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The simple present and the present continuous

Put the verbs in brackets into the simple present or the present continuous tense.

1. Cuckoos (not build) DONT BUILD nests. They (use) USE the nests of other birds.
2. You can't see Tom now: he (have) IS HAVING a bath.
3. He (usually / drink) USUALLY DRINKS coffee but today he (drink) IS DRINKING tea.
4. What she (do) DOES SHE DO in the evenings? ~
She (usually / play) USUALLY PLAYS cards or (watch) WATCHES TV.
5. I won't go out now as it (rain) IS RAINING and I -(not have) DONT HAVE an umbrella.
6. The last train (leave) LEAVES (horario) the station at 11.30.
7. He (usually / speak) USUALLY SPEAKS so quickly that I (not understand) DONT UNDERSTAND him.
8. Ann (make) IS MAKING a dress for herself at the moment. She (make) MAKES all her own clothes.
9. Hardly anyone (wear) WEARS a hat nowadays.
10. I'm afraid I've broken one of your coffee cups.
Don't worry. I (not like) DONT LIKE that set anyway.
11. I (wear) AM WEARING my sunglasses today because the sun is very strong.
12. Tom can't have the newspaper now because his aunt (read) IS READING it.
13. I'm busy at the moment. I (redecorate) AM REDECORATING the sitting room.
14. The kettle (boil) IS BOILING now. Shall I make the tea?
15. (You / enjoy) ARE YOU ENJOYING yourself or would you like to leave now? -
I (enjoy) AM ENJOYING myself very much. I (want) WANT to stay to the end.
16. How (you / get) DO YOU GET to work as a rule? ~
I (usually / go) USUALLY GO by bus but tomorrow I (go) AM GOING in Tom's car.
17. Why (you / put) ARE YOU PUTTING on your coat? ~
I (go) AM GOING for a walk. (You / come) ARE YOU COMING with me?-
Yes, I'd love to come. (You / mind) DO YOU MIND if I bring my dog?
18. How much you (owe) DO YOU OWE him?-
I (owe) OWE him $5. ~
(You / intend) DO YOU INTEND to pay him?
19. (You / belong) DO YOU BELONG to your local library? -
Yes, I do. -
You (read) DO YOU READ a lot?-
Yes, quite a lot. -
How often (you / change) DO YOU CHANGE your books?
I (change) CHANGE one every day.
20. Mary (usually / learn) USUALLY LEARNS languages very quickly but she (not seem) DOESNT SEEM able to Greek.
21. I (always / buy) ALWAYS BUY lottery tickets but I (never / win) NEVER WIN anything.
22. (You / like) DO YOU LIKE this necklace? I (give) AM GIVING it to my daughter for her birthday tomorrow.
23. I won't tell you my secret unless you (promise) PROMISE not to tell anyone. -
I (promise) PROMISE.
24. (You / always / write) DO YOU ALWAYS WRITE with your left hand?
25. (You / love) DO YOU LOVE him?-
No, I (like) LIKE him very much but I (not love) DONT LOVE him.
26. (You / dream) DO YOU DREAM at night?-
Yes, I (always / dream) ALWAYS DREAM and if I (eat) EAT too much supper I (have) HAVE nightmares.
27. The milk (smell) SMELLS sour. (You / keep) DO YOU KEEP milk a long time?
28. These workmen are never satisfied; they (always/complain) ARE ALWAYS COMPLAINING (hb.molesto)
29. We (use) ARE USING this room today because the window in the other room is broken.
30. He (always / say) ALWAYS SAYS that he will mend the window but he never (do) DOES it.
31. (You / know) DO YOU KNOW why an apple (fall) FALLSdown and not up?
32. (You / write) ARE YOU WRITING to him tonight? -
Yes, I (always / write) ALWAYS WRITE to him on his birthday. (You / want) DO YOU WANT to send any message?
33. Tom and Mr Pitt (have) ARE HAVING a long conversation. I (wonder) WONDER what they (talk) ARE TALKING about.
34. (You / believe) DO YOU BELIEVE all that the newspapers say?-
No, I (not believe) DONT BELIEVE any of it. ~
Then why (you / read) DO YOU READ newspapers?
35. This car (make) ISMAKING a very strange noise. (You / think) DO YOU THINK it is all right?-
Oh, that noise (not matter) DOESNT MATTER. It (always / make) ALWAYS MAKES a noise like that.
36. The fire (smoke) IS SMOKING horribly. I can't see across the room. -
I (expect) EXPECT that birds (build) ARE BUILDING a nest in the chimney. -
Why (you / not put) DONT YOU PUT wire across the tops of your chimneys? -
Tom (do) DOES that sometimes but it (not seem) DOESNT SEEM to make any difference.
The simple present and the present continuous
Put the verbs in brackets into the simple present or present continuous tense.
1. What (Tom / think) DOES TOM THINK of the Budget? -
He (think) THINKS it most unfair. ~
I (agree) AGREE with him.
2. What (this one / cost)DOES THIS ONE COST?-
It (cost) COSTS forty pence.
3. (You / hear) DO YOU HEAR the wind? It (blow) IS BLOWING very strongly tonight.
4. (You / see) DO YOU SEE my car keys anywhere? -
No, I (look) AM LOOKING for them but I (not see) DONT SEE them.
5. He (never / listen) NEVER LISTENS to what you say. He (always / think) ALWAYS THINKS (IS ALWAYS THINKING hbito
molesto) about something else.
6. This book is about a man who (desert) DESERTS his family and (go) GOES to live on a Pacific island.
7. (You / understand) DO YOU UNDERSTAND what the lecturer is saying? ~
No, I (not understand) DONT UNDERSTAND him at all.
8. What (you / have) DO YOU HAVE for breakfast usually? ~
I (usually / eat) USUALLY EAT a carrot and (drink) DRINK a glass of cold water.
9. When the curtain (rise) RISES we (see) SEE a group of workers. They (picket) ARE PICKETING at the factory gate.
10. Why (you / walk) ARE YOU WALKING so fast today? You (usually / walk) USUALLY WALK quite slowly. ~
I (hurry) AM HURRYING because I (meet) AM MEETING my mother at 4:00 and she (not like) DOESNT LIKE to be
11. I (wish) WISH that dog would lie down. He (keep) KEEPS jumping up on my lap. ~
I (think) THINK he (want) WANTS to go for a walk.
12. (You / recognize) DO YOU RECOGNISE that man? ~
I (think) THINK that I have seen him before but I (not remember) DONT REMEMBER his name
13. Look at that crowd. I (wonder) WONDER what they (wait) ARE WAITING for.
14. This message has just arrived and the man (wait) IS WAITING in case you (want) WANT to send a reply.
15. Stop! (You / not see) DONT YOU SEE the notice? ~
I (see) SEE it but I can't read it because I (not wear) AM NOT WEARING my glasses. What (it / say) DOES IT SAY? ~
It (say) SAYS 'These premises are patrolled by guard dogs'.
16. She always (borrow) IS ALWAYS BORROWING (hbito molesto) from me and she (never / remember) NEVER REMEBERS to
pay me back.
17. (You / need) DO YOU NEED another blanket or you (feel) DO YOU FEEL warm enough?
18. It (save) SAVES / WILL SAVE time if you (take) TAKE the path through the wood? ~
No, it (not matter) DOESNT MATTER which path you take.
19. I (save) AM SAVING up because I (go) AM GOING abroad in July.
20. I (think) THINK it is a pity you don't take more exercise. You (get) ARE GETTING fat.
21. The plane that you (look) ARE LOOKING at now (just / take) IS JUST TAKING off for Paris,
22. Tom (never / do) DOES any work in the garden; he always (work) ALWAYS WORDS (IS ALWAYS WORKING) on his car.
23. What (he / do) IS HE DOING to his car now? ~
I (think) THINK he (polish) IS POLISHING it.
24. That film (come) IS COMING to the local cinema next week. (You / want) DO YOU WANT to see it?
25. How (Peter / get) IS PETER GETTING on at school? ~ (cmo lo lleva Peter en el cole?)
Very well. He (seem) SEEMS to like the life.
26. Why (Mrs Pitt / look) DOES Mrs PITT LOOK so angry? ~
Mr Pitt (smoke) IS SMOKING a cigarette and (drop) (IS) DROPPING the ash on the carpet.
27. This is our itinerary. We (leave) LEAVE home on the 8th, (arrive) ARRIVE in Paris on the 9th, (spend) SPEND the day in Paris,
and (set) SET out that night for Venice. ~ (los itinerarios, como los horarios, tiene la posibilidad de usar el presente simple)
That (sound) SOUNDS most interesting. You must tell me all about it when you (get) GET back.
28. This story is about a boy who (make) MAKES friends with a snake which he (find) FINDS in his garden. Then he (go) GOES
away but he (not forget) DOESNT FORGET the snake and some years later he (return) RETURNS and (look) LOOKS for it.
29. He (find) FINDS the snake who (recognize) RECOGNISES its old friend and (coil) COILS round him affectionately. But,
unfortunately, the snake is by now a full-grown boa-constrictor and its embrace (kill) KILLS the poor boy.
30. (The snake / feel) DOES THE SNAKE FEEL sorry about this?-
I (not know) DONT KNOW. The story (end) ENDS there.
31. How (you / end) DO YOU END a letter that (begin), 'Dear Sir'? ~
I (always / put)ALWAYS PUT, 'Yours truly', but Tom (prefer) PREFERS 'Yours faithfully'.
32. What (the word 'catastrophe' / mean)DOES THE WORD CATASTROPHE MEAN? ~
It (mean) MEANS 'disaster'.
33. What (you / wait) ARE YOU WAITING for?-
I (wait) AM WAITING for the shop to open. -
But it (not open) DOESNT OPEN till 9.00. -
I (know) KNOW but I (want) WANT to be early, as their sale (start) IS STARTING today.
34. Why (you / smoke) ARE YOU SMOKING a cigar, Mrs Pitt? You (not smoke) DO NOT SMOKE cigars as a rule. ~
I (smoke) AM SMOKING it because I (want) WANT the ash. This book (say) SAYS that cigar ash mixed with oil (remove)
REMOVES heat stains from wood.
35. Who (own) OWNS this umbrella? ~
I (not know) DONT KNOW Everybody (use) USES it but nobody (know) KNOWS who (own) OWNS it.
36. (You / mind) DO YOU MIND if I (ask) ASK you a question? ~
That (depend) DEPENDS on the question. ~
It (concern) CONCERNS your brother. ~
I (refuse) REFUSE to answer any question about my brother.


1. I lit the fire at 6.00 and it (burn) WAS BURNING brightly when Tom came in at 7.00.
2. When I arrived the lecture had already started and the professor (write) WAS WRITING on the overhead projector.
3. I (make) WAS MAKING a cake when the light went out. I had to finish it in the dark.
4. I didn't want to meet Paul so when he entered the room I (leave) LEFT.
5. Unfortunately when I arrived Ann (just / leave) WAS JUST LEAVING, so we only had time for a few words.
6. He (watch) WAS WATCHING TV when the phone rang. Very unwillingly he (turn) TURNED down the sound and (go) WENT to
answer it.
7. He was very polite. Whenever his wife entered the room he (stand) STOOD up.
8. The admiral (play) WAS PLAYING bowls when he received news of the invasion. He (insist) INSISTED on finishing the game.
9. My dog (walk) WAS WALKINH along quietly when Mr Pitt's Pekinese attacked him.
10. When I arrived she (have) WAS HAVING lunch. She apologized for starting without me but said that she always (lunch) HAD
LUNCH at 12.30.
11. He (always / wear) ALWAYS WORE a raincoat and (carry) CARRIED an umbrella when he walked to the office.
12. What (you / think) DID YOU THINK of his last book? ~
I (like) LIKED it very much.
13. I (share) SHARED a flat with him when we were students. He (always / complain) WAS ALWAYS COMPLAINING about my
14. He suddenly (realize) REALIZED that he (travel) WAS TRAVELLING in the wrong direction.
15. He (play) WAS PLAYING the guitar outside her house when someone opened the window and (throw) THREW out .
16. I (just / open) WAS JUST OPENING the letter when the wind (blow) BLEW it out of my hand.
17. The burglar (open) WAS OPENING the safe when he (hear) HEARD footsteps. He immediately (put) PUT out his torch and
(crawl) CRAWLED under the bed.
18. When I (look) LOOKED for my passport I (find) FOUND this old photograph.
19. You looked very busy when I (see) SAW you last night. What (you / do) WERE YOU DOING?
20. The boys (play) WERE PLAYING cards when they (hear) HEARD their father's step. They immediately (hide) HID the cards and
(take) TOOK out their lesson books.
21. He (clean) WAS CLEANING his gun when it accidentally (go) WENT off and (kill) KILLED him.
22. He (not allow) DIDNT ALLOW us to go out in the boat yesterday as a strong wind (blow) WAS BLOWING.
23. As I (cross) WAS CROSSING the road I (step) STEPPED on a banana skin and (fall) FELL heavily.
24. I (still / lie) WAS STILL LYING on the road when I (see) SAW a lorry approaching.
25. Luckily the driver (see) SAW me and (stop) STOPPED the lorry in time.
26. How (you / damage) DID YOU DAMAGE your car so badly? ~
I (run) RAN into a lamp-post yesterday. ~
I suppose you (drive) WERE DRIVING too quickly or were not looking where you (go) WERE GOING.
27. As he (get) WAS GETTING into the bus it (start) STARTED suddenly and he (fall) FELL backwards on to the road.
28. I (call) CALLED Paul at 7.00 but it wasn't necessary because he already (get) WAS ALREADY GETTING up.
29. When he (mend) WAS MENDING the fuse he (get) GOT a very bad shock.
30. When I (hear) HEARD his knock I (go) WENT to the door and (open) OPENED it, but I (not recognize) DIDNT RECOGNIZE
him at first because I (not wear) WASNT WEARING my glasses.
31. When I came in they (sit) WERE SITTING round the fire. Mr Pitt (do) WAS DOING a crossword puzzle, Mrs Pitt (knit), the
others (read) WERE READING. Mrs Pitt (smile) SMILED at me and (say), 'Come and sit down.'
32. While the guests (dance) WERE DANCING thieves (break) BROKE into the house and (steal) STOLE a lot of fur coats.
33. The next day, as they (know) KNEW that the police (look) WERE LOOKING for them, they (hide) HID the coats in a wood and
(go) WENT off in different directions.
34. She was very extravagant. She (always / buy) WAS ALWAYS BUYING herself new clothes.
35. Her mother often (tell) TOLD her that she (spend) SPENT too much money but she never (listen) LISTENED.
36. Whenever the drummer (begin) BEGAN practising, the people in the next flat (bang) BANGED on the wall.

The simple past and the past continuous

Put the verbs in brackets into the simple past or past continuous tense.
1. Mr Smith (never / wake) WOKE up in time in the mornings and (always / get) ALWAYS GOT into trouble for being late; so one
day he (go) WENT to town and (buy) BOUGHT an alarm clock.
2. To get home he (have to) HAD TO go through a field where a bad-tempered bull (usually /graze) GRAZED.
3. This bull normally (not chase) DIDNT CHASE people unless something (make) MADE him angry. Unfortunately, as Mr Smith
(cross) WAS CROSSING the field, his alarm clock (go) WENT off.
4. This (annoy) ANNOYED the bull, who immediately (begin) BEGAN to chase Mr Smith.
5. Mr Smith (carry) WAS CARRYING an open umbrella as it (rain) WAS RAINING slightly. He (throw) THREW the umbrella to
the ground and (run) RAN away as fast as he could.
6. The bull (stop) STOPPED and (begin) BEGAN to attack the umbrella. While he (do) WAS DOING this Mr Smith escaped.
7. When he (awake) AWOKE she (sit) WAS SITTING by the window. She (look) WAS LOOKING at something in the street, but
when he (call) CALLED her she (turn) TURNED and (smile) SMILED at him.
8. Why (you / interrupt) DID YOU INTERRUPT me just now? I (have) WAS HAVING a very interesting conversation with Mr Pitt.
9. The murderer (carry) WAS CARRYING the corpse down the stairs when he (hear) HEARD a knock on the door.
10. When I (look) LOOKED through your books I (notice) NOTICED that you have a copy of Murder in the Cathedral.
11. As they (walk) WERE WALKING along the road they (hear) HEARD a car coming from behind them. Tom (turn) TURNED
round and (hold) HELD up his hand. The car (stop) STOPPED.
12. When I (arrive) ARRIVED at the station Mary (wait) WAS WAITING for me. She (wear) WAS WEARING a blue dress and
(look) LOOKED very pretty. As soon as she (see) SAW me she (wave) WAVED and (shout) SHOUTED something, but I couldn't
hear what she (say) SAID because everybody (make) WAS MAKING such a noise.
13. The prisoner (escape) ESCAPED by climbing the wall of the garden where he (work) WAS WORKING. He (wear) WAS
WEARING blue overalls and black shoes.
14. She said that the car (travel) WAS TRAVELLING at 40 k.p.h. when it (begin) BEGAN to skid.
15. She said that she (not like) DIDNT LIKE her present flat and (try) WAS TRYING to find another.
16. While he (make) WAS MAKING his speech the minister suddenly (feel) FELT faint. But someone (bring) BROUGHT him a glass
of water and after a few minutes he (be able) WAS ABLE to continue.
17. When I (see) SAW him he (paint) WAS PAINTING a portrait of his wife. ~
(You / like) DID YOU LIKE it? ~
He /only just / start) WAS ONLY JUST STARTING when I (see) SAW it, so I couldn't judge.
18. I (take) TOOK my friend to a murder trial the other day. ~
Who (be) WAS BEING tried?-
A man called Bill Sykes. ~
Was he acquitted?
I don't know. They (still / listen) WERE STILL LISTENING to the evidence when we (leave) LEFT.
19. I (be) WAS sorry that I (have to) HAD TO leave the party early, because I (enjoy) WAS ENJOYING myself.
20. As we (come) WERE COMING here a policeman (stop) STOPPED us. He (say) SAID that he (look) WAS LOOKING for some
stolen property and (ask) ASKED if he could search the car.
21. I (see) SAW you yesterday from the bus. Why (you / use) WERE YOU USING a stick? ~
I (use) WAS USING a stick because I had hurt my leg that morning falling off a horse. ~
Whose horse (you / ride)SERE YOU RIDING?
22. The floor was covered with balls of wool. Obviously Mrs Pitt (knit) WAS KNITTING something.
23. Ann said that she (be) WAS on holiday. I (say) SAID that I (hope) HOPED that she (enjoy) WAS ENJOYING herself.
24. While he (water) WAS WATERING the flowers it (begin) BEGAN to rain. He (put) PUT up his umbrella and (go) WENT on ...
25. I (just / write) WAS JUST WRITING a cheque when I (remember) REMEMBERED that I (have) HAD nothing in the bank.
26. I (find) FOUND this ring as I (dig) WAS DIGGING in the garden. It looks very old. I wonder who it (belong) BELONGS to.
27. When I last (see) SAW her she (hurry) WAS HURRYING along the road to the station. I (ask) ASKED her where she (go) WAS
GOING and she (say)SAID, 'London', but I don't think she (speak) WAS SPEAKING the truth because there (not be) WASNT
any train for London at that time.
28. The tailor said, 'Your suit will be ready on Monday.' But when I (call) CALLED on Monday he (still / work) WAS STILL
WORKING on it.
29. The teacher (come) CAME into the classroom unusually early and one of the boys, who (smoke) WAS SMOKING a cigarette,
(have) HAD no time to put it out. So he (throw) THREW it into the desk and (hope) HOPED for the best.
30. A little later the teacher (notice) NOTICED that smoke (rise) WAS RISING from this desk.
'You (smoke) WERE YOU SMOKING when I (come) CAME in?' he (ask) ASKED.
31. While I (swim) WAS SWIMMING someone (steal) STOLE my clothes and I (have to) HAD TO walk home in my swimsuit.
32. The men (say) SAID that they (work) WERE WORKING on the road outside my house and that they (want) WANTED some
water to make tea.
33. He (say) SAID that he (build) WAS BUILDING himself a house and that he (think) THOUGHT it would be ready in two years.
34. At 3 a.m. Mrs Pitt (wake) WOKE her husband and (say) SAID that she (think) THOUGHT that someone (try) WAS TRYING to
get into the house.
35. Why (you / lend) DID YOU LEND him that book? I (still / read) WAS STILL READING it. ~
I'm sorry. I (not know) DIDNT KNOW that you still (read) WERE STILL READING it.
36. I (come) CAME in very late last night and unfortunately the dog (wake) WOKE up and (start) STARTED to bark. This (wake)
WOKE my mother who (come) CAME to the top of the stairs and (say) SAID, 'Who is there?'
I (say) SAID. It is me,' but she (not hear) DIDNT HEAR me because the dog (bark) WAS BARKING so loudly, so she (go)
WENT back to her room and (telephone) TELEPHONED the police.

Put the verbs in brackets into the present perfect or the simple past tense. In some sentences the present perfect continuous is also

1. This is my house. ~
How long (you / live) HAVE YOU LIVED here? ~
I (live) HAVE LIVED here since 1970.
2. He (live) LIVED in London for two years and then (go) WENT to Edinburgh.
3. (You / wear) DID YOU WEAR your hair long when you were at school? ~
Yes, my mother (insist) INSISTED on it.
But when I (leave) LEFT school I (cut) CUT my hair and (wear) HAVE WORN it short ever since.
4. Shakespeare (write) WROTE a lot of plays.
5. My brother (write) HAS WRITTEN several plays. He (just / finish) HAS JUST FINISHED his second tragedy.
6. I (fly) FLEW over Loch Ness last week. ~
(You / see) DID YOU SEE the Loch Ness monster?
7. I (not see) HAVENT SEEN him for three years. I wonder where he is.
8. He (not smoke) HASNT SMOKED for two weeks. He is trying to give it up.
9. Chopin (compose) COMPOSED some of his music in Majorca.
10. When (he / arrive)DID HE ARRIVE? ~
He (arrive) ARRIVED at 2.00.
11. (You / lock) DID YOU LOCK the door before you left the house?
12. I (read) READ his books when I was at school. I (enjoy) ENJOYED them very much.
13. I can't go out because I (not finish) HAVENT FINISHED my work.
14. I (never / drink) HAVE NEVER DRUNK whisky. ~
Well, have some now.
15. I (write) HAVE WRITTEN the letter but I can't find a stamp.
16. The clock is slow. ~
It isn't slow, it (stop) HAS STOPPED.
17. Here are your shoes; I (just / clean) HAVE JUST CLEANED them.
18. I (leave) LEFT home at 8.00 and (get) GOT here at twelve.
19. I (do) DID this sort of work when I (be) WAS an apprentice.
20. He (just / go) HAS JUST GONE out.
21. He (go) WENT out ten minutes ago.
22. (You / have) HAVE YOU HAD breakfast yet? ~
Yes, I (have) HAD it at 8.00.
23. I (meet) MET him last June.
24. (You / see) DID YOU SEE the moon last night?
25. The concert (begin) BEGAN at 2.30 and (last) LASTED for two hours. Everyone (enjoy) ENJOYED it very much.
26. The play (just / begin) HAS JUST BEGUN You are a little late.
27. The newspaper (come)HAS THE NEWSPAPER COME? ~
Yes, Ann is reading it.
28. The actors (arrive) ARRIVED yesterday and (start) started rehearsals early this morning.
29. It (be) HS BEEN very cold this year. I wonder when it is going to get warmer.
30. Cervantes (write) WROTE Don Quixote.
31. We (miss) MISSED the bus. Now we'll have to walk.
32. He (break) BROKE his leg in a skiing accident last year.
33. Mr Pound is the bank manager. He (be) HAS BEEN here for five years.
34. Mr Count (work) WORKED as a cashier for twenty-five years. Then he (retire) RETIRED and (go) WENT to live in the country.
35. (You / be) HAVE YOU BEEN here before? ~
36. Yes, I (spend) SPENT my holidays here last year. ~
You (have) DID YOU HAVE a good time? ~
No, it never (stop) STOPPED raining.

The present perfect and the simple past

Put the verbs in brackets into the present perfect or simple past tense. Fill the spaces by repeating the auxiliary used in the
preceding verb.
Where is Tom?-
I (not see) HAVENT SEEN him today, but he (tell) TOLD Mary that he'd be in for dinner.
1. I (buy) BOUGHT this in Bond Street. ~
How much (you / pay) DID YOU PAY for it? ~
I (pay) PAID $100.
2. Where (you / find) DID YOU FIND this knife? ~
I (find) FOUND it in the garden. ~
Why (you / not leave) DIDNT YOU LEAVE it there?
3. I (lose) HAVE LOST my black gloves. You (see) HAVE YOU SEEN them anywhere?
No, I'm afraid .... When (you /last / (wear) DID YOU LAST WEAR them? ~
I (wear) WORE them at the theatre last night. ~
Perhaps you (leave) LEFT them at the theatre.
4. Do you know that lady who (just / leave) HAS JUST LEFT the shop? ~
Yes, that is Miss Thrift. Is she a customer of yours? ~
Not exactly. She (be) HAS BEEN in here several times but she (never / buy) HAS NEVER BOUGHT anything.
5. He (leave) LEFT the house at 8.00. ~
Where (he / go)DID HE GO? ~
I (not see) DIDNT SEE where he (go) WENT
6. He (serve) SERVED in the First World War. ~
When (that war / begin) DID THAT WAR BEGIN? ~
It (begin) BEGAN in 1914 and (last) LASTED for four years.
7. Who (you / vote) DID YOU VOTE for at the last election? ~
I (vote) VOTED for Mr Pitt. ~
He (not be) WASNT elected, (be) WAS he? ~
No, he (lose) LOST his deposit.
8. You (like) DID YOU LIKE your last job? ~
I (like) LIKED it at first but then I (quarrel) QUARRELLED with my employer and he (dismiss) DISMISSED me. ~
How long (you / be) WERE there? ~
I (be) WAS there for two weeks.
9. I (not know) DIDNT KNOW that you (know) KNEEW Mrs Pitt. How long you (know) HAVE YOU KNOWN her? ~
I (know) HAVE KNOWN her for ten years.
10. That is Mr Minus, who teaches me mathematics, but he (not have) HASNT HAD time to teach me much. I (only / be) HAVE
ONLY BEEN in his class for a week.
11. (You / hear) DID YOU HEAR his speech on the radio last night? ~
Yes, I DID
What (you / think) DID YOU THINK of it?
12. I (not know) DIDNT KNOW that you (be) WERE here. You (be) HAVE YOU BEEN here long? ~
Yes, I (be) HAVE BEEN here two months. ~
(You / be) HAVE YOU BEEN to the Cathedral? ~
Yes, I (go) WENT there last Sunday.
13. (You / ever / try) HAVE YOU EVER TRIED to give up smoking? ~
Yes, I (try) TRIED last year, but then I (find) FOUND that I was getting fat so I (start) STARTED again.
14. (You / see) HAVE YOU SEEN today's paper? ~
No, (anything interesting / (happen) HAS ANYTHING INTERESTING HAPPENED?
Yes, two convicted murderers (escape) HAVE ESCAPED from the prison down the road.
15. (Mary / feed) HAS MARY FEED the cat? ~
Yes, she (feed) FED him before lunch. ~
What she (give) DID SHE GIVE him? ~
She (give) GAVE him some fish.
16. How long (you / know) HAVE YOU KNOWN your new assistant? ~
I (know) HAVE KNOWN him for two years. ~
What (he / do) DID HE DO before he (come) CAME here? ~
I think he (be) WAS in prison.
17. I (not see) HAVENT SEEN your aunt recently. ~
No. She (not be) HASNT BEEN out of her house since she (buy) BOUGHT her colour TV.
18. (The plumber / be) HAS THE PLUMBER here yet? ~
Yes, but he only (stay) STAYED for an hour. ~
What (he / do) DID HE DO in that time? ~
He (turn) TURNED off the water and (empty) EMPTIED the tank.
19. Where (you / be) HAVE YOU BEEN?
I (be) HAVE BEEN out in a yacht. ~
You (enjoy) DID YOU ENJOY it? ~
Yes, very much. We (take) TOOK part in a race. ~
(You / win) DID YOU WIN? ~
No, we (come) CAME in last.
20. How long (that horrible monument / be) HAS THAT HORRIBLE MONUMENT BEEN there? ~
It (be) HAS BEEN there six months. Lots of people (write) HAVE WRITTEN to the Town Council asking them to take it away
but so far nothing (be) HAS BEEN done.
21. I (just / be) HAVE JUST BEEN to the film War and Peace. You (see) HAVE YOU SEEN it? ~
No, I HAVENT Is it like the book? ~
I (not read) HAVENT READ the book. ~
I (read) READ it when I (be) WAS at school. ~
When (Tolstoy / write) DID TOLSTOY WRITE it? ~
He (write) WROTE it in 1868. ~
(He / write) DID HE WRITE anything else?
22. Hannibal (bring) BROUGHT elephants across the Alps. ~
Why (he / do) DID HE DO that? ~
He (want) WANTED to use them in battle.
23. Where (you / be) HAVE YOU BEEN? ~
I (be) HAVE BEEN to the dentist. ~
(He / take) DID HE TAKE out your bad tooth? ~
Yes, he DID
(It / hurt)DID IT HURT?-
Yes, horribly.
24. She (say) SAID that she'd phone me this morning, but it is now 12.30 and she (not phone) HASNT PHONED yet.
25. I (just / receive) HAVE JUST RECEIVED a letter saying that we (not pay) HAVENT PAID this quarter's electricity bill. I (not
give) DIDNT GIVE you the money for that last week? ~
Yes, you DID but I'm afraid I (spend) SPENT it on something else.
26. How long (you / be) HAVE YOU BEEN out of work? ~
I'm not out of work now. I (just / start) HAVE JUST STARTED a new job. ~
How (you / find) DID YOU FIND the job? ~
I (answer) ANSWERED an advertisement in the paper.
27. (You / finish) HAVE YOU FINISHED checking the accounts? ~
No, not quite. I (do) HAVE DONE about half so far.
28. I (cut) HAVE CUT my hand rather badly. Have you a bandage? ~
I'll get you one. How (it / happen) DID IT HAPPEN? ~
I was chopping some wood and the axe (slip) SLIPPED.
29. How (you / get) DID YOU GET that scar? ~
I (get) GOT it in a car accident a year ago.
30. (You / meet) DID YOU MEET my brother at the lecture yesterday? ~
Yes, I DID We (have) HAD coffee together afterwards.
31. He (lose) LOST his job last month and since then he (be) HAS BEEN out of work. ~
Why (he / lose) DID HE LOSE his job? ~
He (be) WAS very rude to Mr Pitt.
32. What are all those people looking at? ~
There (be) HAS BEEN an accident. ~
(You / see) DID YOU SEE what (happen)? ~
Yes, a motor cycle (run) RAN into a lorry.
33. I (phone) PHONE you twice yesterday and (get) GOT no answer.
34. Originally horses used in bull fights (not wear) DIDNT WEAR any protection, but
for some time now they (wear) HAVE WORN special padding,
35. That house (be) HAS BEEN empty for a year. But they (just / take) HAVE JUST TAKEN down the 'For Sale' sign, so I suppose
someone (buy) HAS BOUGHT it.

The present continuous and the be going to form

1. I (play) AM PLAYING bridge tonight with Tom and Ann.

2. He (have) IS HAVING an operation next week.
3. It's very cold. I (light) AM GOING TO LIGHT a fire.
4. We (have) ARE HAVING some friends to lunch tomorrow.
5. I've bought a piano; it (be) IS BEING delivered this afternoon. ~
Where you (put) ARE YOU GOING TO PUT it? ~
I (put) AM PUTTING / AM GOING TO PUT it in the dining room.
6. (You / (go) ARE YOU GOING to the auction tomorrow? ~
Yes, I (go) AM GOING but I (not buy) AM NOT GOING TO BUY anything.
7. I've reminded you once; I (not do) AM NOT GOING TO DO it again.
8. I (have) AM HAVING my hair cut this afternoon.
9. My nephew (come) IS COMING to stay with me next weekend. ~
10. Where (you / put) ARE YOU GOING TO PUT him? ~
I (put) AM GOING TO PUT him in the room in the tower.
11. Our class (start) IS STARTING German next term.
12. I (spend) AM SPENDING a few days in London next week.
13. The Town Council (build) IS BUILDING a new school here.
14. What (you / tell) ARE YOU GOING TO TELL the police? ~
I (tell) AM GOING TO TELL them the truth.
15. He (start) IS STARTING tomorrow.
16. The Queen (open) IS OPENING Parliament next month.
17. The Prime Minister (speak) IS SPEAKING on TV tonight.
18. This shop (close) IS CLOSING down next week.
19. When (you / have) ARE YOU HAVING your next lesson? ~
I (have) AM HAVING it on Monday.
20. I (collect) AM COLLECTING my new dress this afternoon.
21. We (take) ARE TAKING the children to the seaside this summer.
22. I (give) AM GIVING / AM GOING TO GIVE him a football for his next birthday.
23. She (sing) IS SINGING in her first big concert next month.
He (go) IS GOING to Spain for his holidays. ~
(He / fly)IS HE FLYING? ~
No, he (go) IS GOING by boat.
24. She (see) IS SEEING a specialist next week.
25. (He / wash) IS HE GOING TO WASH the car?
26. He (ring) IS RINGING me up tonight.
27. The inspector (ask) IS GOING TO ASK you a few questions.
28. Her parents (give) ARE GIVING a party for her next month. They (invite) ARE INVITING sixty guests.
29. Have you got a ticket for the big match on Saturday? ~
30. No, I don't even know who (play) ARE PLAYING. ~
France (play) IS PLAYING England.
31. They (launch) ARE LAUNCHING a ship this afternoon. (You / come) ARE YOU COMING to see it?
32. What (you / do) ARE YOU GOING TO DO with the money?
33. I (pick) AM PICKING you up at 6.30; don't forget.
34. Where (you / go) ARE YOU GOING tonight? ~
I (go) AM GOING out with Peter. He (call) IS CALLING for me at eight.
35. I (compete) AM COMPETING in the bicycle race tomorrow.
36. Mr Pitt has just phoned to say that he (not come) IS NOT COMING back till Wednesday night.
37. I (read) AM GOING TO READ you his answer to my letter of complaint.

The future simple

Put the verbs in brackets into the future simple.
1. I (know) WILL KNOW the result in a week.
2. You (be) WILL BE in Rome tonight.
3. (You / have) WILL YOU HAVE time to help me tomorrow?
4. (It / (matter) WILL IT MATTER if I don't come home till morning?
5. You (be) WILL BE able to drive after another five lessons.
6. Do you think that he (recognize) WILL RECOGNIZE me?
7. Unless he runs he (not catch) WONT CATCH the train.
8. He (lend) WILL LEND it to you if you ask him.
9. I hope I (find) WILL FIND it.
10. If petrol pump attendants go on strike we (not have) WONT HAVE any petrol.
11. He (believe) WILL BELIEVE whatever you tell him.
12. I (remember) WILL REMEMBER this day all my life.
13. Perhaps he (arrive) WILL ARRIVE in time for lunch.
14. If he works well I (pay) WILOL PAY him $10.
15. I wonder how many of us (still / be) WILL STILL BE here next year.
16. If you think it over you (see) WILL SEE that I am right.
17. If you learn another language you (get) WILL GET a better job.
18. I am sure that you (like) WILL LIKE our new house.
19. Newspaper announcement: The President (drive) WILL DRIVE along the High Street in an open carriage.
20. (He / mind) WILL HE MIND if I bring my dog?
21. You (need) WILL NEED a visa if you are going to Spain.
22. If you open that trapdoor you (see) WILL SEE some steps.
23. You (feel) WILL FEEL better when you've had a meal.
24. He (be) WILL BE offended if you don't invite him.
25. She (have) WILL HAVE $1000 a year when she is twenty-one.
26. If you put any more polish on that floor someone (slip) WILL SLEEP on it.
27. Papers (not be) WILL NOT BE delivered on the Bank Holiday.
28. I hope he (remember) WILL REMEMBER to buy wine.
29. If you leave your roller skates on the path someone (fall) WILL FALL over them.
30. If they fall over them and hurt themselves they (sue) WILL SUE you.
31. Announcement: Mrs Pitt (present) WILL PRESENT the prizes.
32. If you want twenty cigarettes you (have) WILL HAVE to give me more money.
33. Notice: The management (not be) WILL NOT BE responsible for articles left on the seats.
34. If I drop this it (explode) WILL EXPLODE.
35. What (your father / say) WILL YOUR FATHER when he hears about this accident?
He (not say) WILL NOT SAY much but he not (lend) WONT LEND me the car again.

will + infinitive and the be going to form

1. The fire has gone out! ~

So it has. I (go) WILL GO and get some sticks.
2. Did you remember to book seats? ~
Oh no, I forgot. I (telephone) WILL TELEPHONE for them now.
3. He has just been taken to hospital with a broken leg. ~
I'm sorry to hear that. I (send) WILL SEND him some grapes.
4. I've hired a typewriter and I (learn) AM GOING TO LEARN to type.
5. I see that you have got a loom. You (do) ARE YOU GOING TO DO some weaving?
6. I can't understand this letter. ~
I (call) WILL CALL my son. He (translate) WILL TRANSLATE it for you.
7. (You / buy) ARE YOU GOING TO BUY meat? ~
No, I (not eat) AM NOT GOING TO EAT meat any more. I (eat) AM GOING TO EAT vegetables.
8. You've bought a lot of paint. (You / redecorate) ARE YOU GOING TO REDECORATE your kitchen?
9. Why are you getting out the jack? ~
We have a puncture and I (change) AM GOING TO CHANGE the wheel. ~
I (help) WILL HELP you.
10. Look what I've just bought at an auction! ~
What an extraordinary thing! Where (you / put) ARE YOU GOING TO PUT it?
11. Why are you peeling that bit of garlic? ~
I (put) AM GOING TO PUT it in the stew.
12. What (you / do) ARE YOU GOING TO DO when you grow up? ~
I (be) AM GOING TO BE an acrobat in a circus.
13. What are you going to do with that dress?~
I (shorten) AM GOING TO SHORTEN the skirt.
14. Will you lend me your season ticket? ~
No, I (not lend) AM NOT GOING TO LEND it to you. It is against the law.
15. That tree makes the house very dark. ~
Very well, I (cut) WILL CUT it down.
16. I've just enrolled at the local technical college. I (attend) AM GOING TO ATTEND pottery
classes next winter.
17. How do I get from here to London Bridge? ~
I don't know, but I (ask) WILL ASK that policeman.
18. Why are you carrying a corkscrew? ~
I (open) AM GOING TO OPEN a bottle of wine.
19. Why's he putting the camera on a tripod? ~
He (take) IS GOING TO TAKE a group photo.
20. My brother has just returned from America. ~
Oh good, we (ask) WILL ASK him to our next party.
21. Why have you set your alarm to go off at five-thirty? ~
Because I (get) AM GOING TO GET up then. I've got a lot to do.
22. I'm turning this cupboard into a darkroom. I (develop) AM GOING TO DEVELOP my own films.
23. You look frozen. Sit down by the fire and I (make) WILL MAKE you a cup of tea.
24. They've brought a rope and they (tow) ARE GOING TO TOW the car to a garage.
25. I haven't bought any cigarettes because I (give) AM GOING TO GIVE up smoking.
26. I have tried to explain but she doesn't understand English. ~
I (say) WILL SAY it to her in Finnish: perhaps she'll understand that.
27. I've come out without any money. ~
Never mind, I (lend) WILL LEND you some. How much do you want?
28. Do you see that car? They (raffle) ARE GOING TO RAFFLE it for charity.
29. They've hired a bulldozer. They (clear) ARE GOING TO CLEAR away this rubble.
30. Child: I've torn my dress.
Mother: I (mend) WILL MEND it for you.
31. I'm catching the 6.30 train. ~
So am I. I (give) WILL GIVE you a lift to the station.
32. I've bought some blue velvet and I (make) AM GOING TO MAKE curtains for this room.
33. Why are you carrying that saw? ~
I (shorten) AM GOING TO SHORTEN the legs of the dining room table.
34. Why are you taking that big basket? ~
I (buy) AM GOING TO BUY a lot of vegetables.
35. I've planned my future for the next ten years. ~
That is very clever of you. What (you / do) ARE YOU GOING TO DO when you leave the university?
36. Why are you putting that old loaf into a paper bag? ~
I (give) AM GOING TO GIVE it to Mrs Pitt for her hens.
will -i- infinitive and the be going to form

1. (You / open) WILL YOU OPEN the door for me, please? ~
Yes, certainly.
2. (You / do) ARE YOU GOING TO DO the washing-up tonight? ~
No, I think it can wait till tomorrow.
3. I'm looking for my easel. ~
(You / paint) ARE YOU GOING TO PAINY someone's portrait?
4. (You / read) WILL YOU READ this passage aloud, please,' said the examiner.
5. (You / eat) ARE YOU GOING TO EAT any more of this, or shall I tell the waiter to take it away?
6. You aren't wearing your climbing boots. (You / not climb) ARENT YOU GOING TO CLIMB the mountain with the others?
7. (You / listen) WILL YOU LISTEN to me!' said his mother angrily.
8. (You / put) WILOL YOU PUT my car away from me, please? ~
Yes, certainly.
9. (You / have) WILL YOU HAVE another cup of coffee? ~
No, thank you.
10. Why did you buy all these eggs? (You / make) ARE YOU GOING TO MAKE an enormous omelette?
11. There's the phone again. Take no notice. ~
(You / not answer) ARENT YOU GOING TO ANSWER it?
12. (You / come) WILL YOU COME and see me after the class? I want to discuss your work with you.
13. I see that you have ordered the Guardian. (You /really /read) ARE YOU REALLY GOING TO READ it?
14. (You / buy) ARE YOU GOING TO BUY stamps? ~
Yes, I am. ~
Then (you / buy) WILL YOU BUY some for me, please?
15. (You / lend) WILL YOU LEND me your fishing rod? ~
Yes, of course. Where (you / fish) ARE YOU GOING TO FISH?
16. (You / finish) ARE YOU GOING TO FINISH this book or shall I take it back to the library?
17. (You / give) WILL YOU GIVE me 10p, please? ~
Yes, here you are. (You / (make) ARE YOU GOING TO MAKE a telephone call?
18. (You / leave) ARE YOU GOING TO LEAVE that coil of barbed wire in the hall? Someone will fall over it if you do.
19. (You / bath) ARE YOU GOING TO BATH your dog? ~
Yes, (you / help) WILL YOU HELP me?
20. (You / drive) WILL YOU DRIVE, please? I don't like driving at night.
21. (You / ride) ARE YOU GOING TO RIDE that horse? He looks very bad-tempered to me.
22. (You / eat) ARE YOU GOING TO EAT it raw? You will be ill if you do.
23. (You / have) WILL YOU HAVE some of this cake? I made it myself.
24. (You /really / call) ARE YOU REALLY GOING TO CALL the fire brigade? I don't think it is at all necessary.
25. (You / paint) ARE YOU GOING TO PAINT the whole room by yourself? It will take you ages.
26. Hostess: John, (you / sit) WILL YOU SIT here at the end of the table?
27. (You / do) WILL YOU DO something for me? ~
Yes, of course; what is it?
28. (You / be) WILL YOU BE angry if he refuses to help you?
29. Why have you brought your typewriter? (You / work) ARE YOU GOING TO WORK this weekend?
30. (You / call) WSILL YOU CALL me at six? I have to catch an early train.
31. (You / walk) ARE YOU GOING TO WALK there in this rain? You'll get awfully wet.
32. (You / sign) WILL YOU SIGN here, please?
33. What are all those notes for? (You / give) ARE YOU GOING TO GIVE a lecture?
34. Why do you want a candle? (You / (explore) ARE YOU GOING TO EXPLORE the caves?
35. If I catch some fish, (you / cook) WILL YOU COOK them for me?

Conditional sentences: type I

Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses.
1. If I see him I (give) WILL GIVE him a lift.
2. The table will collapse if you (stand) STAND on it.
3. If he (eat) EATS all that he will be ill.
4. If I find your passport I (telephone) WILL TELEPHONE you at once.
5. The police (arrest) WILL ARREST him if they catch him.
6. If he (read) READS in bad light he will ruin his eyes.
7. Someone (steal) WILL STEAL your car if you leave it unlocked.
8. What will happen if my parachute (not open)DOESNT OPEN?
9. If he (wash) WASHES my car I'll give him 10.
10. If she (need) NEEDS a radio she can borrow mine.
11. If you (not go) DONT GO away I'll send for the police.
12. I'll be very angry if he (make) MAKES any more mistakes.
13. If he (be) IS late we'll go without him.
14. She will be absolutely furious if she (hear) HEARS about this.
15. If you put on the kettle I (make) WILOL MAKE the tea.
16. If you give my dog a bone he (bury) WILL BURY it at once.
17. If we leave the car here it (not be) WILL NOT BE in anybody's way.
18. He'll be late for the train if he (not start) DOEESNT START at once.
19. If you come late they (not let) WONT LET you in.
20. If he (go) GOES on telling lies nobody will believe a word he says.
21. Unless he (sell) SELLS more he won't get much commission.
22. If I lend you $10 when (you / repay) WILL YOU REPAY me?
23. We'll have to move upstairs if the river (rise) RISES any higher.
24. If he (work) WORKS hard today can he have a holiday tomorrow?
25. Ice (turn) TURNS (WILL TURN to water if you heat it.
26. If the house (burn) BURNS down we can claim compensation.
27. If you (not like) DONT LIKE this one I'll bring you another.
28. Unless you are more careful you (have) WILL HAVE an accident.
29. Tell him to ring me up if you (see) SEE him.
30. If I tell you a secret, (you / promise) WILL YOU PROMISE not to tell it to anyone else?
31. If you (not believe) DONT BELIEVE what I say, ask your mother.
32. If he (like) LIKES the house will he buy it?
33. If you will kindly sit down I (make) WILL MAKE enquiries for you.
34. Unless I have a quiet room I (not be able) WILL NOT BE ABLE to do any work.
35. She won't open the door unless she (know) KNOWS who it is.
36. Should you require anything else please (ring) RING the bell for the attendant.