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YouYou areare here:here: HomeHome ProjectsProjects AudioAudio ElectronicsElectronics StereoStereo ToneTone
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StereoStereo ToneTone ControlControl

Stereo Tone Control

StereoStereo ToneTone ControlControl Stereo Tone Control bass, existing If you but have stage also an on

bass, existing If you but have stage also an on with audio mid this preamplifier tones. stylish The 3-way circuit whose stereo is "tone able tone to control" cut control or boost does circuit not bass, fully which mid, satisfy and can treble act you, not you as only much may on as replace treble ±20 and db. the

The 3-way tone control circuit, is basically a real miniature equalizer which uses just three filters:

- A low-pass filter with a cutoff frequency of about 300 Hz for the low frequencies

- A bandpass filter, centered between 300 and 3000 Hz for the middle frequencies

- A high-pass filter with a cutoff frequency of about 3,000 Hz for the high frequencies.

The channel, the TL081 circuit respectively. and is a TL082, stereo equalizer, that Each exhibit audio so, channel excellent it has uses separate quality. five tone (5) FET controls input for type the operational Right R) and amplifiers. the Left Those (L) audio are

The electronic circuit

Left The is essential electronic (L) audio to channels circuit use perfectly of are the the Stereo identical same, Tone only components Control one audio is presented channel in both is audio on shown figure channels; on 1. figure Since otherwise 1. the In Right a stereo the (R) circuit, 2 and audio the it channels will have different audio responses.

audio the it channels will have different audio responses. Figure 1. The electronic schematic of the

Figure 1. The electronic schematic of the Stereo Tone Control

identical amplifiers Note: The op-amps; that only are difference op-amp present between A within and B, the the respectively. integrated two channels circuits. For the of this A- TL082 amplifier, tone is control a dual pins op-amp, circuit 2 and 3 is are so, on the it the contains inputs, use of and two the Right pin-3 audio is the channel, output. As pin for numbering the B-amplifier, on the PCB pins is 5 exactly and 6 are the the same inputs, as in and the pin circuit 7 is diagram, the output. i.e. For IC1 the / B is high-pass is actually not used filter. the as input the In input contrary, stage, stage, IC1 for / but the A is as Left the the audio low-pass low-pass channel, filter, filter, op-amps IC2 IC1 / A / is A are the serves used bandpass as on the a reverse filter input and stage, manner: IC2 IC2 / B IC1 is / A the / is B the high-pass filter, and IC2 / B is the band-pass for mid-tone. These just place differences all components are not essential on the PCB for by the following assembly, the since assembly the only instructions. thing you’ll However, have to these do carefully differences is to are essential for someone who will try to check the circuit by using an oscilloscope.

resistor an Returning input R1, buffer to to our the with electrical inverting unity gain. diagram, input In (pin fact, we 6) note on of its the that output differential the (pin input 7), amplifier signal the audio is applied, IC1 signal / B, via which will the have is capacitor used exactly exclusively C1 the and same the as amplitude pass and high-pass, with that of based the input on IC1 signal. / A, IC2 Then, / A, the and signal IC2 / is B, applied respectively on the . three All filters filters; are low-pass, of unitary band- gain, and each one of them isolates a specific frequency band. In 300 practice, Hz. The the output output from from IC2 IC1 / A / will A will contain contain all all frequencies the signal between components 300 and that 3000 have Hz frequencies and the output below from IC2 / B will contain frequencies that are higher than 3000 Hz.

and that 3000 have Hz frequencies and the output below from IC2 / B will contain
Figure 2. The Printed Circuit Board of the Stereo Tone Control Each R18). filter Each
Figure 2. The Printed Circuit Board of the Stereo Tone Control Each R18). filter Each
Figure 2. The Printed Circuit Board of the Stereo Tone Control Each R18). filter Each

Figure 2. The Printed Circuit Board of the Stereo Tone Control Each R18). filter Each has potentiometer unity gain and acts its as output an adjustable is grounded attenuator. through We a logarithmic have chose potentiometer the values of (see R7, R6, R13 R12, and R19, does attenuation in not such undergo of a about way any that 40 attenuation, by dB. turning a but potentiometer while rotating towards it towards its maximum, its minimum, the signal the signal taken undergoes from its wiper an

is applied respectively, Both used signals as to the a summing from to non-inverting the the inverting amplifier low-pass input input and filter (pin (pin mixes and 3) 2) of the the of IC3 IC3 high signals through (TL081). pass coming filter a voltage The from are output then divider the signal three applied consisting filters. from via the resistors It of also band-pass R14 provides and R8 and R15. filter, some R20, IC3 is this amplification condition of the about signal 20 of dB, the therefore corresponding if a potentiometer filter has the is rotated same amplitude toward its with maximum, its input, knowing it is obvious that in potentiometer be that equal at the to output about is rotated 20 of the dB, to tone that its attenuation control idle position, the corresponding will and be in completely this case signal the compensated will attenuation be amplified by introduced the by gain about of by the 20 the dB. summing filter If will the amplifier the input. (which is also equal to 20 dB), and the output signal will have the same amplitude which had at

Finally, the gain if of a potentiometer the mixer (that is rotated is, 20 towards dB) will its fail minimum, to completely the filter compensate attenuation the will attenuation be about 40 dB, for and the corresponding about 20 dB (in filter, fact 40-20 and the = 20 output dB. signal for the corresponding frequency band will be attenuated to

amplifier, contains To complete only and a the is single perfectly description operational equivalent of the amplifier, electronic to uA772, and it circuit, TL072 matches and we TL071 LF353 must and say (that LF351. that are TL082 dual op-amps, is a dual too) operational . TL081

50mA. signal The whole amplitude The circuit input at can needs the be output, as to high be supplied may as 2 be V as p/p. from much A a much dual high voltage stronger as 20Vp/p. of signal ±15 will volt. cause Current significant consumption distortion. is about The

How to build the Stereo Tone Control circuit The designed circuit to can accommodate be built on the the printed Stereo Tone circuit Control board circuit. of figure Anyone 2. This who is a wishes single-sided to build board, a “mono” especially tone control, one audio may channel). use the same PCB, and mount on it only half of the components (those that only need for

with also All resistors be respect of low used to tolerance. their in this correct project Use polarity. electrolytics, are of 1/4watt only type, if necessary and they and have remember a tolerance to of place 5%. them Capacitors on the must PCB Please IC1, and note the that other the one PCB is has in the two center, jumpers next (see to Figure IC2. Both 3). One jumpers jumper are is made in the from lower a copper right corner, wire. Placing next to the given components by the assembly on the guide PCB of and figure building 3. the circuit is easy enough, if you follow to the instructions

circuit is easy enough, if you follow to the instructions Figure 3. Assembly instructions for the

Figure 3. Assembly instructions for the Stereo Tone Control

the the We also potentiometers, 6 potentiometers, recommend you to otherwise you, may to use use the sliding shielded circuit ones may cables than pick rotary for up inputs electromagnetic ones and indicated outputs, here. noise as well from for nearby the connections circuits. For of It may is better be placed to use inside sockets a grounded for the ICs, metal and not box, to to solder be completely them directly shielded, on the PCB. and Ideally, the cases the of circuit the potentiometers may be also grounded to the metal box.

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