Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 4

A tractor is an engineering vehicle specifically designed to deliver a high tractive effort (or torque) at

slow speeds, for the purposes of hauling a trailer or machinery used in agriculture or construction.
Most commonly, the term is used to describe a farm vehicle that provides the power and traction
to mechanize agricultural tasks, especially (and originally) tillage, but nowadays a great variety of
tasks. Agricultural implements may be towed behind or mounted on the tractor, and the tractor may
also provide a source of power if the implement is mechanised.

A sprayer is a device used to spray a liquid. In agriculture, a sprayer is a piece of equipment


that is used to apply herbicides, pesticides, and fertilizers on agricultural crops.

The modern combine harvester, or simply combine, is a versatile machine designed to efficiently
harvest a variety of grain crops. The name derives from its combining three separate harvesting
operations - reaping, threshing, and winnowing - into a single process. Among the crops harvested
with a combine
are wheat, oats, rye, barley, corn (maize), sorghum, soybeans, flax (linseed), sunflowers and canola.

A cultivator is any of several types of farm implement used for secondary tillage. One sense of the
name refers to frames with the teeth (also called shanks) that pierce the soil as they are dragged
through it linearly. Another sense refers to machines that use rotary motion of disks or teeth to
accomplish a similar result. The rotary tiller is a principle example.
A rotary cutter is a tool generally used by quilters to cut fabric. It consists of a handle with a circular
blade that rotates, thus the tool's name. Rotary cutter blades are very sharp, can be resharpened,
and are available in different sizes: usually smaller blades are used to cut small curves, while larger
blades are used to cut to straight lines and broad curves. Several layers of fabric can be cut
simultaneously with a sharp (fresh) blade, making it easier to cut out patchwork pieces of the same
shape and size than with scissors. Quilters use rotary cutters with specially designed templates and
rulers made of approximately 1/8-inch thick clear or color-tinted plastic.

An all-terrain vehicle (ATV), also known as a quad, quad bike, three-wheeler, four-
wheeler or quadricycle as defined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a vehicle
that travels on low-pressure tires, with a seat that is straddled by the operator, along with handlebars
for steering control. As the name implies, it is designed to handle a wider variety of terrain than most
other vehicles.
In civil engineering, a wheel tractor-scraper is a piece of heavy equipment used for earthmoving.
The rear part of the scraper has a vertically moveable hopper with a sharp horizontal front edge
which can be raised or lowered. The front edge cuts into the soil, like a carpenter's plane cutting
wood, and fills the hopper. When the hopper is full it is raised, closed, and the scraper can transport
its load to the fill area where it is dumped. With a type called an 'elevating scraper' a conveyor belt
moves material from the cutting edge into the hopper.

A planter is a farm implement, usually towed behind a tractor, that sows (plants) seeds in rows
throughout a field.[1] It is connected to the tractor with a drawbar or a three-point hitch. Planters lay
the seeds down in precise manner along rows. Planters vary greatly in size, from 1 row to 48, with
the biggest in the world being the 48-row John Deere DB120. Such larger and newer planters
comprise multiple modules called row units.

A plough (UK) or plow (US; both /pla/) is a tool or farm implement used in farming for
initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting to loosen or turn the soil. Ploughs
were traditionally drawn by working animals such as horses or cattle, but in modern times are drawn
by tractors. A plough may be made of wood, iron, or steel frame with an attached blade or stick used
to cut the earth.
A baler, most often called a hay baler is a piece of farm machinery used to compress a cut and
raked crop (such as hay, cotton, flax straw, salt marsh hay, or silage) into compact bales that are
easy to handle, transport, and store. Often bales are configured to dry and preserve some intrinsic
(e.g. the nutritional) value of the plants bundled. Several different types of balers are commonly
used, each producing a different type of bale rectangular or cylindrical, of various sizes, bound
with twine, strapping, netting, or wire.