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# 1.

00 Tutorial 4
Agenda
? Administrative Issues
? Static Methods and Data Members
? Recursion
? Scope and Access
Quiz 1 & Psets
? Quiz 1 Review - 1.5 hours
? Quiz 1 will cover Lecture 1 to Lecture 11
? Problem set 3 is a difficult one, you have
done great and don?t worry about it too
much. Look forward. ?
? Problem set 4 is due one week after the quiz 1.
Classes and Objects
-A Student Class
? Write a simple Student class with following
attributes, a String variable ?name?, an int variable
?age?.
? Write two constructors
? The first constructor takes one argument ? a String type
argument as the value for ?name?, and assign the ?age?
variable value ?19?.
? The Second constructor takes two arguments - a String
argument as the value for ?name? and a int argument as
the value for ?age?.
? Write a print method to print out the attributes
StudentTest Class
? Write a main class StudentTest
? In the main method,
1. creates 3 student objects by using both
constructors,
2. print out their attributes, and
3. calculate the average age of the students.
Static Data Members
? If you are asked to add static data members
to your student class, what would be your
choice?
? Try to add a studentCount (type int) to
record how many students have been
created.
? What do you need to change in your
constructor accordingly?
Static Methods
? Can you create a static method called
?averageAge? in the Student class that
calculates the average age of two students?
What about an array of students?
? Hint, think about the method title first.
Use of Static Methods and Data
Members
? Now go back to your StudentTest class, in
the main method, change your code so that
it will do following:
1. creates an array of students objects by using
both constructors,
2. print out # of students created
3. calculate the average age of the students by
calling the static method.
Recursion
? Let?s review factorial, fibonacci, and power
functions. What are the base condition for
each case? What are the incremental step
for each case (how does it approach to the
base condition)?
? Draw the recursion diagram for factorial(5),
and fibonacci(5).
Recursion (2)
? Now write a recursion method to find a
minimum number from an array of doubles.
? The method title looks like the following
double findMinimum (double d[])
? Test your method in a main class
Scope and Access (1)
for (int j = 0; j<5; j++)
{
int sum += j;
}
System.out.println(sum);
What?s wrong with the above segment of
code?
Scope and Access (2)
package Package1;
public class A {
public int a;
public A(int i) {a = i;}}
package Package1;
public class B {
int b;
public B(int i) {b=i;}}
package Package1;
public class C {
private int c;
public C(int i) {c = i;}}
If I have following code
somewhere in the same package
(Package1), what line will give
me trouble? What if the
following code is in a different
package?
System.out.println((new A(5)).a);
System.out.println((new
B(5)).b);
System.out.println((new
C(5)).c);
Scope and Access (3)
package Package1;
public class A {
public int a;
public A(int i) {a = i;}}
package Package2;
public class B {
int b;
public B(int i) {b=i;}}
package Package2;
public class C {
private int c;
public C(int i) {c = i;}}
If I have following code
somewhere in the Package2,
what line will give me trouble?
What if the following code is in
Package1?
System.out.println((new A(5)).a);
System.out.println((new
B(5)).b);
System.out.println((new
C(5)).c);