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AMAYA, KAROLL 8-895-2488



Asignacion N1
Multiple Choice
Choose the letter of the correct answer.
1. The American Welding Society uses the abbreviation GMAW to refer to . (Obj.
a. Gas metal active welding
b. Gas metal arc welding
c. Gaseous metallica action welding
d. Got material anytime welding


2. The American Welding Society uses the abbreviation FCAW to refer to . (Obj. 21-
a. Forced capillary action welding
b. Flux composite arc welding
c. Flux cored arc welding
d. Friction composite action welding


3. Which mode of transfer is used for light gauge metal and to minimize spatter?
(Obj. 21-1)
a. Spray
b. Globular
c. Short circuit
d. Pulse


4. Which type of power source is used for GMAW and FCAW primarily? (Obj. 21-2)
a. C.V.
b. C.C.
c. Constant voltage
d. Both a and c


5. Which controls are found on GMAW and FCAW equipment? (Obj. 21-2)
a. Voltage, wire-feed speed, slope, and inductance
b. Voltage, wire-feed speed, arc length, and amperage
c. Slope, inductance, limited current change, and rate of current change
d. Slope of the gun angle, reluctance, and power


6. Which type of power source is most effective in Providing all the various modes
of metal transfer?
(Obj. 21-2)
a. Engine-driven generator
b. Transformer-rectifier
c. Inverter
d. Both a and b


7. When the gun trigger is depressed by the welder, what will take place? (Obj. 21-
a. Nothing unless the work
b. The gas solenoid will activate, the wire feeder will start to feed wire, and the
welding current contractor will energize.
c. The wire feeder control will turn on, the power source will turn on, and the gas
cylinder valve will open.
d. The gun angle will be corrected, electrode extensions will be corrected, and
travel speed will be properly set.


8. Shielding gases are used to protect the molten metal from . (Obj. 21-3)
a. Heat and distortion
b. Being overheated and cooling too fast
c. Porosity and brittleness
d. Being too cold and not penetrating


9. List a reactive gas used for MAG welding. (Obj. 21-3)

a. Carbon dioxide
b. Oxygen
c. Argon plus oxygen
d. All of these

10. Electrodes used for GMAW and FCAW are .

(Obj. 21-3)
a. Solid
b. Metal cored
c. Flux cored
d. All of these

Review Questions
Write the answers in your own words.
11. List various slang and trade names for the GMAW process. (Obj. 21-1)
12. List at least six advantages of the GMAW and FCAW processes. (Obj. 21-1)

Gas metal arc welding produces high quality welds at high speeds without
the use of flux and limited postweld cleaning.
It may be used instead of the following fusion welding processes:
oxyacetylene welding, shielded metal arc welding, submerged arc welding,
flux cored arc welding, and gas tungsten arc welding.

Welders can weld as fast as they are able. One of the principal advantages is
the elimination of weld starting and stopping due to the changing of
electrodes. This prevents weld failures due to slag inclusions, cold lapping,
poor penetration, crater
cracking, and poor fusion, which may result from starting and stopping to
change electrodes.

Welders who are proficient in the use of other welding processes can be
readily trained in the GMAW/FCAW processes. The equipment is simple to
set up, and control of the process is incorporated into the welding
equipment. The welder must watch the angle of the torch relative to the
workpiece, the speed of travel, electrode extension, and the gas-shielding

FCAW-S is favored for work where the externally supplied shielding gases
may be blown away and where smoke buildup is not an issue.
The concentration of current (current density) is higher for GMAW/FCAW
than for stick electrode welding,

13. List the modes of metal transfer with the GMAW process and describe each.
(Obj. 21-1)
14. Draw and label the arc and gun nozzle area for GMAW, FCAW-G, and FCAW-S.
(Obj. 21-2)




15. List five items necessary for the constant voltage power source and constant
speed wire feeder to function properly to sustain the welding arc.
(Obj. 21-2)

16. Describe the use of the following GMAW and FCAW machine controls: wire-
feed speed control, voltage control, slope control, inductance control. (Obj. 21-2)

wire-feeder controller it permits GMAW spot welding and other timed welding.
Remote control of the wire feed and weld output contactor are generally provided
through the wire-feeder controller and power source.

Slope controls the amount of current change. It is caused by an impedance to the

current flowing through the welding power circuit. (Impedance means the slowing
down of a moving object.) Since voltage is the force that causes current to flow but
does not flow itself, the impedance is directed toward limiting the flow of current. It
is not intended that the current be stopped, only limited. As more impedance is
added to the welding circuit, there is a steeper slope to the volt-ampere curve. The
steeper slope limits the available short circuit current
and slows the machines rate of response to changing arc conditions. Constant
voltage d.c. transformer-rectifiers are available with fixed slope or variable slope.

Inductance controls the rate of current change. This will affect arc starting.
Adjustment of inductance is most common with short-arc GMAW to control weld
spatter and how fluid the weld pool is. Fixed inductance is common on many
constant voltage machines,
and no further adjustment is normally required.

Voltage controls may be either tapped (stepped) or continuously variable. Tapped-

voltage control is used for simple types of GMAW. A voltage range tap switch is

17. List the factors that go into a GMAW or FCAW gun rating. (Obj. 21-2)

18. List the GMAW, FCAW, and SAW electrodes and in the case of SAW the type of flux
combination being used in your welding lab. (Obj. 21-2)
19. List the shielding gases you are using in your welding lab. (Obj. 21-3)

R/. The three principal gases for TIG and MIG/MAG welding are argon, helium and CO2.
20. Draw the weld profile for each of the shielding gas, electrode wire combinations you are
using in your welding lab. (Obj. 21-3)