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2015
721
38.58
29
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, 2015. 160 .

ISBN 978-5-98222-872-7


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721
38.58
29
ISBN 978-5-98222-872-7 .., 2015

.............................................................................................................. 5

1. ....... 9

1.1 ......................................................... 9
1.2 ........................................ 12

2. ................ 25

2.1 ....................... 25
2.2 ........ 33
2.3 ........ 49

3.
...................................................................................................... 58

3.1
ArchiCAD Patran................................ 58
3.2
ArchiCAD Patran................................ 66

4. ................................ 74

4.1 74
4.2 ......... 82
4.3 ......... 94

5. ..... 103

5.1 ......................................... 103


5.2
..................................................................... 115

3
5.3 ................ 124
5.4
................................................................... 128

6. ................................ 133

6.1 .. 133
6.2 .. 138
6.3 ................................ 144
6.4
............................................................................................. 148

....................................................................................... 154


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35
ArchiCAD
Patran (
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2.2.3


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4 2.1

2.1
1.0
pen E

!tr 1-2-3
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[1],r*y[1],r*z[1],0,
r*x[2],r*y[2],r*z[2],0,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0

!tr 1-2-3 2 3

36
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[1],r*y[1],r*z[1],0,
-r*x[2],r*y[2],r*z[2],15,
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0

!tr 1-3- (-3)


slab_ 3,c,
r*x[1],r*y[1],r*z[1],0,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0,
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0

!tr 4-3- (-3)


slab_ 3,c,
r*x[4],r*y[4],r*z[4],0,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],15,
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0

if nv=1 goto 455


! ============== nv=2

!shest 3-6-7-(-7)-(-6)-(-3)
slab 6,c,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],
r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],
r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
-r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
-r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3]

if nv=2 goto 455

!=================================== nv=3

!shest 3-6-7-(-7)-(-6)-(-3)
slab 6,c,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],
r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],

37
r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
-r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
-r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3]

if nv=3 goto 455

!============== nv=4
!tr 3-6-7-(-7)-(-6)-(-3)
slab 6,c,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],
r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],
r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
-r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
-r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3]

if nv=4 then 455

-
.
2.2.

2.2
2.1
pen E
if nv=1 then goto 2501
if nv=2 then goto 2502
if nv=3 then goto 2503
if nv=4 then goto 2504
if nv=5 then goto 2505
if nv=6 then goto 2506
if nv=7 then goto 2507
if nv=8 then goto 2508
if nv=9 then goto 2509
if nv=10 then goto 2510

38
if nv=11 then goto 2511
if nv=12 then goto 2512

2501:
!tr 1-2-3
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[1],r*y[1],r*z[1],0,
r*x[2],r*y[2],r*z[2],0,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0

!tr 1-2-3 2 3
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[1],r*y[1],r*z[1],0,
-r*x[2],r*y[2],r*z[2],15,
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0

!tr 1-3- (-3)


slab_ 3,c,
r*x[1],r*y[1],r*z[1],0,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0,
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0

!tr 4-3- (-3)


slab_ 3,c,
r*x[4],r*y[4],r*z[4],0,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],15,
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0

if nv=1 goto 455


! ============== nv=2

2502:
!shest 3-6-7-(-7)-(-6)-(-3)
slab 6,c,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],
r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],
r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],

39
-r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
-r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3]

if nv=2 goto 455

!=================================== nv=3

2503:
!shest 3-6-7-(-7)-(-6)-(-3)
slab 6,c,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],
r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],
r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
-r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
-r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3]

if nv=3 goto 455

!============== nv=4

2504:
!tr 3-6-7-(-7)-(-6)-(-3)
slab 6,c,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],
r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],
r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
-r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
-r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3]

if nv=4 then 455

! - , slab n, h, x1, y1, z1, , xN, yN, ZN -


(n , h , x1, y1, z1 ).

40

( 2.1) -
. , -
(. . 2.2, 2.1)
, -
,
(. 2.3 . 3).
. 2.2

N - 2.1 2.5

41


(. 2.3 4.).

2.3
2.5

!=================================== nv=3
2503:
!shest 3-6-7-(-7)-(-6)-(-3)
slab 6,c,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],
r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],
r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
-r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
-r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3]

!shest 7-12-13-(-13)-(-12)-(-7)
slab 6,c,
r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
r*x[12],r*y[12],r*z[12],
r*x[13],r*y[13],r*z[13],
-r*x[13],r*y[13],r*z[13],
-r*x[12],r*y[12],r*z[12],
-r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7]

!shest 6-7-12-10
slab_ 4,c,
r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],0,
r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],15,
r*x[12],r*y[12],r*z[12],0,
r*x[10],r*y[10],r*z[10],15

!shest 6-7-12-10

42
slab_ 4,c,
-r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],0,
-r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],15,
-r*x[12],r*y[12],r*z[12],0,
-r*x[10],r*y[10],r*z[10],15

!!tr ?18 14-13-(-13),


slab_ 3,c,
r*x[14],r*y[14],r*z[14],0,
r*x[13],r*y[13],r*z[13],0,
-r*x[13],r*y[13],r*z[13],0
!goto 1971
!tr 1-2-3
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[1],r*y[1],r*z[1],0,
r*x[2],r*y[2],r*z[2],0,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0

!tr 1-2-3 2 3
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[1],r*y[1],r*z[1],0,
-r*x[2],r*y[2],r*z[2],0,
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0

!tr 1-3- (-3)


slab_ 3,c,
r*x[1],r*y[1],r*z[1],0,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0,
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0
1971:
!tr 3-6-5
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0,
r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],0,
r*x[5],r*y[5],r*z[5],0
!tr 3-6-5
slab_ 3,c,

43
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0,
-r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],0,
-r*x[5],r*y[5],r*z[5],0
!tr10-6-5
slab_ 3,c,
-r*x[10],r*y[10],r*z[10],0,
-r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],0,
-r*x[5],r*y[5],r*z[5],0
!tr10-6-5
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[10],r*y[10],r*z[10],0,
r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],0,
r*x[5],r*y[5],r*z[5],0

!tr10-9-5
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[10],r*y[10],r*z[10],0,
r*x[9],r*y[9],r*z[9],0,
r*x[5],r*y[5],r*z[5],0
!tr10-9-5
slab_ 3,c,
-r*x[10],r*y[10],r*z[10],15,
-r*x[9],r*y[9],r*z[9],0,
-r*x[5],r*y[5],r*z[5],0
!tr 2-3-5
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[2],r*y[2],r*z[2],15,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0,
r*x[5],r*y[5],r*z[5],0

!tr 2-3-5
slab_ 3,c,
-r*x[2],r*y[2],r*z[2],0,
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0,
-r*x[5],r*y[5],r*z[5],0

if nv=3 goto 455

44
!============== nv=4
2504:
!tr 3-6-7-(-7)-(-6)-(-3)
slab 6,c,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],
r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],
r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
-r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
-r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3]
!tr 7-12-13-(-13)-(-12)-(-7)
slab 6,c,
r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
r*x[12],r*y[12],r*z[12],
r*x[13],r*y[13],r*z[13],
-r*x[13],r*y[13],r*z[13],
-r*x[12],r*y[12],r*z[12],
-r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7]
!tr 13-19-20-(-20)-(-19)-(-13)
slab 6,c,
r*x[13],r*y[13],r*z[13],
r*x[19],r*y[19],r*z[19],
r*x[20],r*y[20],r*z[20],
-r*x[20],r*y[20],r*z[20],
-r*x[19],r*y[19],r*z[19],
-r*x[13],r*y[13],r*z[13]
!tr 6-7-12-17-16-10
slab 6,c,
r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],
r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
r*x[12],r*y[12],r*z[12],
r*x[17],r*y[17],r*z[17],
r*x[16],r*y[16],r*z[16],
r*x[10],r*y[10],r*z[10]
!tr 6-7-12-17-16-10
slab 6,c,
-r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],

45
-r*x[7],r*y[7],r*z[7],
-r*x[12],r*y[12],r*z[12],
-r*x[17],r*y[17],r*z[17],
-r*x[16],r*y[16],r*z[16],
-r*x[10],r*y[10],r*z[10]
!tr 12-13-19-17
slab_ 4,c,
r*x[12],r*y[12],r*z[12],15,
r*x[13],r*y[13],r*z[13],15,
r*x[19],r*y[19],r*z[19],0,
r*x[17],r*y[17],r*z[17],15
!tr 12-13-19-17
slab_ 4,c,
-r*x[12],r*y[12],r*z[12],15,
-r*x[13],r*y[13],r*z[13],15,
-r*x[19],r*y[19],r*z[19],0,
-r*x[17],r*y[17],r*z[17],15
!!tr ?30 21-20-(-20),
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[21],r*y[21],r*z[21],0,
r*x[20],r*y[20],r*z[20],15,
-r*x[20],r*y[20],r*z[20],0
!tr 1-2-3
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[1],r*y[1],r*z[1],0,
r*x[2],r*y[2],r*z[2],15,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0
!tr 1-2-3 2 3
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[1],r*y[1],r*z[1],0,
-r*x[2],r*y[2],r*z[2],0,
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0
!tr 10-16-15
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[10],r*y[10],r*z[10],0,
r*x[16],r*y[16],r*z[16],0,
r*x[15],r*y[15],r*z[15],0

46
!tr 10-16-15
slab_ 3,c,
-r*x[10],r*y[10],r*z[10],0,
-r*x[16],r*y[16],r*z[16],0,
-r*x[15],r*y[15],r*z[15],0
!tr 1-3- (-3)
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[1],r*y[1],r*z[1],0,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0,
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0
!tr 10-9-15
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[10],r*y[10],r*z[10],15,
r*x[9],r*y[9],r*z[9],0,
r*x[15],r*y[15],r*z[15],0
!tr 10-9-15
slab_ 3,c,
-r*x[10],r*y[10],r*z[10],15,
-r*x[9],r*y[9],r*z[9],0,
-r*x[15],r*y[15],r*z[15],0

!
!tr 3-6-5
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0,
r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],0,
r*x[5],r*y[5],r*z[5],0
!tr 3-6-5
slab_ 3,c,
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0,
-r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],0,
-r*x[5],r*y[5],r*z[5],0

!tr 2-3-5
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[2],r*y[2],r*z[2],15,
r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0,

47
r*x[5],r*y[5],r*z[5],0

!tr 2-3-5
slab_ 3,c,
-r*x[2],r*y[2],r*z[2],0,
-r*x[3],r*y[3],r*z[3],0,
-r*x[5],r*y[5],r*z[5],0

!tr10-6-5
slab_ 3,c,
-r*x[10],r*y[10],r*z[10],0,
-r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],0,
-r*x[5],r*y[5],r*z[5],0

!tr10-6-5
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[10],r*y[10],r*z[10],0,
r*x[6],r*y[6],r*z[6],0,
r*x[5],r*y[5],r*z[5],0

!tr10-9-5
slab_ 3,c,
r*x[10],r*y[10],r*z[10],0,
r*x[9],r*y[9],r*z[9],0,
r*x[5],r*y[5],r*z[5],0
!tr10-9-5
slab_ 3,c,
-r*x[10],r*y[10],r*z[10],15,
-r*x[9],r*y[9],r*z[9],0,
-r*x[5],r*y[5],r*z[5],0

if nv=4 then 455


2.5.gsm
. -
(. . 2.2, 2.5).
48

(.5, . 6, ).

2.2.4


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2.3

2.3.1

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51
. 2.3

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Translator 3

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lin_ - GDL, -
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LIN .(lin x1, y1, z1, x2, y2, z2, xN, yN, zN -

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lin_(d+r)*x[8],(d+r)*y[8],(d+r)*z[8],
(d+r)*x[9],(d+r)*y[9],(d+r)*z[9]
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52
slab 4,c,
(d+r)*x[8],(d+r)*y[8],(d+r)*z[8],
(d+r)*x[8]+dl,(d+r)*y[8],(d+r)*z[8],
(d+r)*x[9]+dl,(d+r)*y[9],(d+r)*z[9],
(d+r)*x[9],(d+r)*y[9],(d+r)*z[9]


Visual Basic Translator 3,
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2 : filein
ArchiCAD GDL,
fileout ArchiCAD.
3 0 . 4 -
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53
1 3
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Y2 20

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slab lin_( , -
). 17
54
slab lin_( ,
). 18
1. 19 (filein, fileout).
2.4

Y0 FileOpen(1, fillin, OpenMode.Input)
FileOpen(2, fillout, OpenMode.Output)
Y1 PrintLine(2, "!slab 4,c,")
PrintLine(2, "!" + P1)
PrintLine(2, "!" + si0 + "," + si1)
PrintLine(2, "!" + si2 + "," + si3 + ",")
PrintLine(2, "!" + stri2)
Y2 PrintLine(2, "slab 4,c,") ,
PrintLine(2, P1)
PrintLine(2, si0 + "," + strt1 + "+dl" + "," + si4)
PrintLine(2, si2 + "," + strt2 + "+dl" + "," + si5 + ",")
PrintLine(2, stri2)
Y3 PrintLine(2, "slab 4,c,") ,
PrintLine(2, P1) -
PrintLine(2, si0 + "," + strt1 + "+dl" + "," + si4)
PrintLine(2, si2 + "," + strt2 + "+dl" + "," + si5 + ",")
PrintLine(2, stri2)
Y4 PrintLine(2, "slab 4,c,") ,
PrintLine(2, P1)
PrintLine(2, si0 + "+dl" + "," + si1)
PrintLine(2, si2 + "+dl" + "," + si3 + ",")
PrintLine(2, stri2)
Y5 PrintLine(2, "slab 4,c,") , -
PrintLine(2, P1)
PrintLine(2, si0 + "+dl" + "," + si1)
PrintLine(2, si2 + "+dl" + "," + si3 + ",")
PrintLine(2, stri2)
Y6 PrintLine(2, stri1)
lin_
Y7 FileClose(1)
FileClose(2)

55
2.12
Translator3.

2.12. Translator 3

, -
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ArchiCAD. ArchiCAD
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.
,
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.txt, .
Translator 3.

.
, .
Translate. -
56
.txt -
. -

.

1.5.gsm
(. . 2.5, ArchiCAD). -
ArchiCAD Patran -
, -
. (. . 2.5, Patran).
. 2.5

N - ArchiCAD Patran

4

2.3.5


ArchiCAD Patran -
. -
Translator 3 -
. (
1.5.gsm).

57
3.

3.1
ArchiCAD Patran

, -

( ), .

, .
-
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. (1952.). -

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CAD CAE (IGES, STEP). , STEP
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SMLIB OPENCASCADE [31, 32, 42].
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ArchiCAD Patran/Nastran -
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59
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ArchiCAD ( ArchiCAD obj ), , -
Patran ( Translator ses ), -
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Framework.
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OBJ, ..
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Patran.
OBJ ,
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X, Y, Z
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Patran Command Language (PCL), -
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60

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trace_obj file_name// ,
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g bibl_name
61
usemtl mater_name
BD/D;B// -

CE/E;C//
v X1 Y1 Z1 //
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vt X2 Y2//
vt X3 Y3
f i1/i1 i2/i2 i3/i3//
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62
1 2 1
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Y0


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Y5

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Y1 Square


19
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Y2
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21
Y7

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eopt 2
22
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LineInput
23
Y8

11
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24 Y9

12 Y3 25

. 3.2. - translator v 1

63
3.1.

Y0 L=0,DIM X(),Y(),Z() -
OPEN F1 For INPUT AS #1
I=0
Y1 L++
Y2 REDIM X(L),Y(L),Z(L) -
CLOSE #1
OPEN F1 FOR INPUT AS #1
Y3 I++
X(I)=X,Y(I)=Y,Z(I)=Z
Y4 OPEN F2 FOR OUTPUT AS #2
Y5 PRINT Create Point_3, 3 , 3 , -
Create Curve_3 , ,
Create Surface_1
Delete Point_3
Delete Curve_3
Y6 PRINT Create Point_4, 4 , 4 , -
Create Curve_4 , ,
Create Surface_1
Delete Point_4
Delete Curve_4
Y7 PRINT Create Point_5, 5 , 5 , -
Create Curve_5 , ,
Create Surface_1
Delete Point_5
Delete Curve_5
Y8 PRINT Create Point_6, 6 , 6 , -
Create Curve_6 , ,
Create Surface_1
Delete Point_6
Delete Curve_6
Y9 CLOSE #1CLOSE #2

( 8). ( 9),
. ( 10). -
( 11) ,
( 12).

( 13).
( 14), (
24). ,
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64
( 17).
( 18), -
( 19).
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( 24).

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Patran Command Language .

. 3.1 translator v 1

65
)

) )

. 3.3; ) ArchiCAD, ) -
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3.2
ArchiCAD Patran

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66
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67
CADLook, 3D Shop ModelScan;
4) 3D
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,
IGEStoSTEPConverter;
5)
3D . -
SMLIB OPENCASCADE
[31, 32, 42].
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68
,
OBJ, .. , -
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:
1) , -
ArchiCAD (.plnobj);
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69
-
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Y9 , (. . 3.2).
3.2

Y0 L=0.Dim X(),Y(),Z() -
Open F1 FOR INPUT AS #1
I=0
Y1 L++
Y2 REDIM X(L),Y(L),Z(L)
CLOSE #1 I=0
OPEN F1 FOR INPUT AS #1
Y3 I++
X(I)=X,Y(I)=Y,Z(I)=Z
Y4 OPEN F2 FOR OUTPUT AS#2
G1=FALSE G2=FALSE
Y5 G1=TRUE
Y6 PRINT Poligon , , -
Create Point , , -
Create Curve
Create Surface
Delete Point
Delete Curve
Y7 PRINT Line 2 , , -
Create Point 2
Create Curve
Delete Point 2
Y8 G2=TRUE
Y9 CLOSE #1
CLOSE #2

-
( 2 . . 3.5).
.
, ( 3),
( 4), (
5), ( 6).

70
. 3.4 translator v 2


( 7). .
,
( 8). ( 9).
( 10) , -
( 11).

( 12).
( 13), (
26). ( 14).
, -
( 16). ,
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71
1 2

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G2=True
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Y3

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. 3.5. - Translator v.2.0

72
)

)
)

. 3.6 ) ArchiCAD,) -
OBJ ( DeepExplora-
tionEvaluation), ) Patran

( 18). -
( 19), ( 20).
, -
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( 22, 23).

( 25). -
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73
4.
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74
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75
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[17] ArchiCAD, -
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76
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MSCSoftware. -
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ArchiCAD -
.
ArchiCAD Patran/Nastran 2007 . [22, 9, 8]

[11]. Patran / MSCSoftware, -

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Visual Basic, -
Microsoft Net Framework.
,
OBJ, .. , -
Patran, -
Patran.
:
-
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[6] , -
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GeoTran (ArchiCAD/Patran/Nastran )
[3] -
, -

77
. -
, -
, [3] :
Pr 1
N = N 2 = Pr cos (4.1)
1 + cos
,
1 1 + cos

N1 , N2 -
, P = g , -
, , g , r
, ,
.
,
D= 10 , = 0.005
( = 2700 /3, E= 70000 , = 0.3) -
.
(. 4.3 )
[17]. 290 (3
). (. 4.3 )
[3] 1630 (5 8 -
). (. 4.3 )
, 6100 (2 , 1 -
, 2 11 ).

) ) )

. 4.3. : )
, ) , )

78

S
= , (4.2)
D
S , D -
. , S 0 -
.
Nastran
-

[K ]e {u}e = {F }e {F }ee0 {F }ep {F }be , (4.3)

[K]e , {u}e -
,{F}e , {F}ee0
, {F}ep -
(), {F}eb -
.
-
. -
Nastran CQUAD
Tria3, Quad4,
.
,
,
MSC Nastran
l .
4.1 -
x -
l .
. 4.1

79
a

= M M *100%
a
M
-
, ,
, .
.4.1
-
, Nastran
- ( )
- - l=1 m ,% l=0.2 m ,% l=0.05 m ,%

, (
)
0,00 0.06620 0.07563 -14.24 0.06584 0.54 0.06478 2.15
1,55 0.06352 0.06293 0.93 0.06315 0.58 0.06327 0.39
2,94 0.06345 0.06207 2.17 0.06370 -0.39 0.06320 0.39
4,05 0.08632 0.08986 -4.10 0.08433 2.31 0.08604 0.32
4,75 0.14126 0.12278 13.08 0.13927 1.41 0.13977 1.05
5,00 0.22938 0.18494 19.37 0.20663 9.92 0.22214 3.16
(.4.4.) , l -
.
, Patran
.
4.5 , -
(l=0.05 )
.
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: l = 0.05 l, Patran
. 4.5 , -
l = 0.05 -
, .

80

,

0.25000

0.20000 l=1

0.15000
l=0.2
0.10000
l=0.05
0.05000

0.00000
0 1 2 3 4 5

x,

. 4.4. , -
-

2.50000

2.00000
l=0.05
1.50000

1.00000

0.50000

0.00000
. 1 . 2 . 3

. 4.5. -
, -

81
, -
, -

.

4.2

,
,
[24]. -
(12 -
) (20 ). -

.. [16, 17].

, :
1) , -
. , -
, -
[3];
2)
, PATRAN/NASTRAN. -
, ,
-
[22, 7, 23];
3) -
, --
, CADRE PRO

82
CADRE Analitic. ,
(
..).
,
, -

.

. [3]
,
Pr
N1 = (4.4)
1+ z

1
N 2 = Pr z - (4.5)
1+ z

, P=g (/2),
(/3), g 9.81 (/c2), r (),
(), z=cos, ,
, .
,
, , (4.4) (4.5),

[ ]
1
1 z 2 (1+ z) 2 3z(1+ z) + 3
= ( x y )
2
+ y + x
2 2 2
= , (4.6)
2 1+ z

= Pr .

z 2 (1+ z ) 2 + 3z (1+ z ) + 3
= (4.7)
1+ z

83
, .
. 4.2

0 22 45 67 90
cos 1 0.927 0.707 0.39 0
0.5 0.4679 0.5356 0.9290 1.732

900 , -
-
900, .. .
(4.6),
0 -

=const
:

0 = 1.732 gr , (4.8)
-
.
4
Patran/Nastran.
1. : r=5 , =0.015
P=2700*0.015*9.81=397.305 /2
397.305*5
max =1.732 =1.732* = 229377
0.015

max = 2.29*105 Patran/Nastran, l=0.1



.
%=0.164%
2. : r=15 , =0.005
P=2700*0.005*9.81=132.435 /2
132.435*15
max =1.732 =1.732* = 688132
0.005

84
max = 6.86*105 Patran/Nastran, l=0.3

.
%=-0.309%
3. : r=10 , =0.005
P=2700*0.005*9.81=132.435 /2
132.435*10
max =1.732 =1.732* = 458754
0.005

max = 4.57*105 Patran/Nastran, l=0.3



.
%=-0.382%

4. : r=10 , =0.015
P=2700*0.015*9.81=397.305 /2
397.305*10
max =1.732 =1.732* = 458754
0.015

max = 4.57*105 Patran/Nastran, l=0.3



.
%=-0.382%
,
PATRAN/NASTRAN -
(4.18) 0.38%.
(4.8),

max -


max=1.732mgreaS(1-) (4.9)
m, , , S
.

85
m, a -

max

, -
PATRAN/NASTRAN
n
Sum =
max
1
(
)
2
min (4.10)

m, a .

-
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.
PATRAN/NASTRAN
49 5, 10, 20 40
(. . 4.3). -
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86
)

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4.6. . )
)

87
.4.3

Patran/Nastran
- r=5 r=10 r=20 r=40

1 i=1.8 i=27.1
S=1.624 S=7.257 S=29.029 S=116.119
i=1.42 i=11.3
3 i=1.4
S=1.25 S=4.958 S=19.432 S=77.732
i=0.519
4 i=0.714 i=2.97 i=12.0 i=45.7
S=0.717 S=2.798 S=11.192 S=44.748
i=0.430 i=1.02 i=3.19 i=10.3
6 i=0.344 i=5.26 i=20.30
S=0.311 S=1.222 S=5.066 S=20.221
i
=0.401 i=1.09 i=5.06

8 i=0.224 i=0.890 i=3.10


S=0.173 S=0.714 S=2.77 S=11.230
=0.367 =0.892 i=2.12
i i

10 i=0.165 i=0.568 i=1.89


S=0.113 S=0.459 S=1.814 S=7.256
i
=0.35 =0.815 i=1.70
i

-
-
, . -
S=2.5 2 (R=5 ).
.
. - .
[20]

0.2208 pa 2 ( m + 1)
max = (4.11)
mh 2

88
p /, 2 a ,
m=1/, , h .

( ) .
(
) -
[25], .
, . ,
,
, 2.

. 4.7. 2

89
)
,

r,

S, 2
)
,

S, 2

4.8. max ) )

, 2
,
bS
max = h + (4.12)
c + d
b, c, d, h .
b, c, d, h -
(4.10).

90

- -
(4.9), m= 1.52665, a= 0.41039, = 9.22233, Sum=0.008, Disp=0.00044,
St=0.021 (. . 4.8 ).
. 4.4 4.5
Patran/Nastran, -

i
= .
i

. 4.4
1
r, , S, 2 , /2 i, , %
1 5 0.005 0.173 2700 0.367 0.35880 0.02234
2 5 0.007 0.173 2700 0.334 0.35186 -0.05348
3 5 0.010 0.173 2700 0.318 0.34146 -0.07376
4 5 0.020 0.173 2700 0.288 0.30677 -0.06516
5 5 0.015 0.173 2700 0.312 0.32411 -0.03882
6 5 0.025 0.173 2700 0.278 0.28942 -0.04109
7 10 0.005 0.714 2700 0.892 0.89599 -0.00448
8 10 0.007 0.714 2700 0.862 0.87867 -0.01934
9 10 0.010 0.714 2700 0.800 0.85268 -0.06585
10 10 0.020 0.714 2700 0.774 0.76605 0.01027
11 10 0.015 0.714 2700 0.774 0.80937 -0.04569
12 10 0.025 0.714 2700 0.765 0.72274 0.05524
13 5 0.005 0.311 2700 0.401 0.37971 0.05310
14 5 0.005 0.173 2700 0.367 0.35880 0.02234
15 5 0.005 0.173 7800 1.030 1.03654 -0.00634
16 10 0.005 0.714 2700 0.892 0.89599 -0.00448
17 10 0.005 0.714 7800 2.600 2.58842 0.00445
18 5 0.005 0.113 2700 0.350 0.35007 -0.00021
19 10 0.005 0.459 2700 0.815 0.80697 0.00985
20 5 0.005 0.113 7800 1.010 1.01132 -0.00131
21 10 0.005 0.459 7800 2.350 2.33124 0.00798

(4.12) h= 0.14291, b= 2.21689, c= -0.00006,


d= 1.18635, Sum=11.1, Disp=0.411, St=0.641 ( . 4.7 4.8 ). Sum
, Disp-, St- .

91
. 4.5
2
, S, 2 , /2 i, , %
1 0.005 1.624 2700 1.800 1.79719 0.00156
2 0.005 29.029 2700 27.100 29.71316 -0.09643
3 0.005 1.250 2700 1.400 1.41622 -0.01158
4 0.005 0.714 2700 0.714 0.87022 -0.21880
5 0.005 2.798 2700 2.970 2.99308 -0.00777
6 0.005 11.192 2700 12.000 11.54359 0.03803
7 0.005 44.748 2700 45.700 45.72525 -0.00055
8 0.005 5.066 2700 5.260 5.30337 -0.00824
9 0.005 20.211 2700 20.300 20.73075 -0.02122
10 0.005 2.770 2700 3.100 2.96456 0.04369
11 0.005 1.814 2700 1.890 1.99073 -0.05330
12 0.007 0.717 2700 0.524 0.66319 -0.26563
13 0.010 0.717 2700 0.384 0.50637 -0.31867
14 0.015 0.717 2700 0.365 0.38484 -0.05435
15 0.007 2.798 2700 2.150 2.17325 -0.01081
16 0.010 2.798 2700 1.560 1.56127 -0.00082
17 0.015 2.798 2700 1.090 1.08700 0.00275
18 0.020 2.798 2700 0.844 0.85042 -0.00761
19 0.007 11.192 2700 8.740 8.26426 0.05443
20 0.010 11.192 2700 6.260 5.81636 0.07087
21 0.015 11.192 2700 4.310 3.91928 0.09066
22 0.020 11.192 2700 3.330 2.97296 0.10722
23 0.007 44.748 2700 32.600 32.61380 -0.00042
24 0.010 44.748 2700 22.800 22.82659 -0.00117
25 0.015 44.748 2700 15.100 15.24163 -0.00938
26 0.020 44.748 2700 11.200 11.45807 -0.02304
27 0.005 11.192 7800 34.800 33.07820 0.04948
28 0.005 44.748 7800 132.000 131.82523 0.00132

-
,

.

PATRAN/NASTRAN
[5]. . 1 , -
( ),
. -

92
(r, S) , -
1 2 . -
, -
, (1 2)
. -
[5].

. .
,
, :
S
D= (4.13)
r
. 4.6

S, r, D
1 0.113 5 0.0226
1 0.173 5 0.0346
1 0.458 10 0.0458
1 0.714 10 0.0714
2 0.717 5 0.1434
2 1.250 5 0.2500
2 1.624 5 0.3248
2 1.814 20 0.0907
2 2.770 20 0.1385
2 2.798 10 0.2798
2 5.066 20 0.2533
2 11.192 20 0.5596
2 20.221 40 0.5055
2 44.748 40 1.1187

(. . 4.9) D=0.08,
(D <0.08 => 1, D >0.08 => 2). -
-
D= 0.08.

93
D

. 4.9.

4.3

,
,
[24]. -

( ), , -
. -
...

[34, 46]. ,
,
-
-
. ,
(. 4.11).

94
h

4.10. 1

4.11.
. ) )

95
-
[3] -
.
(4.8), -
max -

-

1.732agl 2 (1 h )
max = 1.732bgr + , (4.14)
c + ed
a, b, c (), e, (1/) , l -
(), d
(), h () (. . 4.10).
a, b, c, e

max
comb comb ,
PATRAN/NASTRAN
n
(
Sum = comb
1
max
comb )2
min (4.15)

a, b, c, e
. -

.
.
.
PATRAN/NASTRAN 23
15 35
(. . 4.7. comb ). -
, :
. -

96
comb > comb (
3 ) , -
( -
4 ). -
(. . 4.11).
[7] , -
. -
,
,
.
3
(4.14), -
[14].
4 ,
,

[14].
, 4
,

mgl 2 (1h )
=f+ , (4.16)
max o + pd
f(), m, o(), p, (1/) .
f, m, o, p
(4.15).

-
(4.14), a= 0,83908, b=5,55754, c= -0,12275(), e=4,93834, =0,42471(1/),
Sum=0,38230, Disp=0,02941, St=0,171487.

97
. 4.7
-
Patran/Nastran
- r=15 r=35

2 combi=18.3 l=9.67 combi=102.0 l=22.03


d=0.07 h =0.65 d=0.07 h =0.65
2 combi=19.7 l=9.36 combi=99.5 l=21.72
d=0.07 h =0.15 d=0.07 h =0.15
3 combi=46.7 l=14.2
d=0.07 h =0.15
5 combi=17.7 l=9.14
d=0.07 h =0.65
5 combi=24.9 l=9.14
d=0.05 h =0.65
5 combi=16.8 l=9.01
d=0.07 h =0.15
5 combi=12.9 l=9.01
d=0.09 h =0.15
5 combi=3.87 l=3.88
d=0.07 h =0.15
5 combi=3.40 l=3.88
d=0.09 h =0.15
6 combi=10.4 l=7.59
d=0.07 h =0.15
6 combi=8.75 l=7.59
d=0.09 h =0.15
7 combi=9.36 l=6.55
d=0.07 h =0.15
7 combi=7.78 l=6.55
d=0.09 h =0.15
10 combi=2.66 l=2.06 combi=8.64 l=4.62
d=0.05 h =0.65 d=0.05 h =0.15
10 combi=2.35 l=2.06 combi=7.41 l=4.62
d=0.07 h =0.65 d=0.07 h =0.15
10 combi=2.49 l=1.90 combi=8.03 l=4.69
d=0.07 h =0.15 d=0.05 h =0.65
10 combi=2.21 l=1.90 combi=6.75 l=4.69
d=0.09 h =0.15 d=0.07 h =0.65

98
(4.16) f= 0,24698 (), m= 1,52388, o= -
0,00783 (), p= 2,57288, =0,04063 (1/), Sum=17,75264, Disp=2,21908,
St=1,489658. Sum , Disp-, St-
.
. 4.8 4.9
Patran/Nastran, -

i
= .
i

. 4.8
3
r, l, , h, i, , %
1 15 2,06 0,07 0,65 2,350 2,51410 -0,06983
2 15 2,06 0,05 0,65 2,660 2,75746 -0,03664
3 15 3,88 0,07 0,15 3,870 3,61232 0,06658
4 15 3,88 0,09 0,15 3,400 3,18125 0,06434
5 35 4,69 0,07 0,65 6,750 6,73853 0,00170
6 35 4,69 0,05 0,65 8,030 7,99995 0,00374
7 35 4,62 0,07 0,15 7,410 7,14310 0,03602
8 35 4,62 0,05 0,15 8,640 8,72619 -0,00998
9 35 6,55 0,07 0,15 9,360 9,15405 0,02200
10 35 6,55 0,09 0,15 7,780 7,92557 -0,01871
11 35 7,59 0,07 0,15 10,400 10,52579 -0,01210
12 35 7,59 0,09 0,15 8,750 8,87624 -0,01443
13 15 1,90 0,07 0,15 2,490 2,54478 -0,02200
14 15 1,90 0,09 0,15 2,210 2,44141 -0,10471

-
,
-
.

99
. 4.9
4
r, l, , h, i, , %
1 15 9,67 0,07 0,65 18,300 19,78740 -0,08128
2 15 9,36 0,07 0,15 19,700 18,93678 0,03874
3 35 22,03 0,07 0,65 102,000 101,66374 0,00330
4 35 21,72 0,07 0,15 99,500 100,88740 -0,01394
5 35 14,20 0,07 0,15 46,700 43,26293 0,07360
6 35 9,14 0,07 0,65 17,700 17,70413 -0,00023
7 35 9,14 0,05 0,65 24,900 25,10098 -0,00807
8 35 9,01 0,07 0,15 16,800 17,56517 -0,04555
9 35 9,01 0,09 0,15 12,900 13,59318 -0,05374


PATRAN/NASTRAN
[5]. . 1 , -
( ),
. -
(r, l) , -
3 4 .
,
, (1 2)
. -
[5].

. .
,
, :
l
D= (4.17)
r

100
(. . 4.12) D=0.257 -
(D <0.257 => 3, D >0.257 => 4). -
,
D= 0.257.
3
4

0.00000 0.10000 0.20000 0.30000 0.40000 0.50000 0.60000 0.70000

. 4.12.
. 4.10

l, r, D
3 4.62 35 0.13200
3 4.69 35 0.13400
3 2.06 15 0.13733
3 6.55 35 0.18714
3 7.59 35 0.21686
3 3.85 15 0.25667
4 9.04 35 0.25829
4 9.14 35 0.26114
4 14.20 35 0.40571
4 21.72 35 0.62057
4 9.36 15 0.62400
4 22.03 35 0.62943
4 9.67 15 0.64467

101
) ,

r,

l,

) ,

l,
d,
. 4.13. , max
() () (4.24) (4.26).

102
5.

5.1


.
, -

. -
() -

, .
: 1) -
-
, 2)
, 3) , -
.

() .
D.


. -
.
d y z
+ x + + = 0 (5.1)
dt x y z

103
- , =
(x,y,z) , x , y , z -

( x, y, z ) .
d x p
= Fx , (5.2)
dt x
d y p
= Fy , (5.3)
dt y
d z p
= Fz (5.4)
dt z
- , Fx, Fy,
Fz , p= p(x,y,z) -
.
dE p d
= 2 (5.5)
dt dt
- , E = E(x,y,z) -
.
p = ( k 1) E (5.6)
- , k .

: i ,
p, E.
.
: ,
( ).

-
,
. ,
-

104
,
:

d x 2 u x 2 u x 2 u x 3K + G u x u y u z
= Fx + G 2 + + 2 + + + (5.7)
dt x y 2
z 3 x x y z

d y 2u y 2u y 2u y 3K + G u x u y u z
= Fy + G 2 + + + + + (5.8)
dt x y 2
z 2 3 y x y z

d z 2u 2 u z 2 u z 3K + G u x u y u z
= Fz + G 2z + + 2 + + + (5.9)
dt x y 2
z 3 z x y z
, x , y , z -

, Fx, Fy, Fz
( ), K- , G
, ux, uy, uz ,

:
Mu + Cu + Ku = F
M , C , K
, u , u , u , F
.
:
.
u, ,
, .
u,
,
, .
, .
,
, Dytran.

105

:
.
.
.
,
.
. Dytran
.
(f) (s)

is = i f , (5.10)

ijs ni = ijf ni ,. (5.11)

ni .
(11)
:
xis = xif
Dytran : .
, ,
, .
-
.
.

.
, .
,

106
(. 5.1).
.

. 5.1

, ,
- .
- .
; , ,
[39].

(.5.2).

. 5.2


.
,

, .

107

.
.
. ,
(. 5.3).
. ,

, .

.5.3

,
Dytran. ,
.
, Dytran
, .
.
. ,
,
. ,
.

.

108
, ,
. ,
. ,
,
, .
,

.
- .
.
:
1)
, .

- ,
.
.
2)
. ,
. - ,
, , ,
.
, Dytran
.
: -
. , R
-
Z:

109
R
Z= 1
,() (5.12)
W 3

W ( ).
-
:
Qx
W = Wx , ()
Q
Wx (), Qx
(/), Q (/), W
().

P , .
. -
:
A B C
P = + 2 + 3 ,() (5.13)
Z Z Z
A=0.085, B=0.3, C=0.8 [15],Z -
( (5.12)), 1 <= Z <= 10.
[36]:
64.92 397.17 322.44
Ps = + + ,() (5.14)
Z Z2 Z3
1 <= Z <= 10.
[30]:
1
W W 2
Pso = 6784 3 + 93 3 , () (5.15)
R R
W (), R ().
. -
. -

110
.. [16, 17]. -
.
: - ro1 = 1.29 /3, -
- e1 = 1.938E5 /, - p1 = 1.0 E5 .
: ro2 = 107
/3, e2 = 4.52E6 /, -
r = 0.45 .
,
. -
. -
.

. ,
. -
, ,
. -
.
-
. .
. -
,
.
32000
0.7 x 0.7 x 0.7 ( -
HEX). 9000 -
0.2 x 0.2 ( -
CQUAD).

.

111
-

. ,
.. .
(5.13),(5.14),(5.15) -
. . 5.1 P .5.4).
. 5.1

N R P3 P4 P5 P P %
1 3.75 1.0078 0.7184 0.8498 0.8586 1.0200 -18.7
2 5.0 0.5424 0.4255 0.4737 0.4805 0.5390 -12.1
3 7.5 0.2727 0.2396 0.2513 0.2545 0.2580 -1.3
4 10.0 0.1940 0.1799 0.1841 0.1860 0.1740 6.4
R , P3 (5.13), P4
(5.14), P5 (5.15), P (Dytran), %
=(P - P)/ P *100

,
.

-
.

R (. . 5.2 P ). -
, -
(. . 5.5, R=10 , R=7.5 , R=5 ,
R=3.75 ). . 5.2
( ) -
.

112
1.2

0.8 P3
P4
0.6
P5
0.4 P

0.2

0
3.75 5.00 7.50 10.00

. 5.4 P
P.

5.5. -
R

113
,
. -
.

. 5.6
R=10 .
. 5.2

N R P P % max dmax

1 3.75 1.0200 1.0000 2.0 138.0 3.53
2 5.0 0.5390 0.5150 4.4 138.0 0.956
3 7.5 0.2580 0.2330 9.7 48.2 0.316
4 10.0 0.1740 0.1730 0.6 25.0 0.154
P (Dytran) , P
(Dytran) , % =(P P)/ P *100

114
5.2


: 1) -
( [30], [45, 21], -
[1, 44], 2)
( [30], -
[41], [27,
28, 37, 43], 3) (-
[35], [38]).
, [27]
, , -
.
[27] - -

. [37]
-
. -
( , ).
[43] ,
, .
: 1) -
,
2)
, 3) , -
.

-

115
,
.
Dytran .
- , .
, ,
. , ,
- .
-. ,
,
:
d y z
+ x + + =0
dt x y z

d x p
= Fx
dt x
d y p
= Fy (5.16)
dt y
d z p
= Fz
dt z
dE p d
= 2
dt dt
p = p( , E )
, - , F , p , E .
,
(
, ,
)
.
: i ,
p, E.

116
, , , -
. ,
- .
. n
tn . , ,
n pn, n en , .
(5.17).
- tn tn+1 . M , P
, E .
, ,
. ,
.

.

M n +1 M n = ( n )dAt
A t n

P n +1 P n = i ( n )dA t p( , s )ni dA t
A t n A t n +1

E n +1 E n = e( n )dA + i p( , e)ni dA t (5.17)


A A t n

M n +1 E n +1 1 3 2
n +1 = , e n +1 = , s n +1 = e n +1 k
V n +1 M n +1 2 k 1
( n ) ,

.

. .

117

.
.
Dytran -
.
-
, -
. -
:
d y z
+ x + + =0 (5.18)
dt x y z

d x 2 u x 2 u x 2 u x 3K + G u x u y u z
= Fx + G 2 + + 2 + + + (5.19)
dt x y 2
z 3 x x y z

d y 2u y 2u y 2u y 3K + G u x u y u z
= Fy + G 2 + + + + + (5.20)
dt x y 2
z 2 3 y x y z

d z 2u 2 u z 2 u z 3K + G u x u y u z
= Fz + G 2z + + 2 + + + (5.21)
dt x y 2
z 3 z x y z
du x
=x (5.22)
dt
du y
=y (5.23)
dt
du z
=z (5.24)
dt
, - , F , K-
, G , u ,

, -

118
,
(5.19), (5.20), (5.21).
MSC.Dytran -
, i :
M a i + C i + K ui = Fi ext ,

M a i = Fi ext C i K ui , (5.25)

M a = F ext F int = F res ,


Fext - , Fint - , Fres ,
, - , C -
, K- , , a , u -
.
, -
:
a i = M 1 Fi res = M 1 (Fi C i K ui ) ,
ui +1 2 ui + ui 1
ai = ,
t 2
ui +1 ui 1
i = , (5.26)
2 t
ui +1 = 2 ui ui 1 + a i t 2 .
, , -
. -
:
(
M ui +1 = M 2 ui ui 1 + a i t 2 , )
M ui +1 = M [2 u i ]
ui 1 + M 1 (Fi C i K ui )t 2 , (5.27)

( )
M ui +1 = t 2 Fi + 2 M t 2 K ui C i t 2 M ui 1 ,

t 2
ui 1 = ui t i + ai
2

119
, .

. ,
i+1.
,
. ,
, -
.
. -

.. [16]. -
.
.
: - ro1 = 1.29 /3, -
- e1 = 1.938E5 /, - p1 = 1.0 E5 .
: ro2 = 107
/3, e2 = 4.52E6 /, -
r = 0.45 .
,
. -
. -
.

. ,
. -
, ,
. -
.

120
-
. .
. -
,
.
32000
0.7 x 0.7 x 0.7 ( -
HEX). ( -
) 9000 -
0.2 x 0.2 ( -
CQUAD).

.


. . 5.3
( ) () -
.
-
.
-
-
(. . 5.7 5.8 ). -
, ,
,
. ,
, ,
.

121
)

. 5.7. -
( ) R=3,75 , ) R=10 ).

122
)

. 5.8.
( ) R=3,75 , ) R=10 ).

123
.5.3

N R P

max dmax max dmax



1 3.75 1.0000 138.0 3.53 138.0 1.78
2 5.0 0.5150 138.0 0.956 135.0 0.791
3 7.5 0.2330 48.2 0.316 40.4 0.231
4 10.0 0.1730 25.0 0.154 23.2 0.145
P (Dytran) , max
, dmax .

5.3

,
.

,
,
[1, 2, 29, 30].
, ,

. , ,
-
. , ,
,
, .

Patran/Dytran

124
. ,
,
. .. [16].
3D

.
, ,
(. . 5.4).

. MSC.Dytran ,
.
MSC.Dytran [39] - ,
MSC.Software ,
, (
Fluid Structure Interaction).
. 5.4.

-
-
() (/3) () MPS
(%)
-
7.0*1010 2700 0.3 2.845*108 0.3

.
,
,
,
. MSC.Dytran (
) () -
() .

125
,
, MSC.Dytran.
DMATEP.

.
0.005
. .
(40 ) 1
.
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0.2 .
,
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,
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5.5.
.

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- -
- - - - - -

D1 () () D2 () ()
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132
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6.1

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2700 /3
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-
:
1.
ArchiCAD.
2. OBJ Patran
Translator v1.1.
3. MSC.Patran.
a. .
b. MSC.Patran.
4. .
a. , ,
.

134
b. .
c. .
5. .
a. aluminium.
b. prop_1.
6. .
a. PCL , , Patran.
b. , .
c. Force Nodal.
d. Displacement Nodal.
7. MSC.Nastran -
.
8. MSC.Patran.
9. Patran.

. 6.1.

135
. 6.1 -
.
( = 2.21-003 ), ,
( =1.60+007 ).

.6.2

6.42
3.21

10 10

.6.2

S=S0*m*k
S0=1500
K=1.4
M2=0.5*0.685/abs(x^2+z^2), if 0<r<3.4
M2=0.0 if r>3.4[104,105]
: 1) (
), 2) ( ).

PCL.
FUNCTION SNEG (X,Z)
REAL X,Z,S,R,M2
R=SQRT(ABS(X**2+Z**2))
IF (R>=0 && R<3.21) THEN
M2=0.5*0.695*R
END IF

136
IF (R<=0.0 || R>3.21) THEN
M2=0.0
END IF
S=1500*1.4*M2
RETURN S
END FUNCTION
3.21

. 6.3 ( ).
Z

R=5

. 6.4 ( ).

. -
-
- 9.70-003 , -
- 6.67+007 . ,
.
-

137
.
1/2 -
PCL.
FUNCTION SNEG(X,Z)
REAL X,Z,S,R,M2
R=SQRT(ABS(X**2.0+Z**2.0))
IF (R>=0.0 && R<= 3.21) THEN
M2=0.5*0.685*R
END IF
IF (R<0.0 || R>3.21) THEN
M2=0.0
END IF
S=1500*1.4*M2
IF (X<0.0) THEN
S=S
END IF
IF (X>= 0.0) THEN
S=0
END IF
RETURN S
END FUNCTION

. -
-
- 9.94-003 , -
- 6.60+007 .
.

6.2

-
.

138
, . -
.

(Patran/Nastran),
. -
ArchiCAD,
Patran, ( -
- -
), Nastran, -
Patran.
-
.
( -
..), -
. R= 5 m ( -
).
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.
-
, -
.

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10
7e10
0.3
2700 /3
0.03

139
-
:
1.
ArchiCAD.
2. OBJ Patran
Translator v2.1.
3. MSC.Patran.
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. MSC.Nastran -
.
8. MSC.Patran.
9. Patran.
-
. -
= 1.43-003 , , - -
=4.62+007 .

:
Cl2 w=w0*K*CL2, w0=230, k=0.5 , f=1.4 -
, Cl2- [4].
.6.5.
: 1) , 2) -
.

PCL.

140
) )
T P


R
R

.6.5 ( 12 [4]): ) , ) -

FUNCTION VETER12 (R,A,B)


REAL A,AG,B,BG,R,W,CA,CB
REAL CE(13)=[1.0, 0.8, 0.4, -0.2, -0.8, -1.2, -1.25, -1.0, -0.6, -0.2, +0.2, +0.3,
+0.4]
REAL XP(13)=[0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, 105, 120, 135, 150, 175, 180]
REAL XO(13)=[-0, -15, -30, -45, -60, -75, -90, -105, -120, -135, -150, -175, -
180]
INTEGER I
AG= 90-A
BG=B
IF (AG>=0 && AG<= 180) THEN
I=2
WHILE (AG>=XP(I))
I=I+1
EXD WHILE
CA=CE(I-1)+(CE(I)-CE(I-1))*(AG-XP(I-1))/(XP(I)-XP(I-1))
END IF
IF(AG<=0 && AG>= -180) THEN
I=2
WHILE (AG<=XO(I))
I=I+1
END WHILE
CA=CE(I-1)+(CE(I)-CE(I-1))*(AG-XO(I-1))/(XO(I)-XO(I-1))
END IF

141
IF(BG>0 && BG<=180) THEN
I=2
WHILE (BG>=XP(I))
I=I+1
END WHILE
CB=CE(I-1)+(CE(I)-CE(I-1))*(BG-XP(I)-XP(I-1))/(XP(I)-XP(I-1))
END IF
IF (BG<=0 && BG>= -180) THEN
I=2
WHILE (BG<=XO(I))
I=I+1
END WHILE
CB=CE(I-1)+(CE(I)-CE(I-1))*(BG-XO(I-1))/(XO(I)-XO(I-1))
END IF
C=(CA+CB)/2
W=230*0.5*1.4*C
RETURN W
END FUNCTION

.6.6 -
.
( = 2.61-003 ) ,
( =5.04+007 ).
, -
.

-
( 3 [4]).

PCL.
FUNCTION VETER(X,Y,Z)
REAL X,Y,Z,C,W
IF (Z<= 3.21 && Y<= 3.5 && X < 0.0) THEN
C=0.7

142
END IF
IF (Z> 3.21 || Y > 3.5 || X> 0.0) THEN
C=0.0
END IF
W=230*0.5*1.4*C
RETURN W
END FUNCTION

. 6.6.
( 1)

.
-
- 1.84-003 , -
4.87+007 . .

143
6.3

,
, - .
.
, -
. -
, . -

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: , -
.
.
,
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.
-
. -
-
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, , , -
. -
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.

144
-
:
K T * V + = Pa Fi (6.1)
KT , V+ - , Pa -
, Fi .
-
.
-
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.
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. -

:
K T * Valt+ = 0 (6.2)

0. -

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(eigenvalue) -
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,
.
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145
1: 1,
.
( ..),
-
.
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KT -

Det KT>0 Du>0
Det KT=0 Du=0
Det KT0 Du<0

(2D) -
(Quad4 ) .
.
-
,
. -
-
, -
.
-
:
1.
ArchiCAD.
2. OBJ -
Patran Translator v1.1.
3. MSC.Patran:

146
a. ,
b. MSC.Patran,
4. :
a. , ,
,
b. ,
c. .
5. :
a. aluminium,
b. prop1.
6. :
a. PCL , Patran,
b. , ,
c. Force Nodal,
d. Displacement Nodal.
7. Nastran.
8. Patran.
9. Patran.

. -
- eigevalue = 41.

PCL (. .6.1).
. 6.7 -
. -
(eigenvalue = 5.86).
,
.
(eigenvalue

147
= 5.84). -
.
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.
-
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.

6.4


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(
). ,

148
,
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.



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Marc.
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.

149
.
6.4.

10

. 6.8.

.6.9. - .
6.4


7.0e+10 0.3 2700 /3
2.1e+09 0.2 2400 /3
2.1e+11 0.3 -

150

.
rebar.

-
.
,
, .
rebar .
Rebar - ,
4
- . ,
(. 6.10).

. 6.10. rebar

rebar
. , (,
,
), rebar .
,

, :

151
1.
ArchiCAD.
2. Patran
(Translator v. 1.1).
3. Patran.
4.
.
5. - (
Quad4), ( Hex8).
6. MPC.
7. (, ,
).
8. Rebar.
9. (Inertial Load,
).
10. Marc.
11. Patran.
12. Patran.

. 6.11.

152
)

. 6.11. : )
, ) .

153

1. .. ./
.. , .. , .. , .. . - .: -
. .. , 2000.- 516 .
2. .. -

. /.. , .. , .. ,
.. , .. , . //
.- . : , 2008.- . 70.- .140-145.
3. ..
. - . : . . -, 1990. 264.
4. 2.01.07 - 85. /
.- .: , 1986.- 36 .
5. .. (
)/ .. , .. , .. , ..
.- . : , 1986.- 160 .
6. .. .
.- .: -, 2005.- 272 ..
7. ..

. // .-
.: , 2013.- Vol. 3. .13-18.
8. ..
Patran/Nastran. //
. XVII -
..- : , 2010.- . 121 - 125.

154
9. .. .. SVN -
DirectX VC#
. //
..- .: , 2010.- Vol. 2.- .10 - 15.
10. .. ..

Patran/Nastran. //
.
- .- .: ,
2010.- .149-155.
11. ..
ArchiCAD - Patran. //
2012. - ..- .: - 2012.-
.155-159.
12. ..
. // .
http:www.ivdon.ru.- : , 2013.- Vol. 3.
13. ..
//
..- .: , 2012.- Vol. 3.- .89 - 93.
14. .. .- .:
- ,
, 1960.- 247 ..
15. .. .- .: ,
2008.- 304 ..
16. ..
: / .. , ..
.- .: , 2006.

155
17. ..
. . ... - . .- ..: ,
2007.
18. .. -
/ .. , .. // ..-
2006.- Vol. 6.- . 25-27.
19. ..
/ . .
// . . . ..- 2005.- . 104-108..
20. .. ..
( ) .- : , 1971.- 418 .
21. .. // .-
1946.- Vol. 10(2).- . 241-250.
22. ..
. / .. , ..
, .. , . ..- .: , 2008.- Vol. 3.- . 15-
19.
23. ..
/
. , . . , .. , .. // .-
.: , 2012.- Vol. 8.- .226 -233.
24. ..
: . ... - . .- .: , 1951.
25. .. ,
. -.-
.: . . . ,
, 1960.- 1040 .
26. .. MSC.visualNastran for
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159

..

28.05.2015. 60x84 1/16.


. .. 10,0. 000. 500 .


394077, , ., . 60- , 25-120
http://www.sbook.ru/

-

394036, . , . . , 52.
.: (473)261-03-61

160