Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 7

593.

3
.. , ..



-
,

.



.

.

, , ,

O.G. Osiaev, R.A. Neydorf

MODEL TO ANALYZE THE TECHNICAL CONDITION


OF MULTILAYER STRUCTURE

Based on the original ratio of nonlinear elasticity theory and the theory
of layered membranes mathematical model 3D deflected bearing structures
airframe, change the properties of materials during operation. For each layer
is considered tough problem statement from functions all parameters in
trigonometric Fourier series and finite difference time in perfect thermal and
mechanical
contact layers. Algorithm solving analysis technical condition of the
construction of changing external loads.

Multi-layer shell, bearing structure, mathematical model, three-


dimensional equation of motion


,
,

. : ,
,
.
.

86

, -,
-
.

.
, ..
.
, ,
.
.

, ,

.
= { 13 , 23 , 33 , u1 , u2 , u3 },

- ()
-
.

,
, [1] ,
13 , 23 , 33 .
,
= { 13 , 23 , 33 , u1 , u2 , u3 },
,
.
, -
, ,
[2],
. ,
x1 , x 2 , x3 .
:
1) :
1 1
[11(1+ 11 )2 3]+11( 12+ 3) 1 3 + 11( 13 2) 1 2 +
x1 2 x 2 2 x3
1 2 1
[ 22( 12 3)13] 22(1 + 22) 3 + [ 12 ( 12 3) 2 3 ] +
x 2 2 x1 x1 2
2 1 1
+ [ 12(1 +11 )1 3 ] + 12(1 + 22) 3 12 ( 12 + 3) 3 +
x 2 x1 2 x2
1 1 3
+12 ( 23 + 1) 1 2 + (13 1 2) + 13 2 33 2
2 x3 x3 x3 x1 (1

2U 1
+ (F1 ) 1 2 3 = 0;
t 2 2)

87
1 1
[ 11( 13 2)2 3] 11 (1+ 11) 1 2 + [ 22 ( 23 + 1)1 3 ]
x1 2 x3 x 2 2
2 1 1
22 (1+ 22) 1+ [ 12( 23 + 1)2 3] + [ 12 ( 13 2)1 3]
x3 x1 2 x 2 2
1 1 2
12( 12 3) 1 2 12 ( 12 + 3) 1 + (1323) +
2 x3 2 x3 x1
3 2U 3
+13 2 + (23 13)+ 23 3 1 + (F3 )1 2 3 = 0; (1)
x1 x 2 x 2 t 2
2) :
1 2
11 = 11 + [ 11
1 1
+ ( 12 + 3 )2 + ( 13 + 2 )2]; (1

2 2 2 2)
1 1 1 1
12 = 12 + 11( 12 + 3 ) + 22( 12 + 3 ) + ( 13 + 2 ) ( 23 + 1
2 2 2 2
);
33 = 33 ; 13 = 13 ; 23 = 23 , (2)

1 u 3 1 H1 1 H1 (1

11 = + u2 + u3;
H 1 x1 H1H 2 x2 H 1 H 3 x3 2,3)
1 (1
21 + [ ( H 3 u3 ) ( H 3 u3 )].
(3)
H1H 3 x 2 x3 2,3)
3) ( ):
11 = 11 11 + 12 22 + 13 33 + 16 12 ;
(1
12 = 16 11 + 26 22 + 36 33 + 66 12 ;
2,3)
13 = 45 23 + 56 13 . (4)
(1) - (4) :
1 = 1 :
1
11 (1 + 11) + 12 ( 12 + 3) = 11 ;
2
1
11 ( 12 + 3) + 12 (1 + 22) = 12 ;
2
1 1
11 ( 13 + 2) + 12 ( 23 + 1) + 13 = 13 ;
2 2

u1 = u 1 , u2 = u 2 , u3 = u 3 , (1 2 ); (5)

3 = 3 ;
13 = 13 ; 23 = 23 ; 33 = 33

; u1 = u1 ; u2 = u2 ; u3 = u3;
,
3 = 3, : 13, = 13,+1 ; 23, = 23,+1; 13, = 33,+1;
u13, = u13,+1 ; u2, = u2,+1 ; u3, = u3,+1, (1 2 ); (6)
:

1
11 (1 + 11) + 12 ( 12 + 3) = 11 ;
2
1
11 ( 12 + 3) + 12 (1 + 22) = 12 ; (1
2 );
2 (7)

88
u1 = u1 u1 u1

, t1 = t1 ; (1 2,3 ) (8)
t =0 t=0
(1) - (8) (11, 33), (11,, 33), (u1, u2, u3 ), (F1 , F2, F3 ), ( 11, 66),
, , , , ,
, , 1, 2, 3 .
(1) (3), (5) [1]
, 13, 23, 33
.
, ,
. ,
-
.

= 0 + (t),
{ }
= (11 , 12 , 13 , 22 , 23 , 33 ), (11 , 12 , 13 , 22 , 23 , 33 ), ( u 1 , u 2 , u 3 ) ,
(9)

0 ; (t)
,
.
(9) (1) - (8) ,
, -
, , ,
, .
, ,
, , ,
. ,
,
= { 13 , 23 ,
33 , u1 , u 2 , u 3 }, , [2],
:
13 1 H2 u 1 1 1
= L1 [ 11,0 ( 1 + u2 + u3)]
x3 H 1 H 2 x1 H 1 x1 H 2 x 2 x3
1 1 u 1 1 u 1
22,0 ( 1 u1 + 2
1
2 ) 2 11,0 ( 3 u1 ) +
H1 H 2 x 2 x 2 x1 H 2 H 1 x3 x1 x3
1 2 u 1 2 2 1 u 1 1
+ 2 11,0 ( 2 + u1 + [12,0( 2 +
H1 H 2 x1 x 2 H 1 x1 x3 H 1 H 2 x2 x1 H 2 x 2
1 1 2 u 1 1 1 1 u 1
u2 + u3)]+ 2 12,0 ( 2 u1 ) 12,0( 2
x3 H1 H 2 x1 x1 H 2 x 2 H 1 H 2 x 2
2
x 2 H 1
2 2 1 1 u 2 1 1 u 1
u1 + u3 + 12,0( 3 u3) 12,0( 2
x1 x3 H 1 H 2 x3 x2 x3 H 1 H 2 x 2
2
x 2 H 1
2 2 1 1 u 2
u1 + u3 + 12,0( 3 u3)
x1 x3 H 1 H 2 x3 x2 x3 (1
2);

89
33 1 1 u 1 1 1 1 H2 u
= L3 + 2 11,0 ( 1 + + u3 [ 11,0 ( 3 1
x3 H 1 x3 x1 H 2 x 2 x3 H 1 H 2 x1 H 1 x1 x3
1 2 u 1 2 2 1 H1
u1)] + + 2 22,0 ( 2 + u1 + u3 ) [ 22,0
H 2 x3 x 2 H 2 x1 x3 H 1 H 2 x2 H 2
2 u 1 1 u 1 2 1 2 u 1
( u2 + 3 )] + + 12,0 ( 1 u2) + 12,0 ( 2
x3 x2 H 1 H 2 x3 x2 H 1 x1 H 1 H 2 x3 x1 H2
1 1 u 2 1 1 u3 1
u1) [12,0 ( 3 u2)] [12,0 ( u3)];
x 2 H 1 H 2 x1 x2 x3 H 1 H 2 x2 H 1 x1 x3
u1 u u
= L4 ; 2 = L5 ; 3 = L6 .
x3 x3 x3 (10)
Li , ii = 1,..., 6 , (4) [3];
11,0 , 12,0 , 22,0 , .
11 , 12 , 22
:
u 1 u 2
22 = 1,11 1 + 2,11 ( + u3) + 33( a13 1,11 a23 2,11) + 2,11T;
x1 x3 x 2
1 u1 u
12 = 3,12 ( + 2 ); (11)
x3 x 2 x1
u 1 u 2
22 = 1,22 1 + 2,22 ( + u3) + 33 ( a13 1,22 a23 2,22) + 2,22T.
x1 x3 x 2
(11) -
:
a a a a a a a a a a a122
1,11= 22 66 ; 2,11= 12 66 ; 1,22= 12 66 ; 2,22= 11 66 ; 3,12= 11 22 ;

= ( a11a22 a 12 2
) a66 ; 2,11 = 11 1,11 22 2,11 ; 2,22 = 11 1,22 22 2,22,
1 1 (12)
a11 = ; a12 = 21 ; a13 = 31 ; a23 = 32 ; a33 = ;
E11 E 22 E 33 E 33 E33
a44 = 1 ; a55= 1 ; a66 = 1 ;
G 23 G13 G12
-
, (10), (11).
(11) - (12) (11, 22 ,33), ( 11, 22, 33) ,
, 1, 2,
3;
(G12, G13, G23), ( 12, 13, 23) .

,

:
{u1 , 13 , 13 } = {u1, m n , 1 3 , m n , 13 , m n } co s m x1 co s n x 2 ;

m =1 n = 0 l

m
{u 2 , 23 , 23

}= {u 2,mn , 23, mn , 23,

m n } sin
l
x1 sin nx 2 ; (13)
m =1 n = 0

m
{u3 , 33 , 33 } = {u3,mn , 33,mn , 33, mn } sin l
x1 cos nx2 ,
m =1 n = 0

90

2 2( t s ) 5( t s 1 ) + 4( t s 2 ) ( t s 3 ) ; 3( t s ) 4( t s 1 ) + ( t s 2 ) (14)
= = .
t 2 2 t 2


m n
.
,
,
11 , 12 , 22 , 13 , 23 , 33 ,

.
- ,
, .
.
1. :
) - :
(11, 22, 33, G12, G13, G23, 12 , 13 , 23 , , Cp)k, ( 11 , 22 , 33 )k;
) (, R , R+ , hk).
2.
: ij, Aij, mij, nij.
3. , :
m
13 , m23 , 33
m
, u 1 , u 2 , u 3 , T
4. :
m m m
13 , mn , 23, mn , 33, mn , u 1, mn , u 2 , mn , u 3, mn , T mn

11, 22, 33, G 12, G 13, G 23 , ij , Aij ,


12 , 13 , 23 , 11 , 22 , 33 , k mij , n ij
, R , R+ , hk



m
13 , m23 , 33
m
, u 1 ,
u 2 , u 3 , T


13 , mn , 23 , mn , 33 , mn ,
u 1 , mn , u 2 , mn , u 3 , mn
m m m
13 , mn , 23 , mn , 33 , mn ,u 1 , mn ,u 2 , mn ,u 3 , mn ,T mn

, m0 , n0 13, 23, 33 , u1,


H k, H k u2, u3, 11, 12, 22

91
5. , ,
m n (m = 1 m0, n = 0 n0),
, -.
6.
, :
13,mn , 23,mn , 33,mn , u 1, mn , u 2, mn , u 3, mn , (m = 1 m0 , n = 1 n0).
7. 13, 23, 33,
u1, u2, u3, 11, 12, 22, .
,


- -
.


1. .. . .: , 1984. 212 .
2. .. /
.. , .. , .. . : , 1985. 190 .
3. ..
/ .. // .
. 1985. 3. .7-12.


, ,


, ,


11.10.10, 27.10.10

92