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STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

CE 309

MODULE 1: MACAULAY'S METHOD

LECTURE 4&5

Macaulay’s method - Rules

1. Take section at the left most part of the beam/structure so that all the loads are to the right of the section.

2. If the beam has part UDL, extend the load till left support and add counter weight in

opposite direction to nullify the effect of extra extended load.

3. In the equilibrium equation of ΣM, write concentrated moment loads multiplied with (x-a)^0.

4. In the integration, (x-a) would become (x-a) 2 /2 and any negative contribution of terms in bracket should be neglected when x is substituted.

5. By substituting the known slope and deflection values, the constants of integration should be found.

M

EI

2

d y

dx

2

Macaulay’s method - example

In the below structure, find the slope of beam at point A and also find the magnitude and location of maximum deflection. Take EI = 150 *10^12 Nmm 2

M@2m=100 kN-m

P = 200 kN

A C 150 kN/m B 2 m 1 m 1 m
A
C
150 kN/m
B
2 m
1 m
1 m

Solution:

R A = ? , R C = ?

-4*R A +200*1+150*1*1.5+100 = 0 R A = 131.25 kN

Macaulay’s method - example

EI

2

d y

dx

2

M@2m=100 kN-m

P = 200 kN

150 kN/m x B
150 kN/m
x
B

 131 . 25

2 m 1 m Modified loading 1 m 0 x  100 ( x 
2 m
1 m
Modified loading
1 m
0
x 
100 (
x 
2 )
200 (
x 

3 ) 150 (

x

2

2 ) / 2 150 (

x

2

3 ) / 2

Eqn I

EI

dy

dx

 

131 . 25 x / 2 100 ( x 2 ) 200 ( x 3) / 2 150 ( x 2 ) / 6 150 ( x 3) / 6 C

2

2

3

3

1

Eqn II

EIy  131.25 x / 6 100( x 2) / 2 200( x 3) / 6 150( x 2) / 24 150( x 3) / 24 C x C

1

3

2

3

4

4

2

Macaulay’s method - example

Boundary conditions : y = 0 @ x= 0 and y = 0 @ x=4 in Eqn III

C2= 0 and C1 = 268.23 kNm 2 or = 268.23 * 10^9 Nmm 2

Substituting x=0 and C1 = 268.23*10^9 in Eqn II

dy/dx @ A = 1.788 *10^-3 radians

At point of maximum deflection slope is 0.

Let us assume that maximum slope will be between 2≤ x<3.

Setting Eqn II to 0.

Macaulay’s method - example

EI

dy

dx

 

131.25 x / 2 100( x 2) 150( x 2) / 6 C

2

3

1

Solving for x gives x = 2.035 m which agrees with assumption

Substituting x = 2.035 m in Eqn III gives, y max = 2.41 mm

Try this problem!!

In the below structure, find the magnitude and location of maximum deflection and slope below both point loads . Take E = 20700 MPa and I = 10^10 mm 4

A

P = 40 kN

P = 80 kN

C
C
8 m 4 m 8 m
8 m
4 m
8 m

Draw BM diagram

A

10 kN

10 kN

20 kN

6 kN/m B C D
6 kN/m
B
C
D
2 m 3 m 3 m 5 m
2 m
3 m
3 m
5 m