your
file by choosing the "SAVE AS" option under the "FILE"
menu in Excel . Make sure that you use a different file
name to the original master copy. (this will safeguard
against deletion of the master copy)

G. Step Seven: Your work is now ready to PRINT. You may


find that Excel does not have enough memory to display
the spreadsheet fully. The print range has been setup for
A4 landscape paper and will print only the first 2-3 pages of
the spreadsheet (the rest of the spreadsheet consists of
intermediate calculations). If you find that the spreadsheet
will not fit on the paper, choose "PAGE SETUP" from the
"FILE" menu in Excel and reduce the size of the sheet.

Page 2 of 3
SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET - INSTRUCTION NOTES

Another option available is to choose A3 sized paper


(page setup menu) to print out your spreadsheet. It is
not recommended that the print area be altered as this
has been preset. However, if the print area needs to be
altered, please use the following procedure.
"TOOLS"
"OPTIONS"
"GENERAL"
"MICROSOFT EXCEL 4 MENUS"
"OK"
(HIGHLIGHT THE AREA THAT YOU WISH TO PRINT)
"OPTIONS"
"SET PRINT AREA"

IV. ADDITIONAL NOTES

A. THE CALCULATION TITLE BLOCK

There is a title block at the bottom of each page


of the spreadsheet.
Spaces have been
provided for entering the calculation title, project
number and calculation number. These spaces are accessed
by moving the mouse pointer into the particular box and
clicking once with the left hand mouse button. At this
point, an object box will appear. Simply click inside
the box once using the left hand mouse button and enter
the data in the normal way. When you have finished
typing the information, move the mouse pointer to another
part of the spreadsheet and click once with the left hand
mouse button.

NOTE: While space has been provided on the title block


for entering the originators and checkers initials and
relevant dates, these spaces cannot be accessed by the
user. This is because signatures are required to be
hand written by the originator and checker.

B. MAIN MENU
The main menu on the separator sizing spreadsheet
allows the user to access any of the sheets in the
workbook through the use of a macro button. Once the
designer is in a particular worksheet, they can return to
the menu by clicking the "MENU" macro button in
the individual worksheet.

Page 3 of 3
SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

SEPARATORS

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with boot)

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase, no boot, weirplate partition)

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase, no boot, standpipe for condensate.)

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (2 phase)

VERTICAL SEPARATOR (2 phase)

SPREADSHEET APPLICATION

Sizing of oil/gas/water separators for the hydrocarbon production industry.

BASIS
GPSA Handbook, Volume 1, Section 7. And also Section 6 Fig 6-21,6-22
API RP 521, Section 5.4.2 - Sizing a Knockout Drum

REVISION HISTORY
Revision P1 issued in February 1996 - file SEPARP1.XLS
With help from Don Borchert, Rod Harper, Nerrida Scott and Mark Sloma

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE

Spreadsheet Conventions & Format

Input Data to be entered by the user is shown on the screen in blue italicised type.
When printed the input appears in italics only.
Input data is summarised at the top left hand side of the spreadsheet. Feed
flowrates, properties and nozzle velocity specifications are entered in this section.
Information on vessel length, diameter and liquid levels is entered on the vessel sketch
described below.

Output Cells containing formulae are shown in red text.


Cells containing formulae have been protected.
Final output data refers specifically to gas, oil and water residence times and oil and water
droplet settling times. This data is summarised at the top centre of the spreadsheet.
Data on calculated nozzle sizes and other vessel specific dimensions are shown on the
vessel sketch.

Warnings Warning messages will appear to the right of the output data summary to indicate when
results fall outside the design criteria described in the KRJB procedure. Where results
satisfy the design requirements the message 'OK' will appear in the WARNINGS section.
Warning messages may also appear on the vessel sketch, however in this case there
will be no message if the input/output data meets the design requirements.

Messages are shown on the screen in bold green type. When printed, the messages
appear in bold type and will be enclosed in double asterisks.

Date and time printed: 28-Nov-17 6:38 AM Page 1 of 2

Kvaerner RJ Brown Pte Ltd


SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET - INFORMATION

Sketch The vessel sketch appears immediately below the input section. Some input and final
output data is shown on this sketch as noted above. Intermediate calculation results
such as volumes and flowrates are also shown on the sketch.

Calculations This section follows the sketch and includes all the equations and intermediate
calculations of the spreadsheet.

Defaults These include specified residence and settling times.


Defaults are the minimum design requirements that are required for comparison
against calculations.
Other recommended values for variables or constants such as K, droplet size, rV2 ,
maximum nozzle velocities and liquid levels may be found in the KRJB procedure.

Notes This section includes some important equations and general assumptions used in the
spreadsheet.

Nomenclature Nomenclature used in the spreadsheets including units used, is detailed below
the notes section.

Calculation Title Block


There is a title block at the bottom of each page of the spreadsheet.
Spaces are provided for entering the calculation title, project
number and calculation number. These spaces are accessed by moving the mouse pointer into the
particular box and clicking once with the left hand mouse button. At this point an object box will
appear. Simply click inside the box once using the left hand mouse button and enter the data in the
normal manner. When you have finished typing the information, move the mouse pointer to another part
of the spreadsheet and click once with the left hand mouse button.

Note: While space has been provided on the title block for entering the originators and checkers
initials and relevant dates, these spaces cannot be accessed by the user. This is because
signatures are required to be hand written by the originator and checker.

Printing
The print range is pre-set and covers all of the sections described above. Printing is carried out
by selecting the 'Print' command from the normal EXCEL pull down menu and selecting 'OK'.

Date and time printed: 28-Nov-17 6:38 AM Page 2 of 2

Kvaerner RJ Brown Pte Ltd


HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with boot)

INPUT OUTPUT

Feed GAS OIL WATER RESIDENCE TIMES Specified Actual


Flow (t/d) 2950.0 500.0 50.0 Shell (mins) (mins) ** WARNINGS **
Density (kg/m3) 11.1 829.2 972.0 Gas residence time (seconds) 17.7
Viscosity (cP) 0.02 7.00 0.49 HLL-HLSD 3.0 5.6 OK
Droplet Size (m) Oil in Gas 100 NLL-HLL 3.0 5.0 OK
Droplet Size (m) Oil in Water 1000 NLL-LLL 3.0 4.4 OK
Droplet Size (m) Water in Oil 500 LLL-LLSD 3.0 5.4 OK
LLSD to Outlet 3.0 3.0 ** Warning ! Residence time insufficient **
r.v2 max for inlet nozzle (kg/m.s2) 1500 Oil Residence Time at NLL 12.8
r.v2 max for gas outlet nozzle (kg/m.s2) 3750
Max vel. in Oil out nozzle (m/s) 1.0 RESIDENCE TIMES Specified Actual
Max vel. in water out nozzle (m/s) 1.0 Boot (mins) (mins) ** WARNINGS **
K Value (m/sec) 0.06 HIL-HILSD 3.0 5.5 OK
Mixture density (kg/m3) 13.1 NIL-HIL 3.0 3.3 OK
NIL-LIL 3.0 3.3 OK
LIL-LILSD 3.0 3.3 OK
LILSD to bottom 3.0 4.8 OK
Water residence time at NIL 11.4
SETTLING VELOCITY CRITERION

Maximum allowable Gas Velocity (m/s) 0.52 m/s


Gas Velocity (m/s) - calculated 0.51 m/s OK
Oil Droplet Velocity (m/s) - Gravity Settling Method Water velocity in Boot 0.00 m/sec
Oil from Gas 0.145 m/s
Water from Oil 0.003 m/s
Oil from Water 0.038 m/s OK
Droplet fall time (Oil in gas) 16.5 secs OK

NOTE: Gas Velocity Criteria are based on HLSD

TITLE

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

PROJ.
CALCULATION SHEET

BY DATE CHECKED DATE SK.CALC.NO

DATE AND TIME PRINTED: 28-Nov-17 6:38 AM PAGE 1 OF 3


HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with boot)

SKETCH

Min. Gas Out. nozzle ID


462 mm Gas = 2950.00 t/d
Length T/T= 9000 mm 11073.57 Am3/h

Inlet GAS
Height Vol. (m3)
Minimum Inlet nozzle ID I. D. = HLSD 600 mm 54.56 (Gas)
606 mm 3000 mm HLL 500 mm 2.34 (HLL-HLSD)
NLL 400 mm 2.08 (NLL-HLL)
LLL 300 mm 1.86 (NLL-LLL)
LLSD 150 mm 2.27 (LLL-LLSD)
OIL 1.24 (LLSD-Boot)

Interface Height Vol.(m3) Min Oil Outlet nozz ID: 94 mm


1000 ID
Boot Height (mm) HILSD 750 mm 0.196 (HIL-HILSD) Oil = 500.00 t/d
HIL 500 mm 0.118 (NIL-HIL) 25.12 m3/h
1000 mm NIL 350 mm 0.118 (NIL-LIL)
LIL 200 mm 0.118 (LIL-LILSD)
LILSD 100 mm 0.170 (LILSD-Btm)
WATER

Min. Water out nozzle ID: 50 mm 50.00 t/d


Water = 2.14 m3/h

NOMENCLATURE

LLL Low Liquid Level HIL High Interface Level Dp Droplet (particle diameter) m
LIL Low Interface Level HLSD High Level Shut Down m Gas viscosity Cp
LLSD Low Level Shut Down HILSD High Interface Level Shut Down Vt Settling Velocity m/s
LILSD Low Interface Level Shut Down Btm Bottom VMAX Maximum vapour velocity m/s
NLL Normal Liquid Level X-Area Cross sectional area K Design vapour velocity factor m/s
NIL Normal Interface Level rl Liquid density kg/m3 KCR Proportionality constant, dimensionless.
HLL High Liquid Level rv Vapour density kg/m3

TITLE

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

PROJ.
CALCULATION SHEET

BY DATE CHECKED DATE SK.CALC.NO

DATE AND TIME PRINTED: 28-Nov-17 6:38 AM PAGE 2 OF 3


HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with boot)

CALCULATIONS

SETTLING VELOCITIES Oil in Gas (Gravity Settling Laws method)


Oil From Gas ("K" Value method) Dmax is the upper particle size limit for each of the laws. Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law
Kcr is the critical constant for maximum particle size (from GPSA Handbook). Vt is the
K Value (m/s) 0.06
settling velocity in m/s.
*Max Allowable Velocity,Vmax 0.52 m/s see note 1 Settling Velocity 0.15 m/s
Gas Horiz. Velocity 0.51 m/s Settling Law Used Intermediate Law

*note 2 Law Used: Kcr Vt Dp max


Actual Gas Velocity OK (m/s) (m)
Stoke's Law 0.03 0.28 47
Intermediate Law 0.33 0.15 621
Newton's Law 18.13 0.47 33733

Oil in Water (Gravity Settling Laws method) Water in Oil (Gravity Settling Laws method)
Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law

Settling Velocity 0.038 m/s Settling Velocity 0.003 m/s


Settling Law Used Intermediate Law Settling Law Used Stoke's Law
Law Used: Kcr Vt Dp max Law Used: Kcr Vt Dp max
(m/s) (m) (m/s) (m)
Stoke's Law 0.03 0.158 194 Stoke's Law 0.03 0.003 1134
Intermediate Law 0.33 0.038 2588 Intermediate Law 0.33 0.006 15153
Newton's Law 18.13 0.072 140464 Newton's Law 18.13 0.051 822517

Stoke's Law (Kcr = 0.025) Intermediate Law (Kcr = 0.334) Newton's Law (Kcr = 18.13)

Vt = 1488 g Dp2 (rl - rv) Vt = 3.54*g0.71 Dp1.14 (rl - rv)0.71 Vt = 1.74 * SQRT(g Dp (rl-rv) / rv )

18m rv0.29 * m0.43

NOTES

1 Equations for Stokes Law, Intermediate Law and Newtons Law are taken from GPSA Handbook, Volume 1, Section 7.
Figure 7.4

2. Maximum allowable vapour velocity is calculated from the equation in GPSA Handbook, Volume 1, Section 7:

VMAX = K [ (rl - rv) / rv ] 0.5

3. LLSD height calculation is based on the distance between the bottom of the cylinder and the low level shut down for the oil.

LILSD height calculation is based on the distance from the base of the boot dished end to the low interface level shut down for the water.

4. Information for partial volumes and dished ends was from GPSA handbook (10th edition) Section 6, and in particular, fig.6-21.6-22.

5 Calculations for gas residence time and area/volume calculations use the normal liquid level, NLL as the height basis. End volumes is ignored for gas volume calculations.

TITLE

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

PROJ.
CALCULATION SHEET

BY DATE CHECKED DATE SK.CALC.NO

DATE AND TIME PRINTED: 28-Nov-17 6:38 AM PAGE 3 OF 3


HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with weir, no boot)

INPUT OUTPUT

Feed GAS OIL RICH MEG RESIDENCE TIMES Specified Actual


Flow (t/d) 0.014 72.5 2451.0 (mins) (mins) ** WARNINGS **
Density (kg/m3) 3.57 646.3 1049.0 Gas 60.0 91691 seconds
Viscosity (cP) 0.01 0.27 1.79
Droplet Size (m) Oil in Gas 150 Right Side of Weir
Droplet Size (m) Oil in Water 150 HLL-HLSD 1.0 9.52 OK
Droplet Size (m) Water in Oil 150 NLL-HLL 1.5 18.25 OK
NLL-LLL 1.5 13.34 OK
r.v2 max for inlet nozzle (kg/m.s2) 1500 LLL-LLSD 1.0 4.01 OK
r.v2 max for gas outlet nozzle (kg/m.s2) 3750 LLSD to Outlet 1.0 4.00 OK
Max vel. in Oil out nozzle (m/s) 1.0 Oil Residence Time at NLL 0.50 21.35 OK
Max vel. in water out nozzle (m/s) 1.0
K Value (m/s) per GPSA fig 7.9 0.12
Mixture density (kg/m3) 1028.9
RESIDENCE TIMES Specified Actual
(mins) (mins) ** WARNINGS **
Left Side of Weir
SETTLING VELOCITY CRITERION HIL-Weir 1.0 1.3 OK
Maximum Allowable Gas Velocity (m/s) 1.64 m/s OK NIL-HIL 1.5 3.39 OK
Gas Velocity (m/s) - calculated 0.00006 m/s NIL-LIL 3.0 3.23 OK
Oil Droplet Velocity (m/s) - Gravity Settling Method LIL-LILSD 1.5 1.69 OK
Oil from Gas 0.33 m/s LILSD to Outlet 1.5 1.63 OK
Water from Oil 0.013 m/s Oil Residence Time (NIL to Weir) 97.13 mins
Oil from Water 0.003 m/s Rich MEG Residence Time (Btm to NIL) 6.54 mins

DROPLET FALL TIMES (Left Side of Weir)


Oil in Gas (Top-Liquid) 1.7 secs OK
MEG in Oil (NIL to Weir) .8 min OK
Oil in MEG (Btm-NIL) 6.51 min OK

NOTE: Gas Velocity Criteria are based on weir height, Hw.

TITLE

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET LIQUID SEPARATOR

PROJ.
CALCULATION SHEET
RELIANCE'S KGD6 FIELD DEVELOPMENT

BY DATE CHECKED DATE CALC.NO

SV 2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

DATE AND TIME PRINTED: 28-Nov-17 6:38 AM PAGE 2 OF 4


HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with weir, no boot)

SKETCH

Gas Outlet
nozzle ID Gas = 0.01 t/d
50 mm 0.16 Am3/h
Length T/T = 6600 mm
Inlet Nozzle ID
173 mm
Vol. (m3) Ht.(mm) GAS
4.16 (Gas) Interface Weir Height,Hw = 1650 mm Ht(mm) Vol. (m3)
2.07 (HIL-Weir) 1500 HIL I. D. = HLSD 1550
5.50 (NIL-HIL) 1075 NIL 2200 mm OIL HLL 1400 0.74 (HLL-HLSD)
5.24 (NIL-LIL) 650 LIL NLL 925 1.42 (NLL-HLL)
2.73 (LIL-LILSD) 400 LILSD LLL 450 1.04 (NLL-LLL)
2.64 (LILSD-Out) RICH MEG LLSD 300 0.31 (LLL-LLSD)
0.31 (LLSD-Out)
OIL
Oil Outlet nozzle ID
T/W = 5600 mm 50 mm
(If 2 phase set Hw=0, t/w=t/t)
Oil = 72.47 t/d
4.67 m3/h

Rich MEG outlet


Nozzle ID Rich MEG = 2451.00 t/d
186 mm 97.35 m3/h

TITLE
SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET LIQUID SEPARATOR

PROJ.
RELIANCE'S KGD6 FIELD DEVELOPMENT
CALCULATION SHEET

BY DATE CHECKED DATE CALC.NO


SV 2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

DATE AND TIME PRINTED: 28-Nov-17 6:38 AM PAGE 3 OF 4


HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with weir, no boot)
CALCULATIONS
Dmax is the upper particle size limit for each of the laws.
SETTLING VELOCITIES Kcr is the critical constant for maximum particle size (from GPSA Oil in Gas (Gravity Settling Laws method)
Handbook). Vt is the settling velocity in m/s.
Oil From Gas ("K" Value method) Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law
K Value, m/s 0.12
Max allowable velocity,Vmax 1.64 m/s Settling Velocity 0.33 m/s
Gas Horiz. Velocity 0.00006 m/s Settling Law Used Intermediate Law
Law Used: Kcr Vt Dp max
Actual Gas Velocity OK (m/s) (m)
Stoke's Law 0.03 0.79 54
Intermediate Law 0.33 0.33 716
Newton's Law 18.13 0.90 38843
Oil in Water (Gravity Settling Laws method) Water in Oil (Gravity Settling Laws method)
Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law

Settling Velocity 0.003 m/s Settling Velocity 0.013 m/s


Settling Law Used Stoke's Law Settling Law Used Intermediate Law
Law Used: Kcr Vt Dp max Law Used: Kcr Vt Dp max
(m/s) (m) (m/s) (m)
Stoke's Law 0.03 0.003 352 Stoke's Law 0.03 0.018 100
Intermediate Law 0.33 0.006 4702 Intermediate Law 0.33 0.013 1330
Newton's Law 18.13 0.05 255242 Newton's Law 18.13 0.053 72218

Stoke's Law (Kcr = 0.025) Intermediate Law (Kcr = 0.334) Newton's Law (Kcr = 18.13)
Vt = 1488 g Dp2 (rl - rv) Vt = 3.54*g0.71 Dp1.14 (rl - rv)0.71 Vt = 1.74 * SQRT(g Dp (rl-rv) / rv ) NOTE: Equations for Stokes Law, Intermediate Law and Newtons Law are
taken from GPSA Handbook, Volume 1, Section 7, Figure 7.4
18m rv0.29 * m0.43

NOMENCLATURE

LLL Low Liquid Level X-Area Cross sectional area


LIL Low Interface Level rl Liquid density kg/m3
LLSD Low Level Shut Down rv Vapour density kg/m3
LILSD Low Interface Level Shut Down Dp Droplet diameter m
NLL Normal Liquid Level m Gas viscosity Cp
NIL Normal Interface Level Vt Settling Velocity m/s
HLL High Liquid Level VMAX Maximum vapour velocity m/s
HIL High Interface Level K Design vapour velocity factor m/s
HLSD High Level Shut Down KCR Proportionality constant, dimensionless.
HILSD High Interface Level Shut Down Hw Height of Weir, mm
Btm Bottom

TITLE
SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET LIQUID SEPARATOR

PROJ.
CALCULATION SHEET RELIANCE'S KGD6 FIELD DEVELOPMENT

BY DATE CHECKED DATE CALC.NO


SV 2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

DATE AND TIME PRINTED: 28-Nov-17 6:38 AM PAGE 4 OF 4


HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase, no boot, draw off pipe for condensate)

INPUT OUTPUT

Feed GAS OIL WATER RESIDENCE TIMES Specified Actual


Flow (t/d) 250.0 1116.2 1000.0 (mins) (mins) ** WARNINGS **
Density (kg/m3) 11.1 829.2 972.0 Gas 10.44 seconds
Viscosity (cP) 0.02 5.00 0.40 HLL-HLSD 1.0 0.95 ** Warning ! Residence time insufficient **
Droplet Size (m) Oil in Gas 150 NLL-HLL 1.0 0.97 ** Warning ! Residence time insufficient **
Droplet Size (m) Oil in Water 1000 NLL-LLL 1.5 1.02 ** Warning ! Residence time insufficient **
Droplet Size (m) Water in Oil 500 LLL-LLSD 1.0 0.86 ** Warning ! Residence time insufficient **
LLSD to Withdrawl pipe height 0.5 0.68 OK
r.v2 max for inlet nozzle (kg/m.s2) 1500 HIL-HILSD 1.0 1.3 OK
r.v2 max for gas outlet nozzle (kg/m.s 2) 3750 NIL-HIL 1.0 1.24 OK
Max vel. in Oil out nozzle (m/s) 1.0 NIL-LIL 2.0 1.68 ** Warning ! Residence time insufficient **
Max vel. in water out nozzle (m/s) 1.0 LIL-LILSD 1.0 1.42 OK
K Value (m/s) 0.06 LILSD to Outlet 1.0 1.09 OK
Mixture density (kg/m3) 95.0
NIL-Standpipe 4.1 mins
Oil residence time (NLL - NIL) 4.34 mins
Water residence time (NIL-Bottom) 4.2 mins

SETTLING VELOCITY CRITERION DROPLET FALL TIMES


K Factor Gas Velocity (m/s) 0.52 m/s OK Oil in Gas Top-Liquid 3.0 seconds OK
Gas Velocity (m/s) - calculated 0.46 m/s Water from Oil NLL-NIL 2.4 mins OK
Oil Droplet Velocity (m/s) - Gravity Settling Method Oil from Water Btm-NIL 0.2 mins OK
Oil from Gas 0.23 m/s
Water from Oil 0.004 m/s
Oil from Water 0.042 m/s

NOTE: Gas Velocity Criteria are based on HLSD Height.

STANDPIPE CALCULATIONS - FROM VESSEL BASE INTERMEDIATE CALCULATIONS

WATER INTERFACE HILSD 700.00

DIST. BETWEEN WATER HILSD AND OIL OUTLET NOZZLE 117 mm 116.89 1.00 40.88 0.6
OIL OUTLET NOZZLE (STANDPIPE) ELEVATION, (Hs) 817 mm
DIST. BETWEEN OIL OUTLET NOZZLE AND OIL LLSD 50.0 mm 47.11 1.00
OIL LEVEL LLSD 867 mm

TITLE
SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

PROJ.
CALCULATION SHEET

BY DATE CHECKED DATE SK.CALC.NO

DATE and TIME PRINTED: 28-Nov-17 6:38 AM PAGE 1 OF 3


HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase, no boot, draw off pipe for condensate)
SKETCH

Gas = 250.00 t/d


Inlet 938.44 Am3/h

Minimum Inlet nozzle ID 304 mm Length T/T= 4800 mm Minimum Gas Out Nozzle ID = 134 mm

Incremental GAS
Ht. (mm) Vol. (m3)
oil HLSD 1250 mm 2.72 (Gas)
oil HLL 1150 mm 0.89 (HLL-HLSD) I. D. =
oil NLL 1050 mm 0.91 (NLL-HLL) 1750 mm
oil LLL 950 mm 0.95 (NLL-LLL)
oil LLSD 867 mm 0.80 (LLL-LLSD)
0.48 (LLSD-HILSD)
Height of draw off pipe, Hs = 817 mm
Interface
water HILSD 700 mm OIL
water HIL 600 mm 0.93 (HIL-HILSD)
water NIL 500 mm 0.89 (NIL-HIL)
water LIL 350 mm 1.20 (NIL-LIL)
water LILSD 200 mm 1.01 (LIL-LILSD) WATER
0.78 (LILSD-Outlet)
HEIGHT WARNINGS
Minimum Water out nozzle ID = 123 mm
OK
OK Water = 1000.00 t/d
Minimum Oil Outlet nozzle ID = 141 mm 42.87 m3/h
OK
OK
Oil = 1116.20 t/d
OK 56.09 m3/h
OK

NOMENCLATURE

LLL Low Liquid Level HIL High Interface Level Dp Droplet diameter m
LIL Low Interface Level HLSD High Level Shut Down m Gas viscosity Cp
LLSD Low Level Shut Down HILSD High Interface Level Shut Down Vt Settling Velocity m/s
LILSD Low Interface Level Shut Down KCR Proportionality constant, dimensionless. VMAX Maximum vapour velocity m/s
NLL Normal Liquid Level Hs Height of Standpipe, mm K Design vapour velocity factor m/s
NIL Normal Interface Level rl Liquid density kg/m3
HLL High Liquid Level rv Vapour density kg/m3
TITLE

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

CALCULATION SHEET PROJ.

BY DATE CHECKED DATE SK.CALC.NO

DATE and TIME PRINTED: 28-Nov-17 6:38 AM PAGE 2 OF 3


HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase, no boot, draw off pipe for condensate)
CALCULATIONS Cont'd)

SETTLING VELOCITIES Oil in Gas (Gravity Settling Laws method)


Oil From Gas ("K" Value method) Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law
K Value, m/s 0.06
Dmax is the upper particle size limit for each of the laws.
Max allowable velocity,Vmax 0.52 m/s Kcr is the critical constant for maximum particle size (from GPSA Settling Velocity 0.23 m/s
Gas Horiz. Velocity 0.46 m/s Handbook). Vt is the settling velocity in m/s. Settling Law Used Intermediate Law
see note 1 Law Used: Kcr Vt Dp max
Actual Gas Velocity OK (m/s) (m)
Stoke's Law 0.03 0.62 47
Intermediate Law 0.33 0.23 621
Newton's Law 18.13 0.57 33733
Oil in Water (Gravity Settling Laws method)
Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law Water in Oil (Gravity Settling Laws method)
Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law
Settling Velocity 0.042 m/s
Settling Law Used Intermediate Law Settling Velocity 0.004 m/s
Law Used: Kcr Vt Dp max Settling Law Used Stoke's Law
(m/s) (m) Law Used: Kcr Vt Dp max
Stoke's Law 0.03 0.195 168 (m/s) (m)
Intermediate Law 0.33 0.042 2248 Stoke's Law 0.03 0.004 906
Newton's Law 18.13 0.07 122026 Intermediate Law 0.33 0.006 12108
Newton's Law 18.13 0.051 657243

NOTES

1. Stoke's Law (Kcr = 0.025) Intermediate Law (Kcr = 0.334) Newton's Law (Kcr = 18.13)

Vt = 1488 g Dp (rl - rv)


2
Vt = 3.54*g 0.71
Dp 1.14
(rl - rv) 0.71
Vt = 1.74 * SQRT(g Dp (rl-rv) / rv )

18m rv 0.29
*m 0.43

Equations for Stokes Law, Intermediate Law and Newtons Law are taken from GPSA Handbook, Volume 1, Section 7.
Figure 7.4

2. Maximum allowable vapour velocity is calculated from the equation in GPSA Handbook, Volume 1, Section 7:

VMAX = K [ (rl - rl) / rl ] 0.5

3. Settling times for water and oil are based on the normal interface level (NIL).

4. Information for partial volumes and dished ends was from GPSA handbook Section 6, and in particular, fig. 6-21,6-22.

5. Calculations for gas residence time and area/volume calculations use the NLL height as the height basis. End volumes ignored for gas volume calculations.

TITLE

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

PROJ.
CALCULATION SHEET

BY DATE CHECKED DATE SK.CALC.NO

DATE and TIME PRINTED: 28-Nov-17 6:38 AM PAGE 3 OF 3


CALCULATION FOR PRODUCTION SEPARATOR

INPUT OUTPUT

Feed GAS Mixed Liquid RESIDENCE TIMES Specified Actual


Flow (t/d) 2237.0 416.0 (mins) (mins) ** WARNINGS **
Density (kg/m3) 72.04 997 Gas (seconds) 11
Viscosity (cP) 0.02 0.70 HLL-HLSD 1.0 1.1 OK
Droplet Size (m) Oil in Gas 100 NLL-HLL 1.5 1.7 OK
r.v2 max for inlet nozzle (kg/m.s2) 1488 NLL-LLL 1.5 2.7 OK
r.v2 max for gas outlet nozzle (kg/m.s2) 3721 LLL-LLSD 1.0 1.1 OK
Max vel. in Oil out nozzle (m/s) 1.00 LLSD to bottom 1.0 1.8 OK
K Value (m/s) 0.12
Mixture density (kg/m3) 84 SETTLING VELOCITY CRITERION (m/s)
Maximum allowable Gas Velocity (m/s) 0.44 OK
Gas Horiz. Velocity (m/s) - calculated 4E-01
NOTE: Gas velocity critera all based on HLSD Oil Droplet Velocity (m/s) 1.10
(Gravity Settling Method)
Droplet fall time (seconds) 0.8 OK

CALCULATIONS

SETTLING VELOCITIES
Oil From Gas ("K" Value method) Dmax is the upper particle size limit for each of the laws. Oil from Gas (Gravity Settling Laws method)
K Value 0.12 m/s Kcr is the critical constant for maximum particle size (from GPSA Handbook). Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law
Max Allowable Velocity,Vmax 0.44 m/s Vt is the settling velocity in m/s.
Gas Horiz. Velocity 0.37 m/s Settling Velocity 1.10 m/s
Minimum Vessel Diameter 1023 mm Settling Law Used Newton's Law

Law Used: Kcr Vt Dp max


Stoke's Law (Kcr = 0.025) Intermediate Law (Kcr = 0.334) Newton's Law (Kcr = 18.13) (m/s) (m)
Stoke's Law 0.03 0.34 23
Vt = 1488 g Dp2 (rl - rv) Vt = 3.54*g0.71 Dp1.14 (rl - rv)0.71 Vt = 1.74 * SQRT(g Dp (rl-rv) / rv ) Intermediate Law 0.33 0.09 305
Newton's Law 18.13 0.20 16559
18m rv0.29 * m0.43

NOTE: Equations for Stoke's Law, Intermediate Law and Newton's Law are taken from GPSA Handbook, Volume 1, Section 7,
Figure 7.4. Results of these calculations will not be used for Sump Tank Sizing.

13 27.11.07 APPROVED FOR DESIGN TITLE

16.03.07 APPROVED FOR DESIGN AUT SKP CALCULATION FOR SUMP TANK (T-2Y40)
12

11 29.09.06 APPROVED FOR DESIGN SUP PJ PROJ.


BONGKOT 3F
10 23.08.06 ISSUED FOR COMMENTS SUP PJ
DOCUMENT NUMBER
THAI NIPPON STEEL
Rev. DATE DESCRIPTION BY CHECK APPR. THAI-3F-GEN-11-07-0002
ENGINEERING & CONSTUCTION CO., LTD

DATE AND TIME PRINTED: 28-Nov-17 6:38 AM PAGE 1 OF 2


CALCULATION FOR SUMP TANK T-2Y40

SKETCH

2237.0 t/d
Inlet Minimum Gas = 1293.86 Am3/h
Gas Outlet
Minimum Inlet nozzle ID Length T/T= 3888 mm Nozzle ID = 252 mm
332 mm

GAS Height Vol. (m3)


HLSD 265 mm 3.81 (Gas)
I. D. = HLL 185 mm 0.32 (HLL-HLSD)
1219 mm NLL 305 mm 0.50 (NLL-HLL)
LLL 102 mm 0.8 (NLL-LLL)
LLSD 200 mm 0.33 (LLL-LLSD)
0.52 (LLSD-Btm)
LIQUID

Note : Working Condition Volume (LAL-LAH) = 3.8 m3 Minimum Mixed Liquid = 416.0 t/d
Mixed Liquid Outlet 17.39 m3/h
Nozzle ID = 78 mm

NOMENCLATURE

LLL Low Liquid Level Dp Droplet diameter m


LLSD Low Level Shut Down m Gas viscosity Cp
NLL Normal Liquid Level Vt Settling Velocity m/s
HLL High Liquid Level VMAX Maximum vapour velocity m/s
HLSD High Level Shut Down K Design vapour velocity factor m/s
Btm Bottom KCR Proportionality constant, dimensionless.
rl Liquid density kg/m3 g Gas constant
rv Vapour density kg/m3 Dmax Upper Particle Size Limit

TITLE
13 27.11.07 APPROVED FOR DESIGN

12 16.03.07 APPROVED FOR DESIGN AUT SKP


CALCULATION FOR PRODUCTION SEPARATOR

11 29.09.06 APPROVED FOR DESIGN SUP PJ

10 23.08.06 ISSUED FOR COMMENTS SUP PJ

Rev. DATE DESCRIPTION BY CHECK APPR.

DATE AND TIME PRINTED: 28-Nov-17 6:38 AM AGE 2 OF 2


VERTICAL SEPARATOR (2 phase)

INPUT PRODUCTION SEPARATOR OUTPUT

Feed GAS LIQUID RESIDENCE TIMES Specified Actual ** WARNINGS **


Flow (t/d) 2237 416.0 (mins) (mins)
Density (kg/m3) 72.04 920.0 HLL-HLSD 1.0 1.0 OK
Viscosity (cP) 0.02 0.700 NLL-HLL 3.0 3.0 OK
Droplet Size, (m) Oil in Gas 100 NLL-LLL 1.0 1.0 OK
K Value (m/s) from mist extractor data GPSA fig.7.9 0.10 LLL-LLSD 1.0 1.0 OK
r.v2 max for inlet nozzle (kg/m.s2) 1488 LLSD to bottom 0.5 2.0 OK
r.v2 max for gas outlet nozzle (kg/m.s2) 3721
Max vel. in Oil outlet nozzle (m/s) 1.00 SETTLING VELOCITY CRITERION
Mixture density (kg/m3) 84.21 K Factor Gas Velocity (m/s) 0.34 OK
Choose Dished end shape by clicking on arrow. Gas Velocity (m/s) - calculated 0.11
See note 6 semi-ellipsoidal Oil Droplet Velocity (m/s) 0.38 OK
Gravity Settling Method

CALCULATIONS

LIQUID / VAPOUR SEPARATION


K Value Method Oil from Gas (Gravity Settling Laws method)
(Note 2) Particle / droplet size calc for determination of appropriate law
K Value 0.10 m/s
Dmax is the upper particle size limit for each
Max allow. Velocity (Vmax) 0.34 m/s Settling Velocity 0.38 m/s
of the laws.
Gas Velocity 0.11 m/s Kcr is the critical constant for maximum Settling Law Used Newton's Law
Minimum Vessel Diameter 1155 mm particle size (from GPSA Handbook).
Vt is the settling velocity in m/s. Law Used: Kcr Vt Dp max
Actual Gas Velocity OK (m/s) (m)
Stoke's Law 0.03 0.31 24
Stoke's Law (Kcr = 0.025) Intermediate Law (Kcr = 0.334) Newton's Law (Kcr = 18.13) Intermediate Law 0.33 0.09 314
Newton's Law 18.13 0.19 17046
Vt = 1488 g Dp2 (rl - rv) Vt = 3.54*g0.71 Dp1.14 (rl - rv)0.71 Vt = 1.74 * SQRT(g Dp (rl-rv) / rv )

18m rv0.29 * m0.43

TITLE

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET PRODUCTION SEPARATOR

PROJ.
CALCULATION SHEET RELIANCE'S KGD6 FIELD DEVELOPMENT

BY DATE CHECKED DATE CALC.NO

SV 2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

DATE AND TIME PRINTED: 28-Nov-17 6:38 AM PAGE 2 OF 4


VERTICAL SEPARATOR (2 phase)

SKETCH

Min Gas Outlet Gas = 2237.00 t/d


Nozz. Size = 252 mm 1293.84 Am3/h

Calculated Total 300 mm


T/T Height: 3015 mm
consider 7000 mm with L/D of approx 100 mm Wire Mesh Demister
3.5
ID=2000mm
1200 mm (Note 4)

Inlet GAS
665 mm (Note 5)
Min Inlet Nozzle Size = 332 mm
150 mm (Note 2)
HLSD 600 mm Volume increment
NOMENCLATURE HLL 700 mm 0.31 m3
LLSD Low Level Shut Down
LLL Low Liquid Level 0.94 m3
NLL Normal Liquid Level NLL 400 mm
HLL High Liquid Level
HLSD High Level Shut Down OIL 0.31 m3
g Gas constant
Dmax Upper Particle Size Limit LLL 300 mm
rL Liquid density (kg/m3) LLSD 200 mm (Note 3) 0.31 m3
rV Vapour density (kg/m3) Volume to LLSD including dished end = 1.68 m3
Dp Droplet diameter (m)
m Gas viscosity Cp
Vt Settling Velocity (m/s)
VMAX Maximum vapour velocity (m/s)
K Design vapour velocity factor (m/s) Min Liquid Outlet Oil = 416.00 t/d
KCR Proportionality constant, dimensionless. Nozz. Size = 82 mm 18.84 m3/h

TITLE

PRODUCTION SEPARATOR

PROJ.
CALCULATION SHEET
RELIANCE'S KGD6 FIELD DEVELOPMENT

BY DATE CHECKED DATE CALC.NO


SV 2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

DATE AND TIME PRINTED: 28-Nov-17 6:38 AM PAGE 3 OF 4


VERTICAL SEPARATOR (2 phase)

CALCULATIONS Cont'd

AREA & VOLUME INFORMATION Area Cylinder Volume + Volume


Volume Dished Increment
(m2) (m3) end (m3) (m3)

GAS Cross Sectional Area 3.142

STORAGE (Volume from Bottom)


Oil HLSD 3.142 1.885 2.932 0.314
Oil HLL 3.142 2.199 3.246 0.942
Oil NLL 3.142 1.257 2.304 0.314 Dished End Type Dished End
Oil LLL 3.142 0.942 1.990 0.314 Volume
Oil LLSD 3.142 0.628 1.676 0.628 (m^3)
semi-ellipsoidal 1.047
1.047 hemispherical 2.094

NOTES

1. Maximum allowable vapour velocity is calculated from the equation:

VMAX = K [ (rL - rV) / rV ] 0.5

2. 150 mm minimum.

3. Space for instrument nozzles and/or emergency liquid capacity - minimum 150 mm.

4. 60% of vessel diameter or 750mm whichever is greater.

5. twice inlet nozzle diameter.

6 . Semi-ellipsoidal end-volume is calculated using the formula V = (P x (ID)3 )/24 which applies to one end only of the separator (ie. the bottom).
Hemispherical end-volume for one dished end is calculated using the formula: V = (P x (ID) 3 )/12
Information taken from GPSA handbook Sections SI - 6, and in particular, figs. 6.21&6.22

TITLE

PRODUCTION SEPARATOR
SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

PROJ.
CALCULATION SHEET
RELIANCE'S KGD6 FIELD DEVELOPMENT

BY DATE CHECKED DATE CALC.NO


SV 2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

DATE AND TIME PRINTED: 28-Nov-17 6:38 AM PAGE 4 OF 4


Perhitungan Panjang (L) & Diameter (D) for Horizontal Separator GPSA section 7
(Production Separator)
Gas Density = 4.50 lb/ft3 (data from HYSYS)
Liquid Density = 62.22 lb/ft3 (data from HYSYS)
Mass Flow = 67.72 lb/s (data from HYSYS)
Particle Diameter = 0.00033 ft (data from design basis)
from Eq.7-3

C' (Re)2 = 4061.78

maka dari fig.7-3 didapat Drag coefficient (C') = 1.30

Terminal Velocity (Vt) = 0.38 ft/s


Gas Flow = 15.05 ft3/s
Assume diameter (Dv) = 4.00 ft 1.22 m
Maka Vessel length dari Eq.7-12

3.19

L= 12.75 ft 3.89 m

Vt2 = 4g*dp(pg-pl)/3pgC'
A section 7

K = 0.31 ft/s from figure 7-9 for 930 psig


Maka Vt dapat dihitung dengan persamaan :

Vt = 1.10 ft/s
Assume Dv = 2.41 ft 0.73
Maka Vessel length dari Eq.7-12

L= 7.22 ft 2.20
L/D 3.00
Perhitungan Panjang (L) & Diameter (D) for Vertikal Separator GPSA Section 7
(Production Separator)
Gas Density = 4.50 lb/ft3 (data from HYSYS)
Liquid Density = 62.22 lb/ft3 (data from HYSYS)
Mass Flow = 67.72 lb/s (data from HYSYS)
Particle Diameter = 0.00033 ft (data from design basis)
from Eq.7-3

C' (Re)2 = 4061.78

maka dari fig.7-3 didapat Drag coefficient (C') = 1.30

Terminal Velocity (Vt) = 0.38 ft/s


Gas Flow = 15.05 ft3/s
Menghitung cross sectional area (A)

A = 40.05 ft2
Maka Dv dapat dihitung melalui luas lingkaran :
Dv = 7.14 ft 2.18 m
L/D = 3.50
Maka L didapat : 24.99 ft 7.62 m
GPSA Section 7