You are on page 1of 2

Nickel started to provide human need for alloy and nowadays, steel of different qualities

are the most common nickel alloys. In the case of plating, ZnNi alloys with low Ni content (12-

15%) are the most common product. Improvement of zinc alloy coatings were made with other

noble metals and resulted to the development of ZnNi, ZnFe and ZnFeNi alloy plating baths

because zinc has been passivated and protective property drops. (Karahan and Guder, 2009).

The usual ratio of Ni to Zn is at 87:13 as reported in some previous studies that this composition

resulted in significant improved performance over pure Ni3.(Martinez, Serov, Padilla, and

Atanassov, 2013). Improvement of zinc alloy coatings were made with other noble metals and

resulted to the development of ZnNi, ZnFe and ZnFeNi alloy plating baths because zinc has

been passivated and protective property drops. (Karahan and Guder, 2009)

There are a lot of scientific researches governing ZnNi alloys however, a very few

published corresponding nickel-rich NiZn alloys. Most of the data for the NiZn phase diagram

were obtained several decades ago and a few corrections have been suggested in more recent

calculations (Xiong,Xu, and Du, 2011).

Another common nickel alloy is Ni-Fe, Many research for Ni-Fe alloys are being

conducted due to its multiple applications most importantly its role in oxygen evolution

reaction (OER) as being a highly active electrocatalyst. In terms of producing Ni-Fe alloys

electrodeposition is the most feasible and widely used for its low-cost operation. In oxygen

evolution reaction Ni-Fe alloys are indicated as an alternative for Pt as an electrocatalyst

according to its activity in the linear scan voltammetry. (Lo et al, 2016). Many nickel alloys are

being studied for their potential as a substitute electrocatalyst. Recent studies focusing Ni-Fe-Zn

as an alloy with better properties are being conducted. In the automobile industry, zinc coating is

mainly used as the prime protection layer on steel but it turns into passivated and the protective
property is hindered. Hence, the development of zinc alloy coatings formed with more noble

metal was initiated and led to the development of Zn-Fe, Zn-Ni and Zn-Ni-Fe alloy plating.

(Guder and Karahan, 2009). Zn-Ni alloy (8-20 wt% Ni) has good corrosion and enhanced

mechanical properties thus Zn-Fe coating has mainly used due to their low cost. However, Zn-

Ni-Fe establish the highest corrosion potential, lowest corrosion current density and highest

electrochemical impedance compared to the Zn-Ni and Zn-Fe alloys. (Eliaz, Hegde and

Venkatakrishna, 2010).